John Stuart Mill Essays (Examples)

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Virtue Kantian and Utilitarianism Ethics Differentiated

Words: 693 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10561612

Virtue Ethics

This ethical philosophy draws back from the thought and work of the ancient and great Greek philosopher Aristotle (Brown, 2001; SPI, n.d.; Fahey, 2010). The philosophy centers on persons who are moral agents themselves, rather than from their actions or their consequences. A person lives an ethical or the good life if he possesses a right character, also know as virtues. As such he possesses a moral character, according to the philosophy. These character traits or virtues include courage, temperance, justice, wisdom, patience, generosity and compassion. By observing or living by this philosophy, a person develops good habits that build and make up his character. Because of such a character, he is naturally disposed to act in a certain moral or virtuous way towards situations and persons. He or she does not possess undesirable or vicious traits of character (Brown, SPI. Fahey).

The main objections to this philosophy…… [Read More]

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Rousseau and Kant the Enlightenment

Words: 1770 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 41169853

Morality therefore comes within but is associated with the results generated within as well:

The force of an internal sanction derives from the feeling of pleasure which is experienced when a moral law is obeyed and the feeling of pain which accompanies a violation of it (Denise, Peterfreund, and White, 1996, 202).

Kant sees the true nature of the age and stated,

Enlightenment is man's emergence from his self-imposed nonage. Nonage is the inability to use one's own understanding without anther's guidance. This nonage is self-imposed if its cause lies not in lack of understanding but in indecision and lack of courage to use one's own mind without another's guidance (Kant, 1973, p. 384.

Kant expresses the view that the public can enlighten itself if it is given the freedom to do so, and this would become a starting point for intellectual inquiry in the age as well as for…… [Read More]

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A-Rod and Baseball on September 11 1985

Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18316888

A-Rod and Baseball

On September 11, 1985 Pete Rose struck base hit number 4, 192, and in doing so made baseball history, surpassing Ty Cobb as the all-time hits leader. Little did fans or those in baseball realize that Rose's accomplishment occurred while he was betting on baseball in most cases betting on his own team. Commissioner of baseball A. Bartlett Giamatti presented Rose with substantive evidence collected by John M. Dowd and compiled in a report of the same name (Baseball Library.com. N.D.). Based on the evidence, Rose on August 24, 1989 "agreed to a deal in which he dropped his suit against baseball and accepted a lifetime suspension" (Baseball Library.com. N.D.). The ramifications of that action meant that Rose was shut out of the game he loved and continues to be ineligible for the Hall of Fame.

Fast forward two decades and a player of similar talent, drive,…… [Read More]

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Innovation Was Most Important for

Words: 793 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 79367687

In other words, the Keynesian economics were implemented on the belief that low levels of consumptions generate the economic crisis, and that "a fall in national income, lack of demand for goods, and rising unemployment should be countered by increased government expenditure to stimulate the economy" (the Free Dictionary by Farlex, 2008).

Not long after John Maynard Keynes stated his principles, the allied states signed the monetary agreement at Bretton Woods. The new system was basically centered on creating international price stability, which contradicted the ideas of Keynes and his growth theories. He stated that the international stability would eventually be reached through trade, but his beliefs were not shared by the major participant and the largest creditor of the time, the United States of America. To reach the objective of global stability, two institutions were formed to coordinate and supervise financial operations: The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development…… [Read More]

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Criminal Science Conflict Theory Marx

Words: 3370 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 80200357

The idea is that, eventually, as standards of living rise in Mexico, Mexican consumers will be able to buy all of the same kinds of goods now regularly purchased by their neighbors to the north. In the meantime, in addition to lower labor costs, the agreement also gives American and Canadian concerns access to cheaper raw materials, and an additional, migrant or resident, labor force of Mexicans, upon which to draw in their own countries. Mexico, as well, tends have to fewer, and more laxly enforced environmental and labor regulations; lower healthcare costs, etc., that make the cost of doing business in Mexico a winning proposition for multinational corporations. (Buckley & Ghauri, 2004) Flexibility is seen as key in these multinational enterprises. Programs must be able to be implemented in a manner consistent with the demands of a constantly changing and growing global marketplace. The system employed must be adaptable…… [Read More]

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Business-International Contemporary Issues in International

Words: 2433 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90828942

This was about the same time we entered into a so-called global economy. Americans buying American puts the steering wheel that is controlling our nation's fate in the hands of those who care about it most - the American People. People feel that the time has come for ordinary Americans to take control of America's destiny (Buy American, 2005).

Supporters of the Buy American campaign which is promoted by the union and some domestic manufacturers fear a growing protectionist sentiment along with efforts to restrict spending of billions in federal stimulus dollars targeted for infrastructure improvements across the nation. With the global crisis that is presently going one, now more than ever America needs to take an active first step in safeguarding working people (DaParma, 2009).

To date, the union has worked to help get the Buy American resolution introduced in more than 600 cities, towns and states nationwide. These…… [Read More]

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Ethical Theories Ethics Is an

Words: 1982 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10100387

These are ethics that know no cultural bounds. What is perceived as ethical in one society as well as any other is an example of a natural law. These are typically based on the human desire for equality as well as the desire to do good ("What is Natural Law?"). Furthermore, natural rights evolve legally from natural laws often. They also often see an intertwining of religious beliefs, although they can also be expressed as more an intertwining of moral beliefs that are then supported by religion. The primary weakness of natural law theory is that it is sometimes difficult to determine if a belief is truly universal, or simply cultural.

Virtue Ethics:

Virtue ethics determines whether an action is right or wrong by the virtue of the action.

Virtue ethics is currently one of three major approaches in normative ethics. It may, initially, be identified as the one that…… [Read More]

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Theoretical Perspectives on the War

Words: 6124 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 22412840

Anarchy is but one aspect of the Realist paradigm. Anarchy is the impetus for all other components of the Realist theory to come into play. Elements such as power, security dilemma's, balance of power, polarity and alliances and ultimately war are all outcrops of the existence of any real centralized power and an absence of true legitimacy in the form of a well established, respected, influential central government. Each of these elements is now discussed in relation to the war in Afghanistan.

Prior to September 11th, 2001 the main source of power in Afghanistan rested in the hands of the Taliban. As Seth Jones' asserts, the Taliban's rise to power grew out of utter discontent with the government in Kabul within the tribal regions of the country. The Taliban's leader Mullah Omar successfully led a coup against the existing government in 1996 and quickly established a hard-line religious fundamentalist state…… [Read More]

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Public Communication Ethics Response A

Words: 2137 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 46331261

This is a contractual obligation, as money has been received for a certain service.

This is closely related to the third obligation in the model, which is "duty to the organization." The press has an obligation to provide the public with a wide variety of viewpoints in order to ensure public debate and accurate information. If a certain piece of information is withheld from the public as a result of its controversial content, this constitutes unfair censorship. The general principle of the press is to promote knowledge rather than censorship. Hence, information that could cause disagreement should not be withheld on those grounds alone.

On the other hand, the press in general also has a duty to society in terms of providing accurate information. The advertisement is in direct opposition to generally accepted facts regarding slavery. Hence publishing it on the strength merely of publishing whatever opinion is paid for…… [Read More]

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One Nation Under Walmart Essay

Words: 2623 Length: Pages Document Type: Paper #: 64898220

Walmart is one of the world's largest, most successful, and most vilified corporations. – Art Carden, 2010

Introduction

Today, Walmart is the largest company in the world with more than 11,500 retail units in 28 countries, annual sales exceeding $288 billion and 2.2 million employees called “associates” (Walmart corporate and financial facts, 2015). In addition, Walmart is one the largest private employers in both the United States and Canada (Walmart corporate and financial facts, 2015). What makes Walmart particularly noteworthy is that it achieved its current level of success in retailing, and no other retailers have come close to being as influential or large (Shaw). Notwithstanding its economic success, Walmart has also been the source of significant amounts of criticism because of the low wages it pays as well as its adverse impact on small businesses in the cities and towns in which it competes. To determine the facts about…… [Read More]

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Is pornography harmful debate

Words: 1702 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 60971055

large, pornography is not harmful. Pornography has been stigmatized as have many expressions of sexuality, but for the most part the performers are adults performing of their own volition, and the consumers of pornography are finding an outlet for their sexuality. That there is stigma and judgment associated with pornography to the point where expression of human sexuality is considered to be harmful by some is unfortunate. This essay will construct the case that pornography is not harmful.

For much of the 20th century, pornography was considered to be harmful, and there were many perspectives put forward to support that idea. Some perspectives were rooted in the vestiges of Victorian-era prudishness, that considered nudity and the human form to be vulgar, and those perspectives are fairly easy to dismiss as either cultural or religious oddities. Believing something harmful and it being so are really not the same argument at all.…… [Read More]

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Introduction to Research Learning

Words: 1273 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67576833

knowledge is so vast that no one really knows everything. One often discovers that what they know about something is not accurate or utterly wrong (Taflinger, 2011).

Research is normally conducted for two main reasons, i.e., to learn the facts around a phenomenon or to collect evidence. When one conducts research to learn about something, it is for their personal gain. The learning process is a continuous one in life. One cannot stop learning. Whatever new information you encounter constitutes some form of learning. It may be the data about your favourite rugby player or the relativity theory. Research, on its part, is a systematic form of learning. It is organized. Research entails a special focus on something to add to your knowledge base. One may peruse through the Scientific American for the latest research news on quantum mechanics or check the sports page for the results of last night's…… [Read More]

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Why the VA Should Be Privatized

Words: 3579 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56621203

cabinet-level agency in the U.S. government termed "Agency X" herein is the largest healthcare provider in the nation. With a multi-billion dollar budget, virtually universal support from the American public and a national network of healthcare facilities, Agency X should be well situated to achieve its mission to "care for him who shall have borne the battle, and for his widow, and his orphan." Unfortunately, on far too many occasions, Agency X has failed to deliver the high quality health care services the nation's veterans deserve and hundreds if not thousands have died as a result. In order to gain a better understanding of these failures, this paper reviews the relevant literature to provide an analysis of the ethical and social issues faced by Agency X and its administrators, followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning ethics and social justice at this organization in the conclusion.…… [Read More]

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To Facebook or Not to Facebook Lessons From Applying for a Job

Words: 1927 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 45544847

Facebook Case

In this case, Shaw is torn between two candidates for a leadership position in her firm. One is Parsons, an outgoing male who is active in his community with non-profits and who has strong leadership skills. The other is Jones, who is a female and equally qualified for the job. Shaw is leaning towards Parsons because of his leadership qualities, but she searches the two candidates on Google, she discovers some unsettling photos of Parsons on Facebook -- photos of him with his Fraternity friends, drinking and smoking "blunts." Jones has no Facebook presence -- and Google searches reveal only work-related information. In other words, Jones has a clean "Internet" presence, whereas Parsons' social media activity has "sullied" his reputation to some extent by revealing him to be a "partier." Now Shaw must decide whether Parsons' "extracurricular" activities are enough to change her opinion of him and compel…… [Read More]

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Should a Company Water Down Ethics in Order to Get a Profitable Outcome

Words: 1392 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 79473217

Ethical Decision

What would you do?

In the first place, lives are more valuable -- far more valuable -- than jobs. True, without a job many adult individuals would suffer, but given the possibility that the bug in the prototype that Occidental Engineering was producing could cause an accident in the skies and a resulting loss of many lives, the best course for the project manager is to listen to engineer Wayne Jones and take the ethical course of action. This paper reviews three ethical theories, one of which will be determined to be the most appropriate for this dilemma: Virtue Ethics, Deontology, and Utilitarianism.

Virtue Ethics

According to author Barbara MacKinnon, Virtue Ethics asks "How we ought to be" rather than "What we ought to do" (MacKinnon, et al. 2015). Virtue Ethics deals with the traits of personal character (habits, tendencies, and disposition) that make a person "good"; in…… [Read More]

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Censorship of Information on the Internet

Words: 1557 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87694785

Internet Censorship

One of the most publicized debates or controversial issues in the recent past is whether information on the Internet should be censored. The controversy associated with the issue is centered on whether the censorship is necessary towards the maintenance of a specific ethical standard in the society. Controversies regarding Internet censorship have also been fueled by the development and enactment of certain legislation that seeks to censor information on the World Wide Web. While there is no single resolution that everyone agrees to, Internet censorship is a topic that is being confronted and dealt with through various initiatives. Notably, proponents and opponents of censorship of information on the Internet continue raise several logical reasons to support their arguments. Generally, there is a genuine need for censorship of information on the Internet, especially with regards to illegal and unsuitable content.

Background of the Issue

According to Qazi, censorship of…… [Read More]

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Ignorance in Religion

Words: 571 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70327021

Philosphy Discussions

Here are some quotations from the feminist theologian Mary Daly. What do you think? 'God's plan' is often a front for men's plans and a cover for inadequacy, ignorance, and evil. I had explained that a woman's asking for equality in the church would be comparable to a black person's demanding equality in the Ku Klux Klan. If God is male, then male is God. The divine patriarch castrates women as long as he is allowed to live on in the human imagination.

Many people consider the Bible to be the Word of God and thus it is infallible. However, it is quite clear that men, both past and present, have used the Bible as a means to bully and dominate women into subservience. This is outmoded and something that should have been left behind several centuries ago. That being said, the analogy between the church/women and black/Klan…… [Read More]

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India and Pakistan Relations

Words: 4300 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 73848009

history of Pakistan and India and how they have progressed since winning independence.

India and Pakistan Relations

History of India and Pakistan relations

There is no doubt about the fact that ever since the partition of the sub-continent that took place more than 50 years ago India and Pakistan have been arch rivals. Their animosity goes back to a long time ago and finds its main causes in religion and history, which has taken a turn towards a deadly arms race. There have been many attempts to resolve the issues, but in spite of these efforts relations remain tense. With the recent changes taking place, there is growing concern about the growing hostility between the two countries, which is predicted could change into a war.

Independence and partition

India gained its independence from Britain on 15 August 1947. This was formation of the Hindu-dominated India and the Muslim state of…… [Read More]

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Robert Browning's Poetry

Words: 2211 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 79774689

English literature. Robert Browning. Before providing the details and evidences of the poetry of Browning, the paper would introduce a short biography so that the background information regarding the poet's nature and his attitude towards life can be noted. The characteristics and the personality traits of Browning will be included in the study. Special attention to the various aspects of Robert Browning's poetry would be emphasized and elaborated in the paper.

Robert Browning was born in Camberwell, London, the son of a well-educated bank clerk. He was taught privately by his father but also studied for two terms at London University. He wrote poetry from an early age and was strongly influenced by the Romantic poets, particularly Shelley, and by historical events. In 1846 he secretly married Elizabeth Barrett, with whom he had started an enthusiastic literary correspondence two years earlier and they eloped to Florence. Browning returned to England…… [Read More]

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Utilitarianism A Closer Look Utilitarianism Is an

Words: 1131 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 94436781

Utilitarianism: A Closer Look

Utilitarianism is an old political theory. It has been put forth in one form or another by many political philosophers over the years as the basis for a good political system. Epicurus was one of the early proponents of utilitarianism, though he did not call it by that name. However, he did promote the idea that happiness or pleasure was a good indicator of moral decisions. Jeremy Bentham, John Stuart Mill, and Henry Sigwick, all well-known political philosophers, also put forth utilitarian ideas in their political philosophies. While a utilitarian political philosophy may have some uses in making decisions that affect a large number of people, such as the decision to go to war or the decision to raise taxes to pay for health care, utilitarianism does not take into consideration the distinctions between people. There is no room for individual thought or action in utilitarianism,…… [Read More]

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Internet Site

Words: 1022 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 67975442

censorship of the Internet, especially of pornographic materials, is a topic that can be easily resolved is being naive. This is a complicated issue with enough gray areas to be thoroughly debated and to demand that comprehensive information from both sides be studied. Freedom of speech has always been a thorny subject, and it becomes no easier when considering the Internet that can be accessed by individuals of all ages and backgrounds from around the world.

Most of the websites dealing with this topic are slanted in one way or another based on the political, religious or moral stance of the URL's authors. It is refreshing, then, when a writer takes a stab at equally presenting arguments for and against online pornographic censorship. The website "Pornography and the Internet in the United States" (http://www.slais.ubc.ca/courses/libr500/fall1999/www_presentations/c_hogg/print.htm) was written by Charles Hogg as part of an assignment for Library Studies 500: Foundations of…… [Read More]

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Public Administration and Its Analysis This Is

Words: 2624 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 46422102

Public Administration and its Analysis

This is a paper on the concept and basis of Public Administration and the importance it holds in the field of management.

Defining the Breadth and Scope of Public Administration

In the early years of public administration was hailed as a strong and positive as a professional force for studying and putting into practice for the improvement and revamping of the administration of the federal, state and legislative government but also sure of the political and ethical authenticity of the field of public administration in performing that role.

In what is now known as the Classical period, the mind set of the people that were in the field of public administration were based on the resulting derivative of the theory and principles of values from the intellectual side of political science and, in the main part, from constitutional democratic theory. Woodrow Wilson is considered to…… [Read More]

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Ethics the Ford Pinto Case Offers an

Words: 1587 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11956081

Ethics

The Ford Pinto case offers an ideal opportunity to apply utilitarian ethics to a real world situation. First, it is important to list the actors and stakeholders in this case. Lee Iacocca was the leader of the Ford Motor Company. He is credited with creating the inflexible parameters for the Pinto automobile as weighing no more than 2000 pounds and costing no more than $2,000. Therefore, the utilitarian analysis can and should apply primarily to Iacocca and his corporate brethren at the helm of Ford. It was their decision that led to the consequences associated with the poor design of the automobile, causing deaths.

However, the Ford Pinto case also highlights the ethical responsibilities of all members of the Ford Motor Company. In particular, the case showcases the role that engineers play in carrying out their jobs. It can easily be said that any engineer who felt that Iacocca's…… [Read More]

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Views and Conceptions of Aristotle Hobbes Machiavelli and Bellah

Words: 2146 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90779985

Aristotle, Hobbes, Machiavelli and Bellah

What are the different conceptions of knowledge that inform Hobbes's and Aristotle's respective accounts of politics? Be specific about questions of individualism, virtue, and justice. In Bellah's terms, what kind of politics would they support? How are they related to Bellah's views on the relationship between social science and social life?

Aristotle stated repeatedly that the needs of the state and society overrode individual pleasures, desires and happiness, while Hobbes regarded unchecked individualism as a menace to public peace and good order. Public virtue and justice for Aristotle were not based on purely individual feelings, desires or personal happiness, for "which it is satisfactory to acquire and preserve the good even for an individual, it is finer and more divine to acquire and preserve it for a people and for cities" (Aristotle 2). Virtue is the chief end of political life, but only the vulgar…… [Read More]

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Husserl Language and Consciousness

Words: 3930 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 39609832

Husserl, Language & Consciousness: Reconciliation of Edmund Husserl's Fourth Logical Investigation and Fifth logical investigation

Husserl's theory of consciousness in the fifth Logical Investigation is reported to be "one of the most profound and one of the most difficult theories of consciousness to have as yet been developed." (Smith, 1977) The account of consciousness given by Husserl is descriptive "in terms of a sensation, an intentional act that interprets the sensation, and an intentional object that is referred to by means of the interpretation of the sensation." (Smith, 1977)

The primary efforts of Husserl are committed to an analysis of the relation between what he refers to as 'matter' and 'quality' of the intentional act, and how these two components can be used to understand Brentano's famous proposal that "every act is either a presentation or is founded upon presentation." (Smith, 1977) It is stated that no matter the "brilliance…… [Read More]

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Erika D Rappaport's Shopping for Pleasure

Words: 2237 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 15951746

Shopping for Pleasure

Consumer society in the modern sense did not exist before the industrial revolution, and the middle and upper class women who patronized the shopping and entertainment district in the West End of London from 1860-1914 were in the vanguard of the capitalist consumer culture. Erika Rappaport avoided either celebrating this culture or condemning, but attempted to illustrate its origins within the nexus of revolutions in manufacturing, retailing, transportation and class relations that took place in the world's first industrialized society. Ideally, of course, the proper and 'respectable' role for bourgeois women in the Victorian period was that of wives and mothers, while men controlled the public sphere of business, the professions and politics. Women who ventured into the public sphere, even as consumers and pleasure-seekers, seemed to be straying outside of their expected domestic sphere, even if not as radically so as the suffragettes who smashed the…… [Read More]

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Health Nursing Healthcare Perspectives Deontology Decides What

Words: 2633 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 20954603

Health Nursing

Healthcare Perspectives

Deontology

Deontology decides what one should and should not do based on what is fundamentally right and wrong. It basis ethical theory on what is morally required by duty, what is forbidden or wrong according to societal standard, and what is permitted or allowed based on normative ethical standard. Effect has nothing to do with choices; one simply obeys based on moral standards and duty. Moral right takes priority over everything else, in some case even over what one may consider the "good" of a matter. Moral agents have obligations that they must take certain actions, because it is their duty to do so; therefore they must do so.

Deontological theories are those suggesting that one's actions are right when they accord with what is ethically correct, according to certain ethical maxims, rights, rules, or duties (Cherry & Jacob, 2005; Chitty, 2005). Deontology states that actions…… [Read More]

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19th Century Women's Suffrage in Europe

Words: 3056 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 23764623

Europe Women's Suffrage

Most countries in Western and Central Europe, including Great Britain granted women the vote right after World War I, and only in the Scandinavian nations of Norway and Finland did they receive it earlier than that. France stood out as exceptional, however, no matter that it was the homeland of democratic revolution and of the idea of equal rights for women. It also had a highly conservative side and did not allow women's suffrage until 1945. In Southern and Eastern Europe, granting the vote to women was usually delayed at least that long as well, especially due to the influence on the Catholic Church. In any event, the authoritarian or even fascist nature of the regimes in most of these countries made voting irrelevant, but for the most part no movements for women's suffrage and equality even existed in these regions in the 19th Century. Women's suffrage…… [Read More]

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Ethics the Nineteenth Century German Philosopher Immanuel

Words: 705 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30864353

Ethics

The nineteenth century German philosopher Immanuel Kant presented an ethical code that assigned a strict "right" or "wrong" to every action. Called the categorical imperative, Kant believed that it does not matter what the consequences or outcome of actions are; there are certain things that are right and certain things that are wrong. These ethical categories of right and wrong are not negotiable. It can never be "sometimes" ok to tell a white lie, or to steal. Instead, Kant created easy to understand categories that apply theoretically to all cultures and all people at all times. Human beings are always morally obliged to do the right thing in any given situation, even if doing so leads to suffering. Therefore, it would be considered right to tell the truth to a murderer and subsequently die rather than to lie to the murderer and survive. Davis (n.d.). uses the example of…… [Read More]

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Virtue What Is the Main Problem in

Words: 676 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38951005

Virtue

What is the main problem in the field of higher education today, according to Dr. Christina Hoff Sommers?

Sommers is concerned about several things that take place on college campuses in America. She is aware that students cheat rather than do their own work, for one thing. She reports on a survey by the Boston Globe that revealed a shocking 75% of high school students have admitted to cheating; the percentage of college students that cheat is 50% and the percentage of college-age students that would steal from their employers is 34%.

All of this shocking to Sommers but she believes the source of these negative statistics is the fact that students are not being taught ethics. Instead the students are enrolled in courses in moral relativism and social justice (along with other social issues); very little was being taught regarding morality, personal morality and taking responsibility for person…… [Read More]

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Team Processes

Words: 1217 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34253792

Team Processes

Organizational success depends on an understanding of decision-making, creativity, teamwork, and organizational structure. Chapters 7, 8, and 13 in the text address these concepts fully. These concepts also fill the pages of Websites and readings devoted to helping future managers understand their role, and how they can thrive in any organization. Decision-making is crucial for strong leadership. There are several paradigms and theories that can be applied to the decision-making process. These paradigms and theories help people understand how their cognitive and emotional processes impact their decisions. Understanding the paradigms and theories of decision-making also help people avoid making mistakes, while also learning from past mistakes in order to make better choices for the future.

The rational choice paradigm of decision-making is one of the foremost paradigms that can be applied to the enterprise level. The rational choice paradigm of decision-making is essentially rooted in the utilitarian philosophies…… [Read More]

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Videos Is Carried Out With Each Review

Words: 743 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20621000

videos is carried out; with each review explaining a particular ethical approach using examples given in respective video watched. From the videos, four major ethical approaches are highlighted in the paper; Kant, Utilitarian, Aristotle's virtue ethics and Confucius. At the end of this work, the reader will be able to understand and distinguish between moral, ethical, values and legal issues.

Kant

According to Kant, morality is based on a standard of reasonableness known as categorical imperative; thus, immorality is the violation of the categorical imperative (Aune, 1979). Also, Kant claims that for one to be moral, they should uphold the truth in whichever situation they face. However, from the video, the situation an individual whose family is wanted by the murderer faces may change their view of Kant's philosophy. Kant asserts that the individual is supposed to speak the truth on the issue, which according to him is a moral…… [Read More]

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Ethical Decisions That Corporations Must Make Are

Words: 844 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7834983

Ethical decisions that corporations must make are not always the least costly ones when it comes to fixing a problem. When a CEO is confronted with a choice of doing the ethical, customer-friendly decision, or saving money and shipping a product that is clearly not safe or in the best interest of children, there should be only one solution. That solution is to do the right thing: take the loss, bite the bullet, and pay for the fix so the product that is sent to the public is safe and fully represents the advertising that was designed to entice customers in the first place.

Memo to the Toy Company CEO: Background on Ethics and Toys

In the case of the toy whistles that have more lead than is safe for human health, it is absolutely imperative that the toys that are sent out meet the strictest standards for safety. This…… [Read More]

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Multinational Companies and Ethical Theories Human Rights

Words: 1593 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98551341

Multinational Companies and Ethical Theories:

Human rights issues in the global supply chain are one of the major challenges that multinational companies face in their operations. While these firms try to support human rights through various initiatives, the also violate these rights through other practices that characterize their operations (Arnold, 2010, p.371). The human rights paradigm has extended to incorporate emerging actors to an extent that the debate on these rights is no longer limited to individual states. Multinational companies have been included in the human rights paradigm in the global supply chain is because they are holders of human rights. Regulations for human rights protection are particularly important to these firms because of their organizational structure, total influence, and mode of operation (Deva, 2004).

One of the major concerns for governments, scholars, and non-governmental organizations is how to influence the human rights behaviors of multinational companies. This concern is…… [Read More]

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Ethical Stance Why How Do

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 27097811



Article Critique

Specifically, the first possible explanation for Reid's stunning reversal is simply that he fears losing the ability to filibuster Republican legislation in the event of a future republican majority in the Senate more than he cares about restoring functionality to the bicameral U.S. Congress. His reasoning would be that if the republicans gain control of the Senate in the upcoming mid-term Congressional elections, a Democratic minority would need to be able to block Republican legislation by filibustering to force a two-thirds supermajority voting threshold, exactly as the Republicans have been doing since the 2010 mid-term elections. At the very least, this is hypocrisy and forsaking the best possible governmental function for partisan loyalty to a political party over country. Horsey does allude to this, although so subtly that one could miss it altogether.

Horsey never even addresses the other plausible explanation for Reid's reversal: it is a result…… [Read More]

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Ethics Bill Gates Founded Microsoft

Words: 1561 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 47547229

He sets the vision and tone for many billionaires, and it is this vision and tone that helps Bill Gates to make a far greater contribution to the world than his corporate endeavors would ever allow.

Bill Gates has donated billions to charity, and in this he is showing ethical leadership. His approach to leadership emphasizes the ability of a fortunate few to deliver the greatest good for the greatest number. Gates has long been a proponent, for example, of using his wealth to help those less fortunate. More importantly, his approach has encouraged other leaders to rethink their own strategies with respect to charitable giving,

Works Cited

Guth, R. (2008) Bill Gates issues call for kinder capitalism. Wall Street Journal. Retrieved November 23, 2012 from http://online.wsj.com/article/SB120113473219511791.html

Driver, J. (2009) the history of utilitarianism. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved November 23, 2012 from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/utilitarianism-history/

Collins, J. (2005) Level 5 leadership:…… [Read More]

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Ethical and Legal Aspects of

Words: 2640 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72101523

Mudra did not act according to this principle when he ignored the warning signs of Daniel's condition.

The best course of action would therefore have been a focus on beneficence/non-maleficence rather than upon respect for autonomy. Daniel's age is also an important factor. Concomitantly with his condition, Daniel's immaturity and a desire to "prove" his independence to his parents, could have contributed to his death. When treating such young persons, it is perhaps advisable to place emphasis upon non-maleficence rather than respect for autonomy. In terms of these two principles, it would be acceptable for the parents to complain.

In terms of scope, the final principle, justice, is not as applicable to Daniel's case itself as it is to his parents. The parents feel aggrieved by the practitioner's lack of in-depth knowledge and action regarding Daniel's condition. They are seeking justice for themselves, but it is too late for such…… [Read More]

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Oscar Wilde Rebellion of His

Words: 4795 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 85814865

" (Eksteins, 1994)

Eksteins writes that Britain had "in the last century...damned her great poets and writers, Byron had been chased out of the country, Shelley forbidden to raise his children, and Oscar Wilde sent to prison." (1994) Pearce (2003) states that Wilde "was a major symbol of the sexual anarchy that threatened the purposive and reproductive modes of the bourgeois family. Algy mocks the utilitarian nature of modern marriage thus: The amount of women in London who flirt with their own husbands is perfectly scandalous. It looks so bad. It is simply washing one's clean linen in public." (Shoewalter, 1992; in Pearce, 2003)

The narratives of this period were realist in nature and such that centered around "marriage and inheritance were giving way to fantastic 'finde siecle' tales about split personalities. (Showalter, 1992: in Pearce, 2003) Many of Wilde's plays were a "critique of the naturalization of bourgeois relations"…… [Read More]

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Sports Business and Ethics Issues

Words: 1882 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 77276122

" (Council of Europe, nd) Boone holds that it is the responsibility of the educators and training to understand that "intellectual dishonesty in exercise physiology weakens the integrity of the evolving profession. Central to membership in a professional organization is the moral balance and appreciation for ethically-based thinking." (2003)

In other words, first the integrity of the profession of teaching and coaching sports must be upheld by those professionals who are in the teaching and coaching initiative and secondly it is the responsibility of those teachers and coaches to instill the same ethics of fair competition in the minds of the athletes whose life they play a major developmental role. In conclusion the statement of Boone is noted who states: "Frankly, I have never understood how values can be taught when athletes, winners or otherwise, are encouraged to take performance-enhancing supplements. It is a contradiction of sports ethics. Simply stated:…… [Read More]

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Michael C Braswell -- Introduces

Words: 697 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 73462013

" Deontological ethics, on the other hand, emphasizes the performance of certain duties regardless of the consequences. The most famous deontologist, the 18th century German philosopher -- Immanuel Kant further holds that the key to morality is intention rather than consequences of action. Kant's theory also includes the idea that one should do only what one is willing to permit anyone else to do. Both theories (Utilitarianism and Deontology) have their weaknesses and the author suggests that combining the two would solve most of the ethical dilemmas of criminal justice.

Summary of Chapter 3:

The authors of this chapter explore the ethical concept of 'peacemaking' and its themes of connectedness, care, and mindfulness. The theme of 'connectedness' suggests that human beings are not isolated individuals but are connected to other human beings as well as the environment. People who recognize such 'connectedness' look within themselves, take personal responsibility and behave…… [Read More]

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Ethics and the Internet as the Computer

Words: 2727 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 52112119

Ethics and the Internet

As the computer has evolved in the modern world, so the potential for communication has also increased. The computer, and the development of the Internet, has meant that human society has become more connected than ever before and the barriers between nations and people around the globe have been broken down. While this is a positive development in many ways, the growth of the Internet has also meant that there has been an increase in a wide range of new problems. One of these is the issue of ethics. "Just as ethics evolve as human societies grow and change, so similar ethical questions are raised during the evolution of this global electronic community." (Ethics on the Web)

The more that technology for communication and open publication of information advances, the more questions are raised about issues relating to moral codes of behavior and problems about what…… [Read More]

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Social Research Involves Measuring Describing Explaining and

Words: 3185 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 72954458

Social research involves measuring, describing, explaining and predicting social and economic phenomena. Its objectives include exploring social and economic structures, attitudes, values and behaviors and the factors, which motivate and constrain individuals and groups in society. There are, however, a number of ethical and political concerns that social researchers must be aware of while conducting such research. This paper focuses on and describes some of these valid ethical and political concerns.

Ethics of Social Research

Since "social research" encompasses a wide-ranging field, it is probably not appropriate to have a universal or a single set of code of ethics to govern such research. Over time, however, a number of conflicting ethical theories such as the Utilitarian theory introduced by John Stuart Mill (1806-1873), advocating that the ends justify the means, and Immanuel Kant (1724-1804)'s ethical theories that emphasized that humans should not be the means to an end, have been…… [Read More]

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Utilitarianism Case 1- Dating at Wal-Mart According

Words: 606 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 67564659

Utilitarianism

Case 1- Dating at Wal-Mart

According to utilitarianism, the physical act of adultery cannot be judged moral or immoral until situated by intention and circumstances. In this case, the married woman was separated from her husband and wasn't aware of the no-dating rule in the handbook. Further, there is no evidence of direct or immediate harm. The affair did not disrupt the workplace, cause internal turmoil or damage Wal-Mart's reputation as evidenced by the fact that the manager only became aware of the situation when papers were served at the store. Therefore, there is not significant justification to infringe on the employment rights of the couple by firing them.

Case 2- Is email private?

The interests of the few for the betterment of all should prevail in matters of workplace surveillance such as reading corporate email. The cases of the reporter and the supervisor are very different. The Los…… [Read More]

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Insider Trading From a Utilitarian Ethical Point-of-view

Words: 1248 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 33327562

Insider Trading from a "Utilitarian" ethical point-of-view. The paper discusses types of insider trading, the Utilitarian theory of Ethics and the arguments for and against insider trading.

Ethics of Insider Trading

Insider Trading generally refers to the buying or selling of financial instruments (usually in the stock market) on the basis of privileged information that is known to a restricted group of people. Debate has raged among economists, traders, businesspersons, philosophers and even the general public for many years about the rights and wrongs of insider trading practice. No consensus seems to have emerged yet. In this paper we would be looking at the practice of insider trading from the utilitarian ethical point-of-view and try to determine whether the practice is morally justified.

What is Insider Trading?

Before we discuss the ethics of insider trading, let us see what term "insider trading" really means in greater detail. According to the…… [Read More]

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Peter Singer's Voluntary Euthanasia a Utilitarian Perspective

Words: 1022 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 74797913

against Voluntary Euthanasia on Life Support

In his essay, Voluntary Euthanasia: A Utilitarian Perspective, Peter Singer reviews ethical arguments regarding voluntary euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide from a utilitarian perspective. Thesis: Singer establishes a solid grounding for the ethicality of legalizing voluntary euthanasia by arguing that the human right to pursue their notion of the good should be respected. Also, he satisfactorily disposes of common objections to legalization by showing them to be either manageable or premature.

Explanation of Singer's Position

Singer concludes that, from a utilitarian perspective, the legalization of voluntary euthanasia or physician-assisted suicide would be a desirable reform.

He reasons that the objections against Euthanasia based on the availability of alternative treatments can be resolved through procedures to certify that such treatments are insufficient.

He then addresses the only viable objection, that legalizing voluntary euthanasia will lead to a slippery slope of increased non-voluntary euthanasia decisions. He disposes…… [Read More]

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Deontology vs Utilitarianism the Right Choice Deontology

Words: 1609 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88711659

Deontology vs. Utilitarianism

THE RIGHT CHOICE

Deontology is an ethical theory, which states actions should be performed according a previously ranked set of values (Johnson, 1996). It states that some rights must not be violated even if it may produce the greatest overall good. It sees rightness as something intrinsic, rather than extrinsic, to the action performed. It is generally attributed to the philosophy of Immanuel Kant on categorical imperatives. Deontology urges that actions or means to actions must themselves be ethical. It upholds ethical norms and truths to be universally applicable. Immoral actions are those, which are wrong in themselves and of themselves. Deontology requires that all people act with the view that their act be a universal pattern or norm of behavior. Immanuel Kant also maintains that people arrive at moral conclusions on what is morally right or wrong through rational thought. Deontology insists that the means must…… [Read More]

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Banking Fees and Morality Integrating Values The

Words: 5580 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 14622523

Banking Fees and Morality

Integrating Values:

The Legal, Moral, and Social Responsibility of the Government, the Banks, and the Consumers

Legal Section

Statement of Relevant Legal Principles and Rules of Law

Application of Law to Topic and Legal Analysis

Ethics Section

Utilitarian Ethical Analysis

Kantian Ethical Analysis

Additional Ethical Analysis

Social Responsibility Section

Introduction to B. Definition of term "Social Responsibility"

Application of Social Responsibility

Banking fees in one form or another have existed in the United States hundreds of years, however the degree of regulation on the bank fees has varied over time. Regardless of whether banking fees are being regulated liberally or conservatively, legal, ethical, and social responsibility questions arise. This three value approach assists in analyzing which of the three parties -- the government, the banks, or the consumers -- owe which duty regarding the functionality of the banking fee system. Arguably, all three parties owe a…… [Read More]

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Just War Theory Sweeping Changes in the

Words: 1702 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 92690826

Just War Theory

Sweeping changes in the way wars are fought have brought current scholars' attention to the ethical concept of the Just War. The concept of the Just War is nearly as old as war itself; it is perhaps best codified in Thucydides' History of the Peloponnesian War. There have historically been two main approaches to deciding what is, in fact, fair in war: deontological and consequentialist. In short, these opposing poles represent: on the one hand, duty, what war "ought" to be, and the notion that war requires a moral motivation and morally justifiable means; on the other hand, realpolitik, pragmatic considerations, and an account based on justifiable ends rather than means. The deontological approach takes many cues from Kant's ethics, while the consequentialist or Realist school finds its roots in John Stuart Mill, among others.

Recent work in political philosophy and ethics has attempted to place international…… [Read More]

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Contemporary Moral Issues

Words: 1049 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 7778901

Utilitarianism

Contemporary moral issues-Utilitarianism

An immediate challenge of living that is linked not only to the quality of life but also to the nature of our experiences is decision making. Everyday individuals have decisions to make and many of these decisions are of a multidimensional nature. The complexity of decision making often paralyzes some individuals because of indecision. They are afraid of the consequences because the consequences are unclear and the path to clarity obscure. Philosophical positions attempt to assist in clarifying decision making through multiple approaches. In this paper I will demonstrate that the most useful philosophical approach to decision making for the individual is utilitarianism. Utilitarianism is superior to Kantianism and Virtue Theory because of its simplicity and the clarity it brings to the decision making process.

There are multiple utilitarian positions and these will be considered briefly at this point in the debate. The two most dominant…… [Read More]

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Ethical Decision in the Context

Words: 816 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 63678173

com. N.D.).

In choosing to dismiss the CEO the Board can create a significantly better situation for stakeholders than if they retained his services. Aggrieved customers can experience a feeling of closure over the event, and will be satisfied that the company is taking action by letting go the CEO. Flyers in general will recognize the move as the first step in cleaning house, and a wake-up call to the airline industry in general to proactively guard against the recurrence of a similar event. Flyers will also benefit from the passage of a passenger bill of rights which will have the backing of legislators if they can see the CEO's dismissal as an intelligent first step. Perhaps the greatest good will come to shareholders, as the company moves to arrest the fall in the stock price through rededicating itself to customer service and restoring trust. The internal shareholders: employees and…… [Read More]

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Controversial Business Practice

Words: 5379 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 67842655

Plastic Surgery

Teen Plastic Surgery: A Controversial Medical Practice

According to the American Society of Plastic Surgeons, in 2007, more than 87,000 teenagers had cosmetic surgery; and that number has grown exponentially since. Although aesthetic cosmetic surgery is popular amongst United States teens, physicians and plastic surgeons worry that such invasive surgery on teens' still growing bodies can be dangerous. Other developed countries, including Germany and Australia, are considering banning all but medically necessary plastic surgery for anyone under the age of 18. However, the question remains, if such a measure were taken like that in the United States for minors stem the tide of teenagers going under the knife? This paper will address the controversy associated with teenagers and aesthetic cosmetic surgery in the United States, and the business of plastic surgery for teens, from a legal, ethical, and social responsibility standpoint.

Introduction

In a country, and dare say…… [Read More]

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Genetic Technology - Stem Cell Research Stem

Words: 708 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Creative Writing Paper #: 5418007

Genetic Technology - Stem Cell Research

Stem Cells

There has been an abundance of controversy over the past several years regarding the research of stem cells. Proponents of this particular branch of research claim that the usage of stem cells can create virtually unparalleled medical advantages for future generations. Opponents of the utilization of stem cells cite the fact that the research is unethical, primarily since it causes death in embryos to produce the advances which can significantly affect the future of health and wellness. However, careful consideration of bioethics, and in particular that of the consequentialist philosophy known as utilitarianism, indicates that stem cell research is both ethical and beneficial to the preservation of human kind.

Utilitarianism is the branch of philosophy pioneered by both John Stuart Mill and Jeremy Bentham that judges the morality of a particular action by its result. If an action produces more good than…… [Read More]

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Ethics Interstate -35 West Mississippi River Bridge

Words: 892 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91717258

Ethics

Interstate -35 West Mississippi River Bridge

The collapse of the Interstate-35 West Mississippi River Bridge, which is also known as Bridge 9340, was one of the most dramatic cases of structural engineering failure in the history of the United States within the past five years. The abrupt collapse of the eight-lane structure in Minneapolis, Minnesota on August 1, 2007, which killed approximately 13 people and injured upwards of over 100 travelers, brought to mind several of the traditional ethical issues of engineering in the workplace as many of the deceased and their loved ones agonized over how such a structural failure could take place. Unfortunately, the bridge had a long history of safety issues dating back to 1990 in which it was determined to be deficient by the federal government. Subsequent reports as recent as 2006 found substantial amounts of cracking and weakening in the girders and approach spans,…… [Read More]

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Religion and Secularism in Turkey

Words: 3751 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 37897638

" The Constitution allows rites of worship and religious services and ceremonies. It protects people from being compelled to worship and participate in these religious rites against their will. It forbids the exploitative use of religion, religious feelings or things held sacred for personal or political influence. It insures that one can change his religion or belief by himself or as a group, privately or publicly. The Constitution has these guarantees to freedom of religion or worship. Yet, and at the same time, it obliges the state to provide Sunni Muslim religious education in the elementary and secondary schools. This was seen as contradicting the principles of a modern, secular state. It compelled Christian and Jewish children to receive a Sunni Muslim religious education and opposed the philosophies of liberalism, human rights and religious freedom. It particularly affected Syriac Christians on account of the Treaty of Lausanne, which did not…… [Read More]

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Consequentialism Faces a Number of

Words: 3490 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 5475684

The critic then claims that it is not plausible that the correct moral theory could demand the sacrifice of innocent individuals in this way, and therefore consequentialism should be rejected.

(Lawlor, 2004)

The above example serves to illustrate that consequentialism as a theory applied to criminal justice, has certain inescapable flaws in terms of ethics and morality.

The aspect of partiality is also another more technical objection to the validity of this stance. The theory of consequentialism is intended to decide on moral goodness or otherwise from an impartial and uninvolved viewpoint and only judge actions based on consequences. An example that is often given in the literature is the view that the happiness of one individual over another is not as important as the outcomes in term so the greatest amount of happiness. Therefore, consequentialism tends to hold that in deciding what to do, you ought to give just…… [Read More]

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German Geographer Alexander Humboldt A

Words: 3609 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 12365558

..traveler, naturalist, geologist and is famous for his works entitled as follows:

1) 1805-14 Maps in Voyage de Humboldt et Bonpland Numerous re-issues;

2) 1811-1-2 Atlas Gegographique et Phisique de Royaume de Ia Nouvel/e Espagn; 3) 1814-34 Atlas du Nouz'eau Continent (Barrister, 2007)

Barrister additionally relates that nearing the end of the century approximately between 1799 and 1804, "the German naturalist and traveler, Alexander von Humboldt, made epic journeys in South American and, although not primarily a cartographer, he added immensely to knowledge of the northern areas of the continent. His travels and studies there led him to formulate new theories in the spheres of meteorology, geology and oceanography which had world-wide application. Indeed, after Napoleon and Wellington, he was the most famous man of his time in Europe and his ideas made a major contribution to German and European cartography in the nineteenth century. In particular, his assertion that…… [Read More]

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Cultural Competence and Ethics Community

Words: 738 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 16684793

Instead, the doctor or nurse must obey the same ethical principle in all cases. They must uphold their moral duty to save the lives of all of their patients, and dispense the highest quality care they can conceivably give under the circumstances.

However, while the Kantian ethics of duty might be useful when making individual moral decisions for healthcare practitioners, the idea of utilitarianism popularized by John Stuart Mill and Jeremy Bentham sometimes must prevail in the system as a whole, given that health care is dispensed in a world of finite, scarce resources (Mautner, 2004). Utilitarianism stresses the utility, or usefulness of every moral action for society, not simply the individual patient. For example, although it might be optimal for the individual to receive all the possible screening tests for every conceivable medical ailment, health care insurance companies will only pay for screenings deemed to be of a great…… [Read More]

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Journal Exercise 5 1A Morality Then

Words: 1834 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 82388168


Journal Exercise 5.3 B: Responding to Literature
1.
The cherry blossoms dint each other in the whisper of wind as I
throw them up in the air and prance under them, pretending I am
someone else's bride.
He comes, charging like a mule with his lips pursed and his hands clutched
over the bronze medallion he wears as if it were his heart-
his wife-
and I'm caught white handed with the smiles and the
cherry blossoms,
which dint each other in the whisper of wind and his
whispers to the guards.
When he turns his back, I see no more white
but only red,
only the cherries,
only my
blood
stained
smile.
2.
With the last line of his poem, Robert Browning not only casts light
on his character of the duke, but he also leaves the reader with a chilled
feeling. More than an effective conclusion, the line…… [Read More]

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Freedom and Responsibility An Ethical

Words: 2111 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 25440332

Science has become a dominant facet of modern society and has to a large extent replaced the guiding role of religion. Therefore, science has a great responsibility to ensure that research freedom is not irresponsibly applied. This has resulted in numerous debates on subjects such as science and the environment and modern cloning. This in turn has raised the question whether scientific freedom is always ethical. There is a view from many quarters that science is in fact an ethically neutral and that scientific freedom does not come with social or ethical responsibilities. (Tielman)

This aspect is also discussed in an article by Fenstad, entitled, Science between freedom and responsibility (2003) in this article the author argues against the view of scientific neutrality and asserts that modern science cannot avoid its ethical responsibilities. "Previously, science was the problem solver. Now science came to be seen as a major source of…… [Read More]

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New Struggle We as a

Words: 1121 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88188658

If we are honest with ourselves, we can admit that we live in a society of tyranny and oppression. It might not be as blatant a case of civil rights violations as were the Jim Crow laws of the South, and it might be a more complicated issue when it comes to matters of personal faith. In the arena of public affairs, however, it is exactly the same. Either all people are equal, or none are free.

It cannot be the purpose of a democratic government to legislate morality. John Stuart Mill warned us of the danger of a tyranny of the majority -- the situation wherein the bulk of a society's people have made an arbitrary moral determination and proceed to impose on those small factions that do not adhere to the same beliefs. Such tyranny was seen time and time again in all forms of government -- the…… [Read More]