Criminology Essays (Examples)

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Modern Criminal Justice

Words: 5887 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10050857

Death penalty is generally conceived of as the supreme legal sanction, inflicted only against perpetrators of the most serious crimes. The human rights community has traditionally held a stance against the death penalty for a wide variety of reasons: critics argue that the death penalty is inhuman and degrading; that it is inappropriately applied and often politically motivated; and that rather than reducing crime, the viciousness of the punishment only serves as an inspiration to further violence.

Historically the death penalty has existed all around the world. Only since the beginning of the twentieth century has the death penalty been rejected by a growing number of people and states. International law discourages but does not prohibit it. Article 6 (paragraphs 2 and 5) of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights states that "sentence of death may be imposed only for the most serious crimes in accordance with the…… [Read More]

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Issues of Diversity

Words: 1654 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97185513

Crime

With the advent of technology, there are other tests apart from Blood Type present to rule out a crime. If today, the assailant's blood type does not match the blood on the crime scene, it does not necessarily prove him guilty. Forensics studies have indicated that there are two types of people on this planet regarding secretion of ABO proteins in body fluids. There are the secretors, and then there are nonsecretors. In cases of rape, the fluid usually tested is semen. The thing to note is that if that person is a secretor, only then his blood antigens will be present in the semen. If the semen is negative for any antigen that can either mean that the person is type O or is a non-secretor (Lyle, 2011) Furthermore, there are thousands and millions of people who have the same blood type. Due to this reason, DNA testing…… [Read More]

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Roles of a Police Psychologist in an

Words: 2003 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32674037

Roles of a Police Psychologist in an Investigation

The following paper describes the roles played by a police psychologist in an investigation of a situation in which a former police officer has been killed. The police force constantly takes risks to save the lives and belongings of the people they serve. This force is known for its bravery and courage but when a situation involves the homicide of a former member of their own group, they are faced with extra trouble as their own safety becomes a concern for them. In addition to that, the pressure from media exacerbates the problem for the police force. In this case, the police force needs psychological support which is given to them by a police psychologist.

Introduction

Police offers face severe stress in their day-to-day routine. They risk their lives and their families in order to fulfill the duty assigned to them. Their…… [Read More]

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New Advances in Cognitive Development Psychology

Words: 815 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 53171722

Brain and Deviance/Criminal Behavior

For thousands of years, scholars have debated the duality of good and evil within the human condition, and the choices individuals make regarding actions that could be good are evil. The basic idea of a utilitarian model, is that humans are innately reasonable and able to weight consequences with rational choices -- cost vs. benefits. Kim, et al. (2010) review both control theories and the biology of the brain as a way of understanding criminal deviance. If one understands why crime is committed, the idea is that one could then help society to develop ways in which criminal behavior is minimized. Choice theory says that individuals look for opportunities, then weigh the positives and negatives (punishment, gain, etc.) and choose whether to proceed further based on that choice. Choice, however, may be have a direct relationship between culture and chemistry. Deviance is defined on a relative…… [Read More]

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Organized Crime and Its Link to Money

Words: 2935 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 47815039

Organized Crime and Its Link to Money Laundering in Contemporary Society

Organized crime is a very real facet of society (Bartlett, 2002; Cressey & Finckenauer, 2008). Those who are not involved with it in some way may not notice it, which could lead them to underestimate the seriousness of the problem. However, it is of deep concern to police, the government, and others who are exposed to it and the trouble it can cause. There are also many different types of organized crime, and many ways in which it is used (Williams, 2001). In other words, while it conjures up visions of the mafia, that is not often the case.

There are gangs of national and international criminals that engage in various activities, one of which is money laundering (Akers, 1996; King & Wincyp, 2007; Williams, 2001). This is the act of taking money that is gained through crime, which…… [Read More]

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Juvenile Corrections

Words: 1407 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 10711731

Juvenile Corrections

Juvenile delinquency is a common phenomenon in the globe today. Owing to the severe crimes, committed, different states handle the matter differently. On one hand, some states utilize the "punitive approach" that prioritizes crime control, punishment, and incarceration; on another, the restorative model, which stresses human rights, youth development research, and restoring the community. In the United States, the law does not tolerate juvenile delinquency; this explains the utilization of the "punitive approach" when handling juveniles. In addition, policies in the U.S. are becoming more punitive; therefore, juveniles have found themselves tried in the adult legal system. However, in the recent past, the U.S. has re-considered the death and life without parole sentences for juveniles, which it has termed as unconstitutional. Apparently, the state is gradually applying some human rights principles in relation to juvenile justice policy, a positive move, indeed (Caldwell, 2011).

Background

During the 19th century,…… [Read More]

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Closed Circuit Television

Words: 1027 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 25481512

Closed Circuit Television

CCTV has been a common method of fighting crime, especially in public places such as supermarkets, restaurants, hotels, and the like. Although the prevalence of the technology indicates the faith of business owners that it will deter crime, there has been relatively little research to indicate its effects on those being surveyed (Fletcher, 2011, p. 5). Critics of the technology have also implicated CCTV as imposing upon the individual's right to privacy, especially when it comes to environments like hotels or other apparently private environments. Despite the lack of quantifiable research results, one might safely assume that the presence of CCTV discourages criminal activity, at least to some extent, while also offering crime fighters a valuable tool for identifying and apprehending perpetrators.

According to Fletcher (2011, p. 5), CCTV has both advantages and disadvantages. Clearly, as mentioned, one major advantage is the ease of deterring and apprehending…… [Read More]

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Bullying Are Anti-Bullying Programs Effective In Recent

Words: 763 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5586822

bullying: Are anti-Bullying programs effective?

In recent years, there has been a resurgence of efforts to deal with the problem of bullying in schools, specifically encouraging schools to adopt formal anti-bullying programs that educate students on the subjects of how to spot bullies and why bullying is wrong. However, many of these have been quite controversial.

Pro

One meta-analysis of many different bullying programs found that school-based anti-bullying programs are effective: "on average, bullying decreased by 20 -- 23% and victimization decreased by 17 -- 20%" (Ttofi & Farrington 56). The methods children are using to engage in bullying today are far more subtle and difficult to monitor through the use of social media and thus require an aggressive anti-bullying campaign through the schools. "One 2010 study by the Cyberbullying Research Center, an organization founded by two criminologists who defined bullying as 'willful and repeated harm' inflicted through phones and…… [Read More]

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Gun Control the Debate on Whether or

Words: 1092 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Annotated Bibliography Paper #: 70079729

Gun Control

The debate on whether or not strict gun control laws should be enacted has been raging for years. While proponents of the said laws have in the past linked gun ownership to escalating crime, advocates of gun control are convinced that guns are an effective deterrent against acts of criminality. So, does gun control really result in decreased rates of crime? My take is that as the drafters of the Second Amendment intended, citizens should be permitted to bear guns for their own safety, and by extension, that of the entire American society. In this text, I develop an annotated bibliography based on a variety of resources on gun control.

Barrett, Paul. "After Connecticut: Guns, Gun Control, and Gun Culture." Bloomberg Business Week, 2012. Web. 28 November 2013 < http://www.businessweek.com/articles/2012-12-14/after-connecticut-guns-gun-control-and-gun-culture>

The article starts with the unfortunate massacre of 26 people in Bucolic Newtown, Conn. approximately one year ago.…… [Read More]

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Social Problem Discrimination Over Sexual Orientation in the U S Workplace

Words: 3889 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 19443631

Sexual Orientation Discrimination

Discrimination can be carried out in the work place through many different ways. Federal and state laws go on to prohibit employers from carrying out unfair practices like hiring or terminating on the basis of religion, race, sex, national origin, physical disability or origin. All these are factors about a person that can be used either in his favor or against him. Some states have also declared employment discrimination laws that basically forbid employers from discriminating on the basis of sexual orientation.

It was earlier in November that the U.S. senate went on to approve the legislation that basically prohibit workplace discrimination that is being carried out based on gender identity or sexual orientation. The legislation was approved 64-30 (Lopez) The employee non-discrimination act or ENDA was first brought out in the public in 1994. Even though it was been almost twenty years ever since it was…… [Read More]

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Infanticide as a Charge and a Defense

Words: 4613 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 77353952

Infanticide in Australia

Infanticide is the act or practice of killing newborns or infants. It has been committed or performed in every continent and in every level of culture from the poorest hunters and gatherers to the richest and most advanced classes of people and from the time of our ancestors to modern age (Milner 1998). The act or practice has been so rampant that there is enough evidence on record to show that it has been more the rule than an exception and this evidence reflects that parents themselves kill their infants under distressing and stressful situations. The practice or act was so frequent in England in the 19th century that both the medical and the private communities had to think of ways to control the crime (Milner) described by medical practitioners as savage in a contradiction to human progress.

But infanticide is not a modern creation. It was…… [Read More]

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Status Offences

Words: 1256 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 95034065

Status Offenders

Throughout modern history, society has struggled with how to handle children and adolescents who committed crimes. Historically, juveniles who came to the attention of the courts have been considered less guilty, because of their age, than adults (Klein, 1998). This in turn developed into an attitude at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century that the appropriate role for police and the courts was to guide the young person to a better path. This in turn encouraged the idea of "status offenses" -- that is, offenses that would not be crimes if committed by an adult. For example, a 15-year-old could be considered truant if he or she stopped attending school, but an 18-year-old who dropped out of high school without graduating would not be truant.

The change from adult to juvenile courts for youthful offenders, however, took some time to accomplish. Until 1899…… [Read More]

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Domestic Violence

Words: 439 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 59815419

Media Coverage of Trials

Providing in-depth coverage of trials, including pretrial hearings and all events related to a case has become a prime topic for the television media. In the last five years, the television channel "Court TV" has acquired over twenty million viewers (Lassiter, 1996). In addition, a body of research exists demonstrating that pretrial media coverage affects the outcomes of some trials (Bruschke & Loges, 1999). A variety of experts including lawyers, psychologists, and communication experts have all suggested that pretrial publicity, when negative, may influence juries negatively against defendants (Dixon & Linz, 2002) in spite of the fact that under our legal system, a person is considered innocent unless and until proven guilty in a court of law.

But at the same time, one of the most cherish rights given to us in the Constitution is freedom of the press -- the right of the media to…… [Read More]

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Non-Traditional Security Threats and the EU

Words: 8197 Length: 23 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 84723317

Non-Traditional Security Threats and the EU

Theoretical Study

Terrorism

Weapons of Mass Destruction and Nuclear Threat

Regional Conflict

Organized Crime

Environmental Degradation

Non-Traditional Security Threats and the EU

Due to the discontentment with the conventional concepts of security, the research schedule based on these conventional concepts, associated theoretical debates and their impact on policy, have given rise to the idea of non-traditional security. In the present era, it is universally acknowledged that security possesses multifaceted characteristics. Growing from the components of military and political units of the days of the Cold War, it has presently come to achieve new magnitude i.e. which is composed of economic, social, environmental based and educational oriented. These are not brought together under the military characteristics of security and they encompass a whole lot, ranging from macroeconomic equilibrium to environmental based.

Non-traditional security risks like extremism or terrorist activities, weapons which lead to mass destruction,…… [Read More]

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Is it a Deterrent to Cop Killings

Words: 8212 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 29946338

Capital punishment: Is it a deterrent to Cop Killings?

Capital punishment is the imposition of death penalty on persons condemned of a crime. (Americana, 596) Killing condemned criminals has been one of the most extensively practiced types of criminal punishment in the United States. Capital punishment has been enforced as a punishment for brutal offenses from the initial stages of documented history. The first evidence of death penalty in the United States dates back to the colonial period in 1608 in Jamestown. Possibly there do is no existence of any public policy matter connected to management of crime which has been explored and evaluated so long as the death penalty; in much diverse means than the death penalty; or in higher degree than the death penalty.

Expressed in an easy manner, the predicament is this: no crime control concern known by us more about than the death penalty and also…… [Read More]

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Police Use of Force

Words: 369 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 92339262

Albert and Smith delve into the controversial and complex topic of the use of excessive force in policing. The authors note two important points about the complex topic. First, use of excessive police force is poorly researched and understood. The term "excessive force" is not well defined within law enforcement, and a cohesive explanation of situations that use excessive force is lacking in the training of police officers. Further compounding this lack of definition is a lack of comprehensive statistics on the use of force in the policing environment. As such, police officers have been given enormous powers and responsibility in a hazardous and highly-scrutinized environment, but lack a real understanding of the degree of force that they are allowed to use in carrying out their duties. This lack of understanding of the use of force has resulted in the inability of the police force to provide comprehensive statistical information…… [Read More]

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Evidence Truth and Order Tagg John Evidence

Words: 678 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 4714367

Evidence, Truth, and Order

Tagg, John. "Evidence, Truth and Order: A Means of Surveillance" From Visual Culture: The Reader. Edited by Jessica Evans and Stuart Hall. New York: Sage, 1999, pp. 244-273. Originally published as Tagg, John. "A Means of Surveillance: Photograph as Evidence in Law," in John Tagg, The Burden of Representation: Evidence, Truth, and Order. London: Macmillan, 1988, pp. 66-102.

State author's biographical notes

Who is John Tagg?

Tagg is an author, photographer, and post-modern theorist. All of these many identities of the author coalesce into his ideological essay upon the nature of photography, the legal system, and photographs of prisoners. Currently, he is professor of art history at SUNY Binghamton in New York State. He is also the author of Grounds of Dispute: Art History, Cultural Politics and the Discursive Field (1982) and The Burden of Representation: Essays on Photographies and Histories (1988).

What are the terms…… [Read More]

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Women and the Death Penalty

Words: 5499 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 36981049

Women and the Death Penalty Analysis

An Analysis of the Historical Effect of Gender and Race on the Application of the Death Penalty in the United States

While the debate over capital punishment continues to rage in the United States, questions of why the death penalty is viewed as ethical by some, while others would view it as unethical become increasingly significant. In addition, there are new controversies concerning the ethical nature of the death penalty in view of new technology such as DNA evidence that has cleared many death row prisoners. The ethical debate over the death penalty has resulted in the practice being abolished in most industrialized nations, and the United States remains the only advanced country in the world with the death penalty (with the exception of Belgium, where the practice is legal but is virtually nonexistent). However, capital punishment remains a viable punishment for capital crimes…… [Read More]

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Hidden Order the Economics of Every Day Life

Words: 1340 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 42460674

Hidden Order: The Economics of Everyday Life" by David Friedman. The paper will discuss various articles that have been written to elaborate various points from the book.

The Hidden Order: Economics of Everyday Life

David Friedman's book "The Hidden Order: Economics of Everyday Life" is a classic read, it highlights all the possible encounters a person can have in the field of economics. He has tried to highlight the problems and rational of everyday life that are encountered in the field of economics. His books cover various parts and aspects of everyday life of the general population.

The Hidden Order: Economics of Everyday Life

Friedman has covered various topics in his book; they include topics like, price, value and cost of a simple economy, relations between employers and employees in the real world, implementation of economics in everyday life with emphasis on the criminal activities that take lace in the…… [Read More]

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Police Brutality Against Hispanics and African Americans

Words: 1062 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 97372361

Police Brutality

In recent years there has been an increase in the number of cases of police brutality reported. It is important to look at police brutality against Hispanics and African-Americans to gain a better understanding of this serious problem.

History of Brutality

The contrast between "law-abiding and lawless people is racialized, making the depreciation of liberty it legitimates equally racialized (Roberts, 1999)." This in turns creates a racist pattern of police brutality. The "social norm theory helps to explain why this pattern strikes most Americans as benign. Myths of Black criminality are so embedded in the white psyche that it seems perfectly natural to many Americans that Blacks are disproportionately stopped for traffic infractions, arrested for drug offenses, swept off the street for loitering, and sent to prison (Roberts, 1999)."

New York City's police department has a history of racial abuse. Police officials there report a decrease in crime…… [Read More]

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Police Discretion the Execution of Discretion in

Words: 2040 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 3367120

Police Discretion

The execution of discretion in judgment among police officers has been studied for decades (De Lint, 1998). Before the 1960's,

For some three decades now it has been established knowledge that police officers use discretion (De Lint, 1998). Through the 1960's, officers were expected to use "common sense," with little attention paid to analyzing situations where discretion was called for or for applying specific training to improve the kinds of judgments made in such situations. Obviously, police will have to use discretion, but one response to the problem of discretionary judgments, some of which led to clear abuses of police power, was to make the training of police officers more academic. The assumption was that better-educated people make better judgments. However, research on the outcome of this approach showed marginal improvement at best (De Lint, 1998). While no one is opposed to having well-educated police officers, the other…… [Read More]

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Assembly Bill 1914 Introduced by Assembly Member Montanez

Words: 3055 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 74076984

Assembly Bill 1914 Introduced by Assembly Member Montanez

This bill is trying to address the problem of reintegration into society of former inmates, by establishing ways and methods to properly educate them and increase their chances of successfully fulfilling the requirements of life outside prison. The author of the bill (Cindy Montanez) declares that the current structure of California's prison education system undervalues education and is hostile to rehabilitation. Focusing on custodial functions will ensure prison growth, while, by implementing short- and long-term educational and vocational services and strategies, recidivism will reduce significantly, as shown by the reduction of the crime phenomenon in more 20 states that have adopted such measures. The California prison system is based solely on punishment, while rehabilitation and education play an insignificant role. The purpose of a judicial system should be the active correction and reintegration into society of the inmates, and not the simple,…… [Read More]

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Pinochet Case's Is Not Yet Satisfying to Chilean and Human Rights Activists

Words: 2174 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 87565104

Pinochet's Case is Not Yet Satisfying to Chilean and Human Rights Activists

Although hampered by internal constraints and challenges, the nation of Chile stands poised to enter the 21st century as a major player in the world's international community. On the one hand, the sound economic policies that were first implemented by the Pinochet dictatorship resulted in unprecedented growth in 1991- 1997; these policies have also helped secure the country's commitment to democratic and representative government. On the other hand, General Augusto Pinochet has been found guilty of the torture, disappearance, and murder of thousands of Chileans, including international citizens, but he has not yet been brought to justice. After Patricio Aylwin inaugurated a democratic presidency in 1990, he continues to bring excuses for Pinochet's actions or exercises control to avoid facing justice. Pinochet declared himself as Commander of Chief of the Army and afterwards, Senator for life in Chile.…… [Read More]

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Prison System Ineffectiveness

Words: 2453 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 27708673

Overhaul of Our Prison System Needed

Most people credit increased incarceration with reduced crime (5).

Prison growth has skyrocketed (5).

Prison costs have skyrocketed (1)

Large numbers of mentally ill in U.S. prisons (3).

overcrowding, failure to protect both adults and juveniles, has not reduced crime rate, increased recidivism.

Overcrowding

statistics on problem

Three strikes and you're out rule

Drug laws have caused increase in inmates increased sentence length

Unrealistic expectations

Political consequences if this pattern is challenged

Affect areas of society unevenly.

No benefit: drugs are cheaper than they have ever been before.

states have eliminated parole boards.

New home for the mentally ill

High rate of mentally ill and the addicted in prsons.

B. Cause: Changes in mental health care

Prisons are Expensive

A. Costs

B. Privatization hasn't worked

Prisoners can't be protected from other prisoners (8) (9)

A. Adults

B. Juveniles

VI. Ineffective in reducing crime (2)…… [Read More]

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Compare Drug Policy Between the U S and Netherlands

Words: 2726 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 52701418

Drug Policies of the United States and the Netherlands

Virtually every country in the world has drug prohibition and criminalizes the production and sale of cannabis, cocaine, and opiates, except for medical uses, and most countries criminalize the production and sale of other psychoactive substances, and moreover, most countries criminalize simple possession of small amounts of the prohibited substances (Levine 2002). However, no Western country and few Third World countries have or have ever had forms of drug prohibition as criminalized and punitive as the United States (Levine 2002). Beginning in the early 1990's, drug policies in Europe, Canada, Australia and elsewhere began to shift away from criminalization of drugs, and no where has the pendulum swayed more than in the Netherlands (Levine 2002).

The United States' drug policy is the best example of criminalized drug prohibition that uses criminal laws, police, and imprisonment to punish people who use specific…… [Read More]

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Politics of Administrative Law

Words: 1193 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 23409685

Politics of Administrative Law

An Examination of the Challenges Presented by NLRB vs. Jones & Laughlin Steel Corp. To the Political, Economic, and Legal Philosophies Developed from Munn vs. Illinois and Lochner vs. New York

As the 19th century drew to a close, the impact of the Industrial Revolution resulted in shifts in the social contract and witnessed the beginnings of the concentration of corporate power in the hands of big trusts and monopolies in the early 20th century. In response, the Supreme Court's decisions in several seminal cases served to shape the political, economic, and legal philosophies that resulted in NLRB vs. Jones & Laughlin Steel Corp. This paper will provide a background and overview of the cases involved, followed by an examination of how the legal consciousness of NLRB vs. Jones & Laughlin Steel Corp. challenged the Court's previous positions as exemplified in Munn vs. Illinois and Lochner…… [Read More]

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Proactive Policing

Words: 6206 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 42132239

Proactive Policing

There is generally a concept that police respond only after a crime is committed. However, now police do have opportunities to be proactive. Today proactive policing has emerged as the key to a booming future in crime prevention and control. Now police uncompromisingly carries out required investigation and works with citizens and social service groups in order to contain crime-breeding conditions and decrease the rate of street crime.

Proactive/community policing stresses on clarification, forecast and avoidance of crime occurrence. This is done through the investigation of fundamental issues of offenses and chaos and through proactive problem solving for problems that are anticipated to culminate into criminal / anti-social activism, if not controlled at the initial stage.

Outline of the Paper

The article discusses police practices towards controlling crime. Its main emphasis is on analyzing proactive practices adopted in the police systems over the years, translating from the early…… [Read More]

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Extent Race Plays a Role in the Different Sentencing Ranges Applicable to Different Crimes

Words: 9035 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 34774522

race plays a role in the different sentencing ranges applicable to different crimes.

Race and Sentencing Guidelines

Race has been a consideration in sentencing guidelines for quite some time. Many individuals believe that those who are not Caucasian receive sentences that are harsher and punishment that is stricter than others

Because of this, there is concern that perhaps the sentencing guidelines and the entire criminal justice system is racially biased. This is evidenced not only by individuals of other races who feel that they have been treated unfairly but by statistics which indicate the number of non-Caucasian individuals on death row and within the prison system in general.

The purpose of this paper will be to show that there is disparity between the sentencing guidelines that are given to Caucasians and to non-Caucasians and to look at the extent race plays a part in the prosecution for different crimes. This…… [Read More]

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Female Sex Offenders

Words: 2445 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 48637567

Female Sex Offenders

There have been extensive studies regarding child sexual abuse, however, there have been minimal attention paid to sexual abuse by females (Denov 2001). During the last twenty years there has been a rise of interest in the issue of child sexual abuse with most research concluding that sexual offending is an exclusively male activity (Denov 2001). In fact, early research on sexual offenders suggested that sexual offending among females was so rare that it was "of little significance" and claimed that sexual offending was "virtually unknown among women" (Denov 2001). A 1984 study suggested that "pedophilia does not exist at al in women" (Denov 2001). However, findings from more recent studies have begun to acknowledge the existence of female sexual offenders (Denov 2001).

Indeed, official statistics lends to the conclusion that female offending is a rare phenomenon (Denov 2001). According to figures from the Canadian Center for…… [Read More]

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Nils Christie's Book Crime Control as Industry Towards Gulags Western Style

Words: 3079 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 88207642

Nils Christie in his book Crime Control as Industry: Towards Gulags, Western Style, a person has difficulty knowing who are the worst criminals -- the men and women prisoners or the individuals who run the penal industry. The book details how the United States relies on the criminal justice system to enrich business interests by following the model of corporate America. The disciplinary system is supposedly designed to control so-called dangerous populations that challenge the prevailing social order. Yet increasingly, the criminal network is used more to build economic growth for private concerns than to enhance public safety and well-being. This entrepreneurial penal complex will continue to expand exponentially unless stopped by the American public -- a population where the majority of uninformed people wear blinders as to what is occurring in the area of crime prevention.

Relying on his expertise as an economist, Christie explains why private companies are…… [Read More]

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Texas' Capital Punishment

Words: 2595 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 74304655

Capital Punishment in Texas

Khalil, Samy. "Doing the impossible: Appellate reweighing of harm and mitigation in capital cases after Williams v. Taylor, with a special focus on Texas." Texas Law Review, 80(1): November 2001. Proquest Database.

In this article, Khalil examines how state and federal courts have overturned death sentences, from a period covering the reinstitution of the death penalty in 1976 to 2001. The author focuses on sentences that have been upset due to the failure of defense lawyers to both investigate and present mitigating evidence during trial. The author makes a strong argument by referring to Williams v. Taylor, which argues that appellate courts cannot be expected to reweigh harm and mitigation when attorneys present adequate defense representation. In the case of Texas, the author rightly observes that appellate courts would have difficulty reviewing all capital cases arising from Texas, since even fact-finders in Texas are not required…… [Read More]

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Dealt With the Issue of Youth Gangs

Words: 5677 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 77569923

dealt with the issue of youth gangs and their prevalence in USA. Sociologists have been analyzing youth gangs in urban backgrounds for around 70 years. It has been debated that youth gangs were created in accordance with social events, and that gang members were of loose morals or inadequately socialized entities who tied up together to do delinquent activities in groups rather than as separate entities. This paper shall deal with the major components of youth gangs in the country and shall also emphasize on the policy implications to deal with the youth gangs.

Most of the primitive sociologists and enrollers of the media depicted gangs as tangential groups, wherein their actions were taken into accordance as infringement of the folkways, more than obvious infringements of existential laws. Nowadays the word 'gang' portrays impression of law assailing groups more than the old boys which existed around corners. Recurrently the word…… [Read More]

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Individual Rights vs Public Order

Words: 4189 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 83676919

Individual Rights VS. Public Order

Individual right - the right to privacy VS. public order - the need to use surveillance Cameras to deter crime.

The Surveillance cameras are regularly connected to machines for taping the proceedings, but nobody looks at these tapes unless something untoward happens. These cameras are on the march and have spread to gas stations, ATMs, mini-marts, sporting events as also on the streets. After the attack on 9/11 on the World Trade Center, has led to more people trying to buy safety through these cameras. There are a great number of the Surveillance cameras now on Times Square as that is viewed to be the next major target for terrorist attacks. The sales of these systems are now the highest among all types of electronic security products. This fact has come out from the study conducted by Security Sales & Integration, a magazine in Torrance,…… [Read More]

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Parker Influenced the Technology Industry Donn B

Words: 444 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 22165312

Parker Influenced the Technology Industry

Donn B. Parker is a retired senior management consultant at Stanford Research Institute (SRI), who has specialized in Information security and computer crime research for 30 of his 47 years in the computer industry. He has written many books, papers, and reports based on interviews with over 200 computer criminals and audits of the security of various corporations.

Parker received the 1992 Award for Outstanding Individual Achievement from the Information Systems Security Association and the 1994 National Computer System Security Award from U.S. NIST/NCSC, The Aerospace Computer Security Associates 1994 Distinguished Lecturer award, and The MIS Training Institute Infosecurity News 1996 Lifetime Achievement Award. In addition, The Information Security Magazine recently named him one of the five top Infosecurity Pioneers.

Donn Parker started working for SRI in 1969 as director of computer operations after working for 17 years at Control Data Corporation. His career at…… [Read More]

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History of Habeas Corpus

Words: 6204 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 90749748

history of Habeas Corpus. There are twelve references used for this paper.

There have been a number of laws that have survived the test of time and continue to influence the legal world. It is important to look at the history of Habeas Corpus and the role it plays in the law today.

The Start of Habeas Corpus

Habeas corpus was first introduced in England in 1215 when the Magna Carta was written. When habeas corpus was first used, it had a limited range. Over time the scope expanded due to jurisdictional disputes between the superior courts and local courts of England.

Habeas corpus cum causa was the form of habeas corpus used by the courts which "compelled the sheriff to produce the prisoner who was the subject of the courts' jurisdictional dispute (Orye, law review)." series of crucial cases which began with the Case of the Five Knights and…… [Read More]

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Police Relations

Words: 1221 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 10706032

police forces are run, and Thibault et al. take examine some of the important issues that have prompted these changes. Their work on police management, and the research that they have pursued on the ways in which police departments are constituted, have helped to created the kinds of community-based, progressive forms of policing that are becoming more and more widely used - even if they are still in the minority overall in this country.

In the preface to their work, the authors argue for three elements to be included in every progressive police department:

First, we believe that sound management is management based on a combination of theory and practice. Practice without analysis will cause us to repeat the mistakes of history, so our theoretical analysis must be directed toward the practical for implementation into the day-to-day rigors of operating a police department.

Second, we reject complete adherence to the…… [Read More]

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Offender Re-Entry Program Proposal

Words: 1780 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 65355003

Offender Reentry Program Proposal

The concept of offender "reentry" is beginning to take the corrections world by storm -- a much overdue storm. Reentry is the process of prisoners reentering society after a period of incarceration in a prison, jail, or detention facility. But it doesn't signify just "letting them go." It connotes that offenders are "prepared" to be released. It means that they are much better off at the time of release than at the time of their admission. (Anderson, S)

It suggests that their period of community supervision will contribute to their crime-free lifestyle. An estimated 100,000 youth are released from secure and residential facilities every year and because the length of incarceration for juveniles is shorter than for adults, a relatively greater percentage of juveniles return to the community each year. In addition, research indicates that a small percentage of juvenile offenders commit the overwhelming majority of…… [Read More]

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Governor of Illinois Not Long Ago Declared

Words: 2915 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 2073921

Governor of Illinois, not long ago, declared a temporary moratorium on death penalty cases. He then commuted the sentences of all death row inmates in Illinois prisons. This was due to reports of egregious miscarriage of justice. Innocent people were unfairly sentenced. (Davey & Mills, 2003) While this was welcome news to some, it also provoked outrage among those who felt that the "blanket moratorium" was an injustice to the families of victims, especially since the perpetrators were sentenced because they were found guilty without a shadow of a doubt. Capital punishment is a difficult subject to discuss. Groups that support the death penalty and those that oppose it put forth arguments that are then refuted by those on the other side of the divide. Statistics, data and personal testimonies and eyewitness reports are used to support their respective causes. In the U.S., Crimes such as murder, treason and other…… [Read More]

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California Three Strike Law

Words: 1604 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 43238510

California Three-Strike Law

In California, there is a serious attempt of controlling crime. Various laws have been enacted to control the criminals who are repeatedly being caught for serious crimes. Penal Code 1170.12 (Proposition 184) was one such law passed by the citizens in March 1994 to deal with the criminals. The Penal Code is popularly known as "Three Strikes and you are out." It all started when Mike Reynolds drafted legislation in response to his daughter Kimber Reynolds being murdered by a career criminal. The bill was killed in the committee itself. (Vitiello, 1997) Then Reynolds started collecting signatures to get the bill through. In the meantime, another innocent 12-year-old girl Polly Klaas was kidnapped during a slumber party, and subsequently murdered. Here also the criminal was a prior criminal with conviction for kidnapping and burglary. This became an emotional issue and the law came into effect in 1994…… [Read More]

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Application of DNA in California in Criminal Cases

Words: 7716 Length: 28 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 53029376

DNA in Criminal Cases - Solving Cold Cases in California with Forensic Science

This research will attempt to analyze and discuss the feasibility of DNA testing in solving cold cases and will study the impact that DNA fingerprinting has had on the forensic science community as a whole.

DNA is generally used to solve crimes in one of two ways. In cases where a suspect is identified, a sample of that person's DNA can be compared to evidence from the crime scene. Crime scene evidence can also be linked to other crime scenes through the use of DNA databases. DNA evidence is generally linked to DNA offender profiles through DNA databases. In the late 1980's, the federal government laid the groundwork for a system of national, state, and local DNA databases for the storage and exchange of DNA profiles. This system, called the Combined DNA Index System (CODIS), maintains DNA…… [Read More]

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Should Using a Hand Held Cell Phone Be Banned While Driving

Words: 1162 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 65966392

cell phone use while driving. Specifically it will discuss the increased use of cell phones in the United States, and the dangers of driving while talking on a cell phone. Talking on a cell phone while driving is dangerous. Studies show it is just as dangerous as drunk driving, and talking on a cell phone while driving should be banned nationally, not simply on a state-by-state basis.

CELL PHONES SHOULD BE BANNED

Driving while talking on a cell phone has become quite controversial as more Americans use cell phones every day. Using cell phones in public can be annoying and downright rude, but driving while talking on a cell phone can be deadly. One analyst noted, "Driving and talking on a cell phone is like drinking and driving. In both cases, the driver's reaction time is slowed, especially in the event of a roadway mishap requiring urgent response. In addition,…… [Read More]

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Burglary Investigations

Words: 1758 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 32055699

Burglary investigations [...] theory of burglary investigations, how "surveillance" is part of the stakeout, how to look for a suspect, how fingerprinting is a part of the investigation, and will distinguish between the different types of burglaries, i.e.: First-degree; Second-degree, etc. based on using a weapon or not. It will also discuss the degrees of penalty, and how burglaries differ between day and night.

BURGLARY INVESTIGATIONS

Burglary is one of the most invasive crimes perpetrated on the public. It is also known as Home Invasion, or Breaking and Entering, and is defined as "The unlawful entry into the premises of another with intent to commit a felony (usually larceny) therein."

How detective and police officers investigate this crime can mean the difference between solving the case and allowing burglaries to continue in the community, and unfortunately, burglaries are some of the crimes with the worst clearance rates in police investigation.…… [Read More]

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Poor Grammar Criminal Justice System the Criminal

Words: 993 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 21131822

Poor Grammar

Criminal Justice System

The criminal justice system may be seen as an overpowering, puzzling as well as threatening for all those who do not work according to the system on normal basis. Thus, one can easily imagine the response of a criminal since he or she struggle to turn the very inflicting "criminal" justice system (ncvc, 1998).

There are many individuals that may include victims along with their advocates of having believed that the justice system concentrate on the criminal to the loss or damage of the victim (ncvc, 1998). However, after the passage of the Wisconsin Victims' Bill of Rights in 1980, the victim advocates have supported the passage of victims' rights legislation to have balance justice system (ncvc, 1998).

Thus now to some extent, all states have passed laws in order to protect the rights as well as interests of crime victims. However, the capacity and…… [Read More]

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Double Jeopardy

Words: 2644 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 33467159

Double Jeopardy and Legislative Limitations

The legal concept of "Double Jeopardy" is a rather simple one to define and to understand, but application of the Double Jeopardy standard is anything but easy or simple. On a very basic level, Double Jeopardy is a limitation in court proceedings that the same person cannot be tried for the same crime twice, regardless of the verdict or outcome of the first trial. But, as with all legal procedures and rules of order, there are exceptions to the rule. In cases where new evidence is found that can demonstrate a person's innocence, a trial is considered warranted because the outcome could not adversely effect the person already convicted. If however, the new evidence could prove an already determined innocent person guilty, then Double Jeopardy rules start being applicable. With the very broad nature of this topic, it is useful to demonstrate an understanding of…… [Read More]

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Son of Sam David Berkowitz

Words: 3527 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 74275578

summer of 1976 to the end of summer 1977, a reign of murderous terror gripped New York City - it was the year of the Son of Sam. David Berkowitz would eventually be arrested, tried, and convicted for the series of gun-attacks that left six people dead, seven wounded, and an entire city in fear. When caught, while there existed a potential for his being determined to be insane, Berkowitz pled guilty to the six murders and, under the sentencing rules of the time, was given twenty-five years to life. David Berkowitz comes up for parole next year.

The Son of Sam, while in jail, turned his crimes into profit by writing and authorizing books to be written about him.

Outrage against this led to the "Son of Sam Law" which now disallows criminals in jail from profiting from their crimes while behind bars.

Berkowitz has become an icon in…… [Read More]

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Promise to My Partner That I Would

Words: 926 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65126482

promise to my partner that I would complete my education, get my bachelors degree and that I would go forth, and rise through the ranks, with him to become at least a Lieutenant in the detective bureau.

My reasons for attending AMU.

Promotional opportunities

Squad leader

Still receive overtime pay

Career Interview

Introduce commanding officer

Awards and recognition

Suitability for Lieutenant

Benefits of position

CAREER ESSAY

The purpose of this paper is to introduce and discuss the career I am hoping to work in. Since I already work in my chosen field, I will cover some of my accomplishments so far, and what I hope to accomplish with my promotion to Lieutenant. On September 11, 2001, I was on the initial response team to the World Trade Center. My partner Detective Joe Vigiano was killed as well as three members of my unit. On the same morning at about 0600,…… [Read More]

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Theories of Crime Causation

Words: 1280 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 66159342

Causes Crime? There are many different theories out there as to what actually is the singular cause of crime. Some say crime is caused by poverty or by society. Others claim the cause is jealousy or adversity. Some blame crime on the breakdown of the family unit or racial discrimination. Theories include: alcohol abuse, drug abuse, economic factors, mental disease, and poverty, to name a few.

Bruce Bartlett of the National Center for Policy Analysis states, "One of the basics of liberal dogma is that poverty is the root cause of crime and terrorism. In the liberal worldview, people do not kill and steal because they are evil, but because they are deprived of material things." Still, many arguing that poverty is the leading cause of crime. If this were true, there would have be more crime in poorer nations. History also contradicts this theory. The crime rate in the…… [Read More]

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Diversity in Law Enforcement

Words: 1383 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 14146728

Diversity Law Enforcement

Diversity in Law Enforcement

The United States culture has had a level of diversity ever since it's founding. In fact, the U.S. would called to potential immigrants from all over the world to come and join the "melting pot" of individuals that had different beliefs, religious practices, unique trade skills, and inventiveness. Despite the way the American society was originally constructed, there are still issues with racism and inequality in opportunities that are present today. Furthermore, the divisions in society include more points of conflict than ever before. There are polarizing lines drawn on topics such as abortion, gay rights, religion, and politics in general. Today's society is incredibly diverse and this level of diversity also requires that law enforcement organizations incorporate diversity into their organization as well to handle these challenges. By incorporating diversity into the law enforcement organization, it is possible to improve race relations,…… [Read More]

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Biomedical Ethics

Words: 1599 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 55163989

Child Limit Laws

Biomedical Ethics

The debate regarding the right of having children against the importance of national family planning has raged for years. In the late 1960s, many strongly believed that a decline in fertility rates would slow population growth, especially in developing countries and thus reduce poverty. This was the popular view at the time but in the 1980s, there emerged a fresh thinking about the right to bear children. The proponents of this alternative view based their argument on the thought that demographic characteristics had no role in reduction of poverty Huang, Mincy and Garfinkel 1216()

New evidence has emerged that support the first view and showed that trends in the population are important in reducing poverty. However, the challenge for this is that there is progress in ensuring economic and social empowerment of the population including their right to bear children. By presenting the case for…… [Read More]

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Domestic Terrorism

Words: 3000 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90284008

Domestic Terrorism

America is home to people with varied cultural backgrounds who have been confined into one political and geographical territory. These people may have issues and conflicts but still find themselves living together because of shared territorial borders (Zalman, 2013). The United States has managed for a very long time to contain multitude of people with diverse religious, political, and cultural views in relative harmony. Incidences of terrorist attacks that have been meted out on America domestically, exemplifies the distrust people have with the American ideal of democracy where people from backgrounds can all claim loyalty to and the benefits of the American system. Domestic terrorism is not something unique to the 20th and 21st century America (Zalman, 2013). It is something that dates back to the pre-independence period when the colonialists used violence to proclaim independence. Colonists staged rebellion to the British authorities to into changing its policy…… [Read More]

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Punishment Compared With the Effectiveness of Rehabilitation

Words: 1115 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25225226

Punishment Compared With the Effectiveness of Rehabilitation

For most people within the criminal justice system, as well as society at large, rehabilitation and punishment are two choices which must be taken, rather than taking their synonymous meanings. They give the impression to be like possible synonyms or ways to refer to same processes. Is punishment rehabilitation? Or alternatively, is rehabilitation punishment (McNeill, forthcoming)?

The supporters of rehabilitation view offending etched in people's experience of injustice and social expulsion, to bank on an individual's (criminal) responsibility (the punishment is based on that) as ill-conceived and to emphasize the role of the state to rectify the mess of the total crime produced. Punishment for certain rehabilitationists seems like a fancy term use. Meanwhile, the critics argue that there could be vengeful, appropriate and fair terms to pile up (McNeill, forthcoming).

For many rehabilitation professionals, those who happen to be compassionate about the…… [Read More]

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Intellectual Functioning Your IQ Wechsler Adult Intelligence

Words: 3350 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 51020723

Intellectual Functioning

Your IQ

Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale

Stanford -- Binet Intelligence Scales

Analysis of Wechsler Adult Intelligence and Stanford -- Binet Intelligence

Present use of Stanford -- Binet Intelligence and Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale

Precautions

Results from Studies

The performance IQ

Assessment of Intellectual Functioning

Psychological testing -- also known as the psychological assessment -- is basically the foundation of how psychologists are able to get a better understanding a person and their behavior. It is a process of problem solving for many professionals -- to try and regulate the core components of a person's psychological or mental health difficulties, personality, IQ, or some other element. It is likewise some kind of process that aids and identifies not just flaws of a person, but also all of their strengths. Psychological testing are done to measure a person's performance at a particular point in time. Psychologists discuss about an individual's…… [Read More]

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Court Management Policy Proposal

Words: 2514 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33093494

Court Management Policy Proposal

The retributive and rehabilitative approaches of justice are dominant, and research suggests that they have disappointed the juvenile legal system. The rise in youth crime and critiques of the juvenile legal approaches has led to demands for reforms in the way of charging youth offenders. The retributive approach of justice suggests that juvenile offenses are violations against the state and holds the state accountable for sentencing youth offenders (Umbreit and Greenwood, 1999). This approach assumes that punishment will help in reducing future criminal activities; however, research suggests that the punishment is likely to increase youth delinquency. On the other hand, the rehabilitative approaches focus on resolving youth offenses by utilizing interventions including probation, cognitive training and behavior therapy to reform delinquency (McCorry, 2010).

In the same context, restorative approach has also become a widespread alternative to react to crime. Unlike the retributive approach, restorative justice emphasizes…… [Read More]

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Crime in the Beginning the Main Focus

Words: 1861 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Article Review Paper #: 68215282

Crime

In the beginning the main focus of the drug addiction theory was on the habituated pleasure reinforcement as well as the potential of the drug for the reward. Drug affects the dopamine receptors that are present in the brain and the individual is flooded with the desirable emotions by using dopamine, these desirable emotions are considered to be the reward for using the substance (Pinel, 2009). When the relationship of dopamine to the reward was recognized it was thought to be the major cause of addiction but when further researches were carried out, they showed that there were some other factors involved in the addiction as well.

When initially the psychotropic substance like cocaine or amphetamine is used, some changes take place in the brain and these changes then influence a cycle of addiction. Although different drugs have different probability of addiction but the individual characteristics like cognition, mental…… [Read More]

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UCR Uniform Crime Report

Words: 1127 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 87214459

UCR Uniform Crime Report

Uniform Crime Report

It is the belief of some people that the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) system, through the Uniform Crime Reports collected by the FBI, provides a completely accurate indicator of crime in the United States. However, not everyone shares this opinion. There are two reasons why some people feel the UCR is not accurate as a representation of crime throughout the United States, and both of them are highly valid in nature. First, the UCR is a voluntary program (UCR, n.d.). This means that the areas that report to it can do so only if they want to. They do not need to report if they choose not to do so, and they may also not report every crime or every group of crimes. Second, there are only 18,000 law enforcement agencies reporting, and they can only report crimes they are notified about (UCR,…… [Read More]

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Crime Data Attorney General Has the Job

Words: 1659 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9946448

Crime Data

Attorney General has the job of collecting, analyzing, and reporting statistical data, which will be able to give valid evaluations of crime and the criminal justice procedure to government and the people of the various states. Crime in Birmingham, Corpus Christi and Anchorage are three places that are unique and have different crime rates. The communicating Criminal Justice Profiles generate web-based exhibitions of data on all three cities. All of these feature are done to gives users more flexibility to tailor data tables to their exact inquiry. Moreover, datasets with the past 10 years of arrest and crime data are now downloadable to do the essential research of these cities. With that said, this paper will give a detailed analysis of crime data in three different states using Birmingham, Alabama, Anchorage, Alaska and Corpus Christi, Texas.

The Cities

Research shows that the FBI's 2012 official Crime Report Comparison…… [Read More]

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Juvenile Justice Interventions to Parental Intervention and

Words: 900 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 85951983

juvenile justice interventions to parental intervention and readiness for change. The study evaluates Parenting with Love Limits (PLL) group therapy program to determine its effect on adolescent behavior and its effect on parent factors as well as parent adolescent relationship and readiness for change.

The methods and procedures used in conducting this study are descriptive and experimental. It also involves statistical analysis of data. It also reviews previous studies that relates to it. It is descriptive in the sense that it gives a reader an insight into what terminologies like recidivism, re-adjudication, and community based intervention mean with regard to reducing adolescent oppositional and conduct disorders. The design was experimental in the sense that it used The Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) to measure behavioral problems and social competencies of children as reported by their parents. The parents are reported to have completed the CBCL by themselves. The CBCL integrates 118…… [Read More]

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Social Development From 1876-1911 in Mexican History

Words: 1157 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1964503

Social Development in Mexico: 1876-1911

Reform ideas that spread during 1855-1875, "the reform period," came to be implemented at the national level under the regime of Porfirio Diaz. In the reform period, the goal of modernizing Mexico, i.e. make it more like the United States and Europe, gained many adherents. To move toward this goal, several objectives were promoted by liberal politicians. One of them was the reduction in the power of the Catholic Church by redistributing its lands and curtailing its monopoly on religion, allowing freedom to other churches and religions to establish themselves. Another objective was to secularize education and implement modern curricula in the schools. A third objective was to promote capitalist economic development. Yet during the reform period, the implementation of the modernization agenda was sporadic and limited geographically. The reform period was chaotic, marked by civil wars, the rule of French imperialism (and the war…… [Read More]

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Juvenile Justice System Ireland the Objective of

Words: 1351 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Dissertation or Thesis complete Paper #: 23434587

Juvenile Justice System Ireland

The objective of this work is to examine the juvenile justice system in Ireland and then to compare it with the juvenile justice system of the United States. Additionally, the strengths and weaknesses of the juvenile justice system in Ireland will be examined as well as what improvements might could be made to the system, what the U.S. could learn from Ireland, and what aspects of each juvenile justice system are superior or inferior to each other.

The juvenile justice system is reported to be in a period of transition after the Children Act (1908) was replaced with the Children Act (2001) as the primary legislation that governs the juvenile justice system in the Republic of Ireland. (Seymour, n.d., paraphrased) The Children Act (2001) is reported to be representative of the first major legislative reform of the juvenile justice system in approximately one hundred years. There…… [Read More]

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In Cold Blood Analyzing the Criminal

Words: 1175 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18734753

Criminal

Capote, like the investigators to the case of the Clutters in examining the crime scene, felt that there were certain aspects that "speak" to the character of the murderers. It is of interest that none of the women was sexually molested, that Mr. Clutter was laid upon a mattress, to presumably make him more comfortable. In addition, that Kenyon's head was propped upward with pillows. In examining these facts of the case, was Capote fascinated with what kind of killer (s) could take the time to make their victims comfortable, and yet also shoot them mercilessly in the head and tie them up? Setting out to find answers to these questions, Capote invariably began extensive interviews with the killers, which reached into the depths of their background and lives. The fascination with how human beings can commit horrendous crimes was most likely sparked by In Cold Blood, and modern…… [Read More]