Church Essays (Examples)

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Martin Luther's Life Martin Luther Took His

Words: 4355 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 68339119

Martin Luther's Life:

Martin Luther took his birth on November 10, 1483 in a peasant family in Eisleben in the Holy Roman Empire, presently known as Eastern Germany. After the birth of Luther his family migrated from Eisleben to Mansfeld. His father was a comparatively effective miner and smelter and the Mansfeld was then a larger mining town. The Parents of Martin were Hans and Magarete Luther and he was their second child. Martin started his schooling in Mansfeld most probably around seven. The School emphasized Latin and a bit of logic and rhetoric. When Martin was 14 he was brought to Magdeburg for taking up his further studies. He resided there only of a year and then admitted into a Latin School in Eisenach till 1501. During 1501 he entered the University of Erfurt that was regarded as one of the oldest and best universities in Germany where he…… [Read More]

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William Manchester's a World Literature Only by Fire

Words: 2489 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 36798339

Fire: The Medieval Mind and the Renaissance - Portrait of an Age by William Manchester. Specifically it briefly addresses Manchester's three main theses and analyze some part of this book in depth. It contains a critical book review that acknowledges the three main theses and addresses one of the theses, or a clearly defined theme, directly. The author's three main theses in the book were these: First, writer William Manchester wanted to show the reader what it was like to really live in medieval times. He wanted them to understand the smells, experiences, home life, and even filth and violence that filled the times. Second, he wanted to illustrate to the reader how the Middle Ages were entirely necessary for the Renaissance to occur, and finally, he hoped to show the reader how important Christianity, especially the Catholic Church, was to the time, the people, and the very fabric of…… [Read More]

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Judaism Even Though the Presence

Words: 2361 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 39984211

(Catholic Home Study Service: Sundays and Holy Days) Hence when a changeover was made from Sabbath to Sunday as the weekly day of worship, the traditional Holy Days began to be neglected, and Christmas and Easter evolved to be the significant festivals of the Christian community. (Christian Holy Days)

The Modern Christian church now orders its members to attend services on every Sunday and on all other Holy Days. The Church makes the Services mandatory on Holy Days and on every Sunday, since the Christians have prayers and offerings as a community and the Services is the crucial activity which shows the worship of the community. Since this crucial activity shows the worship of the community as a whole, the need to attend services on the Holy Days and on Sundays is looked upon by the Church as a serious obligation. Sidelining this is considered to be a grave sin.…… [Read More]

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African-American History- Christian Denominational Involvement the African-American

Words: 729 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91673842

African-American History- Christian Denominational Involvement

The African-American church, and African-American clergy, have been at the forefront of "nearly every major social, moral, and political movement in the black community," according to the Encyclopedia of American Religion and Politics (Djupe, et al., 2003, p. 9). And there is not one particular denomination that African-American Christians are drawn to, any more than there is any one specific denomination that Caucasians are drawn to. This paper reflects the different churches that African-Americans have been drawn to, namely the AME, the Pentecostal Roman Catholic Church, and Episcopalian Church.

The School of Divinity at Regent University reports in its 2007-2008 Colloquium on African-American Pentecostal and Charismatic Movements in the U.S. that "Pentecostal-Charismatic Christianity is the fastest growing segment of the African-American Church." Indeed, black Christians have been heavily involved in nearly all aspects of the Pentecostal movement "…from founding at the Azusa Street Revival at…… [Read More]

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Ballad Birmingham an Explication of Poem Ballad

Words: 1818 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79459345

Ballad Birmingham

An explication of poem "Ballad of Birmingham" by Dudley Randall

An explication of poem "Ballad Birmingham" by Dudley Randall

The current essay is an explication of the poem "Ballad of Birmingham" by Dudley Randall. Dudley wrote this poem in 1965 after reflecting on the incident of Ballad Birmingham Church dynamite that occurred on September 15, 1963. The poem is in context of African-American freedom movement of 1960s when African-Americans were fighting for their identity in the United States. This freedom movement was a fight against the laws of America that prevent African-Americans to play a part in the society. (Robyn, 138). The author has explained in details the story of the poem, the symbols used in the poem, the structure and setting of the poem as well as the message that Dudley wants to convey through this poem.

Thesis Statement

The general insinuations in the form of an…… [Read More]

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Same Sex Marriage There Are

Words: 3506 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 38902327

" In other words, being gay was an "illness" but the gay person wasn't necessarily to be "blamed" because the origins of homosexuality were unknown at the time, Nugent continues.

By claiming that gay people had illnesses, that gave some organized religions the opportunity to "…supply limited spiritual remedies" as a kind of "cure" for the condition (Nugent, 12). Whereas in much earlier days "ecclesiastical exorcisms" had been carried out to "cure" gay people, in the early part of the 20th Century, it was presumed that "psychological remedies" would be able to provide that elusive cure for homosexuality (Nugent, 12).

Author Fred Van Geest writes in the journal Sociology of Religion that according to a Pew Research survey, 60% of "mainline Protestants are supportive of gay rights" and just 21% are opposed to gay rights (Van Geest, 2008, p. 338). However only 26% of mainline Protestants support same sex marriage;…… [Read More]

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Little Commonwealth by John Demos

Words: 2356 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52442094


"a Little Commonwealth: Family Life in Plymouth Colony" by John Demos

John Demos' A Little Commonwealth: Family Life in Plymouth Colony takes place in the New World with the settlement of the Plymouth colony. Although quite a significant portion of the text is dedicated to the material aspects of the settlement, Demos outlines from the beginning of the foreword, his intentions to take an intimate look at the family in an emotional, psychological, and socio-cultural way. Demos maintains that prior history of this time period focused more on an overview of the actual settlement vs. A day-to-day look at the life of the settlers themselves. Demos uses the notion of a little commonwealth as a metaphor for analyzing and addressing the family in the 1600's, as both a foundational component of Pilgrim society and of the larger society as well. As such, what will be outlined in the text…… [Read More]

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Death Comes for the Archbishop

Words: 2128 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 24139094

Latour takes several steps to repair the damage done to the church by the moral misdeeds of rogue priests and, to a certain extent, the American and Mexican governments. Latour dispatches Valliant to Albuquerque and, in Valliant's travels, he performs sacraments and admonishes a priest for gambling with parish funds. Latour, for his part, helps rescue Magdalena from the abusive Buck Scales and orders the founding of a girl's school - another important symbol of permanence and the church's commitment to the community. Latour also replaces Gallegos, a corrupt priest who drinks, gambles and left his parish in a "scandalous state," with Father Valliant (p.83).

Latour's house cleaning continues throughout the story, as he is determined to conquer the book's moral setting, as he conquered its natural setting. Perhaps Latour's greatest triumph is when he forces Father Martinez, who had become a "dictator to all parishes in Northern New Mexico"…… [Read More]

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Macro and Micro Influences on

Words: 3946 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 5302738

My father was a school teacher during a time when females dominated the profession. They still do. Through my adolescent years I received conflicting messages as teachers tried to push me to excel in the academic areas that society deems acceptable for women, while discouraging me from things that were usually considered men territories.

On a macro level this taught me that my family was strange and I remember for a short period of time flipping the roles my parents played in the work world. I would tell others that my father was the biologist and my mother was the teacher. I believed it fit more with what the structure of society expected from a normal family and I was at an age where being a normal family was of utmost importance.

My friends at the time also fed into the gender difference beliefs as they began to eye the…… [Read More]

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Catholicism A Look at a

Words: 2033 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 27515633

While Catholics view Jesus as being a part of God, Jews see Jesus as a human who was wonderful teacher and storyteller, not the son of God (Kreeft, 1987). In the eyes of Jews, Jesus does not have the power to save souls; only God can. For Catholics, Jesus is the Son of God who rose from the dead and saved humankind. Jews do not share this belief.

Catholics also believe that Jesus absorbed the sins of the people. For them, Jesus replaced Jewish law and erased the sins of their ancestors. For Jews, the commandments and Jewish law are still binding.

Judaism rejects the idea of original sin -- the idea that people are born with sins and require an act of grace provided by the sacrifices of Jesus to erase humankind's sins (Kreeft, 1987). For Catholics, salvation only exists through Jesus. In the eyes of Jews, humans are…… [Read More]

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Youth Oriented Ministry Youth-Oriented Ministry

Words: 1981 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 14681510

"Ministries with young adults need to provide opportunities for them to interact with their peers and form healthy Christ-centered friendships. Faith is made real when the effects of faith are seen in others, especially those of the same age. Countless students have given testimony to how their faith has grown during the college years because of the friends they surrounded themselves with and the intimacy in spiritual growth they have experienced together."

Age-appropriate ministry and age-oriented activities are not simply appropriate, but necessary to foster this sense of membership in a longstanding community and fellowship with other Christians. By belonging to a community of young people, a young person gains a sense of how to become a reasoned, adult member of the church who has made an active, vocal, and questioned commitment that will last a lifetime. Youth education teaches the process of 'becoming' as well as presents the ideal.…… [Read More]

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Job Fair Summary Clues From

Words: 4020 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 42994409

Accuracy is lost the further one strays from the actual date of the writing. According to the early scholars, particularly Eusebius (263-340 AD) and Clement of Alexandria (150-215 AD), Paul authored the work and Luke translated it. Eusibius was a historian who spoke of fourteen epistles written by Paul. Jerusalem author, Jerome (347-420 AD) and Augustine (354-430 AD) also considered Hebrews to be to Pauline origin.

There appears to be a consensus among ancient scholars that the writings are of Pauline origin. In Greek manuscripts, Hebrews is located among other Pauline epistles. In modern Christian Bibles it is located after Phulimon, and not included in the Pauline works. However, in light of the argument that those closer to the source are more accurate, one would have to consider the Greek placement of the writing to be more accurate than modern translations would have one to believe. There is a consensus…… [Read More]

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Religion More Than a Word

Words: 3223 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 18229038

And bee it also Enacted by the Authority and with the advise and assent aforesaid that whatsoever person or persons shall from henceforth use or utter any reproachfull words or Speeches concerning blessed Virgin Marv the Mother of Our Saviour or the holy Apostles or Evangelists or any of them shall in such case for the first offence forfeit to the said Lord Proprietary and his heirs Lords and Proprietaries of this Province the sume of five pound Sterling or the value thereof to be Levyed on the goods and chattells of every such person soe offending, but in case such Offender or Offenders, shall not then have goods and chattells sufficient for the satisfying of such forfeiture, or that the same bee not otherwise speedily satisfyed that then such Offender or Offenders Shall be publiquely whipt and bee imprisoned during the pleasure, of the Lord Proprietary or the Lieut.…… [Read More]

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Social Groups Modern Bureaucracies and

Words: 1011 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 34966056

The Catholic Church, in other words, exists for many members on both a primary and secondary mode of membership and association. "Primary groups tend to be informal in nature and dominate the structures of traditional societies. Often organized around kinship ties, these groups regulate the activities of their members through informal norms and folkways of the culture. Secondary organizations are much more formal in structure and are usually coordinated through bureaucracy" (Elwell, 2008). The secondary organization of the Catholic Church is quite formal, organized, and bureaucratic in structure, but the informal social rules of the neighborhood church -- how much participation is demanded at the church bake sale, for example, is quite informal and based upon social and kinship ties. A parallel could be drawn with the American Heart Association, another organization I am a member of. The American Heart Association is a nonprofit charity, led by all of the…… [Read More]

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Sacred Music in Religion in

Words: 1228 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 43674725

This style is best represented by composer Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina (1525 to 1594) and was written primarily for a cappella choirs without instrumentation and was always sung in Latin, the official language of the Roman Catholic Church (Robertson, "Music Through the Centuries," Internet).

During the Reformation, sacred music became very closely linked to the congregational singing of psalms and hymns in Calvinist and Lutheran churches as a way of "collectively affirming church doctrine and experience which was later adopted by Roman Catholicism" and then in the successive Evangelical revivals, such as with Methodism and Wesleyanism (Predmore, 267). At the same time, traditional polyphonic settings and themes related to the Mass and other liturgical texts was greatly extended and developed and reached its conclusion during the Baroque Period with the great Passions, motets and cantatas of Johann Sebastian Bach (1685 to 1750). With the refinement of the church pipe organ…… [Read More]

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G C Berkouwer Brief Biographical Sketch

Words: 3630 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 2036789

According to Elwell this group of fourteen works, all of which have been translated into many languages including English form "the most monumental evangelical theological project of this century." (151) Elwell goes on to describe the works as, "written in an almost conversational style, these volumes deal with topics of theological concern, such as divine election, faith and sanctification, Holy Scripture, and the church, rather than presenting a tightly argued system of thought." (151) Finally according to Elwell and despite Berkouwer's shift in theology regarding human dealings, i.e. regret for spreading lack of tolerance for human differences of opinion Berkouwer, "never wavered from his commitment to the principles of Scripture, faith and grace alone." (151)

Berkouwer also wrote works of criticism against other theologian, most notably Karl Barth and Catholicism which are well read and famous in their theological arguments and as representative of his mid life shift in thought.…… [Read More]

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King Henry VIII Henry VIII

Words: 1229 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 75513795

He insisted that the papacy should have never given him dispensation to marry Catherine. Henry turned to Wolsey for assistance in securing a divorce.8 Three years of negotiations and a papal tribunal ensued, but the English court set up to hear the case could not come to a decision. The case was moved to Rome, against Henry's wishes. The negotiations and case continued until 1533, with Henry turning his personal battle into a full-scale public war, making the issue about the sovereignty of a secular state vs. The authority of the church.9 Despite the national issue, Henry had to move cautiously for his reform of the Church of England.

Several factors forced King Henry VIII to move carefully forward in his split from the Catholic Church. First, there was still loyalty to Rome within the English church. Rebellion was also a common threat, in general, for Tudor England, and Henry…… [Read More]

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Postponement of the Kingdom Dispensational

Words: 2320 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 88859113


The second point of criticism Hoekema levels at dispensationalists is that "the kingdom which Christ offered to the Jews of his day did not involve his ascending an earthly throne," as most dispensationalists assert (Hoekema, p. 213). If in fact Christ had made an offer to rule the Jews from a throne on Earth, certainly, Hoekema goes on, "his enemies would have brought up this offer in the trial before Pilate, and made an accusation out of it" (p. 213). Pilate specifically asked Jesus' accusers, "What evil has he done? I have found in him no crime deserving death" (Luke 23:2) (Hoekema, p. 213). No such charge was ever made against Jesus during that trial, though if it had been made it would have been used as evidence of the charge that "Jesus had claimed to be a king over the Jews in an earthly sense, thus threatening Caesar's…… [Read More]

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Delimitations Today Modern Business Systems

Words: 20751 Length: 75 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 13650636

A favorite target for conspiracists today as well as in the past, a group of European intellectuals created the Order of the Illuminati in May 1776, in Bavaria, Germany, under the leadership of Adam Weishaupt (Atkins, 2002). In this regard, Stewart (2002) reports that, "The 'great' conspiracy organized in the last half of the eighteenth century through the efforts of a number of secret societies that were striving for a 'new order' of civilization to be governed by a small group of 'all-powerful rulers.' The most important of these societies, and the one to which all subsequent conspiracies could be traced, is the Illuminati founded in Bavaria on May 1, 1776 by Adam Weishaupt" (p. 424). According to Atkins, it was Weishaupt's fundamental and overriding goal to form a secret organization of elite members of Europe's leading citizens who could then strive to achieve the Enlightenment version of revolutionary social…… [Read More]

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Religion and Politics Religion Today

Words: 1783 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 20701483

Examples where religion has become intersected with politics are present throughout the entire history, and in more recent years, include the debates on same sex marriages or on abortion.

A more specific look at the relationship between politics and religion has revealed at least three points of intersection -- the role of churches, the evolution of human rights and the emergence and impacts of religious conflicts. In terms of the role of churches, these generally insufflate moral ideals and values to their churchgoers, which in turn become more involved in the political act and strive to implement the norms of morality and dignity. On the other hand however, by promoting these values at a community level and becoming engaged in voluntary work for churches, individuals miss out on the political practice. Secondly, in terms of human rights, these have been forwarded by religion and have evolved in the same ascendant…… [Read More]

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Business Case Analysis & Comparison

Words: 1890 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 72067105

In New York City, where both of these cases started, public officials responded by spending more than $100 million in federal education funds provided by Title I to lease vans to park on the public streets in order to establish mobile classrooms. These mobile classrooms served more than twenty thousand students a year and required parochial school students and public school teachers to leave their classrooms and meet on seemingly neutral ground (U.S. Supreme Court: Agostini v. Felton, 2009).

Historically laws in this country tend to change over time. This is a perfect example of how a way of thinking by the Supreme Court in a case in 1985 was rethought and overturned just twelve short years later. As time passes, the way that things are thought about and ruled upon changes as well. In this instance the idea of the separation of church and state had been established for…… [Read More]

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Functions of Women in USA

Words: 1604 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 25401467

The woman should also be able to have fun together with the husband and be able to read the bible together. Though most women now view these functions as a daunting task, the church still stresses on the woman being compassionate and sympathetic when need be. Moreover, this would compliment the role of the woman in maintaining peace and harmony in the household. These initiatives should also be entrenched in the will of the woman to respect the husband and support him (Indiana University, 2010).


The role of women in present day USA has evolved over the years to see a more dominant role of women in church leadership and at home. Most of the functions of women in the Christian faith stem from the bible and this basically defines the role of women as keepers of the house. However, Christianity has defined the functions of women in other…… [Read More]

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The Meaning of Mission in the Bible

Words: 1037 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29827101

PASTORAL THEOLOGY (MISSION): A Review and Assessment of Book Chapters on Mission

The key ideas in these chapters are that the idea of mission is rooted in the Bible and in the actions of the early Church, as the missionaries spread throughout the world taking with them the Word of God and giving it to those individuals and groups of people/communities who embraced it and wanted to live their lives according to this Word. The Word was the Mission Statement, so to speak, of the early Church, and the Bible makes this very clear. From the beginning, God's chosen had an affinity with the non-chosen, that is, the Gentiles, of whom Our Lord counted Himself as one. Thus, the perspective of the early missionaries was this: they were not going out to preach to people they did not know but rather to people who were indeed their brothers in sisters…… [Read More]

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How to Evangelize in the Modern World if You Are a Minister

Words: 3207 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: 'Literature Review' chapter Paper #: 27300587

Travis Collins finds in his study of the Declaration of Ibadan that missions and national churches can partner effectively to establish a level of world evangelization that can fulfill the target objectives and aims of successful saturation evangelism. The study examines the relationship between the missions and the unions, which function together to establish the "role of the mission, joint decision making" and personnel deployment.[footnoteRef:1] This source is relevant to the thesis of this study because it highlights some possible strategies that missions and national churches can coordinate between themselves in order to better effect the level of saturation evangelism that they strive to maintain. The idea behind the strategy is that the network of churches can support the needs of the missions and that the missions in turn can reach and attract otherwise hard-to-reach persons and bring them into the fold of the national churches, whereby they can grow…… [Read More]

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Who Is Carmilla and Why Is She a Threat to Victorian Age

Words: 4607 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 22958393

Carmilla chooses her victims (young women isolated from society and without friendship) mainly because they are easy prey. She is a sensual, tender and affectionate woman herself -- beautiful to behold, as Laura describes: "She was slender, and wonderfully graceful…her complexion was rich and brilliant; her features were small and beautifully formed; her eyes large, dark, and lustrous" (Fanu 30). Bertha is a young woman intended to meet and befriend Laura, till she falls victim to Carmilla; and Laura is equally young and eager for a confidante. The fact that Carmilla first introduces herself to Laura when Laura is a girl and crying because she has been left alone in the nursery suggests that Carmilla is an altogether different kind of femme fatale -- not one who preys upon men to achieve her own aims but rather one whose very nature compels her to seek the embrace of young women…… [Read More]

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Florence Babtisitry North Doors

Words: 2130 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 85689823

Florence Baptistery North Doors

Lorenzo Ghiberti (1378-1455) was a many-sided Renaissance figure: bronze-caster, sculptor, goldsmith, draughtsman, architect, writer and historian. Among his most celebrated surviving work are the bronze doors which he created for the Baptistery of the Cathedral in Florence. This paper will discuss the circumstances in which Ghiberti secured and completed the commission to design the north doors of the Baptistery (1400-24) and analyse their composition and character. Ghiberti's work in Florence will then be compared to that of Gianlorenzo Bernini at the baroque church of Sant' Andrea al Quirinale, Rome (1658-70).

In late 1400 the officials of the Cloth-Dealers and Refiners' Guild of Florence (the Arte di Calimara) announced a competition to design a set of doors for the Baptistery of the Cathedral. The Baptistery is a very old structure, the primary elements of which probably date to the seventh and eight centuries AD. The exterior covering…… [Read More]

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Ephesians 5 21 33

Words: 801 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57179348

Ephesians 5: 21-33 is considered by some in the modern world to be one of the most controversial passages in the New Testament. It deals with the theme of submission; submission to the Church, submission in terms of marriage, and specifically it calls on wives to submit to the authority of their husbands. While some have pulled certain portions of this passage out of context in order to support individual social and political views, a complete reading of this passage will demonstrate that the idea of submission expressed in this passage is a mutual submission that is built on the foundation of love and respect.

Verse 21 specifically states that married people should submit "yourselves one to another in the fear of God." (Campbell 2010) It is very clear that both the husband and the wife are to submit to each other. Exactly how this submission is to be accomplished…… [Read More]

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History and Evolution of Nonprofit Organizations

Words: 3368 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 70814853

Evolution of Non-Profits

An organization can essentially be defined as non-profit if it is not under the obligation to distribute any financial surplus to the individuals that are responsible for controlling the use of the assets for the organization. The most typical categories for non-profit organizations are arts, advocacy, civic, education, cultural, health, and human or social service, and these organizations range in size and scope.

Non-profits are described by the Internal Revenue Service as organizations that serve religious, charitable, scientific, or educational purposes, of which the income does not benefit anyone associated with the administration or execution of services offered by the organization. According to section 501(c)(1), there are several types of non-profits, including social welfare organizations, voluntary employee beneficiary associations, credit unions, labor unions and agriculture, and mutual insurance companies to name a few. However, the impact that non-profits have is widespread and all segments of society are…… [Read More]

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Montanism Theology Like Many Early Heresies

Words: 3085 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Book Report Paper #: 91419614

Montanism / Theology

Like many early heresies, Montanism has not left behind much in the way of written testimony: only one Montanist writer, Tertullian, has works that survive, and it is primarily in his work that the statements of the Montanist movement (Montanus, Prisca and Maximilia) survive in quotation. Gonzales notes that, among many differing interpretations of Montanism, one view sees them as something like "an early Pentecostal group." [footnoteRef:0] It is clear from accounts of Montanism that it included the emphasis on the Holy Spirit, including manifestations of glossolalia, that are seen in contemporary Pentecostals. But overall, Montanus seems to have combined several contradictory impulses into his schismatic movement. The first hinged upon greater involvement of women in ministry: the heresy of Montanus is seldom mentioned without reference to "those demented women Prisca and Maximilia," as Saint Jerome calls them in his letter to Marcella refuting the Montanist heresy.[footnoteRef:1]…… [Read More]

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Erasmus of Rotterdam Was a Former Catholic

Words: 1711 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59797937

Erasmus of Rotterdam was a former Catholic priest who lived in the 15th and 16th centuries. Dissatisfied with the status quo, Erasmus wrote extensively about potential reformations to the policies of the church which would make the clergy an important entity in daily life once again. Like Martin Luther who sought reformation of church policy in reaction to perceived corruption of the clergy. During the period, many members of the Catholic Church were accused of accepting moneys and other favors in exchange for pardons or blessings. Reformists were appalled that sinners could purchase their way to salvation through the actions of some corrupt officials. Unlike the Protestant Reformation, Erasmus did not support an entire reevaluation of church dogma, but rather a return to the original pious intentions of the Catholic Church. In Erasmus' essay "Julius Excluded from Heaven," he levels some heavy criticisms at the church which serves to highlight…… [Read More]

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Theology and Psychology in Christian

Words: 2975 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 21934053

(Paul, 2005) In fact, the AAPC survey found that African-Americans, devout evangelicals, people without a college degree, the elderly and people age 18 to 29 are most likely to fear that a professional counselor won't take their religious beliefs into serious consideration when treating them. (Paul, 2005)

People come to Christian counselors for two reasons," commented Randolph Sanders, executive director of the Christian Association for Psychological Studies, an association of Christians in mental health and behavioral sciences. "One is faith perspective; they want a therapist who resonates with their worldview. The second is moral ethics; they want a counselor who understands what guides their decisions." (Paul, 2005)

Christian counseling, more than secular counseling, has the ability to present a starkly positive viewpoint. In fact, the origins of Christian counseling were planted in the clergy, whom parishioners historically consulted about emotional and spiritual well-being and health.

According to Paul, The progenitors…… [Read More]

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Religion Colonial Society

Words: 1294 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 15554600

religion shaped development of colonial society in 1740s New England, Chesapeake, and the Mid-Atlantic. Religion shaped development in these areas in a wide variety of ways, and the most important religious development during this time was the "Great Awakening." The "Great Awakening" was an important event in American history and religious history. It was the first real step away from the organized, strict religions that had followed the settlers here from England.

The "father" of the Great Awakening was Jonathan Edwards. He wrote a sermon called "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God," which became very famous. A religious historian writes, "In that sermon he used the image of a spider dangling by a web over a hot fire to describe the human predicament. His point was that at any moment, our hold on life could break and we'd be plunged into fires of eternal damnation" (Matthews). While many…… [Read More]

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Religion Sacred Music and Literature

Words: 2103 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 49985005 conditioning was effected in such a way, that any thing that was considered primal, pagan, or unchristian, was frowned upon... [leading to] persecution of the Druids, Witches, Gypsy, and Jewish cultures that still continues today." Curiously, it may be that very historical hostility towards the primal which has corroded the power of Catholic sacred music and turned new catholics and protestants alike against it.

In the Jewish ritual, music of all sorts has long played an important part. The majority of each service is sung. The Jewish Encyclopedia described the history of this tradition and describes the way that (in antiquity) the singers-of-songs were slowly absorbed into the priesthood because of the importance of their role. From the ancient days cantors (those who sing the Torah scriptures) have received tunes from their ancestors and embellished them to fit the present eras. Thus one can see in such Jewish rituals…… [Read More]

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Christian Beliefs and Abortion

Words: 1340 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 33430263

Christian Beliefs and Abortion

Abortion is a highly controversial issue with the pro-life and pro-choice supporters professing diametrically opposite view-points on the ethical, legal and medical aspects of the issue. The Christian beliefs regarding abortion have generally been against abortion, although in the middle period (5th to 17th century AD), the Christian church had softened its stance on abortion. Presently, most Christian organizations and churches are against abortion but the intensity of opposition varies among different Christian religious groups. In this paper I shall outline the Christian beliefs on abortion from the biblical times to the present, focusing on the anti-abortion arguments.

The Basis of the Christian Belief about Abortion: Biblical Foundation

Christians believe that life starts from the moment of conception, i.e., as soon as the sperm cell fertilizes an egg; the bible prescribes in the Fifth Commandment "thou shalt not kill"; abortion constitutes taking of an innocent life;…… [Read More]

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Comparative Religions

Words: 1281 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63618332


Comparing the Catholic and the Wicca Religion

There are many different religions across the world; some are well established having existed for many centuries, others have emerged more recently although their foundations may have historical links. When comparing different religions it becomes apparent that there are some key commonalities, even if the specific details and the proportional importance of those elements differs. For example, discussing aspects of belief, community, myths, rituals and ethics with followers of two different religions, one Catholic and one Wiccan, shows there are some interesting commonalities in terms of type of content and experience for each follower.

Interviewing a Catholic individual has a strong heartfelt approach towards the monotheistic belief system based in the concept of a Holy Trinity; God the father, God the son and God the Holy Ghost; three aspects of the same deity. The religion is deemed to be a core element…… [Read More]

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Communicative Approach to Acts 25 30

Words: 3276 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 15176785

With St. Paul, Luke traveled to several different destinations including Samothrace and Philippi -- where he appears to have lingered to guide the Church. The duo then reunite in Troas and Luke is with St. Paul during the latter's stay in a Roman jail. As Paul says: "Only Luke is with me" (2 Timothy 4:11).

Exactly what Luke did with Paul during this time is debated: "St. Jerome thinks it is most likely that St. Luke is 'the brother, whose praise is in the gospel through all the churches' (2 Corinthians 8:18), and that he was one of the bearers of the letter to Corinth" (Knight, 2011).

Luke also brings special awareness to the importance of mercy and forgiveness, with the parable of the Prodigal Son and the tale of the woman whose sins were forgiven because she bathed Christ's feet in her tears.

But this special awareness is also…… [Read More]

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Violence and the Cross an

Words: 3053 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38360665

Gustavo Gutierrez did just that in Latin America, employing Marxist analysis to interpret the Jesus' teachings in the Gospel. Gutierrez founded Liberation Theology, which is, essentially, the twentieth century take on Violence and the Cross. Christ is viewed less as Redeemer and more as Liberator.

Evans discusses this same interpretation in black theology, which is, essentially, a continuation of Liberation Theology: "In spite of the ravages of their kidnapping and the disorientation that they endured, African slaves retained an outlook on their experience that continually reaffirmed their worth as individuals and as a people…The Jesus whom they encountered as they were exposed to the Bible was a caring and liberating friend who shared their sorrows and burdens" (12). Yet, in black theology, Jesus does not bring grace through suffering that can perfect one's nature and lead one's soul to Heaven (as classical theology insists); in black theology, Jesus is the…… [Read More]

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Impact of Black Death on Society

Words: 2996 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 36178761

Black Death

An Analysis of the Impact of the Black Death on Western Society

The Western civilization into which the Black Death made itself known in the middle of the 14th century was itself about to come to the brink of a massive shakeup in terms of religion, politics, and economics. To what extent did the Black Death facilitate the change that would deconstruct Christendom, end the Medieval "age of faith," and effect the modern world? Considering that a number of circumstances, political, economical, social, and spiritual, played a part in the redefining of Europe, it is with some hesitation that one gives to the Black Death more importance that it is due. However, one must not marginalize the effects and impact of the disease: after all, it came at a time when the King of France had shown his hand against the See of Peter -- the Bishop of…… [Read More]

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Spirituality and Depression What Is

Words: 6620 Length: 21 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 57098827

Similarly the Ayurvedic tradition of India emphasized rest and relaxation and nutritional well-being, along with various mentally stimulating exercises. Ayurvedic resorts are still popular in the East. Buddhism is also viewed as an avenue out of depression -- a mode to enlightenment. Nonetheless, as James C.-Y. Chou (2005) states, "The concept of psychological depression in Eastern cultures is not as well accepted as it is in Western cultures. In fact, the whole idea of illness in Eastern cultures is based on physical illness…if they have a psychological illness, then they are perceived as being a persistently mentally ill patient as you would see in a state hospital…it's stigmatized."

Perhaps more than any ancient civilization, the Greeks "took a great interest in the human psyche and especially in madness. Plato who lived in the 5th and 4th centuries BC speaks about two kinds of madness, one with a divine origin and…… [Read More]

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Religion Interview I Interviewed a

Words: 1886 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 73261182

As a matter of fact, she seems very open to new ideas and theories, as she was able to discuss my beliefs with me in a very open manner.

Although Carol claims she does not strongly adhere to her original fundamentalist beliefs, she still belongs to the Baptist Church. She raised two children with the husband she found at Bob Jones and her family attended and still attends church together. She disagrees with some of the newly-imposed strictures that the Southern Baptist Convention has handed down, but she has faith in the future of the denomination. She believes that the basic organization of the Baptist Church as a whole is the way that churches should be organized. When she was a young person, meetings were held in a democratic fashion, using Robert's Rules of Order. Even in the youngest classes of Sunday School. She believes that her parents' strongly protecting…… [Read More]