Medical Ethics Essays (Examples)

Filter results by:


View Full Essay

Ethics and Professional Responsibility in

Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22912972

However, this form of racism rejects racial rights and instead calls for active racial competition among races towards achieving mastery and territorial dominance. This is a form of racial survival for the fittest in which there is no belief of the existence of racial rights (McCulloch 2010, p. 1).

Despite the negative connotation of racism, there is a need to have some form of racism, but in a positive manner. Arguably some form of racism is necessary. For example, there is a need to socially map and define the racial landscape and this cannot be done without the use of some form of racism. This has indeed been a historically compelled action because throughout history, racial lines have naturally existed between men and thus could not be ignored (Pataki & Levine 2004, p. 87-90). Therefore, it can be conclusively stated that the society cannot cast a blind eye to racism;…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics Table Q1 Brief Definitions of

Words: 870 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 83412268

Consequence-based ethics

c. I believe people should be able to eat sand because it is the right thing to do. Duty-based ethics

d. I believe people should be able to eat sand because it is good for one's health. Virtue ethics

e. I believe people should be able to eat sand if they decide they want to, regardless of whether it is someone else's sand. Entitlement-based ethics

f. I believe people should be able to eat sand if they want to because they are free to make the decision themselves. Rights-based ethics

g. I believe I will eat sand because it is the standard meal for my community. Relativistic ethics

Q4. Duty-based ethics: It is my duty to follow through with instructions my boss gives me, even if I do not agree with the concept. It is my moral obligation to respect authority figures.

Consequence-based ethics: Even though some employees…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics the Employee Is Faced With Ethical

Words: 2667 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85270894


The employee is faced with ethical requirements throughout their workday that must be met with knowledge and a trained attitude. Workplace ethics is one of the most crucial elements whether the person involved in an ethical dilemma is a high-level manager or an entry-level employee. An ethical stance is important because it is what guides the interactions that the employees will have with each other, their management, and the customers that patronize their products. It is also important that the business leaders follow an internal and external ethical stance so that the culture generated within the company is one that promotes positive ethical practices. This paper begins by talking about the way that the business leaders view the external world of ethics through accounting practices and how they deal with other companies. The discussion then moves inside the company and how the management treats its employees. Employee to employee…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Medical Abandonment in General the Meaning of

Words: 1590 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5905359

Medical Abandonment

In general, the meaning of the term abandonment means the forsaking of one's duty. Thus when a practitioner client relation gets established there is a 'duty of care' which includes the protection of the client, maintain records of the clients, and to always provide the client with due care with maximum application of the physicians skills. If one or all these have been breached, there is deficiency of service. However if the relationship is broken because of non-functioning from the part of the physician then there is abandonment. (Davis, 2008)

Medical abandonment is a concept that is broadly covered under the malpractice laws. Medical malpractice is found to have been taken cognizance of in the British and American laws for a century now. The Second World War and aftermath saw the expansions of the concept and the possibility of physician liability. It also was broadened by the reinterpretation…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics and Morality the Medical

Words: 1980 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 12483753

Indeed, Hilts suggests that the conflict of interest between subject well-being and experimental results is often so significant that the system is threatening to escalate beyond the control of its administrators.

The author notes that a conference on conflicts of interest in medical research has yielded evidence of questionable practices between the industry and researchers who test drugs or medical devices. It appears that money in medical research speaks as loudly as it did more than seventy years ago.

Nevertheless, the author also cites an indication by the health department to the effect that it is aware of the mistrust cultivated by its research practices. There is a need for reestablishing the public trust in the medical profession as it relates to research and in the benefits of such research for the general community. This is also something that management officials need to emphasize in their work. Managers need to…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Medical Research & Ethics Medical Research and

Words: 1958 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65923835

Medical Research & Ethics

Medical Research and Ethics

Conflict between Medical Research & Ethics

Conflict between Medical Research & Ethics: Case of Tuskegee Syphilis

Each day medical providers and researchers make decisions about what information is necessary to disclose to patients and under what circumstances they should make disclosures. In the clinical setting, the negative implications of a poorly considered disclosure decision can involve simple problems such as a patient being unaware that a medication may cause nausea. However, some disclosure decisions can have more serious consequences such as a patient undergoing intensive treatment without sufficient knowledge of their poor prognosis. ( L. Carroll, 2001) In the research setting, the result of nondisclosure can range from a subject not understanding their time commitment of trial participation to more extreme consequences -- such as a subject participating in research without being aware of life-threatening risks.( James H. Jones, 1993)

The current…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics Surrounding Human Embryonic Stem

Words: 5907 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 434586

Although these stem cells are only a few years old, they possess unlimited potential in terms of clinical research. Specifically, scientists are focusing their potential uses in transplant medicine in order to significantly reduce the level of both infections and overall organ rejection in organ transplant surgery.

The potential for using stem cells is of vast clinical and medical importance. These cells could potentially allow scientists to learn what occurs at the cellular and molecular levels of human development and use this information to identify certain molecular pathways that contribute to a variety of conditions. Furthermore, using these stem cells could also allow scientists to discover the genes that are triggered in response to certain cellular conditions that cause rapid, unchecked cell growth or irregular cellular patterns. Additionally, using stem cells to discover certain genetic conditions will lend immense amount of information to the scientists and afford researchers the opportunity…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Medical Coding Ethics Ethical Concerns in Health

Words: 1610 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 49219199

Medical Coding Ethics

Ethical Concerns in Health Care Delivery: Focus on Medical Coding and Billing Practices

The objective of this study is to examine ethical concerns medical coding and billing in the physician office. Medical coding and billing has become very complex in light of health care reform. Recently, Christopher Gregory Wayne, reported to be "dubbed the Rock Doc" was arrested on a dozen charges of Medicare fraud" when he was accused of fraudulently billing for "physical therapy procedures, such as massages and electrical stimulation, that were not necessary or in some instances had been provided at his prior medical practice in Miami." (Weaver, 2013, p.1) It appears that where this doctor failed is billing for physical therapy when his staff was not properly accredited for providing these treatments.

Health Care Coding and Billing Changes

It was reported by Gunderman (2013) that October 1, 2014 is the deadline on implementing…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics in Scientists' Search for

Words: 2217 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 89496912

Milgram's study illustrates that many who have had the responsibility taken from them are although not happy but content to continue with a procedure as long as they are not directly held responsible, thereby giving rise to an obedience through social bonding and situations (Hayes & Orell PG).

In this situation in a comparison with the Tuskegee experiment and Milgram's experiment it can be argued that the members of the medical team were acting under orders from the government and therefore were blameless in their experiments as were the teachers in theory only following orders, obviously this form of passing blame can be seen be as a paradigm in ethical understanding as we are all cogent beings with the ability to reason and question yet it seems when a person is actively allowing himself to take the blame as such then all reason as to ethical understandings of what is…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Medical Futility in Nursing Care Caring and

Words: 3647 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29030291

Medical Futility in Nursing Care


Bioethics is described as both a field of intellectual inquiry and a professional practice that examines moral questions affecting various disciplines (Arras, 2007). These disciplines include biology, medicine, law, public health, policy and ethics. In these disciplines are scholars, teachers, and clinical practitioners, including nurses. Their work has recently been subjected to an unprecedented turn in perspectives concerning relevant issues and behaviors. Among these sensitive issues are the Do Not Resuscitate Orders in hospitals; the true meaning of informed consent, especially in poor countries; a new understanding concerning clinical trials of various drugs; and the traditional doctor-patient ethics. At least three kinds of bioethical work surfaced from these developments. These are clinical bioethics, policy-oriented bioethics, and bioethics as a theoretical pursuit. The first kind, clinical bioethics, is the most troubling. It utilizes bioethical concepts, values and methods in the hospital or clinic,…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics Organ Transplants for All

Words: 2139 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 73943280

In theory, such evaluations could be useful, but as is, they are fairly useless. Plus, the validity and necessity of evaluations are up for debate themselves, besides the actual results from the evaluations being up for debate. Thus, the bioethical dilemma in those who abuse their bodies before and after receiving organ transplants lies not necessarily just with the recipients, but also with society, and with the medical field with respect to the issue as well.

Taking an Ethical Stand:

This is not a simple issue and ethics are very much a part of the stance on takes in this matter. It is, to a degree, unfair for people who abuse their bodies to receive organ transplants. As aforementioned, there are a number of instances that lead to the necessity of an organ transplant in the first place -- some of which are entirely avoidable and under an individual's control,…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics of Privacy Is a

Words: 2370 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 24199871

This information, stored on a computer and used to correlate with other data could be considered invaluable by many researchers, but the patients have a right to keep certain information private, and to suggest anything else would be an ethical violation of the patient's privacy.

Because computer ethics is such a volatile issue, an entire branch of study has grown up around computer ethics, which proponents who believe the computer age caused these ethical issues, and others who believe these issues would have surfaced anyway. One of the proponents of computer ethics, who actually was the first to teach the concept, Walter Maner, from Old Dominion University, is a proponent of the computer creating brand new ethical issues. An expert quotes Maner, "For all of these issues, there was an essential involvement of computing technology. Except for this technology, these issues would not have arisen, or would not have arisen…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics of Stem Cell Research

Words: 748 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5206357

The ban needs to be used to prevent the sale of embryos, use of cloning and the production of embryos for the sole purpose of research. Cures for debilitating diseases will hopefully result and healing is supposed to be the driving factor in medicine. It is a poor argument to talk of murder, destruction and disrespect of human life when the United States continues to utilize capital punishment, the legal murder of a human being for purposes of criminal punishment. This type of dichotomy results in irrational or illogical positions in contrast to developing a truer position. In addition, legal issues are at stake and the fact that abortion is legal in the United States should be a critical part of the discussion. Since personal choice is the key to legal abortions, it seems that the same person can and should be allowed to consent to medical research following the…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics as a New Graduate of Six

Words: 1279 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 28819049


As a new graduate of six months working night shift on a small cancer unit, I am faced with a dilemma. Mr. V has been in and out of the unit several times over the last few months. He has liver cancer and has gone through several episodes of chemotherapy. His wife has been staying with him since his admission. There are two RN's on this unit.

Mr.V recently joined the hospice program. His current admission is for pain control with orders to start a morphine drip to be regulated for pain control.

The only set parameters indicated by hospital policy are to decrease the drip when respirations are less than twelve breaths per minute. Mr. V has requested that the drip be increased several times during my shift. Even though he does not appear to be in any discomfort, I increase the drip. On my final round of…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics and Decision Making With

Words: 4532 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 18079971

In the former approach, tradable goods, money or services are exchanged between buyers and sellers at a rate that is agreeable to all parties. This approach assumes both the buyers and sellers have enough money, services or goods to have their needs met. The latter approach, public provision, is when all is available to those on an as-needed basis.

The Pharmaceutical and Manufacturing Association warns that whenever there is government control of prices it only has a negative impact on those who are in need of being helped: 1) When funding for new medical technology, cures for diseases and research and development are diverted to more lucrative economic areas; 2) Incentives to enter the pharmaceutical industry decline; 3) More restrictions are placed on providers; 4) the quality of medical care suffers and 5) This leads to a rationing of care. Instead, the association says there has to be a healthcare…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics in Technology

Words: 1965 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 70350510

Ethics in Technology

Business - Management

The purpose of this paper is to highlight and present the ethical issues that are involved in using modern technology. The paper highlights some of the current ethical issues faced by computer users that are due to unethical practice and lack of proper ethical policies by different businesses. The paper pinpoints the causes and gives recommendation on how the current issues can be minimized. A portion of this paper also consists of lawsuits that have recently occurred due to unethical practices adopted by businesses.

Ethics in Technology

We live in a modern era, the era of modern technology and innovation. Our lives are encircled by modern creations. These technology and advancement have surely brought comfort and ease in our life but unfortunately, the use of modern technology has also given rise to many ethical problems out of which few are a topic of discussion…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics in Health Care Euthanasia

Words: 688 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 97501036

The tragedy is that, often those who wish most for the blessing of children are deprived of this privilege for whatever reason. An even greater charity is that, when the long-awaited life finally does arrive, it is damaged so badly that medical science can do very little but alleviate its suffering to some extent. The question is whether such a child should be kept alive, and whether the quality of such a life makes the effort worthwhile.

It is important here to remember that there are various points-of-view from which to see the issue. The mother for example will instinctively wish to keep her child alive for as long as possible. In certain cases, it could be possible to help a child enjoy what he or she has of life. Indeed, many parents having been through such experiences profess that their children brought them blessings and a sense of thankfulness…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics the Case Touches on

Words: 583 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Reaction Paper Paper #: 60675878

Martha must have been unconscious after she suffered the cardiac episode. She therefore had no intact decision making capacity. However, she had made it clear to her daughter Alice that she never wanted CPR, something that Alice intimated to the hospital authorities before she left. This ought to have been respected. Martha's condition could not be cured.

Even if CPR was administered, the quality of her life was so poor that meaningful survival was not expected. Respect for autonomy requires that the patient and/or their family members be allowed to play a role with regards to Do-Not-Resuscitate Order. Written DNR Orders must be cosigned by the attending physician (University of Washington School of Medicine, 2008). Alice actually singed the color-coded DNR order.

However, we are not told whether the attending physician signed it. It could have been ethically wrong not to subject Martha to CPR if the DNR order only…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics in Cyberspace

Words: 3444 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 30889949

Ethics in Cyberspace

Summary of the Book- the Ethics of Cyberspace by Cees Hamelink

Cees Hamelink is not new in the field of study of the principles relating to the communicating world and their association with civil liberties of mankind. Hamelink has accumulated his skills and views on all fields of communication and authored a book on the ways that most of the democratic society need to be resorted to in order to systematize the cyberspace. Hamelink, in his previous publications, attempted to evaluate the products, system and institutions of traditional industries vis-a-vis the morality of the people and liberty of mankind with a view to identifying these industries firmly and intentionally amidst as well as accountable to the civil society worldwide. He proved both of them to be essential. The book asserts of the facts that the control of the cyberspace worldwide should be guided by the public necessity…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics Issues in Nursing the Quality of

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 28014279

Ethics Issues in Nursing

The quality of healthcare experienced by patients today is radically impacted by the personal resources that can be accessed by those in need of routine healthcare, preventative healthcare, and medical treatment. Well-to-do patients have always been able to purchase quality medical treatment at a premium, and the opposite has also always been true: patients who are marginalized by society or live in poverty typically forego preventative healthcare and often receive medical treatment for both chronic and acute conditions when it is too late to be effective.

The poverty analysis statistics provided by the Gini Coefficient ("Measuring Inequality," 2012) paint a grim picture of impoverished people living in the Gulf Coast states who experience levels of inequality equivalent to those experienced by people living in sub-Saharan Africa. Dr. Peter J. Hotez is the dean of the National School of Tropical Medicine at Baylor College of Medicine and…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics of Legalizing Marijuana in Recent Years

Words: 2473 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52419941

Ethics of Legalizing Marijuana

In recent years, there has been a significant amount of debate as to whether or not the possession and usage of marijuana should be legalized. Several issues revolve around this topic, not the least of which are the perceived and actual effects of this particular narcotic in a psychological, physical, economic, and even social sense. Perhaps one of the best methods for determining a prudent choice of action regarding this subject would be to consider it from an ethical perspective, or even better, from two ethical perspectives with traditionally conflict in order to properly gauge which stance would ultimately be more beneficial to marijuana users and the general public at large. The primary purpose of ethics is always to establish and preserve some moral good, and two ethical perspectives which can not be considered synonymous and which have a considerable amount of practical application to the…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics and Technology

Words: 1821 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 14324895

Ethics and Computing in Computer Science


Errors and Hazards and Their Consequences

Despite the best of care and talent, computation is subject to uncertainties, which experts call "errors (Landau, 2008)." Some of these errors are man-made and some are produced by the computer itself. The four classes of errors are blunders or bad theory, random errors, approximation or algorithm errors, and round-off errors. Blunders are typographical errors or errors caused by running or using the wrong program or similar errors. Random errors are results of occurrences like fluctuations in electronics or cosmic rays running through the computer. Algorithm or approximation errors include the substitution of finite by infinite figures or variable inputs by constants. And round-off errors are inaccuracies as the finite number of digits for storing floating numbers (Landau). Peter Neumann at the SRI International identified more than 400 incidents of these errors, hazards and other…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics Law Case Critical Thinking

Words: 1206 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Other Paper #: 19118609

Ethics, Law Case, Critical Thinking

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act permits retaliation claims because they help to prevent situations in which workers who are unlawfully discriminated against pursue those discrimination law suits. Were Title VII of this act not to permit retaliation claims, then there is a possibility that Regalado would have dropped her law suit of discrimination against the company both she and her husband worked for, just so that he could either keep his job or have it reinstated. Retaliations claims require inclusion in Title VII of this act to keep employers honest in their dealings with their employees. Thompson was not part of the lawsuit that Regalado was formulating (Your textbook, p. 415), yet he was fired as a means of retaliating against her for producing a law suit against the company. Without the inclusion of retaliation claims, Thompson would have unfairly lost a job.…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics and HIV Ethical Considerations

Words: 575 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 24943753

It would therefore be a major breach of ethics for the status of individuals in the study to be leaked.

Another ethical challenge would be keeping the status of individuals from their significant others. Women are often in relationships where the power and economic disparities require them to remain in those relationships for mere survival. Should their status become known by their partner this may threaten the longevity of the union. Additionally, some women are engage in sex work. These women may choose not use condoms or have their partner use them. The knowledge of their status may negatively affect relational and economic opportunities for many women.

Interpreting the results of this study should be limited to women. The study utilizes a sample containing White and African-American women. Thus it would be inappropriate to use the work to make statements about male populations. This limitation is important since the mechanisms…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics the CPA Firm Is Under Pressure

Words: 1194 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32295882


The CPA firm is under pressure to adapt to an ever-changing marketplace. The global environment affects not only large corporations, but smaller entities as well. Additionally, the customer(s) are constantly being wooed by the competition, lower prices, and online convenience that was not available only a few short years ago. In order to maintain and grow the firm, action must be taken to keep clientele from leaving, while enticing new clients to move their business to the firm. It seems as if globalization has brought added pressure to small firms, yet opportunities still abound. This is not the 'normal' business environment that one might expect. As one recent study found however; "the management of abnormal situations becomes more important every day" (Aguilar, Prato, Bravo, Rivas, 2009, p. 406).

There are certain aspects of accounting that customers expect from their accountant and the firm that he/she works for. One of…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Medical Marijuana as More States

Words: 2195 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 87988130

Gilman asserts that the debate should not be about the medical value of marijuana, but how the drug should be delivered. The Genetic Science Learning Center outlines several delivery methods of medical marijuana. First of all is smoking. The benefits of this method include that it delivers all of the plant's active compounds, and that it is easy to regulate the dose. Disadvantages of this method are that there is no standardization of ingredients and that the toxins from the burning marijuana may cause emphysema and lung cancer. Gilman adds that in addition to the risk of lung disease, the potency of the drug is difficult to measure because THC levels vary between plants. According to the Genetic Science Learning Center, marijuana is also available in a synthetic pill form of THC called Marinol. While this method delivers some of the benefits of marijuana, it is difficult to control the…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Medical Use of Marijuana Increasing Use of

Words: 814 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30556120

Medical Use of Marijuana

Increasing use of medical marijuana

Having looked at the various areas that medical marijuana has been brought into use and the various forms in which marijuana is administered, it is also important to take note of the various challenges that come with it. There have been various researches that have been conducted that covers the medical as well as the ethical side of the medicinal marijuana, and there have been a dilemma in the balance of the two sides on whether to institutionalize the drug or to stop it, and even on whether the medicinal use can be made to work without the proneness to abuse as is the case at the moment.

Medicinal marijuana has neither medical nor ethical standing within the contemporary society where drug abuse is one of the biggest worries of governments across the world and the alternative medicines that medical research…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics Vignette Several Ethical Issues

Words: 1260 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 82111791

Her condition was not beyond my ability, but just because the client needed more attention and supervision, which I was not able to provide at my facility. However, the ethical code requires that the correct procedure be followed. For instance, I have to identify myself and give proof of my claim. In other words, I was required to fax the release form to verify my claim. In addition, I should also state my intentions clearly for seeking the information.

It will also be logical and legitimate if I gave the client a referral letter to the client to be used by the other facility. This would act as evidence that I am the one who referred her to the respective facility. Having the release form alone does not make much sense and gives no evidence that the patient was released on the referral terms. As such, the other facility is…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics What Beneficial Approach Can

Words: 1181 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91954352

For example, if the mother has a computer at home and uses it regularly the hygienist can suggest some Web sites that contain information about the oral health effects of tobacco use. The mother might want to learn more about oral health in general, which would encourage her to monitor Jason's habits and scrutinize his behavior to the point where she might notice if he had been smoking. If Jason's oral health deteriorated over time, the hygienist might need to make more overt statements to the mother such as, "Jason assured me that he is not using tobacco, but I am concerned about the lesions in his mouth." The hygienist also needs to confide in the presiding dentist.

3. Which of the ethical principles apply to this situation? Explain your response from both the dental hygienist's perspective and the patient's perspective.

The dental hygienist is experiencing an ethical dilemma. On…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics and Morality Abortion in

Words: 553 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 32216297

These are some of the opinions and arguments by which I have come to sway my agreement more in the Direction of NRLC.

Ethically speaking, the NARAL provides a strong argument about the rights of women, and I do think there is much to be said for that. However, as NRLC proclaims, someone has to look out for the rights of the children that are being murdered everyday. It would appear that since the NARAL is supposedly so adamant about human rights, they would see the relevance of the rights of the people they are fighting to kill.

The NARAL's arguments are, regardless of my opinions, not substantial enough nor supported enough to validate the terms for which they argue. As compared to the passionate objectives seen through the mission statement and the overall morale concepts held by the NRLC, I believe NRLC depicts a stronger case.

The NARAL could…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics Treating Impaired Infants Nearly

Words: 2590 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 5828803

Newborn pain is an example of an everyday occurrence where achieving neonates' interests are through making them comfortable and pain-free. As the neonatal intensive care nursery gives rise to many potentially painful procedures, a dilemma exists for caregivers in assessing if sick and/or premature infants are in pain (Nagy 1998). Although newborn pain affects the short-term interests there are possibilities that the lasting effects may also be harmful (Spence, 2000).

For a long time, the medical profession has given its members with the knowledge and skills that are required to treat disease and deformity. Physicians have often been the front line of technological mastery, increasingly emotional with the onerous responsibility of determining when intervention is suitable. Underlying this responsibility is a foundation of core principles, including beneficence, non-malfeasance, and compassion. Conscious use of these principles is not often supportive when the best interests of patients are diverse and apply to…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics and Morality Online Sample

Words: 1963 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 20323293

Those guidelines must be respected in all instances -- every manager will feel as if his or her current crisis is the one sufficiently dire to contact an employee on vacation. If vacations become extensions of the office, the spiritually enriching aspects of human life will begin to be depleted, and on a practical level, if the company does not compensate workers for working on vacation, this is time theft on the part of the company, of the employee's vacation time and of unpaid labor

Act according to Kant's categorical imperative at all times when setting boundaries between work and home. A natural law according to Kant is "a law….true of all rational agents" (Johnson 2009).A natural law that surely transcends any work policy or need of the moment is that individuals contracted for pay should be paid for all of their work and official employee leisure time should be…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Medical Nursing Education

Words: 3350 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 49965165

Medical/Nursing Education

Nurses are required to make many immediate decisions in their assigned duties. Unfortunately, in recent years, patient care has often been compromised as a nursing shortage crisis has escalated to epic proportions. Increased patient loads have resulted in often hasty nursing decisions as responsibilities and hours worked have increased. Although precious time must be spread thin to accommodate higher numbers of patients, nurses must exercise their morals through consistency in ethical behaviors. According to Peggy Chinn (1), "Many ethical issues, such as end-of-life decision making, have increased in complexity. Other issues, such as advocacy and choice, have changed in certain respects but are more clearly centrally situated within nursing's ethical domain."

As a result, nurses are held accountable for a variety of decisions in nursing practice and in many instances, a patient's life depends on such decisions to survive. Gastmans (496) states that "Generally, the goal of nursing…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics Behind Stem Cell Research

Words: 1818 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 74121630

Do patients understand what it means to donate tissue to science? Not only that, but use of EG cells confuses stem cell research with the debate over abortion, bring up the risk of biasing emotions (McDonald 7).

So, while stem cell research is an exciting new field that holds much promise, ethical problems arise to delay research, discovery of benefits or dangers, and involve many who have no knowledge of the complexities of the field. Though controversies usually accompany new discoveries in science, this biotechnological process involves manipulating the basis of life itself in embryonic stem cells. But the field is rapidly changing. What is true today may be outmoded tomorrow. A neutral substitute for stem cells may be discovered that will prove to be the answer to these ethical questions.

Works Cited

Ethics Committee of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine. "Financial incentives in recruitment of oocyte donors." Fertil…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics and the Military as Globalism Becomes

Words: 1395 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44174003

Ethics and the Military

As globalism becomes more of a reality, and as various developing countries increase the amount of interaction they do with developed countries, many cultural issues arise. Doing business is not the same worldwide, and as citizens of a global village, we must realize that there are different cultural norms and behaviors that are acceptable in some countries, unacceptable in others, and even expected in some. In the same manner, there are a number of ethical commonalities that businesses and the military share, particularly in the global world. International companies and the military are being pressurized by different groups of people, mainly from their stakeholders, regarding social and ethical issues. Issues revolving around what the United States, Canadian, British and Australian governments call moral issues, in some countries are part of regular actions, yet cause us to ask: "Is it moral or not, when trading in a…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics in Health Care Today

Words: 891 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 72782838

(Evangelium Vitae, encyclical letter on the value and the inviolability of Human Life)

What the Pope was referring to was the debate over the ethics of stem cell research, and cloning and to other related issues that deal with experimenting with human embryos and fetuses. In fact, today, embryos can be created in a Petri dish, through in vitro fertilization, and these embryos are used for stem cell extraction and research. It is the use of these embryos that the Church objects vociferously to, because the Church feels that human life is not being allowed to reach its full potential through these methods. However, stem cells can be extracted from the umbilical cord of the mother soon after the child is born, or even from adults, and there is no objection to this, because there is no perceived loss of life. The fear in legalizing such research is that abortion…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics of Reporting Child Abuse

Words: 770 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 3738333

This places an added and unfair burden upon the shoulders of nurses, as they may be able to note the emotional and physical signs of abuse, yet they may not have all of the child's medical facts and personal history at their disposal or full authority over the case.

Although the nurse may feel that he or she should defer to the physician's judgment, discussing with the physician why he or she does not wish to report the case as abuse is an important first step in taking proactive action. The physician may be reluctant to report the abuse, not because he or she does not feel that there has been some maltreatment, but because the physician does not think the child's mother is responsible. The nurse may need to remind the physician of their ethical responsibilities as health care practitioners in reporting abuse, regardless of the source. Also, the…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics for Health Care Provider

Words: 638 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 66146689

The ethical dilemma will then be solved rationally by taking steps to serve as many people as possible, both to build awareness for the healing powers of the practice, and therefore grow my business and to serve those in greatest need.

It is for this reason that the only way that I can see to further both goals is to develop a system of sliding scale payment for those in need, without the means to pay for care all at once and also to offer my services, for five to ten hours per week as a volunteer at a local clinic that provides care to the underserved people in my community. In so doing I will be both building awareness for the power of the art in the medical community and seeking to better serve the whole of the community in which I live. The health of the whole community…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics and Morality Stem-Cell Research

Words: 3484 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 79471953

The report suggested that the planned ban on human cloning should be evaluated inside of five years, but that it ought to be reassessed only if a fresh technical appraisal indicates that the actions are probable to be secure and successful, and if an extensive nationwide conversation on community, spiritual and ethical issues proposes that re-examination is necessary. The panel deemed that the technical and medical contemplations that rationalize a ban on human reproductive cloning at this time do not relate to nuclear transplantation to create stem cells. Numerous other technical and medical groups also have confirmed their resistance to the utilization of cloning for the reason of making a child (Cloning/Embryonic Stem Cells, 2006).

For those who think that the embryo has the moral position of an individual from the instance of conception, study or any other action that would obliterate it is erroneous. For those who think the…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics and Corrections Work the

Words: 3225 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 96910545

149-150). When the inmate failed to deliver on the guards' demands, the guards then planted drugs in the inmate's bunk (p. 150). The inmate was subsequently prosecuted, and received an extended sentence (p. 150).

Often people will doubt these kinds of stories, because, after all, the inmates are already imprisoned for offenses like drugs, and often much worse kinds of crimes. This puts the inmates at risk of guards and other prison employees who might not embrace a high set of ethics or personal morals. Everyone wants to see crime punished, but when the crimes are being committed within the prison environment, people seem to be less concerned about them, even if they are crimes being committed by the guards or prison officials. People should, in fact, be very concerned about these kinds of crimes, because it is the prison officials and those employees, including guards, who are willing to…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics in Counseling the Research and Empirically-Derived

Words: 844 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Article Review Paper #: 73052496

Ethics in Counseling

The research and empirically-derived conclusions in the article, So what do u want to work on 2 day? (Rummell, Joyce, 2010) illustrate just how much of an ethical quagmire online counseling is today. The article clearly shows how much of an urgent need there is today for greater compliance and oversight, with a call for the American Psychological Association (APA) needing to be involved. One of the most valuable insights gained from the analysis and empirical research is just how urgently the need is for a standardized set of guidelines and compliance frameworks. The researchers point out how the APA Ethics Code Standard 2.01 only goes so far in regulating online counseling and support (Rummell, Joyce, 2010). Across the wide spectrum of Internet counseling programs that include e-mail-based programs, private instant messaging, chat services, videoconferencing and most recently, Google+ chat rooms that are used for diagnosis and…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics and Development

Words: 3006 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 59694757

Ethics and Morality -- Ethics and Development

The problem of "development" (or, perhaps "progress" and "advancement" also fits in this context) is that while many millions of citizens of the world have been blessed by dramatic progress (technological, industrial, and communications) over the past few decades, many millions are being left behind. Indeed, while millions are living better, living more comfortable lives, countless millions are not benefiting in the least from this social and economic development. In fact, the gap between the "haves" and "have-nots" is said to be widening, and this is a cause for great concern.

Millions of African children are AIDS and HIV victims, simply because they were born to mothers who suffered from AIDS and HIV; millions of other African people are suffering malnutrition, starvation, and live in hopelessness and dread. Millions of people in Third World countries do not have clean reliable drinking water or…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics in Nursing What Current Ethical Issue

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 62505655

Ethics in Nursing

What current ethical issue related to nursing or access to care did you choose to describe?

Therapeutic lying is my subject of choice -- whether or not nurses/care providers cross their ethical boundaries when they lie to patients about their health conditions, or when they withhold information that they perceive as unfavorable and which they believe would be detrimental to the patient's recovery process. A nurse has an ethical and legal duty to be honest with their patient and at the same time look out for their well-being -- so how should one act when these two elements appear to be in conflict?

What are the relevant laws, regulations or policy related to this issue?

The law recognizes the nurse-patient relationship as a fiduciary relationship. Under fiduciary law, the fiduciary (the nurse in this case) is expected to act in the best interests of the agent at…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics of Medicine

Words: 922 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7805431

Medical Dilemma

The Dilemma

The dilemma associated with this case study suggests that little is known or can be done with serious illness with any great confidence. At the heart of the issue is who is responsible for the sick child as it appears, but may not be true, that he cannot take care of himself and that his immune system needs to be guided by someone else.

The lack of a formal family and the unnatural formation of this family also contributes to the confusion of this ethical problem. The Christian Scientist mother of the child holds no biological claim to the child and is demanding a unique spiritual procedure to be used to the heal the child. Although this method is controversial and not based in traditional science, the laws allowing for this type of treatment are allowed in reasonable circumstance in many areas of the world.

The…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics of Prison Novel Punishments

Words: 3649 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 46256788

Ethics Policy

Going by history, the chain gangs found in America were mostly used as tools for humiliating, controlling and terrorizing the African-Americans. The chain gang reappeared in 1995 as a type of punishment in Alabama prisons, thus bringing back to life one of the most shameful and powerful symbol of America's bequest of institutionalized ethnic subjugation and racial prejudice. The 8th Amendment prohibits all punishments that are not in agreement with the evolving decency standards that exhibits the growth of an emergent civilization. Slavery was not abolished immediately as a consequence of implementation of the 13th Amendment.

Despite the constitutional provisions for the total prohibition of slavery; the remnants of slavery could still be found in several economic, political and social contexts. Under the disguise of criminal justice, slavery was almost unashamedly re-implemented. Before the 13th Amendment saw the light of the day, repressive labor practices were introduced into…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics the Prevalence and Importance in the

Words: 1102 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 15405482


The Prevalence and Importance in the Problem

In 2007 the percent of food insecure houses in the United States was percent. This Season, as much as 50 million of U.S. citizens were living in food insecure houses. In the 50 million of the masses, 33.5 million were grownups and 16.7 million were children. Every county in the United States is influenced by food insecurity. Steele County, ND gets the least expensive quantity of food insecure houses, while Holmes County, MS gets the finest quantity of food insecure houses. Inside the richest nations in the world, you'll still find people missing the required daily intake to eat (Brownell and Ludwig, 2011).

The End Result in the Problem on Families

In food deprived families each and every member is affected. Youthful children from food insecure families frequently have decreased communal and intellectual development, as well as increased health issues and…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Medical Nursing

Words: 1796 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 6008465

Medical Nursing

Medical l Nursing

The United States has the largest number of professional nurses in the world totalled 3 millions approximately. Despite the available large number of professional nurses, there is still imbalance between the supply and demand for nurses in the United States. Demand for the professional nurses has outnumbered the supply. Typically, critical nursing shortage has become a serious issue in the United States, and the production capacity is lagging based on the estimated future needs. The concept of nursing shortage refers to the situation where the demand for nurses outnumbers the supply. The worsening nursing shortage in the United States has created the demand for more nurses to fill the gap. Many private and public sectors healthcare leaders have advocated for the serious solution to boost the supply of nurses. One of the solutions advocated is that the U.S. should facilitate the migration of foreign graduate…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Medical Reserch Adn the Ethical Considerations

Words: 730 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20696759

Medical Procedures and Ethical Considerations

Randomized Clinical Trials (RCT) is a medical study whereby the participants are randomly assigned to groups or team which are then used to compare different treatments. The members of the groups are then subjected to a chosen treatment hence the group members will have similar treatments though different from members of another group. The same treatment of the members of a group is aimed at having objective results received from all the members of the group. However, the loyalty of the physician to the patients is compromised by using this method on the patients. In as much as it is the choice of the patient to participate in the trials, the random selection into the groups does not give the individual the prior knowledge of the kind of treatment that he will be subjected to. He may give concept, but this is largely uninformed consent…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics Facts the Facts of the Jones

Words: 1580 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96428047



The facts of the Jones case are as follows; a complaint has been filed against Solicitor Jones that questions a number of the solicitor's actions. The complaint alleges that Jones breached a number ethical considerations and that he should be held responsible for those breaches. The complaint states that Jones made a serious error in calculating the value of the client's business that he was representing and that the error resulted in the potential buyer of the firm withdrawing his offer of purchase. The fact is that Jones did make the miscalculation, and furthermore, that Jones withheld knowledge of the error from the client until he was forced to admit to the error in court. Jones' duty of fiduciary was to admit to the mistake as soon as he became aware of it and then to correct the mistake before it got out of hand. Instead, he did…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics and Morality One Example Where the

Words: 1094 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15490934

Ethics and Morality

One example where the moral judgment of Kant and utilitarianism might conflict is in the nuclear bombing of Nagasaki and Hiroshima. Where Kant would argue it is always wrong to kill innocent civilians, utilitarianism would hold that in order to more quickly end World War II, and thus potentially save countless additional lives, the bombing would satisfy utilitarian calculus. An example where Kantianism and libertarianism would conflict may be in the instance of the use of recreational drugs. Kant would argue that recreational drug use harms others by creating a trade/market that is filled with criminality; or drug use can be harmful if the eventual hospitalization of the user takes up medical resources that otherwise would go to those who are ill through no fault of their own. A libertarian may argue that the use of illicit drugs is an act of free choice and the user…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics Couples Should Not Be

Words: 644 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84422634

Women over 38 face both greater risk of chromosomal abnormalities and they have higher pregnancy risk in general, so they are the most likely candidate group for PGD testing (Sherbahn, 2013).

There are some drawbacks to PGD as well that need to be taken into consideration. While a common argument against the technique relates to moral hazard, that hazard originates from subsequent decisions and is not directly related to the PGD testing decision. However, Sherbahn (2013) notes that there are legitimate concerns about the use of this technique. In particular, the 3-day embryo biopsy technique is believed to traumatize the embryo, while there is evidence to suggest that other types of PGD testing do not place the embryo at additional risk.

Another negative aspect of PGD that must be taken into consideration is the risk of a false positive. It is known that mosaic embryos can self-repair, and this aspect…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics - Abortion vs Adoption

Words: 628 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 85830012

Most philosophers and bio-ethicists do not recognize any moral problem with abortion before the stage of fetal development where a brain and nervous system form because they are necessary for sensory perception and the fetus is incapable of feeling pain at that stage. Still, philosophers are concerned with when a clump of cells becomes a person, irrespective of sensation, or else aborting fetuses at eight months would be permissible as long as it was anesthetized first. Clearly, apart from religious beliefs and sensory perception, a nearly fully developed fetus may no longer be aborted morally; but just as clearly, a very recently fertilized zygote does not create a moral obligation to carry it to full term to be adopted instead of being aborted shortly after conception. There is no precise instant where a fetus makes an instantaneous transition to sentience; nor does it suddenly acquire all the attributes that makes…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics and Technology Successfully Combating

Words: 559 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38190568

If the question put to the competitive intelligence team were, "how can we make a product that consumers want to buy?," and if this question were at the forefront of every action, there would be no need for unethical behavior. For an issue like product design, we would not need to try to copy another company's interface, but would instead study why that interface was popular with consumers, and attempt to emulate and accentuate those same features. The same principle applies in many other areas of competitive intelligence research; having a shred objective with inherent values is a great ethical motivator.


Though most software defects and up amounting to mere inconveniences with end users, there are definitely circumstances where even minor defects can be compounded into truly life-or-death problems. In many medical applications, for instance, or in certain transportation software -- train and track organization and air traffic control…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics of Campaign Finance Marxist

Words: 1600 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98576349

While this does not seem ethically questionable on the surface, it is certainly questionable when one considers that the only way for a capitalist to keep being a capitalist is to keep acquiring capital, and the only way to acquire capital is to exploit labor for profit. This means that the bourgeoisie must oppress the proletariat in order to continue to exist, and that the proletariat must struggle to survive.

Some may say that this is not an ethical problem -- merely the brutal nature of the world. Even if this were so, it becomes an ethical problem when considered politically, and, as Marx and Engel assert, "every class struggle is a political struggle" (p. 46). In a country that binds itself morally to the concept of inalienable political rights, the decision of the highest court in the land to grant enormous political "voice" to entities whose necessary economic purpose…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics Surrounding the Wayne Case Study

Words: 2850 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22431163

Ethics is a grey area in many instances within the medical community. Ethical codes help by providing guidance that allow for professional judgment or discretion and the idiosyncratic nature surrounding ethical dilemmas. As mentioned in the first lecture concerning ethics, ethics is mostly observed as being a serious reflective activity essentially concerned with a methodical inspection of the ethical life (Callaghan & Ryan, 2012). It is intended to illuminate what should be done by asking to consider and reconsider ordinary justification, actions, and judgments.

In the case study, Wayne became afraid to tell anyone anything. Nurses did not know his condition and he was acting in a way that was violent. Medical staff that tended to him saw him as either mentally ill or anti-social. It seemed he was both. In the end, he was able to talk to a psychiatrist, one that he talked to before. He felt confident…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics in Vitro Fertilization IVF

Words: 1042 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19864918

Sherwin starts her look at IVF from a feminist perspective by stating that capitalism, racism, sexism and elitism of the culture today have united to generate a set of outlooks which sees kids as property. Children are valued as privatized commodities, reflecting the virility and heredity of their parents. The argument goes on to say that women are convinced that their most significant purpose in life is to bear and raise children. They are told repetitively that their life is deficient and that they are missing fulfillment if they do not have kids.

According to Sherwin feminist theory helps one of focus on different dimensions of the problem. But with the issue of IVF, it is still difficult to decide whether to encourage, tolerate, modify or restrict reproductive technology. The author states that in her opinion feminist theory is a moral theory that centers on relations among people as well…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics Gene Therapy the Dangerous

Words: 771 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67414832

In the case of Jesse Gelsinger it was found out later that there were many rules and regulations that were in place not followed to the letter of the law like they should have been. When peoples lives are at stake it is imperative that not only are their strict rules and regulations set down but that there is a process in place to make sure that those involved are following them as they are intended.

When looking at the idea of Germ-Line gene therapy and its development one can see that there are good arguments both for and against it, but in the end progressing medical treatments has been a long standing tradition and should be continued. As mentioned earlier, progression in modern medicine has been the foundation of why the human population continues to exist today. There have been had diseases and illnesses in the history of mankind…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics Reproductive Technologies - There

Words: 768 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62174015

The next objection of IVF separating the procreation and marital aspects of marriage and in the end damaging the marital relationship was totally untrue in this case. This couple had a very strong relationship and going through the process of gestational surrogacy strengthen their martial relationship as opposed to damaging it. The last objection of adoption is a better answer to the trouble of childlessness may very well be true for a lot of people. One cannot argue the fact that there are a lot of children out there that need to have good homes and there are many couples that could benefit tremendously from this avenue. But in the case of the couple in this article the idea of having a biological child was something that was very strong from them, thus making the path that they took the best one for them.

IVF, just like many other things…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics Physician-Assisted Suicide and Active

Words: 689 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34637623

In the article Active and Passive Euthanasia by Rachels, the author identified the conventional doctrine on the morality of euthanasia. This doctrine allows passive euthanasia but does not allow active euthanasia. Basically this is saying that it is alright to let someone die if that is what is eventually going to happen anyway, but it is not alright to do something to help someone die. And this is the way that it should be. No one should be allowed to decide whether someone else is going to die or not. Death is a natural occurrence and should be left that way. This same sentiment was also made by Callahan in the article Killing and Allowing to Die. This author maintains that there is a valid distinction between killing and allowing dying, and he defends the distinction by reference to three overlapping perspectives, metaphysical, moral and medical.

According to the fourteenth…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethics Argument - Smoking Bans

Words: 954 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 73913482

It is the equivalent of banning air traffic to protect the hearing of people who choose to live next to airports.

Modern urban society is associated with many risks and compromises not required of those who choose to live in more suburban communities. Environmentalists tell us that breathing smog is damaging to our lungs, which is a valid reason to exercise the freedom of choice not to live in a large city. Just as concentrated vehicle exhaust gases and industrial air pollution are inherent risks of the choice to live in urban and industrial environments, tobacco smoke is an inherent risk of patronizing business establishments where smoking is permitted.

A stronger argument against smoking in bars and restaurants is made by individuals who work in the food and drink service industry, because they are exposed to second-hand smoke continually. On the other hand, if second-hand smoke is that much of…… [Read More]