Racial Discrimination Essays (Examples)

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Minorities in Policing Facing the

Words: 1622 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 22847343

It is however also a challenge that cannot be ignored in the light of not only cultural change, but also political issues. Establishing trust within the police department itself, as well as between the police and its public is vitally important for current and future security issues.

With the targeted psychological support and counseling for all police officers, as well as a restructured reward and promotion program, I believe it is possible to encourage and effectively recruit all sectors of society to this profession. It is clear that there is no lack of talent, power or skill, but that problems occur mainly as a result of social and cultural values amongst existing police officers. The police force would however be more effective if it were more representative of the society of the 21st century. False beliefs regarding racial minorities or women no longer have a place in the United States.…… [Read More]

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Stereotypes Media the Media Has

Words: 3037 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50820818

The Sopade (underground messages to the Social Democratic Party's headquarters in exile) confirmed that a plurality of attitudes towards Jews -- ranging from virulent hatred to apathy and indifference -- continued to exist during the Third Reich and that these attitudes were shaped as much by geographical, class, and religious affiliations as by propaganda (Brown, 2002)."

An example of Christian in 2004, Director Mel Gibson became embroiled in controversy for producing what may likely be considered the most direct and explicit work of anti-Semitism created for mainstream consumption since WWII. In the Passion of the Christ, which would ultimately gross more than $370 million at the box office, Gibson would retell the story of Jesus with a focus on the myth of the Jew as a weak, effeminate figure whose treachery caused the death of the Messiah. (BOM, 1) the recall of an otherwise fading perspective on the Jews returned…… [Read More]

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Why African Americans do not Support Capital Punishment

Words: 669 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90218813

Capital Punishment Issues

The inconsistency and discrimination issues related to capital punishment are that, first, it is unevenly applied to all persons and, second, it is more commonly supported by Whites than it is by African-Americans (Unnever, Cullen, 2007). The concept that criminal justice and capital punishment are a good fit for one another is not a concept that African-Americans tend to promote; yet the underlying cause of their lack of support is rooted in their view of the criminal justice system itself -- which is generally regarded among them as being more unjust than just, especially with respect to African-American lives. For Whites, on the other hand, capital punishment is viewed as a legitimate form of punishment within the system -- one that works and one that should be doled out to those who deserve in order to maintain society's integrity.

Yet, the problem of capital punishment is that…… [Read More]

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Soft Skills

Words: 852 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59865355

Race and Employment

The United States is supposed to be based on the principle that all men are created equal. Men have fought and died in order to defend this idea, but even more than two hundred years after the founding of this nation, there is still a great disparage between the positions of men in this country based upon the differences in their skin color. In the television program The Wire, a large group of black men and women find themselves in the position where they have to commit crimes and other unlawful actions in order to support themselves and their families. In their low income areas, often the only way in which to earn the money to hopefully get their siblings and their children out of these poor communities is to sell drugs or their bodies to other low-income people in similar dire circumstances. According to authors Philip…… [Read More]

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Metaphors in I Too Sing America

Words: 1149 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82428795

Sing America Metaphors

The Use of Metaphor in I, Too, Sing America

In the poem I, Too, Sing America written by Langston Hughes, the author takes the reader on a journey through the experience of the discriminated African-Americans in the Jim Crow south of 1924. The poem is told in first person and shows the injustice of racism (Jones 176). The overall goal of the work is to illustrate that America is a rich tapestry of different people -- all equally valid. The "I, Too" of the title and repeated throughout the poem alludes to the feeling of exclusion that results for those who are alienated by a societies laws, policies and norms (Hughes 545). The poem is very effective because of its genuine emotions.

At the heart of the work is the personal experience of the African-American who, in that day, had to contend with the denial of many…… [Read More]

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Arizona Illegal Immigrant Law a Good Idea

Words: 1873 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78140919

Arizona illegal immigrant law a good idea?

The Support Our Police force and Safe Neighbourhood Act (enacted as Arizona Senate Bill 1070 and therefore is associated basically as Arizona SB 1070) is really a legal Act within the U.S. Arizona State. This law is currently the widest and most stringent anti-illegal immigration in recent American history (CNN, 2010). This law has acquired considerable local and also global criticism and it has prompted extensive debate (Nowicki, 2010).

United States federal legislation requires all non-citizens older than 14 who reside in the country for more than thirty days to register with the Federal government. Furthermore, they are required to hold and possess registration papers all the time. The Arizona Act, furthermore, makes it an Arizona misdemeanour offence for a non-citizen to be residing in Arizona without possessing the necessary documents. The law articulates that state police force officers try to determine his/her…… [Read More]

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Workplace Diversity Any Discussion of

Words: 6013 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 47540537

They dropped back slightly to 1.5 million in 2002" (Mason-Dreffen 2003). Those increases occurred despite the fact that age discrimination can be difficult to prove, although the Supreme Court had eased the plaintiff's burden of proof (Ormsbee 2002). Song 2001

University of California at Davis professor of computer science, Dr. Norman Matloff, noted that in the IT world, "old" can begin at age 35. In addition, "The market has become more difficult for older workers since Congress passed a bill in 1998 that doubled the number of foreign high-tech workers from 65,000 to 115,000 that could be brought into the country under 'H1-B' work visas" (Matloff, quoted by Song 2001). Since Matloff was interviewed, the cap has been raised to 195,000 (Song 2001).

Despite this, in 2000, 843,000 IT jobs went unfilled, with about 20% of those being the programming positions Matloff said were at the heart of the problem…… [Read More]

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Women and the Glass Ceiling

Words: 1839 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 86700930


Duncan K. (1996) Gender differences in the effect of education on the slope of experience-earnings profiles: National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, 1979-1988. www.highbeam.com/Search.aspx?q=glass+ceiling+%20publication:%5b%22The%20American%20Journal%20of%20Economics%20and%20Sociology%22%5dThe American Journal of Economics and Sociology: www.highbeam.com/Search.aspx?q=glass+ceiling+%20pubdate:%5b19960928;19961004%5dOctober 1, 1996. Retrieved 18 February, 2007, from www.highbream.com. http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5008547670

Gazso, a. (2004). Women's Inequality in the Workplace as Framed in News Discourse: Refracting from Gender Ideology. The Canadian Review of Sociology and Anthropology, 41(4), 449+. Retrieved February 19, 2007, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5008547670

Goyder, J., Guppy, N., & Thompson, M. (2003). The Allocation of Male and Female Occupational Prestige in an Ontario Urban Area: A Quarter-Century Replication. The Canadian Review of Sociology and Anthropology, 40(4), 417+. Retrieved February 19, 2007, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5002093162

Hopcroft R. (1996) the authority attainment of women: competitive sector effects. The American Journal of Economics and Sociology.

April 1, 1996. Retrieved 18 February, 2007, from www.highbream.com

Lopez, N. Free Markets, Free Choices II: Smashing…… [Read More]

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Unequal Power Relations Biomedical Ethics

Words: 2418 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 72627575

The suggestion that lies behind this study is that healthcare professionals must look into the details of everyday life and seek to understand how the aspirations of diverse groups affect their choices and goals.

On deeper cultural levels, African-Americans also face unique problems that relate to health and well-being. The African-American family appears almost endangered in modern day America, and African-Americans face thereby a real problem when it comes to finding the necessary familial and community support when faced by major health crises. In area after area, Blacks do not receive the same kind of aggressive treatment as received by Whites. In a study of 53,000 African-American heart attack victims, it was found that Whites received much more aggressive treatment and care, while only forty-seven percent of impoverished African-Americans received treatment in intensive care units as compared to seventy percent of Whites in similar economic circumstances (Jewell, 2003, p. 196).…… [Read More]

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Political Philosophy Generally I Hold

Words: 1567 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14060647

Just as in the realm of economics, different individuals possess different capabilities, aptitudes, and qualifications for different careers. Civil rights issues and equality in academia and employment have progressed to the point where less deserving and less qualified individuals receive some of the opportunities that were better earned by others who are more qualified.

This reverse racism and reverse sexism is not conducive to a society that emphasizes initiative and effort and which rewards self-responsibility and objective merit above all else. Whereas pervious generations of women and racial and ethnic minorities were deprived of the opportunity to compete fairly with males and non-minority individuals, nowadays, no such impediments exist; therefore, opportunities in both academia and the professional workplace must revert to recognizing and rewarding merit and achievement and not gender and ethic or racial makeup instead.

The Environment:

As in the case of other aspects of the appropriate role of…… [Read More]

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Beverly Daniel Tatum Psychologist and

Words: 1385 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 81858796

A key role here would be that of the teacher, as most interactions at this age usually occur in school. Therefore, proper advice from a guiding counselor on issues referring to racial differences, to questions such as "What does it mean to be black?" could be of help in prompting further discussions on related subjects.

In analyzing the CNN pole, the role of the teacher is evident: he must help students answer their questions and address their fears, in order for each generation to be les inflicted by racial prejudices.

But, as Beverly Tatum pointed out in one of her articles, "many educators are unskilled at talking about racial issues. Many teachers have had limited possibility to explore such issues in their own education, and they hesitate to lead discussions about racial tensions for fear that they will generate classroom conflicts." School counselors must be prepared to help students from…… [Read More]

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Social Work Exercise the Imaginary Recording Helped

Words: 2118 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 37200829

Social Work


The imaginary recording helped me to examine the language that I use commonly, and listen for embedded biases. I noticed that I assumed that the client could hear me and see me, rather than acknowledge the fact that the client could be deaf or visually impaired. It might be helpful to establish immediately whether the client requires assistive technologies when understanding the types of services we provide. I also noticed that I did not readily acknowledge the possibility that the client might not identify with gender binaries. In the future, I could ask a more open-ended question such as, "How do you perceive gender, and how central is gender to your personal identity?" I did not mention religion, but it might be helpful to know if the client values religion and incorporate our stance on religion from the onset of therapy. One of the most glaring mistakes…… [Read More]

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Common Sense in the United States of

Words: 896 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40163035

Common Sense

In the United States of America, the workplace used to be a serious location, but one where warmth and friendship could develop. Perhaps even romance could bloom between persons who worked in the same office. When someone was slightly injured, a band-aid would be placed on the cut or a sprained ankle would be taped up and that would be the end of it. However, that is not the case in the modern age because people are so overly eager to get money for injury or incident. When someone is hurt nowadays at the workplace or a young man asks a girl for coffee, it is not common sense that serves as the driving force, but the desire for money and the ability to sue. This is a very litigious age and people and businesses are being sued for ridiculous amounts of money over issues which is the…… [Read More]

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Symbolic Interactionist Perspective Media Analysis

Words: 812 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 40189177

Symbolic Interactions Perspective Media Analysis

Symbolic Interactions

Social inequality is different from economic inequality, though related to some extent. Economic inequality is typically caused by unequal accumulation of wealth, whereas social inequality has many different forms. Gender inequality, racial inequality, caste inequality, or age inequality are all types of social inequality that may exist in a society not merely due to differences in financial statuses of individuals. People from different social statuses often live in separate localities which may not be the case with people from different economic statuses. Classic example of such an issue is that of African-American class and the Jim Crow laws that were enacted in Northern United States between 1876 and 1965. The Jim Crow laws ordered racial segregation between the whites and blacks with many other laws like prohibition of intermarriages, separate public schools and many others. With United States' non-white president this issue seems…… [Read More]

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Isolation African-American Civil Rights Historically

Words: 2517 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 37834676

Board of Education of Topeka. This case represented a watershed for Civil Rights and helped to signal an end to segregation because it determined that "separate educational facilities are inherently unequal" (Warren, 1954). It is essential to note that federal support on this particular issue was only earned after African-Americans decided to use the legislative system to their advantage by taking the segregationist school system of Topeka, Kansas to task. This particular court case was a class action lawsuit filed on behalf of 13 parents whose children were enrolled in the city's school system. This action was highly influential in the African-American struggle for civil rights and to end discrimination because it demonstrated that they had learned the most effective means of fighting this systemic oppression -- by utilizing the system itself, in this instance, the legislative system that ran the country.

By doing so, African-Americans helped to end the…… [Read More]

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Pay Equity

Words: 4525 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 42838148

Pay Equity

As American business enters the 21st century the issue of unequal pay for equal work continues.

The course of attaining the objectives of just wages for all workers by eradicating the wage disparities between men and women workers is known as pay equity. It necessitates that the unequal jobs of comparatively same value to the employer is to be given the equal wages. Pay equity is considered to be a gender independent pay process that reduced wage inequity. (Policy Statement: Pay Equity) There exist considerable wage disparities between the employed men and women of America. Taking into consideration the educational and political progress of women the advocacy of the women to be in focus by a sexist society into the dominating female occupations seems to be absurd. Irrespective of the fact that more and more female are entering the top executive ranks in America they are to confront…… [Read More]

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Brazil Ethnic Issues

Words: 2371 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 63735007

Brazilian Ethnic Issues

The racial / ethnic composition of Brazilians is quite different from the racial / ethnic make up of people in the United States, and unique in the world in many respects. How is the government dealing with ethnic and racial relations within their very large and culturally diverse country? This paper will review the literature on the dynamics (and history) of this multi-ethnic, multi-racial South American nation. And in addition some aspects of ethnicity and racial data in Brazil will be compared and contrasted with those data in the United States.

Racism is Learned, Justified, and Reinforced

According to author Benjamin P. Bowser, racism is "…a historic and cultural belief (in one race's inferiority and in another's superiority) that has been used by national elites" in order to continue a kind of "social stratification" that leans in their favor (Bowser, 1995, p. 285). Racism has been "very…… [Read More]

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Barry Friedman Details the Ethical

Words: 2159 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14270846

But if it wishes to stand by the stated principles of its founding and the message it attaches to its history, than profiling cannot be allowed to exist.

4) Deontological ethical systems "guide and assess our choices of what we ought to do," as opposed to suggesting what types of people we should be (Stanford, 2007). Another important distinction of deontological viewpoints is their emphasis on the motives and intentions behind an act in regards to that act's ethicality, as opposed to the consequences of that act. One narrow form of deontological ethics is moral absolutism, propagated by such thinkers as Immanuel Kant (Stanford, 2007). According to his view, acts are either moral or immoral in all situations, without any regard to the consequences (Stanford, 2007). Not all deontological viewpoints are this extreme, however it provides the clearest example of the deontological view. According to deontological ethics, acting in a…… [Read More]

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Ethnic Studies -- Indian Removal

Words: 1962 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6358184

However, our continuing humanitarian obligation to the Indians cannot allow these primitive peoples to stand in the way of national progress. They must be removed and granted only a reasonable amount of territory.

Editorial Against Indian Removal

I regret to say that our potentially great nation is being sullied by the way that it has approached the question of Indian removal from the Great Desert. Largely to escape the oppression of a Royal Crown that failed to respect the autonomous rights of individuals, the Founder of this nation sought a new form of government that respected individual rights. Now, it is the American people who have been guilty of oppression. Practically, since our first settlers explored the land of opportunity, they have wronged this continent's native peoples. In some cases, this was accomplished by trickery; in others it was by force; in still other instances, we have pledged our word…… [Read More]

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Ethnic Conflict II How Does

Words: 736 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 83959174

Through policies of systematic discrimination and persecution of national minorities, Serb nationalists indirectly strengthened the radical wing of Albanian nationalist movements. The wing was represented by KSA (Kosovo Liberation Army). Most of the KSA leadership, Hedges writes, has formerly been imprisoned for separatist activities, and many were imprisoned by the Tito's communist government. The KSA's ideological base, Hedges writes, comes from a bizarre mixture of fascist and communist factions. Later in the 1990s, KSA began to receive financial and logistical support from Islamist radical groups in the Gulf States as well.

Hedges argues that KSA initially did not have the support of the majority. The radical group began to garner support after the policies pursued by Ibrahim Rugova have allegedly failed. The continuing mistreatment of Kosovo Albanians by the Serbian state and the inability of the international community to resolve the issue (for example, the European Union's recognition of Yugoslavia…… [Read More]

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Undocumented Students Equity to In-State Tuition Reducing

Words: 8115 Length: 22 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 92893549

Undocumented Students Equity to in-State Tuition:

Reducing The Barriers

There exist policy ambiguities and variations at federal, state, and institutional levels related to undocumented student access to and success in higher education and this has created problems for these students. This study investigated specific policies and procedures to provide the resources and capital to assist undocumented students as well as reviewed key elements of showing the correlation of these difficulties with ethnic identity in access and equity to higher education that would help eliminate student's frustration. The study also illustrated that there is no accountability system surrounding the success of undocumented student's postsecondary education divide significant structure. Three research questions guided the study; a) Without the fundamental requirements met how will undocumented students achieve their goal to attain a degree, and seek a rewarding career? b) Is it unjust to extradite an illegal alien who has been living a constructive…… [Read More]

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Current Events Medical-Marijuana on July 12 2011

Words: 2412 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57182527

Current Events


On July 12, 2011 the Seattle city council took the first steps toward the regulation of medical-marijuana dispensaries within city limits. The city would require that "medical-marijuana operations get a city business license and comply with city land-use, fire safety, and other rules." (Martin) The state of Washington has had legalized medical-marijuana for 13 years, but the voter-approved law is scheduled to change on July 22, due to the governor's partial veto of a bill that would have legalized and regulated dispensaries and farms that grow marijuana. Governor Chris Gregoire's veto clearly makes medical-marijuana dispensaries illegal, and in response to the partial veto, the city of Seattle has taken the steps to regulate medical-marijuana dispensaries on their own.

The issue of medical-marijuana had become a major issue with the advance of medical technologies and treatments, specifically chemotherapy, but also other ailments such as AIDS. In July of…… [Read More]

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Government Ethics

Words: 1944 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 64672022


Criminal justice is an inherently ethical profession. The judiciary ostensibly crafts laws that reflect the ethical sensibilities and social norms of the society, which are often embedded in the American Constitution. The role of the criminal justice system is to ensure that local, state, and federal laws are applied and enforced in a manner consistent with constitutional and regional codes. Issues like the equal protection clause are also ethical matters. The core objective of the criminal justice system is built on ethical responsibility: the ethical responsibility of the system to its main stakeholders, which is the American people.

However, there are also ancillary ethical issues associated with criminal justice that are not codified. Such issues are often linked with ambiguities and philosophical complexities. Applying criminal justice ethics entails sensitivity and awareness to prevailing political and social climates. Among the most pressing ethical issues in criminal justice include those related…… [Read More]

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Racism and Society -- Literary Analysis Zora

Words: 2110 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93188044

Racism and Society -- Literary Analysis

Zora Neal Hurston's heartfelt essay How It Feels to Be Colored Me (1928) presents the experiences of a young girl as remembered by an adult black woman in the early 20th century. Her narrative is simultaneously disarming and sad, because the good cheer and humor seems to belie justified resentment toward white American society. She presents an image of cheerful acceptance of racial inequality and the persistent social exclusion and discrimination more than half a century since slavery was abolished. Her tone when relating heartbreaking memories is reminiscent of the "everything happens for a reason" mentality and it seems to be concealing repressed resentment.

A more self-perceptive example from the same genre is Just Walk on By, by Brent Staples (1986). The author obviously encountered many of the same types of social experiences as Hurston, and, like her, he used metaphorical humor very effectively…… [Read More]

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Standardized Tests Truly Reflective of

Words: 6649 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 86850476

OCR recognizes that colleges and universities are under a lot of legal and political pressure to stop using racial and ethnic factors in admission," Clegg commented. "[In response,] the agency wants to intimidate colleges and universities to continue using these preferences." (Black Issues in Higher Education, 1999)

The National Association of Scholars, while raising doubts about the reasoning behind the OCR document titled "Nondiscrimination in High-Stakes Testing," pointed to what it believes is hypocrisy from higher education gurus who had previously undervalued the use of the test scores.

It goes without saying that these guidelines are outrageous," commented the association's president, Dr. Stephen H. Balch, in 1999. "But it's hard not to see this as the educational establishment's being hoisted by its own petard. (Black Issues in Higher Education, 1999)

For some time now," Balch continued in a statement released shortly after OCR began distributing the guidelines, "our best universities…… [Read More]

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Asian Women South Asia Consists

Words: 3565 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 93794193

The women are anticipated to spend 80% of her reproductive years in pregnancy and lactation. A latest study undertaken by the New Delhi-based Center for Science and the Environment of the small Himalayan village of Bemru revealed that child birth in majority of the instances happen in the cattle stable, as villagers consider that holy cows safeguard the mother and the newborn child from evil spirits. Childbirth is regarded as unhygienic, and the mother and their newborn are considered as "untouchables" for nearly 2 weeks following delivery. According to the study, regardless of the woman being young, old or in carrying stage, she is denied rest, Sunday or not, observing that women in the village attended to 59% of the work, frequently toiling for 14 hours daily and pushing heavy load one and half times their own body weight. Following two or three pregnancies, their energy levels exhausts, their bodies…… [Read More]

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European Union Has Adopted an Aggressive Position

Words: 1814 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8858865

European Union has adopted an aggressive position relative to the area of employment law. Although the primary goal of the Union is to promote the economic relationship between member states, there is a social dimension to the Union activities that demands that it involve itself in collateral matters that might impact on this goal (Sparrow, 2009). Employment law is one of those collateral matters and the goal is to maintain a high level of employment throughout the Union and to improve the living conditions of all workers. The hope of the Union was that the working conditions of the workers would be enhanced in the process (Kenner, 2002).

The approach taken by the Union was to adopt legislation that would be enforceable throughout its member states. This legislation would establish minimum standards governing working and employment conditions. As one of the basic social rights of the European Union was to…… [Read More]

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Labor and Class Factors for Prejudice

Words: 638 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 66251699

American Labor Market

Darrick Hamilton's assessment of discrimination and how discrimination is measured in the U.S. labor market reveals a number of variables that play a part in determining the nature and extent of inequality in the U.S. What the study does show is that class dichotomies are apparent and that economic disparity essentially ensures that the two classes remain divided by socio-economic barriers, which prevent the lower class from ever rising beyond the class ceiling that keeps them within their socio-economic status.

Class is an obvious issue in America: classism interacts with racism in various ways but the exact manner of the interaction -- or how it is interpreted -- depends on some degree to the manner in which the interaction is measured. As Hamilton notes, "An individual may experience discrimination and not interpret it as such, or an individual may not experience discrimination but perceive that they were…… [Read More]

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Post Office Would Be Based on Harassment

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 47421904

Post office would be based on harassment based on gender. I have provided you with definitions of discrimination and harassment. It would be up to you to prove that the harassment is based on gender. For example, are other female mail carriers not given auxiliary help or is it just you? If it is just you, you probably will not have a case. Here are the EEOC definitions of harassment and discrimination:


Under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), and the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA), it is illegal to discriminate in any aspect of employment, including:

Hiring and firing;

Compensation, assignment, or classification of employees;

Transfer, promotion, layoff, or recall;

Job advertisements;



Use of company facilities;

Training and apprenticeship programs;

Fringe benefits;

Pay, retirement plans, and disability leave; or Other terms and conditions of employment.

Discriminatory…… [Read More]

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Social Welfare Policy Impacts Ageism

Words: 2310 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 44637353

" And a seven-year time limit was set for the states to approve so that the amendment could be ratified, and in 1982, it was found that it could not be approved because the number fell three short of the 38 needed for approval. Why did the ERA fail so miserably? What must be done to win? A Report issued by the U.S. Civil Rights Commission stated that the ERA would provide the constitutional guarantee of full citizenship for women, and would also treat men and women equally under the law, but this type of protection for women is yet to materialize. (The Struggle for the Equal Rights Amendment)

In the same way, when Scotland's First Minister Henry McLeish failed to provide free long-term care for his state's elderly, his entire administration came under threat. The Minister had in fact hinted that he would implement Sutherland's various recommendations on this…… [Read More]

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Racism and the Rise of

Words: 3095 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 97199901

Antiaffirmative action Proposition 209 in 1996 had a similarly divisive effect on the state's population. (Heikkila & Pizarro, 2002, p. 8)

The propositions do not welcome immigration, a commonplace occurrence on the official and unofficial level in California but attempt to force such immigrants to assimilate and follow the letter of the law in order to get ahead, and as for 209 sometimes that might not even be enough. (Clark, 1998, p. 28)

Immigrants to the United States have diverse national origins but it is the link with Mexico that defines much of the immigration process in the late 20th century. The United States is the predominant destination of immigrants from Mexico and Central America; as we have seen, most of those immigrants settle in California. Between 1980 and 1995 more than 3 million people migrated from Mexico to the United States. Two million of those, nearly 20% of Mexico's…… [Read More]

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Structural Inequality & Diversity Root

Words: 5575 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 73975506

" (Dafler, 2005) Dafler relates that for more than thirty years children who were 'half-caste' "were forcibly removed from their families, often grabbed straight from their mother's arms, and transported directly to government and church missions." (Dafler, 2005) This process was termed to be one of assimilation' or 'absorption' towards the end of breeding out of Aboriginal blood in the population. At the time all of this was occurring Dafler relates that: "Many white Australians were convinced that any such hardship was better than the alternative of growing up as a member of an 'inferior' race and culture." (2005) it is plainly stated in a government document thus:

The destiny of the natives of Aboriginal origin, but not of the full blood, lies in their ultimate absorption by the people of the Commonwealth, and [the commission] therefore recommends that all efforts be directed towards this end." (Beresford and Omaji, Our…… [Read More]

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Korean-American Immigrants Part of the

Words: 1043 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34224106

"April 29, 1992 in South Central Los Angeles, California… African-American customers revolted violently against Korean-American merchants….Of the $850 million in estimated property damage, Korean-Americans sustained 47% or $400 million of that damage, and of the 3,100 businesses destroyed, approximately 2,500 of them were owned by Korean-Americans" (Korean-American History,2010, Curriculum Guide: Unit 1).

Affirmative action: A form of reverse discrimination against Asians?

A final point of contention between Korean-Americans and other minority groups is how 'more' successful minorities should be counted in terms of privileging historically discriminated-against groups in jobs and college admissions. A problem with discussing affirmative action for Asians is that it tends to characterize all Asian-Americans in the same manner. However, a refugee from Cambodia may experience economic, cultural and linguistic challenges in assimilating that another Asian-American might not, if he or she lived in the United States since birth and/or comes from a more affluent background.

A…… [Read More]

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History of the Pacific Northwest

Words: 1311 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 1099285

History of the Pacific Northwest [...] how representative the lives of Mary Arkwright Hutton, Annie Pike Greenwood, and Teiko Tomita were considering the racial and class tensions of the twentieth century. Race and class have been important influences throughout the Pacific Northwest's long history. In fact, some of the most racist laws in America were in effect in the Pacific Northwest at the beginning of the twentieth century. Race and class created dissent in the population, but ultimately forged a stronger sense of area and belonging to the diverse cultural minorities that make up the area today.

Mary Arkwright Hutton was a union supporter and organizer early in the history of the area. She worked in the mining towns of Idaho, and became an avid union supporter and organizer of the men who labored in the mines. Many politicians and mine owners found her abrasive and difficult, but the men…… [Read More]

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Heat of the Night Theories on Prejudice

Words: 806 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 5715037

Heat of the Night

Theories on Prejudice and Discrimination

The first thought on prejudice and discrimination in this movie naturally falls to the race of Virgil Tibbs (i.e., Sidney Poitier) but this movie delves in much more subtle comparisons and stereotypical prejudices than mere skin color.

A film in the late 1960's did not headline a black actor. Significant is the fact that Tibbs is allowed to be smart, clever, empathetic, superior, and dedicated to finding the killer - even while realizing he is being framed for a murder he did not commit.

Sheriff Bill Gillespie (Rod Steiger) is the perfect white counterpoint to Tibbs: manipulative, curiously vulnerable, steely when crossed, and white - stereotypical redneck portrayal of a Southern public servant.

The underlying theory of prejudicial racism is clearly defined - if subtly - by the deserted condition of the train station, the hour of Tibbs' arrival, and being…… [Read More]

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Louisiana Race Relations During Reconstruction and Race

Words: 1312 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 23661398

Louisiana: Race Relations During Reconstruction

Reconstruction and Race Relations

Louisiana: A Case Study in Race Relations during Reconstruction

Louisiana: A Case Study in Race Relations during Reconstruction

Southern Louisiana during the Civil War was quickly occupied by Union troops and the slaves began to flee plantations to Union-controlled cities like New Orleans and Natchez (Steedman, 2009). The influx created problems for the Army since they were both wartime refugees and de facto free, despite parts of southern Louisiana being excluded from the Emancipation Proclamation. As the war drew to a close in 1864 President Lincoln used Union-occupied Louisiana as a showcase for Reconstruction. Elections were held, governor and representatives selected, but Congress refused to recognize Louisiana's representatives. In 1865, the Thirteenth Amendment was enacted making any form of slavery illegal in the United States (Goluboff, 2001).

When elections were held again in 1865, control of Louisiana shifted to Southern Democrats…… [Read More]

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Politics of the Common Good in Justice

Words: 1886 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67696279

Politics of the Common Good

In Justice: What's the Right Thing to Do? (2009), Michael J. Sandal argues that politics and society require a common moral purpose beyond the assertion of natural rights like life liberty and property or the utilitarian calculus of increasing pleasure and minimizing pain for the greatest number of people. He would move beyond both John Locke and Jeremy Bentham in asserting that "a just society can't be achieved simply by maximizing utility or by securing freedom of choice" (Sandal 261). Justice and morality involve making judgments on a wide variety of issues, including inequality of wealth and incomes, discrimination against women and minorities, CEP pay, government bailouts of banks and public education. Politics should take "moral and spiritual questions seriously" and not only on issues like sexual orientation and abortion, but also "broad economic and civil concerns" (Sandal 262). Robert Kennedy and Martin Luther King…… [Read More]

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Sociology Trey Parker and Matt Stone's Television

Words: 1775 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11384599


Trey Parker and Matt Stone's television show South Park is a sociological show by nature. Every episode is imbued with the sociological imagination, and asks the viewer to think critically as well as comically about situational psychology and sociology. This is true for the Season 7 Episode 5, entitled "Fat Butt and Pancake Head." The theme of the episode is ethnic and linguistic stereotyping and issues related to diversity in America. "Fat Butt and Pancake Head" begins with a set of South Park Elementary School presentations on Latino contributions to American society. Most of the students give straightforward reports about contributions of Latinos to American society, but Eric Cartman's report is different. Instead of offering a dry explication of how Latinos are present in every sector of society, he paints a caricature of Latina superstar Jennifer Lopez on his hand. The caricature has an exaggerated accent and makes references…… [Read More]

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Open Fields Doctrine and Its Relevance to

Words: 2486 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26653964

Open Fields Doctrine and Its Relevance to the U.S. Constitution

What is the open fields doctrine?

According to the definition provided by Black's Law Dictionary (1990), the open fields doctrine "permits police officers to enter and search a field without a warrant. The term 'open fields' may include any unoccupied or undeveloped area outside of the curtilage (Oliver v. U.S., 466 U.S. 170, 104 S.Ct., 1735" (1091). For the purposes of searches and seizures, the term curtilage refers to "those outbuildings which are directly and intimately connected with the habitation and in proximity thereto and the land or grounds surrounding the dwelling which are necessary and convenient and habitually used for family purposes and carrying on domestic employment" (Black's, 384). In Dow Chemical v. United States, 476 U.S. 227, 106, S.Ct. 1819, Chief Justice Burger likewise pointed out that, "The open areas of an industrial plant complex are not analogous…… [Read More]

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Asian-Americans as an American of

Words: 1522 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 62883539

This, obviously, is morally wrong, but as long as people continue to see the world through the lens of race, there are likely to be widespread injustices.

It seems to me that there is no easy solution to the problem of racism and lack of social representation of the racial minorities in this country. It would be almost contrary to human biology to suggest that people should be able to ignore their physical and cultural differences. Nevertheless, the one eradicable root cause of racism in the United States is misunderstanding -- this necessarily grows out of inexperience. As a result, we should be led to believe that the best way to tackle the issue of diversity in America is to grant racial minorities greater exposure in both the media and in politics.

One relatively easy way to accomplish this is to eliminate the two party political system. if, for example,…… [Read More]