The real fire that burns you is the fire that is produced by God as the natural regulatory forces of nature. While the fire that is hallucination is fire that is conjured through the ideation of finite spirits such as other individuals. Real fire, since it is a subjective creation of God, has the ability to burn us, while illusionary fires do not have that inherent ability. Therefore all objectives that are not perceived by other human beings are perceived by God and have an existence within the world.
Berkeley's fundamental argument about reality and matter is that they are all sensory perceptions. However, since God creates ultimate harmony within the world and moreover provides a system in which we live in, his rules applies to all objects that we possess and use. Therefore, although arsenic in itself is nothing more than an idea, it is an idea that is…… [Read More]
If the teacher and the majority of the class were engaged in prayer, that student will undoubtedly be receiving the message that his or her beliefs are inferior and not as important. Schools are the primary institutions of forming social and political identities, and it is for this reason that they must be kept religiously neutral.
Allowing religion into public schools will only increase feelings of separatism and inequality in this country. It is not only Constitutionally forbidden, but it is also ethically and morally prohibited. Whether or not the religion is permitted to directly influence the workings of the class, members of non-dominant religions or who are not at all religious will necessarily feel inferior to the rest of the class. The protection of their rights in the face of other's actions is the primary concern of the Constitution.
I. Freedom of religion is a founding principle.…… [Read More]
Dreaming argument & Pragmatism
The Blumenfelds' argument in regards to dreaming is essentially that since we have dreams that resemble real life experiences, we cannot be certain that at this moment we are not dreaming, given that the character of our experience does not always alert us to the fact that we are in a dream state. Austen's objection to this is that simply being able to say that dreams have a 'real life' quality presumes that one knows what real life is, as distinguishable from dreams. Austen demands that there must be a particular reason to distrust one's senses and think that one is dreaming (Slides 15-16). "It is possible to recognize cases of deception only if there is a background of general non-deception" (Slide 17).
For a Pyrrhonian Skeptic, one must remain in a continual state of doubt. However, the Blumenfelds' argument suggests doubts in the ability…… [Read More]
Court Opening Argument
It is humbly submitted to the Hon'ble Court that this respondent as per the issues and syllabus cited submit that the issues of the litigation pertain -- not only to the law of marriage, but also to the recognition if it must be accorded to same sex marriages and unions, and whether no recognizing this social development amounts to denial of the constitutional rights of a group of citizens. It is also pertinent to question if the states in allowing adoption to opposite sex couples and denying the same to same sex couples. The question then becomes still deeper with the challenge of the validity of same sex marriages.
It is still with various states to give effect to the Defence of Marriage Act -- DOMA and the definition of marriage as per section 3 of the act makes marriage between a man and a woman alone…… [Read More]
In order to gain a more complex understanding of Novick's idea of liberty one would actually have to consider the difference principle and the effects it would have on groups of people who managed to differentiate themselves from the masses by becoming productive and by directing their attention toward making profits without hurting anyone or acting in disagreement with rights generally accepted by the social order. Rawls virtually acts in discordance with all that Novick's stands for, as the latter considers freedom as being one of the most important concepts that society has access to.
Novick would certainly be reluctant to accept living in a society where people accept the difference principle and guide themselves in accordance to it. The philosopher's book "Anarchy, State, and Utopia" is practically meant to condemn individuals like Rawls as a result of their ignorance of ideas that are very obvious. It is likely that…… [Read More]
Intrinsic Value of Liberty
There can be very few doubts as to the importance of liberty to the philosophical espousing of John Stuart Mill, who even authored a treatise entitled On Liberty to underscore the amount of emphasis he placed on this particular concept. What is most interesting about the many different notions the author has in relation to freedom is the circumscriptions that are routinely placed upon it in what is the age-old conflict between the individual and the group -- the latter of which routinely takes the form of government or some other determining mechanism of society. Not surprisingly, Mill presents a number of viewpoints that contradict the notion that the morality of the state should influence the personal opinions and actions of the individual, especially when the effects of those actions only resonate within the individual himself. The two most eminent of these arguments, of…… [Read More]
Many of the arguments advanced by those in support of organ sales are actually valid: the choice is substantially indistinguishable from other choices permitted for different reasons; and any addition on donor organs to the very tight "market" of available donor organs would likely mean that one additional organ would become available to other potential recipients. However, the principal argument against the permissibility of selling donor organs is not the denial of those admitted benefits. Rather, it is a function of the inevitable consequences of wealth disparity and the traditional economic principles of supply and demand. Moreover, the fact that organ sales are permissible in other countries provides an opportunity to observe the actual consequences of that permissibility.
Precisely because donor organs for transplant are in such critically short supply, they would command a high price that only the wealthy could afford to pay. Since selling an organ is a…… [Read More]
In HS2: Valuing the benefits of HS2 (London-West Midlands), the authors consider the direct benefits and disbenefits to users, the wider economic impact, and other economic and social impacts arising from land use changes. The major benefits for users are journey time savings, reduced crowding, and improved reliability. Though HS2 would generate profits, it would cost the government money to implement it. Finally, Dr. J Savin conducted a financial analysis that does not support the HS2. He believes that the numbers supporting HS2 may claim 90% more traffic than is realistically possible. He also believes that the real costs of construction are hidden because of the government's accounting methods, so that it will actually cost more than its publicized amount.
Chapter 4: Arguments in Favour of the New Line
The primary argument in favor of the new line is that it will provide high speed rail service to an area…… [Read More]
The first argument would be to point out that essentially, the right to bear arms is an individual right that can be exercised by any member of the civil society. In so doing, an individual is merely accomplishing a right that is rightfully his/hers from the beginning. The second main argument to be pointed out is that gun ownership does not necessarily translate to its improper use, posing as a threat to civil society. The legislative system has created a system that eliminates the occurrence of improper or inappropriate gun use, to prevent this threat from happening. Given these existing arguments for gun ownership, both anti-gun ownership groups and the general public would hopefully subsist to the view that indeed, exercising the right to bear arms is a privilege that will ensure the citizen of his/her safety and precaution against deviants in the civil society.… [Read More]
gun control, including counter arguments. Owning a gun is much more than just a statement about this country's Constitution and Second Amendment rights. Owning a gun is a measure of protection and freedom that illustrates the principles this country's founders created, and it is a right that Americans should not take for granted. Gun control is not a suitable method for controlling crime, and it has not been proven to help control violent crime.
First, it is imperative to define what "gun control" means, because it can mean different things to different people. Two experts note, "Gun control is an umbrella term covering everything from laws prohibiting the ownership of defined classes of firearms to mandating the inclusion of gun locks with every firearm sold" (Moorhouse & Wanner, 2006). Clearly, with such a broad definition, and differing meanings, gun control cannot be easily measured or understood, which is one of…… [Read More]
Negative Argument for Debate
Government should NOT turn away from fossil fuels
Installing solar collectors on rooftops and insulating homes in America will not provide citizens and businesses with the energy needed to keep American strong. It is paramount that the U.S. continues to use fossil fuels. It's a no-brainer, friends: if we shut down fossil fuel electrical generating plants, we shut down American industry; we also shut down computers, schools, hospitals, factories. And, according to the World Energy Council (http://www.worldenergy.org), "cleaner fossil fuel systems mitigate and even neutralize the adverse consequences of the use of fossil fuels ... [and] the technology for these systems is advancing rapidly."
Nuclear Power, wind power and hydro power are not the ultimate answer
Nuclear power is extremely dangerous and nuclear plants can get out of control: The Chernobyl nuclear accident in Russia in 1986 caused an estimated 4,229 deaths in the…… [Read More]
Many organizations have suggested that humans' actions can significantly reduce environmental problems. According to the World Wide Fund for Nature, even small lifestyle changes can significantly impact the environment. Some of the small lifestyle changes that the Fund recommends include saving water, recycling, and turning off electrical equipment when it is not being used ("How You Can Help the Environment"). Because humans cause some of the environmental problems by refusing to take these precautions and because taking precautions like these can help solve environmental problems, Christians have responsibility to act. Bohlin calls that duty sacred, and suggests that Christians are commanded to take care of the "earth and its creatures." Carmical adds to this argument by suggesting that scriptural reference for Christians' responsibility to the environment comes in Genesis. He argues that God gave man "dominion over the earth," which means that while humans' needs are more important than…… [Read More]
Arguments upon brain-death
Technology, a very familiar phenomenon of modern world, is continuously enhancing its ways towards comforts and luxuries. New thoughts and ideas are coming with every passing second, and what started as only a blurred vision; now became a necessity for all mankind and the entire society is involved in these technological reforms. The main notion behind creating & inventing all such equipments was to actually make the living better and easier than the past, & more importantly these all are less time consuming. Along with other technological advancements, medical science has been evolved from typical classical approaches towards a better and more scientific means of equipments and descriptions. Treatments of severe diseases like cancer and tumors is possible today and thus many lives can be saved by new emerging technology. Another main contribution of medical technology towards the betterment of mankind is of transplantation of organs,…… [Read More]
Legal Research and Argument
To begin the research for this case and the argument that follows, one must first examine the case and determine what is essential. It is assumed that the engineer was negligent because he should have known about the circular which advised that further structural support would be required for the type of building he was constructing. It is not enough to rely upon 20 years-worth of experience in the field because situations change which may negate all of that experience. Thus, this does not seem to be a legitimate argument for the engineer. It could be argued that the engineer was not made aware of the circular and that this was not his negligence but the persons who filed the document before he had seen it. Unfortunately, this would seem to be immaterial because it is the engineer's responsibility to stay abreast of important changes within…… [Read More]
Silber's argument is that private universities and colleges, that he prefers to call 'independent', are really as much public as government-paid universities are since the public factor runs through all of their activities and manifestations. He goes on to laud the qualities of independent universities showing how they show a great record of diversity, how they contribute immensely to public education and professional contributions (in that, for instance, a majority of degrees are accorded to doctors, lawyers, and dentists), how they are careful and prudent in their activities, and, most of all, how so many of these independent institutions are becoming redundant and closing due to inability of expense to keep themselves afloat. Silber argues that in many ways they are more valuable to the public than public-sponsored universities are and that, therefore, it would be worth the taxpayer's while to keep these universities afloat.
Silber's primary fallacy -- and…… [Read More]
Wasserstrom concentrates upon the relationship which is established between the lawyer and the client. He brings about two criticisms. The first one focuses on the relation between the lawyer and the other people in general, saying that "the lawyer-client relationship renders the lawyer at best systematically amoral and at worst more than occasionally immoral in his or her dealings with the rest of mankind."
The second one focuses on the relationship between the lawyer and the client. The author believes that this "relationship is morally objectionable because it is one in which the lawyer dominates and in which the lawyer typically and perhaps inevitable, treats the client in both an impersonal and a paternalistic fashion."
The whole morality issue is derived from the professional dimension, but in Wasserstrom's opinion, the case of the lawyer is different from other professions. The fact that the lawyers professional acts are directly connected…… [Read More]
It is worth considering that there may be underlying economic reasons for social standing -- at least when Veblen's argument is viewed from the present. Social standing can be a means to economic opportunity. The better one's standing, the more opportunities will be available and the fewer barriers there will be to taking advantage of those opportunities. As a result, there may have been an underlying economic reason for consumers to engage in conspicuous consumption. It may not have been irrational at all. It would be interesting to see Veblen's response to such a supposition, given that it would have run counter to his underlying views about humanity and its motivations.
However, Veblen did not view consumption that way. He viewed consumption more from the framework of a desire to "imbue experience with aesthetic unity" and that humans cooperate to shape their environments for the common good (Throntveit, 2008). Veblen's…… [Read More]
Socrates Argument Against Charges
The Apology: The horse-breaker analogy
The trial of Socrates came about because he was the teacher of several radical aristocrats who attempted to overthrow Athenian democracy and replace it with an oligarchy. Socrates had taught many of these men philosophy, and he advocated a philosophical kingdom ruled by elite philosophers as the ideal form of government. Socrates believed that just as the people most suited to make shoes should be cobblers, only the most intelligent and intellectually 'fit' should be allowed to rule (Stone 1979). When Athens was threatened, Socrates was prosecuted (Stone 1979). Socrates' analogy of the horse-tamer is in response to Meletus' claim that everyone else is a positive influence upon the youth of Athens -- except Socrates. Socrates points out specialized individuals are required to tame a horse, rather than ordinary individuals. This suggests that only educators can have an influence upon young,…… [Read More]
Tighter Regulations for Buying Guns
The argument essay tighter regulations buying guns proposed. An requirements word file.
In the recent past, there have been mass shootings that have taken place in different states within the United States. These mass shootings have caused many innocent people to loose their lives, and this has led to the citizens and leaders pushing for stricter control for firearms. In 2012, there were three major shootings that prompted legislators to take action against gun control. The first was the Chardon High School shooting, where a student went on a rampage killing three students and injuring several other students. The second event was the Colorado Theater shooting. In this event, the shooter killed 12 people and injured 58 others. The final event took place in December 2012. The incident occurred at Sandy Hook Elementary School where the shooter killed six adult staff and twenty children. The…… [Read More]
Toulmin-Based Argument in Support of Pet Adoptions From Shelters
More people who want pets should adopt them from shelters because many unwanted animals are being destroyed each year in favor of purebred species obtained from other sources which provide their operators with a profit. The worth of the lives of these otherwise-doomed animals, though, far outweighs the individual pet-owning preferences of owners and no animal should be destroyed in favor of one that is bred for sale. Certainly, as discussed further below, this does not mean that individual pet-owners do not have a right to choose what type of animal they want for their families, but it does mean that more emphasis needs to be placed on pet adoptions from shelters to save as many animals from destruction as possible. In fact, some American communities have gone so far as to adopt a "no kill" policy in their pet shelters…… [Read More]
HPV Vaccine GArDasil
HPV Vaccine Gardasil
HPV Vaccine Gardasil
HPV Vaccine Gardasil was licensed by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration licensed in June 2006, prevent infection from four human papillomavirus (HPV) types, two of which case cervical cancer (Cox, Cox, Sturm, & Zimet, 29). Gardasil was prepared by Merck pharmaceutical company. The company started its campaign to make Gardasil mandatory after the introduction of the vaccine. "Papillomaviruses (PVs) make up a vast family that is comprised of hundreds of viruses that affect the epithelia in humans and animals and that can cause benign lesions known as warts or papillomas, which can occasionally progress to cancer. Cancer of the uterine is caused by HPV, primary types 16 and 18, as well as a dozen other "high risk" HPV types which infect the genital mucosa" (Campo & Roden, p.1,214). The current essay is about the opposition and…… [Read More]
He however mentioned that the construction of the system would revolutionize the way people travel in the region. Professional Engineering (2009) mentioned that the railway system account for about six percent of total passenger kilometers that are travelled in Britain. This figure need to be higher with the need for at least trebling the figure. HS2 is noted to be important in also presented the benefits of the HS2 system over the existing line. Bluespace Thinking (2011) performed a demand forecast, economic benefits as well as the alternative options to the Rail as well as Road HS2 demand forecast.
The arguments for the proposed HS2 rail system
The Department of Transport (2011) presented a series of arguments that are in support of the proposed construction of a high speed rail system, HS2. The proposed railway system is expected to slash the time of travel between cities in order to bring…… [Read More]
Generally, secular science reminds us that even the distinction between the value supposedly inherent in human life and that of other "higher" non-human life forms is very difficult to maintain logically. In fact, it may very well be that many species are sufficiently capable of complex emotions and other intellectual behavior previously considered exclusive hallmarks of "humanity" as to deserve greater moral consideration.
If anything, the convergence of contemporary knowledge made possible by combining our modern understanding of genetics and the biological basis of behavior suggests that whatever "quality" or 'aspect" of human life that qualifies for moral consideration is not anything that is uniquely human at all.
The more familiar one is with the lives and relationships apparent in primate societies as well as those of elephants, whales, and porpoises, the more difficult it is to argue against the need to consider the sentience and consciousness of animal life…… [Read More]
Most Americans value freedoms and liberties such as those protected in the United States Constitution. Those freedoms and liberties are violated when governments prevent access to drugs, which is why legalization may eventually happen on a state-by-state basis.
Marijuana has promising applications in health care, which is why states like California have recently permitted the sale and distribution of the drug to patients with prescriptions. The trend is spreading, and several other states also permit marijuana to be used for medical purposes. As more and more states follow suit, drugs will be effectively decriminalized. Law enforcement can divert its attention to violent crime, leaving ordinary citizens alone and leaving addicts in the care of trained psychological professionals. Consumers will purchase their pot from licensed dealers who they can trust, who carefully cultivate their strains to suit certain medical conditions, and who do not use chemical pesticides or any poison to…… [Read More]
Media Analysis Argument
Television is frequently implicated in a cause and effect relationship with moral decline, but I believe a closer examination demonstrates this causality to be spurious. It was ten years ago, more or less, that the Super Bowl halftime show featured a rather surprising incident: Justin Timberlake performed a duet with Janet Jackson, which concluded with what was infamously described as a "wardrobe malfunction." The image of this event -- which was determined to have lasted for only nine-sixteenths of a second -- is unforgettable for the mass audience of those who saw it, and remains readily available online. But can we say ten years later that it actually caused or contributed to a widespread moral decline between 2004 and 2014? I would like to focus my discussion on Janet Jackson's "wardrobe malfunction" because I think it, on closer examination, it will turn out to show that the…… [Read More]
An argument is fallacious if its internal logic does not follow coherently. For instance, in the statement of deductive logic that all men are immortal, Socrates is a man, therefore Socrates is immortal, the statement is not fallacious in a syllogistic fashion. However, the syllogism rests on an incorrect premise -- men are mortal. Thus, from the standpoint of inductive logic, or observed, empirical evidence, the statement is fallacious.
Why are we subject to fallacious reasoning?
We as human beings are subject to fallacious reasoning because we are swayed, not simply by logic, but by emotions and personal and cultural biases that affect our judgment and our ability to understand fallacies from the point-of-view of a reasoned critical thinker.
Have you ever intentionally used fallacious reasoning? Why?
Although one seldom sets out to use fallacious reasoning in a term paper, in life, it is tempting to use fallacious reasoning…… [Read More]
Piranesi on Architecture:
Argument and Summary
Giovanni Battista Piranesi, a fantastic writer on Roman architecture, argues, against the contemporaries of his time, for this type of architecture. Such contemporaries would state, on Roman architecture, that "there is no composition that is not full of superfluous ornament, and absolutely hors d'oeuvre. Everything is sacrificed for luxury, and in the end one is left with style that quickly becomes ridiculous and barbarous."[footnoteRef:1] However, Piranesi sticks with his taste, and proves, through a dialogue written by the critic himself, the importance of Roman architecture. Thus, this paper will give a brief summary of the afore-mentioned dialogue and the argument presented. [1: Source given by customer -- Thoughts on Architecture by Giovanni Battista Piranesi (Translation by Michaels Nonis and Mark Epstein) ]
The essay presented in this document is called Parere su l'architectura, and provide a clear exposition of the author's thoughts on "ornament…… [Read More]
It was this economical devastation that Mike Davis argued about the abused and manipulation of the British imperialists where let other countries suffered for their own benefit. They opened the "free trade" market and destroyed the China and India's sanctuary of foods. The British imperialist built different kinds of roads because of their goal to modernize so that they can become part of the developing country; they did not bother to listen to people's repulsion in modernizing. They destroyed some agricultural lands which is the source of their food. For this reason, when drought came, the British were saved but millions of people died because of starvation.
Which of the three holds he most blame?
Mike Davis knew that the holocaust had three causes but then he pointed out that the main reason why millions of people died was the fact the British Imperialism brought about. They imposed free-trade and…… [Read More]
$7.9 billion "to create and save jobs" (National Telecommunications and Information Administration 2012). This does show that the Democratically led government is not completely ignoring the issue of unemployment. Moreover, the administration has focused on producing programs that help secure housing assistance for millions of Americans. The Democratic dominated government has been able to create some strategies trying to address the housing crisis, despite the handicap of being limited by those Republicans voting against potential solutions simply because they originated in a Democratic camp. The Making Home Affordable Program "is a critical part of the Obama Administration's broad strategy to help homeowners avoid foreclosure, stabilize the country's housing market, and improve the nation's economy" (Departments of the Treasury & Housing & Urban Development 2012). Efforts under the program aim to lower homeowner payments and get to more stable loan rates those current homeowners can deal with. The legislation is also…… [Read More]
Experimental Research Argument
By examining Einstein's statement on research - "if we knew what we were doing, It would not be called research, would it?" - one can see that he means research is designed as a way to learn and experiment. It is used to find things out and discover things, which is why people spend so much time on it. They do not always know what they are doing, many believe, but they know what they want to discover. They have to use various methods to find what they want to know, and sometimes there is a great deal of trial and error involved in finding the answer to the question. Einstein believed that there were many ways in which people could discover the world around them, and it was clear by his life's work that he was dedicated to doing all he could to advance science and…… [Read More]
Fallacious and Cogent Arguments Involving Tenant and Landlord Issues
On March 16, 2010 the plaintiff named Nasir Baqi (Landlord) and two defendants, Jeremy Knight and Virginia Lowman (Tenants), argued their case before three magistrates identified as Arndt, Darling and Murray at the Justice of the Peace Court No. 16 of Delaware, Kent County. All appeared pro-se meaning they had no attorneys to represent them.
The Landlord filed the lawsuit seeking payment of rents in arrears plus late fees for six months. Tenants argued that they withheld rents because the Landlord had failed to make repairs to their unit.
The Landlord's Argument
From October 2009 to March 2010 the tenants failed to pay rents in the amount of $3,644 plus late fees of $150. The Landlord argued that he had sent a five day letter to Tenants demanding rent to be paid and another letter to address the repairs and the…… [Read More]
They may know what they have done and freely confess to it, but a true understanding of what they have done is not really present.
It is somewhat like the difference between knowing that jumping off the roof and hitting the ground will hurt, and actually making the jump and understanding what it feels like to hit the ground that hard from 10 or 15 feet up. The concept of what it really means to take another human being's life is not there; nor is the concept of being executed by the state for the taking of that life.
Third, the person must have an IQ that is significantly below average. There are quite a few people out there who do not have an 'average' intelligence score, (around 100 to 110, as previously mentioned), but that does not make them mentally retarded to the point that their reasoning and abilities…… [Read More]
In the New Testament of the Bible, Jesus spent his latter days healing and caring for the sick, dying, and possessed. This should be the way that all Christians act and taking care of the environment for the sake of the poor and needy as well as all living organisms.
Regarding the faith and teaching of the Christian Bible, Christians play a vital role in the maintenance of the Earth. The newspaper article found in The Press, titled "Is Christianity Bad for the Environment?" Ron Hay states, "Someone has said, 'It's impossible to say you love Rembrandt while you trash his paintings'. True faith involves love for God and love for all God has made. It makes no sense to claim to love God while being indifferent to his world" (Hay, 2010). The website, NRPE.org, states that the various fields of both the Christian and Jewish faith are parallel in…… [Read More]
This is important, because these individuals are taking their experience from the real world and they are using it, to help prepare students for the challenges they will face. Once this occurs, it means that many individuals will begin to have creativity and flexibility when it comes to their writing style (as this is often emphasized throughout the industry). At which point, they can be able to counter balance the effects of the more traditional schools. (Merrill, n.d.)
What Merrill concludes, is that the field is being overly influenced by academia. As there are a large number of schools and journalism departments that are following more structured formats. This takes away from the professionalism of the field, as it discourages creativity and flexibility. According Merrill, the only hope for any kind of professional standards, is for those who have worked in the industry to share their knowledge with others. This…… [Read More]
A democracy is as only good as its civic participation. People have to turn out to vote and voice their opinions for there to be balance in the democratic system. However, in the modern democratic systems, there are many voter groups that do not seem to appreciate their opportunities as democratic citizens and actually show up to vote. There are many reasons that could be responsible for this trend and the reasons can vary from group to group. For example, college aged students may have different reasons for not voting than different minority groups. However, when these groups do actually turn out to vote, they can have a big impact on the political system. This analysis will look at some of the reasons that various groups do not engage in civic participation and the implications for society that this has. It will also make some predictions…… [Read More]
Film Argument- Night and Fog (1955) and Hiroshima My Love (1959) by Alain Resnais (France)
In the films Night and Fog (1955) and Hiroshima My Love (1959), both directed by the French film director Alain Resnais, the filmmaker attempts to speak the unspoken through the silent language of film. In other words, Resnais attempts to create a sense of the unaccountable horrors of war, even though he cannot directly convey through spoken language or any singular image the impact of the felt, lived experience of wartime Europe.
In comparing the opening scenes of both films, one sees that the director first attempts to do so with juxtapositions of beauty and horror. Night and Fog first begins with a panoramic shot of the bucolic Polish countryside, followed with images of what it contained hidden amongst its beauty, namely the death camps. Hiroshima My Love begins with shots of a lover's embrace…… [Read More]
51). As the events of the early 20th century unfolded, it was becoming increasingly clear that America's destiny was writ large and included expansive involvement with the international community. In this regard, Legro writes, "Rigid adherence to tradition & #8230; met with disappointing results setting up a 'Do Something!' dynamic that undermined the no-entanglement position" (p. 50). These shifts were attributable as well to changes in the general public's views about issues abroad, galvanized as they were by Pearl Harbor. Here, there appears to be a source of change to foreign policy because "the United States had an aversion to institutionalized involvement in great power affairs before World War II and yet embraced such commitments after World War II" (p. 52). This commitment included the kinds of military involvement that would shape American foreign policy throughout the second half of the 20th century. According to Legro, "Internationalism implied a basic…… [Read More]
Even a day and a half can run thousands or even tens of thousands of dollars, because hospital prices are greatly inflated based on the care that the person actually receives. Of course, the other matter that comes along with these kinds of charges for medical care is on the side of the patient. He or she begins receiving bills for care that he or she feels was not received. Whether the patient pays these bills can have a serious effect on his or her credit rating, and can also cause other problems financially. There may come a time when the patient cannot meet his or her obligations to the hospital because of financial hardship, which produces an argument over whether the patient should even be paying for care that he or she believes has not been received while in the hospital.
A patient in the hospital should receive proper…… [Read More]
What is the communication problem?
When two cultures meet, both are likely to be ethnocentric. Those from the United States, try to find similarities in the other cultures with that of their own. Brazil as a country is unique in many ways. It is stated that what was considered non-fashionable in U.S. -- for example being fat is taken as natural in Brazil. (Palka, 2006) Thus in that culture messages regarding body fitness may have a different meaning than in the weight and figure conscious U.S.. The culture of the U.S. will enter into all communications that emanates from the country. As a result it is possible that the communication development as seen from the U.S. angle may not match those that are at the receiving end in Brazil and vice versa. The historical reason is that Brazil is yet to develop its economy. There is a lot…… [Read More]
build a thorough argumentation and sustain the fact that organizational behavior is a vital ingredient in the development of the workforce, as well as an important component in the running of the company, we should, first of all, start with a brief definition of what organizational behavior refers to.
As such, organizational behavior can be defined as "the study and application of knowledge about how people, individuals, and groups act in organizations"
In this sense, organizational behavior is a vast term. It covers everything from team work within a company and the ability to develop social qualities and get along well with other people, to leadership and the way a manager can set the right goals for his or her team, as well as the right means by which these goals can be achieved.
Partly, the final outcome of organizational behavior is the same as the technical skills of the…… [Read More]
Throughout that time, full-time corresponding enrollment, consisting of students who took twelve credit hours per semester, saw a fourteen percent increase, as compared with a nine percent increase in total enrollment at other institutions. In the summers of these years, full-time enrollment (FTE) grew by fifteen percent, while total enrollment saw a ten percent increase. Researchers have concluded that extended Pell grants appear to be enabling students to attend community colleges full-time, predominantly in the summer, and therefore are increasing drop out rates when these same students are not academically prepared (ISU researchers on team showing Pell Grant impact on community college expansion, 2011).
Because of the current economy many people are either going back to school and are choosing community colleges over four-year institutions because of money. This means that the enrollment in most community colleges is up. This also means that they amount of Pell grants that are…… [Read More]
I would beg to differ with this, because of specific stories that place the human spirit far above the sum of its physical parts.
I read a document by Jewish captives I a Nazi camp once. They went through the most terrible of physical hardship. There was no food, or food was at least inadequate. There was not sufficient health care, and, for most inhabitants, they have been separated from friends, family, and even acquaintances. By theories such as that of Maslow, these people should have become feral animals, fighting like dogs for the little food they were provided with.
But, according to the story I heard, this was not so. According to my story, the feeling among the Jews was that their humanity was the last bit of dignity that they could hold on to. They shared everything. If a person was hurt or died, they took care of…… [Read More]
This change in intentions came about despite the fact that the country
faced no new imminent external threats and had no radical changes occur
within its internal institutions.
A second hypothesis is that individual leaders can have a significant
influence upon their countries' diplomatic or military might. The French
emperor Napoleon Bonaparte is an example to demonstrate this hypothesis; he
was considered to be one of France's greatest military generals who
personally led his army from one victory to another throughout Europe. A
third hypothesis states that nations possessing leaders prone to risk-
taking are more likely to wage war. Hitler demonstrated this by first
invading France and later trying to invade Russia despite the enormous risk
of incurring military defeat.
A fourth hypothesis states that nations led by leaders with predictable
behaviors can develop longer lasting alliances. Democratic leaders are
thought to best exhibit this behavior as seen by…… [Read More]
In the most serious examples, street gangs and high school fraternities use colors and specific styles of clothing to proclaim allegiances. On occasion, individuals are even assaulted and violently attacked on or in the vicinity of school grounds merely for wearing the wrong colored clothes (Harvard Crimson, 2008). Mandatory school uniforms would solve all three problems. The principal objection to the idea arises in connection with First Amendment concerns and the constitutional right to free expression. However, as in the case with other aspects of constitutional arguments in the educational environment, privacy and free expression principles on the part of students are, to a large degree, suspended on school property (Friedman, 2005). Free expression issues in school necessarily take a backseat to educational concerns, particularly to the extent they relate to the security of the campus environment and the safety of students. Conclusion: Mandatory school uniforms serve three valuable purposes…… [Read More]
Yet American Girl dolls, perhaps because of their expense but also because of their reliability seldom provoke such mutilation. "I have to confess -- I have an emotional connection to this brand," admitted one adult, female NPR commentator, reviewing the film, stating that it was impossible for her to give an objective review of "Kit Kittredge, American Girl" because of her own love of the Kristen doll, as a girl, a doll that had traveled far from Sweden to settle in colonial America (Baker 2008). "She has the same name as me...I like playing with them [better than Barbies] because they're more like me," said an eleven-year-old interviewed by the NPR reporter, explaining why she adored the brand and couldn't wait to see the film
Even while some might be cynical about the fact that "a Kit doll, complete with book and accessories, will currently run you $105" and…… [Read More]
The richest country in the world should not have any members of its population who have to worry about food. There is plenty of food available to feed the population and the failure to do so is immoral.
Healthcare costs in the United States have grown out of proportion relative to other advanced nations. The average cost of care in the United States is much higher than any other country in the world however the outcomes the system produces are ranked around the thirtieth position. Many U.S. citizens are unable to pay for healthcare and have to visit the emergency room (ER) for even fairly minor issues even after reforms. This cost gets passed on in the entire healthcare system and produces much inefficiency in the system. In 2007, 62.1% of all U.S. bankruptcies were related to medical expenses and 78% of these bankruptcies…… [Read More]
Rogerian style arguing for the stand that reparation should be paid, or is owed by the United States Government for the African-Americans, the descendants of the African slaves. It has 5 sources.
Government should not pay or owe financial reparations to the descendants of African slaves for the impact of slavery. The stand taken by the writer is for the reparations that should be paid or are owed by the United States Government.
Taking only a brief glimpse on the painful history of the African slaves, a period spanning nearly two and half centuries from 1619 to 1865, more than 4 million people of the African descent were enslaved, bought and sold on the American continent similar to farm animals. Slavery thus was turned into an institution, and the beneficiaries were the white people of the same era, eventually making them millionaires and billionaires. Such was the practice of slavery…… [Read More]
Mandatory Drug Testing
In certain professional occupations, mandatory drug testing is not only a good idea, it is very important to public safety. There are good arguments on both sides as to whether all professional athletes should be tested for drugs -- or whether high school athletes should be tested. And in the business world, one could argue that drug testing is an invasion of privacy, and unless an employee is acting irresponsibly and clearly is ineffective, there is no good reason to require regular (or even sporadic) drug testing. But this paper takes the position that employees in certain professions -- airline pilots, bus drivers and heavy equipment operators -- should accept that mandatory drug testing is part of the job. The public safety is vastly more important than concerns over personal privacy issues, hence, the need for mandatory drug testing.
The Literature on Mandatory Drug Testing -- Airline…… [Read More]
What argument can you make for either the prohibition of or the continued legalization of caffeine and nicotine? What are some of the implications of either move?
Both caffeine and nicotine are legal drugs, and they should remain legal just as all drugs of all types should be legal. Caffeine is a "psychoactive stimulant drug," and it can be found in common foods and beverages such as coffee and soft drinks (p. 274). Nicotine is described as a "toxic, dependence-producing psychoactive drug found exclusively in tobacco," (p. 254). Although caffeine and especially nicotine are not necessarily healthy substances, using these drugs is a matter of personal choice. Similarly, using alcohol, cannabis, and doctor-prescribed medications is also a matter of personal choice and should be so. The implications of keeping caffeine and nicotine legal include allowing people to enjoy delicious beverages like coffee, which has a long and entrenched cultural…… [Read More]
Due to the fact that they are paying for their own education, there should be greater freedom on behalf of the student who is paying for their own educational experience. Each student should have greater authority in how they experience their time as a college student because of the fact that they are the ones who are paying for it. College students are investing in their own education. As such, they should have a greater authority and how they choose to use their time during that process.
Still, there are those who may still not have the level of responsibility needed in order to make such crucial decisions about their education. Many students might not have the discipline to study on their own, and thus mandatory attendance actually makes the benefit from forcing them to study in a more fruitful educational environment, with the added advantage of knowledgeable professor guidance.…… [Read More]
The main argument that is evident in Hayek's book on The Constitution of Liberty basically revolves around freedom and its value to a person, the society, and overall civilization. The possibility of progress in each of these areas is seemingly impossible because of lack of freedom of action in particular. Hayek uses liberty or freedom interchangeably to state that contemporary civilization is in crisis since the Western nations have lost faith in liberty principles. Generally, liberty basically requires that the compulsion of some by other people in the society to be lessened as much as possible. While one of the main functions of the government is to protect people from coercing others, the government must also be prevented from the use of coercion improperly.
In his early discussion about progressive taxation, Hayek states that the notion of interpersonal comparability of utilities has been primarily abandoned. However, many policymakers…… [Read More]
What is friendship?
Most people have 'friends' in the sense that they have people with whom they spend their time. However, when asked what 'true friendship is' merely being the acquaintance of someone does not suffice as an answer. Friendship is something deeper than going shopping with someone or playing a game of pick-up basketball, although our friends may share our hobbies. A true friend will also be willing to sit by our side in silence during a difficult time, like a parent's illness. Friends share laughter and fun, but they are also willing to share experiences that are difficult and painful.
Trust is perhaps the most important aspect of true friendship: we trust our friends with our secrets. We trust our friends to tell us the truth. And when we do hear the truth, although it may hurt, we know that the friend's words come from a…… [Read More]
Improving School Lunches
Classical argument paper:
The need for improvements in school lunches
Children consume over 50% of their calories in school. This surprising statistic underlines the importance of providing healthy school lunches to our nation's students. However, the nutritional quality of school lunches remains, by any standard, abysmal. A recent study in the Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine "found girls who participated in the school lunch program gained weight faster than those who did not participate" (Flynn 2011). Given these sobering statistics, the U.S. government recently set new standards for the meals served as part of the National School Lunch Act to make student's lunches lower in calories and healthier. Many of these changes were controversial. However, given the extremity of the nation's obesity crisis, particularly in low-income communities where children rely upon free or subsidized lunches in school (and in some cases, breakfast as well), it…… [Read More]
So that is one step we can take. Here is a different one.
Nowadays we regularly file environmental impact statements showing the insinuation for the environment of this or that responsibility (a new strip mine, an undeveloped establishment another airport, a dump yard…you can provide any one of hundreds of examples). We ought to in this similar fashion file statements showing the force of real estate development; the building of structures, dams, and levees; and other main projects -- on the augmented vulnerability to hazards they will compel on others. In this politically charged climate, this will look like to many like another unrequited federal "undertaking," but why should my self-determination extend to building a levee to defend my property that will augment the risk to your property downstream on that same river? Should I not have to check with you? The obligation for Environmental Impact Statements prompted numerous complaints…… [Read More]
The other colored groups like the Asian-Americans and African-Americans supported the measure. The changes came when the bill came to the legislature and on that day, 77% of the Latinos voted against the bill along with 53% of the Asian-Americans and African-American voters. (Proposition 187 Lessons)
Yet it still could not stop the bill from being passed as a large majority of the voters were white, and the whites wanted the bill passed to continue enjoying the privileges that they had been enjoying for generations. Passing of the bill got the other groups active as they would like the bill to be stopped anyway as the bill would mean that a major section of the community would be put in trouble if they did not get the benefits that they were enjoying in the past. This pushed the situation where several lawsuits were filed in the California State Court by…… [Read More]
Hume's Argument Against Induction
According to the empiricist English philosopher David Hume, inductive logic is inherently invalid. Hume took an extremely radical view of empiricism, the point of philosophical view that immediate, perceptual experience alone should validate inquiry into the nature of human existence and the nature of reality. Inductive logic is derived from assumptions and hypothesis about natural laws that govern the universe. Because every situation is different, Hume believed, every situation can and must be judged upon its own terms. One cannot assume because something happened in the past it will happen again in the future.
Induction depends upon a series of assumptions about something and generates the hypothesis that is event must always the case, based on a predictability of observations that validates a proposed hypothesis. Thus for Hume it was just as invalid as deductive logic, or making rationalist judgments based upon categorical assumptions. I might…… [Read More]
Armstrong arguing mind . brain disticntion a distinction a difference (akin a distinction a kleenex a tissue)? Does adequately explain human conduct?
Armstrong - mind theories
There is much controversy regarding the difference between mind and brain, as while some support the belief that the mind has nothing to do with the brain because there is nothing physical about the former's functioning, others consider that the mind and the brain are basically the same thing. According to Australian philosopher David Malet Armstrong, it is safe to say that the mind and the body are one and the same, particularly when considering each of them to be "that in which mental processes occur' or 'that which has mental states'" (Armstrong, 1993, p. 1). People are typically inclined to believe that the mind is not physical because it is seen (through history) as an entity that has no physical shape, being the…… [Read More]
The metaphor of the jigsaw puzzle-- "what good would it do to finish early? Three, the jigsaw puzzle isn't the important thing. The important thing is the fun of four people (one thin person included) sitting around a card table, working a jigsaw puzzle"-- illustrates that fat people enjoy the process of life and live in the moment, versus thin people who are purpose-driven and obsessed with completing tasks, even leisure-time activities that are supposed to be fun.
Q5. Identify the author's purpose and discuss whether or not she achieved that purpose.
The purpose of the author is to deflate society's obsession with perfection and to turn a bit of conventional wisdom -- the superiority of thinness and perfectionism -- on its head. The essay, through humor, achieves this purpose. Asserting the position in a serious way would likely have given rise to a debate about the health problems fostered…… [Read More]
We come to the gym partly to detoxify. Our customers do the same. They deserve an environment that is as pristine as possible: So do we. If everyone cleaned up after themselves the entire gym would be a more welcoming, healthier place. Cleaning up after ourselves will make the gym more inviting for potential new customers, for existing customers, and for the staff. If we don't clean up after ourselves as a rule, we risk losing our jobs and we risk compromising the reputation of the entire company.
I know that we were not hired as cleaning staff. We were hired for our special skills either as teachers, personal trainers, sales, customer support, or reception. I know that our in-house cleaning staff is competent and well-trained. If an area is messy they will soon arrive to clean it up. That is their job.
At the same time, we can all…… [Read More]
Case in Point: Interview with an Employer: Jon Lurie started his career almost 15 years ago as a sole proprietor of a computer trouble shooting expert who repaired computer connections for private clients by appointment in New York City. He eventually transitioned to installing the first cable modem configurations when they became available, and as more advanced computer technology filtered down to private users, he offered more and more services, such as installing home office routers and wireless interfaces. His business grew, largely by word of mouth from satisfied customers.
While he acknowledges that his technical skills were indispensable, he attributes his rapport with customers to the fact that he often conversed with them throughout much of his assignments, sometimes discussing things that had nothing to do with the work he performed for them. He says that he first became aware of the value of his ability to carry an…… [Read More]