Mexican Immigration Essays (Examples)

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Immigrants and the US Military

Words: 4601 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 38645844

Immigrants Should be Allowed in the US Military and Granted Citizenship

One of the major issues that have faced the U.S. Department of Defense is on permitting illegal immigrants to serve in the U.S. military. This issue has become relatively controversial in the recent past because of immigration issues and the need to enhance homeland security. In this regard, there are questions on whether illegal immigrants should be allowed to serve in the US military. Additionally, there are concerns on whether legal immigrants should be granted US citizenship after being permitted to serve in the US military. Currently, the United States only permits legal immigrants to serve in the military. This paper seeks to examine the issue on whether illegal immigrants should be permitted to serve in the military and whether legal immigrants should be granted citizenship. The main idea presented in this paper is that immigrants should be permitted…… [Read More]

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Value of Illegal Immigrants on Texas' Education System and Economy

Words: 1296 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 41997560

Texas Politics: Illegal Immigration, Economy, And Education

One of the contentious issues facing the economy of Texas is that of increasing cases of illegal immigration. Opponents of the undocumented immigration argue that, the immigrants act as a source of financial and social burden crippling the economy of the U.S. Statistics have shown that the immigrant population comprises about one third of the U.S. population: 12% (38 million), and 5.4% comprising of the U.S. workforce. Of the immigrant population, 76% comprise of the Latino, with a high percentage from the Mexico (59%) (LeMay and Michael 98). These rates have stimulated heated debates across the U.S. On the effects of the high percentage of immigrants on the U.S. economy and education with some arguing that, it has negative impacts while others argue that it has positive impacts to the economy and education system of Texas.

Financial analysts have argued that illegal immigrants…… [Read More]

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Particularly on How it Has

Words: 1818 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 35807706

Reforming any major national policy such as the immigration policy can be tedious at best. The current policy may not be perfect, but it is certainly working in any number of areas, as many studies indicate. These writers note, "We must recognize that in a multicultural, multiethnic, multi-perspective American society, the immigration debate must not be submerged in a unicultural, labor-economic perspective only, it must be examined multidimensionally" (Asumah and Bradley). Thus, reform may not be the answer. Instead, creating a new entity to deal totally with illegal immigration may be the best way to deal with the problems it entails. Immigration has always been the backbone of our country, and it must remain in place. Controlling illegal immigration, in all areas, is a better solution to the immigration policy dilemma, but it will not be easy.


Asumah, Seth N., and Matthew Todd Bradley. "Making Sense of U.S. Immigration…… [Read More]

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America Even the Native Americans

Words: 1407 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 55251499

This represented a sharp turn in public beliefs, and it represented a new type of America that no longer welcomed immigrants with open arms, and that has continued unchecked to the present day.

This shift in public thought and government legislation resulted in the first immigration law to exclude immigrants because of their race and class, and laws continued to tighten until after World War II ended in 1945. Potential immigrants were screened for health problems, but they were also interviewed, tracked, and monitored, something new to immigrants in the country. They began being treated as if they were second-class citizens, and they started settling in specific areas of a city or town, and keeping to themselves, attempting to hold on to their culture and way of life for as long as possible (Lee). This regulation resulted in many more laws governing who could immigrate and why, and led to…… [Read More]

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U S Immigrants the Black and

Words: 1360 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77168393

The advent of World War II saw and end of the period of economic turmoil and massive unemployment known as the Great Depression, and thus was a time of increased opportunity for many of the nation's citizens and immigrants, but the experiences of some groups during and following the war were far less positive than others. Some of this was due to the different histories that different immigrant groups had in the country, as well as the different roles that various nations played in the war itself, but often the source for the treatment of different ethnic groups was all too similar and all too simple -- racism and ethnocentrism that made the white Americans "true" citizens while others were labeled as outsiders, and those that didn't belong.

The Japanese suffered the worst during World War II; even families that had been in the country for generations and many decades…… [Read More]

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Predominantly Latino Gangs Mara Salvatrucha

Words: 17380 Length: 40 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 44825476


Since gang-related crimes fall within the jurisdiction of state, this research will give an insight on the need to find solutions that increasingly include all levels of government. Congress needs to pass legislation that will change immigration enforcement laws and make more aliens deportable. In addition, the federal government should take a more active participation in helping local and state jurisdictions develop anti-gang responses. The local, state and federal governments must take a stand, and combine forces to combat the immigration problem that continue to plague this country into the next generation.

Importance of the Study

The die has been cast, there is no turning the clock back now and the Mara Salvatrucha and 18th Street Gang have established themselves in the United States and far beyond. The origins of the current situation with MS-13 and the 18th Street Gang date back to the late 1980s and early 1990s…… [Read More]

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Hispanics Groups in the United States While

Words: 1341 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 42985499

Hispanics Groups in the United States

While many people speak of the Hispanic population, there really is not a single Hispanic population in the United States. The term Hispanic generically refers to Spanish-speakers. Therefore, there is a wide variety in the Hispanic people one may find in the United States. Therefore, this paper will examine four different Hispanic groups, Mexican-Americans, Puerto Ricans, Cuban Americans, and South Americans. It will do so by looking at the linguistic, political, social, economic, religious, and familial conventions of these different cultures.

When many people think of Hispanics in the United States, they think of Mexican-Americans. This is because Mexican-Americans are the largest U.S. Hispanic group; in fact, the U.S. has the second-largest population of Mexicans, second only to Mexico. Mexican-Americans tend to be Spanish speakers, though they may actually speak a variety of Native American languages, depending on where in Mexico the person originated.…… [Read More]

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History of Texas Questions 2-3 Sentences Each

Words: 1265 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37608941

History of Texas

questions, (2-3 sentences each question), one page.

Explain the Empresario system. What is it? And what is the purpose of it?

After the successful Mexican War of Independence liberated Mexico from Spanish rule in 1821, the 1824 Constitution of Mexico joined Texas with the state of Coahuila to form the new state of Tejas y Coahuila. In order to increase the population within this unsettled frontier, and protect it from roving bands of Indians and American encroachment, the fledgling government of the Mexican Republic instituted the Empresario system. This system authorized immigration anglo agents like Stephen F. Austin to relocate large groups of colonist families to the state in exchange for land grants and settlement rights. The Empresario system granted settlers a league of land for only $100, provided the newcomers adopt Mexican citizenship, learn the Spanish language, and convert to Catholicism.

How does the Mexican Secretary…… [Read More]

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Hispanic-americans Specifically it Will Discuss

Words: 1254 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20545789

Politically, they are an extremely strong force in Florida politics, and they have gained the sympathy of many other Americans because of the strong anti-Cuban (i.e. Castro) sentiment in the country. Socially, many early Cuban American immigrants have assimilated into the country. They have higher college education rates than other Hispanics, and they have moved up the ladder to own businesses and join the middle class in many areas. Economically, they have a higher median family income than other Hispanic groups, they contribute to the American economy, (since most cannot send money back to Cuba), and they have transformed Miami into what some call "little Cuba." Cubans are also primarily Catholic and continue their beliefs after they immigrate, and they tend to maintain close family relationships with extended family members in close proximity, like other Hispanic groups. What is different is that there can be decided differences between early Cuban…… [Read More]

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Community Nurse Diabetic Clinic One

Words: 3696 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 69636084

Type I diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults and results from the body's failure to produce insulin. Type 1 account for 5% to 10% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes (Centers for Disease Control, National Diabetes Fact Sheet, The most common form of diabetes is Type II, which accounts for about 90 to 95% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes (Centers for Disease Control, National Diabetes Fact Sheet, Pre- diabetes is a condition often present prior to the development of Type II diabetes. In pre-diabetes, blood glucose levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to be considered diabetic.

Pre-diabetes does not have to lead to the development of diabetes if a person diagnosed with this condition: Patients who work to control their weight and increase their physical activity can often prevent or delay the onset of diabetes. There are 41 million Americans…… [Read More]

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Improvements in Border Security Since the Events

Words: 1290 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 67750292

Improvements in Border Security

Since the events of September 11, 2001 border security has been an increasingly contentious issue in United States politics and in everyday life. While most everyone in the country agreed that something must be done to stem the tide of illegal immigrants pouring into the U.S. seemingly unabated, there was some disagreement about the nature of the changes that needed to be implemented. While border security has vastly improved in terms of number of guards patrolling the region and the intensity with which they scrutinize border, the overall results have been mixed, with illegal immigration continuing to be a problem that confounds the authorities. The tightening of the border has also complicated the dealings of average, law-abiding citizens on both sides. The restrictions and regulations surrounding border security have complicated travel abroad for U.S. citizens while also, at times, impeding business dealings that straddle both sides…… [Read More]

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Top Ten Latin American Cities to Do Business

Words: 712 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 180830

Top Ten Latin American Cities for Business

The objective of this study is to examine the top ten Latin American cities to do business in and then to answer as to what variables or factors are key for appearing in the list of the best Latin American cities for doing business. What other variables might be considered? As well, this work will answer as to whether all the cities identified are located in Latin America and why or why not. Secondly, this study will analyze the effects of the influx of Mexican business people into cities such as Miami and how this has affected Mexico's economy. Part three of this study will state a conclusion.

Variables on Ease of Doing Business

It is reported that variables for ease of doing business in Latin American countries are divided into categories including: (1) ease of starting a business; (2) ease of dealing…… [Read More]

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Intended to Provide an Overview of the

Words: 1896 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 79949184

intended to provide an overview of the individuals and movements who played important part in Chicano movement

Chicano movement is one of the most eminent chapters in the history of Mexican-Americans. The Chicano movement reflects a decade's long pursuit of Mexican-Americans for their rights. Although it has its roots in 1800s, the movement grew stronger in 1940s. In order to understand what Chicano movement really is, one needs to understand the past events leading to it. It is a common saying in Mexican-Americans that we did not crossed the borders, the border crossed us. There have been several treaties signed between Mexicans and Americans which provided a lot of benefits to Mexicans along with citizenship, however when the senate revised these treaties, all these leverages were removed depriving Mexicans of their lands and other properties. Then started the journey of Chicano Movement. There are various individuals and several movements who…… [Read More]

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Illegal Immigratiion for Decades Congress

Words: 863 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 36989001

For example a study in 1982-83 had found that illegal aliens were contributing more to the economy than the state was spending on them. (Cited in LeMay, ed. 1989, 10)

There is much confusion in connection with the economic impact. Some studies feel that illegal aliens contribute very little considering the fact that they are usually employed in low paying jobs.

Economists have consistently argued back and forth as to whether or not illegal immigrants are actually driving down wages and making working conditions even worse. Some economist saw it from a different angle. They felt that some employers need to fill the low wage niche as they need to make some profit too and this niche can only be filled by illegal aliens who are willing to work at very low wages. If it had not been for those immigrants, some small firms would go out of business. This…… [Read More]

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Empire and Race

Words: 2101 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 68167284

narrative analysis of historical content, themes, patterns, and events related to "race and empire in U.S. History. For this reason, six books have been considered. The paper will cover the narrative analysis of historical content related to race and empire in U.S. History, summary of the chronological themes, and the strengths and weaknesses for each book.

Manifest destinies: the making of the Mexican-American race

Narrative Analysis

The key to the approach of Gomez is the thought that Mexican-Americans do not from ethnicity, in fact a race. The difference lies in societal construction. Rather than having inborn worth, race is history reliant and given meaning by social processes, institutions, and persons. In the view of Gomez, the identity of Mexican-American is a result of social attitudes and legal definitions during the era, after the war between U.S. And Mexico. In fact, for Mexicans, there was no proper racial model[footnoteRef:1]. [1: Gomez,…… [Read More]

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The Tourism Industry in Mexico

Words: 1321 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79791574

American tourism in Mexico provides a window into understanding U.S.-Mexico relations. By promoting tourism as a path to economic development, Mexico shows that it is still dependent on the U.S. This is the same U.S. that fought a war with Mexico, took land from Mexico (the southwest region of America), and still continues to treat Mexico with condescension (threats of building a wall, calling all immigrants rapists and murders, and knocking down the culture of Mexicans). Yet, Mexicans should think that relying on Americans for tourism is a good thing? Instead of relying on the tourism industry for economic development, Mexico should be developing its industries. After all, the development of industry is what helped America create a strong economy. As Berger and Wood note: “tourism as a modern social practice first gained popularity with the advent of the railroad and steamship” (Berger & Wood, 2010, p. 2). Without…… [Read More]

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Educational Scenario

Words: 1411 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84494278

Education Scenario

Response from District Superintendent

Bill James

How did the parents' letter make you feel? Be candid in your response.

How did I feel when reading this belligerent letter? My first impression after reading half way through the letter was, here is a member of (or an ideological believer in) the Tea Party and the school's multicultural programs give him a perfect opportunity to rage against immigration. Reading all the way through, and reading it a second time, it is apparent that the father has a chip on his shoulder because he served in combat missions and now that he is out of uniform he believes he has the right to rage against what he feels is too much attention paid to other cultures / subcultures in America.

He can say that he was in the service with others of different nationalities and ethnicities -- and therefore he can't…… [Read More]

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Theology a Discussion of a

Words: 1249 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Assessment Paper #: 49671649

Then, and now, Americans are risking losing their moral character by "greeting only their own people."

America needs a theology of immigration that begins with the Bible and ends with public policy. In their policy proposals, Sider and Snippers suggest as one of the top goals to "extend the same rights and protections to vulnerable immigrants and refugees as citizens," (242). This would appear to be the more authentic evangelical immigration policy than the anti-immigrant stance often voiced by the right wing in America. Christians should "be united in sharing God's love and care for all gerim" that is, all immigrants, documented or not (Sider and Snippers 242). The Jews of the Biblical era know, and modern Jews know well the importance of a theology of immigration as it says in the Pentateuch, "Do not mistreat or oppress a foreigner, for you were foreigners in Egypt," (Exodus 22:21). The Jews…… [Read More]

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WWII the United States Entered

Words: 1011 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71170487

Gradually, though, the war effort eroded the practical and theoretical underpinnings of racism in the United States. The war stimulated the domestic economy, particularly in the industrial and manufacturing sectors. Jobs were opening up rapidly, and because so many white men were fighting the war, many black men were available to work. "For black workers World War II opened up opportunities that had never before existed," (O'Neil 1). The same was true for women, as the war left gaping holes in the labor market that needed to be filled in untraditional ways. At the same time as the war exposed American prejudice, "World War II gave many minority Americans -- and women of all races -- an economic and psychological boost." (Harris 1). The Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) was founded, and overall, the war "jump-started the civil rights movement" in the United States (Harris 1; "Identify the impact of…… [Read More]

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Legal Migration Benefits of Allowing

Words: 1705 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 58780785

Allowing more legal migrants from Mexico will not only save lives, it will decrease the terrible practice of smuggling, and it will free up the Border Patrol to concentrate on more important issues, such as drug smuggling and national security. Legal migration is an important issue that needs to be addressed by Congress, so that more people can enjoy the freedom and prosperity of living in America - legally and without fear of reprisal or deportation.


Annerino, John. Dead in Their Tracks: Crossing America's Desert Borderlands. New York: Four Walls Eight Windows, 1999.

Borjas, George J., and Eric O'N. Fisher. "Dollarization and the Mexican Labor Market." Journal of Money, Credit & Banking 33.2 (2001): 626.

Dunn, Timothy J. "Border Militarization Via Drug and Immigration Enforcement: Human Rights Implications." Social Justice 28.2 (2001): 7+.

Ladik, Steven M. "On Strengthening U.S./Mexican Relations: The Unfinished Agenda." American Immigration Lawyers Association. 16 April…… [Read More]

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Link between Migration and Crime

Words: 2355 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 63915571

Migration and Crime

Immigration is one of the major issues that attracted significant attention in the United States, especially because of the increase in security concerns in the country and throughout the world. The significance of this issue is demonstrated in the role immigration policies played in the recent presidential campaigns. Additionally, international migration has found its way to the forefront of security policies, agendas and issues in the United States. As the number of immigrants to the United States has increased rapidly in recent years, the perception of immigration as a security threat has also developed. Apart from attracting concerns from policymakers, the relationship between migration and crime has also been the subject of news publications and opinion pieces. For instance, Rick Gladstone recently published an opinion piece in the New York Times to demonstrate that there is no link between migration and crime in the United States.

Article…… [Read More]

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journey to America

Words: 1682 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65695761

The journey to America was different for all types of immigrants. Some came from Asia, some from Europe, some from Latin America. Each faced unique hardships and challenges along the way. For some it was an experience filled with trauma, and for others it was an experience filled with hope. This paper will compare and contrast the experiences of six different readings by six different immigrants to explore the nature of the journey to America that each immigrant experienced.
From Vietnam
Vo Thi Tam tells the story of emigrating to America as one of the many “boat people” who fled the Communist takeover of South Vietnam following the pullout of American troops at the end of the Vietnam War. As a refugee, the immigration process was fraught with perils: the threat of pirates at sea, the threat of starvation or death from dehydration, the threats from others who did not…… [Read More]

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Are Supporters of Donald Trump Prejudiced Towards Minorities

Words: 1423 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49546414

Hidden Bias and Stereotypes

There is no doubt that all humans harbor some form of bias against another ethnicity, another religion, another culture, a person simply different from the norm (like a motley homeless person), or perhaps another political party. The Southwestern Poverty Law Center (SPLC) presents a very objective and helpful list of explanations for bias, stereotyping, prejudice, and hidden bias. This paper responds to the SPLC material, to the test given, to my own beliefs about bias (including my biases) -- and to the current American political scene, which shows how one candidate has gathered momentum by tapping into the prejudices, fears and biases of certain segments of the public.

Reflection on Hidden Bias

After taking the test and reading carefully through the "Teaching Tolerance" tutorial by the Southwestern Poverty Law Center, I am more knowledgeable about these topics than I was before. I have a bias against…… [Read More]

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Personal Reflection on Chicano Film

Words: 1357 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44452281

Film has the potential to provide multifaceted multimedia insight into a culture and community. Mexico has a rich and varied cinematic history, and the traditions and themes of Mexican filmmaking have naturally spilled across the border to influence Chicano-made films in the United States. When Chicanos produce, write, and direct their own films, they remain firmly in control of the ways their people and community are portrayed. Thus, film can become a medium of political and social empowerment even when the film is not directly about a political issue. Many Chicano films do, however, directly address social justice like Luis Bunuel's classic Los Olvidados. Los Olvidados continues to have an important message about class conflict in Mexico. As such, Los Olvidados is much more about class-based social justice than it is about Chicano culture. Similarly, Harry Gamboa's short film "Baby Kake" is less about Chicano culture than it is about…… [Read More]

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Indian Immigrants in America

Words: 361 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 17784944

Immigrant Group
Indians are one immigrant group that is among the top immigrant groups in the U.S. Indeed, after Mexicans, Indians make up the largest immigrant population in America (Zong & Batalova, 2017). Many individuals in this population are skilled workers, particularly in the information technology (IT) sector, and have been awarded visas as part of the U.S.’s H-1B temporary visa program, which often serves as the gateway to becoming citizens. Other Indians have expanded into the restaurant business and the gas station/convenience store industry in the U.S. Indians typically make more money than the average American in the U.S. and are thus considered part of the middle to upper-middle class, with average annual incomes of over $100,000 (Zong & Batalova, 2017). Their socioeconomic status is good in the economic sense; however, Indians are still portrayed in popular media (from The Simpsons to Deadpool) as being outside the norm.
As…… [Read More]

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Reasons Why Many Latin American Immigrants Came to the U S

Words: 740 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68635883

U.S. Foreign Policy

The Law of Unintended Consequences -- Iraq War Aftermath

Notwithstanding the outcome that the George W. Bush Administration had hoped for and planned for, the Iraq War " ... had a broad destabilizing effect across much of the Middle East" (Wong, 2008). The toppling of Saddam Hussein was one objective of the Bush Administration that was achieved. But the justifications given to the public -- in strong, unrelenting terms through many venues including the United Nations -- for the invasion into Iraq was that Hussein had " ... chemical, biological and nuclear weapons" (Wong, 2008). However, no such weapons were ever found. Additional unintended consequences of the Bush invasion (and the unintended consequences of the "surge") include: a) the launching of the sectarian war between the Sunni Arabs and the Shiites; b) a body count by the Lancet Medical Journal tallied 655,000 people had died resulting from…… [Read More]

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Illegal Immigrants in the U S

Words: 2196 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 39582268

So who is an American and what an America can or cannot do are questions which are critical to the issue of legalizing immigrants. Does being an American mean you cannot show allegiance to any other country? The images of people raising and waving Mexican flag had enraged many but it need not have. It should be accepted that people who come from different countries would forever hold in their hearts a deep respect and love for their homeland. However to put the interests of home country ahead of your adopted country or to work in a way that benefits the home country but not the new country would definitely cause serious concern. It would be definitely foolish to direct or guide the behavior of illegal immigrants regarding countries and allegiance, but they should be expected to not work against the interests of their adopted land. That is fair and…… [Read More]

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Undocumented Students Equity to In-State Tuition Reducing

Words: 8115 Length: 22 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 92893549

Undocumented Students Equity to in-State Tuition:

Reducing The Barriers

There exist policy ambiguities and variations at federal, state, and institutional levels related to undocumented student access to and success in higher education and this has created problems for these students. This study investigated specific policies and procedures to provide the resources and capital to assist undocumented students as well as reviewed key elements of showing the correlation of these difficulties with ethnic identity in access and equity to higher education that would help eliminate student's frustration. The study also illustrated that there is no accountability system surrounding the success of undocumented student's postsecondary education divide significant structure. Three research questions guided the study; a) Without the fundamental requirements met how will undocumented students achieve their goal to attain a degree, and seek a rewarding career? b) Is it unjust to extradite an illegal alien who has been living a constructive…… [Read More]

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Human Trafficking the State Department of the

Words: 6416 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 99928662

Human Trafficking

The State Department of the U.S. Government has for the past ten years issued an annual report on the state of laws governing human trafficking. The latest report shows that most of the world's industrialized countries have enacted laws to protect against human trafficking. This includes recognizing that human trafficking is a problem and having taken steps to address the issue (Wu & Zifcak, 2010). Most countries in the world have only progressed to what is known as Tier 2, in which the issue is recognized but has yet to be addressed in the nation's body of law (U.S. Department of State, 2010). Yet, despite most of the industrialized world having laws against human trafficking and protections for its victims, human trafficking has increased dramatically in recent years, and much of that increase focuses on bringing people into the developed world.

This places significant emphasis on building a…… [Read More]

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Devil Highway Twenty-Six Men Walked In Twelve

Words: 1241 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73483549

Devil Highway

Twenty-six men walked in, twelve got out to tell the story. The numbers are pretty good, considering these men were walking the Devil's Highway. Human trafficking is a phenomenon that testifies to the political and social inequities and injustices that currently plague Mexico and have since the conquest. Therefore, the existence of the Devil's Highway can be easily traced to the time of the Conquistadors. In the Florentine Codex, which is reproduced in part in Michael Johnson's Reading the American Past, the Nahuatl account of the invasion illustrates the extent to which the Spaniards oppressed the natives with the use of brute force. The descriptions of the iron swords are followed soon by even more saddening depictions of the plunder. The Spaniards "went everywhere, scratching about in the hiding places, storehouses, places of storage all around. They took everything that pleased them…" (cited by Johnson, 2009 p. 30).…… [Read More]

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Immigrant Experience and Its Psychological Toll Information

Words: 3416 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 91176917

Immigrant Experience

And Its Psychological Toll

Information Competency & Library Use

San Francisco, CA

The theoretical framework centers of the immigrant experience and how it changes the individual while navigating his or her new society. The topic statement seeks to explore these phenomena by focusing on the psychological experience and its relationship to violence and economics. The idea that the action of immigrating is profoundly disruptive on ideas of self-worth, identity and economic status are explored.

I address the various experiences of dislocation arising from migration. Distinctions are made between experiences of voluntary immigrants and refugees and asylum seekers and between legal and undocumented immigrants in their risk for trauma exposure and differential impacts of trauma in the context of immigration. Refugee status as inherently founded in trauma is analyzed, with a brief description of torture survivors among refugees. The issue of trafficked migrants is also discussed. What is core…… [Read More]

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Racial Profiling American Society Has

Words: 2857 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 15084895

For the past several decades the emphasis in policing has been building trust in the community. Making the streets safe for everyone requires mutual cooperation between the general public and the police. Without community support, the police cannot do it alone. In this regard, respect as been shown to be a better tool for decreasing crime than fear and when fear is present residents tend to avoid contact with local police officials and other government officials that the residents believe may check on their immigration status or the status of family members. Information from these groups regarding criminal activities in their community is non-existent. Respect between law enforcement and community members is far more conducive to developing a good and lawful environment and involving local authorities in immigration enforcement creates an aura of fear. Auras that even the best law enforcement officials will have difficulty overcoming.

The process of racial…… [Read More]

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Huckabee Mick Huckabee Has Surprised

Words: 2234 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 28298855

Meanwhile, Huckabee supports local political jurisdictions passing laws that punish undocumented immigrants, and he asserts those laws "protect the economic well-being, physical safety, and quality of life" for citizens in those communities. By using "physical safety" Huckabee frames this issue in the context that immigrants are criminals out to harm people. But the Immigration Policy Center (IPC) (Rumbaut, et al., 2007) reports that "Foreign-born Mexicans" had an incarceration rate" of 0.7% in 2000, "more than 8 times lower than the 5.9% of native-born males of Mexican descent." And while the "undocumented population has doubled to 12 million since 1994," violent crime in the U.S. has declined 34.2%, the IPC reports.

Moreover, according to the American Immigration Law Foundation (Esbenshade, 2007) local ordinances such as the ones Huckabee believes in (that make it illegal to rent to undocumented immigrants, for example) - if they conflict with federal immigration law - are…… [Read More]

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Latinos and Whiteness Is a

Words: 2036 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 21343433

The INA still influences the field of American immigration law today. In order to enforce the quotas that had been established, the INA created the Immigration and Naturalization Service. The INS served as the federal agency that enforced these limits for the remainder of the 20th century (Immigration, n.d).

When Congress passed the INA, an alien was defined as any person lacking citizenship or status as a national of the United States. Different categories of aliens include resident and nonresident, immigrant and nonimmigrant, and documented and undocumented or illegal. "The terms documented and undocumented refer to whether an arriving alien has the proper records and identification for admission into the U.S. Having the proper records and identification typically requires the alien to possess a valid, unexpired passport and either a visa, border crossing identification card, permanent resident card, or a reentry permit" (Immigration, n.d).

The need to limit illegal immigration…… [Read More]

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American Dream Is a Concept

Words: 1604 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 73668788

The enormous number of questions did not only succeed in bringing people to physical exhaustion, but they also confused people to the level where they could no longer think logically and risked being deported, even though they were not attempting to deceit the American system.

Most contemporary people express their liberal opinions regarding immigrants in the U.S.T.C. Boyle's Tortilla Curtain goes at proving how while some have apparently changed their discriminatory principles, they tend to act against their reasoning when encountering a difficult situation. Delaney claims to be a freedom promoter, and one who cannot accept racist theories. Matters seem to have changed significantly ever since the times when squatters robbed Californian dons of their lands and Chinese immigrants were considered to be different from immigrants of other nationalities.

In Candido's opinion, Delaney lives the perfect life, being a legal U.S. citizen, owning a house in a good neighborhood, and…… [Read More]

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Letter to the Editor the

Words: 861 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 37550477

S. economy. At the time it was passed, there was only GATT, but no free trade with Mexico. However, the two nations were moving towards free trade. The result of the persistent lowering of trade barriers was that more American companies needed Mexican labor, and more Mexicans sought to come to the U.S. In search of that work. IRCA made it more difficult for some employers to find the labor they needed, reducing capital use efficiency. Furthermore, because IRCA stopped the circular flow of migration, Mexican workers entering the U.S. tend to stay, with is not consistent with the stated goals of NAFTA or IRCA, or the needs of the U.S. economy.

3) Smoke and mirrors is the analogy that Massey uses for the current U.S. immigration policy. He views the issue as having been obfuscated by political interests, who since 1986 have acted without understanding of the underlying issues…… [Read More]

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Texas Braceros the Bracero Program

Words: 1292 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 2194198

United States citizens had been available for these jobs during the immense unemployment that existed during the 1930s, forcing the Mexicans out. World War II saw these workers enlisting in the military, working in factories, or moving into other jobs as the economy generally expanded.

The Mexican immigrants not only provided the plentiful labor that was needed, but they provided it cheaply -- typical wages were between fifty or sixty cents an hour, or around ten dollars per acre (Renteria 2003). Demand for agricultural products specifically and throughout the economy in general continued to expand during World War II and in the decades following, but prices were kept fairly stable during the war and even when they began to increase evenly due to economic expansion, worker's wages did not really rise (Renteria 2003). This meant that farmers were making an increased profit utilizing the under-paid and under-appreciated Mexican immigrant workers,…… [Read More]

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Jews Left Russia and Eastern

Words: 3310 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 93211231

From Jessica McElrath, Your Guide to African-American History)."

In addition to the renaissance the new found self-confidence and pride that was found by Southern Blacks who moved north also impacted the work environment.

Social protest was not only possible it was available to those who were not happy with their working conditions in the North (the BLACKS and the UNIONS ( it was extremely oppressed compared to the life of African-Americans today, it was still a far cry and significantly better than anything they had experience in the south up to that point.

Currently the nation is facing a social crisis when it comes to the plight of Mexican immigrants. Whether they are here legally or illegally there are an estimated 12 million Mexicans working and living inside the American boundaries. If one were to compare their plight to those of the Southern blacks they would find several similarities.…… [Read More]

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Law Enforcement to Secure the

Words: 1700 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 33389473

In order to fully safeguard the country's borders, it is necessary to take into account that criminals tend to develop as fast as new technology can be implemented. Hence it is important to improve methods for intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance, analysis and training, and support efforts to deter not only illegal aliens, but also the substances some of them bring into the country. On the other hand, it is also important to recognize the human element inherent in the immigration problem. Some believe they have no choice but to risk their lives in order to have any quality of life at all.


Camarota, S.A. (2004). The High Cost of Cheap Labor: Illegal Immigration and the Federal Budget. Center for Immigration Studies. Retrieved from (2010). Obama orders 1,200 Guard troops to border. Retrieved from

The White House (2010). Remarks by the President on Comprehensive Immigration Reform. American…… [Read More]

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Immigrants Economic Impact on the

Words: 4771 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 33987472

During the years immigrants have proven a great talent in exact sciences and professions, i.e. information technology and engineering. They are hard working and more serious and manage to get ahead of the students born in the United States. Moreover, these are also the most important fields of business where brain-drain is mostly applied. Whole American IT companies function almost entirely on employees that have not been born in the United States.

Most statistics compare immigrants with persons born in the United States to determine what both groups have to offer in terms of labor and economic growth. One of the things that are taken into consideration herein is the medium level of education that the two groups posses. It seems that the persons born in the United States have an average of 12.5 years of study, while the immigrants only 10.7 years. However this is not a fair evaluation…… [Read More]

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Border Security in the United

Words: 2032 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 82398796

Increased border security would keep this youngster at home where he belongs, and would also help do away with the smugglers (coyotes) who prey on the immigrants and charge them exorbitant sums to lead them across desolate deserts undetected.

Along with increased border security, it makes good sense to strengthen the Customs Department and streamline the immigration process for legal immigrants who choose to follow the rules when they enter the country. This would allow more productive citizens to enter the country, while increased security would stem the unchecked flow of illegal immigrants into the country. The main purpose of increased security at the borders should be to stop illegal and threatening activity, not to simply turn away illegal immigrants. Increased security should ensure that drug and terrorist activity is severely limited, and that Americans are safer in their country, rather than more vulnerable to terrorist activity and attack.

Finally,…… [Read More]

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Causes of Different Economic Development Among Different

Words: 1581 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 88896797

causes of different economic development among different immigration groups in the United States will be documented on a description of the economic level of each community and some of its characteristics, as well as on the different policies that the U.S. government may have applied in their cases and on the social and human capital they have brought along.

The Cubans represent a case apart, mainly due to the legal stimuli that they received from the White House administration for their immigration. Indeed, as many sources were keen to mention, the Cuban immigrates were privileged, in the sense that, unlike many other populations, they were not required to prove their position as political immigrates, but their status was predefined as such, because of Fidel Castro's Communist regime in Cuba. This meant that they were automatically considered refugees and received the privileges that went with this position.

Additionally, starting from 1966,…… [Read More]

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Hispanic Population in the United

Words: 1913 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 29038932

(de Zuniga, Mencia Manso., 2001, 1-2)

Socially, the rise of the Hispanic population is propelling their cultural mores into mainstream acceptance. There has been the advent of media TV channels specifically catered to the Hispanic market by only screening programs that solely speak Spanish. Many jobs now have the requirement for the candidate to speak more than one language (e.g. English and Spanish), and the census even allows respondents to put down more than one nationality in relation to their cultural identity. (Rural Migration News, 1998, 1) Concerning health care, Hispanics suffer some diseases more profoundly than other cultural groups in the population because they are not as medically aware. Also, compounded with the language barrier, older Hispanics who don't understand English tend to bring their children in to translate and the situation can get a little difficult explaining to a child what is medically wrong with the adult. There…… [Read More]

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Social Issues CSI Topic That Was Selected

Words: 876 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 22324732

Social Issues (CSI) topic that was selected by the author. That topic, to be specific, is the impact of immigration from Mexico on women in the United States including implications related to the Mexican border crossing as well as the women's justice center. The impacts to women are multi-dimensional and actually end up impacting both citizens of the United States as well as the legal and illegal immigrants that come to the United States either from or through Mexico.

As noted in the introduction, the impacts to women as it relates to immigration at the Mexican border are very multi-dimensional and are actually quite disparate and similar at the same time depending on how one looks at it. Legal and illegal immigrant women face challenges because they often come across the border with their partner and/or their children. Other times, they cohabitate or even marry an American spouse and have…… [Read More]

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Arizona SB 1070

Words: 1120 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86453779

Arizona SB 1070: Over Enforcement of Borderlands

In an era where terrorism and international turmoil continues to plague the news, it is no wonder that so many Americans would be scared enough into wanting to amp up border security. However, Arizona has taken these concerns way too far. Arizona SB 1070 is much too extreme and thus violates the constitutional rights of legal immigrants, while also making economic and environmental efforts in the region much harder to fulfill. Overall, Arizona SB 1070 clearly stands against the philosophy that the United States was originally built on.

Arizona Senate Bill 1070 is a controversial border protection law that has been raising concerns all over the nation. Essentially, it is a "law requiring state and local law enforcement officers to check the immigration status of suspected 'illegals'" (Olsen, 2011). Not only does this mean that anyone who looks Hispanic must carry around proper…… [Read More]

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Mexico and Convergence Between Terrorism International Terrorist Groups and Drug Cartels and or Ordinary Crime

Words: 4243 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 99436281

Mexico: Terrorism and Organized Crime

The convergence in numerous means of organized criminal activities that include terrorism and drug trafficking is a developing concern in the United States and the entire world. Some professionals in this filed imply that the increasing number of cases of terrorism and organized crime groups are jointly coordinated and the trend is increasingly developing into a worldwide phenomenon (Rollins 2). These occurrences pose a great and novel challenge from national security and law enforcement perspectives. Even though the convergence between terrorism and organized crimes is not interlinked in a direct and immediate contractual manner, the reality seems to imply that terrorism and drug trafficking in a coordinated manner is incredibly present (Rollins 2). Terrorism and drug trafficking are unlawful, concealed operations, and they hold numerous common needs. These needs include weapons acquisition, maintenance of anonymity, a steady cash flow, hiding assets and the two crimes…… [Read More]

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Border Security Effective Ways to Measure the

Words: 2610 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32361058

Border Security

Effective Ways to Measure the Efficacy of Border Patrols

According to the Department of Homeland Security (DHS): "protecting our borders from the illegal movement of weapons, drugs, contraband, and people, while promoting lawful entry and exit, is essential to homeland security, economic prosperity, and national sovereignty… Through increases in Border Patrol staffing; construction of new infrastructure and fencing; use of advanced technology -- including sensors, radar, and aerial assets -- investments to modernize the ports of entry; and stronger partnerships and information sharing, we are creating a safer, more secure, and more efficient border environment" (Border security overview, 2013, DHS). However, some outside analysts have called into question the DHS claim that it has made substantive improvements to limiting access to the nation's borders to authorized persons alone. There remains considerable debate as to how best to measure the efficacy of border security.

This paper will examine different…… [Read More]

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Texas History

Words: 3692 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 43630442

German Influences on Texas Culture

If one has lived in Texas for any length of time, they will realize immediately that the Texas culture is influenced by German culture in a number of ways. Modern day Texas culture would not exist as it does today if it were not for German influence. Today Texas culture can be described as a blending of German and Texas traditions. Though German culture is not the only culture that has impacted the Texas of today, it is often considered one of the most significant influences historically.

Whether one examines the architectural landscape of the towns and cities, examines the art and music or simply talks with many of the German descendants living in Texas, one must immediately acknowledge the significant influence the German people have had on the development of Texas as known today. In early Texas history German influence was widespread, often comprising…… [Read More]

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Family Narrative Every Family Has a Story

Words: 1848 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 16266819

Family Narrative

Every family has a story. Or rather every family has a number of different stories. This does not mean that there are not important overlaps and consistencies among the stories that different family members tell. Both what is the same (or nearly the same) from one family member to the next and what is different is important to attend to as one tries to make sense of the story of one's family. It is important to understand where the schisms are: Are there emotional and narrative fault-lines between generations? Between genders? Between matrilineal and patrilineal sectors? Between those that immigrated to the United States and those that were born here? And, just as important, where are the alliances? Between mothers and daughters? Between those who are the most or least educated? Between those who share a religion?

In this paper I create a family narrative for my own…… [Read More]

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Geopolitics of Illegal Migration in the U S

Words: 938 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 67823459


Illegal Immigration

Slowing or stopping the flow of immigrants across the U.S. Mexico border has remained a hot political issue for several decades. The events of 9/11 only added fuel to the fire and politicians have repeatedly promised to plug the leaky border. Although the budget and manpower of the Border Patrol has been tripled since 9/11, leaders in congress felt more needed to be done. In 2006 the Secure Fence Act was passed into law, which authorized funding to build 700 miles of fencing along the most troublesome stretches of the Mexico/U.S. border (Ellis, 2011). By the end of 2008 only 120 miles had been completed. In 2006 the Secure Border Initiative awarded a billion dollar contract to Boeing to build a virtual fence along the border and by the end of last year only 53 miles had been completed. The past…… [Read More]

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Culture Constraining a Culture The

Words: 848 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34089866

This has lead to a serious threatening of Palestinian agriculture and business. There are vast socio-economic differences between the Palestinians who are currently suffering greatly from their current situation and the Israelis just across the river. This only fuels the fire, and throughout the generations potentially hopeful negotiations between the two nations have continuously resulted in failure. This has lead to a complete lack of efficient solution to help ease both the socio-economic suffering and the looming threat of physical violence. Unable to help the situation, or lighten the load of the burden on Palestine and Israel with such border constrictions, the situation proves doubtful to be resolved any time soon.

Although much less severe, the border between the United States and Mexico has also created controversy that has helped mold the two very different cultures in such close proximity. There is a similar hostility between the two cultures. What…… [Read More]

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Narcoterrorism and the Future

Words: 18088 Length: 70 Pages Document Type: Capstone Project Paper #: 91167730

Mexico faces an array of drug-related problems ranging from production and transshipment of illicit drugs to corruption, violence, and increased internal drug abuse. Powerful and well-organized Mexican organizations control drug production and trafficking in and through Mexico, as well as the laundering of drug proceeds. These organizations also have made a concerted effort to corrupt and intimidate Mexican law enforcement and public officials. In addition, the geographic proximity of Mexico to the United States and the voluminous cross-border traffic between the countries provide ample opportunities for drug smugglers to deliver their illicit products to U.S. markets. The purpose of this study was to develop informed and timely answers to the following research questions: (a) How serious is the trade in illicit drugs between Mexico and the United States today and what have been recent trends? (b) How does drug trafficking fund terrorist organizations in general and trade between Mexico and…… [Read More]

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Hispanic Community in the United States Hispanic-American's

Words: 2500 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 27544800

Hispanic community in the United States. Hispanic-American's have influenced many aspects of today's American culture such as art, religion, and education since the early 1600's. It will outline the influx of the Spanish explorers and the defense of the border between the United States and Mexico. The paper will also examine the influence of the food, colorful clothing, art, and the educational reform that has come about to meet the needs of the Hispanic children in the school system. This culture has made such a lasting impact in America that is deserves to be studied and researched more in-depth to gain more appreciation and insight to its lasting contribution.

Hispanic-American Cultural Diversity

Hispanic-American's have influenced many aspects of today's American culture such as art, religion, and education since the early 1600's. The borders of Mexico have long been the subject of territorial disputes and have many people have died to…… [Read More]

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Racial and Ethnic Groups Hispanics Living in

Words: 1437 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82883039

Racial and Ethnic Groups: Hispanics Living in the United States

To suggest that Hispanics comprise a single ethnic group is to ignore the tremendous diversity among the different Hispanic ethnic subgroups. Depending on the heritage country, these different Hispanic groups may have very different cultures. Examining the linguistic, political, social, economic, religious, and familial conventions of these different ethnic subgroups helps highlight their similarities and differences. This paper will examine those features in four Hispanic groups: Mexican-Americans, Puerto Ricans, Cuban Americans, and Central South Americans.

Mexican-Americans are Americans of Mexican descent. Mexican-Americans are primarily Spanish speakers, though the language spoken in the home may not be Spanish. Spanish is the official language of Mexico, but it is important to realize that "the indigenous people of this nation - almost five centuries after The Conquest - still speak approximately 288 Amerindian languages" (Schmal, 2004). Catholicism is the dominant religion among Mexican-Americans,…… [Read More]

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Hispanic-American Diversity An Overview Soy

Words: 1331 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84577545

As with other Hispanic groups, there may be a greater reluctance to seek professional help in dealing with psychological issues because of a belief that the church, rather than Western psychological medicine, should address such problems. The greater economic security of middle-class Cuban immigrants and their children thus has not meant an entirely uncomplicated relationship with the new American homeland.

Puerto Rican-Americans

Although it is a small island, the history of Puerto Rico has been marked by many influences, spanning from Africa to Spain to Latin America. "There is an essential dichotomy [in] Puerto Rico's relationship with the United States. Within American jurisdiction, as reflected by common citizenship, flag, currency and numerous applicable Federal laws, Puerto Rico might seem in everything but name a State of the Union. But on the other side you will find a culture and society profoundly different from that in the mainland. It is a…… [Read More]

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Labor Market From Trade and

Words: 2267 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Data Analysis Chapter Paper #: 73410926

("2004 Yearbook of Immigration Statistics," 2010) However, when you compare the unskilled immigrant with the skilled immigrants, it is clear that you are seeing a similar kind of scenario occurring. Where, they have lower costs of labor in comparison to those educated native workers. In those situations where the immigrants are unskilled, means that many state and local governments will face increased growth in the population. (Car, 2001) Yet, because the overall level of wages are small, means the revenues that are generated will have a limited impact on the community (as far as the government is concerned). Conversely, those immigrants who are more educated will make a larger contribution to the local economy. This is because their specialized education allows them to work in fields that have the potential for greater contributions, to the community and the government. In this particular case, the contributions that they would make towards…… [Read More]

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People of Color Ethnic Groups Excluded in U S History

Words: 1977 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 96125482


Deutsch, Sarah. 1987. No separate refuge: culture, class, and gender on an Anglo-Hispanic frontier in the American Southwest, 1880-1940. New York: Oxford University Press.

Race has excluded people of color and ethnic groups in the Southwest. Deutsch draws parallels with all forms of subjugation around the world. Hispanic identity in particular was viewed as a threat by white Americans. White Americans began to cling to nativism, which was a theory that was related to white supremacy. This systematically excluded Hispanics, but especially Latin American women, from having access to social, cultural, and financial capital. Exclusion was built on race, as positions of power in politics, government, and business were reserved for white males. Stereotyping has been an important way for race to be used as a method of exclusion.

The theme or thesis on people of color and ethnic groups in the United States is that subjugation is the…… [Read More]

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Tortilla Curtain - By T Coraghessan Boyle the

Words: 3755 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Book Review Paper #: 57661518

Tortilla Curtain - by T.Coraghessan Boyle

The much-talked-about "American Dream" - that elusive dream of being able to own a house, raising educated and successful kids, earning middle class money, and most of all being accepted as a functioning part of the great diverse U.S. economic and social structure - is but an "American Myth" to many immigrants arriving in this country. It's certainly a myth for many thousands of Mexicans coming to the U.S. And attempting to carve out a better life for themselves. The Boyle novel offers readers a close-up, graphically realistic view of the hardships that confront those immigrants - juxtaposed with the "good life" of an affluent family living behind stylish walls.

This review of The Tortilla Curtain will compare and contrast the main characters in the novel - Delaney Mossbacker (and his wife Kyra) and Candido Rincon (and his wife America) - in order to…… [Read More]

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Migration A Threat to National

Words: 2995 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 76162880

However, eventually people stopped paying much attention to the color of the threat level for that day, and the news media stopped talking about it. Now, it is not discussed at all. Was it effective? Perhaps as a short-term measure, but certainly not as a long-term solution. The government argues that the American people are much safer today, because there have been no more terrorist attacks. However, correlation does not prove causation. The fact that there have been no more attacks up to this point does not necessarily prove that the United States is actually safer. It simply proves there have not been more attacks, for whatever reason.

September 11th certainly remains etched in the minds of the American people. Often so much so that they are untrusting of people who are "not like them." An immigrant from the Middle East may have a difficult time in the United States…… [Read More]

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Garcia Girls Lost Their Accents

Words: 804 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 49380873

They cannot even go to the hospital when sick for fear of being discovered -- although, to be fair, America never really gives any of the Garcia girls a complete sense of a female identity and Latina 'self,' while the male immigrants of Boyle's tale find some identity in their roles as husbands and fathers.

The U.S. immigration policies of crossing borders are raised in Tortilla Curtain -- the poor Mexican workers are needed to sustain the U.S. economy, yet are treated like outcasts because they are deemed illegal. The close relationship between the United States and certain Latin American nations is highlighted, politically, as well in How the Garcia Girls Lost their Accents, as the girls are caught in the crossfire of history. The father's political actions change the girl's social lives forever, and their identities as women forever.

The girls do not assimilate completely, even though they lose…… [Read More]