Communion Essays (Examples)

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Is the Eucherist the Answer to Problems Created by Globalization

Words: 1175 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98292685

Religion -- Context And Crisis

From One City to Two: Christian Reimagining of Political Space, William T. Cavanaugh: Cavanaugh alerts the reader immediately, based on Martin Marty's book (Politics, Religion, and the Common Good) that there are conflicts in this world when it comes to religious beliefs and political values. And the thrust of Cavanaugh's scholarly article is that there needs to be a balance between social unity and the American Constitutional rights that allow groups to identify with their faith through pluralism.

In Cavanaugh's referencing of Marty (299), violence was visited upon Jehovah's Witnesses (JW) in the 1940s, in part because the JW dogma did not allow children to salute the American Flag. But Marty fails to stand up against the "zealous nationalism" that fuels the distrust, loathing and even violence against the JW faith. Marty asserts that religion " ... can cause all kinds of trouble in the…… [Read More]

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Important Biblical People Events and Places

Words: 720 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2174073

Biblical Events Which Were Significant in the Development of the Bible

Book: Psalms

This is a collection of praise songs or poems that were meant to praise God. It was an honest communication with God as well as response to Him. The psalmist was so open with his praise to God that it has over the years been considered the best praise that there is offered to God, with many believers in the Bible referring to it constantly for praise verses or quotes that they would like to give to God. Indeed, it is one of the books that are referred to severally even in the New Testament. Two thirds of the book of Psalms is attributed to David. David was known to be a good poet, musician, founder and organizer of temple music as well as a singer who often used stringed instruments to accompany the psalms/praises when he…… [Read More]

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Medieval Woman Her Role in Society

Words: 1133 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19600074

Women: Luther and the Medieval Roman Catholic Church

The medieval view of women and the woman's role was essentially informed by a centuries-long, Christian informed tradition, upheld by patriarchal society. Thus, that there should exist a vast discrepancy between the views of Luther and the views of the medieval Roman Catholic Church regarding women is to perhaps wish too much. Modern feminism may be, to some extent, found in the works of Chaucer, whose Wife of Bath represents a departure from "acceptable" womanhood in the medieval world. But even a century and a half later not much has changed on this front. Luther's animus towards the Catholic Church was mainly doctrine and practice-centered. Luther had a conception of the faith that differed and evolved significantly as the Protestant Reformation got underway. Nonetheless, there can be found teachings by both Luther and the Catholic Church that can be compared for a…… [Read More]

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Traditional Catholicism and the Vatican

Words: 2175 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67280746

Second Vatican Council and the Traditionalist Backlash

The Second Vatican Council is unique in the Catholic Church's near 2000-year history. From 1962 to 1965 the massive council met in Vatican City to update the Church's stance on liturgical and theological matters. By adopting what Popes John XXIII and Paul VI called a "pastoral attitude" toward the fulfillment of the needs of modern man, the Council attracted media coverage unparalleled by past councils.

The Council was enormous. It had eleven times as many members from fourteen times as many countries as the First Vatican Council. It was an occasion of "shock and awe." Those who anticipated "an event" were awed; those who anticipated the assertion of Catholic theology were shocked. For example, when Cardinal Larraona wrote to Pope Paul VI in preparation for the Third Session concerning the schema Constitutionis de Ecclesia, he said, it "brings us…inaccurate, illogical, incoherent and encouraging…… [Read More]

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Baptism Debate Theology

Words: 3101 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65398044

Theology: The Baptism Debate

Peter's encouragement sermon on the Day of Pentecost -- "repent and let each of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins, and you shall receive the Holy Spirit" (Acts 2:38) has been the source of raging debate, marred by conflicting views on i) whether Peter was referring to spirit or water baptism; and ii) whether through the phrase 'be baptized…the forgiveness of sins', Peter was identifying baptism as a requirement for salvation[footnoteRef:1]. In other words, should Peter's exhortation be interpreted at face value, or should it be understood some other way? This text purposes to interact with the opposing views on these issues, examine their theological and syntactic viability, and then conclude with an interpretation that aligns with both the immediate and the larger contexts of the verse in question. [1: 1 Bruce Compton, "Water Baptism and the…… [Read More]

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Thousand-Year Reign of Christ

Words: 2407 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76537698

Revelation 20:1-6 (the Millenium)

The objective of this study is to examine the 1000 years of Revelation 20:1-6 (The Millennium) an exegetical and theological topic therefore the review will be extended beyond only the biblical in terms of research and will examine the views of other scholars in this area of inquiry.

The Blue Letter Bible states the following in the Book of Revelations, Chapter 20, Verses one through six:

"Then I saw an angel coming down from heaven, holding the key of the abyss and a great chain in his hand. And he laid hold of the dragon, the serpent of old, who is the devil and Satan, and bound him for a thousand years; and he threw him into the abyss, and shut it and sealed it over him, so that he would not deceive the nations any longer, until the thousand years were completed; after these things…… [Read More]

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Religion Pilgrimage Is a Central Element in

Words: 628 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65622779


Pilgrimage is a central element in religion. Ancient polytheistic religions like those in Greece and Rome used pilgrimage at certain times of year, often creating massive festivals. While many pilgrimages have a social dimension, others can be profoundly personal and mystical too. Pilgrimage is inherently difficult, and the travails of the journey are part of the process. It is necessary to undertake pilgrimage as a rite of passage. This is especially true in Islam, in which hajj, the pilgrimage to Mecca, is one of the Five Pillars. There are several elements of religious pilgrimage, including the personal, political, and the spiritual.

Motivations for pilgrimage range from a need to prove one's spiritual strength and merit to a need to conform to the dictums of society. In some cases, the pilgrimage serves as an act of communion, prayer, or meditation. Buddhist approaches to pilgrimage, such as those described in Journey…… [Read More]

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Differentiating Between Religions

Words: 1954 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48854000

Religious Studies

The world's spiritual traditions and religious practices have major groupings. However, in these groupings there is no uniformity of practice. Various religions have different culture and ways of practice. This practice began in the 18th century as developing civilized societies. Different cultures of the world have had an influence on the religious beliefs of the people. For example, Hinduism borrows from the Indian culture, Islam from Muslim culture and Taoism from particular cultures in china. Traditionally, scholars of religion recognized the fact that, different religious beliefs have the same philosophy of searching for the truth. It may argue that religion is an act of worship given to God irrespective of religion.

Overview of Christianity and Islam

Christianity as a religion teaches salvation from sin. The religion also teaches issues of eternal life, physical death as well as the resurrection of Jesus Christ the messiah. The religion began as…… [Read More]

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How Paganism and Mystery Religions Influenced Christianity

Words: 2172 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 81593474

paganism and mystery religions influenced Christianity.


Paganism and mystery religions

Pagan Mystery religions have been associated with paving the way for Christianity presentation across the ancient and present world. They played the role of preparing the people emotionally and mentally in understanding the kind of religion which was represented by Christianity. They existed in varying degrees, examples was the Galilean cult which was to replace them. There encouragement was for a shift from the philosophical and state religion systems towards the craving for personal salvation as well as promise of immortality. It is believed that Christianity have been manifested through the paganism and mystery religions, since they were involved in doing the groundwork which paved the way for Christian missionary work. Most of the perception, as passed from paganism into Christianity got a highly insightful and spiritual meaning by Christianity.

The early church developed from the Greco-Roman world which…… [Read More]

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Comparing Nathaniel Hawthorn's My Kinsman Major Molineux and Young Goodman Brown

Words: 1405 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 40970366

Hawthorne: My Kinsman, Goodman Brown

The United States experienced great political, social and economic change during the late 1700s and early 1800s. Breaking ties with Great Britain under the Declaration of Independence developed a unique American tradition. The major emphasis was placed on the individual, whose need to succeed would result in the best possible world for everyone concerned. In the two works "My Kinsman, Major Molineux" and "Young Goodman Brown" by Nathaniel Hawthorn, the main characters Robin and Young Goodman Brown go on personal journeys to seek their individual goals. Robin seeks a kinsman who can help him establish his future livelihood and Brown searches to restore his faith and the evil in his heart. They both each reach a goal, yet not the one expected.

In "My Kinsman," a naive and inexperienced youth named Robin leaves his country home and travels to the city looking for his cousin…… [Read More]

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Bram Stoker's Dracula

Words: 1538 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 82044240

Allegorical Dracula

It seems strange at first to consider one of the greatest of Victorian gothic novels, and the genesis of the entire modern vampire craze as a masterpiece of Christian fiction. However, it is precisely accurate to do so. If it were written today, it would most certainly be considered Christian niche fiction. The entirety of the novel is filled with appeals to the wisdom, justice, and aid of God, and the protagonists eventually consider themselves to be the righteous warriors of God fighting to save Christian England. There is throughout a very strong sense of evangelicalism in phrases such as "God is merciful and just, and knows your pain and your devotion."(Ch 22) What, one might ask though, is a Christian book doing introducing one of the most seductively evil of modern monster protagonists? The answer is as simple as it is obvious: the vampire Dracula is portrayed…… [Read More]

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Protestant and Roman Catholic Styles of Piety

Words: 1590 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 49462762


Although Catholics and Protestants share a fundamental belief system, their theologies as well as their forms of worship differ greatly. Roman Catholic piety is generally expressed through the intermediary bodies of the Church, its hierarchy, and the various sacraments. Moreover, Catholic prayers are directed to intercessors such as the saints or the Virgin Mary. On the contrary, Protestants generally ascribe to an individualistic piety, one that is removed or independent from a church body. One's relationship to God or Jesus Christ is developed without the aid of teachers other than the "word of God" as it is expressed in the Bible. Although there are a multitude of different Protestant sects, they generally agree on a few basic tenets that set these denominations apart from the Roman Catholic Church. One of these tenets is the belief in a "universal priesthood" in which all Christians have the potential to approach theological…… [Read More]

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Definition of Community

Words: 1912 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46267914


Etymology of a "Community"u

Community is a group of people that share similar values and interests, work towards similar goals and support each other. There are many different types or groups of people that qualify as a "community." A community does not have to be a particular size to qualify as a "community" although generally most communities consist of a group of people that is roughly a dozen or more (Smith, 2001). The neighborhood most people live in and work in is generally considered a community.

Smith (2001) quotes Hoggett (1997) in stating that since the late 19th century, the "use of the term community has remained to some extent associated with the hope and the wish of reviving once more the closer, warmer, more harmonious type of bonds between people vaguely attributed to past ages" (p. 5). Most people consider the term community a "positive" term, meaning they…… [Read More]

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Marital Intimacy Skills

Words: 3174 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 19809332

Marital Intimacy Skills

This study examines marital intimacy skills and the impact that these skills have on the marriage in terms of marital failure or marital success. The work of Fincham, Stanley, and Beach (2006) entitled "Transformative Processes in Marriage: An Analysis of Emerging Trends" reports that it has been argued by Stanley (2007) that we "are in a new stage of marital research that reflects a growing momentum toward larger meanings and deeper motivations about relationships, including a focus on constructs that are decidedly more positive." (p.276) Good marriage is noted as that which makes the provision to spouses of "a sense of meaning in their lives" and it is suggested by Fincham, Stanley, and Beach (2006) that this momentum "has set the stage for examination of transformative, rather than merely incremental changes in relationships. (p.276)

What is Intimacy?

Linaman (2006) writes that intimacy is something that every individual…… [Read More]

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Holy Spirit in the Book of Acts

Words: 1947 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 7501139

Holy Spirit is the cornerstone of the Acts of the Apostles, attributed to the apostle Luke. According to Lee, the Book of Acts refers to " the formative history of the Early Church," while establishing Luke as a "charismatic theologian who demonstrates that baptism in the Holy Spirit is an experience of empowering to facilitate the mission of the Church."[footnoteRef:1] The Book of Acts opens with a frank and narrative passage written self-consciously by Luke and establishing the importance of the Holy Spirit in defining the mission of Christ and His apostles. "In my former book, Theophilus, I wrote about all that Jesus began to do and to teach until the day he was taken up to heaven, after giving instructions through the Holy Spirit to the apostles he had chosen."[footnoteRef:2] The phrase "through the Holy Spirit" insinuates the relationship between the Holy Spirit and the Christ. Christ is moved…… [Read More]

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Gluten-Free Diet the Objective of

Words: 2148 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 71612561

" (Sanghavi, 2013) Gluten intolerance is frustrating since some people have problems with consuming gluten that is not autoimmune or allergic problems. It has been indicated by some research that depression, arthritis, social phobias, or epilepsy among other various problems could be associated with gluten intolerance. (Sanghavi, 2013, paraphrased) the work of Holmes, et al. (1989) reported a study conducted among 210 celiac disease patients with the diet of the individuals and its effect on malignancy. The study reports that 12 new cancers occurred with one being carcinoma of the esophagus and two lymphomas. The report states that 39 cancers developed in 38 patients with a report of 69 deaths and 33 of these deaths being due to malignancy. The study concludes that a gluten-free diet is important in celiac patient's avoidance of developing cancer. A separate study reported in the work of Vehmanen, Partanen and Hockerstedt (1991) states that…… [Read More]

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Inner Way Toward a Rebirth

Words: 1318 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74859030

" (Romans 12.6 and 1 Cor. 12) This includes the gift of spiritual direction. Therefore, it can be garnered that the Holy Spirit provides the contemporary Church "with forms other than those used by the ancient elder to achieve this same purpose." (2000) Allen writes that it would be erroneous to claim that the Holy Spirit "could not again, in any age, raise up the pater penumatikos (the spiritual father) for the continuing ministry of the Church." (2000) in fact, since the Holy Spirit abides in the Church, then according to Allen, it "follows that there will be an ever-renewing form of pneumatophoroi, or 'bearers' or 'carriers' of that Spirit.

II. The Central Task of Spiritual Direction

Allen writes that the central task of spiritual direction in terms of its goal and historical goals is the leading of individuals "deeper and deeper into the struggle for the Christian life, that…… [Read More]

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Folk Music the Evolution of Folk Music

Words: 1302 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62504215

Folk Music

The Evolution of Folk Music Vocals

By its definition, folk music technically refers to indigenous forms of music created by local, regional or native populations as a way of engaging in cultural expression. This means that at its core, folk music is not intended to command a commercial value nor is it necessarily folk music by definition once a form has been co-opted by an outside culture. However, this is also a definition for folk which has long been rendered obsolete by the aesthetic and vocal qualities that listeners tend to associate with the genre today. This is because the most historically significant instances in which folk music converged with the commercial zeitgeist would come to produce a highly distinctive set of sounds.

Indeed, when we think of folk music, one tends instantly to conjure image of a young Bob Dylan with harmonica rack and guitar, wheezing his…… [Read More]

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Holy Trinity Christianity Promotes the

Words: 1640 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29478801

The Holy Trinity is composed out of three divine individuals that work together in creating one essence. Many people think about this theory as being a paradox, but it is important to understand that one should not necessarily think about logics when considering religion. Science is not powerful enough to explain every unknown idea and religion thus intervenes at times and provides initiatives that are controversial (to say the least). Trying to understand the Holy Trinity by using conventional values is likely to make an individual even more confused about the concept.

Another divisive topic regarding the Trinity regards the idea that Christianity is a monotheistic religious ideology and yet promotes the idea that there are three distinct bodies governing over the world. What people fail to understand is that the Church is not confused as a result of encountering mysterious ideas. It actually concentrates on trying to find a…… [Read More]

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Theological Perspective of Anabaptists Mennonites and Amish

Words: 3564 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30278684

Anabaptists / Mennonites / Amish


Anabaptists / Mennonites / Amish a theological perspective.

In this essay, the author explores the Anabaptists / Mennonites / Amish with a theological perspective. The author has discussed background and characteristics of all three Christian movements.


The term "Anabaptist" or Wiedertaufer," which means "rebaptizer," was first given to the Swiss Brethren by Ulrich Zwingli. [footnoteRef:2] Above the past four hundred years, the term "Anabaptism" has obsessed several connotations. At first it was utilized as a term of ridicule by Reformers and Catholic authorities throughout the Protestant Reformation, Anabaptism initially supposed "re-baptizer" (Huxman & Biesecker-Mast, 2004, p. 540). [2: William R. Estep, "The Reformation: Anabapist Style, "Criswell Theological Review 6 (Spring 1993): 199.]

"In the early seventeenth century, Menno Simmons's interpretation of Anabaptist convictions, which stressed separation from the world and non-resistance, gained a popular following." (Huxman & Biesecker-Mast, 2004, p. 540).Scholars such as…… [Read More]

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Buddhist Concept of Nirvana

Words: 4368 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 75708612


Religious doctrine usually includes some form of salvation as a reward for good behavior and for keeping to the tenets of the religion. Each religion treats this general idea in its own way. For the Christian, right behavior lead to salvation from permanent death and promises an afterlife in heaven. In Buddhism, the promise is not of an afterlife but of a reward in this world, a reward in the form of perfect peace through a mind free of craving and unwanted emotion. Nirvana is a state of mind and an achievement in itself, for nirvana is that state of mind to which the adherent aspires. It is considered the highest form of happiness and is achieved only by the most dedicated follower of the Buddha.

The conception of salvation usually relates to the idea of some ultimate value or being, and it can be thought of as an…… [Read More]

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Haskalah and Hasidic Movements According

Words: 1230 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 38498287

One of the main subjects taught by these qabbalists was "devequt," or the communion with God that stressed one's ability to be in constant contact with God.

Following this period, the leadership of the Hasidic movement was placed upon a disciple known as Dov Ber who often held meetings in his own home with young Jewish intellectuals and the common people. His "court" was referred to as the "maggid" and it was within this "court" that the Hasidic movement became wholly organized. The next period was dominated by the disciples of Dov Ber when the movement itself became a major influence in Judaism. Part of this influence was due to the Hasidic theory of the "tsaddig" which quickly began to shape and mold Hasidic thought and social organization.

Also during this period, Hasidic literature was published and one of the first works was that of Ya'aqov Yosef, the greatest disciple…… [Read More]

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Martin Luther Selections From His

Words: 1850 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 4831082

..the raving of...fools" which leads to "the suppression of Christian faith, the denying of the divine Word, and the blaspheming of the diving majesty." Were the world made up of "real Christians" (369), Luther points out, no "prince, king, lord, sword, or law" (written by men who govern the Catholic church) "would be needed." The Holy Spirit is the only law required for salvation, he said, often and in many ways. The Holy Spirit (369) simply asks no law, but leads followers of Christ down the path of doing "wrong to no one," loving "every one," and to "...willingly and cheerfully" suffer any injustice "...and even death from every one."

Luther ("Twenty-seven Proposals for Improving the State of Christendom") puts in writing his answer to the laws of the Roman church, and his "proposals" are profound and revolutionary. He calls for the separation of church and state, which was a…… [Read More]

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Abrahamic Religion Comparing and Contrasting

Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 3840482

Before the Torah is replaced near the end of the service, it is carried throughout the assembled congregation. Worshippers may reach out and touch the Torah with prayer books (hands are not supposed to be used), then kiss the object that touched the Torah, a gesture of affection, respect, and loyalty to God. This ritual is (arguably) symbolically equivalent to Catholic Communion, where believers symbolically ingest the blood and the body of Christ (a sip of wine and a Communion wafer) thereby taking the Lord into themselves. Both practices reaffirm personal relationships to God. Such contemporary (and past) ceremonies and liturgical practices may or may not actually aid worshippers in understanding God (or on the other hand, provide roadblocks for interpretation of the sacred). However, both are powerful signs of a personal relationship between congregants and God.

Many sections of the Old Testament reaffirm monotheism. In Exodus 31-33, Moses leaves…… [Read More]

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Islam and Christianity Religion Serves

Words: 3432 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 63930398

The first five books were separated from the whole about 400 B.C. As the Pentateuch. Jean Astruc in the eighteenth century noted that the Pentateuch is based on even earlier sources. The two chief sources have since been identified in Genesis on the basis of their respective uses of Yahweh or Elohim in referring to the deity. They are called J. For the Jehovistic or Yahwistic source and E. For the Elohistic source, and P. For the Priestly source was later separated from the E. source (Miller and Miller 698-699).

Consider just the complexities involved in the construction of the first book of the bible, Genesis, in its present form. It is believed that at an early time in human history, perhaps as early as the eleventh or tenth century B.C., someone put together the stories of God's dealing with the fathers from oral forms then in circulation. Such a…… [Read More]

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American Pastoral Lutheranism Originated as

Words: 2916 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 46532570

All human beings are considered corrupt and sick and, because of the original sin, are in close relations with the powers of evil, rending them unable to make a significant contribution to their liberation. Ironically in some way, it can be said that Lutherans believe in faith. Faith is understood as trust in God's love and is viewed as the only appropriate way for man to answer to God's initiative. "Salvation by faith alone" is the distinctive and criticized (by catholic adepts) slogan of Lutheranism. Opponents of this doctrine argued that this position does not do justice to the Christian responsibility to do good works; the answer was that faith has to be active in love and that there is an indivisible connection between good works and faith: the former follow from the latter as a good tree produces good fruit.

Worship. The Lutheran church is, by its own definition,…… [Read More]

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Martin Luther's Life Martin Luther Took His

Words: 4355 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 68339119

Martin Luther's Life:

Martin Luther took his birth on November 10, 1483 in a peasant family in Eisleben in the Holy Roman Empire, presently known as Eastern Germany. After the birth of Luther his family migrated from Eisleben to Mansfeld. His father was a comparatively effective miner and smelter and the Mansfeld was then a larger mining town. The Parents of Martin were Hans and Magarete Luther and he was their second child. Martin started his schooling in Mansfeld most probably around seven. The School emphasized Latin and a bit of logic and rhetoric. When Martin was 14 he was brought to Magdeburg for taking up his further studies. He resided there only of a year and then admitted into a Latin School in Eisenach till 1501. During 1501 he entered the University of Erfurt that was regarded as one of the oldest and best universities in Germany where he…… [Read More]

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Christian Tradition Biblical Questions Quite

Words: 747 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 37901375

Greek bishops could also marry, although such alliances prevent them from rising in position in the church, where Roman priests took celibacy vows. Regarding doctrine, some could Latin approach as more practical and judicial, while the Greek was more speculative about the nature of the Godhead.


Martin Luther founded the Lutheran branch of Protestant Christianity. Luther rejected the authority of the Catholic Pope. The Bible alone was the ultimate authority for Luther. Salvation was by grace and by faith alone in Jesus Christ. Luther retained the sacraments of baptism, penance and Holy Communion and he held that in the Holy Communion the consecrated bread and wine are the Body and Blood of Christ

However, he rejected the ideas of purgatory, indulgences, invocation of the Saints, and prayers for the dead.

In contrast, while John Calvin also rejected the Pope, he believed that God alone could dispense salvation, holding to…… [Read More]

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Lake Is an Oddity a

Words: 1254 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 55254311

..."(White, p. 106). This goes beyond religion into metaphysics, but he brings it back to a more understandable realm, the realm of the church service arguably, by noting that those 'same' waitresses had begun washing their hair frequently, in imitation of things they had seen in the movies.

By the end of the page, White has returned to the mystical, building an implied comparison to the entirety of Christianity to an almost musical crescendo: "Summertime, oh summertime, pattern of life indelible the fade proof lake, the woods unshatterable, the pasture with the sweet fern and the juniper forever and ever, summer without end...." (White, p. 106).

On the following page, White is immersed in memories of earlier times, times that bear a resemblance, in his retelling, of the early Christian ideas of community, everyone joyously committed to a single purpose, taking pleasure in seeing others of like mind, conducting the…… [Read More]

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Irish Writers Jonathan Swift James

Words: 2170 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 23859896

Thus, in 1714, Swift returned to Ireland, "to die like a poisoned rat in a hole," as he reported (Hunting 22).

Yet Swift slowly reconciled himself to his life in Ireland and the 1720's proved to be an incredibly creative time for him, including his famous "Gulliver's Travels" in 1726 (Hunting 23). In his seventieth year he wrote that walking though the streets of Dublin, he received "a thousand hats and blessings" (Hunting 24).

Swift was a great Irish patriot and became a popular hero and legend in his own lifetime and achieved all the fame he had so passionately desired when young (Rowse 215). After his death he became a figure of folklore, and all around Ireland, there are spots associated with him such as Laracor, Wood Park Kilroot and Gosford (Rowse 215). In the Deanery at St. Patrick's his skull ornamented the sideboard in the dining-room, a secular…… [Read More]

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Literature and Environment

Words: 1264 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26871559


Returning to Nature

They looked toward the wilderness, and behold, the glory of the Lord appeared in the cloud.

-Exodus 16-10

The great Romantic bard William Wordsworth loved nature. To him, nature was a place to return to, not just in a physical sense, as in a sojourn or expedition, but in an emotional and spiritual sense. Returning to nature meant to revitalize an essential part of one's humanity through the cathartic and transformative powers of nature. To help unpack this concept, this essay will analyze two of Wordsworth's poems: "Nutting" and "The World is Too Much With Us."

"Nutting" is a Conversation poem, in the Coleridge tradition, between the Narrator and his Maiden (Rumens). Over the course of the poem, he's tells his Maiden about a day he spent gathering nuts in the forest and how, after gathering the nuts, he felt a sense of guilt for needlessly…… [Read More]

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Donatist Heresy an Analysis of the Problems

Words: 3210 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3077966

Donatist Heresy

An Analysis of the Problems Posed by the Donatists in the Early Catholic Church


Donatus Magnus represents a kind of Puritanism that has always existed in the Church. The Donatist movement of the early fourth century was a response to perceived laxity on the part of Church officials concerning Catholics who had lapsed out of fear under the persecutions of Diocletian. That was one side of the argument, at least. On the other side was the work of St. Optatus the African, Bishop of Milevis, who authored a significant treatise concerning the schism of the Donatists. The problem, essentially, was one of Church politics, judgment and charity -- and it was a problem that eventually found itself coming before the throne of Emperor Constantine, who sent a group of bishops to hear the case and give a decision. This paper will analyze the problems the Donatists posed…… [Read More]

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Die Reflections on Life's Final

Words: 1607 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Book Report Paper #: 22462859

Nuland suggests can be improved if people come to understand the inexorable processes that are involved and recognize that like countless billions of humans before them, the mystery begins when they die and there is absolutely nothing they can do to alter this ultimate outcome beyond achieving this level of acceptance and understanding.


The research showed that Dr. Sherwin B. Nuland has written extensively about the history of medicine and the centrality of the death experience to the human condition throughout the millennia. Dr. Nuland's other book was Doctors: The Biography of Medicine and The Origins of Anesthesia, but he is regular contributors to magazines such as The New Yorker, The New Republic and Discover as well as peer-reviewed journals such as American Scholar, the Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences where he serves as chairman of managers as well as the literary editor for Connecticut…… [Read More]

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Esperanza's Box of Saints P 13-37

Words: 591 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 20307514


Such a big funeral, so much crying, so much pain, and I buried nothing" (70). Esperanza is in a state of extreme grief, so she expresses her doubt at the ability of the rituals of the Catholic Church to heal her emotional wounds. She believes her daughter, against all physical odds and evidence is still alive, so the funeral seems futile -- hence the sense that she has buried nothing. There is a gentle humor in her frustration at the size of the funeral, as if the bigger the funeral and the more gaudy the accoutrements of mourning, the more effective it will be.

There is an evident sexual tension between Father Salvador and Esperanza, or at least, in Father Salvador's perception of the woman. Father Salvador is attempting to comfort the woman. His hand is "trembling" like "an adolescent boy "about to kiss a girl for the first…… [Read More]

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Contraception and Christianity Pope Paul

Words: 2181 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 26889870

The morality of their behavior does not depend on mere sincere intention and motives only. They need to consider external criteria, which involve the person and his acts, which must include mutual self-giving. Human procreation must remain within the context of true love. This would be possible only within the confines of married chastity with sincerity of heart. Periodic continence or non-performance of the sexual act can regulate conception the natural way. It is based on self-observation and the use of infertile periods. These conform to the objective criteria of morality and allowed by the Church for married Christian couples. They respect the bodies of the spouses, encourage warmth and tenderness for each other and enhance authentic freedom. In contrast, every act in anticipation of the conjugal act or of its accomplishment, which is the development of its natural consequences, whether as an end or as a means, to making…… [Read More]

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Pocho A Novel About a

Words: 726 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 73191786

Again, Richard will be on the outside during these celebrations, because the rest of the family will be attending mass and other ceremonies. Even if he chooses to go, his heart will not be in it, and he will not take part in many of the ceremonies, such as Communion. Thus, he will be an outcast and different, someone who does not fit into the culture and society, and those around him will never allow him to forget it. Some may make him feel guilty, and others may just ignore him, but he will never be free of the stigma of someone who no longer believes in God.

In addition, the Church is an important, even vital aspect of the Hispanic community. Church services are only a part of the ways the people interact with the Church. There are Catholic schools, charities and societies, and many families work as laypeople…… [Read More]

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Life Philosophy How Shall I

Words: 1602 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 29100687

The feeling of being lost and lonely can be overwhelming. Those are the times I must work especially hard; those are the times that test my faith in God. I may come to feel psychologically strong by moving through difficult periods with grace and trust. Feeling at home in the Universe is a rare feeling, which may only come a few times in my life. However, I can prepare myself by living the good life and by trying to feel spiritually comfortable each and every day. I can do this by continual studying, regular prayer, and open-minded, open-hearted interactions with other human beings. Only through avid spiritual pursuits and a living a healthy lifestyle can I ensure living in tune with God's will.

A may gain strength, direction, and the uplifting of my spirit also through enthusiastic spiritual pursuits. Church and other spiritual social gatherings will allow me the opportunity…… [Read More]

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Person and the Work of

Words: 3588 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 90469447

It is this selfsame Holy Spirit that will serve to convict within the unbeliever and to work within that individual until that person comes to the point of opening the inner door for the Christ and then urging the same individual forth into fulfilling the 'Great Commission' of spreading Christ to the world. In the fulfillment of this commitment inclusive of "baptizing them in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit" the three faces of God's person are revealed and authenticated. Just as when Jesus entered the waters to be baptized and entered into communion with God the Father and God the Son was baptized of the God the Holy Spirit in the Gospel of John is clearly characterized in the evidence provided by John of the words Jesus spoke.

This one book of the Bible explains clearly to believers and followers of Christ that the…… [Read More]

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Raramuri Sacred Corn and Drink

Words: 972 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 89032186

"When people get drunk that's why they act like children [the Raramuri believe]...Because the souls that are controlling their actions are the little souls, like little children" (Burnett, 2007). "By custom, participants will drink, dance, drum and carouse for as long as the tesguino holds out, whether two days or two weeks. [the] Spring planting will wait," and the harvest is a harvest of happiness as well as of corn. Instead of wishing one another a 'Happy Easter,' the Raramuri wish one another "bosasa" or "fill up, be satisfied, be contented" (Burnett, 2007).

This sense of joy during a celebration where conventional rules are suspended regarding behavior, and the blending of culture and Christianity are common in Meso-American celebrations of Holy Week all over Latin America. Also, Christians becoming like children before the feet of God is not an entirely foreign concept to Western Christians, nor is the featuring of…… [Read More]

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Ta and What Role Does

Words: 3222 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 9076257

), and the five gross elements which are said to proceed from the five subtle elements (ether or space from sound, air from touch, fire from sight, water from taste, earth from smell). (68) Nature is further divided into three essential gunas, sattva, rajas, and tamas or 'the quality of being, energy, and darkness'. These elements enumerated by the Samkhya will be considered fundamental in the later literature.

8. How does one attain the highest goal of Samadhi in Samkhya-Yoga?

The Samadhi or the state of absolute 'concentration' of the soul into the soul, or of the self in its own self, can be achieved by the Yogin under the direction of a competent Guru, as a state of pure isolation from everything in the world, and even from God himself. The complete detachment can lead to an isolation of the "I" or the individual consciousness in everything, and a…… [Read More]

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Theories Tactics Methods and Techniques

Words: 24173 Length: 76 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 78341991

EDSE 600: History and Philosophy of Education / / 3.0 credits

The class entitled, History and Philosophy of Education, focused on the origin of education and the "philosophical influences of modern educational theory and practice. Study of: philosophical developments in the Renaissance, Reformation, and revolutionary periods; social, cultural and ideological forces which have shaped educational policies in the United States; current debates on meeting the wide range of educational and social-emotional needs of students from diverse cultures." (need to add reference here)

This course precisely presented numerous, pertinent ideas for this researcher to use while writing this thesis. Due to this study, this researcher is now capable of discussing great thinkers during the time frames of the Renaissance and Reformation, as well as, ways current events of this time influenced leading thinker to accomplish what they did. Along with this understanding, this research can competently incorporate how some of the…… [Read More]

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Spread of Christianity in an

Words: 1815 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 75425234

This made the religion even more appealing. For example, because Christianity was born from Jewish traditions, it could be accepted by Jews; because of it's mystical attributes, Greek and other Orientals found it attractive. As a philosophy, Christianity was appealing because it offered solutions to many of the problems that ailed the world. In addition, its monotheism gave not only God but also man a place in the universe. Its promise of an afterlife provided mysticism and answers to many of the fears and worries that plague mankind. People had a reason to believe in a good God. John Crossan asserts, "God will act to restore justice in an unjust world" (Crossan 283). Indeed, the mystical aspect of this religion was very appealing because it was good. Even faith - faith in God, Jesus, and one's fellow man - becomes a significant factor in Christianity.

Christianity was a movement that…… [Read More]

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Desert Solitaire Wildland Recreation as

Words: 1973 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 15021610

In many ways, the Vietnam War represented the height of Cold War tensions in much the same way that the decade was giving way to an inevitable breaking point in environmental negligence. Though the years which would follow would see a gradual intensification of environmental protection laws, these have by and large been nullified by the impact of that for which Abbey offers the most criticism. With both Vietnam and the destruction of many of America's richest points of flora and fauna diversity being the products of our ongoing 'evolution' toward technological, industrial and commercial advance, Abbey is persuasive in drawing a sympathetic mistrust of modernity from the reader. Ultimately, it produces a sense of loss for Wildland Recreation opportunities while simultaneously reinforcing the primal importance of such experiences.

In this way, Desert Solitaire stands in 20th century environmental history as a guide to alternative living. While he is unflinching…… [Read More]

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Roman Catholicism According to Many

Words: 3414 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 31312233

Catholic Philosophy

Unlike some other Christian faiths, Catholics can approach the concept of evolution from a scientific standpoint. For example, Catholics can believe in evolution as a scientific hypothesis which "seeks to determine the historical succession of the various species of plants and of animals on our earth... [and, which] does not consider the present species of plants and of animals as forms directly created by God." (Knight). However, this scientific theory does not concern itself with determining the origin of life, and leaves room for people to believe that life originated with a supreme being. Therefore, the scientific theory of evolution is not incompatible with Catholicism, with regards to plants and non-human animal life. However, Catholics believe in the creation of man by God, and do not believe that man could have evolved from brute animals, because, unlike other animals, humans have souls. (Knight).

Catholicism, like many of the…… [Read More]

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John Gospel the Holy Spirit

Words: 4891 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 56677473

" (John 15:26-27) John explicitly tells those who have come to walk in this way of knowing to pursue this knowledge in others.

In his set of three epistles, which are held up with the apostle's other writings as central doctrines to the humanistic elements of Christianity, John delivers a summation of the relationship between man's regard of God and his treatment of his fellow which points to the morality underscoring his spiritual vision. In each letter, the author showers his addressees with evaluations on this topic. In each, he explicates the Christian missive that 'walking in truth,' or knowing God, should be observable in one's love for his fellow man, noting that the Johannine conception of Christian ethical behavior interprets the sharing of faith as the greatest good. This may be considered to differ from the synoptic perspective in that it pays less heed to the essential and practical…… [Read More]

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Calvinism or Lutheranism

Words: 1940 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 47474577

His most crucial involvement was in the organization of the governing of the church and the social structure of not only the church but the city (of Geneva, Switzerland). He was also a major political strategist and thinker. He modeled the social organization entirely on biblical principles. It was Calvin, for instance who established the same hierarchy we utilize today in Christian churches. He incorporated the church into the Geneva city government; he assisted in the complete restructuring of municipal government to involve church leaders in the city's decisions. Calvin also initiated statute reforms to impose a moral code on the city.

By the middle of the fifteenth century, the city of Geneva was completely Calvinist in thought and structure. It had become, by far, the most important Protestant center of Europe in that century. Those Protestants no long desired in other countries such as France, England, Scotland, and the…… [Read More]

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Walden the Term Economy Has

Words: 814 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 79080522

Question #4)

Thoreau argues that his solitude does not equal loneliness. First, Thoreau describes the brilliance of his relationship with plants, animals, and the elements. Second, Thoreau comments on the connections he maintains with the world outside of Walden Pond, as visitors frequent the house to leave cards, flowers, and gifts in support of his endeavor. Finally, Thoreau feels paradoxically less lonely when he is alone: "I never found the companion that was so companionable as solitude."

Question #5

In the opening chapter of Thoreau's conclusion to Walden Pond, the author notes, "The universe is wider than our views of it." One of the reasons Thoreau leaves Walden is because the experiment has increased his appreciation for the vastness and the beauty of the world. He leaves because Walden Pond has inspired him to go out into the world and apply what he learned during the experiment. He explicitly states…… [Read More]

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Douglas Few Slave Narratives Are

Words: 1036 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 15909700

To illustrate his point in the speech, Douglass also uses narrative techniques similar to the ones he uses in his autobiography. Douglass tells a story of how a minister had all the black members of the congregation stand by the door while the whites received the communion. The minister implied that it was God's order that blacks be treated in that way. In another anecdote, Douglass explains that to racist Christians the Kingdom of Heaven is "like a net," that leaves out those with "black scales." Douglass describes a story of a young black girl who received holy Communion. The deacon reluctantly passed the cup to the black girl, but the white woman next to her stormed out of the church. "When the cup containing the precious blood which had been shed for all, came to her, she rose in disdain, and walked out of the church. Such was the…… [Read More]

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Instruction Namely Introduction Added and

Words: 4714 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 52992639

She epitomizes pragmatic reality, and by so doing, in a certain manner assumes tangible metaphysical form. Rather than being apart and indistinct from humans, the Lady has become absorbed in the Mexican culture and has become such an endearing figure precisely due to the fact that she is seen as part of their suffering and as corporal liberal embodied in incorporeal form that is part of -- the essence of -- their very being. In that way, she is more animate than inanimate and possesses enduring capacity.

Part II. Major theological themes that can be infered from the works of Jeanette Rodriguez and Nancy Pineda-Madrid on Our Lady of Guadalupe

Various replicative theological themes can be inferred from the works of these authors. The essay elaborates on them.

1. Empowerment:

Mary's relationship to the American-Mexican woman, i.e. As symbol that is stereotyped by a supercilious, dominating majority, but that appears…… [Read More]

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Economic Aspects Social Aspects of

Words: 2901 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 3306001

As this was going on, another event was unfolding between 1734 and 1737 and it saw the demolition of the set up fortification built between 1658 and 1683 and on their part, a 14.5 km wall was build covering 1,330 hectares that had 80,000 inhabitants. The area remained so for the next over hundred years. By 1740, Berlin was taking a new shape under the great Friedrich's direction. Massive construction started and went on for long undisrupted. In 1763, Friedrich II buys the porcelain industry that was earlier owned by Johann Ernst since 1761. On the other hand, it wasn't until 1764 when a German language auditorium was established at Behrenstrasse and this saw a new beginning for theatre as earlier plays were performed in foreign languages like the French (Schulte-Peevers 253). By 1770, the earlier established path linking City palace and Tiergarten in 1647 was enlarged becoming a significant…… [Read More]

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Christology and Catholicism the Development

Words: 2146 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73257843

Scholars like Borg, Crossan, Meier, and Sanders reach into Torah or into Gnostic and other extracanonical traditions such as Greek novels to draw comparisons and contrasts. The range is comprehensive, from Greco-Roman sources to Jewish and other Mediterranean sources. Often the picture of Jesus that emerges is a construction based on social-scientific and literary trends.

There have been some important findings. For one, Jesus is understood more politically, proclaiming the Kingdom of God as a sociopolitical critique of his Palestinian context. This has given rise to important movements such as Liberation Theology in Catholicism. Another area of research has shown how Jesus fits the typical patterns of Jewish monotheistic piety. Furthermore, notions of the Messiah in Second Temple Judaism have been uncovered that point toward its prevalence and contestation. It is not necessarily clear that Jesus claimed to be the Messiah according to the Third Quest, but more likely that…… [Read More]

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Leonardo da Vinci Renaissance Man

Words: 2856 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 51219632

The Renaissance was a time in which humanism and classical order united in the height of Christendom’s cultural power. The Renaissance would eventually be eclipsed by the Protestant Reformation, the Scientific Revolution, and the Age of Enlightenment—all of which in some way reduced the achievements of the Renaissance and undermined the accomplishments of the era’s greats. Leonardo da Vinci was one such great of the Renaissance: in fact, it may be said that he was the very first Renaissance Man, as he was interested in everything—from painting to physiology to mathematics to military tactics. He certainly did it all and his notebooks, drawings, inventions and ideas show just how capable he was of doing everything required of a truly Renaissance Man.
Leonardo at the Beginning
Like many young men in Italy in the 15th century, Leonardo carved out a path for himself in Florence: after six years of apprenticeship,…… [Read More]

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Songs of Kabir A Review

Words: 547 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17130940

Songs of Kabir
The poetry of mysticism is as a type of prophecy or a temperamental reaction towards Reality vision. It is a unique mystical consciousness commitment to mediate between having a good relationship with God and sharing eternity secrets with men. It means the artistic consciousness self-expression possesses two attributes. It is love-poetry written with a missionary purpose. Kabir is a popular spiritual saint in India. The songs of Kabir are mystical poems that powerfully connect spirituality with life in a simple way. His songs have been an inspiration to many poets. The words used in his poems are figurative, literal and of a universal language, breaking down obstacles to experiencing the divine. The songs of Kabir are based on his spiritual visions, mystic and lifelong faith in the Supreme Being, God. The mystic songs are allusive to symbols and myths in the Hindu religion; they are full of…… [Read More]

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Freudian Psychoanalytic Theory of Personality

Words: 2499 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 68113769

Personality Psych Analysis of Tony Soprano
Psychodynamic Theory
Freudian Psychoanalytic Theory of Personality
Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalytic theory of personality makes the argument that human behavior is resultant of the interrelations amongst three constituent parts of the mind including the id, ego, and superego (Petocz, 1999). This theory of personality lays substantial significance of the manner in which conflict, more often than not unconscious, amongst the areas of the mind end up shaping an individual’s behavior and personality. The Id deals with instantaneous satisfaction of basic physical needs and desires and it functions completely unconsciously. The Superego takes into account social rules and morals, and is largely referred to as a person’s conscience. The Superego develops as a child progressively learns what is deemed to be right or wrong. Lastly, the ego, unlike the instinctive Id and the ethical superego, the Ego is the sensible, realistic part of an individual’s personality…… [Read More]

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spirituality in health care

Words: 363 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Other Paper #: 32097373

The Relationship Between Spirit and Life
Spirituality is part of lived experience, according to Craigie (2010). Life and spirit are inseperable; “people can’t not have a spiritual dimension to life,” (Craigie, 2010, p. 48). Therefore, spirit and life are entwined inextricably. Even atheists and those who deny the relevance of spirit or spirituality have this dimension as integral parts of their being; each person experiences and expressed their relationship with spirit in different ways.
How is Spirituality Defined?
Spirituality is defined different ways for different people; healthcare workers should never be afraid to discuss matters of the spirit within a humanistic framework. Craigie (2010) defines spirituality as inherently inclusive, as a universal element and dimension of the human experience.
What are the Components of the CAMPS Framework?
The CAMPS framework encompasses five dimensions of spirituality, including Community, Activity, Meaning, Passion, and Spirit. Together these dimensions help individuals achieve wholeness and…… [Read More]

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spirituality mind body'spirit and transpersonal psychology

Words: 1264 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14949061

A: Integration of Mind/Body/Spirit
The integration of body, mind, and spirit can create harmony and healing. In fact, the integration of body, mind, and spirit can also take into account culture and ethnicity to provide holistic care. There is no one way to integrate body, mind, and spirit, but multiple modalities that each person can choose to use at different points to address their own needs. Some body-mind-spirit integration practices like yoga or tai chi can also be divorced from their religious and cultural contexts to provide all people with access to their benefits (Luskin, 2004). Although there is some evidence starting to emerge showing how these types of practices lead to measurable or at least observable outcomes in patients, it is important for healthcare practitioners to focus more on phenomenological approaches and qualitative methods than on the potentially futile quest for quantitative data proving the efficacy of practices like…… [Read More]

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a'sermon about the importance of the covenant

Words: 684 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84023626

The beauty of God’s covenant with us is that each and every day we have the opportunity to renew our faith and reinvigorate our lives through love. Participating in the sacraments is an act of true communion, for when we participate in the Eucharist we are engaging in a two-way dialogue with God. A covenant is a commitment, a bilateral agreement between God and each of you. Christ made it possible for us to cultivate this special relationship, for it is only through His sacrifice that it becomes possible for us to experience the power of the covenant in a direct way. When you participate in the Eucharist, try to remember its deeper meaning, to consider the importance and value of the covenant and what it means for the salvation of humanity.
The Eucharist is the direct extension of the new covenant between God and His people. Let us consider…… [Read More]

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pentecost hope forgiveness and bible

Words: 1084 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57334645

Peace be with you all on this Pentecost Sunday. The message of today is of Hope and Forgiveness, which we receive through the Holy Spirit. But today we also remember the importance of forgiving others. For “if you forgive anyone’s sins, their sins are forgiven; if you do not forgive them, they are not forgiven,” (John 20:23). When we are open to receive the Holy Spirit, we are also open to give and receive the divine forgiveness necessary for us to become one, unified under the common good of God. “Just as a body, though one, has many parts, but all its many parts form one body, so it is with Christ,” (1 Cor 12:12). When we were baptized in the name of the Holy Spirit, we entered the one body of Christ, and here we remain to give and receive God’s blessings.

So what is the Pentecost and what does…… [Read More]

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Words: 672 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92126102

The Christ-hymn, or Christological Canticle from Colossians, contains several distinguishing features in its content and structure. One of the most unique elements, which has been a point of contention for Christians, is that the hymn points to Christ’s role in creation (cosmology), and Christ’s role in reconciliation (soteriology). The Canticle can be interpreted to show that Christ serves effectively as a “unifying principle, holding the universe together at its head,” (MacDonald, n.d., p. 65). Christ also holds together the church: positioning Christ clearly as the symbolic head and the Church as the body of Christ (MacDonald, n.d., p. 66). As MacDonald (n.d.) also points out, the cultural and historical context of the Christological Canticle informed some of its more mystical and symbolic dimensions. Extended to the global Christian community, the Christological Canticle from Colossians offers clear focus for how to worship, and particularly, how to worship within a Christian community.…… [Read More]

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Exegesis of Revelation 3 14-22

Words: 2524 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54351658

For comprehensively understanding the meaning of Jesus's message to this specific church, it is necessary to first know and comprehend the church, together with its culture. This book's writer is a messenger from the divine who has taken it upon himself to convey a serious message from Christ. Although the book is directly targeted at the First Century Laodicean church, the advices therein may be applied to Christians in all eras[footnoteRef:1]. The work's literary examination reveals that this church's moral nature apparently reflects its socioeconomic context. That all distinguishing aspects of the city contradict the church symbolizes failure, and not success. [1: Gary Cohen, Understanding Revelation]

Socio-historical context

The city of Laodicea was proud of its affluence among all 7 cities, and famous for its exquisite manufactured clothing of local black wool and a medical institute that made an eye-curing salve. Its affluence and pride may be seen from its…… [Read More]