Schizophrenia Essays (Examples)

Filter results by:


View Full Essay

Art Therapy

Words: 1602 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 24334424

Art therapy entails creative procedures that work well with provision of a safe environment, and trust, which allows patients with psychotic disorders to express desirable emotions. Creative procedures promote awareness, expression as well as enhance insight hence promoting an individual mental health. Art therapy improves quality of life and at the same time promotes social functioning. To people with schizophrenia, art therapy reduces negative symptoms and help patients to build up new ways of connecting with other people. In this regard, this paper evaluates an article based on the cost effectiveness and effects of group art therapy to people with schizophrenia. The paper highlights the article, purpose and hypotheses used by the researchers. Additionally, this brief overview highlights the research design, major findings, strengths, weaknesses, and the value of the article in the field of psychology and to the article consumer.

Killaspy, H., Barrett, B., Patterson, S., & Tyrer, P.,…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Abnormal Psych-Lifespan Dev't What Would

Words: 896 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39873532

Schizophrenia can begin as early as infancy but more often starts during adolescence or early adulthood (Prinel, 2006, 449). It is communicated genetically but is also aggravated by environmental factors, such as stress (Kring, et al., 2006). Relatives of patients with schizophrenia are more predisposed to the disorder (Ibid). Further, they may not only have the same genes but may also share the same experiences (Ibid). Studies have shown that while schizophrenia may only affect 1% of the population, the incidence of inheriting this disorder rises to 10% among close biological relatives (i.e., in a parent, a child or a sibling) (Prinel, 2006, 450).

However, the development of schizophrenia is not attributed merely to genetic factors. Even though a person may be predisposed to the disorder, the environment in which he lives in plays a defining role in the activation of the disorder (Prinel, 2006). Family related factors, such as…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Genetic and Environmental Influences Characterized

Words: 671 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51242083

" Indeed, a Danish study according to Kety et al. (as cited in Kalat, 2012) "found schizophrenia in 12.5% of the immediate biological relatives and none of the adopting parents." It can therefore be noted that although only a small percentage of the general population suffers from schizophrenia, having close familial relations with someone suffering from the same does increase an individual's chances of developing schizophrenia. The disorder is thus inheritable. This effectively means that Alan's chances of becoming schizophrenic are rather high given that both his parents had schizophrenia.

It is however important to note that as I had already indicated earlier, environmental factors also do play a role in the development of schizophrenia. If one twin is schizophrenic, then it does not automatically mean that the other twin could be suffering from the same condition as well. This effectively means that genetic predisposition is not the only cause…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Abnormal Behavior Lionel Aldridge Case

Words: 758 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 60798226

Their messages became extremely scary and confusing.

Based on his rigorous training as a professional athlete, Aldridge was not one to quickly turn to get help and admit his problems. So, for a while, Aldridge kept his schizophrenia to himself. He attempted to rid himself of them by simply ignoring them. However, the voices began to get more and more intense and Aldridge had a harder and harder time keeping his illness a secret. The voices became incredibly antagonizing and tortured Aldridge with delusions of incompetence and extreme self-loathing. Eventually, he could no longer control his reactions to the voices, "I started talking back to the voices, bickering and pleading and cursing," (Aldridge 2009:1). Thus, with this erratic behavior, rumors began circling about Aldridge being on drugs and in an unstable mental state. His declining state led him to loose his job, family, and friends. He lost everything and became…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Role of Diet in Weight

Words: 2900 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 196412

By educating patients on early warning signs of hepatotoxicity, this rare but potentially fatal consequence could be detected early to allow appropriate intervention." (Wright and Vandenberg, 2007) it is extremely critical to understand the nature of psychiatric nursing in today's clinical environment.


Specifically stated in the work of Kathryn R. Puskar entitled; "The Nurse Practitioner Role in Psychiatric Nursing" published in the Online Journal of Issues in Nursing is: "Commercialization of psychiatric care is underway. Psychiatric inpatient admissions have decreased, admissions to general hospitals have decreased, while outpatient admissions are increasing. Academic centers are purchasing smaller hospitals as affiliates; satellite clinics and networks of services are being established. Physicians in solo practice are merging into group practices. New health care professional roles must be restructured and "cross trained" to maintain competitiveness by offering flexible, cost-saving effective care. This is the background environment in…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Features and Comparison of Various

Words: 1655 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 68980890

e., unreasonable expectations of especially favorable treatment or automatic compliance with his or her expectations" (DSM-IV, 2000));

d) has no empathy for those he has taken advantage of, such as family members (asking for a loan), landlords (failure to pay rent on time), investors (when the company goes "belly up" (DSM-IV, 2000)).

Works Cited

American Psychiatric Association (2000) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Fourth Edition. Desk Reference. (Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association).

Assumptions held by BPD Sufferers." BPD Central Website. Retrieved November 20, 2003 at

Bardi, Jason Socrates. "Molecules on the Mind." News & View section. Vol. 3, Issue 5, Feb. 10, 2003. The Scripps Research Institute Web site retrieved November 24, 2003 at

Borderline Personality Disorder - Fear: A Roller-Coaster Ride." Retrieved November 20, 2003 at

From the Inside Out by a.J. Mahari)

Diagnostic Criteria for Narcissistic Personality Disorder

Dysthymia Symptoms." Retrieved…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Schizo Psychosis & Lifespan Development

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 2571650

A person with schizoaffective disorder, on the other hand, also expresses symptoms of schizophrenia but will also experience periods of either deep depression or unipolar illness or bipolar illness, which is a mix of both mania and depression (Taylor, 1998). During this time, hallucinations or delusions are present for 2 weeks, minimum (American Psychiatric Assiociation, 1994). This paper shall now go on to describe schizophrenia, which is the more form of these disorders.

Schizophrenia. Schizophrenia may hit only about 1% of the population, the effects of this disorder is devastating not just to the patient but also to those around him or her (Kring et al., 2007). Schizophrenia is described by Kring et al. (2007) by "the scattering or disconnection of thoughts, lack of emotion, odd delusions and bewildering hallucinations" (Kring et al., 2007, 359). A schizophrenic is unable to express his emotions and will often articulate inappropriate emotions (e.g.…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Bipolar Disorder

Words: 2345 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 70128855

Bipolar Disorder on the Routine Life of the Individual

Statement of Thesis: Bipolar disorder is an intricate physiological and psychological disorder that can control, tamper, and falsify a person's thoughts and actions in their daily life.

The work of Merikangas, et al. entitled "Lifetime and 12-month prevalence of bipolar spectrum disorder in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication" reports a growing acknowledgement that bipolar disorder has a "spectrum of expression that is substantially more common than the 1% BP-I prevalence traditionally found in population surveys." (2007) Merikangas, et al. report a study with the objective of estimating "the prevalence, correlates, and treatment patterns of bipolar spectrum disorder in the U.S. population." (2007)

The study was conducted via direct interviews in household settings in the United States. Participants are stated to have been a "nationally representative sample of 9282 English-speaking adults (aged >or=18 years)." (Merikangas, et al., 2007) Main outcome measures are…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Beautiful Mind the Film a

Words: 1431 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 47797651

He also has hallucinations about being followed by a federal agent, in keeping with his academic world where the government seeks on the one hand to employ mathematicians and scientists and on the other hand mistrusts them. Many of the encounters he has in his mind with this agent and others have the aura of a detective movie, showing that Nash is replaying films he has seen and that these serve as the inspiration for his visions. In a way, that serves as another pattern in his mind, linking what he saw in the theater with what he believes is happening to him. Nothing comes out of whole cloth but always comes from experience and is then reformed in a form it did not have in reality.

In this way, the film shows the viewer the kind of world experienced by the schizophrenic and why this world is disorienting and…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Varying Facets of Existentialism

Words: 629 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27922033

Existentialism Contextualized by Schizophrenia

The article analyzed in this assignment is Stadlen's "The simple words the people speak." This article deals with the phenomenon and question of existentialism. However, it does so from a viewpoint that considers this topic from the point-of-view of schizophrenia. In this article, the author is attempting to denote whether schizophrenia actually exists and what causes it (Stadlen, 2015). The article begins with the author quoting from a notable book about schizophrenia and existentialism, Sanity, Madness and the Family, that serves as an overview of the work as a whole. The basis of the article is a review of an evening in which certain case studies were read aloud from this book, in addition to selected excerpts from Hamlet in which the prince's mother is questioning his sanity. Sanity, Madness and the Family was comprised of the first-person narratives from young women who were diagnosed as…… [Read More]

View Full Essay


Words: 2247 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12408988

Autism is a disorder that starts early in the childhood and stays until adulthood. It has now been known that many conditions are considered co morbid to autism spectrum disorders. These conditions are variable but some of the most common ones include fragile X syndrome and epilepsy. Furthermore, it is noted that autism most likely affects areas such as communication, social interaction and behavior of the person. Therefore, there is a strong tendency for the person to develop different psychiatric disorders.

Some of the common disorders that are linked with autism include attention deficit hyperactivity disorders, anxiety disorders, and bipolar disorder. Many researchers also went onto look into chromosomal abnormalities in children who are affected with autism. Due to this reason, syndrome association such as fragile X syndrome was also discovered. This research goes on to show that Autism is co morbid with many psychiatric conditions such as ADHD, and…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Occupational Therapy and a Beautiful Mind

Words: 1328 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 25254983


A Beautiful Mind

The subject that will be of focus for this paper will be the case of John Forbes Nash, Jr., the real life man whose life directly inspired the film A Beautiful Mind. (2001) The protagonist is played by actor Russell Crowe. The film is classified as a "biopic," short for a biographical picture/film. Crowe as John is an extremely interesting case from start to finish because of the intensity of is paranoid schizophrenia, and because of his intellectual & emotional journeys over the course of his life. According to public records and accounts of family and colleagues, John exhibited exceptional intelligence earlier on his life as well as symptoms of psychological or emotional disturbance at a very young age. John's passion was for mathematics, and not for normative, healthy social interaction with peers and family. His home life was moderately stable, but the marital issues his…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

URL and Date of Your Visit the

Words: 840 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69584241

URL and date of your visit

The term searched was Schizophrenia and these two sites came up in rank for 3 searches.

One was Johns Hopkins Medicine, [accessed on March 8, 2013]

The other is Mayo Clinic, [accessed on March 8, 2013]

The first is a site owned by the Johns Hopkins Medicine Centre and is their own webpage for public relation Purposes. It also is educative to the public with a number of diseases listed. The second is the website of the Mayo Clinic, and is owned by Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER).

An appraisal of the format in which the material is presented at the site

To evaluate the sites the following criteria were considered from the layman's point-of-view. These criteria have been addressed for both the sites. The criteria are: readability and access complete information, trustworthiness, other links to information, from the…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Hypnosis it Is Unknown as

Words: 2504 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 52907044

It is caused be the chemical imbalances in the brain and for such illnesses conventional medicines should only be used rather than Hypnosis. The symptoms for schizophrenia include delusions, hallucinations, disorganized behavior and speech (Jeff Gazley). Hypnosis with people diagnosed with schizophrenia can cause severe disruptions and would do more harm than any good.


The effectiveness of Hypnosis was explored in the case of the reduction of pain in osteoarthritis. Patients were involved who were experiencing this pain in either the knee of the hip area. The patients were divided into three groups and each group underwent three options. The first group was put through eight standardized sessions of hypnosis whereas the second group was given the same number of sessions of Jacobson relaxation. The third group served to be a control. After the completion of the sessions, it was observed that the group of patients, who had…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Gender Differences in Mental Health Issues Mental

Words: 1390 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 84435624

Gender Differences in Mental Health Issues

Mental health can be defined in many ways. It consists of a health balance of self-esteem, as well as a rich and fulfilled life. Some would say it exists in a patient with a sense of purpose and fulfillment in life. When a patient has disordered mental health, this usually goes along with problems in problem solving, and life functions. It is reported that in the United States today, there are over 44 million adults who have been diagnosed with a mental illness or substance abuse disorder during any year you may pick (Robins & Regier, 1990). Generally, when you compare the prevalence of mental health problems between men and women you find the incidence rates are similar. The ways in which patient's manifest or response to treatment, as based upon gender, however, is remarkably different. For example, men tend to be much more…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Quiet Room Lori Schiller's 1996

Words: 697 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Book Report Paper #: 65875624

To some extend, Lori's parents illustrate the different worldview of the 1970s, regarding mental illness. As manifest in the perspective of Lori's father, there was still a tendency to blame parents for 'creating' schizophrenia in their children: Lori's father blamed himself. And as is notable in the perspective of Lori's mother, the role of heredity in schizophrenia was not fully understood. Today, a family with a genetic legacy of schizophrenia might be more apt to be watchful of the possibility of an adolescent such as Lori developing symptoms.

Yet other facets of Lori's treatment indicate that some aspects of the mental health experience of schizophrenics have not altered. Drug treatment is often 'hit or miss' in terms of how it remedies the sufferer's condition. The drugs that control the disease are often emotionally flattening and cause severe weight gain and motor spasms that 'mark' the individual as 'different' just as…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Drugs in the Context of Brain Chemicals

Words: 789 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97348426

Dugs Affect the Brain Chemistry

Antipsychotic medication plays an important role in controlling the way mood disorders and schizophrenia affect individuals. These drugs are generally believed to be effective because of the way they manipulate the way that certain chemicals in the brain affect the person. Antipsychotics are typically used with the purpose of either treating mental disorders or removing their symptoms altogether. A specialist psychiatrist is normally in charge of prescribing such medication, as the fact that it can alter chemicals in the brain makes it particularly dangerous if used incorrectly.

Chemicals in the brain have the power to change the way a person feels and behaves. Controlling the way that chemicals affect an individual can make it possible for the respective person to experience little to no episodes involving things like hallucinations, delusions, or mood swings. It is important for chemicals in the brain to be balanced, as…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Psychology Definitions Psychosis Loss

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 85134043

Know the predominant features of each personality disorder = Such knowledge will help the therapist to identify assistance strategies ahead of time, which can be modified as necessary.

Know about the link between borderline personality disorder and suicide attempts = an awareness of this link will help the therapist to identify warning signs and provide assistance in a timely way.

Know that group therapy is useful for treatment of avoidant personality disorder = Knowing this avoids the intuitive tendency to reinforce the patient's avoidance.

Patients with which disorder are most likely to seek treatment on their own? Depression sufferers are most likely to seek treatment for their condition.

Problems in using the DSM-IV-TR to diagnose personality disorders = the main concern is that some guidelines are very specific. Some personality disorders may overlap or display atypical symptoms.

Chapter 14

Are boys or girls more likely to have a diagnosable psychological…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Tell Tale Heart Character Analysis of Main Character

Words: 1733 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87997373

Tell-Tale Heart: A Descent into Madness

Edgar Allan Poe may be considered one of the founders of American Gothic Literature. His obsession with the macabre and his ability to explore the psychological repercussions of perceived danger inspired him to write various short stories including "The Pit and the Pendulum" and "The Tell-Tale Heart." In "The Tell-Tale Heart," Poe explores the events that lead the unnamed narrator to devise a plan to murder his neighbor and the subsequent events that lead the narrator to admit his guilt. In "The Tell-Tale Heart," Poe is able to convey that insanity is a great disease of the mind where even the person that is suffering from the madness does not realize that he or she is, in fact, insane but rather believe that he or she is mentally stable.

It may be argued that Poe drew inspiration for many of his mentally unstable character…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Incarcerated Mentally Ill Patients it May Sound

Words: 2497 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 62620579

Incarcerated Mentally Ill Patients

It may sound unbelievable, but on any given day, scholars estimate that almost 70,000 inmates in U.S. prisons are psychotic; and up to 300,000 suffer from mental disorders like depression, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorders. In fact, the U.S. penal system holds three times more people with mental illness than the nation's entire psychiatric hospitals (Kanapaux, 2004). Indeed one of the most telling trends, say some sociologists, is to incarcerate the mentally ill in order to remove them from society. This is sometimes the only alternative because public mental health hospitals have neither the space nor the funding to treat this special population. In fact, the very nature of incarceration tends to have a more traumatic effect on the individual, causing additional damage to their fragile psyche. Women, it appears, are especially vulnerable. These women have often been victimized during an abusive childhood and succession of relationships.…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Psychopathology Study

Words: 547 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 75020108


The five-factor model of personality measurement is based on five preconceived and arbitrary dimensions of personality, including neuroticism vs. emotional stability, extraversion vs. introversion, openness vs. closedness, agreeableness vs. antagonism, and conscientiousness vs. disinhibition. The DSM and its adherents rely heavily on the five-factor model of personality. Although the five-factor model of personality does provide a structure and framework for evaluation and diagnosis, there are several weaknesses in its approach and limitations in its clinical applications. For one it is not culturally relevant, as these traits are often linked to social and cultural factors. Second, these factors can too easily be used to suggest a normative personality type and deviant subtypes.

The major cognitive features of paranoid personality disorder create a vicious cycle due primarily to self-fulfilling prophesy creation. A person who mistrusts others may treat others with suspicion and hostility, causing others to treat the person in kind.…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Dreams Mental Illness Impacts All Areas of

Words: 3159 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 67345755


Mental illness impacts all areas of a person's life, from social interactions to self-perception, from cognitive functioning to spiritual belief systems. Dreams are no exception. Every person spends a good deal of time in the dreaming state, whether or not dreams are recalled or valued upon awakening. A person's sleep state is impacted by a number of factors ranging from the biological to the emotional. When mental illness affects a person's life, it includes the large portion of life that takes place in the sleep state. Neurochemical processes, linked to emotionality, cognition, and behavior, may also have an effect on the content -- both manifest and latent -- of dreams. Similarly, the content of dreams could change a person's emotional state and subsequent neurochemistry. Generally, if mental illness affects waking life, then it must also impact dreams. The nature of the impact will be qualitatively different depending on the…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Mental Illness What's in a

Words: 2556 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 1140976

When one throws the element of ethnicity into the mix, the process of diagnosis becomes even more difficult. Let us take, for instance the effect of religion on the diagnosis of a mental illness.

In some religions it is considered to be "normal" to experience visions, see ghosts, and talk to the dead. However, from a strict clinical standpoint, these things do not exist and therefore indicate a break from reality. There have certainly been people diagnosed with a serious mental illness for "hallucinating." However, it is much more difficult to determine when to label such a happening a "hallucination" or a "vision." For the person being diagnosed, the experience does not change. However, the label that is applied to the experience can mean the difference between the accepted norm and mental illness (Griffiths et al., 2006, 2).

There are differences in reactions to clinicians that are culturally based as…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Death Penalty and Mental Illness

Words: 2519 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 15774261

Moreover, in Perry v. Louisiana, 498 U.S. 38 (1990), the Court used that decision to bolster Louisiana's attempts to forcibly medicate a prisoner in order to make him death-eligible. If one agrees that the death penalty is a just penalty for one who has committed a capital crime, and that the reason that mentally ill defendants should not be executed is because they lack competence, then it does not seem unethical to allow them to be forcibly medicated in order to be competent. After all, in that scenario, avoiding medication could be likened to any other attempt to avoid punishment. Moreover, an organic physical disorder that arose after conviction, but that would have prevented a defendant from committing a crime, would not be sufficient reason not to execute a person on death row.

However, forced medication, especially for court appearances, may violate a defendant's Fifth Amendment right to present a…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Drake R et al 1998 Review of Integrated

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Annotated Bibliography Paper #: 29084663

Drake, R., (1998). Review of integrated mental health and substance abuse treatment for patients with dual disorders. Schizophrenia Bulletin. 24 (4): 589-608.

Many times, patients with severe mental health disorders such as bipolar or schizophrenia also have substance abuse issues. When these patients present with co-occurring issues, there remains confusion as to parallel treatments, efficacy of therapy and medication, and a general dissatisfaction with the integrated model of care. More of a meta-analysis, this study reviewed 36 research studies on how effective integrated treatment could be for dually diagnosed patients, and found that only 10% of current research showed any degree of effective, individualized, and substantiated longitudinal treatment. Given the numbers and magnitude of the problem, more research and funding is necessary to flesh out these issues.

Garner, B.,, (2008). Exposure to adolescent Community Reinforcement Approach treatment procedures as a mediator of the relationship between adolescent substance abuse…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Carl Jung's Theory of the

Words: 1119 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94125234

The patient's behaviors are not however, atypical in relation to his experiences. He is just one of many individuals who find themselves immersed in alienation because they cannot live up to the high expectations placed on them by society, and in turn, by themselves. These childhood drives to reach "the highest truths and values" (Palmer, 1999) are often thwarted by personal failures. When one's role in life does not match up with who or what he is told he is supposed to be, escapism through drugs, dissociation, and detachment from interpersonal relationships are common coping tools.

Jung purports that although dissociation "is most clearly observable in psychopathology, fundamentally it is a normal phenomenon" (Jung, 1991, p. 121). He adds that the products of dissociation "behave like independent beings" (p. 121). These products may appear in personified form - although Jung adds that these personifications appear particularly as archetypal figures. The…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Uses and Methods Associated With Cognitive Behavior Therapy

Words: 1068 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 51952313

Cognitive Behavior Therapy

Psychology is consistently evolving in new and interesting ways. Old therapies are tweaked, making new or altered versions of the original. Cognitive behavior therapy is an example of an evolved form of therapy. The roots of cognitive behavior therapy lies within behavior therapy and cognitive therapy, both separate forms of treatment in the early part of the 20th century, slowly merging until it found prominence in the 1960s. The article by Deborah A. Roth, Winnie Eng, and Richard G. Heimberg discusses the underlying theories behind CBT, its uses, and the methodology of cognitive behavior therapy. They argue that cognitive behavior therapy is an inclusive therapeutic approach that accepts that cognitions, physiology, and behavior are all interrelated. This treatment model postulates that a client's emotional or behavioral distress is affected by how they perceive, manipulate, and respond to information within their thought process.

Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) merges…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Adolescent Substance Use Screening Instruments 10-Year Critical

Words: 14685 Length: 53 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 28105173

Adolescent Substance Use Screening Instruments: 10-Year Critical Review of the Research Literature

Over ten million teenagers in the United States admit in a national survey that they drink alcohol, although it is illegal under the age of 21 in all states. In some studies, nearly one-quarter of school-age children both smoked cigarettes and drank alcohol. Over four thousand adolescents every day try marijuana for the first time. The dangers of use, abuse and dependency on each of these substances have been established. When we also consider that these three substances are considered gateway drugs, that is, drugs whose use is likely to lead to experimentation with "hard" drugs, the potential problem of such widespread use is even more severe. Additionally, use of these substances is known to co-occur with a number of other psychiatric conditions as well as health issues such as the incidence of sexually-transmitted diseases, unwanted pregnancies and…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Insanity Evaluations Represent the Most Challenging Forensic

Words: 1904 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: 'Discussion and Results' chapter Paper #: 93289250

Insanity evaluations represent the most challenging forensic assessments in the criminal domain" (Rogers, 2008, p.126). This is due to the fact that insanity evaluations require the psychologist to assess whether a defendant had a mental illness at the time that an offense was committed, and, whether that mental illness was related to the commission of the crime in a way that would make the defendant "insane" under applicable state laws. First, whether or not the defendant is presenting as mentally ill at the time of the assessment is often not relevant to the assessment; most defendants, processed and in the jail system, have access to medications and treatment that they may have lacked at the time of the crime. Therefore, it is important to realize that a defendant's competency to stand trial is a different issue than whether a defendant is not guilty by reason of insanity. If a defendant…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Hyponatremia in a 38-Year-Old Male the Constellation

Words: 1792 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 63085277

Hyponatremia in a 38-year-Old male

The constellation of signs and symptoms the patient presented with is consistent with a diagnosis of adrenal insufficiency (Betterle, Pra, Mantero, and Zanchetta, 2002, p. 330-331). These include a recent history of gastric distress, partial loss of consciousness, lethargy, dizziness, disorientation, weight loss, hyponatremia, borderline hyperkalemia, low serum and free cortisol levels, and the lack of a rapid cortisol response to ACTH stimulation (Wilson, 2008). Signs and symptoms that may not support a diagnosis of adrenal insufficiency include no mention of hyperpigmentation or pallor, and an unremarkable abdominal CT scan. A discussion of these signs and symptoms, and the possible relevance to a diagnosis of adrenal insufficiency follows.

True Hyponatremia Diagnosis

There are a large number of conditions and diseases that can lead to the development of hyponatremia, so this symptom alone has limited diagnostic utility (Wilson, 2008, p. 519). The combination of severe hyponatremia…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Violence Risk Assessment and Serial Homicide

Words: 1846 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 1187931

Violence and Risk Assessment and Serial Homicide

The objective of this study is to examine violence risk assessment and the type of tools and their effectiveness for determining violent reoffenders. Lurigio and Harris (2009) reports in the work entitled "Mental Illness, Violence, and Risk Assessment: An Evidence-Based Review" that the link that has been presumed "between violence and mental illness has long been an ongoing subject of investigation." (2009) The question is posed as to whether those who are mentally ill are more likely "than those without mental illness to commit violent crimes?" (Lurigio and Harris, 2009) As well the question is asked whether mental and criminal justice professionals accurately assess the likelihood of violence?" (Lurigio and Harris, 2009) It is reported that mentally ill individuals with illnesses including schizophrenia, major depression, and bipolar disorder have been historically shunned due to "in part because of the stereotype that they are…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Brain Function Between Pedophiles and Non-pedophiles Summarize

Words: 1260 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 27126358

brain function between pedophiles and non-pedophiles. Summarize the evidence in support of this assertion. Propose a study that would advance our knowledge of the topic.

Pedophilia is such a horrific crime; it is difficult to rationally evaluate the objective medical evidence that can give clues as to why it occurs. However, recent scientific evidence indicates that there are specific biological components of the brain that can cause a predisposition to develop pedophilia. This is helpful in answering the mystery of why this crime, which is widely condemned in a variety of cultures, has remained such a persistent blight upon society throughout the ages.

Using MRIs, scientists have noted that pedophiles and non-pedophiles exhibit the neurological signs of arousal in a different fashion. In the visual cortex of the brain, "a stronger visual analysis happens as soon as an adult heterosexual man sees a woman of the same age. The exact…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Mental Health Prisoners Usa I've Included Outline

Words: 1860 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83733055

mental health prisoners usa. I've included outline main idea, I apply ideas questions. contact clarifications. I. Introduce define global health issue connection nursing. For, .

Mental Health in the American Prison System

There has always been much controversy regarding prisoners and their mental health, but as civilization has experienced much progress throughout this century people have become more and more concerned about making sure that prisons are able to differentiate between individuals who are mentally ill and persons who are not. Even with the fact that prisons were never design to accommodate the mentally ill, conditions are critical today as a great deal of men and women who are unable to get mental health treatment in the communities they live in are incarcerated consequent to committing an illegality. There are a great deal of people suffering from schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, or depression in U.S., thus meaning that society needs to…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Competency of Offender Evaluating an Individuals Competence

Words: 1644 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53263105

Competency of Offender

Evaluating an individuals competence to stand trial can become a daunting task when hideous crimes have been committed. From a forensic psychologist's point-of-view, complete unbiased, non-judgmental, and purely scientific fact must be considered when providing such an evaluation (Greene & Heilbrun, 2011). In the given case, many things are to be taken into consideration before being able to fully judge the extent of the disturbance in the offenders state of mind.

In order to make a complete judgment about the offender's competency to stand trial, there are a couple of things that I would like to ask him or know more about in order to make a better decision about the issue. I would want to know what his actions were a couple of weeks or days before he committed his crimes. This would give me an idea of how he was behaving before committing the crimes,…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Anxiety Disorders Diagnosis of Anxiety Disorders Diagnosis

Words: 2430 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 12992788

Anxiety Disorders

Diagnosis of anxiety disorders


Differential diagnosis

Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)

Ethical issues in Psychopharamacology

In this paper, we present an elaborate analysis of anxiety disorders involving symptoms, diagnosis as well as the differential diagnosis. The aim of this paper is however to discuss the Psychopharamacological of anxiety disorder with specific discussion of the medication for every case. The ethical considerations on Psychopharamacological are also presented.

Anxiety disorders are noted by Oakley-Browne (1991) as some of the most common as well as disabling disorders which affects both adult and adolescents alike. An Epidemiological Catchment Area (RCA) study indicated that about a quarter of individuals will experience disability severe symptoms as well as handicap as a result of anxiety disorders at a certain instance of their lives. The anxiety disorders are generally associated with a significant level of morbidity (Markowitz et al., 1989) as well as an increase level…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Acute Management of the Psychotic

Words: 505 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 96313902

Medically, certain conditions must be ruled out before Linda is
transported for psychiatric admission. High on the list of differential
diagnosis is head injury, electrolyte imbalance, thyroid disorder,
metabolic disturbance, nutritional issues, and toxic substance ingestion.
If the history appears clear that Linda has not experience psychosis,
hallucination or delusion before, these and other conditions must be ruled
out before a psychiatric diagnosis is given.
Of primary concern is the safety for Linda and the staff. One person
should be encouraged to establish a relationship with Linda in the medical
setting, communicating with her but allowing adequate escape distance
should her demeanor or threat level change. Linda should be spoken to in a
soft, quiet voice in a secure setting. She should be provided choices
regarding voluntarily taking medications. Conversation with Linda should
be simple and to the point, avoiding prolonged or argumentative
conversations. It may require limit setting to…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

High-Fat High Calorie Diet on

Words: 1426 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 60596162

In the STAI, the researcher asks the subjects how they feel at the moment and in the recent past, and how they anticipate feeling in the future (Benazon & Coyne, 2000). This test is designed to overlap between depression and anxiety scales by measuring the most common anxiety symptoms which are minimally shared with depression (American, 1994). Both physiological and cognitive components of anxiety are addressed in the 21 items describing subjective, somatic, or panic-related symptoms (Kingsbury & Williams, 2003).

Once those tests are completed, the volunteers will be asked to cycle on an ergometer for 30 minutes. The Talk Test, Target Heart Rate Evaluation, and the Borg Rating of Perceived Exertion Scale will all be administered while the volunteer is cycling. This is done to determine the energy level - or the perceived energy level - of the volunteer. All of these tests and this same specific pattern will…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Scholastic and Personal the Process

Words: 3023 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 5264773

" (KGI, 1)

I did start to notice many changes in myself, both in terms of my increasing tendency toward physical activeness and my heightening interest in the opposite sex. At first, this interest was manifested of my generally social nature. And to the point, this adolescent period would be an excellent time in my life in terms of cultivating a loose but increasingly intimate social network. This conforms with my general research on this stage of development, which is highlighted by a transition from a life dominated by home and family to one increasingly more divided to the pursuits of school, extra-curricular activity, athletic team membership and information social gathering. These tend to function as substitutes in certain areas where previously only the family fulfilled certain needs.

This was a tough time though. In the midst of the rapid changes that were altering my physical and emotional experiences, my…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Evidence Suggesting That the Subject's

Words: 1201 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62957457

Likewise, managers and supervisors in vocational situations vary in their ability to handle relationships with subordinates appropriately. Furthermore, any significant change in, and (especially) reversal of the power differential may present more challenges, particularly in conjunction with any concurrent issues such as a prior history of abuse of power earlier in the relationship, such as before the change or reversal (Wallace, 2005).

Family Stress Theory

Even under the best of circumstances, providing for the fulltime needs of a mentally incompetent and physically dependent elder patient can be tremendously stressful (Wallace, 2005). Caretakers in this situation frequently experience difficulty maintaining an appropriate demeanor in some situations or simply as a result of the prolonged stresses associated with being responsible for elder patients. Mentally impaired patients can be uncooperative and difficult and test the patience of caretakers (Wallace, 2005). This particular caretaker is hardly an ideal candidate to cope with those stressors…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Autobiographical Statement My Path to

Words: 1368 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 2998915

By "story" I do not mean that the ways in which they understand (and enact) their lives are somehow false, fiction rather than fact. Rather, I am using the word in what might be seen as an essentially Jungian way: Each person's biography can be seen as a narrative, a story that the self tells about the self and to the self. It is the most fundamental story in each life. Too often the story that people tell themselves about their own lives is one filled with shaming and negative elements; far too often such negative stories lead an individual to become to depend on alcohol or drugs to help them overcome their shame, depression, and other negative feelings about themselves.

The subjects of the research that I am currently proposing are skilled in disparaging their own lives, their own selves. The subjects of my research are three Armenian women…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Mental Patients' Physical Health Who Use Antipsychotic Medication

Words: 13284 Length: 32 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44641264

Antipsychotic Medication and the Physical Health Problems of the Patient With Mental Illness

More and more attention is now being given to the mental disorders especially in U.S. And due to this increase in attention an increase has also been noticed in the treatment of these mental health issues (Zuvekas, 2005). About 30% of the total U.S. population that is between the ages of 18-52 is being affected by mental health issues which make up a large part of the public health problem (Kessler et al., 2005; Narrow et al., 2002). The risk of morbidity and smaller life expectancy is very high in the patients who suffer from the mental health issues (Millar, 2008; Skodol, 2008). It has been observed from numerous researches that the chances of suffering from various health issues such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease and hypertension are a lot more for the patients suffering from schizophrenia (Millar,…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Disease of Interest Life Is

Words: 1835 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 17519285

Most people suffering from Schizophrenia are depressed and lose interest in mostly anything which they previously enjoyed. Some people suffering from Paranoid Schizophrenia may also become more active and develop an obsession for a certain activity.

One of the greatest people diagnosed with Paranoid Schizophrenia had been Nobel Prize winner John Forbes Nash Jr. His biography had been adapted to the plot of the movie "A Beautiful Mind." The movie presents the life of a person suffering from Paranoid Schizophrenia as he struggles to fight the disease.

Works cited:

1. Kenyon, C.A.P."Evidence for Biological Basis of Schizophrenia." Retrieved April 8, 2009, from flyfishingdevon Web site:

2. Weiner, Irving B. "Psychodiagnosis in schizophrenia." Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1997.

3. (2007), "How Schizophrenia Affects the Life of the Patient," Retrieved April 8, 2009, 2009, from Articles base Web site:

4. (2008), "How to Overcome Paranoid Schizophrenia," Retrieved April 8, 2009, from…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Beautiful Mind by Silvia Nasar The Real

Words: 3030 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 42354423

Beautiful Mind by Silvia Nasar: The Real Story Of Schizophrenia

For anyone who has seen the film A Beautiful Mind John Nash comes across as a man troubled by schizophrenia, yet able to achieve success in his life. While his illness does cause him significant problems, he is still able to achieve greatness via his game theory, to manage a long-lasting relationship where his wife loves him unconditionally, to achieve social acceptance where his colleagues accept his condition, and to receive the ultimate career achievement in winning the Nobel prize. The film even shows Nash succeeding over his schizophrenia and become able to control it and cure himself. This depiction presents Nash's story as one full of positives where his struggle with schizophrenia and his life is seen in a romantic light. To see the real truth of schizophrenia, it is better to read Sylvia Nasar's biography of Nash titled…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Abnormal Psych in Media Disorganized

Words: 2856 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 7654120

This confusion would have been intolerable for him, creating disorganized patterns of thought. Out of this disorganization developed delusion. The boy came to imagine that the father killed the mother.

Another way cognitive (and psychodynamic) approaches explain the genesis of schizophrenia is by reference to childhood trauma. Things such as abuse, divorce, a domineering mother, or witnessing murder are seen as major factors in schizophrenic development (Koehler & Silver, 2009, p. 225). Traumatic events lead to dissociation from parents and from reality. Other related factors are stress, fear, anxiety, and social isolation that lead to schizophrenia. In other words, it is how the person is embedded in extreme and dysfunctional social relations that may shape their development. Here Spider's malady would be discussed in terms of intense family strife. There is evidence for severe marital tension in the film, exemplified by the man's having an affair. Combined with poor family…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Case Study of a Schizophrenic Patient

Words: 2376 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 58489141

Mental Health Case Study Connect

Key issues in this Case Study

A review of patient information reveals the following major issues;

Schizophrenia Disorder: This seems to be in relation to her daughter (aged one) being placed in a foster care facility by the Department of Family Services.

Substance/drug abuse: Patient overdosed on prescribed medicines -- Quetiapine and Sodium Valproate (nearly two weeks' dosage). She smoked an average of ten cigarettes a day, consumed marijuana, used intravenous (IV) amphetamine, and overindulged in drink for several years previously.

Suicidal tendency/attempts: Patient admits to consuming nearly two weeks' dosage of Quetiapine and Sodium Valproate (prescribed drugs) with suicidal intent; she also resorted to cutting her left wrist using a sharp knife. Old scars on her wrists are proof of earlier suicide attempts, as are overdosing on medicines, running at moving cars, and an attempt to swim at night in the sea.

Unipolar disorder…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Bipolar I Disorder

Words: 4472 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 47788968

Bipolar I disorder is an axis 1 clinical disorder in the DSM-IV and is a serious mental illness that can lead to suicidal ideation or action. The history of bipolar disorder research is a long one, and understanding of the disease has deepened considerably over the last several generations. Diagnosis of bipolar disorder 1 is complicated by its resemblance to other mood disorders, mainly major depression but also psychotic disorders like schizophrenia. Research is revealing new treatment interventions that are targeted to the biological needs of bipolar patients, as antidepressants are often or usually contraindicated. A Christian worldview suggests that individualized treatment plans take into account the family history and patient's lifestyle when recommending a treatment plan.


Bipolar I disorder is a serious mental illness that affects between 1 and 2.5% of the general population in the United States (Ghaznavi & Deckersbach, 2012). The more conservative estimate, 1%, is…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Mental Health and Medication

Words: 1437 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44499430

Patient displays symptoms of acute schizophrenia that requires use of anxiolytics, antidepressants, mood stabilizers, and antipsychotics, specifically neuroleptics. Use of two or more neuroleptics in combination with the other medications can lead to health problems like obesity, diabetes mellitus, renal diseases, hyponatremia, and thyroid disorders among other diseases (Correll, Detraux, De Lepeleire, & De Hert, 2015). The central issue regarding use of four different medication types is often progressive decline of quality of life for those taking it. This plan of care is aimed at promoting improved quality of life and perhaps treatment alternatives and medication choices that will reduce likelihood of symptoms, but still maintain high efficacy.
Rationales for Specific Prescription Medications
Use of the four medication types: anxiolytics, antidepressants, mood stabilizers, and antipsychotics for schizophrenia has become a common treatment modality. It is not rare to see patients prescribed all at the same time. That is because…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Hearing Voices Patients Therapists in an

Words: 4695 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 37526528

Jung and auditory hallucinations

Meyer (2003), in a discussion of Jungian symbolism in the movie, Spider-Man, notes that both masks and voices are essential to the movement of heroic characters through the plotline. Meyer is not, however, a psychologist, nor even an anthropologist; rather, she is a write about communications. Still, her work on Spider-Man tied several of the movie's themes to Jungian thought.

Halifax's work goes farther in bringing Jungian thought into the mainstream of psychological study. His work with shamans and shamanic ritual, important subjects to Jungians, posited aspects of schizophrenia in the initiatory journey of the shaman. Halifax cited Julian Silverman's conclusions in which schizophrenia was characterized as a disorder in which the "individual withdraws form society and the outer world and becomes preoccupied by internal processes with a resulting disintegration of the personality. The symptoms, broadly described, include autism and unreal ideation, disturbed perception and thinking,…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Detection and Intervention in Childhood Mental Health

Words: 10566 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 97642961

detection and intervention in childhood mental health help prevent mental health problems in adult life?

Disregarding the mental well-being requirements of children is an intolerable violation of our basic undertaking to protect their well-being. Unfavorable mental disposition amidst our children is a less acknowledged difficulty that influences their literary, societal, and emotional enhancement. Mental well-being is a wide attribute to be analyzed. The mental well-being requirements of children and youth demand introspection. There is prevalent refuting that mental well-being is comprehensive of the influence on the children -- amidst all age distinct ions, variety of cultural sections, and all income sections. Such miscomprehensions are recurring, and involvement and care are unlikely to be found. Many people have the belief that children having mental well-being difficulties are just under the impact of a particular passing cloud. (Promoting Access for Children to Mental Health Screens and Assessments in Medicaid and the Children's…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Analyzing Psychopharmacology Psychotic Disorders

Words: 4682 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 88155731

Psychopharmocology: Psychotic Disorders

Psychopharmacology: Psychotic disorders

Accepted psychological and biological theories regarding the causes of each disorder

Psychosis is an undefined syndrome that manifests in delusions, bizarre behavior, hallucinations, losing touch with reality. The condition is attributed to a variety of conditions including primary psychiatric complications and medical complications such as dementia, central lobe epilepsy, Schizophrenia and related disorders, medical complications, abnormalities in metabolism, endocrine and neurologic disease. It also includes drug and substance abuse complications. Common among the substances abused are hallucinogens and amphetamines. The most common primary psychosis is schizophrenia. This disorder is a severe one. It begins sometime around adolescence or in the early stage of adulthood. Although the onset tends to manifest a later among women, the occurrence of the condition seems evenly spread across the gender divide. Surveys in epidemiology demonstrate that 0.4% of the disorder is characterized by critical disorders in thinking patterns and…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Personality Disorders and Other Mental

Words: 1307 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 55539137

523). The voices that schizophrenics hear might indeed persuade them to commit criminal and even violent acts, and the delusions of persecution might also lead to such behaviors when schizophrenics encounter individuals that they believe to be "enemies" within their framework of delusion (Hirsch & Weinberger 2003, pp. 25-7).

In addition to these rather extreme symptoms of schizophrenia, other milder signs often accompany the disorder and can appear as precursors to the full blown development of the disorder. An emotional "flatness" or lack of response to normal emotional stimuli is a typical aspect of schizophrenia in many of its stages, which contrasts sharply to the depths of fear, rage, and paranoia that schizophrenics can exhibit at the extremes of their delusions (Hirsch & Weinberger 2003, pp. 26-30). This is mirrored by a semi-catatonic physical state, where body movements become lessened, there is again reduced physical response to external stimuli, and…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Analyzing the Intuitive Counseling

Words: 1682 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 42276004

Intuitive Counseling

The detailed account of my intuitive experiences encouraged me to learn from my experiences, and that includes mistakes as well as the positive enlightenments. In this paper I reflect upon my experiences during my career as a recreation counselor at Deveruex Foundation, which I started two years prior to completion of my degree. In addition to that, I started working at the oldest psychiatric hospital in the United States after completing my graduate degree where I was promoted several times. The know-how helped me in understanding my own intuition and how that can enhance my qualities of the intuitive information.

Firstly, when I started my career at Deveruex Foundation as a recreation counselor, I was very excited since I had the opportunity of working in a real-life practical field that was related to my degree, which was a graduate degree in Psychology. Very few students gain this chance…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Film Sarah and James by Nikowa Namate

Words: 3595 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26345397

film Sarah and James by Nikowa Namate offers an opportunity to reflect on the deeper themes in light of several film theories including Freudian theory, Queer theory, and an understanding of realism, naturalism, and kitchen sink drama. This essay will offer a nuanced and thorough analysis of my role in the filmmaking experience. In Sarah and James, I played the role of James, one of the title characters. As the title of the film suggests, though, James is not the only protagonist. The interplay between James and his sister Sarah is the foundation of the film, which addresses the way mental illness impacts intimate relationships. Moreover, I was in charge of lighting during the production of Sarah and James and will discuss elements related to lighting during the production of the film. This essay will hinge on the application of realism, naturalism, Freudian theory, and queer theory to my experience…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Fisher King Was a 1991 Movie That

Words: 2596 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 83124991

Fisher King was a 1991 movie that starred Robin Williams and Jeff Bridges and was directed by Terry Gilliam. The movie provided a unique insight into the world of abnormal psychology. It depicted accurate per trails of a few psychological disorders and psychosis that were brought on by a single stressor for both of the leading roles as well as a plethora of disorders by lesser characters brought on by life. Neither Williams nor Bridges earned grandiose Hollywood awards for their roles and the movie itself did not rake in billions, but it does serve as a very good example of just how delicate human nature is and what can happen to each and every one of us without a moment's notice. At the time of the stressor in this movie, Bridge's character was on top of his game in the world of radio and was about to 'add a…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Evaluating Mental Disorder Case Studies

Words: 4229 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 5594958

Mental Illness from a Counselor's Perspective

Alcohol Dependency in Women

Symptoms of Alcohol Dependency

Alcohol dependency or alcoholism is suspected when persons appear to be preoccupied by the consumption of alcoholic beverages (Johnson, 2003). The three prototypical markers of alcohol dependency are a loss of control over the consumption of alcohol, preoccupation with alcohol consumption, and the use of alcohol despite adverse affects on the person's quality of life. For example, Elaine Gustafson was disturbed by her inability to have just a few drinks. According to her, when she went out with friends they would have two to three drinks and she would invariably consume over a dozen drinks until she was drunk.

Effects of Illness

The social consequences of alcoholism differ between men and women, with men typically incurring less condemnation (Johnson, 2003). A drunk male is generally seen as out having a good time, but a drunk female…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Personalized Training and Medication Analysis

Words: 1632 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44213876

Personalized training is centered on patient evaluation, willingness to be taught, patient’s needs as well as those of the family members. Prior studies have supported this model of personalized training as it is considered successful compared to other models in use. Well planned training leads to a substantial amount of knowledge acquisition compared to informal teachings. In a United States study, it was observed that 60.0% of invalids who obtained communal training as well as 59.5% of invalids who got personalized training performed impressively than the patients who got normal checkup. Education geared towards patients entails group work. Diverse practitioners of multidisciplinary programs on health ought to conduct the trainings as per the required competencies (Feinberg, 2014).
Safe and Successful Use of Medications
Apart from being consumed on their own, benzodiazepines can also be taken together with other conventional medicines which curb psychotic behavior. Oral intake of benzodiazepines leads…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Detection of the Borna Disease Virus Relating

Words: 6358 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 80489172

detection of the Borna disease virus relating them to the epidemiology.

The first cases of Borna disease were described in the 17-19th century in Southern Germany. It was discovered to be a fatal disease affecting the neurological systems of horses and sheep, (Ludwig et al., 1985; Durrwald, 1993) causing behavioral and neurological symptoms. It was proven to be caused by a 2003]

Today it is being realized that the scope of the disease is not limited to just a few countries as was previously believed but encompassed the world. Also it was realized that far from affecting just horses and sheep as was originally thought virus, the Borna Disease Virus (BDV) in the early 1900's by Zwick and his team in Giessen Germany. [Author not available, it in fact affected other animals and even human beings.[Staeheli, Sauder; Schwemmle, et al., 2000]

Research into the epidemiology and pathogenesis of the BDV…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Case Study on Mental Health

Words: 762 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 95643598

Mental Health

Presenting Problem

The patient is a 25-year-old male, single, unemployed, living with parents. The person seeking treatment in this case has been experiencing some extreme problems that have developed somewhat rapidly over the course of six months. The problem is very severe and has interfered with all of his personal relationships. He was recently fired from his janitorial job at a school for scaring the students with his words and actions. The patient has not sought treatment before but is now due to his parent's concern and him becoming much more violent and demonstrating strange and odd behavior. The patient claims to be hearing many voices in his head urging him to do strange acts. The patient has also recently taken up a hobby of collecting dead animals and placing them in mailboxes and other public places.

History of the Problem

The patient has described his life becoming…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Effects of Music Therapy on Psychiatric Patients

Words: 912 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 64380773

Music Therapy on Psych Patients

Effects of Music Therapy on Psychiatric Patients

Music therapy can be defined as such: "the controlled use of the influence of music on the human being to aid in physiological, psychological, and emotional integration of the individual during the treatment of an illness or disease" (Choi, Lee, & Lim 2008). Within music therapy there is an active and a passive form. In active music therapy, the patient is involved in playing an instrument or using the voice as an instrument. In passive music therapy the patient is at rest, envisioning peaceful images while listening to music (2008). The usual course of treatment for psychiatric patients consists of medication and psychotherapy, but in patients with severe mental illness, these types of treatment oftentimes have very limited effects. Psychotherapy requires that patients not only be intellectually able to benefit from it but also they must be motivated…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

IQ Discrimination the Concept of General Ability

Words: 3541 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 22745648

IQ Discrimination

The concept of general ability or intelligence has in the past been the most important single way of accounting for individual differences. IQ (Intelligence quotient) is usually assessed by measuring performances on a test of a number of different skills, using tasks that emphasize reasoning and problem solving in a number of different areas. Early assessments of IQ were done in France by Alfred Binet in 1905, as part of an attempt to identify children who needed specialist help to make educational progress. Interest in IQ testing continued in the U.S. By researchers such as Louis Terman.

IQ was thought to be fixed in these early years and so was often used in education in an attempt to predict children's future academic progress with different levels of measured intelligence being taken to imply the need for different forms of educational experiences. More able children are supposed to need…… [Read More]