Confidentiality Essays (Examples)

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Invention of the Internet Has

Words: 6685 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Capstone Project Paper #: 21157877

This software is used to perform common tasks like storage, data back up and data transfers.

Small and medium businesses have embraced this technology because it involves no start up costs (like servers, hard disks, technicians etc.) therefore making it cost effective. Basically payment is based on the storage space taken by the user, again, this makes it user friendly. It may also be referred to as hosted storage.

The flying Organizations

Smart companies are looking at the various aspects of the cloud and pushing some application into the cloud and some into the traditional data center environment. The most significant value of cloud computing is not just the cost benefit but agility for the whole business. This is done by creating an opportunity for firms to upload anything concerning their IT infrastructure to an outside provider. With cloud you only contract for the services you need and at the…… [Read More]

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Mental Health Illness the Ability

Words: 1546 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28829089

This creates a nerve with the client that their private information is going to be unprotected and confidentiality is going to be broken . There is no safe way to keep all information private. However, all mental health professionals must take all necessary precautions to keep client information private .


As you look around the mall, classroom, church, family history, friend's family, or place of employment, you're sure to know someone with a mental illness, or someone who might of attempted suicide . Assessing and treating these disorders is essential in the mental health field, more trained mental health professionals are needed, more agencies, and more funding . Otherwise if society keeps assuming that the mind and brain are separate and that mental disorders are " different" or " bad" misunderstanding, mistreatment, and stigma will persist in this society . We need to stop seeing individuals with mental health…… [Read More]

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Lesson in Social Activism

Words: 2232 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Creative Writing Paper #: 97914707

Social Activism

The world today is unfortunately such that many people struggle not only as a result of the economy, but also as a result of abusive, careless, or absentee partners. More often than not these partners are also instrumental in the suffering of children, which makes many cases encountered at shelters even more heart breaking. Some relief is offered by the country's welfare system, which allows young mothers and other destitute persons to find some way of retrieving their bearings and getting back onto their feet. This attempt is, however, often made even more complicated by unsympathetic and discriminatory landlords, such as the one in Molly and her family's case. Mr. Paladin and others like him from the same environment will have to modify how he handles situations like Molly's or face repercussions due to the non-discriminatory laws of the country. In my intervention for Molly, my aim is…… [Read More]

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Educational Situations

Words: 6837 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 97521471

Educational Situations

Name four practices that commonly require written administrative procedures.

Memorandums that include school policy changes or important information for the staff are commonly distributed in writing so that the information is accurately conveyed and properly received and documented. Many staff communications to the administration, such as requests for new classroom supplies or for personal leaves of absence, are also communicated in writing. If disciplinary action of any kind is taken against a student, it is commonly recorded in writing in the student's permanent file, and a copy of this information may be sent home to parents. Finally, the recording of daily vital information, such as student attendance and test scores, are done in writing.

How would you know if you are complying with EQ policies and procedures?

A a) If I were not complying with EQ policies, I would receive notification or a warning of some kind from…… [Read More]

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Ethical Responsibilities

Words: 645 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14300528

Ethics in Practicing Nursing

Nursing ethics is an important part of treating patients. It is important for nurses to understand and abide by the nursing ethical code of conduct. The Health Information Privacy Act (HIPAA) protects the patients' rights, and it protects their privacy. Health care professionals must adhere to the rules of HIPAA to ensure the rights of patients are not violated and their privacy is protected. In this paper I will discuss some strategies that can be employed to help nurses stay current in their practices. I will also discuss ethical practices in nursing, including confidentiality and privacy.

According to Silva & Ludwick (2006) ethics is one of the most important issues in nursing. Nurses should consider their ethical responsibilities when working with each patient in every aspect of practice. The fundamentals for practicing nursing are their social responsibility, their respect for the person, their commitment to do…… [Read More]

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Precise Reason of Focusing the Concern on

Words: 661 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54010988

precise reason of focusing the concern on Research and Scholarship is based on the fact that by understanding the importance of research and development the prevailing health care issues will be satisfied by the logical input provided by the nursing staff. The current laws pertaining to the privacy of medical records of the state are bitty and vague. The effectiveness of these laws can be observed at state level but yet the data is revealed for a few reasons, mainly to formulate new medication for the cure of infections and diseases. On the federal level database protection of the medical records follows the privacy act of 1974 that provides a restricted protection of these records. Altogether it does not safeguard the privacy of people affected by disease like HIV / AIDS. The U.S. Supreme Court in 1997 upheld the constitutionality to safeguard the privacy of the people for the invasion…… [Read More]

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Home Computerized Medical Records Computerized Medical Records

Words: 711 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82065271

Home Computerized Medical Records

Computerized Medical Records


One major advantage of computerizing medical records is that this method saves money and time for medical professionals. A traditional record system consists of files stored in a filing cabinet or other physical location. Files stored this way can easily become lost or displaced; the t time and resources to track down files that are missing can have a huge effect on the efficiency, effectiveness and revenue of the medical practice. Missing files can result in duplicate paperwork, lost time and productivity. For example, a medical office assistant that spends 20 hours a week searching for missing files, at an hourly rate of $15 costs the office over $14,000 a year in wasted time and money! Computerized medical records eliminate all these issues. With files kept in one database, they can be quickly located and retrieved. Resulting in less rework and less…… [Read More]

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Ethics Social Work Is Bound by Ethical

Words: 1174 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84307840


Social work is bound by ethical codes that are developed within the profession, as well as legal codes that are developed external to, but in conjunction with, the professional body. The National Association of Social Workers maintains a code of ethics, which was originally approved in 1996, and revised in 2008. The National Association of Social Workers Code of Ethics is "intended to serve as a guide to the everyday professional conduct of social workers," (National Association of Social Workers, n.d.). The code of ethics of the National Association of Social Workers includes a preamble, in which the mission and values of the profession are carefully outlined. This outline of the mission and values of the National Association of Social Workers helps to provide the philosophical underpinning of the ethical codes that follow. The mission and values of the National Association of Social Workers also inform daily practice and…… [Read More]

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Assisted Suicide Is a Suicide Committed by

Words: 2065 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34078756

Assisted suicide is a suicide committed by someone with assistance from someone other than themselves, many times a Physician. Assisted suicide is typically delivered by lethal injection. The drugs are setup and provided to the patient and the patient has the choice as to when they deliver them by pressing a button themselves. This is a controversial topic that has both proponents and opponents for various the reasons. The most controversial suicides are those in which the patient does not have the ability to press a button themselves and someone must complete the process for them. It has been argued that this is no longer assisted suicide, but murder. This research will explore the topic of assisted suicide and the many facets of the legal and moral issues.

Assisted suicide differs from euthanasia. In assisted suicide the person assisting only provides the means and drugs necessary. In euthanasia the person's…… [Read More]

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Health Care Organizations Are Guided

Words: 1405 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8653047

It could occur through customization, whereby the manufacturer works with the health care provider to build something, or it could occur as the result of competition. In that scenario, the manufacturer needs to offer a higher level of service and better quality of product to the health care provider in order to win contracts. Increased competition drives changes in the way that the manufacturers do business, and these changes result in a more value-oriented approach, while retaining an emphasis on providing supplies to the customer.

Beyond that, a search of "supply oriented service" turns up nothing, and since all suppliers are in the business of supplying things to their customers, it is hard to envision how that element of the business could possibly be de-emphasized. Value and supply are not mutually exclusive, and can readily co-exist, such that a health care manufacturer would compete by offering supplies at a good…… [Read More]

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Org Culture Organizational Culture and

Words: 891 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 87800537

Employees handle a large amount of private documentation and must uphold the law of confidentiality legally and ethically.

Despite the stress on confidentiality of client information, communication flow is still important to the organization's ability to get work done. / Thus confidentiality in the service of customers, not in the service of secrecy is the organizational mantra. Additionally, communication is not simply fostered in the organizational culture's common professional dress. Because communication skills are so integral to the organization's work, when dealing with other nations over the phone, creating better communication styles in its employees' dealings with one another has become an integral part of the organization's standard operating procedures and mission statement. There are regular updates regarding company policy for employees and weekly staff meetings to foster a healthy and open communication flow between staff and management. No one need ever feel out of the loop. The organizational flow…… [Read More]

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Legal Issues With Do Not

Words: 1948 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 463145

Analysis of Future Effects and How These Will Be Addressed

Providing healthcare providers with the ethical training they need to make informed decisions during ethical dilemmas represents a useful starting point, but the exigencies of the human condition mean that people's desires change over time, but they will always need timely and accurate information about the alternatives that are available to them. People experiencing the rigors and stresses that are involved in end-of-life decisions are naturally anxious about the appropriateness of their choices, as are their loved ones and friends. Therefore, by authorizing nurses to initiate discussions concerning DNR orders, patients could receive the information they need to formulate informed decisions where they may not know alternatives exist.


Across the board, clinicians have a fundamental responsibility to provide patients with the truth, maintain their confidentiality, and ensure their autonomy. Beyond these fundamental responsibilities, the research showed that there are…… [Read More]

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Pesante 2008 There Are Three Basic Security

Words: 1281 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22814377

Pesante (2008), there are three basic security threat parameters important to information on the Internet: "confidentiality," "integrity," and "availability." In addition, Pesante addresses three particular concepts that are related to the people to whom information is made available to who need this information for their work in the organization and can be trusted with it: "authentication," "authorization" and "non-repudiation." I think that it is very important to high or very high security requirements in all six areas. Companies should take advantage of all existing opportunities, both in the technical and the non-technical, social / personal area to ensure the highest possible level of information security within their organization. Whereas technical mechanisms are primarily needed to reduce risks resulting from an attack external to the organization, social and personal counter-measures need to be implemented, if the primary source of attack is expected to be internal (see Boran. 1999, p. 6).

Confidentiality:…… [Read More]

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Consent Analyze the Legal Issues

Words: 994 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 57424765

Requirements for licensure for psychologists under the American Psychologist Association (APA) set certain educational and ethical standards that govern the profession. Now clinical psychology is, much like medicine and law, a discipline accorded respect in society, and an individual who seeks counseling can feel confident being open and trusting of a licensed therapist. A therapist cannot claim to be a professionally licensed therapist under the law, unless he or she possesses specific qualifications. Licensing is vital to maintaining trust in the profession, as ethical questions grow more contentious regarding psychotherapy, such as the question therapists that do research funded by drug companies on psychoactive drugs, or who testify to the competency of a defendant or witness to stand trial or make decisions about his or her health. Licensing and standardization of qualifications increases confidence that the individual is giving acceptable advice based in evidence and professional ethics.

Certain aspects of…… [Read More]

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Mediation Law and North Carolina

Words: 1749 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 42761365

These guidelines were established to set parameters around a mediator's dissemination of legal information. The parameters set authorize a mediator to provide legal information such as brochures or printed material provided by the bar association. However, it strictly prohibits giving legal advice or sharing legal opinions with the parties.

Mediation continues to be a controversial topic in the area of civil disputes. Each state has chosen its own approach to addressing these disputes and implementing mediation. Mediation oversight has taken many shapes including the use of good faith requirements for participation. Each state must continue to ensure that self-determination is at the heart of mediation programs regardless of their decision to mandate participation. Upholding the principles of mediation should be at the core of all decisions regarding assignment of cases to mediation.


Boettger, U. (2004). Efficiency vs. party empowerment: Against a good faith requirement in mandatory mediation. Review of…… [Read More]

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Grandparent Caregivers Societal Antecedents as

Words: 26485 Length: 100 Pages Document Type: Dissertation Paper #: 64407974

It is not always easy to keep childcare arrangements running smoothly and problems may arise from time to time. .

In addition to these stresses, familial stresses might occur. For instance, Grandparents and parents may have different views about raising children. Parents' expectations of grandparents may exceed their resources. Grandchildren may not always obey or comply with grandparents' rules. Grandparents may not like the role of strict disciplinarian when discipline is required. Differing opinions regarding discipline may cause friction between the parents and grandparents. These stresses can affect the children and their ability to adjust to the new situation. Familial stresses make the adjustment difficult for everyone. Familial problems are oftentimes difficult to resolve.

As the number of aging grandmothers who are experiencing the adversity stemming from assuming primary parental roles continues to increase, resilience in this population has become an area of academic importance. How well grandmothers cope with…… [Read More]

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Passed by Congress in 1996

Words: 1589 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73446934

In addition to barriers to coverage, HIPAA presents problems for patients wishing to keep their medical information private. HIPAA professes to protect patient privacy and information security. While the provisions of HIPAA do outline the strict rules for informed consent, there are a slew of loopholes that would permit the disclosure of information. Those loopholes can be readily taken advantage of by numerous parties, including but not limited to the primary care provider, health care administrator, insurer, employer, and government agency.

When HIV / AIDS information is disclosed, stigma and prejudice are almost guaranteed. For this reason, patients with HIV / AIDS should be offered greater protection under the law. The prevention of HIV / AIDS depends on education and awareness as well as improving patient access to quality care. Paranoia about HIV / AIDS has led to a dismantling of privacy rules that would otherwise be invoked. Patients with…… [Read More]

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Human Resources Medical Malpractice Litigations Have Become

Words: 675 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6599342

Human Resources

Medical malpractice litigations have become very common these days. Perhaps this could be because of the healthcare reform that is characterized with legal and regulatory issues. Confidentiality is an integral part of this reform (National Institute of Health, 2007). States Laws relating to privacy of health information that are inconsistent with the rule are overridden by Privacy Rules. However, those not contrary to the Privacy Rule have remained in force and effect (National Institute of Health, 2007).

There are circumstances when States Laws cannot be overridden by Privacy Rule especially when it comes to State Laws that relate to privacy of individually identifiable health information. State laws the provide for reporting of disease or injury, child abuse, birth or death, conducting public health surveillance cannot be overridden by the Privacy Rule (National Institute of Health, 2007). State Law here means a constitutional provision, a statute, a regulation, rule,…… [Read More]

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Counseling Ethics Indiana Counseling Ethics the State

Words: 738 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 82500767

Counseling Ethics

Indiana Counseling Ethics

The state of Indiana, like all other states, regulates the professionals within their state to ensure that they comply with state law. Ethical requirements are maintained by the state's individual counseling agency; in this case the Indiana Counseling Association. Guidance for licensure is controlled by the state's licensing agency the Indiana Professional Licensing Administration. Through the efforts of these three agencies, professional counselors understand the constraints and requirements of their profession and consumers can understand the protections that they are afforded when they require counseling services. This essay will look at specific requirements, how they are governed, ad who has responsibility for that governance.

Three professions -- mental health counselors, marriage and family counselors, clinical social workers -- are governed by the statutes in Indiana licensure (IPLA, 2008). These three share some of the same responsibilities, but, according to job title, split others. All three…… [Read More]

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Breach Notification

Words: 769 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: White Paper Paper #: 62404897

Breach Notification

The confidentiality of medical and personal information of every patients or other individual is a serious issue in the health sector. However, governments such the United States and European Union have put into operation data breach notification rules that cover the health care fraternity. Therefore, breach notification can be defined as rules and regulation which protects or control the unlawful access to data of an individual (Jim Tiller, 2011).

Mostly data breach normally occurs when there is a loss or theft of or access to unauthorized information with sensitive private information which might result to comprise of confidentiality or integrity of the data. Therefore, the United States (U.S.) and the European Union (EU) enacted laws to regulate the breach of personal data of patients. (Gina Stevens, 2012). For example, in the United States, "HITECH Act, Pub L. 111-5 Title XIII," was the first federal health breach notification law…… [Read More]

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Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act

Words: 2492 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 46844282

High Insurance Portability

Health Insurance Portability & Accountability Act

Some hope was given for the current legal environment to become better defined for health-care providers when Health Insurance Portability & Accountability Act (HIPAA) was passed by the in 1996. As previously mentioned, HIPAA is a monumental act that attempts to address and incorporate all three issues-- privacy, confidentiality, and security within one law. When HIPAA was passed, many applauded the portability aspects of HIPAA that allowed for continuing healthcare coverage for individuals who lost their jobs and attendant healthcare insurance. But few back in 1996 anticipated the dramatic impact that HIPAA would have later on the privacy and security of patient's health information in the United States.

HIPAA Legislation History

HIPAA legislation was passed in the year 1996. Title I of the regulation dealt with the health insurance coverage of the public and their immediate family when they lost their…… [Read More]

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Vignettes the First Step Is

Words: 711 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Reaction Paper Paper #: 6551578

2. The first step is analyzing the facts of the situation. I have privileged information that the client's boyfriend was abusive. This information has been given to me in full confidentiality, and I continue to be obliged to protect the client's privacy. However, the client's death is directly related to the boyfriend's abusive behavior. It is my belief that the boyfriend may pose a significant risk to other people, which is why it will be appropriate in this scenario to consider breaking my confidentiality agreement with the deceased and offering my testimony in a court of law or affidavit.

Second, I must remember that while I do have evidence that abuse occurred in the relationship, I do not have any evidence to suggest that the client's death was a direct result of that abuse. Therefore, I must carefully prepare my testimony to ensure nonmalfecience. I will need to consult with…… [Read More]

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Security of Health Care Records

Words: 620 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15432259

" (Harman, Flite, and Bond, 2012) the key to the preservation of confidentiality is "making sure that only authorized individuals have access to that information. The process of controlling access -- limiting who can see what -- begins with authorizing users." (Harman, Flite, and Bond, 2012) Employers are held accountable under the HIPAA Privacy and Security Rules for their employee's actions. The federal agency that holds responsibility for the development of information security guidelines is the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). NIST further defines information security as "the preservation of data confidentiality, integrity, availability" stated to be commonly referred to as "the CIA triad." (Harman, Flite, and Bond, 2012)

III. Risk Reduction Strategies

Strategies for addressing barriers and overcoming these barriers are inclusive of keeping clear communication at all organizational levels throughout the process and acknowledging the impact of the organization's culture as well as capitalizing on all…… [Read More]

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Ethical Practice Involves Working Positively Diversity Difference

Words: 2498 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31023695

Ethical Practice Involves Working Positively Diversity Difference

Counseling is a profession that involves associations based on principles and values ethically. Patients are able to benefit by understanding themselves better and through creating relationships with others. Through counseling, the clients are able to make positive alteration in life and enhance their living standards. Communities, organizations, couples and families are different groups of individuals are main sources of relationships (BACP Ethical Framework, 2013, p.4). Frameworks of ethical practice direct the attention of counseling practitioners to engage in ethical responsibilities. This stud describes the purpose of each principle following the development of good counseling practice. Practitioners make reasonable decisions grounded on these principles without making any contradictions. Nevertheless, research indicates that professionals have met barriers hindering them to integrate all the principles in some cases. In such situations, they are forced to select between required principles. A course of action or a decision…… [Read More]

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Code of Ethics as Applicable

Words: 4979 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 81907230 addition, almost 50% of the surveyed adults said they base their moral decisions on whatever will bring them the most pleasing or satisfying results (Moral Ethics, at ( in this area indicates that moral ethics are now considered relative to culture, relative to circumstance, and relative to the specific needs of the individual (Moral Ethics, at (

From the standpoint of the Department of Justice, moral ethics was a primary foundation of the United States of America. America was founded on the right of religious expression known as freedom of religion and moral ethics. Cultural ethics are different from moral ethics. The goal of culture is to cultivate values, beliefs and patterns of behavior that can best support organizational success. Values and beliefs are cultivated strictly on ethics, which is the philosophy and science for determining what values to hold and when to hold them (Bottorff, 2004). Cultivating patterns…… [Read More]

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Security Policy of a Dental

Words: 1254 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 18121461

SECURITY and PRIVACY - the following security and privacy requirements apply: The Office does not accept responsibility for the privacy, confidentiality or security of data or information not generated by this office or transmitted from external sources into the system. The Office does not accept responsibility for loss, corruption, misdirection or delays in transmission of personal data through the system. Users are responsible for the integrity of all data and all incidents that affect security must be reported to System administrator as quickly as possible. Users must protect the system data from all unauthorised access and they are responsible to ensure the system's data is properly backed up against the threat of loss, security threats, environmental hazards, corruption or destruction. No system equipment is allowed to be taken out of the office without proper authorization.

ELECTRONIC MAIL - messages will be kept as short and specific as practicable. Materials that…… [Read More]

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Trust Explain How You Develop and Maintain

Words: 689 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35334695


Explain how you develop and maintain trust at work and why confidentiality is so important in building and maintaining trust at work.

Trust is critical to the functioning of any team or organization. Individual employees need to be able to trust their role in the organization so that ideas, concerns, and opinions are shared freely. Likewise, supervisors need to trust their employees will share their opinions that pertain to increasing productivity. Other areas in which trust in the workplace is important include the need for confidentiality and the protection of company trade secrets.

Developing and maintaining trust at work involves creating a corporate culture built on honesty and mutual respect. According to O'Neill (2009), a trusting workplace environment entails teaching employees how they can succeed, rewarding good behavior, providing unconditional support, sharing information, and keeping commitments. Management should also remain solidly committed to the company vision. "If staff are…… [Read More]

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Code of Conduct for Any

Words: 1393 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 99348732

In this case because of the substance abuse acknowledged by the nurse, special considerations would apply. According to the American Association of Colleges of Nursing, "Substance abuse is a recognized universal health problem affecting the nursing community that requires appropriate management" (American, 1996, p. 253). The question then becomes was the first administrator correct in her view, or was a full-blown discussion necessary in order to address the second administrator's concerns?

Accordingly the website espoused the fact that special care was to be implemented in this case.

The key, according to the website, was not what should or should not be the end result, but the steps taken in order to culminate in a fair and just decision for all involved. Justice, in this particular case would have to pertain to more than just what actions should be taken to punish the nurse for her choices. Other items to consider…… [Read More]

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Professionals Who Are Trained in

Words: 2507 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 91184450

Beyond the ability of the individual to carry out daily activities, there is the issue of quality of life. So a person who can get up and go to work but finds no pleasure in normal activities is someone whose symptoms still merit concern from the mental health professional (Hood & Johnson, 2006, pp. 27-9.)

Psychiatrists: The Medical Model of Treatment

For many people the most obvious professional to seek treatment from when faced with the symptoms of mental disorders is a psychiatrist. (Maybe because we've grown up reading the psychiatry cartoons in The New Yorker!) Psychiatrists are medical doctors and so their basic response to the symptoms of mental disorders will tend to be a medical one. This encompasses an overall examination of the person's health. (For example, a psychiatrist might run a series of thyroid function tests to determine if a patient's depressive symptoms were related to thyroid…… [Read More]

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Health Care Law Privacy and

Words: 5626 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 3283668

S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2011). Furthermore, subpart C explains the privileges and the protections of confidentiality that is attached to the patient's record along with much exception (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2011).

The penalty for anyone who breaks confidentiality is imperative. In "November, 23, 2009" was increased to $11,000 (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2011). This goes for anyone in the medical field or has access to this information. A person has to follow HIPAA precisely or face a huge fine. If one thought of this ahead of time, whether or not they own a business, then no issues would arise legally. However, sometimes this does occur, especially for those who want to harm another person, yet in the medical field the goal is not to do this to any individual, regardless, otherwise he or she could face losing their license in…… [Read More]

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joe's case'study and evidence based practice

Words: 733 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43419274

Working with Clients with Dual Diagnosis: The Case of Joe," (n.d.) shows how social policies can directly affect the lives of individuals, impacting their access to and awareness of care options and the availability of specific services. Moreover, social policies can influence mental health practitioners, reinforcing stereotypes and stigmas toward patients with substance abuse disorders in particular. A systematic review of the literature reveals "negative attitudes of health professionals towards patients with substance use disorders are common and contribute to suboptimal health care for these patients," (Boekel, Brouwers, van Weeghel & Garresten, 2013, p. 23). Social workers are at the forefront of substance abuse treatment, as social work professionals "regularly encounter individuals, families, and communities affected by substance use disorders," including co-occurring disorders as in Joe's case (NASW, 2013, p. 5). Therefore, in addition to their role in reducing stigma and ensuring evidence-based practice in mental health care, social workers…… [Read More]

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Social Work Policies

Words: 1225 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 1426023

Social Work

Safety in Social Work Practice

Social work: Ethics and risks

Risks to confidentiality: Online counseling

Although confidentiality issues can arise in any therapeutic context, in the relatively impersonal format of online counseling, the risks can be more daunting. First of all, there is the risk of the client's email or computer being hacked. Even the client may be relatively careless and not take safeguarding his or her email and password as seriously as he or she would in a real life counseling setting. Before exchanging intimate material with the client the counselor should review privacy expectations and good Internet 'hygiene.'

Online counseling also carries the risk that it might not be taken as seriously by the client in terms of the honesty and commitment demanded of the client. It is presented in a format that mimics that of casual interactions online, such as Facebook or a message board,…… [Read More]

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Components Associated With HPC

Words: 2032 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 97182293

High Performance Computing (HPC) is a term that has emerged in today's world to replace the yesteryears' custom of supercomputer. In the previous years, supercomputer is a term that generated thoughts of extremely complicated machines that were solving problems that humans could not really understand. Since supercomputers permitted entry of at least seven figures, they were commonly used by engineers and scientists who needed to deal with such figures rapidly. However, this concept has paved way for the emergence of commodity-based supercomputing that is commonly known as High Performance Computing. The main focus of High Performance Computing (HPC) is the ability to process huge amounts of data in short periods of time. High Performance Computing (HPC) is associated with various technologies with varying software and hardware requirements for administrative and operational tasks needed to process data securely.

The Concept of High Performance Computing

Eadline (2009), states that high performance computing…… [Read More]

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Research and Ethics

Words: 3568 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 66692762

Ethical Principles in Research

While experimenting and during the research of several diverse subjects ranging from animal testing to human experimentation, from social and scientific transgression to scientific research, there are ethical principles that need to be adhered to and applied by the researchers. Study participants, who open up their lives to the researchers, commentators and also those followers during the period of one's research, rely and trust us so we can do our task efficiently without causing any harm.

The United States largest psychological organization is the American Psychological Association (APA) with a goal to convey the psychological knowledge among the masses. The application, usage, intent and the practical considerations are discussed in the overview of the ethics code. The Preamble and the Principles are a source of mentoring for the psychologists although they are not mandatory, the psychologists are advised to consider upon them as an action of…… [Read More]

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Disintegrating Relationships Between Organizational Leaders and Employees

Words: 3181 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Dissertation Paper #: 83778048

Disintegrating Relationships Between Organizational Leaders and Employees

Organizational leadership behavior towards employees can significantly affect their perception of the workplace, and contribute to the organization high performance and most essentially create and maintain a proper organizational culture that lead to the success of the organization . The good health of the organization depends greatly on the relationship between leaders and employees. However, the relationship that exists between organizational leaders and employees are failing at a high rate in today's workplaces and the reasons for this are not clear. Leaders in organizations have a tendency to use employees in the time of the organizational needs and them to simply ignore the employee's commitment and their potential. Committed employees should be rewarded with committed organizational leadership. Critical in organizational leadership interaction with employees is communication. Communication keeps employees informed and results in a feeling of connectedness and inclusiveness in the organizational operations,…… [Read More]

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Nursing and Ethics the Emotional Debate Over

Words: 2128 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 10621242

Nursing and Ethics

The emotional debate over abortion had been mischaracterized in the media, and hence disrupted any positive attempt to make progress in resolving the ethical and medical problems which have been created by the practice. A majority of Americans recognize and desire that abortion should be available when the life of the mother is at risk, or in the cases of rape or incest. However, liberal proponets like to expand this definition under the ubiquitous definition of the 'mothers health' which has been used to justify abortion on demand, for any reason. This latter expanded definition is significantly opposed by a majority of the ameircan population. In the midst of this struggle, comes the person needing medical care, who has neither been properly informed as to the dangers of the paractive, nor adequately counseled as to the options which exist regarding the future of her unborn child. The…… [Read More]

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Professional Ethics

Words: 5077 Length: 19 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 57683275

Privacy in the Workplace

"Employee Monitoring: Is there Privacy in the Workplace?" 2003. Consumers Action Network

Professionally ethical standards dictate that employees should be committed to working and performing at a professional level while in the workplace. Most employees assume that they have a right to a reasonable expectation to privacy while in the workplace. The majority of employers however in today's society, do utilize some form of employee surveillance and monitoring. This monitoring often extends into private emails and phone communications. Do employers have the right to monitor an employee's every move, from a trip to the water cooler to a visit to the lavoratory? Many employers have successfully argued that they have a legitimate business right to invade an employee's privacy in the workplace. Currently much controversy exists regarding the issue of workplace monitoring.

Advanced technologies now make it possible for employers to monitor almost every aspect of…… [Read More]

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Psychiatric Nursing

Words: 1372 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: A2 Outline Answer Paper #: 9450497

nurse working as a psychiatric-Mental health facility and have been asked to complete a suicide assessment on a client.

What are the different areas you would need to assess? List at least two questions you would ask to assess each area.

Suicide assessment begins with understanding the behavior of the patient. A patient may be acting in a way that causes the nurse to question the possibility of risk. Questions to ask might be: Is the behavior unusual for this person? Has their behavior changed drastically after a tragic event? (Mohr,, 743). Next the nurse needs to establish a therapeutic relationship that is built on trust. This relationship should have begun prior to the behavior change. Nurses should ask about family, talk honestly about issues that the patient wants to hear about, and try to seek a common ground that will help build rapport. If the patient is in crisis…… [Read More]

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Forensic Accountant Must Possess Accounting

Words: 1557 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 13793429

Assets in the investment portfolio were overvalued. Financial transactions were structured to report smaller amounts of debt and create the appearance of greater cash flow. Financial results were represented in a false and misleading manner.

Forensic accountants also played an important role in the Enron case by doing audits and investigating accounting practices to gather evidence of how the fraud was performed. They played vital roles in the court room in presenting the evidence against cross examination and scrutiny. The forensic accountants were highly valued for their objectivity in the way evidence was presented.

Accounting, auditing, investigation, business, and understanding human behavior enabled forensic accountants to gather evidence for prosecution of fraud in court cases involving fraudulent accounting practices. These are vital skills forensic accountants are required to maintain. Forensic accountants must maintain competency, due care, objectivity, integrity, confidentiality, and proper conduct at all times, whether working with a client…… [Read More]

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Communication Personal Account Upon Communication Is an

Words: 631 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5994461


Personal Account upon Communication

Communication is an everyday necessity that is additionally a challenging endeavor. Though most everyone engages in communication, very few people are effective communicators. In reflecting on my on communication skills, I understand the necessity of adapting some of my communication methods to meet another individual's communications needs, wishes, and preferences. In a nursing home, I have had to speak louder or slower than my usual communications with others. I have also had to explain something repeatedly or in several ways because of some of the health conditions of the residents in the facility.

When it is evident that I am having problems in communication, I seek advice about it. I also seek advice about communication when I am about to enter into a new situation, such as beginning college, graduate school, a new job, or a new type of job environment, such as the corporate…… [Read More]

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Activity Studies Found Common Features High-Performing Health

Words: 1147 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12396916

Activity Studies found common features high-performing health departments manage diabetes. These departments include receiving external funding programming, a -management education program recognized American Diabetes Association, partnership opportunities.

While obesity and obesity-related complaints such as Type II diabetes are a problem all over the United States, in my home state of Georgia, the condition has been of particular, growing concern. According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), "64.8% of adults were overweight, with a Body Mass Index of 25 or greater" and "29.6% of adults were obese, with a Body Mass Index of 30 or greater" in the state (Georgia's response to obesity, 2012, CDC). Even more worrisome, amongst adolescents who should be at the most active stage of their lives, "14.8% were overweight (>85th and < 95th percentiles for BMI by age and sex) 12.4% were obese (>95th percentile for BMI by age and sex)" (Georgia's response to obesity,…… [Read More]

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Bacon County Hospital and Health System in

Words: 764 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96986696

Bacon County Hospital and Health System

In your opinion, how well developed are your organization's information security policies?

The organizations current information security policies are adequate. However, in order to remain effective, the organization must have a profound emphasis on innovation. Technology, particularly in regards to information security, is becoming more difficult to protect. Hackers and those with large capabilities are gaining more insights as to the methods to effectively target individual companies. In fact, many of America's large financial institutions fell victim to hacker attacks. These attacks, all coordinated in both time and geography, overloaded the institutions mainframes causing slower servicing time. Pundits were quick to indicate that the attacks were not at all sophisticated and only required a handful of individuals to conduct. However, the results interrupted the natural flow of business activity in some the world's largest and most protected financial institutions. Bacon County Hospital is no…… [Read More]

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Cyber Security Cloud Computing

Words: 1389 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 41883574

Cyber Security/Cloud Computing

Consider a recent cyber security breach (specific event) and address the following questions:

Describe the circumstances involved

Monster Com: Confidential information of 1.3 million job seekers was stolen and used in a phishing fraud

Monster.Com, a United States online recruitment site reported in 2008 that hackers broke into the site using password-protected resume library. They used credentials that Monster Worldwide Inc. claims were stolen from some of its clients. Reuters reported that the attacks were carried out using two servers at a Web-hosting company located in Ukraine and a group of personal computers. The report further says that the attackers controlled the previously mentioned devices after infecting them with malicious software program. The stolen information from the company included names, addresses, e-mail addresses, and phone numbers. Information regarding to bank account number remained undisclosed to the hackers. The other side of the story is as reported by…… [Read More]

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Counseling Supervision

Words: 1227 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 80365761

Supervisory Relationship

Counseling supervision entails that persons in a therapeutic role are supervised by a peer for the purpose of professional and personal development. The supervisor makes recommendations according to his or her observations, and helps the counselor to perform better or to make modifications for the benefit of the patients. Supervision could also occur in a group setting, where several therapists are involved in the supervisory role (Holloway 1995: 21).

In the United Kingdom, all counselors are required to undergo supervision, regardless of elements such as experience or perceived performance. The reason for this is that it is often seen by both professional supervising bodies and therapists themselves as ethically imperative. In the United States, however, many counselors work without supervision.

This is the result of the evolution of counseling and its associated practice in the United States and in the United Kingdom. In the former, supervision is required…… [Read More]

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Social Work Informatics USES Merits

Words: 1824 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 63166356

The creation of timely and well-designed outputs leads to further information recording, correcting and completing previous recordings. This builds into a "virtuous circle (Gatehouse et al.)."

Social workers rendering children's services should analyze their own work, compare it with others and contribute their data for evaluation (Gatehouse et al., 2004). They need output tools in order to do this. The critical outputs for improving child protection services are, in most cases, the outputs required from day-to-day operations, administration and management at the case, team and service levels. These outputs include built-in System alerts, notifications and exception reports. System alerts provide advanced warnings of required actions and service delivery mistakes or failures. Notifications are made to improvement communication between teams, departments and agencies. And exception reports identify, note or follow up cases of individual children whose needs have not been met. Findings of this study suggest that electronic information systems, such…… [Read More]

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Legal Ethical Framework Overview of the Legal System

Words: 611 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85540222

Legal/Ethical Framework

Overview of the legal system:

In Australia, each state is responsible for legislation under which child care services are licensed. Licensing provides a legal "floor" below which no service is permitted to operate, according to CCQA. These include structural factors related to space, range of equipment, number and ages of children, staff-to-child ratio, and qualifications of staff. All of these factors are what contribute to quality.

Legislative Basis: A child care center is defined in Section 3 of the Children's Services Act 1985 as "any place or premises in which more than 4 young children are, for monetary or other consideration, cared for on a non-residential basis apart from their guardians." Therefore, a child care license is necessary in order to operate under the requirements of the Children's Services (Child Care Center) Regulations 1988.

Other related laws to be observed:

United Nations Convention on the Rights of the…… [Read More]

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Psychology Counseling

Words: 1479 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 25105508

However, they should also know what aspects of they reveal are confidential. An adolescent should know if he or she says that he 'hates his parents' that the therapist does not have a responsibility to 'tattle' to the client's parent, even if the parent is paying for the session

2b. Discuss 2 counseling situations where duty to warn would be necessary. What would be the ethical issues involved: If the client is likely to be harmful to others, such as if he or she threatens someone physically, the therapist must report the threats. Also, if the client is likely to be harmful to him or herself, such as threatening suicide or acting in a manner that is so severely delusional he or she is not competent to engage in basic self-care, the therapist may need to act. (Such as a patient engaging in severe self-harm or a patient with a…… [Read More]

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Health Concern Database Query Report

Words: 1015 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94272223

Human immunodeficiency virus - HIV continues to be a serious health concern across the world. In essence, HIV brings about harm to the body of an individual by destroying infection fighting white blood cells. Not all persons with HIV end up developing AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome), which is the last HIV infection stage. In the United States, Centers for Disease and Control – CDC (2018) points out that HIV has been on the decline within the last decade as a result of targeted efforts to prevent the same. However, according to CDC, “progress has been uneven, and the annual infections and diagnoses have increased among some groups.” It is important to note that there are a wide range of HIV transmission modes, with some of the most prominent modes being unprotected sex, via blood-borne exposure, and from an infected mother to her child (Schulz, 2016). This text concerns itself…… [Read More]

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Psychological Tests and Measurements

Words: 2465 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 65728271

Psychological Assessment

Confidentiality Disclaimer

Reason for Referral

Identifying information

Developmental History

Medical and Psychiatric History

Short Family and Social History

Short History of School Behavior

Tests Administered

Standardized Instruments

Information Assessment Techniques

Mental Status Examination and Behavioral Observations

Results Form Testing

The following results were obtained with respect to the different domain of functioning of Sebastian based on information from multiple sources.

Cognitive-Intellectual-Executive Functioning

Social-Emotional Functioning

Diagnostic Impression

Confidentiality Disclaimer:

There is a chance that the subject of the report or those who are closely associated with the subject of the report could get psychologically and/or emotionally hurt as the report contains sensitive information about the subject. This report is meant only for people trained enough to read such reports and should not be given to the subject named in the report. In order to ensure that the name of the person who is also the subject of the report…… [Read More]

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Examining Online Therapy

Words: 1338 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15630267

Online Therapy Services

The first online therapy site that this paper will examine is the site known as This site assists people in dealing with some of the obstacles and challenges that life presents them with. This site asserts that these issues can be tough for any individual to face alone, and offers support from professional counselors as a means of helping one create bigger changes. One of the ways that the site pitches itself to potential clients is by the fact that help is discreet and affordable.

The professionals involved are all licensed, accredited, and trained professionals in the field of mental health: there are psychologists, marriage and family therapists, social workers and professional counselors. All of them have graduate degrees in their field and are all certified by their state professional boards, having completed all the requirements for practice. In order to work on the site, the…… [Read More]

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Counseling and the Ethical Rules

Words: 1060 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 88326980

ethical and legal guidelines for those in the counseling field are in place to assure that those practicing counseling set high standards. This paper covers several of the important ethical principles that are demanded of counselors -- and covers the CPT Codes related to invoices sent to insurance companies.

It is fundamental to any discussion of ethics in counseling that those leading groups are indeed qualified to be in that position. Just as it is not ethical for a dentist to practice when not fully trained or prepared, is it not ethical "…to practice any kind of counseling without proper preparation" (Jacobs, et al., 2011). An advanced degree from a college or university does not "make one qualified to lead groups," Jacobs continues (28). A group leader has the "ethical responsibility" to fully understand "group dynamics, group process, group leadership skills, and group development" (Jacobs, 28). If the counseling group…… [Read More]

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Information Technology Industry in Washington DC Regulatory Frameworks

Words: 1087 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 82949089

Law and Policy Case Study

Overview of legal environment of Washington, DC

Washington, DC is among the U.S. states that hold most of the U.S. economy. The central location of Washington, DC, provides it with strategic business opportunities and other related economic activities that contribute to the overall economy of the U.S. The strategic location of Washington, DC, implies that it has various legal regulations that influence the execution of different activities within the state. Among the regulations, include those issued by the federal, state, local, and tribal governments alongside the organizational policies that influence the behavior of organizations in Washing, DC. These laws comply with the constitutional, civil, criminal, due diligence, and administrative laws of the U.S. The presence of these regulations mean that the environment provided in the Washington, DC favors various activities aimed at stimulating overall economic growth (Mann & Roberts, 2013).

Applicable laws and regulations to…… [Read More]

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Welcoming Homosexual Lifestyles at Historically Black Colleges and Universities

Words: 3029 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 86596399

Black Colleges Homosexuality

In order to create more egalitarian, prosocial, and productive campus environments, it is necessary to understand attitudes toward homosexuality and homosexual students. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) students experienced relatively high rates of substance abuse, depression, and stress related to discrimination, difficulties forming social relationships, and low self-esteem (Heck, Flentje & Cochran, 2011). As Kirby (2011) points out, "Having a negative self-concept plays a major role in youth suicides, in how well one does in school, and in how one interacts with society at large." Therefore, the need for a more supportive social environment on college campuses is a pressing one.

Unfortunately, traditionally white universities and historically black universities in the United States have addressed the needs of the LGBT student community differently. Historically black colleges and institutions are defined as "institutions classified as higher education that were chartered prior to 1964 and created with the…… [Read More]

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International Legal and Ethical Issues Simulation Summary

Words: 997 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21020919

International Legal and Ethical Issues Simulation Summary

George Egloria

Thane Messinger

Addressing International Legal and Ethical Issues Simulation Summary

Issues involved

In jurisdictions where the assets or shares of the transactions are located, a local counsel will be a mandatory prerequisite. In addition, it is likely to engage the local counsel in the seller's jurisdiction. The process of selecting the appropriate company to collaborate with is important. Apart from competence, issues like commitment, trust, and confidentiality are crucial. It is also important for the local counsel to clear conflicts. Counsels must ensure that they are aware of the laws in every jurisdiction. This will make it easy for them to observe all the ethical structures of the local and international laws (Halbert & Ingulli, 2012). They should be aware of possible changes at all times and confidentiality agreements are important in such situations. This request is fair on the ground…… [Read More]

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Governmental Power Placed Above Personal Freedoms

Words: 1539 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 57779454

Patriot Act and current developments in the United States

In 2011, the PATRIOT Sunsets Extension Act made possible the tracking of small businesses and corporate affairs that are on the territory of the United States. The applicability of this law can be seen in the most common working spaces and, thru this, the confidentiality of the information shared and traded via the Internet becomes a matter of the past. The Patriot Act is therefore an issue of concern and at the same time a matter of ensuring security for the population of the United States. However, it is important to consider the price in terms of privacy that both the average American as well as its international counterparts need to pay in order to obey by the Patriot Act and the necessity for safety.

There are several aspects to consider. The Internet as a means of communication, the privacy as…… [Read More]

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Codes of Ethics Comparisons Code of Ethics

Words: 617 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 61698982

Codes of Ethics Comparisons

Code of Ethics Comparisons

This essay compares and contrasts the American Counseling Association Code of Ethics and the American Association of Christian Counselors Code of Ethics. The essay reviews their general similarities and differences, and discusses specific comparisons with respect to fees, termination, and research and publication.

The two Codes of Ethics differ significantly in their basic purpose, and this fundamental difference determines how various topics are treated throughout both documents in their entirety. The ACA has as its primary concern "to respect the dignity and to promote the welfare of its clients" (ACA Code of Ethics, 2005, p.4), while the AACC describes its primary goal as bringing "honor to Jesus Christ and his church, promote excellence in Christian counseling, and bring unity to Christian counselors" (AACC Code of Ethics, 2004, p.3).

With respect to similarities, both codes place a high priority on doing no harm.…… [Read More]

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Counseling Family Genogram

Words: 673 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87670147


A working agreement "defines the type of relationship the parties have with each other...ensure everyone understands the roles each party plays, defining specific tasks as well as detailing realistic expectations and targets everybody can meet during the agreement," (Byrne, 2012). The importance of a working agreement is more ethical than it is legal, but it remains a backbone of any effective intervention. According to Byrne (2012), "working agreements do not have specifically required elements, they do have many common features." These features include the following four sections: assessment, prioritizing, contracting, and evaluation (Murphy & Dillon 2003). A working agreement should ideally also include statements of confidentiality, statements of informed consent, treatment goals, roles, expectations, and responsibilities of all parties. Intervention methods used to attain goals and their frequency, duration, length, and location of the meetings should also be discussed. Likewise the means of evaluation or measuring progress toward goal…… [Read More]

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Rhetoric of Explanation a Trend in Technology and Society

Words: 3364 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 44935918

Technology and Society

All print media including books, newspapers and magazines are in deep trouble today thanks to new developments in technology, as are traditional methods of classroom instruction and school curricula. To that extent the Internet can be described as a revolutionary invention that has altered and transformed the way information is presented and conceived. Individuals are learning and creating innovative ways to contribute to relevant knowledge at an excessive speed, and the Western world has become dependent on this technology and also more aware of its negative side. Whether the technology in our surroundings is causing human beings to become distracted, affecting our communication skills, or making them stupider is a question that has to be addressed.

This memorandum will describe these issues of trivialization and the 'shallow-ing out' of contemporary American culture, most of which are either as deliberately exaggerated and sensationalized as the Internet itself or…… [Read More]

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Preparing for Management

Words: 2630 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12999762


Nursing -- Preparing for Management

In order to make an optimal contribution to the medical institution and to his or her own career, a nurse must have a refined set of skills in the areas of leading, coaching, and motivating a team of professionals and specialists. The student nurse program is designed to develop the skills crucial to the implementation of safe, high-quality patient care, and to address the particular challenges of long-term health care. This paper discusses approaches for managing patient care in a long-term health care setting, delegation of responsibilities, patient care planning, multidisciplinary teamwork from the perspective of a student nurse.

Patient Group and Outcomes Rationale

The provision of long-term health care falls under the aegis of adult nursing in the NMC Code, which addresses the health care needs of people from 18 years of age to elderly people ("NMC Code," 2004). The focus of long-term…… [Read More]

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Hypothermia Treatment Using Radiant Heat Hypothermia Critique

Words: 2844 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 6118508

Hypothermia Treatment Using Radiant Heat


Critique of Postoperative Hypothermia Treatment Using Radiant Heat by Yang et al. (2012)

Critique of Postoperative Hypothermia Treatment Using Radiant Heat by Yang et al. (2012)

Perioperative hypothermia has been shown to increase the risk of post-surgery complications, thereby threatening the health of patients and increasing the cost of care (reviewed by Hooper et al., 2009). Guidelines for active warming measures have been suggested by a number of experts, which attempt to address the health risk perioperative hypothermia represents. Should patients arrive in the post-anesthetic care unit (PACU) in a hypothermic state, the conventional approach is to cover patients with pre-warmed hospital blankets; however, forced air-warming has been shown to be more effective across patient populations.

Yang and colleagues (2012) recently published the results of a study examining the relative efficacy of warmed blankets and a radiant heat source for achieving a normothermal state…… [Read More]