Espionage Essays (Examples)

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Intelligence From 1936-1945 Key Analysis

Words: 334 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 19356230

Shortly after, the Navy successfully cracked the Japanese military code in Operation Magic, which allowed U.S. forces to turn the tide of the war in the Pacific by 1942 ("United States Intelligence").

One of the chief actions taken during this period was the creation of the Office of Strategic Services by FDR in 1942. During World War II, the OSS coordinated all of the information through collection and analysis that was used for clandestine operations up until 1945 ("United States Intelligence"). The development of the OSS, though short-lived, demonstrates that the role of the intelligence community in United States foreign policy was growing significantly. Before this period, U.S. espionage was limited at best and primarily a domestic affair. By 1945, the role of the intelligence community had greatly expanded and become a more central part of life in the United States.

Works Cited

United States Intelligence, History." Espionage Information: Encyclopedia…… [Read More]

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Business Fashion Knockoffs Perils and

Words: 2829 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 70879855

In this manner, a chain of custody could be established. if, say, Aldo's product had suddenly jumped from one step of the process to another, it might indicate that Aldo had not gone through the usual channels; had possibly stolen the idea, or copied it to a significant degree from Alexander McQueen. In either case, the designer could protect himself or herself by following the customary procedures of their marketplace.

Can Knockoffs Be Stopped?

With so many ways to counterfeit designer fashion items like clothing, shoes, and handbags, and so few laws to prevent the actual production of pirated merchandise, stopping knockoffs would seem to be an almost impossible task. Nevertheless, knockoffs can be controlled if designers, retailers, and government authorities remain vigilant. As noted by American designers, merchandising is the key to the American design process. It is also the key to controlling the flow of counterfeit goods. While…… [Read More]

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Pearl Buck and Rudyard Kipling

Words: 2365 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58107768

Fascination with the East: A Realistic Look

Introduction

Both Rudyard Kipling and Pearl Buck provided their readers with a realistic view of life in the East. Kipling’s Kim was a detailed account of the variety of life in India at the end of the 19th century. Buck’s The Good Earth, chronicled the lives of a peasant family in China as it dealt with the challenges and obstacles of famine, poverty, and oppression. Both authors were very successful in conveying the problems of everyday life in the East to Western readers: each work was hugely popular and captured the imagination of the West by supplying vivid details and characterization through a realistic lens—a lens that only could have been supplied by an author who had personally been there and seen first-hand how life was led in China and India. For that reason, Kim and Buck were able to convey a real…… [Read More]

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Edward Snowden Essay

Words: 2741 Length: Pages Document Type: Paper #: 16401841

This essay reviews the relevant literature to provide a background on Edward Snowden and how his high-profile actions adversely affected the work of the National Security Agency (NSA). An analysis of what the NSA was doing prior to the leaks and how it collects intelligence information now is followed by an examination concerning what Snowden leaked and why. Finally, a discussion concerning whether the U.S. government violated Snowden’s constitutional rights is followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning this issue in the conclusion.

Background of the Issue

Beginning in June 2013, Edward Snowden, a computer analyst working for the National Security Agency began leaking thousands of classified documents. These classified documents were disclosed to the Guardian and alleged that the NSA routinely gathered telephonic metadata from telecommunications companies, allowing them to scrutinize American citizens’ Internet activities (Morrison, 2014). According to Francheschi-Bicchierai (2014), among the thousands of…… [Read More]

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Looking at Cyber Crimes

Words: 862 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23984062

Wide Web, an addition of online users resulted in both good and bad individuals. With increasing data online, the chances of it being misused increased as people got more technologically aware. Since the internet provides people with anonymity and complex ways of broaching personal privacy and data bounds, the legal ramifications had to be considered by regulators. Delineating the boundaries of cyber law became increasingly important in order to protect users online.

What is Cyberspace Law?

The Cyberspace law, also known as the cyber law, is a piece of legislation that regulates transactions and communications over the Internet or over other interconnected devices and technologies. This legislation protects members of the public, particularly internet users from illegal activities by hackers and other persons or entities with ill-intentions (LaMance, 2015). The law regulates several parts of the communications world including:

Privacy concerns

Freedom of expression

Intellectual property

Electronic and mobile commerce…… [Read More]

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Protection of Information Systems and Data

Words: 2006 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Other Paper #: 42333005

Security

Cryptography

In order to maintain information secrecy one would use cryptography. This is intentionally making information unintelligible. This method is mainly employed during the transmission of information. Cryptography ensures that only the intended person would be able to decipher the information (Whitman & Mattord, 2011, p. 339). The process of deciphering encrypted text is referred to as cryptanalysis. Cryptology is the mathematics branch covering cryptography and cryptanalysis. Cryptology has been in use since 1900 B.C. In Egyptian hieroglyphs. A Mesopotamian cryptography was discovered in 1500 B.C. that surpassed that of the Egyptians. The book of Jeremiah was written using alphabet substitution called ATBASH. Cryptography was employed during the First World War to decipher radio communication. Prisoners have also used cryptography to decipher their messages in order to protect their privacy. A key in cryptography is a parameter or piece of information that would determine the functional output for a…… [Read More]

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Three Basic Problems With Email Today

Words: 3201 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95321643

Constraints to Email and Potential Solutions

Humankind has been communicating over increasingly lengthy distances over the millennia, beginning with drums and smoke signals, to relay runners and mounted messengers, to the telegraph and telephone and then, during the 1990s, the Internet and email. All of these communication media have their limitations, though, including the most popular written communication method today: email. Indeed, many observers believe that email will eventually spell the end of the United States Postal Service, and trillions of dollars worth of business is transacted using email each year. Nevertheless, like its predecessors mentioned above, it is reasonable to suggest that the time will come -- and it may come sooner than expected -- when email is obsolete, having been replaced by "the next big thing." This paper provides an introduction and overview to social informatics and examines three problems that are currently associated with email that may…… [Read More]

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Manufacturing and Outsourcing Operations of Apple

Words: 2202 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 90816115

Apple -- Outsourcing manufacturing operations

Apple Inc. is a very powerful American company that has been outsourcing its manufacturing in a very successful manner and for a very long time as, majority of its manufacturing takes place in China.

It has been since the 1970s that the concept of outsourcing is being used however; it is only in the recent years that it has become very popular as big companies such as Apple have started making use of it. Today more and more companies are opting to outsource a lot of their projects and departments whether on a national level or on an international level. This is being done by the companies in order to improve their efficiencies and reduce their production costs.

Advantages

There are a lot of advantages associated with outsourcing such as, low production costs, faster delivery, more products in less time, increased cash flow, quick and…… [Read More]

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History of Social Media and Its Impact on Business

Words: 2202 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 25850249

Privacy and security is a major concern for any person in the technological era that we are living in today. Everything today is revolving around technology in some aspect. Our academic career, professional life and even personal lives are affected by technology. Because of social media, people are likely to put very personal details and images on the World Wide Web. When people are not reluctant about uploading their personal information online, they also wouldn't have any problem uploading their financial and company relations.

Social media websites like LinkedIn, Facebook and twitter is affecting the way people interact with each other on the global scale. They are also affecting the way company's brand, advertise and even distribute their products (Edosomwan et.al, 2011) It has been stated that majority of the companies and corporations are receptive to online collaboration tools and social media. Nonetheless, when it comes to information technology, there…… [Read More]

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Computer Systems Are Increasingly Being Used to

Words: 1916 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91637747

computer systems are increasingly being used to cause widespread damage, with nation-states or individuals sponsored by nation-states making use of malicious codes to compromise 'enemy' information systems. In essence, cyber warfare has got to do with the attack on the information networks, computers, or infrastructure of another entity by an international organization or nation-state. In the context of this discussion, cyber war will be taken as the utilization of "coordinated attacks to specific critical sectors of a country" (Edwards, 2014, p. 67). The key aim of such attacks is usually sabotage or espionage. This text concerns itself with cyber warfare. In so doing, it will amongst other things analyze a journal article titled, Stuxnet: Dissecting a Cyber Warfare Weapon, by Ralph Langner. More specifically, the text will conduct a technical analysis of the said article and discuss not only the offensive and defensive Cyberware strategy, but also make recommendations on…… [Read More]

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How Holocaust Affected Israeli Society and Culture and How Jews Memorialize Remember it Today

Words: 5065 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 41050144

Holocaust affected Israeli society and culture and how Jews memorialize/Remember it today

There exists no doubt regarding the massacre of the Jews during the phase of World War II and its impact on the lives of the Jewish people and the people who were near and dear to them. A dissention is required against those who assert that the tragedy never occurred, irrespective of whether they hold an opposite perspective to the Holocaust theory or just outright vehemence against Jews. The Holocaust stands for the lowest extreme of Jewish impotence. The affected Jews of the Holocaust were distraught due to it, both by direct means and indirectly, and as a continuance their kith and kin, near and dear ones, were separated by space. The holocaust has been termed rightly as a "Tragic legacy." It has also been looked upon as an unauthentic episode.

Discussion

Just due to the fact they…… [Read More]

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Man Who Was Not Shakespeare Christopher Marlowe

Words: 1480 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 75314919

Man Who Was Not Shakespeare:

The Comedic and Tragic Life of Christopher Marlowe

One of the most famous and shadowy figures in the history of the Elizabethan stage is that of the playwright Christopher Marlowe. Unlike Shakespeare, whose plays tend to be quite character-driven, Marlowe wrote extremely rhetorical, highly poetical works with elevated language and elaborate feats of stagecraft. Marlowe was a university-educated man with complex ties to the government and politics of the period. In contrast, Shakespeare's father was a glove maker, although politically a fairly prominent member of his community, and Shakespeare never attended university, only the common school of his town. Marlowe's concern with power and society's elite is reflected not only in the language of his plays, but also in terms of his play's subject matter. This is reflected in his most famous works, such as "Dr. Faustus" and "Tamburlaine." Marlowe is often studied as an…… [Read More]

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Management Information Systems

Words: 2592 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 67530355

Dobson Farm Products System Analysis Report

Dobson Farm Products began operations in 1983 as a small producer of poultry products including meat and eggs. They began as a family business with an office in a room of their farmhouse. In 1990 the operation had grown to a point where they had to hire a secretary, accountant, sales manager, and seven production workers. The company has grown exponentially and now they find that it is time to automate many of the tasks previously performed by the small staff. They are building a 86,000 square foot facility and are hiring additional staff. They are adding a human resources department, shipping department, receiving department, and processing facility. The company retained Computer Systems Analysts, Inc. To analyze their current information systems and to design a system that would meet both the immediate and future projected needs of the growing company. The following report summarizes…… [Read More]

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Anatoly Gladilin's Moscow Racetrack Is a Powerful

Words: 1607 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Book Report Paper #: 60286816

Anatoly Gladilin's Moscow Racetrack is a powerful melange of satire, intrigue, and political commentary. Gladilin paints poignant portraits of the characters that populate the Moscow track, lending insight into gambling strategy and psychology. But interspersed with these vignettes is historical information and political commentary. The protagonist is Igor Mikhailovich Kholmogorov, better known as "The Teacher." He is a historian at public school and his side job is betting on the horses. Likewise, his cronies: The Professional, Coryphaeus, and Dandy also have "track names" that separate them from their daily lives. They bicker and talk over their gambling strategies, discuss the features of horses, and do all they can to maximize winnings and minimize losses. A group of gangsters also frequent the tracks, and the Teacher has nicknamed them himself: Ilyusha the Vegetable Man, the Bakunian, Yurochka the Gas Man, Lard Lardych, Fat Fatych, and Paunch Paunchich. Gladilin uses comic relief…… [Read More]

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Intelligence Community

Words: 3077 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 62201052

Intelligence Community

Many divergent global forecasts relating to the Intelligence Community have been fronted where relative harmony dominates market economies and democracies but the use of military force is diminishing among internationally relating nations. This is driven by rising political, military and economic competition along the borders of major culture and civilization, increasing the breakdown of order as states implodes, rogue states arming themselves with unconventional weaponry and competition among multiple great powers akin to post major world wars. The rising global insecurity has force the United States to adopt stringent measures of protecting its citizens. This study has focused on three areas where it can collaborate with other global partners in order to ensure that is security is bolstered. This study further confirms that the U.S. cannot go alone in this battle and the quest of enhancing it intelligence community (Berkowitz, 2010).

Complicating matters of the U.S. intelligence community…… [Read More]

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Domestic Terrorism Cause and Prevention

Words: 4814 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 51224753

Domestic Terrorism

The Al-Qaeda group is probably the most popular terrorist group known this century for their very high-profile attacks; their most bold move was the destruction of the World Trade Center, now known today as 911, or September 11th. These motives are said to be of the religious sort, however there are arguments when it comes to the validity of these claims, as it may come off as to discriminate to other Islam who may not share the same views on terrorism (Emerson, 2002).

There are common beliefs in society nowadays which are fueled by a media, which generalize terrorists to be falling under one category (Nacos, 2009). This is of a religious category, Muslims in particular. There are two reasons for this, the main reason is basically ignorance of the Islamic religion, and the other is media sensationalism. There is an impression on a lot of people that…… [Read More]

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Cuban Five Criminals or Antiterrorist

Words: 3160 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 81834807

Cuban Five -- Criminals or Antiterrorists

The Cuban Five

Why the Trial Was Unfair

The Aftermath of the Trial

The Implications of This Trial on the Relations between Cuba and the U.S.A.

Cuban Five as Criminals

The Five as Antiterrorists

Whether the Cuban Five are terrorists or not has to be seen from an international perspective that is impartial and takes into consideration the viewpoints of the Cubans as well as the Americans. The question has gained particular relevance in light of the international protests that consider the Cuban Five as antiterrorists and not criminals. According to Robert Pastor the National Security Adviser for Latin America in President Jimmy Carter's time:

"Holding a trial for five Cuban intelligence agents in Miami is about as fair as a trial for an Israeli intelligence agent in Tehran. You'd need a lot more than a good lawyer to be taken seriously."

This says…… [Read More]

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Compare Vienna and Paris in the Decade 1900-1910

Words: 2497 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 75167778

Vienna and Paris

in the Decade 1900-1910

Vienna and Paris in the Decade 1900-1910

Europe of 1900 -- 1910 saw the rise of several cultural meccas, including Vienna and Paris. Vienna was a center of literary, cultural and artistic advancement in "middle" Europe, enjoying booming population and innovative developments in all those spheres, even as it endured the rising tide of anti-liberal, anti-Semitic Christian Social forces. In keeping with this innovation, Vienna's music enjoyed avant garde developments of Art Nouveau from Paris, notably represented in Vienna by the works of composers Gustav Mahler and Arnold Schonberg. As Vienna became the literary, cultural and artistic center of "middle" Europe, Paris became the literary, cultural and artistic center of the World. Drawing exceptionally gifted people from the entire globe, Paris boasted the first Olympics to include women and the World's Fair of 1900. Reveling in its invention of Art Nouveau, Paris also…… [Read More]

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Paradise Lost

Words: 858 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 22533984

Paradise Lost Book II begins with the assembled devils holding their council in Hell. It begins with a general address by Satan, who says "I give not Heav'n for lost" (II.14). In other words, Satan considers war against God to still be a possibility, and he begins the discussion by asking whether the war should be an outright attempt to take Heaven, or whether it should be conducted, surreptitiously, as a guerilla-style or espionage campaign: "by what best way, / whether of open Warr or covert guile, / we now debate" (II.40-2). What follows are four arguments from four of the chief devils under Satan's rule in Hell -- Moloch, Belial, Mammon and Beelzebub. These are easily summarized.

Moloch speaks first, on behalf of an outright attack on God: "My sentence is for open Warr" (51). Moloch's argument concentrates on their present situation in Hell: "what can be worse /…… [Read More]

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Exploitable Weakness in Terrorist Organizations

Words: 844 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75927129

global stage, what distinguishes Jose Padilla from Timothy McVeigh? Be specific in your response.

The accused terrorist Jose Padilla, otherwise known as Abdullah al-Mujahir was a member of the organized terrorist group al-Qaeda. Like Timothy McVeigh, Padilla was an American. However, while McVeigh was subject to a conventional arrest for his murderous actions, Padilla was held as enemy combatant after being linked to terrorist activities. Both subscribed to radical ideologies. McVeigh was a white supremacist while "Padilla converted to Islam after a prison spell in Florida, and eventually made his way to Afghanistan or Pakistan to make common cause with al-Qaeda" (Karon 2002). Padilla's ties to al-Qaeda are somewhat sketchy, but his affiliations still distinguish him from McVeigh, who was a 'homegrown' terrorist not linked to a specific international group. McVeigh selected a government building as his chosen location to attack but his actions were not viewed as part of…… [Read More]

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Social Justice the Context of Eugene Debs'

Words: 864 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97054183

Social Justice

The Context of Eugene Debs' Court Statemtent

When a historically-naive, contemporary American reads Eugene Debs' statement to the court, it would be hard not to assume Debs believed he was a martyr for some imaginary cause. However, if the historical context is understood, this assumption would quickly dissipate. This essay will therefore examine the historical context within which this statement was made.

Debs' court statement is intimately tied to the patriotic fervor surrounding entry of the United States into World War I (Jensen 1968). While very few Americans actually wanted to become involved in WWI, the country was roughly divided between those who felt it would be their patriotic duty to serve if called and those who believed it was their moral duty to take an anti-war stance. One of the more vocal anti-war elements was unionized labor, specifically the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW). IWW members,…… [Read More]

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Cloud Computer and Insider Threats Cloud Computing

Words: 1924 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 91735903

Cloud Computer and Insider Threats

Cloud computing is widely regarded as the wave of the future. "Cloud computing is all the rage. It's become the phrase du jour" (Knorr & Gruen 2011). However, many people throw the phrase around without truly understanding what it really is. "Cloud computing comes into focus only when you think about what IT always needs: a way to increase capacity or add capabilities on the fly without investing in new infrastructure, training new personnel, or licensing new software" (Knorr & Gruen 2011). It may include many different types of services, some of which are subscription-based, others of which are pay-per-use (Knorr & Gruen 2011). For example, with SaS (software as a service), one of the most common types of hosting, this means no "upfront investment in servers or software licensing; on the provider side, with just one app to maintain, costs are low compared to…… [Read More]

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Kennedy's Decision-Making During the Cuban Missile Crisis by Using a Utilitarian or Consequence-Based Approach

Words: 1263 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 477800

Cuban Missile Crisis

After the Second World War, the nations of the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republicans (USSR), who were allies during that conflict, became staunch enemies. For approximately fifty years the two counties faced off, each trying to achieve dominance over the other. Both nations were in possession of nuclear weapons and for a time, the end of the world was literally at the hands of a select group of political leaders. For years, people lived with the imposing specter of nuclear annihilations. Families built bomb shelters beneath their houses and children were taught how to hopefully survive a nuclear attack whether they were at home or at school. Decades of living in a hyper paranoid state where every day was potentially the last were ultimately rewarded by the end of the Cold War without a single shot ever having been fired. Perhaps…… [Read More]

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Inception Explanation Some Movies Are Based on

Words: 937 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43063387

Inception

Explanation

Some movies are based on philosophical themes that run through the whole movie and imply meaning other than those being visibly represented. Inception was also one such movie, directed and co-produced by Christopher Nolan, the famed director of Insomnia. The director's favorite theme to make movies has been dreams and we see the same in this movie 'Inception'. The director has taken dreams to represent the power of human perception and how it can influence the subconscious of man. The two main philosophical aspects that Nolan has tried to discover are "On being awake or asleep and dreaming" and 'reality vs. unreality'. The different characters of the movie shared dream space and once shaken in the dreams, the person got up from the deep sleep. Persons having dreams were only made to wake up either when they died in the dream and by kicking them in the dream.…… [Read More]

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Cyber Warfare Over the Ages

Words: 2213 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28675433

This piece of information revealed that the malware program had infected resulted in heavy damage for the Iranian nuclear enrichment facilities. The program became the very first of its kind as there had never been any cyber attacks that lead to a computer program resulting in physical damage to mechanical systems on a large scale basis as was the desired attacked of the program. Additionally, the malware program also infected the local household and office computer systems throughout the country of Iran. This caused damage on a very large scale to the Iranian nation and its people.

Nobody has come out to claim the creation of the Stuxnet and neither the actual intentions of the attackers have surfaced. But the attack revealed that the attackers intended to either sabotage or espionage the nuclear enrichment process being conducted by the Iranians. The complexity and intricacy to become such a damaging malware…… [Read More]

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It Risk Management -- Cyber

Words: 4384 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 38954961

The organizations are usually run by a core group, which divides the different responsibilities of an operation (e.g. spamming, web design, data collection) among the members. The members run their own outer networks to fulfill those responsibilities -- rarely even having contact with each other online. The decentralized structure of the internet, as well as the high levels of anonymity it provides makes it difficult for law enforcement agencies to locate cybercriminal groups. A group could have networks in a myriad of different countries, whilst using servers based in numerous different countries and jurisdictions. Furthermore, many national jurisdictions lack the legislative framework required to properly prosecute online crime." (Collins, 2012)

These insights are illustrating how the lack of self-control is creating a situation where more criminals or organizations are turning to cyber crime. What makes the situation worse; is they can work anonymously and be able to conduct these activities…… [Read More]

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Foreign and Domestic Intelligence the

Words: 6712 Length: 22 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 5885348

S. directly. Evidently, the long-term objectives indirectly face the smooth running of the U.S. government. Priority should be given to those aspects that will pull the resources of the country to extreme levels. The U.S. As a super-power is privileged when tackling issues affecting other nations; it is mandated to help developing long-term solutions.

Long-term also implies that the impacts and effects need to be widespread in order to maintain balance and ensure the prosperity of all sectors is recognized. The above long-term objectives are issues that need time and resources in order to be able to resolve the issue that affects the stability of these countries among other issues. The Soviet Union, for example, is crying to have political relations with Russia. This means that the military forces will be deployed to this country. However, the negotiation process is hefty and requires time and adequate resources in order to…… [Read More]

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National Security Implications of Transnational Organized Crime

Words: 3380 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14823082

National Security Implications of Transnational Organized Crime

The paper deals with three important aspects, one the National Security, second the crime -- organized in many ways, and the third rogue nations that pose a threat. National security is to be understood in multiple contexts. Firstly the physical security of the nation from alien threats, and intrusions, secondly damages to vital infrastructure and thirdly anti-national activities by organizations that may lead to an emergency in the country or at an international level causing diplomatic problems. It must be remembered that the Al-Qaeda was also an organized crime syndicate that was funded by the drug trade from Afghanistan. Secondly organized crimes committed by the companies or organizations that commit crime like ENRON also have its own implications on the financial security. Thirdly rogue nations like Iran, China and Korea pose threats both on the security of the nation and it's infrastructure --…… [Read More]

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Interviewed Three People I Chose

Words: 680 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Interview Paper #: 56708269

S. And the U.S.S.R. The second subject added also the countries of the non-aligned block. To this answer, he suggested an important book on the Cold War, Henry Kissinger's "Diplomacy." Indeed, the book reveals the importance of the non-aligned countries especially the ones in Africa or Latin America for the creation of the spheres of influence and the equilibrium of the time (Kissinger, 1995).

At the forth question on the most significant moments of the Cold War in everyone's view, again, the answers were different. My mother pointed out the arms race and the SALT I and II as tools for the disarmament. Also, she pointed out the role Gorbachev played in the change of politics and approach of the U.S.S.R. together with that of Ronald Reagan's. The second answer considered the landing on the moon by the Americans to have played a major role in determining the supremacy of…… [Read More]

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Legal Problems Case Scenario One

Words: 1406 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Assessment Paper #: 89084684

Under the provisions, a whistle blower is any employee or exterior auditor.

Under the law, the whistle blower must first report the information to a superior officer. Here, the information was initially reported to the head of department, but was ignored. The law then enables whistle blowers to release unclassified information to the press to draw attention to the issue. This step was followed.

When proper protocol is followed, the DoD is precluded from acting in reprisal for the reporting. An act of reprisal is any negative action taken against the employee. Here, the employee was dismissed from their position, thus there was an act of reprisal taken.

Case Scenario Five

Commercial speech is defined as speech done on behalf of a company or person for the intent of making a profit. Speech that is considered commercial speech is granted less Constitutional protection and can be limited when the dissemination…… [Read More]

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Bond From a View to

Words: 1455 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 97153437



For Your Eyes Only

"Bond had time for these reflections because M. seemed to be having difficulty in coming to the point. Bond had been asked if he had anything on at the moment, and he had replied happily that he hadn't and had waited for Pandora's box to be opened for him. He was mildly intrigued because M. had addressed him as James and not by his number -- 007. This was unusual during duty hours. It sounded as if there might be some personal angle to this assignment -- as if it might be put to him more as a request than as an order. And it seemed to Bond that there was an extra small cleft of worry between the frosty, damnably clear, grey eyes. And three minutes was certainly too long to spend getting a pipe going."

This passes introduces Bond to the reader in the…… [Read More]

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Counterterrorism and Intelligence Framework Terrorism Has Been

Words: 2343 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38436637

Counterterrorism and Intelligence Framework

Terrorism has been the greatest threat to American soil since the end of the Cold War, and the country has responded to these threats by creating an elaborate counterterrorism and intelligence framework. This counterterrorism strategy must use every possible tool in America's arsenal, and must meet the highest standards in excellence for the duty it is tasked to perform. The nature of terrorist threats in America in the 21st century is the fact that nobody knows where and why terrorism may appear.

Three agencies will form the core of the new counterterrorism and intelligence gather efforts coordinated by the Department of Homeland Security. (Homeland Security, 2012) These three agencies are the CIA, the FBI, and the DOD, and each already fulfills necessary functions in America's fight on terror. While still operating within the legal framework that surrounds each agency, I look to improve the overall effectiveness…… [Read More]

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International Business Management Accuform Corporate Corruption Case

Words: 2404 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32660626

International Business Management

AccuForm Corporate Corruption Case Analysis

Establishing a subsidiary in a foreign nation poses many challenges. Corporate leadership challenges can often be the most daunting to resolve. One a most challenging leadership challenges is that of ethical considerations and corporate corruption. Corporate cultures differ and these differences can create major difficulties for foreign subsidiaries. This case involves corporate espionage and the theft of proprietary product information, as well as the unauthorized use of a corporate trademark. In the midst of this scandal, AccuForm faced public humiliation for actions that they did not take. Kim now faced challenges about how to present these problems to the board can help to distance the company brand from these incidents. This analysis will explore the many facets of this case.

Social, Ethical and Legal Challenges

This case highlights the social, ethical, and legal challenges that a company can face when operating a…… [Read More]

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Intelligence Failure at Pearl Harbour

Words: 3354 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 4932452

The report mentions that almost 3-4% of the keys could not be resolved. Thereby, it can be argued here that great advantages were gained when Americans decoded Japanese conversation

2. Radio Traffic Unit

There is a naval intelligence installed at the Pearl Harbor was using the radio traffic unit and it was working to find out and analyze the location of Japanese ships. In this case, the Japanese messages could not be decoded by the Americans. When Japanese ships started to settle in, the radio units could not follow the tracks of these ships.

3. American ambassador in Tokyo

Ambassador Grew was one of the most important sources of information. But the information obtained in this case was only related to the state of mind and ideology of the Japanese people and the level of hostility that the Japanese have against the Americans

Methodology and Research Strategy

In order to…… [Read More]

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International Relations - Cold War

Words: 1402 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 77851493



The same access to formerly secret information from the Cold War era also revealed the extent to which Soviet infiltration of the highest level of American military projects had served to further exhaust the American economy by necessitating continual development of strategic and tactical weapon systems to counter escalating technological improvements in Soviet military systems. The first successful test of a Soviet nuclear weapon in 1949 was directly attributable to Soviet infiltration of the top secret Manhattan Project; American pilots flew combat missions against Soviet Mig fighters developed with information stolen from American weapon designs through espionage; and that dynamic persisted virtually throughout the Cold War (Langewiesche 2007).

The financial strain of continuous nuclear deterrence and the perpetual modernization and updating of sophisticated strategic weapon systems was among the principle causes of the eventual collapse of the former Soviet Union. By 1989, the protracted war in Afghanistan had all but…… [Read More]

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World War I or the

Words: 1881 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 53571111

In addition, in Congress few voices spoke out against the war, since they wanted to use the war to end the IWW and socialism.

Johnson and Tindall/Shi's books were sometimes difficult to get through, because of all the names and facts. I found myself reading and rereading parts of Johnson's book to get the gist of what he was saying. Despite the fact that Tindall's was to be a narrative, it did not seem like that in most cases. Although there are photos to break up the copy, in many cases it is jam packed with too much information. The paragraphs should have been broken up more, since they were long and with small type. Like Johnson, it was necessary to reread sections to truly get the underlining message.

Zinn's book, despite its definite editorial slant against the war, was an easy read. The quotes from a variety of people,…… [Read More]

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Rules and Ethics Governing Journalists

Words: 1462 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 41391448

However, if they do start to reveal sources, then future informants are going to be hesitant to alert the media when corruption takes place (Dreiling, 2004).

News organizations such as the New York Times, the Washington Post, Dow Jones and Company, Gannett Company, Bloomberg and Fox News are asking courts to recognize a reporter's privilege. Without such privilege, news organizations worry that subpoenas will be used to harass journalists and intimidate government workers (Dreiling, 2004)."

Since the events of 9-11 courts have gotten less lenient about journalists claiming that the first amendment protects them from revealing sources. Even in cases that do not involve terrorism journalists are being incarcerated for refusing to cooperate with the demand to know who their sources were. Last October a New York Times reporters and a Time magazine reporters were both jailed for their refusal to tell a federal grand jury who tipped them off…… [Read More]

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Technologies New Technologies Emerge Rapidly

Words: 1579 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 50861787

Mobile phones are another major area of emerging technologies. Not just for phoning home anymore, mobile phones are becoming more and more robust, integrating full PDA functionality and even permitting streaming video content. Communications providers offer the biggest obstacles in seamless digital streaming, because of the confusing array of services and relatively poor download speeds. Finally, consumers are becoming increasingly sensitive to the possibility of identity theft. As technology becomes increasingly versatile, the potential for the usurpation of privacy rises too. The government has yet to step in decisively and will soon be forced to develop a new wave of consumer protection laws as well as creative laws protecting intellectual property.

Works Cited

Anderson, Mark. "MIT's Energy 'Manhattan Project'" Wired News. Aug 11, 2006. Retrieved Aug 12, 2006 at http://www.wired.com/news/technology/0,71574-0.html?tw=wn_index_3

Doggs, Alpha. "Could Your Keyboard Spy on You?" Network World. Aug 8, 2006. Retrieved Aug 12, 2006 at http://www.networkworld.com/community/?q=node/6550&ts

Gizmodo.…… [Read More]

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Assets Threats Assets and Threats-What

Words: 3224 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 93853642

This is also known as a vulnerability assessment (Shimonski, 2005).

Enlisting senior management support so that security is taking seriously within the organization and so that employee and manager alike understand the value of assets and the seriousness threats that may exist (Shimonski, 2005; Schwartz, 2003).

Establish a security budget so that from year to year an organization has the finances necessary to deal with security threats as they occur but also take measures to prevent security issues (Shimonski, 2005; Garcia, 2000).

Create a task force that can respond successfully and expediently to security emergencies (Shimonski, 2005). Along these lines a security breech plan of action should be developed and all employee informed of the proper steps to take if a security breech occurs.

Establish a recovery plan that will help protect assets. This should include establishing back up so a company has somewhere to go and can restore systems…… [Read More]

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Benchmarking Opportunities and Challenges of Benchmarking the

Words: 4995 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 25025446

Benchmarking

Opportunities and Challenges of benchmarking

The first question to be asked is what benchmarking can do for any organization. The process of benchmarking permits the entire organization to identify, share and use the knowledge that exists within the organization as also the best practices prevalent within the organization. The attempt is to concentrate on improving the situation of any business unit and not to just measure the best performances that have been achieved. The method for this is to apply the use of best known methods of solving the problems that are facing the business. The results come from the utilization after determination of the problems and this can come only after a careful study of the problems. On determination it is expected that the best solutions will be implemented. (Defining Benchmarking)

The result will come to the organization in the form of gaining important advantages for the organization…… [Read More]

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Combat Movies

Words: 2621 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 43020702

War Films

Taking Jeanine Basinger at her word would leave us with far fewer war films than we think we have. Basinger is a 'strict constructionist,' accepting as war films only those that have actual scenes of warfare (Curley and Wetta, 1992. p. 8; Kinney, 2001, p. 21). That means that the four films that will be considered here, and especially the two World War II films, are not war films. By Basinger's yardstick, neither Casablanca nor Notorious, neither Born on the Fourth of July nor Coming Home would qualify as war films.

On the other hand, films such as White Christmas, a lightweight Bing Crosby-Danny Kaye-Rosemary Clooney-Vera Ellen comedy about the aftermath of war for an old soldier might well be a 'war' movie. The opening scene is one in which the old soldier, Dean Jagger, is reviewing his troops when, somewhere in Italy during the Christmas lull, bombs…… [Read More]

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Intelligence Agencies What Exactly Is

Words: 11218 Length: 28 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 71830176

Sometimes, it is even necessary to carry out certain clandestine operations like deceptions, clandestine collection of information, covert actions, and also the carrying out of the exercise of distributing disinformation or misleading information, which would mislead the suspected threat.

The United States Intelligence Community is, as stated earlier, made up a number of different agencies. The Central Intelligence Agency is one of these. Also known popularly as the CIA, this agency was created in the year 1947, when President Truman signed the National Security Act. The Act stated that the Director of Central Intelligence would be responsible for coordinating the intelligence activities of the entire nation, and that they would also correlate and evaluate as well as disseminate all the pertinent information that would probably be a threat to the national security of the United States of America. Today, the Director of Central Intelligence is Porter J. Goss, who serves…… [Read More]

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Business Law - Bug Inc

Words: 1972 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 79898795

Another option could be fro Bug to use a defense of proximate cause which states that for a negligent act or omission to be a proximate cause of damage, it must be a natural and probable (not just possible) result of a sequence unbroken by any intervening causes.

6. [See situations b. And c. For background information.] The attorneys for BUG have completed their investigation of WIRETAP and its employee, Steve. If they want to bring a successful action against WIRETAP for civil RICO, what do they need to prove? What type(s) of damages could BUG receive?

The RICO law was an attempt to eliminate organized crime. The focus was that by concentrating on illegal money made during a crime, the person using that money was in fact perpetrating a crime. Legal consequences for RICO can be extremely harsh. Guilty parties could face both criminal and civil forfeitures, a $25,000…… [Read More]

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Security Plan Pixel Inc About Pixel Inc

Words: 1669 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78113

Security Plan: Pixel Inc.

About Pixel Inc.

We are a 100-person strong business dedicated to the production of media, most specifically short animations, for advertising clients worldwide. Our personnel include marketing specialists, visual designers, video editors, and other creative staff.

This security plan encompasses the general and pragmatic characteristics of the security risks expected for our business and the specific actions that aim to, first and foremost, minimize such risks, and, if that's not possible, mitigate any damage should a breach in security happen.

Scope

The measures to be taken and the assigned responsibilities stated in this document apply to all the departments that make up the company. Exemptions can be given but will be only under the prerogative of the CEO under the consultation of the Chief Security Officer that will be formally assigned after the finalization of this document. Otherwise, there will be no exception to the security…… [Read More]

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White House Security Plan Threats and Risk

Words: 1480 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36541242

White House Security Plan

Threats and Risk Assessments

There are a variety of different threats posing various levels of risks to the White House and its workers and inhabitants. The risk of an actual penetration by a small group of terrorists or militants carries a fairly low risk, given current security procedures and personnel; a heavy artillery military attack is even less likely given national defense systems and the sheer geopolitical implications of such an act. Greater subterfuge is likely to be employed in any truly risky threat; hidden bomb attacks, biological or chemical attacks with timed detonators or active triggers must be carefully screened for, as these represent one of the greatest threats to White House security in terms of both their potential damage and the likelihood of such an attack being attempted due to potential anonymity and attacker distance.

There are also many non-intentional and human-based threats that…… [Read More]

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Police History the American System of Criminal

Words: 741 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1217712

Police History

The American system of criminal justice and investigations stem from English common law and practice, which advised colonial governments and gave rise to subsequent systems in the United States. In fact, the standing police force that most Americans take for granted did not always exist. Early Americans, like the English before them, were averse to the concept of a government-sponsored standing police force that could at any time be authorized to strip citizens of their rights and liberties. The current method of law enforcement, from apprehension to pre-trial investigations, also owes its roots to the English.

The first professional, paid American police forces started in the early seventeenth centuries: first in Boston in 1631 and about fifteen years later in New Amsterdam. Known initially as watchmen and later as constables, the officers did not enjoy the same level of responsibility or the same role in society as modern…… [Read More]

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Employee E-Mail and Internet Privacy Policies the

Words: 639 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15729525

Employee E-Mail and Internet Privacy Policies

The increased usage of the Internet and e-mail has changed the way companies do business. Nearly instantaneous communication can take place globally. Information on a countless number of topics can now be accessed from anywhere around the world. These technological developments have not only helped employees increase their efficiencies, but also has given them a new means of distraction from their duties. For this reason, many companies have developed e-mail and Internet policies.

At my job, our e-mail policy states that e-mails should not include illegal or libelous statements. E-mail is to be used for business purposes only and e-mail communications are the property of the company. For this reason, the company may access sent and received from work computers at any time, this includes deleted e-mails that are stored on the company's servers. The Internet policy is similar in that the Internet is…… [Read More]

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First Amendment the Constitution and the Supreme

Words: 2383 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5017596

First Amendment, the Constitution, and the Supreme Court

Freedom of and from religion and freedom of speech are the distinct provisions of the First Amendment; it gives citizens of the United States the unalienable human right to assembly and speech. However, the language is intentionally vague. The framers of the Constitution, anticipating unknown applications of the amendment, gave power to the Supreme Court to act as ultimate arbiter in matters involving its provisions. The Constitution of the United States is a living document and the interpretation of its amendments by the Supreme Court changes over time. Freedom of speech and the press, and religious freedom, are exercised according to the Supreme Court's rulings in cases that come before it. Exploration of these cases illuminates the evolving meaning of the First Amendment and the freedoms granted therein.

The First Amendment to the Constitution is partially designed to protect journalists and news-content…… [Read More]

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Cyber-Crime Cyber-Terrorism and Cyber-Warfare Since

Words: 2784 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 44365655



Contemporary Cyber-warfare Cases Studies

In 2011, the Center for Strategic and International Studies published Significant Cyber Incidents Since 2006 (Lewis, 2011) as part of its Cyber and Internet Policy, Technology and Public Policy Program. Among the incidents detailed in that report, referenced by their year of occurrence:

2007

After officials in former-Soviet Estonia removed a World War II memorial from its capital city of Tallinn in the Spring of 2007, a large-scale cyber-attack disabled the websites and computer networks of Estonia's government offices, the office of the president, the Estonian Parliament, police facilities, news organizations, two of Estonia's largest financial institutions.

United States Secretary of Defense, Robert Gates, confirmed has his unclassified email account had been successfully hacked. Subsequent investigation identified that attack as having originated directly from the People's Liberation Army in China.

As German Chancellor, Angela Merkel visits China, German, French, and British government computer systems suffer a…… [Read More]

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Conflict Ambivalence and Hostility Endured

Words: 592 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 6743798

The involvement of these women typifies the West Virginia attitude of resistance and resentment of its occupation by Union loyalists during the Civil War.

Supporting Arguments

I

West Virginia's History of Resistance in the Civil War

A. In 1861 West Virginia succumbs to Union loyalists and fosters resentment to the North and solidifies its allegiance to the Confederacy.

B. The efforts of Stonewall Jackson in Western Virginia and Virginia proper are considerably supported by women supporters, properly detailed below.

II

Nancy Hart

A. Hart became involved with the Mocassin Rangers until 1862 as a spy, scout and guide who saved the lives of several Confederate soldiers.

B. Hart was actively sought after and imprisoned for her success with the Confederacy.

C. Hart escaped prison and killed a guard to resume her martial activities with the Confederacy.

III

Isabelle "Belle" Boyd

A. Boyd came from a long lineage of Confederacy supporters…… [Read More]

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Tom Clancy Is Considered the

Words: 1252 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 65963103

Obviously, other countries need to know more about how to become democracies, and we can help them move in that general direction."(Selle, 50)

However, his works remain within the domain of popular fiction, in which the suspense and the intricate and entertaining plot constitute the most important elements. The main attractiveness of his work is thus the technological paraphernalia that accompanies the plots and the operations described in the novels. The extreme accuracy of these descriptions are what caused Clancy to be termed as the inventor of the technothriller, as Garson defines it:

The technothriller] may concern all forms of nuclear weaponry, missiles, submarines, aircraft. Perhaps it foregrounds computers that reach beyond human ability to solve problems. Laboratories with scientists -- biologists, chemists, physicists, archaeologists -- study unknown and as yet unsolved questions of existence, DNA, germs, viruses, extinct species."(Garson, 35)

The projection of science and technology in the future…… [Read More]

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Space Race at the End

Words: 4650 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 93053450

Three test launches in September failed miserably, but by October, the crew believed they were ready to test (Green and Lomask, 41).

However, on October 4, 1957, the Soviet Union shocked the United States and the world by successfully launching Sputnik 1, into orbit around the Earth, becoming the first nation to launch an artificial satellite into orbit, and pushing them to the front of the now active Space Race (Green and Lomask, 22). Sputnik I circled the Earth once every 96 minutes, was 22 inches in diameter, and was made of aluminum alloys.

The reaction in the United States was tumultuous, at best.

Citizens of the United States, once certain American's were superior in all things technological and scientific, now began to doubt the superiority of their educational system, as the Russian technologies advanced beyond American capability (Hayes, 13F). The night of the launch, however, only amateur astronomers seemed…… [Read More]

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Richard Nixon's Administration and the

Words: 903 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 76941983

His actions were atypical because he actually committed these crimes to the highest extent, going so far as to avoid accountability even when presented with evidence that indeed, he was heavily linked to Watergate break-in. However, his behavior towards his political rivals and towards politics, in general, was typical in the sense that he became paranoid and insecure, and his commitment of these crimes reflected his need to verify whether he still wields power and influence over his political allies and the citizenry. Thus, he felt the need to "spy" against his rivals and abuse his power by avoiding accountability and doing his responsibility to pay his taxes. He became consumed by the power and influence embedded in his position as President that he forgot the extent of his accountability to the people -- that these privileges of power and influence are duly given by the people, and not his…… [Read More]

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U S Intelligence Revolution the Transformations

Words: 2090 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 96271380

As the Cold War began, U.S. found itself in a war with the U.S.S.R. On several levels and the only method that could have given U.S. The supremacy it desired was through the good use of intelligence. Espionage, military, industrial, and technological developments were all part of the weapons used during the Cold War. This is why the intelligence revolution was very much needed and useful in the end.

In the 1950s and 1960s, the CIA was one of the most respected organizations in the U.S., given its role in resisting against the expansion of influence of the Soviet Union and the spread of communism. These were the main missions of the organization. As the results of having a well-organized and well-trained intelligence agency paid off and as U.S. managed to prove itself superior to the Soviet Union in many instances, CIA became the main instrument for guiding the U.S.…… [Read More]

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Intel Reform Over the Past

Words: 3379 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 80993523

The historical experiences of Cuba, Chile, Turkey, and even the Iran Contra affair fueled the discussions over a tighter control exercised over the Agency's structure and strategies. However, the Cold War demanded for secret operations especially taking into account the high degree of uncertainty that characterized the political environment at the time. The ideological confrontation between the West and Communist forces was often defused on the territories of third parties and the advantage of information and influence played a crucial role.

The period following the Watergate scandal weighted heavily on the evolution of the CIA. Richard Nixon, along with his Secretary of State, Kissinger was the proponents of an increased power given to the CIA because the presidential control could thus be exercised without any legislative hindrance from the Congress. The 1971 presidential decision to gather the budgets of all national intelligence services under a single unitary one was just…… [Read More]

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James Fenimore Cooper the Life

Words: 1897 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 79388459

According to Mctiernan (1997), "James Fenimore Cooper's the Spy is interesting precisely because no genre had yet hardened around spying when he wrote it. Cooper relies instead on the conventions of other genres -- primarily, the domestic romance and the historical adventure, which, unlike spy fiction, did not evolve in part to justify the dishonesty and covert manipulation central to espionage" (3).

As noted above, Cooper was also able to draw on the inspiration of an unspoiled American wilderness that few people today can imagine without his help. It is this aspect of Cooper's early works, perhaps, that continue to make them popular today just as they did in his own time. As Ringe (1962) advises, though, this is unfortunate because Cooper matured as a writer over the years and some of his best work was during the last part of his career. "Ironically, Cooper is best known for what…… [Read More]

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Post-9 11 Expansion of Government Powers

Words: 2588 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 99946920

While most see these and other similar reforms as necessary, serving merely as a legal upgrade for law enforcement, one provision of the act's section regarding wireless communication has created much controversy. This section allows foreign intelligence agencies to wiretap citizen's phones and computers without a court order. Bringing the country back to the short-lived standard of 1928, when a fraction of the technology that is used on a regular basis today was even invented, this portion of the act leaves room for the undocumented surveillance of United States citizens (Podesta). Similarly, President George W. Bush announced that in the days and months following the September 11th terrorist attacks he ordered the wiretapping of several United States residents without approval from congress, admitting and defending his expansion of the role of executive. Thus, while both public and private wiretapping have a long history of use in the United States, the…… [Read More]

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Equity Theory of Motivation the

Words: 4137 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 28331334

Smith School of Business (at the University of Maryland), where she was granted an MBA (Master of Business Administration) and also the courses of the MIT Sloan School of Management, where she received a Master of Science in management.

Professionally speaking, Fiorina occupied various secretarial positions; she was also a teacher of English in Italy and a receptionist. Her fruitful career began in 1980 when she joined at&T, where after various positions, came to be the company's Senior Vice President. In 1999 she joined Hewlett-Packard as Chief Executive Officer, but was forced to leave in 2005. After her departure from HP, Fiorina engaged in personal and political actions, such as the edition of her book Tough Choices: A Memoir, or campaigning with presidential candidate John McCain (Jacoby, 2008).

Carly Fiorina possesses numerous skills which qualify her for the leader's position. First of all, she has extensive knowledge and expertise, backed…… [Read More]

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Intelligence Community A History of

Words: 3041 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 54262272

This would create a reactionary agency which, rather than gathering intelligence to the extension of its security, would approach what would come to be known as the 'containment theory,' using whatever resources and tactics were at its disposal to deflect against the spread of communism.

At its time, the 1947 Act would be seen as projecting considerable vision. As one conservative think-tank reports on this idea, "until fairly recently, CIA considered its appropriate time horizon to be fairly long. It was, I believe, generally longer than the focus of either the Defense Intelligence Agency or the State Department's Bureau of Intelligence and Research (INR). The Directorate of Intelligence made forecasts in some areas that went out 20 years, and collectors and analysts tried to anticipate events 'over the horizon' -- situations policymakers did not then know they were likely to be worrying about in the future. CIA did this because…… [Read More]

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Spy Kids 2001 A Radical

Words: 1715 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 76191742

The names of the characters in Spy Kids, such as Floop, give a Willy Wonka-espionage-in-fun verbal as well as visual tone to the film, and the thumb-shaped henchmen of Floop seem like a tribute to the Wonka oompah-loompas.

For students of Rodriquez, Spy Kids may not be the director's most significant film, but it is an argument that the director, even when making a mainstream Hollywood genre film, has a clear vision as a filmmaker. He is unapologetic in his call for the centrality of Hispanic life and ordinary Hispanic heroism in cinema. His heroes are ordinary people in extraordinary circumstances, yet capable of showing grit and wit and rising to the occasion when needed. His heroes take themselves as well as the audience by surprise.

Works Cited

Ebert, Roger. Spy Kids. The Chicago Sun Times. March 30, 2001. March 15, 2010.

http://rogerebert.suntimes.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20010330/REVIEWS/103300302/1023

El Mariachi. Directed by Roger Rodriquez. 1992.…… [Read More]