Depression Essays (Examples)

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Hypertension Hypercholesterolemia Depression

Words: 1972 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 34745090

Hypertension, Hypercholesterolemia, Depression

Hypertension, Hypercholesterolemia, and Depression: A Case Scenario

Mr. P is a 65-year-old Hispanic male who presents to the clinic with a symptomatology that leads to three broad closely associated diagnoses: hypertension, hypercholesterolemia and depression. A review of the clinical presentation, history, physical examination and lab values indicate the following primary concerns: Total cholesterol of 280mg/dL, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) of 25mg/dL, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) of 189mg/dL, a blood pressure of 168/92, a total cholesterol level of 352mg/dL and indications of xanthelasma palpebrarum.

Of greatest concern to the patient's health are his extreme cholesterol levels and his hypertension as both directly increase the risk of major cardiac events including heart attack, heart failure, coronary artery disease, and stroke. Hypertension may be caused by excessive salt intake, impaired kidneys and damaged blood vessels. In most cases, hypertension is merely age-related without specific underlying causes. For Mr. P, however, his extreme…… [Read More]

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Postpartum Depression Theory in Contemporary

Words: 1217 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 80256925

, 2009, 239). When women begin to feel depressed, they often do not go find help or understand that this is an event that is more common than one would think. They tend to isolate their depression, which accelerates it even more. Advanced nurse practitioners and other nursing and clinical staff can help better provide for women by being accepting of their depression, rather than questioning it. Nursing staff can help ease some of the stress by not condemning the depressive feelings or symptoms, which typically make it worse. Rather, nursing staff can help the women identify with others who have undergone similar depressive states, thus helping them understand they are not alone and reducing the pressure to put on a facade, which only increases mental stress and accelerates the condition overall.

Unfortunately, there are gaps in the literature in regards to the potential risk factors of PPD, leading to…… [Read More]

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Great Depression Issues the Great

Words: 1097 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39846496

There was little support for an Equal Rights Amendment, largely due to the belief that there were other problems to solve first, but the mindset of women was well set for what would be their need in the workforce during World War II. However, while large numbers of women worked during the Depression, scholars often see their status slightly decreasing because the American Federation of Labor, for one, did not allow women to join unions and pushed employeers to hire men (Moran)

Minorities -- Most of America's minorities did not benefit from Roosevelt's New Deal Programs. They were considered the "last hired, first fired" regardless of their tenure with the company, and because so many White Males were out of work, had a tougher time finding employment. A shortage of jobs in the American Southwest, however, led to the illegal deportation of 400,000 Mexican-Americans just so Whites could take those…… [Read More]

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Great Depression Dorothea Lange's Iconic Picture of

Words: 969 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58224284

Great Depression

Dorothea Lange's iconic picture of the Great Depression in America is titled simply, "Migrant Mother." The title depersonalizes the image of Florence Thompson, who Jennifer Keene claims is "angry and bitter" that the photographer never asked her name, nor used the photograph to help the poor. According to Keene, Thompson believes that Lange profited from the photo without fulfilling the original promise to inspire government aide for the poor. On the other hand, Thompson's two youngest children are also depicted in the photograph taken in 1936. One of those daughters claims that it is only via self-reliance that economic independence is possible, suggesting that government aide is not necessarily the best or only way to help the poor. Indeed, the best way to help the poor at any time is to provide a diverse range of programs and resources. The "poor" should never be lumped together as a…… [Read More]

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Progressive Era Through the Great Depression

Words: 1340 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34999727

Era through the Great Depression

The goal of this essay is to discuss the Progressive Era through Great Depression and for this purpose; two major events that changed the face of American history during this period would be discussed extensively. Furthermore, detailed and comprehensive light would be shed on the historical events that had been successful in changing the face of United States and its society, politics, culture and economy.

The goal of this essay is to discuss the Progressive Era through Great Depression and for this purpose; two major events that changed the face of American history during this period would be discussed extensively. Furthermore, detailed and comprehensive light would be shed on the historical events that had been successful in changing the face of United States and its society, politics, culture and economy. Furthermore, this paper would concentrate on discussing the status of women in United States and…… [Read More]

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Great Depression Refers to a

Words: 1234 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 68579405

Weak governmental intervention and stubborn responses by overzealous investors led to the stock market crash in October of 1929. Non-existent money artificially inflated the prices of stocks traded on the market and caused firms to produce more than they could sell. When reality hit, it was too late to prevent the market from crashing.

President Hoover reacted by stimulating construction and public works projects. Urging firms to keep wages steady and relatively high, he cut taxes and increased allocations for public spending. Hoover was initially praised for his approach and for his awareness of ancillary factors causing the recession including his blaming rampant stock speculation. His reputation fell when he passed the Smoot-Hawley Tariff. Moreover, his pro-development policies did not help circulate the surplus goods. Oversupply and under-demand were still core problems that needed to be addressed. Worker wages remained too low to stimulate consumer spending. In the absence of…… [Read More]

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Adolescent Depression

Words: 7758 Length: 26 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 20463514

Adolescent Depression

The Family and Teen Depression

Treatment Options for Teen Depression

Adolescent Depression and the Family

Teen depression is a serous condition that has been largely ignored until recent events in the media focused more attention to the seriousness of the problem. This research examines the attitudes and past research concerning teen depression. It examines past attitudes and clinical treatments of the past. Many of these ideas and treatments have been found to be largely ineffective in dealing with the problem. This research examines literature regarding these treatments and supports the hypothesis through this literature that teen depression can only be diagnosed and treated through a holistic approach that focuses on the entire family and the many relationships in which a teen is involved. This research examines the causes, diagnoses, and treatment of adolescent depression.


Literature Review

Methods for Conducting the Review

Factors That May Lead to Adolescent…… [Read More]

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Major Depression

Words: 4777 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 90936662

Clinical Depression

Major depressions or unipolar depressions are some of the names by which the term Clinical depression is known, which is a type of depressive disorder. To explain, it is a condition that is to be diametrically observed, in the sense that the expert does not count on a patient's self-report but checks for indications of depression that can be noticed and recognized. (Schatzberg, 2002) Clinical depression is a term that explains a situation serious enough to require medical, that is expert help and may even require pharmacological involvement. Clinical depression, as stated by various medical sources, survives for a period of two weeks and is usually not impetuous because of any external being or thing.

In a year, clinical depression affects at least 19 million American individuals. Not considering whether the individual is young or old, man or woman, regardless of race or income any body can be…… [Read More]

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Childhood Depression

Words: 4442 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 78449735

Childhood Depression

Major depressive disorder, or MDD, may affect up to twenty percent of the adult population. The recognition of depression as a serious and common mental disorder has been vital in the identification and treatment of depression in adults. Leaps and bounds have been made in the field of depression research. The widespread recognition of the many possible causes of depression, including chemical imbalances with genetic or medical origins as well as traumatic life events, has made it possible for those suffering from depression to openly seek treatment options and discuss their depression without necessarily feeling the same overwhelming shame and isolation that were inevitable in generations past. Depression is more likely to be identified in an affected individual by family members, physicians, or others because of the public information that is available for professionals and the common people. Research is constantly revealing new treatment options, identifying causal factors,…… [Read More]

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Great Depression of the Early

Words: 3857 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 68560425

In fact, from 1923-1929 corporate profits rose 62% and dividends rose 65%." (McElvaine R.S. p. 39) This is further evidence not only of the inequality of general wealth distribution, but also of the severe imbalance that was to create havoc in the economy.

This dilemma was also further exacerbated by the fact that the Federal Government encouraged this situation. For example, President Coolidge signed the Revenue Act of 1926, which in effect reduced tax for the wealthy. "... he was able to lower federal taxes such that a man with a million-dollar annual income had his federal taxes reduced from $600,000 to $200,000.. Even the Supreme Court played a role in expanding the gap between the socioeconomic classes. " (Gusmorino P.A. 1996)

This situation was further worsened by another imbalance, namely the disparity between supply and demand. This was to have far-reaching and damaging effect on the economy and was…… [Read More]

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Breaking the Cycle of Chronic Pain and Depression

Words: 1778 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 76236090

chronic pain and resulting depression. Specifically, it will show the connection between chronic pain and depression, how it affects the person and the ones around them, what treatments are available, and ways to break the cycle.


There is always hope. Depression blinds us to that fact. If we can somehow hold on to our hope, just maybe we can find a way to get through"(Feinberg, 2002).

Depression - "Depression results when individuals forfeit their personal power. To overcome guilt, insecurity, and anxiety is to conquer frustration and to regain personal power" (Miletich, 1995, p. 1). "Depression is derived from 'deprimere,' a Latin word which means 'to press down'" (Miletich 1995, p. 26).

Chronic Pain - is defined as pain that lasts six or more months. Pain is any type of feeling or hurt that is annoying, hurtful, or causes discomfort. Chronic pain…… [Read More]

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Postpartum Depression or Postnatal Depression Is a

Words: 2319 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 88347291

Postpartum depression or postnatal depression is a term that describes the occurrence of moderate to severe depression in a woman after she has given birth (although sometimes men are given this diagnosis when severe depression occurs after the birth of a child). This depression may occur soon after delivery and may linger up to a year or longer. In the majority of recognized cases the depression occurs within the first three months following the delivery of the child. The DSM-IV does not recognize postpartum depression as a distinct disorder. People who receive a diagnosis of postpartum depression must first meet the standard diagnostic criteria for a major depressive episode and then they must satisfy the additional specifier criteria for the postpartum onset (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2000). This criterion states that the onset of the major depressive episode must occur within four weeks after delivery.

Postpartum depression then should be…… [Read More]

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St John's Wort Depression in

Words: 1383 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 96325619

("St. John's Wort," 2006, NCAM: National Council of Alternative Medicine)

Research, at present, is inconclusive. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) conducted a 3-year study of 336 patients with major depression of moderate severity. The study randomly assigned patients to an 8-week trial. One-third of patients received a uniform dose of St. John's Wort, another third a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) commonly prescribed for depression, and the final group received a placebo. The study participants who responded positively were followed for an additional 18 weeks. At the end of the first phase of the study, participants were measured on two scales, one for depression and one for overall functioning. There was no significant difference in rate of response for depression, but the scale for overall functioning was better for the antidepressant than for either St. John's Wort or placebo. ("Depression," 2000, National Institute of Health)

Another study, described in…… [Read More]

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Postpartum Depression

Words: 2328 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 96881438

Postpartum depression is a serious problem among women. Once thought of as a relatively minor phase within the postpartum cycle, it is now known that it can seriously impair the individual woman's ability to function under the stress of new parenthood and can seriously erode the family, at a point of foundational transition. Over the last twenty years doctors and the general public have demonstrated greater knowledge of the problem of postpartum depression through awareness and of coarse research.

According to the British Columbia Reproductive Mental Health Program the prevalence of postpartum depression is relatively high but has risk factors associated with age, social support level and prior history of either previous postpartum depression or other forms of clinical depression.

The most vulnerable time for a woman to develop onset of mood disorders is during the postpartum period. Approximately 12- 16% of women experience depression during the postpartum period. Adolescent…… [Read More]

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Economic Depression of Europe

Words: 2122 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 43307480

Economic Depression of Europe

An economic depression is more severe than a recession due to the fact that a depression involves drastic decline in a national or international economy, characterized by decreasing business activity, falling prices, and high levels of unemployment.

There were economic depressions in Europe that were experienced before and after the 1870 but with a remarkable difference, being that those that were experienced before the 1870s were less costly in terms of life and resources and took relatively lesser period. Indeed it was a commonplace that every part of Europe experienced one sort of economic depression or the other.

One such economic situation before 1870 was the "little ice age" which began in the late 16th century till around 1950s as indicated by Big Site of History (2011). This was a time when a severe cold that could not be withstood by most crops set in most…… [Read More]

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Spirituality and Depression What Is

Words: 6620 Length: 21 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 57098827

Similarly the Ayurvedic tradition of India emphasized rest and relaxation and nutritional well-being, along with various mentally stimulating exercises. Ayurvedic resorts are still popular in the East. Buddhism is also viewed as an avenue out of depression -- a mode to enlightenment. Nonetheless, as James C.-Y. Chou (2005) states, "The concept of psychological depression in Eastern cultures is not as well accepted as it is in Western cultures. In fact, the whole idea of illness in Eastern cultures is based on physical illness…if they have a psychological illness, then they are perceived as being a persistently mentally ill patient as you would see in a state hospital…it's stigmatized."

Perhaps more than any ancient civilization, the Greeks "took a great interest in the human psyche and especially in madness. Plato who lived in the 5th and 4th centuries BC speaks about two kinds of madness, one with a divine origin and…… [Read More]

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Coping With Depression Could Be Well a

Words: 1639 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 18902043

Coping With Depression

Depression could be, well, a depressing subject matter to deal with, over the course of an entire 158-page text. However, by emphasizing positive coping strategies that can be adopted by sufferers of depression and the friends and loved ones of those going through a depressed period in their lives, Coping with Depression by Sharon Carter and Lawrence Clayton. (Hazeldon, 1995), manages to avoid this potential stylistic pitfall. In fact, if anything, it errs on the side of excessive cheerfulness.

Part of the reason the book has such an upbeat tone is because this work is clearly intended for younger, rather than older adults. It attempts to explain the many causes of depression, the different potential courses of treatment for depression (from therapy to chemical remedies), how to personally manage the disease on a daily basis and how to cope if a family member or friend is clinically…… [Read More]

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Relationship Between Social Support and Depression Among Asian American Adults

Words: 1497 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: 'Discussion and Results' chapter Paper #: 31883231

Social Support and Depression

Among Asian-American Adults

The Relationship between Social Support and Depression among Asian-American Adults

There is evidence to suggest that Asian-Americans are less likely than European-Americans to seek social support for depression. As several studies suggest a direct link to perceived social support and depression recovery, it is important to address the reasons why Asian-Americans are reluctant to seek support. Specifically, the more social support perceived -- to include support from family, friends, and spiritual or religious beliefs -- the more likely a person is to recover from depression; however, there is also evidence to suggest that certain types of support can actually exacerbate depression in Asian-Americans.

For the purposes of this paper, I will present a literature review of five academic articles addressing the subject of social support and depression among Asian-Americans. The primary concerns of the articles include:

What cultural differences inform the reluctance to…… [Read More]

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American Literature and the Great Depression When

Words: 1245 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14112112

American Literature and the Great Depression

When one considers how the Great Depression affected American Literature, John Steinbeck tends to stick out, if only because his fiction generally discusses the same themes and anxieties that has come to define the Great Depression in the public consciousness. Indeed, Steinbeck's Grapes Of Wrath, a realist novel which follows the Joad family as they travel west after they losing their farm to the Dust Bowl, is frequently considered the quintessential encapsulation of the thematic and stylistic effects the Great Depression had on American Literature. Somewhat less considered, though no less crucial to understanding the effects of the Great Depression on American Literature, is the influence the Great Depression had on the careers of black writers, and particularly those who were a part of the Federal Writer's Project, the New Deal program support writers during the Depression. By considering Steinbeck's The Grapes of Wrath…… [Read More]

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Postnatal Depression Lit Review in

Words: 1318 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 68432596

(Mason, Rice & Records, 2005, p.52)

The literature dealing with postnatal depression has sought over many years to understand the phenomena of postnatal depression and to find causal links to external and internal environments that could cause it in certain women. In Grote and Bledsoe the goal of the work was to study the influence of optimism and stress in the life and mind of the new mother and determine if there was a link between the negative and/or positive the led to or helped avoid postnatal depression. The results of this research correlated internal optimism with a reduced risk of postnatal depression but also found causal links between postnatal depression and life stresses. Though internal optimism was able to counter these effects it is clear that the lack of social support that can be linked with life stress still increased the incidence of depression in some women. (Grote &…… [Read More]

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Great Depression Was One of

Words: 2537 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 39716295

Thus, when stricter regulations should have been implemented, they were not, and the avoidable became utterly unavoidable. The president Hoover's initial reaction was to allow the market to fix itself, thus going alongside his lassiez-faire beliefs. Yet, he was forced by Congress to act, but did so minimally (Wilkison 1). Thus, it was not long before the nation was in demand of a more hands on president who was willing to implement new social and economic programs to get the United States back on track to economic prosperity.

When Franklin D, Roosevelt took over the Oval Office, he inherited a multitude of problems still reeling from the onslaught of the Great Depression. In his formulation of a plan, Roosevelt created the New Deal, which "sought to save capitalism and the fundamental institutions of American society from the disaster of the Great Depression," (Wilkison 1). Thus, Roosevelt created a multi-faceted approach…… [Read More]

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Postpartum Depression Is a Completely

Words: 2624 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 57618958

It takes time, reading baby-care books, talks with the pediatrician, support groups with other mothers, and experience to know how to care for a child. And the maternally bonding feelings sometimes take weeks or months to develop.

Perfect Baby. The fantasy that your baby will be beautiful in every way, sleep through the night, and never cry is exactly that -- a fantasy. And the thoughts that all your friends new babies are perfect and yours isn't is also a fantasy. In 99 cases out of 100 that won't happen. But these thoughts can contribute to PPD.

Perfect Mother. Being the perfect mom will never happen -- either for you or your friends whom you perceive as perfect. You think you are not living up to the ideally perfect mother because you have trouble sometimes balancing the baby, other children, housework, a job, a spouse, and a myriad of other…… [Read More]

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Great Depression and the Current

Words: 1578 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 47751734

Second, margin accounts are now regulated. There are margin call limits nowadays which prevent individuals and institutions from assuming too much risk in the stock market. Banks also limit margin borrowing. A person has to fill out a special application in order to open a margin account and demonstrate knowledge of stock trading before such an account is opened. Thirdly, banks that are big are not permitted to go out of business like they were in the Great Depression. During the Great Depression, when financial institutions failed they had a ripple effect on all facets of the economy from farming to automobile production. During the current recession, federal government action saved most of the biggest banks from collapse by supporting them up with emergency financing. Lastly, the stock market is not allowed to plummet too much in a given period of time. Trading halts or breaks are imposed in times…… [Read More]

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Cause and Effect of Great Depression

Words: 1961 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 40479346

Great Depression refers to the serious economic decline that started in the United States towards the end of 1929 and spread to most industrial countries of the world, lasting until the early 1940s. The period saw sharp declines in the production and sale of goods and a sudden, severe rise in unemployment. Numerous businesses and banks closed down or went bankrupt, people lost their jobs, homes, and savings, and large sections of the population in hitherto prosperous countries had to depend on charity to survive. Economists have discussed and dissected the causes of the Depression ever since and its long-term effects have not even been fully overcome even today. In this paper we shall discuss some of the important causes and effects of the Great Depression.


The popular misconception about the Great Depression is that the sudden stock market crash of October 1929 caused it. Although the stock market…… [Read More]

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Alcohol and Depression Comorbidity Alcohol & Depression

Words: 706 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 50839700

Alcohol and Depression Comorbidity

Comorbidity Alcohol & Depression

The comorbidity or dual diagnosis of mood disorders -- particularly depression -- and alcohol abuse/dependence has increased in awareness during recent years due to the frequency of comorbidity. Depression and alcohol use is a topic that sparks much discussion as depressive symptoms can both precede and/or follow the onset of alcohol dependence (Sokya, Hollweg & Naber, 1996). This often leads to a "chicken or the egg" (Flensborg-Madsen, 2011) type question concerning alcohol abuse/dependence and depression: Which came first -- the abuse/dependence or the depression? Whichever came first, there is evidence to show that there is a causal relationship between the two different disorders (2011).

Alcohol abuse is defined as an alcohol use disorder that is characterized by sustained drinking in spite of any negative consequences as well as the inability to take responsibility for one's own actions -- especially in relation to…… [Read More]

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Macroeconomics the Great Depression Was

Words: 1891 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 34302281

With a decreasing demand, the economy could no longer produce to the same levels, pressured by price deflation as well, so the spiral continued to tail the economy downwards.

The New Deal measures produced the exact reverse effects. In this sense, stimulating the economy with new governmental programs and increased governmental spending meant that new jobs were created and that the economy gradually resumed its growth.


1. Causes of the Great Depression. 2001-2006. On the Internet at retrieved on October 13, 2006

2. Ben S. Bernanke. August 1994. The Macroeconomics of the Great Depression: a Comparative Approach. Working Paper No. 4814. National Bureau of Economic Research. Page 23.

3. Rothbard, Murray N. 1969. Economic Depressions: Their Cause and Cure. The Austrian Theory of the Trade Cycle compiled by Richard M. Ebeling. On the Internet at retrieved on October 13, 2006

4. Keynesian Model. 2000-2006. On the Internet…… [Read More]

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Great Depression -- Randall E Parker Albert

Words: 1669 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 7189680

Great Depression -- Randall E. Parker

Albert Hart: Albert Hart's interview in this book opens with a description of his influence on the American economic machinery (72): his highly influential book, Debts and Recovery 1929 to 1937 " ... painstakingly documented and analyzed changes in the structure of the internal debts" of every detail of the U.S. economy, according to the book's author, Randall Parker. The interview also began with some humor. Hart, who died a month after the interview took place in 1997, related a story about his father, who was born in 1851, and thought he had earned a $400 fellowship from Dearborn Theological Seminary, which was supposedly going to pay all his school costs and living expenses. The catch to the money, Hart related, was that after his father was told he would get it, his father still had to "swear that he believed unbaptized infants were…… [Read More]

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Economics the Great Depression Origins

Words: 3519 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 42829294

The downward spiral of deflation, the collapse of countless banks and other financial institutions, and the unprecedented levels of unemployment all demanded that something be done.

The programs that constituted President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's New Deal were not entirely unknown in the pre-Depression world. Various European countries already possessed social welfare schemes to some extent, but in the United States this was largely new thinking. The changes wrought by the New Deal reflected as much the uniqueness of conditions during the Great Depression as they did the undercurrent of new attitudes and ideas that had gradually been taking hold among America's intellectuals.

FDR's planners acted in the context of changing values, an evolving set of institutions, shifting political and economic circumstances, and the ebb and flow of planning opportunities to create a distinctly national, American form of planning.... They were part of a wide-ranging national debate over how to create…… [Read More]

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Perplexing Sex Difference in Depression With Far

Words: 1085 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48667000

perplexing sex difference in depression with far more females than males showing vulnerability to depression. The study (Dreer et al., 2007) investigated whether the hopelessness theory of depression could explain sex difference in depression. Specifically, it was examined whether it was sex that caused the different cognitive patterns in thinking, or whether the reverse was the case. (The hopelessness theory suggests that a person attributes negative aspects of self to negative events that happen to him or her regardless of actual correspondence. He also draws negative subjective global consequence from the phenomena).

A longitudinal study was conducted on 458 students recruited from a state university. 62% of the participants were female, and the mean age was 18.14 years. The majority of the students were Caucasian. The Cognitive Style Questionnaire was used to assess cognitive susceptibly to depression in terms of the hopelessness theory. The Beck Depression Inventory -- II was…… [Read More]

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Children's Inventory Children's Depression Inventory the Child

Words: 655 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51773162

Children's Inventory

Children's Depression Inventory

The Child Depression Inventory (CDI) is a psychological measure designed as a symptom-oriented instrument that assess children's level of depression between the ages of seven and 17 years of age, and was established to evaluate symptomology associated with dysthymic disorder and major depressive disorder (Finch, 1987). The basic form of the Child Depression Inventory consists of a 27 item evaluative tool; however, there is a 10 item CDI that many practitioners use as a measure to screen clients for depression early in the assessment process. The Child Depression Inventory was originally published by Maria Kovacs in 1992 as many practitioners found it difficult to assess and diagnose depression in young children; as historically, depression was seen as a disorder usually exemplified by adults (Liss, Phares, & Liljequist, 1992).

Research Studies

Stark and Laurent in their 2001 article, "Joint Factor Analysis of the Children's Depression Inventory…… [Read More]

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Teen Depression Stress and Modern Life Are

Words: 1450 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42979432

Teen Depression

Stress and modern life are far more ingrained in modern culture, often causing a greater preponderance of mental disorders in almost all population dynamics. The teen population is not eliminated as a candidate for a disorder just because they may be young. In fact, mental disorders affect 1 in 5 teenagers. The prevalence of mental disorders in this population should encourage an abundance of treatment programs, but sadly, this is not the case. Because the diagnosis of an individual's mental state is subjective in nature, many troubled teens remain untreated. Depression in the youth population is a common occurrence, yet the diagnosis and treatment seem to slip through the cracks (Ellison and Verma, 2003).

Depression is often difficult to diagnose, and the health care industry contributes to the overlooking of depression in teens because of the overwhelming desire to keep costs down, and the difficulty in getting teens…… [Read More]

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Learning Disabilities and Depression Approximately

Words: 1965 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 26893032


For the new teacher, the most important factor in resolving issues concerning students with learning disabilities is to recognize the high incidence of depression and other emotional disturbances that go along with it. Early treatment and intervention can improve the outcome for the child. However, the teacher must first be able to recognize the signs of these disorders and to provide them with resources that will help them resolve these issues. The teacher can be the first step in obtaining the necessary intervention for the child.

The most important factor for the new teacher is realizing the importance of recognizing and obtaining treatment for emotional disorders in the child with learning disorders. The two are connected, but are seldom treated as such. Emotional disorders and learning disabilities have a compounding effect and their presence can affect the ability of the child to make progress with the development of coping…… [Read More]

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Stress and Depression Among Adolescents

Words: 2014 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 98170852

Adolescents with poor problem-solving skills are at greater risk of suicide, according to an article in the Journal of Clinical Psychology (Grover, et al., 2009). The authors concentrate on the problem of "chronic stress" in adolescents, saying it involves "deprivation or disadvantage" that is ongoing and those dynamics create a "continuous stream of threats and challenges" for the adolescent. The therapy in this research? Counselors, therapists, parents and teachers all need to help adolescents learn "well-developed problem-solving abilities" in order to "buffer the negative impact of both episodic and chronic stress…" (Grover, p. 1286).


Earlier in this paper it was asserted that up to 20% of adolescents in the U.S. will encounter some form of depression due to stress. The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) suggests that the best treatment for severely depressed youths is a combination of psychotherapy and antidepressant medication; that formula works better than either…… [Read More]

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Screening for Depression in Prisoners Using the

Words: 692 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 93936011

Screening for Depression in Prisoners Using the Beck Depression Inventory" by Boothby & Durham examines depression levels of a random sample of 1,494 prisoners admitted into the North Carolina state prison system between September 1995 and February 1997 using the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) (1999). The article first addresses its potential significance to the criminal justice and psychological fields; it states that incarceration is an event characterized by lack of control, undesirability, and threat. Situations involving these characteristics typically precede depressive symptoms. Reactions to feelings of depression can lead to disciplinary infractions, assault, self-injury, and suicide, among other problems. Boothby & Durham argue that reducing these problems would not only alleviate suffering, but save prisons money. Furthermore, unlike Boothby & Durham's study, existing literature related to screening for depression among prison populations using the BDI focus on specific groups within the prison system, rather than a random, general sample. These…… [Read More]

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Role of Depression and Medication

Words: 928 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97936366

Medication adherence is delineated as the magnitude to which patients take medications as recommended by their health-care providers. Correct and accurate adherence to a treatment plan, particularly taking medication on a regular basis and as recommended in the prescriptions is a shared clinical challenge not only for clinicians but patients as well. The population growth of older adults continues to magnify and increase with the baby boomer age group almost coming to their age of retiring. The inference of this is that there is an increasing necessity for enhancing healthcare results amongst patients suffering from heart failure. Self-care discrepancies have been established to be considerably linked with deleterious healthcare results amongst heart failure patients. It has been conveyed that patients with heart failure who show diminished self-care capabilities in undertakings like medication compliance have recurrent hospitalizations and dwindled quality of life (Britz and Dunn, 2010).

Medication adherence is a multi-faceted…… [Read More]

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Yellow Wallpaper & Female Depression

Words: 1559 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 55510384

Her account of his complete discounting of her expressed needs, (which he dismisses without a second thought), as well as her description of his attitude toward her engaging in any sort of productive work or mentally stimulating activity or social relationships of any kind also suggest that the protagonist is, on some level if not consciously, aware that her physician husband's wisdom may be lacking with respect to what is the right and most beneficial course of treatment for her depression.

To be fair, physicians of the 19th century were trained to ignore many of the symptoms that modern medicine now associates with diseases of the mind, particularly in the case of women. In all likelihood, had a male patient presented with identical symptoms, the same physician would have recognized the value of productive work, intellectual stimulation, and fulfilling social relationships in depression. Ultimately,

Gilman's romantic fictional narrative incorporates dark…… [Read More]

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Herbs as Treatment Treating Depression

Words: 589 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 29754448

Another clinical study was done on the effectiveness of Kava extract for treating anxiety. This study analysis was aimed at assessing the evidence for or against the effectiveness of Kava extract as a symptomatic treatment for anxiety. Double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trials of oral Kava extract for the treatment of anxiety were analyzed. Superiority of Kava extract over placebo was suggested by all seven reviewed trials. The meta-analysis of three trials suggests a significant difference in the reduction of the total score on the Hamilton Rating Scale for anxiety in favor of Kava extract. So, according to the study, Kava extract is an herbal treatment option for anxiety that is worthy of consideration (Pittler & Ernst, 2000).

Kava -- is truly one of the strongest anti-anxiety herbs in the world. Kava also has one of the best safety profiles of any anti-anxiety / anti-depression herb (Borne, 2003).

Other Natural Herbs

SAM-e…… [Read More]

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Underworld Journeys and Depression the

Words: 2926 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52470896

Melancholia sat in, as the loss I felt became less and less related to my body. I began to court death first symbolically and then literally. Freud would have noted the presence of the death wish in addition to describing the symptoms of "melancholia," or depression. Symptoms include "a profoundly painful dejection, cessation of interest in the outside world, loss of the capacity to love, inhibition of all activity," as well as self-loathing (Freud 1947, p. 39). The symptoms of depression are skin to the symptoms of mourning the loss of a loved one, with the key difference being that in mourning the reason for the despair is clearer and within the conscious realm.

The only means to discover the reason for melancholia is to explore the unconscious realm. My descent into a dark state of mind parallels the stories of Eurydice and Persephone who both longed to remain submerged…… [Read More]

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Causes of the Great Depression

Words: 613 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 81603722

Great Depression or What Reagan Doesn't Know about the 1920s" analyzes the economic and social conditions of the 1920s from a "Marxist underconsumptionist" stance and criticizes the foundations of a capitalist, free market economy. The prevailing view of the causes of the Great Depression centers on monetarism and thus oversimplifies the actual and complex causes of the Depression Monetarism focuses on the role of government fiscal controls such as the Federal Reserve and posits that the presence of key masterminds could have helped avert the crisis. However, Stricker finds that monetarism fails to address the entire gamut of social and economic conditions that led to the Depression.

Rather, a number of interrelated social, economic, and political issues, all of which hinge on a capitalist state, directly impacted the Great Depression. Moreover, the causes of the Great Depression cannot be viewed without considering the general economic conditions of the 1920s. The…… [Read More]

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Great Depression and the New Deal

Words: 1203 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 87375222

Great Depression and the New Deal

Brinkley, Alan the Unfinished Nation: A Concise History of the American People. 4th Edition. New York: McGraw-Hill 2004.

FDR Question

There is almost something comical about the level of the outrage expressed by contemporary Democrats regarding the appointment of John Roberts, President Bush's nominee to the Supreme Court to replace Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O'Connor. While not to mitigate the importance of the Supreme Court as enforcing the law of the land, the fact that John Roberts might -- gasp -- interpret the constitution with a more strict constructionalist viewpoint than his moderate predecessor seems far less hubristic in comparison to President Roosevelt's efforts to stuff the U.S. Supreme Court with new numbers of justices. Roosevelt openly wished to increase the number of justices specified in the Constitution for the highest court of the land to make it easier for him to enforce…… [Read More]

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Cause and Effects of the Great Depression

Words: 1043 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84123661


The Great Depression

The Great Depression started in 1929 and lasted until the end of the Second World War, it was the most severe depression seen in the western world. The depression had far reaching economic, social, and political consequences. To understand the depression it is necessary to look at the event itself, underlying causes, the impacts and the way in which recovery took place.

The Great Depression may be argued as starting in August of 1929, when the countries GDP started to decline; but it is the cash of October 1929 that marks the official beginning of the crisis (Robbins & Weidenbaum, 2009). The stock market crash of 1929 was a surprise for many; the previous decade had been one of growth and prosperity. On Black Tuesday 29th of October the bottom dropped out of the stock market, which resulted in panic selling loosing 40% of the paper…… [Read More]

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Childhood Depression According to the National Alliance

Words: 493 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50734484

Childhood Depression

According to the National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI) "Studies have shown that on any single day (called "point prevalence" by epidemiologists) about 2% of school-aged children and about 8% of adolescents meet the criteria for major depression." It is true then that this condition affects millions of children a year along with their families. Depression itself is mysterious and most likely a necessary function of our psyche, but for many this state of mind can lead to much disastrous and dangerous conditions.

The purpose of this essay is to present a 10-point program that helps parents understand several factors associated with depressive disorders. This essay will list these 10 ideas and provide a baseline of information that can help provide a firmer grasp on some of the more hidden qualities that are present within a depressive disorder.


Relax. Depression is common and can be treated. If…… [Read More]

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Great Depression Was the Single Most Significant

Words: 1046 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56594108

Great Depression was the single most significant economic catastrophe of the 20th century, brought on by a lack of the ability to control monetary pricing as well as a period of sustained high unemployment. Unlike modern economies, pre-Great Depression governments did not have many tools to sway the economy one way or the other, there was a long standing belief in "laissez faire" capitalism, with the premise that all markets are to be left alone, with the belief that the market can always correct itself if given enough time. Sensing that the world economy could take years to recover on its own, economists such as John Maynard Keynes of Britain advocated the creation of government backing for bank deposits, which gave citizens the peace of mind of knowing their money would be backed by the government in case of another banking disaster like we saw in the 1930s. (CBC News…… [Read More]

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U S History -- Great Depression

Words: 668 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 25482238

Similarly, FDR initiated the Securities and Exchange Commission. FDR served four terms and would be the last president to serve more than two terms in office.

The New Deal was built upon Roosevelt's belief in the power of the federal government to alleviate the financial woes of the nation. Although unpopular to some, many of the New Deal programs proved to be promising in both the short- and the long-term. Opponents of the New Deal generally disagree with the theory of big government; the New Deal epitomizes big government but in the wake of the Depression only such broad programs could have taken root and alleviated the suffering of so many Americans. The New Deal definitely contributed to the American economy's revival but the Second World War would help, too.

One of the reasons for the Great Depression, according to Roosevelt and his supporters, was the proliferation of big business,…… [Read More]

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Great Depression I Think it

Words: 985 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Reaction Paper Paper #: 19179646

Prices would fall and farmers lose money when their techniques are more efficient because in that scenario there would be a surplus of agricultural products on the market that automatically causes a drop of prices. Where crops are rare, there is under surplus and prices will eventually rise. Where there is a fall of agricultural prices and a slump in industrial orders, industrialized nations and those supplying primary products (food and raw materials) are all affected in one way or another (About the Great Depression 2). Great Britain (Economic Handout Point 8b): Britain fortunes improved after leaving the gold standard. Under the Gold Standard, which linked currencies to the value of gold, governments were committed to maintaining fixed exchange rates. The British economy stopped declining soon after Britain's abandonment of the gold standard in September 1931, though genuine recovery did not begin until the end of 1932 (Romer 2). Great…… [Read More]

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1890's Depression and Political Tensions

Words: 687 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14742812

With this kind of reality, political antagonism began to heighten towards railroads and this just worsened the situation. For instance, the iron and steel industries felt the impact of falling railroads investment which was imperative in creating new markets for suppliers (Whitten 2010).

Strengthened the farmers' alliance; the farmers' alliance had its roots from the economic depression and turmoil of 1870s. Its main aim was to discuss grievances and needs affecting rural population involved in agricultural activities. The alliance debated on political issues such monetary policies, education and reforms. By 1890, the alliance gained much higher popularity as many families joined the alliance to air out their views and assert some political influence. During this year, the alliance became political demanding slackening of the rigid monetary policies that exploited and burdened them with high debts. The alliance men guided by the William A. Peffer formed the Kansas People's Party which…… [Read More]

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New Deal Great Depression and World War

Words: 1320 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 21586999

New Deal, Great Depression, and World War II's Impact

The New Deal, the Great Depression, and World War II had an immense impact on American history and African-Americans and women in particular. The New Deal was the largest, most concerted, most blatant spending venture by the federal government to date. It was unprecedented both in its scope and in its effect on working-class Americans.

Some of the revolutionary acts of the New Deal were the Emergency Banking Act, which gave the president the power to regulate banking affairs, the Economy Act, which balanced the budget, the Federal Emergency Relief Act, which helped out the states, the National Employment System Act, which helped states place people in jobs, and the National Industrial Recovery Act, which regulated labor, eliminated child labor and instituted a minimum wage. (

The New Deal allowed America to pick itself up the bootstraps and recover from the…… [Read More]

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Vovkun Depression This Midterm Is Top Ranking

Words: 1259 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17006397



This midterm is top ranking in comparison to the others. The outline is very detailed and on the first page, making it easier for me to see what the paper is about and where the writer wants to go through each section. The different sections are also very convincing in their claims such as writer oriented depression. I liked how he used two well-known writers and their bouts of depression and linked them together to where you can see directly and indirectly how depression fueled their career and vice versa. I also liked the use of religion as means of helping people who suffer from depression.

The quotes work very well with each subject. The progression from nature of depression to how depression affects different areas such as religion and literature is well thought out. The bibliography is long and varied with sources from texts, journals. Most of…… [Read More]

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Economic Depression in 1929

Words: 339 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 61456968

Economic Depression in 1929

The Great Depression of the 1930s began with the stock market crash in October 1929. When this occurred, Herbert Hoover was president, and he did not do enough, in many people's opinion, to end the depression. In fact, many of the "shanty" towns where homeless, out of work people lived were called "Hoovervilles." Republican Hoover took a stand back and wait approach, he felt that American business would rebound, and that it was not the business of government to get involved in creating jobs. Hoover understood he needed to make changes, but many of the changes he attempted failed, due to a Democratic Congress and a strained federal budget. The country continued to blame Hoover as the depression worsened, and threw more and more people out of work. He did initiate work programs and economic legislation, but it was not enough to put the country back…… [Read More]

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Great Depression There Are Several

Words: 419 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 30839745

Many Americans became jobless and homeless, even setting up shantytowns.

3) the Hoover administration did little in response to the growing crisis. The administration remained committed to balancing the budget, and refused to run a deficit in order to stimulate the economy. He felt the use of volunteerism was the path to success. He did try a couple of things, with the Agricultural Marketing Act and the Emergency Relief and Construction Act. The Federal Reserve did not act to loosen the money supply.

4) I believe there could be another Great Depression. Many of the root causes have been seen at different points in the past several years. In the earlier part of this decade we saw the dot-com bubble, and we also saw a decline in confidence in the markets following scandals like Enron. The present oil crisis is raising prices and pressuring the economy to a degree that…… [Read More]

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Lessons From the Great Depression William Watson

Words: 615 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Article Review Paper #: 78040678

Lessons from the Great Depression, William Watson is comparing the current recession with the time frame between 1939 and 1940. This is when Britain and France had declared war on Germany after its invasion of Poland. However, no real hostilities took place between the two until Germany invaded France in May 1940. The time when there was little conflict that was occurring, fooled many people into thinking that the war and the subsequent events would not be as bad as feared. Once this occurred, it caused the public to have a sense of complacency about these events and the impact that they would have on the lives of ordinary people. (Watson, 2009, pp. 41 -- 44)

According to Watson, a similar situation is occurring with the recent financial crisis that has taken place. This was sparked initially by doomsday predictions that many in news media were making about: the bailouts…… [Read More]

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Counseling a Midlife Woman Depression a Person

Words: 1278 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 65795892

Counseling a Midlife Woman


A person only is in need of a counselor or a therapist when he or she cannot resolve their issues on their own. People who are undergoing psychosocial problems tend to depend and rely on the counselor too much. They have created this set idea in their mind that their counselor knows how to fix their problems and in doing so they develop a very dangerous dependency on the counselor. (Bond, 2010) It has been noted that sexual and romantic relationships between the client and the counselor have been going on since a long time. However, it was in the 1970s that the American Psychological Associated prohibited sexual intimacies with clients. (APA, 1977)

Transference basically means the past issues and feelings of the client project onto the counselor in the current relationship. Kahn (1991) stated that the client can merely not differentiate the difference and…… [Read More]

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Great Depression and Oral History

Words: 1311 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48222755

Original transcripts from the Flint Sit-Down Strike were used to write this essay. The benefits of using transcripts from the Flint Sit-Down Strike are the pure honesty that the workers spoke with. Most of the interviews took place in the 1970s and 1980s, but the strike took place in 1936 and 1937. Hearing and reading about the strike worker's experiences in their own words was very interesting.

The drawbacks of using such transcripts are that they weren't always audible, so important information may have been missed during transcription. The transcripts are not edited, so the information is presented to the reader exactly how it was spoken, which can sometimes be difficult to follow (and understand what the speaker was trying to say).

Most of the history that's discussed by the men and women who worked at the GM plant are memories of personal experiences. There are a lot of negative…… [Read More]

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Life During the Depression Dearest

Words: 673 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Creative Writing Paper #: 95587163

Also, the workers are overcharging us for the work! It is like highway robbery! It is unbelievable!

I am trying to work here and there, making a little, not a lot to help the family. I am sewing little things like ripped clothes, cleaning for others, cooking, and baking but other people in the village are tight on money, too. We want to move but that will require a lot of money but we want to move where Frank may find a better job. We will see. Sometimes Frank will take the eldest, Lorenzo to the city when he finds work. He hopes the bosses will see he has child and will give him a job but that has not happened. Frank is too picky. He will not travel too far for work but he won't work if he has to get his hands too dirty. He won't work if…… [Read More]

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Great Depression Dearest Aunt Gloria

Words: 681 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Creative Writing Paper #: 93102689

The middle one, Stevie, he's usually hiding in his room but every now and then, he'd hug me like he knew I needed it. Times aren't the greatest for my friends either. They all have family and are looking for jobs, too. Remember our neighbors, the Moribitos? They've got six kids and Domenic, the husband, is out of work, too while his wife is running after their wee little ones. I think despite all the problems, the neighborhood here in New York City seems cohesive like we're all one big family facing the same dilemma. In the end, all we need is love right, and as long as our families got each other; money doesn't make the world go round! It's what I tell Eileen and myself but I don't think she's buying much of it anymore. We have nothing to our name but these ragged clothes on our backs…… [Read More]

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Intervention for Depression Among Young Mothers With Disabled Children

Words: 621 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Article Review Paper #: 47211835

Depression for Young Mothers

Depression has emerged as one of the most common psychiatric disorders among mothers with disabled children. Actually, this condition is regarded as the second most incapacitating condition among psychological disorders that affect young mothers of disabled children. As a result several studies have been carried out to examine the various issues relating to this trend. An example of a quantitative study conducted on this issue is the study by Venetike Merkaj, Migena Kika and Artan Simaku on the symptoms of depression, stress and anxiety among parents of autistic children. The objective of the research was to compare these symptoms between parents of children with disability and those whose children are developing normally. As a quantitative study, the researchers employed a self-administered questionnaire i.e. DASS (Depression, Anxiety, Stress, Scale 42). They found that parents with children with this disability tend to suffer from depression as well as…… [Read More]

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Intervention for Depression Among Young Mothers With Disabled Children

Words: 629 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65786496

Depression for Young Mothers With a Disabled Child

One of the most common psychiatric illnesses that have become prevalent in the recent past across the world is depression, which is the second most incapacitating condition among psychological and physical disorders. The prevalence of this disorder and its severe impacts on patients has contributed to numerous studies that have focused on different issues regarding the condition. An example of a study that has been carried out on this issue is a research on levels of depression among mothers with children with disabilities by Seyed Hadi Motamedi, Reza Seyednour, Morteza Noorikhajavi, and Susan Afghah. This study was not only carried out to examine the depression levels among mothers with disabled children but was also geared towards examine the need to support these parents and improve treatment for their children. The study found that depression levels for this population is equal to 3-5…… [Read More]

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Post natal depression Women who have delivered

Words: 2950 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 68193921

The prevalence of post natal depression amongst women who have delivered
Pregnancy and birth are major life occurrences that are largely positive experiences for most women. Nonetheless, a percentage of women experience mental issues in this course of time. Statistics give the suggestion that on average, between 10 percent and 15 percent of women report having experienced depression. In fact, roughly 16 percent report experiences of severe anxiety during the post natal period. Postnatal depression is functionally delineated as a significant depressive period taking place within the initial 12 months subsequent to giving birth. Mothers who have given birth and are facing life with postnatal depression epitomize different feelings like nervousness, solitude, loss of control and desperateness during a period when anticipations of happiness are expected. These mental issues can have adverse effects on women and their infants. The main objective of this literature review is to comprehensively discuss…… [Read More]

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Hepatitis C Treatments Their Link to Depression

Words: 3450 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 96863283

Hepatitis C Treatments: Their Link to Depression and Implications for the Social Worker

The most commonly used treatment for patients suffering from Hepatitis C, a deadly liver disease, is the drug interferon combined with ribavirin. This treatment offers the most promise for a long-term positive prognosis. However, it has a known high rate for negative psychological side effects such as depression and other anxiety disorders. Clinical psychology can offer some solutions to this problem, both in assessing those patients who have increased risk factors for depression such as substance abuse or a history of depression, and in offering treatments to help ease the occurrence and severity of depression. This study will assess the risk for depression among the general population of Hepatitis C patients on interferon therapy.


Hepatitis C virus is the most common liver disease in the United States. Approximately 1.8% of the U.S. population are infected, with…… [Read More]

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Role of Spirituality in the Treatment of Depression

Words: 6318 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 11568926

Role of Spirituality in the Treatment of Depression

Over the last thirty years, one of the most interesting paradoxes in the study and treatment of depression has been that increased knowledge about the biomedical and genetic causes of the disease has been coupled with a renewed interest in the effect of religion and spirituality on human mental health and well-being. No matter how religion and spirituality are defined -- and many scholars and laypersons see no great distinctions between the two -- there are now hundreds of studies that demonstrate the beneficial effects of religion on both mental and physical health. Indeed, the more firmly held and intrinsic a person's religious convictions are, the more salutary the effect. Religious people are more optimistic, hopeful and trusting, and have more purpose and meaning in life than those with weak or no religious views. All of these qualities are of course lacking…… [Read More]