Cholesterol Essays (Examples)

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Heart Problems Linked to Those Born With HIV Health

Words: 711 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 43715537

Heart Problems Linked to Those Born with HIV

HIV treatment now improves the longevity of infected persons, and researchers have since shifted their focus to the health-related complications that such persons could face later in life. Cardiovascular disease has been found to be one, and perhaps the most significant, of these complications. Research has, in fact, established that "children born with HIV are more likely to have heart problems later in life, even if they are treated early with antiretroviral drugs" (McNeil Jr., 2014). Whereas almost no child in America is now born with HIV, owing to the availability of preventive drugs, more than 250, 000 children born every year in the developing world are not as lucky, and have to take antiretroviral drugs their entire lives. This text establishes how the "combination of the effects of HIV itself and the antiretroviral drugs used to treat it" increases the likelihood…… [Read More]

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Crestor's Product Life Cycle The

Words: 1503 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 44915183

Other rivals will have a more secure market share as well, and new drugs may develop. However, although the rise may not be as astronomical, hopefully from AstraZenica's perspective, Crestor's next phasing into the 'decline' phase of the product life cycle will not be as impressive, either.

Works Cited

CNN. Com. (18 Nov 2004) "Merck, FDA grilled at Senate hearing." Retrieved 22 Jan 2005 at http://cnnmoney.printthis.clickability.com/pt/cpt?action=cpt&title=Merck%2C+FDA+grilled+at+Senate+hearing+over+Vioxx+-+Nov.+18%2C+2004&expire=&urlID=12326029&fb=Y&url=http%3A%2F%2Fmoney.cnn.com%2F2004%2F11%2F18%2Fnews%2Ffortune500%2Fmerck%2Findex.htm%3Fcnn

Crestor. (2004) "About Crestor." Official site. Retrieved 22 Jan 2005 at http://www.crestor.com/c/crestor/

Crestor. (2004) "Side Effects: Crestor." Official site. Retrieved 22 Jan 2005 at http://www.crestor.com/c/crestor/sideeffects.asp

Drugrecall.com. (2004) "FDA says Crestor ads are false and misleading." Retrieved 22 Jan 2005 at http://www.adrugrecall.com/news/crestor-safety.html

Marketing teacher. (2004) "Pricing." Retrieved 22 Jan 2005 at http://www.marketingteacher.com/Lessons/lesson_pricing.htm

Marketing teacher." Product Life Cycle." Retrieved 22 Jan 2005 at http://www.marketingteacher.com/Lessons/lesson_plc.

Marketing teacher. (2004) "Value Chain." Retrieved 22 Jan 2005 at http://www.marketingteacher.com/Lessons/lesson_generic_strategies.htm… [Read More]

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Rheumatoid Arthritis & Atherosclerosis Is

Words: 2681 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 39330484

Though this work focuses specifically on the risk factors of atherosclerosis for RA patients and how to better identify them prior to clinical presentation of atherosclerosis the work is also insightful in that it builds a case for the connection between RA clinical presentations and atherosclerosis, in general. To move forward from this progressive idea is the fact that research has indicated that there is an even greater connection between RA patients and increased Carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT), which has served as a preclinical predictor in non-RA patients for cardiovascular events, but has now been shown to be even greater in progressive severity in RA patient, but especially in those with RA symptomology that has lasted longer than 20 years. This high grade of cIMT is also an indication of increased inflammation, in addition to increased plaque deposits in the carotid arteries.

A cIMT has previously been found to be…… [Read More]

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Human Experimentation With Human Subjects Raises a

Words: 846 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 35393318

Human Experimentation

Experimentation with human subjects raises a number of important moral implications. Modern protections for human subjects have their history in the Nuremberg Code, written for the Nuremberg Military Tribunal as a standard for judging the human experiments performed by the Nazis in WWII. The Declaration of Helsinki in 1964 further defined codes for human research, and the United States first implemented regulations for protecting human subjects as late as 1984 under the auspices of the Department of Health, Education and Welfare (DHEW). That same year the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research began work on the Belmont Report. The report, published in 1978, set out the key ethical principles of respect for persons, beneficence, and justice that now underlie legislation involving research that on human subjects (United States Department of Health & Human Services). Today, the Department of Health and Human…… [Read More]

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Effect of Forgiveness on Health

Words: 28998 Length: 75 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 36968622

forgiveness on human health. In its simplest form, the purpose of the study is to evaluate human psychological stress that might constitute a risk factor for heart disease. Further, the study will also evaluate the impact of forgiveness on heart disease. However, such a simple dissertation clearly demands further definition. What, exactly, do we signify when we speak of heart disease? What is properly considered as forgiveness? What impact does forgiveness has on human psychology? What is psychological and psychosocial aspects of the heart disease, as well as, is there a dependable relationship amid forgiveness and heart disease? Finally, a myriad of questions may be asked about the pathophysiological mechanisms that mediate the relationship between acts of forgiveness and its presumed endpoint, whether it slows down the progression of heart disease or recuperates from the heart attack.

The following thesis has taken assistance from leading scholarly sources in the field,…… [Read More]

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Cardiovascular Disease in Middle Aged Individuals in a Worksite Setting

Words: 5037 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 40424539

Cardio-vascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death and leads the statistics for emergency room (ER) cases. This literature review combines two primary causative agents in CVD: (1) Stress in the workplace, and (2) Middle Age. This review will explore one of the key reasons why the harmful ramifications of stress and middle age can be nullified or, at least, reduced -- through physical activity and exercise.

Job stress is defined as harmful physical and emotional responses to job requirements that do not match the abilities, resources, or needs of the worker. Occupational stress is a perceived imbalance between occupational demands and the individual's ability to perform when the consequences of failure are significant (Brehm, 2002) This makes the entire concept of job stress a very personal and psychological matter -- whenever perceptions play an important role. Contemporary magazines like Newsweek, Time, and U.S. News and World Report have…… [Read More]

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Vegetarian Versus Meat Eating

Words: 939 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 99047095

Vegetarianism Verses Meat Eating diet that consists of eating meat causes the buildup of saturated fats and creates high levels of cholesterol to occur and may result in high blood pressure, heart attack or cancer. However, by eating a vegetarian diet, a person may prevent or lessen their chance of acquiring these health problems. Vegetarians do not eat meat, and regard the flesh of all animals, including that of fish and poultry, to be meat, therefore their diet consists mainly of grains, vegetables, and other food sources.

Some vegetarians exclude milk and eggs also from their diet because these foods are from animals. Vegetarians are made up of three groups and each is based on their attitude toward milk and eggs.

Lacto-ovo-vegetarians include milk and eggs, and foods made from milk and egg within their diet. Lacto-vegetarians do not eat eggs, but they drink milk and eat such milk products…… [Read More]

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Low Carbohydrate Diet Results

Words: 2853 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 52633801

Dieting Factors

Americans spend billions of dollars on weight-loss products and programs every year. Despite this, most people do not lose the amount they would like or, if they do, regain the weight after a short period of time. The problem lies with following specific fads that emphasize one type of eating pattern. The low-carbohydrate diet, which has been popular off-and-on-again since the mid-1800s, exemplifies such a diet program. Studies do show that the low-carbohydrate diet can offer some benefits, but over the long-term does not offer any more advantages than any other diet. Other factors, such as adherence to the diet and lifestyle are more important to the equation.

Americans spent approximately $60 billion in 2009 on weight loss products and programs, including so-called "special" diet foods, appetite suppressants, diet books, exercise memberships, workout videos, and stomach-clamping surgery (World Health Organization, 2010). Yet obesity, especially among children and youth,…… [Read More]

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Alzheimer's Disease An Overview Disease Description and

Words: 1237 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11497290

Alzheimer's Disease: An Overview

Disease description and possible misconceptions

Alzheimer's disease is one of, although not the only type, of dementia elderly patients may suffer. The most common form of the illness occurs after age 60. Early-onset Alzheimer's disease before the age of 60 is less common, but the symptoms and worsening of the illness tends to be swifter in nature. Early-onset Alzheimer's disease has a known genetic component. "Certain genes...such as APOE epsilon4 allele" are linked to a greater likelihood of developing Alzheimer's (Jasmin 2010). In older patients, the difference between dementia and Alzheimer's can be difficult to determine. "The only way to know for certain that someone has AD is to examine a sample of their brain tissue after death," to determine if the tissue sample exhibits neurofibrillary tangles, "twisted fragments of protein within nerve cells that clog up the cell;" neuritic plaques, "abnormal clusters of dead and…… [Read More]

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Life Critical Illness Myocardial Infarction

Words: 789 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63714582

Life Changes After Illness

There are very many critical illnesses that people face everyday in life. Among these critical illnesses is Myocardial Infarction which is commonly known as heart attack. This comes about due to an interruption of blood supply to some parts of the heart muscles that result to the death of the damage or death of heart cells. Symptoms of this illness are sudden chest pains, nausea, sweating, palpitations and shortness of breath. Often when an individual is diagnosed with Myocardial Infarction the news come as a shock to the person. When one becomes aware that they are suffering from Myocardial Infarction there are various changes that will occur in their lives. This paper will look at the life changes that occur after Myocardial Infarction.

Stressful life

Myocardial Infarction is life threatening, stressful and its onset is sudden, unanticipated and uncontrollable. This means that the life of a…… [Read More]

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Exercises 10 Points Each How

Words: 1259 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8076657

The patient should drink less, participate in more physical activity and should eat a better diet. The blood pressure and cholesterol both need to come down immediately.

Question 6

The patient needs to take the recommendations in question 5 or he likely has a very dim future if his BP and cholesterol is not lowered a lot. Blood pressure should be measured after the patient has rested for at least five minutes. He should be instructed in advance of the appointment what not to eat or drink so that the test result is not improperly influenced (e.g. drinking caffeine).

Question 7

There is no advancement or progression in symptoms but blood pressure is still entirely too high. It needs to drop by at least 30 points to be within a non-hypertension range. Needs to be made clear to patient that while he is feeling fine for now, that will change…… [Read More]

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Anatomy and Physiology of the

Words: 936 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 77902653

Even though the heart works harder, blockages still shortchange the needed blood supply to all areas of the body. Kidney disorders, which leave extra fluids, sodium, and toxins in the body, obesity, diabetes, birth control pills, pregnancy, smoking, excess alcohol, stress, and thyroid and adrenal gland problems can also cause and exacerbate a high blood pressure condition.

Proper ranges of cholesterol are also important in the prevention of heart attack or stroke. Total blood cholesterol above 200 mg/dl, LDL cholesterol above 130 mg/dl, HDL cholesterol below 35 mg/dl; and lipoprotein (a) level greater than 30 mg/dl are indicators of problematic cholesterol. Cholesterol is not actually a damage mechanism but is more an indicator of compromised liver function, and increased risk of heart attack.

Damage to the heart tissues from cardiovascular disease or from heart surgery will disrupt the natural electrical impulses of the heart and result in cardiac arrhythmia. Sudden…… [Read More]

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Aging Body the Author Bases

Words: 767 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 39927888



3. Growth factors can induce apoptosis by binding to their respective receptors (RTKs). When activated, RTKs in turn activate the Ras, Raf, MEK, MAPK, MKK, ERK, Fos, JNKs, and Jun pathway, which can lead to the induction of ARF via gene upregulation. ARF in turn suppresses mdm2, a suppressor of p53 activity. The resulting increase in p53 activity can induce Bax, Mt, and thus apoptosis.

4. Adenomatous familial polyposis is caused by a truncated APC protein, which results from inherited mutations in the APC gene (Segditsas and Tomlinson, 2006). However, the activity of the wild-type or normal APC allele is usually sufficient to maintain tumor suppressor activity. For this reason, and because the wild-type allele is often found to have acquired somatic mutations, it is assumed that both alleles must be mutated before tumors can form. The vast majority of mutations found in colorectal tumors have retained 0 to 3…… [Read More]

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Fast Food

Words: 2475 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 10502179

Fast Food

Sara had worked all day and then picked the children up from the day care center. On the way home she knew there was no time to cook before her class. Going back to school had been a hard decision, especially when she was a single mother to Ben, age four and Sally age 5. The children would benefit in the end she constantly reminded herself as she pushed the mommy guilt to the back of her mind. "Mommy I'm hungry," chirped Sally. In true little brother fashion Ben chimed in right behind big sister. "Me too Mommy ....VEWY hungry!." Sara knew they did not have time to get home and cook dinner. She wanted time to play with the children, read stories and cuddle with them a bit before her mother arrived to babysit while Sara attended night school. She pulled into the KFC parking lot and…… [Read More]

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Marketing and Branding a Healthcare-Related Product Marketing

Words: 1634 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27450979

Marketing and Branding a Healthcare-Related product

Marketing and Branding Lipitor

Target markets, branding, marketing strategy, execution and product positioning all directly contribute to the market share and profitability of a product. In the marketing and selling of healthcare related products, brands must communicate a viable and realistic solution t a patient's condition to be seen with credibility and trust (Angelmar, Angelmar, Kane, 2007). The intent of this analysis is to evaluate the marketing strategies of Lipitor, a best-selling drug of Pfizer Corporation used for treating high cholesterol and its related heart disease effects. This drug generated $10.7B in the company's latest fiscal year according to their annual report and is also considered one of the top-selling drugs throughout the entire pharmaceutical industry. Beginning with an analysis of the Lipitor target market, and progressing through their branding strategies, analysis of product success and recommendations for future marketing strategies, this paper provides…… [Read More]

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New Suppliers of Health Supplements a Promising

Words: 1932 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16092922

New Suppliers of Health Supplements

A promising new addition to the company's current line of health supplements was identified during a recent trip to Bangkok, Thailand, to meet suppliers of a promising antioxidant, coenzyme Q10. A growing body of research suggests this antioxidant is effective in improving cardiovascular function and may also be useful in alleviating the symptoms of angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, high blood pressure, moderate gingival disease, congestive heart failure, dilated cardiomyopathy and severely impaired immune systems. Based on the documented efficacy, high quality and low costs of the health supplement offered by this vendor, this report provides the background and an overview of the supplier, a description of the health supplement, and current applications for coenzyme Q10. A summary of the business trip and meeting with the company's president is followed by recommendations and a brochure illustrating various aspects of the product.

Results of Business Trip to…… [Read More]

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Carbohydrates & Nutrition the Term

Words: 1787 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 37678625

He has just recently had surgery. What are the likely results of his deficient protein intake?

D. His surgical wound will heal effectively and he will grow normally because he can live off fat stores

85. When protein consumption is in excess of body needs and energy needs are met, the excess amino acids are metabolized and the energy in the molecule is

B. excreted in the urine.

86. Kwashiorkor usually is associated with a deficiency of C. protein.

87. Which of the following is not true about an incomplete protein source?

D. Lower quantities of this source could be eaten to get adequate quantities of essential amino acids

88. The most reliable source of vitamin B12 for the vegan would be

A. fortified soybean milk.

89. Today the best estimate for the amount of protein required for nearly all adults is ____ grams per kilogram body weight per day.…… [Read More]

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Alzheimer's Patients Hmg-Coa Reductase Inhibitors

Words: 1071 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 4024103



Research Methods

At the current time, no clinical studies have been conducted that use a randomized sample and strict controls in relation to the use of statins to prevent and control Alzheimer's Disease. The proposed research intends to fill this important research gap and conduct a clinical study that compares the development of Alzheimer's Disease between patients that use statins and a group that does not use statins for a specified amount of time. These two groups will not be using statins for control of coronary artery disease, to eliminate any confounding variables that may be a result of CAD and Alzheimer's. Patients will be given statins for the sole purpose of preventing and/or controlling Alzheimer's disease.

The purpose of the proposed research is to provide reliable research that examines the potential for use of statins to control Alzheimer's Disease. The research will be conducted using strict clinical controls and…… [Read More]

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Patient With High A1C and Cholestorl

Words: 725 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 60290600

Diagnose Patient

The author of this report has been asked to look at the vitals and other information for a patient. First off, the patient will enumerate all of the patient's medical issues, a man by the name of Mr. Go. Second, the issues that are identified will be mentioned including the medications that will be prescribed as well as the health teachings that would be prudent. Finally, there will be a listing of standards when it comes to managing care for this patient. While Mr. Go is not near death or anything, there are certainly some issues that need to be addressed.

Go is nearly six feet and is over 209 pounds. Any BMI that is over 18.5 is not normal. The man in question is nearly a BMI of 30. As such, the man is clearly overweight ... borderline obese. The question is just how many consequences have…… [Read More]

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Mortality Morbidity Heart Conditions

Words: 736 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48574328

Care Plan

Morbidity and Mortality Statistics:

Hypertension affects around 1 in 3 Americans and according to the CDC only 52% of people have this condition under control (CDC.gov, 2016). In older men, two-thirds have hypertension, and one-third of white men have hypertension. There are nearly 1000 deaths from hypertension daily in the United States, around 360,000 per year. Hypertension is related to first heart attacks, strokes and chronic heart failure.

The patient also suffers from orthostatic hypotension, which is when blood pressure drops when going from a lying or sitting position to standing. The largest risk for elderly people is the increased risk of falling that this brings. The patient may have fallen because of this condition. It is caused by, or linked to, high blood pressure and prolonged bed rest, as well as other conditions not faced by this patient. Anemia or vitamin B12 deficiency is another potential contributor…… [Read More]

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Heart Disease

Words: 591 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46213368

Atherosclerosis and the various complications associated with this disease, especially towards its final stages, may causes disability and death within Western societies. Although advancement of atherosclerosis is a slow process, beginning in childhood, remaining asymptomatic for several decades, complication like myocardial infarction, peripheral ischemia, or stroke happening later on in life. Some recognized risk factors towards the development of the illness include diabetes, hypertension, obesity, dyslipidaemia, smoking, sedentary lifestyle, and ageing. Several studies suggest heritability of coronary atherosclerosis, established through fatal cardiac episodes between 38 and 57%.

Furthermore, epidemiology studies also correlate a positive family history is independently related with the occurrence of cardiovascular events. Such occurrences derived from genetics include lipid profile as well as genes related to obesity. Development of these molecular biology methods promotes effective identification of these "candidate genes" through use of high-throughput technologies like genome-wide scans. An article explains the connection between the illness and…… [Read More]

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Mental Patients' Physical Health Who Use Antipsychotic Medication

Words: 13284 Length: 32 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44641264

Antipsychotic Medication and the Physical Health Problems of the Patient With Mental Illness

More and more attention is now being given to the mental disorders especially in U.S. And due to this increase in attention an increase has also been noticed in the treatment of these mental health issues (Zuvekas, 2005). About 30% of the total U.S. population that is between the ages of 18-52 is being affected by mental health issues which make up a large part of the public health problem (Kessler et al., 2005; Narrow et al., 2002). The risk of morbidity and smaller life expectancy is very high in the patients who suffer from the mental health issues (Millar, 2008; Skodol, 2008). It has been observed from numerous researches that the chances of suffering from various health issues such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease and hypertension are a lot more for the patients suffering from schizophrenia (Millar,…… [Read More]

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Androstenedione in the Major League Baseball Season

Words: 1582 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 84928160

Androstenedione

In the Major League Baseball season of 1998, Mark McGwire became famous for breaking Roger Maris' home run record. Later it was found out that McGwire's power hitting came from a muscle building synthetic hormone called Androstenedione or Androstenediol. This supplement, nicknamed "Andro" became the first in a list of performance-enhancing substances called pro-hormones. The scrutiny of McGwire's performance was overshadowed by the fact that many professional athletes were using it. Also, this substance was not banned by the Baseball Commission. This compound is called a pro-hormone because it is a precursor to testosterone. It metabolizes directly into testosterone.

There are some differences between the -dione and the -diol version. In the former, there are two carbonyl (-C=O) groups. These groups are replaced by alcohol (-C-OH) groups in the diol. For the purpose of this work, which involves really understanding the post-chemical positive and negative side effects, we can…… [Read More]

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Should the Healthy Employee Pay Less Insurance Premium

Words: 2636 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Dissertation Paper #: 80030751

Healthy Employee Pay Less for Insurance Premiums?

Statement of the Issue

The objective of this work is to examine whether the healthy employee should contribute less towards their health insurance premium than employees who are less healthy. Employers are more often offering wellness and health promotion programs focused on promoting good health among their employees and employee's families. Driving this movement is the rising cost of health insurance, as well as disability leave and sick leave benefits. Added to these cots are those associated with lost productivity due to employees being off from work. The position of this writer prior to examining this issue is that employers would benefit from reducing health insurance costs for employees who are healthy and who follow a good health program.

Background of the Issue

The position taken and supported in this work in writing is that immediate actions should be taken by expanding public…… [Read More]

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History of Cardiovascular Disease

Words: 2363 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 32831373

Genetic Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease

Family History of Cardiovascular Disease

The term cardiovascular disease (CVD) is frequently used interchangeably with 'heart disease', but for some medical professionals, the term CVD is used to describe only those medical conditions that lead to the narrowing or blocking of blood vessels (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2012). For others, the term CVD encompasses a number of medical conditions affecting the health of all aspects of the cardiovascular system, including blood vessels, the heart, and the autonomic circuits regulating heart rhythm (Kathiresan and Srivastava, 2012). Other terms used interchangeably with CVD include coronary artery disease (CAD) and coronary heart disease (Superko, Roberts, Garret, Pendyla, and King III, 2010; National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, 2011). For the purposes of this review, CVD will be used in the same umbrella-like manner that Kathiresan and Srivastava (2010) have used the term, except when discussing a study that…… [Read More]

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Omniverous vs Vegan Diet Omnivorous

Words: 1503 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 25120473



References

Acheson, K.J. (2012). Diets for body weight control and health: the potential of changing the macronutrient composition. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. Retrieved from PubMed: doi: 10.1038/ejcn.2012.194.

Austin et al. (2011). Trends in carbohydrate, fat, and protein intakes and association with energy intake in normal-weight, overweight, and obese individuals:

1971 -- 2006. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. Retrieved:

http://ajcn.nutrition.org/content/early/2011/02/09/ajcn.110.000141.full.pdf+html

Barnard, Neal D. (et al. 2009). A low-fat vegan diet and a conventional diabetes diet in the treatment of type 2 diabetes: a randomized, controlled, 74-wk clinical trial.

American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 89(5): 1588S -- 1596S. Retrieved from Pub Med:

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2677007/

Davis, N., Forbes, B., & Wylie-Rosett, J. (2009). Nutritional Strategies in Type 2 Diabetes.

Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine, 76(3), 257-268. Retrieved from EBSCOhost

doi:10.1002/msj.20118

Foster, G.D., Wyatt, H.R., Hill, J.O., Makris, a.P., Rosenbaum, D.L., Brill, C., & ... Klein, S.

(2010). Weight and metabolic outcomes after 2…… [Read More]

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Atherosclerosis Factors That Influence Disease

Words: 829 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: 'Discussion and Results' chapter Paper #: 79418426



The idea that animal fat consumption causes heart disease is perhaps the most controversial component of the standard preventative advice given to reduce heart disease. This association is based upon the research of Ancel Keyes, who compared heart disease rates in the United States, Canada, Australia, England, Italy, and Japan and found that lower rates of heart disease were manifested in countries with less saturated fat consumption. However, there are many examples of tribes that ate diets high in animal fats and protein yet had low rates of heart disease until exposed to a Western diet: the lifestyle practices of the industrialized world clearly seems more apt to contribute to heart disease but exactly how remains uncertain. There is a complex interplay of genetics and other metabolic factors in the development of atherosclerosis (Teicholz 2007).

Total cholesterol alone has a limited value in predicting the tendency to develop heart disease:…… [Read More]

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International Operations Companies Decide to Internationalize Operations

Words: 1194 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21823999

International Operations

Companies decide to internationalize operations when the local market becomes saturated as a method to continue to grow and increase market share. Internationalization is the process by which companies shift operations from their home country into foreign markets. This process can be accomplished through a number of methods depending on the size, resources and strategy of the company.

Methods of International Operation

Companies will normally expand into international operations by exporting to overseas markets through independent channels or by licensing foreign manufacturers to produce products for overseas markets (Dicken 2003, p. 207). The next step is for a company to establish sales outlets in overseas markets by either buying a local company or setting up a new facility (Dicken 2003, p. 207). The last stage in internationalization is when a company establishes production facilities overseas by either buying another firm or setting up facilities (Dicken 2003, p. 207).…… [Read More]

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Myocardial Infarction According to the Centers for

Words: 744 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 33223735

Myocardial Infarction

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, 2006), each year approximately 1.2 million Americans suffer from myocardial infarction (heart attack) each year. 40% of these people who a have heart attack will die from it. This equates to a person having a heart attack every 34 seconds, and a person dying from a heart attack every minute. Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States, causing over 26% of the deaths in 2006 (CDC, 2010). Additionally, heart disease is the leading cause of death for both women and men, and for most racial/ethnic groups, including African-American, Native Americans, Hispanics, and whites. For Asian-Americans, heart disease was the second leading cause of death after cancer (CDC, 2010). The CDC also estimates that in 2010, heart disease cost the United States $316.4 billion in health care services, medications, and lost productivity.

Myocardial Infarction…… [Read More]

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Coronary Artery Disease and Coronary

Words: 2148 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 88247438

Especially among diabetics and others who demonstrate silent ischemia in which symptoms of the condition remain suppressed, a regular doctor checkup can help reduce chances for heart attack or death. An ECG reading will help determine if the person has developed coronary artery disease. That person can then take steps to remedy the problem. Other diagnostic measures include the exercise stress test, a coronary angiography, an echocardiogram, nuclear scan, magnetic resonance angiography, and CT angiography (Chen 2011).

Treatment usually involves lifestyle changes, but other interventions may be necessary too. Aspirin can prevent blood clots from forming in arteries and therefore reduce risk of heart attack (Chen 2011). Certain patients can take aspirin daily as a preventative measure (Singh 2011). Other pharmacological interventions that are commonly used in the treatment of coronary artery disease include ACE inhibitors, which lower blood pressure and protect the kidneys (Chen 2011). Hormone replacement therapy was…… [Read More]

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Coronary Heart Disease Over the

Words: 1361 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 38620710

This is because obesity is caused from the lack of having balanced diet and not engaging in enough physical exercise. These two elements are important because they will cause the underlying amounts of plaque and atherosclerosis to increase. Once this begins to occurs, it will cause the cholesterol levels in the individual to rise. The lack of exercise will help to swell the blood pressure levels, by not providing the body with an effective way to burn fat. As this is causing lipids and other toxins, to build up in the body; which helps to increase your blood pressure dramatically. When your put these different elements together, this is showing how obesity and physical activity will play a direct role in helping to increase blood pressure as well as cholesterol levels. ("Coronary Artery Disease," 2010)

A fifth risk factor of CAD, stress, highlights how this can increase the hardening of…… [Read More]

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High Sugar Consumption Sugar Is

Words: 1471 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 21515987

This increases the risk of heart disease in adulthood. Those ingesting the highest added sugars had lower levels of good cholesterol and higher levels of bad cholesterol. High-density lipoprotein levels are the good cholesterol, while the low-density lipoproteins are the bad cholesterol. There was a 9% difference between those who consumed sugar at the highest levels at 54 mg/dL of HDL levels and those with the lowest levels at 54 mg/dL. Research says that sugary beverages contribute the largest amount of added sugars. Examples are sodas, fruit drinks, coffee and tea (Welsh).

Combining its findings with the sugar content data from the U.S. Department of Agriculture My Pyramid equivalent databases, the survey team found a higher risk of cardiovascular disease in adding sugar and replacing the energy requirement from less than 10% to more than 30% (Welsh et al. 2011). The study involved 646 adolescents as volunteers. It found that…… [Read More]

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Heart Disease in Children Age

Words: 1341 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 54537306

These defects or conditions are categorized according to the problems, which develop. One problem is when too much blood passes through the lungs. Another is when too little passes through the lungs. A third is when too little blood circulates in the body. And a fourth is a combination of several heart defects, presenting as a complex problem. Pediatric cardiologists are the specialists treating babies with congenital heart problems (Children's Hospital of Wisconsin).

Cyanotic Heart Disease

This is a congenital heart defect, which lowers blood oxygen levels, and may involve more than one defect (Weinrauch & Zieve, 2009). Under normal conditions, blood returns from the body and goes through the heart and lungs. Then it flows from the heart and carries enough oxygen to the rest of the body. There is abnormal blood flow when there is a heart defect. The amount of blood flowing also reduces the amount of…… [Read More]

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Mexican and Indian Food

Words: 889 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 15045672

Food and Cultural Nuances
Worldview
I am writing about Mexican culture. Mexicans are predominantly Christians, which plays a significant role in their worldview. This worldview is the result of colonization efforts by the Spanish. Thus, the worldview of this culture is prone to hard work and sacrifice, as well as conventional Western morality. Many Mexicans believe that if they work hard and sacrifice in this life, they will gain rewards in the afterlife.
The Mexican worldview is at variance with that of my culture, which is Southeast Asian Indian. While Mexican culture is primarily Occidental, mine is rooted in eastern thought and philosophy. The predominant religion of my culture is Hinduism. This religion is much less preoccupied with material items than Christianity is, which is a large point of differentiation in the worldviews of these cultures.
Health beliefs
The health beliefs of Mexican culture are multifaceted. One the one hand,…… [Read More]

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Literature Review after PICOT Review

Words: 1052 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 89613319

Yu et al., 2014

Non-targeted research, quantitative

996 males

Kruskal-Wallis H Test

Obstructive sleep apnea correlated with males (but not females) with hypertension

None stated

Scheers-Anderson et al., 2015

Secondary Research/Literature Review

Review of governmental data

9,816 males (4,908 sets of brothers)

Generalized estimation equations and adjusted regression models

No discernible link between gestational weight gain and blood pressure issues, including hypertension

Military draft only applies to men, exams of men decreased in rate over 2000's

Lakshman, Manikath, Rahim & Anilakumari, 2014

Quantitative and Cross-Sectional

Data collected from bus drivers (exercise, tobacco use, etc.)

179 bus drivers aged 21 to 60 years old

Statistical analysis (binary logistic regression

Blood pressure tends to increase with age

They did not measure abdominal circumference

Chang et al., 2013

Age-matched case-control study design

Recruited healthy males without hypertension present from local clinic

80 males -- 40 with hypertension and 40 without

Measure of cytokines…… [Read More]

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Dietary and Lifestyle Guidelines for Health

Words: 1034 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39920551

Mr. Coach is a 51-year-old white male who was referred by a primary physician because of his elevated blood pressure during a routine screening. Mr. Coach has had a history of heart issues, including an abnormal heartbeat in 2012 for which he underwent a medical procedure. Although Mr. Coach does not smoke and he exercises regularly, he has a family history of hypertension and other risk factors that make it important to pay closer attention to dietary and lifestyle choices. For example, Mr. Coach's blood lipid tests reveal high cholesterol and high triglycerides. Mr. Coach does report being under pressure with his job and personal life and has been experiencing stress, which is also a risk factor. Mr. Coach's diet is far from ideal, and some dietary changes might help to reduce the client's risk factors for cardiovascular disease or metabolic syndrome. Mr. Coach has expressed interested in balancing his…… [Read More]

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Two Different Fad Diets Combined Using Spices and Eggs

Words: 1375 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31525833

Pounds, 5 Spices and Eggceptional Diets

Turmeric, ginseng, cinnamon, ginger, and cumin are not only tasty; they may help dieters lose weight. Turmeric is a spice that is yellow in color, mild in flavor, and which also happens to contain a substance called curcumin. Curcumin provides the spice with its yellow color and also has anti-inflammatory properties that may even "suppress the growth of fat tissue," and lower serum cholesterol as well (Appleby, n.d.). Adding turmeric to foods or taking a turmeric supplement may help some people achieve weight loss goals.

Ginseng is a family of roots commonly used to brew teas. Although some data may suggest that ginseng may improve glucose tolerance, there is no evidence suggesting that ingesting ginseng promotes weight loss per se (Saper, et al., 2004). Likewise, cinnamon may help to regulate glucose metabolism in the body and decrease blood sugar (Anne, n.d.). Cumin is another…… [Read More]

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Cardiovascular Case Study Management

Words: 3112 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 51501524

Although the severities of congestive signs may be similar, medical evaluation should be instructed to determine whether there is accompanying proof of cardiovascular disease. Physical proof of cardiovascular disease contains the narrow pulse pressure, cool arms, and legs, and sometimes changed mentation, with supporting proof sometimes provided by reducing serum sodium level and deteriorating renal function. Cardiovascular disease is frequently difficult to recognize through phone contact but may be suspected when previously effective diuretic increases fail, nurses report lower blood pressure, or patients explain improved lethargy.

Facilitators and barriers to optimal disorder management and outcomes

Environmental factors and cultural beliefs; motivators and hinders

In this case, the client thought he was suffering from a heart attack and feared to come to the hospital. The symptoms had presented for four days before the patient sought help. The patient had been suffering from similar symptoms for the past six months, but thought…… [Read More]

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Atkins Diet Is Healthy Living and Its Safe and Effective

Words: 1326 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 271486

low-carbohydrate Atkins diet is safe and effective in the short-term. Today, millions of Americans follow the Atkins diet, making questions of safety and effectiveness increasingly important. In controlled studies, those on the Atkins diet lost more weight, had bigger increases in heart-friendly HDL cholesterol and had larger decreases in triglyceride levels when compared to dieters on a "normal" diet. Despite the diet's clear short-term success, the long-term effectiveness and safety of the diet have not been conclusively established, although a diet that combines the traditional Atkins diet with low fat may help to reduce some of these potential risks. Overall, the Atkins diet seems to be an effective way to shed pounds, at least in the short-term. The Atkins diet may provide an effective and safe means to improve health, even when potential concerns about the diet are contrasted against the documented and well-known dangers of obesity.

The Atkins Diet…… [Read More]

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Exercise and Proper Diet Solutions to Circulatory

Words: 1463 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 89838494

Exercise and Proper Diet:

Solutions to Circulatory System Health and Coronary Heart Disease Management

Coronary heart disease is the nation's single leading cause of death." For American Heart Association's 2003 report on Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics, coronary heart disease will prove to be significant and responsible for almost 1.1 million Americans that have the potential of having "recurrent coronary attack." This figure implies the degree of significance that heart diseases does to the increasing mortality rate and deteriorating health of many Americans. Coronary heart disease is a "chronic illness in which the coronary arteries become narrowed and unable to carry a normal amount of blood" (Microsoft Encarta 2002). Heart diseases occur precisely because there occurs a clogging of the arteries that are vital for the regulation, supply, and flow of oxygen-containing blood in the circulatory system.

Two of the most common and prevalent cases of coronary heart diseases are…… [Read More]

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Strokes and African Americans

Words: 4072 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 81628730

Strokes and African-Americans

African-Americans are reported to be nearly twice as likely to experience a stroke as their white counterparts however, African-Americans are much less likely to know the risk-factors and symptoms of stroke or to seek early treatment. The purpose of this study is to examine the issue of African-Americans and stroke. The significance of this study is the additional knowledge that will be added to the already existing base of knowledge in this area of study. The methodology employed in this study is of a qualitative and interpretive nature and has been conducted through a review of literature in this area of study.

Strokes and African-Americans

African-Americans are reported to be nearly twice as likely to experience a stroke as their white counterparts however, African-Americans are much less likely to know the risk-factors and symptoms of stroke or to seek early treatment.

Purpose of the Study

The purpose…… [Read More]

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Constructing a Health Promotion Program for Alzheimer's

Words: 1456 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 63595502

Health Promotion Program for Alzheimer's Patients

The objective of this study is to construct a health promotion program for Alzheimer's Patients. Alzheimer's disease (AD) is "a form of dementia that interferes with a person's intellectual and social functioning." (NCPAD, 2012) One of the primary concerns for the individual with Alzheimer's is weight loss "due to eating problems such as poor-fitting dentures, problems in swallowing, and loss of appetite. Weight loss or loss of appetite may be caused by noise, odor, and/or conversation distractions while eating." (NCPAD, 2012) Caregivers are faced with many challenges in providing care for the Alzheimer's Patient. Findings in this study state that the primary components required for the health promotion program for the individual with Alzheimer's disease are those of: (1) nutrition; (2) physical activity; (3) mental activity; and (4) social activity and participation.

Health Promotion Program for Alzheimer's Patients

Introduction

The objective of this study…… [Read More]

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Food Menu Overview

Words: 847 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7605590

Food Menu and Nutrition

Food Menu Overview

The objective of this study is to create two food menus as follows: (1) one healthy food menu; and (2) one unhealthy food menu, from a local fast food restaurant. Following the creation of these menus, this work will write a nutritional analysis of the meal created, discuss the reaction of the writer to this information and describe how this will affect the food choices of the writer in the future in terms of food choices from fast food restaurants.

The food choices that one makes when dining at fast food restaurants make a great difference in the amount of nutrition received from dining at fast food restaurants as well as the total calories that are consumed and the other factors that make foods either healthy or unhealthy for consumption. One might assume that dining at a fast food restaurant is in general…… [Read More]

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Dash Diet

Words: 1926 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 66885657

DASH Diet

An intake plan, which is intended to reduce the blood pressure, is the DASH. DASH is the short form for Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension. The DASH diet lowers the blood pressure and thus helps in checking and controlling high blood pressure. The DASH combination diet is full of fruits, vegetables, and low level of fat dairy foods and is low in saturated and total fat. It also has low levels of cholesterol, potassium, high dietary fiber, calcium and magnesium and fairly high amounts of protein. The DASH intake plan is suggested by the NIH's National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute -- NHLBI which says: make use of the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension --DASH intake plan as a guide. DASH recommends to take more of fresh fruits, vegetables and low amounts of fat dairy products, and to restrict saturated fat and salt. The DASH intake plan can…… [Read More]

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Acetaminophen Tylenol the Drug of

Words: 1750 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 85437300

Also no pill will change everything. One must be willing to change their lifestyle as well.

Why do some people still need an antihyperlipidemic agent even though they have reduced their dietary intake of cholesterol and saturated fats?

Why is it better to sue selective beta2 agonists, rather than non-selective beta-adrenergic agonists, for a patient who has both asthma and heart disease?

Why is the combination of a glucocorticoid and a beta2 adrenergic agonist used sometimes in treating asthma? What is the difference in their mechanisms of action?

Use

http://lungusa.org/asthmato answer: (a) what is a peak flow meter and how is it used in asthma clients? (b) Is low or high humidity in the home better for asthma clients? - What aspects of weather are triggers for asthma?

Based upon your knowledge of the mechanism of action of the following drug classes, explain the rationale for using the following to…… [Read More]

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Vegetarianism Many People Tend to

Words: 1658 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 8819435

And since menopause is associated with gaining of weight as well as slow metabolism, when one takes a low-fat, high fiber vegetarian diet it can assist him ward off extra pounds.

Individuals who are on vegetarian diet tend to have more energy. When one consumes too much fat in his or her body (blood stream) the arteries will not open properly hence the muscles will not receive oxygen which is enough and this always makes an individual to feel zapped. Vegetarian diet also makes one avoid toxic chemicals. From the estimation of EPA nearly 95% of the pesticide residue within typical American diet originates from dairy products, fish and meat . Dairy products are associated with steroids as well as hormones, while fish tend to have carcinogen (DDT, PCBs) including heavy metals such as arsenic, mercury, cadmium and lead. These materials cannot be removed even through freezing or cooking. Consuming…… [Read More]

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Preamble Josephine Attributes Her Eating

Words: 1542 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 33228398

The mayo clinic recommends that she limit her total fat to 20 0or 25% of her daily calories. Since fat has 9 calories a gram, this amounts to about 400 to 700 calories a day. She should replace the turkey and beef with unsaturated fats from healthier sources such as lean poultry, fish and healthy oils, such as olive, canola and nut oils. She should limit deserts, and fatty meats. Josephine should also be cautious of the meat served her by her mother, which is likely a source of saturated fat. She should replace that with either monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats that are found in unsalted nuts and seeds and in certain healthy oils such as canola, vegetable, and olive oils.

She is also recommended to watch her cholesterol intake. Cholesterol comes from animal products and excessive cholesterol can result in heart disease and stroke. Josephine is recommended to cut…… [Read More]

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Pfizer SWOT Pfizer -- a

Words: 679 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: SWOT Paper #: 97328789



Opportunities

According to the Pfizer press release section of its website, discomfort associated with fibromyaglia, a common chronic pain condition, has been shown to be significantly reduced by a new drug developed by Pfizer called Lyrica, "according to study results presented today at the American Academy of Neurology annual meeting" ("Lyrica Significantly Reduced Pain," 2007, Press Release). Pfizer has also developed a new AIDS drug called Maraviroc, which is likely to considerably improve and extend the life of AIDS patients who take the drug, according to researchers at the University of Pittsburg and Columbia University (Altman & Pollock, 2007).

Threats

Both Merck and Schering-Plough, two of Pfizer's greatest rivals, plan to combine forces and develop a medicine to rival Lipitor. "The planned drug, meant to reduce levels of the harmful type of cholesterol in two ways, could hit the market when Lipitor's patent expires in a few years" ("Merck and…… [Read More]

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Lipoproteins and Heart Attacks Lipoproteins

Words: 578 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 17639515

" If the liver encounters more food materials than the body can use at the time, it converts the extra food into fat, which can then be stored in the liver, in the fat cells, and circulate in the blood. The extra circulating cholesterol, especially the LDL's, are a sign that either (1) the person is eating too much, (2) the person is not exercising enough to "burn" the food that he/she eats, or both.

A surplus of LDL's results in a build-up of plaque in the arteries around the body (not just the heart). They can coat the cardiac, peripheral vascular and brain arteries with relatively eccentric plaque, building up over a period of time to create a reduced blood flow.

When the main arteries of the heart are constricted enough, a small thrombus, or blood clot, can clog the remaining opening in the artery and cause the heart…… [Read More]

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Coronary Artery Disease CAD Is

Words: 1559 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 82590220

2).

The most serious complication from coronary artery disease is the possibility of a heart attack, which can occur when blood flow to an area of the heart muscle is completely blocked, preventing oxygen-rich blood from reaching that area of heart muscle. However, the effects upon other organs of the body of coronary artery disease are still being studied by scientists. Because genetics and lifestyle are both contributing factors in heart disease, and other inflammatory conditions like lung disease and metabolic syndrome may either help cause heart disease or be linked to similar lifestyle practices, more research still needs to be conducted in these areas. The one thing that is known about coronary artery disease is that it is deadly, and people can take steps to at least reduce their risk.

Works Cited

Bals, Robert & Claus Volgelmeir. "Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and Premature Aging." American Journal of Respiratory and…… [Read More]

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New York Times Is That

Words: 1637 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 79995382

Jones of the New York Blood Center said blood only lasts 42 days before it has to be disposed of b) supplies that the blood center used to receive from the World Trade Center are not available of course now that the buildings are gone c) blood supplies can no longer be received from Europe because of concerns that "Mad Cow" disease might be carried in European blood supplies

FOUR: the blood center has tried to coax more people into coming to donate at their remote centers by offering other health services a) free screenings for high blood pressure and cholesterol have been offered;

the article explains that 50 million Americans suffer from high blood pressure, which can lead to heart attacks and kidney failure b) screenings for cholesterol are offered; if cholesterol levels in a person are too high, it can lead to "atherosclerosis" which is a first stage…… [Read More]

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Eating Nuts and Legumes and

Words: 1046 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 13390217

It is unfortunate that it was published without credit; it would have been even more credible had the author's name been included, so research on the author and their credentials could be established. In addition, the article did not include credible sources, or cite anyone else in concert with the study, but it does appear that the author did do sufficient research, and it is entirely possible that the presenter was the author and did the research.

The title of the article is "Nuts for Health," by CBS News, and their medical analyst, Dr. Emily Senay. The article does agree that some nuts included in the diet are good for the diet, but it specifically mentions macadamia nuts as being too "fatty" to be included in the diet and it offers information on a wide variety of other nuts, too. The article was published online, and among other things, in…… [Read More]

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Latino Community and Cardiovascular Disease

Words: 2367 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 51959416

These are high cholesterol levels, obesity, physical activity, smoking and racism. According to the 2003 report by the American Heart Association, 53% of Mexican-American men and 48% of women aged 20-74 have high bad cholesterol levels.

The 1999-2000 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey reported that 33%

of Mexican-American women and 28% of men were obese, as compared with 20% of non-Hispanic women. Adolescents aged 12-19 were 24% overweight as compared with non-Hispanic white adolescents at only 13%. And Latino children aged 6-11 were also likelier to be overweight than non-Hispanic black children at 20% and non-Hispanic white children at 12%.Obesity increases the risk of developing diabetes. Hispanics are also less likely to engage in physical activity. Physical inactivity further increases the risk of developing diabetes. Smoking was found to be higher among white adults at 25.3% than among Hispanic adults at 20.4%. But the Centers for Disease Control and…… [Read More]

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Depression and Metabolic Syndrome Is

Words: 2340 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Capstone Project Paper #: 85883804

A key strength of the study was that it was the first to show that major depression predicts increased risk for developing metabolic syndrome in middle-aged women. One of the key limitations of the study was that it only evaluated the role of depression in middle-aged women and not in men. This limits the external validity of the study. In addition, the use of cross-sectional data, self-reports, or the measurement of depressive symptoms as opposed to clinical depression only provided indirect support for the link between depression and the risk of developing metabolic syndrome.

Although a majority of the research agrees that a clear connection exists between depression and metabolic syndrome, several sources disagree. Hildrum, Mykletun, Midthjell and associates (2008) are a key example of research that does not support the connection between depression and anxiety with metabolic syndrome. This study used a cross sectional study of participants aged 20-89.…… [Read More]

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Role of Family Nurse Practitioner

Words: 1278 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 55068438

Advance Practice Registered Nurse (APRN) role of Family Nurse Practitioner

The US is witnessing a growing demand for the services of primary care providers, owing to an increase in the nation's elderly population. With Obamacare's enactment in the year 2010, the above trend is predicted to persist in the course of the next many years. FNPs or Family Nurse Practitioners can help mitigate the forecasted dearth of primary care providers. Available literature on the subjects indicates that FNPs might be capable of delivering a subsection of services categorized under primary care better than, or at least, just as proficiently as, doctors. Increased NP employment can improve healthcare access, especially in generally underserved localities and communities. For furthering this, APRN stakeholder bodies and state nursing boards have endeavored to revolutionize and standardize FNP practice (National Governors Association, 2012).

APRN represents a broad term utilized for defining nursing practice which exhibits competencies…… [Read More]

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Resistance Training RT in Older Adults with Type 2 Diabetes

Words: 928 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39849127

Resistance Training (RT) in Older Adults with Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetes Mellitus type 2 (T2D) among elderly individuals is a growing, prevalent problem. This age-prevalent metabolic ailment, marked by deficient insulin production owing to insulin resistance, is seen mostly among people aged 80+ years. The projected number of people belonging to this age group by 2050 is forty million. In this paper, the contribution of RT (resistance training) on elderly type 2 diabetics' (mean age=65+ years) metabolic, cardiovascular and neuromuscular functions will be examined (Hovanec et al. 2012).

In the last ten years, experts have been showing increasing interest in evaluating RT's likely impact on aged type 2 diabetics. RT serves to activate individuals' muscular systems, creating force in opposition to resistive loads. This may be achieved using multiple exercise machines, calisthenics (lunges, sit-ups, pushups and crunches) and lifting dumbbells and other free-weights. When carried out on a regular basis…… [Read More]

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Symptoms Diagnosis and Treatment Options of Coronary Heart Disease

Words: 1355 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69130867

Coronary Heart Disease: Symptoms, Diagnosis, And Treatment Options

Coronary Heart Disease

Among the common diseases that affect the heart, coronary heart disease is the most common in the U.S., and is the leading cause of heart attacks among men and women. Coronary heart disease, in some quarters referred to as coronary artery disease (CAD), is the inability of blood vessels to supply the required amount of oxygen and blood to the heart as a result of plaque buildup in the inner walls of the coronary artery (National Institute of Health, 2015). According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2015), a total of 720,000 Americans have heart attacks every year and, of these, 380,000 die from CAD. Recent studies have established that majority of these deaths are caused by the ignorance of warning signs and symptoms and the inability of people to respond promptly in the incidence of heart…… [Read More]

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Nutrigenomics Is an Important Field of Study

Words: 4560 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 10230829

Nutrigenomics is an important field of study. It finds in roots in modern times, because of the direct relation to advances in science and technology. Nutrigenomics also straddles the nature vs. nurture divide. The publication of the relatively preliminary results of the Human Genome has given greater impetus to the idea of Nutrigenomics. One might assuredly say that the publication of the Human Genome is preliminary because the current versions of the genome are merely representatives of a very select group of individuals. (Lander et al., 2001; Venter et al., 2001) What makes individuals unique of course is the presence of single nucleotide polymorphisms or SNPs. It is these SNPs that give each of us our individuality. Hence each individual's genome is his or her genotype. A genotype is an individual's genome -- the genetic coding that identifies the character traits that govern existence. In the context of Nutrigenomics, a…… [Read More]

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Casual Analysis Advice

Words: 970 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 46098897

Causes of Heart Attack

Heart attack and the relating diseases are some of the major killers in the United States. Heart attack cases turn out repeatedly and have killed hundreds of thousands of people each year, not to mention leaving the survivors in uncomfortable life and growing risk for its recurrence.

A regular fact that explains about how the attack happens is about the abnormal blood circulation in the vessels. Human body consists of thousands of arteries and intersection that needs to keep clean to allow the blood to run smoothly, supplying enough oxygen throughout the body. In one way or another, the minimum space of the artery does not allow normal passage since the arteries get partially blocked by plaque substances.

The article "Arterial Disease" explains that atherosclerosis, the artery disease, most commonly is caused by the accumulation of substances such as "fatty substances, cholesterol, cellular waste, calcium, and…… [Read More]

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Advocacy Letter to Whom it May Concern

Words: 801 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60246075

Advocacy Letter

To whom it may concern,

Greetings, my name is Nurse, and I am writing to you at The New York Methodist Hospital in regards to a brewing public health crisis here in Brooklyn, NY. I am the primary care taker of the K. family that lives in this region and who is experiencing rather difficult circumstances surrounding the issue of public health. The purpose of this letter is to bring to your awareness the immediate need of your involvement towards helping the health conditions of the local environment by explaining the current circumstance I have experienced with the K. family.

A little background about the case: MK is an unemployed middle aged women who has been recently diagnosed with type I diabetes and Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma. Her 21-year-old, daughter, LK and her one-year-old son a live in a cramped one bedroom apartment here in Brooklyn. Both MK and LK…… [Read More]