Teaching Strategies Essays (Examples)

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Learning to Read and Write Are Complementary

Words: 1445 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 22351665

Learning to read and write are complementary skills. While in the younger years, writing depends on reading skills, by middle and high school, they are complementary skills: reading is necessary to do writing assignments, while writing about what has read increases comprehension of the reading materials. For this reason, separating reading and writing instruction from content areas is arbitrary and will eventually interfere with the students' progress in those content areas.

From the day children are born, parents are told by doctors, teachers and other experts to read to them, and to read to them every day. They are told to do this because hearing language that contains story lines, rich language and vivid imagery facilitates language development and develops a desire to read. From "The Poky Little Puppy" to Rudyard Kipling, children's literature exists that uses language in exciting and colorful ways. Good children's literature doesn't sound the same…… [Read More]

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Three Paradigms of Spelling Instruction

Words: 2220 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 84525596

spelling instruction are presented and compared in the article, 'Three paradigms of spelling instruction in grades 3 to 6' (Taylor-Heald, 1998).

In this article the three paradigms are identified as the traditional, the transitional, and the student-oriented. Each of these paradigms is a model for teaching children the basic and fundamental concept of spelling.

In this research paper, Taylor-Heald's article will be used as a basis for identifying each of the methods. Firstly, from the article by Taylor-Heald we will describe each method, how it is utilized and also discuss Taylor-Heald's view on each of the methods.

After looking at each of the methods separately, we will then briefly examine the major differences between the methods.

We will then discuss the implications of each of the methods, including how each method is used and the benefits of each method. This will also include looking at various other research studies that…… [Read More]

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Motivating Middle School Students to Read

Words: 1913 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 60465643

Working with young people in an educational setting can be an enlightening experience, and one can quickly discover that most young students will do almost anything possible to please their teacher. This can be especially true in the elementary grades, but oftentimes the enthusiasm shown by these youngsters begins to wane by the time they reach the middle school groups.

Teachers of middle school students are therefore faced with instructing students who may or may not be motivated to be instructed, and this can be a very difficult situation, specifically when regarding a basic skill such as reading. Experts agree that "reading is a fundamental and necessary skill in order to successfully participate in society, yet employers lament that high school graduates lack the necessary literacy skills to be productive employees" (Kelley, Decker, 2009, p. 467). Many times the lack of reading skills can be traced directly to the lack…… [Read More]

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Thinking Maps to Increase Comprehension for ESL's

Words: 3036 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Article Paper #: 42502222

Maps to increase comprehension for ESL's

English as a Second Language Learner

The academic achievement gap between linguistic minority groups and other students is a persistent problem for the American public school system (Thernstrom and Thernstrom, 2003). The pattern of underachievement and a high school dropout rate for Hispanic/Latino students among immigrant groups is particularly pronounced (Wong Fillmore & Meyer, 1992) Of the school-aged English Language Learner (ELL) population, 73% come from Spanish language backgrounds (U.S. Census Bureau, 2002), and their test results in reading are of particular concern as literacy skills are the building blocks for academic achievement. The gap between the test scores of Hispanic/Latino students and white students is a well documented phenomenon, existing throughout grades K-12 in both reading and mathematics (National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), 2003). According to the NCES (2000), 44% of foreign-born Hispanics fail to complete high school. A much lower percentage…… [Read More]

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Adult Education Has Two Branches One Can

Words: 3028 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85188847

Adult education has two branches. One can be called the purpose of education and the other can be named the practice of education. Many times it happens that in a practical set up the difference between the purpose and practice of adult education results in some sort of tensions in the working area. Tension does not necessarily mean that a problem arises that cannot be solved but it just means that the people who have been educated in a particular way and have been trained with a certain purpose of education do not find the same purpose being implemented in the place where they work. This is when these people become confused and they are unable to perform their job to the fullest.

Adult education and learning has changed over time in many parts of the world including Australia. The proposed model for adult education that was being practiced for…… [Read More]

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British Education System a Scheme of Work

Words: 2961 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92947824

British Education System

A scheme of work

A scheme of work is a guideline, which defines the content and structure of a particular point course (Frankum 2006). A scheme of work helps in mapping out clearly the usage of resources, class activities and assessment strategies. Through this, a teacher is able to meet the learning aims as well as objectives of a certain course (Scheme works 2012). A scheme of work is primarily an interpretation of the syllabus of a specification (Errington 2011). It guides teachers throughout the course, monitoring progress against the initial plan. It always includes specific times and dates (Frankum 2006). In most cases, teachers share schemes of work with students so that to enable them have an overview of their course outline (Errington 2011). The main components a scheme of work includes content, objectives or outcomes, methods of delivery, assessment strategies, resources and other remarks (Frankum…… [Read More]

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Adolescent Literacy Levels Reading and

Words: 1977 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 99128126

Increased vocabulary levels leads to increases in reading comprehension. Students with higher levels of vocabulary can also express themselves in more unique and complex formats, essentially increasing their ability to comment on the reading material in a way that better correlates with their exact emotions or experiences associated with that reading material.

Writing summaries for reading material is another method of using writing exercises to increase literacy levels. Teachers should implement lessons were students write hierarchal summaries that help organize the structure of reading material in a shape that is more familiar and understandable to students (Meltzer, Cook, & Clark, 2011). Writing summaries force students to internalize the material and reassert it in a different way. This further engages them with the texts, as they are forced to put the material in their own words.

Thirdly, using student-generated content to expose weaknesses in understanding can play a key role. Having…… [Read More]

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Instructional Design as it Pertains

Words: 1041 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 25221093


One recent debate around the subject of instructional design is based in learning theories. Experts and laymen alike wonder if there is a specific learning theory that is more suited to using instructional design. Research indicates there is not as long as the instructional design is well planned and facilitated smoothly (Melo, 2004).


In my own teaching career I plan to utilize instructional design on regular basis. I will begin each year with a careful evaluation of the student need. This will be done by examination of test scores, conversations in the classroom and concerns of the parents through a questionnaire process.

Once I have established the needs of the students I will apply them to the learning objectives that have been set out by the state, the county and the local school system. I will also align them with the various projects and unit studies that…… [Read More]

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Contexts and Issues in Family Studies in the Early Childcare Education Context

Words: 809 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 49436218

Family Studies in the Early Childcare Education Context

Contexts and Issues in Family Studies in the Early Childcare Education Context Issue Review: Homeless Families in Indonesia

Contexts and Issues in Family Studies in the Early Childcare Education Context

Issue Review: Homeless Families in Indonesia

The purpose of this work is to first explain the reasons examination of this issue has been chosen, to discuss and review the topic and make links to journal articles. Secondly, from reading and reflection on this topic, identify a range of practical strategies that teachers, preschools & schools could introduce that would be helpful for families and children in relation to that matter. Finally this work will identify a range of new government or community strategies, policies or responses that are believed appropriate for families in relation to this topic.

Section One

. In one report entitled, "Height and weight as a reflection of the…… [Read More]

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Sequencing Lit Activities Sequencing Literacy

Words: 1341 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 85042816

Next, the teacher, through questioning and eliminating, reduces the categories and establishes consensus on the order of information expected to be found. She also gets the students to consider the search terms that might get results. Once this in done a scaffold is constructed using the established order.

Still, in a group setting, students use personal semantic maps and begin to learn to create a collective scaffold of meaning in a way that is meaningful to their cognitive processes -- they learn how to learn, and how to communicate that learning in a classroom environment to the teacher and to their peers. (Grid of Constructs about Learning, 2004)

The teacher then takes the students to the computer room where they search the net for information that pertains to their particular category. They add the additional information that they have found their section of the scaffold.

This adds technical reinforcement and…… [Read More]

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Differentiating Instruction

Words: 1261 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39455240


Differentiating Instruction

Differentiated instruction is corresponding instruction to meet the dissimilar needs of learners in a given classroom. The array of instructional need within one classroom can be very large. In order to accommodate these instructional needs, it is suggested that teachers plan for:

small group, differentiated instruction sufficient student practice chances

Differentiated instruction is put into practice during the chosen block of time for reading instruction. Typically, entire group instruction is provided, and then classrooms and instruction are planned (Kosanovich, et al., n.d.). Two different types of differentiated instruction that are often used in the classroom are small group instruction and curriculum compacting.

Small Group Instruction

Small-group reading is a supported literacy practice in which the teacher supports and directs the students with text on their instructional level. The teacher helps students develop an understanding of the text while prompting them to use strategies they will require in…… [Read More]

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Light Greg Susanna Calkins Melissa Luna &

Words: 911 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26528877

Light, Greg, Susanna Calkins, Melissa Luna, & Denise Drane. (2009). Assessing the impact of a year-long faculty development program on faculty approaches to teaching.

International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, 20 (2): 168-181.

http://www.isetl.org/ijtlhe / ISSN 1812-9129

What was the overall mixed methods strategy or design?

The 2009 article "Assessing the impact of a year-long faculty development program on faculty approaches to teaching" by Greg Light, Susanna Calkins, Melissa Luna, and Denise Drane uses both qualitative and quantitative methods to assess the faculty development program (FDP) under study through a longitudinal approach.

Why was this type of strategy or design selected for this study?

This strategy was used to provide objective, quantitative evidence of the program under study yet to also accumulate data on the subjective experiences of study participants.

What was the problem statement?

The problem statement of the longitudinal study was the question of the…… [Read More]

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Positive Behavior Support What Are

Words: 1353 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 30211056

Hence, variables that occur outside of the classroom have an impact on the teacher's ability to institute positive behavior support (PBS). That makes it all the more vital that strategies are in place in the classroom designed to deal with all setting events, distant and recent, when possible.

Body of Paper -- Distant Setting Events & Antecedents

How do antecedents effect the behavior of students? Antecedents have a tendency to either pull individuals or push individuals into doing something, or feeling a certain way. Author Edward P. Sarafino points out that a stimulus serves as an antecedent; for example, children seeing other children rope jumping before class starts is a stimulus for an antecedent because it sets the table for behavior. The rope jumping is orderly, fun, and children have smiles when they to their rope jumping (Sarafino, 2010, 71).

Children learn through stimulus generalization, by responding to stimuli, and…… [Read More]

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Intercultural Communication Plan for a Multicultural Classroom

Words: 2676 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 57089055

Multicultural Class

Intercultural Communication Plan for a Multicultural Class

The education field provides many unique challenges to educators and learners. Teachers have to deal with student absenteeism, tardiness, classroom management, creation of learning plans, and many other issues in creating a safe comfortable environment for learners to thrive in (Nissman, 2000). Today's globalized society has enabled populations to be filled with diversity. The modern teacher and learner must strive to overcome and conquer the challenges of diversity in the classroom. The profession of teaching is a challenge in itself, but the inclusion of English Language Learners, physically and mentally disabled children, autistic learners, and behavioral issues, the challenges of teaching can become overwhelming and cause disturbances in the learning.

The demographics of the community are an important element that teachers must take time to explore to understand his or her learners better; communities lacking diversity still needs the teachers to…… [Read More]

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Reading Theories to Adults Who

Words: 1638 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 79202887

This needs to be role modeled by the peers and adults with whom the young child comes in contact. When children observe this strong positive interest in learning, be it through reading books, playing word games, telling stories or many other activities, they will surely follow suit. First, they have an innate desire to learn. Second, they want their actions to receive a positive reaction. Third, more than anything, they want the people they love and respect to return these feelings. From the moment a baby is born, it will be aware of the facial and body language communicated by others with whom it interacts. It is thus never too early to begin the literacy process.


Adams, M.J. (1998). The Three-Cueing System. In F. Lehr and J. Osborn (Eds.), Literacy for All Issues in Teaching and Learning, pp. 73-99. New York Guilford Press.

Brewer,.W.F. 2000. Bartlett's Concept of the…… [Read More]

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Literacy Instruction ' Additionally This Work

Words: 691 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 32418713

.." And is a concept which has as its basis that "at the beginning of learning, students needs a great deal of support" and over time the support is removed in a gradual manner as the student become prepared to be more independent. Modeling is the process of assisting the students in the construction of meaning and assisting them in learning the necessary strategies and skills in the learning process and in meaning making with what has been learned. Cooperative learning is a strategy for instruction that has been found to be especially effective in literacy instruction and the students "learn to read, write, and think by having meaningful engagements with more experienced individuals." (Wells, 1990; as cited in Useful Instructional Strategies for Literature-Based Instruction, 1997) the Greece School District website 'Reading Strategies: Scaffolding Student's Interactions with Texts' document provides information concerning reading strategies that may be used along with…… [Read More]

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Early Childhood Development -- Curriculum

Words: 322 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 1457222

Another important strategy is that of exploring spatial relations. In such activities, children gain a better visual and practical sense of the spatial relations within mathematics. Scholastic's article portrays two girls discussing the appropriate spatial placement of a couch in a dollhouse. Such thinking methods can be influenced utilizing activities asking the children to map their house, their school, or their neighborhood in proportions. This will help open the child's mind to a more organized way of approaching spatial relations.

Using such strategies help lay the foundations of mathematics essential for later higher levels of learning. It is important to introduce elementary topics and concepts as early as possible, without boring young children to loose their interest. Early math lessons should include engaging activities which help keep the child moving and the learning environment active.… [Read More]

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Education Knowledge Diversity and the

Words: 1888 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 75280437

In this regard, the instructor's individual characteristics should be secondary to the readiness of the instructor to recognize individual learning strengths and needs in the students.


Diversity is often taken as a term which refers particularly to difference in race, ethnicity, gender, religion or sexual orientation, to name just a few categories of cultural distinction. And indeed, it does refer to this within the context of education. However, there is yet another level to the discussion on diversity which concerns education in particularly, relating to the individual nature of learning styles. It is therefore necessary for the teacher to channel a recognition of learning styles and cultural diversity into a unified approach to the classroom. This tends to reinforce the position taken throughout this research, which is that the successful teacher will, therefore, tend to an educational strategy which diverts from strict academic prerogatives and instead approaches its subjects…… [Read More]

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Learning Environment of Schools at

Words: 6745 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 45973427

Gokhale, a. (1995). Collaborative Learning Enhancing Critical Thinking. Journal of Technology Education, 7, 22 -- 31.

In the article titled, Collaborative Learning Enhances Critical Thinking, the authors are seeking to understand the true effect that technology will have on what is known as collaborative learning. This is where students will work together to increase the overall amounts of comprehension of the subject matter. In this article, researchers wanted to know if learning was more effective in those environments, where there was more of an emphasis on individual learning. To determine which methods was most effective, researchers would survey 48 students using the individual method and then having the student learn collectively. The results of the study were that both methods were effective, in helping to increase the amounts of learning comprehension. However, when collaborative learning is used, students were more prepared for a variety of situations that they could face…… [Read More]

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Sip Action Plan

Words: 685 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95555915

real world opportunity for improvement within the education profession. For this examination, Boyne City Middle School is being approached for their problems in mathematics achievement. The data suggests that through competency tests, there is a serious rift between math scores and other scores. The inability to address this issue in the past has led to this opportunity for improvement in this area.

For this school, parental involvement is key to it improving its ability to transcend the current problems they are facing. Parental involvement is key to curing many of the ills that are being experienced by this school The general target that is improving math proficiency is suited as a useful opportunity for improvement to focus upon. For this target to be realized some modifications may be necessary to the SIP proposals. More parental and community involvement appears necessary to modify this approach to the desired ends.


The…… [Read More]

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Dealing With Students' Behaviors Using Classroom Management Theories

Words: 1085 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11890398

Classroom management theories including learning behavior theory are the foundations through which teachers can develop emotionally safe classroom where all students can learn. For instance, learning behavior theory helps in creating suitable instructional interventions for management of routine misbehaviors, increasing intrinsic and extrinsic behavior, and encouraging positive social interaction, self-motivation and active engagement. An example of a situation that could benefit from the use of learning behavior theory is Carol's scenario who has some behavior issues. Some of Carol's major behavioral issues include talking a lot, especially off the subject matter, poor concentration when she thinks the lesson is boring, being distracted by her friend, Frankie, and the need to be reminded to get back to her work.

Carol's Negative Behaviors:

One of Carol's major problems in the classroom is talking a lot, mostly off topic or the subject matter, which results in her constant interruptions of the learning activities…… [Read More]

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Classroom Management Study Conducted by the Utah

Words: 754 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 346839

Classroom Management study conducted by the Utah State University shows that the primary concern of new teachers is classroom management, maintaining an atmosphere of learning and containing discipline problems in the classroom environment.

I believe that the first key to successful classroom management is being pro-active, preventing these problems before they occur. Effective teachers should be able to establish harmonious personal interactions with their students. They understand that the behavior of students is a product of the immediate environment. It is therefore the teacher's task to take a leadership role in establishing a learning atmosphere that minimizes behavior problems, one that encourages instead a cohesive and supporting class.

Towards this, teachers should first take the time to teach their expectations to students. These expectations include the classroom rules, learning expectations and procedural expectations. The classroom expectations should be specific and when possible, worded in a positive manner. For example, they…… [Read More]

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Classroom Management and Organization Plan for a

Words: 2662 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 37353790

Classroom Management, and Organization Plan for a Pre-K Trainable Mentally Handicapped (TMH) class with students ages 3-5. The plan reflects one's leadership and management style in order to develop a comprehensive plan for effective classroom management and discipline. The assignment addresses areas like content, conduct, and covenant management, establishment, and teaching of classroom procedures, development and teaching of classroom rules and consequences, prevention of problems, establishment of positive relationships, students with special needs, students with varying ability levels, socio-economic, cultural, ethnic, gender, and linguistic needs, stages of cognitive and moral development, interests, and learning styles, Howard Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences, and home- school connection or communication with parents.

A student who is mentally handicapped means one who has sub-average general cognitive functioning and as a result has a lower level of learning. Along with this deficiency in adaptive behavior, could also be noted during the developmental period. As a…… [Read More]

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Building and Managing and E-Learning Infrastructure

Words: 3072 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 12541368

Building and Managing and E-Learning Infrastructure

E-learning involves training by means of advanced technologies, such as the Internet, Intranet, Extranet, satellite broadcast, audio/video tape, CD-ROM and more (Broadbent, 2002, p. 39). The term e-learning is an umbrella that describes a range of learning situations, including distance learning, web-based learning, virtual classrooms and more. All of these forms use communication technologies as a medium for learning.

This paper identifies and analyzes the main concepts, ideas, and strategies involved in building and managing e-learning structures. When exploring e-learning as a solution to help guide an organization's overall vision, values, mission and objectives, companies and schools must employ an e-learning strategy.

According to Von Schlag (2001), integrating e-learning into an organization is an excellent way to prepare the organization for change. It can allow employees to share and publish their knowledge and skills to improve the entire team.

In addition, it can enable…… [Read More]

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Education Motivational Education My 7th Grade Student

Words: 1106 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 3895524


Motivational Education

My 7th grade student, Alice Harding, had problems since the beginning of the year. Not only was she painfully shy and never participated in group work; she also appeared not to be interested in either studying the lessons or doing her homework. Whereas her work in the beginning of the years was promising, it had reached a point where I felt intervention is necessary. Her grades had dropped with nearly 20% since the beginning of the year. I have chosen Alice for this project, because I feel she is a perfectly intelligent girl, who with the right methods can be motivated to perform much better.

I had previously tried several methods to attempt to enhance Alice's feelings of security in the classroom. One of the methods was dividing the class into smaller groups of four, and giving them simple tasks to do. Alice however still failed to…… [Read More]

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Administrators Role in Establishing Effective Communication Between Parents and School

Words: 2989 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 94615965

Administrative Strategies for Effective Communication

Education contains multiple responsibilities. One starts the learning process in the world from within the family nurture, before continuing to pursue formal education in schools and academy. However, human does not stop learning from their family. Getting exposed to higher education, they also learn things from hands-on experiences and from what are happening in their surroundings.

This reveals the fact that family and environment are two contributing factors, in addition to formal education process in official institution in a community. The three factors determine how education makes one person in the society a distinct, honorable man.

With the great potentials, now education has been a regional issue. Fully conventional learning processes have been attempted within the education system. However, with the growing needs to perform effective schooling and to gain the best academic result, educators realize the need to incorporate the three factors: school, parents,…… [Read More]

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Autism Behavioral Intervention Plan

Words: 1421 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 86177965


A behavioral intervention plan for a seven-year-old autistic boy is outlined following a functional assessment of behavior. Three target behaviors are identified and recommendations for intervention are made using simple behavioral techniques, visual stimuli, and modeling. The intervention is simple and the functional assessment should continue as an ongoing part of the intervention.

Discussion of the Case

The subject is a seven-year-old (male/female) with a diagnosis of autism currently enrolled in the second grade. Due to behavioral issues a functional assessment of the subject's behavior was completed followed by a behavioral intervention plan. Three target behaviors were identified for intervention following the functional assessment. These target behaviors will be discussed separately. The functional assessment was brief and covered one day of observation and recording. Ideally a longer period of observation would produce a more reliable functional assessment (Vismara & Rogers, 2010); however, it was believed that a plan of…… [Read More]

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Performed by the Student The Case Study

Words: 2373 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 82718922

performed by the student. The case study took place in the classroom environment, as part of the students part time job in Early Childhood Education, where there are normative and special education students present. The case study objectives involved problem solving, strategy implementation, and differentiated instruction. The specific area of focus in the case study is difficulty with literacy or reading.

This was a challenging situation because the case study took place in an Early Childhood Education setting. At this stage, there is not much evidence of literacy. At this point in development, most of the students are emerging as readers. That is not to say that there is no evidence of literacy, as literacy does begin with the identification and memorization of letters. In the classroom where my case study took place, there were a total of fifteen students on any given day. There was usually one leader teacher,…… [Read More]

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Using Behavioral Learning Principles in the Classroom

Words: 1087 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 65437164

Behavioral Principles in the Classroom

Some of the most effective techniques and principles to shape and promote positive behaviors in the classroom come from behavioral psychology. Teachers can implement techniques based on behavioral modification techniques in their classrooms by first setting strict rules that are simple, concrete, and straightforward and then by enforcing these rules in a consistent manner (O'Donnell, Reeve & Smith, 2007). The general principles of behaviorism suggest that behaviors that are reinforced have a higher probability of being repeated, whereas behaviors that are not reinforced or punished are associated with a higher probability of NOT being repeated (Ulman, 1998). Therefore, the first step in applying behavioral principles to the classroom is to set and apply a specific set of rules or goals that need to be followed or reached.

Rules regarding appropriate class behaviors should be clear-cut and set at the beginning of the school year (O'Donnell…… [Read More]

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Harry B Sturges K M & Klinger J K

Words: 2264 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: 'Methodology' chapter Paper #: 92846211

Harry, B., Sturges, K.M., & Klinger, J.K. (2005). Mapping the process: An exemplar of process and challenge in grounded theory analysis. Educational Researcher, 34(2), 3-13.

Read the article listed above and provide your impressions. In one page, summarize the authors' experiences in conducting a grounded theory study in an educational setting. What were some of the challenges they faced? What are your thoughts in general on conducting qualitative research in the field of education?

Grounded theory is generation of a hypothesis (or assumption) that proceeds from observation and rich qualitative study. The authors wanted to show that qualitative study in general and grounded theory approach in particular could be used in conjunction with the subject of education.

The purpose of the study was (a) to investigate whether and, if so, how, the processes used to identify, assess, and place students in high-incidence special education programs contribute to the overrepresentation phenomenon;…… [Read More]

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Open to Learning Conversations to

Words: 649 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Other chapter (not listed above) Paper #: 99550827

I recognized that the teachers might have a different perspective and wanted to learn about their views and perspective upon the testing. By the end of the conversation, I had communicated my need for consistent testing and tracking and underscored the need to meet expectations and goals regarding the use of such data as well as learned more about teacher perceptions. Had I entered into the conversation in a confrontational manner I would likely have accomplished less and created an atmosphere of hostility and resistance and also learned less.

5c. Future learning: On the basis of the analysis of your own theory that you have completed, please explain what you think you now need to learn in order to become more skilled in open to learning conversations. Consider what challenges might make this difficult.

During the actual conversation, I believe I was able to approach the subject matter with an…… [Read More]

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Observation Journal

Words: 2920 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Journal Paper #: 54207530

It provides a marker for conducting and easily recording observations of complex learning. This is in a paperless format, highly efficient and engaging strategy." (Wren, 2011) (Ivers, 2003)

This is illustrating how technology is critical to reaching out to students and offering them with further explanations about what is occurring. When this happens, they will be able to more effectively relate to key ideas and have a grasp of the way they can be utilized in the future. It is this point, when everyone will have a more hands on feel for these ideas and can easily remember them. (Wren, 2011) (Ivers, 2003)

Moreover, Johnson (1994) found that having individuals work with each other in small groups is more effective than requiring them to sit and listen to someone presenting the material. Evidence of this can be seen with Johnson saying, "The ability of all students to learn to work…… [Read More]

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Meta Cognition the Approach to the Concept

Words: 1806 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12755402

Meta Cognition

The approach to the concept is varied, for the reason that there are no strict rules for the definition of the term metacognition, although it can be seen as the approach to learning, or concepts and methods that are used by the learner to learn speedily, efficiently and inn a consistent manner. However metacognition is a concept of how to achieve the end -- namely mastering something. Human beings are not good learners, and for that matter learning is itself a subjective concept that involves many metrics like time, perception, language, system in which the education is imparted and so on. One set of strategy that is termed metacognition- for example an approach to study math by the use of pictorial or video representations may suit one set of learners who are psychologically persons gifted with learning by visualisation. It may not work with others who are more…… [Read More]

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Differentiated Instruction and Closing the Achievement Gap

Words: 1960 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 82658366

Differentiated Instruction and Closing the Achievement Gap

It is not always easy to see how differentiated instruction is able to initiate an advantage in schools that are performing extremely low or how it could help in closing the achievement gap. On the other hand, research done by experts show something different. Research has been taking a look at schools that have been on the AYP list and achieving results that are outstanding under conditions that are extremely hard. Furthermore, students in today's schools are more scholastically different. There are more students put in special education classes, more students where their first language is not English, and more students having a hard time learning to read. There is a prerequisite to guarantee challenge for learners considered advanced when pressures of accountability put the emphasis on basic competences, and a growing financial gap that exists among segments of the student population. In…… [Read More]

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Special Needs Intervention

Words: 2579 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73391674

Special Needs Intervention

Client Profile

Brenda is a seven-year-old second grader that has been identified as dyslexic. She has significant delays in pre-literacy and numeracy skills have been identified through both formal assessment and performance in classroom activities. Work samples demonstrate that Brenda has difficulty sequencing and recognizing word phenomes and putting them together for reading and writing activities. Brenda does not demonstrate the ability to recognize phenomes in words. Brenda frequently reverses letters and/or the whole words when performing literacy tasks.

An interview with Brenda's teacher reveals that other than her problems associated with dyslexia, Brenda's development and functioning is on target with a majority of her peers. She tends to display shyness and introversion when called upon in class to perform activities associated with literacy and numeracy. She is polite and participates actively in class activities. She is a pleasant child and normally social with her classmates. She…… [Read More]

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Elements of a Balanced Spelling Program

Words: 1653 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94418458

Balanced Spelling Program

Unique spellings are created by the children as they are developing their skills of spelling development referred to as invented spellings. Based on the knowledge of phonology that the children have, spelling creation is a unique phenomenon in the children. In most of the cases, it is seen that the children use letters for spelling words and consonants rather consistent usage of sounds. Some of the main examples include night (NIT), girl (GRL) and TIGR (tiger). There are five main stages of spelling development in children. 1st stage, emergent spelling, is known for the scribbling of letters, letter like forms, and scribbles and children do no associate marks with phonemes (Tompkins, Campbell, and Green, 2011), p. 168). This stage represents a more natural expression of alphabets along with many language related concepts. Second stage, letter name alphabetical setting is represented by the representation of phonemes along with…… [Read More]

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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Has

Words: 1467 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 58420089

The teacher must also be willing to use more conventional cognitive and behavior reinforcement tactics to encourage that the student will be able to function effectively in the modern workforce.

A discussion of how the topic is related to teaching-that is, what instructional strategies does the topic promote that support student learning and how are instructional decisions made based on the topic?

It may sound both crazy and controversial, but it may be most educationally empowering to the child and the teacher alike, rather than regarding individuals who learn or comport themselves 'differently' in the classroom as burdensome, to see ADHD as a potential if difficult gift for the classroom. The ADHD way of viewing learning can provide teachers with a new way of approaching the world and the rules of the teacher-student dialogue.

Yes, of course, distracted and hyperactive behavior must conform to respectable standards within the classroom. A…… [Read More]

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Multimedia Learning Testing & Assessment According to

Words: 1133 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 77118731

Multimedia learning: Testing & Assessment

According to the authors Richard E. Mayer and Roxana Moreno, the advantage of multimedia learning is that the learner is engages in three mutually reinforcing cognitive processes when learning something new. The first cognitive process is selecting, which "must be applied to incoming verbal information to yield a text base and then be applied to incoming visual information to yield an image base." In other words, the teacher matches the word with the image. (Mayer & Moreno, 2000, p.1) The second cognitive process, "organizing," must apply the image to the word base to "create a verbally-based model of the system." (Mayer & Moreno, 2000, p.1) In other words, the student matches the word to the image. Then, "finally, integrating occurs when the learner builds connections between corresponding parts of verbal and visual." (Mayer & Moreno, 2000, p.1) The student is finally able to apply the…… [Read More]

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Intasc Standard IV Artifact Educational Software Intasc

Words: 546 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 64195841

INTASC Standard IV

Artifact: "Educational Software"

INTASC Standard IV: Multiple Instructional Strategies -- The teacher understands and uses a variety of instructional strategies to encourage student's development of critical thinking, problem solving, and performance skills.

This artifact evaluates educational software. Computer utilization is one way add instructional strategies into the classroom. In the process, it looks beyond the design of the software to consider how the software might mesh with current instructional practices. The artifact also looks at practical aspects of installation and ease of set-up for student use, factors that would influence how effectively the software can be used in the classroom. The artifact looks at a variety of reading-based software from basic phonics skills to comprehension. It includes illustrations from the software to demonstrate facets of the software. The artifact also looks at cost, an important issue in budget-strapped school systems.

By looking not only at the software…… [Read More]

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Educated Person Should Possess the

Words: 1530 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48590381

("Choices into Action," 1999, p.21)

These three aspects of the educational process: private educational plans, career exploration activities, and mentoring programs can provide a student with the ability to identify a career choice, make a plan for educational services necessary to enter this career, and then form a relationship real-world people who are in this career. Through these programs a student can make an informed rational decision, based on logical inferences, as to what type of career they may wish to pursue, as well as the educational services necessary to accomplish this goal and receive the proper education, training, and personal contacts in order to succeed. And in this way a student can become an educated person.


"Choices into Action: Guidance and Career Education Program Policy for Ontario

Elementary and Secondary Schools." (1999). Ministry of Education.

Retrieved from www.edu.gov.on.ca.

"Energizing Ontario Education." (n.d.) Reach Every Student.

Retrieved from www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/document/energize.…… [Read More]