Classroom Essays (Examples)

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Children Learning in the Classroom

Words: 623 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 19981722

Next, Westwood explains how educators must compartmentalize lesson plans as to minimize the amount of information the student must cognitively digest. The smaller the lesson plans, the greater chance that child has at retaining that information. It is large lesson plans filled with complex amounts of information which provides an environment which the memory challenged child will undoubtedly fail.

Another key method for improving learning abilities in children with memory issues is the use of visual material to help aid recall. Visual cues are one of the most efficient ways to improve recall in children with memory loss. By relating necessary information to a picture or object which is less likely to be forgotten, the child will be able to associate the two and therefore remember one with the other. Teachers must also encourage their students to associate information with visual cues which are most familiar with each individual student,…… [Read More]

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Marzano Pickering and Pollock's Classroom

Words: 705 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Book Review Paper #: 49342240

In the eight section, the authors recommend "generating and testing hypotheses" (ASCD, 2001), and the final strategy discussed is the application of "cues, questions, and advance organizers" (ASCD, 2001). Generating and testing hypotheses is critical to prepare students for the importance of drawing fact-based conclusions in the real world, and also promotes critical thinking skills and hands-on learning (two major principles advocated by the authors); the "cues and questions" chapter discusses issues such as allowing sufficient "wait time" and asking more analytical questions to foster critical thinking (Marzano, Pickering, & Pollock, 2001).

While all of the strategies mentioned can be important for improved student achievement, I believe the chapters on homework and rewarding effort are most important and most often overlooked. In my personal experience, I benefitted greatly from my parents never helping me with homework; student who have their own personal tutors at home not only have an unfair…… [Read More]

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Math Classroom Observation

Words: 653 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 26670786

Math Classroom Observation

This eighth grade algebra class proved to be generally engaging, largely due to the efforts of the teacher. She does not rely solely on the text but rather uses it as a guide to preparing her curriculum and for devising equations for the students to solve in class. Otherwise, the teacher's explanation of the day's material comes across as being completely professional and based on a solid understanding of the mathematical principles at work. Her command of the subject matter is also evident in the way she confidently invites and promptly responds to all questions posed by students.

It is evident the teacher has a long-term agenda in mathematics; each topic flows into the next in a logical manner; she omits that which she feels is unnecessary and spends more time on issues that plague the majority of students. Whenever possible, she challenges her students with more…… [Read More]

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Constructivism Classroom

Words: 2934 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 12546836


History of Constructivism

As long as there were people asking each other questions, we have had constructivist classrooms. Constructivism, the study of learning, is about how we all make sense of our world, and that really hasn't changed."

Jacqueline Grennan Brooks (1999)

The concept of constructivism is as old as Socrates, but 20th Century pioneers of the movement include Jean Piaget, John Dewey and Lev Vygotsky. Jean Piaget and John Dewey were early adaptors of "Progressive Education" ideals that led to the formal concept of constructivism. For Piaget, these ideas were grounded in the notion that people learned in logical increments, through structured introduction and that children absorbed information in different ways than did adults. John Dewey thought that learning should be associated with real life experience achieved through inquiry. Vygotsky introduced a social aspect by asserting that children exceed their average learning capability when interacting with others.

Constructivism…… [Read More]

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Digital Schoolbooks for Tomorrows Classrooms

Words: 2185 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 82165551

Drawbacks and Solutions in Transitioning from Print Textbook to Digital Textbook

The first challenge that this transition may face is the immediate requirement of an inflated budget intended for gadget purchase. Though print textbooks were dismissed as the cheaper option, digital textbooks do also have a considerably expensive budget to purchase and maintain. Furthermore, in cases where students were to fully sponsor themselves in the purchase of such material, division will fast be observed as the gadgets are somehow too expensive for some individuals. This would be despite the set curriculum basing itself on the digital textbook curriculum. A solution for this would, however, be to initiate engagement and commitment to the government implementing the very education curriculum to help service the finance for buying the equipment. This would better the speed of transition and will further ensure that such gadgets are school-owned, ensuring subsequent classes and students have enough…… [Read More]

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Art in the Classroom to

Words: 998 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 21744123

As an example, I may state, "I'm painting while moving the brush in an up-and-down motion, at this easel."

In addition, I would incorporate rebus charts that illustrate the steps needed for the art project, for the students to refer to.

There will be no restrictions on how the materials or the tools could be used. If a child prefers to place their paper on the floor, instead of an easel, while painting, this would be allowed.

If a child would prefer to hold the paintbrush in their mouths as opposed to with their fingers, this would be allowed as well. Part of the instruction period would include demonstration of some alternative uses of materials and tools and encouragement of the children to try different things. And, lastly, the tools that are used will be adaptive for the children. Glue sticks will be used when possible, as opposed to the…… [Read More]

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Breakfast in the Classroom on

Words: 3293 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 48321310

Cereal eaters get more vitamins, minerals and fiber. They eat less fat and are less depressed, stressed and tend to be smarter than those who do not eat breakfast. Studies funded by the cereal industry listed benefits from eating breakfast. One of these was that student cereal-eaters got higher reading marks and had better mental health. Evidence showed that those with higher incomes and education levels have healthier breakfasts than those with less incomes and lower education levels. Cereals are not only low in fat and high in fiber but are fortified in vitamins and minerals. They make healthier diets and because cereals are most often eaten with milk (Liebman).

Article 5

Sufficient attention span is necessary for learning. Learning is a body and mind activity. The body, in turn, needs adequate and regular nourishment for proper brain function. A full day's diet is, hence, a basic requirement for the…… [Read More]

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Achievement Outside of the Classroom My Parents

Words: 717 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 27445119

Achievement Outside of the Classroom

My parents were against the idea of a dog, but I was determined that we would get a puppy. I did my research, and, information in hand, pitched the idea of raising an assistance dog to my parents. We would raise a puppy for a year, providing it with care and teaching basic commands. If she passed her tests, she would be trained as an assistance dog. If not, we would have the option of keeping her. My parents fell for it, hook, line, and sinker, and two months later we picked up Frito, a yellow-lab puppy. Between chewed-up shoes, obedience school, ruined carpet, romps in the park, and playing ball, the year flew by more quickly than I ever imagined it would, and the day came to have Frito's skills assessed. I watched nervously, half-hoping that he would mess up as the trainer tested…… [Read More]

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Factors that Influence Classroom Discipline and Behavior Management

Words: 911 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84176283

Reflection on Learning

Student discipline is one of the most important elements in the establishment of a safe learning environment for all students. A safe learning environment is in turn the premise with which students thrive as they work towards achieving desired academic goals. In this regard, teachers need to work with other school staff and the school administration towards enforcing and ensuring student discipline. Consequently, teachers engage in classroom discipline and behavior management as part of their efforts to enhance student discipline in the instructional environment. However, teachers need to understand the various aspects or factors that affect effective classroom discipline and behavior management as well as the significance of utilizing a preventative approach like a Positive Behavioral Support System (PBSS).
Influence of Grade and Building Levels
As previously mentioned, classroom discipline and behavior management is affected by various factors that determine the effectiveness of initiatives or approaches adopted…… [Read More]

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Curriculum Development and Classroom Management

Words: 953 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 85097250

Curriculum Development and Classroom Management

Classroom Management and Curriculum Development

Discipline, punishment, behavior, and class arrangement are considered basic elements of classroom management in the present society. Despite the fact that these elements have pivotal role in describing classroom management, they are not absolute. Effective interactive skills of the teachers with students augment the concept of classroom management. Research reveals that as compare to curriculum assessment, staff cordiality, and community participation in the child's progress, teachers have multiple impacts on the student's success in their classroom. This certainly shows the concept that performance of the students largely depends upon how the teacher manages the classroom (Marzano, Marzano 2015)

Aim of the curriculum development is to form a system that can fulfill the needs of learner without any ulterior social or political motive. The curriculum should be the pathway for the learner to progress as a self-reliant, a responsible citizen in…… [Read More]

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Discipline in Classroom Problems and Solutions

Words: 7032 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Dissertation or Thesis complete Paper #: 9101635

Teaching -- Classroom Management

Discipline in Classroom - Problems and Solutions

Classroom management is the phrase that teachers use to explain the act of managing their classroom and students to make sure those stressful and non-educational circumstances are avoided and students learn subjects successfully. Classroom management entails more than the management and discipline of the students but also the accessibility of additional information on topics. Effective classroom management will make life less traumatic for teachers and make sure that students are given the right tools and a calm atmosphere in which to learn (Diamond, 2011).

Classroom management often differs from one teacher to another for the reason of the teacher's qualities, teaching methods, vigilance and amount of students in the classroom at any given time. Effective classroom management entails teachers being ready for lessons, inspiring students, offering appropriate and effectual discipline, making students feel contented, enhancing student self-esteem and conniving…… [Read More]

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Integration of Technology in Social Classroom

Words: 7347 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92157390

Integrating Technology in My High School Social Studies Classroom

The utilization of technology in education has gained a lot of popularity in the recent years. Great enhancements in computer software and hardware in the past decades have been noted and this has resulted to the increase of computer integration in education. The employment of computers in education unlocks a fresh area of knowledge in addition to providing a means which has the capability to change some of the inefficient and traditional educational techniques (Asan, 2003). Currently, the modernization of educational systems on the basis of data and communication technologies is thought of as very essential (ICT), in terms of literacy for the information society (Orhun, 2003, p.1; Acikalin & Duru, 2005).

The environment of the modern schools provides students with plenty of chances to conduct conversations. The students have the chance to debate, converse, tackle issues, and make certain bargains…… [Read More]

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Use of technology in the'special education classroom

Words: 3364 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30650175

Chapter 1: Introduction
The epigraph above is reflective of the views of many special educational needs teachers. Indeed, innovations in technology in recent decades have created a wide array of new opportunities for helping special needs student achieve their full academic potential. These trends are especially noteworthy today because tens of millions of young American learners are struggling with their academic pursuits due to their special educational needs. In this context, the term “special educational needs” can be defined as “children who have learning problems or disabilities that make it harder for them to learn than most children of the same age” (Special education needs, 2018, para. 2). The purpose of this grant proposal was to identify ways that special educational needs students can benefit from the introduction of technology in their classrooms based on the problem statement described below.
Statement of the Problem
According to the most recent estimates…… [Read More]

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Creating the Perfect Classroom Website

Words: 5281 Length: 19 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 87898486

perfect Classroom Website

Various experts on Web design and creation state that the Internet provides the most accessible and innovative medium for education and classroom teaching purposes. Some claim that the Web offers a platform and a "perfect medium" for teachers. (Lord, 2004, p. 20) This view is echoed in numerous studies about the impact and the possibilities of new technologies like the Internet for education and the enhancement of classroom activities.

However, at the same time, pundits issue a warning that the availability of this technology alone is not sufficient in itself for the creation of a perfect classroom Website. They note that an understanding of the medium and how best to use the technology as it relates to good teaching and educational methods is the most important factor in creating the "perfect" educational Webpage.

This sentiment is echoed in the growing trend of recent research in computer-assisted language…… [Read More]

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Differentiated Instruction in the Classroom

Words: 4687 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 87181385

(Brown, nd)

Brown lists 'labor intensive' strategies for differentiation to include those as follows:

Assessment, data analysis, and diagnosis;

Flexible grouping;

Tiered tasks;

Anchor activities;

Differentiated learning encounters;

Learning contracts;

Independent study. (Brown, nd)

The work of Jahnine Blosser (2005) entitled: "Unit of Lessons: Safety in the Secondary Science Classroom" states that there is "a growing need to make all students understand science and the relevancy of science to their lives." Blosser notes that "many students learn differently from others and need a different instruction or enhanced instruction." (2005) Blosser states that a single classroom may contain "students who can read and comprehend at college level as well as those who have trouble simply decoding words." (citing Tomlinson, 1995) Because of this it is "paramount that teachers use different strategies to reach and challenge all learners. Differentiated instruction can help a teacher do this." (Blosser, 2005) Blosser states that differentiated…… [Read More]

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pedagogy and classroom design'students'special needs

Words: 1334 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 75409247

Educators and school administrators have a legal and ethical obligation to create learning environments that serve all students, include those who have been labeled with emotional or developmental disabilities, or with behavioral disorders. I believe that educators frequently become frustrated due to lack of knowledge about best practices in special education, especially when working in a universal classroom. The entire school benefits from serving children with special needs through effective classroom design, in terms of higher overall achievement scores (Carrero, Collins, Lusk, et al., 2017). Therefore, I am proposing low-cost, unobtrusive alterations to classroom design that all teachers and schools can implement.
The preliminary research I have done to investigate my research question has revealed a fairly large body of research demonstrating what works and how to create an optimized classroom environment for all students. Also, I believe that changes to the classroom environment do not need to be costly,…… [Read More]

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Organization of the Elementary Classroom Delivery Model and Its Effect on Student Achievement

Words: 2878 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: 'Literature Review' chapter Paper #: 4445555

Elementary Classroom Delivery Model and its

Effect on Student Achievement

Departmentalized Classrooms


Typically, a school is organized with either a departmentalized or a self-contained structure. (Self-contained classrooms will be discussed in the next section). A departmentalized class structure allows the student to learn from subject area experts who have specific knowledge in one subject area. The student is able study a subject in a more in depth manner, and learn new facets of that single subject. This specific design type is generally used in middle and high schools rather than middle schools. Students in these higher grades are generally given more leeway as to the specificity of subject matter as they prepare for a more imminent adulthood (Greenfield & Klemm, 2001).

"Departmentalized instruction is characterized by teachers with subject-matter rather than whole child orientation" (Parker, 2009). This may sound like a negative comment, and it can be construed as…… [Read More]

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Fieldwork Report for Special Education Classroom

Words: 1220 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20491329

Fieldwork Paper and Fieldwork Form
The purpose of the fieldwork is to observe the two certified special education teachers and make connections to course content within real world classroom settings. One of the schools where the observation was conducted is P.S. / I.S. 266 whose address is 74-10 Commonwealth Blvd, Jamaica, NY 11426 (P.S. / I.S. 266, 2018). The school, which falls under New York City Public Schools district, is a pre-kindergarten to eighth grade learning institution that was established in September 2003 and has a student population of nearly 700 students. The second school is CLASP, which is located at 80 Grace Avenue, Great Neck NY, 11021 (CLASP Children’s Center, n.d.). This pre-kindergarten setting seeks to provide quality childcare for working parents and has existed for more than 35 years. This paper provides a summary of observations made in each of these schools as part of this fieldwork.
Summary…… [Read More]

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Bias in the Classroom Today

Words: 1464 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 4375239

maintain a culturally relevant and anti-bias program in a classroom setting as well as the identification of some principles and strategies for working effectively with English as second language students and what type of support or training teachers might need to implement these principles and strategies. Finally, a description concerning some ways that teachers can control the classroom environment to enhance cultural relevant learning and specific examples of materials and activities that might be used is followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning strategies for developing anti-bias programming in the classroom in the conclusion.

Ways that a culturally relevant and anti-bias program can be established and maintained in a classroom setting

Humans are naturally biased creatures and the process begins early on. For instance, Barta and Winn (1996) report that, "Children begin to develop biases and prejudices long before they reach our classrooms. Research shows that…… [Read More]

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Intercultural Communication Plan for a Multicultural Classroom

Words: 2676 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 57089055

Multicultural Class

Intercultural Communication Plan for a Multicultural Class

The education field provides many unique challenges to educators and learners. Teachers have to deal with student absenteeism, tardiness, classroom management, creation of learning plans, and many other issues in creating a safe comfortable environment for learners to thrive in (Nissman, 2000). Today's globalized society has enabled populations to be filled with diversity. The modern teacher and learner must strive to overcome and conquer the challenges of diversity in the classroom. The profession of teaching is a challenge in itself, but the inclusion of English Language Learners, physically and mentally disabled children, autistic learners, and behavioral issues, the challenges of teaching can become overwhelming and cause disturbances in the learning.

The demographics of the community are an important element that teachers must take time to explore to understand his or her learners better; communities lacking diversity still needs the teachers to…… [Read More]

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Champs Classroom Management Champs the

Words: 1257 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 89506842

Suggested rules for the classroom are: (a) arrive prepared; (b) follow directions immediately; - work during work times; and (d) keep to yourself. (Bressi, nd)

4) Develop consequences for common rule infractions and be sure to (a) Fit to the nature of the problem; (b) implement calmly and consistently; and -implement as immediately as possible and in the setting in which the infraction occurs. (Bressi, nd)

5) Design routines for the following: (a) Attendance/tardiness procedures; (b)Heading papers; - Assigning work; (d) Homework; (e) Late work; (f) Brining materials to and from class; and (g) Collecting work

6) Prepare lessons on behavioral expectations for each major activity. It is necessary to "identify critical content: 'What do students need to now in order to behave responsibly?" (Bressi, nd) Be sure to make each activity clear in terms of: (a) Conversation; (b) Help; - Activity; (d) Movement; and (f) Participation. (Bressi, nd) Bressi…… [Read More]

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Cultural Diversity in the Classroom

Words: 1175 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32542855

It is thought that the class could go to see the neighborhoods where Chinese, Russian and African people live and they could converse with the neighborhood people. The learners are probable to find dissimilarities and resemblances within their individual culture. Another teacher could ask a guest speaker to aid an art class to reconstruct some of their culture's art (Jones, n.d.).

Research done by many scholars such as Neugebauer (1992) has shown that children become aware of gender, race, ethnicity, and disabilities at an early age. They also begin to soak up both the affirmative outlooks and pessimistic prejudices joined to these facets of individuality by family members and other important adults in their lives during their school years. In order to promote healthy self-esteem, children must be taught how to intermingle reasonably and effectively with dissimilar kinds of people, and the best place for this to be done is…… [Read More]

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Handling Critical Incidents in the Classroom

Words: 3066 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28700645


Compare and contrast prior impressions of teaching with the reality of your experiences in the classroom.

The moment teachers fresh out of college to get into the class environment, what they might have expected and what they encounter in the class can often be different (Melnick & Meister, 2008). The education profession is often a more complex profession than what many anticipate. Individuals who choose teaching as a profession should review why they did so in the first place if they are to overcome what awaits them. When new teachers enter the classroom, they are usually shocked by the challenges that come with being a teacher in the real world. At times, the reality is much more different than what the teacher anticipated. Beginning teachers often describe their first year in the classroom as a year of survival. Different studies have also backed this argument, labeling the first year…… [Read More]

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Integrated Classrooms

Words: 1315 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 72183093

Collaboration in the Classroom

Schools today face a significant challenge. The school environment is no longer one in which a teacher can expect a relatively homogeneous population in the classroom. In addition to the challenges already posed by cultural and lingual diversity, school reform initiatives that focus on inclusive education have also resulted in intellectual diversity. This poses many challenges for the teacher of the inclusive classroom, since it is no longer acceptable to exclude children with disabilities or lack of linguistic proficiency in English from general education and assessment, teachers must find new ways to accommodate these children and help them to develop to the best of their ability (Haynes, 2006, p. 1). In order to handle this responsibility, co-teaching has been implemented in many schools, involving a partnership among teachers and special educators. Special educators would then work with the children who need specific attention, while teachers would…… [Read More]

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English as a Second Language Student Success in a Mainstream Classroom Setting

Words: 1686 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: 'Introduction' chapter Paper #: 4224120

ESL Students |


English as a Second Language Student Success in a Mainstream Classroom Setting

According to Kalaian & Freeman (1994), confidence is one of the key elements required to teach children. Instructors therefore need educational support to ensure that they can teach children with who's second language is English in an appropriate manner. According to the results of the research conducted by Center and Ward (1997), they discovered that the attitude of teachers toward inclusion reflected a lack of confidence in their ability to teach properly and in the level of support provided to them by the educational institution.

Inclusion can often been linked with the concept of mainstreaming in the educational field. It is the act of teaching handicapped and non-handicapped children together in the same classroom. It has been of interest in the field of Education ever since the late 1960s. Research had earlier revealed that…… [Read More]

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Current Trends in Classroom Management

Words: 586 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 67339516

Fitness Business Trends

Three current trends in classroom management

One recent trend in classroom management is a stress on defined goals and expectations. The popular classroom behavioral management program Wong's Pragmatic Theory "stresses that classroom procedures and rules are clarified at the very beginning of the school year. Teachers are to instruct students how to follow rules and procedures. The teacher prepares lessons about the rules and procedures so that he or she can thoroughly teach the kids about the classroom procedures and rules" (Miller 2013). This stress upon predictability is also commensurate with such philosophies as behavioral theory, which emphasizes how student behavior can be shaped and reformed through goal-setting. Students are given goals to strive for and then are rewarded for reaching those goals. For students with behavioral issues this can be useful given that it provides concrete, reward-based mechanisms for improvement. The need for greater adherence to…… [Read More]

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Methods and Materials Used in Teaching Music Art and Physical ED in the Self-Contained Classroom

Words: 1640 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 34282674

Teaching in the Self-Contained Classroom

Music, Art and Phys. Ed. In Self-contained classroom

In 1996, the United States Department of Education mandated laws that required school districts to create inclusive programs to integrate students with various disabilities into the general school population.

However, a study conducted by the National Council on disabilities in 2000 showed that most school districts have not transitioned into full mainstream classes. Instead, an estimated 20% of children with disabilities continue to spend their schooldays in self-contained classrooms, apart from the general school population (Wright and Wright).

Proponents of the self-contained classroom, however, believe that such settings can be advantageous, particularly for students with hearing impairments, mental retardation and those with physical or learning disabilities.

This paper examines how students in total or semi-self-contained classrooms can benefit from instruction in art, music and physical education. It looks at the challenges of teaching such classes and how…… [Read More]

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Error Correction in the Foreign Language Classroom

Words: 615 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Book Review Paper #: 16711963

Error correction in the foreign classroom has become an extensively researched, but also very contentious topic of conversation among experts, researchers, and teachers in the field. For some immediate form-based error correction is a vital part of learning in the classroom setting, while others believe that a more subtle way of dealing with errors in the classroom is more effective when helping students associate the new language with positive experiences. In the book, Error Correction in the Foreign Classroom: Reconsidering the Issues by Miroslaw Pawlak, the author considers the phenomenon of error correction, the often divergent opinions related to it, and ends by presenting findings and recommendations both for the classroom, policy, and research.

The book is structured around an introduction, four chapters that form the body of the work, and a conclusion that holds a summary of main points and offers some resulting insights. In the introduction, the author…… [Read More]

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Intercultural Communication Within the Classroom

Words: 2266 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 31587896

A major goal of learning is facilitation of basic literacy and language skills of difference students, the importance of which stems from a persistent school failure in the United States of students with Hispanic, African-American and American Indian background (Gay, 1994). Multicultural education can ease the tensions by teaching skills in a cross-cultural communication style that emphasizes interpersonal relations, perspective taking, contextual analysis and understanding differing points-of-view and frames of reference (Gay, 1994). Students must learn how their cultural condition may affect values, attitudes and beliefs, as well as preferences, expectations and behaviors (Gay, 1994).

As an experienced administrator working within the U.S. school system, I learned that within U.S. society there also still exists a strong ethnic prejudice as well as "ethnocentric values that are based and driven by cultural beliefs not based on fact; there is in fact a tendency in the U.S. To ascribe attributes and behaviors…… [Read More]

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Distance Education vs Classroom Education

Words: 872 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 21176329

391). This, Vindovich (2002) both acknowledges the difference between traditional and distance education and validates this type of education as having the same academics as traditional education.

Although studying distance education in terms of quality and quality comparison with classroom education is valid, another approach to determining whether distance education is of the same quality as classroom education is up to the students. Programs and teachers can influence school quality, but students' efforts can largely impact education quality as well. This is what researchers Lawless and Richardson (2002) found when they determined that "approaches to studying in distance education are strongly associated with students' perception of the academic quality of their courses" (p. 257). In other words, the researchers found that the quality of distance education was not measured by some arbitrary method, but by the students' own effort. Furthermore, Richardon and Woodley (2001) examined deaf students' studying in distance…… [Read More]

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Observing a Mathematics Classroom Assignment

Words: 1374 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12482553


This observation is of an eighth grade mathematics class, in which algebra was being taught. The objectives of the math lesson included to “appreciate the usefulness, power and beauty of mathematics,” and to “recognize that mathematics permeates the world around us,” which are core objectives of the middle grade math curriculum (“The Middle Years Programme – MYP,” 2008). This specific lesson on the day of observation was linear equations, with an introduction to word problems at the end of the lesson. The ages of the students were around thirteen years old; the teacher was in her early 20s and was African American. The classroom was small, only containing twelve students of various ethnic backgrounds. Also, the classroom was specifically arranged and designed as a math class because the posters on the wall, the props, and the computers were all set up for math lessons. This is a middle school…… [Read More]

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Education in a Classroom Setting There Are

Words: 1978 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48137419


In a classroom setting, there are different sets of people; they may vary from ethnic backgrounds, genders and abilities (Gravells, 2008). The constant need for equality in the classroom should be addressed, and no bias towards individuals should be displayed. Diversity must be well embraced; however this is not that easy. When introducing a set of individuals to each other, they may all react in different ways, some may be reserved and some may openly reject group conformity. A way to get by this is through ice-breakers. This is a form of team building which students can take part of and get to know each other. Ice breakers break down barriers and encourage teamwork and inclusion. Inclusion in the classroom is necessary, for no student should be left out in any way, especially because of their uniqueness; for example, they come from a different country, or they are generally…… [Read More]

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Head Start Preschool Classrooms Prominently Emphasize Performance

Words: 611 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24081789

Head Start preschool classrooms prominently emphasize performance standards as a way to assess educational programs for young children. However, this approach is often criticized as not appropriate for the assessment of young children (Hallam et al., 2007). Standards outlined in the Head Start Child Outcomes Framework were developed as an assessment system in response to the need for increased accountability in early childhood care and education. The Child Outcomes Framework was developed in 2000 as an outline for outcomes that are expected for four-year-old children as they leave the Head Start program. The concern about this type of framework is that it potentially results in disconnect between appropriate assessment processes and outcomes.

Hallam et al. (2007) investigated the classroom quality associated with an intervention that linked authentic assessment practices with the Head Start child Outcomes Framework. These researchers conducted this study by observing twenty-six preschool classrooms involved in Head Start.…… [Read More]

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Learner-Centered Teaching Learner Centered Classroom

Words: 1817 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 59538690

The appendixes offer examples of learning tools, from syllabus to handouts and closes with a recommended reading list.

Though the second work in this review is longer by almost 100 pages it is also much simpler in its construct and clearer in intention as a manner to demonstrate the needs of the instructor to change the manner in which he or she constructs the classroom to facilitate learner-centered models that build a higher degree of student learning confidence and therefore success. While the previous book has a more seminar style work, supported by research and application this second work has a higher degree of personal reading for teachers feel to it. The two together could offer a fantastic culmination of available resources for teachers to access to help build a case for and demonstrate tactics for moving the teacher centered plan to one that better meets the needs of learners.…… [Read More]

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Evidence-Based Strategies and Materials Related to Classroom Management

Words: 623 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 279465

Evidence-Based Homework Policy

Homework enables a student to better learn what is being taught in the classroom. It gives more experience of the subject principals. At the same time, homework and homework policies teach students social interaction skills, self-motivation, and active engagement skills and promote best practices in these areas. Homework policies work better based on grade levels of the student.

Ms. Zalogwe's homework policy does promote social interaction. Human use tools from their culture, such as reading, writing, etc., to develop social functions (Vygotsky, 2014). A teacher's collaboration with students to develop meaningful construction leads to higher thinking skills. This in turn, builds social interactions with others. Students learn communication skills that builds interactions with others.

Self-efficacy enhances motivation for more learning and skill building (Schunk, 1985). As homework brings more practice with classroom activities, students gain more confidence in what they are learning. This would also apply to…… [Read More]

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Motivational Strategies to Support ADHD Learners in the Classroom

Words: 1546 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29266343

Motivational Strategies to Support Learners in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Classrooms

Motivational strategies in the classroom in general represent a challenging enterprise, but the need for such effective strategies in classrooms with young learners suffering from attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is particularly pronounced. The condition affects the ability of students to learn in a number of ways that can detract from the most thoughtful motivational strategies, though, and teachers in crowded classrooms may find themselves as a distinct disadvantage trying to satisfy the mandates of the No Child Left Behind Act and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act as a result. To determine what motivational strategies have proven effective in classrooms with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder learners, this paper provides a review of the relevant peer-reviewed and scholarly literature, followed by a summary of the research and important findings in the conclusion.

Review and Discussion

The prevalence of attention deficit…… [Read More]

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Instructional Strategies for ELL Classrooms

Words: 1618 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 50268088

ELL Instructional Strategies


Instructional Strategies for ELL Classrooms


Instructional Strategies for ELL Classrooms

Instructional Strategies for ELL Classrooms

According to Echevarria et al. (2005), "Each year, the United States becomes more ethnically and linguistically diverse, with more than 90% of recent immigrants coming from non-English speaking countries." The dramatic influx of English language learners has led to changes in instructional practices within classrooms and to changes in how ELL instruction is delivered to students. There are a wide range of programs that are being used to teach ELL learners, such as dual-language instruction, transitional bilingual education and sheltered English immersion (Echevarria et al., 2005). Regardless of the program that is being utilized, five important components will make language transition easier for ELL learners. Delivering comprehensible input, providing ongoing feedback, utilizing grouping techniques and strategies, building background, and facilitating student engagement will all help to make instruction…… [Read More]

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Traditional and Constructivist Classrooms to

Words: 773 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 1546494

The constructivist concept requires teachers to seek and value their students' points-of-view; to incorporate classroom activities capable of challenging students' perceptions or interpretations; to introduce relevant ideas; to develop lessons in conjunction with primary concepts and "big" ideas; and to assess student learning in a much more comprehensive manner (i.e. In the overall context of daily teaching) than merely scoring their ability to demonstrate superficial recall of assigned information of questionable relevance (Brooks & Brooks, 1999).

In the constructivist classroom, students work within smaller groups that promote interactive communication, expression and sharing of thoughts processes, and critical evaluation of ideas related to assigned substantive subject matter (Brooks & Brooks, 1999). Within the traditional format, students almost always work in isolation. Teachers using constructivist methods teach interactively and they deliberately involve students in two-way exchanges and expression of ideas and analyses. There is a specific effort of selecting subject matter that…… [Read More]

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Teaching in the Diverse Classroom

Words: 692 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 76992253

California teachers meet the challenges of a classroom that is becoming increasingly culturally and linguistically diverse. The research will be based upon several proven strategies, including reflective practice, and incorporating the knowledge gained into practice.

Action research is described as "as a tool of curriculum development consisting of continuous feedback that targets specific problems in a particular school setting" (Ferraro). Mettetal adds that action research is undertaken in order to answer a specific practical problem, resulting in action. It is relevant to the specific site where it occurs, and results are shared with individuals who are directly affected by the research.

The action research program proposed here will follow the model set forth by Ferraro. A senior teacher will take the role of the researcher and role model. As such, the senior teacher will hold monthly meetings with all student teachers. At these meetings the student teachers will report their…… [Read More]

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Teaching Special Education Students in the Classroom

Words: 1246 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 12819085

Teaching Special Education Students

In the classroom, teachers are primarily responsible for ensuring that special education students are provided with equal opportunities for education. While instructors should not lower academic standards in the classroom, they should make every effort to make reasonable accommodations for students with disabilities. By making simple adjustments, such as allowing students to record lectures or changing the format of a test, teachers can make sure that special education students do not have academic or social disadvantages.

Setting up the Classroom

In the classroom, simple changes can make a great difference for special education students. For example, by arranging desks in a manner where each student has his own personal space, as opposed to sitting in groups, special education students have less chances of being distracted.

There should be various centers in the class that provide a space for students to go when they are finished with…… [Read More]

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Case Study of Teacher Beliefs in Contemporary Science Education Goals and Classroom Practices

Words: 1407 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 30224250

teacher beliefs in contemporary science education goals and classroom practices. Fischer-Mueller, J. & Zeidler, D.L.

The participants in the study included nine science teachers at the Souhegan High School (SHS) in Amherst, New Hampshire. However, three "typical case" teachers chosen for the qualitative data analysis as they were willing to allow an observer in their classroom and participate in multiple interviews.

There are three major research questions being addressed: (1) What is the extent that the science teachers a SHS support the contemporary goals of science education? (2) What is a SHS science teacher's degree of conviction concerning their beliefs about particular goals? (3) How is a teacher's belief in contemporary goals translated or expressed by their actual classroom teaching?

The methodology included surveys and interviews (Contemporary Goals of Science Education Survey; Zeidler & Duffy, 1994) but for question three it is predominately qualitative in that it uses observation, coding…… [Read More]

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High School Classroom Environment That

Words: 621 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43983105

The main way with which the zone of proximal development is applied in the classroom is through academic competitions and extra-curricular and co-curricular settings where students augment skills learned in the classroom.

In attempts to improve student learning, Vygotsky various ideas and concepts of cognitive learning zones including the zone of proximal development. Since the concept takes place when students can complete tasks independently, it has been used as the basis of different instructional approaches in the classroom. Generally, teachers can use effective instructional approaches depending on the developmental ideas of cognitive psychologists such as Lev Vygotsky to enhance student performance (Blake & Pope, 2008, p.60).

The main idea from Vygotsky's zone of proximal development concept is that social interaction plays a significant role in student learning and overall performance. This is mainly because social interaction enables students to learn from each other and independently through internalization process that results…… [Read More]

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Teaching in Multi-Ethnic Classrooms Experts

Words: 1681 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 13697967

This instructor has learned to proactively educate his Navajo students about the need to reveal certain information they normally keep among themselves, such as burial grounds, because federal law now protects them from violation -- but only if their location is known. What this suggests to me is that I may simply have to accept that some cultural distinctions may be important to my Native American students and that it may not be part of their culture to explain it to me. If an issue is important then it may be up to me to explain why something is important in the school's culture so the child can be more successful, but without suggesting that the school culture is better or superior.

Finally, I think it will be important to incorporate literature from the cultures of minority students, recognizing that it isn't enough that the story be "Hispanic." A story…… [Read More]

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Computers and Technology in the Classroom One

Words: 852 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 31819859

Computers and Technology in the Classroom

One of the critical advantages of introducing technology into the classroom, even for the youngest of elementary school children, is that technology offers the presentation of clear problems that require immediate, hands-on solutions with appreciable results. (Roblyer, 2003) Computers have a tactile and visual quality in their applications that are enticing as toys to elementary school level children. Unlike many toys, however, there is an educational and real-life component to using computers that makes the integration of technology crucial to modern education. One must not allow one's students to be part of the much discussed digital divide that separates tomorrow's workers from those whom are technically literate from those whom are not.

There is also a communications aspect to the use of technology in the classroom, as embodied through the use of the Internet and the World Wide Web that would be of value…… [Read More]

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Positive Class Room Environment Positive Classroom Environment

Words: 3575 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95331637

Positive Class Room Environment

Positive Classroom Environment

Grade Course

This report is about building class room environment for school students. In addition to the general concepts about class room environment, the report focuses on a particular issue and presents its solutions in the light of concepts and practices prevailing in the literature of building class room environment.

There is a scenario of school class consisting of students who age is between 12-14 years. It is French class, to be held once a week for 35 minutes. The school administration has issued a plan of contents to be covered in each period. The teacher needs to cover that contents plan effectively within the time.

The behaviour of students is not much learning oriented. They put the teacher to task and give him tough time in managing class and covering the course contents. In addition to behavioural problems, they also lack in…… [Read More]

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The use of Virtual Classrooms

Words: 1826 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63971730

Learning Project Outline Template

I. YouTube has implemented new restrictions regarding their AdSense program. People must meet certain requirements to even monetize their content. When content is monetized, it must meet certain guidelines. YouTube has begun hiring many new employees to help determine the kind of content suitable for monetization.

II. Organizational Analysis: YouTube has faced increasing scrutiny in their placement of ads in certain videos. By offering employees training courses, they can employ a sound evaluation practice for monetized content on YouTube. Person Analysis: New employees without sufficient training are coming in and placing restrictions on monetized videos leading to uproar from the community due to seemingly unfair or improper censorship. Task Analysis: Proper discernment of what is appropriate content on YouTube should be implemented in training guides to facilitate more effective evaluation practices by YouTube employees.

II. The learning goal is to understand what content is appropriate for…… [Read More]

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Analyzing Teaching Learning and Immigrants in Classroom

Words: 702 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23600553

Immigrants in Classroom --

Teaching, Learning and Immigrants in Classroom

With reference to Nieto (1999), culture is described as the constantly changing customs and values, political and social affiliations as well as worldview developed, shared and transformed by group of individuals bound be a combination of different factors which could include a shared history, language, religion, social class, and geographical location (p. 78).

There are two issues which ought to be understood if culture is to have whatsoever meaning for teachers who wish to have an understanding of how it is actually connected to learning. Firstly, culture should be perceived in an unsentimental manner. Otherwise, it is at times a little more than a desire for a past which never actually existed, or a sanitized, idealized version of what it is in reality. Secondly, the culture's sociopolitical context should be recognized; cultures are situated in specific social, economic, political, and…… [Read More]

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Tips on Classroom Management Managing an Effective

Words: 849 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 63966020

Tips on Classroom Management

Managing an effective learning process in a classroom is like driving on the street. Sometimes you can speed up, but when the street is crowded, you can barely move at all.

Many factors contribute to successful classroom management: organized curriculum, students' background, students' motivation, available resources, clear lesson plan and organization, collaboration from the school and environment, discipline, supportive learning environment, and also relationship between the teacher and the students, and among the students inside the class.

Unfortunately, teachers cannot apply single management strategy to every class. There are no classes that have the exact same profile when compared to each other. In the beginning of the term and continuously, teachers need to identify the students profile, their best performances, and their problems, to ensure equal achievement for everyone.

Now, of course the 'traffic jam' needs the highlight. While teachers work hard to take control, why…… [Read More]

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Technology in the Diverse Classroom

Words: 914 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 72469161

Against Student Tracking

Student tracking involves categorizing students according to their learning ability and placing them in classes based on this. Advanced students are placed together and students of lower ability are placed together. While this is common practice in schools there are several education bodies calling for its abolition. There are several reasons given for the abolition of student tracking: that it widens the gap between advantages and disadvantaged students; that it separates students by race and class; and that an inclusive classroom where every student learns from each other is better for students, socially and academically.

Firstly, student tracking is said to widen the gap between advantaged and disadvantaged students. Ascher (1992) notes that there is evidence that high achievers do better in accelerated classes. While this is beneficial to the students in these accelerated classes, it actually widens the gap between them and the average student. This…… [Read More]

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Incidence in the Classroom

Words: 1680 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79085519

Incidence in the Classroom

Critical Learning Experiences

One specific incident that is fairly eminent among the others that have taken place at ICCD where I am employed as a student teacher involved one of the general education pre-kindergarten students. This particular student was actually a twin, and both he and his brother were new to the class I was helping as a student teacher. On this one particular morning Haneef decided that he did not want to participate in the class instruction. What was interesting about this situation was that his twin brother, Habeeb, had no problem coming to the class and preparing himself for school that day. Haneef, on the other hand, was something altogether else.

He actually refused to enter the classroom facility when his mother attempted to bring both of the boys in. He hesitated at the threshold of the room, and made his brother go in…… [Read More]

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Existentialism I Should Seek Not the Way but My Way Classroom Existentialism Notes and Quotes

Words: 921 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 36344819


'I should seek not the way, but my way." Rather than follow a strict set of rules about what school should or should not be like, the existentialist chooses his or her own vision of education. There is truly no one right way for students to learn or one method of teaching that is universally applicable. Existentialism classrooms therefore offer freedom for both educator and student. The existentialist model also encourages growth and creativity through limitless freedom.

As Blaise Pascal said, "Live today as if you were to die tomorrow." According to this philosophy, the students and teachers would do whatever they felt inspired to do at that moment, and curriculum would be loose. The existentialist teacher eschews structure. The existentialist does not attempt to become a specialist because to do so is too restricting. I agree with the quote, "Specialization diminishes a man-He is a creature of knowledge,…… [Read More]

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Cranton Classroom Management Cranton Patricia

Words: 1191 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Book Report Paper #: 96890257

Any type of assessment, whether it is personality-based, or a standardized assessment of ability, should be used to inform and guide learning, rather than to limit students. Adult students may have more formed personality traits and a greater wealth of life experiences, but they are still capable of change and growth like younger students.

Furthermore, adults are often more willing partners in the learning process and better-equipped to engage in self-directed learning to realize a goal. Educators themselves are on a learning journey and "if educators see self-directed learning as the goal of their work with learners but not themselves, there is a discrepancy in their perspective."

Cranton offers practical suggestions to the educator so he or she can become a transformative teacher, as well as engage in transformative education of the self. Keeping a journal, writing down one's philosophy of practice, contrasting one's philosophy with other educators, and viewing…… [Read More]

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Learning Centered Classroom Conducive to Collaborative Learning

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Assessment Paper #: 84540540

learning centered classroom conducive to collaborative learning and student involvement.

EXAMPLE: I believe that student participation is essential, particularly in a classroom of adult learners who have personal and professional experiences they can relate to the lesson at hand. I try to scaffold upon learners' existing knowledge to make lessons seem relevant to students. Compelling discussion requires a dialogue between teachers and students. Students must be treated with respect and be encouraged to act as full participants in the learning process. For example, one of my students was a nursing assistant who had valuable input regarding the changes in technology that had occurred in the medical field.

Performs Student Assessment of Learning Objectives

(B):Definition: Performs student assessment of learning objectives based on course curriculum and exit competencies.

EXAMPLE: Students are made aware of the grading criteria at the beginning of the course and before every assignment.

They are also made…… [Read More]

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Listening Skills in CLIL Content and Language Integrated Classrooms

Words: 1905 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 4487431

Listening Skills in CLIL

Does the application of Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL) truly encourage and develop better listening skills? What proof is there that CLIL can indeed help students learn to listen more closely for content and substance? Where are the empirical research efforts that can prove that CLIL strategies improve student listening skills? This paper will shed light on the purpose and success of the CLIL model and provide a guide for further research.

Students in the majority of pedagogical situations need to enhance their learning experiences and their listening skills. Whether through integrated learning tactics or other formats, listening skills not only help the student become a better learner, a stronger student but the application of fine-tuned listening skills can carry through a lifetime of learning and growing. Moreover, students today -- particularly in the West -- have so many distractions in their lives that learning…… [Read More]

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Current Teaching Practices of High School History Classrooms

Words: 2748 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 72564637

Technology in History Classes]

Since the beginning of education in the U.S., the classroom setting has remained the same: Students have sat quietly in their seats with just a pencil, textbook and lined paper to practice their "readin', riting and 'rithmetic." However, the advent of new technologies is heralding a change. In a growing number of schools, technological innovations are beginning to significantly change the way that information is conveyed and students learn. Depending on the creativity of the teacher, the advent of computers, CD-ROMs, videodiscs, multimedia, and cable networks is expanding the breadth of the curriculum -- from mathematics to the social sciences. For example, teachers have found multiple ways to restructure technology into high school history that have made an often very dry topic come to life.

In 1983 Howard Gardner, a Harvard University professor, introduced his theory of "multiple intelligences" (MI). His book Intelligence Reframed showed that…… [Read More]

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Setting Classroom Expectations When Dealing With a

Words: 596 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91843146

Setting Classroom Expectations

When dealing with a new group of students, it is essential that clear expectations are set from day one. However, expectations cannot be established merely by telling students what they must do and threatening them with dire consequences for misbehavior. Ideally, students should want to learn, and it is essential to make them willing participants in the process of setting expectations. This is particularly true of adult learners, whom are often more intrinsically motivated than younger learners (Motivating adult learners, 2013, University of Florida). One useful exercise is to have students brainstorm expectations themselves, either in groups or individually, and have the class vote on which ones will be the rules of the classroom. (The teacher can also contribute various suggestions). The teacher will then group the suggestions into useful categories, and finally a manageable amount of ground rules can be established.

This enables students to think…… [Read More]

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Nationalism in Geography Classrooms Challenges

Words: 582 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 22248127

The various branches of the American military, for example, have their own form of nationalism that is represented by hard power and military supremacy. This does not mean that nationalism must be necessarily political in nature, but often the two are tied together due to the ease in which they go hand in hand. This can be said of geography as well, especially political geography.

Often, political geography is mistaken for being the same as cultural identity, particularly when language comes into question. In countries that contain minority language speakers in large concentrations, such as Quebec, Canada or Basque, Spain, the various cultural differences inherent in native language is typically seen as the dominant factor of identity. Geography can play a large factor in student identity as well, however, and cannot be discounted, even amongst communities that have several languages within a small area, Queens, New York for example. The…… [Read More]

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Diversity in the Classroom

Words: 984 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4666230

student comes from a middle class family in Bangkok. Status is of primary importance in Thailand. The reason is that hierarchical relations are at the heart of Thai society . As a result, titles are of primary importance in Thailand (Kiss, Bow, or Shake Hands, p. 385). Public displays of affection between members of the opposite sex are not tolerated and it is considered to be extremely rude to point one's foot at anyone. Never should you cross your legs in front of an older person, and you should avoid to cross your legs with one leg resting on the other knee (Kiss, Bow, or Shake Hands, p. 386).

I think that the new Thai female student on her first day in class will find my behavior as an afro-american teacher in a highly diverse class as sending out messages to guide and facilitate the learning process of the children…… [Read More]

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Integrating Technology Into the Classroom

Words: 1762 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 41588102

Using "Stage One: Rubric for Group Invesigative Roles" can be helpful here, a grading rubric that stresses the ability of students to present information aloud and on paper to with sources correctly cited, with understanding, etc. During the performance, students should be assessed not simply on acting ability, but as denoted in "Stage Three: Rubric for Peformance," that they can understand and morally evaluate what is going on, such as clearly explaining several ways in which a character 'saw' things differently than other characters. This may require teachers to meet with students one-on-one, before giving a final grade, so as to discuss what students learned from the project.

What is the revision process once you have the results from your evaluation?

Students can fill out a questionaire, reporting and assessing their contribution to the experience to allow the teacher to assimilate new information into the lesson plan next year.

Works…… [Read More]

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Technology in the Classroom The

Words: 1450 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 86777800

The proliferation of Web 2.0 applications and their growth are defined more by communication patterns than adherence to taxonomies and architectures, and this is evident in the growth of social networking sites (SNS) including Facebook, MySpace, LinkedIn and many others. These sites, while popular from socializing standpoint, also provide an excellent point of reference regarding how powerful online collaborative platforms can be as potential learning tools, and this is one of the dominant trends in the use of technology for teaching and learning today.

Figure 1 is the map O'Reilly and Battelle created showing how both market and user dynamics are defining social networking (O'Reilly, 2005., and there is ample theoretical and empirical evidence of how Web 2.0 technologies can be highly effective in meeting the unmet needs of students and teachers alike (Zhang, Olfman, Ractham, 2007). The use of Web 2.0 technologies as a more collaborative platform than…… [Read More]