Labor Unions Essays (Examples)

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Corporation Should Be the Purpose

Words: 2078 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 22423865

Other principles include: the Stakeholder Enabling Principle, the Principle of Director Responsibility, and the Principle of Stakeholder Recourse.

For some specialists in the field Friedman's shareholder theory holds water more, while for others, Freeman's stakeholder theory seems to be more suitable for modern times. John Hasnas has studied both theories and stated several interesting findings. For example, he stated that "the stockholder theory is not as obviously flawed as it is sometimes supposed to be and that several of the objections conventionally raised against it are misdirected" (Hasnas, 1998). Hasnas's opinion on Freeman's stakeholder theory is quite different, as he considers the arguments supporting this theory to be significantly flawed. Even more, Hasnas considers that the stakeholder theory benefits from a great deal of undeserved confidence.

However, Hasnas does not consider himself of being in favor of the shareholder theory instead. Furthermore, Hasnas advices the readers to focus on the…… [Read More]

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Sociology Dominant Culture & Entertainment

Words: 623 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 85030896

The Sociology of Fast Food

Discussion 1: The sociological imagination allows a thorough investigation of the ways values, norms, and beliefs are transmitted. With an imaginative eye, the sociologist can critique social institutions and structures that would otherwise be taken for granted. The sociologist can imagine ways in which normalized social institutions and normalized social values affect the daily lives of individuals: impacting income disparity; gender relations; and race relations.

Discussion 2: The sociological imagination can lend insight into the impact of Fast Food and its associated industries, institutions, norms and values on American culture. For example, the low wages that Ehrenreich and Ritzer refer to in relation to Fast Food have an enormous impact on class structure in the United States. The low wages paid to Fast Food workers has become normalized to the extent that labor unions have become political and social pariahs in the United States. Similarly,…… [Read More]

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Era Can Be Considered to

Words: 730 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 27586507

Theodore Roosevelt in this sense tried to tackle the issue by intervening for the miners, for instance. However, an essential idea is related to the desire of the government to increase its power and intervention possibilities in order to better control the corporations that were created as a result of the industrialization process. These were sources of constant impoverishment for the population (Pease, 1962, 163-5).

However, the population reacted in a different way than expected by the political actors. Indeed, from the point-of-view of the labor unions, their number increased and a certain collective mentality was formed, one which allowed them to further fight for the rights of the employee (Pease, 1962). Even so, there were individuals who reacted negatively considering that the Progressive Era was in fact a socialist perception of the economy, rather than a means to create progress for the population in the country.

The forces which…… [Read More]

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Baseball the History of Baseball

Words: 358 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11014405

What I also find fascinating about early baseball is how early baseball evolved into the business it is today. Expansion of teams into new markets first occurred in the 1960s ("The History of Baseball" nd). Players, fans, managers, and team owners as well as cities started to view the sport more as a business opportunity than simply a pastime. Before long, the players formed a labor union and their high earnings remain a controversial topic.

Baseball may have been based on games played in England, but now baseball is well-known as an American sport ("The History of Baseball" nd). Americans have been playing and watching baseball for well over a century, making the game an integral part of the nation's popular culture. The way professional baseball evolved since the Civil War also reflects on how American culture has changed into one that is more heterogenous and globally influential than ever…… [Read More]

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Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs and Organized

Words: 1745 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 63224498

S. And maintain approximately as many members (both domestically and abroad) as the Hell's Angels. Their criminal activities are more focused on the manufacturing, distribution, and sales of cocaine, marijuana, and methamphetamines. The banditos use "puppet" or minor affiliate clubs who are not themselves Banditos but operate with the Banditos' authority and conduct some the parent club's criminal activities on their behalf.


In the modern era, widespread crackdowns and joint operations initiated by state and federal law enforcement authorities and legislative tools such as the federal Racketeer Influenced and Corruption Organizations (RICO) Act have greatly reduced the influence of the Italian Mafia/LCN in American society but organized crime still persists, even if on a much smaller scale than half a century ago. However, whereas the power and reach of LCN has been greatly reduced, a significant influx of newer criminal enterprises has filled much of the gap vacated in…… [Read More]

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Education Evaluating Websites When Evaluating

Words: 1085 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 27310876

It also appears to be very reliable and error free. This site contains several pages of information and has a very handy search function for people to use to look up specific things. This site does not have a site map in order to facilitate navigation. Overall this site appears to be a very useful resource for those who are looking for information regarding tenure (Inside Higher Ed, 2009).

The last site that I looked at was one sponsored by the National Education Association. The National Education Association is the largest professional organization and largest labor union in the United States that represents public school teachers. This organization appears to be very reputable within the education arena. The information that is available on this site surrounds the topic of tenure. The site is set up with links to several articles that surround this topic. The information that is presented appears…… [Read More]

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Sales Plan for a Non-Profit

Words: 672 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 91018323

The different types of fundraisers are numerous. Some groups choose to hold auctions or raffles in which they make profits off the sale goods that have been donated. Others choose from many different types of activities such as a walk-a-thon or bowl -a-thon. During these events money is raised by donations from supporters based on how many times, or for how long a specific activity is accomplished (What are the Different Types of Fundraisers, 2009). Tele-a-thons are also very popular ways for some nonprofit organizations to raise money.

Fundraising is not always an easy thing to do but it is a very vital function for all nonprofit organizations. It is so vital because this is the way that these organizations obtain the funds that they need to go about doing what their organization was originally set up to do. These campaigns are usually their only source of income. So in…… [Read More]

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City Diplomacy The Increasing Role

Words: 18927 Length: 69 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 68749502

The goals at which this process is aimed can concentrate on creating benefits primarily for one party or on creating benefits for both parties.' (van der Pluijm and Melissen, 2007, p.1)

Multiple-sided city diplomacy is a "diplomatic process in which more than two parties are involved, representing various cities." (van der Pluijm and Melissen, 2007, p.1) van der Pluijm and Melissen state that associations of municipalities "such as United Cities and Local Government (UCLG), Eurocities or the Association of Palestinian Local Authorities are often one party in such multiple-sided processes of city diplomacy." (2007) van der Pluijm and Melissen state that the definition of city diplomacy leads to the question of how it is that the diplomatic activities of cities "relate to the diplomatic activities of state actors in general and more specifically, MFAs as the main carriers of states' diplomatic functions." It is stated that some believe that the…… [Read More]

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Disneyland Hong Kong Opened on

Words: 4530 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 64562537

All of these steps were completed in order for Disney to respect and honor local customs and keep consistent with local values.

3.3 Promotion - Definition and application to tourism operation

One of the more multi-faceted of the 7 Ps, promotion encompasses public relations, analyst relations with the investment community especially for those companies who have publicly-traded stocks or securities, and also includes managing a company's reputation online with social networks. Public relations is responsible for making sure potential customers know what a company has to offer, in addition to keeping stakeholders in the company informed about new product and service developments.

Initial promotions of Disneyland Hong Kong were heavily focused on television throughout the Hong Kong region (Landreth, 2005). These initial advertisements attempted to evoke the same aspirational selling of the original Disneyland, not mentioned that only 22 of the 65 rides were included and only half of the…… [Read More]

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Ireland the Struggle for Home

Words: 1158 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53046405

Therefore, the Great War exacerbated problems in Ireland rather than create cause for peace and a united front. Not all Irish nationalists deigned to fight with the National Volunteers for Great Britain. Those who opposed helping the British used World War One as the opportunity for distraction and the formation of the Irish Volunteers, which became the militaristic force behind the Easter Rising. The Irish Volunteers were also aided strategically by the Germans as well as Irish-Americans in support of full independence (cited in slide 24 in #3). A uniquely Irish Catholic spirit of martyrdom motivated the nationalistic fervor that gripped Ireland and prompted years of guerilla warfare with the Protestant British.

At the same time, Great Britain played its cards wrong in its relationship with Ireland. When the war ended, the Home Rule movement was not picked up where it was left before the war began. The Ireland issue…… [Read More]

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Waging Living Roger Weisberg's 2005

Words: 589 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Reaction Paper Paper #: 41161342

The film demonstrates the challenges that lower and working class parents have to face as they try to raise children on salaries barely big enough to pay basic living expenses. Mary almost found herself unable to afford a roof over her and her children's heads.

Gender is treated with due realism in Waging a Living, which does illustrate the special struggles that women face. Being a single mother is a major issue correlated with poverty. Women face challenges not only when they are single mothers, though. Access to promotions and positions of power is systematically more difficult to acquire for women, who still earn less than their male counterparts. Gender bias is built into the system.

Among the possible policy changes that could reduce income disparity and reduce the numbers of working poor in the United States, one main one suggested in Waging a Living is providing universal access to…… [Read More]

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Political Environment the Impact of

Words: 1849 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 78575936

An image of this work is represented below (Pazos 1992).

This particular page of the mural depicts Che holding a rifle in a rural setting composed of soft shades of blue and green. The contrasts of these elements in the artwork also represent the controversy embodied in Che's life and work. Che's life was composed of a dedication to love and had grand ideals of elevating man in society. Though in attempts to achieve his goals, Che resorted to the use of violence and was also known by his violent deeds.

The mural portrays those elements by providing an artistic representation of the contrast. On one hand, there are peaceful and tranquil colors shown in a serene environment in nature that represent the aspirations of Che and the Cuban Revolution. On the other hand, the rifle is shown almost centered in the mural. Furthermore, it is the darkest element the…… [Read More]

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Organizational Design Management Issues Communication

Words: 6777 Length: 23 Pages Document Type: Capstone Project Paper #: 14372399

The relatively small degree of economic displacement during this recession has prompted the rise of the Tea Party and (to those who are not a member of this movement) incomprehensible fury against the federal government. (By noting that the economic pain now is "relatively small" I do not in any way to mean to suggest that many people have been not been devastated by the recession, merely to make the factual statement that the economic conditions in Argentina in the early 1980s were much worse.)

The junta in Argentina in 1982, led for the previous year and a half by General Leopoldo Galtieri, had no possible tools to use to make real changes in the country: They did not have the economic resources to distract the nation's people with domestic "bread and circuses" (Makin, 1983b). So they tried another, historically proven strategy: Tamp down a domestic crisis (in fact, a…… [Read More]

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International Finance Critically Assess How

Words: 2030 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 92947325

Apart from strategic planning, focus on good quality performance information is important through creation of alternatives as well as the means to implement them. Good quality information is needed for both strategic and operational decisions. Companies waste time trying to obtain and reconcile numbers from different systems, which means they lack integrated view about where the value is being created or destroyed in the business. This leads to speculation instead of coming up with strategic choices. Instead of having confidence in what is undoubtedly the determining factor of their success or failure, companies strategic planning as dogged by the uncertainty, this is the main reason many companies in FTSE, fail to achieve shareholder value. A great number of these companies have accepted that maximizing shareholder value as the principal objective in the market place. Strategic planning is there to replace wavering by many companies as they hope something good will…… [Read More]

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Unionizing Effort

Words: 1316 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65999743

Labor Relations

Union Environment

There are several differences between a union environment and a non-union environment. The most striking distance is that the workers are organized, and that has significant implications for the relationship between management and the workers. With respect to most issues, including pay and working conditions, negotiation on these issues is with the union, in the form of a collective bargaining agreement, rather than individually with each employee. Most things will be more formalized, which will affect processes for just about everything, and that includes critical issues like discipline. The union will be the face of the workers, and thus there will be limited interaction between management and workers in most cases. The division will be fairly cultural -- the organization itself will change. So the unionized shop is a more formalized environment, often more antagonistic but even when it is not, it is more mechanistic. Management…… [Read More]

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Compare and Contrast News Stories

Words: 1733 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33355397

Labor market and the reporting for the status thereof would seem to be an easy thing to interpret and take in. However, that is really not the case. When one throws in the different "types" of labor rates that exist, the fact that many are "seasonally adjusted" and so forth, it is easy for the "simple" to become more difficult and complex. This report will give an example news article, a review of the literature that explains and backs up the news article, the methodology that was used to create this report, a results and discussion section that explains the findings and a summary and conclusion that wraps things up. While the entire picture of what makes up labor statistics may seem a little daunting, it can all be explained and understood with a little effort.

Review of Literature

The news article that will be the starting point for this…… [Read More]

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How the NLRB Works

Words: 885 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21394456

Labor Relations: Work Hard for the Money

Today, the U.S. National Labor Relations Board, an independent federal agency, is tasked with the enforcement of laws controlling the relationship between private sector employers and unions. To determine the function of the NLRB and how it accomplishes this responsibility, this paper explores the NLRB Web site to evaluate the role of the agency with respect to labor disputes, commerce, employees, employers and labor organizations. Finally, an explanation concerning how the agency can provide the information and tools needed to resolve labor disputes is followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning the NLRB in the conclusion.

Review and Analysis

Evaluation of the role of the NLRB as it pertains to labor disputes, commerce, employees, employers, and labor organizations

The National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) was created by the U.S. Congress in 1935 in response to growing civil unrest concerning…… [Read More]

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Grievance Process an Effective Method

Words: 1299 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 21539965


How would you suggest that unions and employers improve their ability to correctly interpret the collective agreement?

From the perspective of employees, one of the principal benefits of collective bargaining and union representation is assuring a reasonable balance of power between labor and management in workplace decision-making. Many collective bargaining agreements attempt to achieve such a balance by, among other things, giving employees the right to participate in certain decisions about how work will be assigned, how jobs will be classified, and how workers will be paid. The collective bargaining agreement at issue in Case Study 11-1 attempts to strike a balance between giving employees a role in important decision-making while reserving traditional management prerogatives to control fundamental decisions about profit and loss.

The problem in Case Study 11-1 arises because the terms of the collective bargaining agreement are somewhat ambiguous about how certain decisions are classified and about…… [Read More]

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Taylor Law Overview Employee Rights

Words: 997 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Assessment Paper #: 34784590

Striking is not deemed to be an acceptable method of dispute resolution under the Taylor Law. According to Section 209, an impasse is deemed to exist if the parties fail to achieve agreement at least one hundred twenty days prior to the end of the fiscal year of the public employer. Specific provisions of Section 209 pertain to certain, select public employment bodies, such as police and fire unions, which must submit directly to binding arbitration because of the vital nature of the services they provide. The PERB can assist resolution by appointing mediators, and if this fails, it can create a fact-finding board with the power to make recommendations. If an impasse is still manifest the dispute is shifted to the chief executive officer of the government involved and to the employee organization involved.

Union security

Public employees are allowed to unionize by law (and, indeed, it could be…… [Read More]

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Can Workers Accept Changes to Prevent Jobs From Disappearing

Words: 717 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 98898936

Oconomo without changing the culture? Does the plant need a new set of workers and a new culture?

The short answer here is: the plant doesn't need a new set of employees; it just needs the existing employee culture to adjust its attitude towards change. A change in attitude is in a round-about way also a change of culture.

Clearly there is a drastic need for change at the Oconomo plant, and the union must step up and convince its members that it is literally do or die; that is, if they don't accept a deal for lower compensation, the plan it going under -- or, it will move to Mexico. When Jim Malesckowski was sent to Mexico to find out how this manufacturing plant could benefit the owners financially, he realized very quickly that moving the plant would mean that management would be "…ushering in a blizzard of pink…… [Read More]

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Collective Bargaining

Words: 1880 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 71108111

Collective Bargaining

The labor laws are encouraging unionization. This is because the state Labor Relations Board determined that the RAs have a right to form / join a union and they are entitled to collective bargaining. At the same time, the university is recognizing the union as the legitimate representative for the RAs.

These factors are showing how the law is encouraging everyone to unionize. This is from the state making the legal determination that this kind of organization is legitimate. Despite the fact that they may be students, the RAs are entitled to greater protections under the law. As a result, a secret ballot can be conducted and the students can organize. The decision made this process much easier. This is because they dismissed a petition from the university questioning if the organization was a lawful union.

Moreover, the UAW has been actively involved in working with and representing…… [Read More]

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1980s and 1990s the Hosiery Industry Experienced

Words: 702 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96717894

1980s and 1990s, the hosiery industry experienced major issues. Increasing foreign competition as well as imports created downward pressure on the profitability of Canadian hosiery manufacturers (Trefler, 2001, p. 62). Several hosiery manufacturers tried to reverse this by extensively engaging in intensive capital investments in new technologies. While no figures on SGA were available similar companies such as KDH in the U.S. experienced similar technology issues (Nichol, 2004, p. 10). In addition, they reorganized their company structures, downsized plants and also instituted to improved employee productivity and efficiency programs. SGA was no exception to this trend with international sales falling from $26 million to $10 million CND. This plus increasing imports and weak consumer sales forced SGA to lay off 1,500 employees, reduce wage rates and to rescind many of the benefits that the workers had enjoyed previously under Anderson families ownership. Many of these changes drew worker protests and…… [Read More]

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Human Resource in Aviation Industry

Words: 1821 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 79098128

Human Resource in Aviation Industry

Human resources are a set of individuals who make the workforce of an economy. Human capital is a term related to human resources, but to a narrow scope, the term relates to knowledge and skills of a worker. Human resource represents people, Labor, Manpower or talent. Companies view employees as assets, whose actions and skills add value to the organizations. Firms need to practice effective human resource planning processes. For easy management of human resources in an organization, consideration on the demographics of employees, availability of workers, levels of skills of employees and on availability of funds to compensate workers is critical for easy management (Harzing & Pinnington, 2010).

According to Harzing and Pinnington (2010), one major concern about human resource in an organization is for the fact that employees are at time abused and in some cases traded. Relating employees to commodities of production…… [Read More]

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Country Leave the EU or

Words: 2858 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94149322

The UK needs to build good economic relationships with emerging markets even more than with its EU neighbors. China is already highly competitive in manufacturing and is gaining competitiveness in high-technology manufacturing. India is a leader in Information Technology and, being an English speaking country, also has the ability to be globally competitive in Professional Services. Latin American and Southeast Asian economies, such as Brazil or Indonesia, will become increasingly competitive in agriculture and energy. The WTO and various other bilateral free trade agreements are reducing the barriers to these types of goods, making them increasingly attractive to the European consumer.

Considering the competition for European markets, the EU's greatest value and likely greatest priority will be the protection of European markets, not the opening of global markets. The UK, because of its focus on global finance and professional services, has little to gain from the protection of its own…… [Read More]

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Verizon Strike on August 7 2011 45

Words: 1506 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46632470

Verizon Strike

On August 7, 2011 45 thousand employees for Verizon went on strike. They were upset about the drastic reductions that were proposed in benefits from the management of the company. To include: changes in work rules, cuts to pensions and reductions in health care. The combination of these factors created a situation where the management and employees were at an impasse. To fully understand the situation there will be a focus on: prior work stoppages, events leading up to the strike, the position of the company, the views of the union, what lead to a breakdown in negotiations, the resolution of the conflict, any lingering issues and winners / losers. Together, these different elements will highlight crucial areas of contention and how they were addressed. (Kaiser, 2011)

Prior work stoppages (if any)

This strike was the first work stoppage affecting the company since the merger from NYNEX, Bell…… [Read More]