Medical Ethics Essays (Examples)

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Transforming Scheduled Death Into Renewed Life One

Words: 4525 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 66878778

Transforming Scheduled Death Into Renewed Life

One of the harsh realities of living in an otherwise-free society is the fact that the United States incarcerates far more of its citizens than other leading industrialized nations, and it one of the few countries in the world that retains the death penalty on its books. When capital offenders are executed, there exists the opportunity to turn this scheduled death into renewed through organ donations. At present, while an individual has the right to say whether their organs should be donated, death-row inmates are considered wards of the state and it is the position of this study that the state should have the corresponding right to harvest their organs as a means of execution in order to save and improve the quality of the lives of others. To determine whether the potential exists for such an approach, this study examines the relevant peer-reviewed…… [Read More]

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Difficulty With Do Not Resuscitate

Words: 1967 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 47609840

With regard to the medication administration itself, in a life saving circumstance, which this clearly is not the weight of the potential for depression of respiration and cardiac status is clearly indicated, yet it would seem unethical under these circumstances, if the review of the documentation proves its validity and clearly indicates the patients wishes, to deny at least the smallest dosage (2mg) of ordered Morphine to reduce the pain and potentially allow the patient to regain calm, which will clearly improve his status with regard to short-term treatment.

If the fear of doing harm, drives every medical decision, based on the extreme notion that all patients can be saved under all circumstances then bioethical decisions are futile. The observations and communications of others in the immediate vicinity to care, including the family, other nurses, support staff and most importantly the orders of the doctor to administer palliative care for…… [Read More]

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Gestational Surrogacy Even Though it

Words: 2181 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 56425393

A also consider that a proper legislation should protect the surrogate mother, in order to avoid situations in which her rights would not be respected. Therefore, she should be paid her medical expenses and, as a sort of benefit for her act, she should be granted a free medical insurance and the right to free medical analyses. Moreover, the legislation should stipulate that the surrogate mother should be of the same nationality - American in this case - as the future parents, in order to avoid situations as those which occurred in the Indian women case, who have thought to have been abused, a thing they have accepted because of their poor material status.

All in all, it seems that gestational surrogacy is not among the best surrogacy practice, and this is because of the ethnic, legal and cultural misunderstandings it might generate. In addition, I consider it should be…… [Read More]

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FDA and Gene Therapy

Words: 892 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 92639038

Gene Therapy


Ethics can be considered to come from personal values. From both a medical and a business perspective, ethics are the reasons that some news stories should be followed from beginning to end and all in between. "On Sunday morning, 23 February 1997, the world awoke to a technological advance that shook the foundations of biology and philosophy. On that day, we were introduced to Dolly, a 6-month-old lamb that had been cloned directly from a single cell taken from the breast tissue of an adult donor." (Brannigan 10) This report is not about cloning per se, but it is about the underlying industry for gene therapy and the Food and Drug Administration regulations as they pertain. The secondary goal is to point out who controls the legal aspects of a new drug application process. Like cloning, gene therapy is in some circles a great medical and scientific…… [Read More]

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Moral Analysis the Food and

Words: 2417 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 73000088

I have a clear written mandate that guides this decision. The other alternatives do not have the same clear, written mandate as the one that I made. While a utilitarian approach may have yielded a different decision, in my position as a safeguard of public safety I am not obligated to undertake a utilitarian position unless I can do so without compromising my primary mandate. This is something I was able to do with generic drugs that I cannot do with biosimilars, even though it would be expedient for me to ignore the differences between the two products.

There are certainly those who would object with this decision. A utilitarian in particular would have a strong argument that total health outcomes depend not only on drug safety but on availability as well. I would argue, however, that this objection is invalid for a couple of reasons. The most important of…… [Read More]

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Criminal Justice System Case Management

Words: 998 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 69771615

Managers in Criminal Justice

The objective of this study is to answer the question of why it is important to distinguish between community settings and correctional settings when providing services to clients. This work in writing will additional answer as to whether every correctional client require the assistance of a case manager and what special population is most likely to required the assistance of a case manager. Finally, this study will answer as to why ethics and confidentiality play an integral role when working with clients.

The work of Healey (12999) reports that Jurisdictions "across the country are adapting case management techniques, a service delivery approach developed by mental health and social services workers in the late 1960s and early 1970s to suit the needs of a wide variety of criminal justice populations." (p.1) It is reported that the jurisdictions utilize case management for the purposes of reduction of recidivism…… [Read More]

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Corruption in a Public Organization

Words: 972 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 80171685

Performance Evaluation on Corruption for Public Organization

In the wake of the double-edged sword caused by its scandalous mismanagement of the September 11th terrorist attacks and Hurricane Katrina's devastation of New Orleans in 2005, the venerable charity organization American Red Cross (ARC) was subjected to intense public and political scrutiny. This pressurized process of external examination eventually revealed an abundance of systemic flaws in the ARC's organizational management structure, including widespread fraud and abuse of privileges by executives, gross misconduct on the part of volunteers and other employees, and an astounding level of wasteful spending as it pertains to funds that were ostensibly donated to a charitable cause. The four established benefits of business ethics, as described by Ferrell, Fraedrich, and Ferrell in Business Ethics, of employee commitment, investor loyalty, customer satisfaction, and bottom line (2011) all experienced dramatically detrimental consequences that were directly caused by the ARC's corrupt and…… [Read More]

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Nursing Theory Discuss Several Aspects of Professional

Words: 3198 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38976507

Nursing Theory

"Discuss several aspects of professional communication as it relates to the use of language in terms of form (e.g., clarity, accuracy) and content (culture and/or ethics)." (Question, 2014, p1).

Communication is the reciprocal process where messages are received and sent between two or more individuals. Communication involves exchange of ideas, or opinion, which could be in form oral or written form. On the other hand, communication involves a series of information or message that people send out or receive using senses such as touching, seeing and hearing. However, professional communication is a basic tool in the professional practice, and a professional communication is a formal relationship that must follow certain rules and norms in order to make it more impressive and readable by another person. Typically, quality of communication is very critical in enhancing clarity and accuracy of communication system. While the professional communication system is generally based…… [Read More]

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Emerging Technologies With Ethical Implications

Words: 2730 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 51799658

Technologies with Ethical Implications

The effect of information revolution in changing many facets of life in varied fields like banking and commerce, transportation, health care, entertainment, work and employment and national security is clearly visible in the developed countries of the world. As a result, information technology has started influencing relationships, family and community atmosphere, democracy, freedom, etc. (Computer Ethics: Basic Concepts and Historical Overview) Being an exclusive technology, computers bringup uncommon ethical matters. Computer ethics refers to the study of the characteristics and communal bearing of computer technology and the subsequent creativity and explanation of policies for the ethical utilization of such technology. This vigorous new field of computer ethics, in present modern years, has sprung new university courses, workshop, conference, curriculam materials, professional organizations, articles, books, journals and research centres. In addition, the age of WWW.hasaltered computer ethics into a field of world-wide information ethics. (Moor, 1985, p.267)…… [Read More]

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Theoretical Foundations of Nursing Nursing Can Be

Words: 4161 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 25325887

Theoretical Foundations of Nursing:

Nursing can be described as a science and practice that enlarges adaptive capabilities and improves the transformation of an individual and the environment. This profession focuses on promoting health, improving the quality of life, and facilitating dying with dignity. The nursing profession has certain theoretical foundations that govern the nurses in promoting adaptation for individuals and groups. These theoretical foundations include theories, theory integration, reflection, research and practice, and assimilation.

Grand Nursing Theory:

There are several grand nursing theories that were developed by various theorists including the Science of Unitary Human Beings by Martha Rogers, Sister Callista Roy's Adaptation Model, and Systems Model by Betty Neuman. Sister Callista Roy's Adaptation Model is based on the consideration of the human being as an open system. She argues that the system reacts to environmental stimuli via cognator and regulator coping techniques for individuals. On the other hand, the…… [Read More]

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Mental Health Providing Patients With Mental Health

Words: 2453 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 24334168

Mental Health

Providing patients with mental health problems with the proper care can be a difficult task. There are also many ethical issues that often arise in caring for patients who are mentally ill. The case of Rocky Bennett is a prime example of the ethical dilemmas that can arise when arriving for this particular population. These dilemmas can also be compounded when racial discrimination is involved. The purpose of this discussion is to examine issues related to the delivery of mental healthcare using the Rocky Bennett case as an example.

Delivery of community and health services

Mental illness is still a taboo subject in many communities throughout the world. As such the delivery of delivering community and mental health services can be difficult. Ethical issues abound in the field of mental health because of the sensitivities involved when treating patients who are mentally ill. The major issues are often…… [Read More]

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Popularity of Chinese Traditional Acupuncture in the

Words: 1976 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10532342

popularity of Chinese Traditional acupuncture in the United Kingdom.

Acupuncture is a form of alternative medicine that treats people by insertion and handling of solid, usually thin needles into the body. Through its beginnings, acupuncture has been deep-rooted in the notions of Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Its general theory is based on the idea that bodily functions are synchronized by the flow of an energy-like entity called qi. Acupuncture tries to right inequities in the flow of qi by stimulus of anatomical locations on or under the skin called acupuncture points, most of which are linked by channels known as meridians. Scientific study has not found any bodily or organic correlate of qi, meridians and acupuncture points, and some modern practitioners needle the body without using an academic structure, instead choosing points because of their tenderness to pressure (Acupuncture: An Introduction, 2011).

Contributing Factors

Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) is becoming…… [Read More]

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Cloning the Term Cloning Is

Words: 1578 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 93295677

and, that is, for how much longer should this experimentation be tolerated given the animal suffering involved and the deliberate creation of abominations of nature.

Currently, many countries around the world have banned the use of reproductive, human cloning on ethical grounds, while allowing research to continue in the area of therapeutic cloning and reproductive cloning of animals. Of course, there are also countries that are permitting the development of human cloning technologies. Given the ethical and safety issues involved, it appears that the subject of cloning needs to be resolved not on a country-wise basis, but on a global scale. In fact, if there is one issue today that truly calls for global attention and unity, it is that of cloning technologies. for, a failure to determine globally applicable ethical guidelines in cloning may have a severe detrimental impact on the future of human civilization and life on Earth,…… [Read More]

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Philosophy of Nursing With an

Words: 4366 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 45355010

She was almost radical in her approach to healthcare and healing.

By radical, I mean that she was the type of individual who aimed to solve matters by getting to the root of the problem. She was more interested in solving the problem and not the symptoms of an underlying issue. She used a systems thinking methodology that made her overall approach to healthcare a faith-based philosophy. Although she used God as a foundation, she was willing to make the effort to conduct scientific research to confirm a basic belief. Consider the fact that nursing focuses on the patient as an adaptive system while medicine on the other hand sees the patient from the perspective of a biological system or more importantly, the patient's disease.

Like Florence Nightingale understood, it is our objective as nurse practitioners to utilize the metaparadigms of nursing to help the patient move along a continuum…… [Read More]

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Advance Nursing Practices in the

Words: 2098 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73429250

This help in solving conflicts between patients in a hospital.

In nursing practice, there are quite different in between clinical nursing specialist and nurse practitioner in the scope of operation. Therefore, a clinic nurse specialist works under the legislated scope of practice for a registered nurse but has advanced education. While nurse practitioner works under a separate scope of practice and can perform certain functions and tasks that are outside of the scope of practice of registered nurse, including clinical nurse specialist. However, nurse practitioner generally provide primary care, and clinical nurse specialists act more a s consultants in their roles as expert clinicians, clinical leader, educators, collaborators and researchers.

Many researches have written that emotions sometimes can influence ethical decision making in a health care system. Therefore, nurses are equipped with knowledge to make decision without any kind of influence. The model demonstrates that certain emotional states influence the…… [Read More]

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Ethical Issue on Abortion

Words: 3142 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 89322346

Ethical Issues Surrounding Abortion

Notwithstanding the laws being passed in various states against a woman's right to chose to terminate her pregnancy, the position of this paper is that Roe v. Wade is the law of the land and a woman has the ethical and moral right to decide to have an abortion. There are many positions for and against Roe v. Wade, and there are many ethical issues that may be (and in many cases are) embraced on both sides of the issue. But the law of the land vis-a-vis a woman's right to the privacy -- regarding her own values -- when it comes to terminating a pregnancy has been determined by the High Court. As a nurse committed to fairness and ethics in healthcare issues, while I respect the rights of others to practice their own values in opposition to Roe v. Wade, I am in support…… [Read More]

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Business Entities Laws and Regulations Information

Words: 2499 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85770249

Transaction Under Each of the Five Ethical Theories

Ethical fundamentalism:

Juanita's behavior is clearly in contravention of a normative code of ethics since each of the world's religions proscribe bribery. The Bible, for instance, as does the Koran goes on in depth about the severity of perverting justice and bring officials or any one involved in the jurisprudence sector.


Utilitarianism is somewhat stickier in application. If Juanita's behavior provides the greatest amount of people in her environment with pleasure, she can, consequently, proceed. Utilitarianism is, however, not so clear in this situation for how do you define and set the limits to providing happiness t o the greatest amount of people. Who are the majority in this case? Are they the employees in Giantcorp and the bribed official (as well as recipients who profit from the bribe)? Are they competitors to the company? Are they the specific country? Or…… [Read More]

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Consent the Most Important Statement

Words: 585 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 3429868

The ethical dilemma that occurs here is related to the necessity of doing the right procedure, but with the reluctance of the patient to provide consent for it.

In the second case, communicating consent and information can be made difficult by language or cultural barriers. The ethical dilemma relates to whether or not the patient properly understands what he is up against and whether he is able to make an informed decision.

3. With traditional medicine, there is a problem of communication and understanding. The Western patients are not used to TCM, it is something new for them, so a lot of time needs to be spent in delivering the appropriate information in terms of principles and practice before anything can actually be done. If this was applied in China, many of the steps could be skipped, because many of the principles are related to Chinese spiritual practice.

4. Again,…… [Read More]

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Group Counseling This Work Explores

Words: 4344 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 11183732

) may typically be used in the conduction of the activity; and 3) Activities can be standardized and adapted with a minimum of alteration for use across groups and members so that a common framework can be replicated. (Trotzer, 2004)

The main feature of activities are:

1) Technical; and 2) Mechanical and have "...parameters and directions that make them merely tools." (Trotzer, 2004)

Categorization of the activities of a group are on the basis of:

1) focus; and 2) types of communication involved and may be intrapersonal or interpersonal with communication that is verbal or nonverbal in nature. Intrapersonal activities are for the purpose of enhancing communications between individuals in the group and are 'nonverbal' activities. All activities of the group are within one of the following categories:

Verbal Interpersonal Activities;

Non-Verbal Intrapersonal Activities; and Non-Verbal Interpersonal Activities. (Trotzer, 2004)

Some activities may be characterized by nonverbal and verbal activities…… [Read More]

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Life Support Is the Methodology

Words: 1058 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 58271129

One of the major concerns of opponents to using life support in various situations is the idea that the patient might be suffering in a direct result of keeping him or her alive without consent or even ability to express what their true wish would be, (General Council of the Assemblies of God, 2008). There have been many cases recently where a family was burdened with the painful decision to keep their loved one's on life support or to end the sustaining machines. Several of these cases have unfortunately been exploited by the media, which furthered the pain and confusion of the family members involved.

Additionally, life support also proves to fail those who are suffering from chronic illnesses, (Katz-Wise, 2006). Patients diagnosed with terminal cancer are less likely to benefit from life-support due to their initial diagnoses. Also, patients diagnosed with dementia are sometimes not advised to reap the…… [Read More]

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Tobacco Industry Where Business Meets

Words: 5112 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 63433806

Although it is expected to die in Congress -- and President Bush has promised a veto if it does not -- a bill is currently circulating that would allow the FDA to control cigarette contents ("Reynolds American" 2008). If this bill were to pass, and the likelihood of it doing so is much greater with a Democratic congress and president, it could mean the perpetual death of the tobacco industry. Thus, these issues continue to be primary as shareholders determine if and when to buy.

III. International Ethics

Once a symbol of American life and a major contributor to Revolutionary War funds, tobacco quickly found itself unwanted by many vocal United States' citizens once its harmful health effects became known. Since the late 1990s, the issue of international ethics has been of prominence in the discussions regarding the tobacco industry. As outraged Americans began to restrict the tobacco industry's options…… [Read More]

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Philosophical Perspective Action I Decided

Words: 1103 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83765472

However, when it comes to health-related issues, I do not believe that subjective personal impressions and feelings can influence one's ethical decision-making. The evidence is clear that smoking is harmful to the smoker, and also to the person who inhales second-hand smoke. Additionally, we were in my parents' home. I know that they have hard and fast rules about smoking on their property.

My friend took a different point-of-view: he acquiesced to my request, but said that he thought his country had a more reasonable attitude towards smoking: a utilitarian approach. "If everyone is smoking," he said, "why not permit it -- simply banning it will not force people to quit. That is a personal decision, and more pleasure is given by allowing people the option, particularly if everyone or almost everyone in the party is a smoker."

My friend is a good man, but good people can still manifest…… [Read More]

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Ethical Issues in Nursing Range

Words: 3075 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 95848657

1). This is a problem that needs to be addressed by adding more training to the budget. The problem is, most hospitals' budgets are already spread too thin. Therefore, hospital administrators need to work harder to find sources to help fund their activities.

Complete Honesty

Nurses have more power and responsibility than ever before to ensure that they are making honest reports about their patients. They may be in a rush to get home and not feel like entering all of the proper data into the computer. Or, they may take shortcuts in the use of other technologies. It is a nurse's ethical responsibility, however, to ensure honesty in all that she does. This includes 'blowing the whistle' when she sees that other nurses are not being honest or are misusing technology.

This can be extremely difficult, however, considering that nurses often suffer negative repercussions for 'whistleblowing'. A study conducted…… [Read More]

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Knowledge and Skills for Emergency Responders

Words: 1272 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 87098561

Countries all over the world are prone to face a broad range of emergencies that result from hazards of varying degree and scale, international consequences, and other complexities. Through experiencing these emergencies, a country’s political, social, economic, and public health are hugely impacted and can even lead to long-term consequences that can persist for years even after the occurrence of the emergency. The cause of the emergencies can be from natural disasters, disease outbreaks, radio-nuclear or chemical spills, and conflict, among other hazards. The emergencies undermine the social development of a country by hitting the people’s hard-earned health gains. Moreover, health facilities and their infrastructure can also be damaged bringing about the weakening of health systems, which means that attaining the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) will be slowed. When such emergencies occur, the international community faces pressing challenges when preparing for, responding to, and recovering. The following purpose of…… [Read More]

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Radiology Program for Several Reasons Firstly I

Words: 812 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 33455384

radiology program for several reasons. Firstly, I believe I have the aptitude to complete the course. Secondly, I believe I have the skills and personal qualities that will allow me to succeed both in the course and in a career as a radiologist. Finally, I have a genuine interest in working as a radiologist, and am sure that this course and this career is the right choice for me. I believe these reasons combine to show that I have the aptitude, the attitude and the enthusiasm required to complete the course and continue on to a successful and rewarding career.

Firstly, I believe I have the ability necessary to complete the course. I have always had an aptitude for science. I studied anatomy, biology and chemistry in high school and particularly enjoyed these courses. These subjects are part of the radiology course and I am sure I will again enjoy…… [Read More]

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Standards of Nursing Practice Nursing Scope and

Words: 1650 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 81856656

Standards of Nursing Practice

Nursing Scope and Standards of Practice

Scope and Standards of Nursing Practice in Ohio

Scope and Standards of Nursing Practice in Ohio

As a pediatric hematology registered nurse (RN) practicing in the state of Ohio I am licensed through the Ohio Board of Nursing (2013). The Ohio Board of Nursing determines licensure criteria by relying those established by national certifying organizations and in Ohio this is the National Council of State Boards of Nursing. The scope of practice for RNs in Ohio is determined by Chapter 4723 of the Ohio Revised Code (ORC), in addition to the administrative rules developed under this Chapter (Ohio Board of Nursing, 2011).

Scope of Practice Considerations

Under Chapter 4723 ORC an RN is authorized to evaluate a patient's health, develop a nursing regimen to restore health, prevent disease, and promote health, provide health counseling and teaching, and under the authorization…… [Read More]

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Rhetoric of Explanation a Trend in Technology and Society

Words: 3364 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 44935918

Technology and Society

All print media including books, newspapers and magazines are in deep trouble today thanks to new developments in technology, as are traditional methods of classroom instruction and school curricula. To that extent the Internet can be described as a revolutionary invention that has altered and transformed the way information is presented and conceived. Individuals are learning and creating innovative ways to contribute to relevant knowledge at an excessive speed, and the Western world has become dependent on this technology and also more aware of its negative side. Whether the technology in our surroundings is causing human beings to become distracted, affecting our communication skills, or making them stupider is a question that has to be addressed.

This memorandum will describe these issues of trivialization and the 'shallow-ing out' of contemporary American culture, most of which are either as deliberately exaggerated and sensationalized as the Internet itself or…… [Read More]

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Sonic Healthcare's Marketing Tactics and Strategies Sonic

Words: 978 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57156058

Sonic Healthcare's Marketing Tactics And Strategies

Sonic Healthcare is a medical facility that offers diagnostic services. These include Pathology and Radiology. The company traces its roots back in 1992 when a young accountant, Michael Boyd bought into a small company that was at the verge of collapsing. He gradually increased his share ownership and later appointed Dr. Colin Goldschmidt, who is histo-pathologist to take charge of the company as the CEO. Sonic Healthcare took the pathological dimensions during this time. Ever since, the company has adapted several strategies that have propelled it to be one the leading facilities in the entire world. This paper seeks to explore some of the strategies used by this company.

Tactics / Strategies Relating to Marketing Mix

Product / Service related

Sonic Healthcare has a clearly defined niche of operations as a pathological and radiological Centre. The healthcare facility opted to concentrate on a narrow…… [Read More]

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Clinical Assessment of Learners Clinical Assessment Involves

Words: 2688 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35872340

Clinical Assessment of Learners

Clinical assessment involves the evaluation of technical skills, communication skills, professionalism, knowledge base, and teaching skills, where applicable, of students who are about to enter independent practice. Technological changes have made it possible to assess clinical performance in ways that are far more advanced than pencil and paper tests relied on in the past (Dauphinee, 1995). In the late 1970s, clinical training programs utilized continuous practical assessments to evaluate learner competencies and as means of providing formative assessment feedback. These continuous practical assessments were considered to be "a much more valid, reliable, and realistic method of assessment" (Quinn, 1989). As clinical placements grew shorter and the number of staff, including those with "supernumerary status" grew larger, the quality of continuous practical assessments was substantively impaired (Girot, 1993). The goal of assessment has always been to identify a "competent practitioner" and to support the educational efforts required…… [Read More]

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Women's Social Role in Society Gender as

Words: 1090 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16873655

Women's Social Role In Society

Gender, as opposed to the physical classification of sex, has always been based upon societal construct. The current psychology of the masses dictates what proper or improper behavior for the given genders is. This has always been the way of things. In the 1900s in the United States of America, a woman's place was in the home. She was supposed to be the Angel in the House. In this role, a woman's purpose was to cook and clean and take care of her family. She was not allowed to busy herself with what was called the Public Sphere, wherein the husband and other men were in control. The wife's role was in the Private Sphere. This scenario, called the "Cult of Domesticity," gave women very little power. In this era, women did not have the right to vote, so females had no voice either in…… [Read More]

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Substance Abuse Among Licensed Counselors

Words: 3892 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 82037251

However, a different kind of problem may arise, when the counselor himself was a user and an addict, and has recovered fully from his addictions, to move on to become a legal counselor of others like him. (NIDA, Introduction and overview)

Take for example, the case of when a drug abuse and substance abuse counselor was among the fifteen people who were arrested recently in Harlem. The police charged this particular individual with being a part of a fifteen-member gang of cocaine and crack distributors on Long Island. Andrew J. Maloney, the United States Attorney for the Eastern District of New York, identified the counselor as Al Richardson, 40 years old, who was allegedly a distributor in a drug-selling ring, in which each 'runner' in the enterprise, or in other words, the individual who makes the actual sale of the drug, cocaine or crack, sold as much as $2,000 a…… [Read More]

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Active Passive Euthanasia

Words: 2210 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 51244341

Euthanasia (active and Passive)

A Moral Philosophy Paper

Euthanasia is the practice of ending a person's life for the sole purpose of relieving the person's body from excruciating pain and suffering due to an incurable disease. The term euthanasia is often referred as mercy killing or the 'good death' as derived from the Greek. Euthanasia can be classified into four categories. In active euthanasia, a person's life is terminated by a doctor through a lethal dose of medication. Passive euthanasia implies non-provision of life-sustaining treatment to a patient based on logical reasoning or in other words doing nothing to save a person's life by abstaining to give life saving measures like putting a person on artificial respirator. Simple way of distinguishing active and passive form of euthanasia is a mere difference between act and omission. The other forms include voluntary euthanasia in which a person's consent is obtained for either…… [Read More]

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Cogito Ergo Sum as Stated

Words: 1796 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 51847710

As such, every human being has 70,000 pairs of these genes or instructions that tell the body what to be and how to behave. They have garnered the name "designer" not so much as to pre-selection but more toward blueprint. Although biotechnological development might well be able to "design" a fetus to have all the characteristics that parents want in a child, the more scientific approach is one of natural development in the genes patterning. Not with standing naturalism there are efforts underway to alter some of the 70,000 pairs of genes to cure diseases and prevent defective inherited characteristics. Wherein the debate turns philosophical, ethical, and righteous is on an entire different level however. When reality is present that babies can be genetically engineered to be smarter, better looking, more athletic, and happier the face of human evolution will have changed forever. The lingering question facing citizenry is how…… [Read More]

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Beneficence the Field of Nursing Is Shaped

Words: 1580 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 57082843


The field of nursing is shaped by a range of ethical principles; while all of these concepts are important, one could argue that perhaps the most crucial ethical principle is that of beneficence. "Beneficence is the obligation to do good and avoid harm. Nurses help others to gain what is beneficial to them, which promotes well-being and reduces the risk of harm" (Young et al., 2009, p. 75). Having a clear understanding of beneficence is important as nurses are often presented with a range of complex ethical situations and dilemmas and they need strong principles to help guide their actions and nursing practice. As Young and colleagues explain, avoiding the harm that comes to a patient involves balancing this against the perceived amount of benefit. Other theorists see this concept in a slightly different perspective: "Beneficence is the principle of promoting the legitimate and important aims and interests of…… [Read More]

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Management Theory According to Experience

Words: 3200 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88333504

Leadership is an
ability which, either inborn or developed through hard work and ingenuity,
presents the members of the organization with a paragon to forging action
toward rational goals. While it is the responsibility of managerial
personnel to issue directives, instructions and clarifications on goal-
orientation, it is only a leader who can find ways to motivate the members
of his organization. By finding ways to personally and professionally
invest these members into the shared goals of the organization, a manager
can evolve into a credible leader while positively impacting internal
Another quality which differentiates management from leadership is
that the former carries with it implications of top-down authority.
Leadership is instead a process of give-and-take, where one's effectiveness
may be inclined by his susceptibility to the counsel and talent of others
within the organization. Again, I have found that this has a variety of
effects on the dynamics…… [Read More]

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Abortion Abortion Debate in the United

Words: 764 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 98014579

Abortion / Abortion Debate

In the United States, an individual's rights are guaranteed by law and the National Constitution. Laws encompass all aspects of the cultural definition and are likely to change over time as the social, political and religious foundations of the culture change. Abortion is a religious issue as well as a medical, social and legal issue. The debate over abortion is centered, naturally, on the moral issues of taking a human life and the consequences of such acts for the individual and social well being of society.

Autonomy and the rights of the individual play a large role in the argument for pro-choice. It is argued that having an abortion is a personal and moral decision, not to be delegated to the state or to be mandated by law. For the most part, Americans seem to feel that the issue of abortion is one where both the…… [Read More]

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Media News

Words: 2247 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 67881431

Multisource Comparison:

British vs. American newspapers and journalistic styles

The popular stereotype that 'the British' are more erudite, well-spoken and intelligent than Americans persists, as can be seen in the tendency to bestow a British accent upon any characters who are intended to be perceived as cold, aloof, and intellectual in American sitcoms. In the world of newspapers, however, such stereotypes evaporate. The British possess some of the most widely-read newspapers in the world. However, it is often American papers like New York Times that are considered the superior newspapers of record, even more so than the London Times in the eyes of most British journalists. Despite the homogenization of the news due to the permeation of online media culture, British and American newspapers continue to have distinctly different characters. In Great Britain, newspapers are expected to be far more partisan and far less scrupulously fact-checked than their American counterparts.…… [Read More]

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Genetic Discrimination in Practice Case

Words: 590 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15761092

However, an individual should be able to investigate their own roots, even if the science is questionable. When such information is released into the public domain without the individual's permission though, a lot of harm can be done. Making invasions into a person's genetic history illegal is probably the best remedy.

Genetic testing has become an important tool for medical diagnosis and treatments (Norrgard) and therefore should be available to anyone needing or requesting such services. What is done with this information, however, is another matter. Family members may suspect they have an increased risk for an early onset or even fatal disease, but would prefer not to know if effective treatments and cures are unavailable. Should one family member decide to get tested, then this may create friction between family members concerning their wishes and personal privacy because the results would have an impact on everyone in the family.…… [Read More]

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Assisted Suicide Is a Suicide Committed by

Words: 2065 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34078756

Assisted suicide is a suicide committed by someone with assistance from someone other than themselves, many times a Physician. Assisted suicide is typically delivered by lethal injection. The drugs are setup and provided to the patient and the patient has the choice as to when they deliver them by pressing a button themselves. This is a controversial topic that has both proponents and opponents for various the reasons. The most controversial suicides are those in which the patient does not have the ability to press a button themselves and someone must complete the process for them. It has been argued that this is no longer assisted suicide, but murder. This research will explore the topic of assisted suicide and the many facets of the legal and moral issues.

Assisted suicide differs from euthanasia. In assisted suicide the person assisting only provides the means and drugs necessary. In euthanasia the person's…… [Read More]

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Malware Since the Earliest Days

Words: 1957 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 9444607

However, nothing can be done until the malware actually occurs. With all the different viruses, worms and Trojans, how can security managers possibly predict what malware will occur next? In contrast, a behavioral rule defines legitimate activity in a system. Any activity not matching the profile will cause the security product to be triggered. As rules are not specific to a particular type of attack, they can block malicious behavior without having to recognize the precise attack used. Thus, there is additional protection against new attacks as they emerge. It is to effectively prevent any unauthorized applications, including malicious code and Trojans. or, it could protect a webserver by making it impossible for anyone to access the webserver to change the files and limiting the risk of a hack (Franklin, 2002).

However, the dilemma comes how many rules should the system have? The security manager must decide between an effective…… [Read More]