Containment Policy Essays (Examples)

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Arthur Miller's Refusal to Testify

Words: 547 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 75569730

He was labeled for a belief that he did not openly admitted subsisting to; he was labeled based on the fact that he refused to testify against an ideology.

It is not surprising, then, that the primary message of "The Crucible" resonated his thoughts and feelings about the McCarthy administration's containment policy against Communism. The arguments he presented in the play showed how Miller viewed the government's offensive action against Communism not only futile, but reflection of how American society was slowly developing into: "...for good purposes, even high purposes, the people of Salem developed a theocracy, a combination of state and religious power whose function prevent any kind of disunity that might open it to destruction by...ideological enemies."

This passage aptly described the American society's condition under the paranoid and highly-offensive McCarthy administration. Like John Proctor in his play, Miller refused to say anything against an ideology that,…… [Read More]

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Equal Access to a Comprehensive

Words: 2462 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 66333312

A third approach in this area is the establishment of new co-pay programs which force patients to bear the costs of more procedures and treatments. This theory tends to shift part of the blame for over treatment back on the patient. Doctors claim that they order additional treatments because their patients insist on them. Forcing patients to share a greater portion of the costs of these additional treatments should arguably result in their being less demanding about receiving them.

Bureaucracy and overhead created in the delivery of health care and the administration of insurance benefits has also contributed to the substantial increase in health costs (Woodhandler 2003). The health insurance industry has campaigned to reduce health care costs but, in the process, has created a bureaucratic system that has effectively contributed to the problem. Additionally, compliance with governmental regulations has contributed to the bureaucratic difficulties as well. Practicing physicians and…… [Read More]

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Managed Health Care and Evaluates

Words: 1605 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 6549719


The bulk of quality improvement measures are working for managed care by providing insight as to what can be done to improve care therefore reduce mortality rates, and maintain a high level of customer satisfaction which in turn helps to build the managed care health business.

Population Health Focus

Population health refers to the physical, social, cultural, and economic environment in which we work and live (Radzyminski, 2006)."

This has become a focus of many managed health care organizations as they work to reduce the risks to their local consumers by way of stress, environmental factors and other elements that have a direct impact on the consumer health concerns.

The goal of population health is to maximize the health of any given population. In doing so it contains elements of program development, development/evaluation of health care policy, and program and systems evaluation. It uses an approach that concentrates on…… [Read More]

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Urban Sprawl and How States Are Dealing With the Issue

Words: 5621 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 59571043

Land Use Planning Policies and Urban Sprawl


Land planning for distribution has progressed manifolds in the past century. Increase in the number of communities in the country raises the demand for urban development. Developments are often referred as revolutionary plans meant for better living. However, by the end of the 20th century perception of better living means away from the mainstream urbanism. Communities shifted to new areas with open space, tranquility and yet with almost the same kind of amenities as those in the urban areas [Williams, 2000].

Urban spread has become a major concern for various reasons. According to some urban sprawl should be controlled through extensive planning campaigns. Proponents of this group argue that the open spaces for farmland, once considered an off-limits arena for the urban commuters, today with the help of developers has slowly encroached on farm designated land. Opponents to sprawl are quick to…… [Read More]

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Truman Doctrine An Overview Dr Tinsley the

Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 5759430

Truman Doctrine: An Overview

Dr. Tinsley

The Truman Doctrine was the first, formal statement by a U.S. president that America would intervene in the affairs of the world in a formal and consistent manner. It was the death knell of American isolationism and was an open acknowledgement of America's position as a world power willing to take aggressive action in international affairs. Truman unambiguously characterized the Soviet Union as evil, casting America's commitment to aid the Greek government against communist insurgents in a moral light (Coffey, 1984, p. 233).

In a speech to a joint session of Congress in 1947 in which he outlined the doctrine, Truman stated: "One of the primary objectives of the foreign policy of the United States is the creation of conditions in which we and other nations will be able to work out a way of life free from coercion. This was a fundamental issue…… [Read More]

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How the Truman Doctrine Shaped the Second Half of the 20th Century

Words: 697 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55458561

Truman Doctrine

Just 2 years after the end of World War II, President Harry S. Truman delivered a speech to the U.S. Congress concerning the need to contain the spread of Soviet Union-sponsored communism which, with various refinements, would become the cornerstone of American foreign policy for the next 4 decades (Trainor, 1998). To determine its overarching impact, this paper reviews the relevant literature in order to provide an identification of the author of the Truman Doctrine, why it is important in relation to the larger themes of the Cold War era. Finally, a summary of the research and important findings concerning the Truman Doctrine are presented in the conclusion.

In a speech entitled, "Special Message to the Congress on Greece and Turkey" delivered on March 12, 1947 to a joint session of Congress, President Harry S. Truman proclaimed that the foreign policy of the United States would be focused…… [Read More]

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Home and Community-Based Care Today

Words: 4884 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 5260119

Registered nurses are both qualified, educated, and certified to provide a high quality of various care services that an individual may need in a home setting or elsewhere. Hence, providing these practitioners with the power to certify and provide home care is a solution to an overwhelming problem that has plagued the health care environment in recent years. Nursing practitioners, as a result of the nature of their work, are closely connected to the needs of individual patients. This means that they, more than many other health care providers and institutions, are able to assess the needs of individuals, their households, and the level of care they require. This places them in a position to accurately determine the need and/or of such individuals to obtain long-term home care and when such home care becomes unviable. As such, registered nurses who serve individuals in the home setting are able to maintain…… [Read More]

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Medicare Diabetes Prevention Act of

Words: 1429 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 26075126

The CDC has provided almost $7 million in funding to establish DPPs for research purposes, which means the number of pre-diabetes individuals helped by these programs will be very limited (CDC, 2012). While these programs will probably provide free or nearly-free diabetes preventive services to a large number of individuals, most underserved patients will not benefit from these programs.

S. 452 is worded in such a way that establishing DPPs under Medicaid will be optional for states (Sebelius, 2010). As of 2010, 43 states covered the expense of screening Medicaid patients for diabetes, but only 13 states provided reimbursement for obesity preventive services. This suggests that states are willing to pay for screening, but not preventive services like lifestyle interventions; however, if only a few states implement DPPs for Medicaid recipients, this will provide a proof-of-principle experiment in a real-world setting and establish the overall healthcare savings such programs can…… [Read More]

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Current Events and U S Diplomacy Defining the

Words: 1283 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17586120

Current Events and U.S. Diplomacy

Defining the U.S. President Doctrine

presidential doctrines refer to the stances, goals, policies, and attitudes that are acted by the country's foreign affairs. Moreover, the President of the U.S. outlines them. They are often referred to as "doctrines" since they elicit the country's sovereignty and stance in various policies, internal and external. Most American doctrines have touched on cold war and other foreign matters. The presidents who have led the country have often been swayed to handle their foreign matters and issues with statements of the doctrines. For instance, there are various doctrines, which have been outlined by the U.S. presidents. Some of them are Monroe doctrine by President James Monroe, Truman doctrine by President Harry Truman, and many others. All the doctrines are characterized by foreign policies (Nuechterlein, 2001).

The Reagan Doctrine

The Reagan doctrine is one of the doctrines of the United States.…… [Read More]

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Healthcare Propsal Are Immigrants Left

Words: 2880 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 45935050

Unless the physicians can succinctly argue their case for care and services, the managed care entity will, for reasons of medical necessity, deny access to care and services.

What Cost-Added Ratio Based on Illegal Immigrant Population?

The argument by opponents that loopholes exist that would allow illegal immigrants to access Obama's proposed legislation on healthcare services is rendered moot in lieu of the fact that those illegal immigrants are currently receiving healthcare services Medicaid and through Immigration and Naturalization Services (INS). The Federal Reimbursement of Emergency Health Services Furnished to Undocumented Aliens states:

"Section 1011 of the (Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act (MMA) (P.L. 108-173)) MMA appropriated $250 million dollars in FY 2005 through 2008 for payments to eligible providers for emergency health services provided to undocumented aliens and other non-specified citizens who are not eligible for Medicaid (Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, 2009, found online, p.…… [Read More]

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Healthcare Reform Review of Literature

Words: 6070 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Literature Review Paper #: 45810582

(Menzel, 1990, p. 3) Fisher, Berwick, & Davis alude to the idea of integration in health care, with providers linking as well as creating networks of electronic medical records and other cost improvement tactics.

The United States and other nations over the last twenty or so years, have begun a sweeping change in health care delivery, regarding the manner in which health information is input, stored and accessed. Computer use in the medical industry has greatly increased over the last thirty years the culmination of this is fully networked electronic medical record keeping. (Berner, Detmer, & Simborg, 2005, p. 3) the electronic medical record trend began in the largest institutions first, as hospitals and large care organizations attempted to reduce waste and improve patient care, while the adoption has been much slower among physician's practices and smaller medical institutions. (Hillestad, et al., 2005, pp. 1103-1104) Prior to this time medical…… [Read More]

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Seeds of the Cold War

Words: 1368 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 70341826

Strangely, America's role as policeman in Europe actually led to its becoming involved in military conflicts in Southeast Asia. Although the U.S. did not fight the Soviet Union directly in Korea or Vietnam, both conflicts were due to the U.S.'s policy of defeating the spread of Communism no matter where it might occur. Fears of escalation during both the Korean and Vietnam conflicts caused the U.S. To adopt a military strategy that favored limited warfare (Brodie).

The Cold War had a tremendous impact on the growth of the United States as an industrial and world military power. America's presence throughout the world militarily and the dependence of Western Europe and Japan on the American economy for the sustenance of their own economies caused America's political and economic influence to expanded substantially. Beginning with the Berlin airlift (Reeves) where the United States provided food and other vital items to West Berliners…… [Read More]

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Duty to Rescue' in U S

Words: 1592 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 57595608

Here, criminal law is of course preemptive in all jurisdictions, yet enforcement is restricted to agencies dedicated to law enforcement investigation and apprehension of individuals.

In spite of billions of dollars spent on homeland security, in the aftermath of Katrina pediatric-specific preparations continue to lag behind. Lack of disaster readiness for hospitalized children and for those undergoing reunification process sheds light on the disjuncture of public administration duty to rescue of minors; regardless of state intervention as 'duty' in all other areas of their lives (i.e. foster care). Children's advocates argue that,

"federal and state policy makers should dedicate research funding for the development of redundant strategies for implementation in states to assure timely reunification of infants, toddlers, and children and with their correct parents and caregivers" (Dolan and Krug, 64).

Articulation of those terms and the implications of not doing so are inflected in a broader discussion that is…… [Read More]

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Capital Purchase Costing 5 000 Company Benefit

Words: 2954 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25264020

capital purchase, costing $5,000, company benefit . Examples include a X-ray machine, MRI processor, software filing patient records, a research library, large item company . o Identify management goals expenditure support

Capital purchase

The health care field is becoming presented with more and more pressures in today's society. There are numerous changes in the social and economic environments, which become combined to generate new pressures for the health care providers. The life expectancy of the population increases, generating increased needs for medical care for several years. Then, the Baby Boomers are retiring, causing a demanding generation, used to financial resources and access to services, to turn to the medical care sector for more services. The policies regulating the field also change as do the demands and expectations of patients.

In such a context, the health care institutions find themselves in a position in which they have to be better managed…… [Read More]

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Bush Doctrine From the Early

Words: 3461 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 36702823

Quoted in "Strengthen Alliances..." Chapter III of "NSS" paper)

Not long after the unveiling of the Bush doctrine vide the NSS, the United States demonstrated its practical application by taking unilateral military action against Iraq despite opposition from most of its key allies and not having a specific UN Resolution to do so.

US Hegemony: Another key feature of the Bush doctrine that appeared in the NSS was that the United States was determined to maintain its military pre-eminence and worldwde military supremacy. It is explicitly state in the NSS policy document: "our forces will be strong enough to dissuade potential adversaries from pursuing a military build-up in hopes of surpassing, or equaling, the power of the United States." The intent to dissuade others from surpassing its military strength indicates a desire for U.S. hegemony. ("Transform America's National Security..." Chapter IX of "The NSS paper")

Actively Promoting Democracy, and Liberty…… [Read More]

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Cold War the Heightened Tension

Words: 1786 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 34908440

S. administration after Truman's adopted Kennan's policy of 'containment' or its variation as a cornerstone of their foreign policy right until the eventual collapse of Communism in 1989. ("Kennan and Containment" n.d.)


Bell, P.M.H. (2001). The World since 1945 -- an International History. New York: Oxford University Press

George F. Kennan on the Web" (2005). History Politics and Future. Retrieved on May 28, 2005 at

Historian Walter Lefeber on Truman's Soviet Policy." (2000). PBS Online. Retrieved on May 28, 2005 at

Kennan and Containment." (n.d.) Bureau of Public Affairs: U.S. Department of State. Retrieved on May 28, 2005 at

Legvold, R. (2005). "Cold War." Article in Encyclopedia Encarta Online. Retrieved on May 28, 2005 at

While the U.S. represented democracy, individual liberty and capitalism, the U.S.S.R. was committed to the spread of the communist revolution among the 'down-trodden' masses of the world

The USSR had…… [Read More]

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Healthcare Industry Has Like'so Many Other

Words: 566 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 2579916

healthcare industry has, like so many other industries, undergone significant changes in recent years. Like many other industries, some of these changes have been propelled by technological developments and innovations, improvements over existing technology or tools that nonetheless bring with them additional, potentially unforeseen, challenges. Yet the healthcare industry has faced an additional challenge in the form of public policy and changing expectations. Cost containment has become a hot topic within the healthcare field, from insurance to providers to hospitals and pharmacies. A variety of measure of have been undertaken in pursuit of such cost containment, including mergers and acquisitions, as well as an ever deepening involvement in the political process, activity that often lacks transparency and accountability. It is the emphasis on the pursuit of cost containment that is shared amongst the below articles.

"Health Reform Memo- June 11, 2012." Wall Street Journal. 11 June 2012. Web.

Articulates…… [Read More]

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U S Foreign Affairs Since 1898

Words: 1847 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 81460756

S. officials and other entities were very well informed), but rather on indecisiveness and incapacity to react with direct, concrete means in these situations.

5. The major issues of American foreign policy during the 1950s were generally circumscribed to the Cold War between the U.S. And the Soviet Union and the relations between these two countries, ranging form mutual containment to escalation (towards the end of the decade).

The first issue emerging from this policy was the Korean War. The Korean War, characterized by the initial invasion of South Korea by North Korean troops and the subsequent implication of American and Chinese troops, was a direct consequence of the post-WWII conditions when each superpower attempted to promote and spread its own military and ideological system.

With the American army first pushed back all the way to Pusan and then following General Macarthur's landing at Inchon behind enemy troops and the…… [Read More]

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Iran a Path Towards Rapprochement

Words: 8003 Length: 19 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 81647959

Iran: A Path towards Rapprochement

The problem that the United States is facing with Iran is related to the problem that it had with Iraq and has in part with Afghanistan. One of the problems is the judgment of the administration that Iran is not doing enough to round up the supporters of Al Qaeda who exist within Iran, as was one of the complaints against Iraq. Some of these Al Qaeda supporters within Iran are believed by the United States to have caused the terrorist activities within Saudi Arabia. The other claim by the United States is that Iran is a Shiite Muslim country and they are the main source of support to the Shiite Muslims within Iraq opposing the United States. It has to be recognized here that even Iraq has a majority of Shiite Muslims, but they had been dominated by the Sunnis for quite some time…… [Read More]

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Social Control Theory Carr L J

Words: 912 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53882730

The primary insulator against delinquency is therefore seen as the youth's self-concept itself, while external containment factors serves as reinforcement. On the other hand, excessively negative external factors could also lead to delinquency, despite a positive self-concept in the individual.

Toby, J. (1957). Social Disorganization and stake in Conformity

Toby makes the concept of self and its influence on the likelihood of delinquency even more specific by focusing on the likelihood of the youth to be recruited successfully by gangs. According to Toby, a young person's conventional social connections and commitments is the main element in this likelihood. A lack of such connections, for example, means that the young person does not have much to lose when affiliating with gangs and becoming delinquent. On the other hand, young persons who are connected with conventional social institutions and commitments are less likely to become delinquent gang members. This is what the…… [Read More]

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Default Dispute Termination of Contract Default and

Words: 1716 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36362944

Default Dispute Termination of Contract

Default and Dispute (contract law)

In government contracting, the government through a contracting officer who is the government agent enters into a legally binding agreement with a contractor. This contractor is a seller who is to deliver services and the government as the buyer pays for these services as agreed upon in the contract. However, situations arise where the agreements may be terminated in order to settle disputes that arise between the contracting agents and the contractor. Normally, the government may terminate the contract for default of the contractor or by convenience (Kathuria, 2009). Federal Acquisition Regulations define termination for convenience as the exercise of the government's right to terminate a contract when it is in the government's interest

Termination for default

The government has a right to terminate a contract on a situation where the contractor does not meet the set contractual obligations (Rumbaugh,…… [Read More]

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Achievements of the Military V

Words: 1540 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 68696575

The U.S. foreign policy of the period between 1930 and 1956 validated the efficacy of diplomacy over war, just as it does today.

Works Cited

Cumings, Bruce. "Korean War." Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia, 2007. February 28, 2007.

Kennan and Containment." U.S. Department of State. N.d. February 28, 2007.

Thomas, Helen. "Pearl Harbor: It might have been avoided." Oakland Tribune. December 7, 2003. Feberuary 28, 2007.

World War II: Combatants and Casualties (1937-45)." Joseph V. O'Brien John J. College of Criminal Justice. N.d. February 28, 2007.

To jaw, jaw is always better than to war, war," is a famous quotation of Winston Churchill, the war-time British PM. Coming as it did from someone who knew all there is to know about making war and peace and a politician who can hardly accused of being a supporter of "appeasement" -- the quote carries immense weight

Revisionist' historians such…… [Read More]

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Social Cultural and Political Influence in Healthcare Delivery

Words: 4282 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 16620351

Social, Cultural, And Political Influence in Healthcare Delivery

Social, cultural, and political inequalities are detrimental to the health and healthcare system of the U.S. This is because the U.S. is one of the most multicultural, overpopulated, diverse and undergoing rapid economic growth. The federal government has embarked on efforts geared at addressing unsustainable costs of health care in the U.S. With the leadership of the current president, Barrack Obama, initiatives of containing health care costs will evaluate and explore strategies to contain the growing costs of health care based on a system-wide while enhancing the value and quality of health care (Ubokudom, 2012). The apparent system of health care is rife with opportunities of minimizing waste, delivering coordinated, effective care, and improving well-being and health of all Americans. The government in collaboration with care providers must prioritize cost effective containment strategies with the greatest possibility for political success and non-partisan…… [Read More]

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Organization of the U S Healthcare System

Words: 540 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 31751846

Predict the economic impact (e.g., costs, benefits, efficiency, cost containment) on healthcare delivery at the local, state, national, or international level if the legislative bill were enacted.

This paper examines the economic impact upon the nation if the bill, the Palliative Care and Hospice Education and Training Act, were passed. Fundamentally, the economic impact of the bill would ultimately be a positive one. The bill proposes the necessity for better training and support for the clinicians who will ultimately work in palliative care. The bill represents a long-term investment: more expenditure to better train and educate these professional healthcare personnel, but with the understanding that definitive savings will be substantial. First of all, there's almost always a substantial amount of fiscal savings when the quality of care is improved; this has been demonstrated in a range of studies and is something which is experienced at the local and national level.…… [Read More]

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Radiation Protection Radiation Safety Manual

Words: 2384 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 38285415

It is carried out under the auspices of the Ministry of Health, acting through the Russian Federation Department of Sanitary and Epidemiological Surveillance (DSES). DSES is responsible for a wide range of areas of public health, including radiation protection." (Vincent, 1998)

Quality Assurance

Quality Assurance is statistically determined and tracked within each department when a radiation emitting device is in use. The Performance Improvement Team has overriding authority in this area as the specialty of that department is to ensure that all departments are removing excess waste within their process operations such that operations are statistically consistent with efficiency and effectiveness. The QA team has the acceptable and unacceptable radiation levels and will monitor the hospital to ensure there is not a breach of these levels.

The compliance department will also be in contact with the QA department to facilitate compliance reporting based on national and state standards and the…… [Read More]

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Organizational Change Proposal at Its

Words: 3419 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 35679904

In this regard, the conflict in question is a small occurrence in a company with hundreds of employees. However, leaving it unmitigated could result in severe future conflicts and related failures. Because employees are encouraged to contribute to corporate governance in an egalitarian way, the unmitigated conflict could lead to major future problems that could relate to significant financial or reputation losses for the company. Simplification can result in a global ethical principal that all the company's employees should contribute to and adhere to.

The third principle of anticipation is Sensitivity to Operations. This means that all employees are aware of the systems responsible for the smooth functioning of the company. For the conflict involved, this is probably the most important principle. If both employees in question are aware of the system underlying the operations of MTO and how to effectively promote these operations, the conflict would be much easier…… [Read More]

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Truman Doctrine

Words: 1284 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 21079500

consequences of the Truman Doctrine and how it affected other areas of American history. President Harry S. Truman unveiled the Truman Doctrine on March 12, 1947, after the end of World War II, in a speech he gave to Congress. It was a doctrine dedicated to supporting democracy and fighting communism around the world, because Truman felt America had an obligation to others as a leader of the free world. He also believed communism was a real threat and he wanted to make sure that it did not spread outside Europe. The Truman Doctrine had completely good intentions, but experts believe it helped lead to the Cold War and draw up a wall between the United States and the Soviet Union that lasted for decades.

In the short-term, many positive aspects of the Truman Doctrine began to be felt. The Marshall Plan, which operated from 1948 through 1952, was an…… [Read More]

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Budget Problem Health Care Is

Words: 1819 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 92902059

S. debt.


Health care is a large part of the federal budget and it is increasing in importance. The rate of growth in health care outlays is greater than the rate of growth in the budget itself. The poses a problem, because the federal budget deficit is increasing in size. Debt service is going to be the most rapidly growing component of the federal budget over the next several years, highlighting the need to control costs in all aspects of the budget. The challenge, however, is that both demographic trends and health care cost inflation trends signal a dramatic increase in health care costs in the coming couple of decades. Health care reform is expected to help with cost containment, primarily through shifting some eligibility requirements, but greater solutions are required. Privatizing health care would take if off the government's books, but would have significant negative externalities with respect…… [Read More]

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Reducing Health Care Costs

Words: 833 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21646179

Technology and Cost Containment:

The ongoing increase in the costs of health care has become one of the major impediments towards increasing the accessibility and affordability of care services and enhancing patient outcomes.

Policymakers and various stakeholders in the health care industry have taken various measures to help lessen the costs of these services. One of the major initiatives undertaken by these stakeholders is the adoption of technology to address health care issues related to cost. Health information technology incorporates a wide range of technologies that are used to manage and share patient information electronically instead of the use of paper records (Takvorian, n.d.). Health information technology has been adopted because of its potential to enhance patient safety, improve the quality and efficiency of health care, and assist in restraining the rising costs.

Even though technology is considered as a major measure for lessening the escalating costs of health care,…… [Read More]

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Economics of Production and Resource Management

Words: 1932 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 96896724

Agricultural Assessment

Economics of Production and Resource Management: Assessment of the Environmental Impact Associated with Human Waste Fertilizer in Agricultural Production

The objective of this study is to conduct an assessment of the environmental impact associated with human waste fertilizer in agricultural production. National Geographic News reporter Tasha Eichenseher reported that 200 million farmers in developing countries are making use of raw sewage due to water shortages and rising costs of fertilizer to irrigate and fertilize approximately 49 million acres of cropland. It is reported by Eichenseher (2008) that this practice "carries serious health risks for many" however, it is reported that the dangers of the use of human waste fertilizer are "eclipsed by the social and economic gains for poor urban farmers and consumers who need affordable food." (Eichenseher, 2008)

The 200 million farmers reported to be using this type of fertilizer are those in sub-Saharan Africa and Latin…… [Read More]

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Media Censorship

Words: 2303 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 30625025

Media Censorship

The maneuver of public opinion in America holds the absolute influence in the present world. Their strength is not isolated and uncongenial; it touches each household in America and executes its spirit approximately all through the day. It is the strength that influences and shapes the psyche of nearly all sections of the population, youthful or elderly, wealthy or deprived, naive or urbane. The mass media shapes our picture of the universe and subsequently guides us regarding the idea of that picture. Basically, the matters in which we have knowledge or believe we possess knowledge regarding happening beyond the realm of our locality or sphere of friends reaches us through the medium of our newspaper delivered daily, our newsmagazine published weekly, through our radio, or our television. (Who Rules America? The Alien Grip on Our News and Entertainment Media Must Be Broken)

The judgment influencing methods of the…… [Read More]

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China's Rise to Power Will

Words: 640 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 610680

In each of these cases, the impact of the countries' relative geographic proximity should not be underestimated. Countries like Britain and France, or Holland and England, had significant land to gain from the other and this was a main reason for their conflicts.

The only instance in which a rising power usurped the existing power without war resulting was when the United States overthrew Britain; this example is more analogous to the dynamic between the United States and China since there is less geographical proximity. However, it should also be noted that the United States is significantly more powerful than Britain was and so they should not feel as threatened. However, it would be most useful for the United States to work cooperatively and attempt to contain China's rise through engagement. An attempt to contain China would be ill-advised as it would vastly underestimate the influence that China possesses within…… [Read More]

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Rise of China Case Study

Words: 2059 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 30150474

rise of China in terms of its economy and military capability and in relation to the United States of America's national interest. Thou many have viewed this to be a threat to the U.S., but it isn't so, particularly to its' national interest with respect to China.

Despite of the fact that currently the relationship that exists between the U.S. And China is not as good as compared to the one that exited with the Bush administration, both countries have to work jointly in matters where they both have common interest. The research recommends that the U.S. foreign policy towards China be one that's aimed at seeking cooperation between both countries which will at the end be able to secure U.S. national interest with respect to China (Walt, 1998, p 41).

U.S. national interest in China

Referring to reports published by the Commission on America's National Interests; the reports indicate…… [Read More]

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Historiography of the Causes of the Cold War

Words: 3419 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 68955478

Historiography of the Cold War

Why and how the Cold War ended became the question of the day after the Berlin Wall came down in 1989. To people whose lives had long been circumscribed, if not terrified, by Cold War-related events, the remarkable disintegration of the Soviet Union, the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe, and the reunification of Germany signified the end of one era and the beginning of another. Any explanations for the demise of the Cold War depended, of course, upon answers to another fundamental question: Why and how did the Cold War begin?

The fact that for fifty years histories of the Cold War were written from within that war, it has been argued, made perspective hard to achieve. In the post-Cold-War era, it has been possible for the first time to 'step outside' the object of study itself and view the half-century of confrontation between…… [Read More]

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Disability and Society in Scotland UK

Words: 3225 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53724801

Disability and Society in Scotland, UK

Analysis of theoretical Perspectives on Disability in Scotland

Corbett (1991) is of the opinion that the idea of 'normality' that is present in the British culture has a contradiction. He says that it generally creates a fear of being different, while at the same time laying great stress on retaining ones individuality. To achieve this individuality people try to stand out in different areas of life which are valued by other people in the society, which may include sports. As a result they do not ponder over doing something that is very different, something that would not be accepted by the society. So according to Corbett this approach results in doing what has already been done and prevents experimentation on new things. Public responds to this difference through amelioration, punitive treatment or rehabilitation. This basically implies that a society where a sport is looked…… [Read More]

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Paul Wolfowitz Considered by Many

Words: 2317 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 4377177

First of all, the U.S. should "actively deter nations from "aspiring to a larger regional or global role." Second of all, preemptive force should be used to prevent countries from developing weapons of mass destruction and, third of all, the United States should "act alone if necessary." Clearly, all of these correlated ideas have been implementing in Iraq. Further more, all of ideas would be laid out in the founding statement of principles for the Project of the New American Century.

Evaluating what exactly the neoconservatives that have are now in the highest positions of the U.S. administration is a difficult and dangers job. Consternating the need for an objective evaluation, it is best to present all points-of-view. The least radical of these seems to be the one referring to its goal to promote the United States towards global leadership.

On the other hand, less moderate approaches see the Project…… [Read More]

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Shifts That Have Taken Place

Words: 1531 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 32836674

The reforms he underwent in communist Russia slowly offered the American Administration the hope that communication and cooperation would be possible and that an end to the communist regime was in sight. Thus, perestroika and glasnost became the tools with which the Russian leader also earned Reagan's trust. (Hyland, 1990) the Reykjavik summit, although ended with no important outcome, represented the first proof of the reevaluation of the relation between the two superpowers. It all culminated however, in the Malta summit, when the two leaders Bush and Gorbachev declared the Cold War over.

Overall, it can be said that the Vietnam War was indeed an important moment in history because it offered the conditions for the U.S. To realize the change in the international political environment and the need for diplomatic cooperation more than military confrontation. From this point on, subsequent administrations worked, more or less, to reaching a peaceful…… [Read More]

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Iranian Nuclear Proliferation

Words: 1115 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 86933926

Iran's nuclear program began during the era of the Shah, and blossomed into a plan that included the building of 20 nuclear reactors. During the Iran-Iraq conflict, two of these unfinished reactors were bombed in Bushehr, while through the 1979 revolution, the Iranian nuclear program has gone through stops and starts, its current guidelines seem to include the building of 15 power reactors and 2 research facilities. Since 1992, Iran has compiled with IAEA and allowed routine inspections of its facilities and progress.

According to an IAEA report, "the Director General was informed by Iran of its uranium enrichment programme, which was described as including two new facilities located at Natanz, namely a pilot fuel enrichment plant (PFEP) nearing completion of construction, and a large commercial-scale fuel enrichment plant (FEP) also under construction" (June, 2003). This was the first time the Director had seen these plants. It has been argued…… [Read More]

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Breaking the Definition of Business Ethics Into

Words: 1896 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 38929488

Breaking the definition of business ethics into individual ethics and organizational ethics helps provide an optimal definition. As an individual one must be able to look at him and be comfortable with their conscience. Further an individual must have self-esteem and self-confidence to do take the right action. Remaining patient allows a person to look at the long-term results of his actions and avoid being too focused on the short-term consequences. Ethical rules have no value if they are not practiced consistently. Taking time to reflect before acting also allows one to consider appropriate behavior.

From an organizational level the same principles should apply. The organization must develop do's and don'ts initiated by the managers at the highest levels. Employees need to feel positive as individuals and feel positive about the organization. Each worker must continue to hold to his values and realize that consistent long-term application of values leads…… [Read More]

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Home Care Company ABC Home Care Agency

Words: 3220 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94605588

Home Care Company

ABC Home Care Agency Capital Purchase

Software Acquisition and its Benefits

Capital Purchase of Software

Customer Satisfaction


Quality assurance

Employee development

Revenue improvement

Economic environment of the organization

Patient care

Medical and allied health education

Community service

Cost containment

Leadership role

Clinical research

The business requires alignment with the mission and objectives in order to attain a higher growth rate. The changing business environment and technological advancements enable the organizations to reduce cost of operations and provide quality services to their clients. The below sections are dedicated to establish a requirement for software acquisition in ABC home healthcare agency. The software is capable to provide advanced features for patient record management. The business can achieve its objectives through utilizing the capabilities of software. Improved service quality, customer satisfaction, and employee development can facilitate overall performance of the organization.


The ABC Home Care Agency is a…… [Read More]

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BP's Macondo Blow-Out Gulf Mexico the Objective

Words: 2075 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 1699515

BP's Macondo Blow-Out: Gulf Mexico

The objective of this study is to describe the background setting, water depth. Type of rig, depth of reservoir and unusual characteristics of the BP Operation in the Gulf of Mexico.

On April 22, it is reported that an explosion "ripped the Deepwater Horizon drilling rig in Macondo Exploration Well/Canyon 252 Block 41 miles off the Louisiana coast. A fire raged for about 36 hours before a second blast sank the rig. The well's blowout preventer failed to activate, resulting in the largest oil leak in history." (Gulf, Oil, and Gas, 2011) The Macondo Exploration Well/Canyon 252 Block is located in the U.S. sector of the Gulf of Mexico, approximately 41 miles off the coast of Louisiana. The depth is approximately 5,000 feet and the well drilling depth is 18,000 feet (5,500 m) below the sea level. Reports state that the plans were that the…… [Read More]

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American History War and Peace

Words: 876 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 71210415

As was the nature of the Cold War, the United States responded by quashing new governments that were likely to lead to communism, even where this constituted an undemocratic or even brutal instituted government (Kort 80).

Democratically elected officials from Brazil, Guyana, and Uruguay were overthrown by internal revolutionaries who were funded and trained by American forces (Parenti 44). These and other leaders and governments in Latin America were targeted by American forced as having communist leanings. Foreign policy followed, with more than two decades of the Cold War focusing not only on the major publicized events of Korea and the Soviet Union, but on many small, third world countries. These small nations were poised to become players in the larger Cold War struggle depending on where their allegiance and governments ended up after declaring their independence. With the Soviet Union attempting to exert force and pressure on the United…… [Read More]

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Cold War How it Came

Words: 1779 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 4475833

His early thesis is that the U.S. was engaged in interventions long before the Cold War "broke out" - and those interventions (including those borne of Manifest Destiny) were based not so much on greed or empire building but on the ideology that all nations should be allowed to enjoy individual liberty, economics based on an open and free market, and social progress. And after WWII, the interventions by both superpowers "were not [necessarily based on] exploitation or subjection, but control and improvement" (Westad, p. 5).

There are flaws in the book, albeit Westad has written a book that is far more expansive and inclusive than the other two, so he should be given respect - more than just the benefit of the doubt. In fact, Westad's book contains ten maps, ten good photographs and five poster reproductions of propaganda materials used during the Cold War. One of the few…… [Read More]

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Affordable Care Act Working Which Was Written

Words: 911 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 71220611

Affordable Care Act working?," which was written by Margot Sanger-Katz and was published in the New York Times. The article takes a look at whether the Affordable Care Act, which came into effect a year ago, has had the desired impacts. The author breaks down the objectives of the act into different categories: number of uninsured, insurance affordability, health outcomes, online exchanges, the state of the healthcare industry, expansion of Medicare and the overall level of health spending in America.

The article is discussing the Affordable Care Act. Most of the provisions of the Act have now come into place, so the article takes a look at the statistics in an attempt to gauge whether or not the Act has had the desired outcomes, or if it is making progress. The Affordable Care Act is a comprehensive package of policies that affect most aspects of the health care system, especially…… [Read More]

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President Truman and the Korean War

Words: 2711 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 55490050

Korean War is often called the quiet or forgotten war. Sandwiched in between the popular war, World War II, and an unpopular war, The Vietnam War, The Korean conflict was not the measure of hardware and military might which occurred in WWII.

The Korean War was also not the political boondoggle which arose during the Vietnam era. The Korean conflict tested the wills and strategies of the world's global super powers, and how they would respond to include the newly formed United Nations in their actions. As such, the Korean Conflict tested the character of the nations involved, rather than the military might, or will to win. As such, President Truman was at the center of the crucible, and responded to the crisis with political acumen.

Following the use of atomic weapons on Japan to end WWII, Russia had developed atomic weapons also. Thus as the world entered the military…… [Read More]

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Eisenhower Presidential Years

Words: 809 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 3954243

Eisenhower Presidential Years

Dwight David Eisenhower was considered a popular President throughout his two terms in office, and his moderate Republican policies secured him numerous victories in the Democratic majority Congress (Dwight pp). He strengthened established programs, such as Social Security, and launched new ones, such as the Interstate Highway System, which was the single largest public works program in the nation's history (Dwight pp).

During this Cold War era, Eisenhower often relied on covert action in an effort to avoid taking public responsibility for controversial interventions (Dwight pp). He believed that the Central Intelligence Agency, CIA, was a particularly effective tool to counter Communist expansion and assist friendly governments (Dwight pp). Although he authorized the CIA's use of unsavory tactics, such as assassination and bribes, he maintained denial and carefully concealed all evidence of U.S. involvement (Dwight pp).

Within six months of taking office, Eisenhower agreed to an armistice…… [Read More]

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U S China Trading Relations the

Words: 3988 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 64670750

Fueled by massive inflows of foreign direct investment, rising exports, and one of the highest personal savings rates (around 40% of GNP) in the world, this exceptional economic performance has translated into a tripling of per capita incomes. A better material existence is apparent from the provision of food, clothing, and housing for the vast majority of China's 1.3 billion people to the widespread availability of basic consumer durables such as refrigerators, washing machines, and television sets for an increasingly large number of households.: China's growing prosperity was evident by explosive construction throughout the country (Shanghai reportedly has 20% of the world's high-rise construction cranes currently in operation) and by a proliferation of services such as restaurants, fashionable boutiques, movies, and discos in the cities. For the growing and increasingly consumer-oriented middle class, shopping and dressing fashionably is definitely "in." (Ahearn, 1998)

The businesses of China are managed by people…… [Read More]

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Obama Administration and B Obama

Words: 2475 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 5414130

). Can Afghanistan be part of a containment process that is developed in parallel with a dialogue with Russia?

There is no straight answer to this question, but one has reasons to believe that this is potentially an approach used by the new administration. One should note, however, also the fact that stability in Afghanistan is of great interest to Russia as well, which is why the administration in Moscow has really shown its interest in working with the U.S. In stabilizing Afghanistan. There are several reasons for this. First, an unstable and uncontrolled Afghanistan is a source of drugs, which generally find the market in Moscow a very profitable one. Second, an insecure Afghanistan is a source of potential extremist and fundamentalist Islam, which is a great source of concern for Russia, especially given its own troubles with the republics in the Northern Caucasus and the terrorist acts that…… [Read More]

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Sex and AIDS on How

Words: 998 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77617850

Sociologist activism in the community that simultaneously brings about information processing and the ideal segment of society for the log run can contribute largely to the containment of the epidemic. (Trickett; Pequegnat, 2005)

The possible solution for the state, where the epidemic ca be spread by a known infected person is to cast a punitive punishment. Perhaps make the event actionable. Thus one of the possible laws that could be brought about to stem the growth of infection could closely follow the laws of pollution and the principles of pollution and the polluter pays principle that is much effective in industrialization. Thus the legal system has procedures to deal with the spread of epidemics although it has been used so far in the case of pollution. Another interesting area where the principle is used and can be cited is the case of cigarettes and the non-smokers inhaling second-hand smoke from…… [Read More]

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Health Care Economics Heath Care Economics the

Words: 911 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 29979788

Health Care Economics

Heath care economics

The health care sector in the United States is faced with a series of challenges given by the dynamic and changing features of the modern day society. Two notable challenges in this sense are represented by moral hazard and demand inducement. These are best explained below:

"First, because of the nature of insurance at that time patients demanded all medical services regardless of cost, even those offering an insignificant health benefit (moral hazard). Second, autonomous providers of the traditional health economy received fee-for-service payments. This creates the incentive for physicians to recommend the extravagant of treatments, even if those treatments are inappropriate to the patients condition (demand inducement)" (University of Canterbury).

In order to address these issues, the concept and practice of managed care have been introduced. The scope of this application is that of creating more efficiency within the health care provision sector.…… [Read More]

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Loss of Family Is a

Words: 2386 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 42955800

This stream-of-consciousness writing is in a secret journal, for the writer will get into trouble if what she writes is found by Sister Theo, who "checks our letters home. We're not allowed to say anything about the school" (Sterling 12). If the journal is discovered, the girl may suffer abuse at the hands of the teachers. Writing is an act of defiance that the girl sees to be worth the risk.

The time of the story was a disturbing part of Canada's history. The use of Residential Schools actually predates Canada's existence as a country (meaning before Confederation in 1867, and the system served as a means of containment and control if the Indian population. As the Europeans acted out the myth of the New World as an undiscovered and undeveloped land, the existence of the Aboriginal peoples complicated the myth and challenged the government that was instituted. Policies were…… [Read More]

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Healthcare Cultural Influences on Provision

Words: 1692 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14673386

The heated nature of the current political debate in the United States upon the subject of healthcare is testimony to the idea that far less than economic numbers, cultural wars govern how healthcare is perceived and administrated. All nations face the problem of cost containment of an increasingly expensive healthcare system. People are living longer, and the nations of the developed world have populations with a far higher median age than in the past. Medical technology is also more expensive. Thus, some form of 'rationing' (as politically unpalatable as the world may be) is required, either based upon need, or based upon who can pay. The United States stresses that individuals can 'choose' to have healthcare or not, and implicit in this assumption is that individuals who can 'merit' better jobs that provide healthcare are making one choice, while Americans who work several jobs that do not offer healthcare --…… [Read More]

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Mental Health Reimbursement and Med Changes

Words: 573 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89970296

Mental Health Service Reimbursement

How have changes in reimbursement and medications been a major driver in these policy and treatment changes?

As a Chief Nursing Officer, one must be at once informed of the practical, day-to-day challenges of nursing in the field and of the administrative realities shaping the occupation. With respect to the latter, it is important to understand the implications of insurance, Medicare and coverage terms and conditions. These frequently complex terms will have a direct impact on the experience of providing treatment. This is well demonstrated in a discussion on coverage vagaries relating to mental health treatment reimbursement. Especially with so many changes now taking place in the healthcare field, there is practical value in understanding the emergent conditions of mental health coverage.

The most immediate and impactful change in mental health coverage relates to the historical limitations placed on the scope of treatment reimbursement. Insurance companies…… [Read More]

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Buchanan Report Warned Urban Designers of the

Words: 1840 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 27790709

Buchanan report warned urban designers of the potential damage caused by the motor car and presented ways of mitigating this damage.

"It is impossible to spend any time on the study of the future of traffic in towns without at once being appalled by the magnitude of the emergency that is coming upon us. We are nourishing at immense cost a monster of great potential destructiveness, and yet we love him dearly. To refuse to accept the challenge it presents would be an act of defeatism" (Lyall, 2005, p. 204)

To that end, Colin Buchanan, architect, civil engineer and planner, presented government with a set of policy blueprints that included strategies to be used for traffic containment and segregation and that could be feasibly and gainfully incorporated into urban development.

The rise of the motor car signalled a plethora of problems not least congestion of streets, pollution, smog, growth in…… [Read More]

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Recovery Plan Biological Attack in the U S

Words: 2773 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17134066

Recovery Plan: Biological Attack in the U.S. Congress

The havoc and deaths caused by the weaponized anthrax spores that were mailed to members of the U.S. Congress following the attacks of September 11, 2001 and the repeated attempted uses of botulinum toxin on U.S. Naval bases make it abundantly clear that governmental offices are vulnerable to biological pathogens. These agents have been and likely will be used by terrorists again to achieve their goals of bringing harm to the United States and it interests at home and abroad. The hypothetical comprehensive recovery plan developed in this project is in response to this type of food-borne pathogen attack and takes place in the cafeteria situated in the Rayburn House Office Building in the U.S. Congressional complex in Washington, D.C. which serves members of Congress, staff members and visitors. The scenario begins with the telephonic notification to the Capital Police that all…… [Read More]

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Chemical and Biological Terrorism

Words: 3146 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 22730564

Chemical and Biological Terroism

Biological and Chemical Terrorism Prevention

The United States Government has identified the potential of chemical, biological, radiological and/or nuclear (termed CBRN) terrorism, especially after the September 11 attacks. They have been concerned ever since Sarin was used in a Tokyo subway (Aum Shinrikyo in 1995) and the anthrax case (in November 2001). The chances of terrorists resorting to these agents in warfare are pretty high considering their advantages over conventional methods. Most organizations fighting terrorism are not equipped well enough to detect such chemicals. A closed container can help most of them escape discovery. The low cost involved in their production increases the dangers manifold. Since most of the above agents affect the human body directly, they are essentially more efficient than conventional warfare.

Chemical weapons have four major classifications. Choking agents are aimed at being fatal and are easily accessible. Phosgene is one such industrial…… [Read More]

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Disaster Preparedness Plan-Safety Disasters Included Excluded

Words: 2610 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 28760951

The Director will be responsible for compiling a monthly and yearly calendar that will detail the continuing education credit offerings, which are approved by the airport for attendance by staff including both optional and required events, and any outside offerings identified by staff will require prior approval for the allowance of credit toward the yearly goal. Pilots are responsible for maintaining certification for pilot's license and utilization of facility and are subject to a separate review of documentation by the pilot's association chair and vice chair with all concerns to be submitted both verbally and in writing to the director of the airport, if concerns arise. The chair and vice chair along with the director will be responsible for compiling a list of eliminated pilot's due to failure to comply with requirements to reception and tower staff, to ensure that said pilots do not utilize facilities while out of compliance.…… [Read More]

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General Aspects on Social Engineering

Words: 5828 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 6466480

Social Engineering as it Applies to Information Systems Security

The research takes into account several aspects that better create an overview of the term and the impact it has on security systems. In this sense, the first part of the analysis reviews the concept of social engineering and the aspects it entails. Secondly, it provides a series of cases that were influenced by social engineering and the effects each had on the wider picture of information security. Thirdly, the research looks at what policies are set in place to avoid this type of practice and how has the information security society responded to the threat posed by social engineering. Finally, possible solutions to the issues social engineering raises are also presented in the context of the increased technological environment in which business is conducted in the world we live in today.

General aspects on social engineering

A non-academic definition of…… [Read More]

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Budgetary Politics

Words: 5817 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 15201021

Budgetary Politics

The United States of America has long grappled with the problem of drugs and has form time to time initiated measures to combat the usage and trafficking of drugs. It is common knowledge that the various wars that have been part of the combat program of several administrations have failed miserably despite the availability of a great deal of resources, added to the colossal funding process. This is in addition to the numerous governmental agencies that operate to curb the drug trade and trafficking. Though the threat of drug usage and illegal trade is looming large, the danger is not always as proportionate as it is painted.

A certain amount of exaggeration that goes along factual details so as to create a sense of grave emergency that would work out to political benefits. But it cannot also be regarded that the threat of drugs and their usage is…… [Read More]

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Market Driven Management

Words: 25695 Length: 75 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 32150042

Pharmaceutical industries have to operate in an environment that is highly competitive and subject to a wide variety of internal and external constraints. In recent times, there has been an increasing trend to reduce the cost of operation while competing with other companies that manufacture products that treat similar afflictions and ailments. The complexities in drug research and development and regulations have created an industry that is subject to intense pressure to perform. The amount of capital investment investments required to get a drug from conception, through clinical trials and into the market is enormous. The already high-strung pharmaceutical industry is increasingly investing greater amounts of resources in search of the next "blockbuster" drug that can help them gain market position and profits. Laws, regulations and patents are important to the industry while spending billions of dollars in ensuring the copyright of their products.

It is the intention of this…… [Read More]