Student Behavior Essays (Examples)

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Aanlzying Student Affairs Professionals

Words: 2642 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40189121

Student Affairs Professionals


What, in your view, should the purpose of higher education entail?

Degree-granting institutes are expected to make sure that college-goers develop both generic dispositions (e.g., beliefs, attitudes, curiosity, etc.) and skills (communication, oral, written, compassion, tolerance, etc.), and discipline-specific abilities (e.g., knowledge, skills, attribute, responsibility, etc.) on completing their college degree. Existing research indicates that receiving higher education doesn't only entail acquiring discipline-specific education or applied competences. Rather, affective and socio-emotional skills (non-cognitive factors), which make a graduate an effective citizen, also constitute valuable outcomes for career readiness and college success (Chan, Brown, Ludlow, & Noguera, 2015).

I believe that higher education's chief purpose is, and ought to be, the development of prepared young minds. Higher education, specifically, and education, in general, have numerous purposes, of which one among the most crucial is promotion of citizenship. By surveying the present-day political scene, I feel that the…… [Read More]

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Bipolar Student in Math and Science Class

Words: 2846 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 22507836

ability of a bipolar student to learn concepts in the subjects of Math and Science in the general classroom setting

According to sources retrieved from the American Medical Journal, bipolar disorder refers to the psychiatric diagnosis for a mood disorder. Individuals who suffer from bipolar disorder undergo various symptoms such as experiencing episodes of a frenzied state whose medical term is mania (or hypomania). This medical condition typically alternates with episodes of depression. Doctor Annabel Hathaway, a senior psychologist at the University of Stanford, children suffering from bipolar disorders have high intelligence quotient and commendable talents. However, they may have difficulties in coordinating their reflexes and reaction time. They also experience difficulties making transitions, and they may as well have co-morbid syndromes that that render them anxious, inattentive, distractible, moody, argumentative, and withdrawn. Likewise, bipolar disorders may render such children acute and perfectionist.

Psychologists explain that children with bipolar disorders…… [Read More]

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Disabilities Students With Reading Disabilities

Words: 2217 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 80262789

This is particularly true for students with learning disabilities. Secondary students' reading performance reaches a plateau during their high school years, and it is clear that the performance gap between their abilities and what they are expected to do widens (Mock, 2003). Adolescents who lack basic literacy skills need intensive, focused, sustained instruction to help them catch up with their peers.


Reading disabilities are life long; however, the effects may be mitigated to support learning, living, and earning, particularly when identified early and dealt with effectively. Language acquisition with phonemic awareness correlates to learning to read, plus it is an accurate predictor of reading success. Furthermore, it is important to identify reading disabilities early so that effective intervention strategies are employed. High school students are in a transitional phase and without the necessary scaffolding support and tools to enhance self-efficacy, young adults will have challenges to becoming self-sustaining. Hence,…… [Read More]

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Cognitive Behavior Therapy Is a Treatment Procedure

Words: 1554 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27128354

Cognitive Behavior Therapy is a treatment procedure that bases treatment on the cause directly. It explains that it is the thoughts of the people that cause feelings of being ill, and other behaviors. The benefit of the treatment is that it helps change the way people think and feel better even when they are truly suffering from a certain condition. The case of Jessica is not any different from those that are solvable using the case conceptualization of the Cognitive Behavior Therapy model. The signs that indicate instance of cognitive behavior issues are velar entirely in the case conceptualization of Jessica.

The problems and precipitating factors

From the time and circumstances surrounding her birth, Jessica Simpson indicates signs of a person that suffered significant biological developmental challenges, which are a contributing factor to the case scenario. From her developmental history, it indicates that her mother, at the time of birth…… [Read More]

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PBS Against Bullying Students With

Words: 3022 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 44348595

Pretraining: Before implementing the actual intervention method, the classroom teacher will conduct two 20 minute group instruction sessions designed how to teach the students to report their peers prosocial behaviors as well as general positive variables that have been observed on the part of their peers. Emphasis will be placed on the fact that all students of the class have to be involved. The teacher will allow the students to select their desired reward as long as this were feasible and practical and will ensure that unanimous approval and interest is evidenced in desired reward. A cumulative goal (e.g. 120 tootles) too will be unanimously decided on. The teacher will ascertain that all students understand the elements and conditions of 'tootling', that all agree to be involved, and that questions, if any, are satisfactorily addressed and answered. Students will be encouraged to provide examples of instances that can be mentioned…… [Read More]

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Psychological State of Consumer Behavior Perception

Words: 2541 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Article Review Paper #: 52209982


Consumer Behavior

Understanding consumer behavior is a pursuit that answers why, when, how, and where people buy or do not buy products. Consumer behavior is an area that combines topics such as economics, media studies, sociology, and psychology. Predicting and understanding consumer behavior is a challenge for experts and novices alike. Perception can be a biological process by which a person's brain interprets and organizes stimuli so as to gain awareness and understanding of one's environment. Perception can also be psychological and social phenomena. The paper surveys literature that proves the correlations and implications between consumer perception and consumer behavior.

Managing Consumer Behaviors & Understanding Consumer Perceptions

Perception is a large determinant or factor apart of behavior. Therefore, gaining understanding of consumer perceptions can illuminate the reasons behind certain types of consumer behaviors. With accurate data reflecting the connection between consumer behaviors and…… [Read More]

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Goal of Indiana Students Reading

Words: 3549 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 44891359

Clickers/Responses Phonics Lesson

Phonics Long Vowel - Silent e Lesson Plan for Special Education


Students will recognize and say words that follow the c-v-c-e and v-c-e rule where the first vowel is a long vowel and the final e is silent. By using the Clickers/Responses as a classroom game they will utilize them after hearing the correct sounds.

Students with the will be able to spell and write out some basic long vowel words that have c-v-c-e and v-c-e spelling patterns and will use the Clickers/Responses when they hear the right sound.

About the Concept:

There are several regular long vowel spelling patterns in the English language. The c-v-c-e pattern (consonant-vowel-consonant-final e) is a long vowel spelling pattern which occurs quite frequently in early reading and spelling. Essentially, the phonics rule for this design mentions that when a vowel and final e are separated by a single consonant, the…… [Read More]

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Inclusion of Students Diagnosed With

Words: 1470 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 87036536

The academic and behavioral challenges presented by students with EBD affect the nature of their interactions with their teachers. Aggressive behavior patterns increase the likelihood that children will develop negative relationships with their teachers. Indeed, problematic relationships in kindergarten between students with behavior problems and teachers are associated with academic and behavioral problems through eighth grade. Henricsson and Rydell (2004) report that poor teacher -- student relationships tend to be stable over time and have a negative effect on school adjustment. These problematic relationships with teachers may contribute to the documented low rates of positive teacher attention, such as academic interactions and teacher praise in classrooms for students with EBD. Teacher -- student interactions in classrooms for students with EBD have been described both in terms of negative reinforcement and as reflecting the transactional nature of social interchanges.

Students with and at risk for developing EBD are uniquely influenced by…… [Read More]

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Academic Integrity Students the Importance of Academic

Words: 1249 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78663367

Academic Integrity Students

The importance of academic integrity for students in the criminal justice and security field can not be emphasized enough. Those who are today's students are the criminal justice and security professionals of the future. This short essay will briefly examine issues relating to honesty and integrity in criminal justice and security in the fields of government agencies, corrections, law enforcement, courts or private security. We will present three specific examples that emphasize the need for academic integrity by students going into the criminal justice and security field.

There has never been more of a need from integrity among those in the criminal justice and security field. One example of how important this is can be seen in the lack of effectiveness that the criminal justice and security field has been in dealing with issues of "power crime," that is, by white collar criminals high in the justice…… [Read More]

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Positive Behavior Context and Literature May's Experience

Words: 1282 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 99342084

Positive Behavior

Context and Literature

May's experience in the classroom is not unique. Many teachers find that they spend an inordinate amount of time working on behavioral difficulties as opposed to actually teaching material. May was fortunate that she was in a school in which the administration was supportive of both inquiry-based research and the use of literature to help mitigate situations and grow as a teacher. The particular advantage May had using outside literature was a combination of alternative point-of-view and experience. May would not have the time or resources to go through the types of research, data collection and analysis, and number of students that others have already done. She is also able to glean additional insights from others who have tried and succeeded, and tried and failed, with techniques. Often, too, reading other materials spurs ideas that one can pick and choose -- this works for my…… [Read More]

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Sibling Violence High Risk Behavior

Words: 1095 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Article Review Paper #: 18014924

The authors do not indicate why they decided to exclude sexual violence from their study.

In their analysis, Button and Gealt (2010) use several variables independently. These are: substance abuse, delinquency, aggression, and sibling violence. To measure independent variables, they used several dependant variables for each. For example, to measure substance abuse (which refers to the use of cigarettes, marijuana, and alcohol in the past thirty days), they asked respondents to indicate frequency of abuse, ranging from 0 to 31 times during thirty-day period (0 = none, 1 = less than one, 2 = 1 to 5, etc.). To measure delinquency, they scaled the frequency of six items that ranged from never to almost every day (0 = never, 1 = before but not in the past, up to 7 = almost every day). These items were: stealing something from a store without paying for it; breaking into a car,…… [Read More]

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Performed by the Student The Case Study

Words: 2373 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 82718922

performed by the student. The case study took place in the classroom environment, as part of the students part time job in Early Childhood Education, where there are normative and special education students present. The case study objectives involved problem solving, strategy implementation, and differentiated instruction. The specific area of focus in the case study is difficulty with literacy or reading.

This was a challenging situation because the case study took place in an Early Childhood Education setting. At this stage, there is not much evidence of literacy. At this point in development, most of the students are emerging as readers. That is not to say that there is no evidence of literacy, as literacy does begin with the identification and memorization of letters. In the classroom where my case study took place, there were a total of fifteen students on any given day. There was usually one leader teacher,…… [Read More]

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Inclusion on Student Performance the

Words: 1740 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Literature Review Paper #: 33637151

The same attitude and emotional stance is displayed towards all students. Another important point is that students with disabilities are supported not as if they require extra support, but rather as a natural part of the support that all students can expect in the specific classroom. This is, as seen in the other literature, is an important component of curbing the mental and psychological disadvantages of the more traditional pull-out strategy.

The case study school was also focused on providing high-quality instruction for all students. In addition to high-quality instruction in general education classrooms, the same high quality of instruction is provided for students with disabilities in all the school settings. The school also identified a set of characteristics for high-quality instruction, providing teachers with achievable goals within their inclusive classrooms.

The issue of teacher attitudes towards students with disabilities is vital to the success of inclusive classrooms and indeed…… [Read More]

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Consumer Behavior Analysis of a Product or Service

Words: 2437 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 6948275

Consumer Behavior - Analysis of Coca-Cola

Consumer Behavior - Analysis of a Product or Service

The objectives of this report are to discuss what consumer behavior is, why consumer behavior is vital, and how consumer behavior is influenced by the needs, goals, and motivations of the consumer. The purchase and use of a product by the Coca-Cola Company will provide support for this report. The consumer behavior of consumers of soft drinks will be analyzed in order to determine their demographics, influencers, and why they prefer one drink over another. Customer segmentation will also be presented in the report. The segmentation will be based on the Coca-Cola Company and how they have segmented their consumers. The company's marketing mix will be discussed with an aim to determine if it is effective, and how it impacts the consumer behavior.


In the current times, the marketplaces have become extremely competitive. It…… [Read More]

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Whether Video Games Should Be Introduced Into Schools and Used to Help Educate Students

Words: 1574 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 56318101


Whether video games should be introduced into schools and used to help educate students

Introduction of Video Games into Schools to Help Educate Students

In the contemporary field of learning, several scientific domains deal with both multi-dimensional and abstract phenomena. This present a number of difficulties to the students, making it uneasy for students to comprehend or apply their knowledge content. In order to grasp these abstract scientific concepts, students should be capable of building elastic and testable learning models, which may aid them in easy understanding. Most often, students are subjected to developing accurate mental scientific models, which hold no real-life references. In order to incorporate such invisible factors, concepts, or complex abstractions into easy and understandable concepts, there is a need for visual instructions to students. I, thereby, support the introduction of video games into schools and their maximum utilization in student instructions…… [Read More]

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At-Risk Students in Higher Education

Words: 1074 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 77927863

At-Risk Students in Higher Education

The objective of this work is to write on three theories that are or should be part of developmental education theory in higher education and specifically as related to at-risk students. This study will be in the form of a review of literature in this area of inquiry that is located in academic and professional journals and articles as well as other such peer-reviewed publications.

Sociocultural Theory

Tharp (2001) writes in the work entitled "From At Risk to Excellence: Research, Theory and Principles for Practice" that sociocultural-based school programs are such that use the innate curiosity of students to "construct miniature communities of scientific practice." (p.11) Participation in schoolwork is participation in sociocultural activity and this is stated "to occur on many planes or levels of interaction." (Tharp, 2001, p.11)

It is stated in the work of Rogoff (1995) that research can be divided into…… [Read More]

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International Student Adoption to US Culture

Words: 832 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 39997822

Acculturation of International Students in the United States

The objective of this study is the examination of Saudi Arabian international students and their adjustment to the culture of the U.S.

According to the work of Razek and Coyner (2011) the number of students from Saudi Arabia that study in the U.S. "quintupled from 3,035 students in 2005 to 15,910 students I 2010 due to a fully funded Saudi government scholarship. As students originating in a cultural background differing from the prevailing principles of their higher education institutions, Saudi students face several challenges." (Razek and Coyner, 2011) The experiences of Saudi Arabian students in the U.S. can be differentiated by their "experience, religious and political factors." (Razek and Coyner, 2011, p.44)

Literature Review

Barriers faced by Saudi Arabian students include "linguistic barriers" and challenges related to transition to their foreign educational institution including challenges in locating accommodations and day-to-day life necessities…… [Read More]

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Stress to Students With Disabilities Students With

Words: 1846 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 37860555

Stress to Students with Disabilities

Students with disabilities experience heightened stress levels because of the challenges they encounter in the learning environment. Students with learning disabilities often show increased stress levels and are reported to have significant negative characteristics than students without disabilities. Students with disabilities have shown high stress levels and low competency levels than students without disabilities. Children with behavior disorders and other disabilities have reported higher levels of frequent struggles and depression in challenging educational situations. Such a literature shape suggests a rising toll of stress in students with disabilities (Stinson, 2010).

Educators dealing with disabled students are required to conduct careful evaluation on stress levels these students experience. Similarly, they need to develop coping strategies that these students may inhibit. Experts have provided information illustrating that families are an integral player in treating students with disabilities. In addition, development services and training parents are strategies employed…… [Read More]

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Organizational Behavior Matter Organizational Behavior Is Basically

Words: 1528 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 77132104

organizational Behavior Matter?

Organizational behavior is basically the study of how establishments can be structured more successfully, and how more than a few events in their outside circumstances result administrations. Learning a lot in regards to organizational behavior in today's commerce environment could aid those that are supervisors that are building up a better work that relates to an understanding of themselves and their supplementary. Organizational behavior matters because it is everything an organization cares about. Organizational behavior can assist a person in becoming more betrothed as an organizational member. Being able to get along with other people, finding a good job, bringing the level of stress, making decisions that are effective, and working successfully with a group. All of these things are good attributes and Organizational behavior addresses them! Organizations are all over the place. When we come into this world, we are in an organization, we live, and…… [Read More]

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Traditional vs Non-Traditional Student Issues

Words: 2096 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 58696142

Traditional vs. Non-Traditional Student Issues

Tones, Fraser, Elder, and White (2009) argue that there are two major student groups which are of significant importance to research as a result of their adjustment to the university system, the resulting study experiences and the persistence they carry in their studies. The first of the two groups is the traditional students who face issues in transitioning from their adolescent or teenage years to adulthood which takes place at the university or college level where they separate from their friends and family and have to adjust to the new social and academic environments which creates stress for them. The second group is the non-traditional or more mature students who have to balance their day-to-day activities such as work or business with this new academic environment. The diversity of non-traditional students is the major reason for the problems that they face. This is because they…… [Read More]

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Impacts of Sleep Disorders on College Students

Words: 1001 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60140374

Sleep Disorders / College Students

The Prevalence of Sleep Disorders in College Students: Impact on Academic Performance

There are a number of reasons that college students experience sleep disorders. A common problem is sleep deprivation and resulting excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS). Both biological and social factors can be at the root of the problem, the consequences of which may be serious. The purpose of Gaultney's study was to look at sleep disorders among college students both by gender and age, and determine the effect on grade point average (GPA).

Gaultney points out that there is insufficient literature establishing the prevalence of sleep disorders among college students. Although both biological and social factors have been cited, the statistical breakdown is not known. In other words, students may voluntarily give up sleep for social purposes or to work at a job. They may be forced to give up sleep if they live…… [Read More]

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Consumer Behavior From a Cultural

Words: 3397 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 90319472

8%) and all were s-commerce users. 58.2% were Korean natives, 14.6% were Chinese and 10.8% were American. 9.7% were European and 6.7% were Japanese. The majority used s-commerce to purchase tickets for entertainment (44.5%) and 67% had been using s-commerce for more than two years.

The study shows that transaction safety (.480) and reputation (.450) both at the .01 level of significance, most contribute to trust in an s-commerce platform. The combination of all seven factors explains .784 of all variation in the sample with regard to trust in s-commerce. This is statistically significant at the .05 level of confidence and shows that purchase intentions can be explained by the seven-factor model the researchers created (Kim, Park, 2013). The model of s-commerce security and reliability therefore is statistically sound and applies to the South Korean social e-commerce industry. Study limitation include the lack of cross-sectional design definition and the development…… [Read More]

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Health Behavior the Theories at a Glance

Words: 7053 Length: 24 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 74310569

Health Behavior

The "Theories At A Glance" manual discussed a variety of healthy behaviors. Select two theories that can be used to explain why people behave the way they do. Discuss the basic premise and constructs of the theories you choose. Cite two examples of how each theory could be used to explain a health behavior.

Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB)

The relationship that exists between behavior and attitudes, beliefs and intention is studied under TPB (Theory of Planned Behavior). TRA (Theory of Reasoned Action) is also associated with TPB. According to TRA and TPB, behavior is mainly determined by behavioral intention. These models show that the attitude of an individual affects behavioral intention. Hence, the behavior of a person towards the performance of some particular behavior is also influenced. In addition to this, beliefs concerning individuals who have close association (these people have the decision making power of approving…… [Read More]

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College Deaf Student

Words: 1504 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Literature Review Paper #: 50917311

Education Structures for Deaf Students

The paper focuses on six different studies that focus on two different viewpoints on the higher education learning structures for deaf students. The paper first highlights the viewpoints of the students towards their learning structure and then highlights the perceptions of the teachers on the teaching structures and how they highlight the teaching characteristics and structures that prove to be most effective for the deaf or hard of hearing students.

Deaf Student Perceptions of Higher Education

Deaf students generally have trouble in learning the English language across all academic levels despite their linguistic expertise or knowledge. In an earlier study conducted by Berent and colleagues (2000), the researchers highlighted that the deaf individuals or even those who are hard of hearing usually experience learning disabilities (LD) when learning the English language. The combined impact of deafness and LD for English language is difficult to analyze,…… [Read More]

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University Students Engaged in Paid Employment APA-

Words: 1376 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31745450

University Students Engaged in Paid Employment

APA- 6th Edition

For various reasons, there has been an increase in employment in university students. One reason for this shift is a change in the demographics of university students. No longer are university students primarily composed of young adults who transition immediately from primary education to the university setting. Instead, many university students are non-traditional students. Many of them are older, have families, and have been actively involved in the workforce for significant periods of time prior to entering the university setting. Other students may enter universities at the traditional change, but face financial challenges requiring them to work to either support themselves or pay for the education, which reflects a cultural shift in both the willingness to subsidize education and the class requirements for higher education. For example, "reductions in financial support for higher education students have taken place in the UK…… [Read More]

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Orgazational Behavoir Organizational Behavior Organizational

Words: 2435 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2598564

Accordingly, a McDonald's restaurant team is successively inter-reliant (Daft, 2008). Deprived of everyone working in unison and having adequate inspiration to deliver respectable and rapid good service, all members of the team usually fail. Consequently of one person losing inspiration or flopping to sufficiently achieve his duties, clients can protest and business can fail and be lost. Although most workers are trained to achieve multiple errands at numerous stations, they are not typically able to achieve all of these responsibilities concurrently.

Literature Review

Organizational justice which is really based on equity theory] and organizational citizenship behavior [OCB] have now really finally come into a worldwide business and cross-cultural research point-of-view. The investigation of these two theoretical frameworks really has unraveled over the past couple of years. From Adams' (Northouse, 2007) the equity theory has evolved into the idea of organizational justice and from Bateman and Organ progressed the idea of…… [Read More]

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Improve Student Motivation This Is

Words: 3181 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Literature Review Paper #: 35011813

For example, let's say that a student has tremendous amounts of respect for their history teacher. While at the same time, they do not like their math teacher. These two contrasting views will have a negative impact on how they will deal with a host of situation. As, the student is more willing to listen to ideas of teachers they like and respect. Whereas those educators, that are often looked down upon will be ineffective in reaching out to their student. This is significant, because it is showing how inside the classroom the teacher must be able to relate to each person. As a result, the way that this idea can be used in the classroom is to establish an initial foundation of support for the educator and the views that are being presented. The way that this is accomplished is through effectively reaching out to the student by ensuring…… [Read More]

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Anxiety in Masters Students in

Words: 2372 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 28891356

If a student feels uncomfortable with the idea that he has to follow some counselor sessions, he should think this way: "positive effects of receiving personal counseling suggest that any counselor in training would benefit from the experience, which is consistent with personal counselling requirements instituted by many programs nationwide" (Mancillas, Adriea).

The newest methods in Counselor Programs are the ones who have a technological base: "Counselor educators can promote pedagogical principles of active learning through these technological methods [...] Course website, Presentations with Graphic Software Packages, Movie Clips, Videoconferencing, Video Taping in Observation Lab (Baggerly, J.)

Following the same line, a Practicum CD-Rom appeared as a guidance to an online Counselor Program: "The purpose of the Practicum CD-ROM is to help orient practicum students to the clinical practicum site, its policies and procedures, documentation and assessment, clinical training and resources, and the internship process" (Daire, a.P. & Rasmus, S).…… [Read More]

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Integration of Students Moving Schools

Words: 875 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 7358199

Integrating Students Who Change Schools

When students change schools often, and particularly when they enter and exit schools at times other than the actual starting and ending dates, they can experience academic, psychological, and social setbacks. When a student body is in a relatively constant state of flux, the impact is felt by all students in the classrooms, and not just by students who are referred to as frequent movers. While the size of the stable core of students ranges widely, the mobility of frequent movers generates a chaos factor -- a term used to identify the inevitable disruption that occurs from having to constantly adapt to the unexpected change.

The literature shows a negative correlation between school switching and academic achievement; a correlation that is evident in schools that have experienced multiple years of non-compliance with federal academic achievement regulations due to high numbers of students who are frequent…… [Read More]

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Family Dynamics Effect on Student Performance the

Words: 1747 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94672252

Family Dynamics Effect on Student Performance

The objective of this study is to examine how family dynamics affect student performance. This work will examine the history of equal opportunity education and answer how it is that students receive opportunities they currently have in public education and what current issues are affecting equal opportunity education today. Finally, this study will answer as to how the obstacles to equal educational opportunities be addressed.

The work of Ng and Rury (2006) states that high percentages of children in the United States live in poverty and that it is important that teachers understand the specific challenges faced by these children if they are to be well-served. (Paraphrased) It is reported as well to be consistently documented that "most educators themselves come from middle-class backgrounds, making it difficult for them to relate personally with students who live in poverty. As a result, the capacity of…… [Read More]

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High School Student Named Marco Who Claims

Words: 905 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2298942

high school student named Marco, who claims he has just received an e-mail from another student threatening to commit suicide. Marco is not sure where the student sent the e-mail from. Write a brief report on how you would proceed, including what you should do first in this situation.

The first step is to involve the law enforcement. They will need to employ computer technicians who would check about the origin and authenticity of the email. The steps will go as follows:

They will first need to establish the authenticity of the email which means they will need to make sure that the email actually came from the student who is threatening to commit suicide.

Once the identity is verified, the law enforcement will have to immediately contact the disturb student's family to inform them of the situation.

The law enforcement plays the most important role in such cases because…… [Read More]

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Counseling Personal Reaction the Student

Words: 1172 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 449330

The core of the interview addressed issues related to the day-to-day functions of the professional counselor. Richburg described the specific demands of PACT clients, who are not treated in traditional, standard clinic formats. Counselors like Richburg work with psychiatrists and with registered nurses to best serve the needs of their mental health clients. PACT professionals actively work with their clients in the community, and are often required to visit clients' homes.

The skills and character traits that are most conducive for success as a counselor include empathy, trustworthiness, listening skills, and enough self-awareness to overcome biases. The interview subject emphasized the immense personal satisfaction that derives from helping clients who others had deemed non-functional. The greatest rewards from the clinical counseling professions are gleaned from helping those clients who were in most need of professional assistance and care.

Sources of dissatisfaction with the job include time constraints and issues related…… [Read More]

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Self-Esteem and Students in Today's

Words: 383 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 61504878

The following research supported my hypothesis that there would not be a significant difference between the two. Demo & Parker (1987) conducted research on self-esteem among black and white Americans including elementary school and high school students. In the study, data on 298 black and white college students and an examination of the relationship between student's grade point average and self-esteem were presented. Several findings corroborate earlier research on school-age children. Self-esteem scores of blacks and whites were not significantly different, despite blacks having significantly lower grade point averages than whites. The relationship between grade point average and self-esteem, however, was negligible among blacks and among white males, suggesting that academic achievement is not critical to the self-concept of college students


Demo, DH, & Parker, K.D. (1987, August). Academic Achievement and Self-Esteem Among Black and White College Students. Journal of Social Psychology, 127(4), 345-356.

Thompson, T., & Perry, Z.…… [Read More]

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Organizational Behavior the Three Concepts

Words: 884 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 15420547

The third level of the pyramid of needs has also motivated my desire to obtain my degree at Davenport. This level refers to the sense of belonging to a family, a group of friends or colleagues. This motivated me in the meaning that I desired to continue the family tradition and better relate to the family members that had attended Davenport. Also, this need was reflected by my desire to belong to a group of intelligent students guided by dedicated professors.

The last features from Maslow's hierarchy of needs that stimulated me to attend the Davenport courses were those of self-esteem and self-actualization. I knew that studying at Davenport would offer me the chance to prove my skills and intelligence and would sustain me in achieving my goals. Furthermore, the studies and the degree would offer me the opportunity to grow and improve my capabilities.

4. The general shortcoming of…… [Read More]

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Marketing Managers Understand Consumer Behavior It Is

Words: 2119 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 4084909

marketing managers understand consumer behavior?

It is essential for marketing managers to understand two critical elements: why consumers purchase the products they do and how exactly consumers intend to use those products. In general, the consumer decision-making process can be summed up as follows: need recognition; followed by information searching (otherwise known as research, such as combing reviews online or reading Consumer Reports); an evaluation of alternatives (formally or informally through vehicles such as a cost-benefit analysis); followed by the actual purchase, and finally the post-purchase behavior whereby the consumer evaluates the decision.

All purchases are motivated to some degree by need recognition. Needs recognition reflects the consumer's acknowledged state of imbalance between an actual and desired state. While this recognition may be consumer-driven and relatively internal (for example, a consumer with a cold deciding he or she needs to purchase tissues because he or she has 'run out') marketers…… [Read More]

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Motivation of Behavior B F Skinner

Words: 1503 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 57362921

B.F. Skinner's Motivation of Behavior

Skinner remains one of the most important contributors to the field of behaviorism. According to Skinner, individuals are often free to engage in some kind of behavior. However, most times, there are consequences associated with specific deeds or actions. Pleasant consequences are likely to motivate the kind of behavior that brought about the said consequences. This is what Skinner referred to as reinforcement learning. This text concerns itself with the modern-day application of reinforcement learning in both education and behavior therapy.

Reinforcement theory, in the words of Lussier and Achua (2009, p. 93), "purposes that through the consequences for behavior, people will be motivated to behave in predetermined ways." As the authors further point out, this particular theory makes use of behavior modification as well as operant conditioning. According to Skinner, the learning of some kind of behavior occurs via encounters with positive and negative…… [Read More]

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Criminal Behavior

Words: 2989 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 98391347

Criminal Behavior

Approaches to Understand Criminal Behavior

Psychological Approaches

Sociological Approaches

Biological Approaches


Chemical Methods of Control

Imagine yourself having a walk in the premises of your house and a stone come flying through the boundary wall and hits you. As a layman, one might face difficulty in defining this incident. It can be termed as an assault, an act of violence or a criminal offence. This is a layman's term to define this act but in reality it has a way deeper meaning. Before going in the details of criminal behavior, few points must be pondered like why individuals offend, who are the ones who offend and who are the probable victims. Relationship between psychology and the criminal justice system is of great significance in developing an understanding about reasons that could lead to violence which is the consequence of criminal behavior. Many other facts are of importance…… [Read More]

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Human Behavior in Organizations Understanding Human Behavior

Words: 1400 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 89810360

Human Behavior in Organizations

Understanding human behavior is critical in organizations

The existence of an organization does depend on the employees; therefore, it is important to understand human behavior. Understanding human behavior will make it easy to work in an organization composed of employees with different personality, attitudes, values, perception, motives, and abilities. Managers should understand behavior because they work with people; interact with them in terms of communication, and in terms of work. Managers should understand the likelihood of individual differences arising among the employees. When a manager notes a difference, the next thing to do is learning the source of the difference. By so doing, the manager will leverage the difference effectively because the complexity is understood; therefore, managers may understand why people behave differently. This case is evident in organizations with a diverse workforce; therefore, managers should recognize the cultural differences that may exist (Brett, Behfar and…… [Read More]

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Organizational Behavior the Transformation of JC Penny

Words: 4117 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81212800

Organizational Behavior

The Transformation of JC Penny for the New Century

Organizational behavior is the study of how the actions of individuals, groups, and structures influence the behavior of an organization. Organizational culture refers to the characteristics that define the organization and make them unique. Organizational culture refers to communication styles, management styles, interaction styles, policies and procedures, as well as the manner of dress within the organization. Organizational culture influences organizational behavior in many ways. Organizational behavior produces outcomes that lead to the success or failure of the business. This research will explore that organizational behavior of the JC Penny Company.

Many studies on organizational behavior focus on the failures of the business in relation to organizational behavior. However, this research takes a different approach and will focus on a company that is been around for 100 years. It will explore organizational behavior within the JC Penny Company and…… [Read More]

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Adlerian Therapy and Cognitive Behavior Therapy CBT

Words: 1682 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Creative Writing Paper #: 11665602

Adlerian Therapy and cognitive behavior therapy (CBT)

There are two main theories that have largely influenced my counseling practicum as nurse. The two theories are almost totally disparate form one another, but, nonetheless, I have used them both separately and in fusion to guide my practice. These two theories are Adlerian Therapy and cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) . Whilst the first is an offshoot of psychoanalysis and indeed psycho-dynamic with theories about family dynamics and constellation of client effecting his behavior as well as certain ideas about the need for client to achieve himself via work, the second takes more of a general stance and uses mentalism as its base. It asserts that it is thought and behavior that directs the individual and therefore the counselor helps the client investigate thought that is driving his actions. The client then is helped in shaping his environment / implementing certain behavior that…… [Read More]

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Stonewall Riots Collective Behavior Collective Action

Words: 2172 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 86359385

Collective behavior" and the Stonewall Riots

The term "collective behavior" refers to behavior that militates against social norms and conventions regarding the way that individuals should behave in society and differing to the way that they normally behave when not in a crowd environment. A crowd environment causes certain spontaneity to actions and a certain animal emotion that is lacking in regular 'separate existence'. Scholars have devoted considerable attention to assessing why such is the case, and have generated various theories that may explain the phenomena.

Examples of instances of collective behavior include religious revivalist meetings where individuals behave in unusual ways, oftentimes totally contradictory to their private persona; panic in a burning location; or the spectacle of Black Friday where frenzy climbs and swirls around bargain hunting. The phenomenon of collective behavior too was clearly evident in the debacle of the "The Stonewall Riots" and we will, therefore, take…… [Read More]

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Abnormal Behavior Three Case Studies

Words: 1598 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 33093366

Forcing transgendered people to change at any age is usually futile, and could increase rather than alleviate any trauma the boy feels regarding his identity. However, given the difficulties the boy may experience in the future, encouraging the parents to get the boy counseling, without labeling the boy as 'abnormal' would be a wise step.

Part B

The reasons that individuals identify with opposite-gendered behaviors and physicality are not clearly understood, even by the individuals themselves. Adults who select sexual reassignment surgery often say that they never felt as if they could express their true selves, before surgery. However, in the case of this young boy, it is uncertain whether he will select such surgery in the future. His character is still unformed.

Given the age of the boy, it would seem wisest to support him in his choice, as his parents have, but without labeling his behavior as conclusively…… [Read More]

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Uses and Methods Associated With Cognitive Behavior Therapy

Words: 1068 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 51952313

Cognitive Behavior Therapy

Psychology is consistently evolving in new and interesting ways. Old therapies are tweaked, making new or altered versions of the original. Cognitive behavior therapy is an example of an evolved form of therapy. The roots of cognitive behavior therapy lies within behavior therapy and cognitive therapy, both separate forms of treatment in the early part of the 20th century, slowly merging until it found prominence in the 1960s. The article by Deborah A. Roth, Winnie Eng, and Richard G. Heimberg discusses the underlying theories behind CBT, its uses, and the methodology of cognitive behavior therapy. They argue that cognitive behavior therapy is an inclusive therapeutic approach that accepts that cognitions, physiology, and behavior are all interrelated. This treatment model postulates that a client's emotional or behavioral distress is affected by how they perceive, manipulate, and respond to information within their thought process.

Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) merges…… [Read More]

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Training and Supervision of Students and New

Words: 590 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65850364

training and supervision of students and new practitioners is a process that involves mental health counselors who play an integral role ranging from teaching clinical skills in educational settings to offering on-site supervision. Therefore, supervision is an important aspect of mental health practice that involves various techniques like psychotherapy-driven supervision. Psychotherapy-driven supervision is a process that is demonstrated in three theoretical approaches i.e. cognitive-behavioral, humanistic-relationship, and solution-focused models. This process promotes the combination of best-practices in psychotherapy-based approaches and social role-based techniques of supervision. Therefore, this approach integrates two components i.e. counseling theory and practice with role-oriented supervision models. According to Pearson (2006), the combination of these two elements enables supervisors to model and provide training on psychotherapeutic practices in a manner that meets the unique learning requirements of new counselors (p.250).

Reaction to the Article:

Generally, the use of clinical supervision in the mental health field is a concept…… [Read More]

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Market Behavior One Industry That Has Seen

Words: 1380 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89428434

Market Behavior

One industry that has seen a shift in the market model is the smartphone industry. During the mid-2000s, this industry was an oligopoly, populated basically by two firms that emerged from the old PDA market. Palm and RIM (Blackberry) operated as a duopoly, catering primarily to business customers with early smartphones. Apple joined the industry with the iPhone, and was quickly followed by a number of other players. The organization of the industry is somewhat unique, as some firms are vertically integrated providers with operating systems and hardware integrated (Blackberry, Apple) and other firms have a number of hardware manufacturers working in conjunction with operating systems makers. Thus in operating systems there remains almost an oligopoly with two or three major firms and a couple of other minor ones, whereas on the hardware side the industry is fully in a state of monopolistic competition.

Short Run and Long…… [Read More]

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Organizational Behavior in the Last Few Years

Words: 1789 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 94819788

Organizational Behavior

In the last few years, the safe disposal of radioactive and hazardous waste have been increasingly brought to the forefront. This is because the public is demanding that some kind of solution is provided for addressing these challenges over the long-term. The result is the creation of the Centers of Excellence for Hazardous Materials Management (CEHMM). This is a nonprofit that was founded to address these and other challenges through introducing innovative solutions. To fully understand how the organization is able to reach these objectives requires looking at: the individuals / groups in the organization, the way they interact with each other and the organizational behavior of the firm. Together, these different elements will highlight how the CEHMM is able to reach a variety of benchmarks. ("CEHMM," 2012)

Inside the CEHMM, everyone is working together with communities to address a host of challenges impacting the environment. The way…… [Read More]

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Cognitive-Behavior and Reality Therapies Cognitive-Behavior

Words: 1519 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 58151900

The choice to do so and then controlling oneself, rather than being pushed and pulled by controls beyond oneself is as difficult and heart-wrenching as being controlled by others. Likewise, reconnecting to the world is difficult if the world is feared and seen as the source of pain. Counselors teach the patients to not think of the past but to act and do directly those things that would make it positive today, finding a new connection and making a new plan. (Glasser, 2001)


Behavioral Therapy, (2006). Retrieved September 5, 2006 at

Burns, D. (1980). Feeling Good - the New Mood Therapy. New York: Signet

Burns, D. (1999). Feeling Good: The New Mood Therapy (Revised edition). New York: Harper Collins Publishers.

Glasser, W. (n.d.) Choice Theory: A New Psychology of Personal Freedom, Chatsworth, CA the William Glasser Institute.

Glasser, W. (2001.) the Institute for Reality Therapy. Retrieved September…… [Read More]

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Learning Journal for Organizational Behavior

Words: 2302 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Journal Paper #: 24870783

Given the capriciousness of the human condition with respect to continuing redefinitions of personal and professional success, human resource managers are faced with some difficult choices in formulating recommendations for best practices. Therefore, the learning journal would undergo a series of draft versions that would be used to solicit feedback from experts in the field who could point out flaws and areas that required additional research or support to be valid and trustworthy. The solicitation of feedback process would follow the guidance provided by Neuman (2003) who recommends having a manuscript reviewed by knowledgeable individuals who possess the requisite credentials to provide informed feedback. This feedback would be carefully reviewed and the collaborative process would result in changes and additions where they were deemed necessary and appropriate.


Outcomes and New Learning

Some of the overriding themes that emerged from the learning episodes outlined above was that the more researchers…… [Read More]

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Psychology of Nonverbal Behavior and

Words: 2004 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 27863822

Because other research has indicated that nonverbal cues can be laden with emotion, and even be important indicators of deception, understanding the use of nonverbal cues in response to certain questions by therapists can give those therapists an important point of reference in evaluating responses.

Unfortunately, despite some significance in the statistical findings of Hill and Stephany (1990), there are complications and limitations to the usefulness of this research study. In theory, this could be an incredibly useful research study because it could provide therapists with a new, statistically proven, tool for evaluating the responses of clients and improving their therapeutic methods. Unfortunately, even Hill and Stephany (1990) admit that they had difficulty reconciling their findings with the research already extant or hypothesized in the relevant literature. For example, previous research has indicated that less controllable nonverbal cues such as leg movements or posture shifts should be more significant than…… [Read More]

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Information Seeking Behavior Carol Kuhlthau and Marcia Bates

Words: 595 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51055835

Behaviors to Improve Customer Service

Library scientists are confronted with patrons with a diverse background in library usage, as well as experience in accessing information from online resources. Understanding how people interact with information and theories such as Marchionini's Information-Seeking Process and Kuhlthau's Information Search Process can help practitioners provide better service to patrons. To this end, this paper provides a review of the relevant peer-reviewed and scholarly literature concerning these issues, followed by a summary of the research and important findings

Some people walk into learning resource centers fully equipped with the skill set needed to intuitively navigate their way through the ISBNs, Dewey Decimals and the Internet maze to find precisely what they need and many information-seeking models assume this level of expertise for all students. For instance, Savin-Baden and Wilkie (2006) report that, "Many information-seeking models approach students as experts, who are completely aware of what they…… [Read More]

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Teaching College Students

Words: 986 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Questionnaire Paper #: 11262391

students properly prepare for difficult examinations and long papers like theses and dissertations?

Students will encounter levels of difficulty in their studies that they may be not used to or unprepared for during their first several years of university. Therefore, it is important to properly prepare for the rigors of university academics. How the student prepares depends largely on his or her course load and the subject matter, as well as the student's comfort level with that subject matter. Preparing for exams and long-term papers requires the student to have a great deal of self-discipline and a good sense of timing. Avoiding procrastination is essential. The student needs to identify weak areas in his or her learning as soon as possible, and devote extra time to strengthening those areas. Maintaining a daily academic discipline, such as daily course readings or laboratory time, will help keep the student mentally prepared to…… [Read More]

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Handling Organizational Behavior Properly

Words: 717 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 47590513

Organizational Behavior: Workplace Conflict

Conflict in the workplace is commonly seen, but some people handle it better than others. In my workplace, there is a lot of conflict with co-workers. Most of the conflict comes from the interpersonal relationships we have with each other, but some of it is also task conflict in that people argue over who is supposed to be doing which job or which part of a project. The task conflict can be easily resolved by assigning people specific parts of a job, and that is usually what takes place -- especially if the project is something where there could easily be arguments about who is going to complete certain parts of it. Some of the issues with co-workers are not as easily addressed, though, and those issues are all based on interpersonal relationships that involve people's personalities. When a person's basic beliefs and ideas completely conflict…… [Read More]

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Organizations and Behavior

Words: 2831 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41399369

Organizational Behavior Analysis

Explored here will be a former employer, whose culture and method of communication in the workplace made it difficult for the organization to work together as a whole. Many organizations struggle with this particular issue, because they are not aware of what they can do to make much-needed changes that will allow for better communication in the workplace. The company in question was domineering in a sense, in that it did not allow for a good mixing of the cultures of the people who worked there. There was some mixing, because that is inevitable when there are a number of people who have different cultural beliefs all working in one spot. However, there was far less mixing and understanding than could have been seen and then could have been expected. This made it very difficult for people to do their jobs properly, because a significant number of…… [Read More]

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Activities to Reduce Inappropriate Behaviors Displayed by

Words: 10021 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 93835103

Activities to Reduce Inappropriate Behaviors Displayed by Children With Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities

The purpose of this dissertation study is to test the effectiveness of an everyday activities-based protocol (Holm, Santangelo, Fromuth, Brown & Walter, 2000) for managing challenging and disruptive behaviors of 13- to 23-year-old residential students (male and female) with Autism who live at Melmark Homes, Inc., of southeastern Pennsylvania, and attend school or adult day programs. Applied behavior analysis and a focus on everyday occupations (activities) will be combined during the intervention phase. Reinforcement will be for subtask completion and duration of participation, NOT for absence of target maladaptive or disruptive behaviors. Behavior analysts, however, will document the frequency/duration of the target behaviors during each condition. Interventions will occur daily, Monday through Friday. A single-subject, multiple-baseline, across-subjects design with nine subjects will be used to evaluate change in behaviors under alternating conditions. Data will be analyzed…… [Read More]

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Attitude and Behavior Developmental Task

Words: 13216 Length: 50 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 93148396

" (Halpin and Burt, 1998) DuBois states: "The history of the American Negro is the history of this strife -- this longing to attain self-conscious manhood, to merge his double self into a better and truer self. In this merging he wishes neither of the older selves to be lost. He would not Africanize America, for America has too much to teach the world and Africa. He would not bleach his Negro soul in a flood of White Americanism, for he knows that Negro blood has a message for the world. He simply wishes to make it possible for a man to be both a Negro and an American, without being cursed and spit upon by his fellows, without having the doors of Opportunity closed roughly in his face. (DuBois, 1903)

The work of Pope (1998) conducted a study to make examination of the relationship between psychosocial development and racial…… [Read More]

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Teaching Communication Skills for Students With Autism

Words: 6440 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 69966135

Teaching Communication Skills for Students With Autism

The conditions for diagnosis for autism that are presently prevalent within the U.S. are those mentioned in the American Psychiatric Association, Diagnostic and Statistic Manual for Mental Disorders," Fourth Edition, which is generally pinpointed as 'DSM-IV." Autism is taken into account by the Diagnostic and Statistic Manual (4th Ed, DSM-IV, American Psychiatric Association, 1994) as an existent development disorder (PDD) that is impacted by abnormal or impaired development in social cooperation and speech combined with a constrained array of actions and individual wishes. (Gresham et el, 1999).

Autism is termed as an impotent syndrome marked chiefly by important difficulty in the evolution of speech and social functioning. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) envisages a vast definition of autism that is comprehensive of associated impotencies like Asperger Syndrome, Rett's Syndrome, and Pervasive Developmental Disorder. Autism and ASD are identifications portraying students with a vast array…… [Read More]

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Managing Behaviors & Teaching Social Skills Antisocial

Words: 9724 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Dissertation Paper #: 69077262

Managing Behaviors & Teaching Social Skills

Antisocial behavior in schools in on the rise and has become a concern in school systems, from both a learning perspective and from a safety perspective, as well. Previously, schools have dealt with such behaviors using punitive measures such as expulsion, or even law enforcement measures to attempt to discourage youth from behaving in an undesirable manner. These programs have had little or no effect on curbing behavior problems in schools. Second Step and Boys Town are programs, which implement a positive approach to behavior management. These programs teach youth alternatives to violence and stress problem solving, coping, and conflict management. These programs have had considerably greater success than their predecessors. This research will qualitatively explore the theoretical issues behind the success of these two programs and take a critical look at them to explore ways in which they may be further improved for…… [Read More]

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Bystander Reporting Behavior of Violent

Words: 3147 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 50579607

" (in Carr, 2005) Violation of privacy issues is a concern and Epstein (2002) makes the suggestion that incoming students be asked to sign a release enabling administrators to initiate actions should their behavior cause concern or seem erratic.

The work of Banyard (2008) entitled: "Measurement and correlates of prosocial bystander behavior: The case of interpersonal violence" reports a study that examined the effects of gender and specific personality characteristics on bystander attitudes and behaviors. Findings of the study are stated to have been "…consistent with previous findings in that prosocial behaviors were higher among individuals with greater knowledge of sexual violence. Those who perceived higher effectiveness as a bystander were more willing to practice prosocial behaviors, and reported a greater number of actual behaviors." (Banyard, 2008)

The work of Alan D. Berkowitz entitled: "The Social Norms Approach to Violence Prevention" states that social norms research "…suggests that most males…… [Read More]

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Performance Disruptive Behavior Impacts Students' Ability to

Words: 813 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26451978


Disruptive behavior impacts students' ability to learn. In both the regular and special education classrooms, teachers must manage disruptive behavior and help students stay on task. It is especially critical with reading instruction in the beginning of a student's academic career. Struggling readers, without intervention, often struggle throughout their school years. Peer-assisted learning strategies (PALS) have been shown to be effective in keeping students on task and thus enabling them to achieve more success.

Special Education Standard 5 states: "The special education teacher understands and applies knowledge of procedures for planning instruction and managing teaching and learning environments. Students do not always come to school ready and willing to learn. When students are disruptive, they compound other learning issues they may have. As Lerner and Johns (2009, in Haydon et al., 2010, p. 222) point out, students with mild to moderate learning and behavior challenges do not do as…… [Read More]

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HIV and STD Behavior Interventional

Words: 4327 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 55932142

The subjects were adolescents 14-18 years old. They were recruited from schools and health clinics. The subjects completed an in-depth survey and interview at baseline and again 6 months later. The subsequent analyses were limited to adolescents with steady partners who reported sexual activity between the baseline and 6-month follow-up assessment periods (N = 179). At baseline, five-scale measures and a single-item measure were used to assess predictive constructs, and at follow-up, the subjects were asked about their frequency of condom use over various periods of recall. The researchers created multivariate models to control for the confounding influence of pregnancy status. They then found that the findings were remarkably distinct, with evidence that strongly supports the predictive role of perceived barriers toward condom use and peer norms. Based on the measure of sexual communication, the researchers found significance for two of the six assessed outcomes. Alternatively, measures of attitudes toward…… [Read More]