Marijuana Essays (Examples)

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Medical Marijuana

Words: 306 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 56690460

Chamberlain College of Nursing NR449 Evidence-Based Practice

Evidence Matrix Table

Independent (I)

Dependent (D)

Size and Selection

Major Findings

(sample not a real article)

Smith, Lewis (2013),

What should I eat? A focus for those living with diabetes. Journal of Nursing Education, 1 (4) 111-112.

How do educational support groups effect dietary modifications in patients with diabetes?

D-Dietary modifications



Convenience sample-selected from local support group in Pittsburgh, PA

Focus Groups

Support and education improved compliance with dietary modifications.

de Vries K, Green AJ (2012) Therapeutic use of cannabis. Nursing Times; 108: 9, 12-15.

Describe the potential uses of cannabis in palliative care, and to help nurses advocate for patients by providing information about cannabis use and legality. How should nurses react when patients ask about medical marijuana?

None; not an experimental research design.

Literature Review

Untold quantities of research studies in published journals.

Peer-reviewed and professional literature. Legal…… [Read More]

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Millions of Dollars From the Sale of Legal Pot

Words: 1355 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86856129

Marijuana Use and Laws Relating to Marijuana

The difference between laws regarding marijuana in the 1950s and 1960s and public attitudes (and usage) regarding marijuana today is striking. Usage, laws, and attitudes regarding marijuana (or cannabis) have dramatically changed over the past 40 or 50 years. This paper will use data and journalistic research to present the huge changes in laws, usage, and public attitudes as regards the issues surrounding marijuana.

CEDRO -- Center for Drug Research, University of Amsterdam (Library Data)

According to research conducted by the Center for Drug Research at the University of Amsterdam, the first empirical survey on the use of marijuana was conducted in 1971. It was launched by the "Shafer Commission" (under the auspices of the National Commission on Marihuana and Drug Use) and it conducted what is believed to be the very first in-depth survey of the American general population on drug use…… [Read More]

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Legalization vs Decriminalization of Weed

Words: 442 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 87440564


The author of this report has been asked to analyze and expand upon a particular issue or matter within the law as it exists in the United States. The author of this report has chosen to look at the use of medical and/or recreational marijuana. The laws that exist as it relates to marijuana are quite different from jurisdiction. It is quite intriguing as marijuana is completely illegal in some states, legal only for medicinal applications in other states and legal for any use in states like Washington and Colorado. While it does not make sense from a law standpoint, there does seem to be a so-called method to the madness thus far even if some laws are obviously being ignored or at least relaxed.


Even more intriguing is that marijuana is technically still illegal at the federal level but enforcement of banking regulations surrounding marijuana-related commerce where…… [Read More]

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Harmful Health Effects of Chronic

Words: 2208 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 57971802

"The IOM report recognized the therapeutic benefits of medical marijuana and urged that marijuana be made available to individual patients while research continued on the development of new drugs developed from marijuana" (Zeese).


In conclusion, there are two schools of thought on this issue. One view sees very little difference in terms of health implication between marijuana and cigarette smoking. However, there is some resistance to the idea that marijuana is as unhealthy or as dangerous as cigarettes. This had led to the notion that marijuana is less harmful to the user than tobacco. However, many reports and studies tend to stress that while the effects of each substance on the individual differ, in the long - term both have negative effects that should be emphasized. (Vlahov et al., 2004)

While there is a strong case for the benefits of marijuana in certain instances and for certain conditions, this…… [Read More]

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Colorado and Washington Have Legalized

Words: 2049 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 29711138

With the exception of Washington and Colorado, U.S. laws forbid the possession of even small amounts of marijuana, whereas Netherlands has been entertaining a liberal policy for two decades. In this light, Americans would be expected to have a small rate of marijuana usage, while the Dutch due to their expanded availability of cannabis, should have an increased rate of usage. The empirical evidence to support these conclusions, though, is scant.

Dutch drug policy may appear radical, but let there be no misunderstanding, their laws state clearly that marijuana is illegal. In 1976, it had been decided to take the course of de-penalization, a formal non-enforcement policy for offences involving possession of up to 30 grams, and this quantity limit was dropped to 5 grams in 1995. During the 1980s the de facto legalization started, with the inauguration of small retail outlets known as coffee shops that were allowed to…… [Read More]

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Surveyusa Washington State's Initiative 502 Calling for

Words: 1633 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55066169

SurveyUSA, Washington State's Initiative 502, calling for the decriminalization of marijuana, 57% of likely voters responded favorably to the initiative, while only 34% responded unfavorably and 9% were undecided. (Altieri, 2012) In terms of election results, 57% is considered to be a wide margin and with only weeks until the November election, it is likely that Initiative 502 will pass. But as those on both sides argue the possible effects of passage, it is important to look into the various claims made by those both supporting and opposing the measure.

According to the text of I502, the intent of the proposed initiative is to "stop treating adult marijuana use as a crime and try a new approach…" ("Initiatives Measure 502") This approach would reallocate law enforcement resources toward violent and property crimes, generate new tax revenue to be used for the benefit of the community, and, most importantly, remove the…… [Read More]

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California Recently Voted Down a

Words: 1815 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 59540476

" This is money that should be spent on (a) preventing and healing drug addiction and related issues; (b) more effective, and smarter, law enforcement. Legalizing marijuana would also generate much-needed tax revenues that can be spent on precisely those two things. From an economic or financial perspective, the legalization of marijuana will also help grow small businesses and thus can alleviate the problems associated with the current economic crisis. Low start-up costs for a marijuana grow operation also mean that low-income families and entrepreneurs can earn extra income in a legitimate way. Marijuana should be made legal because Americans value personal freedoms, too. It makes no sense for alcohol and Xanax to be legal but not marijuana. Marijuana, when made legal, can be regulated in the same way that alcohol and prescription drugs are. Police will not be wasting their time busting people for possessing a plant. Instead, pharmacists…… [Read More]

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Biological Psychology Activity 1 Biological

Words: 1006 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60634730

An early report that was conducted by British physicians claimed that they had found irreversible brain damage in ten male marijuana users -- all of whom had been referred to them for medical treatment because of psychiatric illness, neurological symptoms, or drug abuse problems (Zimmer & Morgan 1997). These researchers used a brain imaging technology and forced air into the patients' brains through the spinal column, then reporting that they saw "abnormalities consistent with cerebral atrophy -- actual brain tissue shrinkage" (1997). The researchers methods were criticized and it was concluded within just a few short years that the brain imaging technique that they use was medically "risky and unreliable" (1997). Using more modern brain imaging technologies today, researchers have not found any evidence of brain damage in human marijuana users, even in those humans who smoke an average of nine marijuana cigarettes a day (1997).

Today there is the…… [Read More]

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Chi-Square Test Study the Focus of the

Words: 976 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 80655719

Chi-Square Test Study

The focus of the research is to use the Chi-Square analysis to test whether the use of marijuana is less dangerous than alcohol. Over the years, there is high number of related deaths linked to alcohol in the United States, and comparably, there are no related deaths linked to the Marijuana use. A report from Center for Disease Control and Prevention (2013) reveals there is no category of marijuana related deaths. In California where marijuana use is legalized, there were over 9,000 alcohol related deaths between 2001 and 2005 and no record of marijuana related deaths recorded during the period.

Is the use of Marijuana less dangerous than alcohol in the United States?

Statistical Test to the Research Question

The chi-square is chosen to the research question because it is appropriate to test the hypothesis. Typically, the chi-square is used to determine a significant difference between the…… [Read More]

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American Drug Policy

Words: 3213 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 17883284

Drug Policy

American Drug Policy: Marijuana

Marijuana is one of the most vilified drugs in history and it very difficult to see just why this is so. The United States used to have a thriving agricultural concern that consisted of hemp (marijuana) famers producing plants for their fibers and seeds. The fibers were used in products such as rope and paper and the seeds were used to make oil which served as a lubricant and a food additive. Unfortunately, people became aware of its psychotropic properties and growing marijuana for any reason was banned. This ban also coincided with the introduction of products that were superior to those made of hemp. The drug usage properties of marijuana had been known for centuries and it had been used in religious ceremonies and as an additive to medicines, but it could also be used in quantities that made the user completely incapacitated…… [Read More]

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Criminalisation Legalization and the Mixed Blessing of

Words: 1131 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72506040

Criminalisation, legalization and the mixed blessing of medicalisation in the U.S.A." Reinarman discusses the issues related to the use of Marihuana. Marijuana or Marihuana has long been used to in America for recreational and medicinal purposes. As Manderson stated, "Debates on the reasons and rationalizations behind drug laws, their cost-effectiveness and their possible moral justification, have for a long time and will continue to rage" (Manderson, 1995, p. 800). Even with the recent mainstream shift towards legalizing of marijuana use from California to Colorado, many still attach negative connotations to marijuana, maintaining the image of marijuana as a deviant and immoral behavior. Keeping this in mind, one must understand the origins of marijuana use in America to see why it was deemed a deviant and illegal activity.

Marihuana was first introduced into America on a substantial scale during the 1910's by migrant Mexican workhands in the Southwest. During this time,…… [Read More]

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Paxil Tying Drug Readings Using Readings Support

Words: 916 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19923123

Paxil tying drug readings: (Using readings support analysis)… the articles: "The

Analyze Paxil

In order to properly analyze the drug known as Paxil, one must give prudent consideration to a number of factors. The first of these, of course, is the fact that by the very definition of this narcotic, it is a mind altering substance that is able to readily induce changes in one's brain or psychological state that often time have effects upon the physical body as well. Additionally, it should be noted that the very nature of this particular narcotic is quite different from other narcotics, in particular those which are used for recreational purposes -- namely mind altering substances such as alcohol and marijuana. It is quite possible for users to view occasions to engage in either of these substances as opportunities for fun and pleasure, particularly marijuana. However, although there may be medicinal purposes of…… [Read More]

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Drugs and Alcohol Issues Many Americans Have

Words: 1534 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24549513

Drugs and Alcohol Issues

Many Americans have trouble getting to sleep. As a results they may turn to sleeping pills to help them get some ZZZs. How do you feel about the prescribing of sleeping pills for people to assist them with sleeping? Should our medical industry instead be writing prescriptions for vigorous activity which would also help people sleep better? How about a prescription for caffeine avoidance?

There is nothing wrong with physicians recommending non-pharmaceutical alternatives to insomnia or any other medical or health problem. However, the autonomous rights of patient make it inappropriate for the physician to substitute his or her values for those of the patient. The physician's duty is to disclose all relevant information and to provide good-faith advice; but the ultimate choice of modality to address a given problem must always remain with the patient.

On some level, the same criticism of using sleeping pills…… [Read More]

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Psychedelics on American Music and Culture the

Words: 2249 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 42549644

psychedelics on American music and culture

The evolution of American popular music and culture in the late1960's and 1970's was an influential factor in the inspiration of musical artists. The creativity of music and its variety in modernity indicates that, most American artists claim for music ranges from the religious beliefs to the love interests. However, the driving force of creativity for the music in United States has come as a result of the usage of drugs subculture. The research carried out shows that, without the use of recreational drugs by the artists in America, the popular music could have resulted to a different evolutionary path resulting to a different musical world. Music has been taken from the drug culture by the Americans to be incorporated by the mainstream culture. When looking at the popular music in the past, there is a clear indication that shows a bond existing between…… [Read More]

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Investors Are Funding Cannabis Startups

Words: 684 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1704792

Economic Impact of Cannabis

The economic-themed article chosen for this paper is from Forbes, and it takes a position that would have been considered controversial, even outrageous, just a few years ago. The writer asserts that marijuana is considered the "best start-up opportunity" for entrepreneurs in 2015. This paper will present a review and critique of the article. At the end of the bibliography the link to the story is provided. Marijuana can become a huge boost to state's economies, and in time, according to the article, many states will benefit economically.

Why Legal Cannabis Is 2015's Best Startup Opportunity

Journalist Carol Tice, who covers entrepreneurship issues and startups for Forbes, explains that helping develop the legal marijuana industry is a smart way to launch a business in 2015. Twenty-three states now have legal marijuana for medical purposes, which means with a doctor's prescription (and a state ID in many…… [Read More]

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Effects of Drugs on the Economy

Words: 2964 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Capstone Project Paper #: 89660913

Drugs on the Economy

History of drugs in the United States

How drugs affect the United States Economy both positively and negatively

How decriminalization of drugs like marijuana stand to lessen the burden on tax-payers

Wonder drugs like morphine, heroine, and cocaine to mention but a few pose a lot of problems to the entire American society. Americans have had to grapple with the deleterious effects of drug abuse and addiction. Restrictions were imposed at the beginning of the 20th Century through domestic and overseas law enforcement to contain the drugs epidemic. Such enforcements were initiated to limit opium and cocoa crops (Drug Enforcement Administration, 2012). This term paper seeks to give a brief history of drugs in the United States of America and subsequently outline how drug use affects the American economy both positively and negatively. The paper also endeavors to list how decriminalization of drugs like marijuana stands…… [Read More]

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Opium in China With That

Words: 3088 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84650441

Americas Coalition Puts Marijuana Legalization Up for Discussion. Retrieved from the New York Times:

Bakalar, N. (2006). Marijuana as Medicine: Consider the Pros and Cons,. The Mayo Clinic .

Lawrence Genen, M.M. (2012). Cannabis Compound Abuse. Medscape Reference .

National Instritute of Health. (2012, December). DrugFacts: Marijuana. Retrieved from National Institute on Drug Abuse:

Considering the magnitude of the worldwide illicit drug trade and its impact on the United States, take a position on American enforcement policy in the world. Analyze the impact that American drug enforcement has had on the international drug trade. Has it been effective?


The countries in which drug plants such as poppy (for opium and heroin) and cannabis (for marijuana), such drugs are smuggled into them. International drug trafficking is a billion-dollar business that grows each year.


Drugs trafficked on an international scale include heroin, cocaine, methamphetamine etc. It has been…… [Read More]

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Nursing and the Law Over

Words: 1431 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74524978

Because of the overall negative side effects, many opponents will argue that despite the positive benefits, the drawbacks of using the drug are severe. (Morrow, 2009) This is the reason why it should remain illegal (because of: these negative side effects). An example of this can be seen with comment from the Institute of Medicine which found, "The most compelling concerns regarding marijuana smoking in HIV / AIDS patients are the possible effects of marijuana on immunity. Reports of opportunistic fungal and bacterial pneumonia in AIDS patients who used marijuana suggest that marijuana smoking either suppresses the immune system or exposes patients to an added burden of pathogens. In summary, patients with preexisting immune deficits due to AIDS should be expected to be vulnerable to serious harm caused by smoking marijuana." ("Top Ten Pros and Cons," 2006)

What this shows is the conflicting opinions, as to if medical marijuana can…… [Read More]

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Legalize It Hypocrisy and Inefficiency

Words: 1391 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 19662145

The drug cartels will lose money if marijuana is legalized, there's no question. Other entities also stand to make a lot of money if the plant and rug is legalized, and some of these entities could really put it to good use. As one of the biggest cash crops in the country (the biggest by far, according to some measures), the tax revenues that could potentially be earned from the sale of marijuana easily stretch into the billions, while several more billions of taxpayer dollars could be saved every year simply by ceasing to arrest or prosecute marijuana possession cases. Budget shortfalls could be significantly impacted by a move that many see as the only practical solution anyway.

In the four decades since President Richard Nixon fired the first shot in the War on Drugs, drug abuse has drastically increased instead of being reduced. The one-hundred million dollars that the…… [Read More]

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Drug Abuse Has Reached an

Words: 1327 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55711742

Over the years, marijuana abuse has continued to be regarded as being damaging to the well-being of our society and, in most countries, it is illegal to possess marijuana. In spite of being generally rejected by the public, marijuana also has numerous supporters. Its supporters usually claim that the plant is not dangerous for its consumers and that it actually shouldn't be called a drug. For several decades, the drug has been considered to be harmless and not to have any long-term consequences.

However, recent studies have proved otherwise, that the drug is very damaging to its consumer. After having consumed the drug for longer periods of time, its users have been reported to experience memory problems.

Those that militate for the legalization of marijuana believe that the drug has been made illegal because of the massive propaganda from the early 20th century. (Scienceblog)

Apparently, one of the most disastrous…… [Read More]

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Marihuana Should Be Legalized in the United States

Words: 961 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2113027


Marijuana, also known as cannabis, is the most widely used illegal drug worldwide (Caulkins et al.). However, the legal status of marijuana is slowly changing. Uruguay recently became the first nation in the world to fully decriminalize and federally regulate marijuana. Several other countries in Western Europe have liberal laws related to marijuana that amount to practical decriminalization. The United States, which until fairly recently remained stuck to its "war on drugs" policy, has finally begun to understand that not only is marijuana safe, but it is also a valuable medical resource. Thus, several states in the union have started to allow for the prescription of cannabis for medical use. Given the fact that decriminalization also presents several net benefits to society including reducing prison overpopulation and reducing the stranglehold organized crime holds over some communities, a few states have begun to decriminalize the drug entirely. Colorado and Washington…… [Read More]

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Pros and Cons of Legalizing Soft Drugs

Words: 629 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60429099

Legalizing "Soft Drugs": Marijuana's Effect on Cognitive Functioning

A continuing argument about the legalization of soft drugs such as marijuana, also known as cannabis is still much under debate. This work in writing intends to examine both the pros and cons to this issue, as the issues relate to the textbook content. Specifically examined will be the effect of marijuana on cognitive functioning.

The work of Hart, et al. (2001) examined the effects of smoked marijuana on complex cognitive performance and report a study in which they used a "within-participant double-blind design" for evaluating acute marijuana smoking effects on complex cognitive performance among those who were experienced in smoking marijuana. The study involved eighteen research volunteers who were healthy individuals and who smoked on the average of 24 marijuana cigarettes each week. Marijuana was reported to significantly increase the number of premature responses and the time participants needed to complete…… [Read More]

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Justice in a Pluralistic Society There Are

Words: 1278 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37557304


In a pluralistic society there are many different groups of people whose interests often conflict, and as a result justice can be viewed very differently. When laws are created to satisfy the needs of one group, it can have a detrimental effect on other groups. Therefore, justice as a concept, as well as a reality, does not always effect the whole of society universally. Recently there has been a number of states which have created laws regarding the growing, distribution, and use of marijuana. But while these states may have legalized it in some form, national law still restricts the production, distribution, and possession of marijuana. This has created a situation in which the differing groups of society, with their differing views on marijuana, have come into conflict in regard to the laws that have been created. In other words, it has created a situation where one can discuss…… [Read More]

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Legalization of Drugs of Abuse

Words: 2744 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 61703736

That compared with 19% for alcohol and a secondary drug; 12% for alcohol alone; 3% for smoked cocaine; 2.4% for methamphetamines; and 2.3% for heroin (Abrams).

It is estimated that by 2010 there will be 35 million teens in America (Levinson). This is a significant demographic to be concerned about. There would also be an increased chance of illicit drugs falling into the hands of children, just like cigarettes and alcohol now that are prohibited from being sold to kids. A greater availability, in general, would increase the likelihood of children being able to obtain them (Messerli).

Harm reduction is one of the primary benefits of legalizing illicit drugs; however, opponents feel that this theory is fatally flawed. Although the suffering of drug users should be reduced, their destructive habits shouldn't be tolerated. "Harm Reduction advocates forget the thousands of impressionable teenagers for whom the law is a reminder that…… [Read More]

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10th Amendment and How it Relates to

Words: 840 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 6817383

10th Amendment and how it relates to the states being controlled by the Federal Govt. On the legalization of pot..

Marijuana in the context of the Tenth Amendment

There is much controversy regarding the Constitution and the power it has over the people, taking into account that many individuals believe that the federal government does not have the Constitutional authority to prevent cities and states from legalizing the use of marijuana (regardless of the purpose of the substance's use). The possession of Marijuana is banned under federal law. However, when considering that the prohibition era saw alcohol banned under a Constitutional amendment, it would appear that a federal law should not be considered enough to prevent states or cities to legalize the use of marijuana. A great deal of individuals (both smokers and non-smokers) believe that the federal government is wrong in trying to force individuals to take on particular…… [Read More]

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Rhetorical Theory and Practice

Words: 2999 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 3845924

Commonplace: "You Always Admire What You Really Don't Understand"

There are a great many things that arouse admiration in this world of ours. Some of these things such as a creation of nature, a work of breathtaking art, scientific breakthroughs that benefit human kind, and acts of bravery are, without doubt, worthy of the admiration and the sentiment that they inspire. Unfortunately, however, human beings also fruitlessly admire a great many more things that are illusory in nature and, therefore, not really worthy of respect. Take, for instance, the human desire to be good looking, rich, successful and powerful. These qualities seem desirable purely because people who possess these attributes appear to be better off in life. But, are they really? Or, do these qualities give rise to admiration only because we don't really understand what being beautiful, wealthy, successful or powerful entails?

Perhaps, it is precisely the recognition that…… [Read More]

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Baby Boom Generation Has Been Plagued for

Words: 733 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6320389

baby boom generation has been plagued for several years with the dilemma of how to handle the issue of marijuana. The issue has been an acrimonious one for several decades and it is one that has been attached to the baby boom generation and as said generation begins to reach retirement age the issue is no closer to a resolution than it was in the early 60's as the baby boomers were first reaching their teenage years.

The baby boomer generation is identified with many social issues that changed American society forever. The Vietnam War and the Civil Rights Movement come immediately to mind but the use of drugs such as LSD and marijuana are also identified with this generation. The Vietnam War ended; the Civil Rights Movement was successful; the dangers of LSD were exposed; and all that remains is the issue of marijuana.

Throughout the past several decades…… [Read More]

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Michael Lauren Who Is Struggling With Drug

Words: 1215 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 82482908

Michael Lauren who is struggling with drug problem. Michele Lauren is twenty-one-year-old girl, single and a resident of New York City. Michele lives with her parents and is addicted to marijuana. She was arrested on various circumstances, each time for the violation of Health & Safety Code 11357 (Samaha, 2007) that is the possession of large quantity of drugs and was locked up behind the bars on trials during the years 2002 to 2008.

Lately, she had been arrested three times in a month for the violation of such law. Michele had also encountered the problem of alcohol along with her problem of smoking pot and marijuana, but she has not been arrested for excess drinking and violation of Health and Safety laws related to alcohol. She had not been arrested for any other related crimes, as she normally filched her mother's purse for money whenever needed.

a) Casual drinks…… [Read More]

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Constitutional Law- Search and Seizure

Words: 1764 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 87533525

If Harry had been stopped at a sobriety checkpoint, the outcome of his case would be dramatically different. The Supreme Court has determined that sobriety checkpoints are legal, as long as they are conducted in a neutral manner. Stopping all approaching cars meets the neutrality requirement. Moreover, the Supreme Court has also determined that the use of drug dogs does not violate one's Fourth Amendment rights; commentators have called this the "plain smell" exception. A positive sign from a drug dog is sufficient to form probable cause that there are drugs in a vehicle, which then gives an officer the right to conduct a full search of the car and its contents, including closed areas such as the glove box and the trunk. Therefore, the prospects for success in Harry's possession case for the marijuana in the vehicle would change, because Harry would likely be found guilty. However, the nature…… [Read More]

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Personality Disorders Schizotypal and Antisocial

Words: 1907 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 49515510

The author further asserts that high heels often serve as fetishes because of the manner in which they accentuate the shape of a woman's body.

There also exists a typology of fetishes which are either physical attributes or objects (Langevin). The author explains that "One may be partial to redheads for example and find them more erotic than persons with other colors of hair. The degree of arousal differs between individuals from mild to strong and for some men it is strong and the stimulus is essential. Thus one may like redheads but he can react to other females or males as well. However if one could only react to redheads, this would be a necessary fetish (Langevin)."


The terms masochism and sadism are often used synonymously to explain the condition by which an individual's sexual gratification is correlated with domination, physical pain, humiliation and enslavement (Langevin). The masochist…… [Read More]

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Meth Video on Youtube

Words: 945 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29503569


The author of this report has been asked to offer an opinion on what should be done in terms of marijuana and the laws that surround it. The four general options are keeping the status quo, decriminalizing its possession or legalizing possession and controlled distribution (e.g. Colorado, Washington, etc.). The author of this report has been asked to define what "decriminalizing" marijuana would mean. Basically, it means that people that possess marijuana would not be arrested although fines might still apply. An exception to this would be if someone is possessing enough marijuana that they are ostensibly into trafficking or dealing without a license or in a state where it's not legal to sell weed as a business. Of the three options, the status quo is certainly not a way to go. Indeed, the federal and state/local laws relating to marijuana completely conflict in many instances. This…… [Read More]

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Relationship Between Drugs and Criminal Homicide

Words: 728 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12402041

Legalization of drugs like marijuana has reached a milestone in countries like the United States. Although some who are against legalization of drugs have warned against the increased crime rate from adopting policies that legalize certain drugs, studies have shown the opposite have happened. The legalization of marijuana in the United States has decreased crime rates, arrests, and homicides. This can be attributed to the lack of drug dealing, and drug wars that are often fueled by illegal drug markets. When drugs become legal, at least those that have been proven beneficial, like marijuana, it reduces the illegal activity that usually comes with the illegal drug. Mexican drug cartels have reduced in number thanks to the lack of marijuana smuggling to and from the United States. Legalization also improves selling conditions for the buyer and seller.

In a sixteen yearlong study, marijuana legalization proves reduction in crime rate vs. increase.…… [Read More]

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Computer-Based Crime

Words: 1254 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 48976157

Computer-Based Crime

The illegal site I reviewed for this assignment is This site covers virtually all aspects of marijuana growing -- which is an illegal activity because marijuana is widely outlawed in the United States. However, there are some states in which individuals can legally consume marijuana for medicinal purposes. In these states and others there exists the potential for businesses to legally supply this substance to people.

There is a large degree of transparency in this particular web site. It was the first result to appear with a Yahoo search for "How to grow marijuana." As the tile of the site suggests, it discusses many different facets of growing marijuana and stratifies this process according to location (indoor or outdoors), various strains of marijuana including seeds (No author, 2014), irrigation and growth systems involving hydroponics, and other germane equipment types such as the expensive lights used to assist…… [Read More]

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Marinol Medicine Is Designed to Treat the

Words: 1168 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 97178475


Medicine is designed to treat the sick and the injured. Its function is to either treat a condition or to better severe symptoms from a medical or physical condition. Some medicines, when first introduced, are controversial because of the ingredients that are used. In the modern era, Marinol has become the subject of heated debate over whether or not it should be provided to patients. Despite the fact that it has been proven to help people when other medications have failed, there are still some places where the medication cannot be gotten simply because it contains a synthetic form of a substance which is illegal in most states. Marinol is not made from an illegal material, but a synthetic version which replicates the effects of that illegal substance. The drug Marinol is a brand name of a medication which is a synthetic form of tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC which is…… [Read More]

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Official Legal Definition of Contradiction

Words: 4563 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 55696657

This act enlarged the labels on the cigarettes, and required that the labels on cigarettes and cigarette ads say things like,."..Cause lung cancer...may complicate pregnancy...quitting smoking now greatly reduces hazards to your health... may result in low birth weight and fetal injury." Yet despite all these attempts to educate, all the package warnings and all the public service ads, we still see that despite the millions of dollars spent on smoking prevention each year, every year sees more and more people taking up the habit, until today death from cardiovascular disease remains the number one killer in the United States, contributed in a great part by smoking. And yet we keep legislating, when then proof shows that what we are doing is not working.

Our discussion of vice-based legislation now brings us to the subject of fattening foods. In 2002, a lawyer in New York filed suit against the four…… [Read More]

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Policy Networks a Prevalent Feature Democratic Governanc

Words: 671 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4598035

Policy Networks a Prevalent Feature Democratic Governanc

The issue I have selected related to policy networks pertains to utilizing marijuana for medicinal purposes in the state of Florida. At present, the usage of marijuana within this state is illegal -- regardless of the purpose. There are staunch advocates against legalizing marijuana or any other illegal substance which may be used as a recreational drug within this state. The most eminent form of opposition more than likely comes from current Florida governor Rick Scott, which not surprising considering that networks frequently involve "local and national governments" (Thatcher, 1998, p. 389). However, the issue of medical marijuana has recently come to the attention of state legislators and government officials due to a form of marijuana known as "Charlotte's web," which is exceedingly low in THC (the active ingredient in the substance that produces euphoric "highs") yet high in cannibidiol, which is known…… [Read More]

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Hemp Farming While the Debate

Words: 1327 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 82077033

As Earleywine points out, "By 850 a.D., the Vikings had dragged the ropes with them to Iceland. In 1000, hemp ropes helped the Italian navy dominate the seas. The hemp crop was so important that British farmers were commanded to grow cannabis or pay fines. Kings ordered the American colonies to export the crop, but they used it to make rope and fabric of their own" (p. 25).

The newly founded American colonies found hemp to be an ideal source for rope and fabric as well, and Earleywine attributes it use by the emerging republic as being a fundamental factor in its ultimate success in achieving independence from Great Britain. It would also appear reasonable to suggest that these valuable aspects of hemp are not being lost on manufacturers of all types in the 21st century either. For example, Earleywine suggests that even though synthetic alternatives have been developed over…… [Read More]

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federalism and'states rights regarding drugs

Words: 1029 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12634111

Drug Enforcement Administration, the Controlled Substances Act, and the War on Drugs all show that drug prohibition has been framed as a federal issue. Recent state-by-state legalization of cannabis (marijuana) has challenged and undermined the efficacy of federal drug laws and anti-drug policies. Almost half the states have now legalized marijuana for either medical or recreational use (Hill, 2015). The state-by-state legalization scheme creates legal and ethical conundrums. For example, Hill points out that federal anti-drug legislation prohibits legal marijuana businesses operating in states like Colorado to use national financial institutions for banking. Without access to the usual range of financing options, cannabis dispensaries and other related businesses are driven to a cash-only business which can "attract thieves and tax cheats," (Hill, 2015, p. 597). Other problems include the inability of Americans to legally transport cannabis over state lines, even between two states that both legalized the drug. Canada recently…… [Read More]

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United States Have a Non-Interventionist Foreign Policy

Words: 631 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20098571

United States Have a Non-Interventionist Foreign Policy? with Todd Myers

This lecture was part of Political Economy Week at Grossmont. The lecture started with a little history about the foreign policy of the United States, especially with regards to the theme of non-interventionism. The speaker referred to the way the United States used to be non-interventionist until the First and Second World Wars, how it was reluctantly entering the Second World War but after that, there was no more non-interventionism. Since then, the United States has been the opposite, fighting other people's fights for them under the guise of benevolence. The speaker questions whether this trajectory is healthy for the world and for the United States. Citing the failure of the recent interventions, but also contrasting that with non-intervention in Syria, the speaker did a good job of presenting both sides of the argument.

There was more I liked about…… [Read More]

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Inchoate Offenses

Words: 832 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 15309188

Inchoate Offenses

Vic lives in Minnesota. One day, while driving from work to head for a party, he sees a car that has collided with a tree. He slows down but does not stop to check if the driver needs medical assistance. Consider the given scenario and discuss the following:

A) Analyze and explain whether Vic is guilty of any crime under Minnesota law? Explain why or why not.

In most states, it is not necessary for people to stop if they witness an accident, let alone if they drive past a car who has already been involved in an accident that occurred before you came on the scene. Minnesota has a statute called a Good Samaritan Law, which dictates that if a person does not stop to help an injured person then they can be subjected to a fine of other penalty. According to this law, "a person at…… [Read More]

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Hot Button Topics Are Issues

Words: 867 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 81322510

Section 2

1. His tone is that of a relaxed news reporter. It's as if he doesn't believe the extravagance of some of the examples he gives. He tries to equate debauchery and under age sex with the prom and frivolous spending. "Over the years parents have become more active in creating the 'prom experience,' from personally signing for houses for a three-day drug/sex/alcohol bash, to mothers making motel reservations for their sons and daughters for the after-prom-get-togethers." (Brown, 2008) This in turn enables the reader to quickly side with him because underage debauchery is viewed as wrong. He uses words like "extravagant," "orgy," "$20,000" to get people to see these prom goers as satanic, rich savages. It definitely succeeds in convincing an audience that prom is bad on some level. I think also the simple fact that he keeps mentioning price tags and eventually the "$100,000" some of the…… [Read More]

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Law Enforcement the Use of Deadly Force

Words: 2489 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62266601

Law Enforcement

The use of deadly force by the officer raises issues of reasonableness and due process under the Fourth and Fourteenth Amendments, respectively, as discussed by the U.S. Supreme Court in Tennessee v. Garner (1985, 471). The use of deadly force is a seizure and thus protected by the Fourth Amendment. Its use during policing activities must therefore be balanced against the rights of the suspect, by remaining within what would be considered a 'reasonable' use of force. Garner involved a Tennessee statute that authorized all available means to prevent the escape of a suspect, which resulted in an officer shooting and killing a 15-year-old boy who had stolen a purse and 10 dollars from a home. The officer could see that the boy had nothing in his hands and was therefore probably unarmed. After telling the boy to halt, the officer shot and killed him when he attempted…… [Read More]

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Brian's Franchise the Story of

Words: 354 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 19873545

2. From an ethical point-of-view, I would advise Brian to continue pursuing his business ventures in Holland, where the overall climate of tolerance permits it. The only ethnical problems with continuing an operation in North America arise when growers resort to guns and other forms of violence to protect their crops from being stolen or from the police. Other than that, marijuana growing is ethical even if it is illegal. Breaking the law in this case does not represent a breach of an ethical code, because the law itself is unethical. Laws are generally formed in response to the society's overall ethical code. This stance does not demonstrate moral relativism even if it is highly liberal; however it does coincide with ethical principles of autonomy and utilitarianism: Brian's franchise is hurting no one. It supports his right to pursue a good career. The business would only harm himself if he…… [Read More]

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American Colonial Experience and the Articles of

Words: 922 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 51499634

American Colonial experience and the Articles of the Confederation influence the content of our Constitution?

The American colonies existed as separate political entities. The only attempt to consolidate any of the colonies under one united government was that of the ill-fated "Dominion of New England," an attempt to reign in the independent colonies by a monarchy (that of James II) that was thought by many to want to 'catholicize' the Anglican church in the late 1680's. Administration had to be done at a local level because of the inferior condition of the roads. The advent of newspapers and printing presses in the mid-1700's was really the first non-commercial link between colonies; often colonies had been openly hostile to one another. For instance, dissenters that disapproved of the government of Massachusetts founded Conneticut, New Haven, and Rhode Island. The consolidation or division of colonies, when it occurred, happened by skillful diplomacy…… [Read More]

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Government Constitutional Amendments The Case

Words: 627 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 67076079

The only way, it would seem, to affect the kind of change that supporters of the initiative want is to amend the state constitution, effectively changing the law of the land. Supporters argue that this is the only viable option left, especially in light of the fact that marijuana is less dangerous the alcohol -- a legal drug -- and that the war on drugs has netted no significant results save $1 trillion spent since 1970 and 1.6 million people arrested yearly, half for marijuana possession (Gathright). Thus, in the case of marijuana we are faced with public policy that aggressively prosecutes anyone who uses the drug, at great cost to the state, without any discernible impact on usage, and when other more dangerous drugs are marketed freely.

Under these conditions, it seems wholly appropriate to attempt to amend the state constitution to reflect the people's acceptance of marijuana as…… [Read More]

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Mexico Drug Trafficking Mexico Political

Words: 4615 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 10010063

An estimated 275 "metric tons" of cocaine (a metric ton is 90% of a full ton, which is 2,240 pounds) arrive in Mexico each year, ready for transport into the U.S. -- and of those 275 metric tons the authorities average seizing about 36 metric tons. Doing the math quickly that indicates that about 239 metric tons of cocaine arrive in the U.S. annually, according to the GAO figures.

As for heroin and marijuana, the GAO's data shows that about 19 metric tons of heroin are produced in Mexico annually (only 1 metric ton is seized by the U.S. each year); and about 9,400 metric tons of marijuana are grown annually in Mexico, of which 2,900 metric tons are confiscated each year by U.S. law enforcement personnel (GAO). When it comes to methamphetamine, the GAO says no accurate estimate as to the amounts manufactured in Mexico, but seizures at the…… [Read More]

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Suppression of Evidence Hypothetical the

Words: 1127 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 93329950

Even without any arrest, the officer could conceivably have conducted an external pat-down or Terry search of the subjects' outer garments to detect any weapons under the doctrine of officer safety (Schmalleger, 2008; Zalman, 2008).

However, even a Terry search would not have permitted to officer to further investigate or search any soft lumps or other contents of pockets not indicative of possession of a plausible weapon (Dershowitz, 2002). Furthermore, absent evidence that Terry and Kim were jointly engaged in criminal conduct, even a valid search of Terry pursuant to a valid arrest that yielded a small amount of marijuana in his pocket would not have justified a separate search of Kim (Schmalleger, 2008).

In this case, the search of both subjects was improper because it was conducted incident to an invalid arrest. Therefore, either Kim or Terry may challenge the introduction of any contraband retrieved from their personal possession.…… [Read More]

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The Biological Neurological and Psychological Effects of Thc

Words: 663 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 43972722

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the primary psychoactive component in marijuana. Chief qualities of THC include its high solubility and bioavailabilty, rapid absorption rate, long-term storage in fatty tissue, leading to a lengthy elimination process ("Marijuana," Slide 37). Although there are dozens of psychoactive compounds called cannabinoids in cannabis, THC receives the most attention in research due to its being the primary compound associated with most of the psychoactive effects of the drug. Other cannabinoids that have been researched include cannabinol, canabidiol, 2-AG, and arachidonic acid, or anandamide. Most compounds have interactive or synergistic effects.

Research into the psychoactive properties of cannabis has led to the discovery of a neurotransmitter system that is distributed throughout brain and central nervous system, and which accounts for numerous psychological and biological functions (Atakan). The system is known as the endocannabinoid system, and reveals the ways particular agonists like THC bind with specific receptor sites in…… [Read More]

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Laurel v Hardy Main Issue Laurel and

Words: 726 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 75183423

Laurel v. Hardy

Main issue: Laurel and Hardy, a professional comic duo, entered into a contract that agreed if they ever disbanded their partnership, they would refrain from using each other's material without compensation to the other party. After the duo disbanded, Hardy continued to use the materials without paying Laurel. Laurel is suing Hardy for $500,000. Hardy travels and has thus not been properly served Court Papers and refuses to read the local paper or respond to the suit. Laurel motions for a default judgment and Court Costs, which is granted. Hardy appeals this because he has not been properly notified.

Relevant Legal Concept: Contractual law and Service of Summons and Judgment

Procedural Due Process: Service by registered mail and publication in local newspaper; the Court is not responsible if the person being served pleads ignorance.

Relevant Definitions: Substituted Service of Court documents

Relevant Case Law: Dorsey v. Gregg,…… [Read More]

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Alcohol and Other Drugs Opinion

Words: 1331 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49904514

Drugs and Alcohol Issues

Explain your opinion on the legalization of illicit drugs. Do you believe that legalizing drugs will "increase" or "decrease" drug abuse?

I think that some illicit recreational drugs should be legalized simply because they cannot be distinguished from licit recreational drugs such as alcohol and tobacco. Both tobacco and marijuana (for example) are leafy crops that can be harvested and smoked to provide various physiological sensations that users enjoy. Alcohol is a drug that does the same and that is also associated with various types of problematic behaviors. Whatever the "right" approach is, it cannot be to permit consumption of one substance like tobacco to be marketed for profit while subjecting consumers of another nearly identical substance like marijuana to criminal penalties. If it is appropriate to license the manufacture and tax the sale of tobacco, it is no less appropriate to do the same for…… [Read More]

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Essasy When Someone Records Their

Words: 1332 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2348721

An elaborate rehearsal requires multiple activities to be coordinated and completed in order to give the rehearser a comprehensive run-through of the activity.

A mnemonic is a memory aid, often verbal (like a poem or word list, that assist a learner in learning through the use of both repetition and by utilizing easy to remember lines, words, riddles and poems. For example, an acronym mnemonic is often used to memorize a list. It contains an easily remembered word, phrase or rhyme where all the first letters are associated with an item on the list being memorized.

Elaborative rehearsal and mnemonics are similar in that mnemonics is a form of rehearsal and rehearsals use mnemonics as part of the rehearsal process. When one rehearses something, they are essentially practicing the activity. Thus, one method of rehearsing a speech is to practice memorizing the content. A method used to assist with memorizing…… [Read More]

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Co-Occurrence of Substance Use-Behaviors in Youth Co-Occurrence

Words: 1713 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89276676

Co-Occurrence of Substance Use-Behaviors in Youth

Co-occurrence of Substance Use Behaviors in Youth


Author Biographies: Biographical information of the authors is not made available in the research bulletin. A search online indicates that Carl McCurley shares a passion for analyzing and improving outcomes for court-involved children, youth and families that he was able to apply in the Models for Change program at the National Center for Juvenile Justice. McCurley, Director Administrative Office of the Courts/Washington State Center for Court Research (WSCCR). McCurley joined the Administrative Office of the Courts in 2007As the newly hired WSCCR director, he sought to broaden the Center's work, expanding beyond the customary focus of court operations to analyze the courts' impact on the lives of those they served.

Howard N. Snyder is considered to be the foremost expert on juvenile justice data, policy, and is now employed by the Bureau of Justice Statistics,…… [Read More]

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Criminal Justice Although Jeff's Confession

Words: 1709 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2903379

If this is indeed the case, Leach is within his rights to appeal for an overturn of his conviction. The Fourth Amendment protects travellers from unwarranted police searches, which appears to be what happened in this case.

The Fourth Amendment then protects the rights of individuals to reasonable expectation of privacy. While Archibald Leach voluntarily yielded his luggage for investigation, the search itself was not conducted in a legal manner if there was neither warrant, reasonable suspicion or probable cause. The case does not mention any of these, based upon which the conclusion can be that Leach has sound grounds for appeal.


Criminal Law Lawyer Source. (2009). Search Warrant.

Farlex, Inc. (2009). Probable Cause. The Free Dictionary. 'Lectric Law Library's Lexicon. (2009). "Confession."

Rice, Beverly. (2009). When can the police stop and frisk you on the street? Supreme Court Articles.

Walker, Jayme S. (1998, Dec…… [Read More]

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Influence of Sentencing Practices on False Confessions

Words: 723 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75813225

substances, alcohol and marijuana, which one do you believe can most likely impact the reliability of a statement given by a subject under its influence? Why?

Considering the impact of the two substances, alcohol and marijuana, it seems that the reliability of a statement given by a subject under the influence would be most impacted by consumption of alcohol. Alcohol and marijuana are both know to reduce inhibition and judgment. Naturally, the impact that marijuana or alcohol has on social perception is related to the degree of exposure to or consumption of the drug.

However, a person under the influence of alcohol is less likely to be able to accurately assess how others perceive what they say than a person under the influence of marijuana, and thereby have less concern about exaggeration or misrepresentation when making a statement.

Which personality disorder would most likely provide the least reliable information during…… [Read More]

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Nature Nurture Debate the Long-Standing Debate

Words: 1350 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99295647

Objects are the same size, obviously, whether they are near or far, but our minds perceive size relative to surroundings. The dogs appear much larger the closer they get. They may seem huge to a person who is afraid of dogs.

3) Depressants, Stimulants, and Hallucinogens

Depressants numb one's feelings. They act as anesthetic to one's nervous system. One loses energy, almost as if very fatigued. A person under the influence of a depressant will feel very apathetic towards everything. It is all too much effort. Alcohol acts as a depressant, with real physiological effects in addition to the psychological effects. Heavy alcohol consumption decreases metabolization of fat in the liver and also suppresses movement of white blood cells, making one more prone to infections. Heavy alcohol consumption causes the stomach to produce more digestive acids, which can lead to ulcers or acid reflux disease.

Nicotine is a stimulant. Nicotine…… [Read More]

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D A R E Program Teaches Kids How to Recognize

Words: 878 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 29432745

D.A.R.E. program teaches kids how to recognize and resist the direct and subtle pressures that influence them to experiment with alcohol, tobacco, marijuana, and other drugs. Did you or anyone you know go through the D.A.R.E. curriculum? What do you have to say about the program? Would you like to see the D.A.R.E. program continued in our nation's schools? Why or why not?

(Drug Abuse Resistance Education) administers a school-based substance abuse, gang, and violence prevention program in 75% of U.S. school districts and in 48 countries (as of 2013); since 1983, 70,000 police officers have taught the D.A.R.E. program to over 200 million K-12 students worldwide -- approximately 114 million in the United States alone (ProCon, N.d.). The effectiveness of the program is a heavily debated subject. There is more evidence, peer-reviewed studies, which point to the program being effective in reducing the number of youth involved in drug…… [Read More]

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Police Courts and Corrections According to Merrill

Words: 2197 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 22979340

Police Courts and Corrections

According to Merrill and Fox (1999) the total impact of substance abuse on Federal entitlement programs is more than $77 billion. This constitutes in excess of $66 billion directly associated with substance abuse. Further, the amount of taxpayer dollars spent on substance abuse would accounts for nearly 10% of total Federal spending (Merrill and Fox, 1999). The cost of drug use affects the entire criminal justice system, overburdening current resources at each stage of the arrest, adjudication, incarceration, and post-release supervision process (National Drug Threat Assessment, 2010).

Clearly, police are not equipped to "fight crime" as they are legislatively required to do. Further, the conflicts between state and federal law enforcement components are an unnecessary impedance to effective law enforcement efforts. The importance of effecting change through the various state legislatures, as well as compelling the Federal government to change certain laws according to public desire…… [Read More]

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Positive Factors

Words: 901 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6996811

Positive Philosophy in Law

Thomas Aquinas and Hans Kelsen held that the law enforced by human courts is indeed a positive law. Legal philosophers have since come up with a flurry of arguments claiming that positive law must have its source and content. These philosophers were and are of contention that the court's core mandate should be that of harmonizing heterogeneous sources of law into a coherent body of law for ease of administration of justice. Sources of law can be drawn from the ancient Roman law, legislation, custom, precedent and equity, raw materials processed by courts into genuine law, statutes, precedents, and opinions of experts. With regard to content, law should be enforced to administer justice (Murphy, 2005).

This paper seeks to list some factors that a judge in a state's criminal court system would consider before sentencing burglary/theft offenders, people suspected to have committed aggravated battery, or those…… [Read More]

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Ethical Scenarios Abigail Was Hired

Words: 1063 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 48348197

The placebo drink smells and tastes like alcohol. Everyone (regardless of condition) believes that they are getting alcohol. He then videotapes each person's communication behavior in a group setting with 10 other people (who are also randomly assigned to the placebo or alcohol condition). Participants sign an informed consent form saying that they are getting alcohol and that they will be participating in a group setting to get to know other people who are also drinking alcohol. They are not told that some of them will think they get alcohol when they are really sober.

There are no ethical issues or problems presented by this case either. Deception was necessary to conduct research in this cases but the type of deception involved in serving placebos instead of alcohol would not present any risk of emotional or other harm to participants. Since the nature of the deception would not cause emotional…… [Read More]

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U S v Billy Bob This

Words: 1162 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76312982

In fact, he repeatedly told officer Friday that he had no interest in doing so. In Sherman v. United States, the Court held that "a line must be drawn between the trap for the unwary innocent and the trap for the unwary criminal." 356 U.S. 369, 375. Furthermore, in Sorrells v. United States, the decision that officially established the entrapment defense, the Court asked "whether the defendant is a person otherwise innocent whom the government is seeking to punish for an alleged offense which is the product of the creative activity of its own officials." 287 U.S. 435, 451. Looking at the facts as developed at trial, it is clear that Billy Bob's agreement to take the drugs on consignment and distribute them was the product of Friday's creative activity, and that Billy Bob was otherwise innocent of possession with intent to distribute.

Interestingly enough, although entrapment would apply in…… [Read More]