Process Essays (Examples)

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Data Collection Process Is an

Words: 1674 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55882707

446). Again, since data collection methods are relevant to specific research studies based on their questions, hypotheses, and literature reviews, this funneling of "phenomena of interest" should ideally suit most research studies -- so long as the those methods are tailored to meet a particular study. When researchers have narrowed down certain characteristics or behaviors that they are looking to observe in their study, they can do with a variety of technological applications for auditory or visually recording their sample participants, and do in increments with measures such as rating scales or checklists -- each of which allows a researcher to denote how much of what he or she is looking for is actually being observed.

Measurement, the assigning of numeric values to certain attributes identified and researched within a study, is an integral component of gauging how much of a particular characteristic one is able to observe, either through…… [Read More]

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Hiring Process Within the Criminal

Words: 1187 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 39867440

All judges of the above courts are appointed by the president with the approval of the Senate (USCourts, 2012).

In all cases, the court serves as the arena where disputes are argued, and a fair verdict pronounced. The court is normally, replete with what is called a workgroup which comprises the prosecutor, the attorney for the defense and Judge, apart from the various other court clerks, attorney's assistants and other court functionaries. The prosecuting attorney is to lay all facts and evidence and the details of crimes and witnesses before the honorable court and convince the court why the suspect should be found guilty and sentenced. The defense attorney will argue the case for his client and try to get him maximum remission (Lawrence, 1996). Having heard the arguments, of the defense and prosecution, the judge considers it thoroughly and provides a judgment.

Once the pretrial procedures are completed, and…… [Read More]

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E-Commerce and Business Process

Words: 2340 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 84513313

E-Commerce and Business Process

E-Commerce Defined

E- commerce as modern business methodology

Characteristics of internet and traditional markets

Benefits of E-commerce

Critical Success Factors of E-commerce

E-commerce applications

Types of E-commerce business models

Security and legal issues

Apple Company and E-commerce

Business and E-Commerce

Implementation of E-commerce

Conventional market approach vs. modern market approach

E-Commerce Applications

Types of E-Commerce models

E- commerce defined:

E-commerce is broadly described as "utilizing online sources as well as tools to perform business in a far better way - more effectively and proficiently (Montgomery, 2007)." As a result, e-commerce supports the promise as well as challenge of impacting every part of a business' operations from product design and style and manufacturing to distribution as well as delivery service. Organizations utilizing or thinking about e-commerce ought to check out the possible functions for e-commerce in every facet of the businesses' functions. The actual case studies offer…… [Read More]

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Business Process Management

Words: 1645 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 27400462

Business Process Management Trends

Business Process Trends

The author of this report is asked to select a section of the current BPTrends report and select a section that is to be analyzed and summarized. After selection of the section and the ensuing analysis, the author of this report is to then compare and contrast the findings of the BP Trends report with five scholarly journal sources. The section that was selected from the 2014 report is the "Corporate BPM Activity Today" section. While summarizing something as vast and wide as business process management practice and trends can be difficult, there is still a wealth of knowledge and access that allows people to truly see the future of the subject and the industries that use it.

Analysis

One of the first tidbits from the Corporate BPM section that catches the eye of the author of this report is the survey results…… [Read More]

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Importance of Process Improvement in Logistics

Words: 627 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 10944828

Improvement:

An effective logistics strategy is crucial for an organization that operates in the business of providing a range of products and services. The logistics strategy is important for such organizations because of its role in the company's health in relation to maintaining service levels at the highest levels at all times. The strategy is also vital for bigger companies with complex organizational and operational structures in order to ensure an effective and efficient supply chain management system. In this case, logistics is a term that refers to the network of systems or processes that control the flow of resources from one company to another through a supply chain or production process. As the increased competition has become a characteristic of modern business world, companies have been forced to change their approaches towards supplying products and services to customers. This change of focus has made logistics personnel and departments to…… [Read More]

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Cognitive Processes of Cognitive Processes

Words: 1855 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 78409228

124).

The methodology used was to study a selected group of children. While the results are useful in examining this cognitive process, it could also be argued that the group was too small to make general assessments and that further studies would have to be undertaken to compare the results of this study over a wider range of children. This would also take into account other variables such as ethnic group etc.

3. Conclusion

The study of cognitive process provides us with valuable insight into the way that children and adults perceive the word around them. The way that we perceive, filter and retain our reality plays a vital part in the way that we react and behave and in our personal development. The issues of perception, sensory memory and social cognitive factors all play a cardinal role in human development. The more that we study and understand the various…… [Read More]

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Business Process Description The Mounting

Words: 711 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 63154058

Discussion ensued, and the agreed upon script was announced along with a casting call for the required actors. Meanwhile, the technical director began drawing ground plans for the set (there were no changes in the script; only one set was needed). The head of the company had decided to direct, making that process simple, and he made several alterations to the ground plan before approving it. The set was projected to come in under the tentative budget that had been previously assumed, allowing more money to go to costumes as the play was a period piece, the costumer (a friend of the technical director's in a design class) was overjoyed with the windfall, and was able to rent many of the necessary costumes.

Auditions were held, and the stage manager and director first watched over fifty actors perform monologues. Those who seemed appropriate for the various parts were asked to…… [Read More]

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Influences on the Communication Process

Words: 840 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62090024

Communication

Influences on the Communication Process

Communication takes in many ways and for many reasons; the communication itself may also be impacted by many influences. To understand the process it is necessary to look at both the reasons for communication and the influences that may impact that communication.

There are three main purposes for communication; information, persuasion, and motivation. Although each of the different purposes will be examined separately, it should be remembered that in many cases a single message may include more than one purpose as the processes are not mutually exclusive (Rosengren, 1999).

Information may be seen as the most recognized communication purpose; it takes place on many ways, where information is communicated in many different types of scenarios'. For example, employers may communicate with employees to tell them of their job requirements, changes to the job requirements, or changes in goals. Information communication is also seen with…… [Read More]

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Operations Management Process Improvement at

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14062143

The areas where there is a divergence from the desired outcomes can then be examined to identify why there is a divergence and assess how that divergence may be decreased (Breygogle et al., 2001).

Different approaches to implementation of 6 Sigma exist, DMIAC is one of these, with the different stages being define, measure, analyze, design and verify.

Slide 4

The definition of the issue for Riordan is how to improve the supply chain. It is a key aspect of the firms' ability to manufacture fans, if there are delays in the supply of goods there will be delis in manufacturing. As the firm has a level supply strategy for the majorly of the products, and goods are supplied out of stock when they are ordered, a delay due to supply chain issues may create delays in supplying customers,. Furthermore, to overcome this, the firm may need to invest more…… [Read More]

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Interest Based Bargaining Process and Purpose

Words: 1625 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31143688

Purpose of Interest Based Bargaining

The collective bargaining process is hardly ever dull or unexciting. Every now and then, there is significant tension as one of the participating parties or the other comes to the realization that it will fail to reach the expectations of its constituents. From time to time, there is significant eagerness and passion as resourceful options emanate with the potential to render mutual gains. In different occasions, apparently negligible or routine issues of contract terminology or working state of affairs have the potential to be fiery and tense on the basis of how they are addressed (Kochan and Lipsky, 2003). Interest based bargaining is founded on the ascertainment and determination of mutual interests instead of the resolution of specific bargaining demands. Interest based bargaining can be delineated as a process of solving problems that is conducted in a moral manner that generates efficacious solutions and at…… [Read More]

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Evaluation of the Aging Process

Words: 665 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69979374

Aging can be defined as the buildup of damage in molecules, tissues, and cells throughout an individual's lifetime. As a result of this accumulation, the capacity of an organism to sustain homeostasis in stress situations is decreased and enhanced risk for many diseases emerges (Rodriguez-Rodero et al., 2011). The process of aging, which is commonly known as senescence, affects people in different ways because of its varying impact on different parts of the body and at varying rates (Zastrow & Kirst-Ashman, 2016). Given these differences, the aging process is different between individuals as some seemingly age faster than others.

There are several factors that affect the aging process and contribute to the differences through which some people seem to age faster than others. One of the major factors that affect the aging process is cell aging, which entails DNA damage and telomeres. In this case, aging is a by-product of…… [Read More]

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Criminal process from arraignment to pre trial

Words: 3011 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64366603

Criminal Process; Arraignment to Pre-Trial

The purpose of criminal law is to promote respect for the law by people and ensure a just, safe, and peaceful society. The American justice system has many commendable elements that are aligned to the objectives of a justice system. The trial system significantly addresses many point of subtlety and does a great job in its effort to uphold the rule of law. In the effort to deliver justice, it is important that the rights of the defendant be uphold. This paper seeks to shed light on three stages before the process of criminal trial, and how the rights of the defendant are catered for in each of the stages before trial commences. These stages include the information, arraignment and the subsequent hearings at pretrial.

Arraignment

The stage that precedes and leads to trial in a criminal case is called arraignment. Arraignment must be done…… [Read More]

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Court Process Judicial Process and Constitutional Issues

Words: 3346 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83236780

9/11 terror attacks was characterized by enactment of new laws and executive orders that focused on enhancing homeland security. However, these laws and orders have become controversial because they have ceded power to the executive branch and limited people's rights. Some examples of these limitations include restrictions on privacy, limitation of free speech and association rights, and limitation of religious freedom. While these actions were necessary to help prevent another attack, they are inappropriate since they compromise civil rights and checks and balances established in America's democracy. The federal government would have taken less drastic measures through reordering priorities of law enforcement instead of generating fundamental changes in law.

Week 5: Discussion

In the American judicial system, the Supreme Court reviews very few cases most of whom are appeals from lower courts. It should not be mandatory for the Supreme Court to review more cases despite having appellate jurisdiction. The…… [Read More]

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Current Trends in Due Process Lawsuits

Words: 2159 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24573374

Americans are aware that they are entitled to "their day in court" but may not fully understand the full range of due process protections that are contained in the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution. To determine the facts, this paper reviews the relevant literature to provide a discussion concerning the meaning, history and importance of the constitutional concept of "due process" as contained in the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution. A brief discussion analyzing the conflicting positions of Justices Hugo Black and Felix Frankfurter with respect to the incorporation of American citizens' rights under the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, and how these Justices' positions helped develop the concept of due process is followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning due process in the conclusion.

.Review and Discussion

According to Black's Law Dictionary, "due process of law" means…… [Read More]

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Textbook Adoption Process

Words: 1227 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88647549

Adoption Process

ACTIVITY DESCRIPTION AND SUMMARY

The activity I completed was gaining a better understanding of how curriculum is provided for the students at my school. Doing so was an involved process in which I arranged a meeting with the assistant vice principal of my school, Mrs. Panetta, who gave me a detailed overview of how exactly relevant textbooks and workbooks are selected for student use. Additionally, I spoke with some other faculty members at my school who have been there for a significant amount of time (longer than I have). They were also able to provide insight into how the curriculum selection process works. By combining their perspectives with that of my vice-principal, I now have a thorough understanding of the various facets of curriculum selection that routinely take place for the students at my school.

Additionally, my conversations with the aforementioned individuals helped me to glean the method…… [Read More]

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Public Health Policy Process

Words: 1252 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 71921472

Policy Process Part I

Policies are constantly being reviewed and considered to assist in enhancing the federal, state, and local health care systems. Each of the reviewed and considered policies has the potential to affect every individual on a daily basis, so careful consideration must be exercised when policies are proposed. The careful consideration requires an understanding of the process through which an idea or topic ultimately becomes a policy and legislation. An example of a topic in the health care industry that may be used to form a policy is health workforce shortages. This topic can become a policy because the United States health sector is currently experiencing an increase in workforce shortages in federal, state, and local levels. The current laws do not have adequate measures or procedures that would deal with this issue effectively. Therefore, policy makers should develop and implement legislation that specifically focuses on health…… [Read More]

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ERP and Processes

Words: 424 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2670652

Information Technology

Define Departmental Processes, Enterprise Processes and Inter-Enterprise Process and Describe Their Characteristics

Departmental Processes -- The departmental processes are designed for optimization of efficiency of the department and for the purpose of achieving targets of the department. (Wilkins, 2011, paraphrased) Characteristics include the "sub-optimization of real value creation and 'island' IT solutions. These processes are reported to be "redundant to functional management" and to result in the creation of conflict. (Wilkins, 2011, p. 12)

Enterprise Process -- the IT enterprise process framework is reported to be a "mechanism for harmonizing process disparity and managing the associated complexities." (Snyder, 2007, p. 1) It is reported to use "five architected views" including those of: (1) alignment; (2) process interdependence; (3) governance; (4) organizational operations; and (5) process traceability. (Snyder, 2007, p. 1)

C. Inter-Enterprise Processes: these processes are those unique to the specific enterprise and are such that may or…… [Read More]

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Business Process Transformation at Google

Words: 1596 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16675177

Business Processes

The administration and the information system at Google rely heavily on the use of business process management. Business process management proves an effective tool in the organization owing to the variation of the knowledge, skills, and expertise of the employees. Significant evidence reveals that process management improves the performance of the company by enhancing its management of operations, customer satisfaction, reduction in costs of operating organizational activities, and ensuring the establishment of new products and services within the organization. As such, it implies that process management focuses on observing the products and services provided by the company and providing products or services with new-dimensional features that meet consumer needs. Similarly, business process ensures the organization and improvement of organizational activities to provide an understanding of their interrelationship (Grosskopf, Decker, & Weske, 2009). Therefore, the following essay focuses on the analysis of the business process of the Google Company.…… [Read More]

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Managing the Effectiveness of the Audit Process

Words: 3446 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10586336

Managing the Effectiveness of the Audit Process

Mission and Objectives of the International Audit Department

Stakeholders

The IAD stakeholder power-interest grid

The Audit Process

Objectives, Scope and Approach of the Research

Purpose and Mandate

Resourcing

Competency Development

Sustaining People Excellence

Tools and Technology

Knowledge Management

Operations

Quality

Governance

People

Infrastructure and Operations

Japan Tobacco International (JTI) is an international tobacco business that is operated by Japan Tobacco Inc. Japan Tobacco Inc. is the third largest player in the international tobacco industry with a market capitalization of 32 billion USD and a market share of 11%. JTI was established in the year 1999 when Japan Tobacco Inc. purchased the operations of United States multinational R.J. Reynolds, for 8 billion USD.

The Internal Audit Department (IAD) of the organization is accountable to the board of directors. The department is headed by the Global Internal Audit Vice President. He took his position in…… [Read More]

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Automatic Processes in Attention

Words: 1326 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41130615

Sensation refers to the process that the sense organs perform when they encode physical energy from the environment. The physical stimulus energy is broken down into action potentials in the brain through the process of transduction. Perception, the interpretation of this transformed physical energy/stimuli into meaningful information, occurs in the brain. While sensation is a purely physical phenomenon occurring within the confines of a particular sensual modality and its associated neural registers, the process of perception is an interactive one where previous experiences, knowledge, expectations, etc. that are multi-modal interact with the physical sensations from the environment in order to produce current our experience. The mechanisms of these perceptions can either be unconscious (occur below the level of conscious awareness) or conscious (occur at the level of conscious awareness). These processes can also be automatic, occurring without conscious effort and conscious control and therefore use very little cognitive resources or…… [Read More]

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Business Process Analysis and Technology

Words: 495 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 69176955

This would provide an entire new level of communication between the service and the service provider. If the client did not like the service the last time they had their hair done, then they could point at the picture and show exactly the parts that they were not satisfied with so that the service could improve. This could offer a visual element to quality control that, to the best of my knowledge, no other service providers' offer.

It is hard to determine exactly how consumers would react to this type of service offering. There would obviously be some customers in the market that would greatly value such as service while others might not really place any significant value on it at all. Therefore, another idea would be to charge for the service. If the client paid a small fee for this customized service then this could not only offset the…… [Read More]

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Business Process Analysis and Technology Solution Proposal

Words: 483 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 14082184

Business Process and Technology Solution Proposal

Business Process Analysis

Currently, Myra's system of keeping inventory control is a mess. She relies solely on her employees to tell her when she is out of stock or low on something, which may cause the salon to have issues in regards to having all the equipment and products they need to satisfy the customer. She is sometimes left with no stock or is rushing to fill inventory demand. The following flow chart shows the process as is. In addition, Myra has trouble reaching out to customers because she has no system of keeping track of them. As such, she has a hard time remembering customers' likes and products used which would ultimately increase the ease of seeing regulars.

Technology Solution Proposal

It is crucial that Myra invest in software so that she can much easily keep track of her inventory. According to the…… [Read More]

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Nursing Journal on an EBP Process Together

Words: 1150 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69562104

Nursing Journal on an EBP Process:

Together with his colleagues at the University of Washington, Jeffrey R. Harris developed and published an article regarding the most appropriate means for disseminating evidence-based practices. The framework was geared towards spreading evidence-based practices that focus on health promotion. The authors argued that the basis for widespread adoption of evidence-based health promotion practices is mainly dependent on developing and evaluating effective dissemination approaches. Consequently, they created a practical framework based on existing literature on dissemination and their experiences in conducting such practices. The framework is commonly known as the Health Promotion Research Center (HPRC) framework, which was developed by the Prevention Research Center at the University of Washington and funded by the Center for Disease Control. CDC funded the development of this evidence-based health promotion framework to carry out research on community-based prevention and management of chronic diseases.

Summary of the Article's Key Points:…… [Read More]

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Product and Service Design Processes Product Executive

Words: 642 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12287185

Product and Service Design Processes

Product Executive Summary: Tire Design

The approach to designing tires is driven by a highly regulated product market. The standards for safety, ergonomic design and functionality are governed by a number of basic qualifying conditions that must first be met. Therefore, the appropriate design approach begins with ensuring that these conditions are met both in terms of design and the machinery and equipment that will be used to drive production.

Beyond this, design approach is governed by the required output of a given production facility. This, in turn, is determined by client demand and imposed shipping schedules and deadlines. By establishing partnerships with automakers and other larger production operations, the tire design process is governed by clear outlay of production expectations. Designing the production approach must center on achieving these expectations. For this to occur across multiple settings and with a wide range of partnerships…… [Read More]

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Federal Budget Process

Words: 5171 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 2907557

Federal Budget Process

Every year the federal administration is involved with a total revenue and expenditure of about 1.5 trillion USD as a matter of fiscal practice. (Keith, 1996) The budgetary strategy of the federal administration is an integration of the guidelines that the policy makers, legislator, bureaucrats apply for designing, continuing, regulating and accounting fro the expenditure and revenue strategy. Normally the budgetary strategy involves formulation of the budget of the President by the administrative section; the budget strategy of the Congress has its base on the resolution moved by the Congress. In some of the years the authorization and appropriation strategies, implementation and impoundments of the budgetary law, the prescribed guideline under the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 in respect of deferring or rescinding of the funds appropriated, and the policy of financial managements are taken into account while formulation of the Congressional budget, particularly in case of…… [Read More]

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Governing Race Politics Process and the Politics

Words: 2287 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 42004385

Governing Race: Politics, Process and the Politics of Race by Nina M. Moore. Specifically, it will contain a detailed book report on the book. "Governing Race" is an important and viable book for any Black Studies student, especially if they are interested in why race relations came to a head in the 1960s. "Governing Race" gives a unique viewpoint on the "politics of race," and is valuable reading for this alone. However, there is much more for the reader to discover as they move through the pages of this book.

The author's thesis is quite clear from the very beginning of this book. She asserts, "race presents a challenge too difficult for American governing institutions to meet" (Moore xiv) in the Introduction of the book, and further asserts, "true socioeconomic and political race reform will remain a laudable, but elusive, goal of government policymakers" (Moore xv). Therefore, her book concentrates…… [Read More]

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Sanctification the Process of Sanctification Can Also

Words: 4350 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 40000825

Sanctification

The process of sanctification can also be termed loosely of becoming like God, as we were all created to be like him and in sanctification we are restored to the full human potential designed by god. This has three parts or levels and includes the work done by the Holy Spirit, done by ourselves and through society. All three are required to achieve sanctification and that is the full development of the god-designed human being. The Holy Spirit makes the believer holy and sanctification is a part of it. The change does not take place immediately, and the process takes three stages. The names given to these three stages are positional sanctification, progressive sanctification and perfect or complete sanctification. (Sanctification- First Baptist Church) As we run the race to the end of our lives, Sanctification is an incessant procedure of growth. In the life of a Christian, the work…… [Read More]

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Engineer Engages in a Process That Is

Words: 2802 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Book Report Paper #: 14474410

engineer engages in a process that is both technical, and social as he or she works to facilitate the creation of a product to meet the customer's needs. If this process were strictly functional application of mathematics, design specifications and materials testing, the bulk of the work could be done by a computer. But the design process is all together human, interwoven by cultural issues, communications issues, and the knowledge that is created as the engineering process travels from conception to completion.

In any design project there generally are different kinds of engineers - mechanical engineers, electronics engineers and so on. They speak different languages; they have different responsibilities, competencies and interests. To reconcile their different claims and proposals, negotiation is required. The book uses the example that refrigerators in the States are huge and in Europe they are small. Clearly there are technical reasons, but the main reason has…… [Read More]

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Manufacturing Vehicle's Assembly Process Ford Mustang Introduction

Words: 2900 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 96499912

Manufacturing

Vehicle's Assembly Process (Ford Mustang)

Introduction to the plant

On one of the most modern and advanced production systems in the world at the Ford Group plant, the Ford Mustang has been manufactured at the factory with an investment of a 230 million investment program.

The fully installed factory capacity has produced around 100,000 Mustangs yearly with a transformation in two stages into a state of the art manufacturing facility. The plant employs approximately 2,500 associates who are into breaking new ground in the automotive industry of the country with an extensive flexible working agreement.

In the mid 1990s, the foundation for the plant's transformation was set that had an initial investment program of 280 million in order to make a new paint shop, body-building facility and assembly areas. Earlier, an additional 230 million has been spent on the Mustang production.

It has been an extraordinary story of putting…… [Read More]

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What Tools Should the Congregation Have for Their Own Discipleship Process

Words: 3531 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 17619106

Congregation Should have for their own Discipleship Process

When it comes to discipleship, one can too often think about the tools necessary for the church and church leaders in helping to motivate people to become disciples. A far more elusive question examines what the actual members of the congregation require in order to flourish and excel within their own discipleship process. It's important to bear in mind that Jesus commanded us to "go and make disciples"; not converts, social justice agents, or moralists. Members of the congregation were called to the church in order to engage in a transformation of the inward self, as Jesus emphasized that the inward transformation would produce the outward fruits. Thus, the church does have a certain obligation to disciple those who are members of the congregation and thus, certain tools need to be used to accomplish this. This paper examines the tools that the…… [Read More]

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How Do the Non-For Profit NFP Organizations Manage Their Procurement Processes

Words: 6916 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Multiple chapters Paper #: 39302164

picture of how nonprofit organizations balance their procurement processes by applying a phenomenological method to investigate the procurement methods, by categorizing the knowledge of participants. This involved the analysis of survey results in order to pinpoint the fundamental challenges that nonprofits face in conjunction with finding a means of improving the procurement processes. This was an investigation founded on an intensified approach to epistemology. Other models, such as the descriptive and analytical approach were also harnessed to help explain this particular topic. Surveys are of the most pinnacle and fundamental means of gathering enquiries to the information that exists, analyzing them to engage in a critical evaluation of the data. This survey seeks to shed light on the entire task of procurement, which generally refers to the manner in which goods are acquired, via a procuring entity and through the use of public funds. "Public bodies have always been big…… [Read More]

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Analyzing Group Process and Skill Selection

Words: 2342 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50824851

Group Process and Skill Selection

Recent developments at the medical industry increase the life expectancy. Census reported that 36.3 million Americans were 65 and over in 2004 and 71.5 million Americans will be 65 and over in 2030 (see, census.org). Therefore, the age related diseases and related industry (i.e. eldercare) have been taking an important part of the American society. Taking care of a person with memory loss, dementia and Alzheimer's disease is a demanding task as it requires mental and physical strength. Social supports groups are very helpful to deal with mental and physical distress for Alzheimer's patients' caregivers. In this brief document, a social group session is discussed.

ANALYZING GROUP PROCESS AND SKILL SELECTION

Introduction

Garvin, Gutierrez, and Galinsky (2004) describe the social work groups in which the social workers participate as part of their professional activities either as participants or facilitators. The interaction between social workers and…… [Read More]

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Mining the Process of Extracting New Information

Words: 2900 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 20728009

Mining

The process of extracting new information from existing information through the use of computer system is called Text Mining. Text mining retrieves data of available information and establishes the connection between the facts mentioned in that data. This is how, new information is developed. Since it is newly formed information, its validation is conducted through experimentation. The process of web search is often confused with that of text mining, though these are two entirely different processes. In web search, the computers match the keywords in the database and bring the relevant records. The information is written down by somebody and then uploaded on the internet to make it searchable. On the other hand, in text mining, altogether new information is generated out of existing body of knowledge (Berry, 2004).

Text mining finds its roots in data mining. Data mining refers to the process in which the computer system retrieves…… [Read More]

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Investigation of Systematic Methods or Processes of Invention or Innovation in United Kingdom

Words: 3194 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59453738

Innovative Processes

There are a number of methodologies available in today's literature that provides data on innovation and inventiveness. A number of those methodologies are contained herein, with a special emphasis on the TRIZ approach to innovation. The TRIZ approach is appealing to many experts because of the 40 principles developed by Genrich Altshuller. These principles provide direction to civil engineers (or anyone who wishes to address a problem with innovation) regarding a myriad of problems in all areas. The principles have been used in construction, design, education, business and everyday life. It would seem that TRIZ can be a useful approach to any individual willing to learn the principles and apply them to problem solving.

Other approaches have also been addressed in this literature review including Metaplanning, Moderation, CPTR, and Gaussian approaches. However, it seems as if the most efficient and productive overall approach is the TRIZ method of…… [Read More]

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Due Process Clause Fourteenth Amendment Is Important

Words: 662 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27887701

Due Process Clause Fourteenth Amendment is Important to Me

Adopted in 1868 to the U.S. Constitution during the Reconstruction era the Fourteenth amendment is known as one of the three Reconstruction Amendments. Of these three, the Fourteenth is the most complex and resulted in the greatest number of unforeseen effects. The Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment States "nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property without due process of law…" Initially the intent of the amendment was to protect the Civil Rights Act passed in 1866, ensuring that persons born in the United States, excluding Indians not taxed, were citizens to be given full and equal benefit of all laws. Many feel the meaning of this passage is that a state has to use sufficiently fair and just legal procedures whenever it is going to lawfully take away a person's life, freedom or possessions.…… [Read More]

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Lean Manufacturing Is the Process

Words: 1170 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 29613650

When the job can be done consistently, then improvement can be made. The scientific methodology is the driving force to quality. The challenge is the need to implement FDA's risk approach.

Process analytical Technology (PAT) is a scientific risk-based framework to help pharmaceutical companies design, develop, and implement new efficient tools for use during product manufacture and quality assurance while maintaining or improving the current level of product quality assurance (FDA). PAT consists of two general components: 1) a set of scientific principles and tools supporting innovation and 2) a new regulatory strategy for accommodating innovation. It includes the PAT team approach. The primary focus of scientific manufacturing is to find new ways to use knowledge acquired during the processes and risk-based decisions. It is important for all team members to fully understand the processes and how they work.

With the team approach, work is standardized so each one knows…… [Read More]

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Cobit IT Governance Processes Corporations Are Striving

Words: 727 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 94852419

COBIT

IT governance processes

Corporations are striving to create value from IT processes. Managers have acknowledged that IT-oriented behaviors and decisions must conform to the organizational performance goals. However, most people within organizations are making decisions that influence the value of IT. IT governance refers to the process whereby businesses align their IT activities with their performance objectives. Therefore, IT Governance is the accountability and decision frameworks to encourage desirable activities and behavior in the IT use (Brand & Boonen, 2007). It mirrors the principles of broader corporate governance and focuses on the use and management of IT in achieving organizational performance goals. IT outcomes are difficult to measure hence companies must assign responsibility to assess achievement of the desired outcomes. IT governance cannot be applied in isolation as it is connected to various key enterprise assets such as intellectual property and human resources. Hence, IT governance shares mechanisms like…… [Read More]

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Statistical Process Control and Variation

Words: 2782 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Other chapter (not listed above) Paper #: 20777746



c. Statement of the Problem

i. AS9103 requirements

Section 4.9.1 is a part of the AS9100 and AS9103 requirements that states that suppliers shall identify and plan installation, production as well as servicing process that affect the quality production .Under the requirements, suppliers are to achieve these objectives through specified process. Moreover, the AS9103 requirements provide a standard method to enhance a quality performance in the production and maintenance process with the goals of minimizing variations.

In a manufacturing process, variation control is a critical tool that enhances the quality of products delivered to customer. A problem occurs when the variation exceeds the customer's expectation, which may lead to non-conformance to AS9103 and customer's dissatisfaction. If an organization is unable to enhance quality conformance, the quality of the product will be automatically degraded thereby leading to the increase in the cost of production and decrease in profitability. Variation of products…… [Read More]

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Psychodynamic Model the Model's Developmental Processes and

Words: 2966 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1938969

Psychodynamic Model, The Model's Developmental Processes, And Use In Assessment And Treatment Psychodynamic Model

A large proportion of this research relied on historical data. Most of the data originated from institutions that take care of the aged, books, and journal articles. The views of health experts and professionals in mental health also shaped the judgement of this paper. The paper focused on extracting information from the four models under its analysis. Most of the findings originated from the four frameworks. ( The psychodynamic, the cognitive behavior, the stress and coping model, and the family systems model).

Given the demographics of the present age, almost all adult mental shape practice will certainly include older adults. As people grow older, various changes occur, more valuable is the vulnerability to stress and illnesses. The challenges one faces through the years like the death of loved ones, loneliness and others exposes one to the…… [Read More]

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Cognitive Processes the Development of

Words: 1624 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 46665013

As a conclusion, the authors suggest a functional architecture of cognitive emotional control. The review ends with suggestions for future study, including a consideration of cultural differences and their effect on the individual's ability to control emotion in a cognitive way.

Since the study is a review, the research methodology involves an overview of recent studies in the field of cognitive emotional control. The researchers appear to have made thorough work of this purpose, while also offering insight and into potential future applications of such research. Furthermore, their synthesis of research information is logical and relevant to the questions posed at the beginning of the document.

Conclusion

In conclusion, it is always fascinating to consider the different ways and preference types in how individuals might view and experience the world around them. Having an understanding of cognitive types is particularly useful in fields like education and leadership. Such an understanding…… [Read More]

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Vendor Management IT Management Process

Words: 4065 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 57673057

In this regard, a project manager must have a follow-up on facilities development in order to ascertain success.

Strategic Planning and Project Programming

A good strategic plan shapes programming of essential capital projects in an organization. Market demands and resource constrictions impede the success of the projects. The programming activities linked with planning, and other management functions establishes the priorities and time required for completion of various projects to achieve the goals of the organization (Bruhn et al., 2007). Managers make such a decision while initiating a project and market fluctuations may determine the success or fate of the completion. Among the different projects influenced by market fluctuations is the construction project. If the organization fails to hit the market, it may short-live the demands for the products. With the current trend in both local and global markets, there is intensive competition. However, only the technology intensive organizations succeed in…… [Read More]

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Nursing Process Improvement and Change Management or

Words: 3030 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27787686

Nursing Process Improvement and Change

Change management or process improvement in healthcare guarantees that the vital systems in the healthcare organizations are functioning at their optimal. The objectives of healthcare procedure enhancement are to promote the effectiveness of the systems across units while capitalizing on profits and in due course improving quality of patient's care and experience. Clinical procedure improvement does not only concentrate on patient care, but also evaluates the whole procedure from planning through patient's discharge. Process improvement entails underlining the systems selected for enhancement effort, categorizing problems in the system, starting a redesign procedure that eradicates the problems and radically enhances the system's performance (Strople & Ottani, 2006). The Critical Care Unit charge nurse reporting is crucial and determines the efficiency and quality of care provision.

The charge nurse in Critical Care Unit is a need to employ clinical expertise and managerial skills to enhance efficiency in…… [Read More]

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Negotiations-Arusha Peace Process in Rwanda

Words: 2456 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 4075527

Inclusion of polarized differences within the so-called team in relation to the government of Rwanda was vital for the lack of agreement during the negotiations. Two-level game situation and chaotic structures led to the failure of the bargaining power of the government of Rwanda during the negotiation process. One of the eventual outcomes of the negotiation process was the composition of the national army with 50% from the Tutsis population. This led to inabilities and sense of inferiority in the case of Rwanda. It is also essential to note the difference between the fractured and ineffective Government of Rwanda in comparison to the strongly and united RPF during the negotiation process. This unity of the RPF was under the influence of the military superiority following the break-out of the civil war and essence of exile in the case of Uganda.

The concept of war in Uganda was essential in the…… [Read More]

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Pre-Employment Hiring Process In Regards to Pre-Employment

Words: 790 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94743142

pre-Employment hiring process.

In regards to pre-employment hiring, organizations must first identify the skills and abilities needed to perform the given task correctly. By identifying the proper skill set, the organization can effectively ascertain the competency of viable candidates. Core competencies are very important as the candidate must possess skills to perform the necessary functions of the job. As such the first step should be identifying the skills needed to perform the given task.

Next, the company must then determine what questions to ask in order to properly ascertain the skill level of a given candidate. These questions must first eliminate all biases associated with the interviewer. The questions should be behavior based, showcasing competency in the actual skill, and how that competency will transfer directly to the organization. Pre-employment tests and talent assessments are also good methods in which to determine the skillsets of a candidate. These tests are…… [Read More]

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Strengthening the Orientation Process

Words: 1273 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 5337223

Strengthening the Nurse Orientation Process

Strengthening the orientation process

The healthcare management has been recording increasing developments of shortage of the human resource. This worrying trend has severed the health facilities to near grounding their functioning and purpose. However, research and interviews have attributed this trend to factors related to the orientation programs (Christmas, 2008). Most orientation schedules have been faulty in delivering the desired attention in the practicing interim nurses so that they can remain in the unit of practice. For this reason, the role of the nurse leader is being questioned. How is the nurse leadership role effective in overseeing the nurse orientation process? In my role as a nurse leader, it is my initiative to ensure that the orientation schedule in my unit is effective.

To strengthen the nurse orientation process, there are certain key aspects that I will stress. These areas include the assessment section, communication,…… [Read More]

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New Product Service or Process Produce a

Words: 5510 Length: 19 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7293385

New Product, Service or Process

Produce a specification for an agreed project to implement a new product, service or process

Be able to plan for the launch of a project to implement a new product, service or process

Produce a project plan for an agreed project

Match appropriate resources to a Project

Cost all resources required for implementing a project

Agree timescales for the management and implementation of a project

Plan an appropriate strategy for the implementation of a project

Be able to implement a project

Implement a project in accordance with an agreed specification

Develop appropriate measures to monitor and evaluate progress and outcomes

Monitor the implementation of a project

Task 4: Be able to evaluate the outcomes of a project

Analyze the outcomes of a project in terms of the original project specification

Evaluate the outcomes of a project

Make justified recommendations for improvements to the project

Task…… [Read More]

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IT Management Challenges Business Process Reengineering Works

Words: 3024 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 58873430

IT Management Challenges

Business Process Reengineering works with changes in structures and processes within the business environment. Information technology plays a highly critical part in BPR as it deals with the provision of office automation, gives an allowance for companies to make quick deliveries, work in a flexible manner, and operate in different locations. In addition, new technologies are helping organizations to have paperless transactions. In simple terms, BPR allows an efficient and effective change in the form in which work is performed (Davenport & Beers, 2005).

Describe how you see your role in integrating software, hardware, and business management capabilities.

As the head of IT management team, I would bring transformational solutions to magnum by sharing perspectives and commissioning research. Faster deployment and lower costs would shrink IT budgets, and exert pressure to deliver quality using less. Although, the new softwares integrated in the system would come with challenges,…… [Read More]

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Sentencing Process Define Sentencing Process Pennsyliva New

Words: 1165 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20231021

Sentencing Process

Define sentencing process Pennsyliva New Jersey

The oxford advanced learners' dictionary describes sentencing as, to state that somebody is to have a certain punishment. This essay will start by first giving a broad definition of the sentencing process in the context of two states that include New Jersey and Pennsylvania. Secondly the essay will give a summary of the evolution of the sentencing process and then it will spell out if indeed the reforms have helped reduced recidivism or not. Fourthly before concluding the study will draw out a comparison of the federal and state sentencing process also in the context of the two states and it will seek to affirm which one of the two is better than the other.

The Sentencing Process of Pennsylvania and New Jersey

In both states the sentencing process usually commences when a suspect is apprehended or arrested and it is bound…… [Read More]

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Nursing Process Clinical Decision Making Definition of

Words: 1073 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 545757

Nursing Process Clinical Decision Making

Definition of Clinical Decision Making

Clinical decision-making is defined in the work of Higuchi and Donald (2002) entitled "Thinking Processes Used by Nurses in Clinical Decision Making" to be "a problem-solving activity that focuses on defining patient problems and selecting appropriate treatment interventions." (p.145) Clinical decision marking is stated to be that which "forms the basis of expert clinical practice." (Higuchi and Donald, 2002, p.145) The nurse works in clinical practice settings as a member of a health care team and this requires that the nurse communicate decisions to other team members "to ensure the continuity and coordination of patient care." (Higuchi and Donald, 2002, p.145) The nurse is further required to document clinical decisions in the patient's charts and plans for care. Clinical decision-making, according to Higuchi and Donald has been "studied using the theoretical perspectives of decision theory and information processing. Higuchi and…… [Read More]

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Entrepreneurial Dynamic Leadership Process Self-Reflection I Have

Words: 1533 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44665330

Entrepreneurial Dynamic Leadership Process Self-Reflection

I have found the Entrepreneurial Dynamic Leadership Process (EDLP) model to be very helpful and relevant in reviewing my own leadership experiences and behaviors so far in my life. I really appreciate the model's emphasis on self-leadership. Leaders must first lead themselves in order for others to follow, or for them to inspire others to action, including their own leadership. I especially enjoy the metaphor of self-leadership as the toolbox, and the other leadership styles as tools.

I also find the idea of leadership styles as something that one can pick and choose from, rather than simply have a style that one is stuck with and have to try and adapt to circumstances, to be liberating and even empowering. Until this point in my life, I had thought of one's leadership style as an aspect of one's self, like height, personality or intelligence that cannot…… [Read More]

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Buying Process for a New Laptop the

Words: 679 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65990458

Buying Process for a New Laptop

The influence of marketing, promotion and long-term branding on the buying process of products and services continued to be accelerated by greater use of analytics and more effective use of digital media and channels. The intent of this analysis is to evaluate how the buying process for a new laptop running Microsoft Windows 8 was completed, factoring in the effects of marketing in each stage of the process.

Analysis of the Buying Process

Recently the family laptop running Microsoft Windows Vista had a final hard disk crash that left it inoperable. Our family's problem is that the laptop is used for checking e-mails across school and personal accounts, in addition to tracking expenses and also hosting Skype sessions around the country. The problem recognition phase of the buying process is predicated on evaluating substitutes and selecting a specific alternative, often a product that represents…… [Read More]

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Individual Evaluation of the Completed Process by

Words: 1838 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59006306

Individual Evaluation of the Completed Process by Answering the Following Questions:

Catchball is a concept called Hoshin Kanri. After the Second World War, Hoshin Kanri was a system to create policy management in Japanese companies. 'Hoshin' is a Japanese word that means pointing the direction and 'Kanri' means control. (Ten Step, 2003) The process is complex in the sense that the management creates the policy or attempts to create a goal. In this case it was to create the 'electronic housemaid'. This requirement often translates to many actions from all participants and thus the peers in the team throw a 'catch-ball' to the staff or various participants who then respond to these questions or propositions and the analysis of the response evinces further questions and so on until all issues are sorted out. This method was used in the project which was a software project to create an artificial intelligence…… [Read More]

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HR Planning Process Resource Strategic Planning HR

Words: 681 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30557274

HR Planning Process Resource: Strategic Planning HR Planning: Linking Process & Figure 2.1 Chapter 2 Managing Human Resources Choose a company familiar. Explain integration HR planning process strategic process employees company.

HR Planning Process: Google

Google has become a successful organization because of its unique ability to leverage its HR policies to grow its business. Although its famous slogan is 'don't be evil,' Google does not offer its famously extensive employee benefits packages, spanning from comprehensive healthcare to free food at its cafeterias, simply to be 'nice.' Rather, it is part of a calculated strategy to attract the best people and to leverage employees' capabilities to the maximum degree for the organization. As an information-based technology company, it could be said that Google 'is' its people. Its main strength lies in coming up with new ideas. "What they have done better than anyone else is to develop the world's first…… [Read More]

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Internal Business Process Perspective Balanced Scorecard Turns

Words: 932 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59179316

Internal Business Process Perspective balanced scorecard turns attention aspects organization's operations possibility direct control managers employees.

The balanced scorecard at Duke's Children Hospital

In the context of a rapidly evolving society, the health care sector must also develop new mechanisms by which to keep up with the emergent changes and challenges. One example in this sense is represented by the implementation of business tools and techniques within the act of health care provision.

One relevant example in this sense is offered by Duke Children's Hospital in Durham, North Carolina, which implemented the balanced scorecard to address some critical problems with costs of health care provision and nurse dissatisfaction.

"Between 1993 and 1996 DCH's cost per case increased $4,389, while reimbursement declined, leading to a negative net margin in 1996 of $11 million dollars. During this same period, nurse productivity declined from 80th percentile to the 80th percentile, while patient and…… [Read More]

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Rights Accused 1 Fully Defined Due Process Origins

Words: 1019 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85168951

Rights Accused 1.Fully defined due process origins, Completed 90-100% accuracy, 2.Fully explained due process protects accused abuses federal government. Complete 90-100% accuracy, thoroughness, logic, Used (3) reference directed.

Due process was one of the first rights that were created in the U.S. constitution. The history of due process comes from the year 1355 when the phrase was coined at the time when there was the first government. The Great Charter of the Liberties of England statute stated that no man would be imprisoned or prevented from enjoying their freedom or liberty or be outlawed or exiled unless by lawful judgment that is passed or by the law of the land. Several years later in the 28th year of the reign of King Edward III, it became a declaration that no man was allowed to be deprived of their property, be imprisoned, disinherited or killed without being charged by the due…… [Read More]

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Conflict Crime Control Model vs Consensus Due Process

Words: 1462 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31642269

Conflict/Crime Control Model vs. The Consensus/Due Process Model

Over the years, theorists have developed several theories to describe crime as a social phenomenon. Two of today's most popular theories are the conflict/crime control model and the consensus/due process model. Both theories attempt to explain the origins of crime, but they approach crime from two very different perspectives. The conflict/crime control model is focused on crime control and aims to enforce the law and maintain social order. In contrast, the consensus / due process model is worried about protecting individual rights. One of the difficulties with the American criminal justice system is that it has tried to accomplish both goals, despite the fact that many people not only feel that the goals of the two approaches are incompatible, but also that they are differently motivated. Furthermore, it is important to understand that no one is suggesting that either model captures the…… [Read More]

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Wrong Moves and Analyzes the Decision-Making Process

Words: 1153 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41790812

Wrong Moves" and analyzes the decision-making process of Nutrorim CEO Don Rifkin and his management team. The essay also makes recommendations regarding improvements, including changes to management styles and the use of decision tools.

Analysis of Key Issues

The key issues in the case involve deciding whether to recall ChargeUp after a health inspector made allegations that the drink was responsible for causing illness among 11 people. During the process of making this decision, other issues become apparent. CEO Don Rifkin had created a corporate climate that discouraged dissent and failed to optimally use his people's abilities. By trying to create a climate of inclusiveness, Rifkin has gone too far in the opposite direction and instead discourages his people's best efforts by stifling dissent and debate. Nutrorim's managers get bogged down in the decision-making process, with the result that they routinely make poor decisions, one after another.

Rifkin's management style…… [Read More]

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Improvements to Target's Logistics Processes as One

Words: 1012 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 33241181

Improvements to Target's Logistics Processes

As one of the leading retailers in North America, Target Corporation (NYSE:TGT) has one of the most advanced logistics, supply chain management and planning systems and series of processes in the retail industry. Target has specifically designed their entire value chain to deliver higher-end electronic products that can compete with WalMart, specifically in the areas of flat screen televisions, laptop computers and increasingly, Apple-branded iPads and iPod products. Target is also using their advanced supply chain processes including Collaborative Planning, Forecasting and Replenishment (CPFR) to compete in the high-end women's clothing lines that WalMart is not choosing to compete in (Target Investor Relations, 2012). At the close of their latest fiscal year, Target was operating approximately 1,760 stores in 49 states. Target finances its operations through its retail and credit card business units, using the profits from those two operations to finance the operations of…… [Read More]

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British Petroleum Workshop Agenda Atom Process Analysis

Words: 1262 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51558651

British Petroleum

Workshop Agenda

ATOM Process Analysis and Procedure Recommendation

New Procedures to Stanch Risks

Brainstorming will follow the ATOM Process to formulate solutions to increase safety and better manage risks.

Justification for Agenda -- the three risk factors were identified in all of the reports. Therefore, they will drive the Brainstorming session. The session will center around these issues, their resolution and then how to introduce a safety conscious regime. The Likert scale scores of the risk criteria identified should speed the selection of appropriate risk management solutions.

The BP Texas City oil case is a classic case of risk management. In this case, we have a productive oil refinery that had paid off its initial investment long before. As we can see in the BP case, the Active Threats and Opportunities Management (ATOM) process is rarely implemented correctly (Hillson & Simon, 2007, 23). This is precisely what we…… [Read More]

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Due Process Model and the Crime Control Model

Words: 975 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 29995439

Crime Control Model and the Due Process Model

In this paper we shall examine and differentiate between two "ideal type" models of the criminal process: the Crime Control Model and the Due Process Model. Crime control underlines an efficient criminal procedure by means of early determination of responsibility by law enforcement representatives (Aviram, 2010). The model necessitates considerable reverence to police officers and prosecutors, the "torchbearers" of the criminal process (Feeley, 2003). As a consequence, the model consents to patience with their mistakes. In comparison, the Due Process Model's main goal is safeguarding accuracy and steering clear of the conviction of the guiltless. (Packer, 1969) Under a due process model, law enforcement judgment is seen as possibly biased (Packer, 1969) and is consequently cautiously curtailed by constitutional assessment and procedural stumbling blocks as a "quality control" apparatus (Aviram, 2010).

Packer's models have been far and wide critiqued over the years…… [Read More]