Devotion Essays (Examples)

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Protestant Reformation Calvin vs Luther John Calvin

Words: 2838 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 75772001

Protestant Reformation Calvin vs. Luther

John Calvin and Martin Luther while both proponents of reform in the Catholic church, held distinctly different views of religious doctrine that profoundly influenced the religious landscape during the 16th century and encouraged citizens to take charge of their spirituality and salvation. Both religious leaders helped shape and influence the Reformation and formed the foundation for Episcopalian and Presbyterian beliefs today.

The Protestant Reformation is often considered one of the most revolutionary events to occur within the 16th century. During this time citizens were forced with the decision between Catholicism and Protestantism. John Calvin and Martin Luther are two figureheads who helped spearhead the Protestant Reformation. Despite there similar desire to reform the church and change the dominant doctrine of the time, Martin Luther and John Calvin were very different in their interpretations of religious doctrine. Martin Luther supported a less aggressive reformation based on…… [Read More]

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Achilles a Sympathetic Character Achilles the Grandson

Words: 1660 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 87694169

Achilles a Sympathetic Character

Achilles, the grandson of Aeacus was regarded as the greatest and primal character in Homer's Iliad, the ancient epic of Greek mythology. Even though Achilles is the central character of the epic, he is considered to be an unsympathetic character. Achilles was the son of the king of Meymidouns in Phthia, Pelues, and sea nymph Thetis. As the legend goes, Achilles made invincible by his mother Thetis by dipping him in the river Styx, however, ignored to wet his heel she held him by and made him vulnerable to be killed by a blow to that heel. (Achilles [Categories: LGBT mythology, People who fought in the Trojan War]) Homer's Iliad, develops around the Trojan War that spans for ten years between Greeks and the Trojans. Illiad depicts the involvement of gods and goddesses in the lives of mortal beings. (Troy Movie Review: Warner Bros. Troy vs.…… [Read More]

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Bertha Mason

Words: 2614 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 47158539

Did Bertha not subscribe to the "cult of true womanhood" in which a real woman was believed to be without any sexual feelings, to be responsible for the man's sexual behavior, to be religious, obedient to her husband, and to provide a serene haven for him? After all, the man had to do business in a dangerous and corrupt world and needed rest and regeneration in a serene and cheerful household where all his needs and wants were met. Rochester complains, "...I perceived that I should never have a quiet nor settled household..." The ideal Victorian real woman suffers any mistreatment without complaint. She is non-assertive.

It's obvious that Bertha does not fit this role at all and is therefore liable to be labeled "crazy" because she doesn't conform. Waller (2004) discusses sexuality as insanity in 19th century literature and argues that "the rejection of a proper woman's role... is…… [Read More]

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Technological Developments

Words: 2242 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 35830583

technology continuously emerges and develops, the challenges faced by many businesses in different industries similarly increases. Before, business competitions focus on marketing strategies to attract customers and clients. This includes print advertisements, television and radio advertisements. Every business deal has to be transacted manually. In this way of doing business, there are not much channels to use to be able to make or maintain a business' success. Time and devotion to thinking of marketing strategies that can be effective in gaining customers and clients are the major tools in competing with other businesses, all of which usually involves manual process of doing business such as performing business travels and lots of business meetings. This is especially true in the industry of product manufacturing and selling.

However, in the emergence and continuous development of advanced technology, there have been rapid changes in the way business is done. Everything seems to change…… [Read More]

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Eating Gilbert Grape Gilbert Grapes

Words: 1007 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 56624915



Mr. Grape's death left an indelible mark on his widow. Mama, who Gilbert claims was once "the prettiest girl in these parts," has become morbidly obese. Mrs. Grape won't leave the house and although she clearly loves her children, she has been debilitated since her husband's death. Her compulsive eating habits reflect her desire to stuff her pain deep inside, to smother her anger and fear with food. In fact, Mrs. Grape's overeating is mirrored in the way she treats Arnie: twice in the movie she bear hugs him, squeezing as if she could smother him. When Arnie is taken into police custody, she leaves the house for the first time in eight years. Her willingness to leave the house proves her love for her son and also enables her to experience an emotional catharsis, during which she screams in anger, "I want my son!"

Becky is the catalyst of…… [Read More]

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Shinto and Japanese Society the

Words: 3569 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 79079056

As a consequence, the society provides a culturally acceptable outlet for such expression, i.e., while under the influence of alcohol during a Shinto festival procession (also known as Japanese matsuri).

During these public processions, which are generally held on annual basis, a large object (supposedly containing the spirit of a local deity) is carried shoulder-high through the streets, in order to revitalize the community with its supernatural presence. The bearers of the deity are required to "purify" themselves by drinking large amounts of sake before taking part in the procession. The intoxicated state of the bearers together with the bulk of the object they carry, conveniently "ensures" that the object may crash into the home or a shop owned by a greedy merchant or an intolerable official. As the object's movement is supposed to be "guided" by a deity, no one can be held responsible for the damage caused.

The…… [Read More]

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Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire

Words: 883 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 77138781

Roman Empire could be related to its downfall. The Roman Empire, as stated by the greatest historian Edward Gibbon, "...comprehended the fairest part of the earth and the most civilized portion of mankind..." (Goode, 1998); its disintegration was caused largely by the underlying parasites, than what surfaced in historical records. Modern scholars have taken up the task of questioning some previously avoided reasons that set forth a quiet process of decline before it actually took place.

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND

In the 5th Century, Italy was thrown in discord by the invasions of Goths (410) and later by Vandals leaving the empire devastated. The Mediterranean was robbed of her 5 centuries of peace as raiders and traders now took over her. Troubles continued through the next century, in shape of prolonged and lamentable wars between Goths and the forces of surviving East Romans or the Byzantines with their capital, Constantinople. With only…… [Read More]

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History in the Soviet Union

Words: 1399 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 96808807

They began to worship Lenin, and Stalin encouraged this by playing a prominent role at Lenin's funeral and encouraging the Party to collect and display some of Lenin's personal belongings and important documents. He made the people believe that he had supported Lenin and Lenin supported him, even though that was not true. While publicly he seemed humble and meek, in reality he was now waging war against Trotsky. Because he had so much power within the Party, he began to speak out against Trotsky, and people were afraid of their own positions, so they listened and they began to support Stalin. He always used his power to put fear into the people around him.

Trotsky's power was in his leadership of the Red army, and Stalin began to work against him to replace him with someone of his own choosing. Stalin kept index cards with information on all the…… [Read More]

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Time Bind

Words: 967 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 49675507

Bind

Russell Hochschild, Arlie. The Time Bind: When Work Becomes Home and Home Becomes Work. New YOrk: Owl Books, 2001.

Explain the title. What is the "Time Bind"?

The author of The Time Bind, Arlie Russell Hochschild, states that for many parents today, particularly women, when the formal, paid part of their work shift ends, another unpaid work shift begins. This second shift comprises the demands of home and family care and is effectively another full-time job. This creates a tension, or time bind between work and home, leaving no time for private leisure, much less devoting time to making a better world and community life for the next generation.

More and more women are working, and these women working full-time rather than part-time, despite the demands of their children. Also, men are working more rather than fewer hours, leaving husbands and fathers even less available to help raise the…… [Read More]

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Creation Narrative Analysis of Genesis Myth or History or Myth and History

Words: 15782 Length: 50 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 9755140

Creation Myth Analysis

Case Study of the History of Biblical Creation Narratives

What Is Myth?

What Is History?

Manetho

Josephus

Jeroboam

Is Genesis 1:1-2:4 Myth?

Is Genesis 1:1-2:4 History?

Is Genesis 1:1-2:4 Both Myth and History?

An Analysis of the Biblical Creation Narrative of Genesis 1:1-25 and Egypt's Possible Influence on the Historical Record

God created the world in just six days, and rested on the seventh, but scholars have not rested at all over the millennia in their investigation of its account in the historical record, particularly Genesis 1:1-25. Given its importance to humankind, it is little wonder that so much attention has been devoted to how the universe was created and what place humanity has in this immense cosmos. Indeed, the creation of the universe and the origin of mankind are the subject of numerous myths around the world, with many sharing some distinct commonalities. According to S.G.F.…… [Read More]

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Classical Drama

Words: 1531 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 89972241

Love Got to Do With it: A Critical Analysis of Hippolytus and Lysistrata.

If one reads Hippolytus and Lysistrata, one may immediately conclude that love has 'nothing' to do with anything. Many Greek plays discuss the subject of love in obtuse ways. Love is often the driving force of Greek tragedies, thought to inspire, incite and even enrage in many cases. While love is an important concept and theme, it is not always presented in a positive light in many plays. This is certainly the case in Hippolytus and Lysistrata, which at best suggest that love is unnecessary or tragic.

Hippolytus written by Euripides does so remarkably well, suggesting that love is something that can not only be manipulated by the Gods, but also something that is less tangible in some cases than passion and lust.

Lysistrata, written by Aristophanes, puts sex and power on a pedestal above love suggesting…… [Read More]

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Military Participation of African-Americans Especially

Words: 2775 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 85316353

His plan to create a black regiment in the South failed, but black regiments were created during the war, and some of them were vital to certain battles and victories.

Perhaps the most notable black regiment formed during the war was the 1st Rhode Island Regiment, which has become legendary in the fight for freedom. Colonel Christopher Greene commanded the Regiment, and it was one of only three black regiments to fight during the war. In fact, many historians feel the war might have ended sooner if more regiments like the 1st Rhode Island had been formed and utilized. The Kaplans note, "Colonel Christopher Greene's First Rhode Island Regiment distinguished itself for efficiency and gallantry throughout the war -- perhaps the war would have ended sooner if its example had been heeded" (Kaplan, and Kaplan 1989, 64). Rhode Island was unable to fill its quota of fighting men for the…… [Read More]

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Role of Women in Religion

Words: 1847 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 53178271

That is, that men are generally and should generally be in the forefront of social organizations or anything that the society will look up to. This was suggested in an online article, indicating that The provocation for raising the question of the ordination of women has been largely a social one. When women participating in the antislavery movement in the nineteen century discovered that while their leadership and oratory were often eagerly sought out, they were not allowed to use a pulpit or church platform as a place from which to speak, their consciousness as well as their level of indignation were raised. As feminism gained momentum at the end of the nineteen and the beginning of the twentieth century, some religious groups saw the incongruity and permitted women o head churches as ordained ministers.

Aside from this issue, there has been other response though why the role of women…… [Read More]

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Samurai Shichinin No Samurai Is

Words: 1088 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 25315919

This film is distinguished from the average samurai film by the director's "masterful handling of cinematic technique," in which he captures the essence of a scene in a mere few moments with a series of glances rather than dialogue and special effects.

Moreover, Kurosawa creates a moral complexity of good and evil, creating sympathy for both the samurai and the farmers, and although the samurai are portrayed as heroic while the farmers are weak, he "also points out that heroic deeds are not always performed for noble reasons, and that there are different kinds of heroism." Kurosawa creates a "delicate juxtaposition between the samurais' graceful art of combat and the barbaric reality of war."

At the end, Kambei, the leader of this small group of samurai, realizes that the farmers, although weak, are the lucky ones, for they are at one with nature, "participating in the timeless ritual of life,…… [Read More]

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Weber's Conceptualization of Bureaucracy

Words: 591 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 63951900

Weber's conception of bureaucracy and "Office Space"

Although 'red tape' and bureaucracy have become synonyms with inefficiency, the German sociologist Max Weber saw the development of bureaucracies as a positive rather than a negative development in human society. Weber believed in an ideal of an unbiased, efficient, rational bureaucracy, governed by uniform laws like a legal code as the best way to structure a fair society. Bureaucracies were superior to what had existed before in primitive, traditional societies, in which tasks and duties were not well defined for the economic participants. Bureaucracies were also superior to patronage-dependent totalitarian or charismatic authorities ruling society, which focused around the devotion to a particular individual rather than getting things done. Rational bureaucracies were based on neatly defined rules and jobs and promotions were strictly based on technical competence.

However, in the film "Office Space," the rules the main protagonist Peter must follow are…… [Read More]

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Diet of Worms and the

Words: 1882 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 44016604



The Reformation altered forever medieval life in Western Europe and initiated the era of modern history (Reformation pp). Although the movement is generally dated from the early 16th century during Luther's era of defying Church authority, the conditions that led to this revolution actually existed for hundreds of years and involved complex doctrinal, political, economic, and cultural elements (Reformation pp).

The German scholar and religious reformer Melanchthon authored a conciliatory statement of the Lutheran tenets in 1530, known as the Augsburg Confession, which were submitted to Emperor Charles V as well as to the Roman Catholic faction (Reformation pp). And although it failed to heal the differences between Roman Catholics and Lutherans, it remained the basis of the new Lutheran church and creed (Reformation pp).

Charles V was prevented for using military force against the Lutherans because he was busily involved in a series of wars with France and the…… [Read More]

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Confucianism Leadership Happiness and Independence

Words: 4255 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 13820646

This method of presentation attracted several immediate attacks from enemies within the church even before a reaction from the Chinese.

Sometime after 1610, one critic, Father Longobardo, said that even with all the references to that of a supreme deity, the Chinese had never differentiated the moral regularities of society and the physical regularities which were that of the material universe. The Chinese had also never understood or accepted any spiritual substance separate from matter. This criticism was increased by emphasizing on the lack of reference to that of the divine powers in Confucius and other thinkers of his school. The argument went on saying that whatever the most ancient Chinese had thought of and considered their classical tradition had been influenced through truly atheist lines. What is most interesting is that Confucian thought accepts the passivity of Heaven and searches for the problems on earth elsewhere especially in the…… [Read More]

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Romeo and Juliet Love or Infatuation We Want to Argue Infatuation

Words: 952 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 53519418

Romeo and Juliet: Love or Infatuation?

William Shakespeare's play "Romeo and Juliet," contains some of the most quoted lines in literature. It is the ultimate love story, the epitome of romance. However, this is not a story of deep bonded love, but rather one of deep infatuation. This is actually a story of puppy love carried to the extreme. One gets the impression that had these two, Romeo and Juliet, lived another week or even another day, they would have become infatuated with someone else, particularly Romeo, and been expressing undying devotion to a new face by the next phase of the moon.

Juliet has "not seen the change of fourteen years," and thus, her suitor, Paris, is advised to "let two more summers wither in their pride, ere we may think her ripe to be a bride."

Therefore, Juliet cannot be any older than thirteen years. She is basically…… [Read More]

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Feast of All Saints the

Words: 676 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 83402848

Even another Free Person of Color, Richard is said to be repelled by Anna Bella's African appearance because it represents to him the degraded condition of slavery that, in Richard's mind, threatens all peoples with Black blood and especially a Black appearance. As Marcel's father expresses concern early on, those like Marcel who stand on the borders of Black and White most evidently in their appearance must spurn those who evidence Blackness, like Anna Bella and Marcel's later mistress, Cecile.

Marcel's spirit is immune to such racism, in contrast to Richard who "would never have considered for an instant infusing by marriage into his own line those strong indications of Negro blood which had proved so obvious and profound a disadvantage." (160) Society will never be equal, because the people still are not White, thus it seems foolish to Richard to lower himself. Richard is practical, but in contrast, Marcel…… [Read More]

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Journeys in Yiddish Literature

Words: 2192 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 60676786

Journeys in Yiddish Literature

The Yiddish writings, Nachman of Bratslav's "Tales of the Lost Princess," Tsene Rene: The Creation Jacob Ben Isaac Ashkenazi, and Ma'aseh Book, all present a journey of faith and trust. Although some of the stories are actual journeys to distant places, they too represent a journey of the soul, a journey into the unknown armed only with faith and perseverance. These writings are teaching tools of faith and represent a way of communicating the lessons derived from the Holy. These are tales of honor, courage, obedience, respect, piety, observance, loyalty, morality, modesty, and forthrightness. Each life is a journey into the unknown, and just like the viceroy, is constantly faced with crossroads and challenged with choices. Each human enters and departs this world armed only with faith and trust.

The parables in the Ma'aseh Book teach faith, observance and conduct. In "Why the Sabbath Meal Tastes…… [Read More]

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World Views in Life of Pi and the Universe Next Door

Words: 742 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 1375054

Worldviews: Pi -- simply a glimpse from a universe next door

The Life of Pi suggests that despite the many different religions, and indeed different species that exist in the world, all religions and all living creatures are essentially 'one.' Despite the many divisions that exist in society and the differences that exist between individuals' and species' faiths and bodies, one must be respectful and seek to understand these differences, rather than being overly judgmental in one's philosophical orientation and embrace a worldview that is tolerant of difference, yet sees some similarities between all creatures.

The main character of the novel, named Pi Patel is the son of a zookeeper. This may seem like a strange occupation for a man in a book that revolves around religion. However, as with all things in The Life of Pi, even the strangest details are highlighted for a reason. This detail is included…… [Read More]

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Sorrows of Young Werther Romanticism

Words: 1364 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 7008910

Werther and Self Deception

Romanticism was deeply interested in creating art and literature of suffering, pain and self-pity. With poets pining for a love long gone and dead and authors falling for unavailable people, it appears that romantics in literature were primarily concerned with self-injury and delusion. In Goethe's novel "The Sorrows of Young Werther," we find another romantic character fulfilling his tragic destiny by falling victim to extreme self-deception.

Werther's story may appear simple and even trite to some- a young man falls in love with a woman he can never be with and deludes himself into believing that she loves him too only to be severely disappointed in the end. When nothing is left to look forward to, Werther kills himself. Durkheim describes this type of suicide as egoistic suicide where a person kills himself to make other people feel sorry. "Egoistic suicide," Durkheim writes, "results from man's…… [Read More]

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Participant in the Penn State Honors Program

Words: 599 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Application Essay Paper #: 47050598

Participant in the Penn State Honors Program?

It is often said that in each man's endeavor entails an essential purpose. We set goals in order to guide us as we move along, amidst all of the obstacle and hindrances in the game of life. The perseverance to survive is brought forth by coherent motivation to achieve success. Directed by this basic principle, my goals are clear and my path is towards the realization of success.

To Penn State, I present myself, fuelled by my endeared passion to attain triumph and face the honors and glory as a part of the honor program of this commendable institution. My devotion for excellence is very evident in my student life. During my high school years I was a member of the National Juniors Honors Society. I was also an athletic scholar in three years for playing football, as well as a member of…… [Read More]

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Turgenev's Fathers and Sons

Words: 2040 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 93049601

Fathers and Sons by Ivan Turgenev. Specifically it will discuss what the reader can learn about Russia's past by reading this novel. This novel has consistently divided critics, who cannot agree in their analysis of this epic Russian work by novelist Ivan Turgenev. Some find it in the ilk of Tolstoy and Dostoevsky, while others found his novel fanciful -- not a decisive look into Russian history at all. However, as time passes, more critics agree, Fathers and Sons is a fascinating glimpse into an unsettling and cataclysmic time in Russia's past. It is an accurate look at families of the 1860s in Russia and the turmoil the country faced on the brink of social and radical change. While the novel may be fanciful at times, it is an excellent look into a country on the brink of revolution, and the people who agreed, disagreed, and so passionately believed in…… [Read More]

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Legalize Gay Marriage Legalizing Gay

Words: 1502 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 55594874

They realize that people have different reason to get married. How can non-gays be allowed to get and stay married for those different reasons but gays and lesbians are condemned? This is not equality, this is not justice, and this is not recognition of humanity (David, 2003).

Bibliography

David Orgon Coolidge, William C. Duncan, Mark Strasser and Lynn D. Wardle. (2003). Marriage and Same-Sex Unions: A Debate. Praeger. Westport, CT.

Homer H. Clark, Jr. (1987). The Law of Domestic Relations in the United States. 2d. ed. vol. 1, p. 74.

Michael S. Wald. (1999). Same-Sex Couples: Marriage, Families, and Children. Stanford University http://www.law.stanford.edu/faculty/wald/summary.shtml

T.H. White, The Once and Future King (White recounts the precept of an ant society that subordinated individuals' lives, loves, and aspirations to the agenda of the state). Taken from: David Orgon Coolidge, William C. Duncan, Mark Strasser and Lynn D. Wardle. (2003). Marriage and Same-Sex Unions:…… [Read More]

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Graham Greene the Power and

Words: 1677 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 61352224

This was however, not the view held by the Catholic Church in their view of the novel. The view of the Catholic Church, was that "the latter element" -- that is, human wretchedness -- had appeared "to carry the day" in a way that did injury "to certain priestly characters and even to the priesthood itself." Moreover, the novel portrayed a state of affairs so "paradoxical" and "erroneous" that it would disconcert "unenlightened persons" who formed "the majority of the readers."

Summary and Conclusion

Greene was not disconcerted by the view of the Church and simply remarked that he did not own the copyright and therefore could do nothing to change what was already written. The following quote from the work is quite poignant and after having read about the life of Greene can just as easily be assigned to come from within him as from within the mind of…… [Read More]

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Homer and the Illiad What

Words: 1408 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 4864014



The Guilt and Shame In Heroes

Sometimes, there is a misconception that heroes do not feel shame and guilt. For instance, in a movie, when heroes eliminate their adversaries, the viewers are happy because they just think of the good result that such action can bring to everyone. The viewers do not care of how the hero may have felt about his action of getting rid of the enemies and the viewers may think that the hero will feel happy and proud for what he did. However, in the Iliad of Homer, it is apparent that even heroes do feel shame and guilt. The best example of which are revealed in the characters of Achilles and Hector.

Achilles was a great Greek fighter. His passion was to fight and become well-known for his fighting skills. He was known to be the greatest fighter in Greece, thus despite Menelaus and Achilles…… [Read More]

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Nursing Consideration for Patients With

Words: 4208 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 56689240

Behavioral approaches alone or combined cognitive behavior therapy may be used. Behavioral techniques might include simply not buying trigger foods or avoiding certain shops; that is, building up new habits to replace existing ones. Another example would be modifying eating behavior such as eating in the same place each day, or concentrating solely on eating and not watching television at the same time (Fiona Mantle, 2003)."

It is worth noting here that research has shown that people will change and transform their eating habits, once they learn the advantages and disadvantages of their eating behavioral patterns. However, at the same time, it is also worth noting here that since eating habits can be transformed through learning, they can also be unlearned, however, the process of unlearning may take place through a lengthy passage of time. As Fiona Mantle (2003) writes, "Eating behaviors are learned behaviors therefore they can be unlearned,…… [Read More]

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Daniel the Stylite My Sister

Words: 377 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 61834280

Walking through a small village, the pagan people mocked us and mocked the sacred relics we carried with us en route to Constantinople, in honor of the saint with whom we aspired to be near. Although we saw no miracle along the way, the transformation of our souls was momentous enough. After spending two days without food and only a few drops of water from puddles and streams, my sister and I experienced erratic religious visions. I believe these visions brought us closer to God and to the truth that we sought.

It is now time for us to head home, and we shall take a different route than the one we took so that we can spread the word of Christ and the message of Daniel the Stylite. We carried with us a simple stone cross that fit in my sack. Each night my sister and I would pray…… [Read More]

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Post Confederation Canadian History

Words: 1541 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 5705118

British Parliament proclaimed the British North America Act; with this, Ontario, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia were made into the Dominion of Canada. Ever since this event a number of events and trends have threatened to pull Canada apart, but ultimately held it together. Such a large, varied, and sparsely settled nation resisted any obvious prescriptions of nationalism, and often, it seemed that the differences between the people and cultures that have lived in Canada were all that mattered. Nevertheless, Canada has been threaded together with first, the expansion of the railroad; second, its successful contribution to and advancement from the pressures of World War; and third, its devotion to maintaining a peaceable and pluralistic existence. Superficially, Canada seems to be a haphazardly thrown together nation, in which the land and the people tend to defy any typical characterizations. Yet, it is just this diversity that grants Canada its character:…… [Read More]

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Great Gatsby Acknowledged as a

Words: 920 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 29850603

Even after Daisy commits murder, Gatsby remains unmoved in his emotions towards her. What's more, he assumes responsibility for her actions. Or consider the statement: ' Of course she might have loved him, just for a minute, when they were first married -- and loved me more even then, do you see?' (Fitzgerald, p. 133). Gatsby clings to this hope despite Daisy's professed loved her husband. Such explanations indicate how an individual's tenacious hold on an ideal can corrupt his rational faculties.

At one point, it appears Gatsby almost grasps this dichotomy when he states, ' Her voice is full of money' (Fitzgerald, p. 115). Regrettably, this is only a fleeting moment of clarity; it remains obscured by a firmly constructed schema -- a corruption of the American Dream. In fact, this moment exemplifies the subconscious hold on Gatsby's mania for the American Dream; it proves that an obsession's roots…… [Read More]

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Customer Service at College

Words: 2462 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 27585545

Customer Service at College

When enrolled and even when graduated, students continue to interact with the staff regarding counseling assistance. Having a good customer service department in a college is very important as many a times it develops and shapes up a student's idea and perception regarding the institution. If there is no department which can aid the student and help him with the problem or confusion that he faces, then this will worsen the view that he would have initially had for that particular college. This can also be a reason for him to decide not to graduate from there and get a transfer to some other college which has such services and can be beneficial for the student. It is of essential importance that customer service departments should be present in colleges. It should be there to provide them with academic and career advice and what subjects to…… [Read More]

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Dolls Within the Patriarchal Society

Words: 1695 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 82557012

" Otherwise, Nora's interest in who is employed at the bank -- Krogstad or Mrs. Lind -- would wholly ruin Torvald's carefully constructed social reality. This, essentially, is the only way in which a woman playing the feminine role is able to bend the rules; Nora can exert her influence, but only by emphasizing her helplessness.

Throughout A Doll's House there is an interesting relationship between parents and their children. Recurrently, we are told that both Nora and Torvald believe that a vast number of traits can be passed down to children through their parents. Foremost among these traits are those dealing with money. Torvald suggests that Nora's capacity as a spendthrift comes from her father: "Still, one must take you as you are. It is in the blood; for indeed it is true that you can inherit these things, Nora." (Ibsen, 4). Yet overall, the characteristics that Nora and…… [Read More]

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Heroism Compare Oedipus as a

Words: 1166 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 5484826



The tragic hero always elicits sympathy from the audience. According to Struck (2002): "Finally, Oedipus' downfall elicits a great sense of pity from the audience. First, by blinding himself, as opposed to committing suicide, Oedipus achieves a kind of surrogate death that intensifies his suffering. He comments on the darkness - not just the literal inability to see, but also religious and intellectual darkness - that he faces after becoming blind. In effect, Oedipus is dead, for he receives none of the benefits of the living; at the same time, he is not dead by definition, and so his suffering cannot end. Oedipus receives the worst of both worlds between life and death, and he elicits greater pity from the audience."

While Oedipus is the classic tragic hero, when we look at a character like Achilles, it is clear that there are other types of heroes that Oedipus does not…… [Read More]

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Crime and Punishment Acutely Aware of and

Words: 658 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 5528623

Crime and Punishment

Acutely aware of and deeply concerned about Russia's social, political, and economic problems, Fedor Dostoevsky infused his literature with realism and philosophical commentary. Crime and Punishment, besides being a superbly crafted novel, captures the economic despair that characterized life in Russia before the revolution. Dosteovsky's novel serves as a historical marker that delineates the social, political, and economic motivators for the Russian Revolution. Through the minds of the novel's main characters, modern readers perceive the various changes that swept through Russian society at the end of the nineteenth and beginning of the twentieth centuries. In Crime and Punishment, Dostoevsky focuses primarily on the economic despair that caused widespread social and psychological problems in pre-Revolutionary Russia. However, the author denounces radicalism as a viable solution to social and economic woes. Instead, Dostoevsky proposes humanitarian ideals such as love, compassion, and friendship, as the only real means to creating…… [Read More]

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Comparison of the Sistine Madonna and the Swing Paintings

Words: 3060 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 39426441

Sistine Modonna and the Swing Paintings

The Swing and the Sistine Madonna are both masterpieces of their era, long lasting in both technical success and celebration of their chosen subjects. Raphael and Fragonard approach their sources with deliberate composition through color, texture, lines and shapes, creating images of powerful resonance. The Sistine Madonna tells the story of great abandonment and celebration of lavish sensuality, while the Sistine Madonna explores the religious underpinnings of the Christian church. However, despite their disparate styles and meanings, they are infused with a circular similarity in both objects, construction, and import.

M. Putscher, in conversation about the work of F.T. Vischer in 1858, notably exclaimed, "What means this period made use of to draw Raphel closer to itself, even by force!"

Conversation about this all-important painting, particularly its artistic dissection, grew with the course of art history, developing from description to explanation. While it remained…… [Read More]

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Buddhism The Concept of Life

Words: 6173 Length: 22 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 72283153

It is through the process of death and rebirth that the knowledge is gained which will finally liberate the individual being from the central cause of all suffering itself - the cycle of death and birth. Essentially, it is only through knowledge that this can be achieved in most Buddhist schools of thought.

The rationale behind the importance of reincarnation as a process that is required to escape the centrality of suffering is discussed by Keown as follows. "... The Buddha was pointing out that human nature cannot provide a foundation for permanent happiness.... Suffering is thus engrained in the very fabric of our being.... until the condition is recognized there can be no hope of a cure.

Keown 47)

2.4. The development of the types of Buddhism

The early more conservative and doctrinaire form of Buddhism was known as Theravada Buddhism. Theravada Buddhism literally translated means Old (Thera) Way…… [Read More]

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African-American History the Nationalism Movement

Words: 637 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 63896113

The independence movement cites their influences for peaceful reform as "Gandhi, Martin Luther King, Jr., and Nelson Mandela" ("Biafra Case"). Their devotion to a peaceful accord between Nigeria and Biafra, creating another independent Biafran nation is largely ignored and ridiculed by the Nigerian government.

The official group fighting for independence is the Movement for the Actualization of the Sovereign State of Biafra (MASSOB), formed in 1999, and Nigerian police are cracking down on members of the group, making it even more difficult for Biafrans to fight for nationality. A June 2005 reporter notes, "Nigerian police officials declined to comment on record about MASSOB. Several described the Biafran nationalist movement as a banned organisation, but were unable to cite any law or decree banning it" ("Nigeria Cracks Down"). The reporter goes on to cite specific examples of peaceful MASSOB protesters being fired on by Nigerian troops (seven were killed), confiscation of…… [Read More]

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Sociology Philosophy and Practice United

Words: 835 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 3389654

Her work in social settlements dealt with the problems created by urbanization, industrialization, and immigration. Unlike many other settlement houses, Addams' Hull-House residence provided kindergarten and day care facilities for the children of working mothers; an employment bureau; an art gallery; libraries; English and citizenship classes; and theater, music and art classes. "As the complex expanded to include thirteen buildings, Hull-House supported more clubs and activities such as a Labor Museum, the Jane Club for single working girls, meeting places for trade union groups, and a wide array of cultural events." (UCI, 2005) During this time, Addams also penned books, speeches, and newspaper articles advocating for the rights of the poor to better housing and conditions, as well as for the peace movement. Thus Adams was the first activist to unite social theories about the empowerment of women to the empowerment of the poor, and to the international trade movements…… [Read More]

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Joyce Within James Joyce's Portrait

Words: 3261 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 44154271

Mulligan keenly notices features of Stephen's obsession when he mockingly calls him "O, shade of Kinch the elder! Japhet in search of father!" Partially, his argument for Shakespeare's autobiographical tendencies is seeded by his own frustration in his search for paternal links.

Out of this, Stephen's rejection of the Irish renaissance is significant because he wishes to judge himself against the backdrop of classical standards. "In our case, Stephen has 'entered into a competition' with Shakespeare by making himself a companion to the model of Shakespeare and placing himself, as much as he can by means of lecturing, next to the model of Shakespeare." So the contention that Shakespeare's plays are autobiographical, by being a particularly unique argument, if successful, would forever attach the name Dedalus to Shakespeare -- thus, his intellectual roots would be fundamentally defined to the external world. Notably, this would remain true regardless of Stephen's recognition…… [Read More]

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Islam and Christianity Religion Serves

Words: 3432 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 63930398

The first five books were separated from the whole about 400 B.C. As the Pentateuch. Jean Astruc in the eighteenth century noted that the Pentateuch is based on even earlier sources. The two chief sources have since been identified in Genesis on the basis of their respective uses of Yahweh or Elohim in referring to the deity. They are called J. For the Jehovistic or Yahwistic source and E. For the Elohistic source, and P. For the Priestly source was later separated from the E. source (Miller and Miller 698-699).

Consider just the complexities involved in the construction of the first book of the bible, Genesis, in its present form. It is believed that at an early time in human history, perhaps as early as the eleventh or tenth century B.C., someone put together the stories of God's dealing with the fathers from oral forms then in circulation. Such a…… [Read More]

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History of Europe and World

Words: 629 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 3474409

Each base their stories in the excluded diversity of first-generation immigrants - Samad and Jess's parents - but it is the younger characters' exploration of and affiliation with the exterior society that allows for a most accurate reflection of cultural mores.

Jess, whose natural talent and skill remind the viewer of the recent star Aman Dosaj of Manchester United, is torn apart by her love and respect for her family and culture and desire to take part in the greater world surrounding her. Yet, while she plays football and becomes friends with female athletes and romantically involved with men, her sister rejects the newer world around her in its extremities. Instead, she mollifies her own frustrations with the ethnic community with the insertion of cell phones, designer clothes, and expensive accessories; in the wedding scene, the younger girls stand in staunch visual opposition to the older women around them, whose…… [Read More]

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Art History of Western World

Words: 1351 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 17581135

Art History Of the Western World

Raphael's Madonna of the Meadow is from the High Renaissance period, which lasted from the 14th Century to the 16th Century. The Italian term "Madonna" is a medieval term for a noble or important woman, but in Western art it has come to specifically refer to work that depicts the Virgin Mother Mary. Biblical subjects such as the Madonna were very important to Renaissance painters and other artists. Other subjects of importance were the Holy Family and the Passion of the Christ. Raphael was very much creating exemplary work of the Renaissance period -- other Renaissance artists such as Da Vinci and Michaelangelo have also become renown for their depictions of the Madonna. Two of the most popular moments in the life of the Virgin Mary that were chosen for depiction in Madonna art were the Virgin with the Child, and the Pieta.

During…… [Read More]

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Tony Oursler Has a Very

Words: 1330 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 13586676

He is intimate with television sufficiently to be able to understand how complex the integration of television is into individuals' lives. He then takes this awareness of the television medium and attempts to incorporate it into various works that tell people more about their lives.

Not everyone is comfortable with Oursler's art, however, but this is not something that Oursler has generally allowed to bother him. He began his art work in 1978, and his style has not changed all that much throughout the years. One of the most significant changes that has occurred in his style, however, is the use of newer technology to revisit many of the themes that were seen in his artwork in the past. This is very significant in that it indicates that Oursler has not stopped thinking about the issues that concerned him in the past, and that the feelings that he had for…… [Read More]

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Three Most Significant People Since 1865

Words: 2704 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 48066797

people in American history. Specifically it will discuss the three most significant people in American History since 1865: George Washington Carver, Shirley Chisholm, and Thurgood Marshall, and tell why they are significant and how they affected the course of U.S. history. Each of these three individuals was extremely important to American history. Black, driven, and significant, they helped change the course of education and agriculture, politics, and criminal justice, and they live on today as heroes of the Black community. They show that anyone can make a difference in American society, and that hard work and dedication really do pay off, for individuals, and for society.

Shirley Anita St. Hill Chisholm was born on November 30, 1924, in Brooklyn, New York. Her mother and father were both Caribbean, and moved to New York a few years before Chisholm was born. She was the oldest of three daughters. Her mother, Ruby,…… [Read More]

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Old Man by the Sea

Words: 1375 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 34678150

This battle is Santiago's personal struggle and it has meaning to him. In his struggle with the fish, Santiago says, "But I must have the confidence and I must be worthy of the great DiMaggio who does all things perfectly even with the pain of the bone spur in his heel" (Hemingway 68). This shows that the catching of the fish is like a personal test for Santiago. He is challenging himself to be the best he can be, and he does ultimately succeed. Santiago is also recognizing his own flaws by his reference to the bone spur in DiMaggio's heel. In this, he is saying that he must take this moment and do his best regardless of his own flaws. In the end, Santiago does catch the fish but on the way into shore, it is eaten by sharks. Ultimately then, he fails in his task. However, as he…… [Read More]

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Tchaikovsky and Romantic Period Tchaikovsky

Words: 2795 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 80839188

The woodwind and brass sections, with instruments parts being produced in factories, were significantly expanded. (Miller) Tchaikovsky's music is exemplary of the Romantic period styles in many ways. "Tchaikovsky's music was marked by its sensuously rhythmic pulse, which enabled him to create the world's greatest ballet music. The music shows a mixture of playful classicism and romantic verve. That he should incorporate such melodies into his symphonies prompted critics to attack." (NPRN) His work included orchestral pieces, ballets, operas, and chamber music. It became popular because the melodies were so beautiful, and the orchestrations were innovative and enjoyable, and the style of his work helped to define what Romantic period music was to be known as. (Daum)

One of the significant historical events that inspired the composers of the Romantic era were the recent wars and many revolutions that were uprising throughout Europe. A lot of Romantic music reflected war…… [Read More]

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Plato the Republic and Huxley's Brave New World

Words: 1974 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 64173039

Plato the Republic and Huxley's Brave New World

IN WHAT WAYS DOES THE SOCIETY IN BRAVE NEW WORLD MOST CLOSELY PARALLEL THE IDEAL CITY DESCRIBED BY PLATO IN THE REPUBLIC?

In some modes the essence of The Republic is regarded as very complicated, however, it enjoins together completely to prepare the attitude of Plato on the society and government. It is transparent that the Platonic society is to be greatly hierarchical as is with the society in Huxley's World State. The model city state as per Plato had three hierarchal section. The 'Artisans' constitute the lowest class of the society, comprising of the laborers and artisans whose main objectives are concentrated in their sensations. Their immediate job is to attain skill in action upon the physical plane. The class above this lowest stratum is 'Auxillaries' comprising of the men who with their influential passions and attitudes are persistently struggling with…… [Read More]

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Aristotle in the First Line

Words: 1807 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 32234342



In conclusion, in Aristotle's account, some ends may be worth choosing for their own sakes and for the sake of happiness. Friends, honor, pleasure, and moral virtue may be worth choosing for two reasons: for their intrinsic value and for their contribution to happiness. Aristotle's ethics is eudaimonistic, meaning that every action is ultimately to be justified by reference to the person's own happiness.

For Aristotle, anything that fulfills its essential function is one that performs well. He believes that the nature of a thing is the measure in terms of which we judge whether or not it is functioning well. In Aristotle's opinion, things are good when they achieve their specific ends.

According to Aristotle, there is an end of all of the actions that we perform which we desire for the sake of itself. This is what he refers to as eudaimonia, which is desired for its own…… [Read More]

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Theories on Personality

Words: 2333 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 78351890

Psychology: Theories on Personality

Freud and Jung: Differences on their Theories of Personality

For many years, serious psychology students looking into explanations of personality, and scholars researching pivotal theories of personality, tended to associate Freud and Jung as quasi-brothers in theory; and Freud and Jung were close at one time. But as years passed, according to an article in the Journal of Analytical Psychology (Charet, 2000) -- and based on a critical examination of their divergent theories -- the research shows that Jung and Freud were for most of their careers coming from very different places, going very different places, and this paper points out those differences in theory and direction. The fact that they did part company and go dramatically different paths makes the study of their work all the more intriguing and informative regarding the whole of psychiatry, psychology, and where personality fits in.

Understanding Jung: recent biographies…… [Read More]

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Peer Tutoring for Children With

Words: 2572 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 1490932



A to increase academic engagement and achievement in math, reading, and spelling for general education and at-risk students;

to increase spelling achievement for general education elementary students and for students with mild disabilities in self-contained classrooms;

to increase social studies comprehension for junior high students with mild disabilities in a resource room setting;

and to increase reading achievement for high-functioning students with autism and their typical peers in an inclusive, general education classroom

Advantages and Disadvantages of Peer Tutoring

Based from the effects of peer tutoring that have been mentioned in the previous section, and from the number of studies conducted on peer tutoring, it is apparent that this teaching method for students with disabilities and special needs are beneficial and can support the improvement of their learning process and acquisition of knowledge and skills. Following is a summary of the advantages from peer tutoring.

Allows the student to participate.…… [Read More]

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Compare and Contrast the Belief Structure of Judaism Christianity and Islam

Words: 1747 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 35702564

Judaism, Christianity, and Islam

When you first consider different religions, it can seem that they have little in common. Only Christianity believes that Jesus Christ is the son of God. Only Islam believes that Allah is the one true God and that Mohammed was his prophet. Only Judaism believes that the Jewish people were God's chosen race. These are the critical differences and the elements that define each religion. However, if you go beyond these differences, it can be seen that the three religions also have much in common. While they may consider themselves and their God's differently, there are some shared elements. This will now be considered by looking at the three religions and considering both their differences and their similarities.

Judaism is based on three elements. These are God, the Torah, and the people. God refers to the belief that in a personal God and the way that…… [Read More]

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Romantic Monster The Human Within

Words: 4437 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 60474246

Yet, we also see that he still does not understand the true origin of the beast -- the human within. The fact that he dies before he is successful, yet the monster obviously goes off to end his own fate, indicates that the evil both originated, and eventually died with him -- the true source from which it sprang.

Victor Hugo's Hunchback: An Illustrative Device

In Victor Hugo's Hunchback of Notre Dame, there exists a strikingly similar theme -- if different in form. Although it is definitely true that Hugo's famous Quasimodo is a bit more innocuous than the Frankenstein monster, he nonetheless evokes a certain horror if only in appearance. Yet, much like in Shelley's work, Hugo brings out the monster that is human nature within the other character's interactions, motivations, and actions in the story.

There is little question that Hugo fully intended Quasimodo to evoke horror in…… [Read More]

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Religion Sacred Ritual an Important

Words: 824 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 72358699



I think this baptism also has changed my relationships and the way I look at my sister and brother-in-law. Before, we never really talked about religion, and I did not realize how important it was to them, and how they wanted to raise their children in the Church. It just did not seem to mean that much to me. However, after I saw the baptism, I would not say that I got more spiritual, but I did understand my family better and their goals for their children. I saw it was important to have goals and ideas about how you want to raise your children, and I saw that it made me feel closer to my sister, her husband, and my nephew. Now, I have ideas and goals about my own family, when I have one. I also try to spend as much time as I can with my nephew.…… [Read More]

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Comparative Politics

Words: 4306 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 95384205

Politics

Although it is not perfect, the presidential system of government, as typified by the United States (U.S.) is the best system of government ever conceived. By creating a system where the public can remove administrations, without changing the legal basis for government, democracy aims at reducing political uncertainty and instability, and assuring citizens that however much they may disagree with present policies, they will be given a regular chance to change those who are in power, or change policies with which they disagree. This is preferable to a system where political change takes place through violence. Democracies are also more peaceful. Democratic nations do not aggressively attack their neighbors; they seek to resolve differences peacefully. The market forces become the overriding concern in a democratic state. "Immanuel Kant, the original proponent of the democratic peace, contended that in democracies, those who pay for wars -- that is, the public…… [Read More]

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King David History Symbolism and

Words: 3289 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 27887016

" Further, as previously stated, in the Jewish tradition, it is believed that the Messiah (whom Christians believe is Jesus), must be a descendent of David's line.

The New Testament in fact introduces Jesus as the son of David and of Abraham (Mt. 1:1). Further, in the Gospel of Luke, he describes how Mary, the mother of Jesus, was descended from King David through one of his sons, Nathan. This leads contemporary Christians to believe that Jesus is the prophesied messiah, as well as the rightful king of Israel.

It is interesting that Jesus, despite the fact of David's obviously sinful nature, follows him in matters of conduct. Indeed, the reader notes that Christ used the actions of the pre-descent David as justification for his own (Luke 6:1-5) concerning the eating of wheat from the fields on the Sabbath. (McCall, 1999). However, even more interesting than David's use as a…… [Read More]

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Philosophy of Ministry History Shows

Words: 1979 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 5298176

There exists paradigm shifts between leadership as per business community and that as per small church. Objectives run the business model while relationships run family model. In business, the leader fixes the vision and direction; but in the family, the congregation fixes the vision and the leader serves as a catalyst and conductor to achieve the set vision. In business, the pastor is the CEO; but in the family the pastor is the Shepherd. In business, organizational plans determine policies and procedures; but in family, relationships determine policies and procedures. Success is calculated in business through programs and growth; success is calculated in family through stability and unity. Decisions are taken by a few in a business and by the congregation in a family. In business, the budget directs the decisions; in the family model decisions influence the budget. Groups function separately in a business but in a family groups…… [Read More]

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Freud's Five Concepts of Instincts and Drives

Words: 936 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 25242022

Freud Concepts of Instincts, Drives

Desires, instincts, and drives are central to Freud's psychoanalytical theory. Although Sigmund Freud altered his theories throughout the course of his career, the core concepts of instincts and drives remain relatively constant. Freud first expressed the basic human instincts as being hunger and sex. Later, his theories matured, and Freud deeply analyzed the nature of human sexual drives. In his writings, Freud focused much on the conflicts that generally arise between the individual's innate instincts and the rules and mores of the society. All human beings continually struggle through various stages of their psycho-social development to restrain and express their desires, drives, and instincts. Freud framed these conflicts between desire and civilization into two major groupings: the conflict between sexual drives and civilization; and the conflict between self-serving happiness and civilization.

Freud's views on human sexuality are notorious and controversial. His Oedipus complex and other…… [Read More]

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Fodor Since the Beginning of

Words: 6299 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 30365943

This sort of outlook fits well into Fodor's driving point regarding psychology: human behaviors can be understood as valid arguments relating intentional states of mind. In physics, when observable phenomena disagree with our understanding of the rules governing the physical world, it is not assumed that some other mystical force is at work -- merely that our observations or concepts concerning physics must somehow be mistaken in that specific situation. Furthermore, it is not assumed that we cannot know what caused the disparity between prediction and observation -- merely that it requires further inquiry. Similarly, Fodor does not assert that the workings of the mind cannot be understood because we may be unable to directly observe them, nor does he contend that something nonphysical is at work when disagreements occur. Fodor's physicalism approaches the mind from the perspective that the mind is a complex physical system, and that mental states…… [Read More]

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Romanticism the Romantic Period English Language and Literature

Words: 2856 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 52202848

Romantic Era

The Romantic period and the attendant rise of the novel in England as the preeminent literary form saw the emergence of the first truly popular literature, and with it denunciations of the degradation of culture at the hands of frivolous entertainments and occupations. Fretting critics lamented the idea that the fashion for new and exciting works of literature was crowding out more "important" texts, and the fashionability of knowledge was met not with excitement at the prospect of a public hungry for education, but rather concern based on the belief that a little bit of knowledge was more dangerous than none at all (Revolutions in Romantic Literature 104). Even a cursory survey of the last three hundred years shows that this kind of response has greeted the emergence of nearly every new medium, whether it be novels, radio, television, or videogames. While it might be tempting to simply…… [Read More]