Police Training Essays (Examples)

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Roles of a Police Psychologist in an

Words: 2003 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32674037

Roles of a Police Psychologist in an Investigation

The following paper describes the roles played by a police psychologist in an investigation of a situation in which a former police officer has been killed. The police force constantly takes risks to save the lives and belongings of the people they serve. This force is known for its bravery and courage but when a situation involves the homicide of a former member of their own group, they are faced with extra trouble as their own safety becomes a concern for them. In addition to that, the pressure from media exacerbates the problem for the police force. In this case, the police force needs psychological support which is given to them by a police psychologist.

Introduction

Police offers face severe stress in their day-to-day routine. They risk their lives and their families in order to fulfill the duty assigned to them. Their…… [Read More]

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Discretionary Situations for a Police Chief Discretion

Words: 3257 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 54191559

Discretionary Situations for a Police Chief

Discretion in the Police Department

Discretionary Situations in Criminal Arrests: "Stop" and "Frisk," Racial Profiling

The expectation is that public administrators apply a balancing act in the decision making process. Focus for this study is on law enforcement administrators, especially police chiefs, on their responses to their officers' discretion to criminal arrests. The argument put forth is that police discretion is limited by managerial and information technology monitoring methods, which direct police officers to adhere to set up procedures (Chan, 2003; Rowe, 2007). Given that police officers usually have the opportunity to make a decision on whether to apply laws. This concept paper finds that there is a close relationship between management decisions and use of discretion. It is on this basis the research will focus on the police chief's management decisions and the use of discretion in two major scenarios.

A police department…… [Read More]

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Nature of Civil Liability Associated With Policing

Words: 1266 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 734367

Civil Liability Associated With Policing

Civil liability and policing

The law enforcement agencies and their officers are widely trusted for upholding the law and implementing the requirements of the law as well as protecting the innocent citizens from those who may want to break the law. However, several instances have seen the law enforcement agencies or officer fall in the trap of facing litigation. Civil liability remains a concern within American policing and it might never stop going in any time in the near future. On several occasions civil lawsuits are filed against police for instance when they violate the civil rights of a citizen, engage in neglect of the law as well as blatant abuse of powers bestowed upon them by the law and the constitution. Police officers as well as their administrators are aware of the possible litigations that normally surface though many citizens are still not aware…… [Read More]

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Community Policing Is a Philosophy That Endorses

Words: 929 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95062452

Community policing is a philosophy that endorses organizational strategies, which support the orderly use of partnerships and problem-solving techniques, to proactively address the immediate conditions that give rise to public safety issues such as crime, social disorder, and fear of crime (Community Policing Defined, n.d.).

Customarily, police organizations have responded to crime after it takes place and, therefore, are planned to support routine patrol, rapid response to calls for service, arrests, and follow-up investigation. Community policing calls for a more strategic and thoughtful integration of these aspects of police business into an overall broader police mission focused on the proactive prevention of crime and disorder (The Role of Traditional Policing in Community Policing, 2008).

Community policing advocates for the strategic application of routine patrol that is conducted with an eye toward preferred outcomes. Rather than just conducting routine patrol because that is how it has always done it, routine patrol…… [Read More]

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Criminal Justice - Police Police

Words: 1171 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 46320149

Gerber (2001) studied 75 precincts of New York City and 154 police teams to determine whether male and female police officers appeared to have different personality traits because male officers typically have a higher status than do women in American society; this investigation made it clear that the personalities individuals adopt are fluid, and that the status model of police personalities suggests that officers' perceptions of their personality traits vary with their status. "The critical test of the model involves individual status," she says, "the status of each officer vis-a-vis the partner" (p. 39). While everyone is probably familiar with the "good cop-bad cop" interrogation techniques used in motion pictures and television productions, this dichotomy of personalities is actually a standard characteristic of police personalities, although perhaps not to this degree or purpose (Gerber, 2001).

Based on the status model of personality, there is a distinct "pecking order" in place…… [Read More]

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Job Description-Police Officer Police Officer

Words: 308 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 54021608

Moreover, due to the dynamic nature of the position, sensitivity to the diversity in society must exist, including tolerance of all genders, races, states of physical condition, and lifestyle choices.

STATEMENT of EQUAL OPPORUNITY- in the spirit of the requirements of the position of Police Officer, no candidate shall be excluded from consideration for the position based upon gender, race, political affiliation, or choice of lifestyle, provided that these traits do not disqualify the candidate in terms of the ability to perform the duties of the job. With all of this in mind, all interested candidates are encouraged to pursue this opportunity to serve the community, maintain the peace, and contribute to the enrichment of the communities in which the Police Officer serves.

Police Officer Job Description… [Read More]

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Improving Public Relations between the Police Department and the Citizens

Words: 5895 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22172329

Abstract

In the wake of numerous public complaints as well as allegations within the last two years that point towards excessive use of force by police officers in the apprehension of suspects within the city, there is need to develop a brief that explores the various measures that could be adopted in seeking to enhance our officers’ relations with the community while at the same time attempting to minimize instances of unnecessary aggression and use of force. In essence, in seeking to effect arrests, officers should utilize force that is not only commensurate with the risk posed, but also objectively reasonable. The relevance of formulating blueprints and implementing strategies meant to address the use of force as well as promote or advance the de-escalation of scenarios that turn violent cannot be overstated. In seeking to comprehensively address the issue raised by members of the public regarding the use of force…… [Read More]

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Value of Educating Police Officers

Words: 1077 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85552772

POLICE OFFICER REQUIRE ASSOCIATES DEEGREE CRIMINAL JUSTICE CLOSELY RELATED FIELD?

POLICE OFFICERS, DEGREE IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE, AND OTHER QUALIFICATIONS

Police Officers, Associates Degree in Criminal Justice, and Other Qualifications

Police Officers, Associates Degree in Criminal Justice, and Other Qualifications

Police officers are individuals empowered by the government to limit civil disorder, protect property, and enforce the law. They are normally charged with the detection and prevention of crime, apprehension of criminals and maintenance of law and order. The minimum training and education required in order to become a police officer mainly varies among individual agencies, departments, and states. The education requirements largely depend on the position or rank that the individual is seeking. This report endeavors to explain whether the police officer is required to have at least an Associates' degree in Criminal Justice or any other close related field. It also explains whether police officers' education level plays a…… [Read More]

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Ethical Considerations in Police Work

Words: 905 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 67131128

Lead by Example

Field training officers do not merely instruct rookie officers in the technical protocols pertinent a job description: they also set the moral tone for the organization. When an officer acts unethically in front of a rookie, it places the rookie in an uncomfortable situation: he or she can go along with his or her commanding officer as he or she is supposed to -- and thus act unethically -- or he or she can be true to his or her convictions but then seem to be defying the dictates of the police force at an early, critical stage in his or her career. "The solidarity norm of police and corrections officer subculture constitutes fertile ground for officer wrongdoing" given the 'us vs. them' dynamic of officer culture (Jones & Carlson 2004: 99).

Interestingly, New York City was recently criticized for having over-zealous new officers staffing its 'stop…… [Read More]

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Stress Among the Police

Words: 680 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 71769730

Stress Among Police

Police officer stress

Stress among the police force

Police workforce remains an environment that is highly stressful being an occupation that a person has to deal with physical dangers and risking their lives any time they are working. Research indicates that the prevalent stress warning signs that need to deal with immediately they appear are sudden behavior changes in behavior, erratic work behavior, increase of sick time because of minor problems, failure to preserve a train of thought, and extreme worrying.

This stressful condition that one police may be subjected to needs to be solved as soon as it is note or even frequent diagnosis conducted since the stress has a high likelihood of affecting the entire group due to the cohesiveness that the police force shares. The police have that peculiar kind of cohesiveness around them due to several factors that are common among them. Firstly,…… [Read More]

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Criminal Justice Police Corruption Is

Words: 1055 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94756018

New officers learn organizational principles as they are socialized into the police traditions. Ultimately, new officers display acceptance of these principles by way of their dealings in the neighborhoods that they serve. The knowledge of work-related principles is an important issue in formative efficiency of officers, the height of job fulfillment, the value of police and community relations, and the triumphant achievement of organizational socialization (Engelson, 1998).

Breaking the code of silence amongst officers in order to investigate corruption correctly would require infiltrating the organizational culture that has been established within police forces around the world, and I'm not sure that this would be so easy to do. Being part of the group is something that is part of the culture and ingrained in officers from the beginning. In part this is due to the essence of the job and in another part is just a faction of human bonding.…… [Read More]

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Local Police Agencies at the Local Agencies

Words: 1189 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43387518

local police agencies at the local, agencies, local, state, and federal level organized to identify principal roles and functions of the police organization in the application of law.

Various Types of Police Agencies

Various levels and types of policing agencies exist including local, state, and federal policing agencies. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics in its Occupational Outlook Handbook: Police and Detectives (2010-11 Ed.) individuals who are qualified are those most likely to have favorable job option. Competition for State and Federal agency jobs in State and Federal agencies is great. (U.S. Department of Labor, 2010-11)

Uniformed police officers are reported to be those with responsibility for enforcement of general law through maintaining regular patrols and providing response to calls and spending a great deal of time completing paperwork and responding to calls for assistance. Urban police are active in what 'community policing' stated to be a practice "in…… [Read More]

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Establishing a Community Policing Program

Words: 5970 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 54696928

According to Rohe and his colleagues, though, "Over time, however, there has been a tendency for departments to expand their programs to involve a larger number of officers and to cover wider geographic areas. Besides these special units, a number of police departments also expect all of their officers to embrace the principles of community policing and to undertake at least some community problem-solving activities" (Rohe et al., 1996, p. 78).

Constraints to Implementation study by Sadd and Grinc in 1994 concluded that, of all the implementation problems these programs faced, "the most perplexing... was the inability of the police departments to organize and maintain active community involvement in their projects" (p. 442). Hartnett and Skogan suggest that because every community is unique, the implementation problems will likewise be local in nature but there have been some consistent problems reported with implementation across the country that can serve as a…… [Read More]

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Human Resources Development and Training

Words: 1624 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 86644691



Off the job training is implemented in a location different from the actual place of employment. The more common methods of off the job training include the day releases (through which the employees take the day off work to engage in the training program), distance learning, block release courses, sandwich courses or self-study. The main advantages of this method are that the quality of the results is increased, as the commitment is also higher. Additionally, the trainees come to capitalize on the expertise of various specialists and can become more knowledgeable and confident employees. Still, despite these advantages, off the job training is not suitable for diversity efforts at the Police Departments; it is costly and it induces the loss of work (Tutor2U).

Last, the behavioral methods of training include processes such as games and simulations, behavior modeling efforts, business games, case studies, equipment stimulators or role plays (Training and…… [Read More]

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Budgeting for Police Managers Although

Words: 1389 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 74453450

In this regard, Garner adds that, "A safety-smart leader realizes that while a $10 flashlight purchased in bulk at the local discount store may put out enough light to read a driver's license, a 20,000 candlepower light that sets the department back $90, may make all the difference in the world when the officer holding it faces an armed offender one dark night. Little things like that are not lost on the troops" (p. 92). In fact, as to budget priorities, Garner (1998) suggests that officer training and safety considerations should be at the very top of the police manager's list: "A competent police manager encourages and demands an organizational environment where safety is valued, taught and practiced. He mandates that supervisors and managers role model, inspect, reward and correct for safety. He assures that the very best safety training and equipment is made available to his personnel" (p. 92).…… [Read More]

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Proactive Policing

Words: 6206 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 42132239

Proactive Policing

There is generally a concept that police respond only after a crime is committed. However, now police do have opportunities to be proactive. Today proactive policing has emerged as the key to a booming future in crime prevention and control. Now police uncompromisingly carries out required investigation and works with citizens and social service groups in order to contain crime-breeding conditions and decrease the rate of street crime.

Proactive/community policing stresses on clarification, forecast and avoidance of crime occurrence. This is done through the investigation of fundamental issues of offenses and chaos and through proactive problem solving for problems that are anticipated to culminate into criminal / anti-social activism, if not controlled at the initial stage.

Outline of the Paper

The article discusses police practices towards controlling crime. Its main emphasis is on analyzing proactive practices adopted in the police systems over the years, translating from the early…… [Read More]

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New York State Police An

Words: 1455 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 29561307



The complete selection process consists of a written examination, on which a candidate must score above a certain percentile and be ranked accordingly, a physical and psychological evaluation, a background investigation and polygraph rest, and a medical examination ("Selection Process," NYSP Recruitment Center, 2008).

The training process

The basic school of training for New York State Troopers is 26 weeks of residential training, cumulating 1,095 hours of training. Classes are given to recruits in a number of areas, including police skills, police science, operations and public interaction relations. The areas of education span a wide array of issues, to include firearm training, first responder and emergency vehicle operations, criminology, DWI enforcement, domestic violence enforcement, department policy on sexual harassment, how to make an arrest, and penal and constitutional law, amongst other topics. Some of the areas of instruction are expected and traditional, such as how to minimize the use of…… [Read More]

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CIA Introduction to Police Theory the Objective

Words: 701 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52222047

CIA Introduction to Police Theory

The objective of this report is to introduce a plan, which will set out the priorities to ensure professional delivery of law enforcement services by law enforcement personnel with this particular police department. This plan will target several critical issues including professionalism and ethical behavior among law enforcement officers since it is critical to maintain integrity in the department and to gain and retain the respect and cooperation of the community in which these officers serve. In addition, prompt and efficient service delivery is a crucial issue for today's law enforcement.

Problems Associated with Service Delivery

It is noted by the International Association of Chiefs of Police that problems exist in today's law enforcement agencies relating to such as racial profiling, citizen complaints on intake investigation issues, as well as problems associated with early identification and intervention strategies. (1999) Finally, the IACP notes that there…… [Read More]

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Moving Training Day Training Day

Words: 1298 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 27703141

These areas are illustrating how Harris is violating numerous aspects of criminal justice procedures and the law. ("Training Day," 2001)

Key Criminal Justice Procedures

In the film, there are a number of criminal justice procedures that are continuously ignored by Harris to include: not following proper procedure to obtain a search warrant, covering up crimes that are committed by himself / other police officers and failing to arrest criminal suspects who are involved in felony related activities. In the case of not follow proper procedure for obtaining a warrant, Harris engaged in these activities twice. This occurred when he raided Sandman's house and gave his mother a Chinese food menu in lieu of warrant. The second time happened, when he paid police officials' money under the table for the warrant. These issues are troubling, as Harris did not collect evidence and go to a judge showing how a crime is…… [Read More]

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Ethics Terrorism and the Future of Policing

Words: 1767 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33398920

Ethics, Terrorism, & the Future of Policing

The devastating attacks on United States soil that took place on September 11, 2001, became the turning point for all police activity. The police mission went from protecting people against day-to-day violence, to protecting a society from foreign attack. Terrorism is defined as "the systematic use of terror [fear] especially as a means of coercion" (merriam-webster.com). It was this idea that something that could not be fully understood, such as a terrorist attack, could indeed cause so many people to be afraid. However, this changed what it meant to be in law enforcement. Despite problems that do exist on a local level, the focus has shifted from making sure that any threat of a potential attack could be prevented. Personal liberties have been violated, discriminatory profiling has risen, and corruption within police force has elevated -- all in the name of terrorism prevention.…… [Read More]

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Small Town Policing Although the

Words: 3483 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 92413790

As a result, more small town police departments today have access to online resources and law enforcement networks. Not surprisingly, these innovations have provided small town police departments with access to the same level of online resources as their larger urban counterparts. For instance, a seminal study by Wasby (1975) found that there was a lack of communication of important Supreme Court decisions to small town police departments. The findings of the Wasby study were likely made obsolete by police administrators' higher educational levels today and by the introduction of Supreme Court opinions and case commentaries on the Internet, thereby providing easy access by small town police departments (Zalman & Smith, 2007).

Likewise, in their analysis of small-town police department information needs, Winn, Bucy and Klishis (1999) emphasize that even in "low-tech, nonmilitarized" settings, small-town police departments are increasingly experiencing the need for the same type of technology that their…… [Read More]

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City Police Departments

Words: 1863 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 56981886

City Police Department

Police departments are professional organizations comprised of men and women who are empowered by society to serve as the guardians of society's well being. Organizations of professionals are characterized by extensive and continuing professional training, shared and understanding of and commitment to the values of the profession, and the desire to improve their communities. This paper discusses a city police department that has demonstrated great success over the years -- the New York City Police Department (NYPD).

Founded in 1845, the NYPD is the biggest municipal police force in the world, the oldest in the United States, and the model on which the other city departments have patterned themselves (Larder and Reppetto, 2000). From a population of about 33,000 in 1790, New York City rapidly became a city of nearly 400,000 by 1845. The old constable system, which had policed New York since the days of the…… [Read More]

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Smallville Police Department as the New Chief

Words: 1434 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50675790

Smallville Police Department

As the new chief of the Smallville Police Department, this job will be a great undertaking. As I take office, it is very important to address many of the problems that this city is facing in order to improve the lives of Smallville residents as well as provide a pleasant and safe environment for the individuals that travel into the city for baseball events, other forms of entertainment or simply those that are travelling through on the interstate. Some specific problems that need to be addressed by the police chief's office include the corruption in the city, the force incidents that are facing our police department as well as the high turnover rate of our police force.

Foremost, an issue that the police department faces is that of force incidents. The track record of department having lost three different civil rights and excessive force lawsuits in the…… [Read More]

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Domestic Terrorism on Policing Since 911 Criminal

Words: 2231 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11072806

Domestic Terrorism on Policing since 911

Criminal justice incorporates government institutional systems and practices that aim at combating and deterring crime, or sanctioning the law offenders through rehabilitation efforts or criminal penalties, all with a goal of upholding social control. The accused persons have entitlement to protection against any investigatory and prosecution power abuses, unless found guilty. Despite all these efforts, criminal activities within the globe has ever been at the peak of both national and international debates as law offenders continue multiplying and violating the laws. Nonetheless, no crime has ever been close to the terror activities or attacks of 9/11 in the dimensions of scope, impacts and loss of human lives. As a result, governments of diverse nations have been at the war front in fighting against terror activities within their areas of jurisdictions, as well as combating terror activities within the entire globe (Innes, 2006). This has…… [Read More]

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Public and Private Policing Functions

Words: 914 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 7564262



The private security field also underwent significant reforms in connection with the qualifications, training, and (especially) vetting of employment candidates as well Ortmeier, 2009). Ironically, instead of recognizing the comprehensive improvement throughout the private security industry after 2001, many police personnel intensified their pre-existing disdain for all non-sworn security professionals instead (Dalton, 2003).

The Conceptual Significance of Public and Private Spaces

One of the worst consequences of the antagonism on the part of police toward private security forces is that the private security industry could actually provide valuable assistance to the overall interest of national, regional, and local security. Whereas the actions of all government policing and law enforcement authorities is very strictly limited by fundamental constitutional principles (especially in connection with 4th Amendment search and seizure concepts), non-governmental security agents can operate with considerably wider latitude (Larsen, 2007). In general, private security personnel may conduct various types of searches…… [Read More]

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Section 1983 Claims for Police Excessive Use of Force

Words: 1559 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 1406648

Excessive Force Liability

The International Association for the Chiefs of Police (IACP) has maintained an updated model policy on the use of force for over two decades (Hough & Tatum, 2012). A number of 'use of force' policies implemented by policing agencies can be found online, but the basic tenets are the following: (1) use only the minimum amount of force necessary to bring a situation under control, (2) deadly force should only be used to prevent death or serious injury to the officer or bystanders (Tennessee v. Garner, 1985), and (3) the determination of an imminent threat of death or serious injury should be based on objective and reasonable evidence (IACP, 2006; Graham v. Conner, 1989). Officers should also warn the intended target that deadly force will be used if they failed to comply when possible (Tennessee v. Garner, 1985).

Based on these guidelines, Officer Jones was not justified…… [Read More]

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Stress Among Police Stress Among the Police

Words: 641 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56086844

Stress Among Police

Stress among the police

Stress among the police force

Police workforce remains an environment that is highly stressful being an occupation that a person has to deal with physical dangers and risking their lives any time they are working. Research indicates that the prevalent stress warning signs that need to deal with immediately they appear are sudden behavior changes in behavior, erratic work behavior, increase of sick time because of minor problems, failure to preserve a train of thought, and extreme worrying. There are many ways, which departments in the police force can deal with stressing the police force. The first mechanism is provision of stress management initiatives to both offices and their spouses. There is a need for identification of officers under stress and offer them counseling to assist in alleviating their stress. Periodic screenings as well as training concentrating on stress management is necessary.

Confidential…… [Read More]

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Community Oriented Policing

Words: 6694 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 38020628

Community Oriented Policing

new and comprehensive strategy against crime: Community Policing:

For the purpose of reducing neighborhood crimes, creating a sense of security and reduce fear of crimes among the citizens and improving the quality of life in the community, the community policing strategy will be proved to be the most effective one. The accomplishment of all these objectives to develop a healthy and clean society can be done by combining the efforts of the police department, the members of the community and the local government. "The concept of community policing is not very new however it has gained attention in last few years. It is an approach to make a collaborative effort between the police and the community in order to identify and solve the problems of crime, societal disorder and disturbances. It combines all the element of the community to find out the solutions to the social problems.…… [Read More]

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Cops and Pops Community- and Problem-Oriented Policing

Words: 1575 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 67097917

COPs and POPs

Community- and problem-oriented policing have been touted by some as representing the biggest changes to policing implemented at the end of the 20th century (reviewed by Maguire and King, 2004). However, as Maguire and King point out, defining these policing innovations is not a straightforward task since there may be as many variations as there are police agencies. This essay will define and contrast these two policing strategies in an attempt to better understand how crime control strategies have changed.

Community Policing

Department of Justice's website devoted to community-oriented policing (COPs) defines community policing as having three components: community partnerships, organizational transformation, and problem solving (Community Oriented Policing Services, n.d.). Under this definition, community not only includes residents, but also other government agencies, groups, nonprofits, service providers, businesses, and the media. Proper implementation of community policing requires police organizational transformation that may impact every corner of the…… [Read More]

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History Policing the Law Enforcement Industry America

Words: 1391 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61646033

History Policing, the Law Enforcement Industry America, Police Role Society and the Functions Policing America; a critical analysis

A critical analysis: History Policing; the Law Enforcement Industry America; Police Role Society and the Functions Policing America

History of Policing

Formalized local government-based policing in America began in the late 1820s in the largest American cities. Early police officers were not considered to be professional with respect to social status. In fact, the terms professional and police were not likely to appear together. Policemen in this historical period were typically not much more than watchmen. It wasn't until the turn of the 20th century that professionalism began to characterize American police. It is mostly agreed that the professionalization of the police in the United States began with the efforts of August Vollmer. (Douthit, 1975).

Vollmer was the first Chief of Police of Berkeley, California, elected as the town Marshall in 1905.…… [Read More]

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Community Policing Model Is Proving to Be an Effective Way of Policing

Words: 1523 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 34053702

Community Policing

Are community policing models an effective way of containing criminal activity and keeping neighborhoods safe? Should a city, town, or suburb adopt a "community policing model" as a way to take the pressure off the professional law enforcement resources? This paper takes the position that trained law enforcement personnel are best able to do the policing in communities. That said, it is true that alert citizens can keep their neighborhoods safer if they are being watchful, but this paper will present research that reflects concerns and doubts as to citizens' competence to police their own communities, and doubts as to the appropriateness of police interacting with neighborhood citizen groups in crime-prevention strategies.

A Case Study of Officer Perceptions

An article in The American Review of Public Administration describes community policing as being based on the notion that "…public safety is best achieved when police and community members work…… [Read More]

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Community Policing Future Changes in

Words: 1508 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 5421121

Frequent town meetings where residents can air concerns to representatives of the force likewise fosters a sense of community empowerment.

Finally, it goes without saying that officers must, to establish trust, always seem ethical and not act as if they are above the law. Not abusing police privileges, not accepting things 'on the house' such as free food, upholding the law when engaging in searches, stops, and seizures, and including ethics training as a part of the education of new officers are all positive steps in this direction. Having a strong and impartial internal affairs department within the force and minimizing events that can generate bad publicity and erode community trust and damage relations with community leaders is likewise essential.

Works Cited

School Safety." (2008). COPS: U.S. Department of Justice. Retrieved 22 Jun 2008 at http://www.cops.usdoj.gov/default.asp?Item=106

Newman, Grahame. (2008). "Check and Card Fraud." COPS: U.S. Department of Justice.

Retrieved 22…… [Read More]

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Improving Police Recruitment

Words: 607 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 5236160

Recruiting and Retaining Police Officers:

• Discuss the difficulties in recruiting, selecting, and retaining police officers. What suggestions can you offer for improving the recruitment, selection, and retention of qualified police officers? Be specific about the traits you would seek in new recruits, and why.

According to the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) report entitled Hiring and keeping police officers, financial cutbacks and negative publicity (particularly in regards to racial profiling) coupled with increased educational requirements has resulted in greater difficulty in recruiting new police officers nation-wide. Further causing shortages in the ability of police to fulfill essential functions is the corresponding increase in training time, often to specifically to expand education in community policing techniques to improve relationships between the police and historically discriminated-against communities. Attrition rates do not seem to be significantly impacted, however.

Regardless, there is a delicate balance that must be maintained between improving the qualifications…… [Read More]

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Protections Against Improper Police Behavior

Words: 678 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79729311

Protections Against Improper Police Behavior

Ladies and Gentlemen,

It is important to note that in seeking to detect and prevent crime as well as when it comes to the apprehension of lawbreakers, you need to be mindful of the various protections accorded to the citizens of this country against improper police behavior.

To begin with, you need to be aware of the various protections the Federal Constitution accords the citizens of this country against any police behavior regarded improper. A good example of the said protections can be found in the Fourth Amendment. The Fourth Amendment according to Travis III (2011) "protects the homes, papers, and possessions of the citizenry from unreasonable searches." Towards that end, in addition to being judicially suctioned, any warrant should be supported by what is referred to as probable cause.

Further, still on the protections accorded to citizens by the constitution against improper police behavior,…… [Read More]

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History of the Police History

Words: 794 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 63144804

Peel's Metropolitan Police were the first modern police force (Grant & Terry, 2012).

Modern police forces were established in the United States in the 1830s and 1840s. As in England, the old system of law enforcement broke down due to urbanization, industrialization, and immigration. Americans borrowed most of the features of modern policing from London: the mission of crime prevention, the strategy of visible patrol over fixed beats, and the quasi-military organizational structure (Walker & Katz, 2011).

The terrorist attacks of 9/11 have resulted in some police agencies becoming involved in matters related to homeland security. Since these attacks police departments have been expanding into new areas of investigation and working more closely with federal law enforcement, intelligence agencies, and the military. Additionally, departments have increased their levels of surveillance over their communities, and are paying more attention to the safety of critical infrastructure (Walker & Katz, 2011).

The first…… [Read More]

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Military Operations Versus Police Operations

Words: 1051 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15995944

MILITARY vs. POLICE INTELLIGENCE

Military Operations vs. Police Operations

What is the best way to gather intelligence?

Strengths and weaknesses of military operations and intelligence vs. police operations and intelligence

Although there are certain similarities between the organization of the military and the police in terms of their hierarchical natures and systems of control, their mentalities regarding intelligence-gathering are very different. This makes the sharing of intelligence all the more crucial between these two protective organizations. A comparison of the military mindset with the police mindset, suggests that law enforcement officials have much to learn from their military counterparts, even though it is not realistic to entirely transpose the military approach to that of police operations.

One obvious advantage the military has in terms of its intelligence and operational capabilities is its international focus. The military has trained specialist intelligence analysts with a specific background in the regions under scrutiny.…… [Read More]

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Program for Training Correctional Officers

Words: 1473 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 359089

Correcting Corrections

Program for training correctional officers

The rehabilitative nature of incarceration depends to a great extent on the environment that an inmate experiences. If an incoming prisoner enters a world filled with corruption, drugs, and crime the potential for rehabilitation is nonexistent. Given the prevalence of corruption among correctional officers (COs), including ties to organized crime and street/prison gangs, reinstating the goal of rehabilitation in prisons and jails will require a dramatic sea change in how oversight activities are conducted. Official recognition of this problem was codified in the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003, which mandated additional training for correctional staff to eliminate sexual abuse and misconduct between inmates and staff. One of the standards proposed is the creation or expansion of internal investigations by specially trained personnel. This essay outlines how an undercover internal investigations unit would be recruited and trained, whose primary purpose is to investigate…… [Read More]

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Sheriff Dept vs Police Dept

Words: 1192 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 99473559

The Magna Charta is apparently responsible for limiting the power of sheriffs in England, meant to lessen the number of abuse cases involving a sheriff physically harming royal subjects with the purpose of collecting taxes. If the colonists had not taken it in the U.S. In the seventeenth century it is likely that the sheriff profession would have ended in England.

While sheriffs in England were perceived as merciless lawmen willing to apply any measure in order to be in agreement with the king's requirements, those in the U.S. were seen as noble men who risked their lives in order to protect the law. U.S. citizens appeared to be supportive regarding the sheriffs in their jurisdiction. Thomas Jefferson was particularly interested in supporting sheriffs in their endeavor to perform their duties, as his book, "The value of Constitutions" states that "there is no honorable law enforcement authority in Anglo-American law…… [Read More]

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Relationships of Police with Minority Groups

Words: 729 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71713716

Introduction
There seems to be a national-level divide between ethnic/racial minority populations and law enforcers. Studies indicate a record decline in citizens’ satisfaction with law enforcers, with the Hispanic and African-American communities displaying lowest levels of police force satisfaction. Countrywide statistics for the year 2014, presented by Gallup, suggest that under half the Hispanic population in America and not even thirty-five percent of the African-American population believes they will be treated justly by policepersons (Smoot, 2016). In this paper, the link between minorities and policepersons with regard to racial politics and race will be delved into.
Racial Issues
Linkages between racial/ethnic minority groups and law enforcers pose a few highly complex and persistent policing issues worldwide. Though these associations have the potential of being congenial and positive, they usually aren’t. Minority communities, for instance, largely find they are unable to avail themselves of services they have a right to enjoy,…… [Read More]

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Corrections Police - Criminal Justice Contemporary Problems Within

Words: 952 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91984025

Corrections/Police - Criminal Justice

Contemporary problems within the U.S. correctional system

The rate of lock ups has greatly increased in America at a rate that is higher than most developed nations around the world. According to the human rights watch article, privately run services spiked up in the year 2000 due to the fact that federal prison systems were extremely overcrowded housing more prisoners than any other country in the world. The cost of operating a prison has also become costly. A few years ago, prisoner maintenance averaged around $9,439 a year per prisoner for adult prison and $7,041 for adult jails. These figures exceeded by $20,000 per prisoner in a few states. Construction cost per bed ranged from $25,000 to $50,000. This meant that tax payers had to part with $5 billion construction bill for 800 local state and central institutions (Fangmeier A. Robert, 2012)

Racial discrimination also clearly…… [Read More]

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Intelligence Unit Memo Police Chief I B Friendly

Words: 1120 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82796390

Intelligence Unit Memo

Police Chief I.B. Friendly

Incorporating Intelligence Unit into Department

In modern law enforcement, the sophistication of modern criminal activity, particularly post-September 11th, causes a necessary paradigm shift for 21st century police departments. This shift requires that departments rethink the power of information -- the manner in which it is collected, analyzed, and then used to fulfill the goals of the department. In fact, in 2007, the National Strategy for Information Sharing released by the White House describes the need for fusion information centers as a vital way to succeed in modern law enforcement and critical to the safety of the local community as well as the nation (Porter, 2008).

Historical Background - Prior to 1960, even large, urban Police Departments did not have intelligence units. Resources were combined so that Detectives were at the hierarchy of information analysis; and every member of the department was open to…… [Read More]

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How to Improve Policing Argumentative Essay

Words: 1110 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72568295

Beyond Police Oversight

Oversight by external agencies has been posited as one of the best means of improving the standard of policing in America. In recent years, issues with many police departments have come to the fore, in particular the treatment of minorities by police departments. Issues identified include a lack of consistent training, either on ethics or on operations, that allows bad police to continue to operate, to the detriment of the people whom they are serving, and to the detriment of the reputation of police officers across the country. Scholars have sought to examine the sometimes vague, but broad-based issues faced by police departments in ensuring a high standard of quality, looking at issues of recruitment, training and motivation, all of which go far beyond what external oversight boards can offer. If one is seeking to improve the quality of policing, then it should be understood that the…… [Read More]

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Best Practices in Policing Alcohol

Words: 17761 Length: 40 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 75376793

Of course, it becomes a very difficult matter to overcome sparse levels of availability when they are encountered (e.g. In the more remote regions of Western Australia).

Taken together, the issues suggest that the impact of availability policy on the use of alcohol may be as heterogeneous as patterns of availability themselves. The reduction of one outlet in an urban area has significantly different meaning and implications than the reduction of one outlet in a rural outpost. Similarly, the reduction of one outlet on one side of town has different meaning and implications than the reduction of one outlet on another. In this regard, Heather and Stockwell emphasize that, "The outlet in the rural outpost may be the only one for 300 miles. The bar closed at the end of the street may be frequented by most of the neighbourhood, the bar across town rarely used" (218).

For these reasons,…… [Read More]

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Analyzing the Becoming of a Police Officer

Words: 1045 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37031537

Police Officer

Houston Police Department (Houston City)

A police officer holds the responsibility of maintaining peace and enforcing laws in the community he/she is assigned to. Apart from the basic qualification of graduation from high school, police officers are trained at police academies. There are some who even go in for criminal justice or law enforcement degrees, which aid with career advancement. Recruits into the police force are also administered a succession of examinations determined by the academy they are enrolled in, such as psychiatric review and physical fitness exam. (Study.com)

There are a few primary requirements to be met for being eligible for the police force. Every police department mandates a minimum educational qualification -- a high school completion certificate. Some police divisions pick recruits fresh from high school, but a majority of them have a minimum age requirement of 21 years. Therefore, individuals hired immediately after completing high…… [Read More]

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body worn cameras by Police

Words: 1532 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 55334453

body worn cameras for the police, and the policy for using them.

The Policy

Most police executives claim that their biggest problem is not about the choice of the technology to adopt; it is finding the appropriate combination technologies to use in a particular jurisdiction depending on such factors as its funding levels and crime problems. Deciding on the suitable combination, however, requires one to understand fully how each technology works. Leaders in police departments who have adopted body-worn cameras claim that the cameras are quite beneficial. According to them, the cameras are important in documenting evidence, training officers, resolving and preventing the public's complaints, enhancing police transparency, accountability and performance (Implementing a Body-Worn Camera Program Recommendations and Lessons Learned). Furthermore, since the police can now use the cameras on their cell phones to take video recordings of their encounters, the body-worn cameras ensure that the police departments capture the…… [Read More]

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Criminal Justice Perjury in Policing

Words: 1551 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 96661013

Michigan, in which police officers had failed to satisfy the knock requirement of a "knock and announce" search warrant before obtaining incriminating evidence. The Court decided that technical violations of proper warrant execution in "good faith" of the nature described in Hudson would not trigger the exclusionary rule (Schott, 2006)..

Ultimately, as constitutional criminal procedure developed since Mapp, a balance arose between the need to safeguard the constitutional rights of the accused with the need to preserve the admissibility of evidence when violations associated with its procurement do not rise to the level necessitating its exclusion. More than any other factor, this balance also allowed police the appropriate freedom to perform their assigned function of preventing crime, apprehending criminal suspects, and collecting evidence without having to compromise their ethics and violate their sworn oaths to do so effectively.

References

Cloud, M. (1994) Emory Law Journal, the Dirty Little Secret. Accessed…… [Read More]

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Ethics in Policing

Words: 1028 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69230986

Ethics in Policing

It is crucial for organizations to clearly define ethics and ethical behaviors in the workplace and to also clearly tell its employees what constitutes unethical behavior (Roufa, 2016). There is a strong push to uphold the high ethical standards set for the law enforcement community. However, without clear definition of those ethical standards, such efforts would likely not achieve any significant results.

Our understanding of ethics and ethical conduct is based on our personal and societal values. Personal values are those which are based on our personal experiences, religious beliefs, ethnic and cultural backgrounds. These values are unique to every person, which means they are not the best values to inform our professional conduct. Other values, however, are dear to the entire societies or groups. They are derived from the groups' history and understanding of ethical behavior. This is the proper platform on which to base professional…… [Read More]

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Use of Force by Police

Words: 695 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25289197

Manage Use of Force Ethical Issues

HOW TO MANAGE USE-OF-FORCE ETHICAL ISSUES

This objective of this study is to examine how criminal justice and private security managers and executives are addressing use-of-force issues from an ethical point-of-view.

There is a growing problem in the United States with law enforcement officer's use-of-force under the color of law and their authority requiring that criminal justice and private security managers understand the ethics in relation to police use-of-force.

The research questions in this study include those which ask the following questions: (1) What is being done to ethically address wrongful police use-of-force in their line of duty? (2) What more should be done to ethically address wrongful police use-of-force in their line of duty?

Literature Review

It is reported that ethical misconduct "taints the public perception of police" and that this is extremely "detrimental.to the profession." (Beech, nd, p. 3) It is reported…… [Read More]

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Analyzing Police Discretion Issues

Words: 1008 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15531157

police discretion in connection with mandatory arrest and domestic violence.

What Constitutes Domestic Violence

The term 'domestic violence' refers to an abusive behavioral pattern in a domestic relationship, utilized by a partner for gaining or maintaining control and power over the other intimate partner. It may be emotional, sexual, physical, psychological, or economic threats or actions that one individual in the relationship uses for influencing the other. Domestic violence covers all behaviors that serve to daunt, scare, force, manipulate, sequester, humiliate, blame, threaten, terrorize, wound, hurt, or injure an intimate partner. Domestic violence incidents may be experienced by any individual irrespective of age, race, age, religion, gender, or sexual orientation. It impacts individuals belonging to all educational categories and socioeconomic backgrounds (Domestic Violence -- OVW -- Department of Justice, n.d). Furthermore, it can occur in same-sex as well as opposite-sex relationships, and may occur with married, dating, or cohabiting couples.…… [Read More]

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Terrorism Response and Local Police

Words: 3075 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 3887390

Local Police Response to Terrorism

The Council of State Governments

The council of State Governments is a body of representatives of all states, Territories within the ambit of the U.S. And Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. It is an organization that provides vital data and statistics towards excellence in running the matters of the state. It seeks to enable the three apex institutions, viz., legislature, judiciary and the executive with intellectual inputs with a national perspective, innovative technological tools grooming effective and quality leadership and maintaining the autonomy of the states at the same time. It provides as a base for resolution of intra and inter-sate conflicts and mutually beneficial action plans.

Terrorism

Terrorism is an illegal act of force or violence to exact on any public domain to put the government under duress and thereby extract social or political mileage and seek objectives for a particular community or group. Terrorism,…… [Read More]

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Changing Paradigm in International Policing

Words: 8998 Length: 33 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87743756

The lack of action over Rwanda should be the defining scandal of the presidency Bill Clinton. Yet in the slew of articles on the Clinton years that followed Clinton's departure from power, there was barely a mention of the genocide."

The UN, pressured by the British and the U.S., and others, refused to use the word "genocide" during the event, or afterward when it issued its official statement of condemnation of the genocide in Rwanda.

Since that time, Bill Clinton has said that Rwanda is one of his regrets of his presidency, but that he lacked the information to "fully grasp what was going on in Rwanda."

Reports to the UN and its member states, as reported by William Ferroggiaro (1995), online at http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB119/index.htm, were based on reports via the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), said that there was a "probability" of certain individuals and groups being responsible for certain…… [Read More]

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Revised Sexual Harassment Policy for the Police Department

Words: 3174 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70963616

Revised Sexual Harassment Policy for the Police Department

Purpose
The purpose of this policy is to establish guidelines and procedures for this Police Department regarding prevention of sexual harassment and processes for filing a complaint and investigations regarding alleged sexual harassment.
Policy
This Police Department seeks to create a safe, suitable, and comfortable working environment for all its employees. The Department has a zero-tolerance policy on sexual harassment and prohibits any form of sexual harassment among its workers. Based on the zero-tolerance policy, violation of the policy would result in disciplinary actions including prosecution and termination from employment. Employees are free to make complaints of any sexual harassment incidents without fear of victimization while their confidentiality will be maintained as much as possible. The Department shall not retaliate against its employees for filing such complaints or for cooperation during investigations of sexual harassment complaints.
Guidelines and Considerations
The Police Department…… [Read More]

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Assessing the Use of Deadly Force by Police Officers

Words: 785 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36682443

Deadly Force by Police

Top Ten Ways to Reduce the Use of Deadly Force by Law Enforcement Officers

While the media tends to portray law enforcement's use of lethal force as excessive and widespread, the empirical data shows a very different picture. According to research by the FBI, officers exercised restraint "…in deadly force in 93% of the situations where they legally could have fired their weapons" (Pinizzotto, et al., 2012). Still, progress can be made to reduce the use of lethal force by police officers. This paper offers ten ways to decrease police officers' use of deadly force -- or at least, provide the skills and training to help the office cope with danger.

Today many officers wear bullet-proof vests, but in the future engineers will be able to design bullet-proof clothing, including head gear and face masks that totally protect the officer from being harmed by a suspect's…… [Read More]

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Intelligence Policing and Challenges it Faces

Words: 4020 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83441126

police adopted intelligence-Led policing? What are the problems associated with its implementations?

Over time, policing methods have advanced, with the most recent strategy in improving response time of police being intelligence-led policing (or ILP). ILP is still in its initial developmental stages, is still not wholly understood, and has not yet been adopted by all agencies (Taylor, Kowalyk and Boba 2007). Studying police managers' views and attitudes can help recognize obstacles. Depending on findings of research, when initiating this strategy, top police officers obtain the information required for foreseeing problems and understanding supervisors' mind-set. Strategy transformations spring from shifts in objectives. For instance, London's Metropolitan police was organized by Sir Robert Peel for focusing not on response, but on prevention of crime (Johnson 1988). Improvements were generated through technological advances like automobiles and telephones. These improvements served to lessen response time, as well as expand an officer's patrol coverage (Phillips…… [Read More]

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Illinois Department of Conservation Police Law Enforcement

Words: 4190 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 76268566

Illinois Department of Conservation Police Law Enforcement

The American system of local governance for the purpose of maintaining parks and other recreational areas is political as well as democratic, and is based on certain citizens' awareness and desire to create better living conditions as far as environment is concerned, for the benefit of future generations. This entails preservation and conservation of natural parks and wildlife to a large extent. This is especially true in the case of the citizens of Illinois, who are always on the campaign for more open spaces, more parks, and more as well as better recreational facilities for its citizens. Officials are elected for the purpose of looking after and governing the problems that arise from these forests and natural forest preserves, and these officials do believe and also demonstrate the same determination and strongly idealistic beliefs of their predecessors, of the days gone by. The…… [Read More]

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Multicultural Issues in Policing for

Words: 3136 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 7670914

It became apparent that we have a serious problem in this country and that this problem could undermine attempts to build bridges between different cultural groups. It became an issue at the forefront of law enforcement management.

The Roots of Racial Profiling

Police officers used to be trained to view people of different cultural background as potential suspects for deportation. It went so far that in 1972 taxi drivers in California were ordered to report any suspected illegal aliens to the police (McDonald, 2003). Orders such as these led to the definition that being "American" meant having the same skin color and speaking English as a primary language. The civil rights movement empowered immigrants to voice their opinions based on their racial differences (McDonald, 2003). In 1983 police departments reversed its position and officially announced that they would no longer cooperate with the INS with the removal of the legal…… [Read More]

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Compstat and Its Potentials in Policing

Words: 1417 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43189669

COMPSTAT

FOR MORE EFFECTIVE POLICING

Random Police Patrolling vs. IT Policing Application

The research supported by the National Institute of Justice of the U.S. Department of Justice presented eight major hypotheses on crime prevention by the police (Sherman et al., 1990). The third was random patrolling, which assumed that the more random patrols in public places, the greater the perceived "omnipresence" of police force to discourage crime. Early beat officers checked on specific areas at specific times according to strictly supervised patterns (Reiss, 1992 as qtd in Sherman et al.). The adoption of the Rapid 911 response scheme in automobiles gradually replaced random patrolling. The basis was the perceived unpredictability of patrolling patterns, which would create police omnipresence to discourage crime in public places. Finding of a research came up with weak evidence on the effect of patrolling either in number or variations. It concluded that patrol presence in big…… [Read More]

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History of Police in America

Words: 1579 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 62939784

history of the police department in America. The writer explores why the nation determined police departments were necessary and how they began their ascent to various cities.

Before one can understand the current police departments in America it is important for one to understand how the police came to be viewed as something that was needed. Police departments in America origins have been traced back to early English Society. Before the Norman Conquest there were no police forces that were formally administered and implemented. Instead society depended on something called the pledge system which entailed a type of code of honor. This code said that each village member pledged to protect the entire village against crimes such as thieves and murderers. If any member of the village saw something occurring they were honor bound to make such a fuss the rest of the village would be alerted. They as well…… [Read More]

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Paramilitarism Within Police Organizations and

Words: 1120 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 59923522

Finally, the use of military authority and dress, and the adherence to a set of rules that is not observed by the public the police serves can contribute to an 'us vs. them' mentality that is not conducive to creating positive relations between the police and community the police are supposed to serve. (O'Connor, 2004) final contributor to a hostile police and community relations is the development, as a result of this paramilitary emphasis on 'us' (the police) versus 'them' (the civilians who presumably do not understand the dangers and stresses of policing), of what Jerome Skolnick called "the policeman's working personality." A sense of constant professional danger reinforced by one's fellow officers and through the paramilitary, formalized training all policeman face. The policeman becomes a continually suspicious person, constantly aware that persons he or she deals with outside of the ranks of his or her fellow officers may break…… [Read More]

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Comprehensive Security Plan for the Maryland Public Safety Education and Training Center

Words: 2800 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 93714031

Security Plan for the Maryland Public Safety Education and Training Center

This paper will focus on a security plan designated for the Maryland Public Safety Education and Training Center. Here emphasis will be given on many things including facility assets that require protection, various threats which are directed towards the assets and the probability of loss. It is important to note that there are many complexes and facilities associated with the main training center and any plan offered should be a standard blueprint that can be applied at any of the facilities and all of them should be able to get interconnected with each other. Therefore, it is the purpose of this paper to focus on that blueprint.

Introduction with brief overview

The Maryland Public Safety Education and Training Center is situated in Sykesville, Maryland. The facility is generally divided in two main centers which totals to about seven hundred…… [Read More]