Supervision, Consultation and Emergency Management Systems
According to the majority of educators in the field, clinical supervision is the most appropriate practice. This is quite worrying and confusing especially considering that there has been little research on the subject, both in qualitative and quantitative methods. The main reason that makes the theory to be extremely popular in spite of its short comings and is all tied to its democratic nature. The theory offers a democratic approach where the role of the educators is to encourage rather than to coerce the subjects. Moreover, the theory has its basis on real life settings and not on a simulated setting. This creates a lively and participating forum for the teacher which is extremely valuable to achieve this theory. However, it is increasingly difficult to introduce such a theory in many places due to the restraining resources that are available, most notoriously being the financial budgets (Shirley & James 2008).
Model of clinical supervision
After putting all these shortcomings, it is necessary to have a model like the peer clinical supervision. In this case, fellow teachers look out for each other and collect data while still analyzing their peers. This is the most appropriate method since it is beneficial to both the teacher being observed as well as the observer. Furthermore, teachers are happy that this is not an official process that may compromise their jobs. Thus, they act comfortably and normally which gives the necessary results which may lead to the formulation of an appropriate solution. One crucial aspect about the model is the relationship that it has with the environment and more so the context of the school (Shirley & James 2008). There are at least four patterns that have a direct influence on this model. One of them is isolation and fragmentation which represents the various divisions within the teachers with some of them being on the basis of race, gender, age and other fragmentations. Another is stratification whereby the heads of education on various institutions pick out some teachers and appraise them unfairly leading to acrimony within the staff. The third aspect is standardization where there are set rules and boundaries for teachers while the last is reactionism which involves the long time decisions that the school leaders make in advance (Shirley & James 2008). All these are practices that do not augur well with the model and could seriously compromise the efficiency and effectiveness of the model. After much consideration about the model and practices that could affect it, evidence shows that the best way to use the model would be as a coaching tool rather than an inspection system.
The theory of clinical consultation is all about the patients although it is primarily designed for all clinicians. This refers to any person either seriously ill or with the belief that they are ill, seeks the advice of another trusted clinician. This refers to only professional boundaries of communication and any personal advice may not fall under this category.
Model of clinical consultation
There are many models that are applicable to this clinical consultation. However, it is evident that all of them focus on the professional relationship between the practitioner and the patient while maintaining boundaries. Furthermore, all models have a focus on the patient and the end result for each should lead to the well being of the patient. The anthropological or as it is normally known as the folk model by Helman focuses on questions that the patients tend to have all the time. Thus, the clinician should set these questions as boundaries as they offer more help than just listening to the complaints of the patient. One of the questions by a patient is always to determine what has actually happened. After offering advice on this issue, the clinician should answer the next question which is to explain the reason behind the occurrence. Next, the clinician has to deal with the self denial of the patients who will wonder why it only happened to them and not others. Furthermore, a patient tries to understand the reason for the timing of the illness and next is to determine the course of action. Finally, the last satisfactory question is on who should be consulted if the patient requires any further assistance.
Need for an emergency management system
Before pointing out the necessity of the emergency management system in an agency, it is imperative to point out that it is a requirement that all agencies have the system. This is necessary if the agency is to have any reimbursement of the acquired costs by the government. Thus, all the agencies that want to have such a privilege must have an emergency management system or else they will not have these benefits (JCR 2002).
Importance of emergency management system (EMS)
There are many reasons that may require an agency to require the assistance of the emergency management system. For one, it is necessary as a tool of response to disaster. Any agency has an opportunity and a risk of getting struck by a disaster. Thus, an emergency management system becomes a disaster management tool. Furthermore, this provides the agency with a communication channel to other agencies. This happens in an effective manner since all agencies are ready and equipped for the same thing (JCR 2002). This is extremely beneficial to the agency since it improves the speed with which an agency reacts to a disaster. The resources of the agency are also channeled to the most appropriate destinations and thus there is no wastage of resources. Moreover, this means that an agency with an emergency management system does not duplicate efforts at any time. Finally, the team has the ability to understand the whole organization in a larger dimension. This happens while still the team is still trying to recognize the role that it has in the same organization.
Need for an emergency management system in the community
In a community, there are enormous chances of occurrences of disaster. This prompts the need for a proactive measure to be taken which in this case is the EMS. When the disaster actually happen, it is also necessary that there is a body responsible to take care of the community. Most of the functions of the emergency management system are to take care of the community by offering different approaches (JCR 2002).
Function of the emergency management system in the community
Emergency management system can be beneficial to the community in two main ways. One of them is during the emergencies that are likely to occur in the community while the other concerns the daily occurrences. During an emergency, the expectation is that the EMS will handle and control all the issues at hand. The expectation is also that the EMS collects information, analyses is and then disseminates it to the relevant parties afterwards. Protection of the public is also left to the EMS which is still expected to give mass care to all parties. During an emergency, there is a lot of disarray and disorganization (JCR 2002). This requires existence of constant communication, which is offered by the EMS. Furthermore, offering of medical services is still left under the mandate of the emergency management system. However, there are matters that have to be taken care of daily by the EMS. These include the constant analysis of risks, hazard mitigation and beforehand planning. The system also has to manage its resources effectively while still planning for the future. Proper communication systems are also established by the EMS due to the constant needs of population warning and taking of proactive measures. Finally, it is the role of the EMS to offer public education on various aspects involving the disasters and the necessary information as…