Media Violence Essays

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Media and Violence Contradicting Causes Essay

Words: 4155 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68376205

A in millions)

Current in millions)

Provided by Federal Bureau of Investigation as of September 18, 2006."

CHART: National Correctional Populations

National Correctional Populations

The number of adults in correctional population has been increasing.

A in millions)

Current million in millions)

Provided by Bureau of Justice Statistics as of November 30, 2006. (Social Statistics Briefing Room, 2006)

More Statistics

Violence in the Media

Huston and colleagues have estimated that the average 18-year-old will have viewed 200,000 acts of violence on television (Huston, a.C., Donnerstein, E., Fairchild, H. et al. Big World, Small Screen: The Role of Television in American Society. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 1992.)

41% percent of American households have three or more televisions (Nielsen Media Research, 2000).

56% of children ages 8-16 have a television in their rooms (Annenberg Public Policy Center, 2000. Media in the Home 2000)

Percentage of television-time children ages 2-7 spend watching alone and unsupervised: 81 (Kaiser Family Foundation, 1999. "Kids and Media @ the New Millennium.")

Television alone is responsible for 10% of youth violence. (Senate Judiciary Committee Staff Report, 1999.)

Average time per week that the American child ages 2-17 spends watching television: 19 hours, 40 minutes (Nielsen Media Research, 2000)

Percentage of day care centers that use TV during a typical day: 70 (Tashman, Billy. "Sorry Ernie, TV Isn't Teaching." New York Times. Nov 12, 1994.)

Hours per year the average American youth spends in school: 900 (Barber, Benjamin. Harper's. Nov 1993: 41)

Hours per year the average American youth watches television: 1,023 (Nielsen Media Research, 2000) (Statistics, 2005)

The Media Coalition, founded in 1973, reportedly "defends the First Amendment right to create and distribute books, magazines, recordings, movies, videotapes and videogames; and defends the American public's First Amendment right to have access to the broadest possible range of opinion and entertainment." Members consist of U.S. publishers: librarians, booksellers, publishers, periodical distributors, recording and videogame manufacturers and retailers. Members include:

American Booksellers Foundation for Free Expression

Association of American Publishers

Freedom to Read Foundation

Interactive Digital Software Association

International Periodical…… [Read More]

Alter, Jonathan. "Moving Beyond the Blame Game. (Panel Discussion)," Newsweek, May 17, 1999.

Beyer, John. "PERSPECTIVE: How movie and TV violence hits children; Is there too much violence on television and is it time to curb it? John Beyer, director of the organization mediawatch-uk argues that media viol," Birmingham Post, March 21, 2007.
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Media and Violence Does Media Essay

Words: 1423 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25976172

Television remains the single most influential medium in the lives of young people. However, a three-year National Television Violence Study found: "two-thirds of all programming contains violence; children's programs contain the most violence; the majority of all entertainment programming contains violence; violence is often glamorized; and the majority of perpetrators go unsanctioned" (Muscari 2002).

Television violence is graphic, realistic and involving, shows inequity and domination, and portrays most victims as women, children and the elderly (Muscari 2002). Children tend to focus on the more intense scenes, such as violent moments, rather than story components, and these "aggressive acts lead to a heightened arousal of the viewer's aggressive tendencies, bringing feelings, thoughts and memories to consciousness and can cause outwardly aggressive behavior" (Muscari 2002).

When video games were introduced in the 1970's, they quickly became a favorite pastime for children, and now make up a $10+ billion industry. Today, children average 90 minutes of game time per day, and may experts believe that the "mechanical, interactive quality of 'first-person shooter' games make them potentially more dangerous than television or movies" (Muscari 2002). In fact, many of the young school shooters, including those at Columbine, were obsessed with video games, yet had little or no experience with real guns prior to their shooting sprees (Muscari 2002). For example, the 14-year-old killer in Paducah, Kentucky, never moved his feet as he fired at each of his victims as if they were popping up on a screen, and the Columbine killers "methodically moved from room to room, stalking and killing their victims, laughing; a hallmark of video game, as well as movie and television violence, known as 'funny violence'" (Muscari 2002). Rebecca M. Chory-Assad reports in the December 2005 issue of the Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media that "not only do video games contain violent material, but higher levels of aggressive thought and behaviors have been observed among individuals who play these types of games" (Chory Assad 2005).

Music plays an important influence on adolescents because it helps to define important social and sub-culture boundaries, and while music is not typically a danger to adolescents, there are a number of teens whose preference for music with seriously destructive themes may be…… [Read More]

Chory-Assad, Rebecca M. (2005 December 01). Effects of affective orientation and video game play on aggressive thoughts and behaviors. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media. Retrieved January 16, 2007 from HighBeam Research Library.

Kirn, Timothy F. (2006 September 01). Nature and media's nurture spawn girl violence.
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Media Effects Slumdog Millionaire the Essay

Words: 1377 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15494930

Slumdog Millionaire contains numerous violent scenes that adults are the most likely audience for this theatrical film. The scenes showing the police brutality in India depicted violence. They showed Jamal being interrogated rudely and tortured. The tortures included Jamal's head being forcefully submerged, Jamal being brutally beaten and later on electrocuted until he was unconscious. Other scenes that showed violence included killings showing Jamal's brother shooting people. A disturbing scene is when Jamal's brother shot a gangster when he was still in his teens. There were also scenes which showed anti-Muslims hitting, killing, and burning every person in Jamal's village. There were also scenes that showed women and children physically abused. The bombardment of violent scenes would most likely make the audience feel desensitized and less sensitive to the succeeding violent scenes in the movie. This is the possible effect of the violent content of Slumdog Millionaire as proposed by the Desensitization Theory.

Poverty was also strongly depicted in the movie. Scenes of the slum and the way of life of the less fortunate are showed scene after scene. There are scenes where children were shown being forced to work, begging money for the gangsters, getting hungry because they don't have anything and anyone for them, and being forced to commit petty crimes that later on turn to serious ones. These socially relevant issues depicted in the movie so heavy could potentially cause desensitization as well. Uninvolvement to these socially relevant concerns is a potential crucial effect of the desensitization in this case. However, being that the likely audience of this movie is adults, they are more inclined to think critically. Perhaps the bombardment socially relevant issues in this movie might cause them to be more involved and sensitive to the important issues in the Third World.

On the other hand, the Social Learning Theory tells us that the violent scenes in Slumdog Millionaire could potentially be imitated by the target audience. Since the adults have more experience in the world and is more likely to be able to tell reality from fiction as compared to a child, imitating of violent scenes such as shooting other people is…… [Read More]

O'Rorke, K. (2006). Social Learning Theory & Mass Communication. ABEA Journal, 25 (Fall 2006). Retrieved April 20, 2009, from

Rockler-Gladen, N. (2008). Theories of Violence in the Media: Desensitization, Cultivation Theory, and Other Concepts. Retrieved April 20, 2009, from
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Media Is an Extremely Powerful Tool Which Essay

Words: 1443 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65527355

media is an extremely powerful tool which can be used to change people's opinions regarding issues. However the effectiveness of media generally depends on how people use it. The two stories given to the news director are on completely diverse subjects. Both of the stories hold relevance to the society. The one about the celebrity death holds people's interest while enlightening the public about the park story is crucial to creating awareness in people's minds. In today's world, media ratings have become the most important part to media producers (Croteau & Honyes, 2001). Channels don't show news items for public welfare rather they concentrate on stories that make higher profits for them (Daily Source Org, 2005-2012). Keeping in mind the current media landscape, the news director should choose to air the park story as the lead story.

The role of media in the contemporary society has been restricted to the market model presented by Croteau and Hoynes. The market model says that media should be treated like any other commodity i.e. It should follow the same trends of demand and supply that all other products in the market follow (Croteau & Hoynes, 2001). The public sphere model however is completely opposite to the market model. The public sphere model says that the sole purpose of media is to educate the masses and therefore provide them with information that is crucial to their well being (Croteau & Hoynes, 2001). One can safely say that the park story is more important because it educates people of about something important happening in their community. The public sphere model (Croteau & Honyes, 2001) is much needed in today's society. If the news director features the story on the celebrity death as his lead story he would be undermining the power of media and using the important air time to feature futile stories.

Media is a citizen resource because it provides all of us the tools of handling certain social and political situations (Croteau & Hoynes, 2001), especially in a country like USA which holds citizens that come from diverse nationalities. People here may have conflicting opinions regarding issues hence all issues must be presented in an unbiased manner to them.

The ethical…… [Read More]

Croteau, D., & Hoynes, W. (2001). The Business of Media. California: Pine Forge Press.

Tompkins, A. (2003, December 14). The physcological effects of media violence on children.