Arms Control Essays (Examples)

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Technological Advancement on the Civil War the

Words: 1858 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 33885933

Technological Advancement on the Civil War

The Civil War in the United States coincides with the Industrial Revolution in this country. Because of the many advances made possible by the use of the machine, this war marks a turning point in armed conflict. Several areas of warfare were thus enhanced and improved as a result. Specifically, artillery, transport and communication technology enjoyed much development during the nineteenth century.


At the beginning of the Civil War there was a substantial discrepancy between the North and the South in terms of the amount of arms possessed by each. The North was more oriented towards the Industrial Revolution and machinery, while the South relied on more primitive ways of conducting their affairs. The South thus experienced a substantial shortage not only of arms, but also of weapon producing facilities. Tennessee for example had no cannon foundries, but improvised by using machine shops…… [Read More]

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Tank Warfare in World War II Tank

Words: 5332 Length: 19 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 39543476

Tank Warfare in World War II

Tank warfare was a catalyst for success starting in World War II. The war catapulted the importance of the tank and its abilities. World War II saw tanks as the primary means for overtaking enemy forces (Piekalkiewicz). They were essential in fending off invaders, maintaining strongholds, and even going on the offensive (Piekalkiewics). Tanks were somewhat of a new dimension, but they quickly perpetuated to become probably the most important dimension in the European theatre.

World War I saw the first major tank warfare take place. World War I was based on the assumption that victory was achieved through tank warfare. Soldiers would entrench themselves, and periodically charge all at once in an effort to invade the opposing trench. Once that trench was invaded, another one would be targeted. It was an everlasting cycle that led to millions of deaths and very little advance…… [Read More]

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Education on Insubordination

Words: 1678 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 74591699

military practices based on the concept of insubordination. The paper will incorporate various examples from real life situations and military cases that the world history has witnessed so far in order to highlight the right as well as the inaccurate and unjustified practices in the name of insubordination. The Works Cited six sources in MLA format.

Education on insubordination

Just like other realms of society, military or armed forces also have their well-defined codes of ethics in order to strengthen the entire armed force and to promote discipline and order. These laws and regulations form the basis on which rests the foundation of the military and command various aspects of the lifestyle of military men (Marple). Military society is that part of our society that is devoid of emotions and therefore its laws and rules are rigid and remain constant without subject to any change. Thereupon, every soldier is expected…… [Read More]

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Fitness Related Concepts Chest and Shoulders

Words: 805 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 47177093

Upper Body Strength

Exercise is vital to maintenance of good physical health. Upper body strength is of particular importance because it aids in allowing us to breathe properly and maintain healthy lungs. Exercises, such as, breathing control work by relaxing the upper chest and shoulders is a prime example of this. This exercise allows the individual to use "the diaphragm more efficiently by consciously allowing the abdomen (tummy) to move out as you breathe in, rather than allowing it to be sucked inwards." ("Exercise and the Lungs")

The purpose of the chest muscles is to move the arm and shoulder diagonally over the front of the body. The purpose of shoulder muscles is to allow the upper arm to be raised in the front and upward positions. Exercising of the shoulders and chest can improve the body's range of motion and posture. Additionally exercising the shoulders and chest can reduce…… [Read More]

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Health Consequences of Air Pollution for Military

Words: 6129 Length: 22 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 82069880

Health Consequences of Air Pollution for Military and Emergency Workers

Database Validity and Originality

This paper proposes a study of some of the most significant long-term and short-term effects of air-pollution on two different sets of workers. The first of these is those were affected by localized and intense air pollution that was produced as a direct result of the Gulf War, pollution that was caused for the most part by the burning of Kuwaiti oil fields. The second group of workers is those who were affected by localized and intense air pollution (including airborne asbestos) during the rescue and clean-up efforts after the World Trade Center attracks.

Drawing on both the specific background of the war and the terrorist attack and the longer-term general studies of the effects of air pollution and the ways in which warfare and terrorism are both involved in environmental destruction, the proposal described below…… [Read More]

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Authors Referenced Works Specific Recent Circumstances Discussed That Have Changed the Nature of Warfare

Words: 4784 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 54918187

Changing Nature of Warfare

According to generals like Rupert Smith and David Petraeus, postmodern conflict is radically different from warfare between industrialized states, such as the American Civil War and the world wars of the 20th Century. It does not begin with a condition of peace or return to it after the total defeat of the enemy, but rather is a "continuous crisscrossing between confrontation and conflict," often with indecisive results (Smith 19). Confrontations with North Korea and Serbia, for example, continued long after the end of the actual fighting on the battlefield, and the political issues that gave rise to the conflicts remained unresolved. These types of conflicted often dragged on for years or even decades, as in Afghanistan and Somalia, and were always fought among the people, with enemies who had a strong tactical advantage over their better funded and equipped opponents because of their familiarity with local…… [Read More]

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Iran Intelligence

Words: 1599 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25824574

Iran Intelligence

In many ways Iran has learned to do what other developed nations have done to protect their interests: try to specialize. This is exactly what it has done in regards to its intelligence and war capabilities. It now has a diverse military and populous system that it at least publicly presents as being able to undertake very distinct protection and defense tasks both inside and outside of the country. Of course, being involved in nearly constant disputes with powerful forces such as the United State and Israel has also required it turn to guerilla type tactics and strategies that enable it to add other capabilities against modern weapons and tools.

The majority of its intelligence collection capabilities seem to be center on three specific units.[footnoteRef:1] They are the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC), the Quds (or Jerusalem) forces and the Basij, which is essentially a popular volunteer contingent.…… [Read More]

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Public Policy Analysis There Is a Sense

Words: 2694 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93362737

Public Policy Analysis

There is a sense that politics operates on a continuum scale whose extremes are rationality and irrationality. Politicians make laws that can be seen from both perspectives depending on the particular position of the person judging whether the particular statute is good or bad. Public policy can be judged by either rational choice theory or the converse of that. The difference in the two can be seen in how crimes are litigated. A rational person can make the choice whether an act is right or wrong and has specific knowledge of how society will view that act. An irrational person is one who, for some reason, is not deemed competent to understand that what they have done is criminal in nature. Irrationality is the reason that individuals below a certain age cutoff are generally not treated with the same deterrent stance as adults, why people with metal…… [Read More]

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Env Design Anthropometry Physical Characteristics of the

Words: 647 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 22973438

Env Design


Physical characteristics of the body:


Center of Gravity


Masses of specific body segements

Two types of body measurements:

Static Dimensions

Measures of body in fixed (static) position (eg. Skeleton; head circumference)

Vary with age, sex, ethnicity

Functional (Dynamic) Dimensions

Measured under conditions of movement or activity (eg. Operating steering wheel, using a mouse)

Can use somatography to show multiple angles and views of a person in action

Engineering Anthropometry -- the application of above data (body measurements) to the design of the things people use.

Applications/How to Apply Anthropometry to Design

Represent the population (not all items can be designed "one size fits all")

Three (3) Principles of Applying Anthropometry to Design

Design for Extreme Individuals

Accommodate for all persons by designing for the biggest possible extreme in weight, height, etc.

Can accommodate most within reason

Designing for Adjustable Range

Adjustable chairs, eg. Is preferred…… [Read More]

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Cocaine in California Cocaine Production

Words: 4304 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 49759714

African-American street gang members, primarily affiliates of Bloods and Crips, distribute crack cocaine and marijuana in the HIDTA region. Asian street gangs dominate distribution of MDMA and high-potency marijuana at the retail level.[footnoteRef:10] Members of the OMGs, most notably Hells Angels Motorcycle Club (HAMC), are the ones that are really known to distribute powder cocaine, methamphetamine, and marijuana at the midlevel and retail level. [9: Vega, W.A., Alderete, E., Kolody, B., & Aguilar-Gaxiola, S. "Illicit drug use among mexicans and mexican-Americans in california: The effects of gender and acculturation." Addiction 12.9 (2009): 12-54.] [10: "The Pursuit of Oblivion: A Global History of Narcotics." Davenport-Hines, Richard. New York City W.W. Norton & Company; First edition, 2002. 1-576.]


The Central Valley HIDTA region is considered to be a regional and regional-level distribution center for ice methamphetamine and cocaine created in the region as well as ice cocaine, marijuana, and heroin trafficked…… [Read More]

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o to what extent do Huntington and

Words: 984 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88354849

To what extent do Huntington and Bowen agree (or disagree) on the roots of the Bosnian war?

Huntington and Bowen each perceive the source of international conflict in different terms; the former author believes it is due to a clash of civilizations, while the latter believes that it is an effect of nationalism. Nonetheless, there are still points of similarity regarding their opinions as to the root of the Bosnian war. This document hypothesizes that the chief commonality agreed upon by the authors regarding the cause of the Bosnian war is partisanship ambition related to the appropriation of land, and the propagation of values from outside sources that fueled the conflict.

Central to the supporting evidence that both Bowen and Huntington agree that the ambitious tendencies of the respective participants in the Bosnian war (which includes Croatians, Serbs and Bosnians) was responsible for this conflict is the importance each author…… [Read More]

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Autonomy of the Law the

Words: 2727 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 48256805

The Appeal Court reversed the decision declaring that 922(q) is invalid as it interfered in state matters. The Federal government did not have the right to interfere in matters such as possession of firearms in or near a school. The significance of the case is that it once again highlighted the limits of the power of the federal government. Chief Justice Rehnquist declared that the congress had the power to regulate the channels of commerce, the instrumentalities of commerce and actions that affected interstate commerce. The Lopez case was therefore considered outside the federal jurisdiction.

Heart of Atlanta (Motel) v. The United States'

This case related to the application of commerce powers and also involved racial discrimination. This case involved commerce clause and Civil Rights Act. The Court ruled that Congress had the power to regulate a business that served interstate travelers. It also declared that racial discrimination disrupts commercial…… [Read More]

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Work Measurement the Dynamics of

Words: 3276 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 64731552

The worker on a fast line such as a candy cane maker has little control over their environment. They must perform more like machines themselves. The welder on an auto manufacturing line may have more control over their environment. For instance they may make the welds necessary and then press a button to send the car on down the line. They control how fast the line moves. However, it is much more important for the welds to be performed correctly. If an imperfect candy cane goes out, the consequences are less serious than if a car frame is welded incorrectly. This is the different amounts of control that a worker has in the speed of production.

More experienced welders would be able to make the welds faster than inexperienced welders. However, speed is not the most important element when welding automobile frames. They must be done right, even if a…… [Read More]

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Attack of 911 Has Posed a Serious

Words: 4017 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 19410680

attack of 911 has posed a serious threat to the aviation industry. For the first the world could realize that airplanes are not only the mode of transportation but can also be utilized as potential bombs. Many passengers are apprehensive of air travel. This led Governments, Policy Makers, aviation industries and regulatory authorities to think a while about aviation security. The aviation security is being revolutionized since then to adopt newer technology for the purpose of ensuring the need of complete baggage screening, explosive detection, biometry identification, risk analyses, deployment of adequate skilled personnel, strengthening of cockpit doors etc.

An analysis of the effects of September 11th and Terrorism on Aviation in the United States and Around the World

The terrorist attack in the morning of September 11, 2001 converted the United States became a nation transformed. An airliner flying at the speed of hundreds of miles per hour with…… [Read More]

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Should Pilots in Commercial Flights Be Able to Carry Firearms in Cockpit

Words: 896 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 61691034

Arming Pilots

After almost four years, the United States is still feeling the effects of the September 11 terrorist attacks. The War in Iraq continues. Despite massive security measures that have been put in place since September 11, Americans continue to be vulnerable to terrorist attack.

This paper argues that allowing trained pilots to carry firearms will help protect air travelers from similar hijackings. More important, armed pilots would constitute an important layer in the fight to keep the United States secure from terrorists and other enemies.

First of all, the move to allow pilots to carry firearms has widespread support. In 2002, for example, the Lower House voted 310-113 in favor of a bill allowing commercial pilots to signed up for a firearms training program (Sowell, 45). Polls conducted among members of the general public have shown strong support for this measure. Furthermore, many pilots have voiced a strong…… [Read More]

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Dominican Republic Taino Indians Used

Words: 6941 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 36170620

However, following several years of seizing ownership of the bulk of the vital businesses, he started to have stake in the important American-owned industries also, especially, the extremely vital -sugar industry. These takeover ploys connected with Trujillo's interfering in the internal matters of adjacent nations, resulted in more and more U.S. dissatisfaction with the autocrat of the Dominican Republic. (History of the Dominican Republic)

The Trujillo administration for more than thirty years made massive spending in building infrastructure, however, the despot himself, his family, and his associates cornered the major part of the monetary gains. Trujillo's chief avenues of gaining his riches were the national sugar industry that he speedily scaled up during the 1950s in spite of a subdued global market. In the route to setting up his massive fortune, he evicted farmers from their land, plundered the state treasury, and built a private estate akin to those of…… [Read More]

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Role of Genetics in Ataxia

Words: 2716 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 22182658

The most frequent symptom is difficulty in walking or gait ataxia (Unicorn Self-Help Committee 2000), which spreads slowly to the arms and the trunk. Foot deformities, such as clubfoot, flexion of the toes or foot inversion are other early signs. In time, muscles weaken and waste, especially the muscles in the feet, lower legs and hands and, at this time, deformities s begin to show. Other symptoms are the loss of tendon reflexes especially in the knees and ankles, the gradual disappearance of sensation in the extremities, dysarthria or slowness of speech or slurring, easy fatigue, rapid and involuntary movements of the eyes, scoliosis, chest pain, shortness of breath, palpitations, heart enlargement, myocardial fibrosis, tachycardia, heart block and heart failure. Studies showed that about 20% of FA patients also develop carbohydrate intolerance and 10%, of diabetes mellitus, while others lose their hearing or eyesight.

In most cases, the patient gets…… [Read More]

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Engineering Description -- Ju-87 Bomb-Release

Words: 858 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 20756313

1. clevis

2. jack

3. bolt

4. housing

5. tranverse rod

6. spring bolt

7. knurled nut

8. tranverse cross-support

9. resting plate

10. rubber buffer

11. ball heads

12. cable holder

Figure 2 (Jackson, 2002)

The bomb release trapeze operated according to very simple mechanical principles and relied on gravity. Upon activation of the bomb release lever, a simple cable-catch attached directly to the exterior of the bomb released the hook and allowed the bomb to fall under its own weight. The trapeze prevented the bomb from detaching until the device had swung out 180 degrees from the aircraft fuselage at which point notches on the inside of each longitudinal tranverse arm (visible in Figure 1 near the bomb attachment) allowed the pins holding the bomb to the tranverse arms to fall away from the tranverse arms.

IV. Operating Description

The principal function and purpose of the device was…… [Read More]

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NATO the North Atlantic Treaty

Words: 4687 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 31796143

This gave NATO the pretext to engage in the Yugoslav conflicts, but it did not do so until 1995. In the intervening years, NATO used primarily diplomatic means of dealing with the situation. The organization at this point was assisting the United Nations, and eventually took at the role of enforcing sanctions against the combatants. During this time, the conflict continued unabated, as the sanctions had only nominal impact. If the objective of NATO had been to stop the conflict, that objective was not met at all during this time. However, there is little evidence that actually stopping the conflict was the objective. The objective of 'managing' the conflict can be interpreted in a number of ways, but from NATO's actions the organization simply did not want the conflict to expand into other parts of Europe. There was a significant ethnic element to the conflict, and of course some of…… [Read More]

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Gaza Conflict a War Islam Israel's Partner United States

Words: 3216 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94835138

Gaza Conflict. It explores the causes of the conflict. This paper indicates that the military aggression of Israeli against Gaza begun in December 27, 2009. It however, notes that the conflict actually started much earlier. The aggression brought about the deaths of about 1,300 Palestinians. The paper also finds out that the aggression by Israel wasn't as a result of the launch of Qassam rockets by the Palestinians against Israeli; on the contrary, the conflict had several other causes which the paper has adequately looked at. Besides, the paper also explores the effects of the conflict. It indicates that a number of devastating effects were brought about by the conflict. The adverse effects affected several sectors such as educational sectors, health sectors among several other sectors which the paper has adequately looked at.



Those who took part in the Conflict

The Causes of Gaza Conflict

The effects of…… [Read More]

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Global Security in the Post Cold War

Words: 2227 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6799611

failed state is never able to sustain itself as a members of the international community (Helman & Rathner,1993).Rotberg (2002) pointed out that state failure can occur in various dimensions. These dimensions include security, political representation, economic prosperity as well as the distribution of income (Rotberg,2002,p.85).His argument is that nations that failure of states occurs as a result of their failure to deliver positive political gains to their citizens. These governments therefore end up losing their legitimacy and amidst the growing citizens plurality, they become illegitimate. Rotberg further pointed out that the collapsed state / failed state marks the final stage of a nation's failure (he gave Somalia as an example).The failure can occur simultaneously on all dimensions.

The role of Western nations and multinationals in state failure

The role of western nations and multinational corporations in the failure of states has been noted.A normal and functional sovereign state is expected…… [Read More]

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Domestic Terrorism Every Discussion Related

Words: 2071 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 73421895

There have been analyses made regarding this aspect and opinions are both for an easier gun regulation as well as against such a legislative initiative. On the one hand, it is considered that indeed legally allowing people to buy guns would automatically trigger a greater number of fire arms. (Workman, 2006) on the other hand however, Peter Hamm, spokesman for the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence, suggests that the government's activities is directed in the wrong place because "it's the guns that have been around a while that could wind up in criminal hands not the guy who's going out and buying a new $700 handgun.... The guns that cause the worst problems in this country are not selling for very high prices." (Workman, 2006) Therefore, it can be said that the most important issue is not exactly the restriction of expensive guns, but rather the restriction of cheap,…… [Read More]

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Aviation Security and Its Impact

Words: 3058 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 63955791

Like the airline industry, it seems as if the airport industry is moving towards consolidation and more airport cooperation and alliances seem likely in the future. (Graham, 2003)

One approach in which civil aviation can contribute in ensuring peace amid the countries of the world is principally through its key role of facilitating communication and international discourse. The ICAO -- International Civil Aviation Organization has played a large part in achieving this to a great extent. Article 44 of the Chicago Convention charges ICAO to work towards aiding the global community for the development of civil aviation in an economic, safe and orderly manner. A Rapid Response Team on Airport Security was formed under the DOT -- Department of Transportation of the United States. The initiative of ICAO for ensuring harmony and peace in the field of aviation is largely accomplished through its Council which has its origin in the…… [Read More]

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Police Use of Non-Lethal Weapons

Words: 1959 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 33312288

At the same time though, they are often used in cases of violent arrests and intense police operations. Also, ultrasounds weapons are used in riots and mob control as well as in violent manifestations.

At the military level, these are common especially when engaging in peacekeeping operations and in the missions where the risk of hurting civilians is relatively high. Still, in these situations, police forces are also equipped with fire arms.

The community is divided on the issue of the use of non-lethal weapons. Some actually salute their introduction in the police arsenal, while others decide to take their defense in their own hands. More precisely, those who recognize the ability of the police to maintain order and security and are at the same time against police abuse consider this method to be useful. Those who disagree however make their point through statements such as "we cannot trust police…… [Read More]

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Korean War Refers to the

Words: 5284 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19158373

In order to do so, Kim built up a formidable army which was armed by the Soviets. His army was also bolstered by the arrival of veteran Korean fighters from China after the end of the Chinese civil war between the Communist and the Nationalists in which the Communists under Mao had triumphed. On the other hand, Rhee's government was relatively weak due to the communist insurgency in the south and his army had not been armed to the same level as that of North Korea by the United States.

Nevertheless, Stalin did not approve of such an attack at first because he did not want a direct confrontation with the United States at that stage. After the Soviet testing of the atomic bomb in 1949, and the success of the communist revolution in China in the same year, Stalin gained more confidence. Hence, when Kim Il Sung approached him…… [Read More]

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Mexico Drug Trafficking Mexico Political

Words: 4615 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 10010063

An estimated 275 "metric tons" of cocaine (a metric ton is 90% of a full ton, which is 2,240 pounds) arrive in Mexico each year, ready for transport into the U.S. -- and of those 275 metric tons the authorities average seizing about 36 metric tons. Doing the math quickly that indicates that about 239 metric tons of cocaine arrive in the U.S. annually, according to the GAO figures.

As for heroin and marijuana, the GAO's data shows that about 19 metric tons of heroin are produced in Mexico annually (only 1 metric ton is seized by the U.S. each year); and about 9,400 metric tons of marijuana are grown annually in Mexico, of which 2,900 metric tons are confiscated each year by U.S. law enforcement personnel (GAO). When it comes to methamphetamine, the GAO says no accurate estimate as to the amounts manufactured in Mexico, but seizures at the…… [Read More]

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U S Foreign Affairs Since 1898

Words: 3090 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 8617183

President Johnson became even more fearful of a communist take-over.

In 1964, when two American ships were attacked by the North Vietnamese in the Gulf of Tonkin "the American Senate gave Johnson the power to give armed support to assist any country requesting help in defense of its freedom," effectively beginning the Vietnam War without a formal declaration of war (BBC 2009). The wide-scale bombing of the North in 'Operation Rolling Thunder' began in February 1965. By March 1965, the first American ground troops had landed in South Vietnam and by December 1965, there were 150,000 servicemen stationed in the country (BBC 2009).

Richard Nixon was elected to the presidency in 1968, promising a policy of Vietnamization or the taking-over of the war against the North by native Vietnamese troops. However, it would be four more years before substantial withdrawals of American servicemen occurred. Nixon also supported dictators in Laos…… [Read More]

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Army Budget Army National Guard

Words: 1777 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 57324618

4. Conclusions:

And beyond a reasonable doubt, it would be this incapacity to wield its own power effectively that would render the Congress fairly irrelevant, even negligent in its duties, in the onset of this war. Evidence denotes that such major policy failures as the establishment of a real and pressing rationale for invasion of Iraq or the creation of a reasonable time frame and concrete objectives for claiming victory there would both be the products of a Congressional willingness to rubber stamp the presidential war budget. In doing so, Congress ultimately bypassed its duty to honestly, openly and critically examine a foreign policy which denotes the use of our military, National Guard and defense budget. As a representative lawmaking body on behalf of the public, it is absolutely the responsibility of both houses of Congress to take on military budget debates that the public otherwise has no voice in…… [Read More]

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Our Current Recession

Words: 2556 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 63848909

trace the historical causation of the current recession - the causal factors. Currently, America and most of the world is experiencing a severe recession. The causes of that recession are many, and the fallout is severe. There are many similarities with the current recession to the Great Depression of 1929, and there are differences that set each recession apart. When compared close up, the Great Depression was much worse than the current recession, and that may be at least in part because of governmental measures used since the Great Depression.

The Great Depression

The Great Depression, which began in 1929, was one of the worst worldwide depressions in history. Most people believe the Great Depression occurred after the fall of the stock market in 1929, but it actually began before that. A reporter notes, "The Great Depression of the 1930s began with falling demand for durable and investment goods in…… [Read More]

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Orthopedics Arthroscopic vs Open Rotator

Words: 5702 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 61770772

According to recent research published in the Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, "Economic evaluation of surgical procedures is necessary in view of more expensive newer techniques emerging in an increasingly cost-conscious health care environment (18).

Rotator cuff tendon repair has been reported to yield excellent, durable clinical results that are superior to the natural history of the condition. Retears after a repair of one tendon occur with variable frequency. They are not synonymous with clinical failure, but they are associated with a poorer clinical outcome than are repairs followed by structural healing. Chronic tendon tears are usually associated with atrophy and fatty infiltration of the rotator cuff muscles. These changes reflect loss of contractile elements and may be responsible for changes in the physiological properties of the remaining musculotendinous units (7). Such changes can be assessed quantitatively with magnetic resonance imaging and correlated with age and gender-matched normal values,…… [Read More]

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United States Department of Defense

Words: 5012 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 77679764

At the same time, there were planners (who shared similar views as Rumsfeld) that this strategy was obsolete. This contention between the two sides would create a conflict in U.S. military strategy. As the country needs a sustainable fighting force that is capable of supporting the challenges of the nation. Yet, the strategies of the past cannot be utilized to fight future wars. Where, the initial successes in Afghanistan and Iraq indicate, how a large military buildup is not necessary to be triumphant on the battlefield. Instead, fighting the enemy through effective air power and ground forces could have a similar impact (without the large numbers of personnel or the preparation time). In this aspect, the strategy that is being implemented by the military; is effective for achieving initial successes on the battlefield. As it will overwhelm and destroy enemy forces to the point, that they will stop fighting (at…… [Read More]

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Burma Non-Violent Resistance in Burma Was

Words: 3785 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30824083

Since 1996, military abuses have forced one million villagers to flee their homes.

The presence and conduct of the military are central to the plight of these civilians. Military operations have placed a particularly heavy burden on rural populations affecting their ability to sustain livelihoods.

Cases of rape and sexual violence committed by military personnel, many of them against young girls and adolescents, have been reported by human rights organizations.

It should also be noted that after the crushing of the pro-democracy movement in 1988, the regime"…took a number of steps to increase their military strength."

Instead of considering the extent of popular dissent the government in fact increased their supply of arms and military strength in order to act even more effectively against any protests. "… the regime had begun planning an ambitious ten-year program to expand the armed forces and significantly upgrade their operational capabilities. The SLORC also…… [Read More]

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Brain to Body Impulse Path

Words: 747 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15085652

As it is passed from neuron to neuron through the different synapses, it reaches the neuromuscular junction. Where, the neurons send out specific messages to specific muscles at the distant parts of the body. In the case of flexing the right arm, the neuromuscular joint would cause the bicep to expand, while the triceps would relax. To lift the lower right arm the neuromuscular joint will have the bicep pull the hinge joint (the elbow joint) inward toward the body. (Jakab, 2006)

Write how you trace the impulse, listing the steps in as much detail as possible, from which your brain sends the message to the appropriate muscles to reach up above your head to the shelf. Include in this the steps involved in the actual muscle fiber contraction sliding filament mechanism. Again, specify which muscles are pulling on which bones and what type of joints is involved.

When impulses…… [Read More]

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Florida's Response Plan for Emergencies

Words: 3248 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 54680152

Emergency Management
The recent mass shooting event at a public school in Broward County, Florida, has brought up the issue once more of how emergence management teams can work together to address these kinds of issues. This paper will discuss the event, identify the legal situations that were being faced, analyze and discuss the main legal situations, and identify how the law in that jurisdiction and the first responder manager could deal with these situations under the law of that jurisdiction and federal law.
On February 15, 2018, a former student of Majory Stoneman Douglas High School in Broward County opened fire on students with an AR-15 just before school let out. More than a dozen students were killed. While the motivation for this event is still as of yet unknown, it is no different from many other terror incidents or mass shootings that have occurred in the U.S. in…… [Read More]

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U S Military Operation Raid at Cabanatuan

Words: 4428 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 32044958

Raid at Cabanatuan: U.S. Military Operation

The ROF (Raid at Cabanatuan) is a military operation aimed to rescue American and Allied (POWs) prisoner of wars from the Japanese camp very close to Cabanatuan City in Philippines. The rescue was carried out by 6th Ranger Battalion and reinforced by Filipino and Alamo Scouts guerillas, which had liberated 511 American and Allied prisoners, was the most complex and difficult operation ever carried out by Rangers during the Second World War. (King,1985).However, the rescue was one of the most successful operations.

Objective of this paper is to evaluate the MDMP (The Military Decision Making Process) regarding the rescue operation carried out by the 6th Ranger Battalion. The paper discusses the running estimate to develop a competent movement that LTC (Lieutenant Colonel) Mucci and his staff would employ to analyze and develop a course of action.

#1:Running Estimate

The running estimate provides the strategy…… [Read More]

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International Humanitarian Aid

Words: 3377 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38177141

International Humanitarian Aid: Aims vs. Outcome

Humanitarian aid represents a commitment to support vulnerable host populations that have experienced a sudden emergency, requiring ongoing assistance to maintain or improve their quality of life.[1] Over the past 15 years the number of humanitarian agencies, private organizations, governments (taxpayers), corporations, individuals and other stakeholders have grown enormously.[2][3] This group of diverse donors have differing mandates, values, goals, strategies, actors and activities, but most function under one universal humanitarian principle: to protect the vulnerable by decreasing morbidity and mortality, alleviate suffering and enhance well-being, human dignity, and quality of life. However, many stakeholders believe that humanitarian aid has been unsuccessful in delivering on these promises through lack of coordination and duplication of services. This results in a failure to meet the needs of those meant to benefit. Indeed humanitarian aid with its diverse mandates, roles, people, time lines and funding, as well as…… [Read More]

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Systematic Review of Effectiveness of Group-Based Antenatal Education Programs

Words: 18363 Length: 67 Pages Document Type: Dissertation Paper #: 73902472

Antenatal Education Systematic Review

Antenatal education programms

In pregnant women, how does group antenatal education compare to no antenatal education or individual antenatal education for improving outcomes of childbirth and parenting?

In pregnant women, how does group antenatal education compare to no antenatal education or individual antenatal education for improving outcomes of childbirth and parenting?

Antenatal education programs are key in improving maternal health all over the world. They have been widely embraced in most developed countries where antenatal education programs are routinely provided as part of antenatal care. They are associated with benefit such as increased knowledge of labor and childbirth, parent-child attachment, reduced anxiety and depression, and increased knowledge of parenthood. They often involve several scheduled sessions with a facilitator or care provider (often a trained patient educator, midwife, or general practitioner) that last about 1 -- 2 hours and focus on different aspects of labor, childbirth, and…… [Read More]

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Chechnya Chechen Conflict With Russia Including How

Words: 2643 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 73531040

Chechnya [...] Chechen conflict with Russia, including how it started and when, along with the causes, effects, main events and attacks, and a current perspective on events in Chechnya today. Chechnya has always desired independence from Russia, and continues to fight for its' freedom today. The tiny country has not been able to shed Russian influence and government, but it has evolved into a world political crisis that has effected thousands of Chechen civilians and continues to cause strife and violence today.

Chechnya is a Soviet Republic that declared independence from Russia in 1991. However, Russia's leaders refused to acknowledge Chechnya's independence, and instead sent in troops to subdue the Chechens. They withdrew when they met armed Chechens ready to defend their country, but the current conflict had its beginnings in these events in 1991, which escalated to full-scale war by 1994. However, the roots of the problems between Chechnya…… [Read More]

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Unconventional Warfare in Afghanistan During the Soviet Occupation

Words: 2051 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 89284261

Unconventional Warfare: The Mujahidin of Afghanistan

Resistance is not futile. It was one of the lessons learned from the Soviet Union's invasion of Afghanistan: that any resistance force can counter effectively against a powerful aggressor. Resistance - with the proper tools, strategy, and determination - can countermeasure any unwanted entity. The anti-Soviet forces in Afghanistan not only pushed the invaders out of their country, but it helped precipitated the eventual fall of the U.S.S.R. As a world power. The question on the table is: what happened in that poor Southwest Asian country? How did the Soviets lose that war, or how did the mujahidin - the soldiers of God - win? First and foremost, the Soviet political and military leaders made strategic and tactical errors. The Afghan rebels employed unconventional warfare in Afghanistan: it was their only possible means in defeating the Soviets. Eventually, though too late, the Russian troops…… [Read More]

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Persian Gulf War During the Last Eighteen

Words: 1684 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 35897666

Persian Gulf War

During the last eighteen months of the Cold War, the United States and members of a United Nations coalition were engaged in a large-scale war. The United States deployed over 500,000 soldiers, sailors, and air force personnel - the largest such deployment since the Vietnam War, but the war it found itself in was not of global scale, but regional; and the enemy was not the U.S.S.R. But Iraq, who, in the summer of 1990, possessed the fourth largest military in the world. On August 2, 1990, the combined armed forces of Iraq, under the direct leadership of Saddem Hussein - some 140,000 soldiers - invaded the neighboring oil rich kingdom of Kuwait. Many Western countries feared the Iraqi dictator would push his forces further south into the kingdom of Saudi Arabia with its vast oil riches that supplies. On August 3, 1990, President George Bush and…… [Read More]