Organizational Structure Essays (Examples)



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Organizational Design Analysis There Are

Words: 2464 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37350384

It was not necessarily that Coca Cola wanted to invest in China, as it actually saw the opportunity to access a large consumer society and tried to get involved in exploiting this chance as fast as it possibly could. "The theme of the public's responses could be seen in many caricatures and cartoons on China's Internet. The Graphic from China's Economics Web and also spotted on Wall Street Journal blog shows Coca Cola trying to swallow Huiyan" (Scotton & Hachten, 156).

The Chinese Ministry of Commerce virtually recognized Coca Cola's hostile competition nature and concentrated on preventing the company from removing other products from the market. The recent years saw the company experience graduate success in China as a result of using strategies that it should have used from the beginning. It appears that the Chinese public appreciates the fact that Coca Cola is no longer aggressive and is unhesitant…… [Read More]

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Organizational Reframing Plan

Words: 3558 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 12678965

Organizational Reframing Program

Four Frames of Organizational Reframing


Human Resource: -



Structural Contingency Theory

Structural Contingency Theory in Human Resource Management:-

Social Network Analysis

Impact of reframing plan and ethical issue's

Impact on the department being reframed:-

Impact of reframing on other departments:-

Ethical Aspects:-

The study shows an organizational plan of a department. The aim of the study is to emphasize on how the theory of organizational life is applicable with the help of utilization of the action research process.

Reframing means to redirect or change the way of thinking and look at things with a complete different mindset. In simple terms reframing is change of plans or basic details of an idea. Looking at events from a complete different mindset helps you to avoid individual biases. It also emphasizes the importance of adjustments and flexibility in the organization. The process of reframing suggests finding out…… [Read More]

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Organization Behavior ASDA Stores Business ASDA Stores

Words: 2635 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46182420

Organization Behavior

ASDA Stores

Business ASDA

ASDA Stores is a large scale retailer in the United Kingdom. It has grown over the decades by regularly expanding its business operations all over the country. Currently, ASDA Stores is present in more than 564 locations and offers a wide array of grocery items, general merchandise, and financial services. The business operations of ASDA Stores are affected by a large number of environmental factors. These factors fall under political and governmental forces, economic forces, social, cultural, and demographical forces, technological forces, legal forces, and environmental forces. All these forces have a direct impact on the company's sales, operations, and financial performance. In order to encounter the environmental challenges and operate in the most competitive and profitable fashion, ASDA Stores has to carefully analyze these forces and design its strategic directions in the best interest of its business affairs.

The resource management practices of…… [Read More]

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Organizational Change in the Public Sector This

Words: 6104 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Capstone Project Paper #: 9103024

Organizational Change in the Public Sector

This research proposal explores the feasibility of management in the public Sector as an organizational paradigm and new model in organizational development. The literature review reviews numerous journal articles that explore on the key concepts of change management strategies from a public sector project management perspective. The authors suggest that employee's participation, effective feedback across the board, and empowerment of subordinate staffs is a major step in transforming public organizations. This proposal further hypothesis that establishment of long-term and productivity advantages are crucial throughout the organization.


Research Questions



Factor 1: Need for change

Factor 2: implement a Plan for change

Factor 3: create political internal environment for Change

Factor 4: Support and Commitment from managers

Factor 5: enhancing External Support

Factor 6: Provide Resources for change

Factor 7: establish Change

Factor 8: ascertain comprehensive Change

Determinants of implementing…… [Read More]

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Organizational Learning What Is the Role of

Words: 872 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29368030

Organizational Learning

What is the role of learning in change processes? Pay particular attention to the ideas of Naomi Raab

Learning is a galvanizing factor across all change processes in that it unifies each step in the process and over time creates an experience effect that creates greater levels of knowledge over time. The role of learning in change processes is also non-linear, a key finding of management and organizational design theorist Naomi Raab. Her practice and writings show how effective the dissemination of learning is throughout organizations. The development of information and knowledge ecosystems throughout organizations is also predicated on this foundation of shared learning and the creation of a system of record from a cultural and learning standpoint.

Ms. Raab's insights into how to heal hurting and dysfunctional companies also form the basis of her approaches to defining the role of learning in change processes. In defining strategies…… [Read More]

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Organization Analysis Analysing Organisation Using Relevant Theoretical

Words: 3563 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90414650

Organization Analysis

Analysing Organisation: Using relevant theoretical perspectives frameworks, critically analyse organisation choice.

Analyzing organization is the process of assessing the organizations systems, functionality and capacity so as to increase the organizations performance, efficiency and overall output. This is done by using various theories and models whose aim is to understand the structure of the organization, technology and behavioral relationships Bate, Khan, & Pye, 2000.

This should be a periodic and detailed activity that assists the organizations management to identify any inefficiency or problems that may have risen and have not been dealt with the management will then come up with strategies to deal with them.

The Company

Compulyzed Telecommunications is a telecommunications company dealing with telephone, cabling, and internet provision services for both home and corporate clients. Compulyzed Telecommunications had an increase of 1.7% operating profit in the fiscal year 2011 as compared to the previous year this was…… [Read More]

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Organizational Failure That Caused the

Words: 639 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 12083613

Emphasis was placed on resource allocation, remuneration of the top managers -- through sometimes luxurious premiums and bonuses -- or financial sufficiency -- often created through loans.

2. The leadership style

At the level of the leadership style, a distinction has to be made between management and leadership in the meaning that leadership refers to people, whereas management refers to technical details -- such as resource allocation, financial consideration and so on. As a general specification, the Enron leadership style was that of the follower. The employees were not encouraged nor empowered. Transparency was virtually inexistent. Whenever conflicts or intriguing findings would arise, they would be hushed up.

3. The organizational structure

The organizational structure at Enron was complex and it lacked an adequate control and audit system. It failed to adequately delegate responsibilities and it also failed to implement and demand accountability. The company did not keep an account…… [Read More]

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Organizational Change and Development in Public Sector

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 94844122

Organizational Change and Development in Public Sector

Additional points are in red per

Rewrite Edition April 6, 2012

Organizational Change and Development in the Public Sector

One of the most challenging aspects of organizational change is defining a compelling enough vision for associates and employees to concentrate on so they see the value of changing how they work and why. Empirically-based studies indicate that transformational leaders are the most effective at clearly defining and executing a compelling vision that leads to long-term change in an organization (Pardo-del-Val, Martinez-Fuentes, Roig-Dobon, 2012). The following proposal for a capstone project focuses on the qualitative factors that contribute the most to successful change management strategies that lead to long-term, permanent change occurring throughout an enterprise. Transformational leadership is essential for the development of an organizational culture that values long-term learning, which is the foundation of long-term productivity gains in an enterprise (Pardo-del-Val, Martinez-Fuentes, Roig-Dobon,…… [Read More]

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Organizational Culture Integrating Culture and Diversity in

Words: 1849 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86538551

Organizational Culture

Integrating culture and diversity in decision-making:The CEO and organizational culture profile.

Historically, there are many definitions about organizational culture, which different literatures offer different definitions. The most popular definition is "the way a company does their thing around the company." In addition, organizational culture refers to the attributes of an organization, or in other terms, it is appropriate to link organizational culture as the right ways in which companies understand problems in the organization. Nevertheless, organizational culture refers to the values and beliefs, which people in an organization share. Moreover, organizational culture is a system of shared values (important things) and beliefs (how things work) that relate with the firm's people, organization structures, and control approaches to generate behavioral models (Sun, 2008).

Although there are many definitions, organization culture comprises of a set of theory of values, beliefs, and understandings that members share in common. In addition, culture…… [Read More]

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Organizational Change and Stress Management

Words: 1764 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 76635658

Organizational Change and Stress Management

How Change Agents Can Contribute to Change Resistance

According to Hussey (2000), as far as effective management is concerned, change remains a critical aspect. It can be noted that through their actions or inactions, change agents in most cases end up contributing towards the very occurrence of resistance (Ford et al. 2008). To begin with, by breaking agreements before or during the change process, change agents make significant contributions to recipient reactions. This is more so the case if change agents refuse or fail to restore the lost trust. For instance, it is possible for an organization or its agents in some circumstances to renegade (either knowingly or unknowingly) on agreements it has with employees. When this takes place, those affected experience betrayal and to get even, they may seek to shoot down organizational policies. Indeed, this desire for retribution is what threatens change in…… [Read More]

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Organizational & 38 Stakeholder Chart

Words: 1690 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 52914020

Organizational Chart

The Children's Hospital of Massachusetts has a fairly basic and regimented structure. There is some lateral movement in some of the layers but it is mostly top down with a clear demarcation and assembly of who is in charge of what and who reports to whom. This report will briefly cover that and will also answer questions about how this organization compares to other organizations, the overall stakeholder relationship relationships that exist and how to improve all of the above, if possible. The organizational chart for the company in question is shown in the first appendix.

Organizational Chart

The purpose of this report is to critique, analyze and pontificate about the organizational and stakeholder structures and frameworks in a healthcare setting of the author's choosing. The hospital selected is the labeled as Children's Hospital of Massachusetts but is actually the University of New Mexico hospital as the source…… [Read More]

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Organizational Behavior Objective of This Project Is

Words: 2154 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 5316163

Organizational Behavior

Objective of this project is to carry out the organizational behavior of the Emmar Properties. The paper investigates the strategy Emaar Properties employs to implement its organizational behavior to successfully carry out its business operations in Dubai and other countries that the company is operating. Essentially, the management tasks are to effectively use different skills to develop appropriate company structure and leadership to achieve their strategic objectives. This paper investigates Emaar's corporate structure, communication and training styles. Moreover, the paper uses the SWOT analysis to investigate the strengths, weakness, opportunities and threats that Emaar is facing within the business environments. Using the results of the SWOT analysis, the paper provides the recommendations that will assist Emaar to improve its business operations.

Literature Review

The concept organizational behavior focuses on understanding, controlling, and predicting human behaviors within an organizational environment. (Punnett, 2004). Typically, organizational behavior evolves from the classical…… [Read More]

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Organizational Behavior - Analysis of Problems With

Words: 2316 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 35101939

Organizational Behavior - Analysis of Problems with the Top Leader Team at Greenlife

Whenever an organization changes in any way, central problems in organizational behavior often result (Rousseau, 1997; Barley & Kunda 1992; Goodstein, 1994). This is evident within Greenlife, where the top leader team is demonstrating some critical failures and lack of cooperation.

Organizational moral behavior can only be obtained through a true "cooperative effort among all employees" (Holmes, et. al, 2002, p. 85) which is not the case at Greenlife. With the change in executive management that recently occurred between Lucy and Jane, things have gone awry, and the organizational structure at present more resembles a dictatorship than democratic environment. Jane has taken over and rather than encouraged top leader participation and collaboration, she has fostered an environment of dissent based on forced control and the illusion of consent.

A management is a successful organization has the responsibility…… [Read More]

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Organizational Change and the Consequences

Words: 2029 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46322064

This means training that is focused on increasing the knowledge economy of the transforming firm rather than in simply standardizing processes. According to the text by Chapman (2009), this may even call for a change in the linguistic approach to this process. Chapman advises that "training implies putting skills into people, when actually we should be developing people from the inside out, beyond skills, ie., facilitating learning. So focus on facilitating learning, not imposing training." (Chapman, p. 1) It is conceivable that an appeal to this approach might have spared much of the uncertainty that permeated Cutting Edge Paper during and after the changeover in ownership.

Another recommendation is for the opening of dialogue during the process of transformation so that leadership can become more attuned to the needs of personnel. It is conceivable that during this transformation and Cutting Edge Paper, some ambiguity might have been reduced if leadership…… [Read More]

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Organizational Change Plan

Words: 1502 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77642524

Organizational Change Plan Part II

Change Methods

The modern world demands for organizational change. Hospitals in particular need change to handle the growing problem of elopement or, intended leaving of a medical facility after person is aware of not having permission to do so. Organizational change to solve such a problem can come from several areas. Some of which may involve new leadership or new ways to assess any changes throughout the day. New leadership could bring in, an organizational change through plans that involve changing the way staff behave and think in regards to certain activities like elopement and how to manage such potential incidents.

The first towards implementing any kind of organizational changes in regards to reducing elopement is to understand the type of patients most likely to elope from the hospital. Patients with Alzheimer's or Dementia or most likely to elope. If staff are informed from the…… [Read More]

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Organizational Analysis Quality of Nursing

Words: 2150 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 89835528

12. Image of nursing. The image factor ensures the perception of the nurses' activity in society. An organization consistent with this factor will promote the idea that the role of the nurses is essential in the general framework of the patients' care.

The nurses here are perceived as essential to the care of the patients with very special needs. The organization has not necessarily promoted this in any way, but the way the nurses worked and their high level of professionalism was proof.

13. Interdisciplinary relationships. This factor comprises the idea of respect in the organization. There are several levels of respect involved here. First of all, we are referring to respect for the organization in itself and for the mission and objectives that the organization has promoted. On the other hand, an organization scoring high in this factor will need to ensure a mutual respect between all the human…… [Read More]

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Organizational Models and Design

Words: 643 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1983274

Organizational Models and Design

Organizations come in varying shapes and sizes and this can also be said about organizational structures. Organizational structures can be 'flat' which means there are few levels between the owner and the common employee. They can also be 'tall' which means that there are many tiers that exist between the common employee and the owner of the company. This paper will look at the three major organizational structures and highlight their main advantages and disadvantages.

Functional structure

The functional organizational structure is also refereed to as bureaucratic organizational structure whereby the company is divided on the basis of specialty. For instance, under this type of organizational structure separate divisions would be assigned for accounting, marketing, sales and so on.

The advantage of this organizational structure is that individuals are totally dedicated to one particular function. Another advantage is that this structure goes along way in saving…… [Read More]

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Organizational Behavior the Basic Objective

Words: 3685 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 91510951

Smith provided the appropriate managerial direction which struck the right balance between creativity, performance and productivity. His farsightedness which encompassed a wide vision was long-term, ambitious and the same time entirely practical and feasible. (Section 7: Leadership and Management, p. 243)

Having earlier steered a floundering company towards a successful path, Smith's work was uphill. He had to drastically change the organizational culture and structure while reducing conflict within the very talented set of employees and provide them with a collective direction. He was also expected to reduce the atmosphere of uncertainty prevailing in the organization and use the "countercultures" of the earlier two companies to foster innovation and creativity and thus get a competitive advantage for the new organization. (Section 2: Organizations & Culture, p. 64)

d. Organizational goals, vision, mission, objectives and values

Organizational mission defines the very reason for its existence. It basically refers to a general…… [Read More]

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Org Design My Most Recent Organization Has

Words: 843 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 80422944

Org Design

My most recent organization has a structure that is mechanistic in nature. This is, however, conducive with the organization's business and its goals. The organization's competitive advantage lies with efficiency and economies of scale. The ability to perform routine tasks is critical to the success of this organization. The mechanistic structure allows management to determine the optimal means of performance of these tasks, and then transfer that information to each employee. This structure relies heavily on management's abilities in work design, so that all jobs are done, and there are people in place to perform each task, even under unusual circumstances should they arise. The company's goals are of course market share and profit, but these are achieved through performing the routine tasks better than the competitors perform them.

The mechanistic structure relies on the abilities of management, and the training of the workforce to ensure that they…… [Read More]

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Organizational Culture and Leadership Is Power Exercise

Words: 5192 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32063438

Organizational Culture and Leadership

Leadership is power, exercise of influence of an authority that seeks to inspire the conduct of others (individuals or groups) in order to get them to voluntarily achieve clearly defined objectives. While some have naturally predisposed to leadership, it is also true that leadership develops over time. What is the key to a productive leadership? How to improve weaknesses to achieve positive results? How to mobilize and energize your team towards a common goal? (Chen and Francesco 2000)

According to Daniel Goleman, a Harvard professor, psychologist, author of the internationally recognized best seller "Emotional Intelligence," there are six leadership styles and each style is adapted to specific conditions. We will consider in this paper the different facets of leadership and their influence on the performance of the company through the corporate culture. We discuss here the leadership in a situational context.

Many leaders try to reduce…… [Read More]

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Organizational Change the Company That Is Today

Words: 931 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 74577579

Organizational Change

The company that is today FedEx Office was once Kinko's. Kinko's was a successful chain of office services stores. Prior to the takeover by FedEx, Kinko's was known for a casual corporate culture and decentralized organizational structure. By the late 1990s, Kinko's consisted of 128 different joint ventures, small companies and partnerships, but had not franchised its operations. A restructuring during that period streamlined the structure, resulting in a Kinko's that was a singular corporate entity (Quittner, 1998). The company went public and eventually faced another restructuring when it was acquired by FedEx in 2003. At this point, the company was no longer independent, but part of a larger organization. Culture clashes began almost immediately and over the coming years the Kinko's organization would face restructuring and a shift in the organizational culture to integrate it into FedEx.

Before and After the Change

Before the change, Kinko's was…… [Read More]

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Organizational Design a Health Care Agency or

Words: 1355 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80441813

Organizational Design

A health care agency or hospital design is very important as it portrays the beliefs and values of that health care. Designs should be designs that care not only for the physicians, trustees, administrators but also for the patients. Thus seeking architectural advice for the construction of a health care is imperative.

There are several architectural design phases such as Schematic design (SD), design development (DD and construction documents (CD). Designs are important to ensure that original intents are not comprised in terms of internal readiness and processes improvement plans.

The design of my healthcare organization, the Legacy Home Health Care in Texas, is such that all types of processes have been mapped beginning from admitting, discharge, billing, and medication requirements. This simplifies the work thus eliminating inefficiencies and focusing mainly on improving patient care.

In addition, the design is such that all the staff is familiar with…… [Read More]

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Organizational Behavior the First Step

Words: 1270 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 70144176

For the most part, I would probably not want to work at Cisco. The convoluted structure devalues individual responsibility, which to my mind removes incentive for individual excellence. A manager's output is dependent on others, but there does not appear to be a mechanism to hold underperforming managers responsible. When the team is entirely comprised of internally motivated individuals, Cisco's system will work brilliantly. However, the system encourages managers to be passengers, allowing the best managers to carry the teams to everybody's benefit. The result of this is that over time managers will be encouraged to be passengers and elite managers will leave for organizations where their compensation is more directly tied to their own abilities.

While the textbook description of Cisco's culture does not explicitly outline a problem to be solved, Cisco has to consider the long-term impacts of its current organizational culture and structure. The collaborative approach has…… [Read More]

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Organizational Design Change Is an

Words: 2685 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 14967523


To be more precise, the authors explain that there is a procedure that has been created as an aspect of the theoretical model of Structural Adaptation to Regain Fit (SARFIT) (Donaldson). This model asserts that when an organization in fit experiences improved performance that results it results in excess resources and leads to growth in size, geographic expansion, innovation or diversification. This in turn increases the number of contingency variables. This results in a "misfit with the existing structure. Themisfit lowers performance, eventually leading to a performance crisis and adaptive structural change into fit (Donaldson)."

There is also a specific process associated with organizational design. This process has different stages associated with the varying levels in the organization. As a result of this process the appropriate interventions take place to alter the processes, behavior values of both groups and individuals. There are a total of eight stages in the…… [Read More]

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Organizational Behavior in a Competitive Environment Where

Words: 2239 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 38733706

Organizational Behavior

In a competitive environment, where change is the only constant phenomenon, learning and knowledge management are vital for sustenance and growth of organizations. A precise universal definition of knowledge can be elusive, because it is complex and manifests itself in various forms in individuals as well as in organizations. Individual or tacit knowledge is confined to the people who possess it and cannot be structured or managed in the organizational sense. Implicit knowledge is difficult to communicate from person to person and limited to the perception of the individual. Organizational or explicit knowledge can be documented into policies and procedures and can be made available to employees. In whatever form, knowledge is regarded only within a system of legitimization that permits it to be accepted as knowledge (Mouritsen et al., 736). Put differently, knowledge is perceived and accepted based on social frameworks.

The rational theory of knowledge management…… [Read More]

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Organizational Transformation and Intervention at the U S

Words: 643 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32510265

Organizational Transformation and Intervention at the U.S. Army

Army, like many organizations whose cultures are design to resist and reject change to ensure consistency of structure and clarity of mission, is in need of a transformation and intervention. The vision, mission and objectives of the U.S. Army require a more agile, flexible and modular organizational structure that promotes transformational leadership over transactional management. The cultural constraints however are exceptionally rigid in this organization and transformational leadership the exception rather than the rule. The key constructs of the Burke-Litwin Model however illustrate that transactional leadership is more complex to manage and maintain over the significantly more streamlined transformational leadership structures the researchers have defined (Burke, Litwin, 1992). The intent of this analysis is to show how an intervention plan for the U.S. Army would make the organization more capable of achieving its vision, mission and objectives. The rationale for the intervention…… [Read More]

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Organizational Framework for Manufacturing Technology Using Woodward's

Words: 914 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45702238

Organizational Framework for Manufacturing Technology Using Woodward's Model

The Woodward model describes three organization designs including: small batch and unit technology, large batch and mass production, and continuous process production. Toyz is classified as small batch and unit technology. Toyz is classified as small batch and unit technology because it "manufacturers and assembles small orders to meet specific needs of customers (Daft, 256)." Although custom work is usually a norm of such an organizational structure, in the case of Toyz the creation of the products are not made to order but they are unique. In addition the manufacture of Toyz products is highly dependent upon individual operators as opposed to the process being highly mechanized. In addition the management system is defined as organic. An organic system simply means that they are free flowing and adaptive and requires the use of fewer procedures as opposed to being mechanistic.

As a…… [Read More]

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Organizational Behavior John Watson Company Overview Dynatronics

Words: 3631 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 20646836

Organizational Behavior

John Watson

Company Overview

Dynatronics Corporation (formerly Dynatronics Laser Corporation) was started in 1979 with the initial intent of developing laser technology for use in medical procedures. Unable to acquire the necessary FDA approval required to market the technology the company turned to other areas within the medical rehabilitation market. Seeing an opening in the market for ultrasound electrotherapy technology the company soon found a distribution channel that could support the new product offerings. Subsequent years led to the company developing additional products that have been used to treat chronic pain, test physical ability with computer software and to provide other forms of therapy. In addition, the company has ventured into the aesthetic market and has patented and distributed microdermabrasion technology for use by both aestheticians and plastic surgeons. Dynatronics has made several acquisitions over the years that have met with mixed results. The purchase of a rehabilitation…… [Read More]

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Organizational Design In Addition to Being Referred

Words: 564 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51316678

Organizational Design:

In addition to being referred to as position management, organizational design incorporates the analysis of individual position and their arrangement in the entire organization. Therefore, an efficient organizational design supports clear lines of authority, responsibilities of the authorities, cooperation and trust, effective communication, smooth and timely work flows, cost efficiency, and flexibility to changing situations.

Clues of Problems in the Design of an Organization:

Organizational design has various functions in an organization including the determination of the extent of focus, product/service range, target market initiatives, and the number of targeted niches. The structures of individual positions and organizational design have a direct effect on cost-efficiency and effectiveness of achievement of organizational goals ("Organizational Design," n.d.). In case of problems with the design of an organization, some of the major clues a manager may have include:

Slow Decision Making:

Slow decision making occurs when the design is not optimized…… [Read More]

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Organizational Changes in Telefonica in This Paper

Words: 1290 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18745117

Organizational Changes in Telefonica

In this paper, we will assess the recent organizational changes made in the telecom firm Telefonica. Our analysis will be based on the 5w's and one how. Let's first overview the changes in general, the whole organizational structure of the firm is revamped targeting the medium and long-term future in terms of proper growth, more participation in technological world and acquiring more opportunities based on the firm's global presence and alliances.

Changes in detail

Let's first analyze by the "How" part in the 5w's and see how the changes were made and the reasons for their application. The whole organizational structure focused on three modules namely the commitment, growth and competitiveness alongside the midterm objectives as well as a proper series of "waves" of achievements which each lasts a year. Here, the top level management is supposed to get together by the end of the year…… [Read More]

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Organizational Communication Process Smack Talk

Words: 3350 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 6656404

Moreover, they treat the employees with a tremendous amount of respect and look for their input. "Participative leaders allow employees to have input into the organization's decision-making processes" (Ryckman, 2011). Liza and Samuel treat all of their employees as if they are valued. However, the one area where Sammy's Sammies may need to improve in the participative leadership arena is in the treatment of the child-employees. While other employees' are valued for their input, both Liza and Samuel may be quicker to dismiss their children's input than the input from other employees. There is some blurring of the parent/boss line that is probably inevitable in a family-owned business and which, at this time, is not really detrimental to the business. However, one can see the possibility of this becoming a problem in the future as the children age and are less under the control of their parents.

Sammy's Sammies excels…… [Read More]

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Organizational Analysis Ford Motor Company

Words: 1847 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 55532781


The key competitive advantages that Ford Motor Company of Canada must concentrate on include the following. First, the continue growth of supplier relationship management and tight integration at the quality level of sourcing and procurement (Baker, Artinian, 1985) is critical. This will alleviate any increases in the 78% of their cost structures that are dedicated to sourcing and procuring products, well above industry norms. Second, the use of R&D funds not just for new technologies including hybrids (Haldis, Franco, 2007) but also for the development of entirely new, more efficient processes is also critical if the company is to gain cost efficiencies over time (Bart, Baetz, Pancer, 2009). Third, planning for how to recruit the most profitable and well-0run General Motors dealers is a potentially pre=emptive strategy given the U.S. government's increasing involvement in that company's financial structure and operations. Fourth, Ford Motor Company of Canada must continue to…… [Read More]

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Organizational Behavior Management

Words: 1930 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 72049306

Organizational Behavior and Management Coursework

The objective of this report is to describe the organizational changes in the context of strategy, structure and design as a result of the changes. The report also consists of recommendations on approaches to achieve organizational effectiveness for the organization identified.

With reference to a hypothetical organization example, the company which has been identified is ZingFresh Holdings Pte Ltd. As the subject organization of this report. The efficiency and effectiveness of their corporate structure will be the topic of discussion of the case study on how the organization uses its resources, controls coordination and motivation in order to achieve the organization's goals.

Introduction of the Organization:

ZingFresh Holdings Pte Ltd. is a producer of a variety of value brand and store brand foods like ready to eat meals, sauces and frozen pre-baked products. They are well-known for their 'ezymeal' 'ezyBBQ' and 'chef's choice' brand of…… [Read More]

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Organizational Design Decentralization Is a

Words: 640 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78624699

Part 3 -- We sometimes forget that the world has not always been organized under the structure of technology and manufacturing. Particularly at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries, modern capitalism changed the way labor and management interacted. A number of people began to think about labor, about efficiency, and about the manner in which the two interacted so that manufacturing needs for modern developing societies could improve. One of these philosophical tenets, Taylorism, is also known as scientific management. This is a theory of management that analyzed and synthesized the process of workflow with the objective to improve both labor and economic productivity. In general, scientific management requires a high level of managerial control over employees and their work practices. Of course this means a higher ratio of managers to workers than previous methods. The importance of this approach was that management should conform…… [Read More]

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Organizational Culture The Walt Disney Company Relationship

Words: 729 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 2604027

Organizational Culture: The Walt Disney Company

Relationship between the design of your selected organization and its organizational culture

The Walt Disney Company is a popular company in many homes all over the world because of the magical treatment given to visitors. The magic starts with the excellent training given to each employee that makes visitors have a memorable experience. The Disney Institute uses a structured learning atmosphere to offer training to employees working in restaurants and cast characters. This training aims at ensuring that all Disney workers obtain top notch learning that enables customers to be pleased (Gibson & Ivancevich, 2005).

Among all the structures, culture and the controls is a relationship that operates like a locked chain. The company's culture specifies the decision-making authority, controls and procedures. The organization's structure has been matched with the company's strategy. The organizational structures serve the purpose of managing the company's daily work…… [Read More]

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Organization Change as a Result

Words: 1545 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 46853925

The change that outsourcing and SAs bring into organizations is, or should be, planned. It is the result of specific efforts by a change agent (individuals and groups who take responsibility for changing the existing behavior patterns), in this case managers. Planned change processes are a direct response to someone's perception of a discrepancy between the desired and actual state of affairs (performance gap). Performance gaps are at the same time problems to be resolved or opportunities to be explored through outsourcing and SAs.


All in all, outsourcing and strategic alliances are both concepts that will be found on the corporate strategic agenda for the years to come. The market dynamics and increasing pressures toward efficiency impose the need for organizational change. The benefits of the two strategic directions discussed are real, and through careful planning and implementation, organizations can gain a competitive advantage.


Berrio A.A. 2003, An…… [Read More]

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Organizational Behavior Q's Classical Theory

Words: 1762 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 18794337

The mixture of public and private endeavors and effects that many bureaucracies, especially those related directly or indirectly to various governments, has made this effect even more apparent, to the point that many bureaucracies can be seen as almost wholly subservient to their client in ways beyond the traditional assumptions of supply and demand. This can make network organization, especially in mixed public-private endeavors, far more complicated and essential than it already is for most bureaucracies.


The resistance to change that many bureaucracies possess due to their size and complexity is actually a strength in an increasingly volatile world. The intense level of network organization which can be seen as a reducer of efficiency also ensures that undue and repetitive change are less likely to occur, thus forming two positives out of bureaucratic aspects that are generally viewed as negatives. This size and complexity also gives bureaucracies a broader…… [Read More]

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Organizational Diagnosis Surrounding the Acquisition

Words: 1468 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Capstone Project Paper #: 85465086

The advantage on the other hand is of the retrieval of relevant and solid findings based on which the adequate strategies can be implemented.

4. The congruence model

According to the Mind Tools website, the "congruence model is based on the principle that an organization's performance is derived from four elements: tasks, people, structure, and culture. The higher the congruence, or compatibility, amongst these elements, the greater the performance" (Mind Tools, 2010). The advantage of the model is that of simplifying the issues promoted by the previous models and revealing an analysis structure constructed onto four elements alone. This implies lower task complexities and leads to more efficiently retrieved results. However, it could also lead to sometimes irrelevant findings as it does not take into consideration elements outside the organization, such as the socio-economic climate. In other words, this model is highly applicable when conducting an internal audit, but its…… [Read More]

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Organizational Change and Development This Is an

Words: 2900 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 6510770

Organizational Change and Development

This is an article on various aspects of change with special emphasis on the factors for change and subsequent OD activities. It has 11 sources.

Change is invariable in any management setting though it is concerned with the whole organization or only certain key management roles. Even though change in any form is one of the most contentious issues to deal with, it must be said that change is a very important as it drives an organization towards positive goals. Change must happen from time to time and may be termed as positive or negative depending on the tangible effects that it creates in the organization. For example computerization may be called as a progressive change when we consider the rise in efficiency of the whole organization. However, too much computerization will also reduce the human element in the company and may bear heavily on the…… [Read More]

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Organizational Diagnosis of Palm

Words: 2397 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Capstone Project Paper #: 40614387

Organizational Diagnosis of Palm

Palm Computing had reinvented the hand held computer market overnight with the line of PalmPilot and similar devices geared to the mobile gadget industry. According to Clancy (1999), "Palm Computing ultimately sold faster than the videocassette recorder, the color TV, the cell phone, even the personal computer that was its great-grandfather. Introduced in April 1996, within 18 months Palm Computing had shipped more than 1 million units of the handheld and some estimate there were 2 million Palm devices shipped in 1998 alone." (Clancy, 1999)

Such incredible demand for Palm Computing's products were a function of the brilliant and innovative management and design team that launched and built the company. The two prominent executives of the company, responsible for developing product and marketing, and product releases, were Jeff Hawkins and Donna Dubinsky.

According to Clancy (1999), "In Hawkins, Silicon Valley has one of its most independent,…… [Read More]

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Organizational Design Hax and Majluf's

Words: 710 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85299139

Ultimately, this explains why organizations that are motivation oriented succeed while those that are non-motivation oriented fail. It is because when employees are motivated, they yield maximum positive results leading to the success of the organization. Therefore, motivation is goal oriented thus it cannot be placed outside the precincts of any business whether non-profit, profit or private (Dessler, 2006).

Because we have recognized the employees' needs, the ultimate success of an organization depends on the ability of the organization to develop sufficient values to compensate employees. Workers should be looked at, from a perspective of non-economic, economic and personal satisfaction. The current business environment is increasingly becoming competitive because employers are pressured to meet the needs of employees. Failure to this, organizations and employers are poised to lose creative and talented experts. This is because these professionals will leave the organization for those organizations that are willing and ready to…… [Read More]

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Organizational Behavior - Terminology and

Words: 826 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 52555239

Besides being the process through which information is exchanged throughout the organization, communication is a critical job skill because it directly influences the management of interpersonal relationships. This is true at the organizational as well as the individual level. Indeed, this is precisely the reason why organizations need to focus on important aspects of effective interpersonal communication, including communication systems, perception, verbal and nonverbal communication, networks and channels, listening and feedback, symbolic behavior, and the impact of organizational structure and culture (Harris, 1993, p. 284).

Organizational Effectiveness and Efficiency: Organizational effectiveness is measured using established criteria of organizational performance such as achievement of stated business goals. Organizational efficiency, on the other hand, looks at the ability of an organization to achieve its goals using the bare minimum of resources. In other words, organizational efficiency is all about "doing things right" in order to bring about maximum utilization of resources, while…… [Read More]

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Organizational Behavior the Columbia Space

Words: 1971 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 45448033

The final form of the proposed course of action is as follows:

1. Employees would be offered training programs in order to increase their confidence in the institution - these trainings would first be offered to administrative staff, namely managers, who would then be able to better supervise the NASA operations, identify and propose solutions to the encountered limitations. The programs would also prepare employees for the changes that are about to be implemented. They would help in increasing on the job satisfaction and reducing reticence to change.

2. Changes in the organizational culture - NASA would make it clear that they encourage open communication. They should ask all staff members to report any operational or safety shortages. The previous overconfident image would be shattered and the organization would recognize the new realities and adapt to them 3. They should request new funds - their endeavors would take place at…… [Read More]

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Organizational Behavior Modern Organizations Are

Words: 1491 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 39507188

It keeps the company moving forward in new and interesting directions. This approach is how they have been able to provide ideas that help people around the world connect, create and accomplish a lot of spectacular things. This has allowed their people who are experts in so many areas be successful. These areas of expertise include marketing, finance, HR, sales, IT infrastructure, personal computing devices, business technology solutions, global services, and imaging and printing. They believe that when you bring great minds together in over 170 countries, each person has a hand in driving the innovations that make the world a better place (Hewlett-Packard, 2009).

The Santa Rosa Systems Division of Hewlett Packard (SRSD) was created in 1992 in order to target a new systems integration opportunity in the ever growing communication business sector. In 1994 SRSD faced many challenges that threatened its success as well as that of its…… [Read More]

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Organizational Analysis of Family Farms

Words: 2686 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 59552122

This last point is especially important: Corporate culture is primarily the purview of a company's management and of its leaders. It is something that top executives in a company attempt to manage through a number of strategies.

Such attempts to manage the culture of a company are often highly unsuccessful, and an examination of many -- if not most attempts -- to bring about changes within a business tend to fail precisely because managers work to impose changes through a ready-made shift in corporate culture in which employees (as well as the managers themselves) are asked to make a number of changes in a short period of time without any time to allow these changes to be internalized, examined, adapted, and "owned" as being an authentic expression of the ways in which business is done in that organization.

The following description of organizational culture emphasizes the difference between corporate…… [Read More]

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Organizational Learning Week 8 Discussion Question in

Words: 703 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88619815

Organizational Learning

Week 8 Discussion Question in working responses Discussion Question choose examples experience find cases Web discuss. Credit references make relevant examples real companies. Analyze journal article, Schilling, J.

Week 8 discussion question: Organizational learning article review

Organizational learning is deemed to be a critical component of individual learning: without 'organizational' learning, individual learning cannot take place in the workplace -- yet individuals make up the workplace so conversely individual learning is critical for OL to take place. Although this concept seems somewhat esoteric, Schilling & Kluge note in their literature review of the subject that "because individuals learn as representatives of their organization…all knowledge acquired must be retained appropriately (in the form of documents, routines, processes and structures, for instance) for it to remain available, even if an individual leaves the organization" (Schilling & Kluge 2008: 339).

Personal, organizational, and social barriers can exist to the fundamental OL…… [Read More]

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Organization Restructuring With the Ever Growing Concept

Words: 702 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37016351

Organization Restructuring

With the ever growing concept of globalization and the continuous changes going around in this world, staying up-to-date is of utmost importance. Today's organizations are a part of this ever changing world and learning and keeping track of these changes is a key necessity if these organizations want to survive. (Gowing, Kraft & Quick)

Organizations are made of humans and thus they can be classified as human systems. Whenever an organization wants to develop and take one step ahead it is necessary that first the human element is satisfied. Organizations can be said to be dynamic structures. If the pieces that make it do not work together in harmony the organization will eventually shatter. For any organization to develop it is quite important that changes be bought about to it on a regular basis, not only in the overall strategies but also operational tactics and other practices. Any…… [Read More]

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Organizational Climate Compare and Contrast Organizational Command

Words: 1277 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85179207

Organizational Climate

Compare and Contrast organizational (command) climate with organizational culture.

Organizational climate is the recurring patterns of behavior, attitudes and feelings that characterize life in an organization or company. It is used to describe the dimensions of the environment at work. The factors that determine organizational climate are leadership, organizational structure, historical forces, standards of accountability, standards of behavior, communication, rewards, trust, commitment, vision and strategies, and organizational correctiveness.

Leadership is a factor since the leader has a powerful influence on the expectations and manners of everyone in the company. The leader needs to strategize and methodize the alterations needed to compete in the future as well as the best ways to integrate everyone in the company to gain commitment. Organizational structure is important since how the company organizes itself is a reflection as to what it considers critical to its success and reflects the commitment and values of…… [Read More]

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Organization Financing Toyota -- Evaluate

Words: 448 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 91076538

As a result the "Driving for Higher Performance" campaign (note the play on words of the company's general mission to produce better and better cars every year) Toyota is "now able to zero in on where there are major fluctuations" that deviate from its overall mission of excellence and "drill down on variances that could impact the forecast for the balance of the year," according to Doi. (Ozzimo, 2006) the use of profit center segmentation enabled Toyota to quickly reallocate its resources to meet the heightened demand in the U.S. For new models like the Prius hybrid and the Scion (Ozzimo, 2006).

The approach of CFO Doi is embedded with the approach of the entire company's focus on continual improvement. Doi has also had to deal with legal issues, such as company compliance with Sarbanes-Oxley as well has higher benchmarks for cost reduction, corporate compliance, and value creation (Ozzimo, 2006).…… [Read More]

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Organizational Change Given the Rapid

Words: 911 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76050835

This is where the Emotional Intelligence (EI) of a leader becomes critical (McEnrue, Groves, Shen, 173, 174). To the extent a leader can nurture and create trust with their subordinates is to the extent they can create a positive perception of change, where employees identify and even own parts of the processes critical for change to strategies, systems, processes and procedures to be successful. It is in the approach leaders take to managing change and gaining ownership among employees that lasting change can be successfully managed. Resistance to change cannot be accomplished through formal channels; there must be a more transformational role to managing organizational change that is more dependent on a leader's ability to inspire confidence in their judgment and abilities than blind faith in their position level in the organization.

Trust in Leaders is Critical for Lasting Organizational Change

The ability of a leader to have a transformational…… [Read More]

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Organization Behavior People Resourcing and Development --

Words: 2149 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 34894701

Organization Behavior

People Resourcing and Development -- Case Study Report

People Resourcing and Development

People Resourcing and Development -- Case Study Report

Organizations need to implement effective HR policies at their workplace in order to manage their human capital in an effective an efficient fashion. These policies are designed in the light of local laws and regulations on different industrial relation issues like anti-discrimination and equality, cultural diversity management, recruitment of right individuals at the right positions within the workplace, and others. This paper presents a case study report on the human resource management policies of EasyGlaze Ltd. -- a growing organization that intends to hire individuals and managers at different organizational levels in order to meet the increased need of human capital for its expanded business operations. The paper is divided into four major sections. The first part describes the anti-discrimination and equality legislation that EasyGlaze will have to…… [Read More]

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Organizational Culture What Impact Might

Words: 428 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 72951789

These organizations tend to embrace change, but because of a quick flow of persons in and out of the organization, the organizational change plan may not be as thoroughly instated, because employees are impatient to see results and may leave before the benefits of change are realized. A club culture, where the most important requirement for employees in the culture is to fit into the group, when employees start at the bottom and stay with the organization like military and some law firms is likely to be as resistant to change as an academy culture, and may have the added drawback that even higher-ups of the organization lack the confidence in the concept of change to provide effective leadership over the course of a change plan. Finally, a fortress culture where employees have timely, specialized skills like large car companies or volatile financial institutions, are more likely to embrace change…… [Read More]

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Organizational Control This Report Aims to Present

Words: 402 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 12982624

Organizational Control

This report aims to present slides on organizational control. As the consultant for an organization that is growing rapidly, I believe that the company can control the rate of growth in the areas of employee expansion and the span of control. The key is top-down development, training and trust. This report therefore aims to define the concept of control, identify the current and future benefits for the organization, and to make recommendations for control actions to take right now.

Control is the ability to create and maintain all aspects of a multi-agent organization. The current trend is that the company will continue to grow and one person will no longer be able to handle everything. Therefore, it is critical to develop a larger and more complex multi-person management team that can tackle the responsibilities of this future growth. Currently, the president handles the accounting for example. In the…… [Read More]

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Organizational Behavior Terminology and Concepts American Companies

Words: 1289 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 77806235

Organizational Behavior

Terminology and Concepts

American companies have suffered in recent years. In their efforts to reduce cost, restructuring and downsizing have affected almost every organization either directly or indirectly. These attempts to 'right the ship' so to speak will cause problems for these organizations in the terms of their ability to perform in the long-term. Organizational behavior has been cast aside in too many areas which entails that these companies have shown poor leadership by trying to capitalize on technological breakthroughs as opposed to building the human resource aspects of their businesses. This paper is a summary of some organizational behavior concepts and terminologies that are affected by the quest for profits. Through readings, articles, and my personal experiences, I have summarized what I feel can be construed as organizational behavior, culture, diversity, communication, effectiveness, efficiency and learning. I have been blessed by the fact that I hold a…… [Read More]

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Organizational Management at British Airways

Words: 1186 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 68565769

British Airways takes care of the retirement of their employees by developing numerous retirement and financial plans. The airline company also stimulates their staff by offering them specialized training which also adds more value to the organization. Then, the employees are offered specialized assistance in resolving their personal problems and also consultancy and legal aid with problems such as divorce or adoption (British Airways 2007 Annual Report). And a final and most important procedure is that of integrating the employees into the British Airways corporate culture and aligning their individual goals with the overall goal of the organization.

The strategies implemented to better organize and increase the efficiency of the human resource have managed to retrieve the desired outcome. And proof of this stand the reduced number of employees, in the international context of increased profits, flights and satisfied customers.

Organizing the Physical Assets

British Airways belies that it is…… [Read More]

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Organizational Development of All Areas

Words: 882 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70696228

This led to an entirely new, and often less manageable, organizational structure becoming more prevalent in Accenture. As a result of the individualized intervention not completely working, Accenture focused on re-defining teams based on the customer groups they served. This was different than industry-based vertical practice segments including banking, manufacturing, or services and instead sought to re-define knowledge workflows based on customer centricity. The use of business process management (BPR)-based interventions to create more of a customer-centric mindset is critically important for re-orienting a culture to be more accountable in the use of knowledge (Kok, Biemans, 2009).

Interventions are also made more difficult when it investments must be aligned to process workflows that are re-designed to allow them to be more efficient and cost-effective. Interventions that involve the re-alignment of it and processes so they can become more customer centric run a higher risk of failure as a result (Lee,…… [Read More]

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Organizational Culture Management Gender Differences

Words: 1792 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 85203290

It is therefore extremely difficult for the government
to rapidly achieve its proposed initiatives. A lack of resources also
plays into this problem, suggesting that it is not appropriate to judge the
effectiveness of public officials according to the private sector
Still, it might be possible to improve the impression which the public
holds of its officials by placing a greater emphasis on efficiency,
customer service, cleanliness and accessibility in public facilities such
as the above-mentioned. Devoting greater care to those aspects of
government responsibility that establish organizational culture, it may be
possible to alter the way that such agencies are immediately experienced by
the public, thus causing less suspicion or mistrust for the legislative
activities which take place behind the closed doors of a council.
It is not uncommon for organizational culture to reflect the cultural
identity of the sector or national culture in which it practices its…… [Read More]

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Organizational and Leadership Analysis at Texas General Hospital

Words: 1219 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 17081061

The mission of the organization stress on the commitment towards the provision of quality services to the community with the aim of obtaining and ensuring improved health condition.

Culture of the Organization

The organization benefits on the punctuality of the employees. New employees are aware of this culture through extensive orientation to make them concerned on the regulations, rules, and the need to reach the offices on time. This makes the organization unique among other institutions thus effective towards the achievement of the goals and objectives.

Profit or Non-Profit Organization

The organization is a non-profit entity in that the mission focuses on the collective gain or well-being of the society. The organization is exempted from taxation system with the aim of enhancing the welfare of the community. The organization has the ability to make profits directed towards the achievement of the goals and objectives of the institution. Some part of…… [Read More]

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Org Behavior FedEx Has a

Words: 1938 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 22233726

For their part, the employees at Kinko's were wary of change, having just suffered through several years of "change" at the hands of their investment firm owners. FedEx wished to instill their own systems on Kinko's but were not sure how to affect that sort of organizational change.

Ultimately, change at Kinko's has come slowly, primarily through attrition. In an attempt to further impose organizational change on Kinko's, FedEx has just announced they will change the name of the unit to FedEx Office. Yet the entire experience is an example of how even a company with as strong and well-supported culture as FedEx can run into problems in disseminating that culture throughout all parts of its organization.


For the most part, FedEx has successfully built a corporate culture that best supports its business model. The structures that support the culture - human resources, communications, motivation - are well-integrated and…… [Read More]

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Organizational Psychology Definition of Organizational

Words: 879 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43788775

(Work and Organizational Psychology)

What the above quotation points out is that the complexity and dynamic nature of the modern interconnected and networked world has resulted in an increasingly complex organizational structure. This has necessitated professional insight into the way the individual interact and relate to one another in the organization - which is basically the function that the organizational psychologist performs.

Organizational psychology is therefore concerned with aspects such as how people within the organization manage their conflicts and factors that make for good leadership in a complex working environment with many different sections or departments and interactive elements. The area of communications which has become such an important part of modern management and leadership philosophy, is also an areas to which the organizational psychologist contributes.

Another area in which organizational psychology is important is the teaching and development of staff members, as well as in the selection of…… [Read More]