Medicine Essays (Examples)

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Black Death and the Middle Ages

Words: 2874 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 57470682

Black Death in 14th Century Europe

Pivot Point In History

causes and effects in history


The Black Death of the middle 14th Century in Europe was a major pivot point in History. Three ways it was a turning point can be seen through social hierarchy, the Roman Catholic Church and Medicine. Social hierarchy, the Church and Medicine were all different before the Black Death, they all failed during the Black Death, and they were all changed after the Black Death. The Black Death's impact on them makes it a major pivot point in History. In addition, the Black Death became a cause of significant effects: it changed Social hierarchy the Church and Medicine due to the devastating impact of the disease.

The Black Death viewed through 20/20 historical hindsight would also have been treated differently. At the time of the Black Death, Medicine knew nothing about bacteria…… [Read More]

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Spirituality Prayer Positively Effects Those Will Terminal Illness

Words: 3548 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 28420979

Spirituality Positively Affects Those With Terminal Illness

Medicine and the dimension of spirituality were before bounded apart from each other in terms of belief, specifically in the field of science. As a universal practice, the field of medicine functions as a single dimension, focusing on the medical model of seeking the causes and solutions from scientific perspectives. Until recently, however, many patients of terminal illnesses such as cancer and heart disease have claimed the correlation of their religion and faith in sustaining their hope to recover from illnesses. This assertion has caught the attention of diverse health professions and lead to conduction of research and studies in the analysis of religion or spirituality as element in medical process.

This paper aims to explore the assertions and idea of spirituality as being able to help in the healing process of terminally ill patients. The recognition of values of elements such as…… [Read More]

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History of Surgery

Words: 6608 Length: 23 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 18946792

History of Surgery had been started from the prehistoric time with its appropriate technique and tools applicable during the age. There was no sophisticated care of hygiene and anatomic knowledge in the early days; the basic research was started using trial and error on every case and it had set a very strong basic which still makes sense and counts into modern practice.

The following summary of history of surgery is compiled from various sources based on the timeline set in dr. Schell's lecture: The History of Surgery.

The Ancient Medicine (Prehistoric Time)

People had strong magic beliefs and connection to multiple gods during the prehistoric time, so that any cases of illness were also believed as the punishments from angry gods for community's or one's moral failure. Some common cases recorded were respiratory and digestive problems, infections, and gynecologic disorders. Life expectancy low, then 28-35 years was a successful…… [Read More]

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Organizational Studies While There Is Focus Upon

Words: 2621 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72365187

organizational studies. While there is focus upon the articles and their contents, the greater focus or endeavor of the paper is to analyze the writing techniques and approaches to research. At the center of the assignment is the relationship among the construction of the research question, the research question, and the research. By studying and referencing the methods of master researchers and writers, the paper forges a path into the unknown, yet mandatory territory of conducting research and sharing it with the academic community.

Organizational Studies: Article Reviews

The state of public research on over-the-counter drug advertising by Denise DeLorme,

Jisu Huh, Leonard N. Reid & Soontae An

The authors' suggestions for further research are rather climatic in this article. The authors pose nine questions to the readers and those questions serve as possible directions future research could go. Out of these nine questions, the two areas that speak the…… [Read More]

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Health Organisation's Vision Mission Strategic Goals Objectives Organisational

Words: 1723 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59336821

health organisation's vision, mission, strategic goals/objectives organisational structure (As attached). Using documents literature analyse followings:- - type organisational structure adopted relates vision, mission goals organisation - advantages limitations type structure health care delivery.

Structure of a health care organisation

The health care organisations of today are no longer only requested to provide quality medical services, but they have to ensure this medical act within a growingly complex and demanding context. For instance, the ageing of the baby boomers puts additional strains on the health care institutions as the demand and the level of pretensions increases. Then, the cost of the medical act is also a stringent issue, specifically in the context of the internationalised economic crisis, but also the ongoing dispute over health care provision and coverage by the state and the private institutions.

Furthermore, the health care providers must also respond to the advancement of technology by integrating the…… [Read More]

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Placebos Nursing Ethical Implications for

Words: 2234 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 46568078

Whether someone views something as a placebo or not from a medical standpoint, if it improves the health and well-being of a patient then it is good for that patient, and good for the medical community as a whole (Ambrose, 2007).

The second reason for the health care system to allow alternative medicine is that people believe in it in the same way that they believe in placebo pills if they are not told that they are placebos (Ambrose, 2007). There will always be some people who do not think that these things work, and they might not work for them, but there are many people who have been helped by non-traditional medical practices, just as there are many people who have been helped by more traditional means (Ambrose, 2007). People should be allowed to choose which one they want without fear of getting in trouble with the law, getting…… [Read More]

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Prevention of Childhood Obesity in

Words: 3571 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 75541450

(Institute of Medicine, 2009)

Strategy 3: Community Food Access - Promote efforts to provide fruits and vegetables in a variety of settings, such as farmers' markets, farm stands, mobile markets, community gardens, and youth-focused gardens. (Institute of Medicine, 2009)

Action Steps: (1) Encourage farmers markets to accept Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) food package vouchers and WIC Farmers Market Nutrition Program coupons; and encourage and make it possible for farmers markets to accept Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (or SNAP, formerly the Food Stamp Program) and WIC Program Electronic Benefit Transfer (EBT) cards by allocating funding for equipment that uses electronic methods of payment; (2) Improve funding for outreach, education, and transportation to encourage use of farmers markets and farm stands by residents of lower-income neighborhoods, and by WIC and SNAP recipients. Introduce or modify land use policies/zoning regulations to promote, expand, and protect potential sites…… [Read More]

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Health Maintenance Organization Impact on

Words: 13949 Length: 50 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 80930377

" (AAFP, nd)

The Health Maintenance Organization further should "…negotiate with both public and private payers for adequate reimbursement or direct payment to cover the expenses of interpreter services so that they can establish services without burdening physicians…" and the private industry should be "…engaged by medical organizations, including the AAFP, and patient advocacy groups to consider innovative ways to provide interpreter services to both employees and the medically underserved." (AAFP, nd)

One example of the community healthcare organization is the CCOP model is reported as a community cancer screening center model and is stated to be an effective mechanism for facilitating the linkage of investigators and their institutions with the clinical trials network. It is reported that the minority-based CCOP was approved initially by the NCI, Division of Cancer Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors in January 1989. The implementation began in the fall of 1990 and the program was…… [Read More]

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Christian Values and Business Management

Words: 27724 Length: 75 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 77391599

Christian Biotechnology: Not a Contradiction in Terms

Presented with the idea of "Bioethics" most people in the scientific community today immediately get the impression of repressive, Luddite forces wishing to stifle research and advancement in the name of morality and God. Unfortunately, this stereotype too often holds true. If one looks over the many independent sites on the Internet regarding bioethics, reads popular magazines and publications, or browses library shelves for books on bioethics, the message seems quite frequently negative. Many Christians --and particularly those in conservative camps-- seem to have a deep seated fear of many elements of biotechnology. While this is slightly less problematic with such advances as genetically modified plants and animals (which are targeted more by liberal neo-pagans and primitivists), it is certainly very true in the field of medical experimentation and especially stem cell and embryonic research. In many ways, this dedication to an anti-technology…… [Read More]

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Privatization of Healthcare Services in China Since

Words: 10562 Length: 34 Pages Document Type: Dissertation Paper #: 48612883

Privatization of Healthcare Services in China Since 1980s

Empirical Analysis related to Primary level Changes




Data Presentation, Observations and Analysis

Obstacles faced by Private Clinics

Future Outlook

China opened its door to the outside world and introduced economic reforms in 1980 with a shift from a controlled central economy to an open and market oriented economy. This project takes on the task of investigating the Chinese privatization of healthcare sector with special emphasis on private clinics and the role they play in overall healthcare industry. Driven by need of times this rapid evolution of private sector influenced the whole industry and gave birth to many problems occurring at both rural and urban areas. The thesis also gives a comparison of services and performance of players in the healthcare industry with focus on practices exercised in urban areas with further inquiry in to level of services provided by…… [Read More]

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Health Policy and Bioethics the

Words: 1481 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 56021107

It means that the business elements are not neutral tools that merely enhance efficiency without impinging on medical science itself; rather, the science, the practice, and the business of medicine are intertwined at the most fundamental level. What exactly are these elements, and where did they come from?

Order new kind of enterprise boomed in the American economy in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, creating organizational changes that some would call a second industrial revolution. This new enterprise changed the workplace, the nature of work, and its products. Its productive features included concentration in large plants, labor specialization, process standardization, monopoly of technology, and professional management. Extending the division of labor of Adam Smith's pin factory, Frederick Winslow Taylor further subdivided and managed labor processes, publishing The Principles of Scientific Management in 1911. Incorporating such a labor division, managers designed production processes to achieve the most efficient and…… [Read More]

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Ethics in Nanomedicine the Term

Words: 10726 Length: 40 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 76858278

All these charters that have clearly defined the boundaries of what both the positive i.e. natural rights and negative i.e. The unjust exploitative rights of the people are and how no institution or research domains have the right or power to violate them (Dierkes, Hoffmann and Marz, 1996).

Based on the above fact, we have to consider all the concerns related towards security of an individual as well as his rights, societal principles and considerations, national strategies, the financial system and market of the country as well as the social-educational-traditional structure that might be put in jeopardy due to a scientific research of nanomedicine. Hence we have to carefully consider that the researchers who are investing their time and effort in to the nano-medical research are treated with value while still securing the human rights of the society i.e. awareness of and protection against the hazardous effects of nanoparticles on…… [Read More]

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New Technology the Best Cure

Words: 13809 Length: 50 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 56996011

Taken in isolation, some of the new, minimally-invasive procedures are less expensive by far, when analyzed on a procedure-by-procedure basis, than previous significant surgical interventions, as demonstrated below:



Estimated duration of 'cure'


5-7 years

PCI (percutaneous coronary intervention

3-5 years

Based on the above analysis, it would appear to be clear that a PCI is more cost-effective than CABG procedures. This may not be true when all costs are considered, however. The logic of comparison needs to include additional factors than the 'cure' period and the direct procedural costs.

CABG cost discussion

CABG can vary from a simple mammary artery, single bypass to a 3- to 5-vessel bypass graft operation with the use of saphenous vein grafts from the leg. Many of the single-artery bypass operations have been overtaken by PCI in the past few years, as the need to 'open' single vessels has been taken in…… [Read More]

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Cultural Influence among Immigrant Women from Sub Saharan Africa in Canada

Words: 2723 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 51475943

Culture among Immigrant Women from Sub-Saharan Africa Diagnosed with Chronic Diseases, Living in Grande Prairie, Alberta

The concept culture is defined as learned beliefs revealing the method people interact with their physical and social environment generally shared among a large segment of the population and transmitted from one generation to the other. These beliefs can include body size, habit and food habit. This proposal discusses the impact culture among immigrant women from Sub-Saharan Africa diagnosed with chronic diseases, living in Grande Prairie, Alberta. The review of the literature and its outcomes reveal that SSA women in Canada still prefer using the traditional medicine rather than western medicine. Moreover, African women in Canada diagnosed with chronic disease continue indulging unhealthy lifestyle that includes overeating to gain body weight because of the cultural beliefs that overweight is associated with wealth and prestige. Moreover, many women from Sub-Saharan Africa still rely on traditional…… [Read More]

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Direct to Consumer Advertising History of Drug

Words: 16271 Length: 59 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 71118969

Direct to Consumer Advertising











In order to provide the most efficient method of evaluation, the study will utilize existing stores of qualitative and quantitative data from reliable sources, such as U.S. Government statistical references, University studies, and the studies and publications of non-profit and consumer oriented organizations. Every attempt will be made to avoid sources of information sponsored by or directly influenced by the pharmaceutical industry.

Existing data regarding the history, levels, content and growth of direct-to-consumer advertising will be examined. In addition, the industry's composition prior to and after the proliferation of direct-to-consumer advertising will be examined, with regard to market share, type of substances sold, benefits of substances sold, and…… [Read More]

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Palliative Care

Words: 21397 Length: 70 Pages Document Type: Ghost Writing Paper #: 29297573

Hisory of Palliatve Care

Palliative Care

Palliative Care Methods

Palliative care entails assisting patients get through pain caused by different diseases. The patient may be ailing from any diseases, be it curable or untreatable. Even patient who are sick and almost passing away will need this care. Palliative care has characteristics that differentiate it to hospice care. The key role for palliative care is to help in improving the existence of someone and help people manage the pain they experience when they are sick (Ferrell & Coyle, 2010). The care system has been helpful and has assisted lots of people suffering from severe illness learn various way that they can manage the pain they feel. Ones someone learns the various methods to sustain the pain they feel or how to get reed of it, they can have time to do other things apart from spending the better part of their…… [Read More]

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Palliative Care Represents an Approach That Aims

Words: 2257 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 61112513

Palliative Care represents an approach that aims at improving the quality of life of patients and their families experiencing the problem in association with life-threatening illness. This is through prevention and relief of the suffering process by means of early identification of the illness and impeccable assessment and eventual treatment of pain and other related problems. Palliative care offers crucial development to patients by affirming life and regarding death as a normal process. The medical process also performs the vital role in relieving the patients from the pain and other distressing symptoms. Palliative care practices neither hasten nor postpone death. This is through offering significant support system to patients in the process of pain until death. Palliative care also enables the health personnel to address the issues of the patients and their families in relation to the suffering. In the contemporary world, several arguments are in place to understand the…… [Read More]

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ADHD Medications Attention Deficit Hyperactivity

Words: 4749 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 81761722

But Canada took steps to defer sales of the medicine which was provoked by 20 sudden losses of lives; out of 14 were children, among those consuming the prescribed doses of Adderall XR. There were reported cases of about a dozen strokes, two among children. The deaths took place during 1999 in the United States. The Canadian retracting of the drug Adderall XR will not drive similar steps in our nation. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration -FDA declares that the proof of deaths, strokes do not blame hyperactivity drug. FDA declares that it was content with the unharmed character of the drug that is used in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder-ADHD. The physicians in the circle explained the medicine as useful, nevertheless powerful. The medicine has been found to be very effectual and rather popularly recommended, according to Dr. Lenard Adler, director of the Adult ADHD Program…… [Read More]

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PTSD When the Past Doesn't

Words: 6450 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 10145376

The study also revealed that 9% of those still in active military service developed psychiatric disorders. It concluded that many of them displayed psychotic symptoms other than flashbacks and dissociative symptoms. These symptoms are essential parts of PTSD.

Most of the war veterans investigated exhibited psychotic symptoms of either depressive or schizophrenia. O the PTSD patients, 9% also suffered from major depressive disorder with psychotic features, while 11% had psychotic disorders. Many of them showed psychotic symptoms other than flashbacks and dissociative symptoms. Psychotic symptoms are essential parts of PTSD and relates to the trauma.

Personality disorders were found to be critical in developing PTSD after combat trauma. Alcohol dependence was often found in these afflicted soldiers. it, thus, presented as a risk factor to developing alcohol dependence after combat trauma. PTSD soldiers without personality disorders, on the other hand, confronted the risk of developing co-morbid depressive disorder and psychotic…… [Read More]

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Globalization and Innovations in Telecommunications

Words: 18188 Length: 66 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 2190458

Chapter 2:

Review of Related Literature

Chapter Introduction

This chapter provides a review of the literature concerning hypnosis, Eastern Meditation, Chi Kung, and Nei Kung and how these methods are used to treat various ailments and improve physical and mental functioning. A summary of the review concludes the chapter.


In his study, "Cognitive Hypnotherapy in the Management of Pain," Dowd (2001) reports that, "Several theories have been proposed to account for the effect of hypnosis. State theories assume that the hypnotic trance is qualitatively different from all other human experiences. From this perspective, trance capacity is supposedly a fairly stable trait that exhibits substantial individual differences. Nonstate theories, often referred to as social learning, social psychological or cognitive-behavioral theories of hypnosis propose that hypnotic phenomena are related to social and psychological characteristics such as hope, motivation, expectancy, belief in the therapist, desire to please the therapist, a positive initial…… [Read More]

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Morality and Ethics Over the

Words: 3959 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 62044610

What both these issues show is how advances technology / medicine are changing the overall scope of the ethical debate within the medical and legal communities.

Together all of these events have helped to shape the way various ethical standards for medicine would evolve. This is important because they would clearly define the most appropriate conduct for medical research and how to interact with patients in the health care industry. As they would form the backbone of creating professional standards that the industry currently enjoys. However, as a number of breakthroughs in medicine and technology are taking place, this means that the overall issues of morals / ethics are evolving. Where, ethical issues are becoming more ambiguous or new ones are arising.

Rules Governing Morality

Over the decades a number of different codes and principals have been adopted, as way to provide various health care professionals with ethical standards in…… [Read More]

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Coding & Review of Interview

Words: 6200 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 30721493

InterestInterview Coding & Reaction

There is little doubt that the experience, events and quality of care that surround expecting and new mothers is extremely important (Berrien, Olledorff & Menard, 2015). The reduction or mitigation of things like excessive pain before and after birth, any sort of disconnect between patient and providers in terms of communication and an explanation of what is and shall be going on and so forth are all important (Taavoni, Abdolahian, Neisani & Hamid, 2016). This research deigns to cover a number of things. First, it is asked of the interviewee what went well, what did not, what perhaps could or should be compared and contrasted between this or prior birthing experiences (and one did exist in the case of this research), what could have been done better, what was done well, whether proper and full options were made available and so on.

The setting and meeting…… [Read More]

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Interviewing a Pharmacist

Words: 987 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Interview Paper #: 39187473

Interviewing a Pharmacist

A prescription is written for you by your doctor by directly handing it to you in handwritten form or sends it electronically to your pharmacy. Such a pharmacy could be a mail order pharmacy, a retail one, or even a pharmacy at the doctor's office.

The pharmacy benefits manager inspects your insurance plan to ensure that the prescribed medicine is part of your insurance plan.

Your insurer will decide one of the following to facilitate your access to the prescribed medicine.

Once you make the co-payment indicated in the insurance policy for your medicine, you access the medication.

You access the prescribed medicine after executing a higher co pay or you can make part of the total payments; also referred to as co-insurance.

You could be given medicine that is less expensive but provides similar benefits as the medicine prescribed but isn't a generic of the prescribed…… [Read More]

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Culture on Health Disparities and Health Related Practices

Words: 2135 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 50848154

Culture and Health Care |

A Review of Culture on Health Disparities, Health Related Practices and Healthcare Outcomes

Social Status

The social status of an individual refers to the rank one holds within a group or community; and requires conformance to such rights, lifestyle, and duties as understood by prestige and social hierarchy (Encyclopedia Britannica, 2016). Status may be attained or ascribed in different ways. One, for instance may inherit such status at birth as it happens in monarchies and Kingships. This kind of status climb has nothing to do with one's innate abilities or skills. Ascribed status is based on such factors as age, family relations, lineage, birth, sex, and similar considerations while acquired status is earned. It may be based on such factors as the level of education, marital status, occupation and similar factors that come with accomplishment of certain feats that required some practical effort.

Status is…… [Read More]

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Chinese Health Care System

Words: 1940 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Chapter Paper #: 6317288

Global Health Care and Culture

Traditional Health Care Concepts

Modern Health Care in China and its Affordability

The public health system in China has been able to make progress in many aspects owing to the economic growth of the country. Problems like child mortality and life expectancy have shown considerable improvements over the last 20 years in conjunction with the rising economy. With significantly more hospital beds in the country compared to about 10 years ago, China has made all efforts to embrace the modern medical system and formulated policies to make modern health care affordable to every Chinese citizen (Mehlhorn, Wu & Ye, n.d.).

However give the above context, it is still a fact that Chinese system of health care is still governed and guided by the cultural values and traditions of ancient Chinese health care. This is in conformation to the ways the Chinese value their centuries old…… [Read More]

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Nurse Practitioner and Wait Times in Emergency Departments

Words: 6588 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Capstone Project Paper #: 42987391

Hiring a Nurse Practitioner reduces wait times (overcrowding) in the Emergency Department

estimation of the ED (Emergency department) compromise with care afforded to patients because of overcrowding from the perspective of the provider of services.

/I researched literature and bonafide / authenticated texts that chose to: Study causation, impacts and resolution tactics aimed at ED crowding; Collected and analyzed data using established methods; specifically target the ED scenario and the day-to-day crowding at the ED in care centers and hospitals. There is in each case a lot of reporting done on the circumstances ( like shortages of beds and staff) and that have led to the crowding that can be seen to increase with each passing day at ED centers, the overall impact that has had on the quality of care given to the patients as a result, and the solutions that have either been worked out or are being…… [Read More]

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Obama Care Act Affordable Care

Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 81891339

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act begun in the Bush administration and have actually been verified by the Obama administration. "This offers a reason for positive outlook about the capability of the insurance coverage growth in the Affordable Care Act to enhance access to and for grownups, however it recommends that doing away with the law or reducing the protection growth might lead to ongoing erosion of grownups' access to care" (Kenney, McMorrow, and others, 2012, p. 899). This act brings with it numerous modifications that benefit individuals living in the United States as well as the enrollees in Medicare. The modifications that are taking place are getting mixed testimonials by individuals questioning if it is actually benefiting everybody.

The Affordable Care Act is looking for to close the Donut Crack within the prescribed strategy. Deep within the act in Title III, Improving the Quality and Effectiveness of Healthcare…… [Read More]

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Policy Analysis of Oregon's Death

Words: 8143 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 55076012

In March of 2005, she was finally removed from life support and died thirteen days later. The case had 14 appeals, numerous motions, petitions and hearings in Florida courts, five suits in the Federal District Court; Florida legislation struck down by the Supreme Court of Florida; a subpoena by a congressional committee in an attempt to qualify Terri for witness protection; federal legislation and four denials of certiorari from the Supreme Court of Florida (Jacoby 2005). The courts continued to hold that Terri was in a permanent vegetative state (PVS), and an autopsy showed that most of Terri's brain had atrophied.

Leeb outlines the responsibility of social workers to be knowledgeable in policy and law concerning end of life decisions. Sensitivity to ethical and moral considerations is also urged. Cultural differences may be encountered in such situations, as well.

A final discussion of the Oregon Death With Dignity Act reminded…… [Read More]

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Glaxo Smith Kline GlaxoSmithKline -

Words: 4856 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 77240917

He says that if the prices are still too high, the UN should offer subsidies. (Boseley, 2003)

2. Rupert Bondy - Senior Vice President and General Counsel

He played a key role in the merger between Glaxo Welcome and SmithKline as well as after the merger. Bondy developed an efficient post merger legal department and he ensured legal representation to all organizational departments. (Practical Law Company, 2003)

3. John Clarke - President, Consumer Healthcare

Clarke is the main actor on the company's Consumer Healthcare market and it is due to him that oral hygiene, over-the-counter and nutritional healthcare products have been promoted by GlaxoSmithKline. (Forbes Magazine, 2007)

4. Marc Dunoyer - President, Pharmaceuticals Japan

He extensively promoted the anti-allergy Zyrtec drugs in Japan and around the world.

5. Russell Greig - President, Pharmaceuticals International

Greig is in charge of the GSK operations outside the United States, mainly Japan and the…… [Read More]

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Military Employee Stress the Objective

Words: 18029 Length: 66 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 44323703

The subjects were 613 injured Army personnel Military Deployment Services TF Report 13 admitted to Walter Reed Army Medical Center from March 2003 to September 2004 who were capable of completing the screening battery. Soldiers were assessed at approximately one month after injury and were reassessed at four and seven months either by telephone interview or upon return to the hospital for outpatient treatment. Two hundred and forty-three soldiers completed all three assessments. Posttraumatic stress disorder was assessed with the PTSD Checklist; depression was assessed with the Patient Health Questionnaire. Combat exposure, deployment length, and severity of physical problems were also assessed." (Johnson, et al., 2007)


A. KARL MARX (1818-1883)

Karl Marx was born into a Jewish family that had converted to Christianity and is held to be the "world's greatest theorist of capitalism and materialism." (Lukas, nd) Marx earned his Ph.D. In law and philosophy.…… [Read More]

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Atul Gawande

Words: 1609 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 17401003

Surgeon's Notes on an Imperfect Science

According to author and surgeon Atul Gawande, the practice of medicine, despite its veneer of scientific objectivity, is often based more in art and subjective impressions than science. In his book A Surgeon's Notes on an Imperfect Science (which is part memoir and part philosophical rumination on the state of modern medicine), Gawande examines various types of medical errors and misreadings in his own career and others. Intentionally or not, the effect upon the reader is often unsettling, and although Gawande makes suggestions for how to improve the practice of medicine, he implies that mistakes are unavoidable because patients and doctors are human. Even statistics elude the unpredictability of medicine. "In psychology, there's something called the broken-leg problem. A statistical formula may be highly successful in predicting whether or not a person will go to a movie in the next week. But someone who…… [Read More]

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Ayurveda and Holistic Nursing

Words: 1469 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 18886233

Ayurvedic health care system, which is a 2000-year-old comprehensive and holistic system of health care with roots in the Indian subcontinent. Ayurvedic medicine includes various phytocompounds (plant-based medicines) that can be used internally or topically. While research has yet to use sufficient randomly selected clinical trials, empirical evidence does support the use of some Ayurvedic preparations and treatments in nursing. The specific implications for evidence-based practice are discussed in this paper.

The Vedas refer to a canon of Hindu spiritual texts penned about 2000 years ago, and the Ayurveda is located within this canon. However, the Ayurvedic system of medicine evolved over time and is not contained in a single compendium any more than allopathic medicine is. Rather, a "systematic development" of Ayurveda can be traced throughout Indian history until the postmodern era (Narayanaswamy, 1981). As nurses look increasingly to expend the content and quality of complementary care, Ayurveda is…… [Read More]

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Physician a Written Report Preferred Profession Medical

Words: 1165 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92723102


A written report preferred profession, Medical doctor. The report 3-4 pages long (including Literature Cited) 1.5 line spacing. Please read carefully attach Instructions Professional Report file. Ask questions.

The road to becoming a physician

Overview of the profession

Physicians serve in many capacities, spanning from primary care physicians who see a wide variety of patients to specialists; from researchers to active practitioners in the field. However, one common, linking thread between all types of doctors is the care they must exhibit for the welfare of humanity and the arduous requirements for entry into the profession. The American Association of Medical Colleges notes that medical school itself (embarked upon after undergraduate school) is four years in duration (The road to becoming a doctor, 2013, AAMC: 3). Year one is devoted to normal structure of body tissue; year two to abnormal structure; year three and four are clinical years in which…… [Read More]

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Medical Errors

Words: 1851 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 84200213

Medical Errors:

Faulty Health Care System

[N a m e]

Medical or health professionals are considered to be the most respected and most valued persons. These professionals are source of hope for people suffering from different diseases. This puts additional responsibility on the doctors and health professionals and they are required to be more careful and cautious while performing their operations and duties.

Despite of all special care and caution on part of the health professionals, there are increasing number of medical errors. Medical errors are defined as the mistakes or faults done by the health or medical professionals resulting in harmful and dangerous implications for the patients. These include errors in the process of diagnosis known as diagnostic errors, mistakes in the management of drugs and prescribing medicines known as medication errors, faults or mistakes in the while performing procedures of the surgery, while using any other therapy, while…… [Read More]

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Homeopathic Remedies for Anxiety

Words: 2667 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 92360508

Homeopathic Remedies for Anxiety


Homeopathy is a branch of medical science which mainly deals with medicines. This system was invented by a German medical practitioner, Samuel Christian Hahnemann (1755). It is combination of Greek words Homeo and Pathos. Homeo means similar in nature and pathos means treatment or cure. Together the term Homeopathy means a branch of medical science which cures the disease through similar effect. In this system of medicines, the drug is similar to the disease in nature and the effects produced by the medicine are used to nullify the effects of the disease. Hence it follows the rule of 'like can cure like'. Homeopathy enjoys much fame among the medical practitioners and the patients because of its effective healing capacity without any harmful side effects. People believe in its harm free nature, hence, prefer to use it (as cited in Shand et al., 2005).

Underlying principle…… [Read More]

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Fat of Our Souls the

Words: 1679 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Reaction Paper Paper #: 32880599

As a final chapter, this is a good culmination of the supporting points the author uses throughout her work.

In every book chapter, the author provides compelling evidence for the various ways in which medicine is used to accomplish not only physical health goals, but also economic and social ones. Each individual uses the medical direction he or she deems to be most appropriate to his or her specific social and economic concerns. At the start of the book, for example, the Western doctor and his medicine were used to get closer to the Methodist church leader and potential membership in this church. Although I do feel the book makes its point well, I do not believe that medical systems really merits their status as primary vehicle towards secondary goals. Instead, there is an entire networks of primary and secondary resources to accomplish both. I feel the book could have…… [Read More]

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Pharmacology Legal Obligations of Nurses

Words: 1985 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 90045735

Interactions: the patient had informed me about his medical history and his psychological state so as to compensate and recommend the best possible drug dosage.

Nursing implications: This drug has mild side effects. However, the patient was still advised to consult me if any unusual problems occurred.

Client Implications: the eye irritation caused by swimming had been completely cured.

Patient Education: the patient had been instructed to ensure regularity in all his appointments

9. Name of drug: Zafirlukast

Dosage: the drug should be taken twice a day.

Indications for use: the tablet should be taken by mouth without splitting, chewing, or crushing it.

Mode of action: It acts by jamming the process of chemicals that trigger irritation, mucous emission, and restrictions in the lungs.

Interactions: the patient had informed me about his medical history and his psychological state so as to compensate and recommend the best possible drug dosage.

Nursing…… [Read More]

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Health Care Strategic Management

Words: 1299 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 2924687

Health Care Strategic Management

The deliberative model in healthcare is expected to meet quite a few of the needs of the American public regarding the general area of healthcare. Of the many areas that may decide to look at this problem, an attempt is made here to look at two specific problems. One is the need of patients taking medicine properly and the other is the needs of patient care among all Americans. The problems in taking medication have been taken up on the issue of individual needs of patients for education on medicine taking. The education needs of patients in this area are not being met by healthcare providers. It may be worthwhile to take up a study to develop medication taking instructions for patients which can be used by health care providers in the long run. The aim should be to reach an approach which will be based…… [Read More]

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Interstitial Cystitis IC treatment using CAM Modalities

Words: 6757 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54434974

The prevalence of interstitial cystitis (IC) has seen different treatment methods that have been aimed at reducing the level of pain and ensuring that the patients are comfortable. However, the continued failure of most of the conventional methods to treat the condition has necessitated physicians to recommend complementary and alternative methods of managing the condition. An analysis of the complementary and alternative methods (CAM) modalities is therefore, critical in understanding the different conceptual attributes that are significant in addressing the problem. IC is a condition that is characterized by chronic pain or discomfort in the bladder and the surrounding pelvic region. It differs depending on the pain, frequency or both pain and frequency. The condition affects the patient and in some cases may lead to stress since it impacts the work-life, family and sexual enjoyment for the women. In most cases there are different methods of managing the condition…… [Read More]

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Interstitial Cystitis IC treatment using CAM Modalities

Words: 6757 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54434974

The prevalence of interstitial cystitis (IC) has seen different treatment methods that have been aimed at reducing the level of pain and ensuring that the patients are comfortable. However, the continued failure of most of the conventional methods to treat the condition has necessitated physicians to recommend complementary and alternative methods of managing the condition. An analysis of the complementary and alternative methods (CAM) modalities is therefore, critical in understanding the different conceptual attributes that are significant in addressing the problem. IC is a condition that is characterized by chronic pain or discomfort in the bladder and the surrounding pelvic region. It differs depending on the pain, frequency or both pain and frequency. The condition affects the patient and in some cases may lead to stress since it impacts the work-life, family and sexual enjoyment for the women. In most cases there are different methods of managing the condition…… [Read More]