Government Corruption Essays (Examples)

View Full Essay

Enron's Organizational Behavior

Words: 3711 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 79670046

Enron Leadership

Enron collapsed very quickly in November 2001, and its failure should have been a warning to serious dysfunctions in the entire corporate and financial system, but this did not happen. Its executives admitted that they had falsified its records going back for at least five years, although in reality they had been doing so since the 1980s. When the company filed Chapter 11 bankruptcy it laid off over 20,000 workers and at least $24 billion in pension assets, stocks and mutual funds also vanished (McLean and Elkind 2003). In addition, the Arthur Anderson accounting firm that had been complicit in covering up the fraud and embezzlement at Enron for many years, also went out of business. This catastrophe also demonstrated that Wall Street banks, stock analysts and ratings agencies had either been deceived or allowed themselves to be deceived by Enron when they continually painted a positive picture…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Crooked Cops

Words: 837 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 58080339

Crooked Cops

Impact of Crooked Cop Activity on the State

The power of the state to have a monopoly in the use of force is slowly being eroded by the rising cases of crooked cops. The police force is a state institution intended to oversee the protection of a country's citizenry. The force is the state's implementing arm where security and safety are enhanced. Crooked cops are seen to perpetuate the opposite allowing crime to reign through corruption. This convolutes an economy thereby eroding the states potential to exercise monopoly of power as well as to safe guard the security of the citizenry. This situation compromises a social contract made between the state and its citizenry thus leaving gaps for individuals to take the law for granted. Adversely the citizenry may result to taking matters concerning the law and their protection as their own responsibility or even switch to committee…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Siemens AG Scandal Siemens AG Had Over

Words: 2649 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13053505

Siemens AG Scandal

Siemens AG had over one hundred fifty years of experience making business deals internationally by the time it became embroiled in several bribery scandals in 2006. Beginning in the mid-1800s, the company set up products such as telegraph networks and maintenance and initiated business practices such as fixed-hour workdays and employee career training that helped it get ahead. With a long and solid history as a leading company in Germany and internationally, the accusations against it might seem surprising, but investigators turned up plenty of evidence that Siemens AG had made frequent bribes of foreign officials and businessmen in order to turn business its way. It was also accused of embezzlement and tax evasion. The resulting scandal, which involved authorities in Germany, Switzerland, Greece, the U.S., and other countries, cost Siemens billions of dollars, landed some managers in legal trouble, and harmed Siemens AG's reputation. The Siemens…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Today's Russian Mafia

Words: 3585 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 12136501

communism," "vodka," may be "Vladimir Putin." But everyone who would be asked about Russia would also say "Russian mafia" who are very cruel and dangerous gangs from Russia and who wouldn't stop behind anything in achieving their dirty plans.

The term and the phenomenon of Russian mafia are pretty young if compared to well-known mafia of Sicily, Italy, Latin American cartels. The first news and rumors about Russian mafia in the United stated appeared in 1980 ies, when a massive immigration of predominantly Russian Jews started from the Soviet Union. Russian mafia had penetrated into the infrastructure of the main business centers of the U.S.A.: New York, Los Angeles, Philadelphia and Boston. They spread their influence over the successful immigrants from Russia, who have to pay for their "protection" or who have to allow mafia representatives participate in running businesses.

If to look on the nature of relations of Russian…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Transparency in Trade Negotiations in

Words: 2833 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 13307017

The criteria established by the EITI for control of revenues and payments are follows:

Regular publication of all material oil, gas and mining payments by companies to governments ("payments") and all material revenues received by governments from oil, gas and mining companies ("revenues") to a wide audience in a publicly accessible, comprehensive and comprehensible manner.

Where such audits do not already exist, payments and revenues are the subject of a credible, independent audit, applying international auditing standards.

Payments and revenues are reconciled by a credible, independent administrator, applying international auditing standards and with publication of the administrator's opinion regarding that reconciliation including discrepancies, should any be identified.

This approach is extended to all companies including state-owned enterprises.

Civil society is actively engaged as a participant in the design, monitoring and evaluation of this process and contributes towards public debate.

A public, financially sustainable work plan for all the above is…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Corporate Governance Under Globalization in

Words: 5529 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 45396322

It should not be treated as a separate exercise undertaken to meet regulatory requirements." (ICA, 29) Here is expressed a philosophical impetus that drives the focus of this research, that such compliance which will generally concern matters such as corporate accounting, the practice of internal oversight and the practice of financial transaction must be considered inextricable from other aspects of practical, procedural and legal operation in terms of its relevance and necessity.

Chapter 3-Practice

The practice of corporate governance may perhaps best be understand from the perspective that deregulation has largely defined the processes and direction of the global economy across the two decades following the Cold War and its inevitable opening of economic channels. This is because in practice, corporate governance is a concept which has suffered much neglect. To the point, the statistics availed by organizations such as the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund illustrate that…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Policy Recommendation for TSA Privatization and Collaboration

Words: 8019 Length: 27 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71841725

Policy Recommendation for Collaboration and TSA Privatization

The objective of this study is to evaluate the benefits of collaboration between the federal government and non-profit organizations. The study cites different examples of collaborations across the world and their achievements. Moreover, the paper investigates whether it is beneficial to privatize the TSA (Transportation Security Administration) since the organization has performed below the international standards in the last few years. Finally, the study recommends the best policy option for the MRCC (Mt. Rossmoor Community College) in order to increase the number of students' enrollment and revenue in an academic year.

In the contemporary public administration environment, public organizations are currently entering the era of collaboration where various public sectors form an alliance to address issues and challenges that hinder them serving people better. Moreover, they are entering into the collaborative ventures to protect the U.S. national and foreign interests. The public sector…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Criminal Justice System in Two Countries

Words: 4897 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 49687414

Criminal Justice System

Ever since gaining independence status, both Mozambique and Zimbabwe have come under the scanner for violation of human rights incidences and extrajudicial excesses. The under trials, often arrested without formal sanctions have been continually processed through undemocratic norms and subjected to undue treatment when in confinement and under the control of policing authorities in spite of the fact that statutory provisions in the constitution provide assured guarantee for appeal and fundamental rights protecting the citizens in both the nations. The Dependant Variables hence comprise of use of force and even firearms against those in detention and secondly custodial executions and deaths.

Defining extrajudicial executions and deaths in detentions:

Extra judicial killing is the act of execution or subjecting an under trial to violent acts that may result in death of the person. Such uses of force or acts of violence precede, supersede or bypass any due judicial…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Organized Crime Reduction Strategy

Words: 1875 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 63342409

Organized Crime Reduction Strategy

There is no doubt whatsoever that transnational organized crime groups are a threat to not only the security of the countries in which they operate, but also global security in general. Often operating in well-organized formations, transnational organized crime groups are often difficult to annihilate or contain. It should, however, be noted that given their impact on both the security and stability of the countries or regions in which they operate, the need to contain such formations cannot be overstated. This text highlights the various strategies that could be applied to rein in transnational criminal enterprises. The country of choice for this analysis is Mexico. It is important to note that today, crime remains one of the most important concerns facing this North American federal republic. Indeed, the country is home to some of the world's most violent and sophisticated organized criminal enterprises. For this reason,…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Foreign Business in China Has

Words: 2679 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 43523967


Wiles (2003) note ways in which Chinese practices of technical communication are affecting foreign businesses operating in China and some of the Western methods that China has to learn to be effective. Specifically, Wiley notes how Western companies have developed single-souring skills that the Chinese will have to adopt to be successful in technical communication. Chinese culture is a high-context culture in which information is more tacit and less explicit, and Chinese culture therefore places less focus on the user. The explicit nature of Western communication works in the Chinese context because it is based on making the user understand, and the Chinese will have to adopt this same approach in order to trade with the West, where the user wants to be the center of attention and wants to be informed directly.

A report by Anthony (2003) also suggests that China's business culture is being changed by foreign…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Egypt's Outline Main Heading Political

Words: 831 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 33855152

Retrieved November 20, 2011 from

All Voices (2011). Privatization and Corruption in Egypt. Retrieved November 20, 2011 from

Global proprty Guide, (2010). GDP per Capita - Morocco Compared to Continent. Retrieved November 20, 2011 from

Haaretz Service, (2011). Mubarak to be questioned over corruption as Egypt PM resigns.

Retrieved November 20, 2011 from

Michele Durocher, (2004). Integrating democracy promotion into U.S.. Middle East policy. Retrieved November 20, 2011 from

Prof. Massoud, D., (2011). Religion and State in the modern Middle East: The Lebanese State as a model. Retrieved November 20, 2011 from

Shehata, (2011). Islam and Politics in Egypt. Retrieved November 20, 2011 from

Springborg, (2011). Game over: The chance for democracy in Egypt is lost. Retrieved November 20, 2011 from

Think Quest, (2011). Egypt. Retrieved November 20, 2011 from



The purpose of outlining a research paper…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

NYS Public Authority Accountability Act

Words: 3866 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 22291311

SOX provides explicit legislative directives for SEC regulation, altering this authority division, of what was once perceived as the states' exclusive jurisdiction.

Rule 404 of the SEC

The following Executive Summary reflects the Rule 404 of the SEC:

Auditors can't critique their own work and must avoid the appearance of conflict to comply with section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. That gives CPAs a new consulting opportunity to document and test non-client companies' internal controls.

A firm interested in developing this niche has to know the skills it will need, the time and staff required, the depth of the market, the best way to approach clients, the limits on auditor involvement and what information technology tools are available.

The market exists because companies temporarily may be unable to meet the project management and staffing needs to design the section 404 internal audit functions that later will be checked by the…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Public Management Over the Last

Words: 3483 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58926010

Like what was stated previously one of the biggest issues facing China was large amounts of corruption taking place. This caused many local governments to experience runaway deficits and inefficiency. Under new public sector management, the government would address this issue by: using a combination of privatization / government-based models that were discussed earlier, it reduced the size of government, improved the rule of law and they would allow the free market to set prices (to a certain extent). These different elements would provide a way of reducing corruption, by taking power out of the hands of government officials. Instead, this power would be divided in a loosely-based confederation between the government and various private entities. This is significant, because it shows how these reforms were able to reduce corruption, by providing various checks and balances of government officials. (Lunt 2010)

E government would be used as a tool to…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Master and Margarita Born in

Words: 1561 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Book Review Paper #: 72801960

Although the novel ends with an open-ended question about the fate of the two titular characters, it is clear that Margarita has the power to create her own reality.

Mikhail Bulgakov uses three literary elements in the novel the Master and the Margarita: a multiple layered reality, symbolism, and magical realism. Each of these three literary devices helps the author to convey the central themes of greed, corruption, and social control during and after the Russian Revolution. The multiple layers of reality allow Bulgakov to explore the central themes from multiple points-of-view and perspectives. The multiple layers of reality also prevent the novel from becoming a didactic commentary on life in Moscow. Symbolism also permits the exploration of greed, corruption, and social control without directly implicating Stalin or Soviet bureaucracy in the degradation of humanity. Finally, magical realism allows the author -- and his readers -- to imagine how human…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Trade finance USA and Bangladesh

Words: 994 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49744874

The United States is the #1 export partner for Bangladesh, representing 13.9% of Bangladesh's exports. However, the US is not one of the countries from which Bangladesh primarily imports (CIA World Factbook, 2017). The total trade between the two countries in 2016 was around $6.8 billion, $5.9 billion of which was from Bangladesh to the US. Imports of American goods to Bangladesh totalled just $895 million. Bangladesh is thus the 50th-largest trade partner of the US (USTR, 2017).
Bangladesh exports are woven apparel ($3.8 billion), knit apparel ($1.4 billion), other textiles ($206 million) and footwear ($105 million). The US exports to Bangladesh soybeans ($232 million), cotton ($95 million), corn ($39 million) and feed/fodder ($22 million). Thus, the Bangladesh has a position as one of the clothing and footwear-producing nations exporting to the US, but really only has the means to import small amounts of agricultural goods. Trade with Bangladesh is…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Southwestern Border Combating Drug Trade

Words: 4279 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37872183

Combating Drug Trade Along the Southwestern Border

Proposed Strategy for Combating the Drug Trade along the Southwestern Border

The issue of drug trafficking and smuggling has been a serious concern for both Mexico and the United States for decades. Mexico has been identified as the primary supplier of narcotics to the U.S., with the Southwestern border accounting for between 90 and 95% of all illicit drugs smuggled illegally into the U.S. market. In 2007, the presidents of the two countries held a summit, where they pledged to work together, collaboratively in the fight against drug trafficking. Today, substance use accounts for approximately 26% of crimes committed in the U.S. Both the U.S. and the Mexican governments recognize the security threat posed by illicit drug use, and have committed themselves to addressing the problem once and for all. The two countries have implemented numerous initiatives geared at curbing the growth of…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Analyzing Market Entry to Ivory Coast

Words: 4395 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 74630939

Market Entry to Ivory Coast

Company Profile and Background

Market Analysis- Ivory Coast

Risk Analysis

Social and Cultural Analysis

Economic Analysis

Political and Legal Analysis

Market Entry Strategies

Marketing Mix




Place and Distribution


Market Entry to Ivory Coast

Company Profile and Background

Barilla Group is an Italian food company whose headquarters are located in the city of Parma. The company also has its operations in various nations in Europe. Barilla was established in the year 1877, initially as a bakery shop and was set up as a family business. In the present, the company is still controlled by the Barilla family. The company is renowned and has established itself as a multinational pasta maker. In particular, the group undertakes the production of numerous kinds of pasta and is actually the leading pasta maker across the globe. The company has a market share of about 45% in…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Effective Risk-Management for a Business

Words: 1153 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 85140975

World-Wide Concepts and Risks Posed by the International Environment

World-Wide Concepts deals with a wide variety of products which are profitable but which pose a number of potential legal risks in the form of biotech instruments and drugs. It also has a number of different operations spanning various nations from its manufacturing facilities in China, assembly facilities in Mexico, biotech partners in Israel, and software design partners in Russia and India. All of these countries have very different systems of justice and standards of ethics than the United States in terms of their way of conceptualizing the fair and free way to do business (Meiners, Ringleb, & Edwards 2012, p. 5). For example, India has had a notorious reputation for corruption, which is not atypical of developing world nations which have undergone rapid industrialization. "Socially-acceptable practices" often conceal what would be illegal in other nations and the "inherent opacity of…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

China and Globalization Three Research Questions on

Words: 3146 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63390502

China and Globalization


In evaluating China's prospects for achieving superpower status, especially during this economic crisis, the first research question would take into consideration whether and to what degree the United States is in decline as a superpower, and if it is, then whether China is simply going to achieve superpower status by default. This is what happened to the British Empire after decades of economic decline and then bankruptcy as a result of the Second World War: the U.S. took its place as the leading world power. Certainly the U.S. position seems far shakier today than it did in the 1950s and 1960s or in the 1990s after the collapse of the Soviet Union. Even the predominant economic model that it has been propounding worldwide since the 1980s, that of free trade and free markets is no longer…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Criminal Justice Administration Mainly Focuses on Crime

Words: 5138 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44589658

Criminal justice administration mainly focuses on crime prevention and punishing any illegal activities. Criminal justice administration is wide and it entails law enforcement and the judicial administration. Some of the jobs that relate to criminal justice administration include; security coordination, juvenile delinquency administration, law enforcement and being a courtroom official. Additional crime is also part of criminal justice administration. This field entails terrorism prevention, immigration policies and social policies. Other duties that criminal justice entails include; police officer, community relations advocate and correctional officer. For an officer working with the criminal justice administration, his work involves law enforcement (Bharti, 2008).

Key issues in Criminal Justice Administration today

The criminal justice administration today faces various issues and problems thus needing serious reforms. In most cases, many nonviolent offenders go to jail because many prosecutors and district attorneys succumb to political pressure hence become tough on crime. The prisons are always populated…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Unemployment Is a Significant Issue

Words: 4560 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 15014748

This is what has led to so many foreigners working in the country already. The foreign workers are therefore a symptom of a greater problem. This problem is not macroeconomic failure -- the Saudi economy is robust and creates jobs -- but is simply does not recognize that macroeconomic principles alone will not address the issue of unemployment among Saudi nationals.

Consider the case of China as corollary. In both countries, there has been an increase in aggregate demand, and this has created more employment opportunities. An increase in aggregate demand leads to more jobs, and often better jobs than would have existed before. Often, the new jobs created are in low-wage sectors, either in manufacturing or the service industry. While Saudi Arabia has tried to create new jobs at the high end of the market, there is a natural multiplier effect. Each new high-wage job creates multiple new low-wage…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Demise of the Soviet Union

Words: 2619 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 62834510

For more than a decade, the country has been de-industrializing and learning to live with firewood or diesel generators brought in from Turkey. Reforms in Georgia, with its entrenched corruption, lack of competitive industries, poor work ethic, worn-out Soviet-era infrastructure, and widespread poverty, has been considered difficult, especially in the face of a deep economic crisis and security threats, including ones from Russia.

Agriculture is a leading occupation in Georgia, whose warmer districts produce large quantities of tea and citrus fruits; tobacco, wine grapes, rice, and mulberry trees (for silk) are also grown. Sheep, pigs, and poultry are raised. Georgia is rich in minerals also. Georgia had a large and varied industrial sector. Its chief manufactures included transport equipment, electric motors, machine tools, iron and steel, railroad and mining equipment, chemicals, textiles, wine, and building materials, but many industries collapsed after independence.

Challenges: For Georgian economy to progress there are…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Business Ethics Whether or Not

Words: 1164 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 84741756

Other measures can include sanctions against foreign companies that are engaged in bribery. This many motivate the governments of those countries to take stronger measures towards eliminating bribery.

3) There are a couple of reasons I think Starbucks has been so concerned about its corporate social responsibility. One is that it helps cultivate a positive image of the company, which can help to both attract and retain customers. Another reason is that the company comes from a culture in the Pacific Northwest where philanthropy and social responsibility is more accepted in business. This cultural difference may have impacted the overall philosophy of Starbucks with regards to this issue. Also, Starbucks is a high-profile company. They open themselves up to significant negative publicity if they engage in social irresponsible acts. Maintaining a high level of corporate social responsibility is therefore a defense against potentially damaging criticism.

Starbucks' various relationships are generally…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Racial Profiling and Unlawful Discrimination

Words: 3478 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 39588248

In evaluating the legality of racial disparities in
law enforcement, the courts have clearly sought to determine the motivation
for discriminating." (Knowles et al, 207) This illustrates a wide
political and philosophical variance in the way that Americans understand
this concept of police discrimination, with the courts asking questions
seeming to imply that discrimination is not in and of itself a negative
Quite to the point, across the last eight years, the War On Terror
had promoted the idea, especially within the law enforcement culture, that
there were significant justifications for the intensification of methods
which focused specifically on the activities of individuals descending from
targeted nationalities, religions and ethnic backgrounds. Specifically,
even as the Bush administration had initiated the discourse on profiling by
explicitly stating a position of opposition where law enforcement is
concerned, it would quickly alter its stance when faced with the challenges
implied after the…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Role Did Prohibtion Have in

Words: 3138 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 68519701

Ethnic, racial and class minorities in the city of New York, as well as middle class and organized crime people enjoyed their fight against Prohibition in an amazing number of locals and nightclubs that summed up to more than thirty thousand. While many restaurant closed down in New York, speakeasies spread across the city. More and more of the middle class and the upper class "embraced the cosmopolitan culture and nightlife that flourished under the restrictions of Prohibition" (Lerner, 2007, p. 3) making this the first bottom-up social reaction in the recent history of the United States.

Prohibition marked the 1920s and 1930s in ways that were not seen by the makers of this law. It had profound effects of issues like work relations and wage policies, xenophobia and living conditions of immigrants, organized crime as well as popular culture. While regulations were set and enforced, a significant number of…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Social Advertisement Social Advertising This

Words: 3998 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80726298

Effects of social advertising on the American society

Having seen that the society at large is highly dependent on the social media, and it is on these social networks that the social advertising has turned to, it is necessary to look at the extent to which the society today has been affected by the medium of transmission and the content of the social advertising.

The underlying fact about the social advertising is that they want to make a positive impact on the society in general, it is the drive to see a better society that makes the foundation and core business of the organizations involved in social advertisements.

It has been seen that the same techniques used in promoting profitable goods and services can as well be used for information purpose, educate and motivational aspect to the public about the non-profitable issues like HIV / AIDS, the energy conservation, politics…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethical Principles and Challenges in Procurement Management

Words: 3717 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 78296375

Ethics in Purchasing/Procurement, Acquisitions (Contracting) Management

This paper looks into the concepts of responsibility and accountability, and procurement beneficence, through a review of the challenges and principles, which are often faced in the procurement process, by purchasing managers, staffs and suppliers, in both private and public institutions.

There are 2 basic definitions of ethics. The first is that ethics are moral principles that influence conduct, and the second is that ethics is a body of knowledge on moral principles.

Ethics is the grounds upon which almost all purchasing-related principles, including honesty, transparency and fairness, are based. There are several ethical standards that should be maintained in every organization, regardless of whether it is private or public. The standards are that every employee should commit to:

Conduct themselves in an honorable manner in all dimensions of their career activities.

Behave in a way that will ensure that trust and confidence is…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Killer Drug Cartels in Mexico

Words: 3020 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 31406937

Mexican Drug Cartel

Governments in Mexico and most of Latin America are being challenged by drug gangs and cartels. The constant insecurity brought about by this power struggle erodes the authority of the state and its sovereignty, giving drug gangs and cartels both political and economic power. The constant fights brought about by these criminal enterprises involves: drug gangs and cartels seeking to detach themselves from state authorities and conduct activities that essentially makes them 'primitive rebels' sustaining a struggle that is basically a 'criminal rebellion or insurgency'; the provision of useful social amenities; formation of narratives about power and rebellion; and gangs conducting themselves like modern social bandits to win support and power within their criminal enterprises and the geographical regions they control. They convey this message through violence and the way they do their businesses. The issue of Mexican drug cartels is of importance because these drug trafficking…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Foreign Aid Effects on Nigeria an Honest

Words: 1250 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40577669

Foreign Aid Effects on Nigeria


Effects of Foreign Aid Use in Nigeria

Nigeria or the Federal Republic of Nigeria is located in West Africa on the Gulf of Guinea and lies between Benin and Cameron (LOC 2008). As of the latest count, it has a population of 138 million at an annual growth rate of 2.38%. Nigeria is the fourth largest exporter of oil to the United States. Yet in the face of vast natural fossil fuel reserves, it suffers from extreme personal poverty for 57% of its people. Economists describe this as a "paradox of plenty" or the "curse of oil." Nigeria, like other developing countries in similar situations, is provided foreign aid to help promote democracy and economic stability. Foreign assistance attempts to deliver these countries' people from poverty, and provide security, military assistance and counter-terrorism measures. Of the countries outside Western Europe, Canada and…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

How Do the Non-For Profit NFP Organizations Manage Their Procurement Processes

Words: 6916 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Multiple chapters Paper #: 39302164

picture of how nonprofit organizations balance their procurement processes by applying a phenomenological method to investigate the procurement methods, by categorizing the knowledge of participants. This involved the analysis of survey results in order to pinpoint the fundamental challenges that nonprofits face in conjunction with finding a means of improving the procurement processes. This was an investigation founded on an intensified approach to epistemology. Other models, such as the descriptive and analytical approach were also harnessed to help explain this particular topic. Surveys are of the most pinnacle and fundamental means of gathering enquiries to the information that exists, analyzing them to engage in a critical evaluation of the data. This survey seeks to shed light on the entire task of procurement, which generally refers to the manner in which goods are acquired, via a procuring entity and through the use of public funds. "Public bodies have always been big…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Financial Proposal Dorchester Ltd As Discussed in

Words: 5044 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69930480

Financial Proposal: Dorchester, Ltd.

As discussed in earlier papers, for Dorchester, the final decision as to which particular nation to invest in is dependent on a range of distinct scenarios; these factors naturally impact the selected acquisition target. Before the acquisition target is selected, the nation which houses the potential acquisition target needs to be scrutinized closely. For instance, the trade environment of the nation where the prospective acquisition is located needs to be assessed, since this factor will impact the cost and ability to engage in trade. The political environment of the nation where the prospective target resides is also a crucial factor that needs to be examined closely. No potential targets exist in peaceful vacuums; rather all the prospective nations looked at during this course have some element of political risk attached to them. Furthermore, as discussed during earlier assignments, it's been found that political stability of a…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Criminal Justice Theory and Policy

Words: 2584 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: 'Discussion and Results' chapter Paper #: 20694471

The reduction occurs through allowing the counties to acquire other methods of jailing apart from the prisons. This includes out-of custody rehabilitative treatments, which could serve in reducing the number of the criminals taken to the prisons. However, the AB109 criminals must be individuals whose crime are not violent and not that serious as provided by the law. This means that that jailing of the A109 criminals in other alternative would involve selection from the other criminals. However the unstated implication is that it would be much difficult to rate a crime as either more serious or not serious. Consequently, the rationale provides higher chances of biasness of selecting some non-serious cases while leaving others.

Implication of the policy

The criminal justice implication of the policy will mainly affect the non-violent arrestees. The decision of keeping them in custody, would affect their ability to avoid recividism future. The social implications…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Organized Crime -- the Fall

Words: 3248 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 37456300

When Gorbachev launched perestroika (Gorbachev's policy of social, economic and political restructuring), the above mentioned "shadow" sector of society actually got amnesty and hence were offered a kind of "legitimacy," Khokhriakov writes on page 13. During the first part of perestroika, the Soviets developed cooperatives, which "only strengthened the destructive model of the 'shadow' market economy, Khokhriakov explains on page 14. But the Soviets' transition was short of capital so because they needed loans, they turned to the West (in particular, the U.S., which was thrilled of course to witness the demise of communism). Instead of cash, the West provided the Soviets with goods, and right away Soviet merchants knew how to "dispose" of the goods; many new cooperatives sprang up and sold goods "at market prices" and that "shadow" sector became quite "lively" (Khokhriakov, 14).

The "new hero" came from "the underground," Khokhriakov reports; the biggest portion of the…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Argentina's Definition of Terrorism Is

Words: 3585 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 55237152

These policies aim to prevent such proceeds from being utilized in future criminal activities and from affecting legitimate economic activities" (Anti-Money Laundering Authority, n.d.).

Another action taken at the international level this time is represented by the cooperation programs which are designed to strengthen the level of information exchange on the one hand and the financial possibilities of the countries involved in the projects on the other hand. Thus, "Argentina cooperated closely in all significant international counterterrorism efforts within the United Nations and the Organization of American States (OAS) where it was vice-chair of the Inter-American Committee Against Terrorism; the United States was chair. The Argentine Government was instrumental in promoting improved coordination with its neighbors (Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, Bolivia, and Chile) in strengthening security and countering terrorist-support networks in the Triborder area. The Government of Argentina has been particularly cooperative in responding to requests related to blocking the financial…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Petroleum Subsidies Have Worked to

Words: 3017 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 53191683


Perhaps even more important to the current issues is the fact that the Ibrahim Index of African Governance, with ranks African governments on the ability of those governments to deliver needed goods to their people.

This index ranks Ghana relatively high on human development and safety and security and human rights protections. Again, it is important to stress that such political assessments are also economic ones. The fact that Ghana ranks fairly low on sustainable economic development is a direct result -- at least in part -- of economic subsidies. It is this particular point of its assessment that reveals one of the effects of petroleum subsidies in Ghana.

Despite the fact that Ghana has twice the average per capita income of the poorer countries in the region, it is a very poor country by Western standards. Nearly 30% of the population live on less that the international poverty…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Is Globalization a Good Thing

Words: 3007 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33116352

Globalization & Mexico

Much has been made of the fact that world has gotten much smaller due to globalization. There has also been an associated shift in regardless to where products for sales in retail stores around the world, the West in particular, are made. Indeed, many of the items that were previously made in the United States are now made in Latin America and Asia with Mexico in particular being one of the ubiquitous countries that are involved. When it comes to globalization, many are prone to point out the positive outcomes and attributes that are developing. However, neither the prevailing opinion about the subject nor the ostensible effects of globalization are monolithic. Indeed, there is evidence and scholarly opinion out there to suggest that the effects of globalization are sometimes bad, if not quite bad. While the smaller nature of the world in terms of technology and communication…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Business Environment of Colombia

Words: 2143 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 52601037


Once a no-go zone, Colombia has enjoyed something of a resurgence. This paper will examine the business environment in Colombia, highlighting the different issues that matter to businesses. Colombia has recently become the fastest-growing economy in Latin America (The Economist, 2014), which is testament to some key policy changes that have spurred renewed investment. It started with a major security push to stabilize the country and has now left Colombia enjoying a fairly attractive investment environment. This report will outline the country's economic and legal conditions, to provide the relevant background information for anyone considering doing business in Colombia.

Economic Conditions

Colombia is experiencing strong growth at present, something that can be attributed both to improved security and to a shift in economic policies. With 46 million people and a relatively slow growth rate, Colombia is the 30th-largest country in the world. Its economy ranks 32nd, with $642.7 billion…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Historiographical Debate Into the Effects of Santa Anna's Reign in Mexico

Words: 4136 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 56022046

Santa Anna Dictatorship

In his self-described revisionist biography Santa Anna of Mexico (2007), Will Fowler has courageously taken up the defense of the Mexico caudillo, fully aware that he is all but universally reviled in the historiography of the United States and Mexico. From the beginning, he made his intention clear to vindicate the reputation of a dictator whose "vilification has been so thorough and effective that the process of deconstructing the numerous lies that have been told and retold" is almost impossible.[footnoteRef:1] Timothy J. Henderson asserted that he had a great talent for exploiting and manipulating political divisions but none for governing a country. In U.S. history and popular culture, he has always been portrayed as a corrupt megalomaniac, the 'Napoleon of the West', responsible for the massacres at the Alamo and Goliad. As John Chasteen and James Wood put it, even his autobiography was an "extraordinary work of…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Countries -- Brazil Russia India China South

Words: 3205 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16956128

countries -- Brazil, Russia, India, China South Africa, Mexico, Nigeria Turkey identify critically evaluate key economic, political technological factors conditions enabled a 'Rapidly Developing Economy' 'Emerging Economy'.

Mexico as a rapidly developing economy

The economic sector of the modern day society reveals increasing levels of interdependence between countries, especially as the phenomena of globalization and market liberalization intensify. This virtually means that the stability and role of one country within the global market place spreads consequences and impacts for the other states as well.

In this dynamic and intertwined global economic context, the emergent countries come to play an increasing role due to their increasing economic sector, developing labor force and strengthening competitive position. Mexico is one such emergent country and the current project sets out to assess the features which contribute to the rapid development of the country.

Mexico is an intriguing country from a social and economic standpoint,…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Media Ethics

Words: 4981 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 58882093

Media in America as the Fourth Estate: From Watergate to the Present

During the 1970's, the role of the media changed from simply reporting the news to revealing serious political scandals (Waisbord, 2001). The media's role during Watergate was viewed as the mirror that reflected the most that journalism could offer to democracy: holding powers accountable for their actions. This became a trend in the American media and journalism had high credibility in the years that followed, and a great increase in journalism school enrollment followed.

However, during the 1980's and 1990's, this trend withered away. Investigative journalism is no longer rampant the firmament of American news. While the tone of the press was self-congratulatory in the post-Watergate years, the state of American journalism is currently viewed in a less positive light.

For the elite, the shift in journalism is welcomed. For example, according to John Dean, an American journalist,…… [Read More]