American Literature Essays (Examples)

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Postmodernist Literature Discuss the Representation

Words: 3083 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 82448769

Yarbrough quotes Ihab Hassan, who describes postmodernism as the "literature of silence" in that it "communicates only with itself," a reference that initially astounds the rational mind. Then, reading further in Yarbrough, Hassan is quoted as saying the term postmodernism applies to "a world caught between fragments and wholes, terror and totalitarianism of every kind."

In Vonnegut's novel, characters reflect the deconstruction of American society in the 1950s, during the period of paranoia dominated by U.S. Senator Joseph McCarthy's fascist-like search for "communist sympathizers," which created terror and loathing and reflected how morally shallow yet potent the hammer of temporary totalitarian authority can be.

On page 96, Chapter 44, it is revealed that Horlick Minton had once been fired by the State Department for allegedly being "soft on communism" - but the only "real evidence" used to justify his dismissal, his wife announced, was a letter she wrote to the…… [Read More]

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Classroom Teaching Utopias Dystopias and the American

Words: 723 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Seminar Paper Paper #: 334340

Classroom: Teaching Utopias, Dystopias, and the American Dream

This article published in Teaching American Literature: A Journal of Theory and Practice in 2011 examines the advantages and pitfalls of democracy in the classroom. The author, Rebeccah Bechtold, tells of her attempt to create a utopian classroom by enabling students to design and implement their own syllabus. The class was designed so students were included in deciding "a majority of the classroom policies, grading procedures, and assignments" (2).

Bechtold states, "My hope was to create a space where teaching and text crossed, to create a learning space where our class would think about the core issues that the texts had in common and actually experience similar concerns and questions" (3). Initially the author had to address issues of trust between the students and herself. In essence she was asking her students "how would you teach the class?" (5). This question contains…… [Read More]

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Cultural Diversity as an African-American

Words: 2313 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 41403313

Literature classes focus mainly on the works of dead white guys, and science talks about the accomplishments of dead white guys. While there are token mentions of the works of other races, they are not given equal representation. Furthermore, many of the classics chosen contain antiquated attitudes about race. However, I am against censorship. Stories do not lose their value because of discriminatory depictions of African-Americans; instead they capture a portion of the relationship between the races at that time. For example, Harper Lee is honest about race discrimination in To Kill a Mockingbird, but the racist language she uses captures a feeling and goes to the heart of the book. I would just like to see some more books from the point-of-view of those in the minority. Finally, some schools offer specialized courses or specialized months. An African-American literature course or women's history month, while well-intentioned, do not really…… [Read More]

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African-American Slave Art the African-American

Words: 1585 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 25136544

We learn that art can indeed reflect life but it can also inspire it beyond what the human mind can dream.

Works Cited

Bailey, Thomas, et al. The American Pageant. Lexington D.C. Heath and Company, 1994.

Douglass, Frederick. Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave. New York: Penguin, 1982.

Levernier, James a. "Frederick Douglass: Overview." Reference Guide to American Literature, 3rd ed. 1994. GALE Resource Database. Site Accessed August 3, 2006.

Norton, Mary Beth, et al. A People and a Nation. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1990.

Richard Powell. African-American Art. 2005 Oxford University Press.

Rodriguez, Junius P.. "African-American Experience: Art." African-American Experience. 12 September, 2008.

Norton, Mary Beth, et al. A People and a Nation. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, (1990). 278.

Bailey, Thomas, et al. The American Pageant. Lexington D.C. Heath and Company, (1994). 69.

Norton, Mary Beth, et al. A People and a…… [Read More]

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Adult Literacy in African-American Communities

Words: 4045 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 69580662

This model views literacy as woven into the person's identity, based in turn from his acculturation and participation in his socio-cultural community. Spoken or written communication is understood and appreciated according to who is reading or writing and the context and purpose of the communication. Learners come to the educational setting with individual experiences, perspectives, values and beliefs. They perform tasks subjectively. Their cultural background is, therefore, an essential requirement to teaching functional literacy.

The U.S. Department of Education through the Department of Adult Education and Literacy implements the Adult Education and Family Literacy Act. This legislation provides support money for adult literacy and basic education programs. It perceives adult education as that falling below post-secondary level for persons 16 years old and older. Statistics say there are about 51 million American adults in this category. Eligibility was adjusted from 18 to 16 in 1970; approved funding to non-profit organizations…… [Read More]

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African-American Women and Womanist Theology

Words: 4573 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 80862226

In search for honest leadership in the church she wrote "Character is the first qualification," without that, the minister is a menace." She stated that ministers should have a clean and unselfish purpose, be innovative, dedicated to the issues of the community, sincere in their mission and not lazy.

In effort to stay true to her vision for black women, Burroughs introduced "Women's Day" to the National Baptist Convention in 1901. The idea was to incorporate women from congregations and train them to publicly speak. Burroughs was successful in this attempt. Women's Day became a part of every African-American denomination and congregation.

Burroughs was adamant in her search for racial uplift. It was her position that hard work and manual labor meant self-worth. It was her womanist attitude that fought for the acknowledgement of the working poor. She felt that value and strong work ethic could improve racial turmoil. To…… [Read More]

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Jewish-Americans From 1865 to Present

Words: 2635 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 67008816

The creation of the state of Israel in Palestine lent Jews in America a degree of legitimacy. And Jewish-Americans were now on the cusp of a new reality.

Unit IV: 1946-1976

In the 1950s the Anti-Defamation League sought to have the immigration laws of decades prior repealed. President Truman was sympathetic to the millions of displaced persons, a good portion of which were Eastern Europeans of Jewish descent. Even though America was largely outraged at news of the Holocaust, many Americans reserved the suspicion that Jews were crooked bankers secretly poised for world domination. The immigration laws were not repealed.

The 1950s also saw a debate concerning the census of 1960: should it contain religious questions? Here was an issue that embraced social, political and religious points all at once. The way Jewish-Americans faced the issue had repercussions for the entire nation. The book Protestant-Catholic-Jew had helped establish the idea…… [Read More]

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Analyzing the Power of Literature

Words: 1024 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11622356

Power of Literature

Understanding the power of the written word and following its discipline and various pathways is literature. It does not matter what the subject of a literary piece is. It does not make any difference whether the subject of a piece of literature is religion, philosophy, fiction, an idea or a doctrine; literature is one of the most effective ways of communication and transfer of human knowledge throughout the ages (Gulen, 2010). Literature has developed and transferred us not just the stories of civilizations and their philosophies, it is an excellent research material for the development of humanity, their ideas and thought processes throughout the centuries. The English language, due to its widespread usage has communicated more than many other languages. Literature has been written inexhaustibly for this particular language. It is through the written word of this language that we have material that speaks of history, romance,…… [Read More]

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Gravity's Rainbow and Other Cold War Literature and Film

Words: 2703 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77425512

Cold War dominated American culture, consciousness, politics and policy for most of the 20th century. Even after the fall of the Berlin Wall, which symbolized the fall of the Iron Curtain and therefore finale of the Cold War, Cold War rhetoric and politics continued especially in the War on Terror. Depictions of the Cold War in American literature and film parallel the changes that took place in American ways of thinking about its own domestic policies as well as American perceptions of the alien enemy or "Other." Tracing the evolution of American film and literature from the end of World War Two until the 1980s reveals trends in thought. Early depictions of the Cold War were modernist in their approach, with clear distinctions between good and evil and no moral ambiguity whatsoever. Clear delineations between right/wrong and good/evil prevailed, a form of political propaganda and even brainwashing that prepped the…… [Read More]

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Psychological Testing of African Americans in the Army

Words: 3356 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 90981843

American writers from both the antebellum South and the North commented on the great differences between the white people in the two regions (Ibid; Samuda).

Note though, the table data below regarding the percentage of males who completed high school by race, 1940-1980, which will provide data for further discussion regarding utilization of testing to stratify recruits:

Table 1 -- Males 18-21 Who Completed High School By Percentile



















(Source: Binkin, p.94)

How is it that tests designed to measure information that was given in school could be administered to populations who did not even attend school? And, when one takes population and demographic statistics into account, this historical bias deepens. At the outbreak of World War I, for instance, African-Americans were about 11% of the general population, and the Selective Service draft…… [Read More]

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Truth Behind the American Dream

Words: 1286 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 36560027

He blames his father his personal failure because he, "blew me so full of hot air I could never stand taking orders from anybody! That's whose fault it is!" (1108). Willy's failure extends beyond the workplace and spills over into his family life. This should come as no surprise since the two are closely connected when we think of the American Dream.

Willy does not want to change and this proves to be detrimental to his job, his life, and his family. At the age of 63, Willy decides not to think about change or failure. It is easier to find excuses. For example, he tells Linda, "The trouble was that three of the stores were half-closed for inventory in Boston. Otherwise, I woulda broke records" (Miller 1046). He admits "people don't seem to take to me" (1047) and he is often overlooked and "not noticed" (1047) at work. He…… [Read More]

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Cinderella Perrault's Cinderella and the American Dream

Words: 1855 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 5207897


Perrault's "Cinderella" and the American Dream

The Cinderella story has existed since the age of antiquity and has been told in many different cultures in as many different fashions. Yet, in America, one version stands out above the rest. Charles Perrault's version, popularized by Disney in 1950, became the standard, sentimental (Disneyfied) "some day my Prince will come" spawning fairy tale that became the classic progenitor of other animated features like Sleeping Beauty. While Walt Disney's animated feature helped cement Perrault's "Cinderella" in the minds of generations of Americans, the Cinderella fantasy had actually been produced in film around the world several times since the beginning of the twentieth century. Each was unique, yet, it is Perrault's that continues to perpetuate the kind of idealized dream-come-true fantasy that fits so well in the idealized world of Americana. This paper will show how of all the various Cinderella stories that…… [Read More]

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Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass an American Slave

Words: 669 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Book Report Paper #: 20427140

Narrative on the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave

In his autobiography, The Narrative on the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave, Frederick Douglass presents a poignant and evocative view of life as a slave in antebellum America. Among the points made by Douglass was that education would set him free and that the "peculiar institution" was detrimental to whites and blacks. This paper provides a review of Douglass's autobiography to examine these issues more thoroughly, followed by a summary of the research in the conclusion.

In Chapter II, Douglass expresses his belief that education will set him free. By what does he mean by this? Is this essentially an optimistic view? If he could visit us today, do you think he would still hold this view?

Being illiterate in a land of the literate must have been a daunting experience for an individual of Douglass's intellect, and…… [Read More]

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African-American Women Literature Didion and

Words: 1418 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58006144

That being said, it is quite difficult to be honest with oneself, even thought as we stand in front of the mirror, naked and bare, Didion says we remain "blind to our fatal weaknesses." One might think that being too self-critical would damage the ego, but for Didion, it is completely the opposite -- by knowing out flaws, accepting some and working towards the goal of solving others, we become more actualized and powerful. Without this realization, "one eventually discovers the final turn of the screw: one runs away to find oneself, and finds no one at home."

Both Didion and Walker focus on self-respect, self-actualization, and in a very real way, a pseudo-Marxian approach to alienation from society. There are several points in common for the authors: one's own approach to self; seeking and finding self-respect; and taking an active role in our own place in the universe. Conversely,…… [Read More]

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Words: 1786 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84089829

Brent Staples and Jamaica Kinkaid have written seminal short stories, contained in anthologies of American and African-American literature. Although Kinkaid's "Girl" and Staples's "Just Walk on By" were published about twenty years apart, they share in common themes related to racism and the experience of being black in the United States. Kinkaid and Staples both address the intersection of gender and race, with Kinkaid focusing on the role expectations of women in black society and Staples concentrating on the perception of black males by the dominant white culture. Both Staples and Kinkaid imbue their writing with emotional intensity, not shying from anger, but rather, transforming powerful feelings of frustration into points of liberation.

In "Just Walk on By," the narrator describes his experience as a night walker, someone who enjoys taking long walks at night in the city. What would typically be considered a normal activity takes on tremendous political…… [Read More]

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Dawn of American Enlightenment Started

Words: 1197 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 89104035

Benjamin Franklin termed himself a pragmatic deist. He believes "there is one Supreme must perfect being," however that this being is distant, and that it is not necessary to build a personal relationship with such a supreme God. He concluded that it was useful and correct to believe that a faith in God should inform our daily actions. However, he did not believe in sectarian dogma, burning spirituality or deep soul searching as a part of religion (Lopez, 87). Franklin's religious views are important in the shaping of his Enlightenment philosophy. His approach to religion drew from reason and careful reflection, he did not believe in the "frivolity" of emotional thought and connectivity, but instead focused on the pragmatic understanding of the divine. His conclusion after careful reason formulates a "Supreme Being that can be manifest in various ways, depending on the needs of different worshipers" (Lopez, 88). In contrast…… [Read More]

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American Romanticism the Period Known

Words: 625 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 15174544

In Irving's case, he expanded on his background of writing historical works, with his satirical approach individual and distinctive. This developed the genre partly by introducing satire as an effective element. At the same time, it also showed that literature could be expanded to suit any style.

Edgar Allan Poe is the third writer who contributed significantly to the development of American Romanticism. Poe added an element of horror and wrote short stories that were both disturbing and haunting. One of the interesting things about Poe is that the effectiveness of his stories did not rely only on the storyline. For example, the short story "The Fall of the House of Usher" is the narrator's account of his visit to a haunted house and his encounters with the strange brother and sister that live there. In this case, it is not the actual storyline that makes the story effective. Instead,…… [Read More]

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American Poets -- the Strangeness

Words: 4117 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59770845

Apparently Plath wrote the poem during her stay in the hospital, which can be a depressing place notwithstanding all the nurses and orderlies dressed in white. The appendectomy followed a miscarriage that Plath had suffered through, so given those realities in the poet's life -- especially for a woman to lose a child she had been carrying -- one can identify with the bleak nature of the poem. Confronted with the birth that turned out to be death, and then a painful appendectomy, the tulips are used as something of an abstraction and the redness of them gives her pain because it "corresponds" to the wound in her body from the surgery.

The opening stanza's first few lines seem rather peaceful and restful: "The tulips are too excitable, it is winter here / look how white everything is / How quiet, how snowed-in / I am learning peacefulness / lying…… [Read More]

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American Poetry Is Dependent on Walt Whitman's

Words: 672 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25178755

American poetry is dependent on Walt Whitman's arguments about democracy and the political role of the poet. This is a very interesting proposition, one I had not considered before, and I was excited to read the essay and analyze the arguments made by the author to substantiate the claims that Whitman's views on democracy and the political role of a poet need to be understood in order to comprehend contemporary American poetry.

While I was initially drawn to the subject because I believed it was going to focus on Whitman's definition of democracy and the political role of the poet, I was unsure about what the paper was going to be about because there did not appear to be a clearly defined thesis. I thought perhaps the author was going to explain how creativity is a political act because the author argued that creativity requires that an individual open up…… [Read More]

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American Eulogies to the Old

Words: 2289 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 15024290

Nelson's violent images call upon the reader to behold the corpse of Till, forcing the reader into a state of seismic cultural shock, as America has long been eager to forget its racist legacy (Harold, 2006, p.263). Trethewey's first lines of her book are gentler, but there is always the urge to remember: "Truth be told, I do not want to forget anything of my former life" (Trethewey, p.1)

The calls her poetic collection an act of memory "Erasure, those things that get left out of the landscape of the physical landscape, things that aren't monumented or memorialized, and how we remember and what it is that we forget. I wanted to kind of restore some of those narratives, so those things that are less remembered (Brown, 2007). Her use of the sonnet form over her cycle of poems is not as perfectly consistent as Nelson's, but repetition and remembrance…… [Read More]

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American Novel

Words: 652 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 81639860

American Novel

On the Road with Sharon Creech's Walk Two Moons

The romance of the open road. The dusty highway. The screech of brakes and the roar of the gas pedal. All of these images come straight from Jack Kerouac's seminal novel On the Road, a tale of the American 1950's Beatnik experience, a tale of America viewed through travel and the window of a car. According to Kerouac, one is most American and yet most away from the pressures of one's family and American society when one is traveling. Yet Sharon Creech's book Walk Two Moons could also, in its own fashion, also be classified as a novel of the American road, very much along the lines of the Beatnik Kerouac.

Given that Jack Kerouac was telling a tale of deviancy and dropouts, rather than of familial connection and harmony, this thesis may sound strange to the ears, at…… [Read More]

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American Dream'so Many Things

Words: 1136 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 75333083

Fitzerald reveals to the reader that happiness is not a thing, which you can buy with money or handpick with power. His fulfillment of the requirements oh the "Dream" has come to such a point that between the lines the reader sees how desperate he is. So what is the American Dream that is criticized in the definition of Scott Fitzgerald? It is successful life and work through which people obtain the material acknowledgement of their success and become happy when they do. The problem is that having the person you "love" also start being a "material acknowledgement," too. The essence of the book is that when the moral principles are low, people choose any means for achieving success and people are interested only in the result. The real understanding of the "American dream" is lost by the characters in this book and by this Fitzerald shows that there is…… [Read More]

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American Dream Corrupted in the Great Gatsby

Words: 787 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73740514

Great Gatsby -- the American Dream

The Great Gatsby is a novel that uses the theme of the American Dream in a number of ways, and it is not a stretch to explain that F. Scott Fitzgerald was showing the dark side of the elusive American Dream. The themes used in The Great Gatsby revolve around those issues in the Roaring Twenties that were linked to the newly wealthy people; and Fitzgerald uses those themes to present the flaws in the American Dream. This paper points to some of those passages in the novel that relate to the American Dream.

The Great Gatsby's American Dream Themes

Tanfer Emin Tunc presents an essay in the book appropriated titled The American Dream in which he points to how the concept of the American Dream is woven into Fitzgerald's novel. Fitzgerald uses the protagonist Jay Gatsby to "…exemplify the rise and fall of…… [Read More]

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American Psychological Association APA Was Founded in

Words: 1547 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 38096955

American Psychological Association (APA) was founded in 1892. It is a society of psychologists that work to advance the science of psychology and the field as a profession. They have "more than 159,000 members and affiliates" ("American," 2005). In addition to this work, the APA has established an official method of formatting written works, as well as how to notate in text citations and how to format reference lists.

With APA format, all papers are typed double-spaced, and are to be written on a standard 8 1/2 x 11 paper, with 1-inch margins on all sides. A title page is required, which includes the title of the work and byline of the author, along with the affiliation of the author. An abstract giving a synopsis of the paper precedes the text ("Using American," 2005).

Pages of the manuscript are numbered consecutively, beginning with the title page, as part of the…… [Read More]

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Literature Poetry

Words: 1297 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 52092202

American Poet Laureate Robert Hass to lift European impact from American English thus making the latter a truly original and authentic language. The paper also cites examples from his collection, Sun Under Wood (1996) and shows how the poet accentuates simplicity to reveal the beauty of American version of English language.

Robert Hass: shedding European influences from American English

Robert Hass is the former United States Poet Laureate who is known for his simple yet beautiful verses, some of them translations of Japanese Haiku while others simple expressions of his deepest sentiments. In his fourth collection of poems, Sun Under Wood (1996) Hass tried to encompass all his past experiences in 20 beautiful pieces, which moved back and forth in history. These poems reveal something truly amazing about the poet's command over the English language. Coming from a truly modern West Coast, he refused to use traditional or conventional poetic…… [Read More]

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Americans of All Nations at Any Time

Words: 574 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 47272784

Americans of all nations at any time upon the earth have probably the fullest poetical nature. The United States themselves are essentially the greatest poem. In the history hitherto the largest and most stirring appear tame and orderly to their ampler largeness and stir" (Whitman iii).

Walt Whitman's "A Sketch" reinforces this passage as it becomes clear that the poet wants to emphasize his appreciation of a concept that is ignored by many. By emphasizing the "wave-worn shore," the poet most probably wants to relate to the continent's toughness and to the U.S. ability to stand against some of history's most challenging situations.

While most people are likely to consider love to be the main element that "A Sketch" is meant to put across, it is very likely that Whitman also wanted the poem to stand as a reference to love as a divisive matter -- one that requires further…… [Read More]

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American Explored Depicted in Death

Words: 885 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 9525131

To make matters worse, he never even considers that he might not be as good as he thinks so he never seriously considers doing anything else. Willy does not know when to cut his losses and let go. Charley gives us an accurate description of Willy when he says, "For a salesman, there's no rock bottom to the life. He don't put a bolt to a nut, he don't tell you the law or give you medicine. He's a man way out there in the blue, riding on a smile and shoeshine. And when they start not smiling back -- that's an earthquake" (1113). Charley's words capture the dreamy Willy. He understood Willy's blind nature and though he tried to help him, he knew it was worthless.

Willy is also an example of what not to do when pursuing the American Dream because he cannot accept responsibility for his life…… [Read More]

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American Chitra Bajerjee Divakaruni and

Words: 1175 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61499175

The characters in the poem are enjoying an Indian movie with a simple plot that makes them cry and feel good among themselves although for as long as the film was running, they have returned to their Indian identity completely loosing their American features.

The two authors share the same revelation that came later in life and made them write the two respective literature pieces. but, while Divakaruni is writing in a manner that presents things in the light of a lightly self mockery, although the topic remains as serious as possible, Liu describes what appears to be a crisis. Despite of his life achievements, he places himself among those who needs to find the contact with reality by going back to his roots, but is not capable to do it anymore. The second generation Chinese-American boy cannot be both Chinese and American, but at the end of his writing,…… [Read More]

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American History Between the Years

Words: 2433 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 51687593

As is often the case, these good times could not last forever. Just like our modern day governmental debt being financed by foreign investment, Andrew Jackson and the nation faced reality when in 1837 foreign investors came to banks to collect. The speculative bubble of 1837 burst in what historians accurately termed the Panic of 1837. English and other European bankers called in the many outstanding loans the states had out as well as many private investors. Paying back these loans instantly crushed the nation's gold supplies which created a ripple affect where many local and state banks could not pay their debts, investors or the governmental reserves. These events lead to many forced bank failures and a national recession ensued.

The Missouri Compromise

In hindsight, we as a nation know now that the southern states who were in favor of slavery were prepared to defend their right to own…… [Read More]

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Literature House of Mirth

Words: 1489 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 11918626

House of Mirth, by Edith Wharton. Specifically, it will look at the theme of success in the novel, and how a success-oriented society can destroy the weak and untrained.


Lily Bart begins her tumble into poverty from the very beginning of the book, because she does not conform to society, and she cannot become a success in the world of business, because she does not even understand what success is. From the very start of the novel, success is a strong and prevalent theme, and it is clear Lily is not going to be a success, when she does not even understand the concept. "Later he [Selden] inquires: 'Is there any final test of genius but success?' Lily replies: 'Success?' She hesitated. 'Why, to get as much as one can out of life I suppose. It's a relative quality after all. Isn't that your idea of…… [Read More]

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American Culture Studies

Words: 1513 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 46929669

Racial Exclusion in America

When one thinks of racial exclusion, they usually think of the reconstruction period of the late 1800s and the Jim Crow Laws. The Jim Crow laws prohibited blacks from drinking from the same water fountains, eating in the same restaurants, and ride in the back of the bus. Most ideas of racial exclusion are targeted at blacks, however, many other ethnic groups were the victims of racial exclusion as well. They may not have had laws condoning it, as was the case with blacks and Native Americans, but exclusion was there never the less. The books "Black Boy" by Richard Wright and "America is in the Heart" by Carlos Bulosan are two of the best examples illustrating the effects of racial exclusion from an insider's perspective. This paper will compare these two books both from historical perspective and from a contemporary standpoint.

Everyone knows about the…… [Read More]

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Literature Poetry

Words: 2039 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 3532402

Fred D'Aguiar's surreal poems like "Mama Dot" and "Air Hall Iconography" stir up imagery of the African homeland and convey a sense of detachment from the modern world. This detachment is not apathetic, but rather, D'Aguiar poignantly portrays the plight of colonized Africans. The poet chooses to focus on the archetypal African matriarch in "Mama Dot." Like a creation story, Fred D'Aguiar's "Mama Dot" outlines the evolution of the titular Mama Dot by progressing through a seven-day week. Each symbolic day represents possible decades or centuries in historical, linear time. D'Aguiar's talent in "Mama Dot" is revealed through his ability to create a time-transcendent, abstract recreation of the tragedies of slavery and the sense of "otherness" that the descendents of slaves feel long after their ancestors were captured and sold.

Born on a Sunday / in the kingdom of Ashante," (lines 1-2) Mama Dot's beginnings feel regal, as the poet…… [Read More]

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Literature Critical Analysis of Russel Banks Rule of the Bone

Words: 2169 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 19152911

Rule of the Bone

About the author

The author Russell Banks writes in the manner that infused his stories with a sadistic honesty and moral goodness that his characters strive to live up to. He writes in striking and most often sad tones about the drama of daily life (Anderson, eye net).

Furthermore, his themes of failure, of weakness, of the complexity of living an honest life were often desolating, but all his stories does contain a positive wisdom to them along with a sense of optimism found in the details that he carefully draws out of his characters' routine and everyday realities (Anderson, eye net). Hence, in my opinion no modern author writes more delicately about common man's uncertain search for the American grail of material ease and self-esteem than Russell Banks.

About the book

In writing Rule of the Bone the author Russell Banks took almost a year…… [Read More]

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Literature Into Film

Words: 1429 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 3268240

Film -- Kundera, the Unbearable Lightness of Being

When Milan Kundera wrote The Unbearable Lightness of Being, he was a political exile from Czechoslovakia, living in France, whose books were banned in his native country. Thus, it is not surprising that his fiction addresses oppression and its instruments, particularly language. In The Unbearable Lightness of Being, Kundera's character, Tomas, is converted from surgeon to window-washer for refusing to cooperate with the authorities. Unlike Malcolm's subject, however, Tomas comes to find this transformation a personal reprieve, a feeling which is aided by the numerous sexual dalliances his new position affords him. Kundera's portrayal of Tomas's fate and his book's success in the west only exacerbated the sense of injury felt by those who had stayed in Czechoslovakia and had lived out the reality that Kundera 'improved on' in his fable of totalitarianism.

Thesis Statement

The novel is primarily philosophical and ironic,…… [Read More]

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Literature Invisible Man Ellison

Words: 2311 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 86506648

person or separates him from the rest: it also s to associates him with his past, his accomplishments or his blunders. Furthermore, it colors and limits a person's entire personality and environment almost with finality, unless his name suddenly changes to alter the memory his name carries with it.

This was precisely what happened to the narrator in his own novel. One's name was so significantly indicative and judgmental upon one's person that he refused to name himself from beginning to end. It would be a betrayal if he gave his name or gave himself any. He was so important to himself that he could not allow a name to limit or smear or negate his identity. aand destiny.

The narrator cannot remember any time that a name ever gave him honor. And dignity. (Just) because he was black, his whole life to the present was a series of humiliations…… [Read More]

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Literature and Environment

Words: 1264 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26871559


Returning to Nature

They looked toward the wilderness, and behold, the glory of the Lord appeared in the cloud.

-Exodus 16-10

The great Romantic bard William Wordsworth loved nature. To him, nature was a place to return to, not just in a physical sense, as in a sojourn or expedition, but in an emotional and spiritual sense. Returning to nature meant to revitalize an essential part of one's humanity through the cathartic and transformative powers of nature. To help unpack this concept, this essay will analyze two of Wordsworth's poems: "Nutting" and "The World is Too Much With Us."

"Nutting" is a Conversation poem, in the Coleridge tradition, between the Narrator and his Maiden (Rumens). Over the course of the poem, he's tells his Maiden about a day he spent gathering nuts in the forest and how, after gathering the nuts, he felt a sense of guilt for needlessly…… [Read More]

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American Heroes

Words: 632 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66624082

Joan Crawford's life appeared to mirror the characters that she portrayed on film in several ways. By analyzing the 1945 film Mildred Pierce, in which Crawford plays the titular character, one can see how Mildred's character is designed to reflect American perspectives of women.

For example, in the film and in real life, Crawford was able to reinvent herself and become more successful as time went on. However, despite her successes, society still maintained that in order for a woman to be complete, she had to have a man in her life, thus propagating the social stigma that a woman could not be independently successful. Allen writes, "in many of the woman's films what the heroine strives so hard to achieve is given up at the end of the film in favor of the 'happy ending'; a chance to be a traditional wife and mother." Another example is that women…… [Read More]

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American Educator How Does One Deal With

Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 60374798

American Educator

How does one deal with a select group of youths who are identified as antisocial, whether in elementary, middle, or high schools? Is intervention and collective counseling appropriate, or individual counseling for such students? Is merely universal strict school discipline enough, with selective intervention only a last resort? Should the antisocial individual ever be removed from the school population as a whole? Unfortunately, current studies provide a mixed set of research data and outcomes of programs to answer these thorny questions, with the only consensus emerging that the earlier the identification and targeting of such students, the better, for both the other student, society, the individual in question, and society as a whole.

Literature Review

"Is Negative Behavior Causing Students to be Unproductive in the Classroom?" The answer, provided by the article by Hill M. Walker, Elizabeth Ramsey, and Frank M. Greesham, published in Winter 2003-2004 edition of…… [Read More]

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American Politics for the Presidential Party to

Words: 1883 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 10677409

American politics, for the presidential party to lose congressional support in a midterm election. As any administration struggles in the early part of a term to define itself, it's likely to fall in and out of favor with a public still not inundated of the White House's identity and intentions. This is an opportunity rarely missed by the opposition, as sophomore year presidencies have commonly been forced to tolerate an exploitation of their greatest possible weakness. At the dual behest of the media and some genuine desire for social progress, the public has been prone to voicing protest in a midterm election. One prime example in recent history was Bill Clinton's first midterm election. He had taken a beating on the gays in the military issue in his first year. And as he grappled with a post-Reaganomics recession in those early years, people who were frustrated with unemployment and an…… [Read More]

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American Intervention in Vietnam Including

Words: 893 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 42214436

Much of the country to this day suffers, and many look back and consider the country at best a "wasteland" destroyed and dismantled for unrecognizable causes (Kirkwood-Tucker & Benton, 2002).

World response was so dramatic to the war in Vietnam and the presence of allied forces that in 1973 the Treaty of Paris "called for the withdrawal of all U.S. troops" and allied forces in S. Vietnam (Kirkwood-Tucker & Benton, 2002). Entire villages had been wiped out, people, innocent civilians, not just soldiers, which is one reason the United States had reason to feel disgraced and failed to distinguish the returning soldiers from the war as heroes. This in turn took a tremendous toll on many soldiers resulting in post traumatic syndromes including long-lasting depression, aggression and sleep disorders (Kirkwood-Tucker & Benton, 2002; Lockard, 1994). No other war had exacted such a toll on domestic and foreign life than did…… [Read More]

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American Imperialism in the 19th Century

Words: 1095 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 51660008

Anti-Imperialist League, formed in 1899 by prominent citizens such as Andrew Carnegie and William James, held the belief that American Imperialism went against the spirit of those that fought the Revolutionary War and participated in the creation of the Declaration of Independence (Halsall, 1997). Specifically, they asserted that the American government's actions in places such as Cuba, the Philippines, and Puerto Rico represented a hostile attitude toward liberty and step in the direction of militarism (Halsall, 1997). Moreover, they argued, the American Government derived its power from the consent of the governed, and imperialism denied man's natural right to either govern himself or choose to be governed (Halsall, 1997). Instead, it promoted a form of despotism (Halsall, 1997). They maintained that, through imperialistic policies, the United States was practicing truth-suppressing censorship and the deliberation of war, and they called for an immediate end to the United States' presence in the…… [Read More]

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American Government Structure and Foundation to a

Words: 1848 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 18438084

American Government Structure and Foundation" to a group of new citizens, what would you say?


I want you to know that it just doesn't get any better than this. In everything I say today, you're going to notice some really negative things. But every time you think I'm complaining, keep in mind that I know -- it just doesn't get any better than this. America has the worst form of government imaginable, except for every other kind of government in existence.

Let me tell you a few secrets about American Government Structure and Foundation. Officially, it's a republic. That means the people get to elect representatives who they trust to govern them, and those rulers are subject to other external checks and balances such as judges, and constitutions and so forth. The external checks serve to protect the rights of the individual from the tyranny of the majority, and…… [Read More]

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American Colonial Experience and the Articles of

Words: 922 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 51499634

American Colonial experience and the Articles of the Confederation influence the content of our Constitution?

The American colonies existed as separate political entities. The only attempt to consolidate any of the colonies under one united government was that of the ill-fated "Dominion of New England," an attempt to reign in the independent colonies by a monarchy (that of James II) that was thought by many to want to 'catholicize' the Anglican church in the late 1680's. Administration had to be done at a local level because of the inferior condition of the roads. The advent of newspapers and printing presses in the mid-1700's was really the first non-commercial link between colonies; often colonies had been openly hostile to one another. For instance, dissenters that disapproved of the government of Massachusetts founded Conneticut, New Haven, and Rhode Island. The consolidation or division of colonies, when it occurred, happened by skillful diplomacy…… [Read More]

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American Horror Film Editor Gregory

Words: 728 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 16212856

While the characters and situations may not be extremely complex, there are things that bind the films together and make them attractive to the viewer. For example, some films, such as "Rosemary's Baby," "The Exorcist," and "The Eyes of Lara Mars" use sexual situations in the film to add to the feeling of horror and anticipation about what is to come. Most use very graphic violence, but others create characters that are intriguing and larger than life to get their message across (think of "Frankenstein" and even "Carrie").

Another interesting aspect of this book was the idea that not all horror films contain graphic horror at all. One author maintains films such as "Vertigo" are actually horror films because they manipulate some "problem of vision" within them (Kawin 103). Thus, this definition opens up an entire new batch of horror films if the viewer looks at them with another eye…… [Read More]

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Literature on the Social and Psychological Use of Storytelling

Words: 4632 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 88308940

Storytelling Review of Literature

For hundreds of years, stories have been used to teach children about morality and ethics. Indeed, many of the same myths, legends and fairy tales have been handed down from generation to generation, remaining largely intact.

However, these myths also contain hidden meanings that illuminate the cultural or historical aspects of their origin.

The first part of this paper studies the literature examining hidden meanings, cultural norms and morals that are embedded in myths and fairy tales.

The second part of the paper looks at how these meanings and cultural norms get imbued and reproduced in the minds of their audience - primarily children.

Aside from serving as a vehicle for reproducing cultural norms, this paper looks at the psychological and social uses of storytelling. In the third part, this paper looks at how psychologists like Bruno Bettelheim maintain that storytelling can serve a therapeutic value…… [Read More]

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Literature Dry Needling

Words: 3480 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Peer Reviewed Journal Paper #: 52083263

Dry Needling

Cover letter

Department of Science


Over time, dry needling has turned out to be a well-liked therapy method in manual physical rehabilitation (Dommerholt et al., 2006). Physiotherapists as well as other healthcare service providers in numerous nations utilize dry needling within the clinical therapy of individuals with myofascial discomfort and trigger points. Within the U.S.A., roughly 20 states and also the District of Columbia have authorized dry needling by physiotherapists, that is an impressive improve ever since 2004, when only 4 states authorized dry needling (Dommerholt, 2004). During 2009, the American Academy of Orthopaedic Manual Physiotherapists implemented a position proclamation that dry needling is actually in the capacity of manual physical rehabilitation. The benefits of dry needling happen to be significantly reported (Dommerholt and Gerwin, 2010) and consist of an instant decrease in local, known, as well as prevalent discomfort (Hsieh et al., 2007), recovery of variety…… [Read More]

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Literature Theory and Gothic Fiction

Words: 2129 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 3488903

Gothic Literature

Art, as defined by Plato in his paradigmatic work The Republic, serves both as a definition qua definition - a way of telling us what art should be in and of itself - and as an exemplar of other aspects of society. Plato was fundamentally concerned with the relationship between the world and art (including all media of art) because he argued passionately that the true purpose of literature was a mimetic one. Art should, in other worlds, imitate life in all things and as closely as possible. (Aristotle, one of Plato's students, would extend this idea of Plato's even farther.) This paper examines how Plato's understanding of the form and function of art can help us to situate the epistemological stance of Gothic Victorian literature - a set of literary endeavors that was also deeply committed to the mimetic, although not precisely in the way that Plato…… [Read More]

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American Political Parties There Is

Words: 3981 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 19238503

However, class-based differences in party identification remained prominent and actually grew stronger in the 1970s and 1980s, with upper-class and middle-class individuals identifying more strongly with the Republican Party" (309). Likewise, Pomerantz (1999) notes that, "While people change their party identity only rarely, the significance of that affiliation waxes and wanes over time" (37). Citing the research conducted by Wattenberg based on data collected in the National Election Studies (NES), which were initiated in 1952 and have been conducted in every subsequent presidential campaign since that time. To determine voter affiliation with a given political party, Wattenberg developed a gauge to determine the degree of indifference or neutrality regarding American political parties. The respondents to the NES are queried, among other things, concerning what aspects they like and dislike about each political party. According to Pomerantz, "Some people have nothing to say, good or ill, about either party" (37). In…… [Read More]

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American Education in the Study

Words: 1226 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46896531

This is important, because in the story Lilia, does not understand the conflict in Pakistan, much less cares about the issues, until Mr. Pirzada becomes a family friend. An example of this can be seen with the passage that says, "No one at school talked about the war followed so faithfully in my living room." This is significant, because it shows how the lack of studying world history could cause, a disconnect, as the class would cause the students, to instinctively focus on those issue that are relevant from an American perspective. In many ways one could argue, that this is microcosm of the cultural assimilation that the entire family is going through. Evidence of this can be seen by looking no further than the passage that says, "It occurred to me that the television wasn't on at Dora's house at all. Her father was lying on the couch, reading…… [Read More]

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American Interventionism

Words: 1146 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73706635


American Foreign Policy from 1890 to 1930

From neutrality to intervention

Early on in American history, President George Washington advised Americans not be become embroiled in foreign conflicts. However, at the end of the 19th century, it became increasingly difficult for America to remain isolated from the issues affecting its neighbors abroad. The period from 1890-1930 was characterized by a far more expansionist American foreign policy than had been the case before. Although this policy was often defended by the notion that the U.S. was making the world safe for democracy, self-interest rather than idealism was usually the real motivating force.

A good, early example of this in Latin America can be found in the form of the Spanish-American War (1898) which eventually resulted in the U.S. acquiring territories in the western Pacific and Latin America. Spain's repression of the Cuban pro-independence movement combined with the sinking…… [Read More]

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Literature African the Healers by Ayi Kwei Armah

Words: 1217 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 77419632


Much has been said about the history of Africa, and the centuries of slave trade which occurred at the expense of the African peoples. From the time of early colonization by the Portuguese, Dutch, and later the British, the African people were taken advantage of, and sold as slaves to fuel the growing economies around the western world.

While nothing can ever be said to correct, or make full reparations for the contempt shown to the black peoples, Ayi Armah's book The Healers takes a deeper look at the cultural issues which arose on the African continent which fueled the disintegration of the African culture.

When we look back at a difficult, unjust, or painful situation we have encountered, the tendency is to look for reasons outside of ourselves in order to explain the pain. When a child is caught smacking another playmate on the playground during recess, the…… [Read More]

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American Adolescents Interpret Non-Commercial Films That Were

Words: 533 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Article Review Paper #: 73380699

American adolescents interpret non-commercial films that were created by participants in the VideoCulture Project. The study was conducted by having youths participate in viewing and commenting on 12 films. Generally, the study focuses on the question of what aspects in the films that the participants viewed make them sensible. By having discussions on each participant's analysis on each film, the study aims to analyse and find out the important aspects that young people considers when evaluating films.

Based from the group discussions of the participants about each video film, the research team had gathered that the youths value the explicit message that a film brings. They desire for a meaningful message in a film. Another aspect that interests youths is the ability of a film to motivate their curiosity. These elements, when explored further by the research team, were found to have been influenced by the youths' culture, environment, and…… [Read More]

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Literature Poetry

Words: 797 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 9575290

Paul Laurence Dunbar (1872-1906) wrote his 1913 poem "We Wear the Mask" in open defiance of the commonly accepted fallacy of his day that African-Americans were happy in the subservient roles they were forced to assume in the face of white racism. Dunbar, through the use of irony, through inverting the positive connotations of smiling, and through the religious rhetorical tropes of exclamation and crying out to God, conveys the cognitive dissonance between the false face African-Americans were forced to portray to earn a living in white society.

The title of Dunbar's and first lines of the poem may at first suggest a mask that an actor or a performer wears. "We wear the mask that grins and lies, / It hides our checks and shades our eyes." (Lines 1-2) However, the next lines of the poem suggest that the nature of the mask that is worn is far more…… [Read More]

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American Consumer Service Index Acsi

Words: 1261 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Professional Paper #: 26908645

Your supervisor has asked you to review current research on public sector customer satisfaction. Explain what Fountain (2001) means when she discusses the paradoxes of public sector satisfaction. What, if anything, should your supervisor learn from Fountain's analysis?

Fountain (2001) shows my supervisor how to achieve a more genuine, more ethical and, hence, possibly more enduring level of customer satisfaction, at the paradoxical cost of losing the ACSI rate in popularity.

Qualities of service can often become confounded one with the other. Fountain (2001) gives three instance of this. In the first, the quality of the actual service may become obscured by the intangible treatment that the customer may receive from service transaction or encounter. In other words, qualities such as cordiality, genuineness, friendship, and the reverse may result in client rating quality of service according to the intangible treatment received.

Secondly, consumers receive the end product through service delivery…… [Read More]

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American Social Thought Literature

Words: 1126 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 26490112

Memoirs are effective forms of writing to use for a number of reasons. As a 20th Century American, one can look upon memoirs as both a telling of a time past and a time present; memoirs show a piece of our history, and thus by extension a piece of one's own identity as an American.

A less effective form of writing is that of social science argumentation, which asks us to believe various results of tests, polls, and studies. While an effective means of persuasion, it is not quite as stirring as that of the 'simple' memoir, or story of our 'own' people.

This paper will examine two writings which have been studied this year- that of Margaret Meade's "Coming of Age in Samoa" as well as Whittaker Chambers's "Witness." These two memoirs show different sides of America, and Americans. Meade's "Coming of Age" speaks of a time when she…… [Read More]

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American Church History

Words: 2099 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 28173692

Great Awakening: The Beginning of Evangelicalism

The evangelicals started a new movement in the 1950s called new evangelicalism with a basis on human experiences that downplayed the role of doctrine and turned back on external church relations which in a way made it hard to differentiate evangelicalism from the mainstream Christendom. This movement has experienced several transformations since the Reformation from pietistic evangelism, fundamentalist evangelism, and classic evangelism to the more modern form known as evangelistic fundamentalism. Within the movement, the emergent church is increasingly growing to influence the postmodern culture. By advocating for diversity and pluralism, postmodernism in no way lays claim to any absolute principles in the new cultural dispensation. And so the new church primarily focuses on the younger generation. By attempting to reverse the church to the practices of the middle ages, it can only be possible to take a critical look at the spokespeople because…… [Read More]

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American Culture of War

Words: 931 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 66455266

Lewis, a. (2007). The American Culture of War. New York: Routledge

Lewis offers the reader a wealth of strong research in the book, "The American Culture of War." The bulk of the book is dedicated to offering a critical look at American military policy and practices since 1945 stretching to the choices made in Iraq, up until 2005. In this book, Lewis offers his opinions and concerns about the All Volunteer Force and possible alternatives to this solution. Lewis opens the book by proposing and defining a term known as the "American Way of War" and uses this view as a means of accounting for the strange and bold choices that have been made in military strategy and methods in the last half a century. Lewis offers a historical account of each major and minor war that the U.S. has had involvement in during this time period, and he offers…… [Read More]

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American Character

Words: 1511 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 17493119

Huckleberry Finn is the closest we have to a national hero. We trust the story of a boy with no home and who is restless as the river -- The genius of America is that it permits children to leave home; it permits us to be different from our parents. But the sadness, the loneliness, of America is clear too.

What is Rodriguez telling us about a central feature of the American Character, and about tensions within our core values? What reasons, what causes, might contribute to this national tendency? Which authors and/or other course materials support your ideas?

There is a tension within the American character. On the one hand, we pride ourselves so our individuality. On the other, we seek to conform, fit in, be a part of the 'melting pot'; but we are forever lonely.

Individualism has been an intrinsic part of the American myth. It is…… [Read More]

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American Civil Rights History Has

Words: 2247 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 74971377

C. Mayor Adrian Fenty made HIV / AIDS the most important public health priority (Greenberg et al., 2009). Funding from the CDC allowed for a partnership between the D.C. Department of Health's HIV / AIDS Administration and the George Washington University School of Public Health and Healthy Services, which was responsible for the Epidemiology Annual Report for 2007 -- the first to be published for D.C. since 2002 (Greenberg et al., 2009). The Department of Health also initiated a routine HIV screening campaign to help provide testing resources and lower stigma, titled "Come Together DC -- Get Screened for HIV" (Greenberg et al., 2009).

Efforts to address the epidemic in D.C. included a combination of increased resource availability and educational services as offered by public health departments. The "Come Together DC -- Get Screened for HIV" campaign provided approximately 73,000 tests in 2008, which was a 70% testing increase from…… [Read More]

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American Presidential Election Process

Words: 2966 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 62915458

Characteristically, each voter is given the alternative of casting votes separately in each tier, which in this study we refer to as nominal vote and the list vote. On the other hand, there are instances wherein the voter gives only a nominal vote. In such instances allotment of assembly-seats in the list-tier is founded on a combined-total of nominal-votes on party-basis (Cain, 1987).

The Nominal Tier

Typically the nominal tier comprises of single-seat districts. In single-seat districts the allotment model is normally "plurality," although in some Nominal Tier systems there is a "runoff," needed in any district wherein there is no majority in the first-round. One can count countries like Albania, Georgia, Hungary, and Lithuania as states where there is a runoff. Similarly, there have been mixed-systems with multiple-seat nominal-tier districts, which include South Korea during the 1987 election and some districts in Venezuela during the 1998 election. The main…… [Read More]

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American West

Words: 2278 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 70026311

Women, Men and Environment

While we might like to believe that we are each the masters of our own fate, in fact the environment plays an important role in shaping who we become. Guthrie makes this point in The Big Sky, for Boone, Summers and Teal Eye are all more the product of their environment than they are the creators of the world around them. Guthrie suggests that this being-shaped-by rather than shaping-of the environment is especially strong in the West, but he also at least suggests that the environment is a potent force in shaping the lives of people everywhere.

It has become fashionable in recent years to scoff at the myth of the West and to replace this myth with history. This is in large measure what Guthrie has set out to do. He is intent on telling a real story about a real place, and in particular…… [Read More]

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American Media Backlash Criticism of the 1913 Armory Show

Words: 1435 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 70240119

Armory Show of 1913 was the introduction of much of the American public to post-impressionist (modern) art. Most art lovers were either still clinging to the old European masters or they had embraced the realism and impressionist trends. However, the new school offered a new version of art that appealed to many in Europe. Therefore, the Association of American Painters and Sculptors brought together an exhibit of European and American post-impressionists that numbered more than 1,600 works. The media view of the exhibit was one of pre-exhibit fawning, followed by a general disdain of many of the works. The critics considered the art infantile and immature and advised art lovers to stay away. However, this insistence by the majority of the press that the show was a disaster only fueled a curiosity among the public that made the show the most successful in the history of such exhibits prior to…… [Read More]

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Literature Search

Words: 541 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69755701

pain thresholds of cancer patients, with a particular focus on Chinese-American outpatients who have been treated for cancer.

Which databases will you use?




What key words did you use in the Search Strategy fields?

EBSCOHost: Cancer, cancer pain, cancer pain thresholds, cancer patients pain, cancer pain management

ProQuest: Cancer, cancer and pain management, cancer and pain, cancer and patients, cancer pain

Infotrac: Cancer, cancer pain, cancer patients, cancer struggle

How many articles are found in each keyword search?

EBSCOHost: Cancer (1,215,732), cancer pain (5,409), cancer pain thresholds (4), cancer patients pain (699), cancer pain management (480)

ProQuest: Cancer (13,323), cancer and pain management (5), cancer and pain (28), cancer and patients (144), cancer pain (80)

Infotrac: Cancer (47,737), cancer pain (93), cancer patients (2,321), cancer struggle (334)

Is this research qualitative or quantitative? What is the study design? What criteria did you use to determine the study…… [Read More]

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American Civil War Surely Had

Words: 1166 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 5188592

Much is written about the influence on the Southern plantations and cotton and tobacco industries. However, the northern industries were also influenced. The Civil War's effect on Northern industry was inconsistent. Many materials from this time report to evidence that the North's industrial capacity was greatly expanded by the conflict. On the other hand, other significant statistical information suggests that the war exercised no major influence on Northern industry and may have even reduced its growth. Several historians have been studying this topic, including Faust (2002).

Faust (2002) states that one considerable economic result of the war was that it helped change the nation from a country with a primarily agricultural society to one reliant on mechanization and a national market system. Prior to the war, only the North had an industrial base, although quite small. During the fiscal year ending in June of 1860, the country possessed some 128,300…… [Read More]

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American Dream Depicted in the

Words: 2068 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 38693070

Here we see that Laura is coming around and realizing that she, broken or not, is just like everyone else. Furthermore, the odd horn that made the unicorn seem "freakish" (1018) is no longer an issue. When Laura realizes this, she also realizes that the things that make her seem like a freak to others may not be so significant, either. The time she spent with Jim allowed her to see that what makes her different might not be such a bad thing after all. She even tells Jim that with a broken horn, the unicorn "will feel more at home with the other horses" (1018). This statement reinforces Laura's change.

The broken unicorn also symbolizes how Laura must deal with the possibility of remaining single. The broken unicorn could very well be her broken heart. These things break, and when they do, they are rarely the same again. However,…… [Read More]

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Literature After 9 11

Words: 1462 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70051051

modernity, the idea of culture and groups has become complex and morphed into an amalgamation of definitions surrounding the idea of just what it is that defines a community. The idea of "community" as a political or sociological concept, has taken on new meaning in the 21st century era of globalization. First, however, it is important to understand the basic idea of community, as well as the political, social and cultural changes that result in a need for a different definition of what community means and how it influences the individual's life.

In general, the idea of community conveys two rather distinct messages. It is often used to refer to a social unit of varying size that shares common values, or a national or international community in which the individuals have something unique or a set of principles and beliefs that are common to most of the group. In science,…… [Read More]

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Literature Argumentative

Words: 1496 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 67497214

Sonny's Blues," by James Baldwin, "The Sorrow Songs," by W.E.B. Du Bois, and "Am I Blue," by Alice Walker. Specifically, it will discuss the use of the blues in all three works, and how music influences each story. In this paper I will argue that music, specifically the blues, play an important and valuable role in supporting the characters and making the stories more believable and moving. Music has always played a strong part in black American's lives, from the old-time Negro spirituals to urban rap today, and this is why the authors use them to illustrate the most important themes of their stories.


Each author uses the blues in a different way, but the music plays an important part in each story, making them more readable, and the characters more sympathetic to the reader. The blues is a form of music that originated in…… [Read More]

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Literature on the Book the Fires of Jubilee Nat Turner's Fierce Rebellion

Words: 570 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 84328834

Fires of Jubilee: Nat Turner's Fierce


In Stephen B. Oates's The Fires of Jubilee: Nat Turner's Fierce Rebellion, Nat Turner was the Black American slave who led the only useful, unrelenting slave rebellion (August 1831) in U.S. history. Spreading terror throughout the white South, his action set off a new wave of oppressive legislation prohibiting the education, movement, and assembly of slaves and stiffened proslavery, anti-abolitionist convictions that persisted in that region until the American Civil War.

His mother was an African native who pass on an ardent hatred of slavery to her son. He learned to read from one of his master's sons, and he enthusiastically absorbed severe religious training. In the early 1820s, he was sold to a neighboring plantation. During the following decade, his religious zeal tended to came close to fanaticism, and he saw himself called upon by God to lead his people out of…… [Read More]

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Literature Review on Autism

Words: 703 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 44228358

Autism, first identified in around the 1930s, has been described as a clinical disorder that is characterized by impairment in individuals towards social interaction and communication. Such individuals are also restricted and stereotyped in the patterns of interests and behaviors [1]. At present, the prevalence of autism in the population in the United States is around one in every 68 children; which include roughly 1 in every 42 boys identified (2) Such figures have increased significantly over the years. When compared to the similar figures in the early 1970s, the rates of prevalence of diagnosed autism were estimated to be about 1 in 2,500 in the early 1970s [3] which is many times lower than the present rates.

While the above numbers suggest that there has been a dramatic increase in the prevalence of diagnosed autism over the past few decades, it has also fueled an ongoing debate and an…… [Read More]

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Literature Poetry

Words: 479 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 72766453

Alice Walker, and "The Child by Tiger," by Thomas Wolfe. Specifically, it will compare and contrast the theme of the story, the overall message each author is trying to convey. When a story confronts racism, but is unconsciously racist in its portrayal of minority characters, it contains "racism within racism," and does not give a balanced view of the minority characters. Both of these stories contain racism within racism, and defeat the purpose of writing "intelligently" about blacks.


In "The Child by Tiger" Wolfe portrays Dick Prosser as a typical black man of the time, working at menial jobs for low wages. Yet here is a man who served in the Army, obviously with some responsibility, who is reduced to chopping wood and cooking, and it is accepted, not only by the people in the story, but by the author as well. When he goes crazy, he…… [Read More]

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Literature Henrik Ibsen Feminist Issue in a Dollhouse

Words: 1606 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 92386686

Ibsen's Nora

Although it is difficult to know exactly how audiences watching Henrik Ibsen's A Doll's House felt about the content of the play when it was first performed, it is difficult for us reading or watching it in the 21st century to see it as anything but a strongly feminist statement.

What is especially striking about the powerful feminism of the play - other than the year in which it was written - is the fact that Ibsen himself always claimed to be resolutely apolitical. And yet for a man who claimed in no way to be either a feminist or more generally an advocate for social change, his exploration of the ways in which women were continually infantilized by society in fact seems highly political to us, and in fact is one of the reasons that the play remains so compelling to us more than a century after…… [Read More]

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Best and Worst Americans

Words: 1488 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62516523

American History 1600-1877

In the period from 1600 to 1877, it could be argued that the United States was only basically establishing itself as an independent nation in its own right -- the period in question builds up to the climax of the Civil War, in which the contradictions inherent in the national identity would finally reach armed conflict. Who, then, could be nominated as the best of the American enterprise in that time period? For different reasons, I would nominate Benjamin Franklin, Walt Whitman, and Frederick Douglass.

Franklin is an easy choice: he established America's credibility in the eyes of Europe. Regardless of the military issues involved in the American Revolution, it was Franklin alone who showed Europe that there was a viable independent nation across the Atlantic. This is in recognition of his various accomplishments, which were scientific, technical, literary, and philanthropical (in his endowment of universities and…… [Read More]

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Native American Storytelling

Words: 1422 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83811257

American Indian Studies

Native American Storytelling

The group of people known as the Native Americans or American Indians are the native residents of the Northern and Southern American continents who are thought to have traveled across the Bering land bridge from Asia. When the new society and the already established, came together, years of imposed philosophy, domination and rebel warfare were begun. The great impediments of religion, ethics and world-views were the three main issues which lead to the culture conflict between the Puritans and the Native Americans. Religion played a very significant role in both Puritan and Native American society, though their beliefs varied significantly. According to Puritan beliefs, God had chosen a select quantity of people to join him in heaven. On the other hand, the Native Americans believed that everyone was the same and that no one was better than anyone else. The Puritans relied on their…… [Read More]

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20th Century American Literature

Words: 2342 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15825683

Hour Observation

A Brief Look

13733 Brimhurst Dr., Houston, TX 77077

Phone [HIDDEN]

Grade 8

Short Story and Poetry

Lowe, Motley, and L. Smith

Lesson: Elements of a Story

There were twenty two students.

The first hour they were given laptops and use of headphones and were able to sign in, in order to access the content/assignment. They were given 3 tasks for a homework assignment. The students received a "warm-up journal," so they could practice expression through writing and strengthen their overall writing ability. They also read from text and students either were chosen by the teacher or elected to volunteer. The homework that was given, was due weekly, on Fridays. Some of the adjectives they went over concerning personality project was: connotation, denotation, sentence, picture, synonym, and antonym.

In the second hour, there were fourteen students.

The assignment was a personal narrative outline. They had to quote similes/metaphors…… [Read More]

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Challenges Facing American Higher Education

Words: 2801 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 72529302

American Higher Education

Higher Education is Wading in Deep Water in 2014

Is there anything to celebrate about higher education in the 21st century? What are the most troubling issues facing America's campuses that have emerged in particular over the past twenty years? These questions cry out for thoughtful, scholarly answers. On the one hand, there are crises related to university finances, student financial programs are bogged down by endless congressional haggling, federal financial backing for important research and development has withered away to a significant extent, and scholarships and grants from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) have not been able to meet the demand of qualified scholars (Thelin, 2013). On the other hand, according to the Knight Foundation Commission, many university presidents (if not most) are admitting that they no longer have control of their NCAA-governed athletics programs, and moreover, deans in medical schools are being urged to…… [Read More]