Addiction Essays (Examples)

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Drug Use and Addiction Extensive

Words: 3135 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 94547911


When the drug impersonates the brain's natural stimuli, causing it to release dopamine, the brain - as is the case with methamphetamine use - will eventually recognize what is happening, in a sense, and will respond to the artificial stimuli by shutting down its dopamine releasing mechanisms (Ling, 2006, documentary film).

The Grips of Addiction

Like Mark's mice, the drug addict will always have a response to the precipitators in their life, like stress, of seeking to ease their stress, pain, or psychological illness by wiping that precipitator out of their body or mind, and will always at least think of their drug of choice as the relief for those conditions.

That is because, Changeux says, the drugs actually target the neurotransmitter receptors (p. 145). And more recent studies have yielded new insight into the chemically complex relationship between artificially introduced drugs and the way in which the body,…… [Read More]

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Internet Addiction Since the Internet

Words: 1854 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 3686119

How often do you lose sleep due to late-night log-ins?

15. How often do you feel preoccupied with the Internet when off-line, or fantasize about being online?

16. How often do you find yourself saying "just a few more minutes" when on-


17. How often do you try to cut down the amount of time you spend online and fail?

18. How often do you try to hide how long you've been online?

19. How often do you choose to spend more time online over going out with others?

20. How often do you feel depressed, moody, or nervous when you are off-line, which goes away once you are back online?


By conducting such an inventory, the user can accurately assess his or her involvement with the Internet and identify addictive tendencies. Unlike many other forms of addiction, such as alcoholism and drug addiction, the activity of Internet…… [Read More]

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Internet Addiction From Education to

Words: 1895 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 81556525

Paradoxical as it might seem the Internet, which is being touted as a broad socializing medium is silently causing social isolation among some of the users. In some countries like Korea and China, increasing number of adolescents are addicted to online gaming portals seriously damaging their personal and social lives. Internet addiction related deaths in these countries has forced the governments to take a new regulatory approach to managing the Internet. Studies proclaiming a positive correlation between Internet usage and pre-existing behavioral anomalies suggest a new out look into the problem. It is essential that researchers study increasing Internet association from a causative perspective as this would help identify the underlying behavioral issues and help design appropriate rehabiliatory measures. Resistance to treatment, and high relapse rates make Internet addiction a serious issue. Creating awareness about this silent menace coupled with active Parental supervision and governmental regulatory measures would be an…… [Read More]

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Risk Factors to the Onset of Drug Addictions

Words: 2206 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 85622924

Risk Factors to the Onset of Drug Addiction

Drug addiction is one of the subjects whose importance can never be underestimated. Even though this issue is discussed at every forum, the problem persists in the society and needs to be sorted out. It should be noted here that there are always some factors that are common among the people who resort to drug addiction. Some of these factors will be sought in this paper. Apart from that, some ethical issues pertaining to the risk factors associated with drug addiction will also be discussed in this study.

Drug addiction is not only the problem of the individual who is the drug addict, but is the problem of the whole society. The friends and family of the addict get affected because of the addiction directly since they have to deal with the devastated personality of the person. Moreover, they also have to…… [Read More]

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Internet Addiction

Words: 4754 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 94885538

IAD on today's society, and attempt to outline how an individual with IAD can help overcome the limitations of the disorder.

First, IAD is defined, and its impact on society, as a whole, is discussed. The warning signs and symptoms of IAD are then outlined. Second, the methodology of a survey designed to study Internet usage patterns is outlined. A thorough review of the relevant literature on IAD is summarized, and the importance of the current proposed study is given.

Further, the hypothesis is clearly stated, as follows: Maladaptive patterns of Internet usage can lead to Internet Addictive Disorder (IAD). The term "maladaptive patterns" is clearly defined, and used as the independent variable in the study. As such, it is the variation in patterns of Internet use that are assumed to have a causal relationship on IAD. The dependent variable is Internet Addictive Disorder.

A brief, succinct, but thorough summary…… [Read More]

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Mental Health and Addiction

Words: 2699 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64549580

Recovery can be a difficult journey for many. The reality of having to change old habits for new ones can take a lifetime. The recovery approach/model realizes the struggle of change and transformation and makes it so that way emphasis is not placed on the destination, but rather the journey. Although other approaches like the disease/medical model aim to treat one aspect of recovery from addiction, the recovery model encompasses all aspects making it one of the most advantageous models to adopt to fight addiction.

The recovery approach/model to addiction and/or mental disorder places a strong emphasis on a support for an individual's potential for recovery. Recovery means a person undergoing a personal journey instead of determining and setting an outcome. This personal journey involves the development of hope, a sense of self, a secure base, social inclusion, meaning, empowerment, and coping skills that will take that person past the…… [Read More]

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Parental Drug Addiction & Impact on Children

Words: 1615 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 87989241


Impact of parental drug use

Neurobiological causes of drug addiction

Social support to victims of parental drug addiction

Child needs during treatment of parental drug addiction

Impact of parental drug use

Barnard and McKeganey (2004) investigated the impact that parental drug use created on their children and ways and means that can be helpful in mitigating these effects. The study was aimed at reviewing the literature on this subject. The researchers adopted 'narrative review' as the qualitative method to review the research on this subject. Intervention studies were selected for this purpose and studies published in last three decades were made part of this study sample. The authors reported some insightful findings. Primarily, the study found that problem drug use did impede the parenting ability and responsibility of parents that were drug addicts. The study found that such parents used to neglect their…… [Read More]

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Internet Addiction There Are Several

Words: 1544 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 89371550

At the same time, irrespective of age, race, and gender, a group of people become overly aggressive and obsessive in making frequent use of the Internet, who tend to relegate other activities in order to browse the Internet.

Traditionally, television consumed a much bigger portion of people's time than newspapers; however, with the use of the Internet, there has been a massive change. Not only television use has become down, but the Internet use grown much more rapidly. One should be concerned and should make conscientious decisions about the use of the Internet when the following conditions frequently occur in the use of the Internet:

1) Using the online services everyday without any skipping.

2) Loosing track of time after making a connection.

3) Spending less and less time on meals at home or at work, and eats in front of the monitor.

4) Denying spending too much time on…… [Read More]

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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and Alcoholism Addiction

Words: 4543 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 57309421

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and Alcoholism/Addiction


Alcoholism and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Overview

PTSD and Co morbidity of Alcoholism: The Role of Trauma

Childhood Abuse and Gender Differences in PTSD

Association Between Alcoholism and Emotion

Genetic and Environmental Influences

Models of Assessment/Conclusions

Abstract TC "Abstract" f C l "1"

This study will examine the relationship between post traumatic stress disorder and alcoholism/addiction. The author proposes a quantitative correlation analysis of the relationship between PTSD and alcoholism be conducted to identify the influence of trauma on subsequent alcohol abuse in patients varying in age from 13-70.

A survey of the literature available on PTSD and alcohol/substance abuse on patients is conducted leading to a conclusion that a direct relationship does exist between Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and Alcoholism/Addiction. This conclusion coincides with a large body of evidence and prior studies which link the prevalence of traumatic disorders with alcohol and substance…… [Read More]

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How Neuroscience Can Assist With the Treatment of Addiction

Words: 1388 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 39175691

Neuroscience is the study of brain mechanisms, how they function, how they are constructed, and how they relate to behavior (Kuhn & Koob, 2010). Neuroscience is a broad field that scrutinizes these brain mechanisms at all levels from the molecular and genetic levels all the way to the higher-order psychological processes and even to the understanding of clinical conditions. Because of its scope and its relevance to all aspects of behavior, neuroscience offers several unique contributions to understanding issues like addiction from multiple levels of analysis.

John is a 60-year-old male with no prior history of addictive behavior or mental illness and no family history of substance abuse who developed a substance use disorder to alcohol and the benzodiazepine Valium. The clinical case of "John" is not unique; however, the case offers an example of how little science can help understand, assess, and treat addictions. In the treatment of addiction…… [Read More]

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Theories on Addiction Old and the New

Words: 1162 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 54706063

Old and New Theories of Addiction


Connections between the Old and the New Theories of Addiction

Addiction in the Earlier Centuries, Early Theories

the Temperance Movement

In the 17th century, alcohol did not have a bad name (Sturt, 2009). It was even more respected and considered safer than water and more healthful. This made the innkeeper of spirits a valuable member of the community in those days. Moreover, man was perceived as distinct from nature. Man has a soul and free will and a sense of responsibility for his actions. Animals, in contrast, only possess biological drives. This perception of man viewed alcoholics as too indulgent in the habit and, therefore, must be punished. In the late century up to the early 20th century, the formation of the temperance movement introduced the view of drinking as evil, which makes alcoholics victims. The first disease concept surfaced at…… [Read More]

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Heroin and Cocaine Addiction and Overdose and How it Effects Families

Words: 2045 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 7830573

Cocaine is a crystalline alkaloid obtained from the leaves of the coca plant. It is a stimulant, appetite suppressant and a sodium channel blocker that causes it to be an anesthetic at low doses. It is highly addictive because of its effect on the brain's reward pathways. Cocaine is more dangerous than many other stimulants because of its effect on the sodium channel in the body's chemistry, which, under higher dosages may cause sudden cardiac arrest. Cocaine is unique as a molecule because it has pockets that allow it to cross the blood-brain barrier quite quickly and easily (Sommers, 2008). High dosages or repeated use may also cause a breakdown in the blood-brain barrier, allowing the user to experience greater psychoactive episodes from other substances (Sharma, H., et al., 2009).

Historical Background - From a historical perspective, the use of cocaine and other psychoactive substances is neither novel nor new.…… [Read More]

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Women & Addiction Substance Addiction

Words: 1079 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93397394

Physiological effects are also a give away when we think of the effects of substance abuse. For instance, it has been noted that women have higher chances of developing liver disease, brain and heart damage than men even if their period of drinking is lesser than their male counterparts. A link between breast cancer and alcohol abuse was also found (National Women's Health Report Online, 2007).

Treatment-wise, it was noted that women who struggle with substance-related problems do not have accessible services and resources. There is also a need to "develop training curriculum for workers on the issues of domestic violence..." (Institute for Women's Leadership, n.d., pp. 3-4) as domestic violence often leads to substance abuse as it is used by women as coping mechanism to such kind of marital difficulties (NCADV, 2009). The method of "intervention" or other forms of therapy which are confrontational in nature are also problematic…… [Read More]

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Amphetamine Addiction Treatment and Adolescents

Words: 1612 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75152972

Literature Review
Amphetamine is a stimulant drug mainly used in the treatment of ADHD and narcolepsy (sleeping disorder). Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) has classified amphetamine as a schedule II drug, which means that they can be used for medication and has a high potential for abuse (Drug Enforcement Administration, n.d.). Common prescription drugs include Ritalin, Adderall, and Dexedrine. Amphetamine is also used for recreation purposes and popular street names include Crank, Black Beauties, Uppers, Bennies, Ice, and Speed (Drug Enforcement Administration, n.d.).
In 2016, approximately 34.2 million people had used amphetamine and its derivatives - MDMA (ecstasy) and methamphetamine hydrochloride (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, 2019). Amphetamines are mostly taken orally as capsules or tablets (Tablets can either be crushed or injected). Crystal methamphetamine hydrochloride is smoked or inhaled. Methamphetamine powder dissolves in water and can be injected intravenously (Drug Enforcement Administration, n.d.). Studies indicate that amphetamine addiction…… [Read More]

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A Puerto Rican Woman with Comorbid Addiction A Case Study

Words: 947 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 47748394

Puerto Rican Woman with Comorbid Addiction: A Case Study

Ms. Perez is a 53-year-old Puerto Rican female who has complained that she is suffering from co-morbid addictions of alcoholism and gambling. Ms. Perez has sought treatment for alcoholism in the past but the combination of living near a casino and the availability of alcohol has caused her to relapse as well as to engage in gambling on a regular basis. Her gambling has negatively impacted her marriage and has also caused her to borrow significant sums from her retirement account. The patient is exhibiting the symptoms of depression, including a sad and lethargic demeanor.

Decision One

One option for the patient is prescribing Antabuse (Disulfiram), a medication which "blocks an enzyme that is involved in metabolizing alcohol intake" and "produces very unpleasant side effects when combined with alcohol in the body" ("Antabuse," 2017). The drug is designed to interfere with…… [Read More]

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Individual Experience After Attending an Open Meeting on Alcohol Addiction

Words: 994 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92523410

Attending an Alcoholics Anonymous Session

Personal experience after attending an open meeting on alcohol addiction

While studying undergraduate psychology, I was required to attend a meeting organized by non-profit organization, Alcoholic Anonymous. This very simple experience proved to be revealing to me, not only as an individual but as a nurse-in-training, as well. There is no social boundary for alcohol addiction, and for the affected individual, the condition may be personally ruinous. As I witnessed later on, after beginning clinical practice, alcohol withdrawal is associated with physical effects that are just as destructive as addiction itself is. At Alcoholic Anonymous sessions, alcoholics are understood and accepted, and this aids many of them in abstaining from alcohol. In the course of the meeting, I mulled over how much more helpful it would be for people suffering from this condition if this acceptance and understanding went beyond the short 1-hour sessions. For…… [Read More]

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Internet Compulsion and Addiction Introduction

Words: 545 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8716459

As is the case with so many other benign behaviors (and even behaviors that are generally useful and beneficial), the Internet became a source of compulsion and addictive behaviors for many of those who are already naturally inclined toward compulsivity and addiction (Gerrig & Zimbardo, 2008). Those who use the Internet appropriately generally establish routines for checking e-mail and may also regularly use the Internet for social networking and interpersonal communications. However, they do not characteristically spend ever-increasing amounts of time online; they do not neglect other aspects of their lives to pursue online activities, and they can function without becoming dependent on their Internet habits.

Conversely, some Internet users exhibit these typical signs of compulsion and addiction that are generally associated with compulsion and addiction (Gerrig & Zimbardo, 2008). They may spend so much time checking email, updating social networking pages, pursuing online interpersonal communications, and playing computer games…… [Read More]

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Sexual Addiction Group Meeting

Words: 1067 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 40388847

Group Work in Sexual Addiction Recovery

One of the approaches most commonly used in helping the spouses of sexual addicts is the recovery group. These groups provide opportunities for people to share their experiences about being partners with someone who is in the recovery process. They are generally led by facilitators who are tasked with keeping the groups on target and meeting therapeutic goals, while, simultaneously, allowing sufficient freedom for the group that its members feel appropriate exploring their individual needs. One concern I had when approaching this assignment came from my experience as a friend to person who had experienced systemic childhood sexual assault by a parent and entered into group therapy as an adult to deal with her own sexual addiction issues. Her descriptions of her group made it sound less like a recovery group and more like a venue for people to hook up with one another…… [Read More]

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Human Development and Drug Addiction

Words: 2929 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 8367505

Human Development and Drug Addiction

People's response to drugs varies as some may have the advantage of using drugs without any side effects while others become addicted after the first intake. The impacts of substance abuse are different depending on the person using them. If the use is continued for a long time, addiction will be inevitable. Addiction and substance abuse are bound to turn one's life upside down in a short time. In course of addiction, one's mental and physical abilities will highly rely on the drug and they will need the drug as a basic need. The intensity with which the drug will dictate the person depends on many aspects. These aspects include genes of the person, environment, physical health, and mental health. Drug addiction has its consequences; users may be eventually addicted making it hard for them to stop the use (Abramson & Assembly of Behavioral and…… [Read More]

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Alcoholism Is an Addiction Not

Words: 638 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 9425699

Considerable neurological evidence indicates that the prefrontal cortex mediates complex "executive" functions including behavioral autonomy and self-control. Given that impairments of self-control are characteristic of alcoholism and other drug addictions, frontal lobe dysfunction may play a significant role in such compulsive behaviors." (Lyvers 2000-page 232)

With so many various and widely divergent types of studies concentrating on the same medical area in regards to alcoholism as an addiction rather than as a disease, it would seem that contrary evidence would be forthcoming from those who wish to see alcoholism remain as a disease rather than the addiction that it is. These people can normally be found in governmental roles of authority, which roles behoove the individuals to act in a certain way. This way of acting is in itself another finger of evidence that shows alcoholism is the addiction this paper espouses it is. If these authoritative individuals were more…… [Read More]

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Heroin Addiction from the Social Worker Point of View

Words: 998 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 71168820

The strength-based perspective is rooted in the idea that individuals have strengths and resources that can be used to assist them in their recovery process (Climie & Mastoras, 2015). The idea behind this approach stems from notion that human beings are resilient and capable of self-determination. According to Maslow’s (1943) theory of human motivation and the hierarchy of needs model that he proposed, individuals can attain a quality of self-actualization so long as they have their lower level needs met first—such as food, shelter, security, love, friendship and esteem. Each of these lower level needs provides a support for the person as he or she climbs up the ladder of development towards self-determination. This paper will examine the issue of heroin addiction and show how a social worker can apply the strength-based perspective to help the heroin addict deal with and overcome the addiction.
The Strength-Based Perspective
Part of…… [Read More]

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K2 Drug Use and Addiction Psychology

Words: 1957 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 29500919

Psychology: K2 Drug Use and Addiction

K2 Drug Use and Addiction: Psychology

K2 use and addiction has, in recent years, grown to become one of the leading social concerns for policymakers in the U.S. It is estimated that approximately 11% of the current high school population is addicted to K2. This is a worrying trend given that K2 produces more harmful effects than naturally-occurring marijuana. This research paper examines the prevalence and risk factors for K2 use, the difference between K2 and naturally-occurring marijuana, and the possible solutions that could be adopted to address the problem.

K2 Use and Addiction in New York City

Recent years have seen a significant rise in the emergence and use of novel psychoactive substances, the most common being synthetic cannabinoids (K2) and psychedelic tryptamines. This study focuses on the former, the synthetic 'substitute' for naturally-occurring marijuana. The University of Michigan's Institute for Social Research…… [Read More]

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Alcohol and Drug Addictions Specifically

Words: 1078 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16746742

In Alberta, liquor stores have been privatized, although the government still maintains strict regulations on anyone who sells liquor. It is available in liquor stores, retail outlets, and in bars and restaurants. Many people felt this would lead to widespread addiction and abuse, but studies indicate that may not be the case. In an economic study completed in 2005 comparing Ontario and Quebec's monopolies with Alberta's privatization, the results were surprising. People believe that revenues would decline if the monopolies went public, but in fact, because Alberta sets a flat rate for liquor prices, revenues actually went up in Alberta, not down. In addition, a wider variety of products and brands is available in Alberta than in either of the other two provinces, and there are more locations available to buy liquor in Alberta ("Privatization of alcohol trade"). In fact, since privatizing the liquor industry, Alberta's sales have almost doubled,…… [Read More]

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War Drugs Drug Use Addiction

Words: 1862 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 60697389

In one sequence, O'Brien describes in poetic eloquence the same patterns which the research cited here above notes. Particularly, though all are exposed to the same terrors and opportunities in Vietnam, some are more prone than others to returning home with the dependencies formed at war. O'Brien tells that "you come over clean and you get dirty and then afterward it's never the same. A question of degree. Some make it intact, some don't make it at all . . . Vietnam had the effect of a powerful drug: that mix of unnamed terror and unnamed pleasure that comes as the needle slips in and you know you're risking something. The endorphins start to flow, and the adrenaline, and you hold your breath and creep quietly through the moonlit nightscapes; you become intimate with danger." (O'Brien, 114)

The explicit connection that O'Brien makes here between the war and the abuse…… [Read More]

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Gordian Knot of Addiction and Attachment

Words: 518 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21289399

Ego Psychology

LaFond Padykula, N. And Conklin, P. (2010). The self-regulation model of attachment trauma and addiction. Clinical Social Work, 38(4), 351-360.

DOI: 10.1007/s10615-009-0204-6

LaFond Padykula theorized the self-regulation model (SRM) as a means of informing the practice of assessing and treating addiction and attachment trauma. dialectical philosophy John Bowlby[footnoteRef:1] (1988) developed the theory of attachment through his seminal work observing the distress of infants and young children who had been separated from their mothers. Bowlby asserted that attachment was not consciously controlled but was instead hard-wired in humans and many other animals. [1: Bowlby, J. (1988). A secure base: Parent-child attachment and healthy human development. New York, NY: Basic Books.]

The theory builds on and integrates the attachment behavior research by Bowlby, positing addiction as the efforts of an individual to regulate their own attachment in the direction of more normal adaptive behavior. The theoretical foundation for the self-regulation…… [Read More]

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Substance Addiction the Magnitude of

Words: 1751 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43378451


NLM (2012). Substance abuse treatment of women. Chapter 4. National Library of Medicine: National Institutes of Health. Retrieved on December 9, 2012 from

- Screening and assessment.

Brauser, D (2010), Sublingual buprenorphine relieves symptoms of neonatal opioid abstinence syndrome, Medscape: Medscape LLC. Retrieved on December 9, 2012


Fisher, P.A. et al. (2011). The combined effects of prenatal drug exposure and early adversity on neurobehavioral dis-inhibition in childhood and adolescence,

Developmental Psychopathology. Retrieved on December 9, 2012 from

Hamdan, a.H. (2012). Neonatal abstinence syndrome, Medscape: Medscape LLC.

Retrieved on December 9, 2012 from

Johnson, K et al. (2003). Treatment of neonatal abstinence syndrome, Archive of Disease

in Childhood. Retrieved on December 9, 2012 from

Johnson, K and Leff, M (1999). Children of substance abusers. Pediatrics. American Academy of Pediatrics. Retrieved on December 9, 2012 from

Kraft, W.K. et al. (2010). Future trends…… [Read More]

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Interning at an Addiction Rehab Facility

Words: 660 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 91132395

Interning at an Addiction Rehab Facility

Strategies of Care within Addiction Rehab Facilities

There is no other time that one needs help more than when in the context of facing a drug addiction. It is important than our modern facilities be able to incorporate viable strategies for patients and addicts who need real results the most. Working within a drug rehab context, it is important to see how important strategies of applied research are in finding methods that are actually effective in treating the myriad of different signs and symptoms the disease of addiction has within the individual case loads.

In a number of health organizations operating today, one of the most fail safe methods of collecting research and data is through a more qualitative approach. This is often difficult because it is not as fail safe as more quantitative measures, such as forcing patients to take drugs tests or…… [Read More]

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Heroin Addiction the Drug Known as Heroin

Words: 623 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 49771582

Heroin Addiction

The drug known as heroin is a form of morphine, derived from poppy seeds. It is very easy to become addicted to heroin because of the euphoric feeling that it creates in the person who uses the drug. Morphine and its derivative heroin is a downer, this is the slang term for a depressant. It "affects the brain's pleasure systems and interferes with the brain's ability to perceive pain" (Drug 2011). The first dosage gives the person a high that alleviates all worry and releases endorphins. After this, the user must increase the dosage of heroin each time in order to achieve that same feeling. Each usage needs more of the drug and the amount of heroin that is injected or taken orally increases exponentially (Fernandez 2011). This is why so many heroin addicts overdose accidentally. Overcoming heroin addiction is very difficult and requires the assistance of strong…… [Read More]

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Examination of Addiction in Families

Words: 1822 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58408084

Substance use and mental health problems often go hand-in-hand. People who feel depressed or anxious may depend on marijuana, alcohol, or other substances to feel at better or at ease. Although not everyone who experience mental health problems abuse substances, it is more common than imagined with people abusing prescription medication as well from Adderall to Vicodin (Montvilo, 2013). Although my immediate family has not experienced substance abuse problems, some within my family have gone through depression and anxiety issues. Other more distant relatives have experienced problems with marijuana and prescription medication. While their reasons differ, it amazing how family dynamics play a role in the creation of substance abuse and mental health problems.


The first person to look at is my father. He experienced a bout of depression when he had to deal with a potential loss of work a few years ago. He is the main provider…… [Read More]

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Bipolar Disorder and Substance Addiction

Words: 1309 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 52518705

[Frank, 2006)]

Baethge (2005) examined substance use disorders in patients with first episode BP 1 disorder using 'Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders' (SCID). The study included a total of 172 patients who were admitted in the McLean hospitals between 1989 and 1996 for clinically diagnosed first lifetime manic/mixed BP 1 episodes. All the 172 subjects underwent follow-up assessment at 6,12 and 24 months respectively. Results from the study indicate that 37 (33.0%) were substance addicts at entry and this increased to 38.8% at the end of the study period. Statistical analysis further revealed that cannabis dependent subjects had more prolonged manic episodes (mean=26.8%, SD=34.0%, versus mean=11.5%, SD=19.1%; ratio=2.3:1), whereas alcohol dependant subjects had increased episodes of depression (mean=11.9%, SD=22.9%, in mania vs. mean=21.9%, SD=29.5%, in depression; ratio=1:1.8). Also morbidity was higher among polysubstance abusers. [Baethge, 2005]

A more recent study by Wilens (2009)…… [Read More]

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Cocaine Addiction and Effects Cocaine May Not

Words: 582 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 72434533

Cocaine Addiction and Effects

Cocaine may not be a problem in itself but its overdose and consistent abuse leads to numerous behavioral and psychological changes, which are often undesirable. Cocaine alters chemical processes in the brain giving the person an illusion of happiness and well-being. This is dangerous since a person needs to maintain a proper perspective on things in his life but cocaine can hide the pain, keeping the person in a state of elation. However this effect doesn't last very long and there comes a stage when cocaine stops producing this effect on brain but by then it is impossible to quit since one becomes addicted to it. National Institute on Drug Abuse states:

"As cocaine abuse continues, tolerance often develops. This means that higher doses and more frequent use of cocaine are required for the brain to register the same level of pleasure experienced during initial use.…… [Read More]

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Internet Sex Addiction Have We

Words: 940 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 18542855

[how] such activities fit into an individual's sexual biography and impact relationships between sexual partners and peers" (p. 1099).

Participants will be invited to complete a brief online questionnaire that details their participation in OSAs, as well as their demographic information and the nature of their current relationships, including their relationship satisfaction, sexual satisfaction, and participation in extra-dyadic sexual relations (i.e. infidelity). In addition, participants will also complete a screening questionnaire to determine whether or not they meet a clinical cut off point to be considered addicted to Internet Sexuality or OSAs (Delmonico & Miller, 2003). The surveys will be delivered using a free online survey website, such as, and the sample will be drawn from a selection of students on campus through posting on social networking sites such as Facebook and using flyers posted around the campus. Due to the online nature of the survey, all data collected…… [Read More]

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child drug addiction in afghanistan

Words: 635 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67242142

Children Addicted to Drugs shows the remarkable phenomenon of young children being addicted to drugs in Afghanistan. My view of drugs did not change after watching the film. The film is not even necessarily about drugs as much as it is the ravages of war and systematic poverty. For example, the people living in remote regions of Afghanistan do not have access to proper medical treatment. Opium and other opiate drugs like heroin are the only pain relievers the people have available to them. Whether suffering injuries directly due to the war such as a bomb or to health problems, children need the opiates for pain relief. They become addicted, and then the families also realize that it is cheaper to sustain an addiction than it is to acquire food.

In fact, the film shows that the war on drugs is the main problem. The government of Afghanistan, ostensibly due…… [Read More]

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Impact of meditation on addiction therapy

Words: 1104 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31783494

A synthesis of what the studies reveal about the current state of knowledge on the question developed

The mindfulness meditation theory appears to have the potential to treat addictive disorder patients. Zgierska and coworkers (2009) state that such models seem to be safe if implemented within the context of clinical studies. One can find considerable methodological shortcomings in a majority of existing works on the subject. Further, which addiction-diagnosed individuals may derive maximum benefits out of mindfulness meditation isn’t clear. But, of late, related initiatives and practices in the role of complementary clinical aids for treating multiple physical and psychological ailments have grown in popularity. MBCT (mindfulness-based cognitive therapy) and MBSR (mindfulness-based stress reduction) as clinical initiatives have specifically been analyzed, with a sound evidential pool recording their efficacy. Integration of the latter initiative’s aspects and cognitive behavioral therapy and cognitive psychology strategies resulted in the former’s creation. At first,…… [Read More]

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Alcoholism Alcohol Addiction Is a Disease That

Words: 1278 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 38428444


Alcohol addiction is a disease that cannot be solved without proper treatment. Children of alcoholic parents have certain specific attitudes in common about alcoholism in the family. In a healthy family, there is a strong emotional bond between mother and child, however if the mother is an alcoholic, that bond is often dysfunctional or nonexistent. Similarly, if the dad is alcoholic, the bond becomes one of anxiety and risk for the kids. When both parents in the family are alcoholic, the challenges are intensified. There may be evidence of neglect, both emotional and physical, which may lead to a greater possibility that the children will end up in foster care.

The parents who are addicted to drinking often feel pressured with the demands of their kids. They do not like to play or talk with their kids and remain isolated from their activities. This kind of neglect from alcoholic…… [Read More]

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Eradicating Alcohol and Drug Addiction From a

Words: 1068 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 47251311

eradicating alcohol and drug addiction from a woman offender's life is seen in the research results of Baylor Correctional Institution women inmates. The research questions pertaining to increasing their knowledge of what constitutes unlawful behaviors, identifying the triggers associated with drug use, and increase their knowledge of and identification of coping skills to remain drug-free are the basis of this methodology section. Methodologies pertaining to drug treatment programs often concentrate on the externalities and easily tracked causes, neglecting the internal, attitudinal and situational factors that trigger relapse (McCusker, Vikers-Lahti, Stoddard, The outcome of the initial research validates this point, showing how women offenders from Baylor Correctional Institution can successfully define and identify unlawful behaviors, and can also increase their coping skills through programs. This finding is consistent with empirical studies that illustrate how residential drug treatment programs are successful in teaching drug offenders for what specific external factors to…… [Read More]

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Internet Addiction

Words: 3578 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 83422322

Internet started way back 3 to 4 decades, but it really took the world by storm through the 90's and till now it has become one of the main assets of modern day computer user. More people get the information through Internet, especially those who use it than by any other means. The world has become a cyber village where simply anyone from anywhere can communicate with other person living absolutely thousands of miles away either through voice communication, chat, email. People can buy online from the different portals, web sites through their cards because of Internet. All in all, Internet has for sure changed the lives of millions if not billions. Life without it would be chaotic for those who use it and take if for granted.

Even though life without would be unthinkable without the Internet, there are some ingredients because of which it has stigmatized itself. Most…… [Read More]

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Sexual Addiction Results From an

Words: 4578 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 68405366

They need a supportive, stable person in their lives. If the child is abused, he or she is missing a key part of their development. They continue to grow up believing that they are alone. Not only is this feeling brought on by abuse but if a parent dies or the child is torn between a divorce, the adult can still feel abandoned. Sex fills that void, the individual feels that he or she is wanted and is being taken care of for the duration of the act. Afterwards, they find themselves alone and are once again on the prowl for another conquest.

But sexual addiction doesn't arise only from sexual abuse or from inadequate parental love. Nymphomania -- or "Don Juanism -- can result from a condensation of the striving for sexual satisfaction coupled with the need to reassure one's self-esteem (Kornblu, 1997, pp. 344-369). These constant sexual escapades…… [Read More]

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Hardships of Breaking Heroin Addiction

Words: 1569 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41656602

If they stay connected to their program, to aftercare, and to a structured twelve step program, they have a chance for successful recovery.

Recently, there have been calls for insurance companies to cooperate in the treatment goals for addicts (Starr, Sonja, 2002, p. 2321). If the insurance carriers cooperate, there is every reason to believe that greater progress can be made in the treatment of heroin addiction. It would allow the patient the opportunity to pursue the treatment modalities that would help the patient learn to transition from an addiction behavior pattern, to a behavior pattern that excludes the addiction behavior pattern. Pursuing sobriety often requires a complete restructure of the client's personal life, friends, and even intimate relationships.

Treatment for heroin is physically and mentally challenging, but many of the former addicts have shared their stories of post addiction successes that serve to inspire and encourage others to seek…… [Read More]

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Caffeine Addiction Someone Who Become

Words: 1876 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39624835

There is also a specific technique involving this method that is specifically intended to relieve the withdrawal symptoms of addiction (Addicted to caffeine).

In the final analysis, it was a combination of a healthy diet and a planned exercise program, complemented by yoga and a changing mindset that helped Nick to finally overcome his problem. One of the cardinal factors in his rehabilitation process was the understanding of what caffeine was doing to his body and his life. The most important factor in his recovery was the realization that he was in fact addicted and that his problem was not helped by a regular intake of coffee but was in fact worsened by the excessive amount of caffeine that he was ingesting. Once he realized that caffeine was not an aid but rather the central cause of his stress and anxiety he soon began to change his habits. At first…… [Read More]

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Combating Alcoholism and Addiction

Words: 2074 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 46383990

vignette pertaining to addiction. Ethical and legal factors will be considered. Also discussed will be cross cultural matters related to the topic. Possible solutions to the issue at hand will also be considered.

Middle-aged couple, Anna and James, drops in for an appointment as Kevin, their son aged 16 years, faces suspension from school because of 'drug paraphernalia' found in his school bag. While James is Native-American, Anna is Japanese-American. James goes on to say that it is all Anna's fault, stating that she has smoked pot on a daily basis for the most part of their married life. Anna is of the view that she at least isn't a slobbering drunk like James, further elucidating that James over-indulges in drinking alcohol on weekends. It is discovered, in the course of assessment that James as well as Anna come from alcoholic homes.

Session one

Much is to be taken into…… [Read More]

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Brain's Reward Pathway in the Context of Addiction

Words: 1702 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49615677

Brain's Reward Pathway in the Context of Addiction

The brain's reward pathway involves the mesolimbic dopamine system controlling the way that an individual reacts to stimuli. Natural rewards such as food, sex, and diverse interactions with others can thus play an important role in motivating a person. One of the simplest ways to describe the brain's reward pathway would be to consider the fact that an individual learns that he or she needs to repeat an action in order to get a reward. Memory is connected with the reward pathway, as memory centers concentrate on identifying all the steps that lead to the reward and attempt to recreate these respective actions. Drugs that are addictive have an effect on the reward system as they reinforce certain behaviors, with the dopamine reward pathway being stimulated by these substances.

The reward pathway is particularly old when regarding things from an evolutionary point-of-view.…… [Read More]

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Video Game Addiction With Each

Words: 1283 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 53807736

However, boys played almost two times the amount of hours as girls.

Gentile stated, "It is important that people realize that playing a lot is not the same thing as pathological play. For something to be an addiction, it has to mean more than you do it a lot. It has to mean that you do it in such a way that it damages your life. This is why we-based our definition on how pathological gambling is diagnosed in the DSM-IV. Almost one out of every ten youth gamers show enough symptoms of damage to their school, family, and psychological functioning to merit serious concern."

Dr. Suzanne Martin, youth and education researcher at Harris Interactive, says, "The prevalence of video gaming in youth culture in combination with this level of pathological video gaming is great cause for concern and highlights the need for further research in this arena." Gamers who…… [Read More]

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Sexual Addiction and Counseling There

Words: 2677 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 79798366

The first question, are you willing to get well?, reveals if the addict wants to be free of the addiction and is willing to surrender to a higher power. When couples seek counseling the questions are the same, do you want to heal your relationship?, are you willing to do the hard work?, are you willing to stop blaming each other and take your own inventory? The partners need to stop being enemies and begin being companions in the journey toward recovery.

The second question, what are you thirsty for?, deals with seven universal desires. They are the desire to be heard and understood, affirmed, blessed, safe, touched in non-sexual ways, chosen and passionately desired, and be included in fellowship with God and with others. If these desires are not met in healthy ways, expectations are developed of others to give them to us. This can cause problems in relationships.…… [Read More]

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Marijuana as a'solution to opiate addiction

Words: 741 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56544595

Opiate crisis in New York
This comes as a letter of concerns and a motion to point out the adverse effects of the currently legalized opioids at the expense of the safe to use marijuana. A harm that particularly brings down the active youthful populations of New York, rendering them unproductive. It is to them that the legalization of marijuana policy as herein covered is directed since they stand to benefit the most.
The American population has over the years suffered from opiate addiction since this are drugs that are easily available on prescription. There are the prescribed opioids which include oxycodone, fentanyl, buprenorphine, methadone, oxymorphone, hydrocodone, codeine, and morphine. There are however other opioids such as heroin which are categorized as illegal drugs of abuse (U.S Department of Health & Human Services, 2017). Addiction to opioids is a long lasting health problem that has serious social, economic as well…… [Read More]

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Movie Ray and Drug Addiction

Words: 1619 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Other chapter (not listed above) Paper #: 43526862

Client Map for Ray Charles Based on the Film Ray

In the movie Ray, Ray Charles is depicted as using multiple types of drugs, but only his use of heroin would meet the guidelines for a diagnosis under DSM-V. Furthermore, after recovers from his heroin addiction, the movie suggests that Ray became sober. In reality, Charles became a heavy drinker and used significant amounts of marijuana throughout his life. However, since that drug use is not portrayed in the film, those diagnoses are not included and will not be considered in this client map. Knowing that behavior would change the client map for him, but that knowledge and information comes from outside of the source material found in the movie.


304.00, Substance Use Disorder, Heroin, Severe.

Under DSM-V, a scale of 1 to 11 symptoms is used to determine whether a substance use disorder is mild (2-3 symptoms); moderate…… [Read More]

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Death by Heroin Addiction and Kurt Cobain

Words: 2213 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35088109

Kurt Cobain; his personal history, substance abuse history and a description of the interventions he attempted in order to decrease or eliminate his substance use. A description concerning the circumstances of Cobain's untimely end is followed by an application of relevant addiction and change guidance to identity Cobain's "journey through the stages of change to addiction" and to provide the basis for an individualized relapse prevention treatment plan. Finally, an explanation concerning how this intervention through the stages of change model would have worked with this celebrity taking into account his personal history is followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning Cobain and addition treatment and relapse prevention in the conclusion.

Review and Discussion

Biography of Kurt Cobain

Kurt Cobain was born on February 20, 1967 in Aberdeen, Washington (Mustian, 2014). According to one biographer, "Kurt Cobain dragged (screaming) the Alternative/Grunge Rock revolution into the American…… [Read More]

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Ways to Combat Addiction in the Army

Words: 7741 Length: 26 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 49449542

Overmedicating in the Military: A Case Study into How Holistic Care and Preventive Practices Can Address the Problem of Substance Abuse among Overmedicated Troops
This case study examines the problem of overmedication in the military. It discusses why this is a problem, based on the statistics and increasing awareness among various stakeholders. The study itself examines the cases of three soldiers in the military who were interviewed to describe how they were overmedicated and what impact it had on their lives. They also described how they were able to beat their addictions and turn their lives around in a positive direction using some form of positive psychology as an intervention instead of relying on pharmacological interventions. The study concludes with recommendations for what the military can do to address this problem, namely, implementing resiliency training among soldiers to help empower them to overcome their issues instead of attempting to…… [Read More]

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Drug Addiction Amongst California S Homeless

Words: 773 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18954263

Righteous Dopefiend: The Moral Economy of Heroin Abuse

One of the first images of Righteous Dopefiend, an anthropological analysis of California homeless heroin addicts, is that of several men shooting up heroin in a dirty and unsanitary place; even though there are cleaner places to do this, the men are attempting to conceal their activity because they do not want to share their stash: this indicates the extent to which the priorities of the addicts revolve around maximizing the efficacy of the drug and not around their own personal safety. "Fear of arrest exacerbates risky injection practices; discouraging possession of syringes, encouraging injectors to hide paraphernalia in unsanitary locations, and relegating the injection process to filthy hidden locales" (Bourgois & Schonberg 9). However, despite the fact that the addicts struggle with such issues, there are also moments of tenderness, such as when Hank chooses to inject Sonny in the neck…… [Read More]

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Tackling the Problem of Drug Addiction in the US

Words: 837 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50029554

Top-Most Dangerous Drugs

Criterion of Ranking

Presently, the globe is struggling to ensure that children in the teen and pre-teen do not abuse drugs. This is premised on the notion that some drugs are more dangerous than others are. In this study, I benchmarked the ranking of drugs based on the effects on the user and those around them. It must be appreciated that psychoactive drugs influence one's brain functioning and relationships with others in the society. Some of the effects of such drugs whether alcohol, crack or cocaine include impaired mental judgment, worsened economic status when addicted, the possible engagement in crime, and societal disturbance (Nutt 29). The level of harm to the individuals and society is the basis for classifying the drugs. The health status of the user is the most significant factor that should be considered when ranking the harm of a drug. In this case, drugs…… [Read More]

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Current Events in Psychology Internet Addiction Addictive

Words: 597 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 62803965

Current Events in Psychology

Internet Addiction: Addictive Behavior, Transference or More?"

Michael Fenichel, Ph.D.

The article "Internet Addiction: Addictive Behavior, Transference or More?" written by Michael Fenichel, discusses the growing problem of internet addiction. Fenichel asserts that internet addiction is often "conceived of as a compulsive behavior, or craving for connectedness, or perhaps even a manifestation of transference or a reflection of object relations, or need-fulfillment." (Fenichel)

Fenichel also explains that the increase in the availability of computers and access to the Internet have perpetuated the problem.

Throughout the article, the author refers to the internet as a social reinforcer. Fenichel concedes that many Internet addicts thrive off of the social reinforcement that the Internet provides. (Fenichel)

This social reinforcement includes communicating through email and chat rooms. In addition, the article asserts that many addicts have hyperactive minds, which crave the high speed processing available on the Internet. (Fenichel)

Fenichel…… [Read More]

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Painkiller Addiction

Words: 956 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83353780

Oxycodone: A brief history of a potentially addictive drug

Most of us think of opium and opiates in fairly dramatic terms. We think of Dorothy in the Wizard of Oz, lulled into a stupor after falling asleep in a field of poppies or, worse, the image of a junkie hopelessly captivated by heroin. However, the face of drug addiction is changing. Many people are addicted to supposedly healthy, doctor-prescribed painkillers by their physicians. Drugs like oxycodone have the same chemical composition as opiates like heroin, even though they were scientifically created in laboratories. This paper will provide a brief history of the drug oxycodone and its use and abuses. Although oxycodone has many legitimate applications in pain management, it is not a harmless drug and has the potential to become extremely addictive. This addictive property was not initially noted but after cases of abuse began to surface, concerns began to…… [Read More]

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Drug Addiction to Prescription Painkillers

Words: 625 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 54880037

Prescription Drugs for Pain Management: Pros and Cons

One of the most controversial developments in medical science in recent years has been the development of new prescription drugs to treat pain in the opioid family of drugs. These drugs, such as OxyContin, have been linked to increasing rates of prescription drug abuse and addiction and many physicians are advocating greater scrutiny of how they are used and prescribed within the medical profession. However, opponents of greater regulation fear that this may make the lives of individuals suffering chronic pain even more difficult. According to the American College of Preventive Medicine (ACPM): "Ethics drive physicians to prescribe, but fear of sanctions may affect physician prescribing behaviors, which might compromise quality of care." The decision to prescribe potentially addictive drugs such as opioid painkillers must be decided upon specific criteria, including the degree to which the patient's life is being compromised by…… [Read More]

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Treating Addiction

Words: 554 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 34019169

Mental Health in America

Mental health: Population-based study

Given the intractability of treating drug addiction, it is troubling that the rates of addiction of young people to illegal drugs and alcohol continues to persist. Despite a decrease in cigarette smoking, "daily marijuana use among high school seniors has increased to its highest point in 30 years" and "nearly two thirds (65%) of high school seniors and nearly one third (29%) of eighth graders have used alcohol in the past month" (Winters, Botzet & Fahnhorst 2011). Treatment rates are not comparable with the demonstrated need for addressing addiction in young people: "about 1.5 million teenagers meet criteria for an SUD [substance abuse dependence]. Of those adolescents, only 111,000 (7%) receive treatment for the disorder" (Winters, Botzet & Fahnhorst 2011). The article "Advances in adolescent substance abuse treatment" offers a summary of the major therapeutic approaches to treating adolescent addicts vs. their…… [Read More]

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Positive and Negative Effects Video Games Have in Relation to Addiction Human Interaction and Violence

Words: 5997 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 31230091

Computer Games Research

When considering the short history of computers, video and PC gaming are very recent on the timeline of technology. This is one of the reasons why there have not been many conclusive studies on the negative and/or positive effects of electronic games on children and young adults -- the most formative years. With the ever-increasing interest and involvement of children in this activity, much concern has been expressed about the impact of these games, especially ones of a more violent nature, on physical and psychological development. At the crux of the debate is the question of whether they are detrimental to a young person's health. There are specific concerns about such factors as aggression, addiction, criminal activity, obesity and reduced academic achievement.

Studies thus far show both positive and negative results from playing video and PC games. Some research finds that the playing or observing of violent…… [Read More]

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Souls Is a Book About Drug Addiction

Words: 2393 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52108239

Souls is a book about drug addiction and its relation to crime. It is a memoir by Michael MacDonald and it shows how both crime and drugs have brought death to his family, as they grew up in Southie, "in the all-Irish housing projects where everyone claimed to be Irish" (2). It was, according to MacDonald, the best neighborhood in the world. That, of course, was a kind of dream -- for the reality of Southie soon became known to him as it took the lives of his brothers. This paper will explore the reality that MacDonald describes in his memoir All Souls and show how it relates to the realities depicted in two essays: William J. Bennett's "Should Drugs be Legalized?" And Linda Hasselstrom's "Why One Peaceful Woman Carries a Pistol." The relation shows this: that there is no answer to the problem of drugs, guns, crime and self-preservation,…… [Read More]

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Interning at an Addiction Rehab Facility

Words: 890 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 70682373

Interning at a drug and alcohol addiction rehabilitation facility offers a tremendous opportunity to learn about psychological treatment methods, theories, and interventions. The experience also allows the intern to learn about healthcare management and administration, which entail their own research methods. One of the key things that an intern will learn in the rehabilitation center relates to research methods and methods of data collection. For example, we learn about the ethics of conducting research such as receiving informed consent. There are ample opportunities to conduct correlational and experimental studies in the clinical setting because of the fact that the patient population will in many cases already have been thoroughly assessed and diagnosed by psychologists. The patient status renders them a particular status in an any given research design, allowing for robust investigations of cause and effect. For example, if I wanted to find out what the treatment outcomes are between…… [Read More]

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Attending Narcotics Anonymous Addiction Recovery

Words: 2289 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56783990


This field report covers two separate visits to a Narcotics Anonymous (NA) meeting, both at the St. Matthews Missionary Baptist Church, located at 6100 NW 24th Avenue in Miami, Florida. Both meetings started at 5:15PM and ended at 6:30PM. One of the meetings took place on Tuesday, November 28, and the other on Friday, December 1, 2017. Both meetings have a theme called “Inner City Recovery.” Located in the heart of Liberty City, St. Matthews caters to the local African-American community. Unsurprisingly, attendants of the both the Inner City Recovery NA meetings were predominantly black males with a low socio-economic status. Results of the fieldwork illustrates the role Twelve Step programs like NA play in recovery.
Meeting Description
The fieldwork took place over the course of two non-contiguous days. On Tuesday, November 28, the meeting had a theme focused on Step Two of the Twelve Steps: “We came to…… [Read More]

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Environmental Science Our Current Addiction

Words: 380 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73490820

However, not every element of renewable energy will prove advantageous for us to implement. All of the forms of renewable energy have not been mass implemented on a large scale in the past. This means that we would have o completely redesign our energy plans in order to accommodate these new technologies. This will prove labor intensive and costly in the initial implementation stages (Hick 2009).

Yet, despite disadvantages, these new renewable energy sources are crucial to a better life tomorrow. Some prove much too costly to implement with any sort of immediate returns, such as massive wind energy plants. However, solar energy is much less costly, easier to access from an individual standpoint, and completely unlimited. Solar energy proves one of the most desirable and cost effective renewable energy sources for today, and can be implemented while we develop more strategies for the future.


Hick, Matthew. (2009). Advantages…… [Read More]

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The Problem of Internet Addiction

Words: 368 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12103844

Is Google Making Us Stupid?
As Carr explains in “Is Google Making Us Stupid?” media shapes the process by which people think. When one is reading a book, one has to think to stay engaged. If the mind wanders, no reading gets done. However, with media like TV or movies, the viewer is passive and can sit and the movie or film will just keep going. The viewer can pop in and out and still get a lot of information from it. With the Internet, there is a constant feed of information and zillions of options that keep one clicking and clicking on to the next page, the next video, the next link. The effect of this addiction to the Internet, however, is that it makes it more difficult for the mind to focus on more mundane work—like reading a book. A book contains no hyperlinks, no amusing advertisements, and…… [Read More]