Ethnic Studies Essays (Examples)

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Native American and African-American Studies

Words: 1844 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 1575295

Race and Education

Appreciation of the value of an education, upholding high family values and morals, and displaying the physical characteristics is associated with the European culture. Upper class values are viewed as adopting the European culture, which is also known as acting white. An African-American dressed in business attire, and holding a white-collar job is considered to have adopted the European culture values. High achievement is expected among the western culture. Identifying white collar African-Americans as Eurocentric is racism, because it diminishes the importance of the tradition among the black culture. White collar, well-educated African-Americans should not be identified as adopting the Eurocentric lifestyle, because it would eliminate much of the prejudiceness, and high achiever's accomplishments and capabilities would not be predetermined by their race.

The western culture will always be considered as the highest social status of all cultures. This belief and tradition has developed through history and…… [Read More]

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Is the Concept of Flow Still Relevant Television Studies

Words: 1450 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2201584

Flow' still relevant? Television studies

Flow, as Csikszentmihalyi (1990) has instigated, portrays the condition in which populace are so engaged in an action that nothing besides it appears to be of major concern (p. 4). Flow was originally referred to elaborate the emotions of individuals who are associated to sports or a profession which requires utmost dedication during a most exuberant occurrence. Csikszentmihalyi (1977, p. 72) illustrates the status of flow as a tapering of the focal point of consciousness, so that extraneous observations and beliefs are cleansed away, by the absence of reticence, and by receptiveness to unequivocal objectives and explicit responses, and by a sagacity of management over the environment. Csikszentimihalyi's flow constituents have been sorted by Hoffman, Young and Novak (2000) into three basic phases, which namely are flow antecedents, flow occurrence, and flow consequences. Along with this sorting it also emphasizes that attentiveness and power are…… [Read More]

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Unilever Butter Beater Case Study

Words: 832 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 42180576

regionalize or globalize product development? Would global products and brands really lower the costs of local introduction? What was the financial leverage for developing such products?

Diversity in local tastes and preferences has urged many multinationals to develop products that cater to local tastes. But Unilever Butter beater case indicates that this is not entirely a good strategy because there are such massive differences in each market that the development and advertising cost alone can eat up the profits for the local company in the first year of launch. Hence it is much better to develop a product which is a strong global brand and allow people to "love it or leave it."

But for a brand to be truly globalized and work in each market, it must remove visible cultural associations. This is important and can be seen through such strong brands as Levi's jeans, Sony's Walkman, and Pepsi…… [Read More]

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International Relations Study The Field

Words: 1592 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 51759512

From this I would take advice from the history of the Swiss -- I would require all children were taught the use of weapons in adolescence, and that upper classes in school coincided with military training. After graduation, every citizen would be required to keep a weapon in the home, and asked to serve in their community guard, which would train a couple times a year. Defense plans would be built on a street-to-street basis, and every large metropolis would also have more advanced weaponry available to civil servants and block commanders in case of invasion. This training would both protect the future democracy of the country, and assure that any nation wishing to invade would face a true quagmire of house-to-house fighting in every city.

I would then focus on making the nation an economic asset to the larger world. I would first work to assure that the country…… [Read More]

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Conflict Management Case Studies Conflict

Words: 762 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 92621128

The stress is, therefore, it is directed to the wrong person, but in normal circumstances, it's never like that. This is a perfect example of hyper-stress caused by built up pressure at work and the expectation to deliver.

The situation can be resolved by taking stress relieving activities that include engaging oneself in regular exercises, engaging in good talks with friends, eating sensibly, having enough rest and accepting situations that one cannot change. These activities will greatly help out in relieving the stress that pile up causing the conflict between the persons. Yes, I have ever witnessed the situation between my uncle and wife, and it was resolved by visiting a marriage counselor who advised my uncle to take up gym classes so as to channel away the stress. It really worked out.

Conflict situation 3

The theory that best explains this situation is the System theory. In this case,…… [Read More]

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Organizational Behavior Case Study

Words: 639 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 52865698

Job Satisfaction Case Study

There remains a gap between what many human resource professionals see as practice and actual quantitative/qualitative research in the HR area. On numerous topics there is debate about facts -- what is hearsay and common knowledge, and what is provable and scholarly. In a recent research study, authors Saari and Judge (2004) identified three major gaps between HR practice and scientific research, specifically in the area of employee attitudes: 1) the causes of employee attitudes, 2) the results of positive or negative job satisfaction, and 3) how to appropriately measure and influence employee attitudes.

The causes of employee attitudes- HR professionals in general understand that overriding importance of job satisfaction on employee productivity, and the general trends employees hold when approaching attitudes towards their job. However, the changing demographic and psychographic make-up of the United States means there is far more diversity in the modern workplace…… [Read More]

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Multicultural Studies Indeed the Interests

Words: 3493 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 41381912

One of the best examples of the mentality behind the development of the pedagogy of the oppressed, with regard to education is the evolution of the official restriction of curriculum to that which the African would need to survive in the economy of labor.

A the solutions to the "poor Whites" problem, as was indicated in the Carnegie Commission of Inquiry into Poor Whites in South Africa in 1932, were not bearing the expected fruits of "innate superiority." Thus, Verwoerd emphasized that the African "school must equip him [the African] to meet the demands which the economic life of South Africa will impose on him" (Mbere 1979, 106).The relationship between production and what is learned in schools reproduces unskilled and semiskilled labor power that allows domination and exploitation to occur. According to the CNE policy, Whites were perpetual parents who had to guide their "children," the Africans. This relationship of…… [Read More]

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Globalization's Effect on Gender Studies

Words: 1551 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 77333111

Women like Nancy, are now forced to deal with leasing two cultures in one lifetime; yet many are finding that the two are not as radically different as one might believe. All though Nancy is offered more opportunity for education and employment within the context of Los Angeles California, she still must face the grim reality of making less money than her male counterparts on top of the ancient burden her culture inherently places on her shoulders. Many women within Chinatown understand these similarities between their Eastern and Western sentiments, yet don't understand why the United States has chosen such a covert route of gender discrimination due to the open practice of their Chinese heritage. Many others still believe in the American Dream as open to women, and only see the differences between the rigidly patriarchal Chinese society, and the more lax one found in the United States. We now…… [Read More]

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Latin America Ethnic and Indigenous

Words: 835 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Reaction Paper Paper #: 27593874

The consolidation of power was a successful venture and helped catapult the indigenous leader (Morales) into position to win re-election.


Example number two looks closely into the successes and failures the indigenous groups had in the country of Columbia. The country of Columbia has a robust 81 distinct indigenous groups and has been financially and legally dominated via a two party system made up of Liberals and Conservatives (Van Cott, 2003). The strength and stability of the two party system kept any new 3rd or indigenous parties from being formed. A constitution was resurrected in 1991 so that Columbia could begin the process of weakening the stranglehold of the Liberal and Conservative parties (Van Cott, 2003).

The newly invoked constitution detailed five ways in which legislation would help the indigenous political parties. First, there was a creation of a single district for the National Constituent Assembly elections and the…… [Read More]

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International Studies Political Conflict and

Words: 2244 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 46902449

The definition of democracy intensifies the ideals of the individual, as it regards the individual as a very important cog in the wheel of representation. In fact as the work points out the collective idea of social unrest lies not in individualism but in the fact that the individual ideal was to strong for third world political institutions to bear up under. (30) Yet, the individualistic ideals of today's society, are incongruent with true representation. We as members of "democratic" nation are taught to celebrate our differences and yet the human ability to celebrate any differences but our own is inherently flawed as individuals cannot recognize value in an "other" without much exposure and ideological challenge to themselves as a valuable individual defined by their differences. The self is, by its very nature associated with the ideal of better than, simply by the virtue of its separateness.

The stanch democratic…… [Read More]

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Pilot Study of Relationships Among Pain Characteristics

Words: 1552 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 49759320

Pilot Study of Relationships Among Pain Characteristics

Mood Disturbances, and Acculturation in a Community

Sample of Chinese-American Patients With Cancer

Edrington, J., Sun, A., Wong, C., Dodd, M., Padilla, G., Paul, S., & Miaskowski, C.

This study is a pilot study to determine how level of acculturation and mood affect the intensity and functional aspects of pain in Chinese-American cancer patients. The purpose of the study is to determine if the pain perception of Chinese-American cancer patients is consistent with some past research on other ethnic groups (particularly Hispanic and African-Americans) that find that the level of acculturation is negatively related to the patients' self-reported pain intensity and the relief from pain associated with cancer. The researchers use the definition of acculturation as the process by which immigrants take on or embrace values, beliefs, customs, norms, and the lifestyle of the mainstream culture. Thus the Americanized the group is the…… [Read More]

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Country Study Assessment on Iran Societal Assessment

Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 59054844

Iran Societal Assessment

Societal Assessment

The RAND document shows that a powerful country is one that is able to take decisions that make it economically productive for many years to come. And to gain this productivity the country requires a combination of state and societal strength

Hence this shows the significance of the societal aspect of any country's power in the world.

SOCIETAL OVERVIEW: the Iranian population is one of the most rapidly increasing populations. At the start of the twentieth century Iranian population was estimated to be around 5 million but the actual numbers showed a figure of 10 million, twice the projected size. Each consecutive census shows that this fast paced trend has since continued on its path as it is. By 1956 had seen an increase of approximately 9 million while in the next 3 decades the population rise was around 16 million. This humungous increase was…… [Read More]

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Ethnography A Comparative Study of

Words: 1973 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 86331314

More than one example would support the author's ability to make generalizations about gender related power struggles within the community.

Stack conducted a formal quantitative study in Appendix A (Stack, p. 130) to support that conclusions that were drawn in the qualitative portion of her survey. The statistics that she found through a study of 200 AFDC case studies supported the assumption that the families she portrayed did represent typical scenarios in the community. Stack addressed the stereotypical image that portrays the ghetto black as hopeless and powerless found in other literature. She defends her position that the image is incorrect. Both the quantitative and qualitative evidence supports her theory that the black family in ghetto urban areas has a formal support network. She debunks the myth that there is no way out through many examples that she found in her studies.

One of the key shortfalls that can be…… [Read More]

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Dental Care in Ethnic Populations Over 65

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75873521

Dental Care in Ethnic Populations Over 65

Borrell, L.N., Burt, B.A., and Neighbors, H.W. (2004, May). Social Factors and Periodontitis in an Older Population. American Journal Public Health. 94(5), 748 -- 754. PMCID: PMC1448332

This article discusses the relationship between age, ethnicity, socio-economic status, and educational level with respect to oral dental health and particularly focuses on periodontitis. Research and conventional wisdom have long pointed to poorer health outcomes for people with lower socioeconomic status than for people with higher socioeconomic status.

Studies on the differences in received dental care for older individuals -- particularly those aged 65 and older -- indicate that oral health is poorer and dental care less frequent for this population. In this article, the authors evaluate various characteristic for blacks, Hispanics (Mexican-Americans), and whites in these age groups: 50-59 years; 60-69 years, and >70 years. The indicator "Time since last dental visit" is telling: 47.7%…… [Read More]

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Asian Studies Short Answer Questions

Words: 2384 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8543565

Of all the nations hit by the great Asian financial crash of 1997, Indonesia has gone through the most widespread political upheaval (Smith, 2003). A hated dictator has been thrown out, and democracy is on everyone's lips. But in spite of this victory, the capitalist democracy that most of the mass movement imagines is not possible in a nation as super exploited and crisis-ridden as Indonesia. In the end only a socialist revolution led by the working class can prevent a new period of dictatorship by the imperialism supported military (Indonesia's Revolutionary Crisis, n.d.).

Built-up bitterness at the thirty two-year reign of military dictator-president Suharto, who had himself officially re-elected, was combined with anger at the rapid inflation and other austerity measures commanded by imperialist financiers like the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Starting in January, the assortment exploded in militant strikes, mass riots in opposition to rising food and fuel…… [Read More]

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Requiring Ethnics Training to Employees Is Simply a Dog and Pony Show Why or Why

Words: 2443 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 77662360

Ethics Training for Employees

"Recently we have become aware of massive fraud and abuses that are tolerated and even encouraged by executives in large and formerly reputable organizations" (Lee, 2004). The Enron scandal sent ricochets through corporate America, causing literally thousands of people to lose their jobs and sending a major city into a deeper recession than that experienced by the rest of the country. Even seemingly minor corporate scandals have had a tremendous impact on both corporate America and on consumer confidence in corporations. One need only look at the recent media fury surrounding Martha Stewart's recent release from prison to realize that corporate misbehavior is the hot-button issue of the day. As evidenced by the abundance of "Free Martha" t-shirts, the negative impacts of corporate ethical issues are not always apparent on the surface. However, the fact is that abusive and illegal practices that have been permitted, and…… [Read More]

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Tuskegee Syphilis Study Genocide in

Words: 1608 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 43865958

They should be informed in advance and as thoroughly as possible what the study would be about and how their participation would be used. That consent must be constant from the start to finish of the experiment, study or survey. These studies have their worth to society. They are intended to save lives and promote optimum health. There are risks taken in exchange for the ideal, but the involved parties should be fully aware of them and willing to take the said risks. At any stage of the experiment, the participants should be free to back out if they wanted.

Institutions and committees sponsoring or evaluating medical studies using live human subjects should clearly make a choice between the fundamental rights of these subjects to information and the future benefits to be derived by society from the researches. They should refrain from using live human subjects unless absolutely willing to…… [Read More]

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Student Affairs as Both a Field of Study and a Profession

Words: 3850 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98237300

Student Affairs as Both A Field of Study and a Profession

What is Student Affairs?

Tyrell (2014) believes student affairs professionals have a continually expanding and evolving role in community colleges, with recognition of increasingly complex student experiences and with broadening of community colleges' role in the way students are engaged outside of and within formal, institutional settings.

The student affairs domain is an extensive and complex part of college campus operations, covering several departments and involving professionals hailing from a broad range of academic backgrounds. Student learning does not occur only in classrooms; rather, it is interwoven all through students' experiences in college, right from their freshmen days to the time they leave its doors after earning their college diploma. College students are molded by these experiences, conflict management lessons learnt from sharing dorms with fellow students, critical thinking skills perfected through challenging coursework, leadership skills attained through leadership…… [Read More]

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Psychology Definitions Abnormal Psychology - The Study

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63457082

Psychology Definitions

Abnormal Psychology - the study of mental and emotional disorders or maladaptive behaviors, or of mental phenomena such as dreams, hypnosis, and altered states or levels of consciousness.

Social norms - Group-held beliefs about how members should behave in a given context. Sociologists describe norms as informal understandings that govern society's behaviors,]while psychologists have adopted a more general definition, recognizing smaller group units, like a team or an office, may also endorse norms separate or in addition to cultural or societal expectations. The psychological definition emphasizes social norms' behavioral component, stating norms have two dimensions: how much behavior is exhibited and how much the group approves of that behavior.

Dysfunction - Deviation from the norms of social behavior in a way regarded as bad

Distress - This term refers to the "bad" type of stress (the opposite of Eustress), and occurs when we have excessive adaptive demands placed…… [Read More]

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Multiculturalism the Case Study Referring

Words: 449 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: 'Discussion and Results' chapter Paper #: 56206803

" This applies very much in this case. The second multicultural issue in this case, the young man's history of violence and torture, does not necessarily make him mentally ill. Many soldiers after serving violent and dreadful tours in war often bounce back strong from this exposure and become productive members of society, while some do not.

It is therefore extremely important to ensure that this man is aware of the cultural differences within his previous experiences are not helpful in keeping him out of prison in his current status. The Cambodian cultural as a dark and bloody history of genocide and torture within its recent years. Although, this is true within America as well, our culture is considerably more refined and civilized. Any hope of reforming this young man must incorporate some sort of reeducation and retraining into the American ways of life. Until this happens, his psychological health…… [Read More]

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Teaching in Multi-Ethnic Classrooms Experts

Words: 1681 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 13697967

This instructor has learned to proactively educate his Navajo students about the need to reveal certain information they normally keep among themselves, such as burial grounds, because federal law now protects them from violation -- but only if their location is known. What this suggests to me is that I may simply have to accept that some cultural distinctions may be important to my Native American students and that it may not be part of their culture to explain it to me. If an issue is important then it may be up to me to explain why something is important in the school's culture so the child can be more successful, but without suggesting that the school culture is better or superior.

Finally, I think it will be important to incorporate literature from the cultures of minority students, recognizing that it isn't enough that the story be "Hispanic." A story…… [Read More]

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Contexts and Issues in Family Studies

Words: 1337 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 60875736

Contexts and Issues in Family Studies -- Social Services in the Bilingual Community of Fort Worth, Texas

Fort Worth Texas

The Texas Institute for Policy Research has created a community initiative specifically designed to improve the health of the community's members in the community of Fort Worth. The community center is specifically designed to address such issues as poor health amongst the community, difficulties for secondary English speakers to obtain community services, and to beautify the community through landscape projects. The "Heart of Texas" center believes that while all levels of government have a role in addressing health care issues, the Institute believes that solutions for the future of health care must be developed from the "bottom up," community by community. The Institute encourages the development of stakeholder groups to take leadership in their community to pursue a community-health collaborative process. The ongoing facilitation of community collaboratives is an emerging…… [Read More]

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ABA and the Value of Applied Research in Autism Studies

Words: 2620 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 68884867

Applied Behavior Analysis Research and Application

When approaching the target behavior of teaching an autistic child to obey verbal commands, it is important to understand what previous research has presented about this target behavior, how it has defined autism, which treatment methodologies have been tried and shown effectiveness in the past, and which experimental designs can be utilized today to treat the behavior. This paper will examine each of these points and provide a standard for assessing validity.

Defining autism in the field has mainly been the result of Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA). As Wohr and Scattoni (2013) note, "autism is a behaviorally defined disorder" (p. 5). And as Ollendick and Cerny (2010) observe, the method used to define this behavior and to assess treatments are numerous: for example, rating scales can be utilized as well as observation methods, IQ tests and the examination of "the social-cultural-physical environment" in which…… [Read More]

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Analysis of Gwa Genome Wide Association Study for OCD

Words: 2081 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20514438

GWA (Genome-Wide Association ) Study Analysis for OCD

The OCD (Obsessive Compulsive Disorder) is a type of mental disorder that makes people doing the same thing repeatedly. In other words, the OCD is characterized by unreasonable obsessive fear and thoughts that lead to repetitive behaviors. People suffering from OCD are unable to control their activities and thoughts. While the cause of OCD is unknown, however, the risk factors include stress and history of child abuse. (Moran, 2013).The OSD is characterized by the neuropsychiatric disorder with features of compulsion and obsession or combination of both features. (Moran, 2013). Within the last decade, the OCD is increasingly demanding high attention from psychiatric and medical institutions due to the higher rates of its clinical diagnosis. In the United States, people suffering from OCD are approximately between 1 and 5% of the total population, however, the OSD is common among adolescent and adults. Most…… [Read More]

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Genome Wide Association Study Analysis for OCD Complications

Words: 2050 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12779863

Genome-Wide Association Study for OCD Complications

The OCD (Obsessive -- compulsive disorder) is referred as repetitive behaviors and thoughts experienced by individuals. (Visscher, Brown, McCarthy, et al. (2012). Typically, the genes' characteristics of twins and families have revealed that the OCD has the feature of multifactorial familial condition involving both environmental and polygenic factors. (Moran, 2013). Genetic studies have revealed that the interaction of the glutamatergic, serotonergic, and dopaminergic systems and genes affecting them play a crucial role in functioning of the circuit. (Yang, Lee, Goddard, Mand et al. 2011). Meanwhile, the environmental factors that include psychological trauma, adverse perinatal effects and neurological trauma may modify the risk genes, which can consequently manifest the compulsive-obsessive behaviors. (Visscher, Brown, McCarthy et al. 2012). The OCD is a frequent and, relative common debilitating neuropsychiatric disorder affecting 2% of the U.S. population. (Arnold, Sicard, Burroughs, et al. (2006). Typically, the OCD is obsessions…… [Read More]

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Medical Ethics How Does the Study of

Words: 683 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42525609

Medical Ethics

How does the study of medical ethics impact decisions in social services & healthcare? In the peer-reviewed Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare, Professor Paul Adams explains that social work ethics "…focuses on the behavior required or expected of members of a profession," and like ethical principles in the medical profession, there are "…rules, obligations, and dilemmas" to confront in social work (Adams, 2009, p. 83). By studying medical ethics -- standards that emphasize practitioner competence, client privacy, confidentiality, potential conflicts of interest, documentation and informed consent -- a social worker can get a strong grasp of the ethical considerations in the social services sector.

For example, in the "Patient's Bill of Rights," the healthcare patient has the right to informed consent, and so too do clients of social workers have the right to informed consent. The social worker's clients also have the right to privacy, confidentiality, practitioner…… [Read More]

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Academic Profile of Home Schoolers a Case Study

Words: 16937 Length: 62 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 56680433

Academic Profile of Home Schooling - a Case Study

Home Schooling vs. Traditional Educational Methods

Home Schooling Methodology

Focus of the Practicum


Area of Inquiry

Subject/Topic Areas

Home Schooling as an Alternative

Curricula and Materials Used for Home Schooling

The Success of Home Schooling

Evaluation Design

Conditions for Change



Legislative Information:

Maryland: A Legal Analysis

State Laws and Regulations - Maryland

Goulart and Travers vs. Calvert County

Home-schooled Kids Find Social Growth"

Home Schoolers in the Trenches"

Home School Academic Advantage Increases Over Time"

Home Schooling." ERIC Digest, Number 95.


The Academic Profile of Home Schoolers

Case Study

The focus of this applied dissertation proposal is to examine and analyze home school families' academic environment, the institutional materials they use, and to gain an understanding of their academic success.

Prince George's County Public School System is the nineteenth largest school system in the nation with a…… [Read More]

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Ethnomethodology Is a Discipline That Studies the

Words: 633 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1545787

Ethnomethodology is a discipline that studies the conduct of individuals within a particular society and the methods that these individuals use to actualize and accomplish their conduct / patterns of daily life in order to draw conclusions about that particular society or about a specific population within that society. In this case, inquiry would be focused on social contractions that adolescents experience and the consequences of such contradictions in their development.

The methods of study that I would utilize would be the following: I would limit my inquiry to a specific age (for instance, adolescents between 14 and 18); to a specific population (for instance, adolescents of second-generation Chinese who are living in America); to a certain area of America; and to a distinct socio-economic segment (for instance well -- educated, suburbia). Since ethnomethodological inquiry can be potentially huge, I would also employ other exclusionary factors such as ascertaining that…… [Read More]

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Starbuck's Case Study Briefly Describe

Words: 3967 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 86532491

A fourth foundational element is the strength of the Starbucks brand itself and is ubiquity globally. As a result of rapid and well-defined strategies for opening up retail stores, Starbucks is now considered one of the most preeminent and strongest brands globally.

Starbucks has generated the strength of their brand through combining high-quality coffee and tea beverages with the third-place concept to generate customer loyalty and world-of-mouth among customers and their friends. It is common to hear students mention they will have a team meeting at the local Starbucks, for studying or completing projects.

In summary the Starbucks model is strengthened by the company's coffee expertise, impressive new product development record, and the development of Starbucks locations as "third places" where friends can meet and enjoy coffee and pastries. Underscoring all these points is the strength of the Starbucks brand.

What were the key issues and the decision by Starbucks…… [Read More]

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African Studies Log What Does

Words: 1767 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 5927277

it's theme touches on mercantilism and the slave trade, colonialism, and the African experience, and suggests that this experience unties all Africans, even those who have never lived on the continent. Lowe's article adds to this theme by showing that Africa is still viewed as unpopular in the media, and suggesting that the media contributes to furthering that stereotype by its use of the word tribe. Furthermore, the article suggests that those across the world who share the African experience must share this burden of misrepresentation. Finally, D.T. Niane's retelling of a traditional African tale shows Africans' experiences and values, allowing readers to draw comparisons and contrasts with other cultures. In addition, the theme of traditions, culture, belief systems, and forms of knowledge add to the information in the previous articles, showing how the common African experience shared by so many is unique and special. Thus, by summarizing and reacting…… [Read More]

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Mix-Methods School Reform Study Exploring

Words: 3003 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: 'Methodology' chapter Paper #: 96140314

Research Methodology

As mentioned above, a mixed-methods research approach is used to conduct the study. Qualitative data will be collected from research report that concern topics such as official policy documents, institutional policy documents, research reports, as well as by means of approaching individuals and representatives of institutions by means of questionnaires and/or interviews. Schools and tertiary institutions will for example be approached to determine their approach to mitigating the transition of students from secondary to tertiary level, as well as to determine the general opinion regarding the appropriateness of current policies and procedures in this regard.

Specifically, students and teachers from various secondary and tertiary institutions will be interviewed and/or receive questionnaire with open-ended questions to collect qualitative data. The responses will then be compared to identify any similarities or significant differences among the various respondents.

Quantitative data will be collected by means of official state statistics regarding a…… [Read More]

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Google Business Case Study

Words: 2433 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83691420

International Management

Why was Orkut so successful in Brazil? What caused the problems later?

The path to the internet opened up in Brazil in 1988. Commercial internet operations in Brazil, however, began in 1995 after the department of communications and the department of science and technology helped create private access provider through a decree. The access to the internet for the private citizens opened up with the privatization of telecommunications. The trend of internet use spread rapidly across the country and within a few years, Brazil had the third largest internet users among the Americas after the U.S. and Canada. The social media application that was made possible by the internet gained tremendous popularity in Brazil as they became more passionate about the internet and the social media applications.

As Orkut was launched in Brazil, it became very popular. Already internet-based blogs and photographs were a hit with the Brazilians…… [Read More]

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Case Study of General Mills Diversity and Inclusion

Words: 4876 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40373097

Diversity is increasingly becoming a serious HR issue for companies in the 21st century marketplace. Organizations have been forced to develop strategies for increasing the representation of minority groups and making their workplaces more favorable for them. General Mills was recently named one of the most inclusive companies in the world. This text examines the company's diversity program with the aim of determining what it does differently from competitors and what the possible weak spots are.

General Mills: Diversity and Inclusion

Diversity is one of the major HR issues that companies have been forced to deal with to gain competitive advantage. Companies with effective diversity and inclusion strategies are generally perceived as being more favorable workplaces than those with ineffective programs. General Mills was recently named one of the 50 most inclusive workplaces by DiversityInc. This text examines the company's diversity program with the aim of identifying what it does…… [Read More]

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Comparative Study Between Homer's Odyssey and the Coen Brothers O Brother Where Art Thou

Words: 11490 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 45269949

O Brother, Where Art Thou?

Homer in Hollywood: The Coen Brothers' O Brother, Where Art Thou?

Could a Hollywood filmmaker adapt Homer's Odyssey for the screen in the same way that James Joyce did for the Modernist novel? The idea of a high-art film adaptation of the Odyssey is actually at the center of the plot of Jean-Luc Godard's 1963 film Contempt, and the Alberto Moravia novel on which Godard's film is based. In Contempt, Prokosch, a rich American dilettante film producer played by Jack Palance, hires Fritz Lang to film a version of Homer's Odyssey, then hires a screenwriter to write it and promptly ruins his marriage to Brigitte Bardot. Fritz Lang gamely plays himself -- joining the ranks of fellow "arty" German-born directors who had earlier deigned to act before the camera (like Erich von Stroheim in Wilder's Sunset Boulevard, playing a former director not unlike himself, or…… [Read More]

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Air Space and Cyberspace Power Studies

Words: 1863 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35094856

Air, Space, And Cyber Space Security

Air, Space, and Cyberspace Power Studies

"Since the birth of military aviation, airmen have claimed that airpower offered a new approach to warfare. Even in the earliest days of aviation, airpower's range of action, its ability to react and refocus quick across a wide area without having to consider the terrain or access, and its inherent above -- the surface perspective all pointed to a new era in warfare" ("AFDD 1, Air Force Basic Doctrine"). Within the military, the United States air force has a great strength and makes a considerable contribution to the well-being and safety of citizens of the United States. As society progresses into a new technology age, where computers no longer take up entire rooms but can fit in the palm of our hands, the USAF must also change with the times. How is the air force going to keep…… [Read More]

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Solidarity the Objective of This Study Is

Words: 1251 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98026215


The objective of this study is to read the article Ada Mawria Isasi-Diaz who died this summer and to compose a four-page reflection essay on this work in writing. This work will respond to what Diaz has to say about Solidarity in terms of the views of this writing about solidarity.

The Meaning of Solidarity

Diaz writes that the real meaning of solidarity "has been under attack" in that it has been watered down so to speak and that the word is over used and the meaning of solidarity has been lost in this overuse because it is spoken often and loosely and seems to hold no meaning. Diaz holds that there would be change that is both "visible" and "radical" if the true meaning of the word were "understood" and "intended," at least in the lives of those who adhere to solidarity. Diaz states that what Solidarity is…… [Read More]

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Marketing Case Study Explain What You Think

Words: 1206 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11966605

Marketing Case Study

Explain what you think would be an appropriate promotions strategy for both of them. In doing so compare and contrast the two promotions strategies explaining why you think they would be similar or different.










More than one billion adults worldwide are overweight. In the United States alone obesity is responsible for an estimated 300,000 deaths annually. What's interesting is that nearly all of these deaths are preventable through proper exercise and nutrition. As such, fitness is a very contentious issue plaguing many of the developed nations worldwide. Statistics indicate that nearly 33% of all Americas are obese. This bodes very well in regards to marketing as 1 in 3 Americans could use the fitness and exercise related…… [Read More]

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Congo and African Studies Those

Words: 2905 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 99424663

This betrayal by a power figure indelibly remains in the hearts and minds of the Congolese when interacting with other nations, even African neighbors (like Rwanda, with whom the DROC has had long-term and bloody conflicts).

A more empirical measure of the lasting effects that Belgian colonization has had on the Democratic Republic of the Congo is in the damage that has been done to the latter's natural resources. Almost every individual who comes into contact with the natural resources of the DNOR, either through study, travel to the area, or prospecting in the mines and locations of other resources themselves has responded with, at the least, shock at the manner in which the Congo's vast natural reserves of precious metal, stones, and everyday resources like rubber have been depleted. Human Rights Watch has issued a report stating that not only are these resources being depleted in a manner that…… [Read More]

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Fight Club A Study of

Words: 907 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Movie Review Paper #: 65441941

It is also important to note that major offenses within the fight club are punished through castration, as if to imply that the punished person is no longer a man and therefore no longer worthy of being part of the violent organization.

The roles of women in Fight Club are extremely limited. Marla Singer is the only female character in the film. She shares qualities that are present in "Durden," yet the narrator is unable to recognize the relationship that he and Singer develop due to his preoccupation with "Durden." Much like the narrator, Singer is nihilistic and attends support group meetings in order to feel complete. Furthermore, the only relationship that she develops with "Durden" is one that is strictly sexual; "Durden" has gone as far as instructing the narrator to not talk about him to Singer. As the narrative of the film progresses, and "Durden" gains power over…… [Read More]

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Black Studies Hip-Hop Is More

Words: 713 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 12984060

Beachum & McCray (2004) point out that the media is the primary means of information dissemination for youth, and portrayals of hip-hop culture in the media is highly likely to influence African-American youth.

The research will first analyze the content of hip-hop music, videos, and club culture to count instances of misogynistic or stereotypical gender roles. Ayana (2009) points out that women are portrayed as sexual objects, prostitutes, and also as socially submissive vs. males. The research will therefore begin with a thorough and honest account of how endemic these images are in hip-hop. Research questions include the following. Do African-American females fulfill the images of themselves portrayed in hip-hop? Do African-American males perceive and treat African-American females based on input from hip-hop culture? The research hypothesis is as follows. Exposure to mainstream hip-hop culture reinforces misogynistic gender roles and norms, and affects both African-American males and females.

Next, a…… [Read More]

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Identity Development Among Ethnic Minority

Words: 1202 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 40446836

Especially in major centers, the majority of at-risk adolescents are Latino and African-American youth (Yanvey, 1992). Yancey (1992) examined identity development among ethnic minority adolescents in the foster care system. This researcher explained how the occurrence of societal problems, such as unintentional pregnancy, childbearing, substance abuse, underachievement, discontinuation of education at an early point, homelessness, and dependency on social service and mental health resources was disproportionately pronounced among ethnic minorities. In regards to ethnic minority youth in the foster care system, Yancey (1992; p.819) "postulated that their social maladaptation is reflective of identity disturbances created by the negative images of African-Americans and Latinos perpetuated by the dominant society and unfiltered by optimal parental racial socialization." This statement expresses the profound influence that society's attitudes can have on the identity development of ethnic adolescents, and indicates a direction in which interventions could improve the racial socialization practices among parents.

The effect…… [Read More]

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Unequal Treatment Confronting Racial and Ethnic Disparities

Words: 665 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 8102880

Unequal Treatment: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Disparities

in Health Care

The recent report of the Institute of Medicine, Unequal Treatment: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care (2002 Smedley et. al.), indicates that bias, stereotyping, and prejudice may often contribute to the quality of health care that is provided to non-white patients. For anyone entering into the field of health care, this information is beneficial because it uncovers many of the reasons why some patients receive inadequate health care that can lead to future prevention of this problem.

The vast majority of studies reviewed concluded that minorities are less likely to get the same treatment as whites, including necessary procedures. The studies also suggested that patient attitudes cannot explain completely why disparities exist in health care. Clearly, race has become as issue in the health care industry. The report brings to light the depth of the problem when it…… [Read More]

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Chinese' Food and the Model Minority Study

Words: 3511 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 34083204

Chinese' Food and the Model Minority study in ethnic cuisine and culture, marginalization and commercialization, and the paradox of exoticism.

The anthropological theme studied for this work was that of the ethnic compromises and paradoxes inherent in creating a "Chinese" restaurant in America, for Americans. In every English speaking country from England to Canada, Chinese food is a huge business. For many immigrants it is one of the only businesses ready and willing to take them in. Most Chinese restaurants strive to present themselves as cultural representations where the American connoisseur can have a legitimate cross-cultural experience. The more I researched the actual traditions of Chinese and Asian cuisine and the way in which Western prejudices and expectations shape the presentation of this experience, the more it became apparent that --like so many other cultural phenomena-- the cultural relevance of the Chinese-food experience is far from untainted. Repeated immersion at…… [Read More]

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European Cultural Studies

Words: 1185 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 52969945


The European Security Strategy rests on a platform of multilateralism that includes roles for organizations like NATO, the United Nations, as well as other quasi-legal bodies like the World Trade Organization and International Criminal Court the implement international law. The ESS therefore seeks to foster peace through the use of consensus and international institutions. Where these different institutions have enjoyed the most success is when there is a common interest that can drive the desired consensus. In trade, there is usually a common interest in fostering economic growth, for example. In issues of security, however, there are challenges inherent in bringing about consensus because there is much less room for common ground. As Hyde-Price (2008) notes, different understandings of what is desirable arise from different cultures, and the process of reconciling the needs of different cultures are myriad. Overcoming those challenges cannot be done simply be creating ethnic and…… [Read More]

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Etsy com Listing 97212322 African-primitive-ethnic-jewelry Is an African Post-Colonial Piece of

Words: 1707 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 21382195

is an African post-colonial piece of jewelry that is both post-colonial and also possesses gender and class implications.

One can see this piece of jewelry as being either Mother-Earth, Mother-Universe or Female Guardian Orisha. It has definite gender -- based connotations with a maternal warmth and sympathy emanating form the image. At the same time is authentic primitive African art and is also class-based since its origins are tribal and would expect a certain lower class of Africans to more likely wear this piece than the upper class. Its connotations, too -- since this is a fertility goddess -- are of people who desire to have children or who have suffered loss in childbirth. This has often been the case of the 'regular African folk -- the lower class -- who due to hardships of regular life have often lost children during or after birth as well as in…… [Read More]

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Race and Ethnic Relations

Words: 862 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36091900


Culture of Poverty Theory

The culture of poverty theory as posited by Lewis (1969) asserts the emergency of this particular culture when groups or populations that was economically and socially marginalized and disenfranchised from capitalist society generated behavior patterns to address their low social and economic status. According to Lewis' theory, the behaviors that were exhibited where characterized by helplessness, provincialism, low aspirations, disorganization, and criticism and belittlement of so called middle class White America. Moreover, Lewis ascertains that even if structural remediation was in place, because the coping mechanisms were already in place, the behavior and attitudes would be perpetrated. According to classical assimilation theory, immigrant assimilation was seen as an integral component of successful matriculation into a middle class American way of life as cited in Greenman and Xie (2006) (Warner and Srole, 1945). The adaption of immigrants to the host society was seen as critical to…… [Read More]

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American Culture Studies

Words: 1513 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 46929669

Racial Exclusion in America

When one thinks of racial exclusion, they usually think of the reconstruction period of the late 1800s and the Jim Crow Laws. The Jim Crow laws prohibited blacks from drinking from the same water fountains, eating in the same restaurants, and ride in the back of the bus. Most ideas of racial exclusion are targeted at blacks, however, many other ethnic groups were the victims of racial exclusion as well. They may not have had laws condoning it, as was the case with blacks and Native Americans, but exclusion was there never the less. The books "Black Boy" by Richard Wright and "America is in the Heart" by Carlos Bulosan are two of the best examples illustrating the effects of racial exclusion from an insider's perspective. This paper will compare these two books both from historical perspective and from a contemporary standpoint.

Everyone knows about the…… [Read More]

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Asian ESL Students Asian Studies

Words: 2260 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 4582192

While it is beneficial for foreign students studying in the U.S. To understand the domestic culture, it is as important that the domestic classroom setting incorporates sufficient cultural studies in lessons. This implementation provides a level of familiarity and comfort to the student while allowing the collective student class to experience parts of one another's lives.

Just as "children" can often be cruel, adults and high school to college-aged students can be cruel. Bullying is another obstacle the Asian student encounters. To avoid situations that may lead to conflict and confrontation, academic setting much incorporate positive communication. It is also important for teachers and domestic students to understand that the Asian culture instill a preference to "keep problems within the family." Therefore, a domestic student's interest in an Asian ESL student's life, classes, et al., may be perceived as prying. As a preventative measure, schools and universities must work to…… [Read More]

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Social Worker A Case Study

Words: 1900 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7026048

Family Members

Main Issues the family Members face and the sorts of strengths

The construct of social work is directed towards correcting existential social abnormalities to engender better living environments. Social-work functions both at the individual and societal levels to infuse better living conditions, especially in communities where turbulence marks the order of the day. Social work, in as much works on the principles of human rights and social justice (McEntyre, 2010). A social worker gains insights from theologies, practiced norms and individual experiences to correlate the socio-cultural and ethnic fundamentals towards normalization of individual and societal well-being (Connolly & Harms, 2009).

The primary aim of social work is to ensure sustained human well-being. In this pursuit, social workers aim to address the disconcert in social groups and communities. The main areas of attention they then seek to address are those of recognizing the human potential for development through the…… [Read More]

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Multicultural Education Regarding Sensitivity to Ethnic and

Words: 738 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: 'Discussion and Results' chapter Paper #: 73819611

multicultural education regarding sensitivity to ethnic and racial differences: "psychologists are encouraged to be aware of their attitudes and work to increase their contact with members of other racial/ethnic groups, building trust in others and increasing their tolerance for others" (Guidelines, APA, 2013: 8). The practice of psychology requires a sense of acute self-awareness. The psychologist cannot necessarily assume that he or she is innately unbiased, given that simply being a part of a specific cultural worldview of any kind carries with it some inherent biases. Psychologists have a responsibility to engage in "efforts to change their attitudes and biases help to prevent those attitudes from detrimentally affecting their relationships with students, research subjects and clients who are racially/ethnically different from them" (Guidelines, APA, 2013: 8).

This sense of acute self-awareness is intimately related to the specialty guidelines issued by the APLS for forensic psychologists, including those related to impartiality…… [Read More]

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Conceptual Framework for Studying HIV in the US and Canada

Words: 1325 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 59617741


Introduction of the Framework

The conceptual framework used in the article is the Grand theory framework. The idea of using grand theory in this article is based on the aspect of the set of abstract ideas that together bring about a broad statement concerning human beings, the health, nursing, and the environment. Grand theory represents a broader scope of ideas in carrying out any form of study. The theory encompasses some concepts together with propositions with less abstract nature and generality unlike the concepts and propositions linked with the conceptual model. Nonetheless, even with such a perception, the model has not involved more concrete propositions and concepts like the middle-range theory (Olivia et al., 2013). The theory has been used by the study in this article in place of a conceptual model, which serves as a guide for carrying out research.

The article titled…… [Read More]

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Self Esteem and Religion in Studies

Words: 1345 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94744386

Religion is linked to self-esteem for two main reasons. The first reason why religion is related to self-esteem in empirical studies is that personal religiosity may increase what is known as locus of control: the sense that God and practices like prayer facilitate control over life events and personal psychological issues. Laoire (1997) conducted a randomized, controlled, double-blind study in which 90 "agents" prayed for 406 subjects. The results showed that both subjects and agents of distant intercessory prayer improved on self-esteem self-assessments (O'Laoire, 1997). Agents, those who prayed, revealed the most significant improvements on self-esteem measures, indicating that locus of control may be a reason for the link between religiosity and self-esteem. The act of praying for other people may confer the sense of empowerment and social connection that are more important for raising self-esteem than the prayer itself or any supernatural element. The results of the O'Laoire (1997)…… [Read More]

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Environmental Factors Influencing Marketing This Study Outlines

Words: 824 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75239140

Environmental Factors Influencing Marketing

This study outlines a report on my views as a consultant on the environmental factors that will affect marketing of educational toys, EduTot in the five selected countries. The selection relied from the fact that they have the greatest potential to accept the educational toy products. Various environmental factors will be considered in the report, with an analysis of supporting details. The study will also capture a table encompassing the environmental factors that will affect marketing in these countries. The ratings in the table outline how those factors support the sale of the educational toys in these countries.

Environmental Factors impacting Marketing

Exporting is the best strategy that may be used in marketing the products of EduTot Company in the international markets. This is because it exposes the business to fewer costs, as compared to other entry strategies of getting to the international markets. The countries,…… [Read More]

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National Character Studies Were All

Words: 2304 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 99024088

Moreover, it seems less than completely effective to urge people to make connections to each other because being self-centered really leads to a healthier community. Yes, keeping up our networks does help each one of us. But this does not seem to be the kind of inspirational call to a wider world that will transform the current problems in the nation.

Relational, Not Instrumental Connections

Lawler, Thye, & Yoon argue that it is not simply sufficient to create the shell of the kinds of institutions that can encourage and support community. Rather, we must consider the ways in which we can shift the connections between people and institutions and between institutions and institutions from being essentially instrumental to being more deeply relational.

This volume argues that there are fundamental social conditions under which transactional, purely instrumental ties to a group tend to become relational and expressive. We reframe the transactional-relational…… [Read More]

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The Study of Ergonomics Through the Lens of Anthropometry

Words: 1518 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53898431

Ergonomics: discuss the contribution that anthropometry makes to our understanding of ergonomic interventions in the workplace?

Ergonomics discusses the science of designing how users interact within their work place as well as the many equipment they utilize in order to guarantee that they fit to the user. An effective ergonomic design plays the critical role of prevention of recurring strain injuries that may develop increasingly over a period and have a probability of leading to long-term disability (Rosskam, 1996). Therefore, an organization must strive to attain proper health as well as productivity through place of work interactions. Ergonomics enables doing just so. Intervention and prevention strategies can be used within the workplace to diminish the incidences and effects of diseases, syndromes, and musculoskeletal injuries. Anthropometry remains one of the disciplines greatly helping people understand use and application of ergonomic interventions (Hrdlic-ka, 1972). Henceforth, this paper commences the exploration of contribution…… [Read More]

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Criminology This Study Explains the

Words: 1446 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 35431505

This is because many people do not have the opportunity to do so or they chose not to do so. People start to engage in criminal activities such as theft to satisfy their needs. Cochran suggests that anomie is greatest where the goal of attaining societal goals occurs under conditions of individual competition. A decrease in state control and regulations leads to positive impacts in the economy. Three key elements affect crime in an economy (Cochran 2012). The first element is the degree of economic regulation/freedom. The second is the ability of the economy to sustain accrual of wealth opportunity. The third key element is the nature of economic conditions.

The economic freedom index measures the prominence of a free market and unregulated social constraints. Economic freedom index also measures political constraints in a market. Economic freedom is the absence of government control and coercion in production, distribution and the…… [Read More]

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Intergroup Contacts the Study of

Words: 847 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 67264442


Finding exception to this presumption, a study for a doctoral dissertation by Christina Edmonds on the influence of perceptions of parent racial attitude and intergroup contact on adolescent cross-race relationships, published this year, demonstrates that, in spite of the perception that groups have considerable weight in the area of peer attitudes in preteens and adolescents, parental attitudes actually had the larger effect. In research on cross-race-relationships in Edmonds' study, one group members' evaluations of their parental and personal attitudes towards who should make the rules for adolescents' dating and friendship choices showed that parents evaluated cross-race friendship differently, but also that their attitudes had a significant effect on the actual experiences of the participants. (2006)

One group study by Eduardo B. Andrade and Teck-Hua Ho demonstrates how knowledge about the incidental affect of others may have a strong influence on one's strategic decision. Moreover, they found this effect is…… [Read More]

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Diabetes Self-Care This Research Study

Words: 3676 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 26785787

Individuals are asked to work toward those goals and values they hold while experience their thoughts and positive feelings." (Gregg et al., 2007) ACT is stated to have "shown positive outcomes for a wide variety of conditions including for chronic medical conditions, even when presented in very brief form." (Gregg, et al., 2007) Gregg et al. additionally states: "Diabetes researchers have called for the development of interventions designed to reduce diabetes-related distress in order to increase adherence with medical regimens (Melkus et al., 2003).Given this, there may be practical advantages to acceptance, mindfulness, and values-based action as a method of dealing with the psychological challenges of this chronic disease. Diabetes carries a substantial risk of disability and death, and it is reasonable for a person to respond to such threats with fear, worry, sadness, and avoidance. It can be invalidating and disempowering not to address these difficult thoughts and feelings."…… [Read More]

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Ethnographic Study of Chinese Women

Words: 3071 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 32186043

They treasure what they have been lost since becoming destitute and homeless. On the opposite, American removes coming forward mostly. They yearn native land is actually for the memories about childhood which has gone forever. At the same time, the future is waiting for them in a broad space faraway." (Bai, 2007)


The work of Price and Briley (1999) entitled: "Culture, Education and Cognition: A Review and Discussion of Chinese vs. American Cognitive Styles" relates a study in which proposed is that..."that differences in the education practices prevalent in China and America are an important source of cognitive differentiation, and suggest that future research could benefit from greater exploration of 'experienced educational style'." Price and Briley relate that based upon the literature in the area of developmental psychology Price and Briley's study presents: " integrated model of cognitive development that appreciates both the influence of the…… [Read More]

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Black Studies Social Issues Alcohol

Words: 2427 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 70325320

Additionally stated is that substance abuse treatment admission rates among adults aged 55 or older "tended to be highest in northern and northeaster 1999. (Reach of Louisville, SIG, 2009 ) It is reported that study findings have demonstrated that the most benefit from counseling and treatment for substance abuse is that which elderly people "may derive most benefit from..." (Reach of Louisville, SIG, 2009 )

X. Case Study Review

The work of Welte and Mirand (1995) entitled: "Drinking, Problem Drinking And Life Stressors In The Elderly General Population" relates that it is shown in research that while "...heavy drinking in the United States is less prevalent among older persons, some maintain or increase heavy drinking. Late-onset heavy drinking is believed to be related to stressors of aging such as retirement or bereavement, particularly when coping resources or social supports are inadequate. This study investigated that relationship." (Welte and Mirand,…… [Read More]