Stress Management Essays (Examples)

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Teacher Stress

Words: 385 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 49265705

TQM help Education?" By Chula Vista, the author argues that effective management techniques are the most effective way to prevent stress in school for both teachers and pupils. Related to this idea the author suggests that Total Quality Management is a paradigm that can be used in the school environment to alleviate teacher stress, which according to Vista will result in a more effective educational environment.

These suppositions are supported in the literature view in both abstract and concrete manners. Vista begins by using research to state that stress can cause psychosomatic illnesses, and it is these illnesses that cause teachers to be absent from school, thereby decreasing productivity. Vista supports his thesis by reviewing research that supports the fact that emotional factors can affect a teacher's performance. For the most part the literature review is appropriate to the thesis. The article contributes to stress management literature by pointing out…… [Read More]

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Crew Resource Management

Words: 1194 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 7416924


Crew resource management

Evolving Concepts of CRM

CRM is a process, which aims at preventing aviation accidents and incidents by progressing crew performance through an advanced understanding of human factor concepts. It involves the understanding of how crewmembers attitudes and behaviors influence safety, using the crew as an asset of training, and creating opportunities for them to evaluate their behavior and make decisions on various ways to improve controller teamwork. Notably, crews operate efficiently as teams and cope effectively with unexpected situations than crews lacking CRM training (OAC, 2007). There has been substantial evidence over the last decade supporting that CRM training has the capacity and does change attitudes and behavior among flight crews, and the changes increase the level of safety in their air operations.

The growing number of accidents owing to human failures and pilot errors in 1979, led to the introduction of the concept of Crew…… [Read More]

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Occupational Stress in a Public

Words: 5453 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Article Review Paper #: 35693330

The stress alarm, therefore, can actually assist the employee to improve her performance and is necessary especially, if positive perceptions regarding the challenges of the work environment exist. The response to the stress under the Cognitive Activation Theory of Stress, provided that the exceptions held by the employee are positive, is healthy and necessary for survival and productivity. Eriksen H.R., Murison, R., Pensgaard, a.M., Ursin, H. (2005). Under this theory, emotional and physical health within the individual is sustained through a positive expectation for the outcomes, compliance with the expectations, or through resisting the stress altogether. Eriksen H.R., Murison, R., Pensgaard, a.M., Ursin, H. (2005). A summary chart outlining these different theories on stress and their potential effects on the organization follows.

A Comparison of Theories of Stress and How They Affect Organizational Operations


Basic Concept

Basic Reaction

Effect on the Organization

Fight or Flight

The stress produces physiological…… [Read More]

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Personal Skills Relating to Management Occupation

Words: 2833 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 14026778

Business Management

Skill Pre-assessment and Analysis Report

The key to successful management is a combination of a variety of skills relating more than just to "how well a person may know his job" but also to how skilled that person may be as a leader, administrator and how well they might get on with people, both around them, and working for them.

While a manager obviously needs to be able to fulfill the supervisory role in a competent manner, motivating his employees is vital in increasing the 'bottom line,' which is deemed as an acceptable measure of success in any management position.

One of my lasting impressions of what it takes to be a good manager comes from reading years ago about various management theories. According to management theorists there are generally two types of leaders that emerge, those that are product orientated, and those that are relationship motivated.

It…… [Read More]

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Coping With Stress Stress Has Become a

Words: 978 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92343037

Coping With Stress:

Stress has become a relatively common part of life since every individual is likely to experience it at certain times regardless of whether they are adults, teens, or children. Generally, stress can be described as a situation characterized by signs of emotional or physical reaction, particularly when responding to a situation when an individual feels threatened or is worried. While there are several common reactions to a stressful situation, stress can either be positive or negative. The positive or beneficial aspect of stress occurs when an individual develops the skills for coping and adapting to new situations in life. On the contrary, stress is negative if it's severe to the extent that it overwhelms the ability of a person to care for themselves and family. Therefore, it's important for an individual to develop healthy ways for coping and obtaining right care that lessens stressful feelings and symptoms…… [Read More]

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Teacher Stress

Words: 357 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 50910844

stress management course to prevent teacher distress by Saul Neves de Jesus and Joseph Conboy, questions teacher motivation, and states that the "abundance of teacher stress" seriously contributes to lack of motivation and teacher failure. The study examines specifically the idea of a "relational training stress management course" intended to reduce teacher stress. Among the topic covered included the ability of teachers to share their experiences with colleagues and identify specific stress factors whenever possible.

According to the article, teacher motivation is critical to student motivation. The literature view in the article supports the notion that teachers do present "lower levels of motivation and higher levels of stress" than those in other occupations. Also suggested is the idea that teacher motivation programs would benefit teacher's interest in educating as well as assist them in improving their own perceptions of self-competence and success.

The methodology and technique in this article proved…… [Read More]

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Project Management Is a Subject

Words: 2118 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 59953909

The author offers detailed information concerning what might be expected by the company as they endeavor to complete a contract. The author also explains the risks associated with certain contracts.

Performance assessment is another important issue that arises in the book. Kerzner asserts that the performance of workers should be assessed for several reasons. One of the primary reasons for assessment is to determine both the mistakes and the successes experienced by a team when working on a project. These experiences can be used to assist management teams in the future. Additionally assessment can be used to offer team members incentives. These incentives will provide the team members with the motivation needed to excel in the future. It is important that organization also establish for workers a system in which what is expected of them is evident. Some projects fail simply because people do not understand what is expected of…… [Read More]

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Tips for Reducing Stress for

Words: 1455 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 8146894

The child must quickly learn the consequences of their behavior so that they can follow good behavior habits in preschool.

Several tips for establishing these preschool years both as a time to establish a relationship with the child that creates respect and discipline are as follows:

Reading to the child must be a regular exercise between the parents and the child, and should happen minimally once a day, preferably twice a day with age appropriate books, and books that encourage the child's participation and interest

Television should not be allowed during the preschool years, because too much viewing has proven to over stimulate children and contribute to bad behavior and study patterns. Television, at this age, should be used as a family time, and a privilege, which if the child behaves badly can be withheld.

A family friend who has two children has always used television this way. It is…… [Read More]

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Business Management Motivation and Communication

Words: 2084 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 87602218


On the subject of personal development, which company E. should encourage, McGill and Beaty (2001, pp. 85-86) write that in addressing personal development issues, an employer could devise a forum for workers to bring their issues forward. The one rule would be that the issue "is of significance" to the employee; the issues that could be discussed in the personal development session include: "personal motivation towards work"; relationships between managers and colleagues; priorities for one's self and the staff overall; the work direction of the near future.

Beyond personal development, another important concept is management development, which Burgoyne and Reynolds describe (p. 21) which is less "theoretical" and more "practical" than management learning, though both would be important to company E. In setting the stage for a better business future. "Management development tends to develop personal knowledge, repertoires and skills (e.g., time management, stress management, assertiveness, team work, presentations,…… [Read More]

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Gender Considerations in Critical Incident Management

Words: 614 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 58638678

Gender and Critical Incident Management

In general, Critical incidents are those situations that have the potential to cause injury or loss of life, property damage, and can threaten the organization's standing, public image, or ability to perform its duties. Critical Incident Stress Management (CISM), is an intervention protocol that is developed for dealing with traumatic events, especial for use with military combat personnel who are typically first responders to stressful and serious situations. Of course, within any military action or organization, there will be situations that are often violent, chaotic, and unpredictable. From a command and control perspective, though, there are four major attributes that any critical incident response plan should have:

Anticipate and outline the means of detecting the emergency, collecting preliminary intelligence, assessing the seriousness of the situation (attack, systems affected, damage, protection, etc.).

Planning must include a means to easily contact all relevant employees and outside resources.…… [Read More]

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Positive and Negative Stress in the Workplace

Words: 9457 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38630500

1. Introduction
The modern 21st century has posed new challenges for the organizations to survive and grow (Smith et al. 2010). As they are operated and managed by human beings, the challenges are ultimately faced by the individuals who are responsible for making decisions and implementing them (Nieuwenhuizen, Weiss and Rossouw, 2009). As challenges are multifaceted, and human lives are divided into various aspects, it is difficult to excel in every field. The gap between desired and actual state of mind leads to stress and has a high impact on employee performance and productivity.
The concept of supervision is not new in business settings. It may be rooted right in the main essence of organizational structure from where delegation of authority and chain of command were introduced. In lieu of human psychology to stay conscious when being observed and monitored, it is more likely that they are not in normal…… [Read More]

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Coping With Stress This Work

Words: 1127 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 22668097

(Stress Management Health Center, 2008)

Also stated as methods used for relaxation are: (1) physical activity; (2) doing something one enjoys and (3) body-centered relaxation. (Stress Management Health Center, 2008) Body-centered relaxation may include breathing exercise, progressive muscle relaxation, massage, aromatherapy and Yoga. Also stated to be effective is 'Magnetic Field Therapy' although there is some disagreement about the use of this type of therapy for stress-relief.


Primary among stress-related coping skills is that of knowing how to avoid potentially stress-producing situations and knowing how to reduce the negative reactions one experiences due to stress. Time management skills are 'key' toward stress avoidance and reduction. For instance, one can save time through task delegations and by setting aside personal time for themselves. Prioritization of tasks according to their importance and management of commitments are also 'key' components of effective stress management. Lifestyle choices also affect ones' ability…… [Read More]

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Job Stress Levels and Its Effect on

Words: 1591 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 26024092

Job Stress Levels and its Effect on Production

Mitsuka Technologies Inc.

Mitsuka Technologies Inc. is involved in the manufacture of auto parts and components for one of the major automobile manufacturers in the world. As part of a quality and efficiency audit, a team has been assembled to assess the areas that need improvement to increase production, and ultimately profitability. Job stress is a concern for all levels of an organization, individual, group team, and the organization as a whole. This study will assess the level, sources of job stress and the effects that it has on Mitsuka Technologies Inc. In terms of quality, efficiency and productivity.

Studies have shown that stress effects an organization in many very real and measurable ways and that identifying the sources of stress and developing a plan to eliminate or reduce these stressors can have an impact on productivity and profitability. On an individual…… [Read More]

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HRM Outline Human Resource Management

Words: 9449 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 89370006

, 2010). The model includes several mediator (e.g., knowledge exchange) and moderator variables (e.g., self-leadership competencies of actors) that explain why and when this approach is effective and looks at leadership in more of a comprehensive way than focusing on one individual. Such perspectives have suggested that when employees become involved in the decision making processes then this can strengthen leadership.

Transactional Leadership

Transactional leadership is the leadership model that represents what most people view as the concept of management. Transactional leadership is defined by an exchange relationship between the managers and the employees that are all motivated by their own self-interests and meeting the expectations that are associated with their job description. Transactional leadership consists of monitoring, controlling, and motivating employees through economic incentives and other types of exchange incentives (Bass, 1985). Most of the motivation in this model stems from financial exchanges such as by either salaries, performance…… [Read More]

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Attitude & Stress the Job

Words: 1455 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 28126841

There are three types of commitment: Affective (the employees identify themselves with organizational goals and stay within an organization because they want to); Continuance commitment - employees stay because they have to stay, they cannot afford to leave; Normative - employees stay because they feel obligated to do so; they ought to stay. However, the types of commitment I will foster in an organization with touristic profile would be normative commitment and affective commitment, implicitly. I believe that is a good combination to avoid absenteeism and turnover. Normative commitment can be enforced in several ways in such companies. One could be the training of employees - investing resources in training employees makes them feel they have an obligation to put forth effort on the job and remain inside the organization. For travel agents there are many possibilities for ensuring training - they can be trained in sales, in assertive communication…… [Read More]

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Treat Severe College Stress Year Students Introduction

Words: 1407 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49983730

treat severe college stress year students. introduction background paragraph 3 body paragraphs conclusion academic references

Stress has recently emerged as one of the most dangerous disorders that people can contract as a result of coming across a series of more or less serious problems. Entering a new community is probable to provide an individual with significant issues, as the respective person would have to perform great efforts in order to be able to successfully integrate. This is the case with first-year students, as they encounter several problems trying to adapt to a more demanding environment. These people experience academic, social, and personal impediments as they struggle to be accepted by a world that they are largely unfamiliar with.

Leaving an environment that they have been accustomed to staying in for most of their lives can be particularly stressful for first-year students, as they practically need to abandon their previous lives…… [Read More]

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Construction Project Management the Focus

Words: 2119 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 37533990

(in its turn, the financial environment must be understood with reference to the wider economic situation.) Cost control is the activity which compares cost performance against the cost plan, adjusting one or the other dynamically by reference to the changing circumstances in the project's financial environment. (Hughes, 1991, p.1)

2. Time Control -. Timing is influenced by many environmental factors, but the client's attitude to the timing of the project is an issue of policy. Therefore, when considering time, the policy of the client needs to be unambiguous. (Hughes, 1991, p.1)

3. Functional Control - the physical environment dictates the technology which is available. Technology includes the physical resources being utilized in the provisions of the built facility. This also ties in the ecological issues about the effect that the construction project has upon the physical environment. In terms of a control system, it is functional control which forms the…… [Read More]

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Palmer and Milner's Integrative Stress Counseling A

Words: 1410 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Book Report Paper #: 73580589

Palmer and Milner's Integrative Stress Counseling: A Humanistic Problem-Focused Approach is a book in a series on counseling that focuses on the integrative counseling technique. This technique seeks to employ many principles of stress counseling that seeks to help clients focus directly on solving the problems that are the cause of their stress. The approach also explores underlying thinking styles that have contributed to the stress and seeks to develop changes in the thinking patterns.

Earlier models of stress and coping are examined in an effort to illuminate their inadequacies and highlight the need for a more integrative approach. Examining these techniques gives rise to the integrative approach that is considered transactional in nature and depends upon an individual's coping resources. The integrative approach differs from an eclectic approach because it has a theoretical model as its basis.

Not all clients and counselors are perfect candidates for integrative counseling. A…… [Read More]

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Motivation Stress and Communication Job

Words: 1834 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36584417

Embracing the limits of my control will enable me to deal with stress appropriately.

Nonverbal and Cultural Barriers to Communication

It is only when the intended receiver of a message understands the information contained within the message that communication can be regarded effective. The world is today regarded a global village. This effectively means that intercultural communication will continue being even more common going forward. In so many ways, effective communication will enable me to successfully execute the mandate of my new position. Given the multicultural nature of our institution, there exists a significant need for me to explore ways of overcoming cultural barriers to communication. In seeking to overcome the said barriers, I will amongst other things ensure that I understand the receiver's perspective. This will help minimize instances of wrong interpretation. I will also ensure that the message is delivered in a format that can be understood by…… [Read More]

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Crisis Management Bomb Threat the Most Important

Words: 941 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19266422

Crisis Management

Bomb Threat

The most important step in the crisis management is gathering situational information. Decisions and responses should be based on the information at hand, evaluated on a situation-by-situation basis. If the bomb threat occurs in a school, it must be taken seriously. However, "many school bomb threats have been made by students seeking to disrupt the school day and to get out of school," (National School Safety and Security Services," 2013). Therefore, evacuations are not necessarily warranted or desirable.

An immediate visual search of the area is warranted, to determine whether or not the threat is to be taken seriously. Ideally, personnel familiar with the building will perform a visual scan because they will know if suspicious objects are seen. If a suspicious object has been detected, then an evacuation will be advisable. Effective crisis management demands a smooth evacuation procedure, with pre-designed protocols that all employees…… [Read More]

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Unresolved Stress Corrections Unmitigated and Unresolved

Words: 6020 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 72863211

Our findings show that social and psychological aspects of work situations are indeed significant risk factors for coronary heart disease, but not in the manner that might initially be supposed. While the psychological demands of work, along with time pressures and conflicts, are found to be significant sources of risk in many of our studies, work that is demanding (within limits) is not the major source of risk. The primary work-related risk factor appears to be lack of control over how one meets the job's demands and how one uses one's skills. In many cases, elevation of risk with a demanding job appears only when these demands occur in interaction with low control on the job. Other research has shown that regular physical exertion has positive effects on cardiovascular health in many situations (although physical hazards can of course pose major health threats beyond our stress perspective). Thus, in our…… [Read More]

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Effects of Stress on Kidneys and Resistance Phone of Gas

Words: 1227 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89780924

stress on Kidneys and Resistance phone of GAS

Effects of stress on Kidneys and Resistance phase of GAS


Stress is an emotional or physical strain normally caused as a result to the tension or pressure from the outside world. Some of the most prominent reactions to stress include tension, agitation, increased heart beat and lack of concentration. Although, it is inevitable to lead a life without stress still there are ways in which this situation can be controlled. (Health Information Publications 2002-11). This research essay aims to delineate the affects of stress on the renal system. It seeks to explain the physiological activities of the kidney under normal homeostatic conditions, and what may occur in the kidneys when the body is experiencing the resistance phase of the general adaptive syndrome


A human brain works in mysterious ways. It can regulate functions throughout the body, without…… [Read More]

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Workplace Stress All Stressed Out

Words: 3269 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 71043596

g., interrupted when speaking)

Someone interfered with your work activities (Kowalski, Harmon, Yorks & Kowalski, 2003, p. 39)

One can see from this list that there is a significant development of aggression, in relatively mild forms that probably occurs across the board, to some degree in every business environment. Workplace aggression, between low level employees as well as between supervisors and employees is clearly a significant cause of workplace stress as well as a symptom of stress frequently on the part of the aggressor. Those causes and forms of aggression covered in the list above, consist of many interpersonal stressors, a significant form of work place stress, especially depending upon the level of each employee.

There are however other forms of workplace stress that can be associated work issues, such as stress created by increased work hours, quotas, looming deadlines, technological interaction stress (Rue & Byars, 2006, p. 351-352), a…… [Read More]

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Posttraumatic Stress Disorder PTSD Has

Words: 9747 Length: 35 Pages Document Type: Capstone Project Paper #: 85462278

, 2010). This point is also made by Yehuda, Flory, Pratchett, Buxbaum, Ising and Holsboer (2010), who report that early life stress can also increase the risk of developing PTSD and there may even be a genetic component involved that predisposes some people to developing PTSD.

Studies of Vietnam combat veterans have shown that the type of exposure variables that were encountered (i.e., severe personal injury, perceived life threat, longer duration, intensity, complexity and exposure to the suffering of others), can adversely affect the symptomological course of the condition, meaning that the type of trauma that is experienced is also a risk factor in the development of PTSD (Cockram et al., 2010). Studies have also shown, though, that post-trauma factors such as stress management skills and social support systems can help to mitigate the development of PTSD as well as help facilitate recovery from the condition (Cockram et al., 2010).…… [Read More]

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Confronting Childhood Stress Identification and

Words: 3046 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 29999651

And according to studies conducted within the last
decade, that vulnerability exists on an extremely elastic scale. Such is
to say that the bodily and emotional responses to stress which are most
commonly manifested as an accelerated heart-rate, heightened blood
pressure, logical disorientation and shortness of breath may at first be
the practical reactions which are levied against stressful situations. As
we consider stress in children, this helps to point us toward a strategy
not of removing stress, which as a general rule of life is essentially
unfeasible, but of achieving more effective and proven methods of stress
management. Coping mechanisms for young sufferers of stress can also be
used to help children better understand the nature and implications of
It does bear noting that in and of itself, stress does not possess a
negative connotation. As point of fact, stress is an important inducer of
the survival instincts…… [Read More]

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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy CBT Techniques for Combat Veterans With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder PTSD

Words: 5327 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 85865281

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Combat Veterans With Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Although not limited to veterans, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) may be the single most significant mental health risk to veterans, particularly to those veterans that have seen combat. PTSD is an anxiety disorder, which occurs after a person has seen or experienced a traumatic event including, but not limited to: assault, domestic abuse, prison stay, rape, terrorism, war, or natural disaster (Vorvick et al., 2011). In fact, PTSD is unique among psychiatric diagnosis in that it "requires a specific type of event to occur from which the person affected does not recover" (Resick et al., 2008). Veterans are at high risk of PTSD because they experience war, but they also experience many of the other traumatic events that can trigger PTSD in the course of the war. PTSD can have serious lifelong effects for veterans. It can impair…… [Read More]

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Teacher Stress and Burnout Have

Words: 2701 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 11576379

In turn, teachers and their leaders should take steps to increase the responsibility for managing their schools and assessing the performance of their peers. (1990)

The work of Charles Kowalski entitled: "Caring for Teachers in Uncaring Schools" (2002) states that stress in teachers "can be more insidious than in other professions by its "fuzzy" nature: it arises from a vague system of rules and returns; it is often self-inflicted; and unlike in the business or medical professions, the debilitating effects are not often counterbalanced by moments of exhilaration and satisfaction." Kowalski notes that stress is more likely to affect "younger, less experienced teachers over older, more experienced ones; those of lower academic rank over higher; single teachers over married; and women over men, although men are at greater risk of self-destructive reactions to stress." (2002)

Causes of teacher stress may be various factors and may be "both external and internal."…… [Read More]

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Police Stress Preventing Police Officer

Words: 2066 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 14861774

The focus of every police administrator should be to prevent officers from experiencing overwhelming stress with which they do not have the means to cope.

Discussion and Conclusion

Finding ways to help managers and administrators to help officers cope with the daily chronic stress of their jobs should be a key priority. Although the statistics disagree as to the severity of these problems as compared to the general population, they still pose a significant problem for the officers and the departments for which they work. Officers need to be at their peak performance every day that they are on the job. Departments need to focus on providing the opportunity for optimum performance for every officer on the force. In order to do this they need to develop strategies for helping officers to effectively cope with the daily stresses that they face.

Administrators and manager often cannot do anything to reduce…… [Read More]

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Psychology How Stress Affects the

Words: 933 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3101532

This occurs when people experience feelings of terror and helplessness during a trauma and then has recurrent flashbacks, nightmares, impaired concentration and emotional numbing afterwards. Some victims of this disorder turn to alcohol or other drugs which do nothing accept compound the problem. It is thought that approximately 10% of Americans have had or will have this disorder at some point in their lifetime (Carpenter and Huffman, 2008).

Since it seems evident that we can't escape stress, we need to learn how to effectively cope with it. There is not one single thing that must be done but a process that allows us to deal with various stressors. A person's level of stress depends on both their interpretation of and their reaction to stressors. Elimination of drug use and no more than moderate alcohol use are important in the successful management of stress. It is known that people, when stressed,…… [Read More]

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Coping With Stress Is Something That People

Words: 962 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 13522593

Coping With Stress

Stress is something that people deal with on a daily basis. For me, trying to manage all of the different aspects of my life is what stresses me out the most. I constantly feel like I am juggling too much at once and that I will never be able to accomplish everything I need to do. Alix Kirsta, author of The Book of Stress Survival, states that "stress is the state of arousal with which the body responds to such demands" (Kirsta, 1986, 19). My body responds to these demands by wanting to shut down and tune everything and everybody out. However, I know this is not the correct way to deal with my stress because shutting down will cause me to accomplish nothing at all.

Kirsta believes that people will never live without stress, since there will always be challenges to face. However, there are certain…… [Read More]

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Ergonomics - Stress in Today's

Words: 621 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 99527936

Positive stress, on the other hand, relates to the underutilization of an employee's talents. Such an employee may for example feel underutilized and underappreciated. The employee may also feel that his or her rewards do not match the talents and abilities brought to the workplace. This results in a lack of control and power in determining one's own responsibilities (Chapman). A lack of adequate communication in the workplace lead to further feelings of stress in this regard.

Both positive and negative stress therefore relate to an employee's lack of control over his or her workplace demands. It is therefore this lack of control that should be the focus of investigation into stress indicators. The root of the matter needs to be eradicated before effective changes can be implemented.

It should also be kept in mind that some stress in the workplace is not always negative. Indeed, a certain measure of…… [Read More]

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Self-Care on Stress This Case

Words: 1251 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 23770300

Third stated by Scott is: "People who neglect their own needs and forget to nurture themselves are at danger of deeper levels of unhappiness, low self-esteem and feelings of resentment." (Scott, 2008) the risk of taking care of others and forgetting about ones' own needs is the risk of burnout "which makes it more difficult to care for others or themselves." (Scott, 2008) the work of Elaine Martin (2005) entitled: "Dorothea E. Orem's Theory" that the conceptual framework of self-care was presented by Dorothea Orem in 1959." Martin states that the theory of self-care "is the practice activities that individuals initiate and perform on their own behalf in maintaining life, health and well-being." (2008) the explicit assumptions of Orem's theory include:

1) Nursing is a deliberate, purposeful helping service performed by nurses for the sake others over a period of time, 2) Persons (human agency) are capable and willing to…… [Read More]

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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder on War

Words: 970 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 6765310


Post=traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a serious psychiatric disorder caused by extreme stress under dangerous or potentially dangerous situations. People with PTSD may have been raped, or abused, sexually or otherwise in childhood, have witnessed or experienced some disaster, such as earthquake, fire or flood, or it may be acquired from wartime experiences. Although PTSD was first entered into the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual in 1980 (Harbert, 2002), its effects on soldiers returning from war have been noted for many centuries before, often called "battle fatigue" or "shell shock." (Roswell, 2004)

Any traumatic event (wartime experience, a natural disaster, an accident, a life-threatening illness -- or an act of terrorism) can present a clear threat to the existing conceptual framework one relies on to understand the world. While the condition is a psychiatric one, often the person with PTSD responds with physical signs. They can include increased or irregular…… [Read More]

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Leadership and Management There Is

Words: 1973 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82130442

By providing 'Role clarity' formalization eliminates the confusion pertaining to 'who does what' in an organization. Formalization also results in 'specialization of tasks'. Formalization is a process by which organizations try to standardize employee behavior. Larger organizations are generally more formalized due to greater manageability.

The downside of formalizing is well-known. If an organization wants to implement formalization it would be met with resistance. Managing employee resistance will be a big problem for managers who attempt to standardize work procedures. Employees in a formalized organization strictly perform the duties allotted to them and not more which causes a serious effect on the productivity. The lack of initiative by workers and the consequent loss of productivity and increased operating costs imply a loss of competitive advantage. Also, the one sided bureaucracy witnessed in a formal organization may in some instances lead to opportunistic behaviors by leaders resulting in misuse of power.…… [Read More]

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Human Resource Management It a Case Study

Words: 3730 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 83397825

Human Resource Management. It a case study format Academic Essay. Use Harvard style reference list intext reference, Do include bibliography. Number reference: 20 Academic References Detail find upload file.

In today's challenging economic and business environment, managers are often faced with a dilemma regarding the human resource policy that is best applicable. In this particular case study, an important problem is brought forward: what is the optimum dimension of the workforce in an organization? There are several dimensions to this problem that will be discussed in this paper, including the challenges and consequences of having an adequately large workforce, motivational theories that apply to the employees etc.

The premise of the issues described in the case study is simple: in the present time, the economy no longer has a predictable trend. With stagnation and economic recession just passed, the economic and business environment has not truly returned to the levels…… [Read More]

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Police Officer's Stress Causes and Effects

Words: 1548 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 34713275


It is evident that job stress is a reality for police or law enforcement officers; therefore, developing educating program as well as, providing counseling to the police officers will definitely increase efficiency of the organization. Study shows that programs implemented for individuals or for the organizations usually help in reducing organizational stress. In most cases stress can be recognized, but it cannot be taken out of police work, and as a result, this can reduce stress among police officers and their families. In conclusion, more studies are needed to evaluate the efficacy of stress management interventions among recruits and police officers. In addition, several recommendations such as the police officers should ensure that they conduct evaluation research in regards to their current stress management interventions such as random assignment should be proposed for future research. The second recommendation is that, stress management interventions for police officers should mainly focus…… [Read More]

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How to Cope With Stress in a Healthy Way

Words: 720 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98453135

The stress symptom checklist helps to show how stress can manifest in different ways, including physical symptoms, psychological symptoms, and emotional symptoms. Although I did not check off a lot of symptoms, the symptoms I experience include physical, psychological, and emotional symptoms. I was surprised to learn that some symptoms of stress include feeling low self-esteem and also reduced productivity at work (“Stress Management,” 2017). There are only a few symptoms I experience every day or every other day. I occasionally have sleeping problems, and feel overwhelmed by my work. Some of the stress symptoms are obviously linked to what is going on in my life, such as too many pressures from work or school. There are no times of the day I am more likely to experience stress, with the exception of not being able to sleep at night and also feeling anxious in the morning about the things…… [Read More]

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Job Stress

Words: 6333 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 76804291

American today, works more that an American worker of even a generation ago. A 1999 Government report stated that workers worked 8% more hours than the previous generation. This translates to an average workweek of 47 hours. Twenty percent of workers today work more than 49 hours. The work place has been constantly changing -- the revolution from agronomies to industrialization having had its origins in the industrial revolution. Most of the industrialized regions of the world have attained better standards with significant improvements in quality of life as a result of the industrial revolution. In turn, however, the workplace became more formal and restrictive. Any personal skills of an individual worker were generally ignored. These abilities were not essential a worker's role in the "new" work environment.

Mass production was the next phase of change in the workplace. It made standardization the norm. Greater emphasis was placed on conforming…… [Read More]

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Military Employee Stress the Objective

Words: 18029 Length: 66 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 44323703

The subjects were 613 injured Army personnel Military Deployment Services TF Report 13 admitted to Walter Reed Army Medical Center from March 2003 to September 2004 who were capable of completing the screening battery. Soldiers were assessed at approximately one month after injury and were reassessed at four and seven months either by telephone interview or upon return to the hospital for outpatient treatment. Two hundred and forty-three soldiers completed all three assessments. Posttraumatic stress disorder was assessed with the PTSD Checklist; depression was assessed with the Patient Health Questionnaire. Combat exposure, deployment length, and severity of physical problems were also assessed." (Johnson, et al., 2007)


A. KARL MARX (1818-1883)

Karl Marx was born into a Jewish family that had converted to Christianity and is held to be the "world's greatest theorist of capitalism and materialism." (Lukas, nd) Marx earned his Ph.D. In law and philosophy.…… [Read More]

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Contemporary Issues of Management

Words: 998 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72731011

close correlation between the concepts and applications of job rotation, job enlargement, and job enrichment. Job rotation is a managerial strategy in which employees rotate performing specific tasks or jobs within an organization at fairly regular periods of time. The point of this strategy is to make employees well rounded, and to see who has the greatest propensity of performing certain types of work. This strategy is distinct from job enlargement in that the latter involves increasing the quantity of tasks or assignments that employees have. That increase may occur at regular intervals, or it may not. The chief difference is that the employee is still responsible for completing his original tasks as well as the additional ones. This is appropriate in situations in which organizations might be understaffed. The main distinction between job enrichment and job enlargement is the quality of the additional tasks included in an employee's list…… [Read More]

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Analyzing Development Self Awareness of Stress Prone and Stress Resistant Personalities

Words: 1013 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 15337229

Self-Awareness of Stress-Prone and Stress-Resistant Personalities

What can be learned from the Tibetan culture about the mind and stress?

The age-old culture of Tibet fostered a powerful and deep integration of practical and spiritual understanding, valuing both facets of humanity's nature, together with their capacity for facilitating healing and good health. Further, Tibetans employed other spiritual customs (which may not be regarded as forms of "meditation"), but could benefit development and promotion of well-being and health, as well as cure illness. Construction of stupas, establishment of huge prayer wheels, hoisting of prayer flags, and pilgrimages are some fine examples of traditions that cure the mind, body and spirit. Even herbal medicine in Tibetan culture combines physical and spiritual healing. Healers constantly chant prayers or mantras while collecting ingredients, preparing medicines, and working on the sick (DharmaHaven, 2003).

What do the views espoused by theorists have in common? Explain your perspective.…… [Read More]

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Psychological Stress Can Result From

Words: 897 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 79766285

For that reason, employers routinely provide stress-management programs for their employees (Archer, 2005; Probst, 2005; Richardson & Rothstein, 2008) and some hospitals have begun implementing stress-relieving programs and services because patient stress has been demonstrated empirically to inhibit recovery and suppress the immune system (Archer, 2005).

Strategies for Reducing Stress

There are many different strategies for reducing stress, depending on the type of stress involved and the source of its origin (Probst, 2010). In general, some kinds of stress can be reduced by making changes that address their source; meanwhile, other kinds of stress cannot necessarily be reduced at their source but their negative effects on the individual can be reduced through the use of coping strategies (Probst, 2005; Richardson & Rothstein, 2008). For example, certain kinds of self-induced stress (such as fear of failure, social anxiety, and performance anxiety) can be addressed by cognitive psychological therapy. Other kinds of…… [Read More]

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Role Stress in Working Mothers

Words: 2421 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 24497259

When the working mother effectively manages her job's demands and occupational stressors, instead of inevitably experiencing distress, she can experience growth and positive change as she faces and addresses challenges.

In the midst of concerns relating to distress, the working mother would do good to remember that removing all stressors from work is frequently not feasible nor may it always be desirable. When one recognizes that the potential for positive outcomes of the stress process exists, the potential to identify ways to manage of work-related demands and experience satisfaction, contentment and better performance in the workplace and at home increases. Recognizing, acquiring, and implementing the tools necessary to more effectively manage workplace demands that may translate into stressors, however, requires education and effort.

In the following table, Straub (2006) compares a number of common hassles working mothers may experience to numerous common uplifts they may cultivate or nurture to help…… [Read More]

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heart disease and'stress

Words: 2060 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28252010

The impact of stress on physical health has been fairly well documented, with emerging research detailing possible pathways or mechanisms of action. Such research has a tremendous impact on disease prevention strategies and best practices in healthcare. One of the areas revealing the strongest connection between stress and physical health is cardiology, with a strong correlation between environmental, psychological, and psychosocial stress and the etiology or exacerbation of heart disease. The following five articles provide an overview of recent research into the link between stress and cardiovascular disease.
Cohen, B.E., Edmondson, D. & Kronish, I.M. (2015). State of the art review. American Journal of Hypertension 28(11): 1295-1302.
Stress contributes to the etiology of cardiovascular disease, even in patients who had previously shown no other risk factors. Chronic stress—whether exposure to daily life stressors over time or the chronic stress associated with posttraumatic stress disorder—may be particularly damaging to heart health.…… [Read More]

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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Treatment

Words: 3310 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 69891712

g., when there are deaths of several soldiers or emergency workers of a unit). Combat is a stressor that is associated with a relatively high risk of PTSD, and those interventions that can potentially diminish this risk are very important. But what is not clear in the above is how much the debriefing provided is more a form of stress management for the ?critical incidents? that are very much part of warfare, as opposed to interventions for those psycho- logically traumatized and at risk of PTSD. People in the military are exposed to stressors other than combat, and these may be traumatic (Atwater, 2009). Reports of soldiers who were involved in body recovery in the Gulf War provide important insights. This is a high-stress situation, linked to vulnerability to posttraumatic morbidity.

Asnis, et al. (2004) reported that soldiers of one group who had been debriefed were compared with another, which,…… [Read More]

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Emotional Management and Personality as

Words: 3825 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 32536421

The first point addressed by Clark's review determines that a fundamental change in medical perspective had begun to transpire with the assumption of varying clinical research investigations on the subject.

This would contribute to what Clark identifies as a major shift in the way that physicians had begun to perceive and treat terminal illness. As opposed to a cut and dry preparation of the patient for the certainty of death, Clark points to a juncture in the mid to late 20th century at which medical professionals had begun to adopt "an active rather than a passive approach to the care of dying people was promoted in which the fatalistic resignation of the doctor ('there is nothing more we can do') was supplanted by a determination to find new and imaginative ways to continue caring up to the end of life." (Clark, 2002) In addition to serving as a fundamental motivation…… [Read More]

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Police Stress Christianity-Based Stress Therapy

Words: 1222 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 18573592

However, another frequently unseen instigator in negative behavioral tendencies amongst officers is the incapacity to properly assimilate the stresses of the occupation. Indeed, a 2004 study, published by the Canadian Police College, outlines the conditions which tend most to provoke police extortion, embezzlement or other such malfeasant behaviors. Amongst its findings, the account asserts that, of those surveyed in its sample population, "officers who experienced frequent operational stress were more accepting of financial corruption." (Sunahara, 2) for some, the study elaborates, the heavy burden of anxiety, fear, discontent or nihilism which can be the reality of police work may inspire the rationalization of this misappropriation.

The compensatory dissociation from the realities of law, order and ethical responsibility can, in such cases, be the cause of gross deviation from policy and procedure. Both within the insular social structure of a police department and in the employ of a responsibility which is…… [Read More]

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Posttraumatic Stress Disorder PTSD in

Words: 1656 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 25815771

This study drew the researcher inside with its warmth and obvious care for children. One weakness, the researcher notes, however, is the implementation of a specific example of implementing related literary techniques.

Application to the School Setting

The implementation of specific literacy strategies appropriate to aid children of abuse, as Haeseler (2006) recommends, the researcher contends, would prove to be a positive practice. The researcher would be concerned if this would add to the teacher's current stress and/or work load.


The article by Haeseler (2006) enhanced the researcher's appreciation of the value and versatility of literature. The researcher experienced second thoughts regarding the role of the teacher as a school psychologist, albeit, in addition to his/her current responsibilities. Perhaps, schools should consider contracting with professional writers to regularly implement this type therapeutic intervention for children with PTSD.


Comparing and Contrasting

The articles by Cook-Cottone (2004), Brown et al.…… [Read More]

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Proper Performance Management and Monitoring

Words: 687 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 40300287


The author has been asked to take one of the handful of human resources interventions that were discussed in the prior assignment and present them in a meaningful way like they would be if they were presented to a management team. As a quick review, the interventions proposed in the seventeenth assignment were the performance management model, talent and career intervention, work diversity dimension interventions and stress management diagnosis intervention. Of those four, the author would focus on the first and the last.

Performance management is something that should be an integral part of any human resources approach. Performance should get a formal review at least once a year and feedback of some nature should be ongoing so that it is known by the employees that they are being monitored and they will know what they are doing right and wrong. However, the challenge in doing this is measuring…… [Read More]

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Aviation Maintenance Resource Management Mrm and Its Impact on U S Commercial Aviation Safety

Words: 8329 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Capstone Project Paper #: 75270940

U.S. statistics indicate that 80% of aviation accidents are due to human errors with 50% due to maintenance human factor problems. Current human factor management programs have not succeeded to the degree desired. Many industries today use performance excellence frameworks such as the Baldrige National Quality Award framework to improve over-all organizational effectiveness, organizational culture and personal learning and growth. A survey administered to a sample population of senior aviation maintainers in 18 countries revealed a consistent problem with aviation human factors and the need for a more integrated framework to manage human factor problems in aviation maintenance.

Human Factors History

Current Human Factor programs in Aircraft Maintenance

Performance Excellence Framework

Researcher's Work Setting and Role

Statement of the Problem


Human Factor Errors in Aircraft Maintenance Statistics

Current Human Factor Programs in Aircraft Maintenance 13

Aviation Performance Excellence Framework 12

Statement of Research Question…… [Read More]

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Nursing Management Relating to Communication

Words: 5097 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 72414479


Assists staff to effectively supervise and delegate to other team members;

Models coaching and mentoring;

Effectively builds an cohesive nursing team; and Assists staff in managing conflict. (2003)

In relation to 'Caring for Self, Staff and Patients' the Nursing Leadership Institute Competency Model states the following key competencies and behaviors as being necessary:

Recognizes the importance of building a sense of community in the work environment;

Demonstrates supportive behaviors in working with staff;

Rewards and celebrates staff successes in a way that is meaningful to the staff member;

Works to build a 1:1 relationship with each staff member;

Takes time to learn about the families of staff;

Remains flexible and sensitive to staff scheduling needs;

Supports staff during difficult interpersonal times;

Values the opinions and diversity of staff;

Shows appreciation when staff work overtime or change their schedules;

Recognizes and supports family responsibilities and needs;

Demonstrates a commitment to…… [Read More]

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How to Handle Stress

Words: 1663 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 91276187

demands of contemporary society and the accelerated pace that contribute to stress in the home, office, or workplace. By sheer economic necessity, organizations and individuals must be ready at all times to glean as much productivity per worker per day as possible. The complexity of the modern workplace combined with the realities of life have consequences -- stress (U.S. Department of Labor, 2010). But thinking of stress as only an inhibiting or negative factor may not always be correct -- in fact, there are numerous positive results of stress that can increase attention to detail, ideation and creativity, and increased output (Linden, 2006).

Stress is clearly an adaptive response to stimuli -- external or internal. It is the body's reaction to events that can be distributing, discomfiting, or threatening. When humans perceive such an event, chemicals are released from the brain that can cause elevated heart rate, greater sensitivity to…… [Read More]

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Project Management Scope

Words: 902 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Business Plan Paper #: 21882746

Island Spa

Project Manager

Chuck Russell



Claudia, Yolanda, Hopeson and Jason

Statement of Work -- Project Description and Project Product

This section is typically a detailed amplification of the project SOW and mission from the Project Charter. This also includes how you intent to accomplish the project. "We intend to do this. . . And here are the steps we intend to use to accomplish the project."

This section is typically a detailed amplification of the SOW product description from the Project Charter. What will the product of the project look like or what should it be able to do when completed?

Island Spa will accommodate the growing demand for upscale services in stress management and will offer the personal care, grooming, and hygiene services to professionals living in the target area. Island Spa will offer standard spa services such as massages, facials, manicures, and pedicures, as well…… [Read More]

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Managing Stress Brought by Self defeating Behavior

Words: 3728 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78996655

One of the crucial elements towards the realization of organizational success and profitability is creating a suitable working environment for all employees to thrive as they carry out their respective responsibilities. In essence, employees' contributions towards the achievement of established business goals/objectives is largely influenced by the nature of the working environment and working conditions. However, employees' behaviors also play a crucial role in determining their productivity in the workplace. Self-defeating behaviors in the workplace contributes to stress, which in turn affects employees' input to work processes and the overall profitability of an organization. This paper examines the management of stress brought by self-defeating behaviors in the workplace. The evaluation includes recommendations of suitable solutions to this issue based on organizational theory concepts and the concepts of organizational behavior.

Background Information

The organization I work for has several divisions or department that are mandated with various responsibilities and tasks towards…… [Read More]

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Management Development Process Has Been

Words: 4207 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 23880192

Previously the element of interest and personal motivation were found missing, the technical capabilities of the employees have never been a matter of debate, however the personal and mental capacities and limitations are either ignored or not respected which resulted in the poor performance of the organization. Apparently, the rise in the demands pertaining to the particpation of the employees and the industrial democracy has also distorted the professional environment. Such all complains were lately resolved and answered through the unique approach of the organization, the organization has understood the significance of the employees, and had realized that their performance is not based upon their professional capabilities, but rather it is the function of the mental capability of the employee related to the friendly and conducive environment offered to the employees occasionally. The need of the employees that focus upon peaceful, conducive and liberal environment has been ensured, which required…… [Read More]

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Management of Sun Microsystems Sun

Words: 2768 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 86498351

Agile has transitioned from being a development tool to a means to compete and drive another team into conformance with a competing team's agenda. This is a prime example of how product development environments can turn into a dysfunctional control system. As senior management, above the project leaders, looks at a literally seventy to one hundred projects a month in reviews, all they have time to see are the critical path factors, Agile-based metrics and KPIs on accomplishment. The immediate reaction of senior management is that the coding for the main part of the application is going extremely well and the more complex, engineering-centric features that Sun is so well-known for is slowing down the process. What needs to happens is that a stronger leader needs to step in and place equal weight of project performance and quality of coding based on customer requirements, including adherence to the Marketing Requirements…… [Read More]

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Stress in the Workplace Scenario

Words: 2621 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 95352381

The first step in project management involves identifying the requirements. The second step is establishment of a clear and achievable objective. The third step is finding a balance for the competing demands for quality, scope, time and cost. Finally, the fourth step in project management is the adaptation of the specifications, plans and approach to the various concerns and expectations of the client. It is necessary that the manager understand the cultural, social, international, political and physical environmental concerns of a project as "virtually all projects are planned and implemented..." (a Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge, 2004) within these contexts. Required interpersonal skills of the manager in project management include those as follows:

Effective communication;

Influencing the organization;



Negotiations with conflict management; and Problem-solving. (a Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge, 2004)

The project management system is defined as the "set of tools,…… [Read More]

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Management and Decision Sciences From

Words: 25680 Length: 90 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 55501983

76). As automation increasingly assumes the more mundane and routine aspects of work of all types, Drucker was visionary in his assessment of how decisions would be made in the years to come. "In the future," said Drucker, "it was possible that all employment would be managerial in nature, and we would then have progressed from a society of labor to a society of management" (Witzel, p. 76). The first tasks of the manager, then, are to coordinate an organization's resources and provide a viable framework in which they can be used to produce goods and services effectively and efficiently. The second set of tasks concern guidance and control. In Drucker's view, this role is almost entirely proactive: "Economic forces set limits to what a manager can do. They create opportunities for management's action. But they do not by themselves dictate what a business is or what it does" (Drucker,…… [Read More]

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Management and Leadership

Words: 5029 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 85736907

Medical Management

The primary goal of both private- and public-sector medical organizations is, of course, to provide the highest standard of medical care to their patients. This requires, of course, professionals who are trained in the latest scientific and medical techniques and both private and public health-care institutions in Great Britain in general accomplish this element of their task. However, providing quality health care is not simply a medical issue: It is also a question of management principles and in this area it is all-too-often the case that health-care organisations fail. It is perhaps inevitable that publicly run health-care institutions are even farther a field in their management style from the best run corporations than are privately run health-care institutions (which are legally constituted along the lines of other for-profit firms) and this fact has a number of important drawbacks for institutions that are a part of the NHS. However,…… [Read More]

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Management of a Multicultural Workforce

Words: 1584 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 68681285

Human Resource Management Book Review:

The Management of a Multicultural Workforce

Tayeb, Monir H. (1996) The Management of a Multicultural Workforce. London, England: John Wiley & Sons.

Issues pertaining to diversity and cultural education that once used to be the sole province of major multinational corporations have now become central issues even in many small and medium-sized companies today. No company can take comfort in its currently enclosed organizational culture and simply assert that 'that is the way things are done,' as an answer to all questions of cultural difference and organizational diversity. Also, Monir Tayeb suggests in the text The Management of a Multicultural Workforce that it is not simply enough that a company pats itself on the back that it has a manifestly, culturally diverse workforce in its demographic makeup. Rather, such medium- and small-sized businesses as well as to multinational organizations must institute specific human resource management…… [Read More]