"Problem Solution Essays"

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Problem Solving Problem Representation and Essay

Words: 305 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42337794

The text denotes that "the process of problem representation may seem automatic or trivial in some respects, but it is a critical component of successful problem solving. And the ways in which problems can be represented are as varied as problems themselves." (Robinson-Riegler & Robinson-Riegler, 449)

Indeed, there are considerable variables in how one may choose to interpret or be able to comprehend a particular problem. Where, for instance, great complexity and a wide range of variables may be present, an individual may acknowledge or dismiss any number of details in representing the problem. This representation will, in turn, critically effect the nature of the problem solution, which will arise out of that which the individual can rationally perceive as appropriate, feasible and desirable where solving the problem is concerned.

Works… [Read More]

Robinson-Riegler, G. & Robinson-Riegler, B. (2008). Chapter 11. Cognitive Psychology: Applying the Science of the Mind, Pearson Education, Inc.
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Solution Focused Brief Therapy Essay

Words: 2659 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78160557

Solution-Focused Therapy

The author of this paper is about to offer a brief literature review of what has come to be known as solution-focused therapy. Included in that literature review will be several specific topics or examples that are within the solution-focused therapy paradigm. These include the history of the theory, the use of language to help create a solution-focused therapeutic environment, the role of family history when it comes to solution-focused therapy, the shift from a problems focus to a solutions focus in a way that benefits the client, the development of a short vignette that is based on a family situation, global goals of the treatment method using the language of theory, interventions that should be used at each stage of treatment (those being beginning, middle and end) and a succinct summary of all of the above. There are certainly other methodologies that can be used when treating a patient in a therapeutic environment. However, the solutions-focused therapy method definitely has its proponents and it can be effectively used when harnessed by the right facilitator in the right way.

History & Summary of SFBT

Solution-focused therapy is also commonly known as solution-focused brief therapy. The two terms are interchangeable. The method of solution focused brief therapy (SFBT) is an "evidence-based, collaborative, strengths-based model developed in the 1980's by Steve de Shazer and Insoo Kim Berg and is now in use as an organizing treatment approach all over the world (Trepper, 2012). One of the primary uses of solution focused brief therapy is in a family therapy setting (Trepper, 2012). Shazer himself is held up as a pioneer when it comes to the broader field of family therapy. In fact, he is often bestowed the title "Grand Old Man of Family Therapy." The terms "iconoclast" and "creative genius" are often attributed to what is often referred to as a "minimalist" philosophy when it comes to how his therapy strategies deal with family and other aspects of everyday life. He has written five books about solution-focused brief therapy and similar topics. Solution-focused brief therapy itself evolved from something similar known as Brief Family Therapy, as written about by Shazer himself in 1982 (Trepper, Dolan, McCollum & Nelson, 2006).

Solution-Focused Brief Therapy is a future-focused methodology that is heavily goal-directed. The overall pattern in the therapy is to identify exceptions and solutions. Exceptions are times when an…… [Read More]

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Solutions to the Problems in Accounting and Finance Essay

Words: 1852 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68228555

Accounting and Finance Solving Problems Solutions

P4-5: Microsoft Statements of Cash Flow 1999-2001

The Microsoft Corporation uses the indirect method to prepare the statement of the cash flow. The cash flow by operating activities is prepared by reconciling from the net income to the net cash. As being revealed in the Microsoft statement of cash flow, the net income, depreciation, amortization, account receivables and others are used to arrive at the net cash. In the cash flow statements, the depreciation and amortization are added to the net income based on its accrual basis.

The Microsoft added the unearned revenue to the net income because the company has already received money for the product and services not yet fulfilled. As a result, the company has the legal obligation to supply these good and services to the purchaser. In other words, the unearned revenue is an equivalent of the net revenue that the Microsoft will fully earn if the company has fulfilled its legal obligation to the purchaser. On the other hand, a recognition of unearned revenue is deducted from the net income because these goods have not yet been delivered. This revenue was recorded as liability because the Microsoft has not delivered the products to buyers.

c. The net income is the first item that would be viewed positively by creditors and investors because the net income reveals the financial performance of a company at the end of the fiscal year. The net income can assist a company to prepare ROI (Return of Investment), ROA (Return of Asset) and net margins, which assist investors and creditors to understand the company financial performances. The preferred stock dividends are other items that creditors and investors will view positively because the dividends reveal the capacity of the company to increase or decrease the wealth of investors. The Microsoft statement of cash flow revealed…… [Read More]

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Solution Identification Essay

Words: 918 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45006940

Solution Identification

To identify a solution, one must understand the nature of the problems. In addition to what has already been identified, it is worth noting that failure to reach the original objectives is not just an execution problem, but a problem with the objectives themselves. A 20% increase in sales would in most mature businesses be considered phenomenal in nature. So the failure to reach an unrealistic goal is hardly a failure at all; it was inevitable. So a starting point is to set realistic objectives before worrying about why they were not reached.

That said, there is more that the company can do. Never turning over bosses is another solution. One of the identified issues is that there was a new boss who took months to figure out how to do their job. That's not exactly professional caliber. In that case, if there are no professional caliber employees available it might have served the company well to ensure that the old boss never left.

Continuous Process Improvement

Rummler (2010) notes that "quality is a never ending quest and continuous process improvement is a never ending effort to discover and eliminate the main causes of problems." There are several objectives to a continuous process improvement program. These are to "reduce variation, remove activities that have no value to the organization and to improve customer satisfaction." So in sales, variation is no good. The sales people need to use the same techniques, the same scripts and definitely should never attempt to tailor the sales pitch to the individual customer. Customers hate having their individual needs recognized by sales people. It will totally increase customer satisfaction to read a script to them rather than engage them in a two-way dialogue. As for activities that have no value to the organization, those definitely need to be removed. Sales people should not be wasting time eliminating waste from their bodies while on company time -- new cameras will ensure that they are only performing functions that directly add profit to the shareholders. The old cameras didn't work because there clearly were not enough of them, and the employees have bad attitudes. Those attitudes can be remedied with tighter centralized control. Then the company…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Clark, D. (2010). Excellence. Big Dog and Little Dog's Performance Juxtaposition. Retrieved February 21, 2014 from http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/perform/perform.html

Rouda, R. & Kusy, M. (1995) Organizational development. Cal Tech. Retrieved February 21, 2014 from http://alumnus.caltech.edu/~rouda/T3_OD.html
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Solution Focused Brief Therapy Today Essay

Words: 2292 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64226686

For example, Jones and Charlton note that it is possible to develop appropriate problem-solving techniques in the following four major areas:

1. Identifying the goal which is appropriate and achievable;

2. Identifying exceptions to the usual pattern of problems;

3. Measuring the student's progress towards achieving the goal; and,

4. Providing useful and positive feedback.

Finally, SFBT can be used either as a "stand-alone" counseling approach or in tandem with other techniques. For example, Linton (2005) emphasizes that SFBT ". . . can operate as a stand alone approach or in conjunction with traditional models of treatment. Solution-focused mental health counselors do not view SFBT and traditional models of treatment as incompatible. Collaborating with clients to create counseling goals, be they directed towards abstinence, self-help group attendance, changes in thinking errors, or some other goal of the client's choosing, selves to enhance motivation to change" (p. 298). Likewise, Jones and Charlton also note that, "Brief therapy has some features in common with cognitive therapy techniques such as problem-solving skills training. Future developments in this area may see combinations of such therapeutic inputs" (p. 74).

One of the fundamental limitations of SFBT, though, is a paucity of timely and relevant studies concerning its efficacy in school counseling settings. According to Lewis and Osborn (2004), at the time of writing, two studies reporting favorable outcomes (e.g., length of treatment, and achievement and maintenance of client goals) of SFBT have frequently been cited in the SFBT literature; however, these two studies were based on methodology described by these authors as "poorly developed," and remain unpublished. As a result, assertions concerning the utility and efficacy of SFBT remain strictly theoretical and have not been subjected to rigorous empirical analysis (Lewis & Osborn, p. 38).

Reflection including Accommodations, Interventions and/or Referrals

The accommodations that result from the application of the SFBT counseling method can range from relatively simple changes in students' lives or they may be much more complicated (Sexton et al., 2003). By focusing on what…… [Read More]

de Shazer, S. (1979, Summer). Brief therapy with families. American Journal of Family

Therapy, 7(2).
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Solution Focused Brief Therapy Sfbt Essay

Words: 1994 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14165036

Thus, giving the patient a 'bird's eye view' of his/her life gives him/her a chance to reconsider past actions committed and change these to improve his/her relations with a partner or family member. As in family brief therapies, reconstructing a family's life according to each member's interpretation and reflection helps the therapist identify the family member who adopts a constructive or destructive view of the 'reconstructed family life.' Through SFBT, the therapist is able to create a therapeutic process that would be time-efficient and beneficial to patients.

Bitter and Nicoll (2004) elucidated effectively the effectiveness of brief therapy treatment for couples and families (64):

brief therapists seek to establish in their clients a renewed faith in self as well as optimism and hope for their immediate and long-term futures. It is caring, however, that guarantees the client support and a safe return in a future session, now matter how the real world enactment has gone.

From this passage, one realizes that brief therapy, while primarily patient-centered, is by principle also dependent on the existence of care and faith between patient and therapist. Without these humane qualities in SFBT, any form of therapy, be it long-term or short-term, would cease to be effective and important for people who need these therapies the most. Care and faith is especially important to families, Bitter and Nicoll found out, is actually the "sense of strength" from which SFBT synergy between patients and client are drawn from. SFBT, acting as a "magnifying-glass" of life within a short period of time, is personal growth interpreted as a "development of self-understanding...opening windows, enabling transformative experience, setting something in motion...the brief encounter that involves an ending from the beginning" (Mander, 2003:497).… [Read More]

Bury, D. (2000). "Constructivist paradigms in other therapies." Journal of Constructivist Psychology, Vol. 13, Issue 4.

Bitter, J. And W. Nicoll. (2000). "Adlerian brief therapy with individuals: process and practice." Journal of Individual Psychology, Vol. 56, Issue 1.
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Solution Focused Therapy Characteristics the Essay

Words: 705 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40019707

Proactive and reactive - the Solution-Focused parent begins with a plan then continually evaluates how the plan is working, allowing modifications to be made to maximize its effectiveness (CEUS, 2005, p.1). Bruce (1995) believes that implementation of active, diverse strategies and interventions, including role-playing, artwork, homework assignments, interpretations, visualizations, and reframing help children and adolescents achieve their goals.

Active rather than directive - the Solution-Focused perspective includes the belief that helping children make decisions for themselves is generally better than making decisions for them (CEUS, 2005, p.1). Bruce (1995) thinks that by establishing clear, concrete, measurable goals that serve to help the teacher and student evaluate their progress.

Empowering - A solution-Focused approach encourages the child to view him/herself as an agent of change rather than a powerless pawn in a dangerous world (CEUS, 2005, p.2).

Positive - Solution-Focused approaches allows a parent to realistically and consistently see the positive side of their child's behavior (CEUS, 2005, p.2).

Hopeful - the Solution-Focused parent believes that positive behavioral change can occur quickly and at times unpredictably (CEUS, 2005, p.2).

Perkins (1999) believes that there are seven components important to creating well-formed goals in Solution-focused therapy. The goal must be important to the client; keep goals small and achievable. Make goals concrete, specific and behavioral, goals express the presence of something or a behavior, rather than an absence, goals are expressed as beginnings rather than endings, the goals are realistic and achievable within the context of the client's life, and the client sees the goals as invoking "hard work."… [Read More]

Bruce, M.A. (1995). Brief Counseling: An effective model for change. School Counselor, 42, 353-364.

CEU Station (2005). Solution Focused Parenting. Retrieved 09/20/05, at http://www.ceustation.com/freeceu.html
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Solution-Oriented Decisions Models What Are Essay

Words: 335 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46155716

This encourages people to speak their minds, rather than to simply go with the procedural flow. Solution-oriented decision making can be very positive experience for people committed to their jobs, who wish to exhibit excellence and be treated as valued members of a team, and who want to get ahead by distinguishing themselves -- there is no room for people who merely want to punch a clock and work 9-5 at a solution-oriented organization.

A culture of creativity at a solution-oriented workplace creates a safe place for all employees to take risks and to float ideas that may potentially fail -- every successful idea requires brainstorming many failures. A solution-oriented workplace is also 'can do' in its attitude: there is no problem that is too difficult that it cannot be solved, provided enough people work at it for long enough, through mental effort, planning, and implementation.

Works… [Read More]

Ramsey, Robert. (2005). Lead, follow, or get out of the way. Corwin Press.
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Problem of Evil Essay

Words: 2101 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98438845

Problem of Evil

Evil has always been with humanity. From the first man that walked upon the earth up to the present day, evil has been part of life. The purpose of this paper is to show that evil is everywhere, and that, while good is also in abundant supply, evil will never totally be removed from society. The two are part of an alignment of forces; they compliment each other, and therefore they both must exist (Steel, 1994).

In this paper I will argue that evil cannot be removed from the world and I will begin by presenting the strongest argument for this position, after which I will present the strongest argument against it. Weaker arguments both for and against the issue of evil remaining in the world will be discussed after the stronger arguments in their respective sections, and in order of significance. Both of these positions will then be summarized and compared briefly in the conclusion, after possible solutions and why they will not work for the benefit of society have been presented..

The Argument For Evil Remaining in the World

Evil must remain in the world because it is the opposing force to good. Without being able to judge whether something is evil, one would not know whether something was good or not. This is significant, because good and evil create a yin and yang sort of effect that many believe is necessary to understand life and its balance (Sundberg, 2003). Without this evil, judging one's actions and beliefs would be quite difficult, and judging the actions of others would be almost impossible. There would be no precedent by which to compare them, and therefore it would be difficult to make proper laws and guidelines. There would be no agreement about what was right or wrong, because there would be no way to determine whether a…… [Read More]

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Solution to the Problems Affecting Leonard Cooper Essay

Words: 522 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6154941

solution to the problems affecting Leonard Cooper Charter School LAN

Network collision that slows down the network and interferes with print jobs

The problem of network collision is noted by Rouse (2006) to be most common in half duplex Ethernet network. The collision observed at the Leonard Cooper Charter School LAN is most likely caused by the two or more devices (printers and competing workstations on the LAN most certainly) attempting to effectively transmit data at al most an exact same time (such as sending a print job).The Leonard Cooper Charter School LAN therefore detects the collisions of the two or more transmitted packets as then effectively discards them. It is important to note that collisions are perfectly normal occurrences on the Ethernet networks.


For the collisions to be avoided on the Leonard Cooper Charter School LAN, there is a need for the Ethernet to employ Carrier Sense Multiple Access / Collision Detect (CSMA/CD) as a technique of allowing the various devices on the network "taking turns" on the use of signal carrier line. Whenever any given network device wants to effectively transmit a signal, it would have to first check the signal level of the given line in order to determine if any other device is already using the given line. If the line is already in use then the device would automatically have to wait and then retry in lets say a few seconds to retransmit the signal. If the line is not engaged then the device would successfully transmit. If two or more devices transmit at almost…… [Read More]

Rouse, M (2006).Collision. Available online at http://searchnetworking.techtarget.com/definition/collision
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Problem of Evil Is Evil Essay

Words: 1082 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81608121

Once again, the theist can simply point out that human knowledge -- either our own, or in the collective sense -- is not only incomplete but not even necessarily close to complete. Furthermore, inference from incomplete evidence is dangerous; before Columbus, European philosophers would have felt themselves on firm "rational ground" to suppose that no edible starchy tuber existed, and yet the potato would have proved them wrong.

Attempts to prove the nonexistence of God through arguments from evil often founder on either the definition of "God" or the definition of "evil." However, while an imperfectly benevolent or even amoral God does not pose a logical problem for those who prefer to consider the divine as unmoved mover, first cause, or as some other morally neutral cosmological principle, such a God is obviously not the benign deity of modern religious orthodoxy. And while a "mystic" or other theodicial investigator may well find a way to transvaluate vast suffering into comprehensible perfection or even rejoice in its very incomprehensibility, the results still need to be communicated clearly and lucidly in order to be convincing. For the rest of us, the persistence of evil is still disturbing by definition.

In fact, mysticism notwithstanding, the experience of incommensurable evil is possibly the best practical argument for appeals to a divine power as a transcendent locus of otherwise inscrutable justice, goodness, and sense. In the absence of evil, the existence of God and divine attributes are somewhat hypothetical concerns; it is only in a world informed by toothache and genocide (and the cathartic representations thereof) that those who suffer reach for God:

Each […] from a consciousness of his imbecility and misery, rather than from any reasoning, is led to seek protection from that Being on whom he and all nature is dependent. […] The best, and indeed, the only method of bringing everyone to…… [Read More]

Hick, John. "The 'Vale of Soul-Making' Theodicy." The Problem of Evil: A Reader. Ed. Mark Joseph Larrimore. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing, 2001. 355-61. Print

Hume, David. Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion and Other Writings. Ed. Dorothy Coleman. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007. Print.
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Solution Focused Change Essay

Words: 694 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62283768

Solution focused coaching involves viewing people as unique, competent, and responsive to suggestions (Visser, 2012). This approach is a respectful change approach (Bodien, 2011) in that it acknowledges and works with the perspective of the client defined solutions that are unique to the client. The solution focused change approach is based on several assumptions (from Bodien, 2011):

Problem analysis and problem diagnosis are not needed to achieve positive change and to solve problems.

This assumption indicates that the focus in the solution focused change approach is on understanding what is desired by the client as opposed to defining and trying to ascertain what factors of the client's history contributed to their current situation or complaint. Thus, solution focused change approach is proactive and allows the client to get right to work as opposed to spending time ruminating on history, causes, etc.

Assumption 2. Vividly describing the desired future is the beginning of a positive change.

This assumption indicates how proactive solution focused change approach is. This model indicates that change does not begin by describing problems or history, but begins when people begin to envision what they want. This leads to a more positive attitude, more optimistic outlook, and movement towards what the client desires as opposed to ruminating over past issues that cannot be changed.

Assumption 3. The intensity of problems fluctuates constantly. Finding out what worked in the past helps to find solutions for the problem and to achieve success in the future.

The one aspect of solution focused change that deals with the person's history is looking at what worked for the person in the past. By defining what worked in the past, the coach and the client can better understand what will work in the future. Again, this is a more proactive approach moving toward positive change and that the type of change the client desires. Instead of ruminating on past problems and their origins the coach and the client work on future solutions based on past successes.

Assumption 4. Small positive steps…… [Read More]

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Solutions to the Present Value Problems Essay

Words: 925 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99846328

Solutions to the Present Value Problems

The study uses the formula below to solve the problems.


Original Equation: FV = PV * (1+ i) n

Manipulation: Divide both sides by (1 +i) n

Final Equation: PV = FV / (1+ i) n or PV = FV * (1+i) -n


PV = Present Value

FV =Future Value

i= interest rates n = Number of years.

Using the formula presented above, the paper calculates the PV of the $10,000 bond with the 6% of annual coupon at the end of the five-year. Using the Excel Software 2007 for the calculation, the answers to the problems are as follows:

At 6% interest rates, the PV is as follows:

PV = $10,000 / (1 + 0.06)

PV= $7,472.58

Using the excel formula, the solution is as follows:

Excel Formula

=B1 / (1+B2)^





Interest Rates


Number of Years



b. At 8% interest rates

PV = $10,000 / (1 + 0.08)

PV = $6,805.83197

Using the Excel formula, the solution is as follows:

Excel Formula

=B1 / (1+B2)^5





Interest Rates


Number of Years


c. At 4% interest rates

PV = $10,000 / (1 + 0.04)5

PV = $8,219.27107

Using the Excel formula, the solution is as follows:

Excel Formula






Interest Rates


Number of Years



d. The results of the (a), (b) and (c) reveal that increase in the interest rates decrease the present value of the investment. By January 1, 2000, investors will be willing to pay $8,219.27 if the interest rate is 4%, $6,805.83 if the interest rate is 8% and $7,472.58 if the interest rates are 8%. Thus, investors are advisable to choose the option (b), which the present value is $6,805 since investors…… [Read More]

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Problem of Evil God Evil Essay

Words: 2146 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54004106


Defenses against it may be equally inconclusive, but in their fertility they at least promise a solution some day.… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Adams, Marilyn McCord. Horrendous Evils and the Goodness of God. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1999.

Belliotti, Raymond a. Roman Philosophy and the Good Life. Plymouth: Lexington Books, 2009.
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Identification Decision Making and Problem Solving in Essay

Words: 977 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24838578


Decision making and problem solving in companies are probably the most important processes in any business. These processes ensure that companies run smoothly and effectively. There are a variety of decision-making and problem-solving processes that ensure the effectiveness of business processes. Often, these are chosen on the basis of their effectiveness in the particular business setting involved. The automotive industry, for example, would not function on the same decision-making process as a childcare business. Particularly, problem identification relate to various problem-solving styles, including the morphological approach, the Kepner-Tregoe approach, inventive problem solving, constraints thinking, the collective-participative style, and the fairness approach. These will be related to five types of businesses, including an automotive business, a restaurant, an electronics business, a DVD store, and a preschool,

The first important step in problem solving is problem identification (Reference for Business, 2010). All five businesses investigated have a problem identification process in place. There are two approaches that can be taken in this paradigm; before the fact and after the fact. Before-the-fact problem identification entails that deficiencies are discovered before they can create problems for the company and its operations. Changes are then made according to the findings of such an investigation. The main problem with this approach is that many problems occur before they can be anticipated. Hence, many companies only follow the after-the-fact approach. Once a problem has been identified, a solution approach can be used to ensure the problem is solved and does not occur again.

Frankie's Auto Repairs is an automotive repair shop, which uses an after-the-fact approach to problem identification. Once problems have been identified, the manager favors a morphological approach to problem solutions. This approach uses two-or three-dimensional matrices to highlight solutions that are not immediately obvious. Hence, creative solutions are obtained by means of methods such as the decision tree. For Frankie's, this usually entails the involvement of all employees. Employees then participate…… [Read More]

Jones, D, Padgett, M., Rose, C., and Weilacker, R. (2009, Aug. 3) Problem Formulation and Identification. Retrieved from:

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Management Solutions for Electronic Waste Essay

Words: 5441 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47148951

" (from World environmental news, Internet edition)

Besides developing flexible legislation that will distribute the functions of recycling between manufacturers and municipal services there has to be a definite and developed program that would specialize on the optimal and the most exhaust utilization of electronic waste, reduction of e-waste landfills and incineration. Recycling program should not be limited to the recycling of CRT monitors, as their owners are more likely to bring the whole obsolete computer system to the recycling, not just computer monitors.

The benefit of integral program of recycling is that it allows using a variety of materials used in the electronics manufacturing like precious metals, semi-precious metals, and some electronic items in the reuse.

The most important part of the e-waste management is search of the most appropriate and qualified partners in the technical or practical part of the problem solution. This problem is of the essential value, as the efficiency of e-waste management depends primary on the executives of the practical side more than on simple legislature. Legislature may pave the way to the problem solution but can not solve it all by ecological and environmental laws and bills. In order to involve partners and government investors it's important to outline one extra benefit of e-waste recycling: it may create extra jobs for unemployed people as well as will create training programs for electronic items repairing and reusing. So this practice will be able to solve partly the problem of unemployment, training courses and recycling.

Another important aspect is collecting of e-waste. As most of customers still prefer to store obsolete electronics in their garages, store-rooms, etc. e-waste management executives have to break this stereotype and have to give some recoveries to the owners of old electronics in order to develop the process of recycling, it also refers to high schools and educational institutions as they represent a remarkable percentage of electronics users. Besides e-waste management, officials have to develop the transportation program that will allow common residence to utilize electronics without spending money on transportation and on utilization fees.

The organization of this process is quite an expensive project, but the results will cover all the finance spent. If to calculate the damages from lead pollution, from mercury pollution, money spending on…… [Read More]

Basel Action Network (BAN). (n.d.). October 22, 2003, at http://www.ban.org

Best Management Practices for electronic waste, Report Santa Clara County department of environmental health publishing, San Jose, California April 2004
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Classic Airlines Marketing Solution In Addition to Essay

Words: 2438 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31573138

Classic Airlines Marketing Solution:

In addition to being the fifth largest airline company across the globe, Classic Airlines has a fleet of over three hundred and fifty jets that operate in approximately 240 cities with over two thousand daily scheduled flights. Since its inception about twenty-five years ago, the airline company has grown into an organization that consists of 32,000 workers. In the year 2006, the company not only made sales worth $8.7 billion but also gained a profit $10 million as a result of the bumper sales. Regardless of these sales, Classic Airlines is not an exception to the challenges that existing airlines have encountered since 2007. Actually, despite making these abundant sales in 2006, the airline experienced a 10% decrease in its share prices because of the growing uncertainty about flying. This growing uncertainty did not only affect Classic Airlines but also affected the general stock prices of the airline industry. Moreover, the airline industry has also been operating under increased investigations because of the worried investment community.

Problem Definition and Identification:

Given that Classic Airlines is not immune to the challenges that has faced the current airline industry, the company has experienced several setbacks. These problems include waning consumer confidence, decreased frequency of flights by its customers, increasing costs in labor and fuel, quick expansion after the 9/11 attacks and a limiting cost outline than younger airlines. In the year 2005, the company experienced a decline in its rewards program following an estimated 19% decline in the number of members of the Classic Rewards Program. The decline was also marked with another decline of approximately twenty-one percent in flights of each remaining member. Additionally, the current faithful members of the airline are jumping ship and consequently restraining the company's ability to battle for the treasured frequent flier. Following the collapse of the travel downturn that was brought by the 9/11 attacks, Classic Airlines together with its major competitors overrated the turnaround and expanded too quickly ("Situation Analysis," n.d.). Consequently, the airline is currently facing a compulsory cost reduction of 15% that is scheduled to take place in a period of the next one and a half years.

These challenges are a reflection of…… [Read More]

Chase, J. (2009, October 13). Developing Problem Solutions for Organizations. Retrieved November 10, 2010, from http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/2213827/developing_problem_solutions_for_organizations.html?cat=35

Le, T. (2007, January 30). Problem Solution: Classic Airlines. Retrieved November 10, 2010,
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Counseling Therapy Theories Solution Focused Brief Therapy Essay

Words: 1687 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97649973

Counseling Therapy Theories

Solution focused brief therapy (SFBT)

The solution focused brief therapy (SFBT) is a type of therapy that is used much in counseling and a lot of time referred to as talking therapy that is based on the social constructionist philosophy. This therapy focuses on the aim or goal of the customer rather than the problem that drove him to seek help. It does not focus on the past events but primarily pays attention to the future.

The SFBT at times referred to as solution-focused or solution-building therapy was initiated and developed by Steve Shazer (1940-2005) in collaboration with Insoo Kim Berg (1934-2007) and their colleagues from the late 1970's in Wisconsin. This therapy is future focused, focuses on the goals and the solutions rather than on the problem (Institute for Solution-Focused Therapy, 2011).

Here, it is the duty of the counselor to invite the client to try to imagine their preferred condition and future. This will enable the therapist to pick out the growth that the client may signal towards, be they small or large steps said by the client and build upon them to help move the client towards a positive thinking and perspective. The therapist will keep asking the clients about the strengths that they have, the resources at their disposal as well as the peculiar exceptions to the problem that can act to the advantage of the client.

Under this theory, the therapists believe that change has to be achieved. When these therapists aid the clients to see and point out the changes that they wish to have in their lives as well as giving attention to the current events in their lives that they wish to have continued for a long time, the counselors essentially aid these people to build a vision that is solid about and for them (Stephen M.L., 2011).

Once the therapist has been able to help the client identify the current happenings in their lives that they wish to see for a long time, the therapist will help them then see how their…… [Read More]

Alan Car, (1998). Michael White's Narrative Theory, Contemporary Family Therapy. Human Sciences Press Inc. http://resources.metapress.com/pdf-preview.axd?code=j42386l16060v3q0&size=largest

Cynthia Good Mojab, (2006). Solution-Focused Brief Therapy. Retrieved September 6, 2011