Mind Body Connection Essays (Examples)

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Spirituality and HIV AIDS

Words: 2121 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 68020393

However, the importance of nurses in the spiritual care of patients was not compromised. However, results concerning if the needs of patients were being met differed significantly according to the care setting.

Leeuwen, Tiesinga, & Post et al. (2006) also explored the responsibility of nurses in meeting the spiritual care needs of patients at the end of their life. According to the study, addressing the spiritual needs of the patients proved difficult. For many patients, they wanted more attention from the nursing staff. However, nurses were limited in their ability to provide for the spiritual needs of the patients by their time constraints and job pressures. This study compared the needs of patients with the attitudes of nurses regarding their role in the spiritual care of the patient. The study paid close attention to the limitations of the study and in the interpretation of results in regards to the hypothesis.…… [Read More]

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YMCA Represents One of the

Words: 1303 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 58551001

, 2006). This effect has a neurobiological reason behind it. Regular exercise decreases certain stress hormones in the body and increases the body's peak oxygen intake, both of which have the effect of relieving depression and increasing energy levels. Exercise alone has a physical effect on the emotional state of persons suffering from a number of psychological and emotional conditions. This study is only one of many that demonstrates that exercise can be as beneficial to many patients as medications (Nabkasorn, Miyai, & Sootmongkol et al., 2006).

Exercise improves the efficacy of many compounds, such as Modafinil, which is used to treat ADHD and narcolepsy. Exercise improved the response of Modafinil on bipolar depression in a number of studies (Belmaker, 2007). This is not to say that exercise is a substitute for medication, but even low intensity exercise was found to relieve or cure many psychological conditions in many cases…… [Read More]

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Telling Lies by Paul Ekman

Words: 3296 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 61700087


Paul Ekman is the Professor of Psychology at University of California, San Francisco.

This book distills 15 years of scientific study of nonverbal communication and the clues to deception. Mr. Ekman, a pioneer in emotions research and nonverbal communication, and could be most succinctly subtitled "Lies succeed because no one goes through the work to figure out how to catch them." Mr. Ekman's detailed research delves into the question of just how does a person go about detecting lies.

Building in the subject of body language, and the reality that a persons body will give clues to what is really going on inside their minds regardless of what is coming out of their mouth, Dr. Ekman goes beyond the standard inventory of non-verbal clues and looks into micro-gestures, micro-expressions. These, he says, are fleeting communications, often only distinguishable on the slow-motion replay of an event, much like an NFL…… [Read More]

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Hearing Voices Patients Therapists in an

Words: 4695 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 37526528

Jung and auditory hallucinations

Meyer (2003), in a discussion of Jungian symbolism in the movie, Spider-Man, notes that both masks and voices are essential to the movement of heroic characters through the plotline. Meyer is not, however, a psychologist, nor even an anthropologist; rather, she is a write about communications. Still, her work on Spider-Man tied several of the movie's themes to Jungian thought.

Halifax's work goes farther in bringing Jungian thought into the mainstream of psychological study. His work with shamans and shamanic ritual, important subjects to Jungians, posited aspects of schizophrenia in the initiatory journey of the shaman. Halifax cited Julian Silverman's conclusions in which schizophrenia was characterized as a disorder in which the "individual withdraws form society and the outer world and becomes preoccupied by internal processes with a resulting disintegration of the personality. The symptoms, broadly described, include autism and unreal ideation, disturbed perception and thinking,…… [Read More]

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Metaphysical Law of Attraction

Words: 5207 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Dissertation or Thesis complete Paper #: 71164258

Law of Attraction

Metaphysical Law of Attraction

Need for consideration of Metaphysical Law of Attraction

Attitude and their Effects

Superordinate Identities

Positive Effect in everyday interactions

In conflict management

Negative Affect As an indicator of an unhappy relationship

Paving the road to D-I-V-O-R-C-E

Positive Affect Paves the Road to Respect and Admiration

Use of Law of Attraction and Intercultural Communication

Metaphysical Law of Attraction

"Thou, constrained by no limits, in accordance with thine own free will, in whose hand we have placed thee, shalt ordain for thyself the limits of thy nature"..Giovanni Pico della Mirranda, Oranto "De hominis dignitatis, " or "God's Address to Adam."

"If you're not an infinite being, what would be the purpose of your life?"..Wyne Dyer, The Power of Intention

What are your beliefs about the nature of the universe? Do you have believed in order, universal natural laws, cosmic intelligence, or chaos? Do you believe…… [Read More]

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Republic Plato's Allegory of the Cave Is

Words: 1939 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39750694

Republic, Plato's allegory of the cave is included as a way of describing the path from ignorance to enlightenment. Plato describes a group of people chained inside a cave, who cannot see anything except for the shadows cast on the wall in front of them by other figures. This represents humanity prior to the development of philosophy, because viewing these shadows dancing on a wall is closest people had previously gotten to real knowledge, which is represented in the allegory as the sun itself, rather than the paltry light offered by the fire.

For Plato, Forms are the essential, real things which human beings may only experience through thought or imperfect representations in physical objects. Because Forms are abstract, universal notions, they reveal the reason behind the similarities and differences among objects, because these objects are merely imperfect representations of a perfect, universalized Form, which is definable only by the…… [Read More]

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Spirituality According to the Holistic Model of

Words: 2861 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 88224399


According to the holistic model of care, a lot of nurses should contemplate their patients' spiritual necessities so that they can give them the total patient care that they deserve (Govier, 2000). There is rising consciousness of the influence that spiritual happiness can do for a patient's real and apparent health and excellence of life (Chibnall et al., 2002; Mount, 2003). Spirituality and spiritual care in the past years is gaining a lot of drive in the present nursing field. Draper and McSherry (2002) mention that it has arose out of nowhere to occupy a noticeable part of present health care. Furthermore, inside the nursing occupation, an emphasis on people as bio psychosocial-spiritual beings is expanding acknowledgement. This view is founded on the basis that there should be a balance or stability of mind, body and spirit for the preservation of health in an individual (Stoll, 1989; Stooter, 1995).…… [Read More]

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Humanistic Psychology Today People See

Words: 1806 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 89370868

In addition to the above noted areas, there is also green politics, deep ecology, the feminist and gay rights movements, and the psycho-spiritual wing of the peace movement. This takes into account an integrated and balanced view of human nature and maintaining harmony in the grand scheme of existence. As noted by Maureen O'Hara, past president of the Association for Humanistic Psychologists: "As the world's people demand freedom and self-determination, it is urgent that we learn how diverse communities of empowered individuals, with freedom to construct their own stories and identities, might live together in mutual peace. Perhaps it is not a vain hope that is life in such communities might lead to the advance in human consciousness beyond anything we have yet experienced. "


Association for Humanistic Psychology. Website retrieved December 20, 2006. http://www.ahpweb.org/aboutahp/whatis.html

Encyclopedia of Religion. Website retrieved December 20, 2006. http://hirr.hartsem.edu/ency/Psychology.htm

Green, E., & Green, A.…… [Read More]

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Interstitial Cystitis IC treatment using CAM Modalities

Words: 6757 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54434974

The prevalence of interstitial cystitis (IC) has seen different treatment methods that have been aimed at reducing the level of pain and ensuring that the patients are comfortable. However, the continued failure of most of the conventional methods to treat the condition has necessitated physicians to recommend complementary and alternative methods of managing the condition. An analysis of the complementary and alternative methods (CAM) modalities is therefore, critical in understanding the different conceptual attributes that are significant in addressing the problem. IC is a condition that is characterized by chronic pain or discomfort in the bladder and the surrounding pelvic region. It differs depending on the pain, frequency or both pain and frequency. The condition affects the patient and in some cases may lead to stress since it impacts the work-life, family and sexual enjoyment for the women. In most cases there are different methods of managing the condition…… [Read More]

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Interstitial Cystitis IC treatment using CAM Modalities

Words: 6757 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54434974

The prevalence of interstitial cystitis (IC) has seen different treatment methods that have been aimed at reducing the level of pain and ensuring that the patients are comfortable. However, the continued failure of most of the conventional methods to treat the condition has necessitated physicians to recommend complementary and alternative methods of managing the condition. An analysis of the complementary and alternative methods (CAM) modalities is therefore, critical in understanding the different conceptual attributes that are significant in addressing the problem. IC is a condition that is characterized by chronic pain or discomfort in the bladder and the surrounding pelvic region. It differs depending on the pain, frequency or both pain and frequency. The condition affects the patient and in some cases may lead to stress since it impacts the work-life, family and sexual enjoyment for the women. In most cases there are different methods of managing the condition…… [Read More]

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Humor Stress Cognitive Appraisals There

Words: 1416 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Article Critique Paper #: 842045

The higher the humor score, the more the individual was able to place positive distance between their actions and tangible outcomes; they did not interpret their performance on the exams to be as indicative of their own personal worth as much.

Theoretical Support - The key to the brain mind connection can be found in a complex set of molecules called neuropeptides. Petptides are made up of amino acids, the very basic building blocks of protein strucutres. There are, in fact, 23 different amino acids, and peptides are amino acids strung together very much like a string of beads on a necklace. Peptides are found in most areas of the body, but especially the brain and immunie system. Neurally, there are a number of different peptides, including endorphins. Neuropeptides are the way that cellular communication occurs, including brain-to-brain messages, brain-to-body messages, body-to-body messages, and body-to-brain messages. Individual cells have receptro…… [Read More]

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Prayer Diary Entry One Remembered

Words: 5975 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 90485026

Entry Three met some non-Christians today and prayed for them because I believe that all persons can and should know the power of God's love. Praying for the salvation of others is important because it may lead those people to Jesus. If Jesus opens a door and they do not enter, then I still completed the work of God by keeping them in my prayers. Because I know not to judge others, I had to later say the Lord's Prayer and put the fate of all non-Christians in God's hands. I thought about all the times I have judged others for one reason or another. Instead of praying that a person find Jesus and become a Christian, I blessed them in the name of Jesus. In that way, all persons can receive the blessing of God.

Therefore, today I prayed to "judge not, lest ye be judged." I read my…… [Read More]

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Psychological Capital and Learners K-12

Words: 4962 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 33447575

Physical and mental disorders are often comorbid, reflecting an entire system that is out of balance. A healthy state, both physically and mentally reflects a state of equilibrium and stability that every organism wishes to achieve (Wallace, 2008).When one portion of the system is out of balance, the entire system can be out of balance. The degree to which the system is out of balance determines the degree of the disturbance.

A child that has greater resilience skills can recover from a greater disturbance than a child with little resiliency. Everyone has heard stories of the rich and famous who rose up from situations of poverty and despair to become something great. This is exactly what this research is about. Eriksson's psychosocial model sets up the situation that the person must overcome. Wallace's theory on resiliency provides an understanding of what the child needs to overcome these circumstances to become…… [Read More]

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Left Prefrontal Cortex Hobbies and

Words: 7502 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 90555739

In short, the left prefrontal cortex is intimately connected to the cingulate cortex, the source of attentional ability (e.g. Kalish, Wiech, Hermann, & Dolan, 2006), whilst simultaneously serving as site for happiness. The hypothesis of this essay, therefore is, that the greater the span of attention accorded an activity, the more positive and more intense the level of serenity experienced.

Although Csikszentmihalyi has conducted research on 'flow' and shown that the experience of flow associated with mindfulness and attentionality has been identified as the highest level of well being (Csikszentmihalyi, 2000), little if any research seems to exist on the connection between hobbies and serenity. It may be assumed that hobbies indicate a sense of flow, implicating mindfulness or attentioanlity, therefore, as per the left prefrontal cortex, sense of pleasure and serenity should be sharpened and participants should feel more serenity. Hobbies, however, are a huge field and their spectrum…… [Read More]

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Preaching With the Power of the Holy Spirit

Words: 2575 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66306393

To preach is to be called by God, to serve in the glorious undertaking of disseminating scriptural truths. Unlike any ordinary endeavor, preaching requires spiritual strength and conviction. Most importantly, preaching depends on the Grace of god, received as the Holy Spirit, as well as by and for the Holy Spirit. To take preaching lightly would be to commit the sin of pride, in assuming that the undertaking is about charisma or even just about spiritual counseling. As admirable as charisma is, and as noble as counseling, preaching is something different altogether. In the 40th anniversary edition of his classic book Preaching and Preachers, Martyn Lloyd-Jones explicates the nature of preaching with dutiful attention to scriptural authority. Ultimately, Lloyd-Jones shows how preachers can transform their sermons from mere motivational speeches into the transformative means by which listeners can achieve union with God. Lloyd-Jones presents the purpose of preaching as…… [Read More]

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Treating Drug Addiction With Hypnosis

Words: 750 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 47789283

Hypnosis & Drugs

Hypnosis may not always be taken very seriously, but studies have shown that it can be highly effective in some cases (Astin, et al., 2003). That is often because some individuals are more susceptible to the power of suggestion than others (Elkins & Rajab, 2004). These people are more easily hypnotized, while others claim they cannot be hypnotized at all. For those who are able to be hypnotized, the power of suggestion can help them overcome addictions to everything from caffeine to heroin (Elkins & Rajab, 2004). Marijuana, cocaine, and alcohol addictions have also been successfully treated with hypnosis in some people (Elkins & Rajab, 2004). This information can be used in many different settings, but it is important to note that it is not considered mainstream in its usage and it will not be the right choice for every person struggling with addiction to one or…… [Read More]

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Life Coaching the Goal for

Words: 2454 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46485620

, 2007, p. 25) encourages the client to contribute to the coaching design, as it simultaneously enhances the coach/client alliance.

Desire for Change

As a client brings his/her desire for change to the coaching relationship, he/she may not yet have a clearly defined goal that he/she wants to accomplish in mind. During the initial process of the life coaching sessions, the life coach helps the client clarify his/her goals.

Along with eliminating life-draining habits, however, a vital component of the coaching process is to help the client replace negative practices with new positive ones.

Springboard for Ideas

In the 8 Proven Secrets to SMART Success, Peggy McColl (2002) purports that a life coach asks his/her client to think about how he/she is presently living. In developing goals for the client, the coach would next ask his/her client to consider how he/she would like to be living. The client would then…… [Read More]

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Caring Caritas and Caring Relationship Jean Watson's

Words: 799 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5160492


Caritas and Caring Relationship

Jean Watson's theory of caring has long been an important and profound theoretical framework for the practice and study of nursing, and has helped to revitalize the discipline in the current area. This theory has also led to significant changes in the ways in which nursing is carried out by many practitioners and in many institutions, contributing to more comprehensive and holistic approaches to patient care and developing deeper emotional and spiritual ties between individuals during the provision of care. The establishment of the Watson Caring Science Institute and its activities such as the International Caritas Consortium has led to an even more widespread adoption of caring techniques and a greater appreciation for the direct and practical benefits that this approach to nursing practice can have. The website for the WCI and the ICC provides an excellent overview understanding of the concept of caring in…… [Read More]

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Aging and Long-Term Care

Words: 2080 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 16691299

Aging & Later Life Issues

As people age, life brings issues of economic, health, and functional concerns. Retirement for some may mean a life of freedom, but for most people, it presents a series of issues as social security payments are not enough to make ends meet. Medicare and Medicaid do not always pay all the costs that are needed for services, especially in home and community-based needs. And, living on social security, there are usually not enough funds to pay for a lot of insurance to help meet those needs. Functionality can become a problem, especially with illness, as the activities for daily living slowly deteriorate. There can also be problems of boredom and low self-worth learning to adjust from a work world to a retirement world. Many older people are forced to work as long as they are physical and mentally capable to meet basic needs.

When I…… [Read More]

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Nursing Metaparadigms and Practice-Specific Concepts Since Florence

Words: 1957 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 81578954

Nursing Metaparadigms and Practice-Specific Concepts

Since Florence Nightingale, there have been a number of so-called grand theories of nursing advanced, and these grand theories have been used by other nursing theorists to conceptualize metaparadigms of practice that continue to influence clinical practice today. In addition, the central concepts of nursing are person, nursing, environment and health have formed the basis for other nursing theorists such as Jean Watson's Philosophy and Science of Caring and Madeleine Leininger and her Cultural Diversity and Universality Theory. This paper provides a review of the relevant literature concerning these issues, followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning nursing metaparadigms and practice-specific concepts in the conclusion.

Review and Discussion

Nursing Autobiography

My background in nursing is in long-term and home care. In these capacities, I have had a number of opportunities to apply the four metaparadigms of nursing as discussed further below.…… [Read More]

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Etiology of Schizophrenia

Words: 1571 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 35674980

Biopsychosocial View of Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia can be a debilitating condition that adversely affects the quality of life of sufferers and their families. Although clinicians in some parts of the world view schizophrenia as a brain disease that is incurable, while most practitioners in the Western world view the condition as having a genetic or organic basis that can be successfully treated with prescription medications and psychosocial interventions. To determine the fact, this paper provides a review of the relevant peer-reviewed and scholarly literature concerning schizophrenia using a biopsychosocial model. The review includes evidence supporting brain localization for schizophrenia, the genetic factors in the onset of this disorder and an evaluation of the environmental factors in the onset of this disorder.

Review and Discussion

On the one hand, some researchers have suggested that schizophrenia is a disease of the brain that is common to all human societies, and that it is…… [Read More]

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True Identity

Words: 2538 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 74009918

Identity Themes in Praisesong for the Widow by Paule Marshall and Confessions of a Mask by Mishima

As marginalized people from around the world gain their voice in print, contemporary interpretations of identity become especially timely and relevant. Indeed, in an increasingly globalized world where multiculturalism is the norm rather than the exception, an analysis of how identity is perceived by these diasporic peoples is timely and relevant. To this end, this paper provides a comparative analysis of the identity themes in Praisesong for the Widow by Paule Marshall and Confessions of a Mask by Mishima, including an examination of these issues in the peer-reviewed and scholarly literature. Finally, a summary of the research concerning these identity themes and important findings are presented in the conclusion.

Review and Analysis

Praisesong for the Widow by Paule Marshall

Although people form an individual sense of identity over time, this sense change can…… [Read More]

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Caring When Most People Are Asked 'What

Words: 1872 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18741051


When most people are asked 'what do nurses do," there is a strong likelihood that the word 'caring' will arise in the conversation. Many nurses, particularly new nurses, identify caring as one of the personal qualities that attracted them to the profession. However, caring can be a very nebulous concept, as even non-nurses give 'care' to others and non-nurses can be 'caring' people. Nursing, in an effort to create an empirical and academic basis for itself as a discipline has fought against the idea that nursing is just about caring. However, it cannot 'ignore' the idea of caring, given that one of the concepts that distinguishes nursing from other forms of medical care is its patient-centric and individualistic perspective.

I have chosen caring as the concept I will focus on in this paper, with a specific focus on Jean Watson's Theory of Caring, given that it is one of…… [Read More]

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How to Handle Stress

Words: 1663 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 91276187

demands of contemporary society and the accelerated pace that contribute to stress in the home, office, or workplace. By sheer economic necessity, organizations and individuals must be ready at all times to glean as much productivity per worker per day as possible. The complexity of the modern workplace combined with the realities of life have consequences -- stress (U.S. Department of Labor, 2010). But thinking of stress as only an inhibiting or negative factor may not always be correct -- in fact, there are numerous positive results of stress that can increase attention to detail, ideation and creativity, and increased output (Linden, 2006).

Stress is clearly an adaptive response to stimuli -- external or internal. It is the body's reaction to events that can be distributing, discomfiting, or threatening. When humans perceive such an event, chemicals are released from the brain that can cause elevated heart rate, greater sensitivity to…… [Read More]

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Gender and International Relations International

Words: 10127 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 58775378


Coker's article (published in a very conservative magazine in England) "reflected unease among some of his colleagues" about that new course at LSEP. Moreover, Coker disputes that fact that there is a female alternative to male behavior and Coker insists that "Whether they love or hate humanity, feminists seem unable to look it in the face" (Smith quoting Coker, p. 58).

If feminists are right about the female nature being more peaceful and "less aggressive" than men, then women pose a "far greater danger than men…" to the world and to international relations Coker continued. It was a less aggressive attitude toward international relations that "prevented us from deterring Hitler," Coker went on, referencing (without naming) Neville Chamberlain, England's Prime Minister who reportedly appeased Hitler rather than take a strong stand against the Third Reich.

On page 58 Steve Smith explains that in cases where feminine concerns are being…… [Read More]

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Yoga Classical Yoga the Yoga

Words: 666 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 4013153

As recognition of the mind, body, spirit connection grows, consumers and healthcare providers are turning to alternative and complementary medical strategies to reduce stress, maintain health, and address health issues (Ainsworth). Nurses and nursing schools have long recognized the relevance of self-care to health, and as the concept of self-care is embraced and the locus of control of health shifts more to the individual, interest in health-promoting technologies such as yoga is growing rapidly (Ainsworth). Yoga practice may have benefits on structural, physiological, psychoemotional, and spiritual levels, and may result in increased strength, stamina, flexibility, balance, and relaxation, as well as having more energy, vitality, and balanced emotions (Ainsworth). To date, thousands of research studies have shown that with the "practice of yoga a person can, indeed, learn to control such physiologic parameters as blood pressure, heart rate, respiratory function, metabolic rate, skin resistance, brain waves, body temperature, and many…… [Read More]

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Jean Watson Theory of Human

Words: 832 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 48271252

"Transpersonal Caring acknowledges unity of life and connections that move in concentric circles of caring-from individual, to other/s, to community, to world, to Planet Earth, to the universe." (3, Watson).

This theory serves as a comprehensive guide to nurses in patient care. Caring is institutionalized in the sense that it is seen as a whole separate science that nurses need to excel in. Watson maintains that the core of nursing is healing and therefore everything that promotes healing such as healthy patient-nurse relationship, carative factors etc. is seen as an important component of caring science. She describes basis of nursing as "those aspects of nursing that actually potentiate therapeutic healing processes and relationships; they affect the one caring and the-one-being-cared-for" (2, p. 50). TRIM is an important term used by the theorist. Watson uses this term to describe the essential tasks connected with caring in the field of nursing. "Trim'…… [Read More]

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Future of Holistic Medicine Holistic

Words: 6156 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 72592979

This is inherently different from the effort to promote health by simply avoiding sickness. In this context, one may view the lack of health at five levels:




Overt disease

Death or dying (Rosch, n.d.).

While we would normally tend to view these as progressive and more severe stages of illness, they might be accorded equal weight on a holistic scale which measures total health. Another distinction that follows from the above is the difference between normal and average. Most of our recognition of disease is based upon an observation of an abnormal finding. There is little question that such a deviation suggests illness, but it is an error to assume automatically that a normal finding implies health. Normal values are generally determined from surveys of Americans presumed to be healthy. Many of them, however, are afflicted with hypertension, ulcers, arthritis, or obesity, or have habits that are…… [Read More]

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Fasting Biblical Fasting Is a

Words: 853 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57230643

It made me love God even more than before because I was aware that he made the constant effort to take care of me no matter the circumstances. Granted, I don't know what "effort" means in the world of the omnipotent but nonetheless I felt as if I mattered to God and that He truly cares for me.

Though I learned an abundance from my experience fasting, I do feel some improvements could be made in order for me to have an increasingly meaningful experience next time. The most obvious aspect of fasting I could improve on for later occurrences would be logistics. I had a lot on my plate the day I chose to fast and did not have free time anytime soon. If I were to have a day free of errands to accomplish, my mind would be free to focus on fasting and the meaning behind it.…… [Read More]

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Attitudes Towards Dance in the Catholic and Christian Traditions

Words: 2107 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 34054884

Attitudes Towards Dance in the Catholic and Christian Traditions

A History of Church Attitudes Toward Dance

The Historical Attitudes of the Church

Throughout history, dance has been a part of the human experience. so too, religion has played a fundamental role in that experience. It may in fact be truthful to say that dance and religion are essential parts of what define us as human beings. Both dance and religion rely on the belief that we as human beings have souls, and as such, these souls contain the essential parts of our psyche. Both dance and religion contend that our souls' desires cannot be expressed through superficial means. Other than dance and religion, no other human endeavour offers a more thorough and personal opportunity for this expression. Religion offers us the opportunity to commune with our god through the reading and recitation of his word. It offers us the opportunity…… [Read More]

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Veterans and Retirees Is the Government Keeping Its Promise

Words: 20729 Length: 75 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 46027590

Veterans & Retirees; Is Government Keeping its Promise

This study aimed at exploring the experiences and perceptions of Veterans belonging to Lousiana and Mississippi about three variables; the accessibility of organization; the accessibility of benefits and availability and adequacy of the facilities being provided by government through VA. The respondents were also asked to suggest whether there is a need for improvement and what should VA do to provide benefits and facilities to the Veterans in a better ways.

For this purpose the researcher conducted an online survey targeting 100 Veterans from Mississippi and another 100 from Louisiana. The researcher also conducted an extensive review of the literature focusing on the problems of Veterans as well Government policies and VA structure and healthcare facilities.

Although majority of the Veterans did not give negative response but a great number of responses show that there are problems to access benefits and organization…… [Read More]

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Nursing Malpractice Introduction- Modern Nursing

Words: 4389 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: 'Literature Review' chapter Paper #: 3487080

The plaintiff, however, has a burden of proof prior to any other technical issues. In addition, because of the nature of the allegation, and the fact that normal members of a jury or judge cannot be expected to understand complext medical terms and procedures, expert witnesses are typically called -- usually for both sides (Uribe, 1999).

In the United States, there have been several cases that have set international precedence on what constitutes "expertise." One cannot be qualified just because of a diploma, and the expert witness must also be qualified for reliability and relevance. There are two models that attempt to do just this: 1) the Gatekeeper Model which requires a hearing with the Judge prior to the trial in which the Court considers the expert's testimony as being reliable and relevant; whether a theory is tested, peer reviewed, is there a known potential error rate, and is the…… [Read More]

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Watson's Nursing Caring Theory the

Words: 3295 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 16302880

Jean Watson and in reality "belonging becomes an ethic in itself and guides how we sustain our being in the world." Dr. Watson emphasizes the fact that the practices of nursing have experienced evolution and this has allowed certain distortions in the nursing practices. Dr. Watson brings to attention 'Palmer's epistemology as ethics' yet the epistemology, in the view of Palmer to be 'informed by cosmology' has great power in that it may either "form of deform the human soul" and thereby also form or deform the nurse's "way of being/becoming more human and humane (Palmer 1993; as cited by Watson, 2005)

III. Brief Analysis of Watson's Caring Mode

The model of caring in nursing model as proposed by Dr. Jean Watson is one that is fairly simplistic in nature that has as its key concepts the factors of love, kindness and empathy. In making an identification of the applications…… [Read More]

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Orem's Theory of Self-Care Deficit

Words: 3089 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 90083470

In reaction, diabetes research looks into pharmacological options and changes in lifestyle to contain the trend. Recent findings point to the need for healthcare professionals to empower diabetes sufferers to take recourse in self-management as the best option at the moment (Kumar).

The purposefulness of a plan and its implementation in assisting a client with diabetes helped fill in her self-care deficit (Kumar 2007). The interpersonal relationship between a nurse and her client minimizes the stress experienced by the latter and her family. This enables the client or patient and her family to act more responsibly in health matters. An assessment and plan of care may use Orem's client-related concepts -- of self-care, self-care agency, therapeutic self-care demand and self-care deficit --, the concepts of nursing agency and nursing system and the basic conditioning factors. Integrating these concepts into other theories on health promotion and family systems may guide effective…… [Read More]

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English Protestant Clergy in Literature

Words: 3374 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86316964

Adams, Primrose and Yorick: A Comparison of 18th Century Church of England Clergymen

One of the clearest features shared by Fielding's Adams in Joseph Andrews, Goldsmith's Primrose in The Vicar of Wakefield, and Sterne's Yorick in A Sentimental Journey through France and Italy is relentlessness that the characters demonstrate, as though by sheer force of will they may manage affairs to a happy conclusion. In spite of their sometimes obtuse qualities, their evident pride in themselves, their naivete, their innocence, their ability to bungle their way into all manner of episodic conundrums, their resolute good humor through it all ensures the reader that whatever grace they do possess will be sufficient to make all well by the end of the narrative. Such is true of all three clergymen, and to the extent that all three clergymen represent the pastors of the Church of England in the 18th century, one could…… [Read More]

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Fast Food Nation Chapter 3 Behind the

Words: 1036 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73910151

Fast Food Nation" Chapter 3 "Behind the Counter"

Process essay: The process of coaching children in youth sports

In his chapter, "Behind the Counter," of his expose Fast Food Nation, the author Eric Schlosser highlights the darker side of working at a fast food restaurant. The labor is frequently young, often exploited, and regarded as a disposable commodity by the managers. In fact, it works to the company's advantage if there is a quick turn-around of labor. This means that the company does not have to pay raises or benefits to cheap, teenage labor, and one worker is easily replaced by another. By keeping labor costs down, the price of fast food remains inexpensive. However, Schlosser believes the customer should know that the hamburger served at McDonalds was prepared by a teenager encouraged to work past the legally-mandated hours for someone his age. That teen might feel pressured to skip…… [Read More]

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Abdellah Watson a Profession's Base

Words: 1438 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 76421202

As noted, although Abdellah's theory was patient-centered and involved the care of the patient, it was clinically based and emphasized the science of nursing. Such findings fit well with Jean Watson's theory of nursing, or caring science, which encompasses a humanitarian, human science orientation to the human caring processes and experiences. However, Watson's theoretical frame comes from a metaphysical basis rather than a scientific one. Caring science consists of the arts and humanities in addition to science. Watson states that "A caring science perspective is grounded in a relational ontology of being-in-relation, and a world view of unity and connectedness of all." The concept of Ttranspersonal Caring recognizes unity of life and interrelationships that move in concentric circles of caring -- from individuals, to the community, to the world, to the planet Earth, and to the universe (Watson School).

Watson (Intervarsity, 2005) emphasizes that due to the rise of bureaucratic…… [Read More]

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Crisis Intervention Using Biblical Intervention

Words: 3430 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 25407845

However, counselors must be careful not to take advantage of a suffering individual" in their moment of need (Monroe, 2007).

In fact, recent developments in the world of counseling seem to suggest a merging of secular science (psychology, etc.), postmodern world-views, humanism, and Biblical therapy. While there are always definitive characteristics that set Biblical therapy apart (reliance on a higher power, goals towards spirituality, etc.) one of the most important differences is that "therapists must relate to their clients from a position of equality (Blanton, 2005, 97). The uniqueness of the individual, again, cannot be overemphasized because "the person to whom I talk is created in the image of God, which means that he or she is fascinating, worthy of respect, and just plain likable" (Johnson, 2007).

Crisis Intervention Techniques -- a Seven Layered Approach -- Since each crisis situation is quite different, the professional still needs a toolbox from…… [Read More]

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Sex Education in Schools

Words: 809 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 60679277

Sex Education in Schools

To what extent should the schools be responsible for teaching sex education? To what extent should sex education be left to parents? Who should handle education about STDs?
Sexual education cannot be relegated to parents alone. Schools have a responsibility to educate the next generation, including in personal health. Schools also have a responsibility to educate children in societal norms. While parents are free to indoctrinate students at home in whatever religion parents choose, just as parents can educate their children in whatever particular political philosophy parents choose, it is impossible to instill children with a completely objective and values-free education. Just as schools teach students to be good citizens, they also must teach students about responsible sexual practices, including the need for contraception. There is so much misinformation about contraception, particularly given the proliferation of dubious health information on the Internet, students need to learn…… [Read More]

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Thematic Analysis The Things They Carried and Slaughterhouse Five

Words: 1825 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53738592

Destructiveness of War in "The Things They Carried" and "Slaughterhouse Five"

“The Things They Carried” is a series of stories in which the narrator Tim O’Brien describes the experience of soldiers in the war. The term denotes the things that the soldiers came with to war. Some of the things are intangible such as fear and guilt while others are physical things such as M-16 rifles, morphine, and matches among others. When Lavender is shot during the war, Lieutenant Cross feels guilty for causing his death (O’Brien 56). However, he destructs himself from guilt by thinking about his old crush Martha. The story “On the Rainy River,” recounts the events that led the narrator to the Vietnam War. The story of “The Dentist” gives the story of Lemon a soldier who fainted during the regular military dental check-up and insisted that a proper tooth had to be removed to…… [Read More]

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Critique of a Qualitative Nursing Study

Words: 811 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95078621

Nursing problem addressed by this research is the level of confidence that patients in nursing homes and their family members have with respect to tests and treatments that occur in the residential nursing home rather than in a clinical or hospital setting. It is understandable that patients and family members might be concerned that the quality of care is not the same across all settings. And nursing homes are working hard to establish higher standards of care and to repair their (sometimes) tarnished reputations.

Nurses understand that the mind and body connection is very strong, and that a belief in the value of a treatment can impact the results that are experienced by that treatment. From this perspective, it is clear that nurses need to be engaged in processes that help to bolster the confidence of patients and their loved ones in the treatment plans and medical tests that they…… [Read More]

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Curriculum Approaches

Words: 1018 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39729860

Montessori & High Scope

In order for students understand the contemporary curriculum, it is important that they be able to connect it to themselves in a meaningful way. This is particularly true in the modern classroom that is more diverse than ever before. Connection involves drawing on prior knowledge and experience in order to relate to the text. In this way, the students become participants in the story and are apt to be engaged in the reading process. There are a number of approaches to early-childhood education that range in nature and focus. The HighScope program was developed using the work of both John Dewey and Jean Piaget, as well as the constructivist approach to classroom learning from educational philosopher Lev. Vygotsky. The basic presumption is taking the child's development at present and helping them build upon it continually, pushing the "zone of development" up through a series of steps…… [Read More]

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Aboriginals and Social Work This Course Provided

Words: 1203 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 78651290

Aboriginals and Social Work

This course provided a very broad perspective of the impact Western and European cultures have an aboriginal culture. It showed how devastating these influences have been to native aboriginal cultures, generally serving to suppress them and change the shape of aboriginal culture, in some cases smothering aboriginal cultures completely. The overall impact this course had on me was allowing me to comprehend this impact on aboriginal societies and see that the Western or European way is not always the best way. This course helped provide a general framework for understanding the difficulties and challenges faced by aboriginal youths and adults. It also showed that social work must be adapted significantly to take into consideration one's cultural background because this can dramatically shape the framework of social work. If one uses a Western or European model on aboriginals, they may find themselves misaligning the model for support…… [Read More]

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Dobozy the Encirclement by Tamas Dobozy Is

Words: 1325 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13575689


The Encirclement by Tamas Dobozy is a story in which a Professor, Teleki, makes several attempts to give speeches and lectures regarding a certain series of events all over North America. He is plagued however, by a certain blind individual, a Mr. Sandor, who follows him from lecture circuit to circuit. Sandor approaches him and hectors him. He is a particularly vindictive individual who accuses Professor Teleki of false presentations, pointing fingers at him and accusing Teleki of being blind, and offering up false information during his lecture series. What is interesting is that Sandor does not believe his accusations to be false at all. And, The Professor is deeply disturbed by the keep accuracy of some of the items Sandor points out about his lectures. He is uncertain as to how a blind man can report so many things, and how someone, anyone, can follow him so closely.…… [Read More]

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Leading With the Soul Book

Words: 884 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Book Review Paper #: 15127501

Reflection found this book more beneficial than ordinary books on leadership, because it encourages the reader to start their own journey toward success by stepping outside of their comfort zone and trying new things. While most leadership books focus on steps managers can take to lead better (like delegating tasks and prioritizing information) this book takes a completely different approach. Instead it encourages those that read it to view leadership as a connection between the mind, body and spirit. While this concept may seem foreign or uncomfortable to some, the whole idea behind the book is to encourage people to explore their inner being and step out of their comfort zone.

The main points include taking action each and every day, not simply to explore one's own ability but also to encourage others to do the same. By doing so a person becomes a leader because he or she inspires…… [Read More]

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Watson Job Aid

Words: 1235 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Dissertation or Thesis complete Paper #: 91345531

Watson Job Aid

Watson job-aid: Jean Watson's caring science

Transpersonal Caring Nursing

Principles for nurses, even principles on a subject as important as caring, can seem overly vague and theoretical unless they are put into practical terms. Nursing theorist Jean Watson has attempted to define her idealistic concept of Transpersonal Caring Nursing in a behavioral as well as a theoretical sense. Watson's list of 'behaviors' make her theory relatable to nurses in the field, as well as those who teach nursing theory. Transpersonal nursing views nursing as "concentric circles of caring-from individual, to others, to community, to world, to Planet Earth, to the universe. Caring science investigations embrace inquiry that are reflective, subjective and interpretative as well as objective-empirical" (Vance 2010: 1). Caring science is empirical in the sense that it is based upon nursing science. However, it is also willing to incorporate the philosophical, artistic, spiritual, and kinesthetic into…… [Read More]

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Personal Identity

Words: 3027 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 24312630

Mind-Based Identity:

A Problem Impossible to Ignore

One of the most basic questions of human existence is essentially "What am I?" Although humans have known in varying degrees throughout recorded history that they are biological beings, there has always been the question of internal identity. What is it that separates me from my brother? Am I different? Do I exist in any way apart from my body? If so, do I only exist temporarily as a kind of "projection" of my physical brain and its live activity, or am I something more than the sum of electrical and cellular functions? Although there are many theories concerning this topic, they all, somehow surprisingly, have one component in common, and that is faith.

To be sure, the concept and question of "life after death" does much to frame the "identity" question. That is, when one considers the nature of the self, at…… [Read More]

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Baroque Art Movement in and Throughout Various European Countries Social and Religious Connections

Words: 2380 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 7812252

Baroque Period

Annotated Bibliography

Chaffee, Kevin. "Baroque sights, sounds at the gallery." The Washington Times,

The National Gallery of Art set up a spectacular exhibit of the Baroque period that included scale models of baroque-era churches, palaces, military forts and grand public buildings. They had problems getting nearly 300 guests through the enormous exhibit. The huge exhibit took up the length of two entire corridors on the main and ground floors of the West Building. http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=8134619

Baroque in Art and Architecture." The Columbia Encyclopedia. 6th ed. 2000.

This encyclopedia article outlines the emphasis of the baroque period on painting, sculpture, and architecture. The article explains how painters and sculptors from the baroque era expanded on the naturalistic tradition reestablished during the Renaissance and often combined different materials within a single work to simulate each other. Dividing the baroque period into the early baroque period (1590-1625), high baroque (1625-1660) period and…… [Read More]

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Blade Runner and Descartes' Meditations

Words: 1689 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4728726

Roy then equates fear to slavery, subjection and servitude to inferiority. He is still not quite settled with his inferior position. (Is he like Milton's Satan -- a being created with such majesty that he cannot reconcile submitting to a God?). But Roy has compassion after all: he saves Decker from falling, using his hand which has a nail in it (a Christian image of the crucified Savior?). This could be, as Roy goes on to reflect and tell Decker of the things he has "seen" before bowing his head and submitting to death. A dove (or is it a pigeon?) flies upward (a symbol of his soul leaving his body? -- Scott may be suggesting that these androids do have souls, given them by God, even if their bodies and memories are given them by Tyrell).

Roy does not go so far as to assert, like Descartes, that God…… [Read More]

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Psychology Applied

Words: 656 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50942775


The nervous system is a part of an animal's body which is responsible for the coordination of voluntary and involuntary actions as well as the transmission of signals between different parts of the body. It is responsible for sending, receiving and the processing of nerve impulses all over the body. All the organs and muscles within the body rely upon the nerve impulses in order for them to function. The nervous system receives information from sense organs regarding the environment by means such as hearing, sight, smell, pressure, taste and pain. The nervous system consists of tow main parts; the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system. The central nervous system comprises of the brain and the spinal cord. It is surrounded by the bone-skull and the vertebrae. The peripheral nervous system comprises of numerous neurons which are its functional units. The central nervous system is responsible for…… [Read More]

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Neo-Confucianism Is a Philosophy Which Was Born TEST1

Words: 1373 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: Array

Memory, Identity, And Body

In a hypothetical situation, Barack Obama and Miley Cyrus are both involved in a horrific accident. As a result they are both horribly injured and only one can live. They undergo an operation wherein the parts of the brain that support specific episodic memories, but only those specific parts, are transferred. The body of Miley is given the brain pieces of Obama and the body of Barack Obama is given the brain pieces of Miley. The person who is now in Miley Cyrus's body awakens and the doctor states that Miley has survived. While the body is now that of Miley Cyrus as well some would say is the soul, the memories she has, memories which shape personality; are those of Barack Obama. The doctor makes this supposition only because of how Miley looks, but does not consider the impact of the inclusion of a brain…… [Read More]

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Descartes and the Life of

Words: 2236 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 78004893

This is indeed an absolutely profound concept in that it can't help but support the idea of the autonomous individual, existing in connection to thought. The truth of these emotions, be them good or bad, speak to the authenticity of the self. There's a notion of realness -- of the self that is a facet of the genuine, as emotions and desires are founded upon the genuine. This notion of genuineness and authenticity implies that there's a core aspect of the human experience which is not manufactured or artificial -- it just is, as thoughts and emotion occur organically with truth attached to them. This demonstrates that the internal processes of the self are based in the real, the actual and the genuine, offering more support to the idea, "I think therefore I am."

However, this is not to imply that there is a perfection in the human being's processes.…… [Read More]

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Gender Studies and Feminism

Words: 1771 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 19057351


Abjection of the Body & Cyborg Jewelry Design

The examples of jewelry located and examined for the purposes of this paper align with the definitions and ideas of the authors that contextualize the conversation. (Refinery 29, 2012) Notice how both of the models are positioned side by side, which immediately prompts the audience, viewer, or consumer to compare and contrast. Though their precise background are unknown, it is presumed that both models are Caucasian. Both models have short brown hair. The models do not closely resemble each other, yet there are similarities in the thickness of their lips, the subtlety of their cheek bones, and the composition of the product photos. Viewers are meant to draw more similarities between the models than highlight the differences.

Though we presume that one model is male and one model is female, their similarity highlights their androgyny, their lack of gender or the…… [Read More]

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Disability Book Comparison the Author

Words: 1440 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96007045

The book goes on to say that normalization "would lead to closing institutions and mainstreaming in every aspect of life."


The first question relative to the Linton book asks how cultural and environmental contributions have influenced how one thinks about responses to people with disabilities. Linton's treatise is a great example of how the author of this paper has used a cultural offering (a book, in this case) as she sums it up beautifully when she says that "it wasn't until then that I gained the vantage point of the atypical, the out-of-step, the underfooted." Being exposed to something like this is a pivotal way to consider it because only being exposed indirectly via movies and such is never going to match a personal experience. The author of this paper has a person very close that had polio and it was clear that he was more self-sufficient than most…… [Read More]

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Learning According to the University of Canberra's

Words: 1529 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84269176


According to the University of Canberra's Academic Skills Centre (2008), learning is a highly complex process that "takes place at different levels of consciousness, and in different ways, in everything we do. Moreover, individual people learn in different ways and have their preferred learning styles." One of the keys to improving student learning is to understand the different types of learning styles and apply that knowledge to study habits and practices. Study skills are themselves behaviors that need to be learned like any other. Using a combination of disciplinary techniques and cognitive shifts, students can improve their capacity for learning. This will, in turn, help boost grades and test scores. However, learning in an academic context is about more than earning grades. Learning should ultimately enhance one's view of the world and increase tolerance of diversity.

The theory of multiple intelligences has formed the theoretical foundation for the study…… [Read More]

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Theories on Addiction Old and the New

Words: 1162 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 54706063

Old and New Theories of Addiction


Connections between the Old and the New Theories of Addiction

Addiction in the Earlier Centuries, Early Theories

the Temperance Movement

In the 17th century, alcohol did not have a bad name (Sturt, 2009). It was even more respected and considered safer than water and more healthful. This made the innkeeper of spirits a valuable member of the community in those days. Moreover, man was perceived as distinct from nature. Man has a soul and free will and a sense of responsibility for his actions. Animals, in contrast, only possess biological drives. This perception of man viewed alcoholics as too indulgent in the habit and, therefore, must be punished. In the late century up to the early 20th century, the formation of the temperance movement introduced the view of drinking as evil, which makes alcoholics victims. The first disease concept surfaced at…… [Read More]

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Dreaming Is Just One of the Natural

Words: 3258 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Only the Literature Review chapter Paper #: 44098530

Dreaming is just one of the natural phenomenons that human beings do during the process of sleeping. Indeed, this natural process is not constrained to any particular characteristic and people with cultural diversity, all age groups and different social backgrounds dream throughout their entire lives. Since dreaming is linked to the mind and soul, thus it is considered that people will continue to dream until they are living (Hobson 2004).

Dreaming is an entire chain and cycle of metaphors, feelings, sensation and insight that forms a story while a person is asleep. Since the dreams people see are not in one shape, hence it can be peaceful, thrilling, practical, scary, chaotic, or implausible. This means that during the entire phenomenon of dreaming, a person can hallucinate about humans, houses, places such as cities, hills, rivers and various other things that the individual have not even seen in real life (Hobson…… [Read More]

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Social Variables in the Development

Words: 16820 Length: 58 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 6052567

To critically investigate the current state of international business relationship development literature.

2. To explore the characteristics that determines sustainable international business relationships within the Libyan business context-from the Libyan point-of-view.

3. To present a model based on the findings from the two objectives above. This model will serve two main functions: (I). It will help fill in gaps in the current literature relating to the development and maintenance of business relationships with Libya. (II). It will be of practical value to foreign businesses wishing to develop relationships with Libyan companies.

1.4.3 Research Questions

Four research questions are formulated as a means of pursuing the above objectives, these being:

What are the key variables that influence Libyan companies when they internationalise, and why are these variables so important for Libyan organisations?

What are the major steps/stages that Libyans go through when establishing business relationships?

How can foreign organisations establish/maintain sustainable…… [Read More]

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Land in O Pioneers

Words: 1314 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53618948

O Pioneers

Land is the central motif of Willa Cather's O Pioneers! Land becomes a symbol of personal and political empowerment, and it also connects past, present, and future as land is transferred through multiple generations. Land is more than just an "image in the mind" for central characters like Alexandra. Land is linked to identity, family, and livelihood. However, land does serve a symbolic as well as a practical role for all the characters. Land is much more than ground beneath the feet; land is the lens through which the characters view the world. For instance, land helps measure the passage of time: "he years seemed to stretch before her like the land; spring, summer, autumn, winter, spring; always the same patient fields, the patient little trees," (Part IV, Chapter 5). Land serves an almost religious function for Elizabeth, who had "believed in the land" just as her father…… [Read More]

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Applying Leadership Theory to Leadership Practice

Words: 7873 Length: 22 Pages Document Type: 'Literature Review' chapter Paper #: 41374260

Applying Leadership Theory to Leadership Practice

In this paper the writer researches and writes a literature review on a Applying Leadership Theory to Leadership Practice. The research paper is a comprehensive thematic review of the scholarly literature related to the topic. The leadership theories to focus on are: Path-Goal Theory; Leader-Member Exchange (LMX) Theory; Psychodynamic Approach Theory; outcome and situational leadership; Leadership focused on effectiveness and productivity; Leadership and Body language; and lastly, the Synergistic Leadership Theory.

The mechanisms through which leadership and power may be put into effect and "travel" within a group of people: bottom-up; Top-down; lateral (termed as shared leadership); and integrated (a combination of top-down, bottom-up, and lateral leadership), can be described using the leadership models explained in this paper. The top-down model; is a seductive siren song associated to the real-life performance of leadership in organizations. Thus many research and practitioners believe that leadership is…… [Read More]