Labeling Theory Essays (Examples)

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Aging in Alaska Options for

Words: 3576 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 13762585

These grants were to provide community planning and services and for training through research, development or training projects. Its 10 objectives were aligned with the major areas of federal programming. These were an adequate income in retirement according to the American standards of living; the best physical and mental health; suitable housing; full restorative care for those who would require institutional care; employment opportunities without discrimination; health, honor and dignity in retirement; pursuit of meaningful activity at the widest range; efficient community services; immediate benefit from reliable research knowledge; and freedom, independence and the free exercise of individual initiative. Title III of this Act provided grants for community planning, services and training. Amendments made in 1971 and 1974 provided the basis for establishing and operating a nationwide network, the Administration on Aging or AoA. The first implementation strategy of the AoA was to sponsor many small direct service programs nationwide.…… [Read More]

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Organizational Analysis -- National Pesto an Organization

Words: 548 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39212914

Organizational Analysis -- National Pesto

An organization is a structure that comes together for a collective goal. There are a variety of types of organizations, both public and private, but from a process perspective, and organization is something that focuses on an agreed upon set of tasks or actions. There are four major types of organizations, pyramids or hierarchies, committees or juries, matrix, and ecological organizations.

Pyramids/Hierarchies -- are organizations with a leader at the top and a support staff. This is the typical office bureaucracy, and it is very structured.

Committees/Juries -- committees and juries operate as a group of peers who make decisions collectively, perhaps by voting. Often these types of groups need some structure (e.g. Robert's Rules of Order) to prevent discussions from devolving into non-action.

Matrix Management -- matrix organizations has a functional hierarchy based on expertise. Thus, one individual might have two or more supervisors,…… [Read More]

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Value of Money Is Perhaps the Most

Words: 614 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 60419263

value of money is perhaps the most critical concept in modern financial theory. According to Bianco & Poole (2010), "While executives and academics often disagree, they all agree that the time value of money (TVM) is the most important finance concept that should be taught in introductory finance classes" (Gup, 1994) Undergraduate business students are typically exposed to time value of money concepts in more than one course. Introductory accounting and financial management courses always cover TVM. Students are often taught this subject in mathematics and other general business courses. Many techniques are utilized for teaching and solving TVM problems including formulas, tables, financial calculators and spreadsheets." (Bianco, Poole, 2010)

In my opinion, the idea for TVM is important due to the notion that a dollar invested today increase the value of dollars earned today due to the value of receiving P + i, which is principal plus interest. According…… [Read More]

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Classic Airlines CA Must Compete in a

Words: 2385 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44343094

Classic Airlines (CA) must compete in a dynamic 21st century global economy with a limited budget and the prospects of limited capital resources. Therefore, profit maximization becomes a function of performance management of fiscal, customer, and facility operations. Streamlining of operations will not only save on internal operating costs, the analysis will also remove processes that do not add value and to which customers may not want to experience in the first place. For example, "I know you may need to automate customer service control costs, but there should always be the option to talk to a real person." (Boyle, 2004)

The program membership into the company frequent flier program is 80% business travelers and 20% leisure travelers

. Core operations and customer service practices should be centered around the expectations of this class of customer. The process with respect to the trip a business traveler expects to receive on…… [Read More]

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Globalization of the Fashion Industry Not'so

Words: 2877 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30600469

Globalization of the Fashion Industry

Not so long ago, globalization was an only theoretical term businesses used as a "what if" situation. Today, globalization is a reality. Through lowered trade restrictions and increased international cooperation, countries are increasingly affecting one another both culturally and economically. Fashion is one of the largest sectors that has both facilitated globalization and has benefited from this phenomenon. Increases in mass media communication, has meant fashion trends that once took months to move from the catwalks of Paris to the city streets of other countries now can happen almost instantaneously. Pop culture fashion can symbolize an entire culture, such as denim's association with the United States, freedom and democracy. However, with this increased dissemination of fashion, globalization has also resulted in benefits for the industry in general, as well as significant challenges.

This paper explores the concept of globalization in the fashion industry. It begins…… [Read More]

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Evolution of Batman From the

Words: 4714 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 94686898

In Miller's Batman, one sees a man waging war on a world that has sold its soul for empty slogans and nationalism: the Dark Knight represents a kind of spirit reminiscent of what the old world used to call the Church Militant -- he is virtue violently opposed to all forms of vice -- even those that bear the letter S. On their chests and come in fine wrapping.

Miller's graphic novel paved the way for Burton's dark film noir adaptation (the ill-fated Lt. Eckhardt is an homage to Orson Welles' fat, corrupt police chief in the noir film Touch of Evil), and the 90s found Batman back on the television screen -- this time in an animated series that had Mark Hamil (of Star Wars fame) voicing what many fans have claimed to be the best Joker of all. Batman: The Animated Series returned the Batman myth to the…… [Read More]

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Joyce Gender Plays a Prominent

Words: 1906 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36030207

As Brivic points out, the labeling of females as hysterical is another means by which a patriarchal society genders certain behaviors. Behaviors related to emotionality are notably gendered, as males and females are socialized to react and communicate according to gender norms. Occasionally in Joycean narratives, discourse related to gender is overt, rather than covert. For instance, in A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, Stephen does not take offense at his father's calling him a "bitch" and instead mocks him: "He has a curious idea of genders if he thinks a bitch is masculine," (Chapter 5). Awareness of the futility of gender norms and gendered identities fuel Stephen Dedalus's character in both Ulysses and in A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man.

Feminist discourse is deliberately subversive in both James Joyce's Ulysses and Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man. Male characters are central…… [Read More]

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Environmental Analysis Charlie Jo Environmental

Words: 1520 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84398177

This equation is more equipped to take into account changes in costs and cash flows on an annual basis, and with energy prices likely to increase this will yield a better view of the situation. Assuming a 10% annual increase in the price per kWh yields the following costs of 15,000 kWh of purchased electricity:

Year 0: $3,000

Year 1: $3,300

Year 2: $3,630

Year 3: $3,993

Year 4: $4,392

At a 75% savings, cash inflow would be:

Year 0: $2,250

Year 1: $2,475

Year 2: $2,723

Year 3: $2,995

Year 4: $3,294

The additional savings in preventing costs of carbon emission removal can be estimated at two cents per kg, for an additional annual savings of $3,000. According to the Net Present Value equation, each of these projected inflows must be discounted by the discount rate (given as 5%), resulting in the following determination of value:

NPV = (5250)+(5475/1.05)+(5723/1.05^2)+(5995/1.05^3)+(6294/1.05^4)…… [Read More]

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Long-Term Ramifications of the Ma Bell Breakup

Words: 3129 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 43075972

Long-Term Ramifications of the Ma Bell Breakup

The old Ma Bell was far from perfect, but she deserved her good name. -- Tom Nolle, 2003

Given its prospects, the new Ma Bell looks an awful lot like the old Ma Bell. And that's not a good thing. -- Shannon M. Heim, 2005

The dichotomy of views exemplified by the epigraph above is reflective of the love-hate relationship that Americans have always had with their telephone service provider. Following the breakup of AT&T, or "Ma Bell" in 1982, one of the few legal monopolies in the United States, seven so-called smaller regional "Baby Bells" long-distance providers were created, four of which remain in operation today. After almost a century in operation, the breakup of Ma Bell was followed by a wave of deregulation and competition that profoundly affected the telecommunications industry in both short- as well as long-term ways. To determine…… [Read More]

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Frank Lloyd Wright Robie House

Words: 1937 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 52701244

The open space invites you to dwell on the mysterious and contemplate the interior life -- away from the crowded, stacked-up world just beyond the walls: "deliberately placed…beyond the limits of control" (Witcombe).

The Guggenheim, therefore, takes you out of your element: it transports you into another time, another place -- a time and place that never existed and has yet to come into existence: a sanctuary where modern art and naturalism merge into an architectural act of creation. Are these false impressions? Or is the Guggenheim nothing more than a Kandinskian cross between "fashion" and "fine art" (Johnson 666)?

There is nothing absurdist about Wright's architecture. It is sincere and always quiet. Yet something about the Guggenheim is so unlike Robie House -- so bursting -- so NYC and modern -- that it amazes, calls attention to itself and yet does not play the fool. It is as if…… [Read More]

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Democracy & the Electoral College

Words: 1208 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 57085880

The fact is, people vote outside of their party regularly. Consider the Reagan Democrats or the Clinton Republicans, who crossed party lines to support presidential candidates. Gov. George Pataki, a Republican, has been repeatedly re-elected in New York, one of America's most liberal states, and Michael Bloomberg has twice been elected mayor of New York City, one of the country's most liberal cities. These types of scenarios play out at the national, state and local levels across the country. But such anomalies would be impossible if people completely identified ideologically with their own political parties, which would seemingly preclude voting for another party.

If many people are not ideologically committed to their political parties, why do they register as members of those parties at all? The answer is that the financial power of the Republican and Democratic parties give them a stranglehold on the American elections process. For example, it…… [Read More]

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Losing Matthew Shepard the Book

Words: 1863 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 83766374

More thought was given to the matter once the national spotlight was turned on Laramie because of the murder. The people were forced to confront these ideas as they also sought to defend the town against those who thought simply that Laramie must have fostered these ideas and must be complicit in the death. Even without that element, the horror of the situation caused many to ask how anyone in their community could do such a thing, a common response in any community where a terrible crime takes place.

Loffreda's analysis is extensive, and she is able to talk to many people ion the town who otherwise were avoiding speaking to the media at all. Her investigation took place at the same time as the trial and other events related to the crime, making her ability to get answers from a shell-shocked public all the more remarkable. She shapes the…… [Read More]

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Mcdonalds Corporation Mcdonald's and the

Words: 2011 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 20151688

McDonald's, the International Olympic Committee, and the American College of Sports Medicine opened a Web site. McDonald's also introduced an educational campaign, Real Life Choices about how to track diets and put menu items into three categories: "Watching Calories," "Watching Fat," and "Watching Carbohydrates." McDonald's also provided nutritional information on its Web site" (Obesity and McLawsuits).

The Menu Education and Labeling Act (MEAL) was released by the House and the Senate in November 2003. Its requirements implied the disclosure "in a statement adjacent to the name of the food on any menu listing the food for sale, or by any other means approved by the Secretary [of Health and Human Services], the number of calories, grams of saturated fat plus trans fat, and milligrams of sodium contained in a serving of the food, offered for sale, in a clear and conspicuous manner and information, specified by the Secretary by regulation,…… [Read More]

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Oceanography Identifying the Current Location

Words: 2030 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 11945363

They are responsible for transporting the heat from tropics to mid-latitudes. On the other hand, speed is said to be lower in the case of eastern currents (e.g. California Current) which transport cold water to the tropics where this is heated and pushed back to the poles by the western streams. Consequently, ocean surface currents help the Sun energy spread from the equator to the poles ((

Swells, breaking surf, tsunami

Swells may be defined as "a long series of ocean waves, generally produced by wind, and lasting after the wind has ceased" ( may be generated thousand of miles away from the beach by tropical storms or wind systems. Such a genesis explains their higher stability in direction and frequency, and the major attractiveness that they exert on surfers. Thus, swells are the so called wave trains which display considerable wavelength or period. This is a parameter measuring "the…… [Read More]

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General Education Kindergarten and a

Words: 1265 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 50987205

A also found that the students who were not labeled as special education also learned lessons from those who were. In the class I observed there was a special education child who was deaf. Each of the regular education students in the classroom adapted quickly to having a deaf peer in the classroom and they would make a point of being sure to have his attention before they moved on to their play activities on the playground. At the lunch table they made sure to include him as well.

Before observing this classroom I had thought that students this young were unable to give of themselves so selflessly however I found that they are not only able that they take it in stride which creates the foundational understanding and acceptance of the world's diverse nature.

One of the things I thought that turned out to be the case was that…… [Read More]

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Diego Rivera the Artist as

Words: 2603 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 1414089

When the work was near completion a reporter came to the cite to interview Rivera and took many scenes from the work as examples of a dangerously revolutionary idea, despite Rivera's impassioned explanation and led the public to believe that Rivera had duped Rockefeller and the American people.

A said that, as long as the Soviet Union was in existence, Nazi fascism could never be sure of its survival. Therefore, the Soviet Union must expect to be attacked by this reactionary enemy. If the United States wished to preserve its democratic forms, it would ally itself with Russia against fascism. Since Lenin was the pre-eminent founder of the Soviet Union and also the first and most altruistic theorist of modern communism, I used him as the center of the inevitable alliance between the Russian and the American. In doing this, I said, I was quite aware that I was going…… [Read More]

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Namely Evaluating the Structure of

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 81028076

e., combination classes or multi-grade and single grade classes). Further, operationalizing the terms context and composition would have greatly aided the reader in interpreting the study's results.

Study Purpose. Burns and Mason (2002) did follow best fit research practice protocol by stating the purpose of the study as that being to study student achievement with respect to the effects of class composition. However, this reviewer would have like to see more information of exactly what is meant by multi-grade composition and single grade composition. In other words, should such factors as gender, ethnicity, socio-economic level, family size, ESL possibilities, and reading ability have been considered? Without such information it is difficult to assign a value to the study's content knowledge worthiness.

Literature Review. The primary purpose of any review of literature is to give support to the study being conducted. Such support comes in the form of informing the reader…… [Read More]

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Second Language Research Miles C

Words: 1159 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 12290656

He is 37 years old, born in France, of Senegalese descent. His native language is French, but he also speaks Wolof, Fulani, and American English. He was from a middle class background and was educated in the French school system. He knew virtually no English when he arrived in 1997. he took a job as a factory line worker in the plant and learned English rapidly, using his skills to move up in the company.

The methodology for the study of this worker was an ethnographic case study intended to understand the individual dynamics of this individual at his place of employment, using theory-based or operational construct sampling. In this approach, the sample becomes representative of the phenomenon of interest, with the interest in this case being the subject's social identity in his second language. The two methods of data collection used are observation and interviews. The observations covered a…… [Read More]

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Improve Ethical Behavior of Those

Words: 3551 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 11861043

From this broader perspective and in their planning and operations they have changed the term 'stockholder' to 'stakeholder' to cover employees, customers, suppliers and the community at large. With the growing complexity and dynamism brought about in business, organizations understood they required more guidance to guarantee that their dealings aligned with the overall good and did not pose any harm to others and with this was born business ethics. (McNamara, 2007)

Currently, ethics in the workplace is managed through the application of code of ethics, codes of conduct, contribution of ethicists and ethics committee, polices and procedures, procedures to solve ethical dilemmas, besides training in ethics. There are several benefits of managing ethics as a program. Ethics program help in (i) establishing organizational roles to manage ethics (ii) scheduling the current assessment of ethics needs (iii) set up needed operating values and behavior (iv) streamlining organizational behaviors with operating values…… [Read More]

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Fragile X Syndrome Causation and

Words: 1638 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 37471765

Additionally, such programs can be "driven by economic and entrepreneurial interests. It was supported by a private biotechnology firm, justified by economic concerns about health care costs, and encouraged by the interests of a university research and development program" (Nelkin 1996: 540). However, parents supported the program and were in fact instrumental in organizing it, partially because they hoped the more information they had about their child's difficulties the better, because they desired to help future suffers, and because they hoped to prevent passing on the mutation to future generations (Nelkin 540).

Furthermore, when Fragile X is identified, however, some researchers argue, it can clarify research about other areas. For example, it can identify the cause of some cases autism, and make studies that look for non-Fragile X, genetically-related conditions that cause autism more instructive (Hertz-Picciotto et al. 1120). Knowing the source of a child's status as a Fragile X…… [Read More]

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Discontinuous Innovation in a Business

Words: 2225 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 2018783

(1000 Ventures, 2008)

The work of Kaplan and Palmer (2007) entitled: "Strategic Imagination: External Thought Leaders Inspire Breakthrough Innovation" published by Innovation Point relates the fact concerning innovation efforts that they "often deliver disappointingly short-term ideas and fail to identify longer-term growth platforms. An organization's inwardly-focused and historically-biased view of the world limits its capacity for 'strategic imagination'. Bringing in fresh, future-oriented perspectives from outside the organization is an essential catalyst for innovative 'stretch thinking'." (Kaplan and Palmer, 2007) Bringing in what are termed to be 'external thought leaders' derived from various domains will assist the innovation process and assist the team in the development of 'Industry Foresight' and in identification of: "...non-obvious opportunities." (Kaplan and Palmer, 2007) External thought leaders are described as "...inspirational provocateurs and visionaries..." And are said to be the "...essential catalyst for teams that seek breakthrough innovation." (Kaplan and Palmer, 2007) the work of Wagner…… [Read More]

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Educational Intervention on the Balance

Words: 9613 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 34346457

Literature Review

1. The dilemma of Obesity

Mokdad et al., (1999) in his study found that the issue of unhealthy weight, overweight and obesity are perhaps one of the rising concerns for the Americans in the 21st century as more and more U.S. citizens become vulnerable to the circumstantial risks and dangers of the phenomenon (Mokdad et al., 1999). It is usually the body mass indexes (BMI) that indicate whether a person is actually overweight or not. The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) carried out a study for the years 1999 to 2002 using the BMI phenomenon and concluded that about 65% of U.S. citizens in the adulthood years were categorized under the overweight group because of their BMI (Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, 2005).

To understand the phenomenon of obesity and its rise, it's important to understand…… [Read More]

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Supply Chain Automation at Imperial

Words: 4095 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 2888562

This issue of resistance to change is a critical one that will require significant effort to overcome. As a first step, the development of needs analysis is critical for understanding how the systems can be designed to be of more value to those using them. This is essential to increase the likelihood of acceptance of the supply chain system, both within Imperial Tobacco Canada and with its suppliers. The second major issue is the development of a platform that can be quickly deployed. The use of a Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) for better unifying of the distributed order management systems is also critical for the long-term. This is a major issue for Imperial Tobacco Canada to address today as they integrate the disparate and for the most part disconnected order management systems in their company today. The concept of the SOA is one where all systems are synchronized with one another…… [Read More]

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Prevention of Genocide Humankind Has

Words: 4779 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 48303356

Both Nazism and Communism have been proved of being highly ineffective and dangerous for humanity.

Some of the reasons which made it easier for the genocide that took place during the Holocaust to occur were Hitler's clever schemes and the favorable conditions in which Germans were searching for a scapegoat that they could blame for their deficiencies.

The Khmer Rouge regime has ruled over Cambodia from 1975 to 1979 and it is yet another example of genocide when considering the number of innocents that it claimed and the reasons it had for doing so. Despite the fact that both the Khmer Rouge Regime and the Nazi Regime were guilty of taking the lives of millions, the methods through which the two acted are opposite with one being communist and the other fascist.

With the Marxist leader Pol Pot in charge, the Khmer Rouge army attempted to take Cambodia back to…… [Read More]

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Presidential Election Comparison of Candidates

Words: 3328 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 3790182

A primary is another system of electing delegates with a mandate to vote for a given candidate. Unlike caucuses, primaries are votes conducted by the government on behalf of the political party. This vote can be open, closed, semi-closed or semi-open. Open primaries allow citizens to vote in both parties' primaries; semi-closed only the primary for the party you belong to (independents may vote in these as well) and in closed primaries only registered members of a party may vote in that primary.

The specific rules for the conduct of caucuses and primaries will vary from state to state and between the different parties as well. Washington State has both a primary and a caucus. This adds to the complexity of the system, but provides each state with the opportunity to create a system that works best for their needs.

A presidential caucus is a caucus specifically designed for the…… [Read More]

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Peasant Life During the Meiji

Words: 5967 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 19657359

..Of course, her earnings were also meager, but it was better than relying on farming alone" (Nagatsuka, 1). Oshina, the wives' character in the novel, could be the impersonation of any hardworking farmer's wife during the Meiji Restoration in Japan. The hardship of the life in a village struggling to adjust to the wave of modernity swiping the country, but still very deeply rooted in the previous period was plausible in the case of those who did not own much land or the means to improve their living standards from other not farm-related activities. "At all hours of the day, as long as there was light, Oshina kept busy at one task or another; soaking straw from rope making, sweeping up leaves, her hands were never idle" (Nagatsuka, 1). The lives of the farmers like those described by Nagatsuka were subject to rapid change since the early stages of the…… [Read More]

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Managerial Economics - Should I

Words: 2353 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 1398443

Price: The customer will be able to choose from a wide variety of prices, starting with $15 and ending with $2,000. The average retail price is of $100.00 a bottle of specialty wine, with an average fixed cost per bottle of $50. The $50 difference allows me to reduce the retail price if I find this is necessary to attract customers. I could also implement various pricing strategies, such as the penetration one in the beginning and the variable one after the penetration.

Break-Even Analysis: It sees that I would start making profits after I sell 8 bottles of wine. This would not however be true if I sell 8 bottles of the cheapest wines. The implemented price and the incurred costs once again allow me to joggle.

Industry Features: This may be one of the most important aspects of the new business, mostly given the recent talks and figures…… [Read More]

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Death of a Salesman Fails

Words: 1564 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 24637560

In conclusion, Death of a Salesman tells the tragic tale of Willy Loman's life. We do feel pity for this man as we watch him fail and we do understand that he makes tragic mistakes throughout his life that have brought him to this point. Many critics want to make allowances for the play because it represents the world in which we live. In doing so, they seem to forget that we are surrounded by people of great stature every day. While we do not operate in a world of nobility, we still have persons of great respect that speak for our groups and cultures. The modern argument wants to redefine Aristotle's definition but by doing so, it assumes that we are all only capable of the common life that Willy experienced. While Willy is an excellent representation of the common man, he is not every man. His life was…… [Read More]

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Myth's Importance Today Myth Has

Words: 925 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99856919

Discussing myth can help bring these things to light.

Myth can also broaden our view from introspection to an examination of the workings of our society and culture. As already mentioned, our civilization can be seen as a continuum from the Ancient Greeks to the modern day. This is one way in which myth can help o explain our world -- understanding the Greeks from whom many of our ideas and myths came provides an understanding of ourselves (Powell, Chapter 2). According to Campbell, myth can even explain things that occurred before the Greeks, such as the nearly worldwide system of patriarchy that seems to have replaced a matriarchy in the pre-historic period (Campbell, 125-6). Many myths contain heroic and dominant ma figures, but they also contain hints of the concept of the Earth Goddess or powerful feminine force of reception and creation rather than simple submission.

Far from just…… [Read More]

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Poe's the Fall of the

Words: 2202 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 90733460

According to Dougherty, it is generally accepted that death is the "indefinite object" (Dougherty) of "The Fall of the House of Usher" but if we take a moment to read the poem that rests in the text, we might discover "evidence of a more culturally and historically specific source for Usher's terror" (Dougherty). This source, in Dougherty's opinion, is a "wild and mournful interlude" to the tale that "so powerfully impresses the narrator, Usher dreams nostalgically about an ancient ruler who sits at a glorious throne" (Dougherty). The lord in the poem seeks pleasure and needs reassurance of his superiority. Dougherty notes that many critics maintain that the poem is a "microcosmic account of Usher's one great story" (Dougherty) but Dougherty believes that the poem reflects a microcosm of a "white colonial nightmare about the impending destruction of the southern slavocracy" (Dougherty).

Dougherty believes that the "experience of violent slave…… [Read More]

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Racial Bias in Sentencing Do

Words: 3941 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 69770942

It is not known if the bias found among males also exists among women. This study will address both the gap in methodology and the lack of studies regarding women. It will contribute to the existing body of evidence by filling in these important gaps.


Valid research is based on consistency and a mutual understanding of the research parameters. Although, many of the terms used in this study will be familiar to the layperson, it is important to understand exactly what is meant so that precise understanding of the variables in the study can be understood. The following operational definitions will be used throughout this research project.

African-American - This term will refer to any person of African-American decent. It will be used to describe those that are of a high percentage of African-American ancestry, as well as those of low percentage or mixed ancestry, but who identify themselves…… [Read More]

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Republic of Mauritius Has Progressed

Words: 10005 Length: 36 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 5798910

" (United Nations, 2000) The Household Budget Survey 1996/1997 reported that in excess of 14.5 of households in Mauritius are presently living below the poverty line and economic development has been stalled due to the "…rising cost of labor erosion of the protected international markets due to gradual effects of globalization and liberalization and increasing competition with other countries…" (United Nations, 2000)

The distribution aspect of income and wealth has not been addressed in a sufficient manner by the liberal economic policies that rely on the market. Unemployment has increased in recent years and this has been "accompanied by inflation that has contributed to a loss of purchasing power, especially affecting women." (United Nations, 2000)

There is a failure to meet the needs of very low income housing and creating further tensions in Mauritius are challenges related to employment equality of access and disparity in education which is stated to…… [Read More]

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Coca Cola Australia Ads Soft

Words: 3324 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 60222109

(Conniptions886 2009). Again the ad stresses the outdoor beach culture among those who have the means and leisure to enjoy it.

Coca Cola ads have not seemed to change that much over time. They have sacrificed expressing multiculturalism, without popular exception to build a following for their target market. One comparison ad done by Pepsi and much more reflective of diversity, and especially the diversity of the urban culture is the ad affectionately known as "Chain reaction." In general Pepsi seems to have somewhat let go of the beach culture and decided to focus on the massive urban youth culture. This is not to say that Pepsi has become the label of multicultural expression, as they still clearly target the white youth audience:

(Youtube user DuncansTV2008)

The Pepsi chain reaction video is a great example of the change of focus of one brand to the urban culture of the youth…… [Read More]

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Sugarhill Gang's Rapper's Delight Reveals

Words: 984 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23819221

A high production value and an industrial feel throughout much of the song impart an engagingly chaotic and progressive feel to the song.

6. MC Lyte is one of the few successful female rappers. In "Paper Thin" MC Lyte raps over minimalist music that includes just the beats and the occasional sound of a synthesized but unidentifiable instrument playing an eerie melody. Lyte tells the story of a jilted lover, with an overall theme of empowerment. Occasional encouragement from background vocals and a chorus of "ooooh" refer to African music. MC Lyte also draws gender issues into the repertoire of rap lyrics.

7. The Beastie Boys "Paul Revere" stands out because of the reverse-played scratch sound. Synthesized maracas add sonic texture, but the focal point is the amusing story. "Paul Revere" is one of many New York area rap songs denoting a shift of content away from love of music…… [Read More]

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Martin A Conway's 2001 Sensory-Perceptual

Words: 575 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59623317


3. The Controversy Associated With Recovered Repressed Memories and Conway

The importance of autobiographical memory, as confirmed by Conway (2001) has lead not only to research regarding memory distortions, but also to studies regarding recovered repressed memories. Robinson-Reigler and Robinson-Reigler (2008) state that a controversy exists as to whether or not memories of traumatic events that have been "recovered" can be completely trusted. Conway's (2001) argument relating episodic memory to autobiographical memory certainly relates. Conway (2001) argues that episodic memories are routinely forgotten, even as soon as 24 hours after they occur, and that the autobiographical memory is the context to which they are tethered in order to be remembered. Thus, Conway (2001) would most likely argue that the validity of recovered memories lies in their relation to the self or autobiographical memory.

4. An analysis of Autobiographical Memory According to Conway

While Robinson-Reigler and Robinson-Reigler (2008) call autobiographical…… [Read More]

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Facial Recognition Face Recognition Identification

Words: 541 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28294768

At the simplest level, recognition is based on superficial similarity, such as that between a tablespoon and a teaspoon. However, the similarity-based approach to recognition and categorization is incapable of accounting for fuzzy boundaries and different concepts of relative similarity (Robinson-Riegler, 191).

Other forms of similarity-based approaches such as that based on prototypical similarity and exemplars resolve only some of the deficiencies of the classical similarity-based understanding of human recognition (Robinson-Riegler, 200). The essentialist approach, for example, provides a much more comprehensive understanding of the process and roles of concepts and classifications in human recognition because it accounts for the learned context in which recognition occurs (Robinson-Riegler, 200-201).

The classical, prototype, and exemplar explanation for human recognition cannot adequately account for the functional and contextual difference between a tablespoon and a shovel or the functional and contextual similarity of a tablespoon and a fork (Robinson-Riegler, 188). However, the essentialist approach…… [Read More]

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Language and Memory Issues the

Words: 936 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54281025

Stages of Language Production:

While there is not necessarily a consensus among researchers as to the precise nature of human language production, one widely accepted view is the information processing approach (Robinson-Riegler, 422). In that framework, language production generally occurs in four specific stages: (1) conceptualization, (2) planning, (3) articulation, and (4) self-monitoring.

In that regard, the conceptualization stage refers to the internal process whereby the individual develops the desire to communicate a specific thought to others (Robinson-Riegler, 422). The planning stage consists of the decisions pertaining to how the thoughts to be communicated are organized into a linguistic plan within the framework of the language in which the individual hopes to communicate. The articulation stage involves the actual expression of the thoughts formulated in the conceptualization stage through the linguistic plan developed in the planning stage (Robinson-Riegler, 422).

Finally, the self-monitoring stage consists of the individual's purposeful awareness of…… [Read More]

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Nursing Knowledge Without a Doubt

Words: 588 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 90605561

The nurse is often expected to act and react only with empirical information, however personal knowledge is considered equally as important by many nurse educators and researchers (Chinn & Kramer 2004). This also helps to explain why "health" and "environment" are considered distinct major components in the metastudy of nursing; both can be understood on highly subjective terms, with the concept of "good health" changing from patient to patient, or "person" to "person." Environment, too, has a major effect on the practice of nursing and the growth of the nursing body of knowledge.


My personal philosophy of nursing centers on the belief that each individual person under my care deserves full attention and the unique application of my knowledge in addressing their immediate and long-term needs and concerns. That is, each person should benefit as much as possible from the full extent of my nursing knowledge, while still being…… [Read More]

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Computer Science Networking the Objective

Words: 2238 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 25988798

(Cisco, 2009)

It is reported by Nortel that it has been indicated by 86% of service providers that there is a high demand for Ethernet services today. The result is that carriers are seeking to fulfill the demand through "upgrading their metro networks to deliver cost-effective Ethernet-based services to their customers." (2009) MPLS is stated to have been invented for the express purpose of "...of solving the problem of bridging multiple disparate protocols such as Frame Reality, ATM and Ethernet." (Nortel, 2009)

MPLS is stated to have "...Over the last few years,...become a widely used packet technology in core networks and has become a common inter-networking technology. " (Nortel, 2009) However, there are key limitations of MPLS 'as it applies to the metro area and specifically issues identified are those connected with " complexity, scalability and performance arise when MPLS is applied to the sheer number of network elements required…… [Read More]

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String Matching Algorithm String Searching

Words: 1884 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 31904999

Future Considerations

The most recent developments are focused on pattern matching where not only are issues such as string and alpha numerals sought for and matched, but also more complicated patterns such as trees, graphs, arrays, and point sets.

The objective, here, is to find non-trivial properties and then from these perform closely matching combinatorial patterns. Much research is being performed on this, and the area has progressed from being simply algorithmic in content to one that has become complex with significant applications. Applications are being extended to fields that include molecular biology and genetic engineering, as well as information retrieval, pattern recognition, biometric authentication (such as speech and speaker recognition, feature recognition, and so forth), program compilation, data compression, program analysis, and system security.

Summary and Conclusions

String-searching algorithms are used for matching words, patterns, and concepts from string to text. In order to be as effective as possible,…… [Read More]