Adult Education Essays (Examples)

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Human Development

Words: 823 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 48680821


Marian Diamond addressed the nature vs. nurture issue so long debated by researchers and scientists by actually observing the effects of living in different environments on young rats. The beginnings of her research with Donald Head occurred in the 1960's, a time when the brain was not viewed as plastic. When presenting the results of their early research demonstrating a small but significant thicker cerebral cortex in rats raised in enriched environments vs. rats raised in impoverished environments she was actually told, "Young lady, that brain cannot change" (Diamond and Hobson, 1998-page 8). Nonetheless, Diamond believed the neurological basis that the environment provided for brain enrichment is the spreading of dendritic spines in the neuron as a result of environmental stimulation (Diamond and Hobson, 1998-page 25). In fact, research from her lab along with other researchers found that even honey bees' brains responded to environmental stimulation. Based on the…… [Read More]

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Neo-Confucianism Is a Philosophy Which Was Born TEST1

Words: 6352 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: Array

K-12 Curriculum and Instruction: Changing Paradigms in the 21st Century

This is not your grandfathers' economy or his educational paradigm however; today's curriculum still appears as such and therein lays a very significant and challenging problem that presents to today's educators and leaders. According to Sir Ken Robinson, "We have a system of education that is modeled on the interest of industrialism and in the image of it. Schools are still pretty much organized on factory lines -- ringing bells, separate facilities, specialized into separate subjects. We still educate children by batches." (Brain Pickings, 2012) Make no mistake in the opinion of Robinson who believes that divergent thinking most emphatically is not "…the same thing as creativity" because according to Robinson in his work proposing a new educational paradigm. Indeed this is also spoken of in the work of Zeng-tian and Yu-Le in their work "Some Thoughts on Emergent Curriculum"…… [Read More]

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10-Year-Old Boy Alec The Child Has Had

Words: 2646 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 86185381

10-year-old boy, Alec. The child has had pervasive relocations in his life, beginning at age 2 and endured a challenging separation between his parents. Since the separation he first experienced 50% split parenting, living with his mother one week then his father and stepmother the next, until such time as he was school age. He then began to live full time with his mother during the school week and visit his father and stepmother every other weekend, until age 7 when his mother relocated to an area which is a seven hour drive from his father at this point the mother also remarried. From that point to the present he has stayed with his mother and stepfather the majority of the time and traveled to visit his father and stepmother on the Christmas holiday, spring break and through the summer, which usually works out to be about 2 months. Prior…… [Read More]

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Educational Philosophy

Words: 1333 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 88237488

Educational Philosophy

Although not old in years and experience, my educational philosophy is fortunately commensurate with the institution I am presently working for as a teacher. This institution is committed to one of the oldest and most respected academic traditions in existence, that of the Jesuit Catholic tradition of rigorous, questioning inquiry in education. It also stresses a strong community service tradition, along with the Catholic faith tradition. It combines justice education with academic excellence. It stresses that students must take pride in their African-American identity, and show pride and respect for themselves and their community by applying themselves to their studies with intellectual engagement as well as with a sense of duty.

This stress upon the great works of the religious tradition may seem to connect the school to the academic tradition and philosophy of perennialism. This educational philosophy advocates the use of original, translated but not abridged, great…… [Read More]

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Learning as a Way of

Words: 1800 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 8130328

Judgment, however, should be suspended long enough to try to determine why someone does something a certain way. If this can be determined, it is another lesson worth having. This is true of the student that is just learning about business, and true of the established businessperson.

Unlike that student learner, the businessperson that has already been working in the world for a while will be much harder to teach. Once someone has gotten used to doing something a particular way, it becomes more difficult to change that person's behavior. However, those that lead others in business, such as human resource personnel, can take many of the suggestions in Vaill's book and use them to show others in their company how they can change only small things and still be more self-directed learners.

As they become more self-directed, their desire for knowledge will rise and they will begin to try…… [Read More]

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Internet Changing the Way We Think

Words: 2304 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 54335326

Commenting on Edge, Banaji noted that instead of changing the way she thinks, "…what the internet has surely done is to change what I think about, what I know, and what I do" (n.p). Others with dissenting views include Bavelier and Green. While analyzing two books highlighting the effect browsing has on the human brain, the two authors point out that some of the studies carried out so far are not in a way conclusive as in seeking to point out the changes occurring in the brain, the positions they take are not reliable (38). Indeed, the authors in this case note that conclusions in such studies are largely determined by the values of the author. Hence while one author could consider such changes positive, another one could still regard the same as being negative. With than in mind, the authors conclude that "history suggests that technology does not change…… [Read More]

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Supervising Paraprofessionals Paraeducators Play an

Words: 616 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Article Review Paper #: 86905724

Teaching Exceptional Children 41(5),

pp. 34-43.

Article #2: Early Childhood Education -- Teachers and their Assistants

The author points out that the use of paraprofessionals in early childhood special education is increasing because of the steadily increasing numbers of children need services and the lack of sufficient qualified teachers. Some teachers experience difficulty, for a variety of reasons, developing positive working relationships with the paraprofessionals in their classrooms. The nature of the work requires a spirit of true collaboration.

Some of the issues with paraprofessionals cited in the literature include lack of formal education in child development, reluctance to discuss uncomfortable topics with families, views on parenting and early childhood education that differ from their programs best practices, difficulty dealing with stress and time management, and unprofessional behaviors and work ethics. Teachers may see the problems clearly but be unsure what to do about them. Research shows that many teachers…… [Read More]

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Educational Theory Meaning of Authentic

Words: 936 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 92827016

Instead, it is rigid and reinforced with bureaucracy and red tape, thus making it a poor system for education and children.

Educating the whole child." Educating the whole child is an idea that took root in the early 20th century and is making a comeback in education. The educational model is conducted throughout the child's education - from kindergarten through high school, and recognizes the child is a complete being, with spirit, mind, and body, and each item must be addressed in the educational model. The model attempts to educate the "whole" child - heart, head, and hands, by offering education in a variety of areas, from academics to art and practical, hands-on activities. The children are encouraged to play as well as study, to help develop fully rounded personalities and ideas. Teachers also use storytelling, fairy tales, and other folk art as models for teaching and involving the children…… [Read More]

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Student Retention Has Long Been

Words: 5392 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 13282475

The next three categories deal with the lack of information: 4) lack of information about the career decision-making process, itself; 5) lack of information about one's own capabilities, personal traits or interests; 6) lack of information about occupations and what work is involved and the type of work available; and 7) lack of information about ways of obtaining career information. The final three categories deal with the inconsistent information that students receive that make decision-making difficult: 8) inconsistent information due to unreliable sources;

9) inconsistent information due to internal conflicts, such personal identity and 10) insistent information due to external conflicts with significant others.

Once students have had a an opportunity to learn more about their personal traits in relationship to careers and the type of positions available, they want to actually have an opportunity to learn more right from the source. However, even at community schools, only two percent…… [Read More]

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Kirkpatrick and Jakupec Kirkpatrick &

Words: 1087 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 5435595

The reality of flexible learning is that the structure of the educational experience is not there, and people can feel as though they are losing out when that is the case. They do lose out in some ways, because learning the traditional way is far different from online learning. Both have their inherent advantages and disadvantages, and the reality is probably much more convoluted and difficult to accept than the idea. This is unfortunate, because flexible learning options have a lot to offer to the right people - those who are seriously dedicated to their education but who are truly unable to attend classes in a standard environment. For many people, however, traditional learning still works better for them if they are able to attend. Even the traditional way of learning has become more flexible than it used to be, and that means that learners who need a little extra…… [Read More]

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Distance and Net-Based Learning Describe

Words: 596 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 77758816

In addition, the structure and presentation of required, basic course material are more goal-oriented and motivating to meet the needs of students.

While critics initially charged that Net-based learning was vastly inferior to traditional classroom settings, some now wonder if traditional education will survive as the transformational possibilities of Net-based learning, teaching and developing course content are fully realized. The answer is a resounding 'yes'. The reason is that net-based learning can be designed to include some elements of socialization, but not all. Physically attending college is a great experience. Colleges shape students' lives and teach values, ethics and cultures that are unique to schools. Often, one can tell which school a person has attended just by listening to the person's communication style. Going to an online school is different. Students can have a great learning experience in an online school, but students may not get a chance to fully…… [Read More]

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Social Media the Exponential Growth

Words: 6953 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 97941307

Another common assumption is that the development of virtual social interactions based on the ideal self, is not reflective of how real people will interact with you in the real world and therefore could potentially give the individual a false sense of confidence, regarding their ability to appropriately interact in the real world. Yet, many would also argue that confidence is the most attractive social attribute, almost regardless of other appearance factors. Lastly, many assume that the development of social skills online, where it is relatively easy, will create a whole body of social isolates that do not interact in the real world because it is too difficult in comparison. So, as you can see the debate regarding social skills development and SMS is still highly fractured and remains to have a clear direction for either research or reality.

Like any other aspect of human functioning there are both positives…… [Read More]

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Judge Gregory Judge a Muckleshoot

Words: 1691 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 79558405

An important goal of a satellite course setting is to attract back into the academic environment and learning processes adults who are high school drop outs and who do not have a GED. Like other colleges around the country, the non-GED student would have an opportunity to attend at least a semester of courses before having to attain his or her GED. The core course work in math or algebra, and English writing and reading, in which initial placement is based on testing scores used to determine only the level of individual student need and placement. These are two core course requirements that could simultaneously prepare the adult student to successfully complete GED requirements by the second semester of college. This opportunity to work from a satellite setting, over a computer at home, would be a strong motivation for high school drop outs to consider the benefits of returning to…… [Read More]

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Organization or Agency where Community Service Performed

Words: 2726 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Journal Paper #: 18558324

When not engaged in these volunteer and "policy" roles, I was directly at work with people in need of counseling or jobs or housing (Yates & Youniss, 2006).

I was struck by how much of my experience was shaped by professional staffs who were often trapped into behaving as functionaries and, above all, how uncritical the experience was for all of us (Yates & Youniss, 2006). To be sure, there were problems to be solved; usually those of budgets and personnel. Only occasionally would we debate our mission and its priorities. More often, our concerns had to do with money and public relations. I recalled endless attention to operational matters, often tedious, never resolved, and always recurring. Seldom, however, did we address the meaning of what we were doing; it was enough, apparently, to be doing good things. I was, in short, a good volunteer.

Looking back, I realized how…… [Read More]

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Race Schools Queens New York Is

Words: 2539 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 68375028

If students are misbehaving, they are not engaged in their lessons. Behavior management is, unfortunately, a priority focus at Springfield Gardens, to the detriment of instruction. This is the point that the three interviewees continued to stress. None of them blamed the teachers for failing to engage students; the fault, as they see it, lies squarely with the students whose families apparently do not place a high value on education. The students, as Gordon, Benton and Johnson see it, are products of the culture in which their parents live.

The three frequently compared and contrasted the students of today with students of generations past. Students in "the good old days" did not misbehave the way students do "these days." That point was made clear, particularly in interviews with Benton and Gordon. Benton recalled a childhood outside the United States where school, he implied, was much more rigorous. It would appear…… [Read More]

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Standardized Testing Students With ADHD

Words: 689 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Article Review Paper #: 99928411

Standardized Testing -- Students with ADHD

The first study in an article in the Journal of Learning Disabilities by Frazier, et al. (2007) looks at the published literature (studies) since 1990 in order to produce a meta-analysis that will show the "…magnitude of achievement problems" that confront individuals with attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD). In other words, the purpose was to find out exactly what problems ADHD sufferers encounter when trying to achieve knowledge. In order to ascertain the difficulties -- and to help ADHD students become more academically competent -- that present roadblocks for those individuals, the first study looks at existing literature and uses "…quantitative, meta-analytic procedures" as a research design in order to thoroughly interpret the results in previous work (Frazier). The first research section examined 72 studies (the ones that fulfilled all appropriate criteria); 54 studies involved children; 7 involved adolescents; 4 looked at college students…… [Read More]

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Does Using Auditory Computer Files Assist College Level ESL Learners

Words: 1609 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 78530032

Auditory Computer Files Assist College Level ESL Learners

The objective of this study is to examine whether auditory computer files assist college level ESL learners.

Linda Dwyer writes that text-to-speech readers are not generally available "outside of the disability community and may be prohibitively expensive when obtainable." (Dwyer, nd, p.1) In addition, Dwyer reports that ESL instructors are often not aware of the research or the resources that are available. Dwyer states that reading pens that are able to read line-by-line and other assistive devices that can copy and article and then paste it to the computer for text-to-speech support are useful to students who are ESL students. According to Dwyer, "ESL instructors in higher educational settings have worked primarily with high achieving international students. As such, these instructors have occupied a niche treated as short-term remedial support rather than an academic sub-field within the academy. Many positions in both…… [Read More]

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Striking Aspects of the Current Election Season

Words: 1319 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83248657

striking aspects of the current election season is the extent to which both parties claim to be the defenders of the American middle class. This is a fairly consistent theme in most American political campaigns. Neither party wants to be seen as the party of the elites, but nor does either party wish to be seen as the party of the poor. Even though America as a whole is suffering in terms of a lack of jobs, a lack of affordable healthcare, and other issues directly pertaining to a worsening economy and the great divide between the haves and the have-nots, Americans still like to see themselves as middle class.

I wonder if this is because Americans as a whole associate success with being morally worthy, and being poor with being unworthy. While there is some sense that having rich parents can give people a greater material advantage in life…… [Read More]

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Self-Directed Learning Assumptions Andragogy Self-Directed Learning Assumptions

Words: 632 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83986017

Self-Directed Learning Assumptions, Andragogy

Self-Directed Learning Assumptions Andragogy

Self-Directed Learning

What do you think about self-directed learning in what and how we learn?

Self-directed learning is extremely beneficial in situations in which the learning styles of the individuals present differ from one another and would benefit from a more direct approach. For instance, self-directed learning allows individuals to frame their learning experience in a manner that is most compatible with his or her own personal learning style/process. Self-directed learning can be utilized in many educational settings and with many different instructional methodologies. A key to self-directed learning is also the fact that it is not time dependent, which is essential for learners to work at their own base and better retain the knowledge at hand.

Can or should all learning be self-directed? Why or why not?

All learning can technically be construed as being self-directed. Without some kind of initiative…… [Read More]

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Balancing Play Encouragement in Balancing

Words: 902 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 41033700

For instance, if I notice that two children enjoy playing house, I will encourage them to test their math skills by counting the apples that they will serve for lunch or the dishes in their sink. In addition, I will encourage them to expand their play to include new skills, such as note writing (language) and matching (math).

In addition to encouraging this more learning-focus type of play, I will also need to teach students to get used to the system of testing and assessment, as this is how they will be assessed throughout the rest of their school careers. Thus, I plan to encourage a positive attitude toward this type of assessment in my classroom. I will do this through using methods similar to those I will use to encourage learning-based play. Although the fact that "children are active learners who contribute to their own development and learning as…… [Read More]

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Informational Interview

Words: 1852 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 18867091

Mission of a High School Counselor

Most of us have memories of a high school counselor -- and for most of us those memories are good ones. Especially in a large school -- as so many are these days -- the counselor may serve as an important, indeed vital, safety net for students who do not see a clear path through this challenging period of life. School counselors help students adjust to the pressures of school and the many stresses of family life, validating the experiences of students while also helping them to adjust to the requirements of growing up and the expectations of the adults in their lives, from parents to teachers to employers. In an era in which many students have few responsible adults to turn to help them engage in the demanding, confusing, and sometimes dangerous process of growing up, school counselors are more important than ever.…… [Read More]

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Grammar Learning Fun Lesson Plan

Words: 2372 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 93662453

Discuss what main idea means and what details mean.

10. Tell students to be thinking of a song that they would like to use for tomorrow's assignment. Tell them that they must bring the tape and the lyrics of the song with them. They need to pick a song that has at least 20 nouns in it and it must be appropriate for school. They will be formatively assessed on this assignment. They'll have 10 minutes to work on it during class tomorrow.

(For each formative assessment mentioned in Day 3's procedures, see the assessment section of this lesson for the criteria.)

Day 4:

1. Give students about 10 minutes to get their songs ready. (If time is an issue, students may play just a portion of their songs, however, make sure to play enough of the song so as to be able to answer the questions.)Have them write the…… [Read More]

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Self-Assessment Assessment of Final Course Project Final

Words: 613 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 97805512


Assessment of final course project:

Final self-reflective assessment for students on the process of learning

The assessment instrument I will use is a combination of a checklist and a short essay section which will enable the learner to assess his or her effort and competencies over the course of the semester. The assessment will involve a Likert scale from 1 to 5 with 1 being 'not much at all' to five being 'very much.' Questions will include self-reflective assessments such as: "I put forth a great deal of effort in this class" and "I devoted enough time to research all of my assignments adequately." To encourage accurate reflection, there will also be questions about hours spent studying every week and the number of times the student missed class.

As well as a scored questionnaire, students will also have the opportunity to write a short essay on the topic "what…… [Read More]

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Perceptions of Success by Non-Traditional Students Non-Traditional

Words: 2980 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Article Critique Paper #: 99406601

Perceptions of Success by Non-Traditional Students

Non-Traditional Students' Perceptions of Academic Support Needs

Perceptions of the Adequacy of College Services by Non-Traditional Students

This purpose of this paper is to review two studies relevant to the topic of the perceptions of non-traditional students about their programmatic and service needs as matriculated students in institutions of higher education. The first section reviews an article by Luzius and Webb (2002) on the satisfaction levels of non-traditional students with regard to library services at their institution. Luzius and Webb (2002) distributed a questionnaire to students on a public university that was designed to gauge satisfaction with library hours and resources. Luzius and Webb (2002) identified several potential improvements for library services. The second section reviews a comparative study of traditional and nontraditional students' identities and needs by Senter and Senter (1998). Using extant data, Senter and Senter (1998) compared the perceived needs of…… [Read More]

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Park J & Choi H J

Words: 349 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 2076574

Statistical Test

The researchers used descriptive statistics (mean mode, etc.), chi square, and multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA).


Individual characteristics were developed from the survey answers. Data is then divided into various groups where age, sex and characteristics are all compared. Certain characteristics are statistically proven to relate to certain groups of learners making the study somewhat useful.


The study demonstrated that online dropouts had significant difference in perceptions of learner satisfaction and relevance from persistent learners." In other words, learners are less likely to drop out when they are satisfied with the courses, and when the courses are relevant to their own lives."


This study is probably too narrow in scope to make any definite relationships between learning characteristics and dropouts.


Park, J., & Choi, H.J. (2009). Factors influencing adult learners' decision to drop out or persist in online learning. Journal of Educational Technology &…… [Read More]

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Conflict Resolution in Schools Risk

Words: 1243 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 37436725

(Povenmire 2008, pp. 17-43)

The second factor affecting the success of the process of conflict resolution is race. Race is recognized via skin tone, facial characteristics and accent etc. Race can make the process of conflict resolution more complicated and thus it may affect the success negatively. Sometimes, race may be the sole reason behind the conflict and in that case, extreme care must be exercised in order to avoid the extension of the conflict. (Povenmire 2008, pp. 17-43)

In addition to that, culture is also important in a person's life. It may affect the success negatively if the cultural values of either of the parties are not kept in mind. The conflict will be exacerbated if any party feels that their culture is being insulted. (Povenmire 2008, pp. 17-43)

Moreover, power also plays an important role in the success of the conflict resolution. Power differences are the root cause…… [Read More]

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School Situation

Words: 1419 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18918987

Circles Model for an Inner City School

"I am shocked by the lack of urgency we are showing for the deplorable situation in our inner-city schools and their neighborhoods…students trapped, going to school in a community devoid of hope or opportunity, should challenge our moral sensibilities" (Brown, 2011, Jersey Journal).

Inner city schools (including those in Trenton, NJ) tend to be plagued by similar and familiar problems. According to a peer-reviewed article in the Journal of Urban Affairs (Glickman, et al., 2008), inner city communities continue to suffer from "disinvestment" (lack of funding sources), "outmigration" (whites moving to suburbs), and "abandoned property" and a sense of gloom that is reflected in schools. Also, the inner city is known for low income citizens, "predominantly minority," and their plight is often reflected in schools (Glickman, 557). And the poor conditions in inner cities -- including those neighborhoods in Trenton, New Jersey --…… [Read More]

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Standardized Tools for Assessment of

Words: 643 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64210153

There is no denying I am a Visual Learner, much like the majority of the population.

4. What was your score from the readiness assessment?

I scored a 77 on the readiness assessment. According to the assessment, those scoring between 100 and 75 such as myself should be well-suited for taking courses online. Particular qualities such as my keen self-awareness should allow me to easily navigate courses taken at a distance.

5. Are you ready for online learning?

Having scored a 20 out of 20 on the test measuring one's suitability for online learning, I would qualify as an exceptional candidate for online learning.

6. List the strategy you are most likely to try to contribute to your success in this course?

In light of the counsel offered by the Illinois Online Network, I am moved toward a strategy of self-discipline. According to the Network, "With the freedom and flexibility…… [Read More]

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Letter of Intention Outlining the

Words: 348 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 41873083

I also taught both History and Math at the Haverford School from 1989 until 1997. In addition to these leadership roles I have also completed career development courses such as: Curriculum Development, Team Building Techniques, Motivation Techniques, Classroom Management, Technology Integration, Marketing & Advertising, Recruitment & Retention Enrollment Management, Standardized Test Evaluation and others.

I feel that completing these types of courses indicates not only my continued interest in the field or work that I have chosen but also my dedication and commitment to performing well in that field. This dedication will help not only me but those that I work with in the future, and those that work as my subordinates. When one has a strong commitment to one's job, others are aware of that and they understand that they are not the only ones being asked to work for what is important to them. This helps the relationship…… [Read More]

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School Crime Prevention Programs

Words: 723 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47562669

The author of this report has been asked to detail three different programs that are geared towards crime prevention and control with students. For each program, there will be a description. There will also be a listing of the pros and cons for the program. The difference in the methods as well as a general compare and contrast will be completed. The overall level of success for each program will also be included. While anti-crime programs have varying levels of success with the students of the United States, keeping students out of trouble is something that is deemed to be worthwhile and necessary.


One of the more prolific and prominent programs out there that relates to crime would be DARE, which is short for Drug Abuse Resistance Education. It educates children about the danger of drugs and the related outcomes that can come with the same. It also educates…… [Read More]

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Applying to the Masters Program in Special

Words: 570 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Admission Essay Paper #: 30672942

applying to the Masters Program in Special Education because I see it as the next logical step for my career development. I have recently completed by Bachelor's Degree in Teaching for Health/Physical Education. I also completed my student teaching requirements this past year. This experience has led me to the conclusion that I can contribute best to the field of education and the betterment of my community by pursuing further education in the field of Special Education.

While in college, I had the privilege of being an active member of the women's soccer team, including winning MVP honors in my senior year. My love of physical activity has carried through to my professional career. During my student/substitute teaching year, I was fortunate enough to have the opportunity to teach three sports -- soccer, basketball and lacrosse. I also teach soccer at the YMCA. Teaching physical education and coaching are natural…… [Read More]

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Autism the Neural Development of

Words: 4383 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 78785393

In some students, autism is more severe than it is in others, and teachers must learn to anticipate this if they are to be successful in the classroom.

The severity of the autism can make the difference between whether students with autism should be included or whether they should be taught separately (Shattuck, et al., 2009). Students cannot make that decision, of course, but the parents and teachers can work together to determine which is going to be the best option for the individual student. Where some subjects are concerned it is more difficult to make this choice, as well.

One of those subjects is math, because math can be complicated and can build on what was previously learned (Jimenez & Garcia, 2002). That can be a problem for autistic students, because they often do not learn as easily or retain the information they have learned for as long or…… [Read More]

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Universal Design for Learning and

Words: 4110 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 99920686

..collaborative teachers also value and build upon the knowledge, personal experiences, language, strategies, and culture that students bring to the learning situation." (ibid)

This teaching procedure has the advantage of being multidirectional and not limited to the teachers directed knowledge only. This obviously allows for a more inclusive approach and for those student at different levels to express themselves in this environment.

The following is an example of how this process should work.

Consider a lesson on insect-eating plants, for example. Few students, and perhaps few teachers, are likely to have direct knowledge about such plants. Thus, when those students who do have relevant experiences are given an opportunity to share them, the whole class is enriched. Moreover, when students see that their experiences and knowledge are valued, they are motivated to listen and learn in new ways, and they are more likely to make important connections between their own…… [Read More]

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Literacy and Language Offer Meaning to the

Words: 1244 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 90913065

Literacy and language offer meaning to the world through communication and symbolism. Yet, each individual is limited by his or her own history and perspective. The world that surrounds the individual is that which is made up of each poignant message they have heard before. Poignant does not necessarily have to be "important" by general standards. It simply has to be something that is memorable for the individual. Within Maxine Hong Kingston's work Silence is a demonstration of many significant ways of how preconceived notions based on history and culture effect the ways in which an individual perceives what is and what is not important. Kingston builds imagery around her experiences in her two very different schools and the experience within each, as she sees it today created her response to it and therefore her development of understanding.

Though the work also represents a backward glance, as most biographies do,…… [Read More]

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Campus Safety Over the Past

Words: 1244 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 71402732

It is inevitable that behaviors of students inside a college classroom in a way depend on their race or ethnicity, which does not make it very neutral place of learning and social interaction. Studies have shown non-native speaking students struggle depression because they are in a different country and away from family. Scholars argue whether this is the implication of the alienation to students who form the mainstream population or just one of the effects of being drenched in a multicultural society. Additionally, Studies show non-native speaking students are more pessimistic than any other students and are more likely to anticipate possible problems in their ventures. This insinuates that they are more inclined towards avoidance of future maladies, and thus they always tend to play their affairs safe. Non-native students are also more prone to health problems as aftereffects of their depression and pessimism, not to mention persistent recurrences of…… [Read More]

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Elearning Bassoppo-Moyo T C 2006 Evaluating

Words: 2910 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 19622166

, & Pivec, M. (2003). A Multimedia Knowledge Module Virtual Tutor Fosters Interactive Learning. Journal of Interactive Learning Research, 14(2), 231.

This work demonstrates an example of how software can and has been developed to be interactive in the learning process, and especially good for tutoring individuals on concepts they have previously been challenged by. The authors are both international educators from Austria reviewing emerging developments in elearning technology through the journal venue. The work is important to this bibliography and its audience of educators as it outlines the development of interactive technologies that more naturally answer remedial instruction.

Knowlton, D.S. (2005). A Taxonomy of Learning through Asynchronous Discussion. Journal of Interactive Learning Research, 16(2), 155.

The challenges and development of discussion models of elearning are outlined here as so much progress has been made in this area with regard to elearning technology and application. Discussion formatting and investment of…… [Read More]

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Peter Dirr How Can the

Words: 868 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 23455394

According to Dirr, establishing standard policies is an issue that is still very much in the evolution stage, although much has been accomplished in this respect.

In this regard, Dirr notes that the Council of Regional Accreditation has developed new guidelines for distance education. These are by no means either established or fully accepted into the policies of all tertiary institutions. Indeed, they are still very much in the research stage. Furthermore, far from stabilizing the issue, Cook anticipates a new pedagogy as a result of the nature of distance education. Such a paradigm would entail a pedagogy that "shifts toward the learner and away from the teacher." Such a shift would also hold important implications for the future of research into the issue.

While clear policies are not currently in place, it therefore appears that both researchers and tertiary institutions themselves are aware of the importance of distance and…… [Read More]

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Kinesthetic Intelligence -- and Kinesthetic

Words: 8911 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 31580267

Are more encouraged by praise that is delivered physically rather than verbally -- such as by a handshake or a pat on the back rather than by a verbal "good job."

Kinesthetic learners also tend to absorb information when given a great deal of tactile stimulation. I will explore this in greater detail below.

Kinesthetic learners are generally better at expressing themselves in concrete ways. This includes expressing emotions. When kinesthetic learners interact with people who are primarily visual learners there may be significant gaps between the two in how emotions are expressed and understood. For example a kinesthetic learner might offer to change the spark plugs in her boyfriend's car while he (a visual learner) might well prefer to have gotten a card with a romantic poem in it from her.

It should be easy to see from this brief overview of the traits of a kinesthetic learner why…… [Read More]

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Personal Philo One of the

Words: 2584 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 74764397

" (7)

Chomsky warns of ideological motivations of some scientific paradigms, just as with the aforementioned racial emphasis of early anthropology. Here, Russell espouses a Platonic episteme by enunciating the expectations of behavior between different classes. While Plato philosophized that persons are born with the characteristics fitting of their caste, Russell envisages a society in which "ordinary" men and women are expected to be collectivized and, therefore, devoid of individual expression.

Jean Jacques Rousseau paid his respects to the philosophy of Plato, although he thought it impractical, citing the decayed state of society. This sort of romanticism has been downplayed by the modern scientific establishment, who denounce the noble savage theory of human nature. Humans are not born purely good, modern science maintains. Instead, evolutionary traits are promoted at the biological level, thereby giving rise to how people are. It is not society that corrupts, but rather an interrelationship between…… [Read More]

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Advantages of School Uniforms

Words: 2186 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 23004420

Uniforms in Public Schools

School uniforms in public schools is becoming more and more of a popular topic, particularly as students head back to class in the coming month or so. The popularity of this topic is in part because more public schools appear to be adopting this policy. "Nearly one in five public schools required uniforms in 2010, up from just one in eight a decade earlier, according to the most recent findings from the U.S. Department of Education. The 60% growth in uniform requirements at school comes despite the fact that research on their effectiveness for safety and school climate is inconclusive" (Loehrke & Murphy, 2013). School uniforms were first envisioned in the 1980s by Marion Barry who felt that a more standardized code of dress in public schools would help these students succeed as adequately as private school students along with minimizing clothing costs and pressures on…… [Read More]