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Rhetoric Essays (Examples)

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speech of Achilles to Agamemnon to the Speech of Hector to Andromache

The two speeches, of Achilles to Agamemnon and the one of Hector to Andromache, represent two different types of ethics in regards to rhetoric; this can be seen within the context of the speeches as well as the events. The speech of Achilles to Agamemnon is seen as a type base rhetoric, and the speech of Hector to Andromache is seen as philosophical rhetoric.

The base rhetoric is something which follows a direction of evil; it ends in exploitation and is something condemning. This type of rhetoric hates all which oppose it, and would rather that it were greater than everything else -- it despises anything equal or greater than it. The base rhetoric is something which tries to keep anything from achieving or receiving any types of support which can be seen in the form of noble…

Kill a Mockingbird the 1962
Words: 3894 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40450153
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By allowing his children to address him by hist first name, Atticus is dismantling one of the many traditions that serve to reinforce and perpetuate traditions that ultimately only serve to delegitimize the experience and perspective of certain people. This forces the viewer to take Scout's recollections and narration more seriously, because although they are the memories of a relatively young child, the viewer cannot help but treat them with a little more respect in recognition of the respect that Atticus, as the most idealized character in the entire film, grants them.

Thus, taking a cue from Atticus, Scout and Jem are respectful and relatively well-behaved, but are never hesitant to question or challenge attitudes and behaviors that they perceive as unjust or unjustified, and particularly in the case of Scout, are especially sensitive to behaviors that hypocritically contradict the ostensible moral standards of society. While is worth noting that…

Huckabee Mick Huckabee Has Surprised
Words: 2234 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 28298855
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Meanwhile, Huckabee supports local political jurisdictions passing laws that punish undocumented immigrants, and he asserts those laws "protect the economic well-being, physical safety, and quality of life" for citizens in those communities. By using "physical safety" Huckabee frames this issue in the context that immigrants are criminals out to harm people. But the Immigration Policy Center (IPC) (Rumbaut, et al., 2007) reports that "Foreign-born Mexicans" had an incarceration rate" of 0.7% in 2000, "more than 8 times lower than the 5.9% of native-born males of Mexican descent." And while the "undocumented population has doubled to 12 million since 1994," violent crime in the U.S. has declined 34.2%, the IPC reports.

Moreover, according to the American Immigration Law Foundation (Esbenshade, 2007) local ordinances such as the ones Huckabee believes in (that make it illegal to rent to undocumented immigrants, for example) - if they conflict with federal immigration law - are…

Rhetorical Implications of Modern Political
Words: 1072 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 10485849
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The speech is full of images and words denoting grand principles, especially "freedom," and the manner in which these are intermingled with the logical arguments and exhortations for support -- and pledges of support -- that have direct literal meanings blur the line between discursive and presentational symbols. Each of Obama's words has specific meaning out of the context of this speech, and each word largely retains this meaning within the speech, but the context of the speech as a whole shifts the meanings of these words and of the entire speech, transforming the symbols into something that appears to have ore substance presentationaly than is substantiated through a discursive examination of the same speech.

An excellent early example of the way Obama melds discursive and presentational symbols is in his first direct reference to the division that Berlin experienced for decades: "And on the twenty-fourth of June, 1948, the…

Michael Pollan in 2006 Published
Words: 2777 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 92310922
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Pollan stresses the need to cook our own food and reassert the historical and cultural importance of food in our lives. Again this strengthens Pollan's rhetoric and continues the line of reasoning he began in Omnivore's Dilemma.

So it's good to be encouraged by Pollan, who eulogises the pleasures of cooking, and to be reminded of some basic truths."When you cook at home, you seldom find yourself reaching for the ethoxylated dyglycerides or high-fructose corn syrup," he says. "The cook in the kitchen preparing a meal from plants and animals has a great many worries, but 'health' is simply not one of them because it is a given."The final advice given by Pollan encapsulates it all: "Don't eat anything your greatgrandmother wouldn't recognise as food." ("Food Really Does Grow" 12)

The rhetoric of his work is demonstratively evident as his lines of reasoning attempt to make consumers more responsible for…

Professions for Women in Which
Words: 4067 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73981604
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When conducting an ideological critique, the researcher must be concerned with the way ideology is evidenced (or repressed) in the artifact, and a useful concept for identifying these "traces of ideology" is the notion of the ideograph, or the "political language which manifests ideology," which, according to Michael McGee, is "characterized by slogans" (Foss 248, McGee 5). McGee argues "that ideology in practice is a political language, preserved in rhetorical documents," and as such, can be identified in rhetorical artifacts via the "vocabulary of ideographs" frequently deployed in speech. Here it is important to note the importance of context, because in general McGee identifies ideographs as particular words, but one need not view these specific words as eternally and always ideographs; that is to say, these specific words may be identified as ideographs "by the usage of such terms in specifically rhetorical discourse, for such usage constitute excuses for specific…

Interventionism From the Perspective of Realism vs
Words: 13409 Length: 44 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 80916514
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interventionism from the perspective of realism vs. idealism. Realism is defined in relationship to states' national interests whereas idealism is defined in relation to the UN's Responsibility to Protect doctrine -- a doctrine heavily influenced by Western rhetoric over the past decade. By addressing the question of interventionism from this standpoint, by way of a case study of Libya and Syria, a picture of the realistic implications of "humanitarian intervention" becomes clear. Idealistically, humanitarian interventionism is a process that stops atrocities and establishes peace and prosperity. Realistically, interventionism allows Western businesses to reap the spoils of destabilization -- as has been seen in Libya with the Libyan oil fields being claimed by Western oil companies -- and as is being seen in Syria, with the threat of invasion bound to have detrimental effects on the construction of a new pipeline that bypasses the Turkey-Israel pipeline. Syria also presents itself as…

Marx Rhet X Marx the
Words: 1388 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 47250659
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45). With the ideology of the ownership class necessarily becoming the dominant ideology throughout the world not simply through the spread of industry and capitalism but through dramatic changes in international trade and economies brought about by capitalist/industrialist changes in single countries, the bourgeoisie acquires (or acquired) dramatic power to shape global events and politics through their shaping of the thoughts that can be had and the modes by which they can be expressed -- through their control over rhetorical interpretations and expression, in other words.

Implications of Marx's Rhetorical Theory

Using a Marxist approach to rhetorical theory has a variety of benefits and drawbacks to theorists and critics working from many different perspectives. The benefits to such a perspective are clear, if somewhat ominous -- they give concrete and measurable ways in which to develop an understanding of thought itself, and of how thoughts are created and expressed (and…

Gorgias Encomium of Helen in the English
Words: 1083 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90839705
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Gorgias, Encomium of Helen

In the English language in the twenty-first century, the term "sophistry" still exists to refer to a plausible-sounding but misleading argument, an evaluatively negative term to describe bad reasoning. Although the term derives from the original Sophists in Athens in the 5th century BCE, the modern usage of the term is inaccurate in describing the likes of the Sophist Gorgias. By examining Gorgias' "Encomium of Helen" and the related "dissoi logoi" fragment (sometimes attributed to Protagoras) we can see the real origins of sophistry in legal argumentation. In a society -- like that of Athens, or like most of the contemporary world -- that believes in jury trials as a means of obtaining justice, a work like Gorgias' "Encomium of Helen" represents the idea that even the most unlikely candidates deserve a good defense.

Athenian sophists like Gorgias were basically teachers of rhetoric. Because Plato frequently…

Feminist Rhetorical Theory Women Have Been Historically
Words: 1656 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 92460615
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feminist rhetorical theory. Women have been historically minimized and isolated by the domination of the patriarchal majority. Although women have been able to make a degree of progress, finally achieving positions of social and political power, the number of women in these high offices is still far less than the roles that are filled by man. Modern women, far removed from the "angels in the house" of the Victorian age, are nonetheless still impacted by the sociological oppression of women which was reinforced during that era, according to the rhetorical theory of feminism. Given that this is the case, men and women need to be aware of these underlying gender biases so that they can both combat them and make sure that they themselves do not fall prey to them. People who deny that this subjugation of women may be enlightened by closer examination of the power dynamics which exists…

Fantasy Themes in the Princess
Words: 2023 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 41458001
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By being herself, she wins the two boys over. Harry begins to confide in her. When Harry plays the game as "Seeker," she recognizes when he falls under an evil spell, and she figures out how to counteract the bad magic so Harry can win and catch the Snitch. He couldn't have won without her. And it is Hermoine who discovers the nature of the "Sorcerer's Stone." She realizes that evil Voldamort is trying to get it for his own use. She cautions Harry to be careful, but at the same time she reassures him, "As long as Dumbledorf's around, you can't be touched, Harry." Ron tells her (following a spell she cast), "Hermoine, you're scary sometimes...brilliant...but scary." When all three land in a snake pit at one point, Hermoine tells them not to struggle as she has read about this and "Devil's Snag hates sunlight." Harry comments afterwards, "Lucky,…

Rhetorical Stance Doctor Martin Luther King Jr
Words: 3218 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 89584791
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Rhetorical Stance

Doctor Martin Luther King, Jr. is celebrated four decades after his death because he was an effective and persuasive civil rights advocate. A holiday marks the birthday of Doctor King because of what he accomplished using nonviolent civil disobedience in the tradition of Mahatma Gandhi. However, the holiday also reminds students of English, of History, of Speech, and of Law how to be a persuasive rhetorician. King was so effective and persuasive precisely because he was an enormously powerful wordsmith; King was uniquely able to translate overwhelming emotions and sensitive subject matter into logical, well-formed, and inarguable stances. As a result, his "I have a dream" speech has become a part of common vernacular, as have several original sayings derived from his speeches and writings. Statements such as "injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere" have become so famous that many people would actually be hard-pressed to…

Misery the Rhetor for a
Words: 1383 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 20937687
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Ultimately, the man must fight back and destroy her in order to get back to civilization. The character displays elements of the borderline personality as well as obsessive-compulsive personality disorder. Annie Wilkes is presented as an obsessive-compulsive personality in the way she keeps her home, in the way she becomes dedicated so thoroughly to this writer and his works (and especially to the one character of Misery, with whom she identifies so closely), and in the expectations she has placed in the past on her patients and now on this particular patient. Davison and Neale identify the obsessive-compulsive personality as a perfectionist, preoccupied with details, rules, schedules, and so on. They state that such people are also work rather than pleasure oriented. They are inflexible, and their interpersonal relationships suffer as a result (Davison and Neale 269-270).

Annie Wilkes is seen as obsessive-compulsive in the way everything has to be…

Plato Phaedrus
Words: 1164 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32830511
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Given that Plato's Socrates is an Idealist and a dualist, the highest form of love is not the sexual or erotic kind, or that of family and friends, all of which are materialistic and impermanent. On the contrary, the highest form of love is for God (the Good), as expressed through the immortal soul, for God is a perfect and ideal Form and the soul longs for union with the divine. Love expressed for mortal bodies or any other material object in this world is necessarily of an inferior kind, a pale reflection or shadow of love for the Eternal and the Perfect. There existed a Divine Intelligence above all the other gods and demigods, which could only be contemplated and nurtured by the "pure intelligence" of the soul (Plato 27). This is perhaps one reason why the dialogue is set outside the walls of Athens, away from the…

Status and Class and How Class Uses
Words: 1531 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Article Review Paper #: 76552753
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status and class and how class uses words to prioritize themselves. The world as we perceive it -- or our reality -- is run according to symbols. It is symbols -- or words - that define that which is socially approved of and also symbols -- and words that peg individuals and groups in particular positions.

Bordeaux argues that the powerful elite have categorized substances, pegged certain values to them, made them correspond with particular symbols and then attached these symbols to certain class structures. These defining words are also grouped in terms of polarities and, so for instance, you have one item that may denote a positive sense whilst it's opposite condemns. These class structures also vary from generation to generation and from country to country. So for instance, a Rolls Royce is actually a vehicle as amongst any other, but the elite (a certain class) attached a certain…

Feminist Scholars Such as Cixous
Words: 1605 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 48395688
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The Young Lords suffered social seclusion within the society until they engaged in fighting for their own right. As exemplified from the text, they collected and hipped it in the middle of the street, and after the garbage spilled all over the streets, the department of health collected and since then paid great tribute to the young lords.

For a very long time, the Young Lords struggled to attain a public sphere, but they remained unrecognized until they acted. This means that there is more than concentrating on the Rhetoric of the streets, there is a need to embrace more complete image of social movement. The idea of the Enclave in the counter-public sphere theory is more than a protected space generated from necessity, intended to protect a group and shun away from unnecessary publicity. Indeed, it is certain that enclaves play a protective function in forming coalitions in addition…

Deconstruction of Leadership in Film
Words: 1525 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 15780307
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This exact statement no doubt describes the premise and situation in 12 Angry Men. Fonda's character works to secure justice for the accused man, regardless of whether the ultimate verdict will be guilty or not guilty. Fonda appears to be less concerned with the verdict than with whether or not the trial and jury deliberation is conducted fairly and thoroughly. Accordingly, Fonda exhibits the forensic rhetoric precisely in his efforts to persuade the other jurors to re-examine the case with an open mind.

In Dead Poets Society, Keating implements Aristotle's third rhetoric (ceremonial oratory display). Keating is nurturing and encouraging to the students, and clearly praises them for their efforts in studying and in simply surviving their adolescent lives. His positive influence over the boys in effect censures the strict militaristic attitudes the headmaster and other teachers wish to hold over the students. Accordingly, the use of the ceremonial oratory…

Epistemology and Ontology
Words: 1286 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43958043
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Epistemology and Ontology

For my part, however, I no longer want to be labeled as a positivist researcher or an interpretive researcher. It is time for us to move beyond labels and to see the underlying unity in what we are trying to achieve via our research methods. The commonalities in my view are compelling and paramount. We ought to celebrate them because they underpin the value of our role as scholars. The differences, on the other hand, are ancillary. We should understand them, but they should not divide us. The challenge for us now is to rethink and develop a new rhetoric so we come to a deeper understanding of the metatheoretical assumptions that underlie our research. (Weber, 2004, X)

Weber's declaration is at the heart of this paper's examination. The paper attempts to gauge the frameworks of three articles in relation to Weber's concerns…

Isocrates No Sophist a Strict Definition of
Words: 1334 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49853815
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Isocrates: No Sophist

A strict definition of sophistry has evolved throughout the centuries, yet sophists are identifiable in every age, whether in Plato's Dialogues, Shakespeare's dramas, or today's politicians and scholars. What then is a sophist? A sophist was, in ancient Greece, an itinerant teacher, who provided an education in rhetoric for a fee. Sophists were criticized by others, like Plato and Aristophanes (notably in "The Clouds"), for basing their doctrine not on truth but on the ability to cleverly twist one's words in order to win an argument. Isocrates was considered to be such a sophist by some and indeed he did hire himself out as a logographer or speech writer for citizens who had to represent themselves in court. Yet he himself wrote a treatise called "Against the Sophists," indicating that he considered himself something quite separate. It would not be out of keeping with sophistry for a…

Neo-Aristotelian Criticism in September 2005
Words: 3423 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95221151
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Tears of recognition that all of us are on a journey and none of us have arrived at a destination. it's not just me. it's all of us. Tears of relief to know that the path isn't supposed to be straight or easy or even. (Fonda 2005)

By evoking the image of a collective of teary-eyed conference-goers, Fonda immediately establishes an emotional connection with the audience, and the effect is to align the audience's interests with her own. From this point on, one may interpret Fonda's mentions of emotion as attempts to perpetuate this connection and manipulate the emotions of the audience along with her rhetoric. Thus, when Fonda recalls hiding in a foxhole with a Vietnamese girl as American planes dropped bombs all around them, and, after crawling out, crying as she says "I'm so sorry" over and over to her, the goal is to use the power of…

Institutional Social Movement Strategies
Words: 986 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 71066595
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People use various rhetorical techniques in order to have an impact on their audience. Four of these are: (a) conveying a sense of their own reality by invoking ideals (b) reverting to cultural norms to teach a lesson / persuade; (c) a transcendent appeal and (d) the moral arena of have or have not. Each of these can be exemplified in the attached essays.


It seems to me that Cathcart"s essay best signifies this. The author discusses when and when not a movement can be described as confrontational. He goes into great lengths discussing the terms confrontational against other realistic terms and arguing where or not it can be accurately used in this sense. The author tries to get to the pith of the sense of the movement -- to touch at its reality. Man he says acts as 'symbol makers'. We often attach symbols to things…

Analyzing Obama's Speech Through Aristotle
Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72926986
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Obama's speech is a good example of Aristotle's rhetoric in practice.

The object of Obama's speech is to win the presidential nomination. His speech is persuasive. He is appealing to the populace of South Carolina (and to that end, he praises them and calls them "the good people of South Carolina").

Analyzing Obama's speech is interesting not so much because of the beauty of the speech -- it is indeed a work of art, poetic -- but also because it teaches us much about rhetoric. We see Aristotle's lesson through the subject and form -- through the craft -- of the speech.

Look at the patterns, for instance, of his speech -- the point so f contrast: The people voting for him, for instance, span a diversity of differences: "They are young and old; rich and poor. They are black and white; Latino and Asian and Native American." Nonetheless, this…

U S in the Interwar Years A Nation
Words: 2773 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43818037
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U.S. In the Interwar Years: A Nation to Blame

The historical issue this paper will address is the role of the United States in the interwar period of the 1920s and 1930s. Some claim that the U.S. attempted to exert a positive influence on global affairs during this period, pointing out that Wilson's rhetoric included talk of disarmament and free trade, and that Roosevelt issued similar terms on the world stage.

Others argue that behind the rhetoric was an opposite tendency by the U.S. To increase its arms, destabilize regions that threatened noncompliance with U.S. interests, and to act contrarily to peace proposals.

The claims for the first point may be supported by the fact that Wilson and Roosevelt both employed rhetoric designed to give an impression of pacific aims and good will. Even in private, records exist showing that U.S. leaders did favor idealistic goals. However, the same records…

Hull House Chicago An Effort Toward Social
Words: 1238 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36349990
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Hull House, Chicago: An Effort Toward Social Democracy" Jane Addams; 2) "The Bitter Cry Children" John Spargo; 3) "The 1908 Methodist Social Creed.

Early American Progressives' Goals and Rhetoric

The early American Progressives, whose ideology is represented by these documents, the "1908 Methodist Social Creed," John Spargo's "From the Bitter Cry of Children" and Jane Addams' "Hull House, Chicago: An Effort Toward Social Democracy," wanted to achieve better working and living conditions for the working poor. The writers of the 1908 Methodist Social Creed declare they stand for "equal rights and complete justice for all men in all stations of life," and for a number of social justice initiatives in the labor market, including the abolition of child labor, regulation of conditions of labor for women, one day off per week, and a living wage.

The writers in these pieces identify a number of serious social problems of their day.…

Bush's 2003 State of the Union Address on Iraq
Words: 329 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 12759499
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Bush's State Of The Union Address

Critically analyzing U.S. President George W. Bush's State of the Union Address in 2003, it is evident that the rhetoric of fear dominates his speech. Using the rhetoric fear is the speaker's way of extending to the public that the issue being discussed at hand is not only of great importance to the Bush Administration, but to the whole nation of United States as well. Evidence of the use of this kind of rhetoric is initially established in the first part of the speech. The speaker enumerates a list of the potential dangers that the Iraqi president Saddam Hussein poses for the security of the country and the whole world. Bush mentions statistics to give validity to his claims, mentioning from time to time the active participation and cooperation of the United Nations (UN) with the Bush administration in order to assess and gauge…

Socrates and Callicles We May
Words: 833 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 66843879
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Then, my good friend, take my advice, and refute no more." In short, you must learn to take care of yourself and deal with current circumstances -- refusing to participate in 'the system' will only cause you harm, and by extension, harm to those you care about. If politicians did not learn to deal with the real world on a practical level, nothing would get accomplished, including social justice. That is why people think little of individuals who do not work at anything practical, and merely philosophize -- often living off of the good will of others.

Callicles positions himself as a great orator, but Socrates states that the humbleness of philosophy and its necessity is what makes it great -- in other words, Callicles' advocacy of the political life does not involve real, material work, but only empty hot air. Knowing how to philosophize is as necessary as knowing…

Communications and Women's Studies While
Words: 1557 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 56290202
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Wolf's book, based on a number of scholarly articles she wrote during the last several years, looks at the manner in which women have been portrayed in the Broadway musical, and the references and relevance of those portraits to society's expectations of the time.


Communication Studies. (2012). Retrieved from:

Cary, S. (2003). A Beginner's Guide to the Scientific Method. New York: Wadsworth.

Cresswell, J. (2003). Research Design. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Ferguson, M. (2010). Choice Feminism and the Fear of Politics. Perspectives on Politics.

8 (1): 247-63.

Gehrke, P. (2009). The Ethics and Politics of Speech: Communications and Rhetoric in the 20th Century. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press

Hesse-Biber, S., ed. (2011). Handbook of Feminist Research: Theory and Praxis. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications

Leung, K., (2008). Global Trends in Communication Education and Research. Boston, MA: Hampton Press.

Levinson, W., (2010). Developing Physician Communication Skills…

Arguers as Lovers and My Own Rhetorical
Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 98146952
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Arguers as Lovers" and My Own Rhetorical Stance Toward Customers While Building a Small Business

In his article "Arguers as Lovers," Wayne Brockeriede suggests that the argumentative stances of rapists, seducers, and lovers are different from one another. As Brockeriede states, in relationship to these examples:

Some communicators are not primarily interested in gaining assent to warrantable claims. Instead, they function through power, through an ability to apply psychic and physical sanctions, through rewards and especially punishments, through commands and threats.

In terms of a personal example I can give, of rhetorical speech, in which I was the rhetorician, using Brockriede's "Arguers as Lovers" as a point of departure in order to state which stance (rape, seduction, or love) I used in my own rhetoric, and how I may justify its ethic, I can relate the following. In 2001, I began my own business. This was a corporate and personal…

Remarks on the 40th Anniversary
Words: 1206 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 38996668
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Therefore he establishes a strong personal ethos which he sustains throughout the remainder of the speech, (Rowland, p. 237). Reagan knew that many in the audience which he was speaking to had actually been through the very even he spoke about. Therefore, he had to establish a very personalized ethos in order to live up to their expectations of his speech; as well as to better connect the event with those in the audience who had heard about the events of D-Day but had not experienced first hand. He focuses particularly on the fight of the Rangers because of their strategic involvement in the invasion, as well as the historical importance in the overall success of the invasion. He seldom uses comparisons because he is not talking abstractly about those events; he is telling them how thy really happened, to the people that they happened too, "And before me are…

Nixon's The Great Silent Majority
Words: 1293 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 52089350
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Then he continued to express his understanding towards those who had been so vehement in their opposition of the war during the previous years.

After he explained the current state, he returned to the past in order to further prove his point. He began speaking about the origin of the war and America's early involvement in the overseas conflict, which many had no idea why we would have begun our involvement in the first place. He uses specific examples based on the actions of previous presidents, who were extremely popular within the eyes of the American public. He explains the actions of President Eisenhower and President Kennedy, who were both adored by the American public, as a way to show that his actions were just a follow through of those executed by previous great men.

Then after he has set up the justification for his plan, he explains what he…

School Choice and the Dropout
Words: 717 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 28364127
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Her point is to get support for her views, and she did, because three months after she wrote this piece there was a rally at the State Capitol in Austin where 5,000 people called for school choice in front of the Capitol building. Therefore, her words helped people make up their minds and seek action from their legislators. However, she failed to convince the legislators, who did not even address school choice during the 2007 legislative session (Editors). Either this means that the legislators are not listening to the will of the people, or that her rhetoric failed to gain their support.

The media has certainly picked up this issue, and it is an issue all around the country, not just in Texas. The Milwaukee school district has had a voucher system like this for over sixteen years, and it has proven to be a money saving plan for taxpayers,…

Visual Communication
Words: 945 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 79146470
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Visual Culture: The Reader. Edited by Jessica Evans and Stuart Hall. New York: Sage, 2002.

According to Victor Burgin's rendition of photography, how do photography and text relate to one another?

Photography and text never simply stand beside one another. Rather, the two exist in dialogue. Burgin suggests that when a text and a photograph exist together, they create a new text that stands apart from the two, original products -- in other words, even if the two appear to be complementary on the surface, the two fused together create a new text and message for the reader of the photograph and text, a reader who is apprehending the photograph and the words simultaneously.

For Burgin, a photograph is a text in and of itself -- although an apparently frozen image, it too tells a story. Words create images in everyone's mind, but the words are different for every reader…

Revolutions in Romantic Literature
Words: 1565 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Article Review Paper #: 86376203
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Thompson "Disenchantment or Default?: A Lay Sermon," The Romantics.

In the article "Disenchantment or Default?: A Lay Sermon," author E.P. Thompson explores the restoration of literary works by Wordsworth and Coleridge. Specifically, Thompson is interested in the moment when the poet became politically aware and disenchanted with the environs around him, turning his distaste into pieces of literature. While making his argument, Thompson delves heavily into the possible psychological profile of the author and his break with Godwinism. By doing this however, Thompson makes a critical mistake which all literary scholars and critics are meant to watch out for: that is confusing the narrator of the literature with the author himself.

Remarkably, Thompson determines that the change in Wordsworth's writings came at a time when he stopped writing towards an ideal and instead directed his writings at a real person. He writes, "It signaled also -- a central theme of…

Archive Proposal Introducing the Selected Work of
Words: 652 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Peer-Reviewed Journal Paper #: 80180205
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archive proposal, introducing the selected work of art, which is the film called It's a Wonderful Life. The author offers a well-written and brief summary, which helps the reader. Saying that It's a Wonderful Life is "significant and unique because it was produced sixty-six years ago and is still a popular film today," also helps to show why the writer chose this particular topic for the research. The author also does a very good job explaining why the movie remains significant after so long, and why it remains an important cultural artifact. It is because it "constructs and performs timeless principles that Americans admire and strive to execute." This becomes an ideal segue way into the background and context section, addressing the rhetorical components of the film.

As the author points out, "It's A Wonderful Life focused on actual events as they occurred." Therefore, one of the reasons why the…

English Only Legislation Is 'English
Words: 1359 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 25669338
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Language continually reminds one (or not), and underscores and reinforces (or not) one's roots, identity, and authentic self. That is, I believe, the real reluctance of those who would cling, too stubbornly, it has been argued by Hayakawa and others, to their first, original tongue. That is also why much of the intimacy, energy, comfortableness, and fun instantly evaporated from the Rodriguez family atmosphere the afternoon one of Richard's teachers suggested to the children's parents that the family speak more English, and less Spanish, at home.

Along with one's language of birth (whatever it is) come feelings of being understood and accepted; and from those spring a sense of one's own selfhood and identity. In my opinion, that is the main, underlying, reason why 'English Only' Legislation is not a particularly practical solution to multilingualism in the United States (if multilingualism needs a "solution"). This is not because such legislation…

Communist Manifesto Though Perhaps Not
Words: 2007 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Reaction Paper Paper #: 94473904
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"Marx wants to replace the specter of Communism with Communism itself," and this happens precisely through the publication of the Manifesto; only in the expression of Communism is it able to "make" itself, and this fact has been recognized by countless other subsequent manifesto authors (Puchner 462).

However, this should not be taken to mean that the Communist Manifesto's influence is relegated to the realm of avant-garde art, because the Manifesto's conception of history is even relevant for the sciences, due to the fact that "generalization that "the ruling ideas of each age have ever been the ideas of its ruling class" resonates with some of the formulations of present-day sociologists of science," demonstrating the way in which the Manifesto, while failing to predict many of the key social and political events of the subsequent years, was decades (and even centuries) ahead of its time when it came to developing…

Justice Revenge Ongoing Violence AG
Words: 1390 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 74466116
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4. Murder and Execution:

DD -- The Young Man pleads to the blood thirsty crowd: "If you hang me to this lantern, will that make you see any clearer?" The demands of the crowd for more blood are thus momentarily stifled by the good sense of their next victim: he points out the erroneous rationale that leads them to murder and execution: it is no way to reach an ideal.

AG -- Cassandra the seer has a vision of the murder about to take place: "Home cursed of God! Bear witness unto me, Ye visioned woes within -- The blood-stained hands of them that smite their kin…!" Clytemnestra has determined to murder Agamemnon -- it is her revenge; and Cassandra sees it as a curse about to be carried out.

EL -- "O my father Agamemnon! In Hades art thou laid, butchered by thy wife and Aegisthus…" Thus wails Electra,…

U S Arms Exports the Impact
Words: 3541 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 34433343
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In February of 2001, the government responded to pressures to relieve some of the suffering, the Emir loosened many of the laws. The U.S. considers Bahrain and important non-NATO ally in the War against Terrorism, often using Bahrain as a staging area fro entry into Iraq. For this reason, the Bush administration continues to support increases in arms transfers to Bahrain. Weapons transferred to Bahrain have included large and small weapons from shot guns to M60 tanks.


In 1999 Indonesian armed forces killed citizens in East Timor in response to the formation of anti-independence militias that were being organized. The government forces were equipped with U.S. M-1-6 rifles and other U.S. military equipment. The militia was also equipped with $1 billion in U.S. arms and training. In this case, the U.S. had been supporting the illegal occupation of East Timor since 1975. The U.S. supplied arms to both forces…

Shakespeare's Sonnet 138 the Sonnet
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The rhyme scheme of this sonnet follows Shakespeare's usual structure, wherein the quatrains all have an independent alternating rhyme (ABAB CDCD EFEF), and the final two lines form an heroic couplet (GG). This adds to the feeling of receiving discrete steps of an argument, and enhances the divisions of the versification. There is also a noticeable prevalence of "l's and "s's in the poem, particularly in the first and third quatrains. these sounds make up the basics of the word "lies," which is itself used as a rhyme and is repeated in the poem, and which forms one of the major themes of the sonnet. In this way, the alliteration subconsciously reinforces the meaning and feel of the poem. There are also instances of repeated words, such as "love" in the lines "O love's best habit is in seeming trust, / and age in love, loves not to have..." (lines…

colonel jessep jack nicholson a few good men
Words: 699 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51346203
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One of the most famous movie monologues of all time is speech delivered by Colonel Nathan R. Jessep in the 1992 Rob Reiner film A Few Good Men. Jessep, played by Jack Nicholson, is the commander at Guantanamo Bay. He faces a difficult situation regarding what to do with Private Santiago, an underperforming Marine who was believed to be a threat to the integrity and safety of the entire unit. Jessep and his men carried out what was known as a “code red,” essentially assassinating Santiago.

Later, Jessep is court marshaled. He was not on trial, though; he was actually called as a witness in the trial of two of his subordinates, Corporal Dawson and Private Downey. Jessep delivers his famous speech during the trial. The rhetoric used in the speech is as important as the means by which Jessep delivers it, using nonverbal communication cues that convey meaning. Using…

Speech Is a Carefully Crafted Act of
Words: 2112 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 99991130
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Speech Is a Carefully Crafted Act of Rhetoric

Introduction and Biographical Background

An effective speech is a carefully crafted act of rhetoric. The most artless speechless are quite often those that in reality are the most studied in their preparation. We can ourselves come to understand the reasons underlying the effectiveness -- or lack of efficacy - of a speech by studying its structure through careful rhetorical analysis. That is the purpose of this paper, to provide just such an analysis of Hillary Rodham Clinton' speech, "Women's Rights are Human Rights."

Clinton's speech can be seen as belonging to a line of similar speeches in American history, include speeches urging women's enfranchisement given by Frederick Douglass and Susan B. Anthony. She relies heavily on the idea of enfranchisement, which lies at the heart of democracy - so much so that we tend to use the word as synonymous with empowerment.…

Sophocles Oedipus
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Sophocles' Oedipus the King

Look up and/or reflect on the meaning of:

Tragedy: A tragedy is any event which causes great suffering and stress, such as the death of a loved one or a natural disaster. In the context of Greek literature, tragedy was the most popular form of theatre, with storytellers relying on the rhetorical technique of tragic irony to create emotionally resonant tales of lost love and territorial conquest.

Philosophy: The overall study of the human condition, reality, metaphysics, and other pursuits of higher intelligence.

Psychology: The scientific study of the human mind, including cognitive function, perception, attention, emotion and behavior.

Logic: The fundamental application of reasoning to the pursuit of problem solving, a function which only the human mind is known to hold the capacity to perform.

Ethics: The branch of philosophy which postulates certain standards which should be used to guide proper human conduct.

Mathematics: The…

Semantic vs Poetic Meaning in Human Language
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Semantic vs. Poetic Meaning in Human


Rhetorically speaking, semantic (i.e., useful) and poetic (i.e., artistic) uses of human language may seem different from one another, in form as well as function. Semantic meaning is the literal, utilitarian meaning of a word, that is, the way or ways a word is typically used in everyday speech and/or writing. Poetic meaning, on the other hand, generally has to do with way(s) in which a word is used artistically, that is, metaphorically, as synecdoche, or in various other symbolically inflected ways. For example, in comparing the two sentences "Earth has five oceans" and "She cried oceans of tears," comparative semantic and poetic meanings of the word "oceans" become clear. However, the argument exists that semantic and poetic meanings are inherently the same, due to the imbedded "Symbolic Action" ("Burke, Kenneth") of words themselves, i.e., the theory that words themselves are so deeply…

His American Revolution
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American Revolution

History has shown that the form of government which emerged out of the American Revolution was by no means perfect, but to recognize this does not diminish the importance of what was achieved as a result of the Constitutional Convention. Instead, it allows one to appreciate the disruptive and groundbreaking nature of the compromise government established by the various delegates while realizing how much it represents a continuity with the past. By examining Berkin's 2002 account of the creation of the American Constitution in her book A Brilliant Solution: Inventing the American Constitution alongside Middlekauff's 2005 study The Glorious Cause, one is able to better appreciate the process and goals that went into the creation of the American Constitution, and how the problems that existed at its creation continue to plague the country to this day.

Before beginning this discussion of the Constitutional Convention and its details, it…

Feminism 19th and Early 20th Century America
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Feminism 19th and Early 20th Century America

Writing and woman suffrage were inextricably intertwined in the late 1800s and early 1900s. Suffrage gave them a voice, and they used that voice to challenge the early American patriarchal status quo. By examining those works, new light can be brought to bear on suffrage activists, who at the time were thought to be an unimportant fringe group. Through a study of their work, we can learn more about their day-to-day lives.

According to Sandra Harding in McClish and Bacon (p. 28), one's own knowledge depends on one's position in society. When one is a subordinate in the social hierarchy, one understands life differently than someone at the top of the social hierarchy. However, as the most powerful write history, it tends to be rather one-sided. Since that is the case, Harding argues that these different viewpoints are equally valid. By looking at…

People View Metaphysical Poetry as
Words: 438 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 6740740
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Donne also brings in the idea of the afterlife, and that when we die we do not sleep forever, but awake on the other side. Therefore death is not something to fear, but more so to ridicule for its false persona in the eyes of the world.

3. Rhetoric is one of the most important elements of establishing a distinct style within a particular work. John Donne effectively uses rhetoric to give his work "Meditation XVII" a religious and somber tone. He uses religious imagery, such as the repetition of the image of the bell tolling, "Perchance he for whom this bell tolls may be so ill as that he knows not it tolls for him." He also uses religious imagery to convey the idea that everyone is related, "for that child is thereby connected to that head which is my head too, and ingraffed into that body, whereof I…

Intelligence Pathologies the Church Committee
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The Church Committee concluded that these activities made the intelligence community a secret government that was illegal, unethical, and improper and did not reflect the people or the nation of America.

Secret intelligence actions were used to disrupt, harass, and destroy domestic law-abiding citizens and groups. At the time, people were spied on with excessive intrusion with the methods being illegal. In addition, the intelligence agencies carried out secret infiltration and surveillance activities of lawful groups, with mail being illegally opened (McCarthy, 2009). The recommendations to establish the FISA court and Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 have failed following the aftermath of 9/11. Current intelligence agencies are once more intractable as they carry out the decisions of the executive branch of government and legislator (McCarthy, 2009). Like intelligence activities under the rule of President Nixon, intelligence agencies have searched, arrested, and detained many legal citizens and groups in the…

James Bond One of the
Words: 1622 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 10937497
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Bond no longer needs to rely on the past glories of the British empire to justify his disregard for local sovereignty and governance, because the omnipresent threat of terrorism serves as justification enough. Highlighting this point is the fact that the man Bond kills at the embassy is a freelance bomb-maker, the kind of ideology-free terrorist par excellence, at least when it comes to villains one can kill without many ethical qualms. Put simply, the all-encompassing need to defeat terrorism, as advanced by the United States and adopted by its allies (including Great Britain), serves to justify any act, whether one is talking about the kidnapping and torture of detainees in real life or the extraterritorial murder of someone in a foreign embassy in Casino Royale.

Charting the use of extraterritoriality in James Bond stories, across media platforms and through time, demonstrates how the character functions as a kind of…

Global Warming Has Been Portrayed as a
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Global warming has been portrayed as a very complicated issue that continues to bites the heads of many leaders in the current times. The writer of the article has significantly persuaded the readers on how serious the issue of global warming has become, what causes it and how it has been dealt with by various countries and organizations worldwide. The writer uses various devices to convince the reader on the causes of global warming for instance the writer says "Warnings from the scientific community are becoming louder," here the writer emphasizes that it is a great concern on the increase in gases that cause global warming. The writer further shows how there has been a sharp rise in global warming due to global emissions and there is no better way to express this rise but through the use of the statement like use of words "jumping of global emissions by…

Immigration Fallacy the Existential Fallacy Behind Arizona's
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Immigration Fallacy

The Existential Fallacy Behind Arizona's Immigration Policy

Few issues currently featured in American public debate are clouded by as much emotional bias, invective and distortion as that of immigration reform. Particularly as this concerns America's shared border with Mexico, immigration is a discussion which carries significant political ramification, clear racial overtones and distinctions in ideology where American openness is concerned. As a result, many political figures have been moved to comment or drive policy on the issue-based less on the support of fact than on the employment of inflammatory rhetoric. And quite frequently, this rhetoric is presented with little concern for the logical fallacies which may underlie is basic formative claims. Rarely has this been evidenced with more vitriol or determination than in the state of Arizona over the last several years. In the context of our discussion, Arizona Governor Jan Brewer is particularly noted for her steady…

Who's Controlling Our Emotions Emotional Literacy as a Mechanism for Social Control
Words: 8437 Length: 28 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 90031219
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At the core of becoming an activist educator

Is identifying the regimes of truth that govern us the ideas that govern how we think, act and feel as educators because it is within regimes of truth that inequity is produced and reproduced. (MacNaughton 2005, 20)

Disorder, addictions, vulnerability and dysfunction...."

Disorder, addictions, vulnerability and dysfunction...." These terns, according to Nolan (1998; Furedi 2003; cited by Ecclestone N.d., 135), denote a therapeutic ethos prevalent in American culture that some consider to be seeping into British media, popular culture and politics. Currently, in England, "Personalised learning," according to Ecclestone (2005, 456), includes an increasing number of initiatives, which constitute a powerful discourse to respond to varied, frequently contradictory public, political and professional concerns relating to a person's emotional needs. Her article debates critical policy research and evaluates the subtle ways policy initiatives strive…

Loss Read P 305 Leaving
Words: 7913 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75963209
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" The differences in these two lines seem to be only a matter of syntax but in actuality, it also differs in the meaning. The King James Bible version makes it seem like the Lord is making the individual do something, as if by force or obligation, while the Puritan version states that the Lord causes the individual to do something, as if out of their own will. This alone relays the message that faith itself is driving the action, not a perceived obligation.

Another distinction between the two translations can be found with the lines "Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life: / and I will dwell in the house of the Lord forever" (King James Bible) and "Goodness and mercy surely shall / all my days follow me. / and in the Lord's house I shall / dwell so long as days…

How Should Society Deal With Information About the Genetic Code
Words: 2159 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 77653105
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cheap genomic sequencing has widespread and unforeseen cultural, political, and societal implications that have only just begun to reverberate through the human population at large. Genomic sequencing not only reveals some of the causes and connections behind certain diseases or disorders, but also puts the lie to certain forms of bigotry which assumed that dramatic phenotypic differences represented a similarly dramatic genetic or biological difference (put another way, genome sequencing reveals just how little skin color says about a person). The implications of full genome sequencing can largely be broken down into a few distinct but related categories, including healthcare, notions of race and ethnicity, and social and criminal justice. Examining the use of genetic information with an eye to these categories reveals not only the implications of genomic sequencing for society at large, but also how it may affect minorities and those wishing to protect their right to maintain…

People Often Base Their Actions
Words: 2145 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 36143547
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This was because, for some stories, they were forced to use less professional correspondents to cover stories that were on a more national scale.

13. Among this list, newspapers and magazines are the most credible because they strive for objectivity and accuracy, at the same time as they possess the most amount of content. Television news programs are second only because they lack the same level of depth. The other sources should be highly questioned before using as a legitimate source. The internet possesses the best information among all of the rest, but must be evaluated on a site-by-site basis.

14. I have found two sources that indicate that controversial television ads negatively influence the behavior of children. However, there are also a handful of other resources arguing that the influence of ads upon individuals is relatively minute.

15. Rhetoric tends to vastly influence people's opinions and attitudes. However, statements…

Henry V Driving the Leadership
Words: 1385 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 84706613
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During the speech, he claps the men's shoulders, and makes human, tactile contact with the soldiers. Even though he is a king, everyone is part of the family of soldiers, and through nobility they can lift themselves to high birth: "We few, we happy few, we band of brothers;/for he to-day that sheds his blood with me / Shall be my brother; be he ne'er so vile,/This day shall gentle his condition" (4.2).

Henry says that winning honor gains a soldier inner aristocracy, a radical idea at the time when the divine right of kings was a given, and also a way to propel his men forward into action. In fact, even the dispirited men who do not really believe in the need to secure the French land, because of Henry's words about their class and status may fall in line with what he says, in deference of respect for…

Ronald Reagan's Evil Empire Speech
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" (Abrogate means to "Abolish by authoritative action"). Here is a fear appeal by Reagan; in other words, if the conservative Christian movement doesn't stand up to the liberals who want progressive policies on abortion, those liberals will destroy democracy.

After criticizing the people who stand for things that the Christian conservative movement opposes, and clearly staking out his position as a "good" president who opposes "evil" things in society, Reagan launched into his main agenda for the day, his metaphor that the Soviet Union is the devil personified. Built into the metaphor of Soviets as the devil is Reagan's fear appeals. In the Soviet Union, "Morality is entirely subordinate to the interests of class war," Reagan explained; the "only morality they recognize is…world revolution" (fear appeal).

"We will never give away our freedom," Reagan went on, and in a few moments attacked (without mentioning their names) those U.S. Senators…

Bruffee Myers Holt Collaborative Learning
Words: 1822 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 45499904
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But that is partly because what I have to suggest is not a method but a stance towards one's teaching. This stance requires a sort of doubleness: an awareness that one's course is part of an ideological structure that keeps people from thinking about their situation, but also a belief that one can resist this structure and help students to criticize it' (Myers 172). Even while using collaborative learning techniques, Myers does not want students to lose their individuality. This is also Holt's goal but it is unclear if this as easy in 'theory' as it is in fact, based on the experiences she chronicles. Holt calls the Bruffee approach 'democratic' but in a perfect democracy there can be a loss of valuable minority opinions.

Writing, it could be argued, is designed to express individualism. But not all authors agree with this idea. John Trimbur's "Consent and Difference in Collaborative…

Henry V's St Crispin's Day
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Henry stresses that the men have a choice: they are free men and do not fight because they are compelled to do so:

That he which hath no stomach to this fight,

Let him depart; his passport shall be made

And crowns for convoy put into his purse:

We would not die in that man's company

That fears his fellowship to die with us (IV.3).

Even during Shakespeare's time, the idea of fighting for freedom was clearly a compelling rhetorical strategy. On the surface, fighting for a piece of land might not seem to be a noble quest when done purely for the purposes of enriching the crown. This is why Henry's speech is so perfectly analogous to a speech made by a CEO or another business leader: often, quite cynically, shareholders and employees will assume that decisions are made for personal profit, not to advance the common good. Although…

Legal Status of the Fetus
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There is a lot of discussion on the moral standing of fetuses at an early stage and the issues that revolve around the choice of whether to abort or not. There has been one strong position that has been ignored in the whole debate. Consequently, liberalism has taken center stage. According to Harman (1999), the Actual Future Principle, the actual future of a fetus determines whether or not a pregnancy should be aborted. The principle points to two kinds of early fetuses. In the postulation, early fetuses that die early go through their entire existence without properties that confer moral status on them. However, an early fetus that is bound to grow into a person is different. Such a fetus will in time have the complete moral status of a human being. That is a good reason to think that even now, it has moral status to some extent (Harman,…

One War
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packet primary source documents drawn historical periods covered chapters 18-21 Give Me

The historical situation that produced this primary source written by John Reed in April of 1917, "Whose War" was America's imminent participation in World War I. It is noteworthy that the author alludes to the two factors that most readily led to America's involvement in this martial affair -- the Zimmerman Telegram (which he refers to twice as the "note") and the sinking of United States ships enacted by German submarines. There certainly appears to be a bias in evaluating the context of this source -- Reed was considered a "radical" and is definitely anti-war at a time in which patriotism and support for war was exceedingly high. Thus, this source reads like a piece of journalism that was written to attempt to alert people to the incongruence and atrocities associated with America's impending actions.

The author's major…