Occupational Therapy Essays (Examples)

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Depression Type 2 Diabetes and Obesity

Words: 3926 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 67730751

Depression, Diabetes and Obesity

This is a case study on a 58-year-old male, Mr. H.Y. who worked at a supermarket and is now retired. He has a supportive wife who works full time and children who are all independent .He has a history of smoking, but quit 10 years ago and drinks alcohol twice a week. He is obese and a known case of diabetes for one year. He has gained 8 kg over the past four months, his blood glucose levels are uncontrolled. He denies feeling sad but doesn't like to take part in activities he once enjoyed, he feels tired and lethargic after doing any work, his sleep pattern is also disturbed. His drug history reveals that he is taking glyburide and multi-vitamins. He has scored 14 on his PHQ-9 score which indicates moderate depression. The patient has been diagnosed with depressive disorder not otherwise specified (DSM IV…… [Read More]

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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ADHD

Words: 6369 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 74077030

Often is forgetful in daily activities

10. Often has difficulty maintaining alertness, orienting to requests, or executing directions

11. Often fidgets with hands or feet or squirms in seat

12. Often leaves seat in classroom or in other situations in which remaining seated is expected

13. Often runs about or climbs excessively in situations in which it is inappropriate

14. Often has difficulty playing or engaging in leisure activities quietly

15. Often is "on the go" or often acts as if "driven by a motor"

16. Often talks excessively

17. Often blurts out answers before questions have been completed

18. Often has difficulty awaiting turn

19. Often interrupts or intrudes on others (e.g., butts into conversations/games)

20. Often has difficulty sitting still, being quiet,... inhibiting impulses in...classroom or at home

21. Often loses temper

22. Often argues with adults

23. Often actively defies or refuses adult requests or rules

24.…… [Read More]

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Role Stress in Working Mothers

Words: 2421 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 24497259

When the working mother effectively manages her job's demands and occupational stressors, instead of inevitably experiencing distress, she can experience growth and positive change as she faces and addresses challenges.

In the midst of concerns relating to distress, the working mother would do good to remember that removing all stressors from work is frequently not feasible nor may it always be desirable. When one recognizes that the potential for positive outcomes of the stress process exists, the potential to identify ways to manage of work-related demands and experience satisfaction, contentment and better performance in the workplace and at home increases. Recognizing, acquiring, and implementing the tools necessary to more effectively manage workplace demands that may translate into stressors, however, requires education and effort.

In the following table, Straub (2006) compares a number of common hassles working mothers may experience to numerous common uplifts they may cultivate or nurture to help…… [Read More]

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Physiotherapy on Sport Injury Id

Words: 5926 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9059041

Supporting Research and Results

Maffulli & Almekinders (2010) conducted a comparable study on 140 patients with Achilles tendon ruptures. Treatment included a conservative protocol. Re-rupture rate using this protocol is maintained at 4%. Events of re-rupture were treated using the same conservative regime. A significant percentage of patents utilizing the conservative method were able to return to competitive athletic ability (i.e. their previous sporting level)

(Woo, Renstrom, & Arnoczky, 2007) The management of tendinopathy is often based on a trial and error basis. Use of a questionnaire asking about sport history may be useful. In contrast Beeton ( 2003) states that tendinopathy can be resistant to treatment, and symptoms may persist despite both conservative and surgical interventions. The pathology of overuse tendinopathy is non-inflammatory, with a degenerative or failed healing tendon response.

(Wasielewski & Kotsko 2007) Prolonged musculoskeletal stresses are necessary for the development of symptomatic tendinosis; as a result,…… [Read More]

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Mental Health Policies and Legislation it Is

Words: 3144 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50463037

Mental Health Policies and Legislation

It is not humane nor is it dignified to allow any living person to live in a florid psychosis; this would be a cruel and odd punishment. In the Australian medical practice, the health laws and regulations dictate that, doing the legal thing in the course of duty is not sufficient, but rather the professional must do what is morally right. In definition, recovery is the process of changing through which an individual improves in their health status and wellness, to live a self-directed life, striving to reach their maximum potential (Turton, Wright & Killaspy, 2010). The essay covers the introduction of the recovery model of care in Australia and the successive impacts it has on the treatment process of the patients: in addition to the impact on the nursing practice. The evolution of the recovery model, however, now presents a chance for the challenged…… [Read More]

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Beth B V Lake Bluff

Words: 2541 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 39259901


The Hearing officer was presented with two separate and different plans for providing an education for the Student. In arriving at his decision, he did not decide between these competing plans. He found that task would have been difficult if not impossible, partly because of the lack of research on Rett Syndrome. He found instead that the law required him only to decide whether or not the plan put forth by the School District would be reasonably calculated to provide educational benefit to the Student. In other words, the question regarding the standard was whether there was a preponderance of evidence that the program the School District offered (a) would provide an educational benefit for the student, or (b) would be reasonably calculated to provide an educational benefit to the Student. The Hearing Officer decided that because of the difficulty in deciding which program was better, the Parents' or…… [Read More]

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Counseling Can Take Many Forms

Words: 1966 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 13303415

Ronan must feel welcome and accepted in this setting in order for constructive growth to occur. For this reason, the therapist goes to great lengths to establish a positive rapport with him. This encompasses mutual planning and goal setting. Both determine that behavior shaping is the most feasible and compatible technique to implement. This requires social support, and Ronan finds both his girlfriend and parents equally eager to assist him in his therapy. What's more, his covert receptiveness to treatment enhances therapeutic attempts.

Since success is largely contingent upon the support of family and friends, the therapist encourages Ronan to enlist the aid of his girlfriend and parents. This means engaging their help with specific techniques. All parties are asked to chart the undesired behavior so as to create a more accurate description of the predicament. Then, positive reinforcement should immediately follow the performance of the targeted behavior, in this…… [Read More]

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Speech Pathology in Degenerative Central

Words: 4115 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 9620493

For patients whose primary concern is a loss of language abilities due to loss of cognitive abilities therapies to help improve cognitive function will be combined with exercises that ask the patient to perform various language tasks. Speech and language therapy is only a small portion of the many different specialists that any patient with a CNS dysfunction will need.


Aphasia is the result of damage to the language centers of the brain (ASHA 2007a). The location of the language center is typically on the left side of the brain. This is true for almost all right handed people and almost 1/2 of all left handers (ASHA 2007a). When the language center of the brain is damaged, either by disease or trauma, a person might lose their ability to speak, listen, read or write (ASHA 2007a). Any type of damage to the brain can cause Aphasia.

Language is generally…… [Read More]

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Similarities and Differences Between African Americans and Hispanics

Words: 4693 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 80454661

Hispanics and 40,375,000 African-Americans live in the United States and the respective percentages of these population groups are projected to continue to increase well into the foreseeable future. The purpose of this study was to provide descriptions of these two cultures and why they are of interest as well as a comparison of similarities and differences related to time orientation, communication, physical and mental health, group relationships, and perceptions and measures of intelligence between these two population groups. The study also presents a description of the theoretical framework that guided the analysis of both of these cultures as well as an explanation concerning how each culture influences human development, identity development, and personality development within it. An examination concerning how each culture influences the expression of emotion, the development of morality, gender, aggression, and marital fidelity and an explanation concerning potential biases that may influence the analysis of these cultures…… [Read More]

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A Case Study on Rosa Lee

Words: 2833 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 68325344

Rosa Lee Cunningham. Elements such as the subject's health history, legal history, psychosocial history, and diagnostic impressions will be covered.

Rosa Lee Cunningham

DOB/Age: October 7, 1936

Date of Interview: October 7, 1994


Reason for Assessment: Rosa Lee Cunningham was discovered having a fit at Washington's Howard University Hospital, owing to over-consumption of heroin. In spite of being enrolled in an intervention for drug treatment, there did not appear to be any inclination in Rosa to quit drugs. In fact, she wished she could access methadone, a synthetic drug with heroin-like effects. Some days prior to being interviewed, Rosa awoke to find herself with fever; her condition had exacerbated. By noon, she was admitted to the emergency room (Dash, 1996 Prologue). Rosa states that her drug consumption levels hinge on the amount of money in her pocket and heroin accessibility. The subject also had Preludin-use history, a drug she…… [Read More]

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Palliative Care

Words: 21397 Length: 70 Pages Document Type: Ghost Writing Paper #: 29297573

Hisory of Palliatve Care

Palliative Care

Palliative Care Methods

Palliative care entails assisting patients get through pain caused by different diseases. The patient may be ailing from any diseases, be it curable or untreatable. Even patient who are sick and almost passing away will need this care. Palliative care has characteristics that differentiate it to hospice care. The key role for palliative care is to help in improving the existence of someone and help people manage the pain they experience when they are sick (Ferrell & Coyle, 2010). The care system has been helpful and has assisted lots of people suffering from severe illness learn various way that they can manage the pain they feel. Ones someone learns the various methods to sustain the pain they feel or how to get reed of it, they can have time to do other things apart from spending the better part of their…… [Read More]

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Bipolar I Disorder

Words: 4472 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 47788968

Bipolar I disorder is an axis 1 clinical disorder in the DSM-IV and is a serious mental illness that can lead to suicidal ideation or action. The history of bipolar disorder research is a long one, and understanding of the disease has deepened considerably over the last several generations. Diagnosis of bipolar disorder 1 is complicated by its resemblance to other mood disorders, mainly major depression but also psychotic disorders like schizophrenia. Research is revealing new treatment interventions that are targeted to the biological needs of bipolar patients, as antidepressants are often or usually contraindicated. A Christian worldview suggests that individualized treatment plans take into account the family history and patient's lifestyle when recommending a treatment plan.


Bipolar I disorder is a serious mental illness that affects between 1 and 2.5% of the general population in the United States (Ghaznavi & Deckersbach, 2012). The more conservative estimate, 1%, is…… [Read More]

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Globalization and Innovations in Telecommunications

Words: 18188 Length: 66 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 2190458

Chapter 2:

Review of Related Literature

Chapter Introduction

This chapter provides a review of the literature concerning hypnosis, Eastern Meditation, Chi Kung, and Nei Kung and how these methods are used to treat various ailments and improve physical and mental functioning. A summary of the review concludes the chapter.


In his study, "Cognitive Hypnotherapy in the Management of Pain," Dowd (2001) reports that, "Several theories have been proposed to account for the effect of hypnosis. State theories assume that the hypnotic trance is qualitatively different from all other human experiences. From this perspective, trance capacity is supposedly a fairly stable trait that exhibits substantial individual differences. Nonstate theories, often referred to as social learning, social psychological or cognitive-behavioral theories of hypnosis propose that hypnotic phenomena are related to social and psychological characteristics such as hope, motivation, expectancy, belief in the therapist, desire to please the therapist, a positive initial…… [Read More]

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Mobility Benefits Barriers Challenges Background and Origin

Words: 2815 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46798820



Background and Origin

Progressive mobility refers to a series of planned and sequential movements aimed at bringing the patient back to his or her baseline (Vollman, 2010). It consists of positioning and mobility techniques. A meta-analysis of 39 randomized trials was conducted to examine the effect of bed rest on 15 different medical conditions and procedures. Four short-term medical conditions were identified for critically ill patients. But the major and long-term complication was the reduced quality of life after discharge on account of lost physical functions during their stay at the ICU. Another study conducted among survivors of acute respiratory conditions found that they lost 18% of their body weight and suffered much functional limitations from muscle wasting and fatigue. The more than 5 million who get confined at the ICU must come to terms with both the short- and long-term complications of immobility or prolonged…… [Read More]

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Parenting Program for Women and

Words: 41621 Length: 150 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 12171638

There are many of these individuals, and it is time that this is changed.

Parents often look away from these kinds of problems, or they spend their time in denial of the issue because they feel that their child will not be harmed by parental involvement with drugs or alcohol. Some parents have parents that were/are addicts themselves, and some are so busy with their lives that they do not actually realize that their child has any kind of problem with the lifestyle of the parent until it becomes so severe that it cannot be overlooked, or until it is brought to their attention by police, the school, or someone else that has seen it first hand. Parents are not the only ones that overlook this issue, though.

Sometimes siblings and friends also see problems that they ignore, do not understand, or do not talk to anyone about, and the…… [Read More]

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Diseases I E Lung Cancer Childhood Leukemia Obesity

Words: 3195 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 60299520

diseases i.e. lung cancer, childhood leukemia, obesity and Alzheimer's disease. In each explanation, I have included a definition of the disease, risk factors, treatments, prognosis, and prevention. Later, I have provided short literature reviews of four articles.

Lung Cancer

Lungs are those organs in the body that help the human beings to breathe i.e. inhale and exhale oxygen. Their primary function is to provide oxygen to every cell in the body. As far as cancer cells are concerned, they are abnormal and deformed cells with the basic property of rapid growth and multiplication as compared to healthy cells. Thus, lung cancer begins in the lung tissues when lung cells start to become deformed. It is the Lung cancer is the deadliest cancer for all human beings as it is due to lung cancer that more people die each year as compared to other cancers that occur in breast, colon, and…… [Read More]

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Mdd Tina's Case STUDY& 8230 Tina's Case Study

Words: 3317 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 90576378

MDD: Tina's Case Study…"

Tina's Case Study MDD

"MDD: Tina's Case Study.."

Major Depressive Disorder: Tina's Story

Tina's Story- Case Study

Tina is a 23-year-old black female. She is currently separated from her husband of five years. She is currently employed by two companies, one at which she works Monday- Thursday mornings, and the other on Wednesday -- Friday evenings, and all day Saturday and Sunday. However, she hasn't shown up for work on a consistent basis for the last four weeks, and not at all in the last two days.

Once an energetic, active, healthy female who loved to exercise at the local gym three days a week, Tina now spends most of her time in her apartment. She hasn't been to the gym in over four weeks, and her body movements that used to be quick and marked are now slow and sluggish. Even though she hasn't changed…… [Read More]

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Separation Anxiety Disorder in Children

Words: 1179 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13458230

According to Perwien & Bernstein (2004), the results of the Kendall study indicated that those children who had received the CBT treatments showed a decrease in anxiety related symptoms and an increase in coping abilities. The results held strong during the three-year follow-up period as well.

Another therapeutic approach to Separation Anxiety Disorder in children is Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT). REBT is a highly direct, action-oriented model for assessing problems and effecting change. REBT is an extension of the RET (Rational Emotive Therapy) model but seeks to include behavior into the equation. The inclusion of the behavioral component is a critical and essential step in helping to redirect irrational thinking to a reasonable perspective. This transition is designed not only to effect thought patterns but behaviors as well. As is stated by its originator, Albert Ellis, "unlike many counseling methods, REBT is both postmodern and active-directive" (Ellis, 2000, p.…… [Read More]

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Impact of Phobias

Words: 4238 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 96563573

Phobias are a kind of anxiety disorder that can make an individual to experience extreme irrational fear regarding a situation, object, or living creature. Phobias should not be confused with normal fears since phobias are linked to a particular situation or object and they are persistent for 6 or more months. In this paper, we will describe what a phobia is and offer the differentiation of phobias from normal fear. We will then provide the diagnosis criteria for phobias as indicated in the DSM-5 manual. The 4Ds will be analyzed as they relate to phobia and the models of abnormality will be discussed. Treatment, history, culture, and prognosis will form the later part of the paper.
According to Sutherland, Middleton, Ornstein, Lawson, and Vickers (2016) a phobia is defined as a type of anxiety disorder that makes an individual experience extreme irrational fear about a living creature, situation,…… [Read More]

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Pediatric Depression and Evidence Based Practices

Words: 1290 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82660307

Pediatric depression affects millions of children worldwide (Giardino & Benton, 2016) and presents prevalently as a child ages. "The risk for depression increases during childhood" (Bonin, 2016). A comparatively common mental health problem that usually continues intermittently into maturity, pediatric depression may be brought on by various factors. It may be triggered by biologic processes, damaging experiences, or a combination of both. A main determiner for pediatric depression remains up for debate. What is certain, is that chemical changes in the brain bring in the closing common pathways to depression.

To help a child struggling with depression, it is important to understand and learn to identify the signs and symptoms. Major depressive episodes seen in pediatric depression frequently last anywhere from two weeks and include a minimum of five symptoms. A list of symptoms is provided below.

Depressed (or irritable) mood

Diminished interest or loss of pleasure in almost all…… [Read More]

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Fibromyalgia One Might Consider Fibromyalgia to Be

Words: 6457 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 37868620


One might consider fibromyalgia to be one of the most confounding conditions around today. It is debilitating. It results in several quality of life issues. The confounding aspect of this condition is that it is difficult to diagnose. It is also difficult to treat. Most treatment modalities today recourse to treating one or more specific symptoms -- but there is no treatment that can comprehensively treat all the symptoms. (NIAMS, 2004) More holistic treatment modes however, are being researched, explored and considered. Fibromyalgia often presents symptoms of other diseases. Essentially therefore, fibromyalgia is characterized by widespread pain that cannot be localized to any part of the body. It is also associated with fatigue and other specific (though not necessarily widespread) symptoms that will be discussed later in this work.

Fibromyalgia syndrome is often referred to in its abbreviation FMS. Some of the symptoms (though not all) enjoy significant overlap…… [Read More]

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Gender Distribution of Sex Offenders

Words: 3248 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 94177755

There is also the idea that the child will not be believed, and the idea that a child (or even an adult) might tell this humiliating and painful story only to be laughed at, ignored, or turned away, is too much for many of these victims to bear (Denov, 2003).


Paraphilias appear to be presented as a primarily male problem. An addendum to the section of Paraphilias reads: "Except for Sexual Masochism...Paraphilias are almost never diagnosed in females" (APA, 1994: 524). While the DSM criteria for many different issues and problems have changed throughout the years, it still appears to be very stereotypical when it comes to the idea of sexual abuse and sexual offense, which seems to relate to the training and socialization that many people have about this particular issue and the way that it makes them feel.

Even though the DSM-IV term…… [Read More]

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PTSD the Nature of Police

Words: 5266 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 72888939

One important aspect was that research findings suggested that PTSD was more common than was thought to be the case when the DSM-III diagnostic criteria were formulated. (Friedman, 2007, para.3) the DSM-IV diagnosis of PTSD further extends the formalization of criteria as well as the methodological consistency for PTSD and now includes six main criteria. The first of these criteria qualifies the meaning of trauma. A traumatic event is defined as "…one in which: (a) the person experienced, witnessed, or was confronted with an event that involved actual or perceived threat to life or physical integrity; and (b) the person's emotional response to this event included horror, helplessness, or intense fear." (Foa & Meadows, 1997. p449) This also relates to the psychological symptoms which are categorized into three main groupings; namely the re-experiencing of symptoms, such as nightmares and flashbacks; secondly symptoms of avoidance of trauma and related stimuli and…… [Read More]

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Coping Mediates the Relationship Between

Words: 4919 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 3377734

" (Giovacchini, 1996, pg. 2)

According to Giovachinni research into the psychodynamics of individuals in their experience of current adjustments and symptom formation is "much more interesting and fulfilling than monitoring surface behavior. processes are innately fascinating and their study creates dimensions and viewpoints that expand our appreciation of the versatility of the psyche as our in-depth understanding is increased, in itself, an aesthetic experience." (Giovacchini, 1996, pg. 2) Unconscious motivation is the "essence of the intrapsychic focus..." which serves to transform patients into "interesting human beings rather than the passive recipients of pharmacological ministrations. How the treatment procedures fits into the therapeutic relationship is taken into account, enabling patients to pursue autonomy and mastery of their emotions." (Giovacchini, 1996, pg. 2)

The work of Halil entitled: "Personality and Coping: A Multidimensional Research on Situation and Dispositional Coping" (2004) states that coping is defined "as a constantly changing cognitive and…… [Read More]

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Unresolved Stress Corrections Unmitigated and Unresolved

Words: 6020 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 72863211

Our findings show that social and psychological aspects of work situations are indeed significant risk factors for coronary heart disease, but not in the manner that might initially be supposed. While the psychological demands of work, along with time pressures and conflicts, are found to be significant sources of risk in many of our studies, work that is demanding (within limits) is not the major source of risk. The primary work-related risk factor appears to be lack of control over how one meets the job's demands and how one uses one's skills. In many cases, elevation of risk with a demanding job appears only when these demands occur in interaction with low control on the job. Other research has shown that regular physical exertion has positive effects on cardiovascular health in many situations (although physical hazards can of course pose major health threats beyond our stress perspective). Thus, in our…… [Read More]

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Stuttering Is an Impaired Condition

Words: 2583 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 52690101

One instance of this strategy is the self-therapy suggested by the Speech Foundation of America which is focused on the assumption that stuttering is not a symptom, rather a behavior which can be corrected. (Sadock; Kaplan; Sadock, 2007)

Stutterers have been advised that they can learn to control their problems in part by correcting their feelings regarding stuttering and mindset towards it and in part by correcting the abnormal behaviors linked with the blocks that come to the forefront during stuttering. The strategy covers desensitizing i.e. lowering the emotional reaction to and uncertainties revolving stuttering and substituting positive action to control the moment of stuttering. The latest mature strategies concentrate on the aspect of restructuring fluency. The complete speech production pattern is remolded with emphasis on a series of target behaviors, covering reduction of rate, simple or gentle starting of voicing, and even shift between sounds, syllables as also words.…… [Read More]

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Autism if a Man Does

Words: 2438 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 54541190

" Presentation of new tasks accompanied by old tasks promotes the child to target behaviors quicker. Letting the child chose the items of stimulus is another motivational tool. Self-motivation and self-management teach the child the consequences associated with their actions or behaviors. Self-management involves:

1. Choosing a specific behavior to target, such as aggression, hygiene, or verbal communication with others

2. Teaching the child to recognize when he/she behaves appropriately. Do not focus on the absence of the negative behavior, rather reward when appropriate behaviors are displayed.

3. Once the child has learned to differentiate the desirable behavior from undesirable, then the child is taught to monitor brief periods of time or occurrences of the positive behavior.

4. After mastering step #3, the child can be taught to self-manage in any environment. The provider should only remind the child to begin self-management and then gradually fade out of the new…… [Read More]

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Nursing Patient Advocacy Even Though

Words: 2149 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74356239

Successful completion of a competency-based insulin pen administration checklist along with successful demonstration of a mock insulin injection would be required before a nurse could administer insulin to a patient using the insulin pen devices. During this training period, all pharmacists and pharmacy technicians would also need to be trained how to use, label, dispense, and store the insulin pens (Davis, Christensen, Nystrom, Foral and Destache, 2008).

Another option would be for hospitals to only use insulin pens that are equipped with a safety needle that provides a passive safety feature that automatically engages after an injection is administered. The safety feature helps to prevent accidental needle sticks and needle reuse and is locked into place throughout needle disposal. The safety needle complies with U.S. Department of Labor Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) guidelines and appears on OSHA's list of approved safety-engineered sharps devices (Davis, Christensen, Nystrom, Foral and…… [Read More]

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Analyzing Module 3 & 4 Spe

Words: 950 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77962810

interaction between the caregiver and the child with regard to the development of communication. The awareness and receptiveness of the caregiver together with particular communicative language conducts have a positive and constructive influence on the level of communication between the two. The foundations of communication development are attained right from the minute the child is given birth. The taking of turns that occurs between the mother and the infant, referred to as a "dance" comes about from the very strong emotive base. In particular, this is from the response of the mother to the baby's behaviour, but more significantly when the mother attains an intuition regarding the baby's moods, responses, intents and also feelings.

One of the most significant aspects of early intervention with any child is that it helps not only the caregiver, but also the family members and other significant members to be able to integrate particular patterns…… [Read More]

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Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Words: 13171 Length: 48 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 78079403

dysfunctional behavior that strikes 1 out of 40 or 50 adults and 1 out of 100 children or 2-3% of any population. It can begin at any age, although most commonly in adolescence or early adulthood - from ages 6 to 15 in boys and between 20 and 30 in women -- according to the National Institute for Mental Health. This behavioral affliction is, therefore, more common than schizophrenia or panic disorder and affects people of all ages, gender, race, occupations, religions and socio-economic ranks. Its impact on the mental and emotional states of such numbers in the United States alone has been so strong that it accounts for more than $8 billion worth of social and economic losses - which is 6% of the country's total mental health bill, according to authoritative sources.

As if not depressing enough, these millions afflicted know that something is wrong with how they…… [Read More]

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Sociology in Health and Illness

Words: 2614 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18627532

Health and Illness

Racism's Role in Health Service Inequalities

Racism's Role in Health Service Inequalities

Healthcare has been a divisive topic in the United States for the past two decades in the public and private sectors. This has brought the entire subject to the fore in the eyes of most Americans. Whether an individual is one of the people who has been denied equal access to health care or not, it can be very trying to receive good, fairly priced healthcare in a lot of areas in the United States.

Among the many questions that populate the debate, one is becoming more and more central. There is a divide in the United States that has been present as long as this country has been a recognized nation. That divide is caused by the inequities that do exist, and have existed. This divide is racial in nature and seems to work…… [Read More]

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Allergy in Humans Allergy Was

Words: 1582 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 76531721

Still another option is immunotherapy. In 2000, the Immunotherapy Committee of the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology compared the costs of medication and the single-injection allergen immunotherapy for allergic rhinitis. It found that the cost of medications is much greater. Allergen immunotherapy is generally safe and adverse reactions to are rare (Huggins 2004).

Opinion. - Human civilizations have tried to master nature and even modify it to a point where the body system reacts to certain substances it finds harmful to health. The reaction is an allergy. Human knowledge now has tried to look for ways to counteract the body's natural reaction to offenders or violators of its immune response. While the motivation to combat allergy in humans is always in favor of general well-being and health, a change in lifestyle and behavior may prove the easier way to health by agreeing with the body's way of sustaining…… [Read More]

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Biomedical Technology the Field of

Words: 3146 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 93723475

The end result is that biomedical technology is an area of science and research that is of greater benefit to all of mankind, which helps to ease of suffering for human beings worldwide.

While many argue that certain advances in biomedical technology verge on the science fiction creation of some human clone cyborg hybrid, this is not an unusual reaction. Great change is always accompanied by fear. Stock has an interesting thought experiment that brings this point home:

If hunter-gatherers imagined living in New York City, they would say that they could no longer be human in such a place, that this wouldn't be a human way of living Yet, today most of us look at this as not only a human way of life, but great improvement over hunting and gathering. I think it will be the same way with the changes that occur as we begin to alter…… [Read More]

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HIV Positive Nurses the Most

Words: 1901 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 46956439

However, the extent of discrimination and stigma on a HIV infected HCW is much higher creating severe health, economic and psychosocial consequences for the person. The risk of HIV infection is 100 times lesser than HBV infection and by following 'Universal Procedures' it is possible to eliminate chances of an infected HCW from affecting a patient. HIV positive nurses should be permitted to work in safe settings without 'exposure prone procedures' so they can continue to participate in care giving while they are themselves coping with the burden of the disease. This is in line with the globally accepted GIPA principle of encouraging the active participation of HIV patients as an effective means to prevent, control and provide support services for people infected with HIV. While patients' safety should be the foremost issue in the field of health provision, care must be taken not to subject the HIV positive HCWs…… [Read More]

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Essentials of Personal Development and Career Planning

Words: 1577 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 75664884

performed an intake interview and three assessments to a student who was highly interested in studying physical therapy. We started by the intake interview where we sought to determine his suitability for the major. This entailed asking him questions that allowed us to determine his preparedness and enthusiasm towards the course. During the interview, it was evident that the student was highly prepared for his course of interest. Firstly, his academic qualifications were above the needed minimum entry requirements. His mastery of the basics related to the course was excellent. Apparently, he had performed extensive research on what the major entailed. He also answered all the questions asked by the panel satisfactorily. For example, his ability to express himself concerning questions such as the reasons why he wanted the course, his strengths, weaknesses, and biology-related questions were excellent. Therefore, intake interview panel recommended him for the course based on his…… [Read More]

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Effects of Early Childhood Sexual Abuse and Involvement in Prostitution

Words: 16088 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 72580097


Conceptual Paper

Millions of children around the globe are sexually abused or exploited. This paper includes several descriptions of studies that relate sexual abuse during childhood to delinquency later in life. There are several difficulties with methodology and definitions that are inherent in the mentioned studies. These challenges make it somewhat difficult to compare and interpret the findings of the study. A framework is however provided to help in the understanding of how child abuse is correlated to delinquency later in life. This framework can also help to guide future studies into the issue. Two research tools were utilized for this study. They are questionnaires and interviews. The interviewers selected to help with the research were members of the Delancey Street Foundation -- a self-help group that is widely known for its work with drug addicts, criminals and sex workers. All the…… [Read More]

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Anxiety Disorders and Their Effects

Words: 2049 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 435627

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

PTSD is a mental disorder that is mostly associated with traumatic events. When a person faces a life-threatening event to them or their loved one, they are likely to suffer from the disorder. PTSD is not a disorder that affects service members only, but it can affect anyone who experiences a traumatizing event like rape, assault, kidnapping, car accident, or torture. These events might occur directly to the person or to someone close to the person suffering from PTSD. The paper will analyze the disorder and provide some diagnosis and treatment methodologies currently in place. Based on research conducted by other scientists, one can see that there is need for further research in order to determine the effects of the various risks and resilience factors.


Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is an anxiety disorder a person will develop after been exposed to a traumatizing, horrific,…… [Read More]

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Avoidant Personality Disorder

Words: 4280 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 14227618

Avoidant Personality Disorder

As per the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV), a certain case of avoidant personality disorder (APD) is featured by the existent sign of social inhibition, feeling of being short of requirement, and hypersensitivity to negative valuation. (American Psychiatric Association, 1994, p.1) Even though personality disorders are not often discovered in persons below age 18, children who come within the condition of APD are recurrently portrayed as being aloof to the core, fearful in arising circumstances, and afraid of dissention and social boycott. The proportion of the signs and the inability is way behind the practice of inhibition that is prevalent in as much as 40% of the populace. Hence it is of great relevance of examining the disorder as it relates to professional counseling.

Exploration of disorder

Bearing a semblance to other personality disorders, the state of Avoidant Personality disorder turns out…… [Read More]

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Psychiatric Disorder of Childhood Depression The Information

Words: 1390 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 22681223

psychiatric disorder of childhood depression. The information will discuss how the disorder is diagnosed, the prevalence rates, theories concerning the etiology of depression and various treatments that are available for childhood depression.

While many people may overlook this serious mental condition that occurs within some children, others are facing the reality of the disorder on a daily basis. More information is becoming readily available that offers research about depression in children and is very helpful to those seeking prognosis and treatment of their loved ones. Many times, depression in children and adolescents is overlooked or misdiagnosed. This paper will discuss symptoms and treatment of depression in children.


Depression is a mental problem that affects people of all ages, race, and economic levels. The diagnosis is becoming more acceptable and is commonly treated with antidepressant drug therapy. The patient is not only affected by treatment, but the drug and insurance…… [Read More]

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Atypical Sexual Behavior

Words: 1881 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 62911121

Atypical Sexual Behavior (paraphilias): Signs of a Changing Culture

New York Times article recently reported that clinical psychologists are seeing an increasing number of patients reporting that they engage in abnormal sexual behavior (Goleman, 1991). Kinsey noted that in the years 1948 and 1953 as many as half of the Americans surveyed participated in sexual activities that could be considered masochistic or sadistic (such as biting or spanking) (Kinsey, et. al, 1948: Kinsey, et. Al., 1953). This trend seems to have slightly increased in prevalence, however, still remains close to the 61% mark (Donelly and Straus, 1994).

This issue raises several questions. The first is whether society has "done something" to create this phenomenon. In other words, is there an environmental factor that is making otherwise normal people engage in deviancy? Does it mean that our definitions of "normal" are changing and that these behaviors have always been a part…… [Read More]

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Body Dysmorphic Disorder

Words: 1883 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 21470128

Body dysmorphic disorder is a mental disorder in which an individual has an intense, overwhelming preoccupation with a perceived flaw in his or her appearance. A person with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) has a highly distorted sense of his or her own appearance, and any part of his or her body can be a subject of that concern. Sometimes the perceived defect is completely imagined, and sometimes an actual "flaw" is the subject of a disproportionate level of obsessive concern. The root of the problem lies not with the person's actual appearance, but with the individual's self-image and self-esteem. BDD can be extremely debilitating to those who suffer from it, because the constant preoccupation with one's appearance can impair social function and make the most basic activities of daily life, including friendship, employment, and leisure time, particularly distressing. This essay will outline the symptoms, common behaviors, causes, and treatment of…… [Read More]

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Compulsive Hoarding Famous Hoarders

Words: 5187 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 33639853

Compulsive Hoarding

(Hoarding as a Disorder, Famous Hoarders Case Studies, and Solutions)

Regrettably, for several years, hoarding has been an out-of-sight disorder. Very little research was conducted on hoarding in the 1980s. However, since earlier 1990s, research scientists, psychologists and clinicians have shown a dramatic interest in the subject. Awareness concerning hoarding has also increased due to up-to-date media exposure. Sufferers, family members, and human service workforce who frequently deal with the compulsive hoarding disorder have also become aware of the problem and its solutions (Steinfatt, 2010).

Compulsive Hoarding: What is it?

Compulsive hoarding can be described as the attainment of and failure to thrust away huge bulks of goods or belongings. This kind of obsessive hoarding is often linked with considerable physical condition peril, working mutilation, and financial impediments. No pragmatic investigation has been conducted to examine the mentioned destructive effects although there are crystal-clear suggestions that hoarding has…… [Read More]

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Aapt Typical Day as Psychiatric

Words: 3459 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9134017

Chemically restraining the patient without requirement is bad treatment but that was not the only thing that happened. The technician without any reason sexually abused the patient and removed all clothing even though that is not present in the protocol. As mentioned earlier, the protocol is to remove any sharp items. If I was there in this case, I would have not sedated the patient and talked to the patient about the problem. As stated earlier, the patient desperately needed therapy and did not require sedation. Therefore, I would treat the patient with counseling and therapy and mild anti-depressant medication. Seeing how the patient was a vulnerable, she would be monitored to see if she displays any suicidal tendency. Regardless, the patient's privacy and dignity would be well preserved.

What I Like About This Job

For all those who have the passion to serve the humanity and take care of…… [Read More]

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Evolution of Abnormal Psychology From the 1800's

Words: 3015 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38376738

Evolution of Abnormal Psychology From the 1800's To The Present

The study and treatment of psychological dysfunction has evolved from early history until the present day. Prior to the 1800's, society believed deviant or abnormal behaviors were caused by supernatural forces or biological factors. Treatments for psychological problems prior to the 18th century included exorcisms and bloodletting. Early beliefs about the origins of emotional disturbances influenced public perceptions of mental illness and theories of abnormal psychology in the 19th century. Advances in medical science, and the use of scientific method influenced the research of theorists like Freud, and Pavlov and improved theoretical knowledge and treatments of mentally ill populations. Despite current mental health treatments and increased awareness of the etiology of psychological disturbance, people with mental disorders continue to experience difficulties including social stigma, hospitalization, homelessness, suicide, and incarceration (Barlow and Durand). A historical overview of the development of abnormal…… [Read More]

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Asthma and Children in the US

Words: 3032 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 37640895

Childhood Asthma

The word asthma comes from the Greek word aazein which means to exhale with one's mouth open or to breathe with a pant; in literature its first emergence appears in the Illiad (Benson & Haith, 34). The exact definition of asthma be it with children or adults is that it is "a chronic disease of the lung manifest clinically as episodic obstruction of pulmonary airflow (Benson & Haith, 34). Asthma is an extremely common childhood illness and one which appears to be increasing each year with the number of children who have died from asthma tripling in the last few years (Martin & Fabes, 262). This is a major public health concern as asthma not only contributes to many missed days of school for children, as well as hospitalizations, but it puts an enormous strain on the health care industry. "Hospital admission for asthma alone increased from 21…… [Read More]

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Lateral Epicondylitis Tennis Elbow

Words: 1263 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 36391346

Epicondylitis: A Review of the Literature

Mechanism of Injury/Force Involved

Lateral epicondylitis or "tennis elbow" as is commonly referred to often results from pathological processes that occur within the elbow (Foley 281). This injury is most commonly the result of occupational stresses and not necessarily the result of racket sports, though the force involved in such sports may contribute to injury (Foley 282). Direct force is not necessary for the condition to arise and most cases result from repetitive motion or overuse rather than significant impact at one time or another (Foley 292). Given this knowledge one may assume that preventive measures can be implemented to reduce the frequency of the disease.

Lateral epicondylitis occurs as the "muscle bellies" of the forearm narrow and "merge into the tendons" creating "highly focused stress" at the point where the tendons and bones insert into the bone of the elbow (Nicholas 1). Injury…… [Read More]

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Communication With the Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Words: 1355 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 8790451

Communicating Effectively With a Person Diagnosed With Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Obsessive compulsive disorder affects roughly 2.5% of the population every year (APA, 2005). Patients with OCD often have difficulty engaging in social interaction and communicating with those around them. Fortunately there are a number of effective treatment strategies that can improve communication with patients diagnosed with OCD. This study examines the methods caregivers and family members can adopt to facilitate effective communication with patients diagnosed with OCD.

Each year thousands of individuals are diagnosed with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) a biologically and psychologically-based mental disorder that can disrupt a patient's social and emotional state. OCD often impairs a patient's ability to not only engage in routine social behavior but also impairs a patient's ability to communicate effectively with those in the world around them. Patients with OCD often engage in ritualistic behaviors that isolate them from friends, family members and…… [Read More]

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Attention Deficit Disorder or ADD

Words: 7308 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 32442949

(Bower, 129)

The Hyperactivity involves fiddling with hands or feet or squirms in seat; does not continue seating when is expected to; excessive running or climbing considered not appropriate in adolescence and adults; feelings of restlessness; find it hard to play quietly; seems to be continuously on the move and talks excessively. Impulsivity includes blurts out answers prior to the question has been completed; becomes impatient waiting his turn; interruption and intrusion on the activities of others. The DSM-IV also necessitates that some of the signs even grow prior to the age of seven and that they significantly inhibit the functioning in two or more environments such as home and school at least for duration of six months. The children that exert the signs of inattention, however, not of hyperactivity/impulsivity are identified with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Predominantly Inattentive Type, and normally known as ADD. (Bower, 129)

Moreover, the family…… [Read More]

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Fibromyalgia More Than 50 of

Words: 5095 Length: 19 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 36644521

(Busch, Barber, Overend, Peloso, and Schachter, 2007, p. 8)

Results from this study relate a moderate quality evidence that aerobic-only exercise training at recommended intensity levels produces positive effects "global well-being (SMD 0.44, 95% confidence interval (CI 0.13 to 0.75) and physical function (SMD 0.68, 95% CI 0.41 to 0.95) and possibly on pain (SMD 0.94, 95% CI -0.15 to 2.03) and tender points (SMD 0.26, 95% CI -0.28 to 0.79)." Results noted that flexibility and strength and flexibility remain under assessed. (Busch, Barber, Overend, Peloso, and Schachter, 2007, pp. 11-13)

According to criteria Melnyk Fineout-Overholt (2005) present, this study is a Level II study. From the Cochrane review, the following relates what research notes regarding the effect of exercise for FMS:

moderate intensity aerobic training for 12 weeks may improve overall well-being slightly and physical function.; moderate intensity aerobic exercise probably leads to little or no difference in pain…… [Read More]

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Neuroborreliosis Borrelia Burgdorferi or Bb

Words: 2247 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 57244825


The Infectious Diseases Society of America or IDSA came out with guidelines on the treatment of the infection.

A multidisciplinary group, which prepared these guidelines, included infectious disease specialists, rheumatologists, neurologists, pediatricians, and entomologists. The guidelines primary apply to the disease strain acquired in the U.S. And do not tackle the diagnostic evaluation of the disease. They recommended oral and parenteral therapies according to a timetable. Doxycycline or amoxicillin, cefotaxime or penicillin would be prescribed. The guidelines warned against the use of first-generation cephalosporins, fluoroquinolones, and benzathene penicillin.

Greater Recovery Among Children

Studies conducted on 177 children treated for Lyme neuroborreliosis in an endemic area in Sweden showed that 117 of them recovered complete in two months.

The children exhibited fatigue, facial nerve palsy, loss of appetite and fever as symptoms. Antibiotics were given to 69% of the children. At 2 months, 117 of them recovered completely. At 6…… [Read More]

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Dsm Iv and Dsm V Diagnoses for a Character

Words: 557 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 80818444

Psychotherapy: The client will benefit from ongoing and in-depth psychoanalysis to attempt to discover some of the root causes of the issues. Because Belfort did not exhibit his behavioral problems prior to working in the Wall Street sector, it is likely that talk therapy will help elucidate some of the core reasons why he changed.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: Once talking therapy has clarified some of the core issues Belfort is facing, cognitive-behavioral therapy can help him to identify the irrational, unreasonable, and untenable thought processes and biased beliefs that lead to his dysfunctional behaviors. The goal of the cognitive-behavioral therapy intervention will be behavioral change but also shifts in the ways Belfort views himself, other people, and his values.

Volunteer work and selfless service: Because Belfort has been consumed with an identity linked to money, power, and prestige, it may be helpful for him to shift focus to working with…… [Read More]

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Background and History of Autism

Words: 2151 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 24389969

Psychological Disorder

Autism Spectrum Disorder

Background and History of Disorder

DSM 5 diagnostic criteria for Autism Spectrum Disorder

Severity of the condition

Table for DSM 5 ASD Diagnosis

Approaches to Treatment of ASD

Background and History of Disorder

For this research, the mental illness that is generally visible in children has been chosen, which is Autism Spectrum Disorder. This is a mental problem that is seen in growing children which essentially represents a brain dysfunction and has the potential to affect emotion, the learning abilities, and the memory of individuals who are diagnosed with this disorder. This is a mental illness which also tends to exhibit itself gradually as an individual grows up, and as such Autism Spectrum disorder is considered a neurodevelopmental disorder. While adults are less commonly diagnosed with this illness, Autism Spectrum disorder is generally first witnessed in children, however, it can sometimes manifest itself in adults…… [Read More]

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Mental Patients' Physical Health Who Use Antipsychotic Medication

Words: 13284 Length: 32 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44641264

Antipsychotic Medication and the Physical Health Problems of the Patient With Mental Illness

More and more attention is now being given to the mental disorders especially in U.S. And due to this increase in attention an increase has also been noticed in the treatment of these mental health issues (Zuvekas, 2005). About 30% of the total U.S. population that is between the ages of 18-52 is being affected by mental health issues which make up a large part of the public health problem (Kessler et al., 2005; Narrow et al., 2002). The risk of morbidity and smaller life expectancy is very high in the patients who suffer from the mental health issues (Millar, 2008; Skodol, 2008). It has been observed from numerous researches that the chances of suffering from various health issues such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease and hypertension are a lot more for the patients suffering from schizophrenia (Millar,…… [Read More]

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Schizophrenia When People Think of What it

Words: 2517 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42764327


When people think of what it means to 'go crazy,' quite often the common image that comes to mind is that of someone with schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is a serious mental health disorder that can be physically, socially, and personally destabilizing. "Schizophrenia affects men and women equally. It occurs at similar rates in all ethnic groups around the world. Symptoms such as hallucinations and delusions usually start between ages 16 and 30. Men tend to experience symptoms a little earlier than women. Most of the time, people do not get schizophrenia after age 45.Schizophrenia rarely occurs in children, but awareness of childhood-onset schizophrenia is increasing" (Schizophrenia, 2012, NIMH: 2). The disease is fairly rare "about 1% of Americans have this illness," but it is so debilitating the illness warrants further research and attention (Schizophrenia, 2012, NIMH: 2). While symptoms vary with every person, some of the most common include auditory…… [Read More]

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Orem Universal Self-Care Requisites and Developmental Self-Care Requisites

Words: 993 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 31730469

Universal and Development Self-Requisites in the Context Of a Nursing Practice Scenario

Orem's Theory of Self-Care

Self-care is the key concept in Orem's nursing model (1991). It is defined as the practice of activities that maturing and mature persons initiate and perform, within time frames, on their own behalf in the interests of maintaining life, healthful functioning, continuing personal development, and well-being A self-care deficit occurs when an individual is unable to engage in self-care Orem's self-care model has, throughout the years, provided the basis for training and support programs for groups of patients with both chronic and acute diseases, e g diabetic patients (Allison 1973, Fitzgerald 1980), employees with rheumatoid arthritis (Dear & Keen 1982), renal transplant patients (Hoffart 1982), stroke patients (Anna et al. 1978, Faucett et al. 1990), bone marrow transplant patients (Mack 1992) and patients with cancer (Dodd & Dibble 1993).

The universal self-care requisites are…… [Read More]

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Paraphila the Ancient Philosopher Plato Claimed That

Words: 1412 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16482628


The ancient philosopher Plato claimed that all immoral behavior was the result of some disorder in the soul (Gert and Culver, 2009, p. 489). Although very few people now hold this view, deviant sexual behavior is often considered symptomatic of a mental disorder. However, not all deviant behaviors fit the clinical definition. For example, if a heterosexual man becomes aroused by dressing in women's clothing, it is considered by most people to be abnormal behavior. However, his behavior may be ego-syntonic, meaning that the man is not troubled by either the impulses or by acting them out. Such an individual would not seek treatment. He is not a danger to himself or to anyone else and unless there were objections on the part of his wife or significant other, there is no compelling reason, in the man's mind, to manage his impulses or behavior. As Bhugra and McMullen (2010,…… [Read More]

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Acute Radiation Syndrome Three Types

Words: 1817 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 79363266

The researchers concluded that dietary antioxidants help reduce the inflammatory response and cell death due to radiation helping the bone marrow to recover faster. [Chris et.al, (2008)]


Acute radiation syndrome results from a sudden and acute exposure to powerful radiation. From an occupational hazard to a terrorist attack there is always an increased risk of radiation injury and so it is essential to be prepared to treat such emergency cases. From Bone marrow hypoplasia to gastrointestinal and central nervous system damage, irradiation affects almost all bodily functions. Radiation induced uncontrolled inflammatory response has been cited as responsible for multi-organ damage and the resulting casualties. Quick diagnosis, appropriate interventions with anti-inflammatory cytokines, hematopoiesis stimulating agents and a prophylactic regimen of anti-bacterial, anti-viral and antiemetic agents are the important medical interventions. In severe cases, transfusion of blood components and stem cell transplantation are critical to improve the survival chances. The prognosis…… [Read More]

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Workers Engaging in Eldercare-Related Activities Are Prone

Words: 1928 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Article Review Paper #: 76113655

workers engaging in eldercare-related activities are prone to suffer from stress-related factors and workplace absenteeism as opposed to non-caregiving workers. This hypothesis was confirmed by Lee in her study; 67 employees from a financial institution were interviewed while questionnaires were administered to 169 workers from a healthcare institution. Caregivers from study 1 were prone to absenteeism as well as incidences of insomnia, weight loss and tiredness. The second study confirmed the same incidences as study 1; weight loss among caregivers, drowsiness, sleeplessness as well as nervousness; however, the degree of absenteeism was not different among caregivers and non-caregivers. In line with this, it was confirmed that caregivers' tasks negatively impacted their workplace performance (Lee, 1997). Based on the results, it was confirmed that a balance between caregiving-related activities and work has the effect of bringing about stress and physical tiredness which ultimately affects workplace performance. Regarding absenteeism, it is theorized…… [Read More]

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Low Cost at Three Cost-Effective

Words: 1336 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 16289036

One of the challenges in determining AT solutions for Amos is the lack of resources, both human and material, in the poor, rural district where he attends school.

Before Amos entered kindergarten in the fall, a team of educators met with Amos's parents to begin putting together an Individualized Education Plan (IEP). In attendance at the meeting were the kindergarten teacher, special education teacher, the school principal, the speech-language pathologist, and the school psychologist. The occupational therapist was unavailable for meeting. There are two grade schools and a middle school in the district; the three schools share the services of the OT, speech-language pathologist and school psychologist (who is responsible for testing).

Amos is perhaps the most severely autistic student ever to attend his school. The speech-language pathologist, a recent hire, has considerable experience with children with autism because of previous work experience in a larger district. The rest of…… [Read More]

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Relationship of Eating Disorders Self-Esteem

Words: 6071 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 52017394

These suppositions allow the researcher to view the world from a certain perspective while ignoring other perspectives. The researcher in this study assumes that his subjects are logical human beings who have a rationale point-of-view. Their thinking is valid and reasonable and their approach is more or less along the lines of scientific thinking. In addition, we assume that commonsense thinking and scientific thinking are more or less identical in nature. With these assumptions in mind, we take a post-positivism philosophical foundation; as in line with Trochim (2000) post-positivism is the outright denial of positivism (which argues that the laws of the nature are perfunctory and therefore deductive reasoning can be the only suitable approach to comprehend nature) and presupposes that day-to-day human and scientific reasoning are more or less the same and in order to understand reality, researchers have to use not only deductive but also inductive reasoning (Trochim,…… [Read More]