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Nothing could be farther from the truth, as large storms and other kinds of natural disasters have plagued human beings long before the advent of industry.
Thus, global warming is a myth. The myth can be debunked on the basis of its political expediency alone. Scientific evidence better supports a climate change theory that takes into account the Earth's broader cycles, illustrating how the ocean and surface temperatures on our planet have fluctuated before homo sapiens ever evolved. If climate change is occurring, it is occurring only as a part of these overall cycles and fluxes.
Avery, Dennis T. "Two More Global Warming False Alarms." Canada Free Press. 2006. Retrieved June 27, 2007 at http://www.canadafreepress.com/2006/avery121606.htm
The Lack of Scientific Rigour in Environmentalist Ideology." Against Nature. Part I of III, Broadcast by Channel 4 in the UK, 1997. Retrieved June 27, 2007 at http://www.ourcivilisation.com/aginatur/prog1.htm#suspend
Morano, Marc. "Scientists Debunk 'Fairy…… [Read More]
14). While command-based incentives were more favored in the U.S. during the 1970s, the increasing shift to view market-based incentives in a more positive light caused a tendency to stress incentives in the Reagan era and beyond -- just when the warming of the earth's atmosphere began to increase.
Today, both incentives continue to be used. One example of a control mechanism used to prevent global warming is fuel emissions caps. However, within the U.S. these have proven to be extremely unpopular. California, for example, has one of the most stringent and ambitious goals to regulate emissions but in November voters will be able to vote to suspend these goals, in a supposed effort to increase jobs if Proposition 23 is passed (Nagourney 2010). Incentive-based regulations are familiar to most consumers in the form of tax incentives to buy Energy Star-rated products, tax credits for fuel-conserving home improvements such as…… [Read More]
Microphone Climate Change
Over the last several years there has been a heated debate in both the political and scientific arenas regarding the validity and nature of climate change. This paper will discuss several factors that lead to natural climate change as well as factors contributing to anthropogenic climate change, discuss the implications of global warming, and discuss policies that can help reduce it.
There are several processes that contribute to natural climate change (Seinfeld & Pandis, 2012):
The sun. Of course the sun is the most prominent natural climate influence. Variations in solar activity such as sunspots, changes in the solar magnetic field, etc. all have the potential to produce variations in climate.
Interactions between the atmosphere and oceans. The oceans interact with the atmosphere in several different ways including absorbing half of the key transferred to the polls, being the single most important carbon dioxide sink, etc. However,…… [Read More]
Global Warming and Its Effects
For many years, people have been talking about how the weather has changed over the past ten years. In fact, you may have witnessed these changes first hand. The earth's climate has been continuously changing for millions of years. Currently, studies indicate that the Earth is undergoing global warming. The first time I ever heard about global warming was a television commercial. I remember that the commercial featured two children and an adult. In the commercial, the adult started to explain global warming, however his explanation was beyond the scope of the children's understanding. The little girl in the commercial was too confused by the explanation that then prompted the adult to flash-forward into the future to show the children the effects of the climatological concept he was talking about. While the trio are seen in a luscious park at the beginning of the commercial,…… [Read More]
Global Warming is real and happening
When it comes to the environment, one of the major topics for concern revolves around the issue of global warming. While there has been much debate on global warming, the fact of the matter stands, that numerous items if scientific research demonstrate the global warming is in fact real and happening. Those who oppose the idea that global warming is real and happening, do so often seeking refuge in the assertion that the climate of planet earth has changed continually through time, and that the climate changes that some attribute to global warming are actually just changes that are typical to the fluctuations of the earth. At this day and age, scientists have high technological tools such as satellites which orbit above the earth and which are able to show scientists snapshots of the "bigger picture" of this issue and preventing any further denial…… [Read More]
" (Impacts of sea level rise) In these areas, such as India and Indonesia, even a small increase in sea level could result in forced migration with resultant economic hardship. The point should also be reiterated that in our interconnected world, the economic and social problems of one area or region have an impact on other countries. This is also related to the fact that many of the suugested means of dealing with global warming would contradict and even negate economic policies that many industrialized nations already have in place. This aspect will be expanded on in the following sections.
The response from governments to the problem and reality of global warming has not always been positive or enthusiastic. The Reagan administration and the First Bush Administration in the United States tended to be politically optimistic about the global environment. Governments in developed countries have in general…… [Read More]
Thus, since we are a major contributor to the problem, we need to be the first to step up with global solutions.
In addition, the country (and the world) needs to start to encourage the development of alternative energies on a large scale. Homes that utilize solar, geothermal, and/or wind power should receive tax breaks, and there should be significant incentives to build "green" in the future. In addition, we need to stop our dependence on foreign oil NOW, as the recent spike in oil prices clearly indicates. We need to develop alternative fuel sources, alternative power sources, and much more environmentally friendly ways of generating the power we need for our homes, schools, and businesses, and we need to do it as soon as possible.
There is mounting evidence that extreme weather events that have recently occurred are at least partly due to global warming. There have been studies…… [Read More]
A persuasive stance to all future generations
I have been an active viewer of the climate change issue for many years now. Although I have noticed that there has been increased coverage of global warming, also referred to as climate change, in the media in the last few years I do not believe that most Americans do not fully understand the consequences of this phenomenon. Global warming is not only a threat to the polar bears portrayed as teetering on the last remaining tract of ice in the Arctic Ocean, or other random species, it is actually a threat to the entire human race. When I am watching the news the effects of climate change are portrayed as effecting the population in some point in the future that is obscure and not alarming.
However, the effects of climate change are already being felt today as millions of people…… [Read More]
Ample scientific evidence exists to demonstrate that global warming is an authentic and unequivocal threat to the globe, to nations around the world, and to society in developed countries. Climatologists have found evidence of seven cycles of glacial retreat and advance over the past 650,000 years ("NASA," 2012). Notably, the beginning of the era of the climate we experience today is estimated to have occurred 7,000 years ago when the last ice age ended ("NASA," 2012). Scientists assert that these earlier climate changes were caused by changes in the solar energy that Earth receives as a result of its orbit ("NASA," 2012). However, the current global warming is not a natural event since it has been induced and worsened by human activity ("NASA," 2012). Moreover the rate of global warming in unprecedented over the past 1,300 years as substantiated by scientifically validated geological and climatological records, and by…… [Read More]
In their October press release, the PEW organization provided narrative to explain how the data breaks down as far as political party. The public is "divided" when it comes to the question of whether scientists themselves agree that human activity is the cause of global warming. Forty-four percent say scientists agree and 44% say scientists do not agree on the data regarding global warming. That data is radically different from what PEW learned in July, 2006, when 59% of those polled said scientists agree on global warming and only 29% said scientists do not agree.
"A substantial majority of Democrats (79%) say there is solid evidence" that the average temperature on the planet has been rising recently, and 53% of Democrats believe the warming is caused by human activity, PEW continues. But among Republicans, just 38% agree with the statement that the earth is actually warming up and only 16%…… [Read More]
TRANSITION FROM MODERN WESTERN INDUSTRIAL CIVILIZATION TO a POSTMODERN GLOBAL ECOLOGICAL CIVILIZATION, AS DESCRIBED IN THE WRITINGS OF ORESKES & CONWAY, KLEIN, AND BERRY
Humanity has faced a number of crises throughout history, and some of these such as the Black Death in the early 1330s and the Great Plague of 1665-1666 were of sufficient magnitude to kill large percentages of humankind. Even these disasters, though, did not rise to the level of the current threat from global warming. Although the scientific community remains divided concerning the cause of recent climate changes, there is a growing consensus that anthropogenic activities dating to the Industry Revolution of the mid-19th century are the primary cause today. Indeed, some researchers believe that the climate change tipping point has already been reached and nothing can be done to reverse the process, meaning in sum the global climate will experience rapid changes that will threaten…… [Read More]
As sea level are on the rise, many millions will suffer more and more aggressive floods and entire coastal cities and industries will disappear unless significant investment is made in dam systems. Another socio-geographical effect is large fires due to high temperatures and winds that create disasters all over the planet. Also, freshwater systems in the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report in Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe, America, North America, Polar regions "showed an overall net negative impact of climate change on water resources and freshwater ecosystems." (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.2007)
Global warming effects also reach more developed countries with effects not necessarily connected with the food supply or health issues, but climate change. The increase of severe weather phenomena in the last 10 years is quite visible, although no direct match can be made at this point as not enough data has been collected. As an in example of global…… [Read More]
Climate Change -- Cause and Mitigation
There are several ways to look at climate change because there are natural causes and there are also human-influenced causes for the global climate to change. This paper defines anthropogenic climate change and it defines natural climate change and the historic record of the earth's changing climate over the millennia. This paper also provides strategies for mitigating global climate change and speculates as to the possible stabilization of climate change vis-a-vis the business and economic fields.
What is Anthropogenic Climate Change?
The Merriam-Webster Dictionary defines anthropogenic as "…relating to, or resulting from, the influence of human beings on nature"; the first use of this team was in 1923.
Meanwhile, the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research lists three ways in which the evidence points toward humans having influence over the rising temperatures on earth. The "…concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2) is rising," which is…… [Read More]
Table of Contents
6. Thesis Statement
7. Body of Essay
9. Works Cited
Feeling the Heat: Global Warming and Climate Change
What Can be Done to Reverse Climate Change?
The Arguments For and Against the Anthropogenic Causes of Global Warming
Meltdown: Why Global Warming is Going to Become Even Worse in the Future
International Strategies for Addressing Global Warming
Global Warming and Policy Development in the United States
The Effects of Global Warming on the Earth’s Oceans
Science or Myth? The Truth about Global Warming
II. Review and Analysis
A. Arguments implicating anthropogenic sources as the cause of global warming
B. Arguments against anthropogenic sources as the cause of global warming
C. Discussion and Analysis
Although there is a growing consensus among the scientific community that global warming is…… [Read More]
This shows that media outlets have an extremely strong influence on individuals in their belief of global warming. The lack of knowledge in the real application of global warming is startling considering the real earnestness in which each of these individuals expressed their beliefs on global warming.
For the second group of individuals who do not believe in global warming, the results are just as mixed as previously. Although they all seem to very intelligent individuals, none of the three could provide a definition of exactly what global warming was. Although two of them pointed out that greenhouse gases plays a factor. They explained that their understanding or knowledge of global warming has come from multiple sources, and all professed a strong distrust of traditional media outlets as viable and truthful information. One of them interestingly cited the novel "State of Fear" as a strong impetus for why he does…… [Read More]
Climate change can no longer be denied... And action can no longer be delayed. – U.S> President Barack Obama, 2015
As reflected in the epigraph above, there is a growing consensus among climatologists that anthropogenic activities have caused the entire world to become hotter and some experts even caution that the balance scale may have already been tipped and global warming will continue unabated for the foreseeable future. Some scientists, however, maintain that the current trends in global warming are a natural part of the cycles the earth goes through over the millennia and suggest that the warning calls concerning global warming are vastly overstated. To determine the facts concerning this vitally important issue that affects all humankind, this paper reviews the relevant literature about global warming and its implications for the future. Finally, a summary of the research and important findings about global warming are presented in the conclusion.…… [Read More]
" The positive feedback mechanisms that researchers choose to focus on includes the following. Ice naturally reflects heat in the form of solar radiation back into space. When ice flows melt, less heat is reflected and consequently, more heat is absorbed by the earth. The more the ice melts, the more heat is absorbed by the earth, raising the surface temperatures and thereby causing more ice to melt. Few other positive feedback mechanisms have been adequately addressed by the literature found in online trade publications. Further research should be done on the positive feedback mechanisms involving the depletion of vegetation and animal life in the arctic, for example. Moreover, because positive feedback essentially constitutes a vicious cycle of global warming, its effects should be readily apparent, probably far before they impact human populations. The websites at New Scientist.com, the United States EPA, and the Union of Concerned Scientists all point…… [Read More]
"Global air temperatures have been rising at a steady trend rate of 0.5 degrees Centigrade per century since about 1750, as the world recovers from the little ice age." (Evans, Global Research, 2009
Global temperatures cooled off from 1940 through the late 1970's, which refutes the casual relationship earlier defined by scientists between rises in CO2 levels and global warming. Tsonis also points to a Washington Post article from 1922 that reports Greenland glaciers to be fast disappearing and arctic seals not engaging their warmer waters. Subsequently the period from the 1980's to 2000 showed an aggressive rise in temperature. Tsonis does agree to an element of human activity and greenhouse gas that contributes to the MDO cycle but does not believe in predictions of catastrophe associated with Global Warming. He further states that we may see reports of an on setting ice age by the early 2030's, as the…… [Read More]
Fact or Fiction
Global Warming is a controversial topic largely because of its sprawling prediction of worldwide catastrophe, an image which is far exaggerated from the reality of global climate change. If it were to be a more subtle phenomenon, say an increase in cloud cover, or more sunny days in February, then people would not pay any attention to the matter and would go on living their carefree lives. This is not the reality however, as science predicts massive changes to the way all of humanity will have to live due to climate change. Some may scoff at this allegation, and some may seriously change their habits in fear of the future. For the sake of comparison, I will present global warming believers, and global warming deniers and will analyze the motivations for each side to stretch its influence, whether in the political realm or…… [Read More]
Dimming the Sun
Global dimming is the idea that the amount of solar radiation that reaches the earth. The idea is that the by-products of fossils fuels, which are tiny particles suspend in the air, gather water moisture from the air. This moisture forms into bright clouds, which then gather up solar energy and reflect it back into space.
The phenomenon of global dimming was first recognized in the 1950s. While initial theories focused on the sun itself, scientist came to realize that this was not an explanatory factor, and that something human-caused must be. The initial research focused on temperature readings, and on readings related to the amount of radiation that reaches the earth. These found that there was a decreasing amount of radiation reaching the earth. The amount of the decrease varies from one part of the world to another, but the overall consistency of the pattern indicated…… [Read More]
Scientists are unable to determine the amounts of gases that will be released into the atmosphere because the early studies on permafrost melting are no longer accurate.
The melting of the permafrost does not only affect the environment because of the gases that it releases, but also, because it would lead to the erosion of the Arctic coastlines. This would have a devastating impact on the industry present there and on sites that are of great cultural importance. With the coasts being eroded because of permafrost, sea waves and storms will have better access to the shore. Communities and ecosystems are anticipated to be affected by the floods coming in through the coastal wetlands. The financial costs required for mass movements are colossal, and, in some areas, relocation processes have already taken place. Communities and industrial facilities in coastal areas have had no other solution than to reposition, given the…… [Read More]
Nuclear Power the Best Alternative to Fossil Fuel?
Is nuclear energy the best alternative to fossil fuels in terms of the need for energy, taking into account the economy and the environment? This is an issue that embraces several other issues, in particular global climate change, the science behind climate change, the politics surrounding climate change and the continuing need for new sources of energy. This paper will address those issues using scholarly research and other data produced by worthy sources. Thesis: Available, credible research shows that nuclear power plants today are prohibitively expensive to build and moreover, the public has become increasing fearful and skeptical of nuclear energy following the tsunami and radioactive disaster in Japan. Hence, nuclear power does not appear at this time to be a valid alternative to fossil fuel notwithstanding the need to reduce the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.
Global climate change…… [Read More]
For this assignment, you will watch the National Geographic Documentary Six Degrees Could Change the World and answer the questions
1) Summarize key changes in the earth's climate system (include vital numbers quoted in the documentary) that are projected to occur with each incremental rise in global temperature.
Do not simply list these changes. I am well aware that if you do a google search, you will get numerous hits that describe degree-by-degree changes as described in the movie. Well, if you copy those (or paraphrase them), it wouldn't be as much funRight? Not to mention, you don't want to risk getting F on this course because of plagiarism. So do the right thing.Watch it and use your own words to articulate your response in a fashion that conveys a clear picture of these changes. If it helps, think yourself as a science writer who has…… [Read More]
Since its first mention at the UN General Assembly, global warming has come to be regarded the greatest human development challenge for the 21st century (McInerney-Lankford, Darrow, Rajamani and Banque, 2011). This has prompted multiple studies, conventions and policy development meetings aimed at arresting the situation. One such study was the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Findings released in 2007 showed that global temperatures were unequivocal and accelerating. The magnitude - an average increment of 0.74 degrees centigrade in the past century, was notably the highest warming trend in recent times. The worrying aspect is that the warming trend is bound to continue with a predicted increment of about 1.8-6.4 degrees centigrade in the coming years (McInerney-Lankford, Darrow, Rajamani and Banque, 2011). The increasing temperatures will have profound effects on life on earth as it is expected that the warming will disrupt…… [Read More]
Global warming is, like bacon or bluebirds, not something one can believe in. Like bacon and bluebirds, global warming actually exists. It can't be sliced or tasted like bacon, and it's not going to sing like a bird, but global warming is measurable, tangible, and immediately apparent. There is a near-total (97%) consensus among scientists that climate changes are occurring (Meyer, 2012). Ambient and ocean temperatures have risen on aggregate over the past century, and most, if not all, of the climate changes can be attributed to human industry. Arguments "against" global warming come across like arguments "against" women joining the workforce, or "against" the fact that cigarettes cause cancer, or "against" the ill effects of fast food. The arguments against global warming are not coming from scientists -- people who are actually in the business of facts -- but from a litany of loudmouth opposes whose motives are no…… [Read More]
Global Warming Reduction
Global warming is caused by human activities of burning solid waste, wood, and fossil fuels, release of hydroflurocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), and sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) from industrial processes, and deforestation (Rey, 2011). Burning fossil fuels, such as oil, natural gas, and coal puts greenhouses gases that affect the atmosphere. The industrial processes increase heat more than normal and when released into the air, it gets trapped into the atmosphere. And, deforestation allows carbon dioxide to be released into the atmosphere that also causes the global warming.
As the human population grows, so does the demand for housing that uses more trees, the number of vehicles that are operated that release more greenhouse gasses, and more demand for industrial processes that also release more gasses into the atmosphere and increase the demands that are needed to meet human needs. All these gasses going into the air and land…… [Read More]
Global Warming DQs
The determination of human contribution to the observed variations in Earth's climate includes making difficult decisions about the issues of climate systems that vary naturally. This is based on the interactions among different atmosphere parts with other concepts from an underlying concept. The natural variations exist on time scales from different years and decades. Shorter time spans for data records permit performance negotiations while separating systematic changes from human activities including greenhouse gas emissions and production of aerosol particles within natural variations (Victor, 2011).
Various natural climate fluctuations such as seasonal cycles are simple to develop and account for because they occur within well-known and fixed time scales. The alternative natural climate influence such as the El Nino and recurring warmth of ocean waters in tropical Pacific Ocean are difficult to identify within climatic datasets. The concept of warming refrains from occurring at fixed time intervals and…… [Read More]
Global warming is caused by the greenhouse gasses in the atmosphere, which trap heat inside the planet and keep it from escaping into outer space. Imagine the globe is like a parked car sitting in the sun with all the windows rolled up. The outside of the car may be hot, but the inside of the car will be so hot that belt buckles will burn one's skin if touched. Now if the car's windows were rolled down and the inside heat allowed to escape, the inside of the car would not be nearly as hot. This is essentially what is happening to the planet. Because the atmosphere is being polluted by greenhouse gasses, it is not allowing heat to escape and so the planet is warming as a result. What causes greenhouse gasses? The primary cause is the burning of fossil fuels such as oil and coal, which release…… [Read More]
forgotten aspect of global warming. Global warming does not merely mean that the earth is getting warmer, temperature-wise. It does not simply mean that summers will be more unpleasant. The melting of the polar ice caps will also cause more severe storms, such as the hurricanes that were affecting the Gulf region when Gore wrote his essay. As well as Arizona being afflicted with more hundred degree days than ever before, for the first time Brazil is being afflicted by hurricanes, forcing scientists to rewrite textbooks which said that the South Atlantic never experienced this meteorological phenomenon. The climate is changing, the ecosystem is changing, and we are to blame writes Gore. Gore writes that what we have done, we can also undo -- and must undo. But although the claim that man-made climate change is real seems undeniable in the light of scientific evidence, the question of how to…… [Read More]
It is well-known that tropical cyclones form over warm water and it is the heat in the water from which they get their energy. Therefore it is reasonable to believe that warmer waters could increase hurricane intensity and activity. Warmer waters would translate into more energy to fuel the tropical cyclone and make their effects more pronounced. There is also evidence that global warming is contributing to changing circulation patterns.
Sea level rise due to warmer conditions which melts glaciers and sea ice can have a number of implications for the Earth's storm patterns. Many climate models have suggested that with warmer temperatures there would be higher wind speeds in hurricanes. In fact, one study shows a 70% increase since the mid-1970s of an index of hurricane activity related to the total power dissipation, which is proportional to the cube of the maximum wind speed, integrated over the lifetime of…… [Read More]
Wabash Watershed and Global Warming
Global warming is the gradual increase in the average temperatures of Earth caused by an increase in Greenhouse Gases (GHG) in Earth's atmosphere. An unprecedented increase in GHG has induced the warming up of Earth. Since global warming impacts entire biosphere and ecosystems, watersheds are also distorted through warming of climate. The paper defines watersheds, their role in ecosystem, and explanation of changes that have taken place in Wabash watershed. Wabash watershed is composed of smaller watersheds such as Upper Wabash Watershed, Lower Wabash, Little Wabash Watershed, Middle Wabash-Busseron, and Middle Wabash-Little Vermilion Watershed. Human agency has caused the global warming to increase over a period of last two decades, though its signs are obvious much before that. Increases in average lower temperatures, precipitation, and stream runoff are some evident outcomes of global warming. Wildlife, water resources, agriculture, and human health will have an adverse…… [Read More]
skeptics extreme weather caused global warming show global warming fact extreme weather.
Connections between Global Warming and extreme weather phenomena
There is much controversy regarding climate change in the recent years and the reasons for which it is happening. While the majority lobbies with regard to global warming as being one of the principal reasons, it has recently become a trend for many scientists to argue with regard to extreme weather phenomena actually having nothing to do with climate change. Extreme weather phenomena are becoming even more severe as a result of the progress that global warming experienced in the last few years. Considering conditions in the contemporary society, it appears that there is a strong connection between global warming, human actions, and extreme weather phenomena.
Summer days are getting hotter, floods occur more frequently, hurricanes become stronger, and drought seems to be more common. Global warming plays an important…… [Read More]
Global Warming is Affecting the American Economy
The Greenhouse Effect is alarmingly worsening today at an uncontrollable rate. People may not know that this occurrence in our atmosphere is continuously causing negative results not only to our environment and health but to our economy as well. Therefore, it is important that we identify how global warming is affecting the American Economy.
Among the negative consequences of global warming that obviously affects the U.S. economy are the increasing frequency and severity of droughts, heat waves, wildfires, crop failures and floods (Geller, 2004). Following to these effects are the succeeding consequences of increasing energy costs and surging prices of prime commodities. Additionally, another effect of global warming is the rising sea level that can result to floods. When floods occur, such as in Florida and Atlantic Coast, some economic activities can be hampered including housing developments, farming, and agricultural production. Also, flooding…… [Read More]
As part of the 1977 National Academy of Sciences Energy and Climate Panel, he discovered "forty percent of the anthropogenic [human-generated] carbon dioxide has remained in the atmosphere, two-thirds of that from fossil fuel, and one-third from the clearing of forests." (Roger Revelle, 2010, p.2). Revelle's presence on the panel would demonstrate the long-standing nature of global warming. Revelle could also discuss why taking action on global warming has been so difficult politically, despite mounting scientific evidence that the phenomenon exists for so many years. Revelle began his work in oceanography but gradually expanded his focus to population studies, enabling him to bring his expertise in both fields to the panel (Roger Revelle, 2010, p.3).
Michael Pollan, the author of the Omnivore's Dilemma and Food Rules, has devoted his career to exposing the harms of commercial agriculture on the environment and upon human health. Pollan details simple ways…… [Read More]
There are several models using the scientific method used to measure and support the concept of global warming. Scientists are measuring items that have remained on Earth for millions of years, such as the ice core samples, but they are also measuring tree rings and other living indicators of the Earth's temperature. Scientist Johansen continues, "By 1998, the Earth had sustained 20 consecutive years above the 1961 to 1990 average temperature, with the upward curve steepening toward the end of the period" (Johansen 34). This has continued into the 21st century at an even steeper rate, and the scientific evidence points to even greater warming in the next decades.
The bottom line on global warming is that people need to take it more seriously. It seems that many people still do not understand the reality of global warming, and that if the planet continues to warm the way it has…… [Read More]
From Milutin Milankovitch to Greenhouse Gases
Global warming is one of today's most pressing issues. Though some dispute its existence, the great majority of individuals - scientists and lay people - do believe that the Earth is undergoing an unnatural warming. Hot summers, freak storms, melting glaciers, and other signs all seem to point toward a shift in the kind of weather enjoyed by many regions of the globe. Much of this change has occurred suddenly and rapidly, over the course of the last generation or so. Scientists know that there have been periods of climatic change in the Earth's past. The fossil and geological records bear witness to these fluctuations. Areas of the world that are today desert were once lush grasslands. Regions now frozen in the grip of perpetual winter were at one time home to tropical rainforests.
Seas were to be found where at…… [Read More]
Spain Global Warming
Being on the forefront of global warming, Al Gore once said, "We are facing a global climate crisis. It is deepening. We are entering a period of consequences." Global warming is the increase in the temperature of the Earth's atmosphere and bodies of water. The consequences Al Gore had mentioned were the effects brought about by the rise in sea levels, changing behaviors of precipitation, and glaciers retreating. In addition, incidences of heat waves and droughts affect the yields in the agricultural industry, which then would influence the economics of food and the people. In particular, global warming in Spain has been affected environmentally, economically, agriculturally, and ecologically.
As stated previously, the environmental changes that global warming brings with it is a change in sea level, which is witnessed in Spain's disappearing beaches. In Spain, it's been predicted that over the next forty-years, such spaces of sand…… [Read More]
Causes of Global Warming
In the past twenty (20) years, human society has consumed and emitted yearly total emissions of about 6 billion metric tons of "carbon dioxide equivalent" gases worldwide, according to National Geographic (2011). These yearly emissions may seem irrelevant as a number, but this is the amount of gases emitted that contributed to the worsening condition of global warming in the world today. Global warming has so far resulted to the alarming and gradual climate change happening in most parts of the world today. Summer time could be shortened because of global warming, followed by a period of strong rains in unexpected seasons. Harvest period for farmers are significantly changed as a result of unexpected draughts or shorter periods of rain in another part of the country. What was expected as rain turned out to be a shower of hail stones. These are just observed changes in…… [Read More]
The concepts of "green houses," and "green jobs" are more and more utilized in everyday's conversation and the media has already made people aware of some of the benefits of using alternative sources of energy such as solar energy. The short and medium term benefits lie not only in the relatively short period of depreciation of such an investment, but also in an increase in the quality of life of those depending no longer on a source that is pollutant as well as not renewable. I will also appeal to the advantages provided by this alternate source of energy in terms of international politics and economies. Using the immense potential of alternative energy resources our country provides us, we could become less dependent on foreign oil, thus less influenced by the foreign politics and fluctuations in the oil prices on the international market.
United States Environmental Protection Agency. Climate Change.…… [Read More]
There are also influential political interests in various industries who are lobbying Congress to promote data that indicates climate change is not related to human activity.
The lab experiments support the human origins of global warming through comparing average temperatures and fuel emissions over the course of the industrial era and beforehand.
Materials and Methods:
The methodology of the study was to examine the standard deviation of temperatures spanning from 1860 (the beginnings of the industrial revolution) to 2000. Negative values represent a cooler deviation from the norm, and positive values represent a warmer deviation from the norm. Until the turn of the century, deviations were trending lower, when suddenly they began to increase around 1980 (Step 2, p.1).
Of course, the problem with such data is that climactic averages have only been tracked relatively recently. However, projected past data suggests the previous 1,000 years were characterized by a general…… [Read More]
While these actions do not seem volatile, vehicles increase the amount of carbon monoxide, or CO2, in the atmosphere. This substance, which is emitted from vehicles' exhaust pipes, is responsible for most of the "man-made greenhouse gasses" associated with increased global warming. In fact, according to a recent study, these emissions are responsible for 15% of all C02 emissions, with the other 85% being linked to manufacturing and industry (Rice).
Regardless of the studies that link transportation and C02 emissions to greenhouse gasses and global warming, the subject of humans' impact on global warming is still controversial. Despite the controversy, however, many are beginning to accept the truth that enormous amounts of transportation across the world are factors in global warming. Because lifestyle changes, such as carpooling or walking, can significantly reduce the amount of C0s emitted, understanding that this activity is a factor leading to global warming can increase…… [Read More]
Ozone and Global Warming
Globalism was one of the predominant changes made in the late 20th century. It combines economics, politics, and cultural movements that through the increased use of technology move the world closer together. If, in the modern world, actions are tied together, globalism should work because it delineates cause and effect in every area of the world. For instance, globalism has increased manufacturing and trade. Because of this, more pollutants are being placed into the atmosphere causing a number of controversial theories.
Global warming is the idea that there has been a gradual increase in earth's median temperature for surface air and oceans, based on the increase in greenhouse cases produced globally. Temperature variations have a dramatic effect on the globe due to the synergy between weather patterns, temperature, agriculture, and economics. Extreme weather patterns (e.g. dramatic changes in rainfall, freezing temperatures, storm systems, heat waves, etc.),…… [Read More]
Climate modeling does not yet enable the detailed analysis of individual storms, but it does analyze the trends of the factors known to cause severe thunderstorms, including warm, moist atmospheric conditions near the ground, cold, dry air higher in the atmosphere, and winds traveling upwards from the ground to higher regions of the atmosphere. Generally, climate modeling uses information from grids representing specific regions of the country. As the technology and sophistication of the computer programs continues to improve, scientists expect to be able to study smaller and smaller areas with even greater specificity and accuracy. Subsequent studies are already being planned to do so by increasing the resolution of the imaging as well as by analyzing individual storms.
Unfortunately, that means certain areas like New York and Atlanta will be affected by global warming much more than the rest of the country as a whole.
Even worse, the research…… [Read More]
Currently she is a Scientist III working with the Institute for the Study of Society and Environment (ISSE) at the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, Colorado. Her research focuses on human exploitation of climate-sensitive natural resources, and the socioeconomic and institutional factors affecting resource management decisions in the context of uncertainty and competing interests.
Dr. Thomas J. Wilbank received a Ph. D. In Geography from Syracuse in 1969. He is a recognized expert in energy and environmental policy, developing countries, global change, technology and society, and institution-building. Currently he is employed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory with the title of Corporate Research Fellow and Leader, Global Change and Developing Country Programs. Dr. Wilbank has studied the links between everyday economic and household activities and climate change. He is a contributor to the book, Global Change and Local Places: Estimating, Understanding, and Reducing Greenhouse Gases. This book reports on…… [Read More]
Faults in isolating carbon as the main source of dangerous climate change, such as carbon-based life forms depend on the gas, inform us as to best orient are response to environmental changes.
Other ways to prevent or reverse global warming include geo-engineering -- or terraforming -- the planet. The basis of this idea posits that the Earth's climate can be manipulated by human technological advents. One tactic being considered is the launching of sulfur particles high into the stratosphere in order to lower the temperature of the Earth.
According to Jeff Goodell, author of How to Cool the Earth, "the impacts of this [on both the atmosphere and the Arctic] are being explored by a number of climate modelers," Goodell says. Still, data and conclusions on this option is scant. Such proceedings also take on a geopolitical nature. Who controls the technology and, by extension, the Earth's temperature? Temperature management…… [Read More]
If Americans continue to live as if technology is the most important thing, then there will be no technology and no improved quality of life for future generations. The scientist Wesselman underlines Nainoa's words with statistics, that current data on global warming suggests that the earth's increasing overall temperatures have exceeded normal expectations of variation in climate fluctuation (216). "The warming [trend] since 1957" when careful records began to be kept by scientists, "has been remarkably uniform over the east-west extent of the northern Atlantic" (217). In Africa, the glaciers on Mount Kenya have already shrunk by forty percent since 1963 (216).
These are all measurable statistics and facts. Deprived of science as a result of scientific so-called progress, Nainoa has the wisdom of a shaman, not a scientist, but the emotional impact he has upon Wesselman is profound. Nainoa is wise, even in a world lacking in science, perhaps…… [Read More]
Climate Change and Global Warming
COLLABORATIVE PROJECT ON GLOBAL WARMING LEADING TO INSTABILITY OF TEMPERATURES IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.
Global warming, also referred to as climate change, is a phenomenon that not only is a threat to other species but could make life difficult for mankind as well. Some of the human population will undoubtedly be able to adapt to the changes. However, at the same time, the population is reaching seven billion people and constantly climbing. The human populations are maxing out the natural limits of how many people the planet can viably support. Every new generation of people compete for resources such as food and water as well as emit pollution. The point at which the planet can no longer support the needs of all the people on the planet is approaching quicker than many people realize.
Climate change has already begun to impact the environment.…… [Read More]
This article serves as an important reminder of the frequent conflict between science and politics. Science suggests two different hypothesis -- one, that the Kyoto Protocols are feasible, another that they are not. Democrats, in defiance of an unpopular president who is largely viewed as sympathetic to big business interests and hostile to the environment; wish to pass more stringent mandatory requirements, as they are proud their new legislative majority. Industry analysts say these standards are impossible to meet. Environmental lobbying groups with a different political agenda challenge industry scientists. Much of the technology used to cut emissions is in an experimental stage, and it is uncertain if it is economically feasible or even effective. The report also suggests consumers purchase more hybrid cars, but consumer concern for fuel efficiency seems to be waning rather than increasing, unlike the presence of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Congress can limit consumer…… [Read More]
Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming
The modern world, while no doubt has provided us with immense luxuries and facilities, it has also come at a cost that our future generation will have to pay. The modernization of our world has meant that our towns and cities expand more and more, and increasingly greater pressure is being put on our planet; this is true, not only in terms of the demands for resources, but also how we are damaging the planet. Industrialization, Deforestation, Urbanization and our inconsiderate lifestyle has already meant a major uprooting of wildlife from their original habitats; all of this is a resultant of human neglect.
This human neglect today can be seen clearly in the form of Climate Change and its various implications. Climate Change is a problem that has taken the entire world in its fold and therefore requires taking a closer look at what and…… [Read More]
Stop Global Warming
What can be done to combat global warming?
Global warming is a very serious threat that should be taken seriously by people everywhere. It is happening all around the world: ice caps are melting, environments are changing, and regions are suffering because of this atmosphere change, as Al Gore (2006) says. What is happening to the world because of carbon monoxide and because of air pollutions from factories is bad for the health of the planet and it is also bad for the health of people. This has been proven by research and the World Health Organization (WHO). WHO states that outdoor air pollution is not safe to breathe because it is "carcinogenic to humans" (p. 1). So if it is bad for people and bad for the planet, why does it continue to happen? That answer has received some attention on a global scale at the…… [Read More]
Thos facilities that come in under that allowable limit because of air pollution control systems can then sell their leftover allowances to other facilities and organizations on the open market. This allows the facilities that buy up such allowances or pollution credits to pollute more, because other facilities are polluting less. This type of system has some potentially good points, by rewarding facilities that control air pollution and providing a means for those who cannot afford the latest air pollution technologies or who have not completed upgrades to buy some maneuvering room until they can get that done (What is Cap and Trade, n.d.).
A cap-and-trade strategy provides an incentive for all segments of the economy to compete to discover the best ways to cut emissions. In this type of system the government plays a small role, and leaves the main decisions to the private sector. The government would establish…… [Read More]
U. (Website of the European Commission, 2007).
Educational institutions have also taken an interest in the matter. Stanford University for instance has been engaged in promoting responsible behavior of the consumers. They have also conducted studies to reveal the impact of global warming and the performances achieved in reducing its negative effects. They have also promoted the sources of alternative energy (Stanford University, 1995).
The governments in several American states have also formed alliances to fight off the malign effects of global warming. "As more and more states band together to fight global warming, their efforts are moving beyond mere symbolism and becoming big enough to make a real dent in the problem [...] More than half of the nation's 50 states -- including populous California, Texas and New York -- have joined together in regional coalitions aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions from power plants, boosting the use of…… [Read More]
From watching the movie, it is apparent that as we live in the environment that we live in, it is easy to gather that Americans want a future that has economic prosperity and a safe climate that will be more abundant for future generations to come. This is because the American life consists of material prosperity, political democracy and environmental issues as what people believe then to be. However, since the structure of the United States government has to be reconstructed while global warming is being dealt with by political representatives, the planet's climate is being destroyed by pollutants.
However, at the same time that I feel this movie is informative, I do not believe that global warming needs to be completely addressed in today's society. I feel that there are more pressing issues that need to be dealt with today. I also feel that this generation will be long…… [Read More]
It stands as proof of the fact that people are more powerful than nature when it comes to the confrontation between the two.
People have to abandon all prejudices when coming across the concept of global warming and start thinking about methods of profiting from the overall state of affairs. This process is actually preventing numerous individuals from focusing on one of the most important matters in the contemporary society-money. In their attempt to restore nature and reduce the effects of global warming, many institutions lose large amounts of money and feel that it is essential for them to become green. Pollutants are actually responsible for generating profits, thus the reason for which the masses are required to focus on identifying all sources of pollution and support them, given that this is very likely to generate profits in the long-term.
When considering all the finances, thoughts, and efforts put into…… [Read More]
experienced a series of extreme and devastating weather events including Hurricane Katrina's destruction of New Orleans, Louisiana and other parts of the south in 2005, flooding in Europe in 2005, heavy snowfall in Europe in 2010 and 2011, and flooding throughout Asia from 2005 to the present. Many of these weather patterns are related to El Nino or La Nina storms, which are two-to-eight-year weather patterns where changing wind streams pick up warm surface water from the oceans and increases humidity, according to Tim Flannery in his 2005 book The Weather Makers. When the clouds reach a saturation point, they release horrific storms and subsequent floods in some parts of the world and parching droughts in others.
Extreme weather caused by warming oceans is one of the many environmental disasters scientist link to global warming, which is the increasing warming of the planet. In the midst of a cold winter,…… [Read More]
Climate Change: Severe Weather
Quite often, when people comment upon the effects of global warming, they comment that winters can still be quite severe. The fact that blizzards are still frequent occurrences is used as 'proof' of the persistence of climate change. However, although the temperature of the earth is steadily increasing, the effects of climate change mean that more intense storms are likely in the future, including blizzards. This is largely due to the melting of the polar ice caps. "In addition to affecting the ocean circulation patterns, Arctic sea ice is melting more rapidly and for longer periods each year, and is unable to replenish itself at the historical thickness levels in the briefer, warmer winter season. This can destabilize the polar vortex (see below) and raise the barometric pressure within it" ("It's Cold and My Car is Buried in Snow").
Destabilizing the polar vortex can result in…… [Read More]
Because of this discovery, scientists and politicians across the world have banded together in order to fight emissions and the use of products that contain CFCs. Most are aware of the grim forecast that awaits humankind if action is not taken -- a world consumed by ocean. Still, some do not believe that human behavior plays a role in global warming. Whatever one's opinion, one can be sure that the worldwide attempts to implement responsible human interaction with the environment has a favorable political outcome -- globalization and the banding together of the world. In the future, history may write that chemistry was at the heart of a global political peace.
"Chemical of the Week: Ozone." University of Wisconsin -- Madison. n.d. Chemistry
"The Ozone Layer." Environmental Literacy Council. 7 April 2008. 16 May 2009.… [Read More]
Global Environmental & Ecological Issues
Global Ecology Assignments
Climate and Air Pollution - Climate change is an environmental issue in the news almost daily, and air pollution impacts us on a global level. What are the implications of global warming? Do you think the efforts to improve air quality are worth the economic costs? (One page).
The implications of global warming is a bit of a misnomer since the effects of global warming are already being felt -- already having dire impacts on the environment. Global warming is impacting the environmental niches by changing the climates and weather patterns. These are not simple issues and include very complex problems. One such problem is that as the countries in the north grow warmer, the diseases that are normally found in southern countries migrate north through insect migration. Diseases such as malaria and plague can move back into environments in which they…… [Read More]
Warmer temperatures mean more energy in the climate system
1. Warmer oceans and air current mean more violent and frequent hurricanes
2. More frequent and harsher rainstorms may cause flooding
B. Overall changes to weather patterns could be devastating
1. Ocean and air temperatures and current create weather
2. Disrupting these temperatures/currents would lead to major weather changes in many regions of the world, destroying ecosystems
VII. Effects of Global Warming: Melting Ice and Rising Oceans
A. In addition to warming, ocean levels will rise
1. Melting ice sheets will cause higher oceans and flooding on continents
2. Rising oceans destroy many coastal lands
B. Rising oceans and water levels will have severe regional effects on weather
VIII. Effects of global Warming: Animals
A. Many animals are already changing the regions they inhabit
1. As temperatures change, so do ecosystems, and shifting animal populations reflect this
2. Global warming trends…… [Read More]
While global warming is still hotly debated global pollution is already a fact. An environmentally sustainable development plan is the need of the hour.
1) University of East Anglia (2009, November 17). 'Fossil fuel carbon dioxide emissions up by 29% since 2000.' ScienceDaily. Retrieved December 9, 2009, from http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/11/091117133504.htm
2) NGC, 'Acid Rain', retrieved Dec 9th 2009, from,, http://environment.nationalgeographic.com/environment/global-warming/acid-rain-overview.html
3) WHO, (2006), 'Indoor air pollution. 4000 deaths a day must no longer be ignored', retrieved Dec 9th 2009, from, http://www.who.int/bulletin/volumes/84/7/editorial30706html/en/index.html
4) Blacksmith Institute, (2009) 'Pollution Facts, Retrieved December 9, 2009, from, 'http://www.worstpolluted.org/pollution-facts-2009.html
5) U.S. PIRG Education Fund, (Jan 2005), 'Pollution on the Rise: Local Trends in Power Plant Pollution', retrieved Dec 9th 2009, from http://cdn.publicinterestnetwork.org/assets/0kExFsxeEE6g_YLDhOxTAA/Pollution_On_The_Rise.pdf
6) NASA, 'NASA Satellite Measure Pollution from East Asia to North America', retrieved Dec 9th 2009, from, http://www.nasa.gov/topics/earth/features/pollution_measure.html
7) EEA Report, (2008) 'Greenhouse Gas Emission Trends and Production in Europe 2008', retrieved Dec 9th…… [Read More]