Same Sex Marriage Essays (Examples)

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Sex Education How Come the

Words: 902 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 99443447

In a report that aimed to give recommendations to the American Academy of Pediatrics' updated teen pregnancy policy, pediatric obstetrician-gynecologist at the University of Louisville, Dr. S. Paige Hertweck said "Teaching abstinence but not birth control makes it more likely that once teenagers initiate sexual activity they will have unsafe sex and contract sexually transmitted diseases." (the Associated Press; 2008).

Scientific studies point that adolescents benefit greatly from comprehensive medically accurate sexual education. Demonstrated positive effects of such programs include increased awareness, delay in onset of sex, reduction in frequency of sex and increased use of contraception. One study conducted from 2005 to 2006 surveyed 1,209 teens who completed abstinence-only programs in rural and urban areas and 848 teens in the same communities who had not. It turns out there the two groups' behavior was practically identical as far as sexual behavior is concerned (Mathematica Policy Research, Inc.; 2007).

Studies…… [Read More]

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Sex & Sexuality - Cinema

Words: 613 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 2313657

The exploitation of women depicted by her experiences in the exotic dancing industry, especially in the upscale venues, illustrates the degree to which women are subject to societal rejection and to duplicitous moral values.

Her rejection and castigation by her mother provides even more of an insight into the hypocrisies that pertain to social values when it comes to women and sexuality, precisely because her mother is a famous advocate of and sympathizer with the plight of street prostitutes at the farthest end of the spectrum of sexual deviance according to contemporary social values. Nevertheless, when it comes to her daughter instead of strangers, she is utterly incapable of transcending her own prejudices, preconceptions, and her selfish and egocentric preoccupation with her own reputation in the same society whose unfair treatment of street prostitutes is her life's calling. The profound irony of this hypocrisy is underscored both by the fact…… [Read More]

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Gay Lesbian Studies - Marriage Issues

Words: 2476 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 29556189

61). In principle, adults tend to be drawn to potential romantic partners at least partly because part of the so-called chemistry between them reflects familiar aspects of their psychological pasts. Therefore, as pertains to marital communication issues, they are quite frequently direct consequences of the initial choice of partner more than anything else.

When researchers examine the specific communication issues arising within unhappy marriages and other committed intimate relationships, one crucial distinction that emerges is that the tonal quality that characterizes communications in relationships is far more significant than any other variable (Cole, p.72; Rokach, Cohen, & Dreman, pp. 55-57; Tyre & Pierce, p.64). In that regard, it was particularly illustrative that so many happy couples negotiated similar marital issues and stresses (financial, child-rearing, jealousy, infidelity, etc.) that unhappy couples blamed for the deterioration of their marriages and relationships. Generally, marital outcome was determined not by the presence or absence…… [Read More]

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Equal Treatment Is Real Issue Not Marriage and Gay Marriage

Words: 1933 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 19923713

added for a few specific points. Otherwise it can be assumed that I have added my thoughts about what the authors have said. In Part Two, I have included other sources and cited them properly.

Equal Treatment the Real Issue

In this piece the author assumes a basic fact: that because something is essentially a fundamental right at least at some point it becomes necessary for our social institutions (including government and possibly religious ones) to protect the use of the activities the rights allow for. This is what the U.S.A. Today article meant in paragraphs 4, 5, and 6, for example. Rights, after all, would be useless if there were all type of obstacles put in their way of their actually being exercised. History and the law have placed themselves on the administrative side of this argument by allowing for the creation of a number of their own institutions…… [Read More]

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Kung San Trial Marriages and U S Divorce

Words: 1383 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 9037690

Kung San Trial Marriages and U.S. Divorce Rates.

The!Kung San are a hunter-gatherer people that inhabit the Kalahari desert in Africa. They are the Bushmen who have managed to live a contented, self-governed life while the rest of the world has sprung up around them in a mass of technology and dysfunction. They live a community life where the economy is based on sharing and "among the first words a child learns are na ("give it to me") and ihn ("take this")" (Shostak 2000:44) giving outsiders the impression of a quaint carefree nomadic life.

Nevertheless there are many similarities shared between Americans and the!Kung San, some of which are as simple as equal love for their children, to the interesting arrangements of a 'trial marriage'. A!Kung trial marriage could be acquainted with people living together before getting married, or cohabiting as part of a condition before marriage, depending on religious…… [Read More]

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Stacey Judith Unhitched Love Marriage

Words: 1993 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 55690382

Stacey describes the Mosuo as matrilineal -- all family ties pass down through the mother's line, even though it is not a culture where women rule over males. The Mosuo's social structures question the presumed naturalness of patriarchy and that of the nuclear family unit. In Mosuo society, girls are given their own rooms at night from a young age and it is accepted that men will have sexual intercourse with women. There is no sense of sexual immorality -- or the idea that male-female sexual connections are permanent.

Amongst the Mosuo, women live together and raise children together Sometimes male-female couples will unite for life, but the children do not belong to the father, as there is no concept of the child being tied to the father through genetics. Other Mosuo couples are transient, but there is no sense of superiority of one type of union or another. A…… [Read More]

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Differences on Sex Education Between Public and Private School

Words: 3829 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 81053570

Sex Education Between Public and Private School

A person's appreciation of sexual activities of human beings impacts one's own discernment and the capability to recount with others. Every person ought to be slowly made aware of one's sexual feelings. Sex and sexuality should not be viewed distinctly. If education relating to sex remains restricted to the hardnosed regulations controlling some activities devoid of relating to the complete individual and his or her interaction to other individuals, it is considered insufficient. Sex education cannot afford to be unethical, which means devoid of remarks to a proper or principled regulation.

Contemporary society has by now endured a lot from incidents, which establishes the uselessness of realistic education devoid of allusion to a principled system that encourages individual accountability, answerability and restraint. If properly trained, education of sex and progress can very well become a branch of any other curriculum. More significantly, maybe,…… [Read More]

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Defense of Gay Marriage Over Time the

Words: 665 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 6472666

Defense of Gay Marriage

Over time, the issue of gay marriage has been regarded controversial. Proponents and opponents of the same continue to front arguments in support of their positions. I strongly believe that gay couples should enjoy the same marriage benefits their heterosexual counterparts enjoy. In this text, I discuss gay marriage and why it should be permitted.

Why Gay Marriage Should Be Permitted

Most of those opposed to gay marriage cite procreation as being the primary purpose of marriage and as such, individuals of the same sex should not be allowed to marry owing to the fact that they can't procreate. The view of procreation as an inalienable component of marriage is however defective. If procreation is indeed an inalienable constituent of marriage, should a heterosexual couple that cannot procreate as a result of issues to do with infertility be denied marriage? In my opinion, procreation just like…… [Read More]

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Gay Marriage on Children There

Words: 1451 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 9837190

While the theories have existed for some time, finding corroborating evidence is problematic as the research suggests a different path.

Pawelski et al. suggests that children raised in gay homes may experience isolation, peer ridicule, harassment, and depression. They also posit that these children have a higher propensity to consider suicide and attempt suicide. This internal confusion may be exacerbated by the absence of support groups and structures to assist in reducing the impact of this psychological upheaval. As there are sustained efforts to limit the establishment of groups considered "gay- straight alliances" (Pawelski et al.). This seems to suggest that there are serious psychological problems for children living in these arrangements.

This position is however countered by the work of Golombok et al. cited in (Patterson 1032) where they demonstrate that children from lesbian homes do not score lower than children from different sex homes on psychological tests. Daughters…… [Read More]

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Current Status of Homosexual Marriages in America

Words: 3185 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 52164308

Homosexual Parenting

Literature Review on homosexual parenting

For a period extending back to the last twenty years, the number of households headed by same-sex parents in the United States has subtly increased. According to a unanimous agreement in the U.S. In 2010, the number of same-sex couples who stay together was estimated to be 646,464, out of which 514,735 were unmarried couples of the same sex while 131,729 were married couples of similar sex. In another survey carried out in the U.S. In 2000, it was established that almost 163,879 households had children although they were headed by similar sex couples. With about 33% of households belonging to similar sex females, it was found out that bisexual or Lesbians had higher chances of being parents as compared to Bisexual or gays who accounted for just 22% although these male couples had at least a child below the age of 18…… [Read More]

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Their Is No Significant Difference Between Men and Women Sex Drive

Words: 5177 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54096876

Women Have a Higher Sex Drive Than Men

Do women have a higher sex drive than me

According to Murray and Milhausen (2012) sexual desire is the experience of urges, fantasies and thoughts that push one towards engaging in sexual activity. During the initial stages of a relationship, the desire is usually high owing to the need for one to relate on a sexual level with his or her partner. Though there is agreement about the initial stages of the relationship studies have not offered consistent findings regarding whether and in which way sexual desire can be kept high beyond the initial stages (Murray & Milhausen, 2012).

The question whether the sexual desire of women is greater that than of men or vice versa is both elusive and immediate. It is elusive in the sense that opinions and research on the questions have reported different and often contradictory results. And…… [Read More]

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Civil Right Gay Marriage A

Words: 948 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 41606240

But in 1973, the American Psychological Association announced that they would be removing homosexuality from the list of recognized mental illnesses, as growing numbers of researchers and doctors realized that it represented fairly normal sexual behavior (Head par. 17).

A quick bit of simple arithmetic can tell you that it still took thirty years after the medical community determined that homosexuality was not dangerous or especially abnormal for the law to catch up. And in many instances, there still aren't laws protecting gays. All that the Supreme Court ruling did was ban laws that banned homosexual behavior; they cannot make laws to protect gay rights.

This has been the major issue plaguing the civil rights of homosexuals. Until the legislative branch of the government becomes involved in mandating that certain rights are protected, nothing that the judicial branch does will ever really be secure. This was shown most recently in…… [Read More]

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Mexico's Resistance to Gay Marriage

Words: 451 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Reaction Paper Paper #: 41339643

211). Children who are adopted into these scenarios are far less likely to be involved in crime, and have a more well-rounded conception of gender identity.

The only reason why gay couples adopting children has become such a controversy is because of religion. Without the conservative, xenophobic values of the Christian fundamentalists, there would likely be little resistance to the idea of gays adopting children. What we are seeing in Mexico City is a reflection of the greater belief structure and systems of the Christian world being tested. Humans are evolving beyond the religious confines of society and culture and are now beginning to act in ways that are as yet unfamiliar to traditionalists. The only way through this current fight is to keep fighting, so that hopefully one day all people can be treated equally under U.S. And Mexican law, as guaranteed by both countries' legal structure. The power…… [Read More]

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Importance of Being Earnest Analysis

Words: 1208 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65881846

Marriage as a theme in, "The Importance of Being Earnest."

Marriage is defined in the Oxford Dictionary as a formal or legally recognized union of two individuals (usually male and female but some jurisdiction allow same sex marriages) in a relationship (Definition of Marriage).

The idea that the two individuals are in a relationship or partnership implies that the union has been formed willingly and that both parties are happy. It also reflects shared values that surround marital relationships. Lastly, about the definition, it focuses on the two persons getting married and does not mention any external party. Thus the issue that then arises is: Is it right or possible for two individuals to make the decision by themselves that they should get married?

According to the Cosmopolitan Magazine there are a several reasons to get married including that married couples are more likely to: act as a team; support…… [Read More]

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Civil Marriage Is Currently Defined

Words: 1013 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 95651509

The first route entails that the House and the Senate must each ratify the proposed Amendment by a two-thirds majority. Then the bill must be ratified by three-fourths of the states' legislatures within a reasonable time period. The second method would be for the creation of a Constitutional Convention to hear and propose the amendment to the states; this method also requires three-fourths of the state legislatures to approve the amendment. This second procedure has never before been used to amend the U.S. Constitution. In either case, however, it would take a number of years before the Amendment for Total Equality would become law. Furthermore, consitutional amendments are historically rare, and the proposals signficantly outnumbers the legal amendments. Several steps can be taken to ensure the timely implementation of this much-needed constitutional amendment.

Proponents of the proposed Amendment for Total Equality have a steep uphill battle to climb. The tide…… [Read More]

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Family and Marriage Evan's Two

Words: 734 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 3328676

She is smart, she understands the issues, and she has a good way of communicating them to her readers. After reading this op-ed, it should make the reader want to get up and get involved, and it should also point out that society's mores change through time, and that means there is hope for the future, anyway. She writes, "Perhaps 25 years from now we will find it just as incredible that two people of the same sex were not entitled to legally commit themselves to one another. Love and commitment are rare enough; it seems absurd to thwart them in any guise" (Quindlen). This is the way she ends her essay, and it makes the reader think about old-fashioned belief systems, and how ideas change, and makes this reader hope that she is right, and someday, this all may just seem like a bad dream.

A like her article…… [Read More]

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Sex and Marriage as Found in the

Words: 2319 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 70785944

sex and marriage as found in the Wife of Bath and the Franklins' Tale of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales. Looking at how they define love, sex and marriage within certain aspects of the time and how they relate to one and other within the texts.

Marriage and the Canterbury Tales journey can be a slow and tiring event. This is as true today as it was in the fourteenth century. Travellers will often get talking with each other, passing the time of day and pleasantries, however, back in the fourteenth century a journey was likely to be longer.

In Chaucer's Canterbury tales, we see the stories of traveller being told to pass the time. In these tales there are some common themes, but the perspective of the tales may be seen as interesting and different.

The role of choices and destiny maybe seen contrasting in the stories of Wife of Bath…… [Read More]

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Marriage and Family Experience Approaches

Words: 706 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 56402937

They experienced things, such as sex and drugs, earlier than others, but their adolescence lasted longer because it was hard to break away from their single parent. Divorce affects these children most of all during adulthood. In romantic relationships, fear of abandonment can make them choose people they feel safe with, even though the partner may be abusive. She found that only 40% of those now in their 30s and 40s are married. The rest live in various kinds of relationships from cohabitation to still dating. More than 50% have chosen to not have children "because they believe they know too little about good parenting" (New 1).

Childhood is not fun for children of divorced families. They talk about logistics surrounding the holidays and the stress from two parents who vie for their love. They have memories of sadness and loneliness surrounding holidays, rather than happy memories. They were not…… [Read More]

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Sex and Gender

Words: 2946 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 83743772

Social Construct of Prenuptial Events: From the Bridal Sheets to the Bachelorette Party

The social constructs of the transition from single adulthood to married life throughout recent history have differed between men and women. In modern construct women and men often share a similar prenuptial event that has many elements of public expressions of sexuality, the bachelor or stag party and the bachelorette or staggette party. (Tye and Powers, 1998, pp. 552-561) In most western societies before 1900 and especially during the Renaissance the prenuptial ceremonies and rituals included a longer period of time that encompassed a gray area that included the business of the marriage transaction and the ritual of becoming publicly aware of the person you were to marry. Historically speaking there was little if any overt display of sexuality during pre-1900 premarital celebrations. (Ruggiero, 1985, p. 26) Changes in public sexual expression from before 1900 to now…… [Read More]

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Marriage Still Relevant Today Divorces

Words: 714 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9840699

According to the Institute for American Values, family scholars support the findings that on average, married couples are more likely than cohabiting couples or singles to build more wealth. Further, past findings have indicated that single motherhood or divorce could make children and their mothers vulnerable to poverty (Institute for American Values n.p.). Marriage hence enhances the financial stability of partners. This is more so the case given the challenging economic times we now live in. The need to raise children in a stable familial setting is yet another reason why marriage still matters. According to the Institute for American Values, findings supported by leading family scholars indicate that children who are not raised in an intact marriage are more likely to either become unwed parents or divorce altogether. Marriage in most societies as Ferraro and Andreatta point out "creates a set of family relationships that provide the material, educational,…… [Read More]

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Sex in Advertising

Words: 4609 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 17408396

sex in advertising. The writer takes the reader on an exploratory journey into the use of sex in advertising. There were 10 sources used to complete this paper.

The world is becoming an increasingly competitive place. While the globalization process moves forward, and teenagers grow up faster than ever before marketing departments are scrambling to discover the secret to targeting the markets for their clients. Marketing departments have a very demanding position in the world of advertising. They must study many aspects of society in order to come up with and present in the best possible light the products they have been charged with selling. It is something that requires a deep understanding of human nature, a grasp on different markets, ages and interests, and the understanding of where the lines are drawn between offensive and alluring. The use of sex in advertising is not a new concept but its…… [Read More]

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Sex and Career in Sex

Words: 1869 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 60796227

It is through these facets of every "Sex" woman character that makes the show meaningful and realistic enough to make it audiences believe that they, too, can attain the personalities and triumphs in love, sex, and career lives of Carrie, Samantha, Charlotte, and Miranda.

Indeed, love, sex, and career as depicted in "Sex" is actually embedded in the show's women characters. The close relationship of the women with each other symbolically represents the intertwined relationship of love, sex, and career, wherein each factor is representative of a woman character in "Sex." Through its characters, "Sex" has managed to cultivate and maintain the ideology of liberal thinking in matters concerning love, sex, and career -- an ideology that proves essential for women, in order to further strengthen their personalities and individualities without resorting to radical expressions of femininity, a fault that feminists often suffer from.

As Richards (2003) discusses in her…… [Read More]

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Sex Body and Identity

Words: 2749 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 99705928

Body, Identity, Gender]

From birth, humans learn, act out and experience their gendered identities. The society's concepts of femininity and masculinity form a person's relationship to his/her body and the bodies of other individuals. The issue of gender is also an aspect of prevailing norms of inequality and oppression. Discrimination based on appearances continues to be a common occurrence.

For example, feminists and philosophers, such as Simone de Beauvoir in The Second Sex question, "what is a woman?" (in Ashton-Jones101). She dislikes the traditional explanation of "woman is a womb," but recognizes that throughout history woman has been defined as "the Other" of man: "Thus humanity is male and man defines woman not in herself but as relative to him." (in Ashton-Jones 102). In other words, man is the absolute being and woman takes on all of the negative bodily, mortal and irrational aspects that he prefers not to find…… [Read More]

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Gender Race and Religion on

Words: 3335 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 23773721

The referent methods of collecting data are summative to the two key positions of the same sex in the society. Some of the methods used included sampling, interviews, issuance of questionnaires and used of printed or secondary data.

Sampling

Samples were collected from different members of the society. The samples collected were directed reactions to the issue of the same sex in the society. Most approaches of collection that were used aimed at establishing a common ground and avoiding bias from the concerned members. The samples were collected from a diverse society. The researchers ensured that the samples came from different members with regard to religion, race, social meanings and avenues, and social classes. Furthermore, the samples were collected from a diverse society in order to ensure that they were a true reflection of the real state of matter in the world as concerns same sex marriage.

Interviews

Interviews are…… [Read More]

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Homosexuality and the Conservative Mind

Words: 1718 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 79481941



Moreover, my view is entirely democratic. We must understand inherently what democracy is. Each person within the democracy is entitled to his or her views. One does not need to base those views on anything. One can take a liberal stance, a conservative stance, or fall at any point along the continuum of views and opinions. You can take your views from subjective interpretation of ancient texts, or from observations you have made about the nature of society and the relative benefits of a particular matter of public policy. I have my opinion that gay marriage is bad, immoral and destructive. I need not support that opinion with anything. I receive a singular vote in each election for elected office and for referendum matters. I vote with my feeling, my conscious and my personal beliefs. That is democracy. That is the most democratic thing one can do, to hold a…… [Read More]

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Opening Argument in Court

Words: 2320 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88685138

Court Opening Argument

It is humbly submitted to the Hon'ble Court that this respondent as per the issues and syllabus cited submit that the issues of the litigation pertain -- not only to the law of marriage, but also to the recognition if it must be accorded to same sex marriages and unions, and whether no recognizing this social development amounts to denial of the constitutional rights of a group of citizens. It is also pertinent to question if the states in allowing adoption to opposite sex couples and denying the same to same sex couples. The question then becomes still deeper with the challenge of the validity of same sex marriages.

It is still with various states to give effect to the Defence of Marriage Act -- DOMA and the definition of marriage as per section 3 of the act makes marriage between a man and a woman alone…… [Read More]

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Current Ethical Issue

Words: 817 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 19526857

Changing Attitudes Regarding Same-Sex Marriages

Even in today's modern, permissive society, many people are still jolted by the idea of same-sex marriage. However, throughout history, regardless of whether or not society encouraged it, gay and lesbian couples have been living with one another for centuries. The only difference today is that gays and lesbians are now demanding the same rights as heterosexuals, including the government's recognition of their relationships.

With official recognition, gay and lesbian couples would have the right to all economic and family-oriented privileges as heterosexual couples have. For example, surviving gay partners would have the right to obtain pension and Social Security payments. And gays and lesbians would be able to include their partners in their health insurance packages.

However, many state and national agencies still have old-fashioned attitudes toward same-sex marriages. For example, the New Jersey Family Policy Council believes that the institution of marriage would…… [Read More]

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Human Development Canadian Edition Spencer A Rathus Shauna

Words: 1630 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52575959

human Development Canadian edition spencer a.Rathus Shauna longmuir

Cohabitation

Society has changed dramatically in the last decades and has enabled some of the core principles to suffer modifications. These include nowadays discussions about same sex marriages, allowance or banning of physical expression of religious beliefs in schools, debates on the actual purity of ministers and people of the Church, among other things. Another issue under debate and acceptance is the "cohabitation" as an alternative to marriage. There are views that consider the choice of cohabitation to be more suitable for today's type of society, whereas other view it as a dilution of family values where the family is the cornerstone of the society.

In the United States, there is no unitary approach on the term cohabitation together with its implications. In this sense in some states the term means "regularly residing with an adult of the same or opposite sex,…… [Read More]

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Non-Traditional Families

Words: 1640 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 57019930

Nontraditional families in America have seen a remarkable increase in numbers over the past twenty years. The traditional family unit depicted in sitcoms on television and spoken about in the literature still dominates the social scene but in actual numbers it exists in only about twenty-five percent of the nation's households. Strangely, discussions regarding this magical unit still occupy the thoughts and arguments of politicians, preachers and conservative activists as they talk about the merits of "family values." Yet, what truly is the impact of the nontraditional family on today's society? How do children raised in such families fare in the social make-up such as school performance and their social interaction and, finally, why are the remaining prejudices against such families not logically justified?

The rapid increase in the number of nontraditional family is a social phenomenon. Such families, few in number, existed in near anonymity until the past twenty…… [Read More]

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Society Has Reached a Stage

Words: 855 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64792791



Most people are likely to think of marriage as being "fundamentally a package of legal rights, benefits and obligations -- which include hospital visitation rights and immigration rights for the foreign spouses of citizens, among others" (Wedgood). While people were accustomed to a traditional view of marriage, they gradually came to accept that it can actually be interpreted in order to incorporate a series of other values. For example, same-sex marriage demonstrated that two people can get married regardless of their gender.

While it is difficult and almost impossible to predict how marriage is going to be in the future, it is very likely that it will become more complex and that it will never return to how it once was. The future of marriage is going to be altered by a series of factors such as women's economic independence. Society will focus on designing marriage in accordance to trends,…… [Read More]

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Proposition 8 Homosexuality and What Rights Should

Words: 1223 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73389146

Proposition 8

Homosexuality and what rights should be afforded to same-sex couples have been in the forefront of politics for the last few years. Before this, gay people had to fight to get recognized and for their relationships to even be legal. Right now, two very important issues have been about whether gay people should be allowed to get married and whether or not they should be allowed to adopt children (Colombo 79). At the heart of the debate is the definition of a marriage and what it means to really be a family. Those who do not believe in gay marriage feel that this term should only be applied to a union between a man and a woman and this is absolutely true. Gay people should be allowed to live together and be together, but they should not be allowed to get married, nor should they be allowed to…… [Read More]

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Civil Unions and Benefits for

Words: 2361 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 63837241

It can also be confusing. Some states have gay marriage as a legal right. Others have domestic partnerships, civil unions, and other terms for things that are the same or similar (Herek, 2006). Whether these options are constitutional is also something that has to be addressed and that is argued about by many scholars and laypeople (Herek, 2006). One of the other concerns that is brought to light where civil unions and their benefits are concerned is how employers view 'spouses' and what kinds of requirements are listed for them to be able to receive benefits (Same, 2008). Depending on how these people are listed, employers may or may not have to accommodate homosexuals and their partners in states that allow for gay marriages and civil unions.

As can be seen by the following map, not all states believe in any type of same-sex civil union or gay marriage, but…… [Read More]

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Polygamy Family Systems

Words: 2167 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 99978736

Polygamy

On the surface, and with the most shallow of analyses, polygamy would seem to be protected by the First Amendment freedom of religion clause because polygamy in the United States is mainly a phenomenon among specific religious groups -- namely Mormons, fundamentalist Christians, and Muslims (Turley). In fact, even a polygamous marriage that was not rooted in religious tradition could be protected under the Due Process clause, which basically encompasses right to privacy (Hamilton). Indeed, the state of Utah's Supreme Court and the Supreme Court of the United States have heard numerous cases related to the constitutionality of polygamy. According to Turley, "Utah and eight other states make polygamy a crime, while 49 states have bigamy statutes that can be used to prosecute plural families." Yet as many as 50,000 cases of polygamy currently exist in the United States (Turley).

The stigma against polygamy remains strong, and has been…… [Read More]

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Marketing Management the Following Are

Words: 1232 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11796364

Primary data is often initially gathered to meet a specific research goal or objective as well. Secondary data is a term often used to define information, intelligence and research that has been completed and published. Like primary data, the original goals of the research are reflected in how the original methodology is constructed as are the presentation of the data itself and analysis. Secondary research often needs to be interpolated to a given situation as its goals are often not directly aligned to the needs of a given situation.

Question 4: Analysis of Chick-fil -- a Strategies

Year

Campaign Name

Explain what the campaign is about?

What do you think the "Positioning Strategy" was/is about? Explain?

2012

Nutritious Kids Program

Thought leadership of making fast food healthier and better-tasting for children

Very effective, shows significant potential to connect with the company's core customer base of families.

2011

Cow Appreciation Days…… [Read More]

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Divorce Rates and Strict Divorce

Words: 1847 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 17548289

The no fault law should be revised, and ensured that the motives for the marriage were investigated at the time of the divorce. If the motives and actions indicate that the marriage would've ended in a divorce eventually, the appeal for divorce should be shot down. Moreover, the newspapers and selected electronic media has a duty to not publicize celebrity divorces as if they are some gallant acts, but to give a strong backlash to those going through the divorce for all the wrong reasons, so as to ensure that the society at large doesn't get influenced by such celebrities. Divorce should always be an option for those who need it. Sometimes, it is the only way out for the couple of a horrible fate. But those, who use marriage and divorce for ulterior purposes, the laws need to be stricter. Again, all divorce cases should be presented in front…… [Read More]

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Proposition 8 Issues Explain the

Words: 622 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: 'Discussion and Results' chapter Paper #: 64990701

At that time, the arguments against interracial marriage were identical to those now popular among those still opposed to same-sex marriage. I also believe that in fifty years, Americans will look back at the current controversy over same-sex marriage in exactly the same way and future generations will wonder how it could ever have made sense to so many people that marriages of same-sex couples somehow "threatened" the institution of marriage.

In principle, I believe that prohibition of marriage rights based on gender violates the concept of Equal Protection in the U.S. Constitution. However, strictly from a constitutional law perspective, I recognize that proponents of same-sex marriage have a much more difficult argument. That is because race is one of the "suspect classes" recognized by the U.S. Supreme Court and, as such, is entitled to the highest level of scrutiny applied to any laws that affect members of different races…… [Read More]

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Social Contracts Media Articulation of the Rites

Words: 3049 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Annotated Bibliography Paper #: 46858953

Social Contracts:

Media Articulation Of The Rites Of

HETEROSEXUAL vs. HOMOSEXUAL MARRIAGE RIGHTS

In the Land of the Free where the Bill of Rights is supreme, all marital unions between consenting adults should be accorded the same level of societal respect and legality under federal and state laws. It was just a few decades ago when the Gay Rights Movement was born in a raucous Greenwich Village bar, but homosexuals have become increasingly accepted in mainstream American society in the years since and a growing number of states are legalizing same-sex marriage in response to this trend. Unfortunately, the path to equal rights for all American citizens has been hampered by negative media coverage of homosexuals in the United States in recent years in ways that are frequently subtle but which are discernible through careful analysis. This type of analysis is important because prejudicial public information or notice of the…… [Read More]

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Should Homosexuals Be Able to Marry

Words: 1212 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 47665371

gay and lesbian individuals should be allowed to legally marry. Same-sex marriage has been made legal in nine states (as of November, 2012). However, "Between 1998 and 2006, twenty-seven states amended their constitutions to prohibit same sex marriage" (Salka, et al., 2012). Clearly this is a contentious issue in America. Thesis: same-sex marriage should be legal in the United States because to continue to deny gay and lesbian couples the right to be legally married is a discriminatory practice which goes against the Constitutional guarantees of equal protection and due process in the 5th and 14th Amendments.

Argument: The polling that has taken place over the past year in America clearly shows that the majority of citizens support same-sex marriage. When attitudes change in America in such dramatic fashion as the attitudes have changed regarding same-sex marriage, it makes a powerful statement to the courts. A CBS News poll taken…… [Read More]

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Family Structure Evolution in America Family Structure

Words: 1212 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89571944

Family Structure Evolution in America

Family structure in the United States is definitely evolving. This fact is demonstrated by an analysis of several different aspects of the family structure as defined within the National Council on Family Relations. The specific forms of evolution within the family structure studied within this paper pertain to dating, marriage, and gender roles. By conducting a literature review of articles related, respectively, to each of these facets of family, one can see that there has been a great deal of evolution in the values of the family in the U.S.

The first article reviewed for this assignment is entitled "History of dating violence and the association of with late adolescent health." This article explored the relationship between the health of young adults and adolescents and negative experiences associated with dating or romantic relationships. Health was defined in both sexual, physical and mental terms, as explicitly…… [Read More]

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Articles on the Topic of

Words: 2767 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 30273397

Retrieved from Dissertation Abstracts International. (Order No. 3132743)

In addition to sexual minority stress, same-sex parents may experience stressors that are specific to parenting, similar to the parental stress experienced by heterosexual parents (Lichtanski, 2004). Stress related to parenting can be chronic, as the stressors may be pervasive, ongoing, and require that families adapt to compensate for the effects of the stressors

Bos, H.M.W., van Balen, F., van den Boom, D., & Sandfort, G.M. (2004). Minority stress, experiences of parenthood and child adjustment in lesbian families. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 22(4), 1-14. doi: 10.1080/02646830412331298350 4

Non-legal same-sex parents who have more restrictions and fewer rights may experience parenting as more stressful than same-sex parents who have full parenting rights. Examples of this may be feeling frustrated by not being able to provide health insurance to their children or concern about not having custody if the parents' relationship ends.…… [Read More]

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Democracy in Iran and Afghanistan

Words: 571 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 56931424

Opposition to same-sex marriage is strong and vocal, while support for same sex marriage is equally strong and vocal. An understanding of constitutional arguments will be helpful in determining whether or not federal or state government should have the right too define marriage.

The overturn of a statute prohibiting homosexual sodomy, in Lawrence vs. Texas, opened the constitutional debate over same sex marriage in the United States. Lawrence vs. Texas, however, left prohibitions on same-sex marriage. At the same time, Lawrence vs. Texas may "the door wide to challenges of the same-sex ban on due process and equal protection grounds" (Thomas, 2003). In time, suggests Thomas (2003), arguments of due process and equal protection will likely make their way to the Supreme Court.

Given this eventuality, opponents of same-sex marriage are proposing a constitutional amendment to limit marriage to same sex couples (Thomas, 2003). Gerstmann (2004) argues that such an…… [Read More]

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American Government & Institutions Should

Words: 760 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77137251

S. Constitution. The court ruled, "Proposition 8 served no purpose, and had no effect, other than to lessen the statutes and human dignity of gays and lesbians in California" (Dolan, 2012). Hence, the will of the people can become law through popular initiatives, but on the other hand, the argument can be made that if citizens object to the constitutional amendments enacted in any given state -- for any political or social issue -- they have the power of the judiciary to address grievances and sue to reverse the decision.

But should citizens have the power to make public policy through initiatives and state constitutional amendments? Is direct democracy the answer for citizens that feel their elected officials are out of touch? This paper believes that passing propositions and altering state constitutions is indeed a way to bring the voter "…in closer touch with great affairs" and allow the voter…… [Read More]

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Candidates Project Have Chosen to

Words: 3340 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 35860743

She also clearly makes a stand against continuing to rely to any large degree on non-renewable resources and giving the scientific community more authority and right.

Clinton Platform;

Clinton's platform is currently relying very heavily upon the idea of helping the middle class. Her campaign bus is currently touring Iowa with a slogan of "The Middle Class Express." She is actively seeking middle class support, and her platform is dominated by issues resolving to make those who currently feel invisible in the current administration. She is speaking to the idea that the rich are getting richer, the poor are getting poorer and the middle class is disappearing. The sentiment is a strongly held belief in middle America and the platform is strong, as it speaks to the current feeling of America.

If you place your mouse over the numbers next to Clinton's opening picture on her official website her position…… [Read More]

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Non-Traditional Family Structure So-Called Non-Traditional

Words: 554 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 1476593

It is also important in connection with the ongoing contemporary debate about same-sex marriage and same-sex adoptive partners (Healey, 2008).

Research Question

1. How prevalent are so-called non-traditional families (NTFs) in the U.S.

2. What problems (if any) have been associated with NTFs?

3. Are children living in NTFs benefited or harmed by their situation?

4. Are children living in NTFs better off than children living with unhappily married parents in traditional families?

Problem Statement

So-called traditional families are still considered the norm in American society and they are often represented as the model for parenthood in particular. Meanwhile, there is likely ample reason to suspect that children raised in happy single-parent (and same-sex parent) families are happier than those raised by unhappily married parents in traditional families. If that is true, the prevailing social prejudice against non-traditional family structure is entirely unjustified by any evidence.

Research Hypotheses

1. Non-traditional…… [Read More]

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Governance in America Federal Government

Words: 720 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83397660

Citizens have over the past years grown weary of politicians and their brand of politics and are therefore increasingly sidestepping their representative system by putting their own laws to popular vote. Their recent resolve to come up with ballot initiatives to bar government from passing legislations that prohibit discrimination on basis of sexual orientation is a pointer on what the future holds for civil rights legislations (Gamble, 1997).

Widespread same sex marriage can have devastating effects on the American culture. American laws were written based on certain world views and to be precise, the Judeo-Christian world-view. This is clearly depicted in laws that touch on marriage. Marriage, according to this world-view, is supposed to be a sacred union between a man and a wife. The Judeo-Christian world-view on marriage underscores the uniqueness of marriage. In fact, it posits that marriage is the foundation of civilization itself. It is an emotional,…… [Read More]

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America's Changing Families in Her

Words: 1703 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 49957372

The best -- and perhaps the only -- way to shape the future of the family really could be, as Coontz suggests, to understand its history and the external circumstances that shape it.

For all of its data and involved historical discussion, this book remains incredibly light and easy to read. It is written in a way that is accessible without being condescending; informative without ever becoming dry. Perhaps it is the direct impact the ideas discussed in this book have on our daily life, but more likely it is Coontz's comprehensive grasp of her subject matter and clarity of voice that makes this book as enjoyable a read as it is. This is perhaps unusual praise for a scholarly work, to comment on the pleasure one could take from reading it, but there is no way to deny the pleasure of candid and informed truth sharing. That is the…… [Read More]

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Media Coverage of the 2012

Words: 3960 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 73521859

One can be certain that many millions of dollars will flow through the hands of right wing fundraisers like Karl Rove into attack ads against Obama's reform legislation, called "Obamacare" by many who oppose it and even by some who have embraced it.

On the subject of public health, in the National Public Radio blog on campaign spending (Kramer, 2010), the reporter interviewed Peter Stone with the Center for Public Integrity. Stone noted the three best-known independent groups that are raising millions for attack ads against Democrats in general, Obama in particular, and against those supporting healthcare reform.

Stone noted that Crossroads GPS (Karl Rove's fundraising organization), the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, and Americans for Prosperity were running "…these so-called issue ads which tell the viewer that so-and-so is not very good on healthcare issues and (ask viewers) to please call or write Washington with your concerns" (Kramer, p. 1).…… [Read More]

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Unhitched a South African Slant

Words: 605 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 62420104

As a case in point, the chapter begins with the case of U.S. Congressman Vito Fossella, who would not visit family when his gay sister was present, but who secretly had a relationship and child with a woman other than his wife. According to the author (p. 123), "Vito and Victoria Fossella represent two of the decidedly unwitting bedfellows who jostle uncomfortably beneath the patchwork quilt of contemporary family forms and values."

Interestingly, the chapter points out that polygamy has historically been much more prevalent than monogamy, which was historically practiced by less than one quarter of the world's population. Again investigating the situation in South Africa, where polygamy is legalized, the author shows that there are several manifestations of this phenomenon. Some men, for example, do not bother to register polygamous marriages, since they started with a civil marriage, which precludes a legal change to polygamy. Although not legally…… [Read More]

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Gay Parenting Few Issues Have

Words: 2000 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93077133

Everyone of the 12 teenagers studied by Epstein R (2005) stated using choosiness about when they revealed news concerning their mothers' lesbian characteristics. Zanghellini (2007) discovered that 29% of his teeenage respondents had never met anyone else that lived a homosexual or had a bisexual parent, signifying that the option of loneliness is extremely genuine for teenagers. Possibly unconstructive results of any such separation have not, however, been exposed in examination to date (Epstein, R. (2005), P. 30-23). People believed that children would benefit from encouragement groups entailing of other children of gay or lesbian parents, and teen agers questioned by psychologist concurred, but regular assessments of such groups have not been given further details. It is obvious, however, that current research does not give any basis for thinking that children's better interests are offered by family disagreement or confidentiality concerning a parent's sexual identity, or by conditions that a…… [Read More]

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Constitutional Law Full Faith and

Words: 1603 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 75400381

Following In Re Marriage Cases, a group of protesters gathered enough signatures in order to place a constitutional amendment on the ballot in November, 2008. The amendment set out to limit marriage in California to opposite-sex couples. However, that initiative didn't get far because in the State of California, voters may only amend the state constitution by initiative, they may not revise it. A revision must be passed by the state legislature or by constitutional convention (Same Sex Marriage: Developments in the Law, 2009).

The issue of same sex marriages has been a hot debate for years and will continue to be just that. As more and more states enact laws regarding these marriages, the way that people look at them will also change. Until the proponents of a federal law regarding same sex marriages mange to get a measure passed it will continue to be up to each state…… [Read More]

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Gay Couples Be Allowed to

Words: 1656 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 18051357

Like many other positions that have been presented in opposition to gay marriages, this argument is also largely defective. In the past, several studies have clearly demonstrated that children of heterosexual couples are no different from children raised in a same-sex marriage setting. In one such study, "no differences were found between children raised by heterosexual or same-sex parents in the following four areas: Cognitive development, psychological adjustment, gender identity, or sexual preference partners" (Fiona 36). For this reason therefore, same-sex couples can also "bear" children via adoption and proceed to raise them in a familial environment that is no different from that of a heterosexual couple. As Wardle, Strasser, Duncan, and Coolidge note, in some ways, i.e. when it comes to appreciating the diverse world in which we live in, children of same-sex parents could be better off than those from heterosexual households (37).

Conclusion

Approximately 4 decades ago,…… [Read More]

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Changing Family Forms

Words: 1277 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Book Report Paper #: 29961008

Judith Stacy is a professor as well as author of cultural and social analysis. She focused mainly on studies of gender, queer relationships, and sexuality. She explores the typical pattern of relationships that deviate the basic western marriages idea in her article.

In 1968 Stacey got her bachelor degree from university of Michigan. In 1968 she received degree of Maters in history from university of Illinois and from Brandeis she received her PhD in sociology degree in 1969. She stayed in the faculty of university of California in 1979-1997 and then she appointed as Streisand professor of gender studies and PRF of sociology in southern California.

Judith Stacy, an expert on the family is very well-known for her challenging research on conventional issues. She seems to be very impatient with the increasing war situation of same sex marriages, divorce, fatherlessness, marital fidelity and the like. She unveils many profiles around…… [Read More]

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Domestic Partners and Employment Benefits

Words: 2022 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 30232439

1 most effective recruiting incentive for executives and the No. 3 most effective recruiting incentive for managers and line workers. Plus, domestic partner benefits can improve a company's employee retention rate." In other words, it is more effective and less costly to retain an employee by offering them medical insurance for their domestic partners, instead of recruiting and hiring new employees.

Third, and probably most important, the costs of covering medical expenses for domestic partners are minimal upon the company. Several studies have revealed that offering insurance benefits for domestic partners generates cost increase for the company in the amount of one or even less per cent - less that the costs of hiring new employees or facing judiciary trials for discrimination.

4. Conclusions

The continuous changes in the American life style and family structure have led to changes in the industrial, economic and medical domains. The yesterday irrelevant number…… [Read More]

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Social Norm Make Answer Question Completely Your

Words: 1555 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31439395

Social Norm

Make answer question completely. Your answers cohesive essays. 1. Discuss explain types social norms. What role dominant culture play establishing norms? 2. What role time place defining crime? How social norms related understanding crime? Give a crime U.S. today time considered a crime? What social contributed changing definition ? 3.

Discuss and explain the various types of social norms. What role does the dominant culture play in establishing norms?

A social norm in the first place refers to something that has been accepted by the society as part of their day-to-day thing/activity. It may be a belief, behavior, action or value that is appreciated by the people/community. A social norm usually varies between different age groups and social class (income bracket) within the society. There are four types of social norms. They include the folkway, custom, and fashion, more, law. All these norms have some element of evaluation…… [Read More]

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Teen Suicides My Relationship With

Words: 4223 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 64530362

As far as I am concerned, the issue of whether or not a state can legislate marriage based on its own definition of social mores was settled in Loving v. Virginia, when the Supreme Court declared that it was an Equal Protection violation to have anti-miscegenation statutes. Sex is clearly as much of an immutable characteristic as race, and it seems illogical to prevent people from entering into a legal relationship, such as marriage, on the basis of an immutable characteristic. However, attitudes about homosexuality very rarely seem rational. Instead, they seem to come from another, irrational place, where homosexuality stands as a symbol for some type of greater evil.

For example, opponents of same-sex marriage often talk about the traditional definition of marriage. They discuss the fact that marriage has traditionally been limited to pairs of one-male and one-female. However, these arguments ignore much of human history. First, marriage,…… [Read More]

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Gay Donor or Gay Dad

Words: 1792 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 43415355

Gay Donor or Gay Dad?

Challenges Faced by Same-Sex Parented Families

The prototypical U.S. family has historically been defined as a heterosexual arrangement that divided responsibilities by gender (Farrell, VandeVusse, and Ocobock 284). Men were responsible for earning enough money to keep the family economically viable, while women were responsible primarily for childrearing and household chores.

In the decades since WWII, the prevalence of the traditional U.S. family has decreased as nontraditional arrangements have increased (Farrell, VandeVusse, and Ocobock 284). Women now make up almost 50% of the workforce, in part because a single wage earner is often insufficient to meet the economic needs of many families. The pervasive use of contraception has increased the age at which marriage and pregnancy occurs, and cohabitation, single parents, and same-sex parents are becoming more common.

Based on the 2010 U.S. Census data, heterosexual married parents represent 67.4% of all U.S. families, while…… [Read More]

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Homosexuality Parenthood and Social Deviance the Article

Words: 576 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65284053

Homosexuality, Parenthood, And Social Deviance

The article "Lesbian and gay parenting: babes in arms or babes in the woods?" (Mccann, & Delmonte, 2005) examines the nature of parenting in connection with openly homosexual couples and the manner in which the sexual preference of parents affects their children. According to the authors, most of the objections to parenting by gay couples are entirely unfounded. Specifically, males within same-sex couples are actually more likely to be fully involved in their roles as parents than their heterosexual counterparts. Likewise the division of labor and parenting responsibilities in lesbian couples tends to be more equitable than within traditional marriages. Certainly, there is a range of parenting quality within same-sex relationships just as there is within traditional families; however, by comparison, same-sex couples are no less likely to provide stable and healthy environments for children than are opposite-sex parents within the traditional family system.

Social…… [Read More]

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Authorizing Premarital Counseling Mandating Premarital Counseling in

Words: 2055 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66986855

Authorizing Premarital Counseling

Mandating Premarital Counseling

In this nation, the American government has long placed an extremely high quality on the establishment of marriage in acknowledgment of its unique involvement as a distinct power also its constitutional role in forming the basis of family and community. Marital firmness is necessary to a healthy, moral, and permanent marriage, and as a consequence, the state has a vigorous and inescapable influence in endorsing the purity and integration of matrimonial. In spite of this respect toward marriage, divorce in the United States has become a regular occurrence. Even though there are illustrations where divorce heralds cordially, oftentimes divorce outcomes in disruptive and disastrous consequences directly touching the children, family, and the public at large. Some of the psychological and sociological displays of separation that may arise from parental battles are increased emotional and social issues found in children, a reduced level of academic…… [Read More]

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Celestina Frank and Nicholas Discuss

Words: 2887 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 37431512

There's an attitude that if you're doing something you usually do with women, then you are not gay" (Rhoads, 1999, p. 136). This notion of homosexuality among Puerto Rican community is reflective of the perception elsewhere in Latin America. For instance, Rhoads adds that, "Such a perspective exists throughout much of Latin America, where activos (sexual aggressors in same-sex encounters) are typically not considered to be gay, whereas pasivos are seen as subordinate and are considered to be gay" (1999, p. 136). Finally, Nicholas is even confronted with some differences in perception among the gay community itself that may account for his reluctance to openly reveal his sexual orientation to most of his peers. For example, Rhoads addsd that, "Queer students from diverse cultural backgrounds not only face possible rejection from their racial communities for being queer, but they also face racism within the gay community. A student commented: 'On…… [Read More]

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Return by Stanley Kurtz Stanley

Words: 1689 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 437516



The legal history of marriage demonstrates what should in any case be obvious, that traveling across country and finding out that you are no longer married is an entirely different matter than working up a will or taking a state bar exam. Imagine a married couple, where one spouse is hospitalized after a car accident in another state, losing visiting rights or the right to make medical decisions, because their marriage isn't recognized in that state.

And the legal history of Slavery demonstrated what was once thought obvious, that traveling across country and finding out that you are no longer the rightful owner of your slave as property was an entirely different matter than working up a will or taking a state bar exam. Imagine a lawful slave owner in his home state divested of his rightful property by another state, losing property rights or the right to trade his…… [Read More]