Revolutionary War Essays

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Revolutionary America Describe Shay's Rebellion Essay

Words: 2441 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19771269

The British came to impose serious taxes as a result of the French Indian war. These in turn were unacceptable to a people which considered itself not to be responsible for the causes of the war. The confrontation had been in fact another matter of European dispute that had to be solved outside the continent in the colonies.

Third, there is a disagreement in the way in which the war was perceived at the local level. The American colonies viewed this struggle as a need for independence from a regime that continued to impose an undemocratic control over its institutions and the lives of the people. On the other hand, the British saw it as a rebellion that must be immediately squashed. In its view, it was a war for the maintenance of a certain order, while the Americans viewed it as one of disruption of this order. While the colonists fought a war of independence and of rebellion, the British sought to win a war that would keep the current situation unchanged.

Finally, another important issue is the fact that there were two distinctive views on government. In this sense, the colonies tried to address the issue of democracy under a system of representativeness and the rule of the people, the British tried to impose their imperial rule on the people. The colonists were the promoters of the free trade with the world, while the British supported the idea of the monopoly of trade with the colonies, inside the imperial system of trade. This would come to be a crucial matter largely due to the fact that it represented two different perspectives on internal control and foreign intervention.

Explain how Britain became diplomatically isolated, how American diplomacy was successful in gaining European support, and how this combination brought the War for Independence to a satisfactory conclusion

The effects of the American Revolution can be considered to have been immediate, especially in Europe. This is largely due to the…… [Read More]

References:
Brainard, R. (2005) "Shays' Rebellion." 18th century history. 11 June 2008. http://www.history1700s.com/articles/article1120.shtml

British Battles. (N.d.) the War of the Revolution 1775 to 1783. Accessed 11 June 2008  http://www.britishbattles.com/american-revolution.htm 
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Wars of the Barbary Pirates Essay

Words: 1598 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67602952



The book is constructed on two main theses, the first revolving around the relevance of the Barbary wars in the freeing of the American population and in its formation as stable and confident people. The second thesis focuses on the Tripolitan war played in the formation of the modern American Navy. However the general history courses place little emphasis on the wars against the Barbary States, the naval forces commemorate them and recognize the role they played in the formation of the modern U.S. Marine. A third specification which could be made relative to the book is that, however not implicit, it also presents the historical conflict between the American and Islamic forces, relating as such to a contemporaneous matter, which is not as new as one could think.

"Wars of the Barbary Pirates: To the Shores of Tripoli, the Birth of the U.S. Navy and Marines" is written in a columnist form, creating the idea of a newspaper article. This not only makes it easier to read, but it could also suggest the connection between the past and present events; it could pin point the effects that past events have upon the present and it could also relate to the fact that if the American troops had not won the conflict, the world today would be different.… [Read More]

Sources:
Gregory Fremont-Barnes, "Wars of the Barbary Pirates: To the Shores of Tripoli, the Birth of the U.S. Navy and Marines," Osprey Pub Co, November 2006

Wars of the Barbary Pirates: To the Shores of Tripoli, the Birth of the U.S. Navy and Marines, Random House, http://www.randomhouse.com/catalog/display.pperl?isbn=9781846030307, last accessed on October 1, 2008
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Revolutionary America the Difference Between Essay

Words: 1997 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31394759

" It is course legitimate editorial decision-making to spend less time on one aspect than another writer might invest on that issue; but this points out the way in which Berkin makes her history more like journalism, bringing in as many quotes from a diverse set of speakers whenever she can. It was interesting to know that Jefferson was dead set against the proceedings going private.

Middlekauff (630) writes that by putting their Virginia Plan out first, the Virginians "had framed the terms of the discussion." And for the next two weeks the delegates supporting the Virginia Plan "had forced the pace of deliberations, and, for the most part, controlled the Convention." The momentum was on the side of the Virginians and their supporters; the Virginia Plan called for an executive branch, a judiciary, and a "supreme" legislature - and that the representation in the legislature should be allocated according to population. Basically, all the proposals by the Virginians were at the top of the list of topics discussed during the next two weeks. And essentially, by June 13, the results were "substantially the Virginia Plan without the Council of Revision," Middlekauff continues, and sounding more like Berkin when he adds that James Madison's "near-mad scheme to give the Congress a veto over state legislation remained in the Plan" (631).

MIDDLEKAUFF on MADISON: Both Middlekauff and Berkin go to great lengths to define, describe and praise the work of James Madison in the convention. Madison was the most eloquent and forceful of the speakers, and when he presented an idea he did it as an articulate, educated man who had done his homework. Actually, Madison was the author of the Virginia plan, and Middlekauff (638) writes that Madison's knowledge of history was "impressive," his logic was "impeccable" and his language in putting forth the Virginia Plan was…… [Read More]

References:
Berkin, Carol. (2002). A Brilliant Solution: Inventing the American Constitution. New York:

Harcourt, Inc.
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War the Concept of War Encompasses Various Essay

Words: 899 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54952311

War

The concept of war encompasses various different types of conflict. Wars between sovereign nations involve nation states. Regional and world wars involve multiple sovereign nations. Revolutionary wars of independence involve the populations of nations rebelling against or rejecting the continued control national authorities. Civil wars occur when rival regions or political factions within one nation seek formal separation or complete control. Proxy wars are a means by which nations prosecute their competing interests against one another through smaller conflicts involving other nations as a means of avoiding direct military conflict.

Wars between Nation States

Wars between sovereign nations have occurred throughout recorded history, dating back to Biblical times. Generally, sovereign nations go to war when they each have claims to the same land, or natural resources, or rights of passage that each seeks to own or control exclusively. Throughout the Middle Ages and into the early modern age, the European nations engaged in wars over their competing claims over new territories and trade routes. Sometimes, sovereign nations go to war without any competing claims just because the leadership of one nation decides to take what it wants from another nation by force simply because they believe that they have the power and ability to do so. In the middle of the 20th century, Nazi Germany annexed Austria, demanded parts of Czechoslovakia by threatening war, and eventually invaded Poland just because the Nazis sought additional living space and access to natural resources.

Regional and World Wars

Regional wars involve more than two warring nations and typically involve the initial combatants as well as their respective allies and treaty members. The First World War was initially a conflict just between Austro-Hungary and Serbia but it quickly escalated to a regional war and then to a world war when uninvolved regional and international allies of both sides began to mobilize their respective armed forces. Germany supported Austro-Hungary, and Britain, France, and Russia supported Serbia. The conflict truly became a world war when the United States entered the war in 1917.

Revolutionary Wars of Independence

Revolutionary wars occur when the populations of a nation or colony of a nation decide that they no longer want to be ruled or controlled by the national authorities in power over the nation or who established the colonies in their name and national authority. The American Revolution is a good example…… [Read More]

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War of Tripoli as a Essay

Words: 3129 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78635994

Lear and Comodore Barron, the commander of the American fleet in the Mediterranean agreed in 1805 that Ahmad was no longer useful to the American cause. As a result, Lear met with Muhammad D'Ghies, Tripoli's Minister for foreign affairs, and eventually reached an agreement. War prisoners would be mutually exchanged, and America had to pay a sum of $60, 000 to Tripoli. However, this sum was considerably smaller than what the Pasha had asked for in 1804. Legendary Commodore Charles Morris wrote, "On the 3rd of June, a peace was concluded with Tripoli by Colonel Lear, who had been authorized by the President to negotiate."

One of the most important consequences of the war was its power to produce some of the earliest American war heroes. In the absence of news correspondents, and the far-reaching means the press has today, the accounts of the war were given by the people directly involved in it. Letters and dispatches were sent to American newspapers who often published them in their entirety. It is hard to imagine that there were no photographs, no video footage of the war. This was, in fact, the only connection between the American public, and the war going on in Northern Africa. However, Americans romanticized the war and its most prominent figures would become real American heroes whose stories even influenced contemporary popular culture.

Despite the fact that America had been humiliated by being force to pay tribute, the Federalists were opposing the war. Any analysis of the domestic response to a war, in this case, the First Barbary War, must include the points-of-view of both sides. On the one hand, Republicans supported Jefferson's decision to go to war, and praised the skills and might of the American navy. On the other hand, the Federalists criticized Jefferson's decision to go to war, and even his choice of words in the case of public addresses.

Republican editor James J. Wilson's article, a New Year's Report, published in the New Jersey newspaper, the True American, in January 1805 is clearly very supportive of President Jefferson's actions. Wilson openly declares his support, and praises America's progress in…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Allison, Robert J. Stephen Decatur: American Naval Hero, 1779-1820. (University of Massachusetts Press, 2007)

Cray Jr., Robert E. "Remembering Richard Somers: Naval Martyrdom in the Tripolitan War."
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War for Independence and Colonial Essay

Words: 2278 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52871009

Because the country was essentially thirteen colonies fighting separately, the British had to deal with battles throughout the country, with people who were fighting for their homes and towns. The American forces knew their surroundings better, and they were motivated to fight well to protect their loved ones and neighbors.

The Declaration of Independence, written in July 1776, indicates how resolved most of the population was to independence from Great Britain. Thomas Jefferson, author of the document, wrote that the British government had become "destructive," and people believed they must assert their independence and be free of the country, or their lives would never be free from oppression. He wrote, "That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness" (Jefferson). Essentially, the people declared their freedom before they won the war, letting Britain know that even if they lost, they would never put up with tyranny again. The document shows the mood of the people, it shows how motivated they were to be free, and that is another reason they were victorious. They had more to lose than the British did, and they were fighting on their own ground, for something that was incredibly important to them, and so, they were far more motivated than the British soldiers were.

Justifications

The colonists were justified in wanting their freedom from Great Britain, because Great Britain was demanding too much and providing too little for the colonists. The colonists won the war because they were more devoted to their cause, and they had more to lose. Many were also interested in creating a new form of government, where the people were represented rather than ordered about, and they began to develop the documents that shared that vision. The Declaration of Independence gave a voice to…… [Read More]

Sources:
Editors. "Revolutionary War Causes." Son of the South. 2009. 20 Feb. 2009.  http://www.sonofthesouth.net/revolutionary-war/cause-revolutionary-war.htm .

Gerlach, Larry R., James a. Dolph, and Michael L. Nicholls, eds. Legacies of the American Revolution. Logan, UT: Utah State University Press, 1978.
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War Broke Out in 1756 Essay

Words: 7157 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43993603



The Seven Years War saw Britain established as the greatest colonial power, with control over India and North America seemingly secured, while Prussia emerged as the greatest power on the Continent, and the dominant force inside Germany, reducing still further the power of the Holy Roman Empire and Habsburg Austria. Frederick II of Prussia (the Great) emerges as the most remarkable leader of the war. Prussia was the smallest of the main combatants, and yet Frederick survived year after year of campaigning, and despite coming near to defeat he emerged triumphant (Richard).

Histories of the American Revolution tend to start in 1763, the end of the Seven-Year's War, a worldwide struggle for empire that pitted France against England in North America, Europe, and Asia. Fred Anderson, who teaches history at the University of Colorado, takes the story back a decade and explains the significance of the conflict in American history. Demonstrating that independence was not inevitable or even at first desired by the colonists, he shows how removal of the threat from France was essential before Americans could develop their own concepts of democratic government and defy their imperial British protectors. Of great interest is the importance of Native Americans in the conflict. Both the French and English had Indian allies; France's defeat ended a diplomatic system in which Indian nations, especially the 300-year-old Iroquois League, held the balance between the colonial powers. In a fast-paced narrative, Anderson moves with confidence and ease from the forests of Ohio and battlefields along the St. Lawrence to London's House of Commons and the palaces of Europe. He makes complex economic, social, and diplomatic patterns accessible and easy to understand. Using a vast body of research, he takes the time to paint the players as living personalities, from George III and George Washington to a host of supporting characters. The book's usefulness and clarity are enhanced by a hundred landscapes, portraits, maps, and charts taken from contemporary sources. Crucible of War is political and military history at its best; it never flags and is a pleasure…… [Read More]

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War American Revolution Essay

Words: 827 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60893062

American Revolutionary War

The objective of this study is to write on the causes and major outcomes of the American Revolutionary War.

Until the finalization of the Seven Years' War, there were only very few British North America colonists that had objections to their situation in the British Empire and British American Colonists had realized a great many benefits reported from the system of the British imperialists and furthermore paid little in the way of costs for those reported benefits. In fact, the British did not bother the American colonies until the earlier part of the 1760s. However, the 'Seven Years' War" brought about changes with Britain realizing victory over France and their allies at a great cost.

The War

The Seven-Year's War also known as the French and Indian War brought many changes. According to reports "A staggering war debt influenced many British policies over the next decade. Attempts to raise money by reforming colonial administration, enforcing tax laws, and placing troops in America led directly to conflict with colonists. By the mid-1770s, relations between Americans and the British administration had become strained and acrimonious." (Library of Congress, 2014, p. 1) It is reported that the war for independence in America began in April 1775 when the first shots were fired and that "For some months before that clash at Lexington and Concord, patriots had been gathering arms and powder and had been training to fight the British if that became necessary. General Thomas Gage, commander of British forces around Boston, had been cautious; he did not wish to provoke the Americans." (Library of Congress, 2014, p. 1)

However, in April, it is reported that General Thomas Gage was given orders to "arrest several patriot leaders, rumored to be around Lexington. Gage sent his troops out on the night of April 18, hoping to catch the colonists by surprise and thus to avoid bloodshed. When the British arrived in Lexington, however, colonial militia…… [Read More]

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Revolutionary Generation Essay

Words: 2378 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39794130

Founding Brothers

When studying the history of the formation of the United States, one usually thinks in terms of separate events and individuals. However, the American republic was established, instead, by a series of important decisions and the joint efforts of some of the most prominent men of all time. In a matter of ten years, these critical interactions among the eight leading figures of John Adams, Aaron Burr, Benjamin Franklin, Alexander Hamilton, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison and George Washington formed a nation that to this day remains one of the most successful "experiments" of democratic governments. As Joseph J. Ellis, the author of Founding Brothers: the Revolutionary Generation states:

What in retrospect has the look of a foreordained unfolding of God's will was in reality an improvisational affair ... If hindsight enhances our appreciation for the solidity and stability of the republican legacy, it also blinds us to the truly stunning improbability of the achievement itself.

THE INTERVIEW -- The Duel (Chapter 1). In his book, Ellis describes with interest and intrigue several pivotal events occurring at the beginning of American history. The first "story" details the background that led up to the duel in 1804 between Aaron Burr and Alexander Hamilton, which is the only case in "the revolutionary generation when political differences ended in violence and death rather than in ongoing argument." Ellis reveals that both men seemed to be on the downside of their careers when the duel occurred; Hamilton fired his pistol first, though he intentionally aimed to miss Burr. Burr was surprised and regretful about his shot, which struck Hamilton in the side and resulted in his death the next day. Further, the "stigma associated with the Burr-Hamilton duel put the code duello on the defensive as a national institution."

The facts of this duel are not so cut-and-dry, however, and most probably will never fully be known. Questions continue about which man fired first, if Hamilton ever expected to shoot his gun and whether Burr planned on or even hoped for what eventually happened. According to Ellis,…… [Read More]