Atheist Essays (Examples)

Filter results by:

 

View Full Essay

Personal Identity

Words: 3027 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 24312630

Mind-Based Identity:

A Problem Impossible to Ignore

One of the most basic questions of human existence is essentially "What am I?" Although humans have known in varying degrees throughout recorded history that they are biological beings, there has always been the question of internal identity. What is it that separates me from my brother? Am I different? Do I exist in any way apart from my body? If so, do I only exist temporarily as a kind of "projection" of my physical brain and its live activity, or am I something more than the sum of electrical and cellular functions? Although there are many theories concerning this topic, they all, somehow surprisingly, have one component in common, and that is faith.

To be sure, the concept and question of "life after death" does much to frame the "identity" question. That is, when one considers the nature of the self, at…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Virginity and Gender Identity

Words: 3315 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 67060071

Virginity and Gender Identity in the Arab World.

In many cultures the significance of female virginity is closely aligned with that of gender identity and oppression. In traditional Arab cultures and many African societies, virginity is still linked to the prescribed role and function of the women in that society. Furthermore, this occurs in patriarchal societies where males dominate the social structure and determine the nature of female identity.

In these societies a woman's virginity become a measure of her worth and a sign of her "acceptability" as a marriage partner. Therefore the female body is in fact manipulated as a central factor in the male oppression of female identity and the relegation of the worth of women to their function as a sexual and reproductive object. In other words, the significance of women becomes reduced to that of a sexual object for use and control in many societies today.…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Godfather III - The Relationships

Words: 2788 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 62841601



In Yallop's book he writes that Cardinal Villot confirmed the Holy Father's death at 5:00 A.M. The Pope's slippers, glasses, and will disappeared, and "none of these items has ever been seen again," Yallop writes. There was speculation that if there had been vomit on the slippers - which there might have been, if indeed the Pope had been poisoned - it would give a conspirator a reason to remove the slippers permanently.

Cardinal Villot apparently phoned the embalmers around the time of death, and sent a Vatican car to fetch the embalmers. The car was also reported to have arrived at about 5:00 A.M., which would have been rather remarkable since the Pope's death was announced at that time. The reviewer of Yallop's book - a book which sold 5 million copies - writes that "It was not until 6:00 A.M. that Dr. Buzzonati (not Professor Fontana, the head…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Mythology Greek Roman Babylonian

Words: 1015 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29042528

Babylonian Mythology

Paragons of Polytheism

The purpose of this essay is to compare and contrast Roman and Greek mythology with Babylonian mythology.

In his book The Portable Atheist: Essential Readings for the Non-Believer, Christopher Hitchens makes the following observation, "By all means let us agree that we are pattern-seeking mammals and that, ow-ing to our restless intelligence and inquisitiveness, we will still prefer a conspir-acy theory to no explanation at all. Religion was our first attempt at philosophy, just as alchemy was our first attempt at chemistry and astrology our first attempt to make sense of the movements of the heavens (12)."

Thusly, it should come as no surprise that when one juxtaposes different religions and/or mythologies within the objective framework of science (and/or anthropology and/or sociology) certain fundamental commonalities emerge. That is to say because humans are innately similar -- pattern seeking, restlessly intelligent, etc. -- we have throughout…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Fallacies Fallacy 1 On His

Words: 785 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 96447552

My erections are at a healthier state from using VolumePills™, as from before to now they are a lot stronger and healthier."

WHY THIS IS a FALLACY: This is begging the question because the writer (assuming a real person actually wrote that testimonial) is expecting the reader to accept on faith that this is true, without any way to check its validity. It is also an appeal to ignorance because very few men in the general population have any scientific or medical knowledge about penis enlargement, sperm enhancement, etc.

FALLACY #4 (a): The Ku Klux Klan KKK (on its Web site) asserts that the U.S. should "Abolish all anti-gun laws and encourage every adult to own a weapon." Further, the KKK asserts that, "The cure for crime in America is not take guns off the streets but to put more guns on the streets."

WHY THIS IS a FALLACY: This…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Pessimism in Poetry Pessimism in

Words: 16260 Length: 50 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 96505250

" The point made by the poet is similar to the poem above. The reference to John,

The Father of our souls, shall be,

John tells us, doth not yet appear;

is a reference to the Book of Revelations, at the end of the Bible.

That despite the promises of an Eternal life for those who eschew sin, we are still frail and have the faults of people. We are still besought by sin and temptations and there's really no escape. People are people. No matter what we say or do, we find that life is not so simple. Consider this reference, which really refers to a person's frame of reference or "way of seeing."

Wise men are bad -- and good are fools,

This is a paradoxical statement: there is large gap between spirituality and reality. Those we consider wise or bad, might make decisions that are globally profound,…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Christian Gospel Is Perceived Differently

Words: 311 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23414505

Moral reasons therefore include one's loyalty to his or her own faith and family traditions. Emotional reasons are similar: a personal conviction in another religious tradition precludes one from accepting the gospel. Intellectual reasons are those used by atheists and usually include arguments such as the existence of God cannot be proven using the scientific method.

3. What can Christians do to address these objections and better communicate the Christian gospel?

Christians can most easily address the objections raised by the materialist or atheist communities. The scientific method has become like a religion in itself. Not everything can be proven using the tools of science. Yet even science can prove that the gospel has had a transformative effect on the lives of individuals and whole communities. Therefore, the best way Christians can address objections to the gospel is to illustrate the glory of the gospel in action,…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Question of Evil One of

Words: 1702 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 70306687

Yes, of course. But Hick too is making an important initial assumption here: He is assuming that a test of human goodness is a necessary part of the universe. But this is only the case if one assumes the presence of a certain type of God -- one that demands that people demonstrate their faith and their ability to make the choices that God wants them to make. If one concurs with this view, then Hick's argument is a sensible and entirely believable one. But if one -- and I do -- rejects this assumption of his, the entire argument falls apart.

Evil exists in the world. This is undeniable. Cruelty also exists, as does simple bad luck. Terrible things happen for many reasons. Both Hume and Hick take the presence of evil in the world as a starting point to discuss the presence or absence of a benign God.…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Bosnia Islam the Islamic Faith

Words: 2530 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84161527



The armed activities of resistance or assault committed in these contexts tends to drive a view of Islam as a radical force counterintuitive to the philosophical aims of western capitalism. As Malik (2004) contends on this point, "it is not surprising that islamophobic authors frequently resort to the concept of secularism which they say needs to be defended against an increasing influence of political Islam in Europe." (Malik, 148) It is under this very set of terms that we are given over to a proclivity where the Islamic identity of Bosnia is concerned. Specifically, the secular society in which this Islamic faith has achieved cultural dominance is belied by a brewing discontent in Bosnia.

A history of ethnic tension, a war still fresh in the memories of all inhabitants, and the new infusion of religious exploration produced by the withdrawal of communist authority are having the effect of diversifying and…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

A Biblical Worldview in Finance

Words: 1853 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68351467

The Bible and Financial Concepts
Introduction
The Bible is quite clear on how one should orient oneself in this life towards Heaven and pursuing the kingdom of God (Matt 6:33). However, in the financial world of today, this orientation can easily be lost as secular goals replace spiritual ones. This paper will address the issue of profit maximization, insider trading, and how to convert a sinner from a Biblical perspective to show why orienting oneself towards the Heaven is so important for one’s spiritual life.
Part I
Profit maximization by itself is an inappropriate goal because it is not connected to the moral or spiritual purpose of life, as indicated in Matt. 16:26: “For what is a man profited, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul? or what shall a man give in exchange for his soul?” One who dedicates his life simply to storing…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

role of faith in healthcare

Words: 749 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44342172

Religious Sensitivity

Everyone on the planet Earth has their own concept of religion, spirituality and what they believe when it comes to both. Of course, those mindsets and perceptions evolve and change over time. They are influenced by life events, exposure to religion exposure to others when it comes to religion and so forth. However, most situations and applications do not call for religion to even be brought up or discussed. Even so, healthcare is absolutely an exception to the norm given that many people rely and lean on their faith, whatever it may be, when they face their mortality or other levels of health challenges. While some healthcare workers may be hesitant to use the faith or religion of another as a vehicle to soothe and help them, it is the right thing to do so long as the wishes and preferences of the patient are heeded.

Analysis

Many…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

The toxic political climate

Words: 1508 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50758646

Subtext

I recently went on a trip to the Joshua Tree National Park. Even with the fact that a trip to a national park is not an earth-shattering or major event, it is still important nonetheless because of the raw beauty and splendor that is to be found from such parks. Even so, my trip to the Joshua Tree park was significant and life-changing on a number of levels. Indeed, the part itself is a metaphor if one looks at it the right way. Whether it be culture, the confluence of nature's forces or other things like that, taking things in at too small a perspective and/or without metaphorical comparisons in mind is less than wise. I will explain what I mean by that and that explanation will have two main facets.

First, it should be noted that when I went on the trip, I was not alone. I was…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

An Analysis of 3 Videos

Words: 1007 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84802314

Religion

Atheist 2.0 is a short video featuring discussions on remaking atheism. The speaker asks those that do not believe in religion to take their most favorite aspects of different religion and piece them together to create something meaningful using culture as the basis rather than scripture. Atheists who do not rely on religion, but on education cannot really learn true morality from education. They cannot receive proper guidance from universities or that sense of communal support that are so often offered within religion.

Education is viewed as being rational, collecting data. The speaker notes that religion regards people as children, needing all the help they can get. This help, this guidance is typically offered through sermons. Sermons are more valuable than the lecture often seen in education. Sermons are meant to help versus lectures that are meant to provide information. Religious mindsets also call for repetition, which is not…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

South Park Season 19 the Best Yet

Words: 2498 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 75140740

South Park and Popular Culture

South Park is an animated television show that has aired on Comedy Central for nearly 19 seasons, beginning in 1997. It began as an irreverent cartoon show about 3rd graders who used "adult language" and was meant to be for adults with an MA for Mature TV rating. Over time, however, the show began to actually deal with "adult" themes in a more satirical manner than just applying mere irreverence for laughs. The creators of South Park felt that modern society clearly had to be made fun of because it was getting out of hand and their approach made some people think that they were "anti-religion," a charge that they denied, affirming on the contrary that they are not "anti-religion" at all but actually genuinely moved by the faith of others and their ability to find solace and happiness in religion (Parker, Stone) -- an…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Three Different Essays on Logic Reasoning and Thought

Words: 1696 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 53615902

Rene Descartes wrote "I think therefore I am," philosophers have considered the meaning, origin, and function of cognitive thought (Newman, 2014). Thinking in itself appears to be proof of one's own existence. Self-consciousness -- the awareness that one is thinking -- offers indelible proof of a higher order of thought. Yet paradoxically, thoughts also seem to arise seemingly unbidden from the recesses of the mind. The sources of thought have been attributed to everything from God to nothingness (Hauser, 2009). Moreover, the sources of individualized thought processes are related to socialization and acculturation as well as to innate sensations and belief systems. There are some trends of human cognition that may be universal, and others that are instilled through social norms.

Understanding the ways thought processes work is one of the most important aspects of being human. "Thinking is the extraordinary process we use every waking moment to make sense…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Culture and Morality

Words: 1882 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 70932091

Morality, Culture, And Environment

The ideas behind morality are very different based on the culture, society, and environment in which that morality is seen. Because of that, there are questions regarding exactly what morality is, and how it can be addressed or understood. In short, what is moral to one person may not seem moral to another. Society as a whole generally determines what is acceptable within that society, but once a person leaves that society and goes to another, there may be very different thoughts and feelings about morality in the new society to which the person has moved (Blackburn, 2001). That can be true from country to country, but a person does not have to leave his or her home country to find differing views of morality. Especially in the United States, where there are so many different types of people and regions seem to have very different…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Equality and Justice in the United States

Words: 1686 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51534207

John Locke, whose views helped to shape the values of the early American nation, equality is not just necessary in the establishment of government but is also a requisite in maintaining a safe and stable nation," (Broers, 2009). Locke based his ideas on two general observations: one is that nature exhibits ideal equality of opportunity even when there are differences between species or between individuals in each species. Equality does not mean sameness; it simply means the absence of "subordination or subjection," according to Locke (cited by Broers, 2009). The other observation Locke makes about equality being a state of natural law is the fact that membership in a democratic society is considered voluntary. Contrary to totalitarian regimes like that in North Korea, democracies are based on the rights of individuals to participate freely in the political process and make decisions based on shared values. Therefore, equality becomes the most…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Moltmann vs Pannenberg

Words: 1017 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8783219

Theology of Hope

There is basically no limit to the amount of perspectives and theories about theology in general and drilling down to Christianity does not change this. One particular subset of Christian theology is the theology of hope. This report will focus on two of the greater minds that have debated this topic through literature, those being Moltmann and Pannenberg. Both of these people have weighed in significantly on the theology of hope and there will be a compare and contrast of their viewpoints in this report. While the two authors are noticeably different in some respects, they are also similar in other ways.

When speaking directly about the theology of hope, Jurgen Moltmann was very direct about the topic. Within its pages, he stated that hope is the "central category of Biblical faith." He also notes that it is not a "private" hope but instead should be typified…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Place for Religion in Hospitals

Words: 1338 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 30018389

Healing Hospitals

The United States is teeming with many people that are religious and/or spiritual in nature. In addition to that, many hospitals are owned and/or operated by religion-oriented groups with Jewish and Catholic hospitals being two of the more prevalent examples. These two facts in conjunction are very inter-related because many people associate healing with religion and many hospitals are beginning to actively embrace that in their operations and procedures. To be sure, not all people are religious and religious wishes and preferences, whatever they are, should be honored by a hospital caregiver irrespective of whether the beliefs of the hospital are different from the patient. However, for those where faith and healing working together are a mutual goal of the patient and the medical staff, scholarly research shows it can be embraced, if for no other reason that it keeps everyone positive and upbeat despite medical challenges. While…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Synopsis Chaffer

Words: 2484 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44149453

Equus

Modern man is an aiming to struggle within the private and the public sphere. He wants to be a productive member of the society yet still wants to avail the freedom of living in the society. The central theme that Peter Shaffer tries to deliver in Equus is of this struggle and conflict of the modern man. In this play, Schaffer tries to depict the longings of the soul and body which are mainly of worship and sexuality. On the other hand, the man tries to seek perfection by obliging to the conventions set in the society.

The quest of humans in seeking their spiritual fulfillment or their belief something that has some spiritual worth appears to be the primary and most important concern of Peter Shaffer. Other aspects of his plays includes the unfortunate dimension in most of his plays comes from the apparent conviction o the playwright.…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Foundation of Biblical Principles

Words: 2263 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30733598

Foundation

Recovery of Knowledge

Moreland (2007) makes the case that Christian faith is ingrained in knowledge. He adds that knowledge is not the same thing as being certain about something and in fact there are very few things in life that are known for certain. Moreover, knowledge can exist without the actual awareness that the person knows it and knowledge can exist without knowing the source (Moreland, 2007). Two of the Biblical Principles Related to Education relates to this particular notion; first # 38, "People are motivated to understand cause and effort" (Cox n.d., p. 3). We all have certain inherent beliefs that we are unaware of their source. One of these inherent beliefs is that things in the universe did not occur randomly, even though at one time the secular idea of macroevolution was thought to be driven by random forces, but even this idea has changed (Gould, 2002).…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Philosophical Dilemmas in Clinical Psychology My Religious

Words: 1220 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 77642956

Philosophical Dilemmas in Clinical Psychology

My religious orientation is one of my greatest challenges, as a therapist. I consider myself an "objectively moral atheist," which means that I do not believe in the existence of any so-called "supreme being," or "God." I believe that moral behavior can be defined, understood, taught, and practiced utterly without reference to any supreme being. As an objectively moral atheist, my actions are dictated purely by objective concepts such as fairness, equity, equality and by my respect for basic principles of human rights and dignity.

Many of the conflicts and issues in my patients' lives either relate directly to, or require addressing a pervasive sense of inner guilt and shame which originates, to some degree, in their Judeo-Christian religious upbringing. Therefore, I have had to develop a method of addressing these psychological issues in a manner that fulfills my professional and ethical obligations as a…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Theology Religion Christian

Words: 3716 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 67898091

Lewis

Relativist said, 'The world does not exist, England does not exist, Oxford does not exist and I am confident that I do not Exist!' When Lewis was asked to reply, he stood up and said, 'How am I to talk to a man who's not there?'" (Schultz, 1998)

Lewis: A Biography

This quote shows how, in truly CS Lewis style, the writer took the everyday questions about religion and faith, tacking them head-on. Lewis was a Christian writer who was deeply influenced by the teachings of God and His Scripture.

CS Lewis was born, in 1898, in Belfast, Ireland. He was educated at various schools throughout England (Hooper, 1996). In 1914, he began studying Latin, Greek, French, German and Italian and later moved to Oxford. His education was disrupted by the first World War but within two years, he resumed his studies.

In 1924, Lewis became a teacher of…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Existence or Non-Existence of God Forms a

Words: 1859 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 13891114

existence or non-existence of God forms a very central basis to the philosophies of some thinkers. This paper examines the philosophies of Descartes, Kant and Sartre in order to determine the significance and connection of belief in existence and non-existence of God with their respective philosophies.

DESCARTES, KANT AND SARTRE

The existence of God, the necessity of assuming that God exists, or the non-existence of God play a crucial role in the philosophies of either of the thinkers, namely, Descartes, Kant and Sartre. The existence of God is central to the philosophies presented by Descartes in the sense that he can explain away the questions that do not have simple answers with the existence of God. As a result, he does not have to provide absolute logic for questions whose answers might be out of human grasp anyway; instead he focuses on the intangible proof to state that God does…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Law and Morality

Words: 1353 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37358242

Law and Morality

Courts should refrain from imposing social values in their interpretation of the law, since doing so can have dangerous consequences.

The imposition of social values through the criminal system is a tempting, but unjustifiable, activity that should be guarded against at every level in the legal system. Generally social values are derived from belief systems, worldviews, or religious preferences. Although notions of right and wrong and moral preferences may be entirely reasonable at the level of the individual, or even a group, however a justice system based on equal treatment under the law has no room for justifying legal proceedings that are based on social values alone since social values are highly subjective to begin with. This analysis will outline some of the dangerous consequences that can occur when subjective interpretations are allowed into legal sphere. Although it can be argued that all judgments have some subjective…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Freedom Politics Economics Politics and Economics From

Words: 1603 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 88627373

Freedom, Politics, Economics

Politics and Economics from the eyes of Henry David Thoreau

To begin, Henry David Thoreau was very unique during his era, primarily due to his forward thinking style and rationality. In regards to economics, Thoreau would not favor the expanded powers of government currently prevailing in America. In fact, Thoreau often advocated for limited government with powers only responsible for the protection of society from foreign competitors. Thoreau is often quoted for saying, "I ask for, not at once no government, but at once a better government." In this quote he often refers to a limited government as best for the constituents of the country as a whole. As such, Thoreau would not be supportive of many of the progressive laws expanding government control and influence. Aspects such as universal healthcare and disaster relief funding, Thoreau would be against on a federal level. However, if individuals as…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Natural Law in Apology Crito Plato Presents

Words: 2470 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35286457

Natural Law

In Apology Crito, Plato presents Socrates a staunch defender law, sense respect legal orders polity a basic obligation citizenship. What important reasons Socrates position defense Athenian law? If accept Lewis' critique emotional subjectivism (Gaius Titus' position) Abolition Man sound, interpret Socrates' actions result subjective feelings.

Plato's "Apology" and "Crito" and C.S. Lewis' concept of Natural Law:

Where both pagan and Christian philosophies meet in agreement

One of the most striking actions in the history of philosophy was the philosopher Socrates' refusal to escape after being condemned for impiety and corrupting the youth of Athens. Socrates had spent most of his career in the Greek city-state criticizing its democratic system and advocating a dictatorship of philosopher-kings, as chronicled in Plato's recollections of his teacher's musings and methods of questioning (which later became formally known as the Socratic Method). In the "Apology," Socrates clearly established that the accusations against him…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Tracing a Jewish Theme Through Jewish History

Words: 3791 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 28097176

Jewish Monotheism

Historians of Judaism actually date the strong Jewish emphasis on monotheism somewhat later than expected within Jewish history. The archaeological discovery of idols and artifacts indicating cultic participation from the time of Israel's presence in Canaan has seemed to indicate a relative laxity in actual practice before the Babylonian captivity, while textual criticism seems agreed that most of the Torah's foregrounded statements of strong monotheism date from textual recensions during the Babylonian captivity, and thus substantially post-date both the J-writer and the E-writer of the Old Testament (Moberly 217). But the strong emphasis on monotheism which comprises the first commandment given by Yahweh to Moses is a defining feature of Judaism in prevailing polytheistic cultures where the Jews can define their religion in opposition, so to speak. I would like to examine three separate ways in which Jewish monotheism defined itself against a kind of prevailing cultural polytheism.…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Comparison of Einstein and Churchill

Words: 3678 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 44781284

Albert Einstein and Winston Churchill.

Defining politics and science today has a different meaning than it did throughout history until the 20th century. This comparison can also be defined as "science of government of states" in other cases it is referred as "the science and practice of government of human societies." In today's world governments do not just work on the predefined agendas that politics used to work on, now a relation to humanity, social and scientific approach and justification is required in every decision that a government made. Hence the formula for politics now is a pluralistic approach to agendas, hence the definition of government in any society is not just the simple approach of organized power any more, it now a very strong mixture of science, religion, economy and welfare as well. For instance discoveries of every kind are being made in every corner of the world, but…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Religious Values in War and Peace

Words: 1789 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 85945003

Hinduism and People

Unlike most religions which ask their practitioners to prescribe to a designated set of behaviors wherein they shall all behave uniformly, Hinduism bears the motto that "People are different." Most religions begin from a dogma which is a written interpretation of what the creators of that religion state their God or Gods want from the followers of that religion. Because of this, the religions are slow to evolve and more or less stagnant. According to J.N. Nanda, "Hinduism is not limited by the view of a single founder, a single holy man or a single holy book" (106). That is to say, those that practice Hinduism understand that there is no one type of person. Individuality, by its very definition states that people will have singular ideas and singular personalities. There is no one type of person living in the world, just as there is no one…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

My Mortality and the Meaning of My Life

Words: 2615 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 38074785

Mortality and Life Review

For most of us, a sense of impending mortality prompts a need to find closure, conduct a full life review and reconciliation (Clarke, 2007). The reality that death is a natural process -- leading towards an inescapable final destination -- seems implausible at first glance. For a variety of reasons, death has become a taboo subject that no longer represents an accepted progression of life, but something unnatural to be wrestled against. Coming to terms with impending mortality is challenging and calls forth a range of deep emotions that need to be expressed. Expressing these intense feelings and reviewing one's life is essential to finding peace and allowing true healing on an emotional and spiritual level (Sand et al., 2009).

The definition of the life review process is described as a "naturally occurring, universal mental process" (Butler, 1963). In other words, it is a normal developmental…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Turning the Tide by Charles Stanley

Words: 3708 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64767013

Turning the Tide: Chapter Reviews and Summaries

"the Rising Tide"

In Chapter 1 of Turning the Tide, author Charles Stanley writes about what he considers the main problems of America, namely a lack of civic engagement and religious family values. The first subtitle of the chapter is "The Story of Our Storm." Stanley makes an explicit analogy between the swelling of the ocean from an unexpected storm and the various crises that are occurring in America. Unlike the natural ebbs and flows of the ocean, Stanley states that the difficulties America is currently facing are man-made.

Stanley identifies a wide variety of troubles currently afflicting America, only some of which are explicitly religious in nature. These include the rising bankruptcy and mortgage default rate; the escalating divorce rate; challenges to traditional values; even the rise of actual storms and extreme weather. Stanley also fingers more explicitly religious problems, such as…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Religious Life of Planet Earth What Does

Words: 1525 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13999993

Religious Life of Planet Earth

What does religion look like on Earth

Religion depicts a relationship between spirituality and humanity and also shows how moral values are related to them. It comprises of an organized collection of world views, cultural systems and belief systems regarding spirituality and humanity. Many religions explain the origin of life or Universe through symbols, narratives, traditions and sacred histories. The concepts of ethics, religious laws, preferred lifestyles and morality are derived through their ideas pertaining to human nature and cosmos. Some estimates have indicated that there exist approximately 4200 religions all over the world (The Everything World's Religions Book, 2010).

Clergy and organized behaviors define the structure of holy places, scriptures and membership which are also an integral part of many religions. Mythology also constitutes a significant part of several religions. Religious practices usually comprise of sermons, trance, feasts, rituals, matrimonial services, gods or goddesses,…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Islam Select a Religion Is Considered to

Words: 2127 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 594931

Islam

Select a Religion

Religion is considered to be belief and acts of worship, which concentrates on worshiping a deity and gives a detailed and comprehensive outline for the way of living. It teaches the difference between good and evil, right and wrong and morality and immorality. This paper has selected Islam as the religion to be discussed.

Analysis of Christianity

Analysis of Christianity

Analysis of Islam

Religion plays an essential role in providing spiritual, moral and ethical guidelines to individuals in order to apply it into their daily lives (Fisher, 2005). Religion is considered to be belief and acts of worship, which concentrates on worshiping a deity and gives a detailed and comprehensive outline for the way of living. It teaches the difference between good and evil, right and wrong and morality and immorality. There are several religions in the world, which includes Islam, Christianity, Buddhism, Hinduism and Taoism.…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Christian Science Many of the Most Famous

Words: 711 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92983829

Christian Science

Many of the most famous scientists in world history also happened to believe in God: including Copernicus, Bacon, Kepler, Gallileo, and Newton ("Famous Scientists Who Believed in God," n.d.). These great scientists had no trouble reconciling their faith with their practice; their Christian beliefs with their research and investigations into the known universe. Yet science has morphed from an integrated realm of study to one that excludes religion from its ranks. It has become anathema to be a practicing Christian and a practicing scientist. It does not have to be; in fact, science and religion comfortably coexist and each can benefit the other.

One of the arguments against Christians being able to be good scientists is that they are too prone to personal bias. Sure, some Christians are prone to bias, but so is any scientist. Scientists are biased by their personal beliefs no matter where those beliefs…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Religion This Work Looks at

Words: 2442 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 14396050

'

Religion is belief in the existence of a supreme being while science is a study to explain the how. The main conflict of these two disciplines begins with the concept of life. Religion explains that God is the creator and giver of life, whereas scientists argue that life evolved from a microorganism. The debate between religion and science is highly controversial but I choose to take the stand of the integrative advocates who believe the two are one and only different artificially. This is through an attempt to understand God and His works through reason. Chardin, 1955 argues that science shows that there has been a progressive evolution from the simplest life forms to humans today. This means that history blends with a Christian vision to see future development to even higher development like the Omega Point.

Human beings are free individuals who chose to have faith in a…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Cloning Today Man Has Progressed

Words: 3309 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 29050565

"Animals that are experiencing dwindling numbers could be cloned to prevent their extinction. Taiwanese scientists claimed to have made five clones of an endangered pig to save this species" (Anonymous). While some say man should not play God there are others like Edmund Erde who disagree and say that "playing God" is a phrase that is "muddle-headed" and "nonsensical" and should be deserted (Edmund Erde, p.594). For those who voice their concerns that cloning should be allowed as every infertile couple too has a right to have a child, they should know that that "cloning is not inherently about infertile couples or twins, but about rights as persons that we grant any other human being; and that personal identity, human dignity, and parental responsibility are at the core of the debate about human cloning" (Howard B. Radest p.188). People often say that a government should not and cannot ban a…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Jesus in the Quran vs

Words: 4804 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 30756071

" And to exercise the opposite acts and forms of behavior befitting the followers of Jesus, in whom dwells His Spirit (Galatians 5:22-23):

But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, gentleness, goodness, faith, meekness, temperance. Against such, there is no law."

Islam believes that Jesus was a messenger of God, but that there were other messengers and prophets before him, like Adam, Moses and Muhammad (McVey). It also agrees that Jesus and his mother Mary were wholly devoted to truthfulness and that both of them ate food as other mortals do (Ali, trans. Quran 5:75). It concedes that Mary, his mother, was a chaste woman and a virgin, who miraculously bore and gave birth to Jesus. Quran 19:6-21 gives account of Mary's seclusion and the visit of the Angel Gabriel in the form of a man, rather than as an Angel from God, to inform…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Christians and Romans to the

Words: 1809 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 57153703



An army's best use is not in battle against waves of invaders, but as a deterrent against invasion by its value to strike fear into the heart of a potential enemy. With its ranks swollen by Christians, the army is larger than ever and gives foreign princes and peoples the strongest disincentive to attack Rome or what shelters beneath the Roman eagle's wings. Thus, even though Christians can be counted upon to fight shoulder to shoulder with pagan soldiers, even if they would not fight the very fact that they march in the legions lessens the chance of their ever actually needing to.

If there remains any doubt that a Christian would serve with honor in the army, let my most honorable emperor hear the words of Christ himself who said that no man has greater love than he who lays down his life for his friends. Since the measure…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Religion the Impossible Dilemma What

Words: 1838 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 25105257

In both cases, He "is an impersonal force; an indefinable, all-pervading deity. Hinduism recognizes hundreds, even thousands, of lesser gods." (Evangelical.us) the same is true in Buddhism, "God is an abstract. In essence, Buddhism is an atheistic philosophy." (Evangelical.us) in both Hinduism and Buddhism, there are stories of how the divine interacts with humans, but there is no historical proof. Only Christianity has historical proof. Since I am not Asian, I naturally want historical evidence, and I naturally want to follow a religion with a real God who cares about me as a person. Hinduists and Buddhists have no sense of self-worth in the scope of the universe. "Humans, as with all living things, are just manifestations of Brahman. We have no individual self, or self-worth. The world and everything on it are manifestations of Brahman. Sin is committed against oneself, not against God." (Contender Ministries) This idea is opposite…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Words Under God in Pledge Allegiance in Schools

Words: 1761 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 82010705

God" in Pledge Allegiance in Schools

The Alternative Would Be "One Nation Under a Flag."

(Keeping our Alleigances in Order)

The Pledge of Allegiance is one of the greatest symbols of our most wonderful and blessed nation. Just the mention of it stirs to mind images of young children developing an understanding of devotion as they together face the classroom flag and chant in unison, of diverse people of all colors and walks of life finding a common goal as they recite the pledge, and of wartime veterans and the families of fallen heroes together saluting the America worth dying for. The Pledge of Allegiance is an important unifying and morale boosting element of our nation's history. However, recently it has come under attack by those who do not understand the importance of the Pledge as it is written today and the importance of it remaining intact for future generations…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

God One Nation Under God

Words: 1599 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 91426387

God was not part of the original pledge written in 1892 and adopted by Congress 50 years later as a wartime patriotic tribute. Congress inserted the "under God" phrase in 1954, amid the Cold War when some U.S. religious leaders sermonized against "godless communists." (Gearan)

Works Cited

All Things Considered. "Interview: Dr. John W. Baer discusses the history of the Pledge of Allegiance" All Things Considered (NPR reprint) 6/27 (2002).

Baker, Tod a., Laurence W. Moreland, and Robert P. Steed. The 1988 Presidential Election in the South: Continuity Amidst Change in Southern Party Politics New York: Praeger, 1991.

Canipe, Lee. "Under God and anti-communist: how the Pledge of Allegiance got religion in Cold-War America" Journal of Church and State March 22 (2003).

Chmielewski, Cynthia M. "Federal Appeals Court Bans Pledge of Allegiance in School." NEA Today Vol. 21 (2002).

Elvin, John. "High Court May Weigh in on Pledge of Allegiance…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Prayer in School Is a

Words: 1397 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 57196018

To do so will invite the eventual backward motion and we will find ourselves returned to the times that minorities were mistreated for being different, only this time it will be based in religious differences. This was one of the things meant to be avoided by the constitution mandate of separating church and state.

If we uncover the initial understanding of the separation of church and state, we will discover that it implies a protection from discrimination by insisting that the non-religious state, which by law treats everyone equally, must be maintained as the powers of the public school system (Rice, 1997).

The separation of church and state has become the crux of school prayer controversy across the country, but it's really a simple concept. We are not supposed to mesh church and state, period. The founding fathers that penned the constitution, did not allow for exceptions, nor did they…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Die Reflections on Life's Final

Words: 1607 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Book Report Paper #: 22462859

Nuland suggests can be improved if people come to understand the inexorable processes that are involved and recognize that like countless billions of humans before them, the mystery begins when they die and there is absolutely nothing they can do to alter this ultimate outcome beyond achieving this level of acceptance and understanding.

Conclusion

The research showed that Dr. Sherwin B. Nuland has written extensively about the history of medicine and the centrality of the death experience to the human condition throughout the millennia. Dr. Nuland's other book was Doctors: The Biography of Medicine and The Origins of Anesthesia, but he is regular contributors to magazines such as The New Yorker, The New Republic and Discover as well as peer-reviewed journals such as American Scholar, the Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences where he serves as chairman of managers as well as the literary editor for Connecticut…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Religious Values in War and

Words: 2047 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 62186358

At the extreme side, the September 11 attacks and various Islamist violence perpetrated against civilians in the last two decades is an example of how violence and conflict can be justified in religious terms. Osama bin Laden and other al-Qaeda leaders often quote from the Qur'an and refer to the West as "Crusaders," emphasizing the religious significance of the struggle they conduct (Lincoln; Juergensmeyer). Historical circumstances may also dictate the totally pacifist manifestations of Islam. An example is Abdul Ghaffar Khan in India, also known as the "Frontier Gandhi," a close associate of Gandhi in non-violent struggle against British rule. Ghaffar Khan was not a minority figure but garnered the support of a hundred thousand official followers and even a greater number of sympathizers (Gandhi).

"Violent ideas and images are not the monopoly of any single religion," Juergensmeyer explains. "Virtually every major religious tradition -- Christian, Jewish, Muslim, Hindu, Sikh…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Nietzsche & Plato Response Do

Words: 465 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 16513493

But this sense of a death of nationalism, or one's personal belief is different than Nietzsche's statement because no ideology has kind of hold Christianity did upon the world when Nietzsche wrote in 19th century Europe.

Response 2

Do you think we reached a point where we no longer need God?

On one hand, it is possible to see humanity's ability to engage in scientific discovery as proof of the glory of rationality as opposed to following the 'herd' of faith. But science can also confirm that human beings are not very important in the grand scheme of things, unlike most religions which are concerned with human choice and fate. Darwin's discovery that humans are descendents of primates, Mendel's realization that a great deal of our behavior is determined by our genes, even the discovery that the universe does not revolve around the earth shows us that much of our…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Bacchic Rituals and Modern Manifestations

Words: 4568 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 92143503



The bacchius ritual is an expression of another related god, who has been embraced by some as the guide of the spiritual through free expression and has been judged by others as the leader of good people to wicked excess. Though the story of Bacchus is controversial it is one that needs retelling. In Andrew Dalby's work, Bacchus a Biography the life story of Bacchus is told, from am ore modern perspective, a biographical expression of an ancient god. Through his retelling there is a clear sense that the god is all to human, the type of god we humans love to love and love to hate, as the expression of the gift of wine, is a freeing gift and a destructive gift at the same time and mistakes are thought to be only of human making, in our monotheistic culture. This work is an expression of the old cliche,…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Common Sense and the American

Words: 2141 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 12558916

New York: Penguin, 2007.

Author of different academic studies and having an important scholar background, Nelson tries to point out the personality of the creator of "Common sense." Thus, he not only places him in the position of the politician, but also in that of the men. Nelson's perspective comes to complete Kaye's because both of them take into account, more or less, the human side of Thomas Paine, aside from the important issues that he generated in the American history. From this perspective, it is important to conclude the fact that indeed the political work was essential for the country, but it couldn't have been the result of anything but Paine's own experience and personality.

Lewis, Joseph. Inspiration and Wisdom from the Writings of Thomas Paine. New York, Freethought Press Association, 1954.

Joseph Lewis was one of the most important personalities in terms of analysis of ideas that revolutionized…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Adolescent Suicide Integration of CBT

Words: 15095 Length: 50 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 81004581

All too often, these adolescents end up taking their own lives when their depression gets too painful for them and they have not received the help that they need. Even the medications that are designed to help them get through the depression can sometimes make things worse, as various medications for depression and anxiety carry a risk of suicide when people are just starting or just getting off of the medication.

Reviewing the literature about how to deal with depression in adolescents is very important, as treatment is needed in many cases. The first important concern for treatment is the psychodynamic approaches that are used. Psychodynamic approaches, or psychosocial approaches, generally translate in lay terms to counseling or therapy of some kind. This can be in a group or individually, depending on which way the therapist feels will be more effective, and the recent evidence into this issue shows that…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Congressional Ethics Lobbying Has Been

Words: 883 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 53992475



In traditional terms lobbying represents a democratic means of expressing the legitimate interest in a certain affair that is the matter of debate on the legislative forum. Groups of interests and businessmen have the right to support their interests and people with experience in Washington are more indicated to promote their cause. Still, there should be a stricter law of the lobbying activity, in which transparence and fairness should be a prerequisite condition for the activity of lobby.

Ralph Reed is an important figure in the scandal, as he is an influential man in Georgia. According to reports, "His expertise as a campaign strategist is widely credited with helping in the election of Sen. Saxby Chambliss, putting Sonny Perdue in the governor's mansion, and allowing the Republicans to win control of the state senate for the first time since the days of Reconstruction." He even used his organization, the Christian…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Playwright as Rock Star Art

Words: 2345 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 87064722

It was also during this time that he started keeping a diary. The entry for that day is very relevant as to our attempt to understand what drove Orton to join the theater in hopes of an acting career. During the time he spent with the amateur theater company, Orton decided that he wanted to pursue a career in acting, and that his first step towards achieving this goal was to go to the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art: "Last night sitting in the empty theatre watching the electricians flashing lights on and off, the empty stage waiting for rehearsal to begin, I suddenly knew that my ambition is, and always has been, to act." (Diary entry, April 13th, 1949: Joe Orton Online)

He quit the amateur acting company after his first role because he was not offered any other substantial roles. Although he got accepted into the Royal Academy…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Existence of God Is One

Words: 753 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81334099

According to French mathematician, Blaise Pascal, there is not much difference between an atheist and one that believes in God. The difference only becomes evident as the atheist would not be saved, if a God does presumably exist, while the believer would be saved, in spite of his sinful life.

Both Immanuel Kant and Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel had tried to bring arguments to support the existence of God, but their theories had not provided solid facts to prove that God does exist, but only that the two had different concepts of God.

Karl Marx had been certain that the concept of God had only been an invention of demoralized people so that all hope would not be lost. Marx had insisted that people would be saved if they abandoned their hope in God.

Friedrich Nietzsche had wanted to show people that God had been man's invention, and that the…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Alcoholics Anonymous Describes Itself as

Words: 1612 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 98050810



First, the person who attends Alcoholics Anonymous meetings admits that their drinking has become out of hand. The admission of a problem is the first step toward recovery. Second, the person who joins Alcoholics Anonymous, however informally, finds solace that he or she is not alone. Suddenly the individual is surrounded by caring, compassionate, and supportive persons who share similar stories and who completely withhold judgment. In fact, one of the things I noticed most as an outsider attending the meeting was that no one commented on the stories being shared with the group. No one offered advice. The only advice members are willing to give is "Keep coming back." Other slogans like "It works if you work it" help solidify the core tenets of the group in a person's mind. Therefore, a third goal of attending Alcoholics Anonymous is that the group seems to encourage commitment and discipline. Even…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Religion of Atheism Communism as

Words: 3220 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 16550900



The rigid theology of scientific, rational atheism as an antidote to the problems of religion was not found in Marx and Engels. Marx did see religion as fostering apathy to class divisions and as kind of a 'sop' to appropriate anger and revolutionary solidarity, but he believed that it would disappear of its own accord once the populace was made sufficiently aware of the cruelties of the class system. Lenin vehemently disagreed and believed that religion must be eradicated. A review of Dimitry V. Pospielovsky's A History of Soviet Atheism in Theory and Practice and the Believer noted: "The bloody persecution of the Orthodox church was well under way…on January 19, 1918…Sympathies toward the Whites during the Civil War (e.g. As shown by reciting a Te Deum) merited execution. However, even completely apolitical and even left-leaning clerics like Metropolitan Veniamin of Petrograd were tried and condemned. Veniamin's crime was to…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Front of a Small Basement

Words: 1485 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 40473908



Bulimics and anorexics are well represented at this meeting. From my understanding, Overeaters Anonymous embraces those with any type of eating disorder. I appreciate the willingness of group members to understand that it is the addictive, compulsive nature of the behavior that is the problem and not the specific manifestation. Along this line of thought, one member of the group noted his addiction to drugs as well as to food. Crossover addictions are extraordinarily common. One member indicated being a former anorexic who starved herself regularly; that was ten years ago and now she can be considered overweight. Whether or not there is a proven "addictive personality," certainly there are people for whom any pattern of behavior can become a potential problem.

From a clinician's perspective, I appreciate the formula the Twelve Steps offer. The group provides a social network. This may be the most important function of the Twelve…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Substance Abuse and Theology The

Words: 664 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21755847



Covert participant anthropological observations of AA and NA meetings indicate that in practice the use of theological components of the program is even more explicit than the 12 steps might indicate. During the meeting the members hold "each other's hands, and lead the membership into a recitation of the Lord's Prayer. Affixed to the Lord's Prayer is an AA ending: 'Keep coming back; it works'" (Alexander & Rollins, 1984, p.7). Anthropologists and critics alike have commented upon the 'cult-like' nature of AA and NA: new adherents are encouraged to leave their jobs and cut family ties to facilitate their path to sobriety; there is a ritualistic aspect to the group's meetings; a demand for purity on the part of the membership; and required adherence to all of the group's rules (Alexander & Rollins, 1984, p.8). The emphasis on the need to confess and tell one's stories, the need to prioritize…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Deviance of Homosexuality Homosexuality Deviance

Words: 2663 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 35418652

The definition of deviancy, its origin, as well as its negative connotations, seems to shifts from behavior to behavior.

Deviance at times seems benign and morally neutral and simply to challenge normative categories of identity, in the case of homosexuals, atheists, and women who are single and/or working. All of these categories have existed as Foucaultian character 'types' in the form of modern media stereotypes, as portrayed as the media, even though they could also be easily classified as acts or as belief systems. A woman's desire to work is technically an 'act' but cultural stereotypes attach assumptions to this decision -- such as the idea that a woman who works is callous and uncaring about her children. A homosexual is technically someone who engages in same-sex sexual activity but has been characterized as effeminate, overly sexual, predatory, or 'less than a man' although the only real deviant, contingent characteristics…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Franz Kafka's Life and Work

Words: 2042 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 71837591

And yet in his personal life despite the anguish he wrote about so eloquently he enjoyed modern novelties such as the cinema, aeroplanes, and motor-cycles. He went swimming and followed the vogue for nudism. He had his fair share of sexual affairs, and he complemented those with visits to brothels (Johnson, 2005).

Doubts about his work caused Kafka before his death to ask that all of his unpublished manuscripts be destroyed. His friend, Max Brod, ignored his instructions. Brod published the novels the Trial, the Castle, and Amerika in 1925, 1926, and 1927, and a collection of shorter pieces, the Great Wall of China, in 1931. These early works by Kafka as Description of a Struggle and Meditation are thought to be original in a characteristic way, even though their style is more concretely imaged and their structure more incoherent than that of the later works. The characters in these…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Sigmund Freud Is Commonly Known

Words: 1949 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 17455763



The personal and scientific environments within which Freud grew up therefore represent his primary influences. A further influence came in the form of physics. The second half of the nineteenth century, during which Freud did most of his important work, saw great advances in physics. According to Thornton, the discovery mostly responsible for this was Helmholz's principle of conservation energy. Helmholz held that the total amount of energy in a physical system is constant; that it could be changed but not annihilated; and that when the energy is moved from a part of the system, it would reappear in another part. This principle influenced areas such as thermodynamics, electromagneticism, and nuclear physics. The 19th century therefore saw major discoveries that changed the world.

For Freud, this meant that his field of study was significantly influenced by the principle. At the University of Vienna, for example, Freud's professor, Ernst Brucke published…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

South Katherine Anne Porter Flannery

Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64341562

Both Mrs. Hopewell and her daughter Hulga are judgmental, but for different reasons. Mrs. Hopewell is middle class and has tenants on her farmland. She only wants "good country people" as tenants. In her estimation, "good country people" are stereotypically poor, "salt of the earth" types with no pretensions about them. They are not educated, but they do not behave in ways Mrs. Hopewell would find embarrassing. For this reason, she is happy with her current tenants: "Mrs. Hopewell liked to tell people that Glynese and Carramae were two of the finest girls she knew and that Mrs. Freeman was a lady that she was never ashamed to take her anywhere or introduce her to anybody…" (p. 1991). Mrs. Freeman is acceptable company because she is someone who readily agrees with Mrs. Hopewell while entertaining her, and Mrs. Hopewell can feel superior to her, which O'Connor exposes in a bit…… [Read More]