Contemporary Art Essays (Examples)

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Arts Music Film Literature and Theatre

Words: 2572 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 93856208

1939, John Steinbeck published his novel The Grapes of Wrath, and that same year the film version of the story was released. The film was directed by John Ford and was very popular, and the book and the film together reached millions of people. In writing this novel, Steinbeck reflected many of the social, economic, and political currents of the time. The story is set in the Great Depression era, and the Depression was still have its effect in 1939. What would bring about the end of the Great Depression was already starting in Europe, meaning World War II, which does not impinge directly on the story of the Joad family but which we can see from our standpoint today was about to bring about massive changes in American society. The very nature of the story of the Joads, however, links that story to the Depression and its effect on…… [Read More]

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Art Andy Warhol

Words: 1451 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 80812980

Artistic Elements in Movie: The Impossible (2012)

Artistic Medium




Human conditions

Socio-economic background

Intrinsic understanding of artistic forms and development a basic component for business

The movie Impossible (2012) was based on a real calamity hitting Thailand in 2004. It is a natural story of survival for the tourist family in dire conditions. The scenes in the movie are mostly sentimental and concerning the nature of a human being while put in a disastrous situation. The artists Ewan McGregor and Naomi Watts are playing the part of a British couple named as Henry and Maria respectively. The teen kid Lucas's role is played by Tom Holland and two young boys as his brothers. The underlying message of the movie is reviewed in relation to the human behavior needs and wants. The basic principles of consumer behavior and trends are also studied in accordance with the information. The…… [Read More]

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Art Architecture History

Words: 1724 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 89999144

Gothic Architecture

The ancient cities of Rome and Florence are layered ones. If one has the chance to walk the streets of these cities it is clearly that the they have had far more than the nine lives of the feline: Layer upon layer of human life and human ingenuity is displayed in the many different styles that line the streets. While we may tend to think of Rome and Florence as the classical city that they once were (and of which they still bears many elements) they are also in many ways Gothic cities, for some of the cities' finest examples of architecture date from the Gothic period. This paper examines two particular Gothic churches - Santa Maria Maggiore in Rome and the church of S. Maria del Fiore in Florence is no exception. Each church is examined for the combination of specific historical forces and styles, the building…… [Read More]

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Art Change Over Time

Words: 1709 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34587437

Age of Extremes

The Rise of the Revolutionary Arts

The chapter under review is set in the context of the troubled times that Eric Hobsbawm describes in his book "The Age of Extremities" -- a time which saw two world wars, the greatest economic depressions in world history and the communist revolution in Russia and elsewhere. There was an environment of revolution in Europe and elsewhere -- in India for example where the fight for independence from British rule was at its height during the later part of this period. Therefore according to Eric Hobsbawm, the time period from 1914 to 1945 was one where the socio-political scenario had a deep impact on the arts and culture and their expression.

The Rise of the Revolutionary Arts

During the period from 1914 to 1945, Eric Hobsbawm notes that in the established world of arts and culture the only two innovations that…… [Read More]

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Arts-Based Learning With Multiple Intelligences

Words: 2517 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 24525774

Students are complex creatures, volatile, complicated and paradoxical. No two students learn alike, and no two students are the product of the same biological and cognitive processing mechanisms. In modern society, educators have taken the standpoint that students should be taught utilizing one method, a verbal learning approach. In the traditional sense, this warrants one teacher standing in front of a large classroom of students, lecturing about a particular subject matter.

This method of teaching defies reason. Students are not simply verbal learning mechanisms. Many students learn visually. In fact, in a society as visually programmed as that in which we live today, the most logical method of instruction should revolve around visual learning methods, not simply verbal. In a traditional classroom setting, students are not provided an arena to experience a democratic way of learning. The use of arts and visually oriented learning methodologies to pass on knowledge has…… [Read More]

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Contemporary Issues in Early Childhood Education

Words: 1137 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 46549582

Singapore Educational Policy Development

Singapore: Contemporary issues in early childhood education

Contemporary Issues in Early Childhood Education

The purpose of this paper is to prepare a service mapping Singapore Ministry of Education policy development and to map how those policies, services, and regulations are formed. The focus will be on the area of curriculum and will be presented as an essay. Four quotations and links to journal articles are required as reference sources and there must be included a self-critical reflection and a comparison of the policies with other countries.

According to the Singapore Ministry of Education when a student completes Secondary School the should have:

Have moral integrity

Have care and concern for others

Be able to work in teams and value every contribution

Be enterprising and innovative

Possess a broad-based foundation for further education

Have appreciation for aesthetics

Know and believe in Singapore

In the work entitled, "…… [Read More]

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Contemporary Business

Words: 458 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 95100642

Current Events

Microsoft Billionaire Reboots Seattle Movie Temple

The article is about the constant improvements that Cinerama, a movie theatre in Seattle has been undergoing to the latest changes that were made to the theatre in order to keep the sales of their services up and hence bring in considerable profits. The management of the movie theatre is aware of the changing technologies that allow people to watch movies even on their smartphones hence the need to constantly improve their services to keep at par with the technological changes.

One of the greatest considerations made by the management is the product positioning, which is situating your product in the best possible position such that the different target markets can prefer the product over those of the competition. Mr. Allen, the owner of Cinerama, indicates that they constantly fiddle with renovations in a bid to constantly bring the customers back to…… [Read More]

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Renaissance Art

Words: 1399 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42175916


As Baxandall points out, "a fifteenth century painting is a product of a social relationship," (p. 1). That social relationship was carefully forged and affected by a confluence of interests including those that are commercial, cultural, religious, and perceptual or aesthetic in nature. The relationship between client and artist was one constrained by social convention, legal tradition, and also the expedience of broader interests. Money has played a long-underestimated role in the history of art, notes Baxandall. For this reason, it helps to examine fifteenth century paintings in terms of not only their aesthetic values and symbolism but also in terms of how financial or class-based issues impacted issues like the materials used, how the artist was paid, and the size of the piece. Painting, Baxandall states, was "too important to be left to the painters," (p. 3). Two of the most important conventional characteristics of fifteenth century paintings…… [Read More]

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Unfair Comparison of Gothic and Renaissance Art

Words: 1857 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8973645

Art History

In his painting Flight into Egypt, Battista Dossi took great care to tell the story of the Holy Family at the very moment the painting shows. He evokes the urgency in the life of the traveling Holy Family as they flee for the life of their child. All that needs to be said in the painting is told with color and precision, movement and depth, and the entirely personal glimpse into the lives of the Holy Family. Battista's work is at once compelling and evocative of the situation.

The work entitled Flight into Egypt is oil on panel by the Ferrarese artist Battista Dossi, (circa 1490 to 1548) who was the younger brother of Dosso Dossi. The brothers were the primary painters in the court of Ferrara under the Alfonso I'd'Este and Ercole II d'Este. Unfortunately, most of the documented work the brothers did for the court was…… [Read More]

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Goya Rodin and Modern Art

Words: 1575 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 81770167

Art through the Ages
1. (Ch. 27) What is the interpretation of Goya's Saturn Devouring his Children?
The interpretation of Goya’s Saturn Devouring his Children is based on the myth of Saturn who feared that his children would overthrow him, so he devoured them one by one to avoid that risk. Goya lived many centuries after this ancient myth of antiquity originated. However, his own contemporary situation reflected the old myth in terms of the way the powerful rulers of the time were frantically lashing out, trying to preserve their own power by destroying the least possible threat. The wild-eyed and frenzied look of Saturn in Goya’s painting, produced between the years of 1819 and 1823, reflects what was happening in his own time. The effects of the French Revolution had spread throughout Europe and Spain had gotten to enjoy the Napoleon’s conquests. Goya’s painting reflected the insane frenzy for…… [Read More]

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Analyzing Art and Death the Chinese

Words: 1359 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 96512212

Art and Death: The Chinese

Portraying death to children

In the preschool age, educators seldom broach the topic of death. However, some picture books for kids directly address death and related issues. Their current approach is worth utilizing as reference. Book presentations follow the steps: comprehending death with preschoolers' internal experiences, slowly probing into what death means in the eyes of preschoolers, and expanding on the subject by seeking the continuance of love. The above three elements serve as references for Chinese picture books with death as the central theme. Such books depict a child's world using children's language and culture-specific images. The concept of death is taught to students in the form of interesting stories, which portray children's pure world, characterized by curiosity and innocence. Adults are also deeply affected by their simplicity, love and care (Chen, 2012).

Thesis: Death has been incorporated, as a theme, into Chinese books,…… [Read More]

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Examples of Art From History

Words: 545 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 34553963

Art History: From the Early Modern to the Contemporary


A Girl

Ron Mueck

Produced early 2000's

Media - Scuplture

Ron Mueck - "A Girl" (Lina, 2011)

This sculpture is a huge lifelike portrayal of a baby girl. Whereas many artists wish to portray images of life at its best, or better, superrealism movement has tried to show life as it actually is. This work is fascinating because of its size and what it represents. All of us have had this experience, but it is not a memory we have access to.

Making Political Statements

An American Tragedy -- Evergood (The Art Story, N.d.)

An American Tragedy

Phillip Evergood

Oil on Canvas

This painting is labeled a piece within the Social Realism movement and portrays a conflict in Chicago and was based on real events. Evergood, the artist, had experienced the oppression of the police personally and was said to…… [Read More]

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Compare and Contrast 2 Famous Artists After 1980

Words: 1403 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 73018293

Art After 1980

What is art? That question has been dissected and examined from every perspective for millennia. When the concept of modern art is brought up, the immediate impression is a large canvas with solid-colored geometrical shapes that is supposed to have some deeper meaning about humanity. This perspective is obviously very limited. Those who have understanding of the reality of modern and contemporary art know that this is far from the truth. The contemporary art movement allows for the acceptance of all forms of art, from sculpture, to paintings, to digital art, to photography, and anything else that can be imagined. The contemporary artist works from the perspective of this cultural moment and in so doing leaves a permanent impression of that perspective. Two such artists are Paul McCarthy and Barbara Kruger. Thought both working from the current moment, the two artists have very different perspectives and the…… [Read More]

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Internet and Fine Art What

Words: 2084 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 37137660

," goes on to say that one gallery almost sold all of its prints and a rival site also took 100 orders for prints. (Selling, 1)

Also, in the second article cited, "Art and the Internet," an article found in BusinessWeek on 24 January, 2001, it claims that only 2% of international art sales, valued at $7 billion, are actually well-known and sold in public auctions with the help of the Internet. They look forward to a future where the value of art will be redesigned and modernized. Some online auction houses are creating new concepts to further open the art market, presumably setting up more dazzling designs and flash images to catch the attention of would-be art collectors.

However, in the fourth article entitled "Rough Time Online," from ArtNews of January, 2001, the journal declares that it has been a tough year for online sales of art, with many…… [Read More]

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History of Art Therapy Art

Words: 1913 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 82790342

Hope the readers found pleasure in reading the history i.e. The experiences of the former innovators.


Betensky, M.G. (1973). Self-discovery through self-expression. IL Springfield: Charles C. Thomas.

Case, C., & Dalley, T. (1992). The Handbook of Art Therapy. New York: Routledge.

Detre, K.C., Frank, T., Kniazzeh, C.R., Robinson, M., Rubin, J.A., & Ulman, E. (1983). Roots of art therapy: Margerat Naumberg (1890-1983) and Florence Cane (1882-1952): A family portrait. American Journal of Art Therapy, 22, 111-123.

E.Scholt, C. (2008, August 21). Family therapy approaches. Retrieved from

Handbook of Art therapy. (2003). New York: The Guilford Press.

Hogan, S. (2001). Healing Arts: The History of Art Therapy. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Junge, M.B., & Asawa, P. (1994). A history of art therapy in the United States. Mundelein IL: American Art Therapy Asscociation.

Kwiatkowska, H.Y. (1978). Family therapy and evaluation through art. IL Springfield: Charles C.

Lachman-Chapin, 2., Jones,…… [Read More]

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Post WWII Art Analysis the Piece of

Words: 658 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74351384

Post WWII Art Analysis

The piece of art that the paper will analyze is "Sleeping Girl." Roy Lichtenstein painted "Sleeping Girl" in 1964, as part of his work in pop art & pop culture. Another artist who painted in the style of pop art was Andy Warhol, just to add context with whom Lichtenstein kept artistic company. "Sleeping Girl" is a seminal work in a series of paintings in comic book style. Comic book culture saw a huge surge after WWII and so did pop art. These artistic forms expressed a desire to escape from the horrors and great changes around the world after the war. Artists such as Lichtenstein tapped into these desires producing mash-ups of popular art forms to express an even more layered message. "Sleeping Girl" is directly influenced by DC Comics, as it is a rendition of an image found in Girls' Romances, #105. It was…… [Read More]

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Apocalypse Concerning the Apocalypse in Art of the Technological Era

Words: 4255 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 44389119

Apocalypse of Art in the Tech Era

Modern Apocalypse Art and Technological Aspects

The purpose of this paper is to examine modern art, in particular that which is referred to as "apocalypse art" and further to examine the interactions between art and technology. Specifically this paper will look at the new dimensions that technology has contributed to the rendering of art as well as what contribution or impact that art has rendered to technology.

The methodology for this study is through examination of several of the artists as well as scholars who are in some way interconnected in this process of producing apocalypse art.

The question that seems to weigh on the minds of those who view the modern "apocalypse" art exhibits asks:

Has this artist attempted to achieve the effect of shock or is the artist attempting to convey some deeper truth?"

London's Art Gallery featured an exhibit entitled…… [Read More]

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Museum Comparison Art Museums the Metropolitan Museum

Words: 1321 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 61366276

Museum Comparison

Art museums

The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City is one of the most famous art museums in the world. The idea for a large museum located in the city of New York was first formulated in 1866 when the statesman John Jay resolved to create a place to house America's great art collections in a central urban area. By the 20th century, the Museum achieved Jay's goal of becoming one of the world's greatest collections of art. Today, the Metropolitan Museum is governed by a private corporation of fellows and donors. Some of its most famous early acquisitions included a work by the Impressionist Renoir and in 1910 and it was the first museum to showcase a work by the Post-Impressionist Henri Matisse. Today, the Museum is famous for its Impressionist galleries as well as its Greek and Roman art and Egyptology wings.[footnoteRef:1] [1: "Main…… [Read More]

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Renaissance Art

Words: 985 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 24475550

Renaissance Art

Within the broad gamut of Renaissance art throughout Europe, two sculptures remain outstanding and worthy of mutual comparison. Those two works of art are Michelangelo's statue of David and Donatello's same. The latter is the predecessor; Donatello's David predates Michelangelo's by about fifty years. Donatello's sculpture of David is considered to be of the Early Renaissance period, and was completed by about 1430 (Hudelson, n.d.). Michelangelo's David, on the other hand, was completed in the early 1500s. It represents, and perhaps epitomizes, the culmination of the Italian Renaissance: the period known as the High Renaissance (Hudelson, n.d.). Yet, both Donatello and Michelangelo were accomplished Italian artists. Both Michelangelo and Donatello spearheaded Renaissance art movements in their depictions of the Biblical hero David. Their respective sculptures capture the physique and form of the masculine David, while also revealing the most perfected artistic techniques known at that time. The subject…… [Read More]

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Post World War II Art

Words: 2450 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79520631

Artists Since 1945

What are the influences and events that caused Abstract Expressionism to develop? What are the two modes of Abstract Expressionism? Compare and contrast these two modes and specially discuss the work of two artists from each mode. Share why you chose these four artist.

During and after World War II, artistic expression was destroyed in Europe. This is because, the onslaught of the Nazis created an environment of persecution. In some cases, these activities were based upon artists using their expressionism as a form of criticisms and social critiques. While at other times; a host of individuals were persecuted because of their race or nationality. The result is that they fled to locations such as New York to be able to continue with their work. This played a major role in determining how Abstract Expressionism developed by taking a different approach that questioned and challenged the status…… [Read More]

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Venus Role in Art

Words: 2900 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 19446819

Venus in Art

Introduction to Venus and Aphrodite:

Throughout history, Venus has long been a source of inspiration for artists. Her representation of love and beauty has been captured in various mediums, from the visual arts of paintings and sculpture to music and drama; Venus has served as a universal symbol of beauty and has embodied the secrets of love. Central to understanding how artists have been able to use her as such a representation of love and beauty, is understanding Venus and Aphrodite's roles in history and Greek mythology.

Venus is an ancient Italian goddess closely associated with fields and gardens and later identified by the Romans with the Greek goddess of love, Aphrodite. Although the question as to how Venus came to be identified with so important a deity as Aphrodite remains unanswered, Venus' identification with Aphrodite is certain and because of this is often depicted in art.…… [Read More]

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Joan Saab Book For Millions American Art

Words: 1291 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77368524

Joan Saab book: For Millions American Art Culture Between War

Joan Saab's book, For the Millions: American Art and Culture Between the Wars, captures and elucidates a vital component of American history, and that in regards to its visual art in particular. This manuscript chronicles a crucial shifting in the regard, usage, and conception of art in the early part of the 20th century between World Wars I and II. This historical epoch was crucial to the fostering of contemporary America and its art for a number of factors. The country was celebrating its victory in the Great War before it knelt to the pressure of the Great Depression, which was only alleviated by one of the most devastating martial encounters in the history of the man, the Second World War. This tumultuous time played a highly important part in the creation and usage of visual art, which was able…… [Read More]

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19th Century Art During the

Words: 2176 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 76390627

Four men stand out as the penultimate figures of Post-Impressionism, namely, Georges Suerat (1859-1891), Paul Cezanne (1839-1906), Paul Gauguin (1843-1903) and Vincent Van Gogh (1853-1890), all of whom at first accepted the Impressionist methods and then moved away from it toward a new type of painting.

In the case of Cezanne, the basis of his art had much to do with studying nature in a new way, for his aim was not to represent truth or reality but to seek some kind of lasting structure behind the formless and the fleeting shades of color that the human eye usually misses. His Still Life (1890, oil on canvas) represents this ambiguity by having the forms in this painting appear out-of-sync with their true appearances.

Unlike Cezanne who used an almost scientific approach for ordering color, Vincent Van Gogh did exactly the opposite, for he exploited new color to express his emotions…… [Read More]

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Modernism in Art Modern Philosophies

Words: 777 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 93370242

This is not simply unique to "Readymade," although this facet of art is brought to the forefront in this particular work. But Duchamp stresses that since "the tubes of paint used by an artist are manufactured and readymade products we must conclude that all the paintings in the world are Readymades aided' and also works of assemblage." (Duchamp, 83) How can art be so unique, asks Duchamp, within any particular context, when all individuals are using the same modalities of plastic production. Similarly, according to Greenburg's analysis of Manet, "it was the stressing of the ineluctable flatness of the surface that remained, however, more fundamental than anything else to the processes by which pictorial art criticized and defined itself under Modernism. For flatness alone was unique and exclusive to pictorial art." (Greenburg, 195)

The distinction between Greenburg and Duchamp, however, lies not so much in the latter's stress upon the…… [Read More]

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Pros and Cons of the Destruction of the American Folk Art Museum

Words: 1678 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 73190093

Diller Scofidio + Renfro: MoMA expansion:

The pros and cons of the destruction of the American Folk Art Museum

"Great art museums not only contain exemplary works of art, they are also places where -- in a single visit -- surprise, learning, and reflection come together in a liberating set of experiences" ("Building for the future," MoMA).The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) has encompassed within its walls some of the most cutting-edge works of art ever created, spanning many decades and many art movements. Its own design has striven to be equally revolutionary in terms of its conceptualization. However, like many museums, it has found itself accused of elitism quite frequently because of the costs of admission. Still, according to its website: "the Museum of Modern Art is committed to being the most welcoming museum in New York, and to bringing art and people together more effectively than ever before.…… [Read More]

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Christie's Art Business Law London Program

Words: 670 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Application Essay Paper #: 7935672

Christie's Education Application

Ultimately, there are so many reasons for applying to Christie's Education. After all, it is a chance of a lifetime. First and foremost, the program is definitely unparalleled, with some of the best academic programs and faculty. Christie's is located in the vibrant cultural hub of London, which I hope will be a very fruitful environment for my own talents and inspirations to flourish. I find myself with a strong yearning for academic rigor. Both my heart and mind need stimulation, and a clear challenge that will help mold my own skills and abilities as I evolve as a thinker, but also as a strong art enthusiast. I have an unbridled passion for art and for building a strong education that will provide a strong foundation for me to reach all of my goals and aspirations in this short life we live.

Additionally, I have a deep…… [Read More]

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Ancient Art in the Ancient World Polykleitos

Words: 1420 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97191063

Ancient Art

Art in the Ancient World

Polykleitos, Doryphoros (early fourth century BC)

As Paul Johnson (2003) notes, this ancient example of Greek classicalism "epitomizes a canon of male beauty embodied in mathematical proportions" (p. 63). Showing the perfection of contraposto, Doryphoros (or the spear-carrier) is a balanced representation of the body's muscles. Polykleitos, a contemporary of Phidias, had his own school of young artists, which carried on into the third century BC. Polykleitos' works are treated on in his own treatise, called "The Canon," which gave explicit attention to symmetry, clarity, and wholeness, and helped steer the direction of Grecian art and sculpture. The Spear-carrier is one of the best examples of Polykleitos' teaching -- however, this example is a copy of his original, and is held in Naples -- a fitting representation of the art of Greek sculpting. It also serves as a good example of the relationship…… [Read More]

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History of Art Italian Painters

Words: 305 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41651563

On the contrary, Giotto di Bondone had been a revolutionary, as he seemed to be determined to desert long-standing concepts in favor of newer, and more evolved ones.

Byzantine paintings have a general tendency to represent scenes from a two-dimensional perspective, and, most probably, in order to compensate with the lack of spatial depth, they use a greater number of details. In Giotto's Christ Entering Jerusalem, viewers feel as if they are part of the painting, with the painter's desire to involve three-dimensionality into his painting being obvious. Also, the painter simplified the painting by abandoning complexity and focusing on the essential. Duccio, on the other hand, has involved much more details in his portrayal of Christ Entering Jerusalem. Regardless of the attention paid by Duccio to details, his painting lacks realism, viewers being able to observe that the figures in it appear to be floating.… [Read More]

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Master of Mixing Art and

Words: 1512 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 46111983

The argument that I have been making is a twofold one. The first branch of this argument is that Pop Art, while it incorporates ordinary images and commercial motifs and tropes just as does commercial design, it does so in different ways and for different reasons than does purely commercial work. It is because the motivations of the Pop Artist (and I suppose we might say of the art objects themselves) are so different from the motivations of commercial designers that Pop Art must qualify as art. Rather than simply giving his audiences pretty pictures, Warhol made them work to understand his creations -- and this seems to me to be a pretty good definition of what art is and what the artist does. And once this condition is met, it really does not matter how much (if any) money the artist makes from the work.

Yes, Warhol ended up…… [Read More]

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Interactive Art Is an Artistic

Words: 3548 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48817508

Interactive art usually contains computers, sensors, and other devices that allow the art and the user to interact with each other. Video and computer games have brought a different set of artists to the field. The tools have changed as well with the advent of voice analyzers, robotics, actuators, LED's, and etc.

Is the line between real reality and virtual reality getting blurred? Virtual describes the animated form and how closely it resembles the original. Users and the environment interact freely with each other in worlds that are replicas of our own environments. When we watch movies, we are watching real actors but in a virtual landscape or scene. Is this really different from watching the animatronics characters? Mixed reality refers to environments or situations that contain elements from both the virtual and the real world. The two are entwined to create the optimal effect on the user.

Computer and…… [Read More]

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Fine Arts

Words: 2567 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 84933629

Henri Matisse

Still Life after Jan Davidsz. de Heem's 'La Desserte'

Henri Matisse was one of the great "colorist of the 20th century" and is one of Picasso's rivals in the area of innovations. Matisse is reported to have "emerged as a Postimpressionist, and first achieved prominence as the leader of the French movement Fauvism." (The Art Story, 2011) Matisse was interested in Cubism but rejected this seeking rather to use color "as the foundation for expressive, decorative, and often monumental paintings." (The Art Story, 2011) Matisse is noted for having stated that he sought to create an art that would be "a soothing, calming influence on the mind, rather like a good armchair." (The Art Story, 2011) Matisse was born to a middle class family and his father was a merchant selling grain and hardware. Matisse began his career as a law clerk but was anxious and felt the…… [Read More]

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Politics and Figure Art When

Words: 2231 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 82527739

The poster was central to Lenin's vision of political transformation, and also the easiest way to convey his message to a largely illiterate population which did not care for paintings and monuments. By the year 1918, the new government began to print and distribute posters. "Alexander Apsit was the first great Bolshevik poster artist who developed many distinct Soviet symbols" (Foss; Lapides: The Bolshevik Era). In 1919, the Literary-Publishing Department was established by the Bolshevik government; this new department was made up of brilliant cartoonists and artists such as Dimitri Moor and Viktor Deni. The New Economic Policy was the era between 1921 and 1927 when propaganda was aimed at post-war realities such as famine, discontent and freedom. The country was at peace but the economy had collapsed under the enormous weight of the war. Lenin introduced the New Economic Policy which favoured some private enterprises which eventually flourished. It…… [Read More]

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New Genre Public Art and

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 15453165

" "Public art" referred to sculptures occupying a public space that glorified one version of national history adhered to by members of the socially dominant group in society. The "cannon in the park" phenomena is an example of such art, in which America's military might and glory celebrated by its privileged members of society was put on artistic display in public spaces such as parks, plazas, shopping malls, and so on. In contrast to this, "art in public places" referred to artwork that sought to bring attention to the physical, visual, historical, and social properties of a particular site. This type of public art led to its burgeoning use in the seventies towards promoting social and historical concerns of groups traditionally under-represented in the art world, such as women and minorities.

The proliferation of "art in public places" led to artists in the eighties being encouraged by the NEA to…… [Read More]

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OP Art Is a Term

Words: 1424 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 44809490

In the "temple paintings" by Anuszkiewicz, for example, a sense of depth is elicited by the utilization of two contrasting colors. Looking at these works, we are under the impression that we are looking at something in three dimensions. It is almost as though an architectural work is invading the space in which we view the picture.

Stanczak went even further in his pictorial compositions with color. As a matter of fact, it could be said that Stanczak's oeuvre is based on an intense examination of the way that colors function when they are put together. In the words of Rand,

Stanczak created various spatial experiences with color and geometry; the latter is far easier to discuss. Color has no simple systematized equivalent. Indeed, there may be no way to describe it that is both meaningful and accurate. Descriptions of it (the color wheel or color solids, for example) are…… [Read More]

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Visual Arts

Words: 856 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 24996620

Visual Arts

Salvador Dali - Surrealism

The artists of the Surrealist movement researched and studied the works of Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung, determined to explore ways in which to express their art through the world of dreams and the unconscious. Some expressed their art in the abstract tradition, others, in the symbolic tradition. Although, surrealism and certain forms of abstract art share similar origins, they diverge on interpretation of what those origins mean to the aesthetic of art (History pg). The accumulation of knowledge is the root, the basis, to push beyond the frontiers into the unknown. Dali was one artist whose approach to art during the Twentieth Century used that accumulated knowledge, built upon it and mastered it (History pg).

Dali explored all the science of painting and used this as a way to study the psyche through subconscious images. He named this process the 'paranoiac critical method.'…… [Read More]

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Society Support the Arts Why

Words: 832 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 98524518

The production of art should be viewed as a necessity for everyone, the rich or poor, smart or dumb, disturbed or not (Sweet pp). The contemporary tendency to diminish the importance of what used to be referred to as a "liberal arts education," and the downsizing of art and music classes in our grade schools, certainly underscores society's miscomprehension of the "basic need to know ourselves and the best means to exercise that knowledge" (Sweet pp). Joseph Campbell speculated that art and its creation were the only religion left in society, and De Tocqueville's Democracy in America suggests that art embodies the individual's power to combat the tyranny of the majority (Sweet pp).

In June 2005, the International Society for Performing Arts' Board, which is supported by 210 delegates from 28 countries representing Europe, North America, South America, Asia, and Africa, voted to endorse a statement urging the world's government…… [Read More]

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Italian Baroque Art Bernini vs

Words: 3860 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 71479417

There is a kaleidoscopic plurality of symbols and links among them, but it is easier to decipher the central meaning of the whole: the spiritual supremacy of the pope. Thus a political program was transformed into a beautiful masterpiece." (Findlen)

Bernini believed that in architecture the main focus was on the material and the invention, then on the manner in which the parts were ordered and finally on the "perfection of grace and delicacy" (Ingraham). Under these circumstances it can be argued that Bernini's statues are architecturally-oriented and this contributes to their elevate expressivity, distinguishing him from other baroque sculptors.

Another important sculptor associated with the Italian baroque current is Borromini. It is said that Bernini and Borromini were direct rivals and they competed for projects as well as for glory. One of the most important works of Borromini is represented by the St. Agnese in Agone church. The work…… [Read More]

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Mid Twentieth Century Art

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20872687

They experimented, they felt the need to invent, to innovate, to improvise and to foster new ways of expressions, new means, in order for them to go forward and to have something new and significant to say in art. They had to break with the conventions of the traditional art in order to do that.

By the mid twentieth century, New York became the center of the art world, as it managed to gather some of the most significant names in modern art at the time. The 9th Street Show from 1952 in New York, simply put New York on the map by gathering numerous names of the contemporary artists on both sides of the Atlantic, with a special accent on abstract expressionism. Thus, the paintings of artists like Clyfford Still, Willem de Kooning, Mark Rothko and Robert Motherwell, started to speak to the rest of the world at a…… [Read More]

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Post-Revolutionary French Art and Are Titled Nudity

Words: 967 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66979381

post-revolutionary French art, and are titled; Nudity a La Grecque in 1799 and Colonization Gross's Plague-Stricken Jaffa share some fundamental commonalities. The similarities that these two articles share are their methodology, formal artistic analysis and their account and implicit description of the relationship between art and social history. Both of these articles also provide historical accounts of artistic criticism of post-Revolutionary history painting. Most significantly Grisby's articles provide a view of post-Revolutionary France where art, history and politics all combine to allow readers to more fully understand cultural and social issues of great importance of the time.

Darcy Grimaldo Grisby sets out to dispel commonly held notions and opinions regarding Gross's Plague-Stricken Jaffa. The most significant theory he seeks to dispel is one that claims the painting is simply a government commissioned propaganda piece created to enlarge the image of the then, soon to be emperor of France Napoleon Bonaparte…… [Read More]

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18th Century Art So Why

Words: 325 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 25698865

But even as the memory of the terrors that inspired the work have come and gone, the figures in Goya's painting, to a contemporary viewer, come to represent all innocent persons who suffer at the hands of soldiers in wartime. In the face of the haunted, hunted man at the center of the work the viewer of today no longer sees a Spaniard of Goya's time but the face of a victim of any number of the atrocities on the front pages of the news.

Goya's work is propaganda because it was meant to change people's minds and spark anger at the actions of the French soldiers, just as David's work was supposed to encourage the worship of Napoleon. But like all great art, the work has taken on a new life beyond even the conscious intention of the artist in the ways the art acts on the subconscious of…… [Read More]

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Michelangelo on the Art and

Words: 1519 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 35743479

Michelangelo, better than most of his contemporaries, who were students of the Florentine tradition, successfully used the natural beauty of the real world in order to honor God.

Michelangelo's influence led to the development of Mannerism as a period of art. Mannerism abandoned the style of art that relied upon depictions of subjects in their natural form and began to depict the subjects in a more harmonious and ideal form. It was characterized by an abandonment of the classical form and the development of a new method of painting and sculpting.

Like all artists, Michelangelo's life and artistic style was transitional. He began his career adhering strictly to the traditions that he learned during his tenure in the Medici court in Florence but as his career progressed he began to depart from the strict standards that had dominated Renaissance art. As Michelangelo began to use his subjects and figures as…… [Read More]

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Renaissance Art

Words: 613 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Annotated Bibliography Paper #: 12156101

Brown, Beverly Louise. "The Genius of Rome." London: Royal Academy of the Arts, 2001.

Brown's "The Genius of Rome" offers a comprehensive analysis of both the convergence and dichotomy of sacred and profane elements in Renaissance Italian art. Caravaggio stands at the midpoint, the pivotal space, between sacred and profane. As Brown points out, many of Caravaggio's altarpieces were initially rejected on the grounds that they were not sacred enough, and the author claims that his work has been described by contemporaries as "mezzo tra il devote, et profano," or "halfway between sacred and profane," (p. 276). Interestingly, seventeenth century sources reveal scant evidence as to why Caravaggio's work would have been viewed in this way, and why his altarpieces were sometimes summarily rejected. Later in the chapter, Brown focuses on Rubens, who encapsulated the dichotomies between sacred and profane. This resources provides instrumental evidence related to the evolution of…… [Read More]

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20th Century Modern Art Henri Matisse

Words: 931 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 23564439

Henri Matisse -- Western Tradition



Henri Matisse (1869 -- 1954), a painter, draughtsman, sculptor, printmaker, designer and author, came into the world of art comparatively late in his life and made his reputation as the main exponent of Fauvism, the first avante-garde artistic movement of the 20th century. As Jacques Lassaigne points out, Matisse "never ceased probing the mystery of the creative process and applied an intelligence far above the average to discovering the origins of his art. . . (15). Thus, Matisse created images full of spontaneity with rich surface textures, lively linear patterns and boldly clashing effects based on primary colors. Also, his subject matter was varied as his painting methods, although many familiar subjects linked to Impressionism and Post-Impressionism still remained.

It is relatively simple to understand how Matisse escaped from the confines of the Impressionists, for all one…… [Read More]

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Aesthetics and African Art

Words: 1225 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 68510906

African Art

The Trade Center/Royal Residence of the Great Zimbabwe

Within the jungles of Southern Africa is a palace that has been standing there for more than seven centuries. This group of walls and buildings whose "beautifully coursed walls curved and undulated sinuously over the landscape, blending into the boulder-strewn terrain as if having arisen there naturally" (Tyson). Of course this was not a naturally occurring site, but the people who built it were in doubt for many years because archeologist and others refused to believe that it could have been constructed by indigenous people. The site is called The Great Zimbabwe because it is the largest of more than 200 (Trade) which exist in different Southern African nations. It is believed to be a palace and trade center from which kings and shaman controlled a great amount of surrounding land. This paper looks at the history of the area,…… [Read More]

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american modern art into abstraction

Words: 931 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65252697

Marsden Hartley epitomizes the transition in American art towards abstractionism. In fact, Hartley was integral to fomenting the shift in American art, which had until then tended to lag behind its European avant-garde counterparts. Hartley spent more than a quarter of a century in Europe before and during World War One, in both Paris and Berlin, where he learned emerging techniques from cubism and abstract expressionism to fauvism. When Hartley returned to the United States, he retreated from the avant-garde styles and became known more as the "rooted-in-Maine American artist," (Slenske, 2014). Hartley's achievements lie as much in his versatility as in his encouragement of abstraction and experimentalism in American art.

Hartley was born in Maine and exhibited a predilection for visual art at a young age. He was formally trained and got his start exhibiting in Alfred Stieglitz's Gallery 291 in New York. Stieglitz gave Hartley an exclusive exhibition,…… [Read More]

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Academic Level Senior University Class World Art

Words: 1188 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26388076

Academic Level: Senior University Class: World Art Survey Instructions: 1. Choose a peace artwork give a complete description work. For: What material(s) made ?What size? Shape? Color? What depicted? Is object/work intact fragmentary? Damaged? You basically answering question "What ?" detail find.

The present work is focused on undertaking an in-depth analysis of two famous religious paintings: The Virgin and Child by Barnaba da Modena, an Italian painter from the fourteenth century, and The Elevation of the Cross by Peter Paul Rubens, a seventeenth century Flemish artist and diplomat. Following, by comparison, a thorough account of the two works' features, careful observation reveals more than one interpretation.

The Virgin and Child was created by Barnaba da Modena in 1360, and is deemed Gothic in style. It depicts The Virgin Mary holding a Child Christ in her arms, and rests undamaged to this day in Boston's Museum of Fine Arts. In…… [Read More]

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Modern Age Cinema and Pluralism in the Arts

Words: 978 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 411744

Whitney collection, what qualities do the art works seem to have in common?

When you look at the Whitney collection from the year 2000, it is clear that that all of the artists are reflection of a sense of realism in the various works. As, they are taking everyday events and are depicting them in such a way, that they are giving the audience a sense of appreciation for what many people see regularly.

A good example of this can be seen by comparing the works of Doug Aitken with John Coplans. In the Doug Aitken's photograph, he is illustrating an everyday event by highlighting a single shopping cart sitting in a parking lot. As, everyone has: went home and Aitken is showing how this is part of everyday life in America. This is giving the viewer a sense of appreciation for the kinds of images that we see everyday,…… [Read More]

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Nature Imitates Art Imitating Nature

Words: 3164 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 72376537

" (41) it is unclear how to understand "things are because we see them." Traditionally perception is conceived as a passive process: we open our eyes and receive input from the world. Kant suggests that perhaps it is not so passive: we "organize" the world into temporal and spatial dimensions, attribute cause and effect, etc. But what Wilde suggests here is even more radical. The "things are because" suggests a causal relationship, such that what we see exists as an effect of seeing. It would be as if looking "paints" the world. But this is completely absurd. Onto what would seeing "paint" the world? and, even weirder, notice that it wouldn't be that seeing paints the world so that we could then look at what was painted. Rather, it would be that seeing is painting, so that we always see and paint simultaneously, always just "creating" whatever we see, under…… [Read More]

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building bridges between the us and mexico

Words: 1414 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 48480970

Art on the Mexico and US Border

How Art is Being Used for Social, Cultural, and Political Expression

The border between the United States and Mexico has been a focal point of a significant amounts of media attention in recent years. The newly elected US president has consistent stated his intentions to build a wall between the two countries in an overall effort to crack down on illegal immigration. In some of his acts as President, the newly elected Donald Trump has ordered increased immigration enforcement which has come in the way of mass deportations and cancelled visas from certain countries that have been associated with terrorism in the Middle East. He had previously announced that he would build a wall between the US and Mexico and even went as far as claiming that he would make Mexico pay for its construction; a contemptuous claim that has worked to polarize…… [Read More]

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Role of Art in America'since the Gilded Age

Words: 1699 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69196139

Role of Art in America Since the Gilded Age

Beginning with the Gilded Age, how has Art been a Reflection of Society?

The Gilded Age was an epoch of immense societal change and economic growth in the United States. In particular, this was a period of quick industrialization, where the nation transformed from one that was founded on agriculture to one that became urbanized and industrialized. This encompassed the formation of roads, railways, advancements in science and technology, and also the development of major businesses. All these transformations can be tied to the aspect of evolving and also the influence of increasing wealth. And with all these changes in the society, so was art influenced in the process. In particular, art became somewhat of a reflection of the society. This change within the society also had an influence on art, which changed in a radical pace (Arnesen et al., 2006).…… [Read More]

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Indianapolis Museum of Art Presented by Max Anderson

Words: 586 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 18421417

Anderson and the Indianapolis Museum of Art

In his YouTube presentation on his work, Max Anderson of the Indianapolis Museum of Art notes that ticket sales are a relatively minimal part of art museum revenue. He believes success is better measured by how many new pieces are added to a collection and other markers of the health and overall growth of the collection that reflect a more general outreach. Serving the community is a critical component of the Museum's mission. Rather than simply keeping track of how many visitors come through the doors, the Museum also keeps track of their zip codes and other demographic factors to better tailor its offerings (online as well as in real space) to their needs.


The use of such data highlights how art, even as displayed by a nonprofit museum with an endowment, is very much a product of business decisions and a…… [Read More]

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Historical Art Periods

Words: 865 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15691143

Impressionism vs. Post-Impressionism

Impressionism vs. Post

This paper will explore impressionism vs. post-impressionism including the influences of each on each other and society, and the effects of each other on the 19th century. The paper will ascertain how one period revived or continued the style and characteristics of the other, or how one period originated in reaction to the other. Impressionist paintings tended to focus less on detail and more on making impressions of form and figure, as the name implies. The brush strokes were less inclined to add detail and structure or order. Post-impressionists considered this trivial, and created artistic work that was decidedly more expressive according to some; more organized and structured, the Post-Impressionist movement could be best described as a response to the Impressionist movement. Some focused on methods including Pointillism, or the use of dots of color, whereas others used bright fresh colors used by Impressionists…… [Read More]

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History of Mosaic Art A

Words: 1096 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 74418537

Roman mosaics were more frequently used to adorn the floors, and thus used less glass, gold, and elaborate materials. Perhaps the most famous Byzantine mosaics are those found in the Hagia Sophia, the most famous church in Eastern Christianity. On the South Gallery or Catechumena is displayed a depiction of Christ, Mary, and St. John the Baptist known as the Deesis. Christ's "face is strikingly realistic and expressive…All [figures] are set against a golden background" ("Byzantine art," Art Lex, 2010). Of almost equal fame are the glittering, gold mosaics of Ravenna's holy buildings. "Ravenna's most famous Byzantine mosaics are of an emperor, his empress and their retinues. On one wall of the choir of San Vitale in Ravenna, built for Justinian and consecrated in AD 547, the emperor stands with crown and a golden halo" (Gascoigne 2001). Although the ostensible purpose of the structure is a holy one, the Emperor…… [Read More]

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Italian Renaissance Art

Words: 2576 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 86316615

Italian Renaissance Art


Mannerism is a period of European art that arose from the later years of the Italian High Renaissance around 1520. It went on until around 1580 in Italy, when a more Baroque style developed to take its place, but Northern Mannerism lasted into the first part of the 17th century, all through much of Europe. Stylistically, Mannerism includes an assortment of methods swayed by, and responding to, the congruous principles and controlled naturalism associated with artists such as Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, and Raphael. This essay will discuss Mannerism expression of an era, the characteristics that define this movement and the reason why it is an extension of the earlier conventions.

Mannerism: Reflection of the Era

For years, many have thought that Mannerism was essentially considered to be a tendency developed by artist because it communicated the liberalism in their expression. However, more evidence leans toward…… [Read More]

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Smithsonian African Art One of

Words: 789 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Journal Paper #: 39584614

Exhibit 2 - One of the more surprising and, frankly, awe inspiring portions of the collection focused on the paintings done in Ethiopia in the 15th-17th centuries. Much of Ethiopia had become Christian by that time, holding a long tradition of Coptic Christianity from the Egyptian areas in the very early Middle Ages. The colors presented, as well as the serene nature of the characters are as poignant and emotional as any Baroque European artist. One wonders, though, if there isn't some disassociation between the indigenous cultures and the subject matter in that all the holy characters are clearly Caucasian in a land in which most worshipers are dark skinned.

Exhibit 3 -- According to the museum, textiles are one of the most vivid and expressive means of artistry in Africa. The complexity and color of the garmet often reflects the person's status, and in many cases the designs on…… [Read More]

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Realism in 19th Century European Art

Words: 1208 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 68559209


In the early- to mid-1800s, Europe began undergoing a major transformation. The Industrial Revolution, as it is known by historians, radically changed the manner in which the world produced its goods. It also altered society from primarily agricultural to industrial and manufacturing. This new revolution brought significant levels of poverty and despondency to the new working class. The artistic form of Realism emerged as a result of these socio-economic changes. It sought to correctly portray the conditions and hardships of the poor with the hope of improving their living situations. While Romanticism glorified nature, Realism visualized the industrial world as a blight on society. Likewise, while the Romantics visualized life in a sentimental fashion, the Realists portrayed the second half of the nineteenth century in stark reality. Through their artwork, painters such as Gustave Courbet transmitted the beliefs, customs and aspects of those who rebelled against the Romantics. Rebuffed…… [Read More]

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Gohlke the Sublime Photographic Art

Words: 432 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91776609

108). Photographic truth for Gohlke is realized by showing 'the thing itself' but through a subjective perspective, accepting the contextual relativism of postmodernism without attempting to alter the piece with overt artistic tampering. Gohlke has long loved wilderness photography for its apparent purity, although he also obviously finds inspiration in the remote qualities of areas in cities. Gohlke focuses the viewer's intention on content and subject, not his technical virtuosity as a photographer or an imagined past history or connection to a larger history of art (Minichiello 1992, p.108). The viewer's involvement and experience with the landscape on a personal level is what is required to appreciate a Gohlke photograph, not sophistication or past knowledge -- this is why his works are called pure experiences, both in the taking of the work by Gohlke's camera and also the apprehending of the work from the point-of-view of the gazer (Minichiello 1992,…… [Read More]

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Less Two Pieces of Art

Words: 675 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 33436120

The viewer is compelled to walk around it to see the different aspects of it and perceive its changing nature. The viewer is caught in the middle between David and Goliath and, as such, interprets a fraction of time of energy and feels the momentum of passing time. The observer of Absinthe, however, is sucked into a pit of stagnation and apathy of depression where the woman and companions signify the doldrums of death. David frowns and bites his lower lips in agony of intense concentration. L'Absinthe is characterized by pensiveness, melancholy, and, rather than the social interaction of the Davidic scene (characteristic of a religious period), Absinthe shows the isolation and depression characteristic of the modern 19th century (and still of today).

Bernini had a tough youth having to battle through destitution and homelessness, until he was finally, and by chance, recognized as artist. Then, in the fashion of…… [Read More]

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Metropolitan Museum of Art Analysis of the

Words: 552 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94264960

Metropolitan Museum of Art:

Analysis of the Life and Miracles of Saint Godelieve

During the Middle Ages, altarpieces were commonly adorned with images of religious figures, either depicting scenes from the Bible -- usually of the life of Jesus or Mary -- and various saints. "An altarpiece is a carving, painting, sculpture, screen or decorated wall made for a Christian church altar, the table at which mass is said… generally showing scenes relating to the life of the central figure. These are presented in chronological order and can be read like a comic strip" (Pioch 2002). The oil-on-wood altarpiece found in the Metropolitan Museum of Art entitled The Life and Miracles of Saint Godelieve was commissioned by the Guild of the Load Bearers in Bruges for their chapel. Godelieve, a saint specific to the Netherlands, was likely chosen as the focus of the work because she is the patron saint…… [Read More]

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Byzantine Art from the Middle Ages

Words: 2148 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16279735

Mendicant Orders and the Artwork of the 13th and 14th Centuries

The advent of the mendicant Dominican and Franciscan orders in the medieval world came at a time when European Christendom was expanding its custodial religious shield, so to speak, about the continent. The architecture of the cathedrals, the stained glass windows, the ornate altar pieces, and the stylized woodwork all indicated in elaborate and grand ways the glory of God. Yet, as art, religion, society, politics and travel began to increase and grow at this time, the mendicant orders appeared like a salve -- a reminder of the need for Christian society to be humble, to be charitable, to be Christ-like and simple. The new style and format for art that emerged during the 1200s and 1300s were infused with the teachings and ideas of the mendicant orders, which swept the continent as a result of their bold simplicity…… [Read More]