Statistics Essays (Examples)

Filter results by:


View Full Essay

Genome Human Cloning Human Cloning

Words: 3339 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 19327581

(iii) in the United States, Brazil, Germany and France, humans have been receiving their own stem cells to re-grow heart muscle in the unforeseen incident of heart attack or injury. This was found to be successful in majority of the cases. (iv) in one more incident, the vision of 23 patients was restored after limbal adult stem cell transplants. This line of therapeutic care has assisted a lot of people who have been suffering from blindness for years together that includes the sufferers of mustard gas attacks in Iraqi. (Life Issues Institute, 2006) v) Crohn's disease patients have in fact been treated with stem cells evolved from their own blood. (vi) Among the 90% of the 19 patients having several autoimmune disorders like systemic lupus has been on the path to recovery following treatment with their own blood stem cells. (vii) a research of Parkinson's disease displayed an average improvement…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Clash of Civilizations - Samuel

Words: 4147 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 97080962

" The book argues that the reality of history is a "ludicrously compressed and constricted warfare," Said continues; but indeed Huntington cannot grasp the notion that there are no strictly defined Muslim cultures but to make his book work he has to build a case that there is such a stereotypical, predictable Muslim culture.

Said goes so far as to say that Huntington's book attempted to give his original article a bit more "subtlety" along with "many, many more footnotes." But alas, Said believes that all Huntington did by putting out a whole book on the topic was to "confuse himself and demonstrate what a clumsy writer and inelegant thinker he was." Said has plenty more to say, albeit there is not space in this paper for all of his views; but several more of his themes will be presented. For example, Said compares the likes of Osama bin Laden…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Steroids Among Athletes Steroids Are

Words: 2172 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 88806900

Officers of the USADA attended the athletes' training or visited them at home to conduct drug tests. Officials and Association experts found that many athletes would risk harmful side effects or disqualification just to take these substances. Professional athletes, like Adam Nelson, however, won a silver medal at the 2000 Olympics. He was open and vocal against the use of steroids in sports. He was particularly opposed to the use of steroids in sports because of the promised "brute strength" from their use. He was willing to speak about Balco, THG and other issues about steroids as well as on how Olympian winners could turn their proper training and experience into successful corporate careers. Jeff Bukantz shone because of unrelenting determination, hard work and defensive playing style. He said he took after his father, a four-time Olympic Games competitor. Jeff attained 5th and 6th place rankings. Cindy Bailey was a…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

National HIV Testing Day Has

Words: 619 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 92553761

The worrisome aspect however is the percentage of young people affected by the virus. In this sense, more than 16% of people aged 20-29 are reported to have the HIV virus. However, by comparison to almost 60% of the people with HIV that are over 30, the figures are rather frightening (Alachua County Health Department, 2007).

According to the officials in the County who try to convince the population of the need to get tested for HIV before actually being too late to intervene in slowing down any negative process, the "Get tested, get control" is a campaign aimed at both identifying any possible disease as well as becoming more aware of the implications of unprotected sexual relations. At the same time though it is important that people become more informed on the way in which they can deal with any type of situation concerning the infection with the HIV…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Environmental Science the City and

Words: 979 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75642434

Although proximity to the spraying of humans may be an issue, refuge during the spraying is possible, while it is impossible to entirely avoid exposure to insects throughout the summer. In contrast, when insecticide is sprayed, individuals can be specifically instructed to take cover during those times, and if necessary shelter could be provided to those individuals with inadequate housing, such as migrant workers.

Step 4. Risk characterization. What is probability of individual or population having adverse health effect? Risk characterization evaluates data from dose-response assessment and exposure assessment (steps 2 and 3). Risk characterization indicates that Mexican-Americans, many of which are agricultural workers, are more vulnerable to pesticide exposure than other groups.

Although it is argued that the poor or uneducated would not follow the safety precautions required by the Malathion application program, this is also true of individuals who fail to take precautions against West Nile. Uninformed residents,…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Child Care Facility Business Plan

Words: 2964 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Business Plan Paper #: 57321841

The founder will purchase the facility, rather than rent it and will pay up to 85,000 for down payment. The costs total up to $587,980 and the expected income is of $705,600, revealing a net profit of $117,620 after the first year of operations. Part of the investment will come from the economies of the founder, the rest remaining to be gathered from bank loans. Contracting bank loans is the most suitable solution at this time as issuing stocks would require additional expenses. Foremost, there would be no guarantee the sum would be raised and the shareholders would get to become involved in the organization's activities. Also, the dividends granted to shareholders are seen as profits and as such taxed by the federal budget; credits on the other hand are seen as debt and are not taxed. As such, even if contracting bank loans does have some limitations, at the…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Media Images Are Not Harmful

Words: 1696 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 29893817

Providing a strong cultural and personal role model may be more important than attempting to socially engineer the messages teens and all citizens receive. The lesser susceptibility of certain ethnic groups to media pressures to live up to an ideal of thinness or physical perfection highlights the complex interplay between cultural, social, and psychological factors that produce self-esteem and what might be called body image. The interplay of these factors is more important in creating a 'body image' than what constitutes an individual's media exposure.

This is an important topic of research because it highlights the fact that censorship of media has limited value in engineering positive social results. While it would be tempting and easy to suggest that developing minds and bodies should be shielded from toxic media influence as though it were the plague, this type of isolation would have a limited effect. It would not screen out…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Health Promotion

Words: 2497 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 93454369

If pregnant women will not stop drinking, a broad-spectrum nutritional support may be an appropriate alternative.

Christensen, Damaris (2000). Sobering Work - Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. Science News: Science Service, Inc. Retrieved on October 27, 2008 at;col1

The author says that no safe amount of alcohol during pregnancy has been established in lieu of avoidance. Many pregnant women who drink heavily want to know how much they drink without harming their fetuses because they do not want to give the habit up. Some researchers say that even low doses of alcohol can bring harm. Animal studies may not be applicable to human subjects as species differ in developmental patterns. The general idea is that the safe drink for pregnant women is one without alcohol.

Rheinstein, Peter H. (1992). Healthy People 2000. American Family Physician: the American Academy of Family Physicians. Retrieved on October 27, 2008 at;col1

The overall aim…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Hypnosis Is Much More Than

Words: 962 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 26086606

Whole belief systems can be transformed with the power of hypnosis, which is why the technique is used for treating addictions and phobias. On the Tonight Show with David Letterman, actor Matt Damon lauded the power of hypnosis to help him stop smoking. Damon noted, "I should have done it years ago. It's amazing - I didn't even want cigarettes any more," (cited on the Hypnosis Network).

No absolute statistics for the effectiveness of hypnosis are possible due to a number of intervening variables that interfere with research validity and reliability. Hypnosis works in part because of the cooperation of the client. The placebo effect is a type of hypnosis: the person tricks his or her body or mind based on the belief that a substance is working. In other words, the placebo effect is hypnosis in action. Hypnosis proves that it does not matter whether or not a pill…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Calculus the World of Business

Words: 824 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27896543

Being able to "crunch the numbers" is an essential part of the manager's role. Too often managers feel uncomfortable working with numbers because of their limited mathematical background. This reduces their usefulness, however. Strong managers are not intimidated by the numbers, but rather view them as an essential component of the job. Therefore, part of the process of studying business management is to build the set of tools that will allow a manager to confidently approach all aspects of the job.

At its heart, calculus is the study of change. The concept of change is a major part of the manager's role. The world of business is constantly shifting. Calculus provides the theoretical backdrop to understanding the myriad of changes faced by managers today. When managerial decision making relies on a manager to understand the impacts of several different change processes, this illustrates a reliance on the principles of calculus.…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Market Research Final Assuming That

Words: 2030 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 47768565

This is where the fundamental disconnect is in the purchasing process and why despite the heavy investments in catalogs and games the company is still struggling. It is not reaching the most profitable customers on a consistent basis.

4. Using the appropriate t-test, determine if those who purchased from Gucci and those who did not (q11), are different in terms of a. Their evaluations of catalogs (q7_a - q7_f), b. Their perceptions of Gucci (q12_a - q12_d), and c. Their evaluations of the demonstration catalog (q13_a - q13_f)?

Interpret the results, provide marketing implications.

The result of completing the t-tests further supports the observation that catalogs are seen as informative, yet not useful enough based on top-of-mind awareness of respondents alone. Respondents varied significantly however in their evaluations of catalogs in general and the demonstration catalog provided by Gucci for the research project. According to the t-test completed comparing means…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Religion and Politics Religion and

Words: 1607 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 83348255

Even though the lines may be quite bold between democrats and republicans, the BBC found that 65% of Americans believe "churches should not endorse candidates," and 51% agree that "churches should express views on political matters" (Greene 2002-2008, graphics box).

IV. Summary/Conclusion

The question of whether or not a candidate's personal religious beliefs should be used on the campaign trail is a problematic one, with two equally valid points-of-view. Those who say it should state that this is information that they need to know as voters, since religion is important to them. Those who say it should note state that this information increases fraudulent activities among campaigners and casts a frightening forecast for what the candidate may do in office. The data seems to support both sides, suggesting that voters think the candidate's religious ideas and the church should be involved in his or her bid for office. However, the…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Steroids the Term Steroids Can

Words: 688 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56675173

org). Women do not take steroids as often as men, but they also experience the full range of effects, from growing body and facial hair to increased aggression, as well as the same long-term health effects (

The long-term effects of high levels of steroid use are largely unknown (Drug Some of the effects, however, are an enlarged liver and liver tumors, jaundice, permanent changes to secondary sex characteristics (such as voice pitch, body hair, and the size/appearance of breasts and testicles) (DEA). There is enough evidence to suggest that taking steroids causes significant health problems that limit longevity, and taking too many at a time can kill.

Steroids are popular almost exclusively among athletes and body builders (DEA). Statistics show that less than two percent of high school students use steroids, while the perceived risk of steroid use has risen dramatically in recent years (ONDCP). Steroids are available…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Speech Saving for Retirement Speech

Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 58103230

The American Association of Retired persons found that pension plans' coverage is quite unstable, differing greatly based on ethnicity, age, pay grade, and education.

In addition, the AARP also found that social security benefits are becoming a problem in many countries, as the number of retired persons who receive benefits rise and the number of births fall.

As people who live in troubled economic times, some are not following government advice to save for retirement.

The United States Department of Labor advocates managing a retirement account with the same amount of attention and importance one would give a bank account.

Mr. C did not follow this advice, and his reliance on government and employer-based plans fell through.

He and his wife were both forced to work after retirement.

This cut into the traveling and relaxing plans that he had made.

Now, Mr. C cannot live the lifestyle that he always…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Social Inequality in Canada Prejudice

Words: 3552 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 39035558

Those individuals that are at the low end of the spectrum when it comes to earning wages would be happy to see more money in their paychecks as well, and many of the women that were in the workforce during that time were able to perform the jobs just as well as the men could but they were generally not allowed the opportunity (Frager & Patrias, 2006). Even for the women that were allowed to 'compete' with the men, they were still paid significantly less than the men were paid for the same kind of work (Frager & Patrias, 2006).

Paying women more money and paying them equally with men helps out the entire economy for a while because the individuals that have more money are more likely to spend it rather than save it for a time when they may need it most (Frager & Patrias, 2006). A raise…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Entrepreneurship Why Entrepreneurship Is Important

Words: 3402 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 48921043

While entrepreneurial accomplishment is common across all nations the ability to create and sustain value-based ecosystems as rapidly as American entrepreneurs are unique (Arbaugh, Camp, Cox, 2005).

American Entrepreneurs' Contribution to Global Innovation

Innovation in and of itself is not enough to create entirely new businesses; it is in translating innovation into unique, ingenious products and services that meet unmet needs of both consumers and businesses. The current economic downturn, it has been argued, is an excellent opportunity for entrepreneurs to create disruptive innovations (Christensen, Mangelsdorf, 2009) that completely re-order market dynamics and redefine value chains in the process (Porter, 1986). Disruptive innovation as defined by Clayton Christensen is entirely dependent on small start-up companies to exist then re-order entire industries in the process (Christensen, Mangelsdorf, 2009). What is so noteworthy about the research completely by Dr. Christensen and Mangelsdorf (2009) is that the catalyst of each disruptive innovation as…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

India-Pakistan Conflict a Globally Catastrophic

Words: 2332 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 49912660

Communication is sharing of information and meaning (Hassan, 2007) and that meaning dictates the effectiveness of teaching and learning. Students -- and other people, in general -- often interpret the oral information or message according to the non-verbal expression that accompanies it. A verbal approval said in an ironic tone can send an opposite impression of censure. Non-verbal communication should, therefore, be given serious consideration, especially in a second-language school setting (Hassan).

Findings of the study categorized non-verbal communication into 8 (Hassan, 2007). Kinesics consists of boy language and gestures, such as a happy mood, negative body expressions, kind and friendly look, nodding to encourage, exhaustion, and raised fingers, which embarrassed. Proxemics refers to the space between the teacher and the students. The closer they were, the greater the students' understanding of the lecture. Students disliked distance. Vocalics covers the pitch, tone, rhythm and volume of the teacher's voice. Students…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Math Got to Do With

Words: 1598 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 98559294

This has had the unintended consequence of increasing the dropout rate, as students who fail to perform and to be promoted leave the schools altogether. Many good, creative teachers also drop out, frustrated with the stringent controls placed upon their teaching style.

ELL (English Language Learner) students are at a particular disadvantage for taking standardized tests, given the frequently arcane wording of the exams. The tests are often poorly written, and students are made to feel as if their worth as a human being and their whole future rests upon doing well on these very arbitrarily designed tests. Teachers perhaps understandably impose such performance anxiety upon their pupils, and the relationship between student and teacher is damaged, as teachers focus more on test-taking strategies than creativity or teaching new material. Also, teachers spend more time grading papers and administrating tests than getting to know their students, communicating, encouraging reasoning and…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Religion Shaped AMERICAN& 8230 How Religion

Words: 2067 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 68756801

Revisionist historian often seek to find non-Christian association among the lives of the founding fathers, such as the Freemasons, and Humanism, yet it is clear that these organizations were not dominant to religion and that a strong Protestant ethic still reigned supreme, especially in the language of the foundational documents of the nation.


Fundamentalism has in fact created a more recent expression in modern America as churches attempt to "go back to the word" and support the idea that the scripture of the church is divine and unfailing. Though interpretations are varied in this group in general they espouse and return to "family values" via some "golden era" ideals regarding the past.

At its base, fundamentalism was compatible with the religiosity of the people, for both assumed the reality of supernatural power and the prevalence of supernatural forces at work in the world. By stressing such theological notions as…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Career and Educational Goals Postbaccalaureate

Words: 836 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22656230

This writer has past volunteer work experience at senior centers, convalescent homes and assisted living centers has provided this writers with experiential knowledge gained through providing entertainment and interaction with older individuals in these facilities and this served to invoke a special empathy for these individuals coping with such challenging circumstances with which this writer has never had to cope.


Just as the world's reality has entered through the door of volunteerism on the part of this writer, it is the desire of this writer to experience the opening of eyes to the realities of the law profession and the mundane and routine responsibilities that must be dealt with effectively by lawyers and which are far removed from the lives of glamour that is portrayed as belong to those in the law profession. It is the belief of the writer of this work that first-hand experience acquisition…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Personal Statement as My Family

Words: 1295 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 77152506

My work as a research assistant in a cognitive psychology lab added to my theoretical knowledge by giving me practical experience in encoding and analyzing data. This experience provided me with the opportunity to use analytical tests and interpret statistical data. Bookkeeping of participants' demographic information also further developed my organizational skills. Having been a research assistant, I have gained a reasonable understanding of research design and the statistics needed to conduct research. For my senior major project, I wrote a research paper on an empirical study that investigated the role of change detection in studies of visual attention in the field of cognitive psychology. This paper was awarded the Sharon Borine award for the best major project in Psychology because of its successful presentation of research and adherence to American Psychology Association guidelines. I strongly believe my research experience will help me attain success in conducting graduate research as…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Peru Is the Fifth Most

Words: 2640 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 16323038

In addition Peru is second largest producer of zinc, third in copper and tin, fourth in lead, and sixth in gold ("Peru"). Additionally Peru's export revenue is dominated by mineral exports at nearly 63% in 2008("Peru").

According to an article found in the Wall Street Journal, Low metal prices will have a negative impact on Peru's economy well into 2009. The article explains that the Lima Stock Exchange which is dominated by mining shed 60% in 2008. This is the most significant percentage loss in the region. The decrease in stock price coincided with the problems occurring in the global economy.

The article also explains that recovery will be slow because of the condition of economic growth world-wide. According to Gustavo Urrutia, chief of research at Peruvian brokerage Centura SAB, "In terms of metals prices, I don't think the outlook will change much (Josephs, 2009)." However, the exchange's president asserts…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Violent Computer Game Violence and

Words: 651 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 13272289

Quite to the point, television, film, pop music and video games share in common a proclivity to promote that which yields prosperity. Thus, there is little regard from the computer gaming industry for indications that "a meta-analytic review of the video-game research literature reveals that violent video games increase aggressive behavior in children and young adults." (Anderson & Bushman, 353)

In spite of this, revenue for video game produces revolves on role-playing titles such as World of Warcraft, which promotes fantasy world combat, simulation games such as Grand Theft Auto, which glorifies violence and antisocial behavior, Halo, the simulated first-person shooter game, and Madden Football, which portrays in detail the often brutal sport of football.

Connecting absorption of such media with the commitment of violent crimes remains a challenge however. Famously, the two minors responsible for the massacre at the Columbine High School in 1999 were noted for playing such…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Operational Definitions of Each of

Words: 2354 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46983839

Second, the researcher's intense exposure to study of a case can bias the findings (the case study as a research method); at the least, there are significant opportunities for subjectivity in the implementation, presentation, and evaluation of case study research (Case studies). This high degree of subjectivity opens the door for ethical issues, particularly if the study is being sponsored by a special interest. Third, case studies involve too much investment of time and money to be appropriate for large-scale research projects (Case studies).

Beyea and Nicoll (1997) discuss the many factors that researchers need to consider when selecting a sample for a research project. A researcher must first determine the population of interest (every person, event, or object that meets specific characteristics). If the population of interest has too many members to study, the researcher then needs to formulate a sampling strategy to obtain a subset of the population…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Nursing Community Assessment of ZIP

Words: 1626 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 51539565

There is an ever growing demand for nurses in the Henderson area- an area that is already in short supply. The problems that Henderson is facing are very cyclical in nature. A lack of educational attainment in the area leads to a lack of trained professionals, like nurses. And yet with the high amount of drug usage that is going on in the area this is the one profession that is in great demand.

In order for this problem to be addressed there needs to be a push for an increase in nursing education in the area. Henderson appears to have the educational facilities that are needed to train professionals in the area, but seems to have a hard time getting people into the programs. There needs to be put into place some type of incentive program that will encourage residents in Henderson to go back to school and obtain…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Hypertension and the Family Definition

Words: 1461 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 3669833

M., 2009, p. 1474).


Although hypertension is one of the most prevalent of all disorders in the United States, it does not affect nor impact the family of a person with this disorder as much as other diseases, such as heart disease, stroke, Alzheimer's and other disorders associated with the central nervous system. Overall, hypertension does affect a person's family in one important way, being the build-up of stress within the family unit which then impacts the person with hypertension, making him/her more prone to a heart attack, a stroke or higher levels of blood pressure which can lead to an entire host of related life-threatening disorders.

For example, a family member with hypertension might be faced with a number of family-related problems which only increase the symptoms of the disorder, such as constant worry about a son's or daughter's conduct at school or their activities…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Business International Marketing -- the

Words: 663 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Dissertation Paper #: 85814692

It seems as if the tourism in Malaysia is heaving influenced by many factors including disease, environmental problems and terrorism. The average hotel occupancy in Penang has fluctuated between 60% in 1998 and 53% in 2002. Because of this fluctuation hotels often find themselves with an over abundance of rooms. Many hotels have competed to offer discounts (as much as 30% of the original rack rate). One all inclusive hotel that was priced at more than $700 per room had to lower its rate by 70% because of low occupancy (Kasim, 2007).

In looking at the virtual reference shelf of the Library of Congress it was interesting to see that there were several resources that could be used to investigate the topic of international marketing and its relation to trade barriers. Once source that I found that could be used for research purposes, pertains to data related to international trade.…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Carl Friedrich Gauss This Is

Words: 598 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 84120603

He made three main contributions to the theory of numbers: congruence theory, studies on the separation of the circle into equal parts, and theory of quadratic forms.

Algebra and Analysis

Up to Gauss's time, no one had been able to prove that every algebraic equation has at least one root. Gauss offered three proofs. And he modified the definition of a prime number.

Astronomical Calculations

We discussed briefly his assistance to astronomers in relocating Ceres. His success in this effort spurred him to develop the mathematical methods he used further. In 1809 his Theoria motus corporum coelestium used the method of least squares to determine the orbits of celestial bodies from observational data. In arguing his method, Gauss invented the Gaussian law of error, or, as we know it today, the normal distribution.

Non-Euclidean Geometry

Mathematicians, for centuries, had been attempting to prove Euclid's postulate concerning parallels (the sum of…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Swine Flu H1N1 Represents One

Words: 420 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4815720

China, for example, reports fewer cases than Hong Kong, despite the massive population difference and the high amount of trade between the two. Moreover, China reports only one death from swine flu for its nearly 16,000 cases, which would give it a success rate in treatment better than all other countries in the world save for Germany. China's one reported death is equivalent to the number of reported deaths in the Solomon Islands, St. Kitts and the Cook Islands, among other tiny countries with few cases (, 2009).

It is difficult for citizens and authorities to truly understand the nature of the swine flu epidemic, due to the fact that each different jurisdiction reports its own numbers. This leads to different criteria for measuring and different underlying motivations for reporting. As a result, contentious data and missing data compromise our ability to understand the nature and depth of the swine…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Social Marketing Anti-Smoking Smoking -

Words: 3333 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 91612100

Half of them will ultimately die from their habit" (Smoking and teens fact sheet, 2009, ALA). Teens continue to smoke in record numbers -- particularly girls, who often report that they use smoking as a method of weight control (Smoking and women fact sheet, 2009, ALA). Demographic groups of teens that report the highest levels of weight consciousness also report the highest increases in rates of smoking: "Between 1992 and 1998, smoking prevalence increased significantly among white girls (from 31.2% to 41.0%) but only slightly among black girls (from 7.0% to 12.0%" (Smoking and teens fact sheet, 2009, ALA). Also, it is difficult for teens to quit when they see the behavior normalized at home in their parent's behavior.

Teen's brains are not fully developed, and they often have difficulty appreciating the consequences of their behavior -- they feel immortal, even if they might be highly intelligent (Inside the teenage…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Win-Win Peer Mentoring and Tutoring

Words: 1227 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 16017501

The literature review discussed risk factors for drop out extensively and presented studies that investigated risk factors for drop out. However, the research design did not clearly tie this research to the study examined by Dennison.

Students considered at-risk were chosen by the school and proper parental consent was obtained. It is not known how at risk students were chosen. Therefore, it cannot be determined it sample bias existed in the sample population. This lack of information regarding the study population makes it difficult to determine if any delimitations existed as well. Selection of Big Buddies was different from that of Little Buddies. Eligible students were required to be junior or seniors and members of the National Honor Society. This significantly limited the sample pool from which to obtain Big Buddies. However, it was felt that a certain level of maturity was needed to work with at risk children. Once…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Existential Analysis of a Man

Words: 1742 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 32877302

This is a journey that requires the utmost steadfastness and the ability of face the truth. In existentialist terms, the world and all experience is essentially absurd and the more one questions the meaning of existence, the more the irrationality and absurdity of existence is revealed. However, this reality must be faced with acceptance and equanimity.

In the case of the protagonist of this short story, he is embedded in ordinary, everyday existence and refuses to acknowledge the absurdity of existence. Ziegler, like most people, is comfortable to hide behind a wall of logic and scientific rationality; the life of non-authentic existence. However, this illusion is destroyed by the alchemist's pellet that that undermines the illusion that the world is rational or structured in an orderly way.

What the author of this story is attempting to say is that the reality of existence must be faced in the existential journey…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

History of Vaccines Including Who Discovered Them

Words: 1625 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 10975644

history of vaccines, including who discovered them and their usage through the present day. Vaccines are one of the ways humans have learned how to protect themselves from dreaded diseases. Vaccines essentially work by helping the body develop immunity to certain diseases. They often set up a mild reaction in the body, which guards against the development of specific diseases. Examples include the polio vaccine, and the rabies vaccine. The body creates antibodies that fight the disease, which allows the body to become immune to the disease.

Most people credit Edward Jenner, a rural English doctor, for developing or discovering the modern concept of vaccines. Two scientists note, "He experienced the proverbial 'Eureka'-like moment sometime during the 1770s, after hearing a Bristol milkmaid boast, 'I shall never have smallpox for I have had cowpox. I shall never have an ugly pockmarked face'" (Stern and Markel 612). However, research indicated that…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

African-Americans in the Field of

Words: 1542 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 87127098


Perceived and real institutional barriers, a lack of awareness and real availability of need-based aid thus have a clear effect upon many students' perceptions about the role of the medical profession. Medicine is a demanding but rewarding field, and it is necessary that students dare to dream about becoming doctors, to ensure that African-American health outcomes do not continue to fall short of those of other minority groups, and to ensure that community concerns are addressed by the profession as a whole. Role models can be made more available by increasing access of African-American youth to African-American physicians, through visits to schools like the young doctors. Social barriers can be overcome by increasing educational awareness about scholarships and programs to help minorities navigate the challenges of medical school. Specific, culturally aware education about the barriers and ways to overcome financial barriers to medical school is essential to change the…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Population Poverty and Inequality the

Words: 1206 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 25017977

There are biological considerations as well, and men' bodies often give out faster.

Birth rates and death rates are only loosely correlated. The drivers for each are different, so the numbers can at times have significant divergence. For example, Albania reports a death rate of 5.7 but a birthrate of 24.7. Both of these figures our outliers for the Eastern Europe group, giving Albania a very large spread compared with the other nations, and figures more akin to a developing nation.

There is a much stronger correlation between both birth rates and death rates and GNP. Nations with a low GNP tend to have higher figures for both birth and death rates. Those with a high GNP will tend to have lower birth and death rates. GNP contributes to death rates in a couple of ways. One is that wealthier nations tend to have better access to health care and…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Offshore IT Development to Include

Words: 623 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 55043515

Companies wishing to exercise discretion over consumer interactions may not be able to exercise quality control over the training of representatives servicing their valued customers, who are ill-prepared to deal with angry, confused, and technologically illiterate customers. The call center is the 'face' of the IT company and Microsoft in particular has lost customers because of its dependence upon call centers and unhelpful staff, in contrast to the people-friendly personalized 'real world' face of the Apple Store.

Employing individuals abroad to construct the IT application itself can be equally problematic, especially when creating an interface for users who are not well-versed in technology. The offshore IT personnel may not have a clear sense of the culture of the foreign company, and the base of knowledge of the designated users. As a result, the technical manuals may be poorly suited to the needs of the user.

The macro, socially beneficial aspects…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Substance Abuse Facility the Substance

Words: 734 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20182945

He has been called upon to train Child Protective Service personnel, Foster Grandparents, State Workforce Commission employees, and County Probation officers. Within the past 3 years, the coordinator has trained over 700 people.

They also assist service providers in the development of required policies and procedures and provide guidance to staff during the review of compliance with state and federal guidelines. Areas of training and support in pursuit of this goal include planning, developing, and providing training as part of staff development programs; assessing the effectiveness of methods such as classroom and on-the-job training, conferences and workshops; developing testing and evaluation procedures; arranging for ongoing technical training and personal development classes for staff members; monitoring, evaluating and recording the effectiveness of training activities and programs; assessing training needs through surveys, interviews with employees, interest groups, or consultation with managers and instructors; and training using a variety of instructional techniques such…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Internet Plagiarism One of the

Words: 2542 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 31208594

He offers what he believes is perhaps a more comprehensive method: collaborating (42). Clabaugh suggests assigning more than one student to a research assignment, and thereby creating a shared result of success, or, in the case of plagiarism, a shared responsibility and shared consequence (42). This is one suggestion, but it also deprives the student of individual success and credit. Also, Clabaugh's contention that electronic means of identifying plagiarism as being largely unsuccessful, would perhaps be disputed by the many universities and colleges and even professors who require students to submit their papers to those entities for electronic review before submitting the paper. The hope is that identifying plagiarism before the work is turned in to the professor would serve as a deterrent for that assignment, and for others if plagiarism is discovered.

Many colleges and universities also require that students submit writing samples, and those samples serve to demonstrate…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Temporarily Use of Empty Spaces in NYC

Words: 4440 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 84861847


New York City

Use of Temporary Space

(NYC Department of Parks & Recreation)

Images & Charts

Illy Push Button House

Store Front Library

Brooklyn Bridge Park


Images & Charts

According to the NYC Department of Parks & Recreation, Dutch traders established farming communities and villages east of Manhattan around 1652. One such village, Vlackebos, literally translated into the "wooded plain." This wooded plane area at the time consisted of virgin thick forests coupled with flat terrain so it eventually was called Flatbush. The area stayed in this overgrown natural state for nearly three centuries. "But, in the 1920s, the new Interborough Rapid Transit linked Flatbush to the rest of the city, sparking new developments that began welcoming successive generations of immigrants. As with the Dutch traders, these newcomers built homes and roads, only more quickly and densely. Riding through East Flatbush today, there are still trees that line…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Bicycles and Bicycle Safety on

Words: 2968 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 84383559

One should always think of safety first when deciding to ride a bicycle, especially in a heavily congested area such as New York City.

Many cyclists will explain that the main reason they do not wear protective bicycle gear is because it is uncomfortable. No one likes to be covered up a lot while they are riding down the street. They claim that it interferes with their ability to properly maneuver the bicycle and could cause them to wreck the bicycle. Other cyclists will explain that the reason they do not use the protective equipment when they ride a bike is because they cannot afford them. Some cyclists even claim that they do not have time to be bothered by putting on and taking off protective equipment. Life is a very fast and busy in New York City and most people do not have time to be bothered by protective…… [Read More]