Debt Essays (Examples)



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Tyson Foods in the Last Few Quarters

Words: 1556 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51086404

Tyson Foods

In the last few quarters, Tyson Foods has been facing tremendous challenges from rising feed prices and stagnant consumer demand. However, in spite of these issues, management believes that they can be able to overcome them towards the end of year. Our previous analysis revealed that Wall Street analysts were very optimistic about the future and their estimates are too high. This means that there is a possibility of the stock continuing to underperform until more reasonable expectations are taking place. ("Tyson Foods 10K," 2013) ("Tyson Foods," 2013)

To fully understand what is happening, requires carefully focusing why this is occurring. This will be accomplished by justifying the current market price for organization's debt and equity using various capital valuation models. Together, these elements will support the findings from our analysis and research on the company over the next several quarters. ("Tyson Foods 10K," 2013) ("Tyson Foods," 2013)…… [Read More]

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Macro-Economic Choices the Three Major Categories for

Words: 1197 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16699388

Macro-Economic Choices

The three major categories for the federal government's revenues include: individual incomes taxes, corporate income taxes and social insurance taxes. Individual income taxes accounts for the largest amounts of spending for the federal government. As, these figure increased from: $1.1 trillion in 2010 to $1.3 trillion in 2011. While social insurance taxes are the second largest source of revenues with them providing at total of: $938 billion for 2010 and $978 billion for 2011. Then, there are corporate income taxes that are accounting for revenues of: $252 billion for 2010 and $292 for 2011. ("The Budget and Economic Outlook," 2011)

What are the three major categories of expenditures for the federal government? Please comment on each and indicate their relative importance to each other. Relative importance can be indicated by dollar amounts, percent of total revenue or expenditure or, though less informative, by ranking.

Three categories for the…… [Read More]

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Identifying Long-Term Trends

Words: 511 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 42459715

Long-Term Trends

Short-Term Debt

Long-Term Debt

Common Equity


The FedEx capital structure is mostly in common equity. The company does have some long-term debt, but this is only a quarter of the capital structure, indicating that FedEx is not a highly leverage firm.

The key economic variable for FedEx is the GDP, in particular the GDP growth rate. The GDP is the broad measure of economic activity. This is an important measure because FedEx has a broad corporate customer base, and as such its success is highly correlated with the broader economy. When the GDP is rising, this is good for FedEx's business. Now, if we are talking about expanding in Canada, then the key is to know where it might be useful to expand, as in finding out where the GDP is growing. That way, the new capacity will be filled more quickly. That is simply a matter…… [Read More]

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How Can the Government Spend More Than it Brings

Words: 1100 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 56402666

U.S. Government Deficits

Why is it that the U.S. Government can spend more than it brings in through taxes and other revenue? What are the specific reasons why the U.S. can consistently and constantly operate its programs and conduct official business while running a huge deficit? These questions and others will be reviewed in this paper.

The Deficit -- why and by how much is the U.S. In debt?

A May, 2012 article in the Economist quotes Republican presidential candidate Mitt Romney saying that the U.S. Government has "…a moral responsibility not to spend more than we take in" (Economist, 2012, p. 1). The article reminds Romney that if what he is saying is true then America is "…a thoroughly depraved and immoral country" because in 76 of the past 100 years "the U.S. government has spent more than it has taken in" (Economist, p. 1). In fact in 26…… [Read More]

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Risk Return and Their Evaluation Risk &

Words: 1454 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68660864

Risk, Return and Their Evaluation

Risk & Performance Indicators

Since this is a small business, therefore raising equity capital through public stock issue is less likely than debt or whatever form of paper issued to angel or venture investors. Therefore while a larger, publicly traded firm would consider the return on equity version of the short form DuPont equation, a small, more closely-held concern would focus on return on assets (ROA). If ROA is net income over sales times sales over total assets, i.e. net income over total assets, then any action that could increase the numerator, total income, or shrink the denominator(s) should increase ROA compared to past performance within the firm and the competition outside it. If competitors all use the same (best) plant, then maximizing efficiency of the same assets through process or brand innovation; input cost reductions, and also financial performance like minimizing payables days over…… [Read More]

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Satisfy Its Investors Cash-Rich Apple Borrows Money

Words: 793 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Article Review Paper #: 31379481

Satisfy Its Investors, Cash-Rich Apple Borrows Money, authors Peter Lattman and Peter Eavis provide insights into why Apple senior management chose to initiate and complete a record-sized bond deal of $17B. One of the primary motivations for amount of bond debt taken on by Apple is to stabilizing their continually dropping stock price, a concern of public and private or institutional investors alike (Mackenzie, Rodrigues, 2013). Apple has said that this bond issue is part of a planned $100B payout to investors by 2015, which is a core part of their strategy to retain institutional investors as the largest percentage of their stock ownership (Seitz, 2013). The intent of this analysis is to provide an overview of the article To Satisfy Its Investors, Cash-Rich Apple Borrows Money followed by an analysis of the article and discussion of its relevance to financial management.

Article Summary

The article provides a synopsis of…… [Read More]

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Risk There Are Two Kinds of Risk

Words: 1077 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84746887


There are two kinds of risk that a company faces. Systematic risk is risk that is inherent in the economy. This risk is generated largely by external factors to the company, such that the company has little control over these factors. This type of risk is faced by all companies (or most of them) within the economy and as a result it is very difficult to diversify systematic risk away. Hence, it is undiversifiable risk. The other type of risk is diversifiable risk. This risk type is generally internal to the company, so it is generated by company-specific factors that are not shared by other companies.

In modern portfolio theory, firm-specific risk factors can be diversified away, if a portfolio has enough other securities and securities from different risk categories. A fully-diversified portfolio should have risk equivalent to the broad market (undiversifiable risk) because the risk associated with any…… [Read More]

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Frank-Dodd One of the Issues

Words: 1826 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60872390

The philosophy behind Frank-Dodd is to minimize the risk to the taxpayer of trade in these instruments, but this is to be balanced against the needs of the industry. Arguably, however, there is no particular need for synthetic CDOs, so tight regulation that restricts their manufacture and use should be sufficient.

The Frank-Dodd Act imposes significant regulatory burden on synthetic CDOs and the use of credit default swaps to create synthetic CDOs. The full extent of the burden has yet to be defined, in part because the terminology in the risk retention rule has yet to be adapted to these products. Adapting the wording of Section 941 would further regulate and control the use of these instruments. By providing clarity, improved wording would allow regulators to create a tighter framework with fewer loopholes. The regulator would also be able to craft the wording the way it wants, as opposed to…… [Read More]

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Pros of Investing in the Stock Market

Words: 1960 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 8729870

Pros of Investing in the Stock Market and the Increased Benefits it provides for Global Stability.

One of the strongest areas of investing is the stock market. This is because it is known for providing above average historical returns. Evidence of this can be seen by looking no further than information that was collected by Anspach (2012). She found that the stock market has produced an average return since 1990 of 9.14%. This is higher than what most investors are earning in other asset classes.

As a result, these views are illustrating how investing in these areas will produce a larger overall return. To fully understand how this takes place requires examining the benefits of investing in the stock market and the merits that it is providing when it comes to global stability. This will be accomplished by focusing on: the advantages, the role that credit card debt will play…… [Read More]

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Retirement Plan Financial Plan the Client Is

Words: 922 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36076766

Retirement Plan

Financial Plan

The client is a married male in his mid-twenties. It is projected that the client will graduate from college within the next year or so and immediately enter the workforce. The client's degree is in engineering and he is expected to land a well-paying job in a relatively short time. He and his spouse are currently childless but plan on having at least two children. The couple lives in an apartment but are plan on purchasing a house in whatever city the job is offered. The client comes from a long-lived family with the average family member living well into their eighties. The client wishes to pass on accumulated wealth without paying a large percentage in taxes to the government. The client plans on retiring at the age of 70, and will then travel and enjoy life with his spouse.

Current income needs are approximately $2,000…… [Read More]

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Google Is a Better Value Than Yahoo

Words: 1191 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 9885783

Google is a better value than Yahoo. This is because the company is involved in many different segments of the technology marketplace. They have a lower price earnings ratio and price to EBITDA. At the same time, the firm has a larger market capitalization, greater amounts of cash, low levels of debt and a management structure / strategy which are encouraging continuing innovation. In the future, this means that the firm will remain a dominant player inside the marketplace.

The Balance Sheets of Google vs. Yahoo

The balance sheets of Google and Yahoo reveal a number of different factors which are illustrating the financial strength of both firms. In the case of Google, it has a market capitalization of $292 billion, revenues of $53.10 billion, $50.10 billion in cash and $9.7 billion in debt. Moreover, the company has a price to book value of 2.28, a PE ratio of 16.56…… [Read More]

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Financial and Accounting at a Hospotal

Words: 1277 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 21658097

It is, in this sense, a question of security and risk avoidance. In a financially insecure environment, an environment where state budgeting and financing for hospitals may be influenced by issues such as a change in the governing party, a change in the state priorities or anything like this, it is important to know that, while on one hand your sources of financing are variable, including here the possibility that sponsorship contacts may be less important in some years, your financial obligations remain stable and are not subject to modifications.

A second important advantage for the two types of conventional mortgage schemes I have mentioned is the fact that they seem to be more addressed to long-term activities than the adjustable rate conventional mortgage. Indeed, the adjustable rate advantages people who will prefer to change their asset after the first years and will benefit form the lower interest rate and…… [Read More]

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Jamaican Economy Fairness of the

Words: 1151 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92892398

There are several standpoints to justify this position:

First of all, as mentioned in the Life and Debt documentary, and as stipulated in the legislation, the free zones are not regulated by the Jamaican government

Secondly, this condition leads to the inability of workers to become organized in unions and ask for their rights to be respected

This means that the American contractors, who in effect play the role of employers, minimize all costs, including those with work safety and security, personnel wages and so on; as a parenthesis, the salary of a Jamaican employee in the free zones if of $120 a month

The employees put in extra, unpaid hours and ever work six day weeks. When some of them rebel to ask for more money or the protection of their rights, they are fired.

All the above findings lead to the unfortunate conclusion that the United States of…… [Read More]

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Credit Cards Were Devised in

Words: 461 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44933744

In fifty years, the heavy spending that credit cards facilitate will be viewed negatively, but credit cards themselves will still exist and most likely without stigma. The use of credit cards will be even more widespread, as fewer purchases will be done on site. Credit cards may be scorned by individuals who have acquired too much debt, but on the whole their benefits to society will not be overlooked.

The dramatic increase in consumerism in the United States over the past century received some contribution from credit cards. However, there are a number of other contributing factors as well. The impacts of credit cards have been both positive and negative. They hurt the country economically, facilitating low savings rates and wealth transfer out of the country. They do, however, offer unique convenience and security in today's mobile, electronic world, the same benefits that drove their invention in the face of…… [Read More]

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USA Business Cycle This Report Will Focus

Words: 2609 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 2155345

USA Business Cycle

This report will focus on the business cycle of a country of the author's choice, that being the United States of America. The author chose that country because it is one of the most scrutinized and analyzed countries in the world and the data for it is readily available. More than a dozen metrics will be looked at for this report. In order, they will be real gross domestic product, price inflation, real private consumption, real gross fixed investment, inventory investment as a percentage of gross domestic product, unemployment/employment rates, productivity, short-term investment rate with maturity of less than a year, the growth in the money supply, the nominal exchange rate between the U.S.A. And Australia, the real exchange rate between the same, the trade balance/current account as percentage of gross domestic product, the yield curve, the stock price index or stock returns, the commodity price index,…… [Read More]

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Financial Planning Is Something That They Do

Words: 836 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27096655

financial planning is something that they do not take seriously until later on life. Evidence of this can be seen with a survey conducted by They found that only 35% of Americans have a will and 21% have a trust established. This is problematic, as the lack of planning can hurt the trustee's ability to reduce taxes and other liabilities for beneficiaries. (Sarji, 2011)

To avoid these challenges, requires establishing a financial plan which is taking into account a number of scenarios. This will be accomplished by looking at: the current / future income needs, debt acquisition / retirement preparation, the purchasing / disposal of personal assets, emergency funds and investment / retirement / estate planning. Together, these different elements will show how to create a financial strategy that is prepared for a host of events. (Sarji, 2011)

Current and future needs

Any kind of planning should take into…… [Read More]

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Blow the Whistle on What You Heard

Words: 1086 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 15849755

blow the whistle" on what you heard in the garden? If so, how will you blow the whistle? If you decide to blow the whistle, what are your reasons for doing so? Your discussion should reflect knowledge of what Boatright says about issues, problems and justifications for whistle-blowing. Also, in discussing the answers to these questions you should include the following: 1) you should evaluate real and potential conflicts of interests that confront you in your decision 2) you should explain how your reasoning is consistent or inconsistent with the three following moral theories: Kantian moral theory, utilitarian moral theory and virtue theory.

The situation

Our MBA is not really aware of what is going on; all he has is assumptions, guesses. He has no actual proof. In the first case, he has had suspicions of several transactions -- their accounting practices seem suspect - and he has pointed out…… [Read More]

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Lowe's Companies Inc Lowe's Companies Inc Lowe's

Words: 1600 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66693874

Lowe's Companies, Inc.

Lowe's Companies Inc.

Lowe's Companies, Inc.

Lowe's Companies, Inc.

This report discusses the home improvement retailer, Lowe's Companies, Inc. The report profiles Lowe's, providing information about its background, operations, size, and relative industry position, as well as lists key competitors. The report also includes a profile of the home improvement retail industry and discusses the current economic outlook and sales forecasts through 2015.

The report also analyzes Lowe's consolidated cash flow statements and discusses the company's sources and uses of cash. Lowe's cash inflows and outflows include the issuance of common stock, repurchase of common stock, repayment and issuance of long-term debt, and investments in property and store information technology.

In addition to reviewing Lowe's cash flow, financial analysis reviews Lowe's performance by comparing Lowe's key ratios to industry ratios. In general, ratio analysis shows Lowe's needs to improve its efficiency and generate more sales. Even though…… [Read More]

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Walmart Role of Ethics and Compliance Compliance

Words: 1447 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74367244


Role of ethics and compliance

Compliance and SEC Regulations

Evaluation of financial performance

Trend of ratios and financial health

Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. (WMT) is an American publicly traded retail stores corporation. The operations of Wal-Mart are divided into three segments, namely the Wal-Mart International segment, Wal-Mart U.S., and the Sam's Club segment. Sam Walton was the founder of the company whereby Wal-Mart is the world's largest retail stores chain. Based in Bentonville, Arkansas, the U.S., Wal-Mart U.S. is the largest business segment of the company that accounts more than 60% of the total business of Wal-Mart. With operations in more than 14 countries internationally, 25% of the business is related to Wal-Mart International. With more than 2 million employees, the company has subsidiaries such as Asda, Sam's Club, Walmex, and Seiyu Group. The main business operations of Wal-Mart are conducted through hypermarkets, supermarkets, superstores, supercenters, warehouse clubs, discount stores,…… [Read More]

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David Jones a Welsh Immigrant Founded This

Words: 1092 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87638102

David Jones a Welsh immigrant, founded this departmental store in 1838 in Australia. With a vision to trade in the best and most exclusive goods as well as stocking goods tha embraces everyday wants of mankind at large, his store performed well. This store was located along the main street of Sydney and attracted both gentry and country settlers. They purchased goods such as buckskins, ginghams, fabrics, silk and other goods. David Jones later retired and handed the running of the store to his partners. This move was unsuccessful as the store underperformed with his exit. He came back from retirement borrowed heavily and recreated the stores success. At present David Jones is the oldest department store in Australia as well as in the world still in business using the original trade name (David Jones, 2012).

Management structure

The board of directors as at March 2012 comprised 8 members under…… [Read More]

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Finance WACC or the Weighted

Words: 717 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 53228202

Fist, the WACC depends on the capital budget. A company calculates the retained earnings breakpoint, or the capital raised beyond which new stock must be issued, and compares it to the capital budget. A capital budget smaller than the breakpoint would use the lower cost retained earnings and therefore a lower WACC. A capital budget higher than the breakpoint would use a higher cost of equity, and would result in a higher WACC (Pareja, 2005).

Further, since the WACC is used to calculate the risk of investment and purchasing, a company must choose a combination of projects, investments, and purchases that yield the highest returns when adjusted for the cost of capital. Thus, when budgeting expenditures for any given time frame, the WACC becomes an important component for calculating what investments and other projects to undertake. Further, since it relies somewhat on capital budget, any given area of a corporation…… [Read More]

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Student Affairs One of the

Words: 4376 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 22699080

" Gabriel is an employee of a small business and agrees with the results of numerous reports that highlight that irrespective of the increase in the overall opportunities for work, the overall living expenditures, student loans, utilities etc. leaves most graduates in a dire state of (Franke-Ruta, 2003).

Another Nellie Mae report conducted in 1998 showed that nearly 40% of the graduated lawyers and doctors and 25% of graduates of private institutions were earning far less money than what they owed monthly to the students loan agencies. The report also shows that out of the total graduate lawyers and doctors, nearly 41% paid off 13% of their salaries to the student loan agencies to relieve their debts and all 41% felt like this was a huge weight on their shoulders. This burden was even more obvious on the African-American debtors and low income earners by the end of 2002 (Franke-Ruta,…… [Read More]

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FedEx Corporation Offers Worldwide Delivery Services in

Words: 611 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Capstone Project Paper #: 32922678

FedEx Corporation offers worldwide delivery services in the overnight and ground businesses, along with other related logistics services. The company operates around the world, utilizing either wholly-owned subsidiaries or service partners to gain market entry. If the company is considering making an investment in a foreign country, it can start by determining the cost of capital. Most of the company's business is in the U.S., so the domestic cost of capital is applicable. There are different methods of financing that could be used to fund the expansion, debt or equity. Debt financing has the benefit of a lower cost but it also increases the risk that the company faces. Equity financing has a higher cost but carries with it less risk, since less of the company's cash flows are going towards debt service. Moreover, if the company wants to match the term of the financing with the term of the…… [Read More]

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Corporate Capital Structure Decisions Are

Words: 1169 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21347935

Statement 3

Another important issue to consider in the contraction of debt is represented by the impact of this debt on the company stakeholders -- employees, business partners, the public, and most importantly, the share holders. The primary scope of the economic agent is that of creating value for its stakeholders, but excessive debt could jeopardize this desire, especially since debt is money that has to be repaid and it as such reduces the future levels of profitability.

At the level of value creation, a crucial aspect to be analyzed is represented by the source of the debt to be contracted. On the one hand, there is the contraction of debt through loans, which are characterized by the fact that control and ownership of the company remains intact, but payments have to be regularly made; the payments are nevertheless tax deductible.

On the other hand, there is the contraction of…… [Read More]

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International Financial Management the Sovereign

Words: 2451 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 53404659












The structural issues that underlie the crisis remain unresolved. The austerity measures that have been implemented have failed miserably to restore business confidence -- they are crippling any economic recovery and have not given investors any reason to be confident about resolving the long-run debt problems faced by any of the peripheral Eurozone nations. The specter of increased Eurozone interest rates to meet the needs of Germany will only hurt the recovery of the peripheral economies further. As a result, a resolution of the sovereign debt crisis in the Eurozone does not appear to be on the horizon. Economists have made a number of proposals for the resolution of the crisis, none of which appear to have any political traction: a single Eurobond (De Grauwe & Moesen, 2009); addressing the divergence between Euro-level monetary policy and sovereign-level fiscal policy…… [Read More]

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Capital Structure Decision and Cost of Capital

Words: 768 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 19541340

Capital Structure Decision and Cost of Capital

My SLP Company of choice is Wal-Mart Stores. The other two companies I will be relying on for purposes of this discussion are Target Corp. And Costco Wholesale Corporation. Both companies happen to be in the same industry as Wal-Mart Stores. Most specifically, this text will compute the debt ratio and the debt-to-equity ratio of Wal-Mart Stores and discuss whether or not these ratios could be regarded too large or too small. Further, comparisons will be made between the debt-to-equity ratio of Wal-Mart Stores and that of its two competitors - Target and Costco.

The debt ratio in the words of Graham and Smart (2011, p. 44) is "a measure of the proportion of total assets financed by a firm's creditors." It is computed by dividing the total debt figure with the summation of equity and total liabilities. All the dollar figures below…… [Read More]

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Government Subsidized Student Loans Have Economic Costs

Words: 17149 Length: 55 Pages Document Type: Dissertation or Thesis complete Paper #: 36982214

Government Subsidized Student Loans Have Economic Costs but Political Benefits

Higher education has become increasingly important in the contemporary world scenario today where globalization has led to a higher need for a skilled labor force that is mobile and that is well-versed in the academic disciplines followed all over the world. In fact university education is starting to be seen as a hallmark for success, even though there are college drop outs who have become billionaires.

The recent spate of universities and higher education institutes has led students and their parents to believe that university education is mandatory for all those who want a nice career and income in their lives, and has increasingly blurred the distinction between necessary and mandatory education, compared to professional education that is mainly to benefit the individual.

In light of this dilemma, yet another question arises of helping students gain this education with the…… [Read More]

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Finance One Difference Between Industries With High

Words: 1813 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Multiple Chapters Paper #: 20976597


One difference between industries with high leverage and low leverage is a split between the need for fixed assets (high leverage) and a reliance on intellectual capital (low leverage). Airlines need planes, construction companies need equipment, and communications and hotel companies need infrastructure capacity. This compares with computers, drugs, biological products, educational services and electronics, all of which rely heavily on intellectual property to derive value. The conclusion that one can draw from this is that firms with a need for more fixed assets are more likely to borrow to acquire those assets. The borrowing can be long-term, to match the useful life of the fixed assets. Moreover, the interest and depreciation expenses can offset some of the costs of paying down that debt. Companies that are IP-intensive expense their research & development costs, making equity a more natural form of financing, as it tends to match up better…… [Read More]

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Capital Structure the Three Companies Selected for

Words: 1475 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42173389

Capital Structure

The three companies selected for this report are eBay, Clorox, and Darden Restaurants. eBay is an online auction website, acting as an intermediary between buyers and sellers. Clorox is described as being a manufacturer and marketer of consumer and institutional cleaning and household products. Some of its brands are the eponymous cleaners, Brita water filters, Burt's Bees and a variety of other brands as well. Darden Restaurants operates casual dining restaurant chains like Oliver Garden, Red Lobster and Longhorn Steakhouse. It has around 1900 restaurants in North America.

eBay's total current assets are $12.6 billion and its total assets are $27.3 billion. The current assets of Clorox are $1.2 billion and the total assets are $4.1 billion. For Darden Restaurants, the company's current assets are $663 million and its total assets are $5.4 billion.

For eBay, the company's current liabilities are $6.7 billion and the total liabilities are…… [Read More]

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Capital Budgeting Analysis Johnson &

Words: 4128 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 70619969

Approximately 19% of the short-term liabilities in the form of notes payable and other short-term debt.

The long-term liabilities consist of long-term debt and other miscellaneous liabilities. The debt portion of this represents approximately 39% of the total long-term liabilities. Johnson & Johnson has issued notes onto the market that mature in 2017, comprising the bulk of the long-term debt.

The calculate the market value capital structure of JNJ, we need to find estimates of the market value for their long-term liabilities and their equity. For short-term liabilities, we will assume that because the maturity is under one year, the market value and the book value will be sufficiently similar to one another.

As of market close on Friday August 1, 2008, Johnson & Johnson had 2818.19 million shares outstanding. The price of their stock was $68.61. This gives them a market capitalization for their equity of $191,918.91 million.

The…… [Read More]

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Managerial Finance - Johnson &

Words: 3790 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 86395992

76), ROE has ranged from 21.6% to 28.3% in recent years, with the 2007 figure being 25.6%. This reflects outperformance of both the industry and the market. The ROA has exhibited similar outperformance of both industry and market. The return on assets for JNJ over the past several years has ranged from 13.1% in 2007 to 17.l% in 2005. The industry five-year average is 8.85% and the market five-year average is 7.50%.

SWOT Analysis


Net Income increased despite decline in revenues

Growth in each business segment

R&D expense growing slower than revenues

2-year upward trend in net income

Upward trend in cash levels

Upward trend in cash flow from operations

Current ratio 46.36% higher than industry

Interest coverage 80.09% higher than industry

Net margin 14.04% higher than industry

Return on Equity 1414.79% higher than industry

Return on Assets 48.02% higher than industry


Decline in revenue this year (1st…… [Read More]

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Balance Sheet A Using the 2012 Annual

Words: 857 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6917101

Balance Sheet

a) Using the 2012 Annual Report, which reflects the fiscal year ended December 31, 2012, Facebook lists short-term liabilities on its balance sheet of $1.052 billion, split between several categories. The largest of these is the accrued expenses, followed by the capital lease obligations. The long-term debt on the company's balance sheet is $1.50 billion with the total long-term liabilities being $2.296 billion.

b) The market capitalization of Facebook is $107 billion, according to Yahoo Finance.

The debt ratio of the company, using the book value of the company's equity, is 3348 / 15103 = 22.1%. The debt-to-equity ratio is 3348 / 11755 = 28.6%.

For short-term liabilities only, the STL Debt ratio is 1052 / 15103 = 6.9% and the STL/Equity ratio is 1052 / 11755 = 8.9%. The LTD debt ratio is 2296 / 15103 = 15.2% and the LTL/Equity ratio is 2295 / 11755 =…… [Read More]

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Macroeconomics Government Borrowing Is Too High and

Words: 1262 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60462698


Government borrowing is too high and interest rates are too low in many countries; fiscal stimulus does not work and cheap money leads only to inflation. Explain and discuss the various caveats of this macroeconomic problem and what policy measures will you suggest and Why if you are hired as a Junior Policy Advisor in an Advisory Board of Economists in one such country including Canada? Use economic theory, policy, and data to illustrate and validate your answer.

Government borrowing is the money or debt under the jurisdiction of the country. Government borrowing represents the money belonging to the public owed by the central bank of the country's economy. The main source of government funds is tax from the citizens of the country. This makes government debt or borrowing to be an indirect debt of the citizens. In some economic terms, government borrowing refers to public or national debt.…… [Read More]

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Modigliani and Miller Famously Argued That All

Words: 1920 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79185299

Modigliani and Miller famously argued that all other factors being equal, capital structure is irrelevant. In the real world, however, things are not equal. So the different assumptions that underlie the core of MM, as the theory is known, do not exist in real life. The implication of this for businesses, then, is that they need to examine the different factors that can affect their choice of capital structure and then make a decision about how they want to finance their business. This paper will analyze these factors in relation to Starbucks, and then make a determination about the optimal capital structure for the company.

Modigliani and Miller

Villamil (n.d.) outlines the different assumptions in the MM theorem that should be evaluated. These assumptions are neutral taxes, no capital market frictions, symmetric access to credit markets, and that firm financial policy reveals no information. By ruling out all of these…… [Read More]

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Starbucks the Short-Term Liabilities of Starbucks Are

Words: 702 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26867057


The short-term liabilities of Starbucks are $2.075 billion. The long-term debt is $549.5 million. Total long-term liabilities -- not the same thing as long-term debt -- are $899.7 million.

The market value of equity of Starbucks (market cap) is $31.17 billion.

The debt ratio of Starbucks is as follows: 2975.5 / 7360.4 = .404

The debt to equity ratio of Starbucks is as follows: 2975.5 / 4384.9 = 0.678

The short-term debt to equity ratio is as follows: 2075.8 / 4384.9 = 0.473

The short-term debt ratio is as follows: 2075.8 / 7360.4 = 0.282

The long-term debt to equity ratio is as follows: 899.7 / 4384.9 = .205

The long-term debt ratios is as follows: 899.7 / 7360.4 = .112

I believe that this debt ratio is healthy. There are two reasons for this. The first is that Starbucks has a low degree of leverage with a debt…… [Read More]

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Capital Structure a Company's Capital Structure Is

Words: 1284 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69798862

Capital Structure

A company's capital structure is the balance of different methods of financing that provides funding for the company's operations. The basic breakdown is between debt and equity, but preferred shares may also factor into the capital structure. Debt includes all forms of liabilities, including both long-term debt and current liabilities. Equity includes both the book value of shares issued and the company's retained earnings. The market value of the shares is not relevant in calculating the firm's capital structure. Analyzing the capital structure of the company is done by first calculating the capital structure. Because debt and equity have different risk characteristics, the ideal capital structure of the company must be evaluated against the type of business model that it has. Different risk profiles (capital structure) are considered ideal for different types of companies. This report will analyze the capital structures of three companies -- Goodyear (NYSE: GT),…… [Read More]

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Fargo NYSE Wfc Following the

Words: 4604 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 23855909

The liabilities are subject to reserve requirements, however. This means that the bank cannot have more financial assets than it has liabilities. So debt utilization is an entirely different animal in the banking industry than it is in conventional industries.

Therefore, typical debt utilization ratios are of little relevance. Interest coverage is tied to liquidity, and is therefore not measured for banks. The debt-to-equity ratio is measured, however. For Wells Fargo, this is 3.01. For Bank of America it is 3.97. The industry average is 3.28. The significance of this metric in the banking business is that the higher the ratio, the riskier the business. Another measure is the leverage ratio. This is at Wells Fargo 12.0, versus 9.7 at Bank of America and 14.7 overall. Thus, both of these companies are less highly leveraged than the industry as a whole. Wells Fargo has a lower debt-to-equity ratio indicating lower…… [Read More]

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Financial Analysis the Company I

Words: 2865 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 9701212

Overall, at&T is the more profitable of the two companies. That Verizon has the stronger gross margins and at&T the stronger net margins indicates that at&T does a better job of controlling its cost structure than does Verizon.

The Industry

The telecommunications industry is highly competitive in both the landline and wireless segments. By 2006, wireless spending had match wireline spending. While this presents significant opportunities for telecommunications, much of that spending comes in the form of cannibalizing, as wireline revenues have been decreasing steady over the past decade, matching the steady increases in wireless spending.

There are four major wireless operators in the U.S. And over 170 regional players (Megna, 2009). Competition is based on coverage area (capital investment), price and customer service. Both firms can be considered industry leaders. As of 2007, at&T had a subscriber base of 65.7 million and wireless revenues of $10.9 billion. Verizon had…… [Read More]

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Pakistan Economy Currently There Is

Words: 4110 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 49598907

In addition the continued decline of the fiscal account will affect both debt sustainability and external balances ("Monetary Policy Decision").

As it pertains to medium term fiscal sustainability which must be present to achieve necessary overall macroeconomic stability, the tax-GDP ratio must be increased ("Monetary Policy Decision"). Additionally government expenditures must decrease ("Monetary Policy Decision"). The article also reports that the revenue deficit, which represents the difference between total revenues and current expenditure, has to be reduced to zero as established by the Fiscal Responsibility and Debt Limitation (FRDL) Act signed into law in 2005 ("Monetary Policy Decision"). In fiscal year 2009 the revenue deficit was 1.5% of GDP and it is anticipated that the revenue deficit 2% of the expected GDP in FY10 ("Monetary Policy Decision"). The article explains that the reduction of development expenditures may be successful in providing immediate relief but at the same time such reductions…… [Read More]

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Pecking Order versus Trade Off Theories

Words: 1009 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96481716

Theories on How Companies Deal With Debt and Financial Distress

Companies can use two popular theories to conceptualize their capital structure. Pecking Order (POT) and Trade-Off (TOT) are always used interchangeably when proving organizations are seeking to ease their way of making capital structure decisions. The following study elucidates the differences between the two theories.

The Pecking Order vs. Trade-Off

The Trade-Off Theory refers to the concept that a company chooses how much equity finance and how much debt finance to use through balancing the benefits and costs (Agarwal, 2013). This theory explains that organizations are often financed partly with equity and partly with debt. Pecking Order Theory argues that the cost of financing increases with asymmetric data. There are three sources of financing for a company: internal funds, new and debt equity. Firms prioritize their financing sources. First, they prefer preferring internal financing, and then debt, lastly equity is…… [Read More]

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Business Expansion FedEx Is a Corporation Offering

Words: 664 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Capstone Project Paper #: 75821105

Business Expansion

FedEx is a corporation offering worldwide delivery services to other corporations, government entities, individuals and anyone who is interested in quick, efficient and safe delivery of documents and other packages throughout the world. As such, FedEx is constantly looking to expand into additional marketplaces and geographies. Understanding the local economies and cultures of the areas of expansion are key to a successful launch and ongoing profitability when servicing the new areas.

Considering all the various factors that can ensure a profitable expansion venture is an important part of the decision process. A recent report determined that "companies have more than enough data to tell them when, where and who is buying their product" (Neeley, Warnica, Lorinc, Castaldo, McCullough, Nowak, Toller, Beer, Evans, Melanson, Barmak, McCullough, Shufelt, 2013, p. 36) but that is only part of the equation. Knowing who is buying your product does not necessarily equate into…… [Read More]

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Capital Structure Decision and the Cost of Capital

Words: 1561 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: A-Level Coursework Paper #: 89101852

Business -- Corporate Finance -- Capital Structure Decisions and the Cost of Capital

Based on the readings of the module and upon reviewing total debt/equity ratios, company betas, profitability ratios, company revenue, assets, and liabilities, and the nature of the operations of the companies, including the nature of their customers and products, what would you recommend to be the capital structure (total liabilities or debt and equity proportions) for each of the three companies?

a) eBay, Inc.

The nature of eBay's business is global online retail connecting more than 124 million buyers and sellers for the sale and purchase of more than 500 million items (eBay, Inc., 2013). As of September 30, 2013, measured in thousands, eBay's: total current assets are $23,476,000 (Yahoo! CA Finance, 2013); long-term assets are $40,067,000 (Yahoo! CA Finance, 2013); current liabilities are $12,028,000 (Yahoo! CA Finance, 2013); long-term liabilities are $17,300,000 (Yahoo! CA Finance, 2013);…… [Read More]

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Big to Fail Problem Economic

Words: 2137 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 47904164

There are studies done by researchers that endorse that foreign direct investment effects the economic growth by means of different networks. Firstly, by means of the technological modification where the worth of human capital plays a vital position in attracting the technology. Secondly, the environmental circumstance of the host (receiver) nation likewise effects financial growth. The ecological situation was evaluated utilizing the expansion of the local monetary system. The answers reinforced the study done by the researchers. The development of technology through the monetary system can aid in the means of assigning foreign direct investment funds more professionally.

Internal Relations

International relation is another vital environmental aspect that can be a solution for economic growth. This is good because it will be able to measure the political friendliness that goes on among nations. If there is no friendliness among the nations than it will be very hard to receive any…… [Read More]

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Financial Analysis of Amazon Com Inc 2012 Annual Report

Words: 3982 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 44329489


Company Overview

Amazon is a Fortune 100 company, recording over $61 billion in revenue in the 2012 fiscal year, with a net loss of $39 in that period. The company is a retailer, operating almost exclusively online. Amazon runs a large family of retail websites, several of which are the market leaders. The flagship site is ranked as the #11 website in the world in terms of traffic by Alexa, which itself is an Amazon subsidiary (, 2013). Amazon is the dominant player in online retailing in several countries, including the U.S., the UK, Germany and Canada (Myslewski, 2013).

Amazon was founded in 1994 and is based in Seattle. The company has always focused its efforts on online retailing. Initially, Amazon was focused on books and music, but very quickly began to branch out into other retailing fields. Today, Amazon has a very broad product range, and including…… [Read More]

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Hypothetical Project of Amazon com From the Capital

Words: 1922 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 33995246

hypothetical project of from the capital budgeting perspective. The first step is to estimate the capital structure of Amazon using both the book value and market value methods, and then use this information to calculate the weighted-average cost of capital. A number of different methods are used to calculate the cost of equity. .Once the WACC has been established, a discounted cash flow analysis can be done to evaluate the project, based on the cash flows given in the case. In this situation, the analysis reveals that the project would be undertaken.

Estimate Capital Structure

The capital structure of a firm refers to "the percentage of capital at work in a business type" (Kennon, 2013). Every firm has to raise capital from somewhere in order to finance its business. The main forms are debt and equity, but sometimes hybrid forms like preferred shares are also used. In general the…… [Read More]

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Economic Globalization Has the 2008 Financial Meltdown

Words: 2832 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9572312

Economic Globalization

Has the 2008 financial meltdown in the U.S. And the ongoing economic crisis in Europe have practically ended the era of economic globalization?

Following the financial crisis that marred the U.S. economy along with other global economies as well as the ongoing Eurozone debt crisis, there have been projected concerns that this predicament would end economic globalization. The purpose of this paper is to assess this claim. Going by Immanuel Wallenstein's World Systems Theory, the political economy of Third World economies and developed economies of the West are mutually dependent. Wallenstein's conjecture is that the growth and expansion of Third World economies relies on constant interaction with Western developed economies seeing as the world is characterized by a structural division of labor where the developing nations of the Third World provide cheap labor and raw materials while the developed economies are the holders of capital and controllers of…… [Read More]

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Forecast and Valuations of Black and Decker

Words: 1271 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 33223245

Black & Decker


Since the merger with Stanley, Black and Decker has seen a steady increase in its revenues, gross profit and net income. The different elements of the new company are still being integrated, underperforming divisions are being shed, and synergies between the different components are still being developed. As the company continues to make internal improvements, it can expect that it will continue to grow both its top and bottom lines. It is reasonable to expect that over the next 2-3 years, ongoing internal improvements will help to improve margins, all other factors being equal. The post-merger improvements in the percentage of SGA expenses to revenue should continue in the short-run, albeit at a slower pace. Likewise, internal factors are likely to be responsible for at least a modest growth in income, as marketing synergies in particular emerge.

External factors are also critical to the forecast. The…… [Read More]

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Capital Structure Analysis Mattel Clorox and MGM

Words: 1216 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26626868

Capital Structure Analysis: Mattel, Clorox and MGM Resorts

According to a report in the Journal of Applied Economics, companies with earnings/price ratios that are higher than their estimated after-tax borrowing costs, like Mattel, demonstrate that managers of publicly traded companies are in fact reluctant to make capital structure changes. Clorox, and MGM Resorts International also fit into this category, per my hypothesis. I suggest a radical move for these risk-averse managers based on my analysis of their balance sheets: paying down debt with cash-on-hand for all three of these companies and eschewing the tax lawyers' advice -- conventional wisdom from a time when interest rates were higher -- that has gotten them into this unsustainable level of debt at the current moment. These companies are paying junk bond prices the interest rates for their debt. They shouldn't have to do so.

Main Body


U.S.-based…… [Read More]

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Google Is Primarily an Advertising Company That

Words: 2877 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67140988

Google is primarily an advertising company that is based on the Internet. The company has built a family of websites that offer information to users. The search engine and companion sites drive traffic and the Google brand name, and build a database of demographic information. Google then sells ads to companies based on search criteria. The company has established itself as the dominant Internet advertising firm because of its ability to links ads to users in a manner that delivers superior results to advertisers. According to the 2010 Annual Report, Google earns $19.44 billion in revenues from advertising, 66% of which comes from the company's own websites, with the rest coming from Google Network websites. Advertising accounts for two-thirds of the company's total revenue. In this business, Google competes against a number of other firms, including Yahoo and Microsoft. Google also competes indirectly against other, offline, forms of advertising for…… [Read More]

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Capital Structures Essentially There Are Really Only

Words: 654 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84224873

Capital Structures

Essentially, there are really only two ways in which organizations can raise money -- debt or equity. The core of this comes down to cash flow for each type of financing. A debt claim, for instance, allows the holder to a set of cash flow, typically principle and interest; an equity claim entitles the holder to any leftover cash after meeting all other claims. Secondly, debt has prior claim on cash flow and assets. This complicates the matter of the way debt is managed and analyzed when looking at different industries. For instance, debt as a percentage of the market value of equity in an airline would be different than one in say, electronics -- all dependent upon a variety of inventory and supply/demand, price elasticity ratios.

Organizations that have high debt-equity ratios seem to be the ones that have longer term, or higher cost-based services; or those…… [Read More]

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Fundamental Analysis of Coach Inc

Words: 4440 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 84591380

Economy (Market) Analysis

Industry Analysis

Company Analysis

Brief History of the Company

Analysis of Financial Statements (Ratio analysis)

Liquidity Ratios: Current ratio

Operating Efficiency: Asset Turnover

Operating Profitability Ratios: Net profit margin, Return on Equity, and Du Pont

Risk Analysis: Business Risk and Financial Risk, Variability, and Debt/Equity

Application of CAPM and Analysis

10F.Estimating the Value of the Company and Analysis


10• P/E

11• Sustainable Growth Rate

11• PEG

12• Investment Decisions

13G.Additional Measures of Relative Value and Analysis

13• P/BV

14• P/CF

14H.Measures of Value Added and Analysis

14• EVA

15• MVA

15I.Comments and Conclusion


1.Economy (Market) Analysis

Consumer spending proved very resilient against the challenge of gradually rising energy prices, as indicators of sales in the retail sector show. However, the difficulties caused by hurricanes Katrina, Rita and other tropical storms, as well as tensions in oil-rich areas might lead to record-high energy prices.

However, the…… [Read More]

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California Tax Payers Who Commit

Words: 1208 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 24436915

Cancellation of debt in this instance may not be taxed in this manner but might be taxed another way.

Certain farm debts: This exemptions only applies to debt incurred directly from an operation of a farm. If more than half your income from the past three years came from farming, and the loan was owed to a person or agency regularly engaged in lending, your cancelled debt is generally not considered taxable income.


Since 2007 and 2008, California conformed, with modifications to IRC section 108 (a)(1) (E) that allows a limited amount of COD income resulting from the foreclosure or short sale of a qualified principal residence to be excluded. This exclusion does not currently apply for any foreclosure or short sale that occurs on or after January 1, 2009. Danny made his short sale in 2012. "The Mortgage Forgiveness Debt Relief Act of 2007 was enacted on December…… [Read More]

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Bonds That Corporations Can Issue

Words: 1488 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20712894

Iacobucci and Triantis clarify that any type of corporation with legal personhood qualifies to issue debt as long as it can own property, enter contracts and be sued.

Corporates can be issued in bearer form, where the holder of the actual certificate is required to update information periodically with the trustee or issuer, or as "registry" bonds, with the owner named but which carry no material coupons. "Book entry" bonds reside in a central securities depository and are registered with the broker, who then assigns interest to the owner's brokerage account. Corporate bonds can be unsecured "debentures," or backed by specific assets identified in the indenture. First-mortgage bonds are backed by lien against real estate owned by the debt-incurring firm; collateral trust issues are backed by other financial assets owned by the corporation, and "Equipment Trust Certificates" are tied to large real assets other than real estate. All these types…… [Read More]

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Charter Communications This Was an

Words: 387 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 50048659

I have a friend who was trying to set up service to all their local libraries, and he simply could not get a local or national rep to call him back at all. They seem to be disinterested in their customers, and that leads to customer dissatisfaction. Many people I know have given up their Charter accounts and gotten satellite because it offers more programming for less money. That doesn't have much to do with the article, but it does say something about the company's success. I also don't like how they get contracts to operate in an area, and no other cable company can operate there. That cuts out competition and makes them less likely to be competitive in pricing or customer service.

Maybe they are too bloated with employees and with their own ways of operating. Perhaps if they streamlined, and became more interested in their customers, they…… [Read More]

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Party Is Over Explicates the

Words: 669 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 95099059

Turmoil in the markets" is an article that concerns the plunging stock market prices in the United States. The reason for this is explicated as rising borrowing costs rather than disappointing profits - which are nonetheless also a reality. At the bottom of rising interest rates is investor concern about rising delinquencies in subprime mortgages. Indeed, the housing market has unfavorably affected the debt market as well, also affecting companies in the debt market unfavorably. Bank and broker shares are among the worst hit, and had to absorb unwanted loans. This is easier for larger corporations than smaller ones. The economy is therefore significantly affected by the housing market, which affects not only home loans, but other debts as well.

When taking the above into consideration, I believe that the decision to incur debt is a more complicated one for the financial manager than is suggested by the Modigliani and…… [Read More]

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Financial Analysis of Uhs Is

Words: 2635 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 91880985

92%. This compares to the 0.36% for its peers last year and 17.42% over five years for the sector. UHS has a net profit margin of 3.86% and a five-year average net profit margin of 4.49%. The sector averaged a net profit margin of -0.38% last year, but has a five-year average of 12.27%. What this indicates is that historically UHS has lagged its peers in terms of bottom line margins. They have, however, been able to sustain those margins during a downturn in the business cycle whereas their competitors have struggled. This stability is a sign of financial strength. It may also contribute to their willingness to be more highly levered than most of their competitors in order to drive growth.

Revenue growth last year was 13.36%. This compares with 6.5% the previous year and 8.19% the previous year. The five-year average growth rate is 8.01%. Revenues grew faster…… [Read More]

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Apple Investment and Financial Analysis

Words: 3620 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69660394

Apple Inc. Investment Analysis and Recommendations

Apple Inc. is an American multinational company specializing in designing and producing mobile telecommunication devices that include iPhone, computer software and hardware, Apple TV, Apple Watch, iPod, and other electronic devices. Apple was incorporated and publicly registered in 1977. Headquartered in California, Apple is one of the most successful American companies in term of revenue with the annual revenue reaching $233.7 billion at the end of 2015 fiscal year. On February 2016, Apple recorded $521.3 billion worth of market capitalization. While Apple designs the bulk of their products in the United States, the company's manufacturing plants are located in China. Apple also operates in Europe, Japan, Canada, and Latin America. (Apple Inc. 2015).

Board of Directors

Apple Inc. Board of Directors is overseeing by the company CEO (Chief Executive Officer) and other competent senior management. The Board oversees the day-to-day operations of the company…… [Read More]

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Credit Risk in Banking in Agreement With the Basel Accords

Words: 13816 Length: 50 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 65664414

Credit Risk Management

Banks are an important part of the economy of any nation. Traditionally, the banks operate as financial intermediaries serving to satisfy the demand of people in need of various forms of financing. Through this, banks enable people to purchase home and businesses to expand. These financial institutions therefore facilitate investment and spending that are responsible for fueling the growth of the economy. In spite of their vital role in the economy, they are nevertheless prone to failure and just like other types of businesses, they also go bankrupt. Unfortunately, the failure of banks can have many and significant implications than any other type of business. As witnessed during the great depression, and in recent times following the global economic crisis and recession, the stability or lack of it in the banking system could trigger economic epidemics that would impact millions of people. With respect to this, it…… [Read More]

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Funds Has Its Own Advantages and Disadvantages

Words: 633 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Capstone Project Paper #: 31553653

funds has its own advantages and disadvantages. In that regard therefore, debt financing could in some instances be more appropriate than equity financing. The reverse is true. This text concerns itself with some of the benefits FedEx Corporation would experience were it to raise funds through debt. The text also highlights some of the drawbacks of such a move.

Debt Financing: Focus on FedEx

FedEx, as it points out on its website, "provides customers and businesses worldwide with a brand portfolio of transportation, e-commerce and business services" (FedEx, 2014). As it further points out, it has in the past been ranked amongst some of the most trusted and admired companies in the world (FedEx, 2014). The company's current chief executive officer is Frederick W. Smith.

Costs and Benefits of Debt Financing

To begin with, it is important to note that as Peavler (2010) points out, debt financing could benefit a…… [Read More]

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Target Summary of the Firm Target Is

Words: 1689 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8397225


Summary of the Firm

Target is a general merchandise retailer that competes in the discount segment of the market. Target has stores in every state except Vermont, and next year the company will be expanding into Canada, adding 125 to 135 stores in that market. Including U.S. expansion, Target will grow around 10% in the next year. Target competes as a cost leader, pitting it against Walmart and K-Mart as direct competitors, and more broadly against other major retailers ranging from warehouse stores to department stores, discounters like Marshalls, or online retailers like Amazon. The key success factors for Target include operational excellence that allows it to remain price competitive, real estate selection, and the ability of Target to differentiate itself from other retail outlets.


In the discount retailing industry, firms generally operate on a model that emphasizes delivering low costs to the customer. Thus, companies have very…… [Read More]