Labor Unions Essays (Examples)

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Changing Landscape Unions at Inception Unions Members

Words: 626 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55840818

Changing Landscape Unions at inception unions, members consisted "blue-collar" workers concentrated manufacturing sector. Today, 35% union members remain sector, requires unions expand manufacturing broaden membership ranks.

Noting that the union rate has significantly dropped in the last 30 years is almost a truism. Statistics, however, are the best instruments to make this argument: the union membership rate has dropped to 12.4% in 2008 from 20.1% in 1983 (Butcher, 2009). The drop comes, overall, from the significant decrease of unionization in the manufacturing sector, with a direct impact on the private sector overall. While some of the traditional public sectors still have a big unionization rate (teachers, police etc.), today only one in ten workers from the manufacturing industry are still part of a union. In 1983, this proportion was 30% (Butcher, 2009).

This is not necessarily a trend that is noticeable only in the U.S. Other developed countries, including, for…… [Read More]

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Regulation of Labour Market the

Words: 2542 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97830211

This situation once again proves that the people are not considered valuable additions, but commodities. And the management of these commodities changes based on business needs.

In terms of the younger employees, their careers -- or their end thereof -- are extremely intensely subjected to the evolution of technology. As a parenthesis, the advent of technology has imposed new standards for the employees in the meaning that they must progress alongside with the technological developments. And this state of events has also led to the commodification of the staff members. In a context in which technologies evolve, employees are more and more required to themselves evolve in order to be able to operate the new machines and the new technologies. From this standpoint then, alongside with the intensified usage of the technological resource, the human resource is perceived more and more as a commodity.

A specific issue related to technology…… [Read More]

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Future and Relevance of Unions

Words: 4309 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 60680889

Union Trends Such as Consolidation of Unions Through Mergers, or the Development of a Competing Labor Federation

The topic of unions in the United States is truly a significant one, given the fact that trends and defining characteristics which impact unions have been so mercurial of late. "Union membership in the United States has declined significantly in recent decades. The number of union members peaked in 1979 at an estimated 21.0 million. In 2003, an estimated 15.8 million workers were union members" (Mayer, 2004). In the 1950s when unions were considered more novel in the United States, around one-third of all workers were members of a union of some sort. Now the numbers are hardly the same (Mayer, 2004). In 2003, around ten percent of all employed workers could be considered as members of some sort of union (Mayer, 2004).

Other research findings echo that the current trends and sweeps…… [Read More]

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U S Labor Movement and Grapes

Words: 1682 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 85811815

21, 388). Steinbeck's tone throughout is one of the owners' impending doom. But their violent and cruel methods keep them in control.

The labor perspective is posed against this. Tom angrily mentions a strike. He says, "Well, s'pose them people got together an' says, 'Let 'em rot.' Wouldn't be long 'fore the price went up, by God!" (ch. 20, 336). He is told that the owners find out who the labor movement leaders are and jail or kill them. By the end of the novel, there is not much redeeming. The workers are exploited. The closest they come to organizing in unions is in the migrant camps. This does not help them overcome the powerful owners. Strikes are broken up because there are just too many people who are desperate for anything. Yet the Joad family falls into luck with cotton picking. This is symbolized in chapter twenty-eight with their…… [Read More]

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UAE Labor Law

Words: 2193 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 55869971

labor law in the UAE and whether private firms adhere to the government declared labor laws in the UAE. Fifteen sources are reviewed and findings reported.


UAE Labor Law (nd) Gulf Talent

Gulf Business

Arab Emirates Embassy

Arab Emirates Embassy

Main Idea

UAE Labor Law Articles

New proposed labor law reviewed

Examines debate over labor law

Explanation of Labor Rights in the UAE

Main Idea

Cabinet of Minister's Resolution

Al Nowais (2014)


Main Idea

Examines 2003 Amendment to Labor Laws

Examines emiritization as it realtes to labor law in the UAE

Examines disciplinary actions in UAE labor law

Main Idea


Daiija World

Oxford Business Group

Notron Rose Fulbright

Geisel (nd)

Main Idea


Covers the labor laws to be amended in the UAE

Examines UAE Labor Laws

Examines UAE labor laws

Examines law issues in the Gulf States

UAE Labor…… [Read More]

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What Unions Have Had to Do to Survive

Words: 1212 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 34601368

British Todpuddle Martyrs were shipped to an Australian penal colony in the nineteenth century, organized labor has contended with a slew of setbacks. Social reforms early in the Industrial Revolution saw that workers did retain some rights to organize; however, the labor union movement in Europe and North America has continually struggled to maintain legitimacy, stability, and relevance. The Industrial Revolution in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries essentially gave birth to the modern manifestation of labor unions, due to the deplorable working conditions, long hours, and low wages workers contended with. The advent of the factory not only transformed the ways goods were manufactured and distributed but also changed the nature of labor as well as its political implications. Workers went almost overnight from being apprenticed trades people to unskilled laborers. As factories blossomed across Europe and North America, a vast amount of unskilled laborers were recruited to fulfill increased…… [Read More]

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History Legal Framework of Labor Management Relations

Words: 1746 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 90647132

History of Labor Relations in the United States:

From Industrialization to the Present Day

According to the textbook, Labor Relations, by Arthur A. Sloane & Fred Witney, the history of labor relations in the United States, has seen the increasingly professional nature of the labor union towards the end of the 20th century and the beginning of the 21st century. This phenomena has caused union and management to form a more amicable relationship between one another, by in large, in many industries. However, this positive relationship, over the course of the history of the United States history, has been a relatively recent development. Legally speaking, labor unions have gained more rights in terms of their bargaining power with management, and workers have gained the right to freely organize and join such unions. But these legal rights came only with great difficulty.

The American public's attitude towards unionization has also alternately…… [Read More]

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Issues in Union Organization Campaigns

Words: 1396 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 77340267

Employers' Role During Union Organization Campaigns

Union organizing has become a major issue in today's working environment because of increased efforts by workers to promote suitable conditions in the workplace and obtain compensation that suits their contributions to the organization. Even though the number of unionized employees or membership of labor unions has declined significantly in the past few years, unionization is still an important component of today's labor force. As employees continue to join labor unions to advocate for their welfare in the workplace, the role of employers during union organization campaigns has been a slightly controversial issue. The controversy relating to this issue is attributable to the tendency by company management to attempt undertaking measures that defeat the union during union organization campaigns. However, the National Labor Relations Act defines the role employers should play during union organization campaigns. This paper examines whether employers should sack their employees…… [Read More]

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Healthcare - Unions Implications of

Words: 2117 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 32690040

Because unions retain the exclusive right to negotiate on behalf of its members, the individual worker may have little recourse to easily address incompetent leadership.

The Disadvantages of Unionized Labor for Healthcare Employers:

The primary disadvantages of unionized labor for healthcare employers correspond to the relative loss of control over issues and workplace elements commonly transferred to workers (through their unions), which accounts for the traditional resistance with which many employers responded to unionization attempts. On the one hand, unionized workforces are able to secure better pay and benefits from employers than would have been available to workers without union representation; likewise, employers must cede control over many aspects of operational and personnel decisions traditionally within administrative control.

On the other hand, particularly in light of the beneficial effect that unionized nursing has had on the quality of patient care and reduction in patient mortality, it is difficult to conceive…… [Read More]

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Was the Twentieth Century a Good Century for Labor

Words: 1636 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 70710316

20th Century a Good Century for Labor?

By all accounts, the early 20th century was a terrible time to be a worker in the United States. Wages were low, benefits were virtually nonexistent, and safety considerations were not even a consideration. There was no unemployment or disability insurance for the vast majority of workers, and the labor movements that emerged during the early and middle 20th century were largely in response to these conditions. Further, a number of key pieces of legislation were passed during the 20th century that helped to address these inequities in the workplace. Unfortunately, a downside to the emergence of labor unions was a concomitant increase in the corruption and collusion between big business and labor leaders who did not always have their constituents' best interests at heart. To determine whether the 20th century ended up being a good century for labor or not, this paper…… [Read More]

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Sociology Labor Studies

Words: 549 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18101268

Sociology: Labor Studies


This particular excerpt from The Oxford Companion to American Politics provides a fairly attenuated summary of the history and the efficacy of American labor unions. It traces the chronology of union involvement within labor practices dating from the founding of the American Federation of Labor in 1886, to the present day splintering of union solidarity that accounts for virtually all-time low participation rates. Furthermore, this excerpt provides a readily accessible synopsis of the benefits that membership in unions yields to its employees, which are readily contrasted with the benefits and wage information of non-union employees. The government's involvement in both the incline and decline of unions in the United States is recounted as well, while certain key facets of union membership (such as stratifications including the public and private sectors of labor) are also detailed in relation to economic, political, and technological changes throughout the years.…… [Read More]

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American History American Labor History Please Attachment

Words: 2439 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24044557

American History

American Labor History!!! Please attachment, written !!! Thank !!!

Technological Changes and Its Effects on Aspects of the U.S. Society

Effects of technological changes on urbanization

Settlement patterns in the U.S. society have significantly resulted from the scope and magnitude of transportation technology. Economic activities in the U.S. economy are based where there is a sufficient transport network to meet specified needs. American metropolitan areas have experienced and ever increasing inflow of people in search of jobs and business opportunities. This has led to industrialization in regions where transport technology is profound. The basic postulate of transport technology has eliminated the difficulties in access in turn attracting people to build cities in the regions Brian J.G., 2004()

Transport technology in the automobile industry shapes the configurations of metropolitan areas with a shift in location of residential areas. Streetcars brought about the initial shift from urban cores to suburban…… [Read More]

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Public Sector Bargaining Labor Relations

Words: 702 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Reaction Paper Paper #: 34073421

Paul E. Pynes and Joan M. Lafferty assess the issue of labor relations and unions from a different stand -- that of the safety concerns. The two authors found out that most of the labor unions request some sort of membership fee and that the explanation forwarded by the unions to explain these fees is represented by the fact that they require financial resources to efficiently address the needs of the individuals they represent.

Pynes and Lafferty took a rather distant approach of the topic and focused on the objective presentation of the various types and contracts of union security provisions. These included the closed shops -- which are the most rigid type of union security in the private sector --, the union shop, the agency shop, the fair share arrangement and the maintenance of membership (highly rare). Aside from the actual forms of union security provisions, the two authors…… [Read More]

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Organized Labor in U S Commercial

Words: 3198 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 67577375

43 in 2009. Yet current airframe and power plant mechanics are inclined to move to the computer and automotive sector for better work environment. Analysts advised the creation and use of informational recruiting tools to attract these potential workers. in-house training programs on long-term career growth and a sense of commitment to the company would be one form. Another could be employee-retention programs on leadership, technical, and management training courses. Other tools and strategies could be flexi-time, relocation benefits and an improved work environment. Recent mergers and consolidations within the industry are meant to retain employees and serve a wide range of customers. The technology-driven industry requires mechanics with the necessary technological competence in order to provide the wide range of services required by customers. A resourceful information management system could integrate e-business tools and advanced technology into standard business practices. This integration would bring about more efficient and cost-effective…… [Read More]

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How Unions Were Helped Through the Railway Labor Act of 1926

Words: 1332 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30197415

1926 Railway Act & Aviation Legislation

The reasons that Congress passed the 1926 Railway Act go well beyond just labor disputes in the railway industry. This paper covers those issues and also delves into how the airline industry became part of the Act.

The 1926 Railway Act -- Background

The Act became law in 1926 because there was a need to keep "…the American economy flowing without the disruption of railway labor disputes" (Bank, 2006). But the Act also related to protecting the rights of railway employees to join a union if they wish to. In fact the Act has proven to be "…one of the most crucial laws passed" in America's economic history, Bank writes on page 1. At the crux of the matter was the unionization of railway workers, but the Act became a model for other industries where union activities were taking place.

In the book Airline…… [Read More]

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Canadian Labour in The Honest

Words: 1489 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 72652970

For the aboriginal population of British Columbia, industrialization and capitalism threatened and later undermined traditional ways of life. Trading was soon replaced by wage labour systems. Shifting from barter to a labour market unraveled the essential social institutions of traditional aboriginal society. Potlatches once served as a "bulwark which enabled the aboriginal people to resist acculturation," (p. 252). Lutz, unlike Kealey or DeLottinville, examines the effects of colonialism on industrialization. Colonial power structures legitimized the social hierarchies that form the backbone of capitalist infrastructure.

The ways capitalism transformed traditional aboriginal society from being barter-based to being wage labour-based closely resemble the ways capitalism transformed traditional European skilled labour culture. As Kealey points out, the European artisan model of labour persisted until the Industrial Revolution. Skilled labourers like coopers and smiths once apprenticed their work, entering into careers that offered a high degree of control over the means of production and…… [Read More]

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European Union or EU Is

Words: 3339 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 73777715

GDP went down due to weak domestic demand, which went further down after a decline. Somehow, it again rose by 0.1% in the first quarter and appeared to have pulled the economy out of recession. But Portugal retained big trouble. In the last quarter of 2002, its GDP plummeted.8% from the third quarter and in the last quarter, it contracted by 1.3% from the previous year until the.3% in the third quarter of 2002. The economy continued to sag until the Bank of Portugal itself observed the fall of business confidence to its lowest recorded level since the 1993 recession. Official unemployment rate increased to a high 49.6%, rising by 26.3% from 2001 (O'Flynn).

Unemployment was 6.7% in 2003, compared with 4.3% in 2002 (O'Flynn 2003). Labor unions in Portugal claimed it was more than 7.6% as against the 5% ceiling set by the EU, despite the fact that the…… [Read More]

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Should Hospital Nurses Form a Union

Words: 1785 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 32732608

Unionization of a Hospital Staff

When union representatives come to a hospital and approach its employees -- in this case, nurses -- a decision has to be made by the nurses as to whether or not this is a good idea. But more than that, the hospital administration has to realize that the nurses have the legal right to organize, and any attempt to stifle their negotiations or block union representatives from talking to the nurses is against federal law. This paper is intended to present the facts to the CEO of the hospital, as to what rights the nurses have to organize and what management must be careful of doing in case federal law is violated.

Why would nurses want to organize and join a union? Background)

In a poll of nurses taken by the journal Nursing Management, 39% "strongly agreed" and 27% agreed with this statement: "Nurses should…… [Read More]

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Fair Labor Standards Act

Words: 7038 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 35805820

Human Resources: Fair Labor Standards Act

An Examination of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 and Its Implications for American Workers Today

Although most Americans take for granted the wide range of social programs that are in place for their protection, many of these initiatives are fairly recent in origin, but one that has been around for quite some time is the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938. The legislation established a minimum standard wage and a maximum work week of 40 hours in industries that were engaged in interstate commerce. The implications of the Act were profound, and today, in what has become a classic pattern over the years, calls for increases to the federal minimum wage are followed by impassioned cries from industry leaders that such an initiative will do more to harm business than it will to help minimum-wage workers. Rather than routinely bankrupt America's businesses,…… [Read More]

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Evolution of Labor Management Relationships

Words: 3646 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40113144

Union Management Relations in Perspective
Unions are very important for fostering change both in the national and international societies. This is a judgment based on the consideration of the managerial features which helps to engender that crucial bond between an employee and his/her employer. Unions which run under management regularly pay attention to their output of work although sometimes they could wield significant influence on the political and social landscapes.
Trade Unions are generally beneficial to employees as its major objective is to protect the workers from any form of exploitation by the company. If for example, a worker finds his pay unfair, he could relate with his coworkers who will jointly demonstrate publicly so as to be given a more befitting pay. Trade unions also help the company management, as they are aware of what the workers need hence they have a better knowledge of their workers and are…… [Read More]

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Merits and Demerits of Trade Unions

Words: 1824 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85300140

Trade unions have emerged as vital parts of the modern working environment to an extent they are regarded as crucial components of the social fabric and economic future. This paper examines the advantages and disadvantages of labor unions in the modern workplace, especially with regards to representing workers' interest and negotiating for better working conditions and incentives. The author begins with examining the history of these organizations with regards to their development and increased spread in the workplace. In this case, the author demonstrates that labor organizations started in the early 18th Century and played a crucial role in America's independence. Moreover, the author discusses how these organizations exploded in the 19th Century, particularly during the Industrial Revolution, which contributed to the influx of new employees into the workplace.

The discussion of the development and growth of labor unions is followed by an analysis of the reasons for unions. In…… [Read More]

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Case Analysis of Unfair Labor Practice

Words: 1019 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 97571873

Unfair Labor Practice for Company's Position

Case Analysis

True or False: "The comment "We know about your little chat" would help management in a Wright Line test."

True or False: "If Jack's production numbers were higher than most, this data would support management in a Wright Line test." "

True or False: "Since this is an employment-at-will state and there is no union in place, management can legally terminate Jack without considering any Wright Line test results." "

True or False: "Jack had a right to tack the brochure to the bulletin board per standard organizing rules." "

True or False: "The union would see the comment "We're watching you" as an unfair labor practice under Section 8(a)1 of the NLRA."

True or False: "Promoting Jack to supervisor in the last restructuring would have been a legal way to avoid his union participation." "

True or False: "The company can…… [Read More]

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Happy Trails Unionization Case Labor

Words: 584 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 95194936

org 2010). Such direct contact is definitely preferable to the distribution of anti-union literature; the ability an willingness to actually discuss issues with employees rather than simply providing them with printed statements that cannot be engaged in a dialogue shows an empathy and a desire to address issues that pamphlets and fliers cannot put forth ( 2010). Such actions would also undermine the solidarity of labor, causing larger problems for management (Jain 1979). Using these conversations to counter exaggerated claims made by the union, and even more importantly to make it clear why certain changes are necessary, and why certain other desires of the employees cannot be reasonably met, will increase the likelihood that an agreement between labor and management can be reached without the need for unionization and union representation in the relationship at Happy Trails ( 2010).

In conclusion, it is recommended that management and supervisors all be…… [Read More]

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Women and Work Industrialization and Unions

Words: 343 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 30477099

Women at Work


Prior to industrialization, most women were working as domestic servants in homes of wealthy people. Even when industrialization helped few women gain better jobs at sales and clerical positions, most black women were severely restricted to domestic service alone because of racial discrimination. White women mostly moved to jobs with better wages when opportunities arose, leaving the black women behind to bear the brunt of domestic service. The wages were disappointingly low and most women were paid anything from $4 to $8 per month. The conditions under which they worked were wretched and they were made to work from dawn to dusk with little time given to spend with their families. Apart from all this, domestic servants were also considered 'thieves' and their vices were regularly highlighted. Conditions were not so positive for women working in factories as they regularly had to compete…… [Read More]

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Teacher Unions a Very Controversial

Words: 4400 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68900940

Since smaller class size has been shown to positively affect student learning, at least in the early grades, one might also infer that this affects teachers' work positively. Further, researchers have found a positive relationship between collective bargaining and increased preparation time for teachers, which many educators believe is essential for good teaching and collaborative work among colleagues within a school.

Collective Bargaining, Unions and Teacher/Educational Quality

In a March 1999 study of Texas Schools, teacher salaries were shown to have a modest impact on teacher mobility and upon student performance. The authors of the study found that teacher mobility was more affected by the characteristics of the students, including income, achievement and race.

Salaries are also more weakly related to performance on teacher certification tests. This appears to be relevant only in districts where there are high levels of hiring (ibid., 30). The study found that certification tests were…… [Read More]

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Labor Market in Harlan County Texas Was

Words: 1001 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 70346761

labor market in Harlan County, Texas, was monopolistic in the sense that Duke Power had a significant amount of wage-setting power at the time that Harlan County, USA was filmed. The company and its subsidiary, the Eastover Mining Company, were one of the largest employers within the county. Moreover, the sort of people that the company hired did not have a lot of other career prospects. Most of them were relatively uneducated by contemporary standards and had high school diplomas or did not finish high schools. As such, the work afforded by this company was fairly important to their livelihoods, which is why the laborers were willing to endure a strike for as long as they did.

Since Duke Power was one of the larger employers within Harlan County, they were able to set wages in the region. A testament to this particular fact is the scab replacements that the…… [Read More]

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Labor in China as it

Words: 2890 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 15194650

While cases such as that of Kukdong graphically illustrate the importance of CSR and codes of conduct, anti-sweatshop activists continue to display considerable hesitation and equivocation as they wrestle with implementing CSR in China. In the words of the late activist Trim Bissell of the Campaign for Labor Rights, China has become a "planetary black hole" attracting global production with its cheap labor, but "the anti-sweatshop movement has been without a China strategy."9For example, in January 2000, the University of California (UC) announced that it would not allow any university-licensed products to be produced in countries that do no tallow freedom of association and collective bargaining, in effect banning products made in China (China and the American Anti-Sweatshop Movement ("

Efforts are underway to accomplish several things when it comes to China's sweatshops. The first thing that the union and labor leaders are demanding is that the world pay closer…… [Read More]

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Labor and Union Studies

Words: 1385 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77307508

Conflict, Debate or Struggle in the Contemporary U.S. Labor Movement

The work of Rutkowski and Dirkin (2010) reports that a kosher food company in Williamsburg is "locked in a battle with former workers who charge they were stiffed out of overtime pay - and then fired when they complained." The investigators for the National Labor Relations Board is stated to have found that Flaum Appetizing Corporation "illegally booted the workers, and ordered the company to cough up around $260,000 in back pay." (Rutkowski and Dirkin, 2010) However, owner of the company, Moshe Grunhut is stated to have "refused to comply -- saying he won't' pay the workers because they're undocumented immigrants." (Rutkowski and Dirkin, 2010)


The methodology employed in this study is one of a qualitative nature that has involved a review of the literature in regards to case of failure to pay overtime on the part of Flaum…… [Read More]

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Labor Policies

Words: 2462 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 85384672

labor policies of the former Soviet Union and how they contributed to the downfall of the Soviet Union. The writer explores the labor policies that were in force at the time and explains their contribution to the eventual downfall. There were ten sources used to complete this paper.

It was one of the more historic moments in recent world history. As the world watched in awe, the Soviet Union began to dismantle itself so that it could rebuild from the ground up. After many decades of communist regime, the government was taken apart from the inside out, the entire nation brought itself to the ground and the process to rebuild began. For years it had been accepted as a superpower and those who lived there felt that the United States was its only rival.

American residents had been raised to fear the Soviet Union and believe that they were the…… [Read More]

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Labor Standards for Government Contracts

Words: 532 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 64493052

Labor Agreements (FAR Part 22.5): Applicable laws

There are three major labor laws which affect government construction projects. The Davis Bacon Act stipulates a specific wage floor for all workers, namely that "no laborer or mechanic employed directly upon the site of the work shall receive less than the prevailing wage rates as determined by the Secretary of Labor" for that particular area ("Subpart 22.4: Labor Standards for Contracts Involving Construction," 2). This ensures that a contractor will not profit off a government contract by paying an unfair, substandard wage to its employees. The Department of Labor is responsible for making general wage determinations based upon type of occupation and other aspects of the project. Wage determinations can be appealed if they are deemed to be in error. "If a contract is awarded without the required wage determination (i.e., incorporating no determination, containing a clearly inapplicable general wage determination, or…… [Read More]

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Labor and Employment Law

Words: 1948 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 38374886

decision will need to be made about the future of each one. Each decision will be supported with an analysis of the situation using the relevant legal framework. In general, companies are allowed to terminate employees if the termination is part of a downsizing, which in this case it is. Naturally, however, the issue of severance will be raised, and must be taken into consideration for each of the employees in question. The format will be a discussion of each individual employee, his or her situation, but then the final decision about who to terminate and how will be conducted at the end of the report. The microbrewery is probably a qualified company, with at least 15 employees, or this discussion would not be taking place.

Employee #1 -- Mike Williams. Williams is a member of a protected group, being Asian. His performance has been above the median, which gives…… [Read More]

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Union Songs

Words: 605 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 57764047

strikes are an important part of the collective bargaining process. This does not mean that a strike has to happen with every collective bargaining agreement, but the threat of a strike does create a certain motivation for management to negotiate. The same can be said of management lockouts, which serve the same function.

Collective bargaining exists as a right, enshrined in the National Labor Relations Act. Section 7 of the Act grants employees the right to strike for the purpose of collective bargaining (NLRB, 1997). The point of granting the right to strike is to increase the bargaining power of employees during a collective bargaining. Technically, in a workplace where the employees are organized, they are only legally bound to work when they are under contract. If they are out of contract, they may continue to work, but are not bound to. Thus, they have the right to strike in…… [Read More]

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Ethics and Labor

Words: 1041 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22525849

Labor Ethics

Labor and Ethics

The concept of ethics in both business and labor is one rife with contradiction. Especially today, where the public has come also to expect a degree of dishonesty, corruption and exploitation at the hands of corporate abusers, the notion of ethical practice may seem almost quaint. But as the text by Collins (2011), entitled Business Ethics, demonstrates quite effectively, ethical practice is exactly what is called for if we are to bring about order, stability and accountability in our economy. The discussion here addresses a number of issues, both relating to these institutional ethical practices and, subsequently, to the implications of ethics in the discussion on labor orientation.


Chapter 1

Chapter 1, entitled "Why Do Good People Behave Unethically?," offers a number of discussion points that help us to understand the impact the organizational or institutional ethics can have on individual decision-making. The chapter…… [Read More]

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Examine the Options Available to Workers and Trade Unions for Building More Effective Outcomes

Words: 1361 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 1379879

Labor and Union Studies

Critically examine the options available to workers and trade unions for building more effective outcomes

Critical Examination of Options for Effective Outcomes

Labor and Union Studies

Critical Examination of Options for Effective Outcomes

Collective Bargaining

Arbitration Process

Collective Bargaining Advantages

Dialogue: Key Negotiation Tool

Labor and Union Studies

Critical Examination of Options for Effective Outcomes

There are several processes that are utilized in successful resolution of disputes which arise between management and workers who belong to trade unions. Today's processes are more diverse and varied reflecting the workforce profile of today's world. Arbitration, Collective Bargaining as well as resolution through skillfully structure dialogue are discussed in this work. Collective Bargaining is stated to be more effect than arbitration. However, a new form of adaptive and family/worker/company all-accommodating solutions are seen emerging in companies throughout the world.

Labor and Union Studies

Critical Examination of Options for Effective…… [Read More]

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What Are the Benefits of a Union Shop

Words: 1123 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 9398289

Union Organizing Issues

What are the differences from the employer's viewpoint, in operating a union-free environment vs. A unionized environment?

Eric Dontigney, writing in the Houston Chronicle for Demand Media, explains that while unions do provide certain benefits to employees, including legal representation and pensions, unions do not "necessarily represent a panacea to all the woes of working life" (Dontigney, 2015). Non-unionized workplaces also provide advantages to business owners as well as employees, and in fact business owners operating in non-unionized workplaces enjoy what Dontigney calls "…considerably more freedom in the dismissal process."

When there is a union, there can be long-drawn-out formal processes involved in dismissing (firing) an employee. But without a union, Dontigney explains that business owners "avoid" those long drawn-out dismissal proceedings, and business owners can "…dismiss employees for contract violations" and owners can simply decide not to renew a worker's contract or "…simply end employment without…… [Read More]

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Department of Labor Relations and Collective Bargaining

Words: 736 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23084225

Labor Relations and Collective Bargaining

What is European Union's Social Charter

The Social Charter of Europe is a treaty by the European Council which guarantees fundamental economic and social freedoms. It is an equivalent of the European Human Rights Convention, which deals with political and civil freedoms. It guards a wide range of day-to-day freedoms of human beings that have to do with education, housing, social welfare and protection, employment and health. The Charter is particularly focused on protecting minority people like children, the disabled, the aged as well as migrants. The Charter emphasizes on the granting of the freedoms stated above, free from discrimination. The Charter is the only Pan-European legal instrument that has the power to give such complete and extensive social rights protection. It is also used as reference in the laws of the EU. In fact, the Fundamental Rights Charter of the EU came up with…… [Read More]

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Relationship Between Unemployment Labor Market and Microeconomics

Words: 3017 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 32712612

Labor Market, Unemployment

Defining and classifying Unemployment

There is a level of unemployment in any economy, which is not automatically a bad thing, as most people would think. The presence of a level of unemployment, which usually is presented as a percentage, indicates that at any one given point in that economy, there are people looking for work and managers looking for better employees. In economics, the only important factor to look at while determining the level of unemployment is the number of employees who are eager to work but who cannot find work. Unemployment refers to circumstances where there are unwanted job losses and willing workers without jobs. The jobless are those individuals who are currently unemployed but who are actively seeking jobs. A person cannot be referred to as unemployed when they are not looking for a job. Consequently, in economics, not everyone who is not employed is…… [Read More]

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Living Theory

Words: 1713 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 21400130

LABOR UNIONS IN THE U.S.: Evaluation of Social Theory as Applied to the Concept of Organized Labor

CHAPTER IN BRIEF INTRODUCTION history of labor unions, their composition and development in the U.S. over time, discussion of the "building blocks" of such organizations

RELEVANCE OF LABOR UNIONS ACCORDING TO SOCIAL THEORISTS discussion of the relevance of labor unions according to the following social theorists: Durkheim, Simmel, Weber and Marx. Why labor unions are formed according to each of the social theorists; the idea of labor unions as a positive or negative force; labor unions as collective representatives of society; labor unions as reflective of society's need to collectively gather; who is represented by labor unions; economic factors in labor gatherings (Marx, on the idea that labor unions are created to promote the economic interests of employees within organizations)


Labor unions were created for a variety of reasons, in part to…… [Read More]

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Collective Bargaining

Words: 5251 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 67765924

Labor Relations & Globalization

Argue for or against the use of the "school voucher program." Which do you believe is right? Explain your answer.

Both the National Education Association (NEA) and the American Federation of Teachers (AFT) identify school voucher programs as a threat to public employees (Carrell & Heavrin, 2007). Critics say that school vouchers provide families with public funds that can be used for private schools with private agendas. Advocates say school vouchers give all families a level playing field in selecting quality school options for their children, and thus force public schools to improve their educational standards.

I would agree that school voucher programs are beneficial. Wealthy parents have a choice of schools for their kids; poor parents should have the same choice. Private schools are often very expensive, thus wealthier parents have the advantage of giving their children an education from only those schools with the…… [Read More]

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Collective Bargaining

Words: 610 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34557508

Labor Union Negotiations

The Zinnia Hotel

Labor negotiations for the labor pool at The Zinnia Hotel should focus on various factors that are present in the current situation. Of these factors, the most important one is the fact that there have been positive reports on the stabilizing of the economy and companies in general are no longer feeling the impacts of the global recession. While at one time, companies could make the argument that the company and the labor force should share in the consequences of the recession, this argument is becoming increasingly irrelevant since the economy is getting healthier. Another factor that should serve as a foundation for negotiations is the fact that immigrant work has become such a large percentage of the local hospitality industry; which is definitely unfair to the domestic workforce.

Since a strike is not effectively beneficial to either party in this situation, the negotiations…… [Read More]

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Greek and French Labor Laws French Trade

Words: 2077 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62281028

Greek and French Labor Laws

French trade unions are the weakest in terms of membership in the entire Europe. Generally trade unions are divided confederations; there is rivalry between the confederations since they compete for the same membership (Linda 1995)

The Greek government has a right to organize the economy at the interest of the Greek people, and in that regard their decisions cannot harm the basic government economic plan. The Greek government is heavily involved in their economic planning. In Greece the law permits unions to hold a strike. There is a board that deals with collective labor agreements, that is the Organization of Mediation and Arbitration Board. The board deals with any discrepancies. The board is made up of 11 members six of whom are elected by workers and employers, two from academic institutions, one specializing in labor relations, one representative from the Ministry of Employment and one…… [Read More]

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Illegl Immigrant Labor Be Protected

Words: 3790 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 43085232

If the foundations of the NLRA are to be supported, the illegal worker will need to be provided with the complete display of NLRA solutions. With that said, the tension still remains.

Key Issues

Statistics do show that illegal aliens are accounting for 21% of the foreign born populace in the U.S. In 2000 with that amount snowballing to 30% by 2005(Abraham, 2002). With numbers progressively going up each year, a lot have started asking why. They want to know where are the immigrants coming from and why are there so many of them that are allowed to come into the nation. Statistics display that Mexico is the major distributor of illegal and legal immigrants ( Statistics show that more than half of the Mexicans that are living in the U.S. In the year 2000 were illegitimate (Rodriguez, 2006). By 2004, 10.5 million illegal and legal immigrants that were Mexican…… [Read More]

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Globalization Union Decline and Recession

Words: 1674 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 79813022

Globalization Union Decline

Trade unions are the most important constituent of the system of current industrial relations in any country. Every trade union has a particular set of objectives or milestones to reach. It is a fact that modifications in the field of politics and education as well as societal structures may rechristen the unions as a forum for the protection and furtherance of the interests of the workers. The unions play a pivotal role in improving the workers' quality of life by helping them to make their customary roles of creating conditions of service bigger. A trade union can, thus, be simply described as "a continuous association of wage-earners for the purpose of maintaining or improving the conditions of their working lives" (as qtd. In Sinha, Sinha & Shekhar, 2006).

Trade unions serve as a fundamental and influential feature in the modern-day system of making and supply of commodities…… [Read More]

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Public vs Private Sector Unions Public and

Words: 1169 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60427708

Public vs. Private Sector Unions

Public and Private Sector Unions

Collective bargaining in public sector is a recent phenomenon that became common in 1960 and started gaining momentum at the time when unionism in private sector was slowly declining (Reilly, 2012). Changes in the government policies and the legal requirements made the way for the increasing unionism in the public sector. There has always been a debate regarding the issue if private and public sector unions are same; however, Troy (2003) states that public sector bargaining is not the extension of bargaining in the private sector. This paper will answer the problem statement " Are there more similarities or differences between the public sector unions and the private sector unions" by comparing and contrasting the key similarities and key differences between the private sector and public sector unions and labor relations.

Background Information

It is very essential to know the…… [Read More]

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European Practices Labor Relations the

Words: 964 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 67642706

After World War I, the Soviets evolved their own labor relations model, in which the employees were motivated and encouraged by the unions to work hard for increasing the production activities, the union introduced and promoted industrial discipline which was responsible for the unprecedented rise in the production activities. The unions played a crucial role and responsibility of the 'transmission belt' as per the guide lines of the Communist Party, the purpose of the exercise was to ensure 'a loyal and willing following' (Richard, 1991). After the formation of Yugoslavia at the end of World War II, another theoretical model of labor relations evolved which was based on the concept of self-management. As per the model, the 'unions function much less as a transmission belt for the party than in the Soviet model' (Richard, 1991). The model made the union experience severe stress, although the production activities were on rise,…… [Read More]

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AFL-CIO's Website Stresses the Union's

Words: 694 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56838822

Suppose you are the HR manager of a small city. You have heard that the American Federation of State, County and Municipal Workers is likely to start an organizing drive among city employees. Find as much information about this union as you can. What are their current interests? What kinds of issues do you think they are likely to raise in an organizing campaign?

The American Federation of State, County and Municipal Workers (AFSCMW) will likely oppose any attempts to cut the budget of a state or local government in a manner that negatively affects public employees. These measures would likely include hiring freezes, raise freezes, or asking employees to make a greater financial contribution to their healthcare. This could make it extremely difficult to balance state budgets. Its website states that it is a myth that municipal pensions are poorly managed, that the pensions lack oversight and quality standards,…… [Read More]

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Management Labor Relations Collective Bargaining

Words: 2181 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 7185635

Collective bargaining is made up of negotiations between an employer and a group of workers that decide the conditions of employment. Frequently workers are represented in the bargaining by a union or other labor association. The outcome of collective bargaining procedure comes in the form of a collective bargaining agreement (CBA). Collective agreements may be in the shape of procedural agreements or substantive agreements. Procedural agreements have to do with the association between workers and management and the procedures to be put into place for settling individual or group disagreements. This generally includes procedures in regards to individual grievances, disputes and discipline. Commonly, procedural agreements are put into the businesses rule book which supplies information as to the general terms and conditions of employment and rules of behavior that apply (Collective Bargaining Process, 2007).

For many months, the Department of Education, Board of Education, and the State of Hawaii underwent…… [Read More]

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History of Canadian Labour The

Words: 2158 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 65406702

" (Rouillard, 1987) There was a desire to "humanize the economy" based on the value of work being "more important than capital since the individual had to take priority over the accumulation of goods." (Rouillard, 1987)


In 1958 this liberal humanism of the CTCC "manifested itself in a new theme that appeared...economic planning." (Rouillard, 1987) Abuses of the system were corrected by the intervention of the state even though it was symbolic intervention only and it even "further directed the economy toward satisfying the real needs of individuals." (Rouillard, 1987) the CTCC gradually became nondenominational over the years and finally in 1960 the CTCC dropped 'Catholic' from its title and "all direct references to the Church's social doctrine." (Rouillard, 1987)


The work of Calliste entitled: "Sleeping Car Porters in Canada: An Ethnically Submerged Split Labour Market" (1987) states…… [Read More]

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NLRB Labor Relations National Labor

Words: 1018 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 12665777

However, in recent history, the NLRB has not always been a 'friend' to nurses. Precisely who constitutes a supervisor and an employee is of critical importance in determining who has the right to engage in collective bargaining under the law. In 2006, the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) "dealt a severe blow to nurses' and other workers' rights to join unions and bargain collectively….the board ruled that many charge nurses were supervisors, and therefore excluded from the protections under the National Labor Relations Act" (NLRB, 2006, AFSCME). The relative ease of defining certain employees as supervisors has been used to limit the ability of nurses to strike. According to the current terms of the National Labor Relations Act, a supervisor is "any individual having the authority, in the interest of the employer, to hire, transfer, suspend, lay off, recall, promote, discharge, assign, reward, or discipline other employees, or responsibly to…… [Read More]

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What Companies Must Know When a Union Tries to Organize

Words: 1108 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Corporate Paper #: 64789200

Senior Management

MEMO to Senior Management:

What are the differences in operating a union-free workplace vs. A unionized workplace?

Here is some background on the issue. A view that many observers express is that unions tend to raise "non-union wages" (Waschik, et al., 2010). The way the argument goes is that when there is a union shop, wages go up. Hence, non-union companies raise their salaries as well to complete with union shops (Waschik, 263). Also, the scenario includes this suggestion: if "production-line workers" get raises thanks to the union, the company will then be obliged to raise the wages of "non-union management" in order to continue their wage differential between the workers and management (Waschik, 263).

There is a rebuttal to those suggestions: market forces have not been taken into account, Waschik explains. When unions raise wages, it causes companies to lay some workers off, and those workers that…… [Read More]

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Future of Unions in Labor Relations

Words: 3742 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 31229459

Future of Unions in Labor Relations

Unions came about from the struggles and pain that individuals had to go through early on in history. Unions were something that did not spring up overnight, but rather took a great deal of time to develop as individuals began working out for themselves what types of organizations would be the best to protect their rights and ensure that they could not be treated cruelly or unfairly by those that they worked for (Kearney, 2001). The right to collective bargaining took almost 200 years in the United States but today these rights are held in almost every country (Kearney, 2001).

For many years unions were thought to be very important in labor relations. At least, employees have thought so. Much of the opinions had by those who have had to deal with unions in a dispute situation have been less than tolerant of unions…… [Read More]

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Women and the Union Struggle for Change

Words: 1687 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14667148

Women and the Union: Struggle for Change

Women's rights have enjoyed an increasingly prominent position in society and the workplace since the suffragettes managed to gain the vote for women. Acknowledging the intelligence and power of women as sufficient to allow them voting rights has led to other allowances as well. Throughout the 20th century, this struggle has not been an easy one, but it has been one that has gained steady ground through the decades. Since the 1970s, women have found themselves increasingly involved in unions, creating committees and combining forces to obtain a stronger position within unions and thus, by association, within the workplace and society in general. This has also become true on a global level, where globalization has created a much wider platform upon which women can make their voices heard.

White (1993, p. 123) notes that, although unions are by nature of concern to women…… [Read More]

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U S Labor Force Labor Supply

Words: 356 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90141430

This is reflected in the fact that over the past 12 months, average hourly earnings have only increased by 1.8%. Additionally, union membership has declined. The BLS reports that the union membership rate -- the percent of wage and salary workers who were members of a union -- was 11.9%, down from 12.3% a year earlier. In 1983, the first year for which comparable union data are available, the union membership rate was 20.1%, and there were 17.7 million union workers. Union jobs typically are higher paying jobs. According to the BLS, union members had median usual weekly earnings of $917, while those who were not represented by unions had median weekly earnings of $717. One reason for the decline in union membership is the decline in public sector employment, especially in education.


U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2011). Employment situation summary. Retrieved from

U.S.…… [Read More]

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Cleveland Orchestra Workers' Strike Labor

Words: 2729 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 18934515

This amount of leverage is rare in more standardized industries where management can break pickets with contract labor.

We see them affecting public opinion through their press releases and media control, which portrays management as derisive. This attempts to pinch off donations, which is a battle of attrition that will hurt the musicians in the end, but they are willing to sacrifice this in order to win the race to the bottom they portray management has gamed them into. We see the musicians trying to build goodwill by donating ten performances a year, which is a direct pay issue analogous to taking work home in other industries, but which makes them appear reasonable and eager to work. Promising to reschedule missed concerts follows this type of PR strategy.

5. Without actually attending meetings at the table or on the shop floor, we have to speculate about many of the obstacles…… [Read More]

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Collective Bargaining - Labor Relations Topic Define

Words: 633 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42018836

Collective Bargaining - Labor Relations Topic: Define dues-collection method called "checkoff," Taft-Hartley Act. Essay Question: Define dues-collection method called "checkoff," referencing regulations Taft-Hartley Act.

The checkoff arrangements refer to those conventions between management and unions whereby the employer collects union dues from the employee's salaries and ensures that they are passed on to the union fund (Sloane, Witney, 2010). The first two advantages that come out of this arrangement is that (1) the union's institutional position is strengthened and (2) there are significant time and money benefits that derive from the fact that management handles the entire financial operation.

In terms of the latter, checkoff arrangements help both the employer and the union, particularly in those situations where employment is conditioned by belonging to the union. In these situations, the employee might have avoided to pay the dues until the last moment, which would have meant that both the union…… [Read More]

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Constitution Collective Bargaining -- Labor Relations Topic

Words: 374 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15526905


Collective Bargaining -- Labor relations Topic: constitution a national union Essay Question: What importance constitution a national union? How dictate internal government procedures union? Essay 250 words length APA format.

What is the importance of the constitution of a national union? How does it dictate the internal government and procedures of the union?

The constitution of a national union dictates the rules that member unions must follow if these branches are to become a part of the larger organization. It sets standards for membership both to protect individual members as well as to protect the reputation of the union itself. For example, a union constitution defines what type of worker it represents and the standards for membership for individual employees as well as for representative affiliate organizations. It also defines membership dues and other concerns that an employee would have upon becoming a member of the union (Constitution and…… [Read More]

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Collective Bargaining - Labor Relations Topic Reasons

Words: 331 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51589526

Collective Bargaining - Labor relations Topic: Reasons poor performance unions 1920s Essay Question: What reasons poor performance unions 1920s? Discuss reasons. Essay 250 words length APA format.

One of the first reasons why unions failed in the 1920s was that prices had remained constant ever since the beginning of the century. While workers were accustomed to high wages from the 1917-1920 period, they had no one to turn to when wages experienced a dramatic fall during the 1920s.

Secondly, employers throughout the U.S. saw the opportunity to discredit unions and got actively involved in a process of having the masses less and less interested in unions.

The third reason is somewhat a continuation of the second, as it involves the introduction of welfare capitalism. Employers were determined to emphasize that unions were bad for the U.S. And they installed a series of programs that were dedicated to help employees --…… [Read More]

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Merging of Unions in Recent Years Collective

Words: 340 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27820945

Merging of Unions in Recent Years

Collective Bargaining -- Labor relations Topic: The merging unions recent years Essay Question: What reasons unions, affiliated AFL-CIO amalgamated, merged unions recent years site examples mergers? Essay 250 words length APA format.

Technological changes or the changes in the marketplace have also made unions to merge or become obsolete. According to Sloane and Witney (2010)

unions that are faced with technological changes and are on the verge of becoming obsolete have merged with other unions in order to die respectfully. A good example is the Cigar Makers which merged its 2,500 members with the Retail Wholesale, and Department Store Union. The merger was done because the Cigar Makers union had been faced with changes in the marketplace that it could no longer manage.

Growth of the managerial conglomerate is another reason why unions have merged. For example, The Tobacco Workers, Bakery and Confectionery Workers…… [Read More]

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International Labor Economics Programme Title

Words: 2169 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 40651466

This being the key player in the economy of the country, it is crucial to revive it as the priority towards reduction of unemployment in the economy. Structural reforms within the export sector involve the introduction of multinationals to supplement efforts of inward investment or revolution. The rate of impact differs in attempts to alleviate unemployment incidences (OECD 2011, pg 91-131). This is because multinationals proves to deliver an increase in the levels of output while inward organizations and entities still struggle to emerge from the effects of the economic recession. In order to reduce the levels of unemployment in the republic of Ireland, it is critical to adopt the three-pillar strategy to address the persistent problem in relation to the Irish labour market. Within the three pillars, the first motive should be welfare reforms. This should ensure that workers obtain better payment for their skills and services within the…… [Read More]

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Membership in Private Sector Unions

Words: 713 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 80173907

First Flanagan offers four hypotheses: one, changes in the structure of the American economy "favor nonunion over union employment"; two, union organization is less intense than it was; three, workers' interest in general has tapered off with reference to unions; and four, management vigorously opposes unions in many instances (Flanagan, 2005, p. 33). Adding to that list, Flanagan asserts that many companies have adopted "human resource management policies" that are similar to what unions have demanded in the past and this results in "diminished demand for unionization" (Flanagan, 34). In other words, if a company is keeping its workers happy and satisfied with progressive policies and sharing the profits, the need for a union in a progressive company is greatly reduced.

Meanwhile, what if a fellow employee asks another employee to sign an "authorization card"? The steps that unions take include the following: a) after a small group discusses the…… [Read More]

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Collective Bargaining and Labor Relations

Words: 752 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Reaction Paper Paper #: 14665469

It would be in the best interest of everyone if the union and the employer would work together (Johnson & Donaldson, 2006). When these two sides work together and in good faith, much more is accomplished in the way of helping teachers be successful and ensuring that the most qualified teachers remain in the classrooms. Otherwise, some of the best teachers move on because they are able to get what they want and need elsewhere (Pynes & Lafferty, 1993). Even in a tight economy, there is a need for teachers in many school systems. Why should they remain where they are not appreciated, when there are other unions and other employers who will clearly take better care of them?

The duty to bargain is highly significant. When an employer hires union employees, he or she should realize that there will be negotiations with that union at some point in the…… [Read More]

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Interview Functions of Labor Relations Office the

Words: 1090 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82231489


Functions of labor relations office

The responsibilities of the labor relations manager

In this paper, I present an interview that I conducted with the Labor Relations Officer/Manager within the Human Resource department of our company. The aim of this interview is to reveal the real world the functions performed by labor relations.

Summary of the interview

My interview with the labor relations officer revealed to me several things on the functions of the labor relations department. Good labor relations are a recognizable as well as a legitimate part of a given organization. A good labor relation involves a rather complex relationship between several people, organizations as well as other organizational variables.

Functions of labor relations office

According to the interview the labor relations office is mandated with the coordination of activities with workers in their formal as well as informal groupings. This includes aspects such as trade unions, representatives…… [Read More]

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Human Resources Labor Relations the

Words: 804 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 87475280

1. Initial IBB Preparations.

2. Preparing with constituents.

3. Opening statements.

4. Identifying issues.

5. Developing a list of standards.

6. Identifying interests on each issue.

7. Identifying options for each issue.

6. Identifying the acceptable option.

8. Accepting the option as a tentative agreement. (Alfano, 1997)

During initial IBB Preparations the parties should choose a facilitators and the sharing of costs should be discussed. A plan should be laid out should an impasse occur and a schedule for meeting should be set as to time, place, and choosing someone to keep the minutes or record of the meetings. A list of standards needs to be developed for evaluation of proposed solutions for elimination of the unacceptable and toward finding the acceptable solution. The development of this list allows for the sharing of beliefs and better understanding each other

IBB Preparation Checklist

1. Employer and Union representatives meet to agree…… [Read More]

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International Union United Automobile Aerospace

Words: 1128 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 51585911

The safety exception to the BFOQ is limited to instances in which sex or pregnancy actually interferes with the employee's ability to perform, and the employer must direct its concerns in this regard to those aspects of the woman's job-related activities that fall within the essence of the particular business. This was determined in the case of Western Air Lines, Inc. v. Criswell, 472 U.S. 400, 413 and Trans World Airlines, Inc. v. Thurston, 469 U.S. 111, 122-125 (1985).

The Court thought that a word about tort liability and the increased cost of fertile women in the workplace was perhaps necessary. One of the dissenting judges in this case had concern about an employer's tort liability and concluded that liability for a potential injury to a fetus is a social cost that Title VII does not require a company to ignore. The court felt that it correct to say that…… [Read More]

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European Union and United States'

Words: 843 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38551709

' While in theory this may seem defensible, in practice it is more questionable to carefully watch every second an employee spends online -- if the employee does a bit of Christmas-shopping online, but is otherwise productive, should this be used against the employee? And cannot such objectionable sites be blocked, without violating employee privacy? What if the employee uses his or her work email to send one or two brief personal emails -- the time 'theft' is quite minimal, yet so easy to do companies are falling prey to this temptation. And the issues of time theft blurs as employees do more work on their home computers for work -- work is taking over the home and ' private time' already. Yet this also means employees can store secret work-related items that they could store and share, if left unmonitored. Finally, RFID (radio-frequency IDs) in the workplace, which track…… [Read More]

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Collective Bargaining

Words: 1514 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 25990826

Labor Relations

Collective Bargaining in Labor Relations -- an Overview of Chapters 5-8 of Labor Relations, by Arthur a. Sloane & Fred Witney

In an effective relationship of labor relations and management, the entities representing labor and management must not view one another simply as adversaries, but as potentially complementary parties in the pursuit of a general, common goal of agreement. This does not mean that representatives of labor and management cannot also see themselves also as occasionally adversarial parties with strategically different objectives. The labor organization wishes to gain the best possible settlement for its workers. Management wishes to maximize profitability and cut costs.

These simultaneous but conflicting desires may mean that the goals and roles of management and labor may be at odds in many tactical situation, regarding many specific points. In other words, management may view cutting workers benefits or even jobs as the best way to…… [Read More]

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Should Workers Retire at 62

Words: 782 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 16415936

Labor Relations

Union Bargaining Power during a Recession

The PBS News Hour reported that the "great recession" that hit the U.S. And much of the world beginning in 2008 there were companies that cut salaries in order to stay solvent during those financial hard times. "The current recession has severely undercut the bargaining power of labor unions," the PBS program explained (Solman, 2010). As an example of what businesses have done to stay afloat during the recession, the Mott's juice and apple sauce factory in New York State simply cut wages in a union shop so the 300 workers went out on strike.

No problem, said Mott's (owned by Dr. Pepper / Snapple), we'll just hire non-unionized workers ("scabs"), and they did, cutting back their costs to one-half of what they were paying union workers. Because so many people have been put out of work during the recession, there are…… [Read More]

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Rise of the Union and

Words: 1161 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3429503

All profits went to slave owners so the South "could feed itself, but do little else" (29). The South turned a blind eye to the innovations of the industrial revolution because of selfishness. A few wealthy landowners held control of large portions of the local economy. The South was supported by a working population in the field. It had to purchase most manufactured goods from the North. The effects of the war on the South were indescribable and ironic, according to Davidson, because the "demands of war fundamentally transformed the southern economy, society and government" (Davidson 432). The failing economy and worsening conditions drove many slaves to move from the South. Supplies of "labor, already inadequate, shrank further as men were called into military service" (Olegario). Once things started going downhill, it was difficult to regain strength. While the Southern army was losing energy, the Northern army was gaining energy.…… [Read More]

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British Labour Party That Came

Words: 1797 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 43147590


The modern Labour Party (also known as New Labour) has come a long way from its Socialist roots in the last two decades particularly since Tony Blair became its leader in 1994 and repositioned the Party as a centrist rather than a leftist Party. There is no doubt that the move was a success as the Labour Party won the historic 1997 elections by a landslide and has not lost an election since. The electoral success has come at the expense of the Party's socialist credentials though.


Hills, J, 1998, Thatcherism, New Labour and the Welfare State, CASEpaper Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion: London School of Economics. Available from[April27, 2008]

History of the Labour Party, 2008, New Labour for Britain, Available from[April27, 2008]

King, a., Denver, D., McLean, I., Norris, P., Norton, P., Sanders, D., et al. (1998). New Labour Triumphs: Britain at the Polls.…… [Read More]

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Employment-At-Will Doctrine Labor Laws

Words: 1778 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 13685658

Employment-at-Will Doctrine

A lot of controversy surrounds the question of whether California is still an at-will state given all the exceptions it has made to the doctrine over the last few decades. Simply stated, the employment-at-will doctrine is a Common Law concept that gives employers and employees the right to terminate an employment contract at any time, with or without just cause. This basically implies that an employer can fire an employee at any time, for any reason or no reason at all; in the same way, an employee can quit their job at any time without necessarily giving reasons for the same to the employer (Muhl, 2001). Four states, including Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, and Rhode Island subscribe to the at-will doctrine fully, with no exceptions; the rest of the states, however, make varying exceptions to the doctrine as a means of protecting the rights of employees. The doctrine, however,…… [Read More]

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Impact of Globalization on Labour

Words: 2641 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 69610725

Globalization and Labor

Globalization is a term used in a multiplicity of senses, such as the global interdependence of nations, the growth of a world system, accumulation on a world scale, and the global village (Petras Pp). All of these concepts, as well as many others, are rooted in the general notion that the "accumulation of capital, trade and investment is no longer confined to a nation-state" (Petras Pp). Globalization in the most general sense refers to the "cross-national flows of goods, investment, production and technology," and for advocates, the scope and depth of these flows have created a new world order, "with its own institutions and configurations of power that have replace the structures of nation-states" (Petras Pp). Globalization has deepened and extended the international division of labor, with everything from automobile parts to information collection and analysis now out-sourced to labor in distant nation-states (Petras Pp). Exporting labor…… [Read More]

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Negotiation Police Labor Conflict in Boston Summer

Words: 2054 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 32350077


Police Labor Conflict in Boston: Summer 2004

This report aims to discuss a recent negotiation that occurred in the city of Boston in June of 2004. As the 2004 election comes to a close and as of this writing we still have no official winner for the office of President of the United States. The Democratic Party is patiently awaiting the results of the vote from the state of Ohio. But that is not the only issues the Democrats faced in this will campaign for President. In May and June of 2004, the Democratic National Convention slated for a rousing Boston welcome was instead greeted by the Boston Police Union's bid for a major strike that targeted Boston's Fleet Center where the Democratic National Convention was to be held. The strike was a thorn in Mayor Thomas M. Menino's side as he tried to present Boston as a labor…… [Read More]

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Should Turkey Join the European Union

Words: 2133 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 55869808

Turkey Join the European Union

The accession of Turkey to the European Union has long been a subject of contention. The route of Turkey's membership to the European Union has been in process since 1959, but the consideration of Turkey being a part of the European Union is still an unresolved issue. A clear difference of point-of-view, regarding Turkish accession to the European Union prevails among the entire world, but Turkey is now in a suitable position to depict its manifesto as an independently developing Muslim majority country that owns all the necessary resources to survive at par with its competitors.

The European Union regards its self as a secular organization of European countries, which is reflected in there slogan "United in Diversity" (Dinan, 2004)? The slogan draws a clear picture that the European Union intends to unite the diversities from across the cultures, religions and traditions in order to…… [Read More]

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Emotional Labor Implications on a Call Centre

Words: 3259 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72146890

Emotional Labor

Implications on a Call Centre

During the last two decades Contact or call centers have emerged as the answer to cost effectiveness for all sort of businesses that require back end customer services (Boreham et al., 2007). These call centers hailing from different countries are very similar with respect to markets, offered services, structure of the organization and type of workforce. This industry has flourished very quickly but usually these call centers are about ten to twelve years old hence still in infancy. Despite the similarities that exist across the globe in standards, processes and customers; are these call centers actually catering to the emotional side of this work.

Being a repetitive task with only a set of responses most of the time with no creativity and innovation in the services process added with long hours and no formal education on the subject, do these call centers affect…… [Read More]

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Charges of Unfair Labor Practices by the

Words: 1805 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 52280681

charges of unfair labor practices by the union, their demand for recognition and bargaining rights, along with counterclaims made by the company. The union held an organizing meeting with janitorial workers of an apartment building and townhouse complex on December 5th. After obtaining signed authorization cards from 6 of 11 employees where one was already a member, a union organizer notified the company, requesting recognition and bargaining rights.

The company's supervisor, Larry Melton initiated a series of inquiries in an attempt to find out which employees had sent for the union organizer and signed authorization for union representation. Melton was fired on December 24 and replaced by Leo Nord. Over the next several weeks leading up to the representational election, the company offered a series of new benefits. On the morning of the election on January 30, Nord told an employee, Cecil Snow, that if the union won the election,…… [Read More]