Sexual Dysfunction Essays (Examples)

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Cialis Marketing Plan

Words: 1230 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Marketing Plan Paper #: 23027740

Part 1

The creation of useful segments for Cialis in relation to the most relevant dimensions comes from examining the demographic area that contains: 

1. Education
2. Marital Status
3. Age
4. Income
5. Occupation/Life Stage (Retired/Employed, Student)

The other area to examine is psychographic meaning values and usage patterns. Why examine demographics like age? Age presents a strong and positive association with erectile dysfunction (ED) occurrence. The demographic data presents men suffering from ED as either living together with their romantic interest or married. The motivation then, to stop suffering from ED becomes clear and thus shows age as a vital dimension for the study.

When considering income and education, it permits an exploration of various purchasing powers. Along with buying power, one can explore the different perceptions of people as well as sense the product. In relation to usage patterns, the potentially best means of ungrouping would-be customers…… [Read More]

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Paxil History of Paxil in the 1960s

Words: 1858 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97585016

Paxil

History of Paxil

In the 1960s a Danish company named Ferrosan began performing research on aspects of the central nervous system. Ferrosan was most interested in the relationship between the neurotransmitter serotonin and depressed mood in people. The original idea was that if a drug could be developed to increase serotonin levels in the brain it might lead to improvements in treating people with depression (DeGrandpre, 2006). The research resulted in the development of a formula for a compound then known as the "Buus-Lassen Compound" which allegedly had the capability to relieve the depression in people. The compound was patented in the United States in 1977 and the company later sold all rights and research surrounding this patent to SmithKline (now GlaxoSmithKline) in 1980 (DeGrandpre, 2006).

SmithKline put significant effort into developing the compound and much of this development occurred in the SmithKline plant in Harlow, England (DeGrandpre, 2006).…… [Read More]

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Epidemiology Gulf War Syndrome This

Words: 3046 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 44643054

In some mammals with this capability, an unfertilized egg may begin developing into an embryo or the development can just stop. Investigators even suspected that the difficulties experienced by teams in mammal-cloning experiments were due to the absence of RNAs in the sperm. In cloning, scientists would take the DNA from a non-germ cell, add it to an egg denuded of its DNA and trick it into developing as though it were fertilized by a sperm. The procedure would work only a few times. Most of the time, it would develop gross defects, which often delayed further development. John Eppig, a reproductive biologist at Jackson Laboratory in Bar Harbor, Maine, suggested that the success of cloning was a strong argument against the supposed key biological role of apparently large numbers of RNAs being delivered by the sperm (Travis).

It has been estimated that infertility occurs in 2 million couples in…… [Read More]

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Gender in Dr Strangelove Stanley

Words: 1774 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 28095462



The 1964 film Dr. Strangelove uses the context of Cold War brinksmanship in order to uncover a more fundamental problem with patriarchy and the maintenance of a destructive masculinity. This masculinity is under threat as a result of sexual frustration, and the characters of Ripper, Turgidson, and Kong embody three different kinds of this frustration. Ripper's sexual frustration is the most explicit, and leads to the most overtly violent reaction. Turgidson's sexual frustration is not the result of a physiological problem but rather due to pent-up energy, and thus his reaction is to cheer on the violence perpetrated by Ripper, even if he cannot engage in it himself. Finally, Kong, who is denied the kind of sexual immediacy granted Turgidson, nonetheless is able to overcome the frustration experienced by the other two men when he finally succeeds in dropping a nuclear bomb. Thus, the film suggests that the true threat…… [Read More]

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How Men and Women are Sexually Aroused

Words: 710 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Article Review Paper #: 95831448

Chung, W., Lim, S., Yoo, J., & Yoon, H. (2013). Gender difference in brain activation to audio-visual sexual stimulation; do women and men experience the same level of arousal in response to the same video clip? International journal of impotence research, 25(4), 138-142. doi: 10.1038/ijir.2012.47

The researchers wanted to examine the factors related to human sexual arousal and their differences in men and women. The research examined the conditions that result in the arousal of women and men. It has been noted previously that the sexual response cycle for women and men is very different. Men have been noted to experience sexual satisfaction from physical attraction while women are affected by emotions and the environment in order to experience sexual satisfaction. Previous research has shown that men respond more to sexual stimuli than women. The reasoning behind this stimulation is vital to establish. Based on this the researchers wanted to…… [Read More]

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Pornography and Children

Words: 2759 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 37999296

Pornography & Children

There is considerable research evidence that pornography, especially child pornography, results in adversely affecting the psychological development of children, with far reaching consequences in terms of their ability to function well as adults. Since children are the future of any society, it is critical that adequate measures be taken to ensure the healthy and well-rounded development of children in order that they grow up to be productive, humane citizens. One such measure is to ensure that children grow up free of the harmful effects of exposure to pornography.

Although there is no consensus on either the definition of pornography or its harmful effects, there is a wide body of research that establishes a clear link between pornography and both sexually and socially deviant behavior.

The effects of repeated exposure to pornography on adults have been shown to be addictive, often leading to sexual illnesses, and thereby endangering…… [Read More]

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Treatment Option for Diabetes Type II

Words: 867 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 67792351

Diabetes and Drug Treatments

TYPE II DIABETES AND DRUG TREATMENTS

Differences

Type I Diabetes

Diabetes mellitus type 1 result from autoimmune destruction of insulin-producing beta cells within the pancreas. Subsequent shortage of insulin translates to increased urine and blood glucose. The developed world is associated with increasingly variant type I diabetes with a large cause of kidney failure and non-traumatic blindness. The link is based on an increased dementia and cognitive dysfunction risk through disease processes of vascular dementia and Alzheimer's disease. The complications are inclusive of sexual dysfunction, acanthosis nigricans, and frequent infections (Jones, et al., 2012).

Type II Diabetes

The classic diabetes symptoms include polyuria (frequent urination), increased thirst, increased hunger (polyphagia), and weight loss. Alternative symptoms commonly presented in the diagnosis include histories of blurred vision, fatigue, recurrent vaginal infections, peripheral neuropathy, and itchiness (Barnett, 2012). However, many people lack symptoms in the initial years and while…… [Read More]

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Educational Leadership

Words: 2034 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 18099782

Marketing Success of Pfizer Pharmaceutical Company

Pfizer is undeniably the most successful pharmaceutical company in existence. It rated first in U.S. sales from April 2002 through March 2003, with a total sales number of $20 billion USD, which accounted for 10% of the market share, and 12% growth. It ranked #1 ahead of GlaxoSmithKline, Johnson & Johnson, and Merck & Co., which took the second, third, and fourth spots, respectively. Much, if not most, of Pfizer's success is due to the corporation's marketing genius, which is considered to be among the best in the industry. Pfizer also has one of the best safety records in the industry, which helps in gaining investors and trust in the company. Interestingly, unlike most large corporations, Pfizer draws revenue from a limited number of products. It is the marketing power demonstrated by Pfizer, in which brand recognition plays a huge role, that has resulted…… [Read More]

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Depression a Person With Depression Must Have

Words: 1207 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24866329

Depression

A person with depression must have at least five of nine symptoms in the DSM-IV-TR for two weeks. There are many theories of the causes of depression:

(1.) Psychoanalytic theories - internal conflicts and a low self-image leading to anger turned inward.

(2.) Behavioral theories - disruptions of normal reinforcement patterns brought on by stressors.

(3.) Cognitive theories - cognitive distortions and/or cognitive errors and a person's mistaken underlying assumptions.

(4.) Humanistic theories - a slavish concern with expectations and values from others leads away from genuineness and wholeness in the person.

(5.) Biopsychosocial models - psychological, biological, and social factors play a role in depression. An outgrowth is the diathesis -- stress model that asserts that depression occurs as a result of a preexisting vulnerability (diathesis) triggered by stressful life events. The diathesis can be biological, psychological, or both.

(6.) Biological models - an imbalance of neurotransmitters (serotonin,…… [Read More]

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Rape on October 17 2005

Words: 1845 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 13179821

Counselors should consider a woman's reaction to rape within a socio-cultural context and remain sensitive to cultural differences in a survivor's access to services, as well as her feelings of safety in reporting crimes and how disclosures following rape may be received in her community (Hensley pp). Counselors should also be aware of a client's history of victimization, for there is a considerable body of research demonstrating that early sexual abuse and maltreatment are significant risk factors for rape as an adult, for example a rape in childhood or adolescence can lead to the experience of low self-worth and powerlessness, thus resulting in a greater risk of multiple victimization (Hensley pp).

Rapes are generally classified as stranger, acquaintance, date, partner, or marital rapes (Hensley pp). However, most women perceive their risk of being raped by a stranger as higher than by an acquaintance, date, or partner, yet there is much…… [Read More]

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Multiple Sclerosis Etiology Multiple Sclerosis

Words: 3721 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 91893026

) between 20 and 50.

Studies have shown that people with multiple sclerosis who exercise:

c.) have less fatigue

How many people in the United States are diagnosed with multiple sclerosis every week?

A b.) about 200 ("Take the FDA Consumer")

Dealing with Depression

As depression is reportedly the most common psychiatric disorder in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients, those caring for MS patients who express any sort of suicidal ideation should be closely monitored and referred for a psychological evaluation. Frequently, MS patients experiencing bouts with depression or suicidal thoughts are not assessed, under assessed, and/or consequently not diagnosed. Unlike some of the other aspects accounting MS, yet similar to some MS, depression can be effectively treated. Numerous reasons contribute to MS patients experiencing depression, according to Wallin. These may include:

The psychosocial effects of MS disability.

The direct effect of lesions on brain structures that are involved in regulating…… [Read More]

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Neuroborreliosis Borrelia Burgdorferi or Bb

Words: 2247 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 57244825



Treatment

The Infectious Diseases Society of America or IDSA came out with guidelines on the treatment of the infection.

A multidisciplinary group, which prepared these guidelines, included infectious disease specialists, rheumatologists, neurologists, pediatricians, and entomologists. The guidelines primary apply to the disease strain acquired in the U.S. And do not tackle the diagnostic evaluation of the disease. They recommended oral and parenteral therapies according to a timetable. Doxycycline or amoxicillin, cefotaxime or penicillin would be prescribed. The guidelines warned against the use of first-generation cephalosporins, fluoroquinolones, and benzathene penicillin.

Greater Recovery Among Children

Studies conducted on 177 children treated for Lyme neuroborreliosis in an endemic area in Sweden showed that 117 of them recovered complete in two months.

The children exhibited fatigue, facial nerve palsy, loss of appetite and fever as symptoms. Antibiotics were given to 69% of the children. At 2 months, 117 of them recovered completely. At 6…… [Read More]

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Chlamydia Screening Focus Groups of Healthcare Providers

Words: 3238 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 40552994

Chlamydia Screening Focus Groups of Healthcare Providers

My research focus is the study of Chlamydia trachomatis. I am interested in Chlamydia because it is the most prevalent bacterial sexually transmitted disease in the United States. Young adults have the highest rates of chlamydial infection and are at the highest risk for infection among all age groups. Yet, as a group, they do not use Chlamydia screening services. Why? Early diagnosis of Chlamydia is important, not only to minimize disease spread but also to prevent sequelae, including epididymitis, pelvic inflammatory, disease, ectopic pregnancy, infertility and chronic pelvic pain. Traditional Chlamydia testing procedures have served as another obstacle to early detection because collection of endocervical and urethral specimens is uncomfortable at best. Fortunately, the introduction of several nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs) now makes it possible to detect Chlamydia noninvasively from male and female using a simple urine sample. My interest in…… [Read More]

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White on Black

Words: 729 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 8256192

accepting slavery in the west may never be uncovered to a level of acceptance of those who suffered under the terrible treatment. Slavery was an unjust and evil order which structured society on the basis of skin color, nationality, and land ownership. While understanding this concept is difficult to some, alternate theories which have been brought forth over the past three decades as a result of the merging of advancing sociology, psychological, and political studies are even more difficult to comprehend, unless the proponents of the same are still holding an axe which needs to be ground.

One such theory is expounded in White on Black. The article, which propounds to be a piece of scholarly research, attempts to piece together apples and oranges in order to create a reasonable theory. But what seems to be more the object of the article is to give black Americans, and blacks world…… [Read More]

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Transference and Love

Words: 4117 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 50265210

transference and transference love, as it is manifest in the psychoanalytic environment. Different therapists have recommended different methods of dealing with this love, which range from simple, knowing transference to idealized transference, and erotic transference. These range from exploring such issues verbally, to the use of surrogates for sex therapy, to sexual involvement with patients. Certain factions within the therapeutic community advocate some or none of these methodologies.

Answering his own question, "What are transferences?" he wrote: "A whole series of psychological experiences are revived, not as belonging to the past, but as belonging to the person of the physician at the present moment.... Psychoanalytic treatment does not create transferences, it merely brings them to light.... Transference, which seems ordained to be the greatest obstacle to psychoanalysis, becomes its most powerful ally if its presence can be detected each time and explained to the person" (1895:116-120). Freud went on to…… [Read More]

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Abortion Throughout History Abortion Has

Words: 2447 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 35785908

However, when all said and done the situation is still critical and those having resorted to abortion have a hard time getting over the psychological traumas that they suffer. Of course, such an experience is difficult to put behind and the best solution for abortion victims should be their subjection to intense psychological discussions in order to get over the shock more easily.

It seems that the women that cannot psychologically recover from an abortion describe similar symptoms. Most have reported having nightmares about children, blood, and voices calling them. It is horrible for someone that underwent an abortion to be reminded of the episode, as images immediately spring to their minds making them go into a state of distress. It is not surprising that consequent to undergoing an abortion, one's self-esteem drops significantly, as women feel that they have been incompetent at performing one of humanity's basic functions-that of…… [Read More]

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Examining Issues in Psychopharmacology

Words: 1676 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 51055122

Psychopharmacology

Non-medical psychotherapists, such as Marriage and Family Therapists, should learn about psychopharmacology in order to:

Collaborate with prescribers regarding a patient's medication

For a patient with a borderline or dependent personality, a therapist not recommending medication would likely be seen as:

Conservative

Jim is disturbed by his psychiatrist's prescription of psychotropic medication, believing that the psychiatrist is attempting to control him and remove his autonomy. This most likely reflects:

Paranoid personality traits

Short, branched structures projecting from a nerve cell body are known as:

Dendrites

Messenger molecules are secreted by neurons and affect the functioning of adjacent neurons. Messenger molecules are also called:

Neurotransmitters

The space between the terminal button and receptors is the:

Synapse

Which statement most accurately describes nerve cell receptors?

They increase in number until age 50, then slowly die off

8) The area of the brain most closely associated with emotion is the:

Limbic system…… [Read More]

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Analyzing Female Gender Mutilation

Words: 2208 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90870605

Female Gender Mutilation

Female Genital Mutilation

The procedures that constitute the removal of the external genitalia of the females, whether in part or wholly, is referred to as female genital mutilation or briefly as FGM. It also constitutes other forms of injury to such organs for non-medical reasons. The practice is usually carried out by traditional circumcisers who are recognized individuals in communities, and are often present at important functions such as child births. There are instances when health care providers carry out the procedures under the false assumption that it is safe to do it in controlled medical facilities (UNICEF 87). However, the world Health organization requests all medical professionals to refrain from carrying out such procedures. The practice has been recognized all over the world as a violation of the rights of women. It is a sign of major inequalities between males and females of the human species,…… [Read More]

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Country Combines a Coming of Age Story

Words: 1320 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 41044473

Country combines a coming of age story with personal insights into the psychological effects of war. Haunted by her father's and uncle's experiences in Vietnam, seventeen-year-old Sam Hughes continually seeks to understand and to make real the facts surrounding her father's death. Set during the crucial summer after high school graduation, Bobbie Ann Mason's novel traces the development of its protagonist over a relatively short period of time, but offers great character insight. As her nickname suggests, Sam is a tomboyish, spunky teen who both acts and feels older than her chronological age. One of her closest friends and confidants is her veteran uncle, who she suspects suffers from Agent Orange. Sam's concerns about Emmett's health border on the obsessive, but her attempts to unearth the past equal a deeper investigation into her father. Because he died before she was born, and not much older than Sam herself, Dwayne Hughes…… [Read More]

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Fluoxetine Prozac Since Its Approval for Use

Words: 639 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61933670

Fluoxetine (Prozac)

Since its approval for use in the United States by the FDA in 1987, fluoxetine (commonly known as Prozac) has been the subject of great debate. Fluoxetine, now available in generic form, has been proven useful in the treatment of depression, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder, some eating disorders, panic disorder, insomnia, migraines, schizophrenia, and more (Schmetzer, 2002). However, this drug does have a range of possible side effects including sexual dysfunction, anxiety, insomnia, agitation, tremors, irritability, hypomania, impulsivity, and gastrointestinal distress (Kerr, 2008). In addition, it may be too early to tell what the consequences of long-term (more than 20 years) use of fluoxetine might be on the human brain (Murray, 2006).

As a psychoactive drug, fluoxetine works by affecting the neurotransmitters serotonin and norepinephrine. Neurotransmitters in the brain are synthesized in neurons, stored in vesicles, and upon nerve impulse stimulation, are released into the synaptic cleft. Here they…… [Read More]

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Social Norms and Mental Disorder

Words: 1569 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65236912



The downside of these customs is more obvious in a modern world. Rural Irish villages typically had only about a dozen households, so marriage between second cousins was common (Schepper-Hughes, 2001). Prior to the 1950s, most marriages were arranged, so the experience of romantic love and attachment was uncommon. Under the weight of both social and religious sanctions against homosexuality, gay men and women could find themselves facing a life of marriage and conformity that forced them to reject their true nature. Bachelor farmers facing a long winter sometimes spent their time working menial jobs in England, while courting and marrying an Irish woman of the same class. When these women returned with their husbands, they face a lifetime of social isolation.

Discussion

Schepper-Hughes (2001) painted a grim portrait of an Clochan and it's hard to argue with most of her conclusions; however, she seems to miss the historical significance…… [Read More]

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Affect in the Modern World

Words: 946 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 48441192

family, friendship and love are addressed by the collection of authors in the readings. Specifically, these include issues of sexuality, gender, homosexuality, and the relationship between parents and children. All these issues have changed as the world developed sociologically and technologically. Current technological and informational developments for example have a profound effect on the morals and norms relating to the above issues.

In terms of sexuality, Erich Fromm suggests that erotic love is frequently deceptive, as it is mistaken for the phenomenon of love itself, rather than an extension of the emotion. When the union is however achieved, no barriers are left to conquer and the tendency is to crave a new union with another stranger. This urge is however frequently curbed by the ethics of sexuality imposed by society as described by Bertrand Russell. Although the structure of society favors polygamy, monogamy is often imposed by the subconscious that…… [Read More]

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St John's Wort Depression in

Words: 1383 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 96325619

("St. John's Wort," 2006, NCAM: National Council of Alternative Medicine)

Research, at present, is inconclusive. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) conducted a 3-year study of 336 patients with major depression of moderate severity. The study randomly assigned patients to an 8-week trial. One-third of patients received a uniform dose of St. John's Wort, another third a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) commonly prescribed for depression, and the final group received a placebo. The study participants who responded positively were followed for an additional 18 weeks. At the end of the first phase of the study, participants were measured on two scales, one for depression and one for overall functioning. There was no significant difference in rate of response for depression, but the scale for overall functioning was better for the antidepressant than for either St. John's Wort or placebo. ("Depression," 2000, National Institute of Health)

Another study, described in…… [Read More]

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PTSD the Nature of Police

Words: 5266 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 72888939

One important aspect was that research findings suggested that PTSD was more common than was thought to be the case when the DSM-III diagnostic criteria were formulated. (Friedman, 2007, para.3) the DSM-IV diagnosis of PTSD further extends the formalization of criteria as well as the methodological consistency for PTSD and now includes six main criteria. The first of these criteria qualifies the meaning of trauma. A traumatic event is defined as "…one in which: (a) the person experienced, witnessed, or was confronted with an event that involved actual or perceived threat to life or physical integrity; and (b) the person's emotional response to this event included horror, helplessness, or intense fear." (Foa & Meadows, 1997. p449) This also relates to the psychological symptoms which are categorized into three main groupings; namely the re-experiencing of symptoms, such as nightmares and flashbacks; secondly symptoms of avoidance of trauma and related stimuli and…… [Read More]

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Chemical Addiction Progress More Rapidly in Young

Words: 2102 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98392642

Chemical Addiction Progress More Rapidly in Young People than Adults?

Chemical dependency is the obsessive use of chemicals like drugs, alcohol, and tobacco and the incapacity to stop using them, in spite of all the troubles caused by their use. People with a chemical dependency can stop using for a while but find it hard to start all together. This is where professional help is needed to stop it for life. Those who quit without professional help, typically overcome with an agonizing desire to resume alcohol, tobacco or drug use. Alcohol and drug addiction are progressive diseases. In most, addictions begin gradually and grow until one's life becomes increasingly uncontrollable. As recurring efforts to gain control over the addiction are unsuccessful, life for the person who has developed a chemical dependency begins to fall apart (Chemical dependency, n.d.).

Drug addictions in young people have been found to progresses more quickly…… [Read More]

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Domestic Violence No Place Like

Words: 4223 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 98385581

What appears to explain their shared high rates of violent behavior is their increased interpersonal dependency. They are socially withdrawn and entertain a negative view of themselves. These difficulties with trust are common in the two disorders. They are thus more personally dependent on their partners. Furthermore, veterans with a major physical health problem are likelier to commit domestic violence than the other veterans surveyed. The physical problem tends to increase their irritability and dependence on their partners. Other studies found this characteristic high partner-specific dependency among physically abusive men who exhibit personal inadequacy, low social self-confidence and increased reliance on those nearest them. Many of these physically abusive men greatly fear abandonment and are anxiously attached. They are thus hypersensitive to rejection and often show anger in their intimate relationships. Veterans often display excessive coercion to which the partners respond by distancing themselves. The veterans' fear and dependencies can…… [Read More]

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Analyzing Chronic Kidney Disease

Words: 1037 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 78124347

Chronic Kidney Disease

CKD, or Chronic Kidney Disease, refers to the impairment a person suffers in his/her kidneys, which may result in their reduced function, as time progresses. Chronic Kidney Disease is used as a replacement for previously held terms, such as the Chronic Renal Failure and Chronic Renal Insufficiency by the paediatric nephrology specialists. These terms were formerly used to describe the reduction of renal functions, whether to a large extent or otherwise. However, the adoption of the name Chronic Kidney Disease came about because it described the progression of the organ's functional loss (Wong, Warady and Srivastava, 2015).

Chronic Kidney Disease can be detected through various symptoms, which are common to other diseases. However, they point to the disease in its formative stage. Some of these symptoms, which point to the onset of the disease are:

Constant tiredness and feeling ill

The loss of one's appetite

Experiencing nausea…… [Read More]

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Are Psychotherapeutic Drugs Overprescribed for Treating Mental Illness

Words: 944 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 85757929

psychotherapeutic drugs overprescribed for treating mental illness?

Pros

With the development of SSRIs such as Prozac, some psychotherapists proclaimed the end of depression and there were even concerns that such drugs would change the human character by making treatment of the illness too easy. Now, after many years after the birth of Prozac, it is clear that no antidepressant is a silver bullet when it comes to eliminating a particular mental health problem. In fact, the concerns are that SSIRs and other drugs commonly used to treat depression are substantially less effective than their manufacturers claim. "An analysis of all FDA clinical trials for four SSRI antidepressants found that the drugs didn't perform significantly better than placebos in treating mild or moderate depression, and the benefits of the drugs were "relatively small even for severely depressed patients" (PLoS Medicine, 2008, cited by Smith 2012:36). Even studies which indicate a more…… [Read More]

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Supplements Fatigue and Lethargy

Words: 1207 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59874048

Supplements, Fatigue and Lethargy

DO THEY HELP?

Vitamin E (p 1- 1.5)

Vitamin E is a fat-soluble vitamin and antioxidant, which inhibits the production of reactive oxygen species or ROS when fat is oxidized (NIH, 2013). The body produces ROS when it converts food into energy. As an antioxidant, Vitamin E protects body cells from the ill effects of free radicals. Free radicals are molecules containing an unshared electron. They damage cells and contribute to the development of heart diseases and cancer. Unshared electrons are very active and quickly react with oxygen to form ROS. Health experts conjecture that limiting the production of free radicals may, alone or through other mechanisms, help prevent or delay the formation of these dreaded chronic diseases associated with the action of free radicals. Vitamin E may serve that function (NIH).

As an antioxidant, it also plays a role in the immune function of the…… [Read More]

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Pharma Parallel Trade

Words: 1456 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 7055403

Healthcare

Making Prescription Drugs Affordable?

Parallel Trade and the Pharmaceutical Industry

The skyrocketing cost of prescription drugs remains one of the most contentious issues in America. In this presidential election year, especially, politicians are continually debating ways to make life-saving drugs more affordable. Alone in the world, the United States prohibits the free importation of prescription medications from abroad. Yet, as is so often pointed out by those in favor of changing the law, such drugs are nearly always much less expensive in foreign countries - even medicines that are actually manufactured by American corporations. Of central importance in the argument is the precise rationale for current pricing levels. The pharmaceutical companies and their allies claim that high prices are necessary to finance the continuing innovation of American medicine. Foreign nations, they say, artificially control drug costs, thereby depriving corporations of the sizeable funds required for new research. New medications…… [Read More]

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Psychopharmacology it Was Only in the 1950s

Words: 1174 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 6252540

Psychopharmacology

It was only in the 1950s when psychiatric drugs to treat severe depression were first developed. Prior to that, most people had to suffer with their emotional pain and its attached sigma. Many individuals had to be admitted to mental hospitals. Now, psychiatrists can prescribe any of hundreds of medications for this illness and, in the majority of cases, have successful results.

Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors or MAOs were the first pharmaceuticals developed. Although they have more side effects than the tricyclic and latest selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), they are found to be very helpful particularly in "atypical" and treatment-resistant situations. They can "produce dramatic improvements in some forms of depression" (Gorman, 1990, p. 83). The generic and brand names of the three marketed in the United States are bedisocarboxazid (Marplan), phenelzine sulfate (Nardil) and tranylcypromine sulfate (Parnate).

The efficacy of MAO inhibitors is generally equivalent to the other…… [Read More]

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Use of Electroshock Therapy vs Anti-Depressants for Treatment of Post-Partum Psychosis

Words: 1704 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 39009839

ELECTROSHOCK vs. ADEPRESSANTS

Electroshock vs. Antidepressants

Use of Electroshock Therapy vs. Antidepressants for Postpartum Psychosis

Literature on postpartum psychiatric diagnosis leans heavily toward trying to understand postpartum depression, but talks little of postpartum psychosis. The reason for this seems to be that the depression diagnosis is much more prevalent than psychosis. However, there have been enough reports of postpartum psychosis that it has become more of a known diagnosis. Most coverage of psychosis has been in media reports which show the extreme acts of a mother who is having a psychotic break after giving birth. One such case is that of Andrea Yates, a Texas mother who drowned her young children.

Yates, the mother of five children aged seven years to six months, drowned all five of the children in June of 2001. She had been previously diagnosed with postpartum depression and psychosis, and her husband was advised not to…… [Read More]

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Ethical-Legal Nursing Discussions - Part II Moral

Words: 3541 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 22934943

Ethical-Legal Nursing Discussions - Part II

Moral Distress and Moral Integrity Comment by Ileana: OverviewMoral Distress in Advanced Practice NursingThe meaning of moral distress has been changing in nursing. No definition fits all dilemmas. Moral distress includes cultural beliefs, religious beliefs, educational level, and outside forces that influence thinking. It is important to learn that moral distress is an emotion managed by coping and emotional intelligence.

Analyze the difference between moral distress and moral integrity providing one example of each that relates to the role of the advanced practice nurse

When it comes to moral distress, it is viewed as a contested and evolving concept; it has been defined as a major issue when it comes to the nursing profession (Harris, 2002). Rizzo (2005) is accredited with first recognizing the thought of moral distress. For instance, he labeled moral distress as feelings that are looked at as being painful, and…… [Read More]

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Herniated Disc Spinal Disc Herniation Also Called

Words: 1161 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98690804

Herniated Disc

Spinal Disc Herniation, also called slipped disc or herniated disc, is a medical condition that affects the spine. This may be caused by trauma, injury, or idiopathic causes that are combinations of issues. Physiologically, an injury causes a tear in the outer ring of the intervertebral disc, more specifically in the fibrous ring that surrounds the disc. This injury then allows the softer, central portion of the disc to bulge out beyond the damaged outer rings. This tear sometimes causes the release of inflammatory chemicals causing intense pain, even with there is no severe root compression. In addition, herniated discs are almost always postero-lateral because of the way the ligaments are attached to the spinal cord (Postacchini, 1999).

Most minor herniations heal within several weeks using anti-inflammatory treatment for pain and swelling. However, severe herniations, the so-called slipped disc, even though it is not accurate from a medical…… [Read More]

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Celexa Citalopram Hydrobromide Celexa Belongs to a

Words: 1327 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 2180960

Celexa

Citalopram hydrobromide (Celexa) belongs to a class of antidepressants called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. It works by raising the amount of serotonin, a natural substance in the brain that aids in maintaining mental balance. Citalopram comes as a tablet and a liquid solution to take by mouth. It is typically taken once a day with or without food and should be taken at around the same time every day (Medications and Drugs, 2012). Citalopram is also sometimes used to treat eating disorders, alcoholism, panic disorder, premenstrual dysphoric disorder and social phobia (Citalopram, 2011).

Nausea, dry mouth, trouble sleeping, loss of appetite, weakness, tiredness, drowsiness, dizziness, increased sweating, blurred vision, or yawning may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, one should tell their doctor promptly. This medication may rarely cause a very serious condition called serotonin syndrome. The risk increases when this medication is used with certain…… [Read More]

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Zoloft Is Pfizer's Trademark Name

Words: 665 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 66795034

However, more serious side-effects may occur as a result of taking Zoloft. One of the greatest risks with Sertraline HCl is the tendency for some patients, especially those under the age of 18, to develop suicidal thoughts during the first few weeks of taking the drug. Other potentially serious side-effects include seizures, convulsions, hallucinations, tremors, balance or coordination problems, and allergic reactions.

Zoloft and other Sertraline hydrochloride compounds are contraindicated with MAO inhibitors (MAOIs) and patients taking MAOIs must cease their MAOI medication no less than 14 days before taking Zoloft. Similarly, patients who are prescribed MAOIs must wait at least two weeks after terminating their use of Zoloft. Other contraindicated medications include pimozide. Patients with a history of renal (kidney) or hepatic (liver) problems must use caution when taking Zoloft. Moreover, patients with a history of mania or bipolar disorder may not be candidates for Sartraline treatment. Pregnancy and…… [Read More]

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Supervisory Relationships in the Counseling

Words: 1453 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 16631885

The primary objectives of the training seminar are as follows:

To assist the trainee in developing a content knowledge base of counseling theory, research and practice from a multicultural point-of-view.

To assist the trainee in defining their professional identity and knowlegde and adherence to ehtical practice.

For the trainee to receive monitoring of their strengths and weaknesses as a counselor.

To acquire new skills in counseling.

To be able to identify personal issues involved with being a counselor.

To learn to develop and write case studies in a professional manner.

To be able to have a comfortable and supportive environment wherein sharing information, reactions and concerns can take place.

Knowing that individual, group, and seminar situations are important in providing a student optimal training it is also important to be able to recommend new situations wherein counselor training can be brought about. To this end, an area that has been…… [Read More]

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Therapies for Mental Disorder

Words: 985 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 18654858

Therapies for Mental Disorder

Mental disorders represent a wide range of clinical conditions ranging from simple attention deficit, mood irregularities, stress and anxiety conditions to more complex psychotic disorders like schizophrenia, autism, delirium, dementia etc. that considerably affect the cognitive ability. While some of these problems are organic in nature, indicating an underlying structural deformity of the brain or other biological basis, others are categorized as functional disorders that are not attributed to any physiological anomalies. Though there is no clear agreement on classification of the different mental disorders, depending on the severity of the conditions these disorders are basically classified as either neurotic or the Psychotic (severe) disorders. The treatment methods for these conditions are also varied including psychological therapies (cognitive therapy, behavioral modification therapy), insight therapy, biomedical treatment and even psychosurgical interventions. Let us have a brief overview of some of these different treatment approaches.

Types of Psychotherapies…… [Read More]

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Human Development

Words: 2760 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 46461151

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Human Development

Human Development -- the Elderly

The purpose of this paper is to examine human development from the perspective of sociocultural concepts regarding the elderly as well as from the healthcare provider's view and heatlh care services delivery in the elderly population.

Generally, in terms of the elderly and the cognitive aging which is experienced one assumes that is purely a time of decline in the areas of memory, linguistics and processes of attention as well as the problem-solving skills. The decline is believed, and studies support the idea as well, that the cognitive decline begins sometime during the years of the person having reached the age of sixty. However, according to Schaie, 1993, while it is true that a few of the individuals mental abilities experience declines that most cognitive abilities experience only small declines. However, this small declines are sure to occur.

The Aging Process:

One…… [Read More]

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Abortion a Modest Proposal Abortion for Two

Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 2934745

Abortion

A Modest Proposal: Abortion for Two

Perhaps the most significant debate of recent decades on a political, religious, and social level is that of abortion. Many questions are raised about whether this is a justified right inherent to any fertile woman, or an inhumane practice fostered by a barbaric society. Those who believe it is not right to abort the unborn struggle to make it as difficult as possible for anyone to get an abortion in hopes that fewer of these operations will take place. People who disagree with abortion-opponents will fight back, defending those seeking to end a pregnancy and make antiabortion actions into moot points. Even those who feel that abortion is not necessarily wrong are torn when making policies and regulations that are intended to make the process as easy as possible for those who seek the procedure, while still protecting everyone involved. Both groups are…… [Read More]

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Vegetarianism Many People Tend to

Words: 1658 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 8819435

And since menopause is associated with gaining of weight as well as slow metabolism, when one takes a low-fat, high fiber vegetarian diet it can assist him ward off extra pounds.

Individuals who are on vegetarian diet tend to have more energy. When one consumes too much fat in his or her body (blood stream) the arteries will not open properly hence the muscles will not receive oxygen which is enough and this always makes an individual to feel zapped. Vegetarian diet also makes one avoid toxic chemicals. From the estimation of EPA nearly 95% of the pesticide residue within typical American diet originates from dairy products, fish and meat . Dairy products are associated with steroids as well as hormones, while fish tend to have carcinogen (DDT, PCBs) including heavy metals such as arsenic, mercury, cadmium and lead. These materials cannot be removed even through freezing or cooking. Consuming…… [Read More]

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Post Abortion Syndrome Specifically the

Words: 1817 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Annotated Bibliography Paper #: 68989230

Et al. "Psychological Responses of Women After First-Trimester Abortion." Arch Gen Psychiatry. Volume 57.8 (2000): 777-84. Lexis Nexis

Rearden, David C. "Abortion and Subsequent Substance Abuse." The Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse. Vol 26.1 (2000): 61-75. Wiley Online Library

Rosen, Gerald; Spitzer, Robert; McHugh, Paul. "Problems with the post-traumatic stress disorder diagnosis and its future in DSM-V." British Journal of Psychology. Volume 192 (2008): 3-4. Hard Copy

Speckhard, Anne; Rue, Vincent. "Complicated mourning: Dynamics of impacted post abortion grief." Journal of Prenatal Psychology Health. Volume 8.1 (1993): 32

Speckhard, Anne; Rue, Vincent. "Postabortion Syndrome: An Emerging Public Health Concern." Journal of Social Issues. Volume 48.3 (2010): 95-119. Referenced in Government Study

Government Report

"Mental Health and Abortion." American Psychology Association. 2008. Web. 25 Feb. 2012.… [Read More]

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Hypertension Is Basically High Blood

Words: 809 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 55334012

Other factors include a history of alcohol and tobacco use, and dietary assessment including saturated fat and caffeine. Also certain prescribed and over-the-counter medications, herbal remedies, and illicit drugs may be factors, as well as psychosocial and environmental factors such as family situation, employment status, working conditions, and educational levels (Guidelines).

Aside from routine physical examinations, laboratory tests, such as urinalysis, blood cell count and blood chemistry may be used in diagnostic procedure (Guidelines).

Hypertension may be treated with drugs including diuretics, such as thiazide derivatives; vasodilators, such as hydralazine and prazosin; sympathetic nervous system depressants, such as rauwolfia alkaloids; sympathetic nervous system inhibitors such as guanethidine and methyldopa and ganglionic blocking agents, such as clonidine and propranolol (Hypertension). Individuals with high blood pressure should exercise regularly, follow a low-sodium, low-saturated fat diet, avoid stress, get adequate rest, and lower calorie intake to control obesity (Hypertension).

Nutritional management of hypertension…… [Read More]

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Abortion Post-Abortion Emotional Distress the

Words: 1274 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 30692525



Arthur 7)

Probably, one of the most logical statements made by a nonbiased researcher and commentator on the subject of emotional effects of abortion is that;

In spite of psychological problems suffered by a few women after abortion, the existence of post abortion syndrome is doubted by most experts. There is little need to posit a unique disorder in this case, since abortion is not significantly different from any other stressful life experience that might cause trauma in certain people.

Arthur 7)

This trauma can then be dealt with in a logical and constructive manner, befitting any other stressful life event, such as the loss of a partner in a separation, being fired from a job or getting into a car accident. Depression, protracted grief or general feelings of guilt, when they occurs must be treated as a logical outgrowth of life stress not as a special case of social…… [Read More]

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Psychedelic Therapy Psychedelic or Hallucinogenic

Words: 2192 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 95412737

" Long-term use may develop psychoses, like schizophrenia and severe depression. The use of MDMA may produce psychological difficulties, like confusion, depression, sleep problems, drug craving, severe anxiety and paranoia, even weeks after the use of the drug. MSMA develops symptoms, such as muscle tension, nausea, blurred vision, rapid eye movements, faintness, chills, sweating, and increased heart rate and blood pressure. it, therefore, poses a special risk for those with heart disease. Overuse can lead to death (Kurtzweil).

West Africans used ibogaine as a stimulant and aphrodisiac in the early 1900s (Kurtzweil 1995). Native Americans used mescaline from peyote cactus in religious rituals. LSD was first synthesized in 1938. Throughout history, it was considered a source of many types of medications. Its psychedelic effects were first discovered in 1943. Two decades after World War II, LSD was used to determine its effects on patients with schizophrenia and other mental disorders.…… [Read More]

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Depression Disorder Psychology-Disorders This Paper

Words: 2762 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 42349404

Perhaps the best way to regard the genetic component which predisposes a person to become depressed, generally with the help of his/her environment or a specific set of stress-producing depressive triggers, such as death, bereavement, loss of employment or other major family problem.

Depression affects about 5% of the U.S. population, and has remained steady since 1970, with the exception of women under 45; in this subset of the population, depression rates have doubled in the past three decades. This increase has been offset by reductions in other population subsets, including younger men, older men and older women (Fleischmann, 2000). This increasing prevalence amongst this group suggests that there is a social component to depression which has changed in those women born in the baby boom. While there may be a biochemical origin in those increases, life stresses could also be a contributor. Specifically, during that period more women below…… [Read More]

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Cognitive Counseling This Is a

Words: 5805 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 29574321

Another person reading this information might think, "Well, this sounds good but I don't think I can do it." This person feels sad and discouraged. So it is not a situation which directly affects how a person feels emotionally, but rather, his or her thoughts in that situation. When people are in distress, they often do not think clearly and their thoughts are distorted in some way (Beck).

Cognitive therapy helps people to identify their distressing thoughts and to evaluate how realistic the thoughts are. Then they learn to change their distorted thinking. When they think more realistically, they feel better. The emphasis is also consistently on solving problems and initiating behavioral change (Beck).

Thoughts intercede between some sort of stimulus, such as an external event, and feelings. The motivator (stimulus) brings out a thought -- which might be a weighted judgment -- which turns into to an emotion. In…… [Read More]

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Female Genital Mutilation Female Genital

Words: 902 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 77645350

Still, if one is to employ the ICN Code of Ethics, nurses may collaborate with others to apply "ethical standards in nursing practice, education, management and research." Within this mandate ethical standards would preclude mutilation of any part of the body for any reason, especially under unsanitary conditions by untrained practitioners. (ICN, pp 1-4).

The American Nurses Association (ANA) Code of Ethics, Provision 2, states that the nurse's primary commitment is to the patient. Although in addressing the interests of the patient, the nurse must recognize the patient's place in the family or community relationships, in Provision 2.2, the Code identifies types of conflicts of interest for nurses. In such a situation as may exist between a patient, such as a young woman facing FGM, and her family and community, the nurse must examine his or her own personal and professional values, the values and interests of others also responsible…… [Read More]

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Britney Spears -- Pop Star

Words: 2936 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 92390986

608). Hence, Spears is seen as transcending from teen pop star to "vamp." Some of her fans refer to her as "slore" (the combined words "slut" and "whore") because of her move from teen cuteness to adult soft core pornography.

Although it is possible, it doesn't seem likely that Spears suffers from schizophrenia. In his book, Dr. David Barlow lists the diagnostic criteria for schizophrenia, and while Spears has shown "grossly disorganized…" behavior, to our knowledge she does not have disorganized speech, delusions or hallucinations. There is nothing in the literature about Spears that indicates she has had autistic issues or psychotic lapses, but again, schizophrenia is a remote possibility (Barlow, et al., 2008).

What interventions may be appropriate for Spears, given the widespread believe among those close to her and professionals that she has psychological problems?

Does Spears suffer from a bipolar condition? According to Medline Plus (part of…… [Read More]

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Supply Demand and the Excise

Words: 1910 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 86624231



Furthermore, it appeared that the consumption of alcoholic beverages among the youth increased throughout the three-year duration of the survey. In terms of the young females (in high school), the drinking path has been described as "an absolute disaster" (Fyfe, 2010). The primary explanation as to why alcopops became even more popular among the youth is given by the inability of the tax to impact the parents -- who in most cases are the very sources of alcohol. "As parents were the primary source of alcohol among current drinkers, their ongoing preference for premixed spirits may not be surprising, as it is likely that these beverages are affordable to most parents, even after the tax increase" (Fyfe, 2010).

The Australian case of the excise tax on alcopops reveals a limited efficiency in reducing binge drinking among adolescents and it is expected that the same results would be registered within the…… [Read More]

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Contraception in Accordance With Your Needs Is

Words: 1501 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 80237500

contraception in accordance with your needs is associate with physical and mental well-being throughout the lifespan.

Although the argument can be made that people are never truly ready to have children, it is clear that timing is everything for humans when it comes to reproduction. Unplanned teen pregnancies create a vicious cycle of welfare motherhood that is difficult to break unless contraception is used to prevent these pregnancies in the first place. Using contraceptives responsibly can clearly contribute to the mental well-being of single young people who enjoy sex but do not want the lifelong responsibility of children yet. It is reasonable to suggest that a single young mother with three or four screaming babies and infants will not enjoy the same level of mental and physical well-being at their peers with no children, and the demands associated with raising these children to adulthood never really go away entirely but…… [Read More]

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Pharma Technologies Case Analysis Pharma Technologies A

Words: 1460 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28653189

Pharma Technologies

Case analysis Pharma Technologies: A biotechnology firm, Pharma Technologies, developed a competing method treatment erectile dysfunction

Pharma Technologies Inc. based in Canada at a major medical research University in February 1999, wanted to develop a product to compete with Viagra which is developed by Pfizer. PTI obtained a patent for developing a revolutionary sexual dysfunctional treatment drug. The company is faced with financial problems to assist it in developing the new drug. Before a drug can receive full approval by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), it needs to undergo several testing phases. These testing phases consume a lot of time money. The case study indicates that it can cost over $500 million and take 10 years before the drug is approved for manufacturing and marketing Herbert, 2004.

The patent the company obtained has a life span of 20 years. The patent is obtained when the development process…… [Read More]

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Created With an Aim to

Words: 3051 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 55078969

However, this made Andrei use physical torture as means of controlling her which later lead to him killing her by hitting her head constantly. His aim was not to have a casual sex with the victim but to kill her and satisfy his physical needs, which he discovered during his previous thrilling encounter.

He also showed abnormal behaviors after sexual assault when he chewed and swallowed away one of the victim's nipples. The dead body of Larissa was found the next day with no clue of the murderer. His second victim was a thirteen-year-old girl named Liyuba Biryuk, which was followed on from a bus stop. The killing took place in June 1982 by introducing several stabs to the body including the eyes. The body was found two weeks later with no sign or clue. Two more youths were victimized in July, two in September and one in December (Jenkins,…… [Read More]

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Treatment of Women Diagnosed With

Words: 13264 Length: 48 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 75114747



At one point or another in our lives, we are all beginners. We begin college, a first job, a first love affair, and perhaps a first dissertation project. We bring a great deal to these new situations, including our temperament, previous education, and family situations. Yet, as adults, we also learn. In romantic relationships, couples report having to learn how to interact successfully with their partners. College students routinely report being better at reading, studying, paper writing, and test taking as seniors than as freshmen. They have learned how to be students while they were students. Now close to graduating, some view they have finally mastered the role.

Ideally, of course, we would have the necessary information in hand before we needed it. We would already know, without being told, what makes a loved one angry or frustrated. All students would be spared the frustration of working hard on a…… [Read More]

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Psycho-Educational Models of Family Therapy and Transgenerational

Words: 4976 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 60849041

Psycho-educational Models of Family Therapy and Transgenerational Models of Family Therapy in Correlation to Physical and Sexual Violence and Abuse

Molestation, commonly known as sexual abuse, is defined as forced sexual behavior by one individual with another. However, sexual assault is one which is not so frequent, lasts for short duration, and is immediate. Pejoratively, sexual abuser or offender is referred as a molester. It also means any act on behalf of an adult in order to arouse child or adult sexually. Any sexual act is referred as child sexual abuse if the age of victim is below the age of consent. Mentioned below are the acts that are included in sexual abuse:

Sexual assault and rape, which is forced and non-consensual.

When a child or adult touches without any need.

Exhibitionism, genitalia's exposure, fondling, sexual kissing, or sexual assault.

Showing pornography to a child.

Child molestation, in which child…… [Read More]

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Coping With Dementia

Words: 2586 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 74565385

Frontal-Temporal Dementia (Frontotemporal Dementia)

Frontal-Temporal Dementia

Dementia is a collective term, which includes chronic cognitive disorders, which lead to loss of independent functioning. There are different types of dementia, and statistics show that it affects 3.4 million people in the United States alone (DiZazzo-Miller et al., 2014). Notably, the most affected people are the elderly, which suggests that the risk of dementia increases with age, and this further show that dementia is a significant health challenge. Disorders in this line show a progressive nature and this makes it difficult to provide care. FTD is a familiar variety of dementia, and its pathology varies when compared to the commonest form of dementia, which is Alzheimer's disease.

In comparison, FTD is prevalent on the frontal or temporal lobes, and it is more prevalent than Alzheimer disease (Riedjik et al., 2006). Patients suffering from FTD show alterations in behavior, personality and impaired insights.…… [Read More]

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Compulsive Hoarding Due to Childhood

Words: 4019 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 62247855

" (p. 12) According to Cromer (2005) the literature that addresses the relationship between stressful life events and obsessive compulsive disorders does provide some degree of support implicating traumatic life-stress as being a factor in the onset and maintenance of the obsessive compulsive disorders however the exact relationship between the SLE and OCD "remains an empirical questions" specifically relating to "traumatic negative life events" (2005; p.13) Most of studies in this area investigation the association between SLEs and OCD have held limitations of: (1) small sample sizes; and (2) difficulty of establishing retrospectively the temporal relationship between onset and SLEs; and (3) a limited scope with regard to the effect of SLEs on OCD. (2005; p.13) Cromer relates that "mounting evidence suggests that early life-stress, in particular may preferentially incline individuals to develop adult psychiatric disorders." (2005; p.13) McCauley et al. (1997) states evidence from a large epidemiological investigation that…… [Read More]

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Gender-Specific Therapy for Women Prisoners Research Question

Words: 3099 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 52728944

Gender-Specific Therapy for Women Prisoners

RESEARCH QUESTION AND JUSTIFICATION

On average, women make up about 7% of the total federal and state incarcerated population in the United States. This has increased since the 1980s due to stricter and more severe laws that focus on recreational drug use, a lack of community programs, and fewer treatment centers available for outpatients (Zaitow and Thomas, eds., 2003). According to the National Women's Law Centers, women prisoners report a higher than statistically normal history of domestic violence in their immediate past, and the fastest growing prison population with a disproportionate number of non-Whites forming over 60% of the population. In fact, over 30% of women in prison are serving sentences for murder involving a spouse or partner. The incarceration of women presents far different cultural and sociological issues than those of men -- issues with children, family, sexual politics and more (NWLC, 2012).

The…… [Read More]

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Teenage Sex

Words: 1591 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Reaction Paper Paper #: 59152120

Sexuality

According to Fulbright (2010), parents are the people best qualified to teach their children about sex and intimate relationships. The theory behind Fulbright's (2010) proposition is that parents and their children gain a more honest and open relationship, which fosters healthier identity and sexual development than if parents shun their children's questions or avoid discussing sensitive matters like these. Moreover, children will receive incorrect, patchy, and conflicting information when they rely only on friends, rumors, and formal sex education in schools. Parents teach from their own experience, and can confer not only values but also valuable practical information. In many cases, the child's experiences in terms of biology and social interactions will parallel those of the parents, which allows for more intimate and meaningful discussions than what would take place in the more generalized setting of a school. While I still believe in the importance of formal sex education…… [Read More]

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Speech One of the Most

Words: 946 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74572766

An adult can easily evaluate such a message and understand its content, but a child is not old enough to do so. Thus, these drug pushers are telling our children to use drugs for fun, and for sexual gratification. Such a message is inappropriate for responsible adults, much less children, and so should be limited to adult programming only.

Sports are most certainly not adult programming. Whatever venue is appropriate for these types of advertisements, it should be far away from impressionable young minds. Sport events teach our children so many good things -- about teamwork, hard work, and the healthy spirit of competition. We want our kids to absorb the positive messages from sports, and to that end we encourage them to not only participate in sports but also to watch them on television. This means that sports events should always be considered family-friendly programming, especially in day time…… [Read More]