Postmodernism Essays (Examples)

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Waste Land French Lieutenant the

Words: 4164 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35242335

(Eliot, 1971).

The Subjective over the Objective

Modernism was a reaction against Realism and its focus on objective depiction of life as it was actually lived. Modernist writers derived little artistic pleasure from describing the concrete details of the material world and the various human doings in it. They derived only a little more pleasure from describing the thoughts of those humans inhabiting the material world. Their greatest pleasure, however, was in expressing the angst, confusion, and frustration of the individual who has to live in that world. (Merriam-Webster, p. 1236).

Modernist writers used novel means for expressing these newly intense emotions. They did not always express the individual's confusion and frustration by relating the inner discourse of the individual. Instead, they manipulated the structure, style, and content of their works to cultivate a certain effect on the reader. (Baym, Vol. D, p. 17). They wanted to convey the experience…… [Read More]

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Mid Century Modern Architecture

Words: 2667 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 81807660

Architecture

It is interesting to learn that Mid-Century modern is really an architectural, interior and creation purpose procedure that normally defines mid-20th century expansions in modern blueprint, architecture, and urban expansion from approximately 1933 to 1965. The period, occupied as a style descriptor even during the mid-1950s, was reiterated in 1983 by author Cara Greenberg in the name of her manuscript, Mid-Century Modern: Furniture of the 1950s, which celebrating the style which is now documented by researchers and museums all over the world as a noteworthy design movement. With that said, this paper will discuss the architecture of the Stahl and Neutra Houses that were visited on a tour in Los Angeles, California.

Stahl House

One of the first stops that we landed at was the Stahl house which we learned had a very interesting background. Upon entering, it was brought our attention that a man named Julius Shulman, who…… [Read More]

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Greasy Lake Gregory Clayton Greasy Lake Is

Words: 2125 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 18842699

Greasy Lake

Gregory Clayton

"Greasy Lake" is one of the most notable, readable and critically acclaimed contemporary short stories written by T. Coraghessan Boyle. The fact that he took the a line and an idea from the iconic, venerable rock star Bruce Springsteen has gained Boyle's book a lot of press although the story stands on its own as a piece of biting social satire, mixed with humor and drenched in bad behavior, felonious sexual behaviors, and alcohol. Not all critics praise this story, however, because though well written, it is very dark, sometimes it stretches credulity a bit too far, and the behavior of the characters is mindlessly violent and morally bankrupt.

The Greasy Lake Story

"…Thirty-three percent of teenagers experience problems at home, school, work or the in community stemming from substance abuse. The fact that teenagers become addicted more quickly than adults contributes to these problems… between…… [Read More]

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Complexity as a Driver of Organizational Structure

Words: 554 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85270930

Complexity as a Driver of Organizational Structure Technology

Complexity as a driver in organizational structure and technology is ostensibly an attempt to create value as a function of technological innovation. However, the question of uncertainty arises when technological progress is exceedingly complex. In fact, according to a study (Perrow, 1973), there are technologies that are highly complex yielding uncertainty in performance and "availability of inputs, and the variability of the transformation process. More complex technology leads to more uncertainty, fewer programmed decisions, and a greater use of discretion." (Perrow, 1973)

If such complexity in technological systems causes these issues, then why do organizations elect to invest into this complexity? According to Perrow (1973), "Technology is often seen as tools or equipment that converts inputs into outputs of some kind. This is not the only definition of technology, it is a modernist view, but even they introduce the terms of core,…… [Read More]

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Semiotic Analysis of Korean Print Advertisements

Words: 4899 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: 'Data Analysis' chapter Paper #: 25291098

language is defined by a unique grammar, every culture and society is also defined by a unique visual grammar. This latter is usually much less obvious even to the "natives" of a culture. One reason for this lack of transparency of visual grammar is that it is not explicitly taught in the same way that linguistic grammar is. Another reason that the visual grammar of any society is less obvious to its members is that there is not necessarily a single correct reading. Linguistic grammar is a cultural phenomenon that exhibits a high level of consensus. As such, it serves as a model for those aspects of culture over which the individual has very little control and yet are individually highly significant.

Individuals may vary in their choice of vocabulary; however, they rarely disagree fundamentally on how a sentence should be constructed. Another way of expressing this idea is that…… [Read More]

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Truth About Truth the Postmodern

Words: 312 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 15649751

Truth and virtue were the answers to man's overriding problems.

Reading this book, however, does not make one feel that the times are a recreation of the Renaissance when new ideas and concepts abounded. Rather, with the extension of globalization and the development of the "flat" world, it appears instead that the Western world with its industrialization and capitalistic needs will win out. In the past there were always differences between cultures and novelties and exotica from various societies.

Will that still be the case when the same products are manufactured and sold worldwide and what is desired in India is desired in the United States and in China? Will the postmodern world be stagnation rather than a renaissance?

Anderson, Walter Truett. Truth about Truth. New York: Putnam, 1995.… [Read More]

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Postmodernization of Sex and Gender

Words: 428 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 4614020

However, he only provides one specific example of how in many other cultures, people are not solely homosexual or heterosexual, but engage in a wide variety of behaviors that are not tied to a fixed social and personal identity. Also, it is difficult to conceive of how Western society will look in the projected, postmodern future, given that sexuality and identity have been conjoined in the popular imagination for so long. What would society really look like, if a postmodern idea of sexuality became the norm? Simon says that things will be better, and gender, social status, and even age will be less of a determinant of potential relationships, but provides no evidence of how this will become the reality of the future. Is it not possible that once gender and sexuality have become 'policed' categories it is impossible to go back, whatever the intellectual influence of postmodernism may create…… [Read More]

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Philosophy Socrates to Sartre and

Words: 2412 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 58399067



Berkley stated that because the senses were potentially faulty, everyone's sense perceptions and thus everyone's 'truth' was unique and variable. However, most empiricists like Locke believed that some (few) things could be known with certainty, like shape and color, even if other properties of things could not be known. The empiricists come from the Aristotelian rather than the Platonic tradition of philosophy, and had rigorous standards of truth based upon sensory experience rather than reason alone. Another way of phrasing the debate between empiricism and rationalism is that it is an essential conflict between the superiority of a posteriori reasoning vs. A priori reasoning.

A posteriori reasoning depends upon what we know about past events and information to make inferences, in short, observations and experience. A priori reasoning suggests just the opposite, suggesting that everything is there, if only we can learn to think correctly in a deductive manner. Thus…… [Read More]

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Avant-Garde Become the New Establishment

Words: 856 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 44691885

There is, Peppis points out, a sense of Englishness that is represented by the establishment, and is that sense of Englishness that the avant-garde confronts in English literature (36). When Salman Rushdie and other contemporary authors of English literature write about the colonial period from the perspective of the colonized, it confronts that Englishness, casting the work into the avant-garde.

Commenting on the avant-garde, Matei Calinescu (1987) writes:

Modernity has opened the path to the rebellious avant-gardes. At the same time, modernity turns against itself and, by regarding itself as decadence, dramatizes its own deep sense of crisis. The apparently contradictory notions of avant-garde and decadence become almost synonymous and, under certain circumstances, can even be used interchangeably (Calinescu 5)."

At the point where modernity turns against itself in the way that Calinescu describes, it then becomes establishment. It is the abandonment of the Puritanism, and in the case of…… [Read More]

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Nursing Philosophy a Philosophy of

Words: 2764 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34996639



There are clear philosophical connections between the core ideas of hermeneutics and those of historicism, because each posits a potentially radical degree of relativism. Rodgers & Knafl (2005) explore this, arguing not for a return to any radical empiricism but rather to acknowledge that while knowledge and certainly medical praxis is socially constructed (and constructed along lines of socially sanctioned power hierarchies), there are fundamental empirical elements to nursing that cannot be trivialized.

Moreover, Rodgers & Knafl (2005, p. 118) argue that such a trend towards a radical sort of relativism (or, perhaps more accurately, a fully realized postmodernism) is not in keeping with the philosophical tenets and requirements of the hermeneutic writers that nurses have embraced: While knowledge is certainly socially constructed, the key to a hermeneutic reading is a focus on the social nature of the way in which knowledge is created and transmitted.

It is important to…… [Read More]

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Universality of the Western Interpretation

Words: 5955 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Article Review Paper #: 61470439

Schwartz (2006), many arguments are presented, most of which generally criticize the Western treatment of First Nations people or address women's rights issues. As an example, "Aboriginal Australia: Current Criminological Themes" by Rick Sarre (2006) focuses on the affect of British colonialism in Australia on the Aborigines, connecting it to a vast overrepresentation of Aborigines in the Australian penal system. "The Left Realist Perspective on Race, Class, and Gender" by Walter S. DeKeseredy (2006) illustrates the fact that, in the United States, it cannot be said that there is 'justice for all;' "First Nations people and African-Americans are much more likely to be arrested, convicted and incarcerated than members of the dominant culture who commit the same crimes" (p. 49). Throughout most of the articles, different approaches to solving such attitudes are explored, such as the left realist theory and the postmodern perspective.

The Female Circumcision Controversy: an Anthropological Perspective…… [Read More]

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Kurt Vonnegut Billy Pilgrim and

Words: 1460 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33125748

This author used them to see how Kurt Vonnegut is post-modernist.

Barry begins in number one by asking how authors discover postmodernist themes and attitudes. In the observation, postmodernists foreground fiction which might be said to exemplify the notion of the 'disappearance of the real' in which shifting postmodern identities are seen. For number three, there is use of parody, pastiche and allusion. For number four, there is foreground irony for number five narcissism. For number six, the distinction between the high and low cultures is challenged and highlighted in the texts in which they work as hybrid blends of the two.

In other words, Barry maintains that taking the action out of the "real world" and into an imaginary one that creates and facilitates the postmodern. This would explain the convergence in Kurt Vonnegut's Slaughterhouse Five of so many seemingly contradictory elements, from the violence of war to sexual…… [Read More]

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Art as Commodity

Words: 655 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99121593

Adorno correct in charging that "art as commodity" has no redeeming aesthetic value?

As frequently stated by Adorno, the 'aesthetic' element has failed to keep up with progresses in the art field. Ever since its expression as an area of examination, aesthetics has typically failed to achieve its goal of explaining, identifying or evaluating its object that, chiefly, continues to be art. Moreover, frequently, artists who doubted aesthetics' contribution raised the question of why some people waste their and others' time aiming at getting value judgments, not realizing that value judgments are all they ultimately receive (Bernstein, 185).

Art as a concept hesitates when it comes to getting defined, as it is traditionally an evolving collection of moments. Also, its nature can't be determined by retracing one's path to its origins, seeking a basic, initial layer reinforcing all else. The latter age romantics considered ancient art as pure and supreme.…… [Read More]

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the'seven elements of worldview in nursing

Words: 1029 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71314208

worldview is a schema that includes values, beliefs, and principles that shape one's vision of reality. As such, a worldview is a lens through which the world is viewed. Personal experience, background, culture, gender, ethnicity, age, religion, education, the media, and a wealth of other variables shape worldviews. My personal worldview has likewise been shaped by my personal experiences, and continues to change as I encounter new ideas and ways of viewing the nature of reality. There are seven core aspects of a worldview, including the nature of prime reality, the nature of the manifest reality around us, the nature of a human being, concepts of life after death, theories of knowledge and consciousness or epistemology, ethics or ethical reasoning, and finally, the meaning of human history. A worldview is connected with personal identity, and my attitudes toward spirituality also influence my worldview. Frameworks of understanding both spirituality and worldview…… [Read More]

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literature and religion annotated bibliography

Words: 852 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Annotated Bibliography Paper #: 20098938

Religion features prominently as a theme in literature. In fact, some of the earliest works of literature are rooted in their religious and cultural traditions, including the ancient literatures of the Middle East and Mesopotamia.

As the role of religion in society changed, so too did the role of religion in literature.

Modern literature, including work by Nathaniel Hawthorne, often offers scathing critiques of religion, whereas postmodern literature allows religion to play a more complex role in shaping individual identity.

Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlett Letter heavily criticizes the role of religion in a patriarchal society, whereas Yann Martel's Life of Pi presents religion more as a subjective phenomenon, revealing an important cultural shift from religion to spirituality.

In Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlett Letter, the author shows how religion becomes a tool of social oppression and political control.

A. Hawthorne shows that religious authorities are hypocritical, and especially fundamentalists, as the…… [Read More]

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Solution focused therapy model

Words: 2138 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 45268609

Solution focused therapists operate on the logic that all problems have exceptions and by studying those exceptions and maintaining a definite vision of the ideal future, the therapist and patient can collaboratively come up with ideas to resolve problems. Their focus is the future, and competency. These therapists underscore and harness client strengths for facilitating a better future. The assumption underlying solution focused counseling is that solutions might be found within clients and their social networks. With postmodernism raising questions regarding the "universal truth" concept and the preeminence of the counselor's role, the counselor-client relationship started transforming, with the clients coming to be recognized as experts when it comes to their own lives. This gave rise to a more cooperative counseling approach, setting up a context wherein solution focused therapy could succeed (AIPC).

How It Is Based On Systems Theory Principles

The area of systems psychology applies complicated systems for…… [Read More]

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Religion and the Crisis of the Self

Words: 767 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28402220

Secularization: The crisis as I see it

According to Kirwan (2012) the essential crisis in modern spirituality is the secular nature of modern political life, which demands a split between religious and civic existence. This is evident both on the right and on the left, although this is often framed as a liberal versus conservative issue. From a current sociological point-of-view, there seems to be increasing polarization both in politics and in religion. Conservatives complain about the need to provide birth control as part of company healthcare plans; inclusive concepts of marriage; and the teaching of evolution in schools. Liberal believers decry what they see as too much emphasis on material versus spiritual values in modern culture and policy. Despite the separation between church and state within the Constitution's Establishment Clause, people do not compartmentalize their religion away from their civic souls when entering the ballot box. But Kirwan sees…… [Read More]

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Analyzing Chicana O Art Affects Private and Public Space

Words: 1619 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68582603

Chicana/O Art Affects Private and Public Space

Public arts became the most noticeable form of Chicana/o art, starting from the 60's. Signs from the Heart: California Chicano Murals editors, Eva Cockcroft and Holly Barnet-Sanchez, state that an artwork that is truly "public" offers society a symbolic illustration of its collective beliefs, together with a continued reassertion of its collective self-image. The movement's artistic expressions include posters, murals, street processions, performances, and films (Chicano Art). Modernist art's early tendency was presenting subjective experience, in addition to stressing its value in a way that has never been done before (Butler, 2010 page51). Prominent artists from that era, who had taken over from the latter part of the nineteenth century and had a focus on the part played by symbolism, imagery, the unconscious, and dreams, were always inclined to give preference to individual self-realization. Furthermore, they employed epiphany and intuitive, imaginative ways of…… [Read More]

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Interpretations of Feminist Theology

Words: 937 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Book Review Paper #: 57829961

Catherine Keller's On the mystery: Discerning divinity in progress envisions the creation as a living, dynamic thing rather than something that is static and unchanging. The central metaphor which governs Chapter 3 of her book is that of the fish: a fish is constantly moving with the ebbs and flows of the waters around him and instead of drowning or being swallowed up by the waters of change like a human being, the fish is able to move forward. The fish also supports Keller's ecological view of the universe. Keller stresses the need for human beings to see themselves as part of the universe, rather than dominators of it. Keller finds particular inspiration in the ambiguous "bi-gendered" vision of the divine in the first creation myth of Genesis, versus the second myth which portrays a more anthropocentric God and a more rigid gender hierarchy.[footnoteRef:1] [1: Catherine Keller, On the mystery:…… [Read More]

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Critical Review of Bureaucracy

Words: 4793 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 54382198

Internship Tasks

Main task during the internship was articles about Dow Water & Process Solutions (DW&PS). The aim was to illustrate the processes going in water treatment plants and to explain the importance of wastewater reuse. Also, I helped preparing a few press releases that informed about new technologies or projects DW&PS is involved in. Such was the DEMOWARE press release, which I found very interesting and decided to look into it beyond the tasks that are normally involved in the work.

The internship in context to the study of Sociology

Analyzing legal policies might be vital for finding solutions for improving the overall image of a client or the functionality of its products. By promoting DW&PS, we talk about the solutions their products bring for issues that the general public may not be well aware of and like that it is aimed to raise awareness in the society, which…… [Read More]

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Manifestations of Chicano Art

Words: 824 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84927271

Chicano/Chicana Art Questions

In what way does Chicano/a Art relate to contemporary awareness regarding social, political, and aesthetic issues?

Art is often used as a vehicle to raise or sustain awareness when it comes to social, political and other issues. For example, there are many in the Chicano community that vehemently oppose deportation of undocumented workers as it would separate families and/or relegate the deported people to a life of squalor and destitution due to the poverty or persecution that they would face back home. At the same time, Chicanos are very proud of their homeland and heritage and that is often infused very deeply into whatever messages are extended. Whether it be images about family, laws (good or bad), national pride, the American dream or other things, the art created and offered by Chicanos can be emblematic of some of all of that, depending on the situation (Butler) (Butler).…… [Read More]

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Climate Change and Bureaucracy

Words: 5530 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 76411064

Internship Tasks

The main task during the internship was articles about Dow Water & Process Solutions (DW&PS). The aim was to illustrate the processes going in water treatment plants and to explain the importance of wastewater reuse. Also, I helped preparing a few press releases that informed about new technologies or projects DW&PS is involved in. Such was the DEMOWARE press release, which I found very interesting and decided to look into it beyond the tasks that are normally involved in the work.

The internship in context to the study of Sociology

Analysing legal policies is absolutely vital for finding solutions for improving the overall image of a client or the functionality of its products. While lofty assumptions and good luck are hard to argue with, a critical eye should always be applied so as to make sure that the current procedures and methods are the right way to proceed…… [Read More]

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Nursing My Nursing Autobiography

Words: 2412 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 8784518

Personal Nursing Philosophy

My Nursing Autobiography

I have dreamt of being a nurse all my life. My mother and older cousins tell me stories of how I loved to line up my dolls and animals, place bandages over them to nurse their 'injuries' and stick branches in their armpits to have a feel of their temperature. Well, I believe these stories because to this day, these are the very things that keep my life going; I derive so much satisfaction from just being able to help people when they are in no position to help themselves. I took an elective nursing course in high school, where I was supposed to report at the local facility at least once every week to assist in the administration of basic care to patients. This marked the beginning of my career in nursing, and since then, I have logged almost 15 years of experience…… [Read More]

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Hyperrealism as Seen Through Libra

Words: 2210 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 35632224

Hyperrealism in Literature

The following criticism was made by Michael Rizza on Don DeLillo's Libra:

In Libra, Don DeLillo offers solace for the issue of achieving historical certainty; however, despite rendering fictive order to historical confusions, the attempt to describe events, like the assassination of John F. Kennedy, has been complicated by him, through transferring individual agency to external forces. Rejecting these forces' caricatures by astrology, paranoia and conspiracy, he lets characters makes decisions (Rizza 2008). Nevertheless, independent actions, apparently initiated by characters, become a system's products, while design springs from and in spite of individual intentions. Though chaos and system theories help shed light on the conjunction of determinism and randomness, the individual is incorporated in the global. Moreover, the unstable identity of Oswald is performative; he performs for a changing audience, which dictates every new act.

While the above critique has its views, I would agree with it.…… [Read More]

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Pain and Pain Relief Qualitative Analysis

Words: 2780 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 6435148

Pain & Pain Relief Following Hip Replacement Surgery a Qualitative Study

Qualitative research Assignment

Research design relies on the appropriateness of either qualitative or quantitative methods in achieving the objectives of the study. In the study, two research studies that use these different methods to accomplish their objectives are evaluated. One of the studies uses descriptive qualitative approach while the other exploits cross-sectional survey.

The analysis in this section requires that the analyst compares the article to quantitative articles he/she read - in general (the difference between the two types of studies) (LoBiondo-Wood and Haber, 2014). The differences in these two methodologies in the studies are evident. For instance, the descriptive qualitative approach is explorative in nature since it offers detailed explanation for the research topic while the cross-sectional survey focuses on enumerating and categorizing features through statistical figures in order to explain its observation (Explorable.com, n.d). The qualitative and…… [Read More]

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Scale-Free Networks

Words: 678 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29851513

Headline: Leverage points: Places to intervene in a system by Donella Meadows

The Sustainability Institute

Leverage points are areas within a system where small changes can generate seismic, system-wide effects. For example, contrary to expectations, having more low-income housing actually results in poorer outcomes for poverty-stricken residents of urban areas if the housing is not matched simultaneously with employment opportunities. To change systems requires an understanding of negative and positive feedback loops, information flows, and other system parameters, rather than merely trying to change what is obvious. Rather than attaching one's self to a single paradigm, it is better to use systems analysis because it allows the analyst to retreat from the dominant paradigm and to change his or her whole approach. Instead of changing the players of the system (such electing new political representatives), it is more important to step back and change ideas about the system itself (such…… [Read More]

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Value Change

Words: 2614 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 48056443

values that drive human societies change over time, and in many instances the political environment will reflect those changes. By the early 1970s, scholars were recognizing that there were significant shifts in the values of the world's most advanced industrial societies (Inglehart, 1971). The basic values of generations, he notes, change based on the "changing conditions influencing their basic socialization." The way that these changes are reflected in politics will often come in the form of conflict. This need not to open, violent conflict, but a conflict between ideas. Younger generations view the world as theirs to inherit, and want to begin setting the tone for the world they want to see as soon as possible. Peak generations see themselves as running the world in their image, an opportunity for which they have waited, while older generations wish to maintain relevance, and in many cases still retain significant formal power.…… [Read More]

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Masculinization of Women's Fashion in the 1920s

Words: 1944 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 60351334

Fashion Trends and Women's Empowerment in the 20th Century: A More Masculine Upheaval.

This research proposal attempts to demonstrate that as women have historically made strides towards equality, women's fashion has adapted as well. With each step forward toward a more evolved society and one which makes more allowances towards women, women's fashion tends to become more masculine and/or androgynous. This paper will attempt to suggest a research proposal describing this trend as it connects to the female silhouette as well, and discusses the research methods used to prove this hypothesis. The research methods will rely heavily on intergenerational women and their participation.

How have fashion trends reflected the growing empowerment of women in the 20th century?

As society changes, reflections of that change cannot help but be seen clearly throughout society -- in the ways we live, the ways we communicate, the ways we travel, eat, socialize and dress.…… [Read More]

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Modernist Trends

Words: 1611 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51478986

Dadaism

During WWI, two artists, the German Hugo Ball and his future wife, Emmy Hennings, emigrated from Munich, Germany, to Zurich, Switzerland. Here, they opened Cabaret Voltaire in February 1916, in Spiegelgasse, 1, in Zurich. Other immigrant artists would soon join them in their endeavor to defy art and politics and most especially, the war madness. Even if they were performing in Zurich, a hub of peace, WWI was providing more than a background for their artistic expressions. WWI and everything related to it was the evil source of inspiration the artists attempted to sublimate thorough their art.

The shows at the cabaret involved a whole array of artists from different corners of Europe. The artists were free to experiment and most especially, to create everything that could go against the conventional, the traditional, dare, amaze, arouse, make people let loose, awake every sort of emotion possible, take art away…… [Read More]

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Solution-Focused and Narrative Therapy Techniques

Words: 641 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 18735580

Postmodern Therapy

What Corey describes as "postmodern" therapy is, in reality, largely a series of evolutionary changes. Recalling how evolution works -- in which organisms change form ultimately as an adaptive mechanism -- might be useful here, insofar as many of these "postmodern" approaches seem adaptive in terms of the actual climate of opinion concerning psychotherapy and its medical utility. The chief example that I am thinking of here is "solution-focused brief therapy."

The notion of "solution-focused brief therapy" would have caused Sigmund Freud to spin in his grave, considering Freud devoted an entire book, entitled Analysis Terminable and Interminable, to the question of whether psychotherapy should ideally last forever. However the widespread cultural rejection of the Freudian paradigm is, perhaps, one reason why the notion of long-term Freudian analysis has come to be replaced with the fast food approach. But the chief reason appears to be adaptive: increasingly health…… [Read More]

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Humanities

Words: 1256 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45267026

humanities modes human inquiry expression. Be address items paper: Define term humanities. Distinguish humanities modes human inquiry expression.

What are the 'humanities?' Why do they matter?

The word 'humanities' contains the word 'human' and thus interlinked with the definition of the humanities is the definition of what it means to be 'human' as conceived within academia. According to Stanford University, "the humanities can be described as the study of the myriad ways in which people, from every period of history and from every corner of the globe, process and document the human experience. Since humans have been able, we have used philosophy, literature, religion, art, music, history and language to understand and record our world" (The humanities experience, 2013, Stanford University). These disciplines are very diverse but there is a general 'lumping' of non-quantitative fields under the broad 'tent' of humanities disciplines, even though mathematics is occasionally classified as a…… [Read More]

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Ralph Waldo Emerson's Later Self-Reliance Far More

Words: 857 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 3725377

Ralph Waldo Emerson's later "Self-Reliance" far more likely to be appealing to American college students today than his early "American Scholar"-ship

Ralph Waldo Emerson's Transcendentalist philosophy shifted and changed over the course of his life. Much as Emerson's idea that consistency is the hobgoblin of little minds embraces the idea that contradiction is not something to be feared within the hearts and minds of human beings, nor that ideological consistency and doctrinal rigor is something to be aspired to, Emerson's ideas between "Self-Reliance" and "The American Scholar" show profound shifts in judgment, and what a human being and a thinker should aspire to be. There were, over the course of his life, many Emersons. However, the Emerson that is most likely to be amenable to the sensibilities of college students today is likely to be that of his later essay upon "Self-Reliance," rather than his earlier "The American Scholar," which…… [Read More]

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What Is a Nation

Words: 607 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 40886854

Social Integration, Assimilation, and Differences: The Changing Face of 'Nationhood' in the United States

In the context of political science, a nation is defined as a "cultural entity... A politically conscious and mobilized collectivity... is essentially subjective, a sense of social belonging and ultimate loyalty" (Jackson and Jackson, 2002:35). Analyzing the meaning of this definition, nation can be characterized according to the following criteria: (1) culture; (2) social belonging and cohesiveness; and (3) politically conscious. Nation is a cultural entity primarily because it is comprised with people who share the same values, traditions, and beliefs, not to mention produce and utilize man-made artifacts that are distinct within the culture. Secondly, nation is seen as a form of social cohesiveness, since it order for culture to prevail and proliferate, it is essential that there exists unity and understanding among the members of a culture/society. Lastly, and perhaps, the most vital nature…… [Read More]

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Usefulness of Graduate Degree in Humanities

Words: 710 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 468602

Grad Degree

The Value Today of Pursuing a Graduate Degree in the Humanities

Even prospective college applicants to undergraduate institutions of learning are encouraged today, to market themselves on their applications as 'products' of value. They make it unabashedly clear that they are potential human dividends that will return the university's investment in their education, in the form of high ratings in U.S. News and World Report College rankings as well as in alumni contributions. The competitive nature of the job market has also caused many current college students to view the attainment of a degree as simply another bullet point on their resume, rather than a holistic learning experience. Those who do go onto graduate school increasingly chose to pursue professionally oriented or technically oriented, specialized degrees, such as an MBA, a JD, or even a MA in educational technology. In such an environment, what is the value and…… [Read More]

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Who Is Nietzsche's Woman Philosophy

Words: 3379 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 61861376

Nietzsche's Woman is by turns simply a reflection of common attitudes of the time, although he occasionally sees her in a more sympathetic view. In a modern light, the understanding of Nietzsche's philosophy has often been tainted by the view of his writings as racist and misogynist. Indeed, a cursory look shows that Nietzsche's perception of women is largely negative and unflattering. Nonetheless, the great philosopher is sometimes clearly sympathetic to women. The end result is that his work seems largely inconsistent and poorly thought out on the subject of women. Many philosophers, including Simone De Bauviour and Mill, have had a much different conception of woman than Nietzsche. Ultimately, Nietzsche has little important insight to offer on the subject of women, a disappointing oversight from a philosopher who repeatedly offered such perceptive and daring views on many important subjects.

Modern interpretation and analysis of Nietzsche's works is often tainted…… [Read More]

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Is Science Require to Be Social

Words: 1655 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 55130103

Philosophy of Science

Scientific theories allow scientists to organize their observations regarding reality and existence, and predict or create future observations or results. Scientific theories need to be consistent, testable, verifiable and useful in order to be valid and reliable. Theories are typically ideas about the ways in which things work. Scientific theory relates to logical and empirical criteria that can be tested and validated. For science to exist and to be considered valid there must be a logically consistent idea presented to the public that explains certain conditions or realities. To be valid, science must explain something and should be proven via experimentation. Science should also enable the user to have a better understanding of the item or issue it is explaining. This relates to validity.

Thesis) will argue in this paper that science needs to be independently verified to be considered science but also that science does not…… [Read More]

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Unilateralism and Preemptive Defense

Words: 1227 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 60865592

Unilateralism and Preemptive Defense

The arguments for unilateralism and preemptive strikes outlined by conservative historians appear logical and well-documented but are essentially wrought with contradiction. In his recent documentary film called Bowling for Columbine, Michael Moore delivered the premise that American culture is built on the promotion of fear. Fear underlies American foreign policy, especially after the terrorist attacks of September 11. In fact, those attacks offered the Bush administration easy fodder for propaganda to promote unilateralism and preemptive strikes on other nations. In spite of the huge practical leap from Bin Laden to Iraq, the administration launched its attacks on that nation with impunity and in spite of massive international opposition. The willingness of the American government to act without the slightest respect for the United Nations proves that America as a whole is under the spell of a cultural superiority complex. This complex is not only psychologically dangerous,…… [Read More]

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Literature Drama

Words: 1189 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 9184697

records court transcripts from "The Trials of Oscar Wilde," when the opposing council at the trial asks the defendant, Oscar Wilde, if he kissed one of the boys whom Wilde was supposed to have engaged in homosexual practices, Wilde appears unfazed. When asked if he kissed the boy, Wilde, with customary wit, responded that he did not, because "he was a very ugly boy." This kind of exchange forces the reader to ask the question not so much why Wilde was found guilty of gross indecency, but why Wilde ever believed he could be found innocent of the love that "dare not speak its name." (Longman Anthology 2125)

Throughout both of his trials, Wilde adopts a kind of insouciant, provocative pose that seems, to the modern eyes, to be a 'typical' portrait of a flamboyant male homosexual. Because Oscar Wilde's artistic medium has become synonymous with such a posture it…… [Read More]

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Sociology Significant Others

Words: 878 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 43205981

Self-Image and Significant Others

Self-image refers to the internal picture than people hold of themselves, meaning it is who we think we are. However, in many cases, who we think we are may not the same as how others see us. In my opinion, a great deal of my self-image comes from how my significant others see me.

For example, everybody has an inherited temperament. (Barrat, 1991) Combined with various life experiences, this inherited temperament makes up our personality. Some people are naturally shy and quiet; others may be loud or outgoing. It is possible to change outward behaviors and people can learn to be more outgoing or reserved. However, while the outward behavior may change, the inward temperament usually does not. Therefore, someone who has learned to overcome shyness on the outside may still be inwardly introverted.

A person's self-image is made up of natural temperament and input from…… [Read More]

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Relationships Among Variables and Setting Limits or

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56875900

relationships among variables and setting limits or boundaries for the proposed study" (Writing the theoretical framework, 2013, BOLD Educational Software). In some instances, a theoretical framework may be derived from the existing literature in the form of a pre-existing theory such as feminism, functionalism, or conflict management. Or, in the case of a grounded theory approach, the theory may be derived after the research is conducted. In contrast, with the case of conceptual frameworks, there is no formal theory and the research is used to examine possible courses of action; to clarify observations, or to provide a prospective rather than a completely-formatted framework (Nalzaro 2012).

The qualitative research article by Clarkson (1996) entitled "Researching the 'therapeutic relationship' in psychoanalysis" offers a 'meta-analysis' of the discipline of psychology itself. Psychology is an arena which unites both theory and practice. Clarkson asks: "Why are there so many distinct and very different approaches…… [Read More]

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Five Approaches and Theory

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Role of Theory in Qualitative Research

Five Approaches and Theory

Compare and contrast the role of theory in the five main qualitative approaches:

Ethnography, case study, narrative, phenomenology, grounded theory

Although all five major approaches to qualitative research embrace theory to some degree or another, not all of them value the use of theory to the same degree. Broadly speaking, some cultural 'theory' is usually demonstrated within an ethnography, either through a comparative approach; an attempt to understand the culture on its own terms; a theory that seeks to understand the multiple layers of meaning within the culture in a symbolic fashion; or even a universalizing construct like feminist or Marxist theory. The extent to which this theoretical approach is emphasized will depend upon the anthropologist conducting the study. Some studies may mainly focus upon observations and detail unique aspects of a foreign culture while other studies might largely subsume…… [Read More]

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Marxism Historiography the Historiography of Marxist Thought

Words: 1894 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1934754

Marxism Historiography

The Historiography of Marxist Thought

The study of Karl Marx and his philosophies has fascinated political, social and economic historians for most of the past century. Hundreds, if not thousands, of scholars have dedicated their professional life to understanding Marx and Marxism. Over the years, there have been periods of continuity and periods of discontinuity, peaks and valleys of interest and hundreds of viewpoints as to the meaning and importance of Marxist thought at the any given time. While it may not seem like modern conditions provide a fertile environment for the continued study of Marxist thought, the study of Marx is considered as important today as any time in its illustrious historiography.

Any Marxist historiography must begin with Eric Hobsbawm, who is considered the "the premier Marxist historian working today" (Matthews 88). Hobsbawm's work on Marx amounts to an impressive inter-disciplinary, inter-generational synthesis which combines history and…… [Read More]

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Unilever Butter Beater Case Study

Words: 832 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 42180576

regionalize or globalize product development? Would global products and brands really lower the costs of local introduction? What was the financial leverage for developing such products?

Diversity in local tastes and preferences has urged many multinationals to develop products that cater to local tastes. But Unilever Butter beater case indicates that this is not entirely a good strategy because there are such massive differences in each market that the development and advertising cost alone can eat up the profits for the local company in the first year of launch. Hence it is much better to develop a product which is a strong global brand and allow people to "love it or leave it."

But for a brand to be truly globalized and work in each market, it must remove visible cultural associations. This is important and can be seen through such strong brands as Levi's jeans, Sony's Walkman, and Pepsi…… [Read More]

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Cyberfeminism Digitizing Race and Internet Media

Words: 5587 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 5990833

Cyber Feminism, Gender and Technology

Cyberfeminism, Gender and Technology

Feminist movement found on the internet is known as Cyberfeminism. In recent times, the term has gained controversial status. Cyberfeminism, a fundamental issue from the feminist perspective, is mostly ignored by researchers and academics. It concentrates on empowerment of women through the cyberspace. Furthermore, it deals with female enlightenment and concentrates on creating awareness on how the digital technologies can influence the rights and social status of women. The digital technologies act as a medium of re-embodying the issue of racism and gender. Internet is the new medium used to erase the identity of women; that is; women are the erased race. However, the internet has played a significant role in promoting Cyberfeminism by pointing out that several feminist studies and internet activities are done by the online media. It cannot be denied that technology plays an important role in promoting…… [Read More]

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Learning Theories

Words: 689 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 32083327

learning theories you selected.

I chose social constructivism and critical pedagogy.

I have always been fascinated by social constructivism for it enables me to see that much of what I take for granted has, in reality, been shaped by a constantly evolving and developing process of cultural interpretation. As Berger and Luckmann (1996) have explained in their 'Social construction of reality', we are shaped by our cultural perspectives and internalizations but then, in turn, certain individuals act in certain ways that may be different to the cultural norms of the time, and, by doing so, they slightly change cultural perspective. In a dialectic twist, the evolved culture continues on its way shaping interpretations, perspective, and behavior of all those born into that specific culture, ethnicity, and race.

As compared to nursing, I have noticed that many fads that were once common, no longer exist. This not only refers to different…… [Read More]

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Brain Drain of Health Professional in Zimbabwe

Words: 14002 Length: 51 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 53525731

Brain Drain of Health Professionals in Zimbabwe

Brain Drain is described in the work of Lowell and Findlay (2001) as something that can occur "...if emigration of tertiary educated persons for permanent or long-stays abroad reaches significant levels and is not offset by the 'feedback' effects of remittances, technology transfer, investments or trade. Brain drain reduces economic growth through unrecompensed investments in education and depletion of a source country's human capital assets." (p.6) Dolvo (2003) writes that the African continent is facing an unprecedented health crisis due to the HIV / AIDS epidemic and the "re-emergence of old communicable diseases such as TB and Malaria, and the apparent paradox of increasing levels disorders linked to changing lifestyles and degenerative diseases." (p.1) Added to this are other problems that impact the health system and that arise from economic challenges, which result in low health care service funding combined with health service…… [Read More]

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Art Comparing Actual Sculpture to Theory About

Words: 545 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60039822

Art

Comparing Actual Sculpture to Theory about Sculpture

Krauss begins her piece "Sculpture in the Expanded Field" by questioning what is sculpture and what is sculpture now? She recounts the ideas of other theorists and historians who claim that because anything can pass for sculpture, sculpture as a distinct artform, no longer exists. Krauss adamantly argues the opposite. She claims that the world and the artistic community is very much aware of what sculpture is explaining that sculpture has its own logic. (Krauss, 1979) She also describes sculpture as it relates to monument, as they are both commemorative representations (Krauss, 1979)

As the concept of sculpture expands, Krauss contends that most sculpture diverges between the logic and permanence of a monument and a homelessness, loss of place, or how she characterizes sculpture's entrance into modernism. (Krauss, 1979) She further describes another kind of sculpture -- sculpture that is both landscape…… [Read More]

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Generation the Older Generation Is Famous for

Words: 1327 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53140657

Generation

The older generation is famous for their stern stand against oppression. They did this through their physical presence when it came to a point where there was trampling of their rights. This generation relied on actions to pass their points and to let their voice be heard. However, the current generation does not seem to follow this model. It is exceedingly rare for the occurrence of a situation where this generation has an uprising. In fact, it may seem that they do not care. An indication of this would be the perception that they rarely follow current issues within the society. This point us further compounded by the appearance that most of them have, with most preferring to listen to music than news. However, this generation cares as much as the earlier generation. It is only method of passing the message that has changed. While the earlier generation took…… [Read More]

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International Style Architecture and Interior Design

Words: 1544 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 80525298

International Style of Design & Architecture

The International Style

In the 1920s and the 1930sa major architectural and design style emerged that was referred to as the International Style by Henry-Russell Hitchcock and Philip Johnson in their book titled the International Style (Hasan-Uddin & Jodidia 2009). Hitchcock and Johnson published the book in order to catalogue and preserve a record of the work introduced at the International Exhibition of Modern Architecture that took place in 1932 at the Museum of Modern Art in New York City (Hasan-Uddin & Jodidia 2009). Other references to the International Style category are attributed to Walter Gropius, a pioneer of modern architecture, in his book Internationale Architektur, and to Ludwig Hilberseimer in Internationale neue Baukunst (Hasan-Uddin & Jodidia 2009). Circa 1900, architects across the globe had begun to devise innovative solutions that allowed them to integrate traditional precedents with new technological possibilities and enduring social…… [Read More]

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Discipline Nursing Discuss Concepts Identified Literature Relation

Words: 1581 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 37232379

discipline nursing discuss concepts identified literature relation nursing practice. Your paper adhere APA 6th edition guidelines include introduction, thesis statement conclusion.

Nursing metaparadigm: Evolving views of the discipline

Ever since Florence Nightingale published her thirteen canons of nursing, nursing has striven to define itself as a unique discipline, with unique rules and protocols. The nursing metaparadigm embraced by most theorists of the nursing process today is fourfold structure encompassing patient (human being), the nursing process, health, and the wider environment. However, while the embrace of such constructs connects many of the major theorists of nursing, all theorists have slightly different notions of what constitutes 'nursing,' which affects their views of other components of the nursing process. Additionally, some writers on the topic even believe that to have a 'theory' of the practical nursing process is an oxymoron.

Those who dispute the value of having a 'theory' or larger construct with…… [Read More]

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German Expressionism versus Surrealism

Words: 736 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 7304218

Expressionists€ ™ view of German cities to the Surrealists€ ™ vision of Paris in visual arts and literature and film (give examples of artworks).

German Expressionism vs. Surrealism:

Contrasting views of the urban landscape in visual arts and film

The 20th century art movement of Expressionism is particularly associated with Germany. Expressionist art is distinguished by its intense colors, distorted shapes, and focus upon the darker aspects of modern, urban life (Pioch 2002). The bright colors may have had their roots in Fauvism and Post-Impressionism, but the expressionists used these colors to invoke a sense of hostility, even despair, rather than joy (Pioch 2002). Rather than beauty even the brightest colors were used to convey a sense of distortion and fear. This can be seen in Ernst Ludwig Kirchner's 1913 Berlin Street Scene where the colors are used to convey a sense of violence and the visual texture has been…… [Read More]

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Media in Contemporary Culture Gender Roles in Sex and the City

Words: 1791 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 67596363

Media Communications

Representation of characters and role models in different media outlets is based on perceptions and preconceived notions held by the producer, co-producers, and audiences at large. Only those representations are drawn that largely resonate with current meanings given to people, characters, places, and objects.The paper presents two theoretical approaches to study media and its impact at large. Theory of social constructivism provides framework to assess the meanings given to gender roles, objects, and places. Social construction of ideals, role models, and images keep changing as their meanings constantly transform from one generation to another and from one society to another. Theory of agenda setting is another framework that explains media and its influence. Though widely criticized as well, agenda setting theory has been used by researchers to highlight media role in political as well as entertainment, news, and infotainment segments. Media has played vital role in promoting culture…… [Read More]

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Gorgias Encomium of Helen in the English

Words: 1083 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90839705

Gorgias, Encomium of Helen

In the English language in the twenty-first century, the term "sophistry" still exists to refer to a plausible-sounding but misleading argument, an evaluatively negative term to describe bad reasoning. Although the term derives from the original Sophists in Athens in the 5th century BCE, the modern usage of the term is inaccurate in describing the likes of the Sophist Gorgias. By examining Gorgias' "Encomium of Helen" and the related "dissoi logoi" fragment (sometimes attributed to Protagoras) we can see the real origins of sophistry in legal argumentation. In a society -- like that of Athens, or like most of the contemporary world -- that believes in jury trials as a means of obtaining justice, a work like Gorgias' "Encomium of Helen" represents the idea that even the most unlikely candidates deserve a good defense.

Athenian sophists like Gorgias were basically teachers of rhetoric. Because Plato frequently…… [Read More]

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Night on Earth by Jim

Words: 675 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Reaction Paper Paper #: 97998110

None of the stories directly intersect -- it would be clumsy to create connections between such disparate locations and people. Given the variance in tone, were it not for the use of the cabs as the settings in all of the various cities, the viewer might be left scratching his or her head to make a connection between all five locations.

Yet all of the tales are about communication and miscommunication [MAIN THEME]. The very nature of a taxi ride requires two disparate strangers to be thrown together who might not otherwise connect under normal circumstances because of their classes, races, social roles, and personalities. The nature of a taxi ride transcends class barriers and worldviews. For example, the young Los Angeles taxi driver cannot understand the appeal of films, while the casting director lives, breathes, and sleeps film. The New Yorker is incapable of believing that anyone can know…… [Read More]

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Relativism N Some Moral Minima Lenn Goodman

Words: 1022 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43552364

Relativism

n "Some Moral Minima," Lenn Goodman argues things simply wrong. Do Goodman ? Using specific examples, explore challenges Goodman presents relativism. Determine universal moral requirements, defend answer.

Moral minima: Goodman's arguments against relativism

Given the increasing globalization of modern society, combined with the influence of postmodernism, the philosophy of moral relativism has become increasingly popular and accepted within the academy. However, according to Lenn E. Goodman's essay "Some moral minima," some things are 'just wrong.' Goodman writes: "All living beings make claims to life" (Goodman 2010: 88). In other words, to protect the sanctity of human life, sometimes it is necessary to lay down certain absolute ground rules of morality that, regardless of cultural differences, must be obeyed. These include prohibiting: terrorism; hostage taking and child warriors; slavery, polygamy, and incest; and rape and female genital cutting (Goodman 2010: 88).

However, while these ideas may seem like 'no brainers'…… [Read More]

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Mythology Folklore Irish Myths and

Words: 3378 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 49161313

"Yeats's flight into fairyland begins in his early childhood with Celtic folklore, 'the chief influence of [his] youth,' and climaxes in his early twenties with the 1888 publication of his first book" (Ben-Merre 2008). Yeats was commissioned to "gather and record the fairy and folk tales of the Irish peasantry" in what eventually became Fairy and Folk Tales of the Irish Peasantry (Foster 76). "The collection includes descriptions of witches, giants, a rather exhaustive taxonomy of the class of fairies, and an early gloss of the legend of Tir na nOg (T'yeer-na-n-oge)" (Ben-Merre 2008).

Rather than framing folktales as otherworldly, Yeats saw these myths as repositories for older cultural traditions that made a claim for the uniqueness of Irish heritage. In the introduction to his first published volume of poetry, Yeats notes that the "folk-tales are full of simplicity and musical occurrences, for they are the literature of a class…… [Read More]

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Function of Theory in Nursing

Words: 2840 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Annotated Bibliography Paper #: 29582100

According to Newman, nurses practicing within this theory find their own lives are enhanced and transformed (Neill, 2002). Her beliefs and consciousness-centered approach were born from her early nursing experiences involving rehabilitation patients (Weingourt, 1998). She came to understand the altered connection between the concept of time for her patients and their limited mobility. For most of her patients, the day would seem to drag along despite the fact that their rehabilitation sessions were relatively short. Her conclusion was that these patients had an altered sense of reality. This eventually sparked her theory of Health as Expanding Consciousness (HEC).

Looking at the practice of nursing through a more metaphysical lens, the HEC posits that there is a universal and expanding consciousness in which all humans participate -- the healthy, the recuperating, and the incurably ill. Newman believed this was a natural law just as real as the law of gravity…… [Read More]

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Church Theology Is Based Upon

Words: 2611 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 96829585

[11: Kimball, Dan. The Emerging Church: Vintage Christianity for New Generations. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2003.]

The Emerging Church essentially sees Scripture as something that can be processed and changed with no problem. This is a direct insult and runs counterintuitive to common sense, dogmatic pursuits and scripture itself. McKnight (2007) suggested that "The emerging movement is consciously and deliberately provocative. Emerging Christians believe the church needs to change, and they are beginning to live as if that change had already occurred. Since I swim in the emerging lake, I can self-critically admit that we sometimes exaggerate. " [footnoteRef:12] This presents a challenging and narrative story as opposed to a more objectionable and paternalistic story more aligned with the philosophic intent of its scriptures'. [footnoteRef:13] [12: McKnight, Scot. "Five Streams of the Emerging Church: Key Elements of the Most Controversial and Misunderstood Movement in the Church Today." Christianity Today 51…… [Read More]

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Evangelical Theology Terms Assertion Grenz Olson Your

Words: 1469 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13708014

evangelical theology terms assertion Grenz Olson. Your essay explore God's transcendence immanence relation evangelical theology.

The Bible presents God as both transcendent and immanent. Let us take a look at what both of these concepts incorporate. In a symbolic Biblical sense, the name Yahveh expresses the transcendent nature of God while Immanuel refers to God's immanence. Yahveh was considered by the Jewish people so holy a name, that they would even avoid pronouncing it. They sought to protect God's name from what they feared would become an irreverent familiarity and so the name was reduced to the four consonants YHVH. Literally, the word is translated as "the one who will be." The interpretation given to God's transcendence is that God is unlike his creation, that he stands above and beyond everything as the only one who is truly transcendent, thus holly.

Immanuel or "God is with us" is used in…… [Read More]

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Fashion in Relation to Commodity Culture of

Words: 2969 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76180286

Fashion in Relation to Commodity Culture of 1980s

Fashion

Fashion during 1980s seems to be glitzy and bold. Fashion trends were no longer dictated by teenagers; as the baby boom generation continued to become richer and older, they demanded more glamorous, upmarket fashion. Contrary to what inspired 1970s fashion, fashion of 1980s did not allow these non-materialist "hippie" values. Some of the nations such as Australia during the decade focused more on earning big money and spending it conspicuously. People could chose to wear fashion that were to promote materialist values as well as portrayed what they had in terms of wealth and social status. Based on reaction against the materialist values and the hippie values of the past decade, some fashion styles such as punk emerged.

Introduction

Commodity is used by people to aid their living style but due to more demand of people and better living lifestyle, fashion…… [Read More]