On Thursday, October 24th, 12,894,650 shares changed hands on the New York Stock Exchange, breaking the previous record of 3,875,910 set the previous year (Crash pp). So busy was the Exchange that "issues were behind as much as one hour to an hour and a half on the tape" and phones were jammed, causing crowds to gather outside in an effort to communicate which led police to be called to control the riot of investors (Crash pp). By the weekend the market had returned to Thursday's status, but on Monday, 28th the volume was huge-over 9,250,000 shares traded, the losses were great as well, but unlike Thursday, there was no dramatic recovery (Crash pp). On Tuesday, the 29th, 16,410,030 shares were traded, and in order to get out, one had to get his broker to sell the stock at market value, however, most of the stock was bought on margin…… [Read More]
e. greed, lust and jealousy). To do this, Qutb advocated using a by any means necessary approach, in preventing the status quo from imposing its will upon everyone. This meant that there will be some kind of armed struggle against these forces.
What impacts has he had on Islamic thought?
The biggest impact of Qutb's ideas is in Islamic philosophy. What happened was Qutb, became involved in the Muslim Brotherhood when he returned to Egypt in 1952. During this time, he was actively involved in supporting governments and individuals that challenged Western policies. This led to him being arrested twice.
When he was in jail the first time, he wrote a number of pieces that discusses his radical ideas and how Muslims should stand up to this oppression. After being released in 1965 (for a brief period), is when he would publish these ideas. This led to his re-arrest and…… [Read More]
Ironically, only 1% of the world's fresh water is readily accessible for direct human use. Translated into something we can understand readily: one American taking a 5-minute shower uses more water than the typical person living in a developing country slum uses in an entire day -- and most Americans take far longer than 5-minute showers. This is a crisis that must be addressed, if it is not, over the next two decades the average supply of water per person will drop by over 30%, condemning millions of people and animals to death (Atlas of a Thirsty Planet).
This assignment opened my eyes to a new way of looking at food -- I will be unable to go into a grocery store and look at rows and rows of perfect fruits and vegetables; knowing that half are thrown out while people starve. In the same manner, knowing that each American…… [Read More]
Sociology, one of the biggest areas that are receiving continuous amounts of focus is the inequalities that exist. Recently, disparities in income levels have become much larger. This is because the top 1% (who controls the majority of the wealth) is earning more at the expense of the other 99%. These are individuals that have to work every day (often controlling little to no amounts of personal assets). Throughout history, this conflict has often been the focus of different labor disputes and social revolutions. (Winship)
However, globalization is having a dramatic impact with these divisions becoming even larger. In the article that was written by Winiship (2012), he is talking about how these disparities are evolving. Evidence of this can be seen with statistics that were uncovered from the Congressional Budget Office. They found that the income levels of the ultra-wealthy increased from 8% in 1979 to 18% in 2007.…… [Read More]
The first is a test that is spelled out in Electric v. Public Service Commission which states that 'commercial speech obtains a lesser degree of protection from the First Amendment than that of "pure' or 'core' speech. The second of the tests was established in the 1969 Brandenberg v Ohio case involving a Ku Klux Klan leader who was found guilty of advocation of violence and a crime syndicate and on appeal to the Supreme Court the conviction was overruled when the court stated that:
It was held that the constitutional guaranties of free speech and free press did not permit a state to forbid or proscribe advocacy of the use of force or of law violation, except where such advocacy is (a) directed to inciting or producing imminent lawless action, and (b) was likely to incite or produce such action."
Another case cited in this article is McCollom Records,…… [Read More]
Marketing Management: 1980's To Present
This paper intends to explore the changes and shifts in the marketing environment from the 1980's to present in light of the changes and adaptations that management has been faced with in the past two decades.
The decade of the eighties witnessed shifting and shaping in the transitioning global market. There were "three-tier protectionist" system as follows:
Private consumer advocate groups and organizations
Pro-consumer government regulatory apparatus
An article entitled "Assessing Marketing Performance" written by Bonoma and Clark in 1988 is one that doesn't stop at efficiency and effectiveness in marketing assessment of performance. The article they wrote suggests the following:
The proper evaluation of marketing activities can be performed only at the level of the marketing programs. Forget overall "marketing audits" of your structures of low level looks at advertising or sales performance, if you want to understand marketing performance
2. Satisfaction…… [Read More]
Peace, therefore, is dependent upon the power-play between capitalism, socialism, consumerism and communism -- and often they all overlap. The problem arises when domination rather diplomacy becomes a tactic of certain world powers. Rather than working with other nations at the expense of commercial or ideological interests, nations (like the U.S.) revert to underhanded scheming, acts of espionage, terrorism, and war, and militarism to undue rival nations' hegemony. The Middle East is a prime example for the way the West has gone about ending "terrorism" and restoring "peace." The idea that the U.S. is at all interested in peace is a complete farce. It is interested in nothing but profits.
Peace can be attained, however -- as Kennedy showed during the Cuban Missile Crisis. Roger Fisher, William Ury, and Bruce Patton all agree when they affirm that the best way to peace today is through negotiation and diplomacy. By putting…… [Read More]
In terms of Singer's work, although his solutions are not practical in the sense of Paehlke's work, his call for a change in the political system does make sense. Political leaders should be called away from their isolated mentality and use their power to effect the changes necessary for a better world.
Both authors recognize that globalization cannot be denied, and that some aspects related to the phenomenon are beneficial while others are not. Neither author uses either the benefits or costs as reasons to either diminish or elevate the status of globalization, and it appears that both have a realistic grasp of the concept. Both authors also call for equity and fairness, while they differ somewhat in how specifically to achieve this.
I agree with both authors that globalization is a force that cannot be wished away or denied. Furthermore it is undeniable that the phenomenon has some benefits,…… [Read More]
Market Entry Strategies Into 2004 Germany: High Value, Low Volume Is the Key to Overcoming German Pessimism and Conservative Consumerism
Because of its relative political stability, and great economic wealth, Germany remains one of the most desirable countries for investment and market entry, in all of Europe. In short, there are, comparatively speaking, many Euros floating around the nation to be spent, despite the conservative investment policies of the average German worker, and the recent European recession. Wages are high and lifestyles of individual Germans are affluent. But the German consumer remains wary, for taxes are high as well, and labor unions are strong, and the system of social services encourages a way of living that is not disposable, as in America, but tends to place more of a stress upon quality of life, via long vacations and enjoyment of what one has, than conspicuous consumption. (U.S. Commercial Services, German…… [Read More]
Theoretical Approach to Generational Poverty
Poverty is one of the most pressing social problems and the generational nature of poverty remains one of the reasons it is so difficult to eradicate poverty. While there are several different theories suggesting why poverty is transmitted from generation to generation and theorists sometimes strongly disagree on those reasons, there is almost universal acceptance of the idea that poverty is transmitted from one generation to another. In fact, there has been a significant amount of study directed at chronic poverty in the developed and developing countries. This research suggests that while poverty may be simplistically defined as a lack of money, the problem of poverty actually addresses the "absence of transfer of different forms of capital: human, social-cultural, social-political, financial/material and environmental/natural" (Moore, 2001). This more complex definition of poverty helps explain why simply providing financial resources to a family does not generally fix…… [Read More]
Individualization in America as Shown in Updike's "A&P"
John Updike's short story "A&P" has been the subject of much scholarly debate over the decades since it first appeared. On the surface a simple tale of youthful lust and rebelliousness, there have been many attempts to read deeper meaning into the story and to assign certain symbolic importance to the adolescent protagonist and other elements of the story. Through an examination of previous criticism on the work and a close reading of the story itself, it will be shown that the character Sammy in Updike's "A&P" symbolizes the emerging individualization of America's youth and it's clash with established norms in post-WWII society.
Sammy is a nineteen-year-old clerk at the A&P grocery store in a town "five miles from the beachand the women generally put on a shirt or shorts or something" to cover their beach attire in the more modest society…… [Read More]
Evaluations are then to be reviewed by nurses and action evaluations drafted.
Under no circumstances can any portion of this course be missed. An absence at any of the training sessions will result in termination from the course and possible termination from current labor and delivery rounds until the course is retaken. Tardiness is also not permitted. Anyone who is more than ten minutes late for a session will be considered absent from that session. This course is fast-paced and covers vital hospital policies that all labor and delivery staff are required to know.
Course Assignments and Evaluation and Grading
Written exams will be given at the beginning of class and cover the previous week's coursework. These exams must be passed with at least 70% or you will be dropped from the program. You will have one attempt to make up a poor test score. Exams are open…… [Read More]
Winner Not a Winner?
In the short story "The Rocking Horse Winner" by DH Lawrence, the writer creates a spooky fantasy in which three major themes, luck, money, and love combine to form a bizarre and deadly unity. The boy Paul, intuitively feeling the lack of love in his family, becomes the embodiment of his parents obsessions with money. Riding his toy rocking horse he receives supernatural messages that allow him to pick winners in real horse races. He believes that he thus renews his family's luck, by winning money which he equates on an unconscious level with love. Lawrence uses the unified themes of luck, money and love to create a symbolic representation of life that is not truly lived, but in which concepts of luck, money and love are perverted into an imitation of life, the falseness of which kills the boy Paul.
This is a story about…… [Read More]
celebrates the Winter Olympics. There is an ad of page 19 with a hockey goalie guarding a Bank of America open safe. The slogan is "Bank of America does not embrace ambiguity." There are several subliminal messages in this ad that can be deciphered by cultural theories that certain writers have applied to "pop" culture. Not only does this photo promote a false sense of patriotism, capitalizing on the Olympics and the recent 9/11 events, but also it condones the uniformity of banking institutions.
Max Horkheimer and Theodor W. Adorno coined the phrase "the culture industry" to describe the processes and products of mass culture. They state that it is uniform, predictable, and, to the trained eye, transparent. In their essay, "The Culture Industry: Enlightenment As Mass Deception," Horkheimer and Adorno expound on the elements of the culture industry, and their observations can be applied to the Bank of America…… [Read More]
Like the Taliban in recent Afghanistan, patrols walked through the streets and markets and could flog wrong-doers on the spot.
In spite of strict veiling rules for women, women could hold a fair amount of power. Current news reports might lead an American to believe that under Moslem rule, women never have any rights, can own no property, may not work outside their homes, and in general must live extremely constricted lives. However, in 18th century Aleppo, women worked in the marketplace, owned property, could have wealth in their own name and often earned income, particularly by owning property or as moneylenders. While they were not equal to men (in legal proceedings, the testimony of two women was considered equal to that of one man), women were not equal in Europe either. The rules that allowed women these rights came out of Middle Eastern tradition, not Western influence -- Marcus…… [Read More]
In the U.S.A., one of the world's richest countries, a high proportion of children working in agriculture come from immigrant or ethnic minority families.
The numbers are estimates but even if they were to be accurate, the truth is horrifying. Almost, no corner of the world, from the poorest back street of Latin America to the ritziest European can claim to be immune. There are 70,000 child prostitutes in Zambia, 200,000 in Thailand and 50,000 in India.
As delegates from 122 countries gathered in Stockholm for the first world congress on the commercial sexual exploitation of children, the research they brought with them revealed the staggering scale of child sex abuse.
The commercial sexual exploitation of children has become a global multi-million dollar industry. The effects of sexual exploitation on children are profound and often permanent. Normal development is compromised; self-esteem and confidence are undermined. The vast majority of sexually…… [Read More]
Dickens took a dim view of London's preoccupation with materialism and commercialism -- even though he greatly empathized with the constraints that Londoners of the lower-classes felt.
Bob Cratchit, the poor but humble clerk in the office of Scrooge, serves as the representative of the impoverished but decent working class, with whom Dickens sympathized in the mid-1800s. However, like many of Dickens' characters, he is more fantastic than realistic. Dickens' idealism often had free reign (at least in his early works). Great Expectations, of course, reveals a London full of Londoners who fail to reach the heights of the humble Cratchit. But that novel also comes later in Dickens' career, and reveals a darker era in Dickens' own life, when the city of London seemed less likely to come to terms with its own corruption and spiritual decay.
In David Copperfield, the city of London is remarkably diverse and eclectic…… [Read More]
Sohail believed that because this incident happened -- and because it reflects negatively on the image of Muslims -- "…all the Muslim people in America will be driven out. This has happened in reality," he asserted. "This is obvious. This happened, and it is happening now" (Rousseau, 167). Some of those interviewed in Karachi expressed "intense pain and anger at the injustice of the aftereffects on Pakistanis and Muslims" following 9/11.
The authors expressed some surprise at the substance of the interviews, not so much that the Muslims blamed the U.S. For the attacks, but that the immigrants in Montreal and the more middle class and well-educated Muslims in Karachi shared the same litany. It says a great deal about the anger against the U.S. that was expressed in 2008, and likely remains even today. Needless to say the death of Osama bin Laden had not happened yet, but it…… [Read More]
Hegemony Affects Men and Women Differently in an Online University Environment
The caliber of colleges and universities differ from institution to institution as well as from country to country. I have been to some in countries other than the U.S.A. And institutions that are non-profit and would say that these seem to be less hegemony-imbued than those that others and I have attended in the U.S.A. From what I have heard and experienced, problems of hegemony particularly seem to exist in the online for-profit universities that are notorious for offering degraded syllabus and programs, being more of a diploma mill and requesting money than offering education.
All universities and institutions that I have attended have slanted their education according to the politics of their country with curriculum heavily slanting to their specific country and criticizing those that opposed their country. I also found that, occasionally, the curriculum of these institutions…… [Read More]
seemingly paranoid neuroses is it's obsession with machines and their replacement of humanity. Beginning in the Victorian era, shortly after the onset of the Industrial Revolution, Western civilization began to visualize the coming competition between man and machine. Machines, instead of becoming man's saving grace, were, because of their ability to replace human labor, seen as a threat to man's existence. This view of machines and technology has only become more acute with the advent of computers and the virtually complete integration and dependence modern society has on these machines. One need only look at some of the most popular movies in the last few years to see a number of man vs. machine themes; with man not always the victor. If the modern world enjoys action-packed fantasies about a bleak future under the tyranny of the machines, this has not always been the case. American literature is also replete…… [Read More]
Normally, the designer's direct involvement into the user-research process is noted to be limited. There is however a need for a close collaboration between the researchers and the designers so that the quality attributes that are desired by the clients are adequately included into the final product (Donnelly, 2000).
It is therefore clear that for the user's perceptions of quality to be adequately captured and incorporated into the design and production stages of a given product, usability research must be thoroughly conducted and the results clearly communicated by the researchers to the design team. Ford Motors's application of a user-centric approach to the production of its products makes it very crucial for the company to actively be connected to the latest thoughts and perceptions that its clients may harbor.
The successful the initiative
It is important that the success of the TQM initiative to be gauged so as to highlight…… [Read More]
political and social climate of the U.S. during the 1920s and what brought about the 'roaring '20s."
The apocalyptic environment of World War I with its finale brought about a relief throughout Western Europe and the U.S.A. And the feeling that the world was about to start anew. This led to excesses of spending, behavior, hedonistic indulgences, and revolutions in sexual conduct, morals, and cultural trends such as music. The economic boom also attributed to the description of this decade as the Roaring 20s.
A series of insignificant and troubled presidents ran the state during this time ranging from Harding to Hoover. Whilst their presidency was unremarkable, the times themselves were not. This was the period of the flappers and jazz with break from traditions and a surge of modern technology. Ford came out with his automobile for he masses. The moving picture (and Charlie Chaplin) made its appearance. Radio…… [Read More]
relationship humans plants. How plants acquire carbon dioxide release oxygen? For purposes plants acquire carbon dioxide? Do a plant survive air tight box plant needed a source oxygen?.
Why there would be no people without plants
The connection between humans and nature has been a primordial one, actively discussed not only in life sciences but also in literature. Ever since the start of the evolutionary process plants have been an incredible source for food, medicine and even shelter, however the greatest benefit plants have given the human race is oxygen.
Photosynthesis is the process that converts energy in sunlight to chemical forms of energy, which can be used by biological systems. This procedure is carried out by plants and bacteria; a higher form of photosynthesis is completed by algae, cyanobacteria and their relatives (notably known for the photosynthesis in the oceanic ecosystem). These organisms covert CO2 to organic material by…… [Read More]
images commercial vs. educational children's television. I research paper include sections/information: I. Introduction: You spark interest discuss: A. Why topic significant study? B.
Stereotypes presently dominate society, even with the fact that it has experienced notable progress in the last few years and discrimination is presently on a lower level. When considering children television, one is likely to observe that, depending on its purpose, it can be more or less stereotypical. On the one hand, advertisements are typically shown in a cliched, as girls are portrayed playing with dolls and cooking while boys are pictured as being more aggressive, more competitive, and generally determined to attain as much power as possible. On the other hand, children also have access to educational television, this normally making it easier for them to understand social order and moral matters.
Ever since its appearance approximately half a century ago, television has played…… [Read More]
Pacific Garbage patch, as it's often referred to, exists between the U.S. mainland and Hawaii. Many estimates put its size at over two times larger than the state of Texas (Zhang, Zhang, Feng, and Yang, 2010). Much of this waste is composed of plastic, styrofoam, and other materials containing harmful ingredients that do not break down very quickly. In fact, much of this material ends up in the food chain due to the way it breaks down and is absorbed by organisms in the ocean. This garbage patch has been steadily growing, the product of waste dumping and pollution from the U.S., China, India, and other countries on or near the Pacific Rim. There are currently many scientists trying to both understand the true impact of the patch as well as trying to come up with ways to remedy it and prevent it from growing.
The Great Pacific Garbage…… [Read More]
Talcott Parsons was the first social scientist to put forward the doctor-patient relationship. His functionalist, role-based advance defined examination of the doctor-patient relationship for some time to come. He began with the supposition that sickness was an appearance of dysfunctional deviance that necessitated reintegration with the social organism. Sickness, or contrived sickness, excused people from work and other tasks, and therefore was potentially harmful to the social order if uncontrolled. Upholding the social order necessitated the advance of a legitimized sick role to manage this deviance, and make sickness a midway state back to regular role presentation (Hughes, 1994).
According to Parsons, the doctor's role is to symbolize and communicate these norms to the patient in order to manage their deviance. Doctors demonstrate for Parsons the move to affect-neutral associations in modern society, with doctor and patient being protected by emotional detachment. Medical education and social role expectations…… [Read More]
Culture of the Cold War
Espionage and the threat of nuclear drove the two superpowers. According to Whitfield, this is the point in time that highlighted the belief about other communist agents infiltrating the United States. This led to panic among government and military officials. Once this occurred, is when there was massive response to this threat leading to a Red Scare. (Whitfield, 1996, pp. 27 -- 56)
True, with the character Mickey Spillane, Mike Hammer, is using him to show a loner who is patriotic. Yet, he is also above the law. As, he supports a variety of different anti-communist themes to include: helping U.S. troops in Korea and American involvement in Vietnam. Shows like this, encouraged people to do their part and report anyone they believed was a communist. (Whitfield, 1996, pp. 153-178)
The five pieces of evidence that were used to illustrate the popularity of the U.S.…… [Read More]
Oceana Group Limited is a company listed in Johannesburg and Namibia stock exchanger. The company is in the food and beverage industry with core business being fishing as well as allied services sector. The company is engaged in the catching, processing as well as the procurement of various marine species such as pilchard, redeye, sardine anchovy, lobster, herring, tune, horse mackerel as well as hake. Other deep-see species also form their specialty. Their products are prepared and then sold via local and international marketing channels. Additionally, the company provides fruit handling as well as cold storage facilities at an extensive level (Oceana,2011). The company operates via various divisions, subsidiary stakeholders as well as companies.
The South African-based firm engages in the catching, preparing for sale and procuring different fish products in South Africa.It also deals in canned fish products. The company's market capitalization was valued at ZAR 3113 million or…… [Read More]
starbucks corporation: competing a global market.
follow 6 parts detailed description assessment. assessment structure 6 main parts: 1. Overview situation. 2. Statement main problem: Level analysis Level 1 -- Industry Issues Level 2 -- Organisation Issues Level 3 -- Discipline Issues Problem type 3.
Overview of the Situation
Starbucks Corporation is one of the most famous worldwide brands. The company's success on the American market has determined Starbucks' managers to expand the activity in numerous countries. The strategy developed by the company's managers is based on several factors. However, Starbucks' strategy has been criticized in numerous countries. The company faces strong opposition in addressing certain markets from anti-globalization activists. It is important that Starbucks develops strategies that can reduce the effects of their protests.
The most important problem that Starbucks must work on is represented by anti-globalization. This process is creating important difficulties in entering new…… [Read More]
Corporate Social Responsibility (Sony)
Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is no longer a tenable option to just be silent. Companies have to take responsibilities of their actions as a result of the impacts their businesses causes to the community and their stakeholders. For example during the recent oil spill of the British Petroleum Company (BP), at the coast of United States, the U.S. government did not remain silent on the issue but urged BP to take responsibility of the spill which endangered the health and safety of humans, plant and animal life.
In addition, businesses cannot exist without the community and in the same way, community cannot exist without business. This is in the view that, if there is no community, where would the business sell its products? And where would that business get labor from, to produce those goods and services consumed by that society or the community?
It's in…… [Read More]
Music and Personal Association
What music do you associate with childhood? How did/does this music make you feel? How do your choices reflect your childhood experiences?
There is not much that I can recall about my childhood in detail. My memory tends to be unreliable at best. That is why I find it so incredible that the music of the Beatles remains a vivid and constant presence in my memories. Indeed, even before I remember knowing that red means 'stop' or green means 'go,' I knew all the words to "Yellow Submarine." It was almost as if I was born with the melody to "Hey Jude" in may head. In fact, since my parents were such devoted listeners to the Beatles, I have little doubt that this was the soundtrack to my gestation.
The constant presence of the Beatles would have an indelible impact on me. There are…… [Read More]
Interestingly enough, one of the themes in the post-modernism period of American history has been the reexamination of the "real America," particularly the moral, ethical and sexual changes that have evolved since the turn of the century. This has not been a new theme, nor has it been relegated to non-fiction. At the beginning of the 20th century, American novelists were expanding the role fiction took by examining high and low life in society. Edith Wharton, for instance, found tremendous hypocrisy within the ranks of the Eastern elite in terms of morality and sexuality and in Sister Carrie, Theodore Dreiser portrayed a country girl who moved to the big city of Chicago to become a "kept woman," relinquishing her American morals for the pleasures of the flesh. Similarly, even in the stories of F. Scott Fitzgerald, John Dos Passos, and Ernest Hemingway there are notions and reexaminations of…… [Read More]
Medical Futility in Nursing Care
CARING AND CHOOSING
Bioethics is described as both a field of intellectual inquiry and a professional practice that examines moral questions affecting various disciplines (Arras, 2007). These disciplines include biology, medicine, law, public health, policy and ethics. In these disciplines are scholars, teachers, and clinical practitioners, including nurses. Their work has recently been subjected to an unprecedented turn in perspectives concerning relevant issues and behaviors. Among these sensitive issues are the Do Not Resuscitate Orders in hospitals; the true meaning of informed consent, especially in poor countries; a new understanding concerning clinical trials of various drugs; and the traditional doctor-patient ethics. At least three kinds of bioethical work surfaced from these developments. These are clinical bioethics, policy-oriented bioethics, and bioethics as a theoretical pursuit. The first kind, clinical bioethics, is the most troubling. It utilizes bioethical concepts, values and methods in the hospital or clinic,…… [Read More]
A discussion given by the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, on June 8, 2010, analyzed America's macroeconomic fiscal situation by opining that the economy is recovering from the recession and that national GDP would increase by, at least, a moderate 3.5% that year.
Recovery will be slow given that climbing out takes time and that, given the severity of the recession, a great deal of growth needs to be accomplished for employment and economic situation to return to the level that it was in 2007. The moderate 3.5% expected by Chicago's Federal Reserve Bank a year ago and the very similar climb in percentage expected in the subsequent years following this recession can be compared to the 8% economic growth that followed the deep recession of 1981-1982.
Although GDP's discount rate fell sharply during 2008 and 2009 (approximately 3.7%), it picked up towards the end of 2009 and…… [Read More]
Socio-cultural and demographics
Demand for green products
Business Level Strategy
Protection from the Five Forces
Threat of New Entrants
The building of relationships
Improved value chain
The sales and marketing techniques
The virtual value chain
The macroeconomic environment of any enterprise is indeed a very vital thing to all the operations of the enterprise. This is brought about by the fact that both the present and the future operations of the business are dependent on the surrounding business environment. Harley Davidson has continued to embrace the changes that happen around its operations in order to ensure both sustainability and profitability. The modern global motorcycle manufacturing sector is characterized by stiff competition. It is therefore very essential for all the manufactures to critically assess their strengths and weaknesses and thereafter identify…… [Read More]
Oprah Winfrey's Shortcomings as a Leader
As a person in a leadership role, Oprah Winfrey has been criticized in the media for advocating bad science (Jenny McCarthy's anti-vax crusade), pseudoscience (The Secret), materialism (the car give-away), and Dr. Phil. While her show is followed by millions of adoring fans, some critics question whether Oprah is well-suited for the role she inhabits. From philanthropic activities (such as the Oprah Winfrey Leadership Academy for Girls in South Africa) to her book club choices, almost every decision she makes is open for scrutiny. This paper will examine Oprah's activities, and explain how Oprah's shortcomings have given her a limited ability to be a good leader.
Oprah's most vocal (though not necessarily heard) critic may be a man named Gerard Jones, the award-winning author of the cautionary tale Ginny Good. After being rejected by virtually every publishing house in America -- not to mention…… [Read More]
iPad: Advertising and marketing Apple's 'next new thing' iPad: The advertising campaign strategy
What exactly is an iPad? One of the initial challenges of marketing this new device from Apple was explaining to consumers precisely what the iPad offered in terms of value and functionality. It was neither a laptop or a mobile phone, or strictly an e-reader. Apple called the device an iPod Touch on steroids: a touch-screen e-reader and Web tablet that was smaller than a laptop yet larger than a mobile phone. With a price tag of $499-$829, the product seemed clearly targeted at a high-end market, given that most of the features of the iPad were already offered by other, existing devices such as phones and computers. The uses for the product were not new and cutting edge, rather it was the integrated nature of the design that was unique, much like the iPhone. It was…… [Read More]
I chose McDonald's because it is a brand that is larger than simply a fast-food hamburger chain. McDonald's is the global leader in hamburger fast-food restaurants, serving almost 60 million customers per day. McDonalds' are operated as a franchise, an affiliate, or a corporate store. They have over 32,000 locations worldwide, were founded in 1940, and posted an approximate sales revenue over almost 25 billion in 2010. They are a quintessential American institution, a brand, and a symbol of economic forces that reach into global markets.
If we think about what it takes to serve 60 million customers daily, it is astounding. McDonald's needs beef, and sources it from a number of world-wide providers; fresh produce, condiments, paper products. In addition, from a marketing perspective, the global arches are seen as icons of American life from the 1950s on. One can get a McDonald's meal in almost every country…… [Read More]
Ethics: Sex in Advertising
Advertising in general has become absurd; in many cases, viewers aren't even sure what the commercial was trying to sell. With advertising companies running low on new ideas, and competition in the marketplace fiercer than ever, it's no wonder so many businesses will stoop to the use of sex to sell their products, whether those products have anything to do with sex or not. But there are more serious ethical issues at stake. First of all, some experts believe the ubiquitous images of sex in the media lead young people to view sex as glamorous and casual, rather than risky and worthy of serious consideration. Beautiful men and women engaging in sexual behaviors in print and television ads do not suffer consequences for their loose morals; there are no follow-up commercials showing the unwanted pregnancy, the abortion, the broken relationship, the "dumped" man or woman who…… [Read More]
vision of the police force in aspects of 'modernity' is that it is a replica of the nation-state enforcing a unitary body of law on a specific population; it is an objective institution expressing a universal truth and binding social deviants to follow that truth. Postmodernism, through consumerism, fragmentation of values, globalization, and fracturing of nation-state, is popularly seen as destructive to modernity's grasp on crime control and community safety (Gibbins, 1998; O'Malley, 2005). That, however, as this essay shows, is not so clear.
Foucault summed it up nicely when he referred to the prison system as an institution that foists an identify on a specific population (Hill & Tait, 2004), and by so doing fails in its objective of 'correcting' these individuals:
The prison, and no doubt, punishment in general, is not intended to eliminate offences, but rather to distinguish them, to distribute them, to use them; that it…… [Read More]
He is just as surreal as Palahniuk's Tyler Durden, and yet he is not freeing any hero from consumerist enslavement but -- on the other hand -- burying the reader behind a false and deluded masculine mythology -- namely, that a masculine hero is virile not because he "knows himself" and seeks virtue but because he knows how to drive fast cars, win at cards, be physically fit and agile, and out-step evil doers. Bond does not embody the traditional masculine role or even the Romantic hero that Palahniuk's hero represents, but rather the kind of self-centered, egomaniacal machismo fantasy that springs out of the head of Hemingway in the early 20th century, like Athena out of the head of Zeus. Bond is not truly antagonistic to homosexuality because he fails to secure for himself a feminine mate: even though he offers to marry Vesper, she is pursued by something…… [Read More]
They goal for globalization is to increase material wealth and the distribution of goods and services through a more international division of labor and then, in turn, a process in which regional cultures integrate through communication, transportation and trade. The overall theory is that if countries are tied together cooperatively economically, they will not have needed to become political enemies (Smith 2007). Notice the continuum here -- globalization, like modernization, is a process, but a process that insists movement from A to B. is not only desirable, but necessary to become part of the Global Club. While this is primarily an economic determinant, nothing exists in a vacuum. Therefore, economics drive technological, social, cultural, political, and even biological factors. And, with this exchange of paradigms, there is transnational circulation of ideas, languages, popular culture, and communication through acculturation. Typically, we see the movement of globalization moving into the developing world…… [Read More]
Today, the modern media are so thoroughly integrated into our lives that the ubiquitous and instantaneous availability of information means that the media now influence, rather than merely report the news. By the end of the first decade of the 21st century, the modern media have contributed to the outcome of national elections and they have been substantially responsible for the success of political coupes that toppled dictatorships and failed economic and political systems.
Carr, Caleb; Choi, Scott; DeAndrea, David; Van Der Heide, Brandon; Kim, Jinsuk;
Tong, Stephanie Tom; and Walther, Joseph B. (2008) Interaction of Interpersonal, Peer, and Media Influence Sources Online: A Research Agenda for Technology Convergence. Accessed 12 December 2011 from:
Chang, Susan; Newell, Jay; and Salmon, Charles T. "Product placement in entertainment media." International Journal of Advertising, Vol. 28, No. 5 (2009): 783-806.
Entwistle, Joanne and Rocamora, Agnes. "The Field of Fashion Materialized:…… [Read More]
For example, most (if not all) of the ancient Greek and Egyptian pottery that we find in museums was not considered art in its time of creation. They were made as practical pieces that were used for practical purposes. It was later when humans defined the word art that these relics were collected and renamed as art.
Another example of why art is hard to define and why it really depends on the time in history that makes a piece a work of art or not can be seen in the way in which many artists do not achieve success until after their deaths. It can be argued that true artists are often very in tune with what is going on in the culture and very aware of ways in which culture oppresses people or glorifies them. They are sensitive to what is going on in the world and perhaps…… [Read More]
And there were many cases like this.
As I said, this class was much more than just about writing. It was full of discoveries for me. The issues I learned about problems our planet is facing today were the things I had no idea about before taking this class. I knew about things like the importance of recycling, planting trees, and some vague ideas about the problem of global warming. But this class helped me learn about the deleterious effects of unchecked Capitalism -- and the modern industrialization, in general -- on the planet earth. I also learned about how systemic human effects on the nature has become as our actions that harm the environment are now a part of our culture. On an individual level, I began to reflect upon my daily activities in terms of eating, consuming, wasting, recycling, and raising awareness about these issues in my conversations…… [Read More]
nineteenth century and the early part of the twentieth century was a time of hardship for many Americans, and a time of extreme injustice for several groups, as well. African-Americans were strictly segregated and subjected to institutional racism by the state and local governments in the South and by cultural sentiments, and Native Americans continued to be pushed into ever-smaller reservations and subjected to a host of other injustices, as well. The former group was being ostracized from mainstream American society, while the latter group was forced to assimilate or to live in squalor, and leadership in both groups was split, as well. Meanwhile, expansion into areas of the continent that had been unsettled increased due to mining efforts and for other reasons, as well, though by the early twentieth century the frontier had largely been closed and the first phase of America's history, at least according to some observers,…… [Read More]
Interestingly, it seems that this feature remains relatively constant regardless of the level of the socioeconomic spectrum. That is fascinating to anybody who comes from a foreign community where Americans are envied and believed to be so much more fortunate than many of us in the rest of the world.
Finally, in that regard, I also anticipate that studying the ethical issues and legal concepts that apply to economic practices, including the intersection between the private business sectors and government. From my perspective, it seems that there are many potential areas of study just in the manner in which the consumerism mentality in the U.S. fueled the housing market bubble and the ways that big business interests profited from those impulses at the macro level while, in effect, destabilizing the entire national economy. Likewise, at the micro level, there is much to learn from the practices of individual lending institutions…… [Read More]
Salary and benefits
The salary earned depends to a large extent on the responsibility held by the individuals. In general, the more the responsibility, the higher the salary. In a survey conducted in 2008 by AHIMA, the average salary was $57,370. The salary for a IS/IT Director is $96,640, other director is $90,740, security officer is $83,000, consultant is $76,267, HIM Director is $73,376, compliance officer is $72,218, other officer is $66,491, privacy officer is $64,449, manager is $64,225, Data/systems analyst is $58,232, supervisor is $50,362, coding professional is $43,359, other technician roles is $43,042 and administrative support is $32,671 respectively. These salary levels are likely to increase as demand for HIS professionals increase in the next few years.
HIS professionals are employed by hospitals and clinics to maintain patient's records. They are also hired by research facilities and Government departments that are looking to gather information about patients…… [Read More]
This is being done by disseminating and using practice guidelines for various medical conditions and by profiling individual physicians' provision rates.
Demand side cost sharing is where patients must contribute more to their healthcare by paying more in copayments and deductibles. One recent advance in health care financing is the health savings account (HSA). These plans rely heavily on patient cost-sharing. An HSA basically provides health insurance along with a tax favored vehicle for savings. Consumers can use this money for qualified medical expenses during the current year or chose to save it for future medical expenses. They idea is that people will think twice before spending it, since spending it takes away from what they can save.
In my opinion supply side cost sharing is the best. There is so much waste and abuse that goes on in the health care industry that simply cleaning some of this up…… [Read More]
2.5. Limitations of the study
At the level of the limitations, these refer to the usage of secondary information, as opposed to the collection of primary data through the direct analysis of the Chinese market. This limitation is nevertheless addressed through the integration of multiple sources of valid and verifiable information, leading as such to the creation of solid, relevant and reliable findings.
The second limitation is one common to all research endeavors, namely the inability of the research project to answer all questions related to the topic under assessment. These topics could however constitute grounds for future research projects, supporting as such the academic development. These questions refer to the following:
1. What are the history, evolution and importance of inflation and unemployment?
2. What are the characteristics of the Phillips curve in other global regions, such as the United States or Japan?
3. The Phillips curve in China…… [Read More]
On the contrary, if I had been able to be a clergyman or an art dealer, then perhaps I should not have been fit for drawing and painting, and I should neither have resigned nor accepted my dismissal as such. I cannot stop drawing because I really have a draughtsman's fist, and I ask you, have I ever doubted or hesitated or wavered since the day I began to draw? (Van Gogh, Letter to Theo, April 1882).
That he was a talented artist was undeniable. Yet, art was no substitute for religion, and, further still, art was no direct avenue to sanctifying grace. Van Gogh's increasing sense of alienation and feeling of despair would continue unabated -- evidenced by he and his brother Theo's inability to live together for long; the inability of his dream of an artists' collective (the artistic equivalent of a kind of monastic community) to come…… [Read More]
Creating Opportunities for Sustainable Marketing
At first blush, many marketing professionals might believe that sustainable marketing simply means finding new approaches to keeping their jobs, and in many ways, this is certainly the case. In the not-too-distant past, marketing professionals were able to gain a competitive advantage by adding value along the supply chain or other innovation that provided them with the ability to produce more efficiently. Moreover, the lessons learned from these marketing exercises provided the basis for long-term marketing campaigns. By sharp contrast, marketers today are faced with an environment that is constantly changing and increasingly globalized. In this environment, achieving a competitive advantage has become increasingly challenging, but many companies are succeeding in sustainable marketing by segmenting their markets and targeting those that are most suitable for their products. To determine how organizations of all types and sizes that are interested in applying the tenets of sustainable…… [Read More]
Walden Two: Human Nature and Society
The bourgeoisie naturally conceives the world in which it is supreme to be the best.
People throughout history, since the beginning of time began, have been expressing dissatisfaction with the way the world is and trying to find ways to make it better. Along the way various fictional societies called "Utopias," after the book of the same name written by Thomas More in 1515 and 1516, were created in an image of perfectionism. These utopian communities, all somewhat different in many ways and often ultimately oppositional in form and function, nevertheless had one thing in common. Each one boasted proudly that it alone was worthy of the ultimate claim: a foundation of consummate judicial and moral principles with the ultimate result of effortless happiness and true freedom for all its people.
B.F. Skinner admits that when he wrote Walden Two in 1945…… [Read More]
Even if the consumer disagrees with the advertising, the sharpness of the image will remain in his or her mind -- no one can forget a Benetton ad.
The ability of both Diesel and Benetton to use such advertising is partly due to the fact that both companies have their own stores. So long as consumers are curious, they may stop in a store to look more closely at image that is created by the brand-based and obscure nature of the company's advertising. Benetton's approach runs the risk of alienating more conservative young consumers, or simply not conveying the fact that the image of African tribesman is in fact an ad for clothing, while Diesel's approach may run the risk of pretentiousness or obscurity. In both company's cases, the beauty of the ad may overwhelm what is being sold in a more practically minded consumer. But at the higher…… [Read More]
The unofficial curricula of schools in Japan subtly teach uniformity and conformity at a young age. They also are very regimented and take away the individual identities of the children. They also regulate the children heavily. All this prepares them for a regimented and authoritarian adult society.
The segment of Japanese culture most like the U.S. is the technology and consumerism in Japan. They are a very consumer-oriented society, and upwardly mobile, like the U.S., and very interested in mass media, like the U.S.
The segment of Japanese culture most different from the U.S. is the intense control society places on actions and deeds. There is much pressure on the Japanese to conform to every aspect of society, while in the U.S. non-conformity is at least appreciated, if not encouraged. They are also extremely class conscious, where the U.S. is not.
Sugimoto, Yoshio. An Introduction to Japanese Society. Cambridge,…… [Read More]
" He was a writer and one of those who struggled with the dichotomy of their upbringing during the WWII and the new upsurges in consumerism that filled the world at that time. Perec's book, a runaway best-seller in France, which, in 1965 was awarded the Prix Renaudot, Le Choses (Things) brought him into the limelight and he became a writer.
The young people of the day, introduced to a bit of wealth, were quickly caught up in earning and spending. Perec was one of the ambiguous ones who wanted to both be a dreamer and a consumer. His writings reflect this and in the book, Things: A Story of the Sixties & A Man Asleep, he writes a story of a young couple who get caught up in desiring consumer goods and Things in the story called Things: A Story of the Sixties (Perec, 2002).
Money, sometimes, consumed them…… [Read More]
The U.S., however, is the only industrial democracy, common law or otherwise, in which courts must throw out tainted evidence in criminal trials. The U.S. Supreme Court decisions establishing and expanding on this principle have collectively come to be known as the "exclusionary rule." Although the rule had its origins in arguments about the morality of obtaining a conviction while relying on improperly obtained evidence, its primary modern justification is that it deters illegal conduct by the state. However, an unexamined premise of this belief is that if illegally acquired evidence may be thrown out, decreasing the probability of conviction, then the police, prosecuting attorneys and other law-enforcement officials have an increased incentive to obey the rules.... improper conduct is assumed to be socially costly. Illegal searches, fabricated confessions, and other violations subject to the exclusionary rule are assumed to be worthy of deterrence in their own right. (Osborne 1999:381)…… [Read More]
The following is a chart of what the February 2006 crash looked like, according to Bloomberg.com.
Source: Bloomberg.com, 2007
According to Bloomberg, this downward crash had a dramatic effect on the U.S. market as well. When one views this chart, it is no wonder that speculators are divided about the reactions of Saudi Investors. This was a devastating crash for many and it will undoubtedly have a dramatic effect on their decisions in the future. The real question is whether this indicates a reason for caution in the future, or whether it represents a good time to get some good deals.
There are many factors that the Saudis cannot control, but that have a dramatic effect on their economy and well-being. They depend on consumer demand and are limited by the amount of money that the consumer is willing to pay for their products. They are particularly sensitive to shocks…… [Read More]
Various forms of media from the point-of-view of an increasingly mobile population have used local, national, and international media networks in very many different ways towards the development of music. 'Internet offers different schemes and services that provide user with an opportunity to gather info about latest music and sound tracks' (Sharma, S, Hutnyk, J., Sharma, a. (1997)). Different web links offer free music download, the user has the option to choose and select different songs, from different countries, of different singers.
Music has turn out to be money making industry, earlier it was only a source of entertainment, but now it is a source of livelihood for millions around the world. The globalization has been a source of international promotion of local popular artist musicians and vocalist. Many musicians from east and west conduct their live concert throughout the world; this has not only resulted in the world wide…… [Read More]
Describe and evaluate one of the artist's works: title, material, size, year completed, subject matter, content, style
Untitled (Your Gaze Hits the Side of My Face) is a photograph dated 1981-1983 depicts a classical, Grecian bust of a beautiful woman's symmetrical head in white against a black background. The jagged words of the confrontational, angry subtitle of the work exist in photographic fragments against the side of the bust. The image is traditional, but the words are potentially inflammatory, as if the statue is speaking back to the gazing viewer. The words seemingly attempt to drive the viewer away, although the gaze of the bust is gentle. The viewer cannot escape the words, even while the viewer gazes at the head of the woman.
Discussion of the meaning of the work: What is the artist trying to say?
Usually, a statue is silent, while the gazer observes and judges the…… [Read More]